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The MIT Press

The MIT Press •


Fall 2008

FALL 2008
978-0-262-51207-7

THE MIT PRESS Non-Profit Org.


55 Hayward Street U.S. Postage
Cambridge, MA 02142-1315 PAID
USA Permit # 54518
Cambridge, MA 02142
CONTENTS
architecture 3, 13-17
art 3-12, 18, 44
bioethics 66
biology, evolutionary biology 66-67
business 2, 41
cognitive science 2, 53, 70-71
cognitive neuroscience 69
computer science 29, 46-47, 56, 75-77
current affairs 25, 26
cultural studies 3, 9, 11, 34, 36-38, 39
economics 31, 38, 42-43, 50-52, 77-82
$29.95T/£17.95 paper $29.95T/£19.95 cloth $22.95T/£14.95 cloth
education 20, 81 978-0-262-63363-5 978-0-262-07286-1 978-0-262-07292-2
environment 1, 11, 26-29, 41-42, 52, 62-64
evolutionary psychology 71
fiction 23, 37
film, film studies 32, 45
game studies 19, 74
gender studies 19, 24, 35, 47
history 42, 47
history of computing 48
history of science 48, 59
history of technology 46, 49, 58
international affairs 63, 65
linguistics 71
nature 30, 52
neuroscience 68-69
new media 18, 44-47
philosophy 32, 40, 53-54, 72-73 $29.95T/£17.95 cloth $22.95T paper $35.00S/£22.95 paper
978-0-262-03370-1 978-0-262-52481-0 978-0-262-55066-6
photography 10, 33 Not for sale in the U.K. or Europe
politics, political science 25, 27, 42, 48, 50, 55-56, 62, 64-65
race studies 20, 81
science 1, 26, 52
science, technology, and society 48-50, 57, 60, 61
Front cover, inside front cover,
and back cover photographs technology 21-22, 45, 56, 60, 75
by Julia Christensen.
From Big Box Reuse. urban studies 22, 29, 49, 61, 65
vision 68

Semiotext(e) 36-40
Zone Books 33-35

$24.95T/£16.95 cloth $39.95T/£25.95 cloth $19.95T/£12.95 paper


978-0-262-07290-8 978-0-262-23264-7 978-0-262-56236-2
Not for sale in Australia and New Zealand
science/environment

CO2 RISING
The World’s Greatest Environmental Challenge
Tyler Volk
An introduction to the global
The most colossal environmental disturbance in human history is under way. carbon cycle and the human-caused
Ever-rising levels of the potent greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) are altering disturbances to it that are at the
the cycles of matter and life and interfering with the Earth’s natural cooling heart of global warming
and climate change.
process. Melting Arctic ice and mountain glaciers are just the first relatively mild
symptoms of what will result from this disruption of the planetary energy balance.
In CO2 Rising, scientist Tyler Volk explains the process at the heart of global October
5 3/8 x 8, 264 pp.
warming and climate change: the global carbon cycle. Vividly and concisely, 38 illus.
Volk describes what happens when CO2 is released by the combustion of fossil
$22.95T/£14.95 cloth
fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas), letting loose carbon atoms once trapped deep 978-0-262-22083-5
underground into the interwoven web of air, water, and soil.
To demonstrate how the carbon cycle works, Volk traces the paths that carbon
atoms take during their global circuits. Showing us the carbon cycle from a carbon Also available
atom’s viewpoint, he follows one carbon atom into a leaf of barley and then into GAIA’S BODY
Toward a Physiology
an alcohol molecule in a glass of beer, through the human bloodstream, and of the Earth
then back into the air. He also compares the fluxes of carbon brought into Tyler Volk
the biosphere naturally to those created by the combustion of fossil fuels and 2003, 978-0-262-72042-7
$22.00T/£14.95
explains why the latter are responsible for rising temperatures.
Knowledge about the global carbon cycle
and the huge disturbances that human activity
produces in it will equip us to consider the
hard questions Volk raises in the second half
of CO2 Rising: projections of future levels of
CO2 ; which energy systems and processes
(solar, wind, nuclear, carbon sequestration?)
will power civilization in the future; the
relationships among the wealth of nations,
energy use, and CO2 emissions; and global
equity in per capita emissions. Answering
these questions will indeed be our greatest
environmental challenge.
Tyler Volk is Science Director of Environmental
Studies and Associate Professor of Biology at New
York University. He is the author of Gaia’s Body:
Toward a Physiology of the Earth (MIT Press),
Metapatterns: Across Space, Time, and Mind, and
other books.

1
cognitive science/business

HONEST SIGNALS
How They Shape Our World
Alex (Sandy) Pentland
How understanding the signaling
within social networks can How can you know when someone is bluffing? Paying attention? Genuinely
change the way we make interested? The answer, writes Alex Pentland in Honest Signals, is that subtle
decisions, work with others, patterns in how we interact with other people reveal our attitudes toward them.
and manage organizations.
These unconscious social signals are not just a back channel or a complement
to our conscious language; they form a separate communication network.
October Biologically based “honest signaling,” evolved from ancient primate signaling
5 3/8 x 8, 192 pp.
mechanisms, offers an unmatched window into our intentions, goals, and values.
$22.95T/£14.95 cloth
If we understand this ancient channel of communication, Pentland claims, we
978-0-262-16256-2
can accurately predict the outcomes of situations ranging from job interviews
to first dates.
Pentland, an MIT professor, has used a specially designed digital sensor worn
like an ID badge — a “sociometer” — to monitor and analyze the back-and-forth
patterns of signaling among groups of people. He and his researchers found that
this second channel of communication, revolving not around words but around
social relations, profoundly influences major decisions in our lives — even though
we are largely unaware of it. Pentland presents the scientific background necessary
for understanding this form of communication, applies it to examples of group
behavior in real organizations, and shows how by “reading” our social networks
we can become successful at pitching an idea, getting a job, or closing a deal.
Using this “network intelligence” theory of social signaling,
Pentland describes how we can harness the intelligence of
our social network to become better managers, workers, and
communicators.
Alex (Sandy) Pentland is a leader in organizational engineering, mobile
information systems, and computational social science. He directs the
MIT Media Lab’s Digital Life Consortium, a group of more than twenty
multinational corporations exploring new ways to innovate, and is
Founder of MIT’s Legatum Center for Development and Entrepreneurship,
established to support aspiring entrepreneurs in emerging markets.
In 1997, Newsweek magazine named him one of the 100 Americans
likely to shape the century.

2
architecture/art/cultural studies

BIG BOX REUSE


Julia Christensen
America is becoming a container landscape of big boxes connected by highways. What happens to the landscape, to
When a big box store upsizes to an even bigger box “supercenter” down the road, community, and to the population
it leaves behind more than the vacant shell of a retail operation; it leaves behind when vacated big box stores are
a changed landscape that can’t be changed back. Acres of land have been paved turned into community centers,
churches, schools, and libraries?
around it. Highway traffic comes to it; local roads end at it. With thousands
of empty big box stores spread across America, these vistas have become a
dominant feature of the American landscape. November
10 x 10, 220 pp.
In Big Box Reuse, Julia Christensen shows us how ten communities have 91 color illus.
addressed this problem, turning vacated Wal-Marts and Kmarts into something
$29.95T/£19.95 cloth
else: a church, a library, a school, a medical center, a courthouse, a recreation 978-0-262-03379-4
center, a museum, or other more civic-minded structures. In each case, what
was once a shopping destination becomes a center of community life.
Christensen crisscrossed America identifying these projects, then pho-
tographed, videotaped, and interviewed the people involved. The first-person
accounts and color photographs of Big Box Reuse reveal the hidden stories
behind the transformation of these facades into gateways of community life.
Whether a big box store becomes a “Senior Resource Center” or a museum
devoted to Spam (the kind that comes in a can), each renovation displays a
community’s resourcefulness and creativity — but also raises questions about
how big box buildings affect the lives of communities. What does it mean for
us and for the future of America if the spaces of commerce built by a few
monolithic corporations become the sites where education, medicine, religion,
and culture are dispensed wholesale to the populace?
Julia Christensen is an artist whose work has been featured
in the New York Times, the Globe and Mail, Preservation
Magazine for the National Trust, and other publications;
her art has been shown in galleries and museums nation-
wide. She is Henry R. Luce Visiting Professor of the
Emerging Arts at Oberlin College and Conservatory.

3
art

BADLANDS
New Horizons in Landscape
edited by Denise Markonish
Contemporary art’s new
foreword by Joseph Thompson
relationship to the landscape.
The artist’s relationship to landscape was once invoked by a canvas on an easel
in a picturesque vista. No more. In the 1960s, the Earth Artists started focusing
September
6 x 9, 232 pp. on natural systems and entropy; in the 1970s, photographers in the New
151 color illus., Topographics movement turned their attention unsentimentally to the industri-
30 black & white illus.
alized “man-altered” environment; in the 1980s, artists animated the natural
$24.95T/£12.95 paper landscape with art, movement, and performance; and in the 1990s, Eco-Artists
978-0-262-63366-6
collaborated with scientists to address sustainability, pollution, and politics.
Copublished with MASS MoCA Badlands explores the latest manifestations of artists’ fascination with the earth,
gathering work by contemporary artists who approach landscape through history,
culture, and science.
ARTISTS
Robert Adams, Vaughn Bell, Badlands, which accompanies an exhibition at MASS MoCA, approaches
Boyle Family, Melissa Brown, landscape as a theme with variations, grouping artists and their art (which is
Center for Land Use Interpretation, shown in 150 color illustrations) by category: Historians, who recontextualize
Leila Daw, Gregory Euclide,
J. Henry Fair, Mike Glier, the history of landscape depiction; Explorers, who explore the environment
Anthony Goicolea, Marine Hugonnier, and our place within it; Activists and Pragmatists, who alert us to problems
Paul Jacobsen, Nina Katchadourian, in the natural world and suggest solutions; and the Aestheticists, who look at
Jane Marsching, Alexis Rockman,
Ed Ruscha, Joseph Smolinski, the beauty found in nature. Each section begins with an essay: Gregory Volk
Yutaka Sone, Jennifer Steinkamp, maps the evolution of the genre from the Hudson River School to Earth Art;
Mary Temple Ginger Strand examines the relationship between man and landscape through
our cultural history; Tensie Whelan
EXHIBIT discusses environmental science,
MASS MoCA sustainability, and climate change;
May 25, 2008–Spring 2009 and Denise Markonish considers the
new genre of landscape that emerges
from the work displayed in Badlands.
As a physical object, Badlands
supports the values represented by
its intellectual and artistic content:
it was produced using FSC (Forest
Stewardship Council) certified
techniques including paper,
printing, and inks.
Denise Markonish is a Curator at MASS
MoCA. Badlands is her first curated exhibit
at that institution.

4
art

ANISH KAPOOR
Past, Present, Future
edited by Nicholas Baume
The first major American
essays by Nicholas Baume, Mary Jane Jacob, and Partha Mitter,
publication on this important
interview with Anish Kapoor, and foreword by Jill Medvedow contemporary sculptor.
Anish Kapoor is one of a highly inventive generation of sculptors who emerged
in London in the early 1980s. Since then he has created a remarkable body of September
work that blends a modernist sense of pure materiality with a fascination for the 6 1/2 x 9 1/2, 144 pp.
manipulation of form and the perception of space. This book — the first major 90 color illus.

American publication on Kapoor’s work — surveys his work since 1979, with a $29.95T/£15.95 cloth
978-0-262-02659-8
focus on sculptures and installations made since the early 1990s. With more than
ninety color images of these ambitious and complex works, three original essays, Copublished with the Institute of
Contemporary Art, Boston
an extended interview with Kapoor, and selections from his sketchbooks, this
book confirms Anish Kapoor’s place as one of the most remarkable sculptors
working today. EXHIBITION
Kapoor’s work has evolved into an abstract and perceptually complex elabora- Institute of
tion of the sculptural object as at once monumental and evanescent, physical and Contemporary Art
Boston
ethereal — as in his famous Cloud Gate (2004) in Chicago’s Millennium Park. May 30–September 1, 2008
The artworks in Anish Kapoor include such striking works
as Past, Present, Future (2006), 1000 Names (1979-1980),
and When I Am Pregnant (1992). This book, which Also available
accompanies an exhibition at Boston’s Institute of SUPER VISION
edited by Nicholas Baume
Contemporary Art, offers American readers a long- 2006, 978-0-262-02609-3
overdue opportunity to consider the extraordinary $34.95T/£20.95 cloth
clarity, subtlety, and power of Kapoor’s art.
Nicholas Baume is Chief Curator at the Institute of
Contemporary Art, Boston, and the curator of the ICA’s
Anish Kapoor exhibition. He is the editor of Super Vision
(MIT Press).

Anish Kapoor. 1000 Names, 1979-80.


Mixed media and pigment, 62 in. (159 cm).
The LeWitt Collection, Chester, Connecticut

Anish Kapoor. When I Am Pregnant,


1992. Fiberglass and paint. Courtesy of
the artist and Lisson Gallery, London

Anish Kapoor. Untitled, 1998.


Fiberglass, polystyrene, and paint,
95 ½ x 132 x 63 ¾ in.
(243 x 335 x 162 cm).
Collection Prada, Milan

5
art

PAUL THEK
Artist’s Artist
edited by Harald Falckenberg and Peter Weibel
Images of more than 300 works
by this groundbreaking artist Paul Thek occupied a place between high art and low art, between the epic
document his journey from and the everyday. During his brief life (1933-1988), he went against the grain
legendary outsider to central of art world trends, humanizing the institutional spaces of art with the force
figure in many contemporary
art movements. of his humor, spirituality, and character. Twenty years after Thek’s death from
AIDS, we can now recognize his influence on contemporary artists ranging
from Vito Acconci and Bruce Nauman to Matthew Barney, Mike Kelley, and
September
8 1/2 x 11, 550 pp. Paul McCarthy, as well as Kai Althoff, Jonathan Meese, and Thomas Hirschhorn.
300 color illus., This book brings together more than 300 of Thek’s works — many of which
200 black & white illus. are published here for the first time — to offer the most comprehensive
$54.95T/£27.95 cloth display of his work yet seen. The book, which accompanies an exhibition at
978-0-262-01254-6 ZKM IMuseum of Contemporary Art presenting Thek’s work in dialogue
Copublished with ZKM I Center with contemporary art by young artists, includes painting, sculpture, drawing,
for Art and Media Technology
and installation work, as well as photographs documenting the room-size
environments into which Thek incorporated elements from art, literature,
ESSAYS BY
theater, and religion.
Jean-Christophe Ammann, These works chart Thek’s journey from legendary outsider to foundational
Margrit Brehm, Bazon Brock, figure in contemporary art. In their antiheroic diversity, Thek’s works embody
Suzanne Delehanty, Harald Falckenberg,
Marietta Franke, Stefan Germer,
the art revolution of the 1960s; indeed, Susan Sontag dedicated her classic
Kim Gordon, Roland Groenenboom, Against Interpretation to him. Thek’s treatment of the body in such works as
Axel Heil, Gregor Jansen, Mike Kelley, “Technological Reliquaries,” with their castings and replicas of human body
John Miller, Susanne Neubauer,
Kenny Schachter, Harald Szeemann,
parts, tissue, and bones, both evoke the aura of Christian relics and anticipate
Annette Tietenberg, Peter Weibel, the work of Damien Hirst. The book, with more than 500 images (300 in color)
Ann Wilson and nineteen essays by art historians, curators, collectors, and artists, investigates
Thek’s work on its own
EXHIBITION terms and as a starting
Phoenix-Hallen point for understanding the
Hamburg work of the many younger
May 30, 2008–September 14, 2008
artists Thek has influenced.
Harald Falckenberg is President
Also available of the Kunstrverein Hamburg
MAKING THINGS PUBLIC and cocurator of ZKM’s Paul
Atmospheres of Democracy Thek exhibit. He is one of
edited by Bruno Latour Europe’s most important
and Peter Weibel collectors of contemporary
art and a prolific essayist
2005, 978-0-262-12279-5
on art issues. Peter Weibel is
$50.00T/£32.95 cloth
Director of ZKM I Center for Art
and Media Technology, Karlsruhe,
and coeditor of other ZKM
books, including Making
Things Public: Atmospheres
of Democracy (MIT Press).

6
art

FRANZ WEST
To Build a House You Start with the Roof, Work 1972–2008
Darsie Alexander
A book that makes clear why
with contributions by Rachel Harrison and Eric Banks and Tom Eccles
Franz West is not only Vienna’s
There is no easy way to define Franz West’s art: it is fundamentally sculptural most influential living sculptor,
in its construction, veers frequently toward the biomorphic and prosthetic, mines but one of the most entertaining
and cerebral contemporary
the intellectualism of Freud and Wittgenstein, and possesses an awkward beauty artists anywhere.
that speaks with equal fluency to the tradition of painterly abstraction and the
aesthetics of trash art. West’s distinctive vision has resulted in one of the most
November
remarkable bodies of work produced since the 1960s. This book, with more than 9 1/2 x 11, 288 pp.
160 color images, offers a comprehensive look at West’s work from the 1970s to 160 color illus.
the present. A unique blend of illustration, essays, interviews, and artist’s pages, $44.95T/£22.95 cloth
it accompanies a major retrospective organized by The Baltimore Museum of 978-0-262-01250-8
Art, and includes a new piece created specifically for the exhibition. Copublished with
Emerging from Vienna’s confrontational performance art scene led by the The Baltimore Museum of Art
Actionists during the 1960s, West believed from the beginning that physical
engagement is an essential function of the art experience. This is clear both
in his Adaptives (Paßstück) series (begun in 1974), human-scaled sculptures EXHIBITION
The Baltimore Museum of Art
made of plaster to be held and worn by museum visitors, and in his later October 12, 2008–January 4, 2009
installations incorporating cabinets, tables, and chairs. Interaction is no less Los Angeles County Museum of Art,
April 5, 2009–June 28, 2009
a premise in West’s more recent large-scale outdoor sculptures: a series of
brightly painted aluminum works adorning public
plazas throughout Europe and the United States.
The book mixes intense visual content with critical
commentary, an interview with the artist, a concen-
trated section on West’s working methods, an artist’s
response to the work through words and images, and
an extensive chronology and bibliography.
Darsie Alexander is Senior Curator of Contemporary Art
at The Baltimore Museum of Art. Tom Eccles is Executive
Director of the Center for Curatorial Studies at Bard College.
Rachel Harrison is an artist who lives and works in New York
City and Eric Banks is former editor-in-chief of Bookforum.

Franz West. Violetta. To the song of


Gerhard Rühm: I like to rest, 2005,
and Swimmer, 2005. Epoxy resin and
fiberglass. Both ©Franz West and
courtesy of the artist and
Gagosian Gellery.

Franz West. Paßstück, 1976–1977. Plaster, electrical pipe,


paint, wire. Anonymous Dallas Collection. ©Franz West.

7
art

MARTIN KIPPENBERGER
The Problem Perspective
edited by Ann Goldstein and Lisa Gabrielle Mark
Works spanning the legendary
and prolific artist’s twenty-year Martin Kippenberger (1953-1997) is a special case in art. His life and works
career, including many of his were inextricably linked in a remarkable practice that centered on the role of
self-portraits, paintings, sculptures, the artist within both the culture and the system of art. With his larger-than-life
works on paper, installations, and
exhibition posters. persona, Kippenberger cast himself as impresario, entertainer, curator, bohemian,
collector, architect, and publisher. He collected art, set up clothing companies and
nightclubs, and ran art-world scams. Nothing was sacred to this iconoclast except
October
9 x 11 3/4, 288 pp. the right to satisfy his enormous appetite for life, appropriate anything for his art,
250 color illus. and create continual chaos around himself. This book, which accompanies the
$44.95T/£22.95 cloth first major U.S. retrospective exhibition of Kippenberger’s work, at the Museum
978-1-933751-09-2 of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, documents Kippenberger’s extraordinary
Distributed for the Museum of twenty-year career with works in many media —
Contemporary Art, Los Angeles paintings, sculptures, works on paper, installations,
photographs, collaborations with other artists, posters,
postcards, books, and music. Among the major works
EXHIBITION
The Museum of Contemporary Art,
reproduced are key selections from the I.N.P. Bilder (Is
Los Angeles Not Embarrassing Pictures) and No Problem paintings
September 15, 2008–January 5, 2009 of the 1980s; the landmark 1987 exhibition of sculp-
The Museum of Modern Art, New York ture “Peter. Die russische Stellung” (“Peter. The
March 1, 2009–May 11, 2009 Russian Position”); self-portraits in a variety of media;
Laterne an Betrunkene (Street Lamp for Drunks); the
Raft of the Medusa cycle of the 1990s; the renowned
Hotel drawings; and the monumental installation, The
Happy End of Franz Kafka’s “Amerika.” Accompanying
the artworks is an essay by exhibition curator Ann
Goldstein; newly commissioned texts by art historian
Pamela Lee, Kippenberger scholar Diedrich
Diederichsen, and curator Ann Temkin; reprinted
excerpts from a 1991 interview with Kippenberger by
artist Jutta Koether; and an illustrated exhibition his-
tory, chronology, and bibliography. Martin
Kippenberger: The Problem Perspective offers readers
the most comprehensive view yet of this legendary
artist’s body of work.
Ann Goldstein is
Senior Curator at
the Museum of
Contemporary Art,
Los Angeles, where
Lisa Gabrielle Mark
is Director of
Publications.

Top: Martin Kippenberger. The Problem


Perspective (you are not the problem, it´s
the problem-maker in your head),1986. Oil
on canvas, 180 x 150 cm.
Right: Martin Kippenberger. 1x Laterne an
Betrunkene/Street lamp for drunks, 1988.
Steel, lightbulb, 280 x 40 x 40 cm.

8
art/cultural studies

THE BIG ARCHIVE


Art From Bureaucracy
Sven Spieker
The archive as a crucible of
The typewriter, the card index, and the filing cabinet: these are technologies twentieth-century modernism
and modalities of the archive. To the bureaucrat, archives contain little more and key for understanding
than garbage, paperwork no longer needed; to the historian, on the other hand, contemporary art.

the archive’s content stands as a quasi-objective correlative of the “living” past.


Twentieth-century art made use of the archive in a variety of ways — from October
what Spieker calls Marcel Duchamp’s “anemic archive” of readymades and 6 1/2 x 9, 228 pp.
78 illus.
El Lissitzky’s Demonstration Rooms to the compilations of photographs made
$24.95T/£16.95 cloth
by such postwar artists as Susan Hiller and Gerhard Richter. In The Big Archive, 978-0-262-19570-6
Sven Spieker investigates the archive — as both bureaucratic institution and
index of evolving attitudes toward contingent time in science and art — and
finds it to be a crucible of twentieth-century modernism.
Dadaists, constructivists, and Surrealists favored discontinuous, nonlinear
archives that resisted hermeneutic reading and ordered presentation. Spieker
argues that the use of archives by such contemporary artists as Hiller, Richter,
Hans-Peter Feldmann, Walid Raad, and Boris Mikhailov responds to and
continues this attack on the nineteenth-century archive and its objectification
of the historical process.
Spieker considers archivally driven art in relation to changing media
technologies — the typewriter, the telephone, the telegraph, film. And he
connects the archive to a particularly modern visual-
ity, showing that the avant-garde used the archive as
something of a laboratory for experimental inquiries
into the nature of vision and its relation to time.
The Big Archive offers us the first critical monograph
on an overarching motif in twentieth-century art.
Sven Spieker teaches in the Comparative Literature Program
and the Department of History of Art and Architecture at
the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is the editor
of ARTMargins, an online journal devoted to Central and
Eastern European visual culture.

9
art/photography

MILK AND MELANCHOLY


Kenneth Hayes
The first book on milk in art,
Milk and Melancholy looks at milk through the lens of photography and from
from Harold Edgerton’s drops to the angle of art. Specifically, it considers the milk splash in all its manifestations,
Jeff Wall’s splash: a meditation representations, and variations, tracing the complex flow of the image in works
with photographs. ranging from Harold Edgerton’s milk drop coronet to Jeff Wall’s exploding milk
carton. In Milk and Melancholy, Kenneth Hayes considers milk as corporate
October advertising’s mustache of health; as the antiwine; as a complex mixture of fat,
8 x 8 7/8, 156 pp. protein, corpuscles, lactose, chyle, and plasma that lacks darkness but lacks also
95 color photographs,
25 black & white photographs the morally pure transparency of crystal; and as the luminous middle term
between mercury’s glare and water’s transparency. He offers the first-ever history
$24.95T/£12.95 cloth
978-0-262-08381-2 of the “knowledge of splashes,” a history that brings together Goethe’s theory of
Copublished with Prefix Institute
optics, the invention of the stroboscope, and
of Contemporary Art, Inc. the milk paint dripped by Jackson Pollock
in the 1940s. Taking Edgerton’s famous
CONTENTS
photograph as a starting point, Hayes tracks
The Photogenics of Milk its influence in the infinite variety of repre-
A Romance with Liquids: The Milk sentations of milk in the work of more than
Splash in California Pop Art twenty artists including Pollock, Ed Ruscha,
The Optical Unconscious in extremis Barbara Kruger, Bruce Nauman, Adrian
Energy Made Visible: Vital Fluids in Piper, Martha Rosler, Mike Kelley, and
the Street
William Wegman. More than 100 images,
most of them in color and all of them
ARTISTS INCLUDE exquisitely reproduced, illustrate Hayes’s
David Askevold text. With this book, a splash in its own
John Baldessari
Iain Baxter right, we will never see milk as a mere
Braco Dimitrijevic grocery item again.
Harold Edgerton Milk and Melancholy is the first book
General Idea
Gilbert and George from Prefix Institute of Contemporary Art,
Jack Goldstein publisher of the award-winning magazine
Mike Kelley Prefix Photo.
Barbara Kruger
David Lamelas Kenneth Hayes is an architectural historian
Bruce Nauman and a curator and critic of contemporary art.
Adrian Piper His work has appeared in such publications
Sigmar Polke as Azure, Alphabet City, and Parachute.
Jackson Pollock
Richard Prince
Martha Rosler
Ed Ruscha
Andres Serrano
Jeff Wall
William Wegman
A. M. Worthington

Top: Jeff Wall. Milk, 1984. Color photograph,


187 x 228.6 cm. Courtesy the artist.

Ed Ruscha. Glass of Milk Falling, 1967.


Oil on canvas, 20 x 24 inches. © Ed Ruscha.

10
cultural studies/environment/art

FUEL
edited by John Knechtel
How will the world work in the post-oil, post-coal future? Our transition could Writers and artists imagine
take the form of disastrous collapses in economic, political, and economic systems the transition to a carbon-free
— or of a radical reinvention of energy. We could relapse into a new Dark Ages, future and the radical reinvention
or we could shift to a new economic model and international order that’s not of energy that would make
it possible.
based on (the appropriately named) “fossil” fuels but on renewable energy. No
matter what, global warming and resource scarcity will force us to do something.
To avert environmental and economic disaster, we’ll have to think beyond the October
4 3/4 x 6 1/4, 320 pp.
weekly fluctuations in the price of gasoline and consider larger matters. 200 color illus.
In Fuel, writers and artists imagine the transition to a carbon-free future: an
$15.95T/£10.95 cloth
architect plans “Velo-city,” a network of elevated bikeways; a designer models 978-0-262-11325-0
a perfectly internalized, tail-chasing energy system; an urbanist examines the
Alphabet City 13
new “Oil Cities” in Dubai and Saudi Arabia; a photographer documents
the social and environmental damage done by the
oil industry in Nigeria; and an architect proposes Also available in this series
that oil rigs be turned into sanctuaries for marine FOOD
and avian wildlife. edited by John Knechtel
2007, 978-0-262-11309-0
Reading Fuel, we read our current energy $15.95T/£10.95 cloth
moment in the broader context of a range of Alphabet City 12
possible futures. TRASH
edited by John Knechtel
John Knechtel is Director of Alphabet
2006, 978-0-262-11301-4
City Media in Toronto.
$15.95T/£10.95 cloth
Alphabet City 11
SUSPECT
edited by John Knechtel
2005, 978-0-262-11290-1
$15.95T/£10.95 cloth
Alphabet City 10
SUBTITLES
edited by Atom Egoyan
and Ian Balfour
2004, 978-0-262-05078-4
$35.00T/£22.95 cloth
Alphabet City 9

Top: George Osodi, Oil Pipelines Okrika, 2006. From Fuel.


Top left: George Osodi, Oil Rig Sangana, 2006. From Fuel.
Left: Velo-city. From Fuel.

11
dance/art

BEING WATCHED
Yvonne Rainer and the 1960s
Carrie Lambert-Beatty
How Yvonne Rainer’s art
shaped new ways of watching In her dance and performances of the 1960s, Yvonne Rainer famously trans-
and performing. formed the performing body — stripped it of special techniques and star status,
traded its costumes and leotards for T-shirts and sneakers, asked it to haul
September mattresses or recite texts rather than leap or spin. Without discounting these
7 x 9, 384 pp. innovations, Carrie Lambert-Beatty argues in Being Watched that the crucial
83 illus.
site of Rainer’s interventions in the 1960s was less the body of the performer
$34.95T/£22.95 cloth than the eye of the viewer — or rather, the body as offered to the eye. Rainer’s
978-0-262-12301-3
art, Lambert-Beatty writes, is structured by a peculiar tension between the body
An October Book and its display.
Through close readings of Rainer’s works of the 1960s — from the often-
discussed dance Trio A to lesser-known Vietnam war-era protest dances —
Also available
FEELINGS ARE FACTS
Lambert-Beatty explores how these performances embodied what Rainer called
Yvonne Rainer “the seeing difficulty.” (As Rainer said: “Dance is hard to see.”) Viewed from
2006, 978-0-262-18251-5 this perspective, Rainer’s work becomes a bridge between key episodes in post-
$37.95T/£24.95 cloth
war art. Lambert-Beatty shows how Rainer’s art (and related performance work
YVONNE RAINER in Happenings, Fluxus, and Judson Dance Theater) connects with the transfor-
The Mind is a Muscle
Catherine Wood mation of the subject-object relation in minimalism and with emerging feminist
2007, 978-1-84638-037-2 discourse on the political implications of the objectifying gaze. In a spectacle-
$16.00T/£9.95 paper soaked era, moreover — when images of war played nightly on the television
Distributed for Afterall Books
news — Rainer’s work engaged the habits of viewing formed in mass-media
America, linking avant-garde art and the wider culture of the 1960s. Rainer is
significant, argues Lambert-Beatty, not only as a choreographer, but as a sculp-
tor of spectatorship.
Carrie Lambert-Beatty is Assistant Professor in the Department
of History of Art and Architecture and the Department of
Visual and Environmental Studies at
Harvard University.

12
architecture

WORLD’S GREATEST ARCHITECT


Making, Meaning, and Network Culture
William J. Mitchell
Function and meaning in
Artifacts (including works of architecture) play dual roles; they simultaneously architecture and elsewhere, from
perform functions and carry meaning. Columns support roofs, but while the tongue-in-cheek instructions
sturdy Tuscan and Doric types traditionally signify masculinity, the slim and for creating a surveillance
state to reflections on the
elegant Ionic and Corinthian kinds read as feminine. Words are often inscribed architecture of the potato chip.
on objects. (On a door: “push” or “pull.”) Today, information is digitally encoded
(dematerialized) and displayed (rematerialized) to become part of many different
September
objects, at one moment appearing on a laptop screen and at another, perhaps, on 6 x 9, 160 pp.
a building facade (as in Times Square). Well-designed artifacts succeed in being
$16.95T/£10.95 paper
both useful and meaningful. In World’s Greatest Architect, William Mitchell offers 978-0-262-63364-2
a series of snapshots — short essays and analyses — that examine the systems
of function and meaning currently operating in our buildings, cities, and global
networks. Also available
In his writing, Mitchell makes connections that aren’t necessarily obvious IMAGINING MIT
Designing a Campus for
but are always illuminating, moving in one essay from Bush-Cheney’s abuse of the Twenty-First Century
language to Robert Venturi’s argument against rigid ideology and in favor of William J. Mitchell
graceful pragmatism. He traces the evolution of Las Vegas from Sin/Sign City 2007, 978-0-262-13479-8
$24.95T/£15.95 cloth
to family-friendly resort and residential real estate boomtown. A purchase of
chips leads not only to a complementary purchase of beer but to thoughts of PLACING WORDS
Symbols, Space, and the City
Eames chairs (like Pringles) and Gehry (fun to imitate with tortilla chips William J. Mitchell
in refried beans). As for who 2005, 978-0-262-63322-2
the world’s greatest architect $17.95T/£11.95 paper

might be, here’s a hint: he’s ME++


also the oldest. The Cyborg Self and
the Networked City
William J. Mitchell is the Alexander William J. Mitchell
W. Dreyfoos, Jr. Professor of 2004, 978-0-262-63313-0
Architecture and Media Arts and $15.95T/£10.95 paper
Sciences and directs the Smart Cities
research group at MIT’s Media Lab. e-topia
He was formerly Dean of the School “Urban Life, Jim — but
of Architecture and Head of the Not as We Know It”
Program in Media Arts and Sciences William J. Mitchell
at MIT. He is the author of Imagining 2000, 978-0-262-63205-8
MIT: Designing a Campus for the $18.95S/£12.95 paper
Twenty-First Century, Placing Words:
Symbols, Space, and the City, Me++: CITY OF BITS
The Cyborg Self and the Networked Space, Place, and the Infobahn
City, e-topia: “Urban Life, Jim — William J. Mitchell
but Not as We Know It,” City of Bits: 1996, 978-0-262-63176-1
Space, Place, and the Infobahn, and $19.95S/£12.95 paper
The Reconfigured Eye: Visual Truth
in the Post-Photographic Era, all THE RECONFIGURED EYE
published by The MIT Press. Visual Truth in the
Post-Photographic Era
William J. Mitchell
1992, 978-0-262-63160-0
$36.00S/£23.95 paper

13
architecture

NURTURING DREAMS
Collected Essays on Architecture and the City
Fumihiko Maki
Unavailable as a collection until
edited by Mark Mulligan
now, these essays document both
the intellectual journey of one of foreword by Eduard Sekler
the world’s leading architects and Born in Tokyo, educated in Japan and the United States, and principal of an
a critical period in the evolution
of architectural thought.
internationally acclaimed architectural practice, celebrated architect Fumihiko
Maki brings to his writings on architecture a perspective that is both global and
uniquely Japanese. Influenced by post-Bauhaus internationalism, sympathetic to
September
7 3/4 x 9 3/4, 233 pp.
the radical urban architectural vision of Team X, and a participant in the avant-
100 illus. garde movement Metabolism, Maki has been at the forefront of his profession.
$29.95T/£19.95 cloth This collection of essays documents the evolution of architectural modernism
978-0-262-13500-9 and Maki’s own fifty-year intellectual journey during a critical period of architec-
tural and urban history.
Maki’s treatment of his two overarching themes — the contemporary city
and modernist architecture — demonstrates strong (and sometimes unexpected)
linkages between urban theory and archi-
tectural practice. After writing about his
first encounters with modern architecture
and with CIAM and Team X, Maki
describes his studies of “Collective Form,”
the relationship between cities and their
individual buildings. His influential essay
“The Japanese City and Inner Space”
traces characteristics of the Japanese city
from the Edo period to contemporary
Tokyo; his consideration of Japanese
modernism begins with a discussion of
“the Le Corbusier syndrome” in modern
Japanese architecture. Images and
commentary on three of Maki’s own
works demonstrate the connection
between his writing and his designs.
Moving through the successive waves
of modernism, postmodernism, neomodernism, and other isms, these essays
reflect how several generations of architectural thought and expression have
been resolved within one career.
Fumihiko Maki is one of Japan’s most prolific and distinguished architects, in practice
since the 1960s. His works include projects in Japan, North and South America, Europe,
and Asia. He received the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1993. Among his
current works in progress are the World Trade Center Tower 4 in New York City and the
Media Lab Extension at MIT.

14
architecture

I AM A MONUMENT
On Learning from Las Vegas
Aron Vinegar
Rereading one of the most
Learning from Las Vegas, originally published by The MIT Press in 1972, was one influential architectural books
of the most influential and controversial architectural books of its era. Thirty-five of the twentieth century — as
years later, it remains a perennial bestseller and a definitive theoretical text. Its intellectual project, graphic
design landmark, and prescient
authors — architects Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown, and Steven Izenour introduction to issues
— famously used the Las Vegas Strip to argue the virtues of the “ordinary and of concern today.
ugly” above the “heroic and original” qualities of architectural modernism.
Learning from Las Vegas not only moved architecture to the center of cultural September
debates, it changed our ideas about what architecture was and could be. 8 x 9, 208 pp.
In this provocative rereading of an iconic text, Aron Vinegar shows that 82 illus.
Learning from Las Vegas is not only of historical interest but of absolute relevance $29.95T/£19.95 cloth
to current critical debates in architectural and visual culture. Vinegar argues that 978-0-262-22082-8
to read Learning from Las Vegas only as an exemplary postmodernist text — to
understand it, for example, as a call for pastiche or as ironic provocation — is
Also available
to underestimate its deeper critical and ethical meaning, and to miss the under- LEARNING FROM LAS VEGAS,
lying dialectic between skepticism and the ordinary, expression and the deadpan, REVISED EDITION
that runs through the text. The Forgotten Symbolism
of Architectural Form
Vinegar’s close attention to the graphic design of Learning from Las Vegas, Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown,
and his fresh interpretations of now canonical images from the book such as the and Steven Izenour
“Duck,” the “Decorated Shed,” and “Recommendation for a Monument,” make 1977, 978-0-262-72006-9
$22.95T/£14.95 paper
his book unique. Perhaps most revealing is his close analysis of the differences
between the first 1972 edition, designed for The MIT Press by Muriel Cooper,
and the “revised” edition of 1977, which was radically stripped down and largely
redesigned by Denise Scott Brown. The dialogue between the two editions con-
tinues with this book, where for the first time the two versions of Learning from
Las Vegas are read comparatively.
Aron Vinegar is Associate Professor in the Department of
History of Art and the Knowlton School of Architecture at
Ohio State University.

15
architecture

DRAFTING CULTURE
A Social History of Architectural Graphics Standards
George Barnett Johnston
An examination of the standard
reference book for architects, Architectural Graphics Standards by Charles George Ramsey and Harold Reeve
as both practical sourcebook Sleeper, first published in 1932 (and now in its eleventh edition), is a definitive
and window on changes in technical reference for architects — the one book that every architect needs to
the profession.
own. The authors, one a draftsman and the other an architect, created a graphic
compilation of standards that amounted to an index of the combined knowledge
September of their profession. This first comprehensive history of Ramsey and Sleeper’s
9 1/2 x 11 3/4, 280 pp.
99 illus. classic work explores the changing practical uses that this “draftsman’s Bible”
has served, as well as the ways in which it has registered the shifts within the
$39.95T/£25.95 cloth
978-0-262-10122-6 architectural profession since the first half of the twentieth century. When
Architectural Graphics Standards first appeared, architecture was undergoing
its transition from vocation to profession — from the draftsman’s craft to the
architect’s academically based knowledge with a concomitant rise in social
status. The older “drafting culture” gave way to massive postwar changes in
design and building practice.
Writing a history of the architectural profession from the bottom up —
from the standpoint of the architectural draftsman — George Barnett Johnston
clarifies the role and status of the subordinate architectural workers who once
made up the base of the profession. Johnston’s
account of the evolution of Ramsey and Sleeper’s
book also offers a case study of the social hierarchies
embedded within architecture’s division of labor.
Johnston investigates what became of the draftsman,
and what became of drafting culture, and asks —
importantly, in today’s era of digital formats —
what price is exacted from architectural labor as
architecture pursues new professional ideals.
George Barnett Johnston is an architect, cultural historian,
and Associate Professor in the College of Architecture at
Georgia Institute of Technology.

16
architecture

PERSPECTA 41
Grand Tour
The Yale Architectural Journal
Architectural travel, from the
edited by Gabrielle Brainard, Rustam Mehta, and Thomas Moran Eternal City to the generic city.
The Grand Tour was once the culmination of an architect’s education. As a
journey to the cultural sites of Europe, the Tour’s agenda was clearly defined: November
to study ancient monuments in order to reproduce them at home. Architects 9 x 12, 160 pp.
returned from their Grand Tours with rolls of measured drawings and less 160 illus.
tangible spoils: patronage, commissions, and cultural cachet. Although no $25.00T/£16.95 paper
longer carried out under the same name, the practices inscribed by the Grand 978-0-262-51225-1
Tour have continued relevance for contemporary architects. This edition of
Perspecta — the oldest and most distinguished student-edited architectural
CONTRIBUTORS
journal in America — uses the Grand Tour, broadly conceived, as a model for Esra Akcan, Aaron Betsky,
understanding the history, current incarnation, and future of architectural travel. Ljiljana Blagojević, Edward Burtynsky,
Perspecta 41 asks: where do we go, how do we Matthew Coolidge and CLUI,
Gillian Darley, Brook Denison,
record what we see, what do we bring back, and how Helen Dorey, Keller Easterling,
does it change us? Contributions include explorations Peter Eisenman, Dan Graham and
of architects’ travels in times of war; Peter Eisenman’s Mark Wasiuta, Jeffery Inaba and
C-Lab, Sam Jacob, Michael Meredith,
account of his career-defining 1962 trip with Colin Colin Montgomery, Dietrich Neumann,
Rowe around Europe in a Volkswagen; Robert Enrique Ramirez, Mary-Ann Ray and
Venturi and Denise Scott Brown’s discussion of their Robert Mangurian, Kazys Varnelis,
Robert Venturi and
traveling and its effect on their collecting, teaching, Denise Scott Brown,
and design work; drawings documenting the mono- Enrique Walker
lithic churches of Lalibela, Ethiopia; an account of
how James Gamble Rogers designed Yale’s Sterling
Also available
Library and residential colleges using his collection RE-READING PERSPECTA
of postcards; and a proposed itinerary for a contem- The First Fifty Years of the
porary Grand Tour — in America. Yale Architectural Journal
edited by Robert A. M. Stern,
Gabrielle Brainard, Rustam Mehta, and Thomas Moran Peggy Deamer, and Alan Plattus
are graduates of the Yale School of Architecture and 2005, 978-0-262-19506-5
practicing architects. $75.00T/£48.95 cloth

The cover of each copy of Perspecta 41


features a different vintage postcard.

17
new media/art

WHITE HEAT COLD LOGIC


British Computer Art 1960–1980
edited by Paul Brown, Charlie Gere,
The history of a pioneering era Nicholas Lambert, and Catherine Mason
in computer-based art too often
neglected by postwar art histories Technological optimism, even utopianism, was widespread at midcentury; in
and institutions. Britain, Harold Wilson in 1963 promised a new nation “forged from the white
heat of the technological revolution.” In this heady atmosphere, pioneering artists
December transformed the cold logic of computing into a new medium for their art, and
7 x 9, 568 pp. played a central role in connecting technology and culture. White Heat Cold Logic
63 illus.
tells the story of these early British digital and computer artists — and fills in a
$44.95T/£28.95 cloth missing chapter in contemporary art history.
978-0-262-02653-6
In this heroic period of computer art, artists were required to build their own
A Leonardo Book machines, collaborate closely with computer scientists, and learn difficult com-
puter languages. White Heat Cold Logic’s chapters, many written by computer art
pioneers themselves, describe the influence of cybernetics, with its emphasis on
CONTRIBUTORS
Roy Ascott, Stephen Bell, Paul Brown, process and interactivity; the connections to the constructivist movement; and
Stephen Bury, Harold Cohen, the importance of work done in such different venues as commercial animation,
Ernest Edmonds, María Fernández,
fine art schools, and polytechnics.
Simon Ford, John Hamilton Frazer,
Jeremy Gardiner, Charlie Gere, The advent of personal computing and graphical user interfaces in 1980
Adrian Glew, Beryl Graham, signaled the end of an era, and today we do not have so many dreams of
Stan Hayward, Graham Howards,
technological utopia. And yet our highly technologized and mediated world
Richard Ihnatowicz, Nicholas Lambert,
Malcolm Le Grice, Tony Longson, owes much to these early practitioners, especially for expanding our sense of
Brent MacGregor, George Mallen, what we can do with new technologies.
Catherine Mason, Jasia Reichardt,
Stephen A. R. Scrivener, Paul Brown is Visiting Professor of Art and Technology at the University of Sussex.
Brian Reffin Smith, Alan Sutcliffe, Charlie Gere is Reader in New Media Research, Institute for Cultural Research, at Lancaster
Doron D. Swade, John Vince, University. Nicholas Lambert is Research Officer, School of History of Art, Film, and Visual
Richard Wright, Aleksandar Zivanovic Media, at Birkbeck College, University of London. Catherine Mason is an art historian at work
on a book about computers and artistic practice in art schools and academic institutions.

18
game studies/gender studies

BEYOND BARBIE® AND MORTAL KOMBAT


New Perspectives on Gender and Gaming
edited by Yasmin B. Kafai, Carrie Heeter,
Jill Denner, and Jennifer Y. Sun Girls and women as game players
and game designers in the new
Ten years after the groundbreaking From Barbie to Mortal Kombat highlighted digital landscape of massively
the ways gender stereotyping and related social and economic issues permeate multiplayer online games, “second
lives,” “modding,” serious
digital game play, the number of women and girl gamers has risen considerably.
games, and casual games.
Despite this, gender disparities remain in gaming. Women may be warriors in
World of Warcraft, but they are also scantily clad “booth babes” whose sex appeal
September
is used to promote games at trade shows. Player-generated content has revolu-
7 x 9, 352 pp.
tionized gaming, but few games marketed to girls allow “modding” (game mod- 36 color illus., 42 black & white illus.
ifications made by players). Gender equity, the contributors to Beyond Barbie $29.95T/£19.95 cloth
and Mortal Kombat argue, requires more than increasing the overall numbers of 978-0-262-11319-9
female players.
Beyond Barbie and Mortal Kombat brings together new media theorists, game
designers, educators, psychologists, and industry professionals, including some CONTRIBUTORS
Cornelia Brunner, Shannon Campe,
of the contributors to the earlier volume, to look at how gender intersects with Justine Cassell, Mia Consalvo,
the broader contexts of digital games today: gaming, game industry and design, Jill Denner, Mary Flanagan,
and serious games. The contributors discuss the rise of massively multiplayer Janine Fron, Tracy Fullerton,
Elisabeth Hayes, Carrie Heeter,
online games (MMOs) and the experience of girl and women players in gaming Kristin Hughes, Mimi Ito,
communities; the still male-dominated gaming industry and the need for differ- Henry Jenkins, Yasmin B. Kafai,
ent perspectives in game design; and gender concerns related to emerging seri- Caitlin Kelleher, Brenda Laurel,
Nicole Lazzaro, Holin Lin, Jacki Morie,
ous games (games meant not only to entertain but also to educate, persuade, or Helen Nissenbaum, Celia Pearce,
change behavior). In today’s game-packed digital landscape, there is an even Caroline Pelletier, Jennifer Y. Sun,
greater need for games that offer motivating, challenging, and enriching con- T. L. Taylor, Brian Winn, Nick Yee
texts for play to a more diverse population of players.
Yasmin B. Kafai is Associate INTERVIEWS WITH
Professor at the UCLA Graduate Nichol Bradford, Brenda Braithwaite,
School of Education and Megan Gaiser, Sheri Graner Ray,
Information Studies. Carrie Morgan Romine
Heeter is Professor of Serious
Game Design in the Department
of Telecommunication,
Also available
Information Studies, and Media,
and Creative Director for Virtual FROM BARBIE® TO MORTAL KOMBAT
University Design and Gender and Computer Games
Technology at Michigan State edited by Justine Cassell
University. Jill Denner is Senior and Henry Jenkins
Research Associate at ETR 2000, 978-0-262-53168-9
Associates, a nonprofit agency $26.00T/£16.95 paper
in California. Jennifer Y. Sun is
President and a founder of UTOPIAN ENTREPRENEUR
Numedeon, Inc., the company Brenda Laurel
that launched Whyville.net, an 2001, 978-0-26262153-3
educational virtual world tar- $16.00T/£10.95 paper
geted at children ages 8 to 14.
PLAY BETWEEN WORLDS
Exploring Online Game Culture
T. L. Taylor
2006, 978-0-262-20163-6
$29.95T/£19.95 cloth
CHEATING
Gaining Advantage in Videogames
Mia Consalvo
2007, 978-0-262-03365-7
$35.00S/£21.95 cloth

19
education/computer science/race studies

STUCK IN THE SHALLOW END


Education, Race, and Computing
Jane Margolis
An investigation into why so
few African American and Latino The number of African Americans and Latino/as receiving undergraduate and
high school students are studying advanced degrees in computer science is disproportionately low, according to
computer science reveals the recent surveys. And relatively few African American and Latino/a high school
dynamics of inequality in
American schools. students receive the kind of institutional encouragement, educational opportuni-
ties, and preparation needed for them to choose computer science as a field of
study and profession. In Stuck in the Shallow End, Jane Margolis looks at the
September
6 x 9, 200 pp. daily experiences of students and teachers in three Los Angeles public high
10 illus. schools: an overcrowded urban high school, a math and science magnet school,
$24.95T/£16.95 cloth and a well-funded school in an affluent neighborhood. She finds an insidious
978-0-262-13504-7 “virtual segregation” that maintains inequality.
Two of the three schools studied offer only low-level, how-to (keyboarding,
cutting and pasting) introductory computing classes. The third and wealthiest
Also available
school offers advanced courses, but very few students of color enroll in them.
UNLOCKING THE CLUBHOUSE
Women and Computing The race gap in computer science, Margolis finds, is one example of the way
Jane Margolis and Allan Fisher students of color are denied a wide range of occupational and educational
2003, 978-0-262-63269-0 futures. Margolis traces the interplay of school structures (such factors as course
$16.00T/£10.95 paper
offerings and student-to-counselor ratios) and belief systems — including
teachers’ assumptions about their students and stu-
dents’ assumptions about themselves. Stuck in the
Shallow End is a story of how inequality is repro-
duced in America — and how students and teachers,
given the necessary tools, can change the system.
Jane Margolis is Senior Researcher at the Institute for
Democracy, Education, and Access at UCLA’s Graduate School
of Education and Information Studies. She is the coauthor
of the award-winning Unlocking the Clubhouse: Women and
Computing (MIT Press).

20
technology/essays

THE INNER HISTORY OF DEVICES


edited and with an introduction by Sherry Turkle
For more than two decades, in such landmark studies as The Second Self and Life Personal stories illuminate how
on the Screen, Sherry Turkle has challenged our collective imagination with her technology enters the inner life.
insights about how technology enters our private worlds. In The Inner History of
Devices, she describes her process, an approach that reveals how what we make is October
woven into our ways of seeing ourselves. She brings together three traditions of 5 3/8 x 8, 192 pp.
listening — that of the memoirist, the clinician, and the ethnographer. Each 4 illus.
informs the others to compose an inner history of devices. We read about objects $24.95T/£16.95 cloth
ranging from cell phones and video poker to prosthetic eyes, from Web sites and 978-0-262-20176-6
television to dialysis machines.
In an introductory essay, Turkle makes the case for an “intimate ethnography”
Also available
that challenges conventional wisdom. One personal computer owner tells Turkle: FALLING FOR SCIENCE
“This computer means everything to me. It’s where I put my hope.” Turkle Objects in Mind
explains that she began that conversation thinking she would learn how people edited by Sherry Turkle
2008, 978-0-262-20172-8
put computers to work. By its end, her question has changed: “What was there $24.95T/£16.95 cloth
about personal computers that offered such deep connection? What did a com-
EVOCATIVE OBJECTS
puter have that offered hope?” The Inner History of Devices teaches us to listen Things We Think With
for the answer. edited by Sherry Turkle
In the memoirs, ethnographies, and clinical cases collected in this volume, 2007, 978-0-262-20168-1
$24.95T/£15.95 cloth
we read about an American student who comes to terms with her conflicting
identities as she contemplates a cell phone she used in Japan (“Tokyo sat THE SECOND SELF
Computers and the Human Spirit
trapped inside it”); a troubled patient who uses email both to criticize her Twentieth Anniversary Edition
therapist and to be reassured by her; a compulsive gambler who does not want Sherry Turkle
to win steadily at video poker because a pattern of losing and winning keeps her 2005, 978-0-262-70111-2
$25.00S/£16.95 paper
more connected to the body of the machine. In these writings, we hear untold
stories. We learn that received wisdom never goes far enough.
Sherry Turkle is Abby Rockefeller Mauzé
Professor of the Social Studies of Science and
Technology at MIT and Founder and Director
of the MIT Initiative on Technology and Self.
A psychoanalytically trained sociologist and
psychologist, she is the author of The Second
Self: Computers and the Human Spirit (Twentieth
Anniversary Edition, MIT Press), Life on the
Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet, and
Psychoanalytic Politics: Jacques Lacan and Freud’s
French Revolution. She is the editor of Evocative
Objects: Things We Think With (MIT Press) and
Falling for Science: Objects in Mind (MIT Press).

21
technology/urban studies

INVENTED EDENS
Techno-Cities of the 20th Century
Robert H. Kargon and Arthur P. Molella
Tracing the design of
“techno-cities” that Industrialization created cities of Dickensian squalor that were crowded, smoky,
blend the technological dirty, and disease-ridden. By the beginning of the twentieth century, urban
and the pastoral. visionaries were looking for ways to improve both living and working conditions
in industrial cities. In Invented Edens, Robert Kargon and Arthur Molella trace
September the arc of one form of urban design, which they term the techno-city: a planned
6 x 9, 208 pp. city developed in conjunction with large industrial or technological enterprises,
43 illus.
blending the technological and the pastoral, the mill town and the garden city.
$24.95T/£16.95 cloth
978-0-262-11320-5
Techno-cities of the twentieth century range from factory towns in Mussolini’s
Italy to the Disney creation of Celebration, Florida. Kargon and Molella show
Lemelson Center Studies in Invention
and Innovation series
that the techno-city represents an experiment in integrating modern technology
into the world of ideal life. Techno-cities mirror society’s understanding of
current technologies, and at the same time seek to regain the lost virtues of
Also available the edenic pre-industrial village.
INVENTING FOR THE ENVIRONMENT The idea of the techno-city transcended ideologies, crossed national borders,
edited by Arthur P. Molella
and spanned the entire twentieth century. Kargon and Molella map the concept
and Joyce Bedi
2003, 978-0-262-63328-4 through a series of exemplars. These include Norris, Tennessee, home to the
$17.95T/£11.95 paper Tennessee Valley Authority; Torviscosa, Italy, built by Italy’s Fascist government
to accommodate synthetic textile manufacturing (and featured in an early short
by Michelangelo Antonioni); Ciudad Guayana, Venezuela, planned by a team
from MIT and Harvard; and, finally, Disney’s Celebration — perhaps the
ultimate techno-city, a fantasy city reflecting an era
in which virtual experiences are rapidly replacing
actual ones.
Robert H. Kargon is Willis K. Shepard Professor of the History
of Science at The Johns Hopkins University. He is the author
of The Rise of Robert Millikan: A Life in American Science
and other books. Arthur P. Molella is Jerome and Dorothy
Lemelson Director of the Smithsonian Institution’s Lemelson
Center. He is the author of "Exhibiting Atomic Culture: The
View from Oak Ridge" and the coeditor (with Joyce Bedi)
of Inventing for the Environment (MIT Press).

22
psychology/fiction

THE CASTLE OF DREAMS


Michel Jouvet
translated by Laurence Garey
A novel by a pioneering
This enlightening, entertaining, and intriguing novel begins as a story within a sleep researcher casts an
story — or a story within a trunk. A Frenchman — our narrator, presumably eighteenth-century aristocrat
the author Michel Jouvet, or a literary version of himself — buys an antique as its scientific and
romantic hero.
chest with brass fittings, labeled with the initials HLS and a partially worn
away date, “178-.” Happy to have such a handsome piece for his hallway, the
narrator is surprised to find within it bundles of ancient papers tied with string. September
5 3/8 x 8, 344 pp.
He has discovered the dream journals, experiments, and correspondence of
eighteenth-century amateur scientist Hugues la Scève. With Jouvet, a recog- $24.95T/£16.95 cloth
978-0-262-10127-1
nized authority on sleep and dream research, as our guide, we follow la Scève’s
quest to unlock the mystery of dreams.
In his chateau and elsewhere, la Scève undertakes a series of complex and Also available
often comic experiments: he records his own dreams and speculates on their THE PARADOX OF SLEEP
relation to waking life; he studies sleeping cats, rabbits, and other animals The Story of Dreaming
Michel Jouvet
(and observes rapid eye movement almost two centuries before modern science translated by Laurence Garey
discovers it); he records the sleep and dream experiences of a Swiss soldier 2001, 978-0-262-60040-8
and a pair of Siamese twins. And, because sleep and dreams are often in close $20.00T/£12.95 paper
proximity to the erotic, he considers the relation of dreaming and sexual
activity, heroically undertaking first-hand research with various women
(with the notable exception of his wife).
La Scève’s fantastic experiments and discoveries
have a solid scientific basis: Jouvet has transposed
some of his own cutting-edge research to the context
of the eighteenth century — when scientific knowl-
edge was more limited, but the joy of scientific study
was more widespread. La Scève’s experiments are a
testament to the power of scientific observation. The
tale that Jouvet discovered buried in the old chest
could have been true.
Michel Jouvet, a pioneer in sleep research, is Emeritus
Professor of Experimental Medicine at the University of
Lyon, France. He is a member of the French Academy of
Sciences and holds the Gold Medal of the CNRS (Centre
National de la Recherche Scientifique). He is the author
of The Paradox of Sleep: The Story of Dreaming (MIT Press).
Laurence Garey has worked in brain research throughout his
career, at Oxford, the University of California, Berkeley, the
University of Lausanne, Switzerland, and other institutions.
He is the translator of The Paradox of Sleep and other books.

23
essays/literature/gender studies

THE MEN IN MY LIFE


Vivian Gornick
Gornick on V. S. Naipaul, James
Vivian Gornick, one of our finest critics, tackled the theme of love and marriage
Baldwin, George Gissing, Randall in her last collection of essays, The End of the Novel of Love, a National Book
Jarrell, H. G. Wells, Loren Eiseley, Critics Circle Award finalist. In this new collection, she turns her attention to
Allen Ginsberg, Hayden Carruth, another large theme in literature: the struggle for the semblance of inner freedom. Great
Saul Bellow, and Philip Roth
and the intimate relationship literature, she believes, is not the record of the achievement but of the effort.
between emotional damage Gornick, who emerged as a major writer during the second-wave feminist
and great literature. movement, came to realize that “ideology alone could not purge one of the
pathological self-doubt that seemed every woman’s bitter birthright.” Or, as
September Anton Chekhov put it so memorably: “Others made me a slave, but I must
4 1/2 x 7, 224 pp. squeeze the slave out of myself, drop by drop.” Perhaps surprisingly, Gornick
$14.95T/£9.95 cloth found particular inspiration for this challenge in the work of male writers —
978-0-262-07303-5 talented, but locked in perpetual rage, self-doubt, or social exile. From these
A Boston Review Book men — who had infinitely more permission to do and be than women had
ever known — she learned what it really meant to wrestle with demons.
In the essays collected here, she explores the work of V. S. Naipaul, James
PRAISE FOR THE
SOLITUDE OF THE SELF Baldwin, George Gissing, Randall Jarrell, H. G. Wells, Loren Eiseley, Allen
Ginsberg, Hayden Carruth, Saul Bellow, and Philip Roth. Throughout the
“I love writers who treat thinking
book, Gornick is at her best: interpreting the intimate interrelationship of
as a dynamic process. Ms. Gornick
emotional damage, social history, and great literature.
does — here and in all her books.
Imagine a photographer of the Vivian Gornick is the author of many books, including Fierce Attachments: A Memoir,
The Romance of American Communism, The End of the Novel of Love, The Situation and the
psyche. She studies her subject from Story, and, most recently, The Solitude of the Self: Thinking about Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
all angles. Whether in close-up
or on a landscape crowded
PRAISE FOR THE END
with political and religious OF THE NOVEL OF LOVE
movements, she explores the
“[Gornick] is fearless. . . . Reading
public and private selves . . . .
her essays, one is reassured that the
What a potent book this is!”
conversation between life and lit-
— Margo Jefferson,
erature is mutually sustaining as
New York Times
well as mutually corrective.”
— Elizabeth Frank,
Also available in this series New York Times Book Review
GOD AND THE WELFARE STATE
Lew Daly “Reading [Gornick] is a thrilling,
2006, 978-0-262-04236-9 invigorating, challenging
$14.95T/£9.95 cloth
experience.”
THE END OF THE WILD — Barbara Fisher,
Stephen M. Meyer
2006, 978-0-262-13473-6 Boston Sunday Globe
$14.95T/£9.95 cloth
“Vivian Gornick’s prose is so
MAKING AID WORK penetrating that reading it can
Abhijit Banerjee
2007, 978-0-262-02615-4 be almost painful. . . . [This book]
$14.95T/£9.95 cloth stands out as a model of luminous
clarity.”
— Susie Linfield,
Los Angeles Times

24
current affairs/political science

RACE, INCARCERATION, AND AMERICAN VALUES


Glenn C. Loury
with Pamela Karlan, Tommie Shelby, and Loic Wacquant
Why stigmatizing and
The United States, home to five percent of the worlds’ population, now houses confining a large segment
twenty-five percent of the world’s prison inmates. Our incarceration rate — at of our population should be
714 per 100,000 residents and rising — is almost forty percent greater than our unacceptable to all Americans.
nearest competitors (the Bahamas, Belarus, and Russia). More pointedly, it is
6.2 times the Canadian rate and 12.3 times the rate in Japan. September
Economist Glenn Loury argues that this extraordinary mass incarceration is 4 1/2 x 7, 144 pp.
not a response to rising crime rates or a proud success of social policy. Instead, it $14.95T/£9.95 cloth
is the product of a generation-old collective decision to become a more punitive 978-0-262-12311-2
0-262-12311-8
society. He connects this policy to our history of racial oppression, showing that
A Boston Review Book
the punitive turn in American politics and culture emerged in the post-civil
rights years and has today become the main vehicle for the reproduction of
racial hierarchies. Also available in this series
Whatever the explanation, Loury argues, the uncontroversial fact is that THE STORY OF CRUEL AND UNUSUAL
changes in our criminal justice system since the 1970s have created a nether Colin Dayan
class of Americans — vastly disproportionately black and brown — with 2007, 978-0-262-04239-0
$14.95T/£9.95 cloth
severely restricted rights and life chances. Moreover, conservatives and liberals
MOVIES AND THE MORAL
agree that the growth in our prison population has long passed the point of
ADVENTURE OF LIFE
diminishing returns. Stigmatizing and confining such a large segment of our Alan A. Stone
population should be unacceptable to Americans. Loury’s call to action makes 2007, 978-0-262-19567-6
$14.95T/£9.95 cloth
all of us now responsible for ensuring that the policy changes.
WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT
Glenn C. Loury is the Merton P. Stoltz Professor of the Social Sciences in the Department CLIMATE CHANGE
of Economics at Brown University. A 2002 Carnegie Scholar, he is the author of
Kerry Emanuel
The Anatomy of Racial Inequality.
2007, 978-0-262-05089-0
$14.95T/£9.95 cloth
PRAISE FOR THE ANATOMY WHY NUCLEAR
OF RACIAL INEQUALITY DISARMAMENT MATTERS
Hans Blix
“Intellectually rigorous and deeply 2008, 978-0-262-02644-4
thoughtful. . . . The Anatomy of Racial $14.95T/£9.95 cloth
Inequality is an incisive, erudite book THE ROAD TO
by a major thinker.” DEMOCRACY IN IRAN
— Gerald Early, Akbar Ganji
2008, 978-0-262-07295-3
New York Times Book Review $14.95T/£9.95 cloth

25
current affairs/science/environment

GLOBAL CATASTROPHES AND TRENDS


The Next Fifty Years
Vaclav Smil
A wide-ranging, interdisciplinary
look at global changes that may Fundamental change occurs most often in one of two ways: as a “fatal discontinuity,”
occur over the next fifty years — a sudden catastrophic event that is potentially world changing, or as a persistent,
whether sudden and cataclysmic gradual trend. Global catastrophes include volcanic eruptions, viral pandemics, wars,
world-changing events or gradually
unfolding trends. and large-scale terrorist attacks; trends are demographic, environmental, economic,
and political shifts that unfold over time. In this provocative book, scientist
Vaclav Smil takes a wide-ranging, interdisciplinary look at the catastrophes and
September
7 x 9, 320 pp. trends the next fifty years may bring. This is not a book of forecasts or scenarios
74 illus. but one that reminds us to pay attention
$29.95T/£19.95 cloth to, and plan for the consequences of,
978-0-262-19586-7 apparently unpredictable events and the
ultimate direction of long-term trends.
Smil first looks at rare but
Also available
cataclysmic events, both natural
ENERGY IN NATURE
AND SOCIETY and human-produced, then at trends
General Energetics of global importance: the transition
of Complex Systems from fossil fuels to other energy
Vaclav Smil
2008, 978-0-262-69356-1 sources; demographic and political
$32.00S/£20.95 paper shifts in Europe, Japan, Russia,
ENERGY AT THE China, the United States, and the
CROSSROADS Muslim world; the battle for global
Global Perspectives primacy; and growing economic and
and Uncertainties
Vaclav Smil social inequality. He also considers
2005, 978-0-262-69324-0 environmental change — in some
$18.95T/£12.95 paper ways an amalgam of sudden disconti-
THE EARTH’S BIOSPHERE nuities and gradual change — and
Evolution, Dynamics, assesses the often misunderstood
and Change
Vaclav Smil complexities of global warming.
2002, 978-0-262-69298-4 Global Catastrophes and Trends does not come down on the side of either
$22.00T/£14.95 paper doom-and-gloom scenarios or techno-euphoria. Instead, relying on long-term
ENERGIES historical perspectives and a distaste for the rigid compartmentalization of
An Illustrated Guide to the
Biosphere and Civilization
knowledge, Smil argues that understanding change will help us reverse negative
Vaclav Smil trends and minimize the risk of catastrophe.
2000, 978-0-262-69235-9
Vaclav Smil is Distinguished Professor at the University of Manitoba and the author
$20.95S/£13.95 paper
of many books, including Energy in Nature and Society: General Energetics of Complex
Systems, Energy at the Crossroads, The Earth’s Biosphere: Evolution, Dynamics, and Change,
Energies: An Illustrated Guide to the Biosphere and Civilization, all of which are published
by The MIT Press. He was awarded the 2007 Olivia Schieffelin Nordberg Award for
excellence in writing and editing in the population sciences.

“In a world awash with alarmist commentators and vested interests, Vaclav Smil’s
Global Catastrophes and Trends is a timely antidote. . . . This is not a book for peo-
ple who have made their minds up in the absence of evidence. It is essential reading for
those interested in informing themselves about risks and trends that could derail our
settled expectations and concerned to ensure that the responses they advocate are of
sensible proportions.”
— Simon Upton, Chairman, Round Table on Sustainable Development,
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

26
environment/political science

THE SHADOWS OF CONSUMPTION


Consequences for the Global Environment
Peter Dauvergne
An environmentalist maps the
The Shadows of Consumption gives a hard-hitting diagnosis: many of the earth’s hidden costs of overconsumption
ecosystems and billions of its people are at risk from the consequences of rising in a globalized world by tracing
consumption. Products ranging from cars to hamburgers offer conveniences and the environmental consequences
of five commodities.
pleasures; but, as Peter Dauvergne makes clear, global political and economic
processes displace the real costs of consumer goods into distant ecosystems,
communities, and timelines, tipping into crisis people and places without the October
6 x 9, 328 pp.
power to resist.
$24.95T/£16.95 cloth
In The Shadows of Consumption, Dauvergne maps the costs of consumption
978-0-262-04246-8
that remain hidden in the shadows cast by globalized corporations, trade,
and finance. He traces the environmental consequences of five commodities:
automobiles, gasoline, refrigerators, beef, and harp seals. In these fascinating Also available
histories we learn, for example, that American officials ignored warnings PATHS TO A GREEN WORLD
about the dangers of lead in gasoline in the 1920s; why China is now a leading The Political Economy of
the Global Environment
producer of CFC-free refrigerators; and how activists were able to stop Canada’s Jennifer Clapp and Peter Dauvergne
commercial seal hunt in the 1980s but are unable to do so now. 2005, 978-0-262-53271-6
Dauvergne’s innovative analysis allows us to see why so many efforts to $26.00S/£16.95 paper

manage the global environment are failing even as environmentalism is slowly SHADOWS IN THE FOREST
strengthening. He proposes a guiding principle of “balanced consumption” for Japan and the Politics of
Timber in Southeast Asia
both consumers and corporations. We know that we can make things better Peter Dauvergne
by driving a fuel-efficient car, eating 1997, 978-0-262-54087-2
locally grown food, and buying $28.00S/£18.95 paper

energy-efficient appliances; but these


improvements are incremental, local,
and insufficient. More crucial than
our individual efforts to reuse and
recycle will be reforms in the global
political economy to reduce the
inequalities of consumption and
correct the imbalance between grow-
ing economies and environmental
sustainability.
Peter Dauvergne is Professor of Political
Science, Canada Research Chair in Global
Environmental Politics, and Associate
Dean of Arts at the University of British
Columbia. He is the author of the award-
winning Shadows in the Forest: Japan
and the Politics of Timber in Southeast
Asia (MIT Press) and the coauthor
(with Jennifer Clapp) of Paths to a
Green World: The Political Economy of
the Global Environment (MIT Press).

27
food/environment

AMERICA’S FOOD
What You Don’t Know About What You Eat
Harvey Blatt
The complete story of what we
don’t know, and what we should We don’t think much about how food gets to our tables, or what had to happen
know, about American food to fill our supermarket’s produce section with perfectly round red tomatoes and
production and its effect on its meat counter with slabs of beautifully marbled steak. We don’t realize that
health and the environment.
the meat in one fast-food hamburger may come from a thousand different cattle
raised in five different countries. In fact, most of us have a fairly abstract under-
October standing of what happens on a farm. In America’s Food, Harvey Blatt gives us the
7 x 9, 384 pp.
25 illus. specifics. He tells us, for example, that a third of the fruits and vegetables grown
are discarded for purely aesthetic reasons; that the artificial fertilizers used to
$29.95T/£19.95 cloth
978-0-262-02652-9 enrich our depleted soil contain poisonous heavy metals; that chickens who
stand all day on wire in cages choose feed with pain-killing drugs over feed
without them; and that the average American eats his or her body weight in
Also available food additives each year.
AMERICA’S ENVIRONMENTAL Blatt also asks us to think about the consequences of eating food so far
REPORT CARD
Are We Making the Grade? removed from agriculture; why unhealthy food is cheap; why there is an
Harvey Blatt International Federation of Competitive Eating; what we don’t want to know
2006, 978-0-262-52467-4 about how animals raised for meat live, die, and are butchered; whether people
$13.95T/£8.95
are even designed to be carnivorous; and why there is hunger when food pro-
duction has increased so dramatically. America’s Food describes the production
of all types of food in the United States and the environmental and health
problems associated with each.
After taking us on a tour of the American food system — not only the basic
food groups but soil, grain farming, organic
food, genetically modified food, food pro-
cessing, and diet — Blatt reminds us that
we aren’t powerless. Once we know the
facts about food in America, we can
change things by the choices we make
as consumers, as voters, and as ethical
human beings.
Harvey Blatt is the author of America’s
Environmental Report Card: Are We Making
the Grade? (MIT Press). He taught geology at
the University of Houston and the University
of Oklahoma for many years and is now Professor
of Geology at the Institute of Earth Sciences at
Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

28
urban studies/environment

NEW YORK FOR SALE


Community Planning Confronts Global Real Estate
Tom Angotti
How community-based planning
foreword by Peter Marcuse
has challenged the powerful real
Remarkably, grassroots-based community planning flourishes in New York City estate industry in New York City.
— the self-proclaimed “real estate capital of the world” — with at least seventy
community plans for different neighborhoods throughout the city. Most of these November
were developed during fierce struggles against gentrification, displacement, and 6 x 9, 304 pp.
environmental hazards, and most got little or no support from government. In 17 illus.

fact, community-based plans in New York far outnumber the land use plans $24.95T/£16.95 cloth
978-0-262-01247-8
produced by government agencies.
In New York for Sale, Tom Angotti tells some of the stories of community Urban and Industrial Environments
series
planning in New York City: how activists moved beyond simple protests and
began to formulate community plans to protect neighborhoods against urban
renewal, real estate mega-projects, gentrification, and environmental hazards.
Angotti, both observer of and longtime participant in New York community
planning, focuses on the close relationships among community planning, political
strategy, and control over land. After describing the political economy of New
York City real estate, its close ties to global financial capital, and the roots
of community planning in social movements and community organizing,
Angotti turns to specifics. He tells of two pioneering plans forged in reaction to
urban renewal plans (including the first community plan in the city, the 1961
Cooper Square Alternate Plan — a response to a
Robert Moses urban renewal scheme); struggles
for environmental justice, including battles over
incinerators, sludge, and garbage; plans officially
adopted by the city; and plans dominated by
powerful real estate interests. Finally, Angotti
proposes strategies for progressive, inclusive
community planning not only for New York City
but for anywhere that neighborhoods want to
protect themselves and their land. New York for
Sale teaches the empowering lesson that community
plans can challenge market-driven development even
in global cities with powerful real estate industries.
Tom Angotti is Director of the Hunter College Center for
Community Planning and Development and Professor of
Urban Affairs and Planning at Hunter College, City University
of New York. He is the author of Metropolis 2000: Planning,
Poverty, and Politics, the coeditor of Progressive Planning
Magazine, and a columnist for the online journal Gotham
Gazette.

29
nature/travel

WILD COSTA RICA


The Wildlife and Landscapes of Costa Rica
Adrian Hepworth
An exploration of the most
biologically diverse country on The small Central American country of Costa Rica — less than one-eighth
the planet, with more than 200 the size of California — boasts the highest density of plant and animal species
stunning color photographs. in the world. Its wild and rugged landscapes include dense rainforests where
jaguars roam, a volcano that spews rivers of molten lava, and beaches as
November unspoiled as they were when Christopher Columbus first anchored his ships
9 x 11 1/2, 176 pp. off the Caribbean coast in 1502. Costa Rica’s rich biodiversity is the result of
250 color illus., 35 maps
a hugely varied topography that creates a wide range of natural habitats, and of
$29.95T
978-0-262-08383-6
the presence of animals and plants native to both North and South America.
In Wild Costa Rica, photographer Adrian Hepworth explores the natural
For sale in North America, Central
America (except Costa Rica), and
riches of Costa Rica, providing engaging reports from the field and more
South America only than 200 stunning color photographs.
We learn about Costa Rica’s rainforest, cloudforest, and paramo (high,
treeless plain); the abundance of plants, mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians,
Also available and insects these habitats support; and the country’s network of protected
ORANGUTANS
areas — a system of parks, reserves, and refuges that makes up over twenty
Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation
Junaidi Payne and Cede Prudente percent of Costa Rica’s land. These areas — including such flagship wildlife-
2008, 978-0-262-16253-1 watching locations as Monteverde, Volcan Irazu, and Tapanti — attract
$29.95T cloth
more than a million visitors every year. The money generated by responsible
WILD BORNEO eco-tourism is central to the survival of Costa Rica’s wild places.
The Wildlife and Scenery of Sabah,
Sarawak, Brunei, and Kalimantan
Hepworth’s photographs
Nick Garbutt and J. Cede Prudente show us breathtaking vistas —
2006, 978-0-262-07274-8 including the view of both
$34.95T cloth
Pacific and Atlantic oceans
WILD CHINA from Mount Chirripó, Costa
John MacKinnon
photographs by Nigel Hicks Rica’s highest peak — and
1996, 978-0-262-13329-6 introduce us to distinctive
$39.95T cloth native wildlife, including the
WILD THAILAND scarlet macaw, the resplendent
Belinda Stewart-Cox quetzal, the three-toed sloth,
photographs by Gerald Cubitt
1995, 978-0-262-19364-1 and spider and howler mon-
$41.95T cloth keys. Wild Costa Rica gives us
WILD INDIA a fascinating picture of the
The Wildlife and Scenery most biologically diverse
of India and Nepal country in the world.
Guy Mountfort
photographs by Gerald Cubitt Adrian Hepworth is a wildlife
1991, 978-0-262-13276-3 photographer based in San José,
$41.95T cloth Costa Rica. In 2002, he was a
winner in the prestigious BBC
WILD MALAYSIA Wildlife Photographer of the
The Wildlife and Scenery of Year Competition.
Peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak,
and Sabah
Junaidi Payne
photographs by Gerald Cubitt
1991, 978-0-262-16078-0
$41.95T cloth
All for sale in North America only

30
economics

THREE LECTURES ON POST-INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY


Daniel Cohen
translated by William McCuaig
A noted economist analyzes the
In this pithy and provocative book, noted economist Daniel Cohen offers his upheavals caused by revolutions in
analysis of the global shift to a post-industrial era. If it was once natural to speak technology, labor, culture, financial
of industrial society, Cohen writes, it is more difficult to speak meaningfully of markets, and globalization.
post-industrial “society.” The solidarity that once lay at the heart of industrial
society no longer exists. The different levels of large industrial enterprises have November
been systematically disassembled: tasks considered nonessential are assigned to 5 3/8 x 8, 120 pp.
subcontractors; engineers are grouped together in research sites, apart from the $18.95T/£12.95 cloth
workers. Employees are left exposed while shareholders act to protect themselves. 978-0-262-03383-1

Never has the awareness that we all live in the same world been so strong — and
never have the social conditions of existence been so unequal. Also available
In these wide-ranging reflections, Cohen describes the transformations that GLOBALIZATION AND ITS ENEMIES
signaled the break between the industrial and the post-industrial eras. He links Daniel Cohen
the revolution in information technology to the trend toward flatter hierarchies 2007, 978-0-262-53297-6
$14.95T/£9.95 paper
of workers with multiple skills — and connects the latter to work practices
growing out of the culture of the May 1968 protests. Subcontracting and out- OUR MODERN TIMES
The New Nature of Capitalism
sourcing have also changed the nature of work, and Cohen succinctly analyzes in the Information Age
the new international division of labor, the economic rise of China, India, and Daniel Cohen
the former Soviet Union, and the economic effects of free trade on poor coun- 2004, 978-0-262-53263-1
$14.95T/£9.95 paper
tries. Finally, Cohen examines the fate of the European social model — with its
THE WEALTH OF THE
traditional compromise between social justice and economic productivity — in
WORLD AND THE
a post-industrial world. POVERTY OF NATIONS
Daniel Cohen
Daniel Cohen is Professor of Economics
1998, 978-0-262-03253-7
at the École Normale Supérieure and the
Université de Paris-I and a member of $37.00S/£23.95 cloth
the Council of Economic Analysis of the
French Prime Minister. He is a frequent
contributor to Le Monde and the author
of The Wealth of the World and the Poverty
of Nations, Our Modern Times: The New
Nature of Capitalism in the Information
Age, and Globalization and Its Enemies,
all published by The MIT Press.

31
film/philosophy

CINEMATIC MYTHMAKING
Philosophy in Film
Irving Singer
Mythic themes and philosophical
probing in film, as seen in works Film is the supreme medium for mythmaking. The gods and heroes of mythol-
of Preston Sturges, Jean Cocteau, ogy are both larger than life and deeply human; they teach us about the world,
Stanley Kubrick, and various and they tell us a good story. Similarly, our experience of film is both distant and
other filmmakers.
intimate. Cinematic techniques — panning, tracking, zooming, and the other
tools in the filmmaker’s toolbox — create a world that is unlike reality and yet
November realistic at the same time. We are passive spectators, but we also have a personal
6 x 9, 256 pp.
relationship with the images we are seeing. In Cinematic Mythmaking, Irving
$24.95T/£16.95 cloth
Singer explores the hidden and overt use of myth in various films and, in general,
978-0-262-19589-8
the philosophical elements of a film’s meaning. Mythological themes, Singer
writes, perform a crucial role in cinematic art and even philosophy itself.
Also available Singer incisively disentangles the strands of different myths in the films he
INGMAR BERGMAN, discusses. He finds in Preston Sturges’s The Lady Eve that Barbara Stanwyck’s
CINEMATIC PHILOSOPHER character is not just the biblical Eve but a liberated woman of our times; Eliza
Reflections on His Creativity
Irving Singer Doolittle in the filmed versions of Shaw’s Pygmalion is not just a statue brought
2007, 978-0-262-19563-8 to life but instead a heroic woman who must survive her own dark night of the
$24.95T/£14.95 cloth soul. The protagonist of William Wyler’s The Heiress and Anieszka Holland’s
THREE PHILOSOPHICAL FILMMAKERS Washington Square is both suffering Dido and an awakened Amazon. Singer
Hitchcock, Welles, Renoir reads Cocteau’s films — including La Belle et la Bête, Orphée, and The Testament
Irving Singer
2006, 978-0-262-69328-8 of Orpheus — as uniquely mythological cinematic poetry. He compares
$16.95T/£10.95 paper Kubrickean and Homeric epics and
REALITY TRANSFORMED analyzes in depth the self-referential
Film as Meaning mythmaking of Federico Fellini in
and Technique
many of his movies, including 8½.
Irving Singer
2000, 978-0-262-69248-9 The aesthetic and probing inventive-
$18.95S/£12.95 paper ness in film, Singer shows us, restores
and revives for audiences in the
twenty-first century myths of cre-
ation, of the questing hero, and of
ideals — both secular and religious —
that have had enormous significance
throughout the human search for love
and meaning in life.
Irving Singer is Professor of Philosophy
at MIT. He is the author of Reality
Transformed: Film as Meaning and
Technique, Three Philosophical Filmmakers:
Hitchcock, Welles, Renoir, and Ingmar
Bergman, Cinematic Philosopher, all
published by The MIT Press, as well
as many other books.

32
ZONE BOOKS
photography/political science

THE CIVIL CONTRACT OF PHOTOGRAPHY


Ariella Azoulay
In this compelling work, Ariella Azoulay reconsiders the political and ethical sta- An account of the power relations
tus of photography. Describing what she calls “the civil contract of photography,” that sustain and make possible
she gives an account of the power relations that sustain and make possible photo- photographic meanings, with
graphic meanings. Azoulay argues that anyone — even a stateless person — who special attention to photographs of
Palestinian noncitizens of Israel and
addresses others through photographs or is addressed by photographs, can become women in Western societies.
a member of the citizenry of photography. The civil contract of photography
enables anyone to pursue political agency and resistance through photography.
October
Photography, Azoulay insists, cannot be understood separately from the 6 x 9, 500 pp.
many catastrophes of recent history. The crucial arguments of her book concern 8 color illus.,
two groups with flawed or nonexistent citizenship: the Palestinian noncitizens 100 black & white illus.
of Israel and women in Western societies. Azoulay analyzes Israeli press photo- $36.95T/£23.95 cloth
graphs of violent episodes in the Occupied Territories, and interprets various 978-1-890951-88-7
photographs of women — from famous images by stop-motion photographer Distributed for Zone Books
Eadweard Muybridge to recent photographs from Abu Ghraib prison. Azoulay
asks the question: under what legal, political, or cultural conditions does it
Also available
become possible to see and to show disaster that befalls those who can claim
DEATH’S SHOWCASE
only incomplete or nonexistent citizenship? The Power of Image in
Drawing on such key texts in the history of modern citizenship as the Contemporary Democracy
Declaration of the Rights of Man together with relevant work by Giorgio Ariella Azoulay
2003, 978-0-262-51133-9
Agamben, Jean-François Lyotard, Susan Sontag, and Roland Barthes, Azoulay $22.00T/£14.95 paper
explores the visual field of catastrophe, injustice, and suffering in our time. Her
book is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand the disasters of recent
history — and the consequences of how these events and their victims have Also available from
Zone Books
been represented.
PROFANATIONS
Ariella Azoulay teaches visual culture and Giorgio Agamben
contemporary philosophy at the Program 2007, 978-1-890951-82-5
for Culture and Interpretation, Bar Ilan $25.95T/£16.95 cloth
University. She is the author of Once
Upon A Time: Photography Following
Walter Benjamin and Death’s Showcase:
The Power of Image in Contemporary
Democracy (MIT Press).

33
ZONE BOOKS/NOW IN PAPER
cultural studies/art history

DEFACED
The Visual Culture of Violence in the Late Middle Ages
Valentin Groebner
Understanding late medieval
translated by Pamela Selwyn
pictorial representations
of violence. Destroyed faces, dissolved human shapes, invisible enemies: violence and
anonymity go hand in hand. The visual representation of extreme physical
October violence makes real people nameless exemplars of horror — formless, hideous,
6 x 9, 199 pp. defaced. In Defaced, Valentin Groebner explores the roots of the visual culture
27 illus. of violence in medieval and Renaissance Europe and shows how contemporary
$22.95T/£14.95 paper visual culture has been shaped by late medieval images and narratives of violence.
978-1-890951-38-2
For late medieval audiences, as with modern media consumers, horror lies less
Distributed for Zone Books in the “indescribable” and “alien” than in the familiar and commonplace.
From the fourteenth century onward, pictorial representations became
cloth 2004
978-1-890951-37-5
increasingly violent, whether in depictions of the Passion, or in vivid and
precise images of torture, execution, and war. But not every spectator witnessed
the same thing when confronted with terrifying images of a crucified man,
Also available from Zone Books misshapen faces, allegedly bloodthirsty conspirators on nocturnal streets, or bar-
WHO ARE YOU? barian fiends on distant battlefields. The profusion of violent imagery provoked
Identification, Deception, a question: how to distinguish the illegitimate violence that threatened and
and Surveillance in
Early Modern Europe reversed the social order from the proper, “just,” and sanctioned use of force.
Valentin Groebner Groebner constructs a persuasive answer by investigating how uncannily
2007, 978-1-890951-72-6 familiar medieval dystopias were constructed and deconstructed. Showing
$30.00T/£18.95 cloth
how extreme violence threatens to disorient, and how the effect of horror
resides in the depiction of minute details, Groebner offers an original model
for understanding how descriptions of atrocities and of outrageous cruelty
depended, in medieval times, on the variation of familiar narrative motifs.
Valentin Groebner is Professor of Medieval and Renaissance
History at the University of Lucerne. He is the author of
Who Are You? Identification, Deception, and Surveillance
in Early Modern Europe (Zone Books).

“A shocking study that demystifies the significance of suf-


fering in late medieval society by placing representations
of penitence and the Passion on a par with the political
uses of brutality against the body. Iconoclastic, yet
humane, Groebner’s compelling essays uncover the full
spectrum of acts and images that, no matter how grisly
or grotesque, formed part of a semiotics of savagery that
continues to inform representations of law and order and
the practice of compulsion and constraint well into the
modern era.”
— Jeffrey Hamburger, Harvard University, author
of The Visual and the Visionary: Art and Female
Spirituality in Late Medieval Germany (Zone Books)

34
ZONE BOOKS/NOW IN PAPER
anthropology/gender studies

A SOCIETY WITHOUT FATHERS OR HUSBANDS


The Na of China
Cai Hua
A fascinating account of
translated by Asti Hustvedt
the Na society, which functions
The Na of China, farmers in the Himalayan region, live without the institution without the institution
of marriage. Na brothers and sisters live together their entire lives, sharing of marriage.

household responsibilities and raising the women’s children. Because the Na,
like all cultures, prohibit incest, they practice a system of sometimes furtive, September
sometimes conspicuous nighttime encounters at the woman’s home. The 6 x 9, 505 pp.

woman’s partners — she frequently has more than one — bear no economic $25.95/£16.95 paper
978-1-890951-13-9
responsibility for her or her children, and “fathers,” unless they resemble their
children, remain unidentifiable.
cloth 2001
This lucid ethnographic study shows how a society can function without 978-1-890951-12-2
husbands or fathers. It sheds light on marriage and kinship, as well as on the
position of women, the necessary conditions for the acquisition of identity, and
the impact of a communist state on a society that it considers backward.
Cai Hua is Director of the Center for Anthropologic and Folkloric Studies at Peking
University.

“Dr. Cai Hua has done Western anthropology


a great service by making it acquainted with
one of those few societies in Asia (and Africa
as well) who deny or belittle the roles of father
and husband in their social system. Thanks
to him the Na now have their place in the
anthropological literature.”
— Claude Lévi-Strauss
“Dr. Cai Hua’s revelatory work is replete
with invaluable ethnographic findings and
humane value.”
— Rodney Needham, Oxford University

35
cultural studies

CORRESPONDENCE
The Foundation of the Situationist International
(June 1957–August 1960)
Letters by writer, filmmaker, Guy Debord
and cultural revolutionary
Guy Debord conjure a vivid
translated by Stuart Kendall
picture of the dynamic first introduction by MacKenzie Wark
years of the Situationist
International movement. Yesterday, the police interrogated me at length about the
journal and other Situationist organizations. It was only
a beginning. This is, I think, one of the principal threats
November
6 x 9, 360 pp. that came up quickly during the discussion: the police
$19.95T/£12.95 paper
want to consider the S.I. as an association to bring about
978-1-58435-055-2 the destruction of France.
$55.00S/£35.95 cloth
— from Correspondence
978-1-58435-063-7
Foreign Agents series
This volume traces the dynamic first years of the Situationist International
Distributed for Semiotext(e) movement — a cultural avant-garde that continues to inspire new generations
of artists, theorists, and writers more than half a century later. Debord’s
letters — published here for the first time in English — provide a fascinating
Also available insider’s view of just how this seemingly disorganized group drifting around a
THE SOCIETY OF THE SPECTACLE newly consumerized Paris became one of the most defining cultural movements
Guy Debord
1995, 978-0-942299-79-3 of the twentieth century. Circumstances, personalities, and ambitions all come
$16.95T/£10.95 paper into play as the group develops its strategy of anarchic, conceptual, but highly
Distributed for Zone Books political “intervention.”
GUY DEBORD AND THE Brilliantly conceived, this collection of letters offers the best available
SITUATIONIST INTERNATIONAL
Texts and Documents
introduction to the Situationist International movement by detailing, through
edited by Tom McDonough original documents, how the group formed and defined its cultural mission: to
2004, 978-0-262-63300-0 bring about, “by any means possible, even artistic,” a complete transformation
$27.95T/£18.95
paper
of personal life within the Society of
the Spectacle.
Writer, filmmaker, and cultural revolutionary,
Guy Debord (1931–1994) was a founding
member of the Lettrist International and
Situationist International groups. His films
and books, including Society of the Spectacle
(1967), were major catalysts for philosophical
and political changes in the twentieth century,
and helped trigger the May 1968 rebellion
in France.

36
cultural studies/fiction

ALL THE KING’S HORSES


Michèle Bernstein
translated and with an introduction by John Kelsey
afterword by Odile Passot A Situationist International
roman à clef, written by
“What do you do, exactly? I have no idea.” Guy Debord’s first wife, a founder
“I reify,” he answered. of the movement and one of
its influential thinkers.
“It’s a serious job,” I added.
“Yes, it is,” he said.
“I see,” Carol observed with admiration. “Serious work, October
6 x 9, 128 pp.
with big books and a big table cluttered with papers.”
“No,” said Gilles. “I walk. Mostly I walk.” $14.95T/£9.95 paper
978-1-58435-065-1
— from All the King’s Horses
Distributed for Semiotext(e)
Native Agents series
Michèle Bernstein’s novel, All the King’s Horses (1960), is one of the odder
and more elusive, entertaining, and revealing documents of the Situationist
International. At the instigation of her first husband, Guy Debord, Bernstein Also available from Semiotext(e)
agreed to write a potboiler to help swell the Situationist International’s coffers. REENA SPAULINGS
When she objected to the idea of practicing a “dead art,” Debord suggested The Bernadette Corporation
2005, 978-1-58435-030-9
that it would be instead détournement — the Situationist reuse of media toward
$14.95T/£9.95 paper
different, subversive, ends.
Inspired by the pseudo-scandalous
success of Roger Vadim’s filmed version
of Choderlos de Laclos’s Les Liaisons
dangereuses and the adolescent Françoise
Sagan’s bestselling novel Bonjour tristesse,
Bernstein lampooned and borrowed from
both Sagan and de Laclos, concocting
a roman à clef that succeeded on several
levels. A moneymaker for the most radical
front of the French avant-garde, the novel
(by its very success) demonstrated the
bankruptcy of contemporary French
letters and the Situationist contempt for
the psychological novel, while (perhaps
unintentionally) holding up a playful
mirror to the private lives of two of the
Situationist International’s most important
members. All the King’s Horses is a slippery
rewrite of Dangerous Liaisons with Debord
playing the role of cold libertine, Bernstein
as his cohort, and disguised walk-on roles
by the likes of the painter Asger Jorn and
others.
Though Greil Marcus sparked interest in this novel in his 1989 book Lipstick
Traces, All the King’s Horses remained unavailable until its 2004 republication
in France. This Semiotext(e) edition is its first translation into English.
Michèle Bernstein was a founding member of the Situationist International with her first
husband, Guy Debord. After the end of the SI, she became a literary critic for the French
left-wing magazine Libération. Artist, critic, and gallerist John Kelsey cofounded the artists’
collective The Bernadette Corporation, author of the novel Reena Spaulings (Semiotext(e)).

37
cultural studies/economics

CAPITAL AND LANGUAGE


From the New Economy to the War Economy
Christian Marazzi
A major theorist in the Italian
introduction by Michael Hardt
postfordist movement offers
a radical new understanding translated by Gregory Conti
of the current international The Swiss-Italian economist Christian Marazzi is one of the core theorists of the
economic situation.
Italian postfordist movement, along with Antonio Negri, Paolo Virno, and Bifo
(Franco Berardi). But although his work is often cited by scholars (particularly
September by those in the field of “Cognitive Capitalism”), his writing has never appeared
6 x 9, 180 pp.
in English. This translation of his most recent work, Capital and Language
$14.95T/£9.95 paper (published in Italian in 2002), finally makes Marazzi’s work available to an
978-1-58435-067-5
English-speaking audience.
Distributed for Semiotext(e) Capital and Language takes as its starting point the fact that the extreme
Foreign Agents series
volatility of financial markets is generally attributed to the discrepancy between
the “real economy” (that of material goods produced and sold) and the more
Also available from Semiotext(e) speculative monetary-financial economy. But this distinction has long ceased to
AUTONOMIA apply in the postfordist New Economy, in which both spheres are structurally
edited by Sylvère Lotringer affected by language and communication. In Capital and Language Marazzi
and Christian Marazzi
2007, 978-1-58435-053-8 argues that the changes in financial markets and the transformation of labor
$24.95T/£16.95 cloth into immaterial labor (that is, its reliance on abstract knowledge, general
intellect, and social cooperation) are just two sides of the same coin.
Capital and Language focuses on the causes behind the international economic
and financial depression of 2001, and on the primary instrument that the U.S.
government has since been using to face
them: war. Marazzi points to capitalism’s
fourth stage (after mercantilism, industrial-
ism, and the postfordist culmination of
the New Economy): the “War Economy”
that is already upon us.
Marazzi offers a radical new under-
standing of the current international
economic stage and crucial post-Marxist
guidance for confronting capitalism in its
newest form. Capital and Language also
provides a warning call to a Left still
nostalgic for a Fordist construct — a
time before factory turned into office
(and office into home), and before
labor became linguistic.
Christian Marazzi is the coeditor (with Sylvère
Lotringer) of Autonomia: Post-Political Politics
(published by Semiotext(e) in a new edition in
2007), and the author of The Place for Socks,
forthcoming from Semiotext(e).

38
art criticism/poetry criticism

THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING ICELAND


Travel Essays on Art
Eileen Myles
A poet and post-punk heroine
Poet and post-punk heroine Eileen Myles has always operated in the art, writing, writes on subjects ranging from
and queer performance scenes as a kind of observant flaneur. Like Baudelaire’s Björk to Robert Smithson, from
gentleman stroller, Myles travels the city — wandering on garbage-strewn traveling in Iceland to walking in
Thoreau’s footsteps on Cape Cod.
New York streets in the heat of summer, drifting though the antiseptic malls of
La Jolla, and riding in the van with Sister Spit — seeing it with a poet’s eye for
detail and with the consciousness that writing about art and culture has always October
6 x 9, 216 pp.
been a social gesture. Culled by the poet from twenty years of art writing, the
$14.95T/£9.95 paper
essays in The Importance of Being Iceland make a lush document of her —
978-1-58435-066-8
and our — lives in these contemporary crowds.
Active Agents series
Framed by Myles’s account of her travels in Iceland, these essays posit Distributed by Semiotext(e)
inbetweenness as the most vital position from which to perceive culture as a
whole, and a fluidity in national identity as the best model for writing and
thinking about art and culture. The essays include fresh takes on Thoreau’s Also available from Semiotext(e)
Cape Cod walk, working class speech, James Schulyer and Björk, queer Russia VIDEO GREEN
and Robert Smithson; how-tos on writing an avant-garde poem and driving a Los Angeles Art and the
Triumph of Nothingness
battered Japanese car that resembles a menopausal body; and opinions on such Chris Kraus
widely ranging subjects as filmmaker Sadie Benning, actor Daniel Day-Lewis, 2004, 978-1-58435-022-4
Ted Berrigan’s Sonnets, and flossing. $14.95T/£9.95 paper
THE NEW FUCK YOU
Eileen Myles, named by BUST magazine “the rock star of modern poetry,” is the author
Adventures in Lesbian Reading
of more than twenty books of poetry and prose, including Chelsea Girls, Cool for You, Sorry,
edited by Eileen Myles and Liz Kotz
Tree, and Not Me (Semiotext(e)), and is the coeditor of The New Fuck You (Semiotext(e)).
Myles was head of the writing program at University of California, San Diego, from 2002 1995, 978-1-57027-057-4
to 2007, and she has written extensively on art and writing and the cultural scene. Most $13.95T/£8.95 paper
recently, she received a fellowship from the Andy Warhol/Creative Capital Foundation. NOT ME
Eileen Myles
1991, 978-0-936756-67-7
$12.95T/£8.95 paper

39
cultural studies/philosophy

NEW EDITION
CHAOSOPHY
Félix Guattari
Groundbreaking essays that edited by Sylvère Lotringer
introduce Guattari’s theories
of “schizo-analysis,” in an
introduction by François Dosse
expanded edition. Chaosophy is an introduction to Félix Guattari’s groundbreaking theories of
“schizo-analysis”: a process meant to replace Freudian interpretation with a more
September pragmatic, experimental, and collective approach rooted in reality. Unlike Freud,
6 x 9, 300 pp. who utilized neuroses as his working model, Guattari adopted the model of
$17.95T/£11.95 paper schizophrenia — which he believed to be an extreme mental state induced by the
978-1-58435-060-6 capitalist system itself, and one that enforces neurosis as a way of maintaining
Foreign Agents series normality. Guattari’s post-Marxist vision of capitalism provides a new definition
Distributed by Semiotext(e) not only of mental illness, but also of the micropolitical means for its subversion.
Chaosophy includes such provocative pieces as “Everybody Wants to Be a
Fascist,” a group of texts on Guattari’s collaborative work with Gilles Deleuze
Also available from Semiotext(e)
MOLECULAR REVOLUTION IN BRAZIL (including the appendix to Anti-Oedipus, not available in the English edition),
Félix Guattari and Suely Rolnik and “How Martians Make Love,” a roundtable discussion with Guattari,
2008, 978-1-58435-051-4 Lotringer, Catherine Clément, and Serge Leclaire from 1972 (still unpublished
$17.95T/£11.95 paper
in French). This new, expanded edition features a new introduction by François
THE ANTI-OEDIPUS PAPERS Dosse (author of a new biography of Guattari and Gilles Deleuze) and a range
Félix Guattari
2006, 978-1-58435-031-6 of additional essays, including “Franco Basaglia: Guerrilla Psychiatrist,” “The
$17.95T/£11.95 paper Transference,” “Semiological Subjection, Semiotic Enslavement,” “The Place
of the Signifier in the Institution,” and “Three Billion Perverts on the Stand.”
Félix Guattari (1930–1992), post-’68 French psychoanalyst
and philosopher, is the author of Anti-Oedipus (with
Gilles Deleuze), and a number of books published by
Semiotext(e), including The Anti-Oedipus Papers and
Molecular Revolution in Brazil (with Suely Rolnik).

40
NOW IN PAPER
environment/business

SOLAR REVOLUTION
The Economic Transformation of the Global Energy Industry
Travis Bradford
An innovative analysis that shows
In Solar Revolution, fund manager and former corporate buyout specialist Travis how the shift to solar energy — in
Bradford argues — on the basis of standard business and economic forecasting particular, the use of photovoltaic
models — that over the next two decades solar energy will increasingly become cells — is both economically
advantageous and inevitable.
the best and cheapest choice for most electricity and energy applications. Solar
Revolution outlines the path by which the transition to solar technology and
sustainable energy practices will occur. October
6 x 9, 256 pp.
Developments in the photovoltaic (PV) industry over the last ten years have 21 illus.
made direct electricity generation from PV cells a cost-effective and feasible
$14.95T/£9.95 paper
energy solution, despite the common view that PV technology appeals only 978-0-262-52494-0
to a premium niche market. As the scale of PV production increases and costs
continue to decline at historic rates, demand for PV electricity will outpace cloth 2006
supply of systems for years to come. 978-0-262-02604-8

Ultimately, the shift from fossil fuels to solar energy will take place not
“Deeply researched ….hopeful.”
because solar energy is better for the environment or energy security, or because
— Bill McKibben,
of future government subsidies or as yet undeveloped technology. The solar
New York Review of Books
revolution is already occurring through decisions made by self-interested energy
users. The shift to solar energy is inevitable and will be as transformative as the
last century's revolutions in information and communication technologies.
Travis Bradford is President and Founder of the Prometheus Institute
for Sustainable Development, a nonprofit organization in Cambridge,
Massachusetts, focused on using the power of the business and
financial sectors to deploy cost-effective and sustainable technologies.

“Everyone who wants to understand the permanent energy answer


that can reverse climate change, eliminate oil shocks, and avoid future
Chernobyls should read this book. Bradford builds a compelling busi-
ness case that solar energy is the most disruptive technology in history."
— Denis Hayes, Former Director,
U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory
“This is a timely and much-needed book. The solar industry is
evolving with dramatic speed, both technologically and economically.
With a business perspective and a wealth of knowledge about the
solar industry and the wider energy economy, Travis Bradford
provides an excellent account of solar energy today.”
— Dan Kammen, Professor and Founding Director
of the Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory,
University of California, Berkeley
“Every American who pays or knows someone who pays an electric
bill should read Solar Revolution.”
— Cecil Johnson, “Business Bookshelf,”
Fort Worth Star-Telegram
“ Solar Revolution is an essential read because it analyzes the transformation of
the global energy economy. The market will drive the new energy economy, and solar
is already a growing and influential player. This is a positive vision of a sensible,
practical, sustainable energy future.”
— Bill Richardson, Governor of New Mexico
and former U.S. Secretary of Energy 41
NOW IN PAPER
history/economics/environment economics/politics

THE GREAT LEAD THE FUTURE OF EUROPE


WATER PIPE DISASTER Reform or Decline
Werner Troesken Alberto Alesina and Francesco Giavazzi
In The Great Lead Water Pipe Unless Europe takes action soon, its further economic
Disaster, Werner Troesken looks and political decline is almost inevitable, economists
at a long-running environmental Alberto Alesina and Francesco Giavazzi write in this
and public health catastrophe: provocative book. Without comprehensive reform, con-
150 years of lead pipes in local tinental Western Europe’s overprotected, overregulated
water systems and the associated economies will continue to slow — and its political
sickness, premature death, politi- influence will become negligible. In The Future of
cal inaction, and social denial. Europe, Alesina and Giavazzi (themselves Europeans)
The harmful effects of lead water pipes became appar- outline the steps that Europe
ent almost as soon as cities the world over began to must take to prevent its eco-
install them. Doctors and scientists noted cases of acute nomic and political eclipse.
illness and death attributable to lead in public water Europe, the authors say,
beginning in the middle of the nineteenth century, has much to learn from the
and an editorial in the New York Herald called for market liberalism of America.
the city to study the matter after a bizarre illness made Europeans work less and vaca-
headlines in 1868. But officials took no action for tion more than Americans; they
many years. value job stability and security
Troesken examines the health effects of lead expo- above all. Americans, Alesina
sure, analyzing cases from New York City, Boston, and and Giavazzi argue, work harder
Glasgow and many smaller towns in Massachusetts, and longer and are more willing to endure the ups and
New Hampshire, and England, documenting the downs of a market economy.
widespread nature of the problem, the recognized health Alesina and Giavazzi’s prescriptions are sure to
effects — particularly for pregnant women and young stir controversy, as will their eye-opening view of the
children — and official intransigence. He presents an European Union and the euro. But their wake-up call
accessible overview of the old and new science of lead will ring loud and clear for anyone concerned about
exposure and he gives us compelling and vivid accounts the future of Europe and the global economy.
of the people and politics involved. The effects of lead Alberto Alesina is Nathaniel Ropes Professor of Political
in water continue to be felt; many older houses still have Economics at Harvard University. He is the coauthor (with
Enrico Spolaore) of The Size of Nations (MIT Press, 2003).
lead service pipes. The Great Lead Water Pipe Disaster Francesco Giavazzi is Professor of Economics at Bocconi
is essential reading for understanding this past and University and Visiting Professor at MIT. He is the coauthor
ongoing public health problem. (with Alberto Giovannini) of Limiting Exchange Rate Flexibility:
The European Monetary System (MIT Press, 1989).
Werner Troesken is Professor of History at the University of
Pittsburgh and Faculty Research Associate at NBER. He is the “This book could have been a diatribe, but is saved from
author of Water, Race, and Disease (MIT Press, 2004).
that by the intelligence of the authors’ arguments and policy
“Werner Troesken has written a fascinating detective story recommendations. A must read for those interested in the
of a little-known environmental disaster.” European economy.”
— Dora Costa, Professor of Economics, MIT — P. K. Kresl, Choice

October — 6 x 9, 328 pp. — 21 illus. October — 6 x 9, 200 pp. — 8 illus.

$15.95T/£10.95 paper $14.95T/£9.95 paper


978-0-262-70125-9 978-0-262-51204-6

cloth 2006 cloth 2006


978-0-262-20167-4 978-0-262-01232-4

42
NOW IN PAPER
economics/religion economics/history of economic thought

THE MARKETPLACE OF CHRISTIANITY BY FORCE OF THOUGHT


Robert B. Ekelund Jr., Robert F. Hébert, Irregular Memoirs of an Intellectual Journey
and Robert D. Tollison János Kornai
This startlingly original (and sure János Kornai, a distinguished Hungarian economist,
to be controversial) account of began his adult life as an ardent believer in socialism and
the evolution of Christianity then became a critic of the communist political and eco-
shows that the economics of nomic system. He lost family members in the Holocaust,
religion has little to do with contributed to the ideological preparation for the 1956
counting the money in the Hungarian Revolution, and became an influential theo-
collection basket and much to rist of the post-Soviet economic transition. He has been
do with understanding the a journalist, a researcher prohibited from teaching in his
background of today’s religious home country, and a tenured professor at Harvard. By
and political divisions. The Marketplace of Christianity Force of Thought traces Kornai’s
applies the tools of economic theory (first providing lifelong intellectual journey and
the reader with clear and nontechnical background offers a subjective complement
information on economics and the economics of religion) to his academic research.
to illuminate the emergence of Protestantism in the Disenchanted with
sixteenth century and to examine contemporary religion- communism, Kornai published
influenced issues, including evolution and gay marriage. Overcentralization (1959), the first
The Protestant Reformation, the authors argue, book written by someone living
can be seen as a successful penetration of a religious behind the Iron Curtain to be
market dominated by a monopoly firm — the Catholic openly critical of Soviet-style economics. Kornai went
Church. The Ninety-five Theses nailed to the church on to publish the controversial Anti-Equilibrium (1971),
door in Wittenberg by Martin Luther raised the level Economics of Shortage (1980), The Road to a Free Economy
of competition within Christianity to a breaking point. (1990), and the summary of his lifetime research, The
The Counter-Reformation, the Catholic reaction, con- Socialist System (1992). Kornai’s memoir describes his
tinued the competitive process, which came to include research as well as the social and political environments
“product differentiation” in the form of doctrinal and in which he did his work. The difficulties faced by a
organizational innovation. Economic theory shows us critic of central planning in a communist country are
how Christianity evolved to satisfy the changing made especially vivid by material from newly opened
demands of consumers — worshippers. secret police files and informers’ reports on his activities.
Robert B. Ekelund Jr. is Professor of Economics and Edward K. János Kornai is Permanent Fellow, Emeritus, at Collegium
and Catherine L. Lowder Eminent Scholar Emeritus at Auburn Budapest Institute for Advanced Study, Allie S. Freed Professor
University. He is the coauthor (with Robert D. Tollison) of of Economics Emeritus at Harvard University, and Distinguished
Economics: Private Markets and Public Choice. Robert F. Hébert Research Professor at Central European University. He is the
is Russell Foundation Professor Emeritus at Auburn University. author of many books.
Robert D. Tollison is Professor of Economics and BB&T Senior
Fellow at Clemson University. Ekelund, Tollison, and Hébert
are coauthors of Sacred Trust: The Medieval Church as an
“A thoughtful account of an extraordinary life and a portrait
Economic Firm. of a certain kind of intellectual dissent too little written about
from personal experience.”
“Ekelund, Hébert, and Tollison have written a lucid, cut- — Joshua Rubenstein, Wall Street Journal
ting-edge treatment of religion and economics. An accessible
book for students in a variety of disciplines and for readers “The story of a love affair with ideas. This is Kornai’s real
with a wide range of interests.” private life, and despite his prosaic style, his memoirs convey,
— Robert Barro and Rachel McCleary, as few others do, the inner world of intellectual creation.”
Harvard University — Robert Skidelsky, New York Review of Books

October — 6 x 9, 368 pp. — 8 illus. October — 7 x 9, 488 pp. — 122 illus.

$15.95T/£10.95 paper $22.95T/£14.95 paper


978-0-262-55071-0 978-0-262-61224-1

cloth 2006 cloth 2007


978-0-262-11302-1
978-0-262-05082-1 43
NOW IN PAPER
art new media/design

FANTASTIC REALITY HERTZIAN TALES


Louise Bourgeois and a Story of Modern Art Electronic Products, Aesthetic Experience,
Mignon Nixon and Critical Design
Anthony Dunne
The art of Louise Bourgeois
stages a dynamic encounter As our everyday social and cultural experiences are
between modern art and psycho- increasingly mediated by electronic products — from
analysis, argues Mignon Nixon in “intelligent” toasters to iPods — it is the design of
the first full-scale critical study of these products that shapes our experience of the
the artist’s work. A pivotal figure “electrosphere” in which we live. Designers of electronic
in twentieth-century art, Louise products, writes Anthony Dunne in Hertzian Tales,
Bourgeois (b. 1911, France) emi- must begin to think more broadly about the aesthetic
grated to New York in 1938 and is still actively working role of electronic products in
and exhibiting today. From Bourgeois’s formative strug- everyday life. Industrial design
gle with the “father figures” of surrealism, including has the potential to enrich our
André Breton and Marcel Duchamp, to her galvanizing daily lives — to improve the
role in the feminist art movement of the 1970s, to her quality of our relationship to
subsequent emergence as a leading voice in postmod- the artificial environment of
ernism, this book explores the artist’s responses to war, technology, and even, argues
dislocation, and motherhood, to the predicament of Dunne, to be subverted for
the “woman artist” and the politics of sexual and social socially beneficial ends.
liberation, as a dialogue with psychoanalysis. The cultural speculations and conceptual design pro-
“Fantastic reality” is what Bourgeois calls the condi- posals in Hertzian Tales are not utopian visions or blue-
tion of her art. Starting from Bourgeois’s investigation, prints; instead, they embody a critique of present-day
through a multiplicity of forms and materials, of the practices, “mixing criticism with optimism.” Six essays
problem of subjectivity on the very threshold of emer- explore design approaches for developing the aesthetic
gence, this book argues for a new psychoanalytic story potential of electronic products outside a commercial
of modern art. context — considering such topics as the post-optimal
Mignon Nixon is Professor of Art History at the Courtauld
object and the aesthetics of user-unfriendliness — and
Institute of Art, University of London. She is the editor of five proposals offer commentary in the form of objects,
Eva Hesse (MIT Press/October Files, 2002) and coeditor of videos, and images. These include Electroclimates, ani-
The Duchamp Effect (MIT Press/October Books, 1996).
mations on an LCD screen that register changes in
“In Fantastic Reality, Mignon Nixon not only illuminates radio frequency; When Objects Dream . . ., consumer
the work of this revolutionary artist but rewrites the history products that “dream” in electromagnetic waves; and
of sculpture in the postwar years.” Tuneable Cities, which uses the car as it drives through
— Linda Nochlin, Lila Acheson Wallace Professor of overlapping radio environments as an interface of
Modern Art, Institute of Fine Arts, hertzian and physical space.
New York University Anthony Dunne is Professor and Head of Interaction Design at
the Royal College of Art in London. He is also a partner in the
“Nixon has offered, in addition to a psychoanalytic inter- design practice Dunne & Raby, London.
pretation of Bourgeois’s abstract art, a rich repertoire of
techniques through which abstract art can be used to probe “A worthwhile challenge to the market subservience that
psychoanalytic thought.” dominates industrial design, indicating some of the ways
— Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association of turning design towards more speculative, critical
possibilities.”
October — 7 x 9, 352 pp. — 103 illus.
— Design Philosophy Papers
$22.95T/£14.95 paper
978-0-262-64070-1 October — 7 x 9, 192 pp. — 96 illus.
$15.95T/£10.95 paper
cloth 2005 978-0-262-54199-2
978-0-262-14089-8
An October Book cloth 2006
44 978-0-262-04232-1
NOW IN PAPER
new media/film studies new media/technology

DIGITAL STORYTELLING CONTROL AND FREEDOM


The Narrative Power of Visual Effects in Film Power and Paranoia in the Age of Fiber Optics
Shilo T. McClean Wendy Hui Kyong Chun
Computer-generated effects are How has the Internet, a medium that thrives on control,
often blamed for bad Hollywood been accepted as a medium of freedom? Why is freedom
movies. Yet when a critic com- increasingly indistinguishable from paranoid control?
plains that “technology swamps In Control and Freedom, Wendy Hui Kyong Chun
storytelling” (in a review of Van explores the current political and technological coupling
Helsing, calling it “an example of freedom with control by tracing the emergence of the
of everything that is wrong with Internet as a mass medium. The parallel (and paranoid)
Hollywood computer-generated myths of the Internet as total freedom/total control, she
effects movies”), it says more about the weakness of the says, stem from our reduction of
story than the strength of the technology. In Digital political problems into techno-
Storytelling, Shilo McClean shows how digital visual logical ones.
effects can be a tool of storytelling in film, adding Chun argues that the rela-
narrative power as do sound, color, and “experimental” tionship between control and
camera angles — other innovative film technologies freedom in networked contact
that were once criticized for being distractions from is experienced and negotiated
the story. It is time, she says, to rethink the function through sexuality and race,
of digital visual effects. describing, among other phe-
Effects artists say — contrary to the critics — that nomena, the cyberporn panic of the 1990s and the
effects always derive from story. Digital effects are conflation by Internet promoters of technological
a part of production, not postproduction; they are empowerment with racial empowerment. The Internet’s
becoming part of the story development process. potential for democracy stems not from illusory promises
Digital Storytelling is grounded in filmmaking, the of individual empowerment, Chun argues, but rather
scriptwriting process in particular. McClean considers from the ways in which it exposes us to others (and to
crucial questions about digital visual effects and looks other machines) in ways we cannot control. Using fiber
at contemporary films (including a chapter-long optic networks — light coursing through glass tubes —
analysis of Steven Spielberg’s use of computer gener- as metaphor and reality, Control and Freedom engages
ated effects) and contemporary film theory to find the the rich philosophical tradition of light as a figure for
answers. McClean argues that to consider digital visual knowledge, clarification, surveillance, and discipline, in
effects as simply contributing to the “wow” factor order to argue that fiber-optic networks physically
underestimates them. They are, she writes, the instantiate, and thus shatter, enlightenment.
legitimate inheritors of film storycraft. See also http://www.controlandfreedom.net.
Shilo T. McClean is a consultant in storybuilding and digital Wendy Hui Kyong Chun is Associate Professor of Modern
visual effects. She has worked as a writer, producer, director, Culture and Media at Brown University. She has studied both
and script editor. Systems Design Engineering and English Literature.

“Smart, compelling, and incisive, Digital Storytelling is “Wendy Chun’s important new book explores one of the
an essential text that will change the debate over the place salient questions raised by networked computing: the para-
of digital effects in contemporary film.” dox of furthering the directly opposed aims of surveillance
— Stephen Prince, Professor of and democracy,.”
Communication, Virginia Tech — Mark Poster, University of California, Irvine

October — 7 x 9, 320 pp. — 19 illus. October — 7 x 9, 368 pp. — 62 illus.

$21.95T/£14.95 paper $18.95T/£12.95 paper


978-0-262-63369-7 978-0-262-53306-5

cloth 2007 cloth 2006


978-0-262-13465-1 978-0-262-03332-9

45
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new media/history of technology new media/computer science

THE INTERNET IMAGINAIRE AESTHETIC COMPUTING


Patrice Flichy edited by Paul A. Fishwick
In The Internet Imaginaire, sociol- In Aesthetic Computing, key scholars and practitioners
ogist Patrice Flichy examines the from art, design, computer science, and mathematics lay
collective vision that shaped the the foundations for a discipline that applies the theory
emergence of the Internet — and practice of art to computing. Aesthetic computing
the social imagination that envi- explores the way art and aesthetics can play a role in
sioned a technological utopia in different areas of computer science. One of its goals is
the birth of a new technology. By to modify computer science by the application of the
examining in detail the discourses wide range of definitions and categories normally
surrounding the development of associated with making art. For example, structures in
the Internet in the United States in the 1990s (and computing might be represented
considering them an integral part of that development), using the style of Gaudi or
Flichy shows how an entire society began a new tech- the Bauhaus school. This goes
nological era. The metaphorical “information super- beyond the usual definition
highway” became a technical utopia that informed a of aesthetics in computing,
technological program. The Internet imaginaire, Flichy which most often refers to the
argues, led software designers, businesses, politicians, formal, abstract qualities of such
and individuals to adopt this one technology instead structures — a beautiful proof,
of another. or an elegant diagram. The
Flichy draws on writings by experts — paying contributors to this book discuss the broader spectrum
particular attention to the gurus of Wired magazine, of aesthetics — from abstract qualities of symmetry
but also citing articles in Time, Newsweek, and Business and form to ideas of creative expression and pleasure —
Week — from 1991 to 1995. He describes two main in the context of computer science. The assumption
domains of the technical imaginaire: the utopias behind aesthetic computing is that the field of comput-
(and ideologies) associated with the development of ing will be enriched if it embraces all of aesthetics.
technical devices and the depictions of an imaginary Human-computer interaction will benefit — “usabil-
digital society. He analyzes the founding myths of ity,” for example, could refer to improving a user’s emo-
cyberculture and he offers a treatise on “the virtual tional state — and new models of learning will emerge.
society imaginaire,” discussing visionaries from Paul A. Fishwick is Professor of Computer and Information
Teilhard de Chardin to William Gibson, the body Sciences and Engineering at the University of Florida.
and the virtual, cyberdemocracy and the end of
politics, and the new economy of the immaterial. “Aesthetic Computing covers a wide range of subjects,
with themes including art, emotion, metaphor, mathematics,
Patrice Flichy is Professor in the Department of Sociology at transdisciplinarity, visualization, auralization, program-
the University of Marne de la Valleé, France.
ming, and interface design, just to name a few. One
“Flichy’s historical perspective, the depth of his research, and strength of this collection is that the theoretical discussions
the sobriety of his conclusions are more pressingly relevant tend to be grounded in specific examples, which in many
than ever.” cases draw on extensive previous work by the author.”
— James Harkin, Financial Times — Stan Ruecker, Literary and Linguistic Computing

October — 6 x 9, 264 pp. September — 7 x 9, 480 pp. — 201 illus.


$15.95T/£10.95 paper $24.00S/£15.95 paper
978-0-262-56238-6 978-0-262-56237-9

cloth 2007 cloth 2006


978-0-262-06261-9 978-0-262-06250-3
A Leonardo Book

46
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new media/history computer science/gender studies

ALWAYS ALREADY NEW WOMEN AND INFORMATION


Media, History, and the Data of Culture TECHNOLOGY
Lisa Gitelman Research on Underrepresentation
In Always Already New, Lisa edited by J. McGrath Cohoon
Gitelman explores the newness of and William Aspray
new media while she asks what it Computing remains a heavily male-dominated field
means to do media history. Using even after twenty-five years of extensive efforts to
the examples of early recorded promote female participation. The contributors to
sound and digital networks, Women and Information Technology look at reasons
Gitelman challenges readers to for the persistent gender imbalance in computing and
think about the ways that media explore some strategies intended to reverse the down-
work as the simultaneous subjects and instruments of ward trend. The studies included
historical inquiry. Presenting original case studies of are rigorous social science inves-
Edison’s first phonographs and the Pentagon’s first tigations; they rely on empirical
distributed digital network, the ARPANET, Gitelman evidence — not rhetoric,
points suggestively toward similarities that underlie the hunches, or folk wisdom.
cultural definition of records (phonographic and not) at Taking advantage of the recent
the end of the nineteenth century and the definition of surge in research in this area, the
documents (digital and not) at the end of the twentieth. editors present the latest findings
As a result, Always Already New speaks to present con- of both qualitative and quantita-
cerns about the humanities as much as to the emergent tive studies. Each section begins with an overview of
field of new media studies. Records and documents are the literature on current research in the field, followed
kernels of humanistic thought, after all — part of and by individual studies. The first section investigates the
party to the cultural impulse to preserve and interpret. relationship between gender and information technol-
Gitelman’s argument suggests inventive contexts for ogy among preteens and adolescents, with each study
“humanities computing” while also offering a new considering what could lead girls’ interest in computing
perspective on such traditional humanities disciplines to diverge from boys’; the second section, on higher
as literary history. education, includes a nationwide study of computing
Lisa Gitelman is Associate Professor and Director, Program
programs and a cross-national comparison of comput-
in Media Studies, at Catholic University, Washington, D.C. ing education; the final section, on pathways into
She is the coeditor (with Geoffrey B. Pingree) of New Media, the IT workforce, considers both traditional and
1740-1915 (MIT Press, 2003) and the author of Scripts,
Grooves, and Writing Machines. nontraditional paths to computing careers.
J. McGrath Cohoon is Assistant Professor in the Department of
“Lisa Gitelman is a brilliant scholar . . . . [She] uses new Science, Technology, and Society in the School of Engineering
historicist, philosophical, and technological observations to and Applied Science, University of Virginia. She is also a Senior
Research Scientist at the National Center for Women and
make a compelling case.” Information Technology. William Aspray is Rudy Professor of
— M. E. DiPaulo, Choice Informatics in the School of Informatics, Indiana University,
and former Executive Director of the Computing Research
“Smart and engaging. . . This book is an invitation to do Association.
media history in the archives; at the same time, it keeps
reminding us that the archives ain’t the archives anymore “This work provides valuable insight into why women are
and that any historical account is dependent on the media not choosing to pursue education and careers in information
forms it uses.” technology.”
— John Nerone, Journal of American History — K. J. Whitehair, Choice

September — 7 x 9, 520 pp. — 35 illus.


September — 7 x 9, 224 pp. — 8 illus.
$25.00S/£16.95 paper
$21.00S/£13.95 paper
978-0-262-53307-2
978-0-262-57247-7

cloth 2006 cloth 2006


978-0-262-07271-7 978-0-262-03345-9

47
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history of science/political science science, technology, and society/history of computing

AMERICAN HEGEMONY AND THE CALCULATING A NATURAL WORLD


POSTWAR RECONSTRUCTION OF Scientists, Engineers, and Computers
SCIENCE IN EUROPE during the Rise of U.S. Cold War Research
John Krige Atsushi Akera
In 1945, the United States was During the Cold War, the field of computing advanced
not only the strongest economic rapidly within a complex institutional context. In
and military power in the world; Calculating a Natural World, Atsushi Akera describes
it was also the world’s leader the complicated interplay of academic, commercial, and
in science and technology. In government and military interests that produced a burst
American Hegemony and the of scientific discovery and technological innovation
Postwar Reconstruction of Science in 1940s and 1950s America. This was the era of big
in Europe, John Krige describes machines — the computers that made the reputations
the efforts of influential figures in the United States to of IBM and of many academic
model postwar scientific practices and institutions in laboratories — and Akera uses
Western Europe on those in America. They mobilized the computer as a historical
political and financial support to promote not just window on the emerging infra-
America’s scientific and technological agendas in structure of American scientific
Western Europe but its Cold War political and and engineering research.
ideological agendas as well. Akera’s study is unique in
Drawing on the work of diplomatic and cultural that it integrates a history of
historians, Krige argues that this attempt at scientific postwar computing (usually told
dominance by the United States can be seen as a form in terms of either business or
of “consensual hegemony,” involving the collaboration hardware) and a mapping of an
of influential local elites who shared American values. “ecology of knowledge” represented by the emerging
He uses this notion to analyze a series of case studies institutional infrastructure for computing. For example,
that describe how the U.S. administration, senior John Mauchly’s early work on computers is seen as
officers in the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, the a product of his peripatetic career — his journey
NATO Science Committee, and influential members through different institutional ecologies — and
of the scientific establishment — notably Isidor I. Rabi John von Neumann’s work is seen as emerging from
of Columbia University and Vannevar Bush of MIT — the convergence of physics and applied mathematics
tried to Americanize scientific practices in such fields at the Institute for Advanced Study.
as physics, molecular biology, and operations research. The military-industrial complex is often spoken of
as a coherent and unified power, but Akera argues that
John Krige is Kranzberg Professor in the School of History,
Technology, and Society at the Georgia Institute of Technology. it was the tensions as much as the convergences among
military, business, and academic forces that fueled
“Krige is a forceful writer, and the implications of his scientific and technological advances.
research are sure to be provocative and long lasting.”
Atsushi Akera is Assistant Professor in the Department of
— Michael D. Gordin, Physics Today Science and Technology Studies at Rensselaer Polytechnic
Institute.
September — 6 x 9, 392 pp.
“Akera’s well-researched and engaging book offers a new
$23.00S/£14.95 paper
978-0-262-61225-8 synthesis of the history of postwar computing.”
— David Mindell, Director, Program in Science,
cloth 2006 Technology, and Society, MIT
978-0-262-11297-0
September — 6 x 9, 440 pp. — 20 illus.
Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and
Technology series $23.00S/£14.95 paper
978-0-262-51203-9

cloth 2006
978-0-262-01231-7

48 Inside Technology series


NOW IN PAPER
science, technology, and society/urban studies history of technology/European history

UNBUILDING CITIES THE PATH NOT TAKEN


Obduracy in Urban Sociotechnical Change French Industrialization in the
Anique Hommels Age of Revolution, 1750-1830
Jeff Horn
City planning initiatives and
redesign of urban structures In The Path Not Taken, Jeff Horn argues that —
often become mired in debate contrary to standard, Anglocentric accounts — French
and delay. Despite the fact that industrialization was not a failed imitation of the laissez-
cities are considered to be faire British model but the product of a distinctive indus-
dynamic and flexible spaces, trial policy that led, over the long term, to prosperity
never finished but always under comparable to Britain’s. Despite the upheavals of the
construction, it is very difficult to Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, France developed
change existing urban structures; they become fixed, and maintained its own industrial
obdurate, securely anchored in their own histories strengths. France was then able
as well as in the histories of their surroundings. In to take full advantage of the new
Unbuilding Cities, Anique Hommels looks at the technologies and industries that
tension between the malleability of urban space and emerged in the “second industrial
its obduracy, focusing on sites and structures that have revolution,” and by the end of
been subjected to “unbuilding” — redesign or reconfig- the nineteenth century some of
uration. Viewing the city as a large sociotechnological France’s industries were outper-
artifact, she demonstrates the usefulness of STS tools forming Britain’s handily. The
that were developed to analyze other technological Path Not Taken shows that the
artifacts and explores in detail the role of obduracy in foundations of this success were
sociotechnical change. laid during the first industrial revolution.
Hommels examines the tensions between obduracy Technology is at the heart of Horn’s analysis, and
and change in three urban redesign projects in the he shows that France, unlike England, often preferred
Netherlands: a renovated city center that fell into drab- still-profitable older methods of production in order to
ness and disrepair; a highway system that runs through maintain employment and forestall revolution. Horn
a densely populated urban area; and a high-rise housing examines the institutional framework established by
project, designed according to modernist precepts and Napoleon’s most important Minister of the Interior,
built for middle-class families, that became a haven for Jean-Antoine Chaptal. Focusing on textiles, chemicals,
unemployment and crime. Unbuilding Cities contributes and steel, he looks at how these new institutions cre-
to a productive fusion of STS and urban studies. ated a new industrial environment. Horn’s illuminating
comparison of French and British industrialization
Anique Hommels is Assistant Professor in the Department of
Technology and Society Studies, Faculty of Arts and Culture, should stir debate among historians, economists, and
University of Maastricht, Netherlands. political scientists.
“This book provides some interesting models of thinking for Jeff Horn, Associate Professor of History at Manhattan College,
is the author of ”Qui parle pour la nation?” Les élections et les
the professionals of the built environment. . . . A useful con- élus de la Champagne méridionale, 1765-1830.
tribution to those involved in negotiations about urban
change, including presentational aspects.” “Clearly written and drawing on an impressive range of
— Judith Ryser, Urban Design sources, this is an account of importance not only for French
history, but also for analyses of economic development.”
September — 7 x 9, 296 pp. — 27 illus. — Jeremy Black, History
$19.00S/£12.95 paper
978-0-262-58282-7 September — 6 x 9, 400 pp. — 3 illus.
$25.00S/£16.95 paper
cloth 2005 978-0-262-58283-4
978-0-262-08340-9
Inside Technology series cloth 2006
978-0-262-08352-2
Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and
Technology series
49
NOW IN PAPER
history of science/history of music science, technology, and society/economics

HARMONIOUS TRIADS AN ENGINE, NOT A CAMERA


Physicists, Musicians, and Instrument How Financial Models Shape Markets
Makers in Nineteenth-Century Germany Donald MacKenzie
Myles W. Jackson
In An Engine, Not a Camera, Donald MacKenzie argues
Historically, music was long clas- that the emergence of modern economic theories of
sified as both art and science. finance affected financial markets in fundamental
Aspects of music — from the ways. These new, Nobel Prize-winning theories, based
mathematics of tuning to the on elegant mathematical models of markets, were
music of the celestial spheres — not simply external analyses but intrinsic parts of
were primarily studied as science economic processes.
until the seventeenth century. In Paraphrasing Milton Friedman, MacKenzie says
the nineteenth century, although that economic models are an engine of inquiry rather
scientists were less interested in than a camera to reproduce empirical facts. More
the music of the spheres than were the natural philoso- than that, the emergence of an
phers of earlier centuries, they remained committed to authoritative theory of financial
understanding the world of performing musicians and markets altered those markets
their instruments. In Harmonious Triads, Myles Jackson fundamentally.
analyzes the relationship of physicists, musicians, and MacKenzie examines the role
instrument makers in nineteenth-century Germany. played by finance theory in the
Musical instruments provided physicists with experi- two most serious crises to hit
mental systems, and physicists’ research led directly to the world’s financial markets in
improvements in musical-instrument manufacture and recent years. He also looks at
assisted musicians in their performances. Music also finance theory that is somewhat
provided scientists with a cultural resource, which beyond the mainstream — chaos
forged acquaintances and future collaborations. theorist Benoit Mandelbrot’s model of “wild” random-
Jackson’s historical consideration of questions at the ness. MacKenzie’s pioneering work in the social studies
intersection of music and physics shows us how each of finance will interest anyone who wants to understand
discipline helped shape the other. how America’s financial markets have grown into their
Myles W. Jackson is Dibner Family Professor History of Science current form.
and Technology at Polytechnic University, New York City. He is
the author of Spectrum of Belief: Joseph von Fraunhofer and Donald MacKenzie is Professor of Sociology (Personal Chair)
the Craft of Precision Optics (MIT Press, 2000), which was at the University of Edinburgh. His books include Inventing
winner of the Paul-Bunge-Prize of the German Chemical Accuracy (1990), Knowing Machines (1996), and Mechanizing
Society in 2005 for an outstanding contribution to the Proof (2001) all published by The MIT Press.
study of scientific instruments.
“In one lifetime modern finance theory has revolutionized
“If you are intrigued by the concept of ‘singing savants’ or the arts of canny investing. MacKenzie knows this exciting
by the connection between Alexander von Humboldt and story, and he tells it well.”
Felix Mendelssohn, read on!” — Paul A. Samuelson, MIT, Nobel Laureate
— Daniel Kleppner, Lester Wolfe in Economic Sciences (1970)
Professor of Physics, Emeritus, MIT
Winner of the British International Studies Association (BISA)
International Political Economy Group (IPEG) Book Prize for 2007
September — 6 x 9, 408 pp. — 48 illus.
$23.00S/£14.95 paper September — 6 x 9, 392 pp. — 10 illus.
978-0-262-60075-0
$23.00S/£14.95 paper
cloth 2006 978-0-262-63367-3
978-0-262-10116-5
Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and cloth 2006
Technology series 978-0-262-13460-6
Inside Technology series

50
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economics/political science economics/finance

THE POLITICAL FUTURE OF SOCIAL THE ECONOMICS OF


SECURITY IN AGING SOCIETIES CONSUMER CREDIT
Vincenzo Galasso edited by Giuseppe Bertola, Richard Disney, and
Charles Grant
Doubts about the ability of
industrialized countries to con- Academic research and policy discussions of credit
tinue to provide a sufficient level markets usually focus on borrowing by firms and
of retirement benefits to a grow- producers rather than by households, which are
ing number of retirees has fueled typically analyzed in terms of their savings and
much recent debate and inspired portfolio choices. The Economics of Consumer Credit
a variety of recommendations for brings together leading international researchers
reform. Few major reforms, how- to focus specifically on consumer debt, presenting
ever, have actually been imple- current empirical and theoretical research crucial to
mented. In The Political Future of Social Security in Aging ongoing policy debates on
Societies, Vincenzo Galasso argues that the success of such topics as privacy rules,
any reform proposals depends on political factors rather the regulation of contractual
than economic theory. He offers a comparative analysis responsibilities, financial
of the future political sustainability of social security stability, and overindebtedness.
in six countries with rapidly aging populations — The rapidly developing
France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom, consumer credit industry in
and the United States. Using a quantitative approach, the United States is mirrored
he finds that an aging population has political as well by that in Europe, and this
as economic effects: an older electorate will put pressure volume is noteworthy for its
on politicians and policymakers to maintain or even cross-national perspective.
increase benefits. Giuseppe Bertola is Professor of Economics at the University of
Galasso evaluates how each country’s different Turin and Scientific Coordinator at Finance and Consumption,
European University Institute, Florence. Richard Disney is
political constraints shape its social security system, Professor of Economics at the University of Nottingham and
considering such country-specific factors as the pro- Research Fellow at the Institute of Fiscal Studies, London.
portion of retirees in the population, the redistributive Charles Grant is a Lecturer at Reading University and a
visiting Research Associate at Finance and Consumption,
feature of each system, and the existing retirement European University Institute, Florence.
policy in each country. He concludes that an aging
population will lead to more pension spending; yet “This book will be a valuable asset to students, researchers,
postponing retirement mitigates the impact of this, and policymakers from both sides of the Atlantic.”
and may be the only politically viable alternative for — Christian Gollier, IDEI, University of Toulouse
social security reform. “This book redefines the cutting edge of research on con-
Vincenzo Galasso is Associate Professor of Economics at sumer credit. Given the breadth, depth, and rigor of the
Bocconi University. He is Research Affiliate at the Centre scholarship (by many of the field's leading researchers), the
for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), Research Fellow
at Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research book will undoubtedly become an indispensable resource for
(IGIER), and Associate Editor of the European Journal anyone who hopes to make contributions in related areas.”
of Political Economy.
— Christopher D. Carroll, Professor of Economics,
“Vincenzo Galasso has written a penetrating and thought- Johns Hopkins University
ful book on a topic of undeniable importance.” September — 6 x 9, 392 pp. — 37 illus.
— Thomas Cooley, Paganelli-Bull Professor of
$23.00S/£14.95 paper
Economics, New York University 978-0-262-52495-7

September — 6 x 9, 280 pp. — 37 illus.


cloth 2006
$19.00S/£12.95 paper 978-0-262-02601-7
978-0-262-57246-0

cloth 2006
978-0-262-07273-1
51
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economics science/nature/environment

MONEY, INTEREST, AND POLICY SCIENTISTS DEBATE GAIA


Dynamic General Equilibrium The Next Century
in a Non-Ricardian World edited by Stephen H. Schneider,
Jean-Pascal Bénassy James R. Miller, Eileen Crist,
and Penelope J. Boston
An important recent advancement
foreword by Pedro Ruiz Torres
in macroeconomics is the devel-
introductions by James Lovelock
opment of dynamic stochastic
and Lynn Margulis
general equilibrium (DSGE)
macromodels. The use of DSGE Scientists Debate Gaia is a multidisciplinary reexamina-
models to study monetary policy, tion of the Gaia hypothesis, which was introduced by
however, has led to paradoxical James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis in the early 1970s.
and puzzling results on a number The Gaia hypothesis holds that Earth’s physical and
of central monetary issues including price determinacy biological processes are linked to
and liquidity effects. In Money, Interest, and Policy, form a complex, self-regulating
Jean-Pascal Bénassy argues that moving from the system and that life has affected
standard DSGE models — which he calls “Ricardian” this system over time. Despite
because they have the famous “Ricardian equivalence” initial dismissal of the Gaian
property — to another, “non-Ricardian” model would approach as New Age philosophy,
resolve many of these issues. A Ricardian model repre- it has today been incorporated
sents a household as a homogeneous family of infinitely into mainstream interdisciplinary
lived individuals, and Bénassy demonstrates that a scientific theory, as seen in its
single modification — the assumption that new agents strong influence on the field of Earth system science.
are born over time (which makes the model non- Scientists Debate Gaia provides a fascinating, multi-
Ricardian) — can bridge the current gap between faceted examination of Gaia as science and addresses
monetary intuitions and facts, on one hand, and significant criticism of, and changes in, the hypothesis
rigorous modeling, on the other. since its introduction, exploring the scientific, philo-
sophical, and theoretical foundations of Gaia.
Jean-Pascal Bénassy is Director of Research at CNRS (National
Center for Scientific Research), Paris, and a Research Fellow at Stephen H. Schneider is Professor of Biological Sciences and
CEPREMAP (Center for Economic Research and Applications). He Codirector of the Center for Environmental Science and Policy
is the author of The Macroeconomics of Imperfect Competition at Stanford University. James R. Miller is Professor of Earth
and Nonclearing Markets: A Dynamic General Equilibrium System Science in the Department of Marine and Coastal
Approach (MIT Press, 2002). Studies at Rutgers University. Eileen Crist is Associate
Professor of Science and Technology in Society in the Center
“This book is a gem. . . . [Bénassy] writes with his usual for Interdisciplinary Studies at Virginia Tech. Geomicrobiologist
Penelope J. Boston is Associate Professor of Cave and Karst
crispness and sharpness, and the reader comes out of the Science and Director of the Cave and Karst Studies Program
book's ten chapters wanting to learn more.” at New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology.
— Philippe Weil, European Centre
“This is a stimulating, up-to-date account of one of the most
for Advanced Research in Economics and
far-reaching modern ideas connecting biology and geology.”
Statistics, Université Libre de Bruxelles
— Jared Diamond, Professor of Geography,
September — 6 x 9, 216 pp. — 14 illus. University of California, Los Angeles,
$21.00S/£13.95 paper author of Guns, Germs and Steel
978-0-262-52493-3
September — 8 1/2 x 11, 400 pp. — 109 illus.
cloth 2007 $30.00S/£19.95 paper
978-0-262-02613-0 978-0-262-69369-1

cloth 2004
978-0-262-19498-3

52
NOW IN PAPER
cognitive science philosophy/cognitive science

BRAIN AND CULTURE HOT THOUGHT


Neurobiology, Ideology, and Social Change Mechanisms and Applications
Bruce E. Wexler of Emotional Cognition
Paul Thagard
Research shows that between
birth and early adulthood the Contrary to standard assumptions, reasoning is often
brain requires sensory stimulation an emotional process. Emotions can have good effects,
to develop physically. By early as when a scientist gets excited about a line of research
adulthood, the neuroplasticity of and pursues it successfully despite criticism. But emo-
the brain is greatly reduced, and tions can also distort reasoning, as when a juror ignores
this leads to a fundamental shift evidence of guilt just because the accused seems like a
in the relationship between the nice guy. In Hot Thought, Paul Thagard describes the
individual and the environment: mental mechanisms — cognitive, neural, molecular, and
during the first part of life, the brain and mind shape social — that interact to produce
themselves to the major recurring features of their envi- different kinds of human think-
ronment; by early adulthood, the individual attempts ing, from everyday decision mak-
to make the environment conform to the established ing to legal reasoning, scientific
internal structures of the brain and mind. discovery, and religious belief,
In Brain and Culture, Bruce Wexler explores the and he discusses when and how
social implications of the close and changing neurobio- thinking and reasoning should
logical relationship between the individual and the be emotional.
environment, with particular attention to the difficulties Thagard argues that an
individuals face in adulthood when the environment understanding of emotional
changes beyond their ability to maintain the fit between thinking needs to integrate the
existing internal structure and external reality. These cognitive, neural, molecular, and social levels. Many of
difficulties are evident in bereavement, the meeting of the chapters employ computational models of various
different cultures, the experience of immigrants, and the levels of thinking, including HOTCO (hot cognition)
phenomenon of interethnic violence. The groundbreak- models and the more neurologically realistic GAGE
ing connections he makes provide a new biological base model. Identifying and assessing the impact of emotion,
from which to consider such social issues as “culture Thagard argues, can suggest ways to improve the
wars” and ethnic violence. process of reasoning.
Bruce E. Wexler is Professor of Psychiatry at Yale Medical Paul Thagard is Professor of Philosophy, Psychology, and
School and Director of the Neurocognitive Research Laboratory Computer Science, and Director of the Cognitive Science
at the Connecticut Mental Health Center. Program at the University of Waterloo. He is the author
of Coherence in Thought and Action (MIT Press, 2000) and
“Bruce Wexler’s Brain and Culture is a major achievement, Mind: Introduction to Cognitive Science, second edition
(MIT Press, 2005).
touching the deepest biological and human issues and fram-
ing them in verifiable terms. A very powerful and very “Impressively comprehensive, unfailingly sensible, and made
important book.” all the more appealing by its hip-pocket readability, Hot
— Oliver Sacks, author of Thought will be a godsend to instructors in philosophy and
The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat cognitive science.”
— Patricia S. Churchland, UC President's Professor
“A fascinating step toward decoding the seemingly universal
of Philosophy, University of California, San Diego
us/them mentality. “
— Scientific American, “The Editors Recommend” September — 6 x 9, 320 pp. — 34 illus.

September — 5 3/8 x 8, 320 pp. — 2 illus. $21.00S/£13.95 paper


978-0-262-70124-2
$18.00S/£11.95 paper
978-0-262-73193-5
cloth 2006
978-0-262-20164-3
cloth 2006
978-0-262-23248-7 A Bradford Book

53
NOW IN PAPER
philosophy philosophy of mind

HEIDEGGER’S TOPOLOGY SUBJECTIVITY AND SELFHOOD


Being, Place, World Investigating the First-Person Perspective
Jeff Malpas Dan Zahavi
This groundbreaking inquiry into What is a self? Does it exist in reality or is it a mere
the centrality of place in Martin social construct — or is it perhaps a neurologically
Heidegger’s thinking offers not induced illusion? The legitimacy of the concept of the
only an illuminating reading of self has been questioned by both neuroscientists and
Heidegger’s thought but a detailed philosophers in recent years. Countering this, in
investigation into the way in Subjectivity and Selfhood, Dan Zahavi argues that the
which the concept of place relates notion of self is crucial for a proper understanding of
to core philosophical issues. In consciousness. He investigates the interrelationships of
Heidegger’s Topology, Jeff Malpas argues that an engage- experience, self-awareness, and
ment with place, explicit in Heidegger’s later work, selfhood, proposing that none of
informs Heidegger’s thought as a whole. What guides these three notions can be under-
Heidegger’s thinking, Malpas writes, is a conception of stood in isolation. Any investiga-
philosophy’s starting point: our finding ourselves already tion of the self, Zahavi argues,
“there,” situated in the world, in “place.” Heidegger’s must take the first-person per-
concepts of being and place, he argues, are inextricably spective seriously and focus on the
bound together. (Malpas also challenges the widely experiential givenness of the self.
repeated arguments that link Heidegger’s notions of Subjectivity and Selfhood explores a
place and belonging to his entanglement with Nazism.) number of phenomenological
The significance of Heidegger as a thinker of place, analyses pertaining to the nature
Malpas claims, lies not only in Heidegger’s own inves- of consciousness, self, and self-experience in light of con-
tigations but also in the way that spatial and topo- temporary discussions in consciousness research.
graphic thinking has flowed from Heidegger’s work Philosophical phenomenology — as developed by
into that of other key thinkers of the past sixty years. Husserl, Heidegger, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, and others
Jeff Malpas is Professor of Philosophy at the University — not only addresses crucial issues often absent from
of Tasmania. He is the author of Place and Experience: A current debates over consciousness but also provides a
Philosophical Topology. conceptual framework for understanding subjectivity.
“This is a brilliant book that will change the entire field of By engaging in a dialogue with other philosophical and
Heidegger studies.” empirical positions, says Zahavi, phenomenology can
— Edward S. Casey, Distinguished Professor of demonstrate its vitality and contemporary relevance.
Philosophy, Stony Brook University Dan Zahavi is Professor of Philosophy and Director of
the Center for Subjectivity Research at the University of
“Malpas’s work opens up new ways to read Heidegger (con- Copenhagen and the author of Self-Awareness and Alterity
in Husserl’s Phenomenology.
sidered for too long the philosopher of time) by underscoring
the centrality of place and its many implications for under- “ Subjectivity and Selfhood is a rich and clearly written
standing our world, our environment, and ourselves.” book which ranges over many topics.”
— John Panteleimon Manoussakis, — David E. Cooper, Times Literary Supplement (TLS)
Journal of the History of Philosophy
“This work takes a huge step forward in bringing phenom-
October — 6 x 9, 424 pp. enological philosophy to bear on contemporary issues in the
$21.00S/£13.95 paper philosophy of mind and cognitive science.”
978-0-262-63368-0 — Evan Thompson, Professor, Department of
Philosophy, University of Toronto
cloth 2007
978-0-262-13470-5 September — 6 x 9, 280 pp.
$21.00S/£13.95 paper
978-0-262-74034-0

cloth 2006
54 978-0-262-24050-5
PROFESSIONAL
political science/law

THE PRIVACY ADVOCATES


Resisting the Spread of Surveillance
Colin J. Bennett
An analysis of the people
Today, personal information is captured, processed, and disseminated in a bewil- and groups who have emerged
dering variety of ways, and through increasingly sophisticated, miniaturized, and to challenge the increasingly
distributed technologies: identity cards, biometrics, video surveillance, the use of intrusive ways personal
information is captured,
cookies and spyware by Web sites, data mining and profiling, and many others. processed, and disseminated.
In The Privacy Advocates, Colin Bennett analyzes the people and groups around
the world who have risen to challenge the most intrusive surveillance practices by
October
both government and corporations. Bennett describes a network of self-identified 6 x 9, 296 pp.
privacy advocates who have emerged from civil society — without official sanction 11 illus.
and with few resources, but surprisingly influential. $28.00S/£18.95 cloth
A number of high-profile conflicts in recent years have brought this interna- 978-0-262-02638-3
tional advocacy movement more sharply into focus. Bennett is the first to exam-
ine privacy and surveillance not from a legal, political, or technical perspective
Also available
but from the viewpoint of these independent activists who have found creative
THE GOVERNANCE OF PRIVACY
ways to affect policy and practice. Drawing on extensive interviews with key Policy Instruments in
informants in the movement, he examines how they frame the issue and how Global Perspective
they organize, who they are and what strategies they use. He also presents Colin Bennett and Charles Raab
2006, 978-0-262-52453-7
a series of case studies that illustrate how effective their efforts have been, $30.00S/£19.95 paper
including conflicts over key-escrow encryption (which allows the government
to read encrypted messages), online advertising through third-party cookies that
track users across different Web sites, and online
authentication mechanisms such as the short-lived
Microsoft Passport. Finally, Bennett considers how
the loose coalitions of the privacy network could
develop into a more cohesive international social
movement.
Colin J. Bennett is Professor in the Department of Political
Science at the University of Victoria, British Columbia.
He is the coauthor (with Charles Raab) of The Governance
of Privacy: Policy Instruments in Global Perspective (updated
paperback edition, MIT Press).

55
PROFESSIONAL
technology/political science communications/information science/computer science

GOVERNING GLOBAL LIBERATING VOICES


ELECTRONIC NETWORKS A Pattern Language for
edited by William J. Drake Communication Revolution
and Ernest J. Wilson III Douglas Schuler
The burgeoning use and transformative impact of In recent decades we have witnessed the creation of a
global electronic networks are widely recognized to be communication system that promises unparalleled con-
defining features of contemporary world affairs. Less nectedness. And yet the optimistic dreams of Internet-
often noted has been the increasing importance of enabled engagement and empowerment have faded
global governance arrangements in managing the many in the face of widespread Internet commercialization.
issues raised in such networks. This volume helps fill In Liberating Voices, Douglas Schuler urges us to
the gap by assessing some of the key international unleash our collective creativity — social as well as
institutions pertaining to global telecommunications technological — and develop the communication
regulation and standardization, radio frequency spec- systems that are truly needed.
trum, satellite systems, trade in services, electronic com- Inspired by the vision and framework outlined in
merce, intellectual property, traditional mass media and Christopher Alexander’s classic 1977 book, A Pattern
Internet content, Internet names and numbers, cyber- Language, Schuler presents a pattern language contain-
crime, privacy protection, and development. Eschewing ing 136 patterns designed to meet these challenges.
technocratic approaches, the contributors offer empiri- Using this approach, Schuler proposes a new model
cally rich studies of the international power dynamics of social change that integrates theory and practice
shaping these institutions. They devote particular atten- by showing how information and communication
tion to the roles and concerns of nondominant stake- (whether face-to-face, broadcast, or Internet-based)
holders, such as developing countries and civil society, can be used to address urgent social and environmental
and find that global governance often reinforces wider problems collaboratively.
power disparities between and within nation-states. Each of the patterns that form the pattern language
But at the same time, the contributors note, governance (which was developed collaboratively with nearly 100
arrangements often provide nondominant stakeholders contributors) is presented consistently; each describes
with the policy space needed to advance their interests a problem and its context, a discussion, and a solution.
more effectively. Each chapter concludes with a set of The pattern language begins with the most general
policy recommendations for the promotion of an open, patterns (“Theory”) and proceeds to the most specific
dynamic, and more equitable networld order. (“Tactics”). Each pattern is a template for research as
well as action and is linked to other patterns, thus
CONTRIBUTORS Peng Hwa Ang, Jonathan D. Aronson, forming a single coherent whole. Readers will find
Byung-il Choi, Tracy Cohen, Peter F. Cowhey, William J. Drake,
Liberating Voices an intriguing and informative catalog
Henry Farrell, Rob Frieden, Alison Gillwald, Boutheina Guermazi,
Ian Hosein, Cees J. Hamelink, Wolfgang Kleinwaechter, of contemporary intellectual, social, and technological
Don MacLean, Christopher May, Milton Mueller, John Richards, innovations, a practical manual for citizen activism, and
David Souter, Ernest Wilson III, Jisuk Woo
a compelling manifesto for creating a more intelligent,
William J. Drake is Director of the Project on the Information sustainable, and equitable world.
Revolution and Global Governance in the Program for the Study
of International Organizations at the Graduate Institute of Douglas Schuler is a member of the faculty at The Evergreen
International Studies in Geneva, Switzerland. Ernest J. Wilson State College, former Chair of Computer Professionals for
III is Dean of the Annenberg School for Communication at the Social Responsibility (CPSR), and a founding member of the
University of Southern California. He is the author of The Seattle Community Network (SCN). He is coeditor of several
Information Revolution and Developing Countries (MIT Press, books, including Shaping the Network Society: The New Role
2004). of Civic Society in Cyberspace (MIT Press, 2004) and the
author of New Community Networks: Wired for Change.
October — 6 x 9, 720 pp. — 10 illlus.
October — 8 x 10, 504 pp. — 5 illlus.
$50.00S/£32.95 cloth
978-0-262-04251-2 $35.00S/£22.95 paper
978-0-262-69366-0
Information Revolution and Global Politics series
$70.00S/£45.95 cloth
978-0-262-19579-9

56
PROFESSIONAL
information science/human-computer interaction science, technology, and society

SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION INSATIABLE CURIOSITY


ON THE INTERNET Innovation in a Fragile Future
edited by Gary M. Olson, Ann Zimmerman, Helga Nowotny
and Nathan Bos translated by Mitch Cohen
foreword by William Wulf Curiosity is the main driving force behind scientific
Modern science is increasingly collaborative, as signaled activity. Scientific curiosity, insatiable in its explorations,
by rising numbers of coauthored papers, papers with does not know what it will find, or where it will lead.
international coauthors, and multi-investigator grants. Science needs autonomy to cultivate this kind of
Historically, scientific collaborations were carried untrammeled curiosity; innovation, however, responds
out by scientists in the same physical location — the to the needs and desires of society. Innovation, argues
Manhattan Project of the 1940s, for example, involved influential European science studies scholar Helga
thousands of scientists gathered on a remote plateau Nowotny, tames the passion of science, harnessing it
in Los Alamos, New Mexico. Today, information and to produce “deliverables.” Science brings uncertainties;
communication technologies allow cooperation among innovation successfully copes with them. Society calls
scientists from far-flung institutions and different disci- for both the passion for knowledge and its taming.
plines. Scientific Collaboration on the Internet provides This ambivalence, Nowotny contends, is an inevitable
both broad and in-depth views of how new technology result of modernity.
is enabling novel kinds of science and engineering col- In Insatiable Curiosity, Nowotny explores the strands
laboration. The book offers commentary from notable of the often unexpected intertwining of science and
experts in the field along with case studies of large-scale technology and society. Uncertainty arises, she writes,
collaborative projects, past and ongoing. from an oversupply of knowledge. The quest for inno-
The projects described range from the development vation is society’s response to the uncertainties that
of a national virtual observatory for astronomical come with scientific and technological achievement.
research to a National Institutes of Health funding Our dilemma is how to balance the immense but
program for major multi-laboratory medical research; unpredictable potential of science and technology with
from the deployment of a cyberinfrastructure to con- our acknowledgement that not everything that can be
nect experts in earthquake engineering to partnerships done should be done. We can escape the old polarities
between developed and developing countries in AIDS of utopias and dystopias, writes Nowotny, by accepting
research. The chapter authors speak frankly about the our ambivalence — as a legacy of modernism and a
problems these projects encountered as well as the suc- positive cultural resource.
cesses they achieved. The book strikes a useful balance Helga Nowotny, one of the leading European voices in Science
between presenting the real stories of collaborations Studies, is Vice-President of the European Research Council
and developing a scientific approach to conceiving, and Chair, Scientific Advisory Board, University of Vienna.
designing, implementing, and evaluating such projects.
It points to a future of scientific collaborations that PRAISE FOR THE GERMAN EDITION
build successfully on aspects from multiple disciplines. “Seldom have the contradictions of our times been so
Gary M. Olson is Paul M. Fitts Collegiate Professor of Human penetratingly described and traced back to their scientific-
Computer Interaction and Professor in both the School of
Information and the Department of Psychology at the University
historical causes. . . . Helga Nowotny has written a
of Michigan. Ann Zimmerman is a Research Assistant Professor wonderfully worldly-wise book that eliminates the last
in the School of Information at the University of Michigan. remnants of trust in progress without completely sounding
Nathan Bos is a Senior Research Scientist at the Applied
Physics Laboratory of Johns Hopkins University. the death knell of the project of modernity.”
— Ludger Heidbrink, Die Zeit
October — 7 x 9, 432 pp. — 42 illus.
September — 5 3/8 x 8, 216 pp.
$45.00S/£29.95 cloth
978-0-262-15120-7 $30.00S/£19.95 cloth
978-0-262-14103-1
Acting with Technology series
Inside Technology series

57
PROFESSIONAL
history of technology/history of science

POWER STRUGGLES
Scientific Authority and the Creation of
Practical Electricity before Edison
The development of electrical Michael Brian Schiffer
technologies that laid the
foundation for Edison’s In 1882, Thomas Edison and his Edison Electric Light Company unveiled the
work: their invention, first large-scale electrical system in the world to light a stretch of offices in a
commercialization,
city. This was a monumental achievement, but it was not the beginning of the
and adoption.
electrical age. The first electric generators were built in the 1830s, the earliest
commercial lighting systems before 1860, and the first commercial application of
September
generator-powered lights (in lighthouses) in the early 1860s. In Power Struggles,
7 x 9, 440 pp.
51 illus. Michael Brian Schiffer examines some of these earlier efforts, both successful
$38.00S/£24.95 cloth
and unsuccessful, that paved the way for Edison.
978-0-262-19582-9 After laying out a unified theoretical framework for understanding techno-
logical change, Schiffer presents a series of fascinating case studies of pre-Edison
electrical technologies, including Volta’s electrochemical battery, the blacksmith’s
electric motor, the first mechanical generators, Morse’s telegraph, the Atlantic
cable, and the lighting of the Capitol dome. Schiffer discusses claims of “practi-
cality” and “impracticality” (sometimes hotly con-
tested) made for these technologies, and examines the
central role of the scientific authority — in particular,
the activities of Joseph Henry, mid-nineteenth-cen-
tury America’s foremost scientist — in determining
the fate of particular technologies.
These emerging electrical technologies formed the
foundation of the modern industrial world. Schiffer
shows how and why they became commercial prod-
ucts in the context of an evolving corporate capital-
ism in which conflicting judgments of practicality
sometimes turned into power struggles.
Michael Brian Schiffer is Fred A. Riecker Distinguished
Professor of Anthropology at the University of Arizona
and Research Associate at the Lemelson Center, National
Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
He is the author of six previous books on technology.

58
PROFESSIONAL
meteorology/history of science history of science

WEATHER BY THE NUMBERS H.G. BRONN, ERNST HAECKEL,


The Genesis of Modern Meteorology AND THE ORIGINS OF
Kristine C. Harper GERMAN DARWINISM
For much of the first half of the twentieth century, A Study in Translation and Transformation
meteorology was more art than science, dependent on Sander Gliboff
an individual forecaster’s lifetime of local experience. The German translation of Darwin’s The Origin of Species
In Weather by the Numbers, Kristine Harper tells the appeared in 1860, just months after the original, thanks
story of the transformation of meteorology from a to Heinrich Georg Bronn, a distinguished German
“guessing science” into a sophisticated physics- and paleontologist whose work in some ways paralleled
mathematics-based scientific discipline. What made Darwin’s. Bronn’s version of the book (with his own notes
this possible was the development of the electronic and commentary appended) did much to determine how
digital computer; earlier attempts at numerical weather Darwin’s theory was understood and applied by German
prediction had foundered on the human inability to biologists, for the translation process involved more than
solve nonlinear equations quickly enough for timely the mere substitution of German words for English.
forecasting. After World War II, the combination of an In this book, Sander Gliboff tells the story of how The
expanded observation network developed for military Origin of Species came to be translated into German,
purposes, newly trained mathematics- and physics- how it served Bronn's purposes as well as Darwin’s,
savvy meteorologists, and the nascent digital computer and how it challenged German scholars to think in new
created a new way of approaching both atmospheric ways about morphology, systematics, paleontology, and
theory and weather forecasting. other biological disciplines. Gliboff traces Bronn’s influ-
Harper examines the efforts of meteorologists to ence on German Darwinism through the early career
professionalize their discipline during the interwar of Ernst Haeckel, Darwin’s most famous nineteenth-
years and the rapid expansion of personnel and obser- century proponent and popularizer in Germany, who
vational assets during World War II. She describes learned his Darwinism from the Bronn translation.
how, by the 1950s, academic, Weather Bureau, and Gliboff argues, contrary to most interpretations,
military meteorologists had moved atmospheric mod- that the German authors were not attempting to
eling from research subject to operational forecasting. “tame” Darwin or assimilate him to outmoded systems
Challenging previous accounts that give sole credit for of romantic Naturphilosophie. Rather, Bronn and
the development of numerical weather prediction to Haeckel were participants in Darwin’s project of
digital computer inventor John von Neumann, Harper revolutionizing biology. We should not, Gliboff
points to the crucial contributions of Carl-Gustav cautions, read pre-Darwinian meanings into Bronn’s
Rossby (founder of MIT’s meteorology program and and Haeckel’s Darwinian words.
part of what Harper calls the “Scandinavian Tag Team” Gliboff describes interpretive problems faced by
working with von Neumann). This transformation of Bronn and Haeckel that range from the verbal to the
a discipline, Harper writes, was the most important conceptual. One of these conceptual problems, the ori-
intellectual achievement of twentieth-century meteor- gins of novel variation and the proper balance between
ology, and paved the way for the growth of computer- creativity and constraint in evolution, emerges as crucial.
assisted modeling in all the sciences. Evolutionists today, Gliboff points out, continue to
Kristine C. Harper is Assistant Professor of History at the New grapple with comparable questions — continuing a
Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. In 2007-2008, she larger process of translation and interpretation of
was a Fellow at the Tanner Humanities Center at the University
of Utah and a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow. Darwin’s work.
Sander Gliboff is Assistant Professor of History and Philosophy
September — 6 x 9, 328 pp. — 20 illus. of Science at Indiana University.

$40.00S/£25.95 cloth
978-0-262-08378-2 September — 6 x 9, 272 pp.

Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and $35.00S/£22.95 cloth


Technology series 978-0-262-07293-9
Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and
Technology series

59
PROFESSIONAL
science, technology, and society sociology/technology/economics

TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY LIVING IN A MATERIAL WORLD


Building Our Sociotechnical Future Economic Sociology Meets Science
edited by Deborah G. Johnson and Technology Studies
and Jameson M. Wetmore edited by Trevor Pinch and Richard Swedberg
Technological change does not happen in a vacuum; Although social scientists generally agree that technol-
decisions about which technologies to develop, fund, ogy plays a key role in the economy, economics and
market, and use engage ideas about values as well as technology have yet to be brought together into a
calculations of costs and benefits. This anthology coherent framework that is both analytically interesting
focuses on the interconnections of technology, society, and empirically oriented. This book draws on the tools
and values. It offers writings by authorities as varied as of science and technology studies and economic sociol-
Freeman Dyson, Laurence Lessig, Bruno Latour, and ogy to reconceptualize the intersection of economy
Judy Wajcman that will introduce readers to recent and technology, suggesting materiality — the idea
thinking about technology and provide them with con- that social existence involves not only actors and social
ceptual tools, a theoretical framework, and knowledge relations but also objects — as the theoretical point
to help understand how technology shapes society and of convergence.
how society shapes technology. It offers readers a new The contributors take up general concerns, such
perspective on such current issues as globalization, the as individual agency in a network economy and the
balance between security and privacy, environmental materiality of the household in economic history, as
justice, and poverty in the developing world. well as specific financial technologies such as the stock
The careful ordering of the selections and the ticker, the trading room, and the telephone. Forms of
editors’ introductions give Technology and Society a infrastructure — accounting, global configurations of
coherence and flow that is unusual in anthologies. trading and information technologies, and patent law
The book is suitable for use in undergraduate courses — are examined. Case studies of the impact of the
in STS and other disciplines. The selections begin Internet and information technology on consumption
with predictions of the future that range from forecasts (e-commerce), the reputation economy (the rise of
of technological utopia to cautionary tales. These are online reviews of products), and organizational settings
followed by writings that explore the complexity of (outsourcing of an IT system) round off this collection
sociotechnical systems, presenting a picture of how of essays.
technology and society work in step, shaping and being CONTRIBUTORS Elizabeth Popp Berman, Daniel Beunza,
shaped by one another. Finally, the book goes back to Michel Callon, Karin Knorr Cetina, Thomas F. Gieryn, Barbara Grimpe,
considerations of the future, discussing twenty-first- David Hatherly, David Leung, Christian Licoppe, Donald MacKenzie,
Philip Mirowski, Fabian Muniesa, Edward Nik-Khah, Trevor Pinch,
century challenges that include nanotechnology, the Alex Preda, Nicholas S. Rowland, David Shay, David Stark,
role of citizens in technological decisions, and the Richard Swedberg
technologies of human enhancement. Trevor Pinch is Professor of Science and Technology Studies
and Professor of Sociology at Cornell University. He is the
Deborah G. Johnson is Anne Shirley Carter Olsson Professor of
coeditor of How Users Matter: The Co-Construction of Users
Applied Ethics and Department Chair, Department of Science,
and Technology (MIT Press, 2003) and the coauthor of Analog
Technology, and Society at the University of Virginia. Jameson
Days: The Invention and Impact of the Moog Synthesizer and
M. Wetmore is Assistant Professor at the Consortium for
other books. Richard Swedberg is Professor of Sociology at
Science, Policy, and Outcomes and the School of Human
Cornell University. He is the author of Max Weber and the
Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University.
Idea of Economic Sociology, Principles of Economic Sociology,
and other books.
October — 7 x 9, 648 pp. — 39 illus.
$42.00S/£27.95 paper November — 6 x 9, 432 pp. — 18 illus.
978-0-262-60073-6
$30.00S/£19.95 paper
$80.00S/£51.95 cloth 978-0-262-66207-9
978-0-262-10124-0
$75.00S/£48.95 cloth
Inside Technology series 978-0-262-16252-4
Inside Technology series

60
PROFESSIONAL
history of technology/urban studies agricultural science/science, technology, and society
MECHANICAL SOUND CULTIVATING SCIENCE,
Technology, Culture, and Public Problems HARVESTING POWER
of Noise in the Twentieth Century Science and Industrial Agriculture in California
Karin Bijsterveld Christopher R. Henke
Since the late nineteenth century, the sounds of tech- Just south of San Francisco lies California’s Salinas
nology have been the subject of complaints, regulation, Valley, the heart of a multi-billion dollar agricultural
and legislation. By the early 1900s, anti-noise leagues industry that dominates U. S. vegetable production.
in Western Europe and North America had formed to How did the sleepy valley described in the stories of
fight noise from factories, steam trains, automobiles, John Steinbeck become the nation’s “salad bowl”? In
and gramophones, with campaigns featuring confer- Cultivating Science, Harvesting Power, Christopher R.
ences, exhibitions, and “silence weeks.” And, as Karin Henke explores the ways that science helped build the
Bijsterveld points out in Mechanical Sound, public Salinas Valley and California’s broader farm industry.
discussion of noise has never died down and continues Henke focuses on the case of University of California
today. In this book, Bijsterveld examines the persistence “farm advisors,” scientists stationed in counties through-
of noise on the public agenda, looking at four episodes
out the state who have stepped forward to help growers
of noise and the public response to it in Europe and the
deal with crises ranging from labor shortages to plagues
United States between 1875 and 1975: industrial noise,
of insects. These disruptions in what Henke terms
traffic noise, noise from neighborhood radios and
industrial agriculture’s “ecology of power” provide a
gramophones, and aircraft noise. She also looks at a
window onto how agricultural scientists and growers
twentieth-century counterpoint to complaints about
have collaborated — and struggled — in shaping
noise: the celebration of mechanical sound in avant-
this industry.
garde music composed between the two world wars.
Through these interventions, Henke argues, science
Bijsterveld argues that the rise of noise from new
has served as a mechanism of repair for industrial agri-
technology combined with overlapping noise regula-
culture. Basing his analysis on detailed ethnographic
tions created what she calls a “paradox of control.”
and historical research, Henke examines the history of
Experts and politicians promised to control some
state-sponsored farm advising — in particular, its roots
noise, but left other noise problems up to citizens.
in Progressive Era politics — and looks at both past
Aircraft noise, for example, measured in formulas
and present practices by farm advisors in the Salinas
understandable only by specialists, was subject to
public regulation; the sounds of noisy neighborhoods Valley. He goes on to examine specific examples,
were the responsibility of residents themselves. In including the resolution of a farm labor crisis during
addition, Bijsterveld notes, the spatial character of World War II at the Spreckels Sugar Company, the use
anti-noise interventions that impose zones and draw of field trials for promoting new farming practices, and
maps, despite the ability of sound to cross borders and farm advisors’ and growers’ responses to environmental
boundaries, has helped keep noise a public problem. issues. Beyond this, Henke argues that the concept of
We have tried to create islands of silence, she writes, repair is broadly applicable to other cases and that
yet we have left a sea of sounds to be fiercely discussed. expertise can be deployed more generally to encourage
Karin Bijsterveld is Professor of Science, Technology, and change for the future of American agriculture.
Modern Culture at the Department of Science and Technology
Studies at Maastricht University, the Netherlands. Christopher R. Henke is Assistant Professor of Sociology at
Colgate University.

August — 7 x 9, 368 pp. — 24 illus.


October — 6 x 9, 256 pp. — 17 illus.
$40.00S/£25.95 cloth
978-0-262-02639-0 $32.00S/£20.95 cloth
978-0-262-08373-7
Inside Technology series
Inside Technology series

61
PROFESSIONAL
environment/political science environment/political science

NATURAL EXPERIMENTS WATER, PLACE, AND EQUITY


Ecosystem-Based Management edited by John M. Whiteley, Helen Ingram,
and the Environment and Richard Warren Perry
Judith A. Layzer Many predict that by the end of this century water
Scholars, scientists, and policymakers have hailed will dominate world natural resources politics as oil
ecosystem-based management (EBM) as a remedy does today. Access to water is widely regarded as a
for the perceived shortcomings of the centralized, top- basic human right, and was declared so by the United
down, expert-driven environmental regulatory frame- Nations in 1992. And yet the water crisis grows:
work established in the United States in the late 1960s although the total volume of water on the planet may
and early 1970s. EBM entails collaborative, landscape- be sufficient for our needs, much of it is misallocated,
scale planning and flexible, adaptive implementation. wasted, or polluted, and the poorest of the poor live in
But although scholars have analyzed aspects of EBM arid areas where water is scarce. The coming decade
for more than a decade, until now there has been no will require new perspectives on water resources and
systematic empirical study of the overall approach. In reconsideration of the principles of water governance
Natural Experiments, Judith Layzer provides a detailed and policy.
assessment of whether EBM delivers in practice the Water, Place, and Equity argues that fairness in the
environmental benefits it promises in theory. She does allocation of water will be a cornerstone to a more
this by examining four nationally known EBM initia- equitable and secure future for humankind. With
tives (the Balcones Canyonlands Conservation Program analyses and case studies, it demonstrates that consid-
in Austin, Texas, the San Diego Multiple Species erations of equity are more important in formulating
Program, the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration and evaluating water policy than the more commonly
Plan, and the California Bay-Delta Program) and three invoked notions of efficiency and markets.
comparison cases that used more conventional regula- The case studies through which the book explores
tory approaches (Arizona’s Sonoran Desert issues of water equity range from cost and benefit
Conservation Plan and efforts to restore Florida’s disparities that result from Southern California’s
Kissimmee River and California’s Mono Basin). storm water runoff policies to the privatization of
Layzer concludes that projects that set goals based water in Bolivia. In a final chapter, Water, Place, and
on stakeholder collaboration, rather than through con- Equity considers broader concerns — the impact of
ventional politics, are less likely to result in environ- global climate change on water resources and better
mental improvement, largely because the pursuit of ways to incorporate equity into future water policy.
consensus drives planners to avoid controversy and CONTRIBUTORS Thomas Clay Arnold, Madeline Baer, Amy Below,
minimize short-term costs. Layzer’s resolutely practical David Feldman, Paul W. Hirt, Helen Ingram, Sheldon Kamieniecki,
focus cuts through the ideological and theoretical argu- Maria Carmen Lemos, Stephen P. Mumme, Richard Warren Perry,
Ismael Vaccaro, John M. Whiteley, Margaret Wilder
ments for and against EBM to identify strategies that
hold genuine promise for restoring the ecological John M. Whiteley is Professor of Social Ecology at the
University of California, Irvine. He is the coauthor of
resilience of our landscapes. Critical Masses: Citizens, Nuclear Weapons Production, and
Environmental Destruction in the United States and Russia
Judith A. Layzer is Associate Professor of Environmental Policy
(MIT Press, 1999). Helen Ingram is Research Fellow at the
in the Department of Urban Studies and Planning at MIT. She
Southwest Center, University of Arizona, and Professor
is the author of The Environmental Case: Translating Values
Emeritus at the University of California, Irvine. She is the
into Policy.
author or editor of many books, including Reflections on
Water: New Approaches to Transboundary Conflicts and
October — 6 x 9, 416 pp. — 7 maps Cooperation (MIT Press, 2001). Richard Warren Perry is
Professor of Justice Studies at San Jose State University.
$28.00S/£18.95 paper
978-0-262-62214-1
October — 6 x 9, 312 pp. — 7 illus.
$70.00S/£45.95 cloth
978-0-262-12298-6 $25.00S/£17.95 paper
978-0-262-73191-1
American and Comparative Environmental Policy series
$63.00S/£40.95 cloth
978-0-262-23271-5
American and Comparative Environmental Policy series

62
PROFESSIONAL
international affairs/environment international affairs/environment

THE POWER OF WORDS IN ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE


INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS The Dynamics of Atlantic Fisheries Management
Birth of an Anti-Whaling Discourse D. G. Webster
Charlotte Epstein foreword by Oran R. Young
In the second half of the twentieth century, worldwide The rapid expansion of the fishing industry in the last
attitudes toward whaling shifted from widespread century has raised major concerns over the long-term
acceptance to moral censure. Why? Whaling, once viability of many fish species. International fisheries
as important to the global economy as oil is now, had organizations have failed to prevent the overfishing of
long been uneconomical. Major species were long many stocks, but succeeded in curtailing harvests for
known to be endangered. Yet nations had continued to some key fisheries. In Adaptive Governance, D. G.
support whaling. In The Power of Words in International Webster proposes a new perspective to improve our
Relations, Charlotte Epstein argues that the change was understanding of both success and failure in interna-
brought about not by changing material interests but tional resource regimes. She develops a theoretical
by a powerful anti-whaling discourse that successfully approach, the vulnerability response framework, which
recast whales as extraordinary and intelligent endan- can increase understanding of countries’ positions on
gered mammals that needed to be saved. Epstein views the management of international fisheries based on
whaling both as an object of analysis in its own right linkages between domestic vulnerabilities and national
and as a lens for examining discursive power, and how policy positions. Vulnerability, mainly economic in this
language, materiality, and action interact to shape inter- context, acts as an indicator for domestic susceptibility
national relations. By focusing on discourse, she develops to the increasing competition associated with open
an approach to the study of agency and the construction access and related stock declines. Because of this rela-
of interests that brings non-state actors and individuals tionship, vulnerability can also be used to trace the tra-
into the analysis of international politics. jectory of nations’ positions on fisheries management as
Epstein analyzes the “society of whaling states” they seek political alternatives to economic problems.
as a set of historical practices where the dominant Webster tests this framework by using it to predict
discourse of the day legitimated the killing of whales national positions for eight cases drawn from the
rather than their protection. She then looks at this International Commission for the Conservation of
whaling world’s mirror image: the rise from the Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT). These studies reveal that
political margins of an anti-whaling discourse, there is considerable variance in the management meas-
which orchestrated one of the first successful global ures ICCAT has adopted and that much of this vari-
environmental campaigns, in which saving the whales ance can be traced to vulnerability response behavior.
ultimately became shorthand for saving the planet. Little attention has been paid to the ways in which
Finally, she considers the continued dominance of international regimes change over time. Webster’s
a now taken-for-granted anti-whaling discourse, innovative approach illuminates the pressures for
including its creation of identity categories that align change that are generated by economic competition
with and sustain the existing international political and overexploitation in Atlantic fisheries. Her work
order. Epstein’s synthesis of discourse, power, and also identifies patterns of adaptive governance, as
identity politics brings the fields of international national responses to such pressures culminate in
relations theory and global environmental politics patterns of change in international management.
into a fruitful dialogue that benefits both. D. G. Webster is a Researcher at the Wrigley Institute for
Environmental Studies at the University of Southern California.
Charlotte Epstein is Assistant Professor in the Department
of Government and International Relations at the University
of Sydney. November — 6 x 9, 376 pp. — 47 illus.
$27.00S/£17.95 paper
November — 6 x 9, 344 pp. — 4 illus. 978-0-262-73192-8
$26.00S/£16.95 paper $67.00S/£43.95 cloth
978-0-262-55069-7 978-0-262-23270-8
$65.00S/£41.95 cloth Global Environmental Accord: Strategies for Sustainability
978-0-262-05092-0 and Institutional Innovation series
Politics, Science, and the Environment series
63
PROFESSIONAL
environment/political science environment/political science

INSTITUTIONS AND POLITICAL THEORY AND


ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
Principal Findings, Applications, edited by Steve Vanderheiden
and Research Frontiers foreword by John Barry
edited by Oran R. Young, Leslie A. King, Climate change will shape the political, economic, and
and Heike Schroeder
cultural landscape as surely as it shapes the natural
Studies show that institutions play a role both in caus- landscape. It challenges our existing political institutions,
ing and in addressing problems arising from human- ethical theories, and ways of conceptualizing the human
environment interactions. But the nature of this role is relationship to the environment, it defies current princi-
complex and not easily described. This book presents an ples of distributive justice, transcends current discourses
overview of recent research on how institutions matter on rights, and disrupts our sense of place. Political
in efforts to tackle such environmental problems as the Theory and Global Climate Change argues that the con-
loss of biological diversity, the degradation of forests, ceptual tools of political theory can help us understand
and the overarching issue of climate change. Using the the obstacles to fair and effective global climate change
tools of the “new institutionalism” in the social sciences, policies, and this volume offers a selection of innovative
the book treats institutions as sets of rights, rules, and and integrative scholarly efforts to do so. Illuminating
decision-making procedures. Individual chapters pres- the variety of political, economic, and social problems
ent research findings and examine policy implications caused by global warming, the book applies a range of
regarding questions of causality, performance, and insti- theoretical approaches and methodologies — from
tutional design as well as the themes of institutional fit analytic philosophy and constitutional and legal theory
(or misfit), interplay, and scale. to neo-Marxism and critical theory — using climate
Institutions and Environmental Change is the prod- change as a case to test standard normative and
uct of a decade-long international research project on empirical premises.
the Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental The book first looks at distributive justice concerns
Change (IDGEC) carried out under the auspices of raised by climate change, including allocation of the
the International Human Dimensions Programme. global atmospheric commons and how to establish
The book’s policy insights demonstrate that research the basis for a fair and effective global climate policy
on institutions can provide the basis for practical advice regime, then examines the complex relationships
on effective ways to deal with the most pressing envi- between climate change and society, including the
ronmental problems of our times. way that social institutions and practices construct,
CONTRIBUTORS Frank Biermann, Carl Folke, Victor Galaz, reinforce, aim to address, and are disrupted by climatic
Thomas Gehring, Joyeeta Gupta, Thomas Hahn, Leslie A. King, instability. Showing how political theory challenges and
Ronald B. Mitchell, Sebastian Oberthür, Per Olsson, Heike Schroeder,
is challenged by global climate change, the book both
Uno Svedin, Simon Tay, Arild Underdal, Oran R. Young
demonstrates and evaluates innovative approaches in
Oran R. Young is Professor in the Bren School of Environmental
Science and Management at the University of California,
the developing field of environmental political theory.
Santa Barbara, where he is also Codirector of the Program CONTRIBUTORS Martin J. Adamian, John Barry,
on Governance for Sustainable Development. He is the author Peter F. Cannavò, Stephen Gardiner, George Gonzalez,
of The Institutional Dimensions of Environmental Change Amy Lovecraft, Timothy W. Luke, Leigh Raymond,
(MIT Press, 2002) and many other books. Leslie A. King is
Steve Vanderheiden
Vice President, Academic, of Malaspina University-College in
British Columbia. Heike Schroeder is Tyndall Research Fellow Steve Vanderheiden is Assistant Professor of Political Science
in the Environmental Change Institute at Oxford University’s at the University of Colorado at Boulder. He is the author of
Centre for the Environment. Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change.

November — 6 x 9, 400 pp. — 5 illlus. November — 6 x 9, 280 pp. — 3 illus.


$28.00S/£18.95 paper $24.00S/£15.95 paper
978-0-262-74033-3 978-0-262-72052-6
$70.00S/£45.95 cloth $60.00S/£38.95 cloth
978-0-262-24057-4 978-0-262-22084-2

64
PROFESSIONAL
political science/international affairs urban studies/political science

GLOBAL POWERS IN DEMOCRACY AS PROBLEM SOLVING


THE 21ST CENTURY Civic Capacity in Communities
Strategy and Relations Across the Globe
edited by Alexander T. J. Lennon Xavier de Souza Briggs
and Amanda Kozlowski Complexity, division, mistrust, and “process paralysis”
Although the United States is considered the world’s can thwart leaders and others when they tackle local
only superpower, other major powers seek to strengthen challenges. In Democracy as Problem Solving, Xavier de
the roles they play on the global stage. Because of the Souza Briggs shows how civic capacity — the capacity
Iraq War and its repercussions, many countries have to create and sustain smart collective action — can be
placed an increased emphasis on multilateralism. This developed and used. In an era of sharp debate over the
new desire for a multipolar world, however, may conditions under which democracy can develop while
obscure the obvious question of what objectives other broadening participation and building community,
powerful countries seek. Few scholars and policymakers Briggs argues that understanding and building civic
have addressed the role of the other major powers in a capacity is crucial for strengthening governance and
post-9/11 world. Global Powers in the 21st Century fills changing the state of the world in the process. More
this gap, offering in-depth analyses of China, Japan, than managing a contest among interest groups or
Russia, India, and the European Union in this new spurring deliberation to reframe issues, democracy can
global context. be what the public most desires: a recipe for significant
Prominent analysts, including Zbigniew Brzezinski, progress on important problems.
C. Raja Mohan, David Shambaugh, Dmitri Trenin, Briggs examines efforts in six cities, in the United
Akio Watanabe, and Wu Xinbo, examine the policies States, Brazil, India, and South Africa, that face the
and positions of these global players from both inter- millennial challenges of rapid urban growth, economic
national and domestic perspectives. The book discusses restructuring, and investing in the next generation.
each power’s domestic politics, sources of power, post- These challenges demand the engagement of govern-
9/11 changes, relationship with the United States, ment, business, and nongovernmental sectors. And the
adjustments to globalization, and vision of its place keys to progress include the ability to combine learning
in the world. Global Powers in the 21st Century offers and bargaining continuously, forge multiple forms of
readers a clear look at the handful of actors that will accountability, and find ways to leverage the capacity
shape the world in the years ahead. of the grassroots and what Briggs terms the “grasstops,”
regardless of who initiates change or who participates
CONTRIBUTORS Franco Algieri, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Yong Deng, over time. Civic capacity, Briggs shows, can — and
Xenia Dormandy, Evan A. Feigenbaum, Michael J. Green,
Robert E. Hunter, Edward J. Lincoln, Jeffrey Mankoff, must — be developed even in places that lack traditions
C. Raja Mohan, Thomas G. Moore, Robin Niblett, George Perkovich, of cooperative civic action.
Gideon Rachman, Richard J. Samuels, Timothy M. Savage,
Teresita C. Schaffer, David Shambaugh, Robert Sutter, Xavier de Souza Briggs is Associate Professor of Sociology and
Dmitri Trenin, Celeste A. Wallander, Akio Watanabe, Wu Xinbo Urban Planning at MIT. He has worked as a community planner
and senior urban policy official. A faculty research fellow of
Harvard's Hauser Center for Nonprofit Organizations, he is also
Alexander T. J. Lennon is editor in chief of The Washington
the founder of The Community Problem-Solving Project @ MIT.
Quarterly, the journal of the Center for Strategic and
His book The Geography of Opportunity: Race and Housing
International Studies (CSIS). He is the editor of The Epicenter
Choice in Metropolitan America received a Paul Davidoff Award
of Crisis: The New Middle East (MIT Press, 2008) and other
form the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning.
Washington Quarterly Readers. Amanda Kozlowski is associate
editor of The Washington Quarterly.
September — 6 x 9, 384 pp. — 13 illus.
September — 6 x 9, 432 pp. $28.00S/£18.95 paper
$28.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-52485-8
978-0-262-62218-9 $70.00S/£45.95 cloth
A Washington Quarterly Reader 978-0-262-02641-3

65
PROFESSIONAL
bioethics/health policy biology

CONFLICTS OF CONSCIENCE PROTOCELLS


IN HEALTH CARE Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter
An Institutional Compromise edited by Steen Rasmussen, Mark A. Bedau,
Holly Fernandez Lynch Liaohai Chen, David Deamer, David C. Krakauer,
Norman H. Packard, and Peter F. Stadler
Physicians in the United States who refuse to perform a
variety of legally permissible medical services because of Protocells offers a comprehensive resource on current
their own moral objections are often protected by “con- attempts to create simple forms of life from scratch in
science clauses.” These laws, on the books in nearly the laboratory. These minimal versions of cells, known
every state since the legalization of abortion by Roe v. as protocells, are entities with lifelike properties created
Wade, shield physicians and other health professionals from nonliving materials, and the book provides in-depth
from such potential consequences of refusal as liability investigations of processes at the interface between
and dismissal. While some praise conscience clauses as nonliving and living matter. Chapters by experts in the
protecting important freedoms, opponents, concerned field put this state-of-the-art research in the context
with patient access to care, argue that professional of theory, laboratory work, and computer simulations
refusals should be tolerated only when they are based on the components and properties of protocells. The
on valid medical grounds. In Conflicts of Conscience in book also provides perspectives on research in related
Health Care, Holly Fernandez Lynch finds a way around areas and such broader societal issues as commercial
the polarizing rhetoric associated with this issue by applications and ethical considerations.
proposing a compromise that protects both a patient’s Protocells promises to be the essential reference for
access to care and a physician’s ability to refuse. This research on bottom-up assembly of life and living
focus on compromise is crucial, as new uses of medical technology for years to come. It is written to be both
technology expand the controversy beyond abortion resource and inspiration for scientists working in this
and contraception to reach an increasing number of exciting and important field and a definitive text for
doctors and patients. the interested layman.
Lynch argues that doctor-patient matching on the Steen Rasmussen is Scientific Team Leader for Self-Organizing
Systems at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Mark A. Bedau
basis of personal moral values would eliminate, or at is Professor of Philosophy and Humanities at Reed College,
least minimize, many conflicts of conscience, and sug- cofounder and COO of ProtoLife Srl. and the coeditor of
gests that state licensing boards facilitate this goal. Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science
(MIT Press, 2008). Liaohai Chen is a molecular biologist and
Licensing boards would be responsible for balancing Group Leader in the Biosciences Division at Argonne National
the interests of doctors and patients by ensuring a suf- Laboratory. David Deamer is Research Professor of Chemistry
and Biochemistry at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
ficient number of willing physicians such that no David C. Krakauer is Research Professor at the Santa Fe Institute.
physician’s refusal leaves a patient entirely without Norman H. Packard is cofounder and CEO of ProtoLife Srl.
access to desired medical services. This proposed solu- Peter F. Stadler is Professor of Bioinformatics at the University
of Leipzig. Rasmussen, Packard, and Stadler are External
tion, Lynch argues, accommodates patients’ freedoms Research Professors at the Santa Fe Institute.
while leaving important room in the profession for
individuals who find some of the capabilities of med- November — 7 x 9, 776 pp.
ical technology to be ethically objectionable. 20 color illus., 100 black & white illus.
$75.00S/£48.95 cloth
Holly Fernandez Lynch is an Associate in the Pharmaceuticals
978-0-262-18268-3
and Biotechnology Group at Hogan and Hartson, LLP, in
Washington, D.C.

September — 6 x 9, 358 pp. — 25 illus.


$34.00S/£21.95 cloth
978-0-262-12305-1

66
PROFESSIONAL
evolutionary biology biology/computer science

EVOLUTION OF COMMUNICATIVE BIOLOGICAL MODELING


FLEXIBILITY AND SIMULATION
Complexity, Creativity, and Adaptability in A Survey of Practical Models, Algorithms,
Human and Animal Communication and Numerical Methods
edited by D. Kimbrough Oller and Ulrike Griebel Russell Schwartz
The evolutionary roots of human communication are There are many excellent computational biology
difficult to trace, but recent comparative research suggests resources now available for learning about methods
that the first key step in that evolutionary history may that have been developed to address specific biological
have been the establishment of basic communicative systems, but comparatively little attention has been paid
flexibility — the ability to vocalize freely combined to training aspiring computational biologists to handle
with the capability to coordinate vocalization with new and unanticipated problems. This text is intended
communicative intent. The contributors to this volume to fill that gap by teaching students how to reason
investigate how some species (particularly ancient about developing formal mathematical models of bio-
hominids) broke free of the constraints of “fixed signals,” logical systems that are amenable to computational
actions that were evolved to communicate but lack the analysis. It collects in one place a selection of broadly
flexibility of language — a newborn infant’s cry, for useful models, algorithms, and theoretical analysis tools
example, always signals distress and has a stereotypical normally found scattered among many other disci-
form not modifiable by the crying baby. Fundamentally, plines. It thereby gives the aspiring student a bag of
the contributors ask what communicative flexibility is tricks that will serve him or her well in modeling prob-
and what evolutionary conditions can produce it. lems drawn from numerous subfields of biology. These
The accounts offered in these chapters are notable techniques are taught from the perspective of what the
for taking the question of language origins farther practitioner needs to know to use them effectively, sup-
back in evolutionary time than in much previous work. plemented with references for further reading on more
Many contributors address the very earliest commu- advanced use of each method covered.
nicative break of the hominid line from the primate The text, which grew out of a class taught at
background; others examine the evolutionary origins of Carnegie Mellon University, covers models for opti-
flexibility in, for example, birds and marine mammals. mization, simulation and sampling, and parameter
The volume’s interdisciplinary theoretical perspectives tuning. These topics provide a general framework for
illuminate issues that are on the cutting edge of recent learning how to formulate mathematical models of
research on this topic. biological systems, what techniques are available to
D. Kimbrough Oller is Professor and Plough Chair of Excellence work with these models, and how to fit the models
in the School of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology at to particular systems. Their application is illustrated
the University of Memphis. Ulrike Griebel is an adjunct faculty by many examples drawn from a variety of biological
member of the Department of Biology at the University of
Memphis. Oller is an external faculty member and Griebel disciplines and several extended case studies that show
a member of the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and how the methods described have been applied to real
Cognition Research, Altenberg, Austria. They are the editors of
Evolution of Communications Systems: A Comparative Approach problems in biology.
(MIT Press, 2004).
Russell Schwartz is Associate Professor in the Department of
Biological Sciences at Carnegie Mellon University.
September — 7 x 9, 352 pp. — 36 illus.
$50.00S/£32.95 cloth September — 7 x 9, 408 pp. — 111 illus.
978-0-262-15121-4 $45.00S/£29.95 cloth
Vienna Series in Theoretical Biology 978-0-262-19584-3
Computational Molecular Biology series

67
PROFESSIONAL
neuroscience/vision

EYE, RETINA, AND VISUAL SYSTEM OF THE MOUSE


edited by Leo M. Chalupa and Robert W. Williams
A comprehensive guide to
Recent years have seen a burst of studies on the mouse eye and visual system,
current research, reflecting fueled in large part by the relatively recent ability to produce mice with precisely
recent technical breakthroughs defined changes in gene sequence. Mouse models have contributed to a wide
that have established the range of scientific breakthroughs for a number of ocular and neurological diseases
usefulness of the mouse model
as part of a bilateral exchange and have allowed researchers to address fundamental issues that were difficult to
between experimental and approach with other experimental models. This comprehensive guide to current
clinical research. research captures the first wave of studies in the field, with fifty-nine chapters by
leading scholars that demonstrate the usefulness of mouse models as a bridge
August between experimental and clinical research.
8 1/2 x 11, 872 pp. The opening chapters introduce the mouse as a species and research model,
264 illus. in color and black & white
discussing such topics as the mouse’s evolutionary history and the mammalian
$135.00S/£79.95 cloth visual system. Subsequent sections explore more specialized subjects, considering
978-0-262-03381-7
optics, psychophysics, and the visual behaviors of mice; the organization of the
adult mouse eye and central visual system; the development of the mouse eye
Also available (including comparisons to human development); the development and plasticity
THE VISUAL NEUROSCIENCES of retinal projections and visuotopic maps; mouse models for human eye disease
edited by Leo M. Chalupa (including glaucoma and cataracts); and the application of advanced genomic
and John S. Werner
2003, 978-0-262-03308-4
technologies (including gene therapy and genetic knockouts) to the mouse
$195.00S/£125.95 cloth visual system. Readers of this unique reference will see that the study of mouse
models has already demonstrated real translational prowess in vision research.
Leo M. Chalupa is Distinguished Professor in the Department
of Ophthalmology and the Section of Neurobiology, Physiology,
and Behavior at the University of California, Davis. He is
the coeditor of The Visual Neurosciences (MIT Press). Robert
W. Williams is Professor in the Department of Anatomy and
Neurobiology and the Dunavant Chair of Developmental
Genetics in Pediatrics and the University of Tennessee. He
is codirector of the Center of Genomics and Bioinformatics
at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center and
founding director of the Complex Trait Consortium.

“The book, Eye, Retina, and Visual System of the


Mouse examines the extensive ophthalmic research
currently being done, including: optics, psychophysics,
and visual behavior; the relationship of the eye to the
central nervous system; ocular development; development
of retinal projections to the brain; some examples of mouse
models of human eye disease; and a summary of some
advanced gene technologies. The many well-known
contributors to this book have provided good summaries
of a wide range of topics that will be useful to all who
study visual neuroscience.”
— Richard Smith, Research Scientist,
The Jackson Laboratory

68
PROFESSIONAL
neuroscience/psychology/gender studies cognitive neuroscience

SEXUALIZED BRAINS HANDBOOK OF DEVELOPMENTAL


Scientific Modeling of Emotional Intelligence COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE
from a Cultural Perspective Second Edition
edited by Nicole C. Karafyllis edited by Charles A. Nelson and Monica Luciana
and Gotlind Ulshöfer
The publication of the second edition of this handbook
The now-popular idea that emotions have an intelligent testifies to the rapid evolution of developmental cognitive
core (and the reverse, that intelligence has an emotional neuroscience as a distinct field. Brain imaging and record-
core) comes from the neurosciences and psychology. ing technologies, along with well-defined behavioral tasks
Similarly, the fundamental sexualization of the brain — — the essential methodological tools of cognitive neuro-
the new interest in “essential differences” in male and science — are now being used to study development. The
female brains and behaviors — is based on neuroscience Handbook covers basic aspects of neural development,
research and neuroimages of emotions. In Sexualized sensory and sensorimotor systems, language, cognition,
Brains, scholars from a range of disciplines reflect on emotion, and the implications of lifelong neural plasticity
the epistemological claims that emotional intelligence for brain and behavioral development.
(EI) can be located in the brain and that it is legitimate The second edition reflects the dramatic expansion
to attribute distinct kinds of emotions to the biological of the field in the seven years since the publication of
sexes. The brain, as an icon, has colonized the humani- the first edition. This new Handbook has grown from
ties and social sciences, leading to the emergence of forty-one chapters to fifty-four, all original to this edi-
such new disciplines as neurosociology, neuroeconom- tion. It places greater emphasis on affective and social
ics, and neurophilosophy. Neuroscience and psychology neuroscience — an offshoot of cognitive neuroscience
now have the power to transform not only the practice that is now influencing the developmental literature.
of science but also contemporary society. These devel- The second edition also places a greater emphasis on
opments, the essays in this volume show, will soon clinical disorders, primarily because such research is
affect the very heart of gender studies. inherently translational in nature. Finally, the book’s
Contributors examine historical views of gender, new discussions of recent breakthroughs in imaging
sex, and elite brains (the influential idea of the “genius”); genomics include one entire chapter devoted to the
techniques for representing and measuring emotions subject. The intersection of brain, behavior, and genet-
and EI (including neuroimaging and pop science); ics represents an exciting new area of inquiry, and the
the socioeconomic contexts of debates on elites, EI, second edition of this essential reference work will
and gender and the underlying power of the brain be a valuable resource for researchers interested in
as a model to legitimize social disparities. the development of brain-behavior relations in the
CONTRIBUTORS Anne Bartsch, Carmen Baumeler, context of both typical and atypical development.
Myriam Bechtoldt, Kathrin Fahlenbrach, Malte-Christian Gruber,
Michael Hagner, Bärbel Hüsing, Eva Illouz, Nicole C. Karafyllis, Charles A. Nelson is Research Director, Developmental
Carolyn MacCann, Gerald Matthews, Robert Nye, William Reddy, Medicine Center at Children’s Hospital Boston, and Professor
Richard D. Roberts, Ralf Schulze, Gotlind Ulshöfer, Moshe Zeidner of Pediatrics and Richard David Scott Chair in Pediatric
Developmental Medicine Research at Harvard Medical School.
Nicole C. Karafyllis is Assistant Professor of Philosophy and Monica Luciana is Associate Professor of Psychology and
Science and Technology Studies at Johan Wolfgang Goethe Child Development at the University of Minnesota.
University Frankfurt and University of Stuttgart. Gotlind
Ulshöfer is a postdoctoral researcher at the Johann Wolfgang First edition, winner of the 2001 Professional/Scholarly Publishing
Goethe University Frankfurt and Program Director for Annual Awards Competition presented by the Association of
Economics, Business Ethics, and Gender at the Protestant American Publishers, Inc., in the category of Single Volume
Academy Arnoldshain, Germany. Reference: Science.

November — 7 x 9, 416 pp. — 11 color illus. August — 8 x 11, 956 pp.


153 illus. in color and black & white
$50.00S/£32.95 cloth
978-0-262-11317-5 $165.00S/£94.95 cloth
978-0-262-14104-8
A Bradford Book
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience series

69
PROFESSIONAL
cognitive science cognitive science

CREATING SCIENTIFIC CONCEPTS HUMAN REASONING


Nancy Nersessian AND COGNITIVE SCIENCE
How do novel scientific concepts arise? In Creating Keith Stenning and Michiel van Lambalgen
Scientific Concepts, Nancy Nersessian seeks to answer In Human Reasoning and Cognitive Science, Keith
this central but virtually unasked question in the prob- Stenning and Michiel van Lambalgen — a cognitive
lem of conceptual change. She argues that the popular scientist and a logician — argue for the indispensability
image of novel concepts and profound insight bursting of modern mathematical logic to the study of human
forth in a blinding flash of inspiration is mistaken. reasoning. Logic and cognition were once closely con-
Instead, novel concepts are shown to arise out of the nected, they write, but were “divorced” in the past cen-
interplay of three factors: an attempt to solve specific tury; the psychology of deduction went from being
problems; the use of conceptual, analytical, and material central to the cognitive revolution to being the subject
resources provided by the cognitive-social-cultural con- of widespread skepticism about whether human reason-
text of the problem; and dynamic processes of reasoning ing really happens outside the academy. Stenning and
that extend ordinary cognition. van Lambalgen argue that logic and reasoning have
Focusing on the third factor, Nersessian draws on been separated because of a series of unwarranted
cognitive science research and historical accounts of sci- assumptions about logic.
entific practices to show how scientific and ordinary Stenning and van Lambalgen contend that psychol-
cognition lie on a continuum, and how problem-solving ogy cannot ignore processes of interpretation in which
practices in one illuminate practices in the other. Her people, wittingly or unwittingly, frame problems for
investigations of scientific practices show conceptual subsequent reasoning. The authors employ a neurally
change as deriving from the use of analogies, imagistic implementable defeasible logic for modeling part of
representations, and thought experiments, integrated this framing process, and show how it can be used to
with experimental investigations and mathematical guide the design of experiments and interpret results.
analyses. She presents a view of constructed models as They draw examples from deductive reasoning, from
hybrid objects, serving as intermediaries between targets the child's development of understandings of mind,
and analogical sources in bootstrapping processes. from analysis of a psychiatric disorder (autism), and
Extending these results, she argues that these complex from the search for the evolutionary origins of human
cognitive operations and structures are not mere aids to higher mental processes.
discovery, but that together they constitute a powerful The picture proposed is one of fast, cheap, auto-
form of reasoning — model-based reasoning — that matic but logical processes bringing to bear general
generates novelty. This new approach to mental model- knowledge on the interpretation of task, language, and
ing and analogy, together with Nersessian’s cognitive- context, thus enabling human reasoners to go beyond
historical approach, make Creating Scientific Concepts the information given. This proposal puts reasoning
equally valuable to cognitive science and philosophy back at center stage.
of science. Keith Stenning is Professor of Human Communication in
Nancy Nersessian is Regents’ Professor of Cognitive Science the School of Informatics at the University of Edinburgh.
in the School of Interactive Computing at Georgia Institute He is author of Seeing Reason and coauthor of Introduction
of Technology. She is the author of Faraday to Einstein: to Cognition and Communication (MIT Press, 2006).
Constructing Meaning in Scientific Theories, and numerous Michiel van Lambalgen is Professor of Logic and Cognitive
articles on the creative reasoning practices of scientists Science at the University of Amsterdam and coauthor of
and on science learning. The Proper Treatment of Events.

November — 6 x 9, 272 pp. — 54 figures August — 6 x 9, 392 pp. — 38 illus.

$32.00S/£20.95 cloth $42.00S/£27.95 cloth


978-0-262-14105-5 978-0-262-19583-6

A Bradford Book A Bradford Book

70
PROFESSIONAL
evolutionary psychology cognitive science/linguistics

EVOLUTION AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR ORIGINS OF HUMAN


Second Edition COMMUNICATION
John Cartwright Michael Tomasello
Evolutionary psychology occupies an important place Human communication is grounded in fundamentally
in the drive to understand and explain human behavior. cooperative, even shared, intentions. In this original
Darwinian ideas provide powerful tools to illuminate and provocative account of the evolutionary origins of
how fundamental aspects of the way humans think, human communication, Michael Tomasello connects
feel, and interact derive from reproductive interests the fundamentally cooperative structure of human
and an ultimate need for survival. In this updated and communication (initially discovered by Paul Grice)
expanded edition of Evolution and Human Behavior, to the especially cooperative structure of human
John Cartwright considers the emergence of Homo (as opposed to other primate) social interaction.
sapiens as a species and looks at contemporary issues, Tomasello argues that human cooperative communica-
such as familial relationships and conflict and coopera- tion rests on a psychological infrastructure of shared inten-
tion, in light of key theoretical principles. tionality (joint attention, common ground), evolved originally
The book covers basic concepts including natural for collaboration and culture more generally. The basic motives
and sexual selection, life history theory, and the funda- of the infrastructure are helping and sharing. Cooperative
mentals of genetics. New material will be found in motives each created different functional pressures for con-
chapters on emotion, culture, incest avoidance, ethics, ventionalizing grammatical constructions. Requesting help in
and cognition and reasoning. Two new chapters are the immediate you-and-me and here-and-now, for example,
devoted to the evolutionary analysis of mental disor- required very little grammar, but informing and sharing
ders. Students of psychology, human biology, and required increasingly complex grammatical devices.
physical and cultural anthropology will find Evolution Drawing on empirical research into gestural and
and Human Behavior a comprehensive textbook of vocal communication by great apes and human infants
great value. (much of it conducted by his own research team),
John Cartwright is Senior Lecturer and teaching fellow at the Tomasello argues further that humans’ cooperative
University of Chester, where he teaches courses on evolutionary communication emerged first in the natural gestures of
psychology, genetics and evolution, and animal behavior.
pointing and pantomiming. Conventional communica-
“This book offers a well-balanced approach to the subject of tion, first gestural and then vocal, evolved only after
evolutionary approaches to human behavior. The revised humans already possessed these natural gestures and
edition still contains more evolutionary biology than other their shared intentionality infrastructure along with
evolutionary psychology textbooks, which is a real strength. skills of cultural learning for creating and passing
The new chapter on ethics is a valuable addition, as it pres- along jointly understood communicative conventions.
ents philosophical arguments linked to an evolutionary Challenging the Chomskian view that linguistic knowl-
approach to human behavior.” edge is innate, Tomasello proposes instead that the
— Julie Coultas, Visiting Research Fellow, most fundamental aspects of uniquely human commu-
Psychology, University of Sussex nication are biological adaptations for cooperative social
interaction in general and that the purely linguistic
7 1/2 x 9 1/2, 448 pp. — 148 illus. dimensions of human communication are cultural
$36.00S paper conventions and constructions created by and passed
978-0-262-53304-1 along within particular cultural groups.
$80.00S cloth Michael Tomasello is Codirector of the Max Planck Institute
978-0-262-03380-0 for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig. He is the author of
A Bradford Book The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition and Constructing a
Language: A Usage-Based Theory of Language Acquisition.
For sale in the U.S. and dependencies and Canada only
September — 5 3/8 x 8, 400 pp.
$36.00S/£23.95 cloth
978-0-262-20177-3
Jean Nicod Lectures
A Bradford Book

71
PROFESSIONAL
philosophy

INDETERMINACY THE FUTURE OF CITIZENSHIP


The Mapped, the Navigable, and the Uncharted edited by Jose V. Ciprut
edited by Jose V. Ciprut The ongoing expansion in the field of citizenship stud-
Distinctions have been made between what is physically ies is one of the most important and remarkable recent
indeterminate out there and what is indeterminable by trends in social sciences and humanities research. This
human observation or in human action. The implica- volume examines — without advocating any ideological
tions of these insights into indeterminacy and indeter- agenda — the evolving meaning of citizenship, with an
minabilities for practical and theoretical knowledge eye to the future. The future of citizenship, they argue,
span physics, philosophy, ontology, causality, and the may be a worldwide “citizenship by voluntary associa-
philosophy of mind. In this book, contributors from tion,” paramount to a global civic interface.
a range of disciplines consider the concept of indeter-
September — 6 x 9, 432 pp.
minacy and a few varieties of indeterminability, with
$37.00S/£23.95 paper
attention to the distinctions between the two phe-
978-0-262-53312-6
nomena, appropriate approaches for examining both,
$80.00S/£51.95 cloth
and the differences vis-à-vis uncertainty, vagueness, 978-0-262-03389-3
and ambiguity.
September — 6 x 9, 432 pp. — 39 illus. FREEDOM
$37.00S/£23.95 paper Reassessment and Rephrasings
978-0-262-53311-9 edited by Jose V. Ciprut
$80.00S/£51.95 cloth Some philosophers conceive freedom as a state; others
978-0-262-03388-6
view it as an ideal. A songwriter sees it as a way of life:
“Like a bird on a wire, like a drunk in a midnight
DEMOCRATIZATIONS choir, I have tried in my way to be free.” In this cross-
Comparisons, Confrontations, and Contrasts disciplinary volume, the contributors reassess and
edited by Jose V. Ciprut rephrase the conceptualizations and theorizations of
Democracy is not in steady state and democratizations freedom and their applicability to daily life. Their
are open-ended processes; they depend on structures field-specific studies help reconcile theory and practice.
and functions in systemic contexts that idiosyncratically
September — 6 x 9, 376 pp.
evolve in tone, tenor, direction, and pace. In interlinked
$37.00S/£23.95 paper
chapters that span a number of disciplines, this volume
978-0-262-53310-2
reexamines the basic traits, the comparable outcomes,
$80.00S/£51.95 cloth
and the self-defining dynamics of some of the more 978-0-262-03387-9
widely attempted versions of democracy across the world.
The crucial question these chapters address is whether
democratization is possible without an understanding of
ETHICS, POLITICS, AND DEMOCRACY
From Primitive Principles
what is expected from a mode of citizenship inseparable
to Prospective Practices
from an ethic of freedom.
edited by Jose V. Ciprut
September — 6 x 9, 424 pp. This volume examines continuities and change in the
$37.00S/£23.95 paper normative underpinnings of both ancient and modern
978-0-262-53308-9 practices of political governance, public duties, and
$80.00S/£51.95 cloth personal responsibilities. As such, it stands at the cross-
978-0-262-03385-5
disciplinary intersection between the practice of demo-
Jose V. Ciprut is an economist, independent scholar, and the cratic citizenship and the exercise of political ethics.
author of The Art of the Feud: Reconceptualizing International
Relations and Of Fears And Foes: Security And Insecurity In A September — 6 x 9, 408 pp.
Globalizing International Political Economy. $37.00S/£23.95 paper
978-0-262-53309-6
$80.00S/£51.95 cloth
978-0-262-03386-2
72
PROFESSIONAL
philosophy psychology

PRAGMATISM AND REFERENCE PSYCHOLOGICAL AGENCY


David Boersema Theory, Practice, and Culture
Despite a recent revival of interest in pragmatist philos- edited by Roger Frie
ophy, most work in the analytic philosophy of language Agency is a central psychological phenomenon that
ignores insights offered by classical pragmatists and must be accounted for in any explanatory framework
contemporary neopragmatists. In Pragmatism and for human action. According to the diverse group of
Reference, David Boersema argues that a pragmatist scholars, researchers, and clinicians who have con-
perspective on reference presents a distinct alternative tributed chapters to this book, psychological agency
— and corrective — to the prevailing analytic views on is not a fixed entity that conforms to traditional
the topic. Boersema finds that the pragmatist approach definitions of free will but an affective, embodied, and
to reference, with alternative understandings of the relational processing of human experience. Agency is
nature of language, the nature of conceptualization and dependent on the biological, social, and cultural con-
categorization, and the nature of inquiry, is suggested in texts that inform and shape who we are. Yet agency
the work of Wittgenstein and more thoroughly devel- also involves the creation of meaning and the capacity
oped in the works of such classical and contemporary for imagining new and different ways of being and
pragmatists as Charles Peirce and Hilary Putnam. acting and cannot be entirely reduced to biology or
Boersema first discusses the descriptivist and causal culture. This generative potential of agency is central
theories of reference — the received views on the topic to the process of psychotherapy and to psychological
in analytic philosophy. Then, after considering change and development.
Wittgenstein’s approach to reference, Boersema details The chapters explore psychological agency in
the pragmatist approach to reference by nine philoso- theoretical, clinical and developmental, and social and
phers: the “Big Three,” of classical pragmatism, Peirce, cultural contexts. Psychological agency is presented as
William James, and John Dewey; three contemporary situated within a web of intersecting biophysical and
American philosophers, Putnam, Catherine Elgin, and cultural contexts in an ongoing interactive and devel-
Richard Rorty; and three important continental opmental process. Persons are seen as not only shaped
philosophers, Umberto Eco, Karl-Otto Apel, and by but also capable of fashioning and refashioning their
Jürgen Habermas. Finally, Boersema shows explicitly contexts in new and meaningful ways. The contributors
how pragmatism offers a genuinely alternative account have all trained in psychology or psychiatry, and many
of reference, presenting several case studies on the have backgrounds in philosophy; wherever possible
nature and function of names. Here, he focuses on they combine theoretical discussion with clinical
conceptions of individuation, similarity, essences, and case illustration.
sociality of language. Pragmatism and Reference will CONTRIBUTORS John Fiscalini, Roger Frie, Jill Gentile,
serve as a bridge between analytic and pragmatist Adelbert H. Jenkins, Elliot L. Jurist, Jack Martin, Arnold Modell,
approaches to such topics of shared concern as the Linda Pollock, Pascal Sauvayre, Jeff Sugarman
nature and function of language. Roger Frie is Associate Professor of Psychology at Long
Island University, Brooklyn Campus, and Assistant Clinical
David Boersema is Professor of Philosophy and Douglas C. Strain Professor of Medical Psychology at Columbia University
Chair of Natural Philosophy at Pacific University, Oregon. He is College of Physicians and Surgeons. His recent books include
the author of Philosophy of Science. Understanding Experience: Psychotherapy and Postmodernism
and Psychotherapy as a Human Science.
December — 6 x 9, 328 pp.
$36.00S/£23.95 cloth December — 6 x 9, 272 pp.
978-0-262-02660-4 $34.00S/£21.95 paper
978-0-262-56231-7
$80.00S/£51.95 cloth
978-0-262-06267-1

73
PROFESSIONAL
game studies/music

GAME SOUND
An Introduction to the History, Theory, and Practice
of Video Game Music and Sound Design
An examination of the many Karen Collins
complex aspects of game
audio, from the perspectives A distinguishing feature of video games is their interactivity, and sound plays an
of both sound design and important role in this: a player’s actions can trigger dialogue, sound effects, ambi-
music composition.
ent sound, and music. And yet game sound has been neglected in the growing
literature on game studies. This book fills that gap, introducing readers to the
October many complex aspects of game audio, from its development in early games to
8 x 9, 216 pp.
42 illus.
theoretical discussions of immersion and realism. In Game Sound, Karen Collins
draws on a range of sources — including composers, sound designers, voice-over
$28.00S/£18.95 cloth
978-0-262-03378-7 actors and other industry professionals, Internet articles, fan sites, industry con-
ferences, magazines, patent documents, and, of course, the games themselves —
to offer a broad overview of the history, theory, and production practice of video
game audio.
Game Sound has two underlying themes: how and why games are different
from or similar to film or other linear audiovisual media; and technology and
the constraints it has placed on the production of game audio. Collins focuses
first on the historical development of game audio, from penny arcades through
the rise of home games and the recent rapid developments in the industry. She
then examines the production process for a contemporary game at a large game
company, discussing the roles of composers, sound designers, voice talent, and
audio programmers; considers the growing presence
of licensed intellectual property (particularly popular
music and films) in games; and explores the function
of audio in games in theoretical terms. Finally, she
discusses the difficulties posed by nonlinearity and
interactivity for the composer of game music.
Karen Collins is Canada Research Chair at the Canadian
Centre of Arts and Technology, University of Waterloo.

74
PROFESSIONAL
technology/communications computer science

NETWORKED PUBLICS SERVICE-ORIENTED COMPUTING


edited by Kazys Varnelis edited by Dimitrios Georgakopoulos
and Michael Papazoglou
Digital media and network technologies are now part of
everyday life. The Internet has become the backbone of Service-Oriented Computing (SOC) promises a world
communication, commerce, and media; the ubiquitous of cooperating services loosely connected, creating
mobile phone connects us with others as it removes dynamic business processes and agile applications that
us from any stable sense of location. Networked Publics span organizations and platforms. As a computing
examines the ways that the social and cultural shifts paradigm, it utilizes services as fundamental elements
created by these technologies have transformed our to support rapid, low-cost development of distributed
relationships to (and definitions of ) place, culture, applications in heterogeneous environments. Realizing
politics, and infrastructure. the SOC promise requires the design of Service-
Four chapters — each by an interdisciplinary team Oriented Architectures (SOAs) that enable the devel-
of scholars using collaborative software — provide a opment of simpler and cheaper distributed applications.
synoptic overview along with illustrative case studies. In this collection, researchers from academia and indus-
The chapter on place describes how digital networks try report on recent advances in the field, exploring
enable us to be present in physical and networked approaches, technology, and research issues related to
places simultaneously (on the phone while on the developing SOAs.
road; on the Web while at a café) — often at the SOA enables service discovery, integration, and use,
expense of non-digital commitments. The chapter allowing application developers to overcome many dis-
on culture explores the growth of amateur-produced tributed enterprise computing challenges. The contrib-
and -remixed content online and the impact of these utors to this volume treat topics related to SOA and
practices on the music, anime, advertising, and news such proposed enhancements to it as Event Drive
industries. The chapter on politics examines the new Architecture (EDA) and extended SOA (xSOA) as
networked modes of bottom-up political expression well as engineering aspects of SOA-based applications.
and mobilization, and the difficulty in channeling In particular, the chapters discuss modeling of SOA-
online political discourse into productive political based applications, SOA architecture design, business
deliberation. And finally, the chapter on infrastructure process management, transactional integrity, quality of
notes the tension between openness and control in the service (QoS) and service agreements, service require-
flow of information, as seen in the current controversy ments engineering, reuse, and adaptation.
over net neutrality. An introduction by anthropologist CONTRIBUTORS L. Bahler, Boualem Benatallah,
Mizuko Ito and a conclusion by architecture theorist Christoph Bussler, F. Caruso, Fabio Casati, C. Chung, Emilia Cimpian,
Kazys Varnelis frame the chapters, giving overviews B. Falchuk, Dimitrios Georgakopoulos, Jaap Gordijn, Paul Grefen,
Jonas Grundler, Woralak Kongdenfha, Yutu Liu, Mark Little,
of the radical nature of these transformations. Heiko Ludwig, J. Micallef, Thomas Mikalsen, Adrian Mocan,
Online content including a research blog and lecture Anne HH Ngu, Bart Orriens, Savas Parastatidis, Michael Papazoglou,
videos may be found at http://www.networkedpublics.org. Barbara Pernici, Pierluigi Plebani, Isabelle Rouvellou, Quan Z. Sheng,
Halvard Skogsrud, Stefan Tai, Farouk Toumani, Pascal van Eck,
CONTRIBUTORS Walter Baer, François Bar, Anne Friedberg, Jim Webber, Roel Wieringa, Jian Yang, Liangzhao Zeng,
Shahram Ghandeharizadeh, Mizuko Ito, Mark E. Kann, Merlyna Lim, Olaf Zimmermann
Fernando Ordonez, Todd Richmond, Adrienne Russell, Marc Tuters,
Kazys Varnelis Dimitrios Georgakopoulos is Senior Scientist at Telcordia
Technologies, Austin, Texas. Michael Papazoglou is Professor of
Kazys Varnelis is Director of the Network Architecture Lab, Computer Science and Director of INFOLAB at Tilburg
Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation University, the Netherlands.
at Columbia University, and Member, Founding Faculty, at
the School of Architecture, University of Limerick.
October — 8 x 9, 416 pp. — 138 illus.
October — 7 x 9, 176 pp. — 1 illus. $55.00S/£35.95 cloth
978-0-262-07296-0
$35.00S/£22.95 cloth
978-0-262-22085-9 Cooperative Information Systems series

75
PROFESSIONAL
computer science computer science/programming languages

QUANTUM COMPUTING DESIGN CONCEPTS IN


WITHOUT MAGIC PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
Devices Franklyn A. Turbak and David K. Gifford
Zdzislaw Meglicki with Mark A. Sheldon
This text offers an introduction to quantum computing, Hundreds of programming languages are in use today
with a special emphasis on basic quantum physics, — scripting languages for Internet commerce, user
experiment, and quantum devices. Unlike many other interface programming tools, spreadsheet macros,
texts, which tend to emphasize algorithms, Quantum page format specification languages, and many others.
Computing without Magic explains the requisite quan- Designing a programming language is a metaprogram-
tum physics in some depth, and then explains the ming activity that bears certain similarities to program-
devices themselves. It is a book for readers who, having ming in a regular language, with clarity and simplicity
already encountered quantum algorithms, may ask, even more important than in ordinary programming.
“Yes, I can see how the algebra does the trick, but how This comprehensive text uses a simple and concise
can we actually do it?” By explaining the details in the framework to teach key ideas in programming language
context of the topics covered, this book strips the sub- design and implementation. The book’s unique approach
ject of the “magic” with which it is so often cloaked. is based on a family of syntactically simple pedagogical
Quantum Computing without Magic covers the languages that allow students to explore programming
essential probability calculus; the qubit, its physics, language concepts systematically. It takes as premise
manipulation and measurement, and how it can be and starting point the idea that when language behav-
implemented using superconducting electronics; iors become incredibly complex, the description of the
quaternions and density operator formalism; unitary behaviors must be incredibly simple.
formalism and its application to Berry phase manipula- The book presents a set of tools (a mathematical
tion; the biqubit, the mysteries of entanglement, metalanguage, abstract syntax, operational and denota-
nonlocality, separability, biqubit classification, and tional semantics) and uses it to explore a comprehen-
the Schroedinger's Cat paradox; the controlled-NOT sive set of programming language design dimensions,
gate, its applications and implementations; and classi- including dynamic semantics (naming, state, control,
cal analogs of quantum devices and quantum processes. data), static semantics (types, type reconstruction,
Quantum Computing without Magic can be used as polymporphism, effects), and pragmatics (compilation,
a complementary text for physics and electronic engi- garbage collection). The many examples and exercises
neering undergraduates studying quantum computing offer students opportunities to apply the foundational
and basic quantum mechanics, or as an introduction ideas explained in the text. Specialized topics and code
and guide for electronic engineers, mathematicians, that implements many of the algorithms and compila-
computer scientists, or scholars in these fields who are tion methods in the book can be found on the book’s
interested in quantum computing and how it might Web site, along with such additional material as a sec-
fit into their research programs. tion on concurrency and proofs of the theorems in the
Zdzislaw Meglicki, who holds doctorates in electronic engi-
text. The book is suitable as a text for an introductory
neering and physics, is Senior Technical Advisor to the Office graduate or advanced undergraduate programming lan-
of Vice President for Information Technology at Indiana guages course; it can also serve as a reference for
University.
researchers and practitioners.
September — 8 x 9, 448 pp. Franklyn A. Turbak is an Associate Professor in the Computer
Science Department at Wellesley College. David K. Gifford
$35.00S/£22.95 paper is Professor of Computer Science and Engineering at MIT.
978-0-262-13506-1 Mark A. Sheldon is Visiting Assistant Professor in the
Scientific and Engineering Computation series Computer Science Department at Wellesley College.

August — 8 x 10, 1200 pp. — 411 illus.


$75.00S/£43.95 cloth
978-0-262-20175-9

76
PROFESSIONAL
computer science/artificial intelligence economics

BIO-INSPIRED ARTIFICIAL REVISITING KEYNES


INTELLIGENCE Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren
Theories, Methods, and Technologies edited by Lorenzo Pecchi and Gustavo Piga
Dario Floreano and Claudio Mattiussi In 1931 distinguished economist John Maynard Keynes
New approaches to artificial intelligence spring from published a short essay, “Economic Possibilities for Our
the idea that intelligence emerges as much from cells, Grandchildren,” in his collection Essays in Persuasion.
bodies, and societies as it does from evolution, develop- In the essay, he expressed optimism for the economic
ment, and learning. Traditionally, artificial intelligence future despite the doldrums of the post-World War I
has been concerned with reproducing the abilities of years and the onset of the Great Depression. Keynes
human brains; newer approaches take inspiration from imagined that by 2030 the standard of living would be
a wider range of biological structures that that are dramatically higher; people, liberated from want (and
capable of autonomous self-organization. Examples of without the desire to consume for the sake of consump-
these new approaches include evolutionary computation tion), would work no more than fifteen hours a week,
and evolutionary electronics, artificial neural networks, devoting the rest of their time to leisure and culture. In
immune systems, biorobotics, and swarm intelligence Revisiting Keynes, leading contemporary economists
— to mention only a few. This book offers a compre- consider what Keynes got right in his essay — the rise
hensive introduction to the emerging field of biologi- in the standard of living, for example — and what he
cally inspired artificial intelligence that can be used as got wrong — such as a shortened work week and con-
an upper-level text or as a reference for researchers. sumer satiation. In so doing, they raise challenging
Each chapter presents computational approaches questions about the world economy and contemporary
inspired by a different biological system; each begins lifestyles in the twenty-first century.
with background information about the biological sys- The contributors — among them, four Nobel laure-
tem and then proceeds to develop computational mod- ates in economics — point out that although Keynes
els that make use of biological concepts. The chapters correctly predicted economic growth, he neglected
cover evolutionary computation and electronics; cellu- the problems of distribution and inequality. Keynes
lar systems; neural systems, including neuromorphic overestimated the desire of people to stop working and
engineering; developmental systems; immune systems; underestimated the pleasures and rewards of work —
behavioral systems — including several approaches to perhaps basing his idea of economic bliss on the life of
robotics, including behavior-based, bio-mimetic, epige- the English gentleman or the ideals of his Bloomsbury
netic, and evolutionary robots; and collective systems, group friends. In Revisiting Keynes, Keynes’s short essay
including swarm robotics as well as cooperative and — usually seen as a minor divertissement compared
competitive co-evolving systems. Chapters end with a to his other more influential works — becomes the
concluding overview and suggested reading. catalyst for a lively debate among some of today’s top
Dario Floreano is Director of the Laboratory of Intelligent
economists about economic growth, inequality, wealth,
Systems at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in work, leisure, culture, and consumerism.
Lausanne (EPFL). He is the coauthor of Evolutionary Robotics:
The Biology, Intelligence, and Technology of Self-Organizing CONTRIBUTORS William J. Baumol, Leonardo Becchetti,
Machines (MIT Press, 2000). Claudio Mattiussi is a researcher Gary S. Becker, Michele Boldrin, Jean-Paul Fitoussi, Robert H. Frank,
at the Laboratory of Intelligent Systems at EPFL. Richard B. Freeman, Benjamin M. Friedman, Axel Leijonhufvud,
David K. Levine, Lee E. Ohanian, Edmund S. Phelps, Luis Rayo,
Robert Solow, Joseph E. Stiglitz, Fabrizio Zilibotti
September — 8 x 9, 544 pp. — 130 illus.
Lorenzo Pecchi is Managing Director at UniCredit Markets and
$50.00S/£32.95 cloth
Investment Banking Division and Adjunct Professor at the
978-0-262-06271-8 University of Rome Tor Vergata. Gustavo Piga is Professor
Intelligent Robotics and Autonomous Agents series of Economics at the University of Rome Tor Vergata.

September — 6 x 9, 232 pp. — 7 illus.


$30.00S/£19.95 cloth
978-0-262-16249-4

77
PROFESSIONAL
economics economics

MINIMUM WAGES COMPUTATIONAL MACROECONOMICS


David Neumark and William L. Wascher FOR THE OPEN ECONOMY
Minimum wages exist in more than one hundred coun- G. C. Lim and Paul D. McNelis
tries, both industrialized and developing. The United Policymakers need quantitative as well as qualitative
States passed a federal minimum wage law in 1938 answers to pressing policy questions. Because of
and has increased the minimum wage and its coverage advances in computational methods, quantitative
at irregular intervals ever since; in addition, as of the estimates are now derived from coherent nonlinear
beginning of 2008, thirty-two states and the District dynamic macroeconomic models embodying measures
of Columbia had established a minimum wage higher of risk and calibrated to capture specific characteristics
than the federal level. Over the years, the minimum of real-world situations. This text shows how such
wage has been popular with the public, controversial in models can be made accessible and operational for
the political arena, and the subject of vigorous debate confronting policy issues.
among economists over its costs and benefits. In this The book starts with a simple setting based on
book, David Neumark and William Wascher offer a market-clearing price flexibility. It gradually incorpo-
comprehensive overview of the evidence on the eco- rates departures from the simple competitive framework
nomic effects of minimum wages. Synthesizing nearly in the form of price and wage stickiness, taxes, rigidities
two decades of their own research and reviewing other in investment, financial frictions, and habit persistence
research that touches on the same questions, Neumark in consumption.
and Wascher discuss the effects of minimum wages on Most chapters end with computational exercises;
employment and hours, the acquisition of skills, the the Matlab code for the base model can be found in
wage and income distributions, longer-term labor mar- the appendix. As the models evolve, readers are
ket outcomes, prices, and the aggregate economy. encouraged to modify the codes from the first simple
Arguing that the usual focus on employment effects is model to more complex extensions.
too limiting, they present a broader, empirically based Computational Macroeconomics for the Open Economy
inquiry that will better inform policymakers about the can be used by graduate students in economics and
costs and benefits of the minimum wage. finance as well as policy-oriented researchers.
Based on their comprehensive reading of the evi- G. C. Lim is Professorial Research Fellow at the Melbourne
dence, Neumark and Wascher argue that minimum Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, University
wages do not achieve the main goals set forth by their of Melbourne. She is the coauthor of Dynamic Economic Models
in Discrete Time: Theory and Empirical Applications and An
supporters. They reduce employment opportunities for Introduction to Dynamic Economic Models (both with Brian
less-skilled workers and tend to reduce their earnings; Ferguson). Paul D. McNelis is Robert Bendheim Chair of
Economic and Financial Policy at Fordham University Graduate
they are not an effective means of reducing poverty; School of Business Administration. He is the author of Neural
and they appear to have adverse longer-term effects on Networks in Finance: Gaining Predictive Edge in the Market.
wages and earnings, in part by reducing the acquisition
of human capital. The authors argue that policymakers October — 6 x 9, 248 pp. — 76 illus.
should instead look for other tools to raise the wages of $45.00S/£29.95 cloth
low-skill workers and to provide poor families with an 978-0-262-12306-8
acceptable standard of living.
David Neumark is Professor of Economics at the University
of California, Irvine. William L. Wascher is Associate Director
in the Division of Research and Statistics at the Federal
Reserve Board.

December — 6 x 9, 400 pp. — 50 illus.


$40.00S/£25.95 cloth
978-0-262-14102-4

78
PROFESSIONAL
economics economics

MONEY, CRISES, AND TRANSITION DEPOSIT INSURANCE


Essays in Honor of Guillermo A. Calvo AROUND THE WORLD
edited by Carmen M. Reinhart, Carlos A. Végh, Issues of Design and Implementation
and Andrés Velasco edited by Aslı Demirgüç-Kunt, Edward J. Kane,
Guillermo Calvo, one of the most influential macro- and Luc Laeven
economists of the last thirty years, has made pathbreak- Explicit deposit insurance (DI) is widely held to be a
ing contributions in such areas as time-inconsistency, crucial element of modern financial safety nets. For this
lack of credibility, stabilization, transition economies, reason, establishing a DI system is frequently recom-
debt maturity, capital flows, and financial crises. His mended by outside experts to countries undergoing
work on macroeconomic issues relevant for developing reform. Predictably, DI systems have proliferated in the
countries has set the tone for much of the research in developing world. The number of countries offering
this area and greatly influenced practitioners’ thinking explicit deposit guarantees rose from twenty in 1980 to
in Latin America, Eastern Europe, Asia, and elsewhere. eighty-seven by the end of 2003. This book challenges
In Money, Crises, and Transition, leading specialists the wisdom of encouraging countries to adopt DI with-
in Calvo’s main areas of expertise explore the themes out first repairing observable weaknesses in their insti-
behind this impressive body of work. tutional environment. The evidence and analysis
The essays take on the issues that have fascinated presented confirm that many countries would do well
Calvo most as an academic, a senior advisor at the to delay the installation of a DI system. Analysis shows
International Monetary Fund, and as the chief that many existing DI systems are not adequately
economist at the Inter-American Development Bank: designed to control possible DI-induced risk taking by
monetary and exchange rate policy (both in theory financial institutions, and the book provides advice on
and practice); financial crises; debt, taxation, and principles of good design for those countries in the
reform; and transition and growth. A final section process of adopting or reforming their DI systems.
provides a behind-the-scenes look at Calvo’s career Empirical evidence on the efficiency of real-world
and intellectual journey and includes an interview DI systems has been scarce, and analysis has focused
with Calvo himself. on the experience of developed countries. The contrib-
CONTRIBUTORS Leonardo Auernheimer, Fabrizio Coricelli,
utors to this book draw on an original cross-country
Padma Desai, Allan Drazen, Sebastian Edwards, Roque B. Fernández, dataset on DI systems and design features to examine
Stanley Fischer, Ricardo Hausmann, Bostjan Jazbec, Peter Isard, the impact of DI on banking behavior and assess
Graciela L. Kaminsky, Michael Kumhof, Amartya Lahiri,
Igal Magendzo, Enrique G. Mendoza, Frederic S. Mishkin,
the policy complications that emerge in developing
Igor Masten, Pritha Mitra, Alejandro Neut, Maurice Obstfeld, countries. Recent bank runs on loss-making banks in
Edmund S. Phelps, Assaf Razin, Carmen M. Reinhart, Germany and the United Kingdom have pushed the
Francisco Rodriguez, Efraim Sadka, Ratna Sahay, Rajesh Singh,
Evan Tanner, Carlos A. Végh, Andrés Velasco, Rodrigo Wagner
issues of DI systems back to the center of debates on
regulatory policy in both developing and industrialized
Carmen M. Reinhart is Professor of Economics at the University countries. The guiding principles identified in this
of Maryland. Carlos A. Végh is Professor of Economics at the book can contribute powerfully to that debate.
University of Maryland. Andrés Velasco, on leave as Sumitomo
Professor of International Finance and Development at CONTRIBUTORS Thorsten Beck, Modibo K. Camara,
Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, is currently Aslı Demirgüç-Kunt, Kalina Dimitrova, Stephen Haber,
serving as Chile’s Minister of Finance. All three are Research Patrick Honohan, Harry Huizinga, Edward Kane,
Associates at the National Bureau of Economic Research. Baybars Karacaovali, Randall Kroszner, Luc Laeven,
William Melick, Fernando Montes-Negret, Nikolay Nenovsky
September — 7 x 9, 504 pp. — 64 illus.
Aslı Demirgüç-Kunt is Senior Research Manager, Finance and
$75.00S/£48.95 cloth Private Sector, in the World Bank’s Development Economics
978-0-262-18266-9 Research Group. Edward J. Kane is James F. Cleary Professor
in Finance at Boston College. Luc Laeven is Senior Economist
at the World Bank.

August — 6 x 9, 408 pp. — 17 illus.


$45.00S/£29.95 cloth
978-0-262-04254-3

79
PROFESSIONAL
economics economics

THE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF EQUILIBRIUM, TRADE, AND GROWTH


HECKSCHER-OHLIN TRADE MODELS Selected Papers
A Review Lionel W. McKenzie
Robert E. Baldwin edited by Tapan Mitra and Kazuo Nishimura
No names are more closely associated with modern Influential neoclassical economist Lionel McKenzie has
trade theory than Eli Heckscher and Bertil Ohlin. made major contributions to postwar economic thought
The basic Heckscher-Ohlin proposition, according to in the fields of equilibrium, trade, and capital accumula-
which a country exports factors in abundant supply and tion. This selection of his papers traces the develop-
imports factors in scarce supply, is a key component ment of his thinking in these three crucial areas.
of modern trade theory. In this book, Robert Baldwin McKenzie’s early academic life took him to Duke,
traces the development of the HO model, describing Princeton, Oxford, the University of Chicago, and
the historical twists and turns that have led to the basic the Cowles Commission. In 1957, he went to the
modern theoretical model in use today. Baldwin not University of Rochester to head the economics depart-
only presents a clear and cohesive view of the model’s ment there, and he remains at Rochester, now Wilson
evolution but also reviews the results of empirical tests Professor Emeritus of Economics. McKenzie’s most
of its various versions. significant research was undertaken during a period
Baldwin, who published his first theoretical that saw the development of the major themes of neo-
article on the HO model in 1948, first surveys the classical economics and the use of fundamental mathe-
development of the HO model and then assesses matical methods to do so. McKenzie contributed to
empirical tests of its predictions. Most discussions both aspects of this research program. He helped shape
of empirical work on HO models confine themselves the direction of the field and, at Rochester, influenced
to the basic theorem, but Baldwin devotes a chapter generations of future scholars. In 2002, The MIT Press
to empirical tests of three related propositions: the published McKenzie’s Classical General Equilibrium
Stolper-Samuelson theorem; the Rybczynski theorem; Theory, a detailed summary of the model and method-
and the factor price equalization theorem. He concludes ology. This book, collecting his most important papers
that the formulation and testing of these later models in the form in which they were originally published,
have improved economists’ understanding of the forces can be seen as a companion to that one. The many
shaping international trade, but that many empirical state-of-the-art results achieved in McKenzie’s original
trade economists (himself included) were so enamored papers present sophisticated theoretical work that will
of the elegant but highly unrealistic factor price continue to be important to future developments in
equalization models developed from the insights of the discipline.
Heckscher and Ohlin that they have neglected investi- Lionel W. McKenzie is Wilson Professor Emeritus of Economics
gation of other models without this relationship. at the University of Rochester. Tapan Mitra is Goldwin Smith
Professor of Economics and Director of Graduate Studies in the
Robert E. Baldwin is Hilldale Professor Emeritus in the Field of Economics at Cornell University. Kazuo Nishimura is
Department of Economics at the University of Wisconsin- Professor at the Institute of Economics Research at Kyoto
Madison. He is the author or coauthor of many books, University and, since 2006, its Director. Mitra and Nishimura
including most recently The Decline of US Labor Unions and both studied under Lionel McKenzie at the University of
the Role of Trade. He is a Research Associate at the National Rochester.
Bureau of Economic Research and a member of the Council
on Foreign Relations.
November — 6 x 9, 576 pp. — 29 illus.

December — 5 3/8 x 8, 212 pp. — 12 illus. $75.00S/£48.95 cloth


978-0-262-13501-6
$35.00S/£22.95 cloth
978-0-262-02656-7
Ohlin Lectures series Also available
CLASSICAL GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM THEORY
Lionel W. McKenzie
2005, 978-0-262-63330-7
$22.00S/£14.95 paper

80
PROFESSIONAL
economics/education economics/race studies

SCHOOL CHOICE INTERNATIONAL RACE AND


Exploring Public-Private Partnerships ENTREPRENEURIAL SUCCESS
edited by Rajashri Chakrabarti Black-, Asian-, and White-Owned
and Paul E. Peterson Businesses in the United States
Public-private partnerships in education exist in various Robert W. Fairlie and Alicia M. Robb
forms around the world, in both developed and devel- Thirteen million people in the United States — roughly
oping countries. Despite this, and despite the impor- one in ten workers — own a business. And yet rates
tance of human capital for economic growth, systematic of business ownership among African Americans are
analysis has been limited and scattered, with most much lower and have been so throughout the twentieth
scholarly attention going to initiatives in the United century. In addition, and perhaps more importantly,
States. This volume helps to fill the gap, bringing businesses owned by African Americans tend to have
together recent studies on public-private partnerships lower sales, fewer employees and smaller payrolls,
in different parts of the world, including Asia, North lower profits, and higher closure rates. In contrast,
and South America, and Europe. Asian American-owned businesses tend to be more
These initiatives vary significantly in form and successful. In Race and Entrepreneurial Success, minority
structure, and School Choice International offers not only entrepreneurship authorities Robert Fairlie and Alicia
comprehensive overviews (including a cross-country Robb examine racial disparities in business perform-
analysis of student achievement) but also detailed stud- ance. Drawing on the rarely used, restricted-access
ies of specific initiatives in particular countries. Two Characteristics of Business Owners (CBO) dataset
chapters compare public and private schools in India compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau, Fairlie and Robb
and the relative efficacy of these two sectors in provid- examine in particular why Asian-owned firms perform
ing education. Other chapters examine the use of pub- well in comparison to white-owned businesses and
licly funded vouchers in Chile and Colombia, black-owned firms typically do not. They also explore
reporting promising results in Colombia but ambigu- the broader question of why some entrepreneurs are
ous findings in Chile; and student outcomes in pub- successful and others are not.
licly funded, privately managed schools (similar to After providing new comprehensive estimates of
American charter schools) in two countries: Colombia’s recent trends in minority business ownership and per-
“concession schools” and the United Kingdom’s City formance, the authors examine the importance of human
Academies Programme. Taken together, these studies capital, financial capital, and family business background
offer important insights for scholars, practitioners, and in successful business ownership. They find that a high
policymakers into the purposes, directions, and effects level of startup capital is the most important factor con-
of different public-private educational initiatives. tributing to the success of Asian-owned businesses, and
CONTRIBUTORS Felipe Barrera, Cristian Bellei, Eric P. Bettinger, that the lack of startup money for black businesses
Rajashri Chakrabarti, Geeta G. Kingdon, Michael Kremer, (attributable to the fact that nearly half of all black fami-
Norman LaRocque, Stephen Machin, Karthik Muralidharan,
Thomas Nechyba, Harry A. Patrinos, Paul E. Peterson,
lies have less than $6,000 in total wealth) contributes to
Ludger Woessmann their relative lack of success. In addition, higher educa-
tion levels among Asian business owners explain much
Rajashri Chakrabarti is an economist with the Research and
Statistics Group at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. of their success relative to both white- and African
Paul E. Peterson is Henry Lee Shattuck Professor of American-owned businesses. Finally, Fairlie and Robb
Government and Director of the Program on Education
Policy and Governance at Harvard University. He is the find that black entrepreneurs have fewer opportunities
author or editor of many books, including Schools and the than white entrepreneurs to acquire valuable pre-business
Equal Opportunity Problem, coedited with Ludger Woessmann work experience through working in family businesses.
(MIT Press, 2007).
Robert W. Fairlie is Associate Professor of Economics at the
October — 6 x 9, 288 pp. — 19 illus. University of California, Santa Cruz, and an adjunct researcher
at the RAND Corporation. Alicia M. Robb is a Research Associate
$38.00S/£24.95 cloth in Economics at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and a
978-0-262-03376-3 senior economist with Beacon Economics.

September — 6 x 9, 256 pp. — 17 illus.


$40.00S/£25.95 cloth
978-0-262-06281-7
81
PROFESSIONAL
economics/environment economics/environment/political science

STRATEGIC BARGAINING AND THE DESIGN OF CLIMATE POLICY


COOPERATION IN GREENHOUSE edited by Roger Guesnerie and Henry Tulkens
GAS MITIGATIONS Debates over post-Kyoto Protocol climate change
An Integrated Assessment Modeling Approach policy often take note of two issues: the feasibility
Zili Yang and desirability of international cooperation on climate
The impact of climate change is widespread, affecting change policies, given the failure of the United States
rich and poor countries and economies both large and to ratify Kyoto, and the very limited involvement of
small. Similarly, the study of climate change spans developing countries; and the optimal timing of climate
many disciplines, in both natural and social sciences. policies. These essays by leading international econo-
In environmental economics, leading methodologies mists in this book offer insights on both these concerns.
include integrated assessment (IA) and game theoretic The book first considers the appropriate institutions
modeling, which, despite their common premises, sel- for effective international cooperation on climate change,
dom intersect. In Strategic Bargaining and Cooperation proposing an alternative to the Kyoto arrangement and
in Greenhouse Gas Mitigations, Zili Yang connects these a theoretical framework for such a scheme. The discus-
two important approaches by incorporating various sions then turn to the stability of international environ-
game theoretic solution concepts into a well-known mental agreements, emphasizing the logic of coalition
integrated assessment model of climate change. This forming (including the applicability of game-theoretical
framework allows a more comprehensive analysis of analysis). Finally, contributors address both practical
cooperation and strategic interaction that can inform and quantitative aspects of policy design, offering
policy choices in greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation. theoretical analyses of such specific policy issues as
Yang draws on a wide range of findings from IA intertemporal aspects of carbon trade and the optimal
and game theory to offer an analysis that is accessible implementation of a sequestration policy and then
to scholars in both fields. Yang constructs a cooperative using formal mathematical models to examine policies
game of stock externality provision — the economic related to the rate of climate change, international
abstraction of climate change — within the IA frame- trade and carbon leakage, and the shortcomings of
work of the influential RICE model (developed by the standard Global Warming Potential index.
William D. Nordhaus and Zili Yang in 1996). The CONTRIBUTORS Philippe Ambrosi, David F. Bradford,
game connects the solution of an optimal control prob- Barbara Buchner, Carlo Carraro, Parkash Chander,
lem of stock externality provision with the bargaining Stéphane De Cara, Damien Demailly, A. Denny Ellerman,
Johan Eyckmans, Michael Finus, Elodie Galko, Roger Guesnerie,
of GHG mitigation quotas among the regions in Jean-Charles Hourcade, Pierre-Alain Jayet, Gilles Lafforgue,
the RICE model. Yang then compares the results of Bernard Magné, Sandrine Mathy, Michel Moreaux, Sushama Murty,
both game theoretic and conventional solutions of the William A. Pizer, Philippe Quirion, Katrin Rehdanz, P. R. Shukla,
Jaemin Song, Ian Sue Wing, Sylvie Thoron, Richard S. J. Tol,
RICE model from incentive and strategic perspectives Henry Tulkens
and, through numerical analysis of the simulation
results, demonstrates the superiority of game theoretic Roger Guesnerie is Professor at the Collège de France and
President of the Paris School of Economics. He is the author
solutions. Yang also applies the game theoretic solu- of Assessing Rational Expectations and Assessing Rational
tions of RICE to such policy-related concerns as Expectations 2 (MIT Press, 2001, 2005). Henry Tulkens is
unexpected shocks in economic/climate systems and Professor of Economics and Public Finance and a member of
the Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE)
redistribution and transfer issues in GHG mitigation at Université Catholique de Louvain.
policies. Yang’s innovative approach sheds new light on
the behavioral aspects of IA modeling and provides January — 6 x 9, 408 pp. — 54 illus.
game theoretic modeling of climate change with a $38.00S/£24.95 cloth
richer economic substance. 978-0-262-07302-8

Zili Yang is Associate Professor of Economics at CESifo Seminar Series


SUNY Binghamton.

November — 6 x 9, 216 pp. — 59 illus.


$40.00S/£25.95 cloth
978-0-262-24054-3

82
JOURNALS
architecture/design arts and humanities

DESIGN ISSUES THE NEW ENGLAND QUARTERLY


Bruce Brown, Linda Smith Rhoads, Editor
Richard Buchanan,
Dennis Doordan, and For three-quarters of a century, The New England Quarterly
Victor Margolin, editors has published the best that has
been written on New England’s
Design Issues is the first cultural, political, and social his-
American journal to examine tory. Contributions cover a range
design history, theory, and of time periods, from before
criticism. It provokes inquiry European colonization to the
into the cultural and intellec- present, and any subject germane
tual issues surrounding design. to New England’s history.
Special guest-edited issues
concentrate on particular themes, such as science and Quarterly, ISSN 0028-4866
March/ June/September/December
technology studies, design research, and design critisicm. 176 pp. per issue — 6 x 9
Quarterly, ISSN 0747-9360 http://mitpressjournals.org/neq
Winter/Spring/Summer/Autumn
112 pp. per issue — 7 x 10, illustrated
http://mitpressjournals.org/di OCTOBER
Rosalind Krauss,
Annette Michelson,
GREY ROOM George Baker, Yve-Alain Bois,
Karen Beckmanm, Benjamin H. D. Buchloh,
Branden W. Joseph, Leah Dickerman, Hal Foster,
Reinhold Martin, Denis Hollier, Mignon Nixon,
Tom McDonough, and and Malcolm Turvey, editors
Felicity D. Scott, editors Original, innovative, and
Grey Room brings together provocative, October presents the
scholarly and theoretical arti- best and most current criticism about the contemporary
cles from the fields of archi- arts, including film, painting, sculpture, photography,
tecture, art, media, and politics performance, music, and literature.
to forge a cross-disciplinary
Quarterly, ISSN 0162-2870
discourse uniquely relevant to Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall
contemporary concerns. In its first eight years, Grey Room 176 pp. per issue — 6 x 9
has published some of the most interesting and original http://mitpressjournals.org/october
work within these disciplines, positioning itself at the
forefront of the most current aesthetic and critical debates.
AFRICAN ARTS
Quarterly, ISSN 1526-3819 Marla C. Berns,
Fall/Winter/Spring/Summer
128 pp. per issue — 6 3/4 x 9 1/2, illustrated
Allen F. Roberts,
http://mitpressjournals.org/greyroom Mary Nooter Roberts, and
Doran H. Ross, editors
African Arts is devoted to
the study and discussion of
traditional, contemporary,
and popular African arts and
Back issues of Assemblage are available! expressive cultures. Since 1967,
Back issues of Assemblage, the acclaimed critical readers have enjoyed high-quality visual depictions, cut-
journal of architecture and design culture, are available. ting-edge explorations of theory and practice, and critical
Please contact MIT Press Journals for more information dialogue. Each issue features a core of peer-reviewed
at journals-orders@mit.edu. scholarly articles.
Quarterly, ISSN 0001-9933
Spring/Summer/Fall/Winter
88-100 pp. per issue — 8 1/2 x 11, illustrated
http://mitpressjournals.org/afar

83
JOURNALS
arts and humanities political science/international affairs

DAEDALUS WORLD POLICY JOURNAL


James Miller, editor Karl E. Meyer, Editor
Founded in 1955 as the World Policy Journal is a highly respected and widely
Journal of the American cited forum on international
Academy of Arts and Sciences, relations. In addition to
Daedalus draws on the enor- policy articles, World Policy
mous intellectual capacity of Journal includes historical and
the American Academy, whose cultural essays, book reviews,
fellows are among the nation’s profiles, and reportage.
most prominent thinkers in
World Policy Journal is published
the arts, sciences, and humani- by MIT Press for the World Policy
ties. Each issue addresses a theme with six to ten original, Institute.
authoritative essays on such topics of current interest as Quarterly, ISSN 0740-2775
professions and professionals, aging, and sex. Spring/Summer/Fall/Winter
http://mitpressjournals.org/wpj
Quarterly, ISSN 0011-5266
Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall
128 pp. per issue — 7 x 10
http://mitpressjournals.org/daedalus INTERNATIONAL
SECURITY
Steven E. Miller,
LEONARDO/ editor-in-chief
LEONARDO International Security publishes
MUSIC JOURNAL lucid, well-documented essays on
Roger F. Malina, the full range of contemporary
executive editor security issues. Its articles address
Nicolas Collins, traditional topics such as war and
LMJ editor-in-chief peace, as well as more recent
Leonardo is the leading dimensions of security, including
international journal in the the growing importance of environmental, demographic,
application of contemporary science and technology to the and humanitarian issues, and the rise of global terrorist
arts and music. The companion annual journal, Leonardo networks.
Music Journal (including CD), features the latest in Quarterly, ISSN 0162-2889
music, multimedia art, sound science, and technology. Summer/Fall/Winter/Spring
200 pp. per issue — 6 3/4 x 10
Six times per year, ISSN 0024-094X
http://mitpressjournals.org/is
February/April/June/August/October/December
100 pp. per issue — 8 1/2 x 11, illustrated
http://mitpressjournals.org/leon
INNOVATIONS: TECHNOLOGYI
GOVERNANCEIGLOBALIZATION
COMPUTER MUSIC JOURNAL Innovations addresses the
Douglas Keislar, editor creative actions of social
For computer enthusiasts, musicians, composers, scientists, entrepreneurs, inventors,
and engineers, this is the public leaders and others
essential resource for contem- who use technology not
porary electronic music and only to change relationships,
computer-generated sound. but to transform governance.
An annual music disc The journal showcases its
accompanies the last articles through accounts
issue of each volume. (narratives), accounting
(indicators), and accountability
Quarterly, ISSN 0148-9267
(governance).
Spring/Summer/Fall/Winter
128 pp. per issue — Quarterly, ISSN 1558-2477
8 1/2 x 11, illustrated Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall
http://mitpressjournals.org/cmj 112 pp. per issue – 7 x 10
84 http://mitpressjournals.org/innovations
JOURNALS
economics economics

JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN THE REVIEW OF ECONOMICS


ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION AND STATISTICS
Xavier Vives, editor Alberto Abadie, Michael Greenstone, Dani Rodrik,
Journal of the European Economic and Julio J. Rotemberg (Chair), editors
Association replaces the European The Review of Economics and Statistics is a 91-year-old
Economic Review as the official general journal of applied (especially quantitative) econom-
journal of the association. ics. Edited at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of
Publishing articles of the highest Government, The Review
scientific quality, JEEA is an out- publishes the field’s most
let for theoretical and empirical important articles in empirical
work of global relevance. The economics, and, from time to
journal is committed to promot- time, symposia devoted to a
ing the EEA mission: the devel- single topic of methodological
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88
INDEX

Adaptive Governance, Webster 63 Debord, Correspondence 36


Aesthetic Computing, Fishwick 46 Defaced, Groebner 34
Akera, Calculating a Natural World 48 Demirgüç-Kunt, Deposit Insurance around the World 79
Alesina, The Future of Europe 42 Democracy as Problem Solving, Briggs 65
Alexander, Franz West 7 Democratizations, Ciprut 72
All the King's Horses, Bernstein 37 Deposit Insurance around the World, Demirgüç-Kunt 79
Always Already New, Gitelman 47 Design Concepts in Programming Languages, Turbak 76
American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science in Design of Climate Policy, The, Guesnerie 82
Europe, Krige 48 The Development and Testing of Heckscher-Ohlin Trade Models,
Baldwin 80
America's Food, Blatt 28
Digital Storytelling, McClean 45
An Engine, Not a Camera, Mackenzie 50
Drafting Culture, Johnston 16
Angotti, New York for Sale 29
Drake, Governing Global Electronic Networks 56
Anish Kapoor, Baume 5
Dunne, Hertzian Tales 44
Azoulay, The Civil Contract of Photography 33
The Economics of Consumer Credit, Bertola 51
Badlands, Markonish 4
Ekelund, The Marketplace of Christianity 43
Baldwin, The Development and Testing of Heckscher-Ohlin Trade
Models 80 Epstein, The Power of Words in International Relations 63
Baume, Anish Kapoor 5 Equilibrium, Trade, and Growth, McKenzie 80
Being Watched, Lambert-Beatty 12 Ethics, Politics, and Democracy: From Primitive Principles to
Prospective Practices, Ciprut 72
Benassy, Money, Interest, and Policy 52
Evolution and Human Behavior, second edition, Cartwright 71
Bennett, The Privacy Advocates 55
Evolution of Communicative Flexibility, Oller 67
Bernstein, All the King's Horses 37
Eye, Retina, and Visual System of the Mouse, Chalupa 68
Bertola, The Economics of Consumer Credit 51
Fairlie, Race and Entrepreneurial Success 81
Beyond Barbie and Mortal Kombat, Kafai 19
Falckenberg, Paul Thek 6
Big Archive, The Spieker 9
Fantastic Reality, Nixon 44
Big Box Reuse, Christensen 3
Fishwick, Aesthetic Computing 46
Bijsterveld, Mechanical Sound 61
Flichy, The Internet Imaginaire 46
Bio-Inspired Artificial Intelligence, Floreano 77
Floreano, Bio-Inspired Artificial Intelligence 77
Biological Modeling and Simulation, Schwartz 67
Franz West, Alexander 7
Blatt, America's Food 28
Freedom, Ciprut 72
Boersema, Pragmatism and Reference 73
Frie, Psychological Agency 73
Bradford, Solar Revolution 41
Fuel, Knechtel 11
Brain and Culture, Wexler 53
The Future of Citizenship, Ciprut 72
Brainard, Perspecta 41 "Grand Tour" 17
The Future of Europe, Alesina 42
Briggs, Democracy as Problem Solving 65
Galasso, The Political Future of Social Security in Aging Societies 51
Brown, White Heat Cold Logic 18
Game Sound, Collins 74
By Force of Thought, Kornai 43
Georgakopoulos, Service-Oriented Computing 75
Calculating a Natural World, Akera 48
Gitelman, Always Already New 47
Capital and Language, Marazzi 38
Gliboff, H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German
Cartwright, Evolution and Human Behavior, second edition 71
Darwinism 59
The Castle of Dreams, Jouvet 23
Global Catastrophes and Trends, Smil 26
Chakrabarti, School Choice International 81
Global Powers in the 21st Century, Lennon 65
Chalupa, Eye, Retina, and Visual System of the Mouse 68
Goldstein, Martin Kippenberger 8
Chaosophy, new edition, Guattari 40
Gornick, The Men in My Life 24
Christensen, Big Box Reuse 3
Governing Global Electronic Networks, Drake 56
Chun, Control and Freedom 45
The Great Lead Water Pipe Disaster, Troesken 42
Cinematic Mythmaking, Singer 32
Groebner, Defaced 34
Ciprut, Democratizations 72
Guattari, Chaosophy, new edition 40
Ciprut, Ethics, Politics, and Democracy 72
Guesnerie, The Design of Climate Policy 82
Ciprut, Freedom 72
H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism,
Ciprut, Indeterminacy 72 Gliboff 59
Ciprut, The Future of Citizenship 72 Handbook of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, second edition,
The Civil Contract of Photography, Azoulay 33 Nelson 69
CO2 Rising, Volk 1 Harmonious Triads, Jackson 50
Cohen, Three Lectures on Post-Industrial Society 31 Harper, Weather by the Numbers 59
Cohoon, Women and Information Technology 47 Hayes, Milk and Melancholy 10
Collins, Game Sound 74 Heidegger's Topology, Malpas 54
Computational Macroeconomics for the Open Economy, Lim 78 Henke, Cultivating Science, Harvesting Power 61
Conflicts of Conscience in Health Care, Lynch 66 Hepworth, Wild Costa Rica 30
Control and Freedom, Chun 45 Hertzian Tales, Dunne 44
Correspondence, Debord 36 Hommels, Unbuilding Cities 49
Creating Scientific Concepts, Nersessian 70 Honest Signals, Pentland 2
Cultivating Science, Harvesting Power, Henke 61 Horn, The Path Not Taken 49
Dauvergne, The Shadows of Consumption 27 Hot Thought, Thagard 53 89
INDEX

Hua, A Society without Fathers or Husbands 35 Pecchi, Revisiting Keynes 77


Human Reasoning and Cognitive Science, Stenning 70 Pentland, Honest Signals 2
I AM A MONUMENT, Vinegar 15 Perspecta 41 "Grand Tour", Brainard 17
The Importance of Being Iceland, Myles 39 Pinch, Living in a Material World 60
Indeterminacy, Ciprut 72 The Political Future of Social Security in Aging Societies, Galasso 51
The Inner History of Devices, Turkle 21 Political Theory and Global Climate Change, Vanderheiden 64
Insatiable Curiosity, Nowotny 57 The Power of Words in International Relations, Epstein 63
Institutions and Environmental Change, Young 64 Power Struggles, Schiffer 58
The Internet Imaginaire, , Flichy 46 Pragmatism and Reference, Boersema 73
Invented Edens, Kargon 22 The Privacy Advocates, Bennett 55
Jackson, Harmonious Triads 50 Protocells, Rasmussen 66
Johnson, Technology and Society 60 Psychological Agency, Frie 73
Johnston, Drafting Culture 16 Quantum Computing Without Magic, Meglicki 76
Jouvet, The Castle of Dreams 23 Race and Entrepreneurial Success, Fairlie 81
Kafai, Beyond Barbie and Mortal Kombat 19 Race, Incarceration, and American Values, Loury 25
Karafyllis, Sexualized Brains 69 Rasmussen, Protocells 66
Kargon, Invented Edens 22 Reinhart, Money, Crises, and Transition 79
Knechtel, Fuel 11 Revisiting Keynes, Pecchi 77
Kornai, By Force of Thought 43 Schiffer, Power Struggles 58
Krige, American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Schneider, Scientists Debate Gaia 52
Science in Europe 48 School Choice International, Chakrabarti 81
Lambert-Beatty, Being Watched 12 Schuler, Liberating Voices 56
Layzer, Natural Experiments 62 Schwartz, Biological Modeling and Simulation 67
Lennon, Global Powers in the 21st Century 65 Scientific Collaboration on the Internet, Olson 57
Liberating Voices, Schuler 56 Scientists Debate Gaia, Schneider 52
Lim, Computational Macroeconomics for the Open Economy 78 Service-Oriented Computing, Georgakopoulos 75
Living in a Material World, Pinch 60 Sexualized Brains, Karafyllis 69
Loury, Race, Incarceration, and American Values 25 The Shadows of Consumption, Dauvergne 27
Lynch, Conflicts of Conscience in Health Care 66 Singer, Cinematic Mythmaking 32
Mackenzie, An Engine, Not a Camera 50 Smil, Global Catastrophes and Trends 26
Maki, Nurturing Dreams 14 Society without Fathers or Husbands, Hua 35
Malpas, Heidegger's Topology 54 Solar Revolution, Bradford 41
Marazzi, Capital and Language 38 Spieker, The Big Archive 9
Margolis, Stuck in the Shallow End 20 Stenning, Human Reasoning and Cognitive Science 70
The Marketplace of Christianity, Ekelund 43 Strategic Bargaining and Cooperation in Greenhouse Gas
Markonish, Badlands 4 Mitigations, Yang 82
Martin Kippenberger, Goldstein 8 Stuck in the Shallow End, Margolis 20
McClean, Digital Storytelling 45 Subjectivity and Selfhood, Zahavi 54
McKenzie, Equilibrium, Trade, and Growth 80 Technology and Society, Johnson 60
Mechanical Sound, Bijsterveld 61 Thagard, Hot Thought 53
Meglicki, Quantum Computing Without Magic 76 Three Lectures on Post-Industrial Society, Cohen 31
The Men in My Life, Gornick 24 Tomasello, Origins of Human Communication 71
Milk and Melancholy, Hayes 10 Troesken, The Great Lead Water Pipe Disaster 42
Minimum Wages, Neumark 78 Turbak, Design Concepts in Programming Languages 76
Mitchell, World's Greatest Architect 13 Turkle, The Inner History of Devices 21
Money, Crises, and Transition, Reinhart 79 Unbuilding Cities, Hommels 49
Money, Interest, and Policy, Benassy 52 Vanderheiden, Political Theory and Global Climate Change 64
Myles, The Importance of Being Iceland 39 Varnelis, Networked Publics 75
Natural Experiments, Layzer 62 Vinegar, I AM A MONUMENT 15
Nelson, Handbook of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, Volk, CO2 Rising 1
second edition 69 Water, Place, and Equity, Whiteley 62
Nersessian, Creating Scientific Concepts 70 Weather by the Numbers, Harper 59
Networked Publics, Varnelis 75 Webster, Adaptive Governance 63
Neumark, Minimum Wages 78 Wexler, Brain and Culture 53
New York for Sale, Angotti 29 White Heat Cold Logic, Brown 18
Nixon, Fantastic Reality 44 Whiteley, Water, Place, and Equity 62
Nowotny, Insatiable Curiosity 57 Wild Costa Rica, Hepworth 30
Nurturing Dreams, Maki 14 Women and Information Technology, Cohoon 47
Oller, Evolution of Communicative Flexibility 67 World's Greatest Architect, Mitchell 13
Olson, Scientific Collaboration on the Internet 57 Yang, Strategic Bargaining and Cooperation in Greenhouse Gas
Origins of Human Communication, Tomasello 71 Mitigations 82
The Path Not Taken, Horn 49 Young, Institutions and Environmental Change 64
Paul Thek, Falckenberg 6 Zahavi, Subjectivity and Selfhood 54

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