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STA1610/202/2/2013

Tutorial Letter 202/2/2013

Introduction to Statistics

STA1610
Semester 2
Department of Statistics

Solutions to Assignment 02

BAR CODE

Learn without limits.

university
of south africa

Question 1
The standard deviation of the mean

XN

Dp
n
p
n
XN
p
25 1:2
D
D 5 1:2
D 6
D

Option (1)
Question 2
The confidence interval level: 95% D 0:95
The level of significance : 5% D 0:05

0:05
D 0:0250
2
2
(This value is found inside of the table E.2) from appendix of the textbook.
The critical value is the value of Z D 1:96 corresponding to
Z
6:0
5:5
::
:

0:00

1:9
::
:

0:0287

0:01

0:06

0:09

0:0250

0:0233

Option (4)
Question 3
The lower confidence limit is
XN

89

Z 0:05

p
n

89

Z 0:025

1:96
p
64
89 1:96
87:04
89

Option (3)

8
p
64
8
p
64
8

Z 0:025 D 1:96 Table E.2 from appendix

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Question 4
The standard error

XN

7
7
Dp Dp D
8
n
64

Option (4)
Question 5
The test statistic t D
D

Option (5)

XN

ps
n

0:0925

0:095

0:0861
p
40

0:0025
0:0136

0:1838

Question 6
Option (3)
Question 7
E XN D

D 106

The standard deviation of XN :

XN

D p

12
D p
25
D 2:4
Option (4)
Question 8
The standard deviation of s p D

.1

n
0:20 .1 0:20/
D
40
D 0:0632
r

Option (4)

Question 9
The population standard deviation is known:
XN
160
160

p
n

45
p
36

Z 0:025

7:5

Z 0:05

Z 0:025 D 1:96
Table E.2 from appendix

160 1:96 7:5


160 14:7
.160 14:7; 160 C 14:7/
.145:3 174:7/
Option (1)
Question 10
The population standard deviation is known:
XN

78

Z 0:025

p
n
21
p
300
1:2124

78 1:96
78 2:3764
.78 2:3764; 78 C 2:3764/
.75:6236I 80; 3764/
Option (2)
Question 11
The population standard deviation is unknown instead the sample standard deviation is given S D
100
S
XN t n 1;
p
n
2
100
700 t
p
0:01
400 1; 2
400
700 t.399; 0:05/ 5
t .399; 0:05/ D 1:6449
700 1:6449 5
from table E.3
700 8:2245
.700 8:2245; 700 C 8:2245/
.691:7755; 708:2245/
Option (3)

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Question 12
The population standard deviation is known.
The lower confidence limit is
XN

10

1:96

p
n

D z 0:025 D 1:96

1
p
100

10 0:196
9:804

Option (3)
Question 13

P .1

P/

rn
0:50 .1 0:5/
400
0:025

0:50

Z 0:025

0:50
0:50
.0:50
.0:45I

1:96
0:049
0:049I 0:50 C 0:049/
0:549/

Option (1)
Question 14
The population standard deviation
is known
P
X
i
The sample mean XN D
n
D

16 C 23 C 8 C
13

171
13

D6

C 15

D 13:1538

XN

p
n

13:1538

Z 0:10

13:1538

Z 0:05

13:1538

1:645

6
p
13
1:6641
z 0:05 D 1:645
from table E.2

1:6641

13:1538 2:7374
.13:1538 2:7374I 13:1538 C 2:7374/
.10:4164I 15:8912/
Option (2)
Question 15

P D 48% Dr0:48
P .1
P Z
2

0:48

1:645

0:48 1:645
0:48 0:0260

P/
n

0:48 .1 0:48/
1000
0:01580

Option (1)
Question 16
Option (5)
Question 17
The test statistic Z D r
D r
D

P
.1
n
0:63

0:60

0:60 .1 0:60/
200

0:03
0:0346

D 0:8671
6

D z 0:05 D 1:645

from table E.2

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Pvalue of onetailed D P .Z > 0:8671/
D P .Z > 0:87/
D 0:1922

p - value
0.8078
0.1922
0

0.87

Option (2)
Question 18
The test statistic Z D

Option (1)

XN
p
n
980

1000
200
p
100

20
20

Question 19
The Pvalue of onetailed D P .Z <

1/ D

p - value
0.8413
0.1587
_ 1.00

Option (3)

Question 20
Reject H0 when the test statistic is greater than the critical value
P
The test statistic Z D
standard error s p
0:45 0:40
0:035

D 1:4286
The critical value at 5% for onetailed test is 1:645 (refer the table E.2, find 0:05 inside of the E.2
table and read the outside value of Z ).
Decision
When the test statistic .1:4286/ is less than the critical value .1:645/ therefore we do not reject H0
at 5% level of significance.
Option (2)
Question 21
The test statistic Z D

XN
p
n

52

50
2
D 1:20
D
5
1:6667
p
9

Pvalue for onetailed test D P .Z > 1:20/

p - value
0.8849
0.1151
0

Option (5)

1.20

STA1610/202

Question 22
1. Correct
The expected value D
D

Total youth
total girls
grand total D n
38 78
200

D 14:82
2. Correct
3. Correct
4. Correct d f D
D
D
D
5. Incorrect

.Total rows
.2 1/ .4
1 3
3

1/
1/

.Total column

1/

The chisquare is a positive skewed.

Option (5)
Question 23
If D 0:05 and d f D 8
The critical vlaue D table value D 15:507 from Table E.4.
Option (2)
Question 24
1. Correct
2. Correct
3. Correct d f D .r 1/
D .2 1/
D 1 2
D 2

.c
.3

1/
1/

4. Incorrect: The critical value at

D 0:05 and d f D 2 equals to 5:991

(from table E.4)

5. Correct: Do not reject H0 if test statistic .4:708/ is smaller than the critical calue .5:991/
Option (4)

Question 25
1. Incorrect: d f D .r

1/

.c

1/ D .2

1/

.4

1/ D 1

Total Autumn
n
333 560
D
1000
D 186:48

2. Correct: The expected frequency D

3D3
Total spar

3. Incorrect: The critical value D 7:815


4. Incorrect: H0 : The two variables are independent.
5. Incorrect: H1 : The two variables are dependent.
Option (2)
Question 26

b1 D 1:416
b0 D YN b1 XN
YN D

XN D

50 C 65 C
6

C 60

30 C 35 C
6

C 35

n
320
D
6
D 53:3333
x

n
175
D
6
D 29:1667

b0 D 53:333 1:416
D 12:0330

Option (4)

10

29:1667

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Question 27
The regression equation: YO D 1:46 C 0:938x if x D 26 than YO D 1:46 C 0:938

Option (3)

26 D 25:848

Question 28
1. Correct
2. Correct
3. Incorrect The coefficient of correlation varies between
4. Correct: if r D 0:64

1 to 1

r 2 D .0:64/2 D 0:4096

5. Correct
Option (3)
Question 29
The coefficient of determination R 2 D

SS R
SST

SS R D b0
SST D
b1 D
SS X Y D
SS X D

y
n

Yi C b1
xy
P 2
X
Yi
2
Yi
n
SS X Y
b0 D YN
SS X
P
P
X
Xi
Yi
X i Yi
n
P
2
X
Xi
X i2
n

x
23
46
60
54
28
33
TOTAL 244
SS X Y D

y
9:6
11:3
12:8
9:8
8:9
12:5
64:9

x2
529
2116
3600
2916
784
1089
11034

X i Yi

D 2699:5

244

XY
220:8
515:2
768
529:2
249:2
412:5
2699:5

Xi
n
64:9

b1 XN

Y2
92:16
125:44
163:84
96:04
79:21
156:25
715:19

Yi

6
D 2699:5 2639:2667
D 60:2333

11

SS X D
D
D
D
b1 D
b0 D
D
D
D
D
D
SS R D

Xi
n
.233/2
11034
6
11034 9922:6667
1111:3333
X i2

SS X Y
60:2333
D
D 0:0542
SS X
1111:3333
N b1 XN
YP
P
Yi
Xi
0:0542
n
n
244
64:9
0:0542
6
6
10:8167 0:0542 40:6667
10:8167 2:2041
8:6126
P
X
X
Yi
bo
Yi C b1
X i Yi
n

D 8:6126

D 3:2690
X
SST D
Yi2
D 715:19

64:9 C 0:0542
P

2699:5

Yi
n
.64:9/2
6

D 13:1883
R2 D
D

SS R
SST
3:2690
13:1883

D 0:2479
Alternatively you can use your scientific calculator to calculate R 2 :
Option (2)
Question 30
The coefficient of correlation r D
Option (3)

12

p
0:2479 D 0:4975

.64:9/2
6