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Athletics

Shot put
The double Olympic champion Tomasz Majewski.
Men's records
World Randy Barnes 23.12 m (1990)
Olympic Ulf Timmermann 22.47 m (1988)
Women's records
World Natalya Lisovskaya 22.63 m (1987)
Olympic Ilona Slupianek 22.41 m (1980)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The shot put (pronounced /t pt/) is a track and field event involving
"throwing"/"putting" (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy spherical object the
shotas far as possible. The shot put competition for men has been a part of the
modern Olympics since their revival in 1896, and women's competition began in
1948.
Contents
1 History
1.1 Legal throws
1.2 Misconceptions
2 Competition
3 Putting styles
3.1 Glide
3.2 Spin
3.3 Usage
4 Types of shots
5 World records
6 Continental records
7 Top ten performers
7.1 Men
7.2 Women
8 Olympic medalists
8.1 Men
8.2 Women
9 World Championships medalists
9.1 Men
9.2 Women
10 Season's bests
10.1 Men
10.2 Women
11 See also
12 References
13 External links
History
Homer makes mention of competitions of rock throwing by soldiers during the Siege of Troy but there is no record of any dead weights
being thrown in Greek competitions. The first evidence for stone- or weight-throwing events were in the Scottish Highlands, and date
back to approximately the first century.
[1]
In the 16th century King Henry VIII was noted for his prowess in court competitions of
weight and hammer throwing.
The first events resembling the modern shot put likely occurred in the Middle Ages when soldiers held competitions in which they
hurled cannonballs. Shot put competitions were first recorded in early 19th century Scotland, and were a part of the British Amateur
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Czechoslovakian shot putter Plihan at
the 1957 East German Indoor
Athletics Championships
Shot putter at the University of
Nebraska, 1942, showing the circle
and stopboard
Czechoslovakian shot putter
Ji Skobla showing the
correct technique for keeping
the shot near the neck
Championships beginning in 1866.
[2]
Competitors take their throw from inside a marked circle 2.135 metres (7.00 ft) in diameter,
with a stopboard about 10 centimetres (3.9 in) high at the front of the circle. The distance
thrown is measured from the inside of the circumference of the circle to the nearest mark made
in the ground by the falling shot, with distances rounded down to the nearest centimetre under
IAAF and WMA rules.
Legal throws
The following rules are adhered to for a legal throw:
Upon calling the athlete's name, they have sixty seconds to commence the throwing
motion.
The athlete may not wear gloves; IAAF rules permit the taping of individual fingers.
The athlete must rest the shot close to the neck, and keep it tight to the neck throughout
the motion.
The shot must be released above the height of the shoulder, using only one hand.
The athlete may touch the inside surface of the circle or toeboard, but must not touch the
top or outside of the circle or toeboard, or the ground beyond the circle. Limbs may
however extend over the lines of the circle in the air.
The shot must land in the legal sector (34.92) of the throwing area.
The athlete must leave the throwing circle from the back.
The athlete may enter the ring wherever they chose. Foul throws occur when an athlete:
Does not pause within the circle before beginning the throwing motion.
Does not complete the throwing movement within sixty seconds of having his or her
name called.
Allows the shot to drop below his shoulder or outside the vertical plane of his shoulder
during the put.
At any time if the shot looses contact with the neck then it is technically an illegal throw.
During the throwing motion, touches with any part of the body (including shoes):
the top or ends of the toe board
the top of the iron ring
anywhere outside the circle.
Throws a shot which either falls outside the throwing sector or touches a sector line on the initial
impact.
Leaves the circle before the shot has landed.
Does not leave from the rear half of the circle.
Misconceptions
The following are either obsolete or non-existent but commonly believed rules:
The athlete must enter the circle from the back (none of the rule books contain such a clause).
The athlete entering the circle, then exiting and re-entering it prior to starting the throw results in a foul (all the rule books allow
an athlete to leave a circle prior to starting a throw, but this still counts within the one minute time limit; the allowable method of
exiting the circle varies by rule book).
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A shot putter with a representation of
the circle and legal sector
Loose clothing, shoelaces, or long hair touching outside the circle during a throw, or an athlete bringing a towel into the circle
and then throwing it out prior to the put results in a foul (these are no longer rules or never were rulesnone of these actions
provide unfair advantage to the thrower).
Competition
Shot put competitions have been held at the modern Summer Olympic Games since their
inception in 1896, and it is also included as an event in the World Athletics Championships.
Each competition has a set number of rounds of throws. Typically there are three preliminary
rounds to determine qualification for the final, and then three more rounds in the final. Each
competitor is credited with their longest throw, regardless of whether it was achieved in the
preliminary or final rounds. The competitor with the longest legal put is declared the winner.
In open competitions the men's shot weighs 7.260 kilograms (16.01 lb), and the women's shot
weighs 4 kilograms (8.8 lb). Junior, school, and masters competitions often use different
weights of shots, typically below the weights of those used in open competitions; the individual
rules for each competition should be consulted in order to determine the correct weights to be
used.
Putting styles
Two putting styles are in current general use by shot put competitors: the glide and the spin. With all putting styles, the goal is to
release the shot with maximum forward velocity at an angle of approximately forty degrees.
Glide
The origin of the glide dates to 1951, when Parry O'Brienfrom the United States invented a technique that involved the putter facing
backwards, rotating 180 degrees across the circle, and then tossing the shot.
With this technique, a right-hand thrower would begin facing the rear of the circle, and then kick to the front with the left leg, while
pushing off forcefully with the right. As the thrower crosses the circle, the hips twist toward the front, the left arm is swung out then
pulled back tight, followed by the shoulders, and they then strike in a putting motion with their right arm. The key is to move quickly
across the circle with as little air under the feet as possible, hence the name "glide".
Spin
In 1972 Aleksandr Baryshnikov set his first USSR record using a new putting style, the spin (" " in Russian), invented by
his coach Viktor Alexeyev.
[3][4]
The spin involves rotating like a discus thrower and using rotational momentum for power. In 1976
Baryshnikov went on to set a world record of 22.00 m (72.18 ft) with his spin style, and was the first shot putter to cross the 22 metre
mark.
[5]
With this technique, a right-hand thrower faces the rear, and begins to spin on the ball of the left foot. The thrower comes around and
faces the front of the circle and drives the right foot into the middle of the circle. Finally, the thrower reaches for the front of the circle
with the left foot, twisting the hips and shoulders like in the glide, and puts the shot.
When the athlete executes the spin, the upper body is twisted hard to the right, so the imaginary lines created by the shoulders and hips
are no longer parallel. This action builds up torque, and stretches the muscles, creating an involuntary elasticity in the muscles,
providing extra power and momentum. When the athlete prepares to release, the left foot is firmly planted, causing the momentum and
energy generated to be conserved, pushing the shot in an upward and outward direction.
Another purpose of the spin is to build up a high rotational speed, by swinging the right leg initially, then to bring all the limbs in
tightly, similar to a figure skater bringing in their arms while spinning to increase their speed. Once this fast speed is achieved the shot
is released, transferring the energy into the shot put.
Usage
Currently, most top male shot putters use the spin. However the glide remains popular, especially among Olympic and World
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Champions and among women, since the technique leads to greater consistency compared to the rotational technique. Almost all
throwers start by using the glide. Tomasz Majewski notes that although most athletes use the spin,
[6]
he and some other top shot putters
achieved success using this classic method (for example he became first to defend the Olympic title in 56 years).
The world record by a male putter of 23.120 m (75 ft 10.236 in) by Randy Barnes was completed with the spin technique, while the
second-best all-time put of 23.063 m (75 ft 7.992 in) by Ulf Timmermann was completed with the glide technique.
Measuring which technique can provide the most potential is difficult, as many of the best throws recorded with each technique have
been completed by athletes under doping suspicions, or with a record of drug violations. The decision to glide or spin may need to be
decided on an individual basis, determined by the thrower's size and power. Short throwers may benefit from the spin and taller
throwers may benefit from the glide, but many throwers do not follow this guideline.
Types of shots
The shot put ball is made of different kinds of materials depending on its intended use. Materials used include iron, cast iron, solid
steel, stainless steel, brass, and synthetic materials like polyvinyl. Some metals are more dense than others making the size of the shot
vary, for example, indoor shots are larger than outdoor shots, so different materials are used to make them. There are various size and
weight standards for the implement that depend on the age and gender of the competitors as well as the national customs of the
governing body.
World records
The current world record holders are:
Type Athlete Distance Venue Date
Men
Outdoor Randy Barnes 23.12 m (75 ft 10 in) Westwood, Los Angeles, California, USA May 20, 1990
Indoor Randy Barnes 22.66 m (74 ft 4 in) Los Angeles, California, USA January 20, 1989
Women
Outdoor Natalya Lisovskaya 22.63 m (74 ft 2
3

4
in) Moscow, USSR June 7, 1987
Indoor Helena Fibingerov 22.50 m (73 ft 9
3

4
in) Jablonec, CZE February 19, 1977
Continental records
The current records held on each continent are:
[7]
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Area
Men's Women's
Distance Athlete Nation Distance Athlete Nation
Africa 21.97 m (72 ft 0
3

4
in) Janus Robberts
South
Africa
18.35 m (60 ft 2
1

4
in)
Vivian
Chukwuemeka Nigeria
Asia 21.13 m (69 ft 3
3

4
in)
Sultan
Abdulmajeed
Al-Hebshi
Saudi
Arabia
21.76 m (71 ft 4
1

2
in) Meisu Li China
Europe 23.06 m (75 ft 7
3

4
in) Ulf Timmermann
East
Germany
22.63 m (74 ft 2
3

4
in)
WR
Natalya
Lisovskaya
Soviet
Union
North and
Central
America, and
Caribbean
23.12 m (75 ft 10 in)
WR
Randy Barnes
United
States
20.96 m (68 ft 9 in) A Belsy Laza Cuba
Oceania 21.26 m (69 ft 9 in) Scott Martin
Australia
21.24 m (69 ft 8 in) Valerie Adams
New
Zealand
South
America
21.26 m (69 ft 9 in)
[8]
German Lauro
Argentina
19.30 m (63 ft 3
3

4
in)
A
Elisngela
Adriano
Brazil
Top ten performers
Accurate as of January 2014
[9][10]
Men
Rank Mark Athlete Nationality Location Date
1 23.12 m (75 ft 10 in) Randy Barnes United States UCLA May 20, 1990
2 23.06 m (75 ft 7
3

4
in) Ulf Timmermann East Germany Khania May 22, 1988
3 22.91 m (75 ft 1
3

4
in) Alessandro Andrei Italy Viareggio August 12, 1987
4 22.86 m (75 ft 0 in) Brian Oldfield United States El Paso May 10, 1975
5 22.75 m (74 ft 7
1

2
in) Werner Gnthr Switzerland Bern August 23, 1988
6 22.67 m (74 ft 4
1

2
in) Kevin Toth United States Lawrence April 19, 2003
7 22.64 m (74 ft 3
1

4
in) Udo Beyer East Germany Berlin August 20, 1986
8 22.54 m (73 ft 11
1

4
in) Christian Cantwell United States Gresham June 5, 2004
9 22.52 m (73 ft 10
1

2
in) John Brenner United States Walnut April 26, 1987
10 22.51 m (73 ft 10 in) Adam Nelson United States Gresham May 18, 2002
Women
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Rank Mark Athlete Nationality Location Date
1 22.63 m (74 ft 2
3

4
in) Natalya Lisovskaya Soviet Union Moscow June 7, 1987
2 22.45 m (73 ft 7
3

4
in) Ilona Briesenick East Germany Potsdam May 11, 1980
3 22.32 m (73 ft 2
1

2
in) Helena Fibingerov Czechoslovakia Nitra August 20, 1977
4 22.19 m (72 ft 9
1

2
in) Claudia Losch West Germany Hainfeld August 23, 1987
5 21.89 m (71 ft 9
3

4
in) Ivanka Khristova Bulgaria Belmeken July 4, 1976
6 21.86 m (71 ft 8
1

2
in) Marianne Adam East Germany Leipzig June 23, 1979
7 21.76 m (71 ft 4
1

2
in) Li Meisu China Shijiazhuang April 23, 1988
8 21.73 m (71 ft 3
1

2
in) Natalya Akhrimenko Soviet Union Leselidze May 21, 1988
9 21.69 m (71 ft 1
3

4
in) Vita Pavlysh Ukraine Budapest August 15, 1998
10 21.66 m (71 ft 0
3

4
in) Sui Xinmei China Beijing June 9, 1990
Olympic medalists
Men
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Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens Robert Garrett (USA) Miltiadis Gouskos (GRE)
Georgios
Papasideris (GRE)
1900 Paris Richard Sheldon (USA) Josiah McCracken (USA) Robert Garrett (USA)
1904 St. Louis Ralph Rose (USA) Wesley Coe (USA)
Lawrence
Feuerbach (USA)
1908 London Ralph Rose (USA) Denis Horgan (GBR) John Garrels (USA)
1912 Stockholm Pat McDonald (USA) Ralph Rose (USA) Lawrence Whitney (USA)
1920 Antwerp Ville Prhl (FIN) Elmer Niklander (FIN) Harry Liversedge (USA)
1924 Paris Bud Houser (USA) Glenn Hartranft (USA) Ralph Hills (USA)
1928 Amsterdam John Kuck (USA) Herman Brix (USA) Emil Hirschfeld (GER)
1932 Los Angeles Leo Sexton (USA) Harlow Rothert (USA) Frantiek Douda (TCH)
1936 Berlin Hans Woellke (GER) Sulo Brlund (FIN) Gerhard Stck (GER)
1948 London Wilbur Thompson (USA) Jim Delaney (USA) Jim Fuchs (USA)
1952 Helsinki Parry O'Brien (USA) Darrow Hooper (USA) Jim Fuchs (USA)
1956 Melbourne Parry O'Brien (USA) Bill Nieder (USA) Ji Skobla (TCH)
1960 Rome Bill Nieder (USA) Parry O'Brien (USA) Dallas Long (USA)
1964 Tokyo Dallas Long (USA) Randy Matson (USA) Vilmos Varj (HUN)
1968 Mexico City Randy Matson (USA) George Woods (USA) Eduard Gushchin (URS)
1972 Munich Wadysaw Komar (POL) George Woods (USA) Hartmut Briesenick (GDR)
1976 Montreal Udo Beyer (GDR) Yevgeny Mironov (URS)
Aleksandr
Baryshnikov (URS)
1980 Moscow Vladimir Kiselyov (URS)
Aleksandr
Baryshnikov (URS)
Udo Beyer (GDR)
1984 Los Angeles Alessandro Andrei (ITA) Mike Carter (USA) Dave Laut (USA)
1988 Seoul Ulf Timmermann (GDR) Randy Barnes (USA) Werner Gnthr (SUI)
1992 Barcelona Mike Stulce (USA) Jim Doehring (USA) Vyacheslav Lykho (EUN)
1996 Atlanta Randy Barnes (USA) John Godina (USA) Oleksandr Bagach (UKR)
2000 Sydney Arsi Harju (FIN) Adam Nelson (USA) John Godina (USA)
2004 Athens Adam Nelson (USA) Joachim Olsen (DEN) Manuel Martnez (ESP)
2008 Beijing Tomasz Majewski (POL) Christian Cantwell (USA) Andrei Mikhnevich (BLR)
2012 London Tomasz Majewski (POL) David Storl (GER) Reese Hoffa (USA)
Women
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Games Gold Silver Bronze
1948 London
Micheline
Ostermeyer (FRA)
Amelia Piccinini (ITA) Ina Schffer (AUT)
1952 Helsinki Galina Zybina (URS) Marianne Werner (GER)
Klavdiya
Tochenova (URS)
1956 Melbourne Tamara Tyshkevich (URS) Galina Zybina (URS) Marianne Werner (EUA)
1960 Rome Tamara Press (URS) Johanna Lttge (EUA) Earlene Brown (USA)
1964 Tokyo Tamara Press (URS) Renate Culmberger (EUA) Galina Zybina (URS)
1968 Mexico City Margitta Gummel (GDR) Marita Lange (GDR) Nadezhda Chizhova (URS)
1972 Munich Nadezhda Chizhova (URS) Margitta Gummel (GDR) Ivanka Khristova (BUL)
1976 Montreal Ivanka Khristova (BUL) Nadezhda Chizhova (URS) Helena Fibingerov (TCH)
1980 Moscow Ilona Slupianek (GDR)
Svetlana
Krachevskaya (URS)
Margitta Pufe (GDR)
1984 Los Angeles Claudia Losch (FRG) Mihaela Loghin (ROU) Gael Martin (AUS)
1988 Seoul Natalya Lisovskaya (URS) Kathrin Neimke (GDR) Li Meisu (CHN)
1992 Barcelona
Svetlana
Krivelyova (EUN)
Huang Zhihong (CHN) Kathrin Neimke (GER)
1996 Atlanta Astrid Kumbernuss (GER) Sui Xinmei (CHN)
Irina
Khudoroshkina (RUS)
2000 Sydney Yanina Karolchik (BLR) Larisa Peleshenko (RUS) Astrid Kumbernuss (GER)
2004 Athens Yumileidi Cumb (CUB) Nadine Kleinert (GER)
Not awarded
[11]
2008 Beijing Valerie Vili (NZL)
Natallia
Mikhnevich (BLR)
Nadzeya Ostapchuk (BLR)
2012 London Valerie Adams (NZL) Yevgeniya Kolodko (RUS) Gong Lijiao (CHN)
World Championships medalists
Men
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Games Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki Edward Sarul (POL) Ulf Timmermann (GDR) Remigius Machura (TCH)
1987 Rome Werner Gnthr (SUI) Alessandro Andrei (ITA) John Brenner (USA)
1991 Tokyo Werner Gnthr (SUI) Lars Arvid Nilsen (NOR)
Aleksandr
Klimenko (URS)
1993 Stuttgart Werner Gnthr (SUI) Randy Barnes (USA) Oleksandr Bagach (UKR)
1995 Gothenburg John Godina (USA) Mika Halvari (FIN) Randy Barnes (USA)
1997 Athens John Godina (USA) Oliver-Sven Buder (GER) C. J. Hunter (USA)
1999 Seville C. J. Hunter (USA) Oliver-Sven Buder (GER) Oleksandr Bagach (UKR)
2001 Edmonton John Godina (USA) Adam Nelson (USA) Arsi Harju (FIN)
2003 Saint-Denis Andrei Mikhnevich (BLR) Adam Nelson (USA) Yuriy Bilonoh (UKR)
2005 Helsinki Adam Nelson (USA) Rutger Smith (NED) Ralf Bartels (GER)
2007 Osaka Reese Hoffa (USA) Adam Nelson (USA) Andrei Mikhnevich (BLR)
2009 Berlin Christian Cantwell (USA) Tomasz Majewski (POL) Ralf Bartels (GER)
2011 Daegu David Storl (GER) Dylan Armstrong (CAN) Andrei Mikhnevich (BLR)
2013 Moscow David Storl (GER) Ryan Whiting (USA) Dylan Armstrong (CAN)
Women
Games Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki Helena Fibingerov (TCH) Helma Knorscheidt (GDR)
Ilona Schoknecht-
Slupianek (GDR)
1987 Rome Natalya Lisovskaya (URS) Kathrin Neimke (GDR) Ines Mller (GDR)
1991 Tokyo Huang Zhihong (CHN) Natalya Lisovskaya (URS)
Svetlana
Krivelyova (URS)
1993 Stuttgart Huang Zhihong (CHN)
Svetlana
Krivelyova (RUS)
Kathrin Neimke (GER)
1995 Gothenburg Astrid Kumbernuss (GER) Huang Zhihong (CHN) Svetla Mitkova (BUL)
1997 Athens Astrid Kumbernuss (GER) Vita Pavlysh (UKR) Stephanie Storp (GER)
1999 Seville Astrid Kumbernuss (GER) Nadine Kleinert (GER)
Svetlana
Krivelyova (RUS)
2001 Edmonton Yanina Karolchik (BLR) Nadine Kleinert (GER) Vita Pavlysh (UKR)
2003 Saint-Denis
Svetlana
Krivelyova (RUS)
Nadzeya Astapchuk (BLR) Vita Pavlysh (UKR)
2005 Helsinki
[12]
Olga Ryabinkina (RUS) Valerie Vili (NZL) Nadine Kleinert (GER)
2007 Osaka Valerie Vili (NZL) Nadzeya Astapchuk (BLR) Nadine Kleinert (GER)
2009 Berlin Valerie Vili (NZL) Nadine Kleinert (GER) Gong Lijiao (CHN)
2011 Daegu Valerie Adams (NZL) Nadzeya Astapchuk (BLR)
Jillian Camarena-
Williams (USA)
2013 Moscow Valerie Adams (NZL)
Christina
Schwanitz (GER)
Gong Lijiao (CHN)
Season's bests
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Men Women
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Year Distance Athlete Location
1964 20.68 m (67 ft 10 in)
Dallas
Long (USA)
Los
Angeles
1965 21.52 m (70 ft 7 in)
Randy
Matson (USA)
College
Station
1966 21.09 m (69 ft 2
1

4
in)
Randy
Matson (USA)
Los
Angeles
1967 21.78 m (71 ft 5
1

4
in)
Randy
Matson (USA)
College
Station
1968 21.30 m (69 ft 10
1

2
in)
Randy
Matson (USA)
Walnut
1969 20.64 m (67 ft 8
1

2
in)
Neal
Steinhauer (USA)
Hans-Peter
Gies (GDR)
Eugene
Budapest
1970 21.75 m (71 ft 4
1

4
in)
Randy
Matson (USA)
Berkeley
1971 21.12 m (69 ft 3
1

4
in)
Heinz-Joachim
Rothenburg (GDR)
Moscow
1972 21.54 m (70 ft 8 in)
Hartmut
Briesenick (GDR)
Potsdam
1973 21.82 m (71 ft 7 in)
Al
Feuerbach (USA)
San Jose
1974 21.70 m (71 ft 2
1

4
in)
Aleksandr
Baryshnikov (URS)
Moscow
1975 22.86 m (75 ft 0 in)
Brian
Oldfield (USA)
El Paso
1976 22.45 m (73 ft 7
3

4
in)
Brian
Oldfield (USA)
El Paso
1977 21.74 m (71 ft 3
3

4
in)
Udo
Beyer (GDR)
Dsseldorf
1978 22.15 m (72 ft 8 in)
Udo
Beyer (GDR)
Gothenburg
1979 21.74 m (71 ft 3
3

4
in)
Udo
Beyer (GDR)
Linz
1980 21.98 m (72 ft 1
1

4
in)
Udo
Beyer (GDR)
Erfurt
1981 22.02 m (72 ft 2
3

4
in)
Brian
Oldfield (USA)
Modesto
1982 22.02 m (72 ft 2
3

4
in)
Dave
Laut (USA)
Koblenz
1983 22.22 m (72 ft 10
3

4
in)
Udo
Beyer (GDR)
Los
Angeles
1984 22.19 m (72 ft 9
1

2
in)
Brian
Oldfield (USA)
San Jose
1985 22.62 m (74 ft 2
1

2
in)
Ulf
Timmermann (GDR)
Berlin
1986 22.64 m (74 ft 3
1

4
in)
Udo
Beyer (GDR)
Berlin
1987 22.91 m (75 ft 1
3

4
in)
Alessandro
Andrei (ITA)
Viareggio
Year Distance Athlete Location
1964 18.40 m (60 ft 4
1

4
in)
Tamara
Press (URS)
Minsk
1965 18.59 m (60 ft 11
3

4
in)
Tamara
Press (URS)
Kassel
1966 18.01 m (59 ft 1 in)
Tamara
Press (URS)
Auckland
1967 18.34 m (60 ft 2 in)
Nadezhda
Chizhova (URS)
Karl-Marx-Stadt
1968 19.61 m (64 ft 4 in)
Margitta
Gummel (GDR)
Mexico City
1969 20.43 m (67 ft 0
1

4
in)
Nadezhda
Chizhova (URS)

Athens
1970 19.69 m (64 ft 7 in)
Nadezhda
Chizhova (URS)
Erfurt
1971 20.43 m (67 ft 0
1

4
in)
Nadezhda
Chizhova (URS)
Moscow
1972 21.03 m (68 ft 11
3

4
in)
Nadezhda
Chizhova (URS)
Munich
1973 21.45 m (70 ft 4
1

4
in)
Nadezhda
Chizhova (URS)
Varna
1974 21.57 m (70 ft 9 in)
Helena
Fibingerov (TCH)
Gottwaldov
1975 21.60 m (70 ft 10
1

4
in)
Marianne
Adam (GDR)
Berlin
1976 21.99 m (72 ft 1
1

2
in)
Helena
Fibingerov (TCH)
Opava
1977 22.32 m (73 ft 2
1

2
in)
Helena
Fibingerov (TCH)
Nitra
1978 22.06 m (72 ft 4
1

2
in)
Ilona
Slupianek (GDR)
Berlin
1979 22.04 m (72 ft 3
1

2
in)
Ilona
Slupianek (GDR)
Potsdam
1980 22.45 m (73 ft 7
3

4
in)
Ilona
Slupianek (GDR)
Potsdam
1981 21.61 m (70 ft 10
3

4
in)
Ilona
Slupianek (GDR)
Potsdam
1982 21.80 m (71 ft 6
1

4
in)
Ilona
Slupianek (GDR)
Potsdam
1983 22.40 m (73 ft 5
3

4
in)
Ilona
Slupianek (GDR)
Berlin
1984 22.53 m (73 ft 11 in)
Natalya
Lisovskaya (URS)
Sochi
1985 21.73 m (71 ft 3
1

2
in)
Natalya
Lisovskaya (URS)
Erfurt
1986 21.70 m (71 ft 2
1

4
in)
Natalya
Lisovskaya (URS)
Tallinn
1987 22.63 m (74 ft 2
3

4
in)
Natalya
Lisovskaya (URS)
Moscow
1988 22.55 m (73 ft 11
3

4
in)
Natalya
Lisovskaya (URS)
Tallinn
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Year Distance Athlete Location
1988 23.06 m (75 ft 7
3

4
in)
Ulf
Timmermann (GDR)
Hania
1989 22.19 m (72 ft 9
1

2
in)
Ulf
Timmermann (GDR)
Berlin
1990 23.12 m (75 ft 10 in)
Randy
Barnes (USA)
Westwood
1991 22.03 m (72 ft 3
1

4
in)
Werner
Gnthr (SUI)
Oslo
1992 21.98 m (72 ft 1
1

4
in)
Gregg
Tafralis (USA)
Los Gatos
1993 21.98 m (72 ft 1
1

4
in)
Werner
Gnthr (SUI)
Linz
1994 21.09 m (69 ft 2
1

4
in)
Jim
Doehring (USA)
New York
City
1995 22.00 m (72 ft 2 in)
John
Godina (USA)
Knoxville
1996 22.40 m (73 ft 5
3

4
in)
Randy
Barnes (USA)
Rdlingen
1997 22.03 m (72 ft 3
1

4
in)
Randy
Barnes (USA)
Indianapolis
1998 21.78 m (71 ft 5
1

4
in)
John
Godina (USA)
Walnut
1999 22.02 m (72 ft 2
3

4
in)
John
Godina (USA)
Eugene
2000 22.12 m (72 ft 6
3

4
in)
Adam
Nelson (USA)
Sacramento
2001 21.97 m (72 ft 0
3

4
in)
Janus
Robberts (RSA)
Eugene
2002 22.51 m (73 ft 10 in)
Adam
Nelson (USA)
Gresham
2003 22.67 m (74 ft 4
1

2
in)
Kevin
Toth (USA)
Lawrence
2004 22.54 m (73 ft 11
1

4
in)
Christian
Cantwell (USA)
Gresham
2005 22.20 m (72 ft 10 in)
John
Godina (USA)
Carson
2006 22.45 m (73 ft 7
3

4
in)
Christian
Cantwell (USA)
Gateshead
2007 22.43 m (73 ft 7 in)
Reese
Hoffa (USA)
London
2008 22.12 m (72 ft 6
3

4
in)
Adam
Nelson (USA)
Manhattan
2009 22.16 m (72 ft 8
1

4
in)
Christian
Cantwell (USA)
Zagreb
2010 22.41 m (73 ft 6
1

4
in)
Christian
Cantwell (USA)
Eugene
2011
22.21 m (72 ft 10
1

4
in)
A
Dylan
Armstrong (CAN)
Calgary
2012 22.31 m (73 ft 2
1

4
in)
Christian
Cantwell (USA)
Champaign
Year Distance Athlete Location
1989 20.82 m (68 ft 3
1

2
in)
Li
Meisu (CHN)
Prague
1990 21.66 m (71 ft 0
3

4
in)
Sui
Xinmei (CHN)
Beijing
1991 21.12 m (69 ft 3
1

4
in)
Natalya
Lisovskaya (URS)
Frankfurt
1992 21.06 m (69 ft 1 in)
Svetlana
Krivelyova (RUS)
Barcelona
1993 20.84 m (68 ft 4
1

4
in)
Svetlana
Krivelyova (RUS)
Moscow
1994 20.54 m (67 ft 4
1

2
in)
Sui
Xinmei (CHN)
Beijing
1995 21.22 m (69 ft 7
1

4
in)
Astrid
Kumbernuss (GER)
Gothenburg
1996 20.97 m (68 ft 9
1

2
in)
Astrid
Kumbernuss (GER)
Duisburg
1997 21.22 m (69 ft 7
1

4
in)
Astrid
Kumbernuss (GER)
Hamburg
1998 21.69 m (71 ft 1
3

4
in)
Viktoriya
Pavlysh (UKR)
Budapest
1999 20.26 m (66 ft 5
1

2
in)
Svetlana
Krivelyova (RUS)
Tula
2000 21.46 m (70 ft 4
3

4
in)
Larisa
Peleshenko (RUS)
Moscow
2001 20.79 m (68 ft 2
1

2
in)
Larisa
Peleshenko (RUS)
Tula
2002 20.64 m (67 ft 8
1

2
in)
Irina
Korzhanenko (RUS)
Munich
2003 20.77 m (68 ft 1
1

2
in)
Svetlana
Krivelyova (RUS)
Tula
2004 20.79 m (68 ft 2
1

2
in)
Irina
Korzhanenko (RUS)
Tula
2005 21.09 m (69 ft 2
1

4
in)
Nadzeya
Astapchuk (BLR)
Minsk
2006 20.56 m (67 ft 5
1

4
in)
Nadzeya
Astapchuk (BLR)
Minsk
2007 20.54 m (67 ft 4
1

2
in)
Valerie
Vili (NZL)
Osaka
2008 20.98 m (68 ft 9
3

4
in)
Nadzeya
Astapchuk (BLR)
Minsk
2009 21.07 m (69 ft 1
1

2
in)
Valerie
Vili (NZL)
Thessaloniki
2010 20.95 m (68 ft 8
3

4
in)
Nadzeya
Astapchuk (BLR)
Grodno
2011 21.24 m (69 ft 8 in)
Valerie
Adams (NZL)
Daegu
2012 21.58 m (70 ft 9
1

2
in)
Nadzeya
Astapchuk (BLR)
Minsk
2013 20.90 m (68 ft 6
3

4
in)
Valerie
Adams (NZL)
London
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Wikimedia Commons has
media related to Shot put.
Year Distance Athlete Location
2013 22.28 m (73 ft 1 in)
Ryan
Whiting (USA)
Doha
See also
Pundo
Stone put
References
^ Colin White (31 December 2009). Projectile Dynamics in Sport: Principles and Applications (http://books.google.com/books?id=mm8zoQ-
GYuAC&pg=PA131). Taylor & Francis. pp. 131. ISBN 978-0-415-47331-6. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
1.
^ Shot Put - Introduction (http://www.iaaf.org/community/athletics/trackfield/newsid=9444.html). IAAF. Retrieved on 2010-02-28. 2.
^ Aleksandr Baryshnikov biography on sportsdaily.ru (in russian) (http://www.sportsdaily.ru/articles/hronograf-22508) reference tested at 11
May 2009
3.
^ Aleksandr Baryshnikov, Athlete from Russia (in russian) (http://www.atlant.ru/sport/articles/sport_star/1102003022816/index.php) reference
tested at 11 May 2009
4.
^ (), : . (http://www.iaaf-rdc.ru
/ru/docs/publication/28.htm) reference tested at 11 May 2009
5.
^ Playboy Poland 8/2012, page 44,45 6.
^ "Outdoor: Shot Put: Area Records" (http://www.iaaf.org/statistics/records/inout=O/discType=5/disc=SP/detail.html). Official website.
International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Retrieved 10 March 2011.
7.
^ http://www.chicagotribune.com/sns-rt-athletics-womendoha-resultsiss195925-20130510,0,4032158.story?page=2 8.
^ Shot Put - men - senior - outdoor (http://www.iaaf.org/records/toplists/throws/shot-put/outdoor/men/senior). IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-24. 9.
^ Shot Put - women - senior - outdoor (http://www.iaaf.org/records/toplists/throws/shot-put/outdoor/women/senior). IAAF. Retrieved on
2014-01-24.
10.
^ Athens 2004 Athletics Medalists (http://www.olympic.org/content/results-and-medalists/gamesandsportsummary/?sport=32588&
games=2004%2F1&event=32575). Olympic.org. Retrieved on 2014-04-19.
11.
^ Revision of results following sanctions of Tsikhan and Ostapchuk (http://www.iaaf.org/news/iaaf-news/ivan-tikhon-nadzeya-ostapchuk-
results-annulle)
12.
External links
IAAF shot put homepage (http://www.iaaf.org/disciplines/throws/shot-put)
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shot_put&oldid=619922842"
Categories: Shot put Events in athletics (track and field) Individual sports Sports originating in Scotland Throwing sports
Summer Olympic disciplines in athletics
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