Sei sulla pagina 1di 46



006 152 803 9

: 280
. J5 E6
:opv 1

Leaves From My

Historical Scrap Book


Barnett A. Elzas, M. D., LL. D.


Charleston, S. C.



Articles of historical interest that areworth printing, are worth preserving in per-
manent form. A newspaper article is as good as lost a year after publication. The
series of articles liere reprinted, and wliich appeared in the pages of The Sunday News
were prepared at the cost of much labor. Practically every reference has been verified.
I trust that this contribution to the history of South Carolina may not be deemed an
unworthy one. I would only add that every reference in these articles is to Tlie Courier,
except where otlierwjse noted.
Charleston, S. C, April, 1907.

1. An Tndex to the Historical Material in The Courier, 1855-1860.

2. South Carolina Loyalists— List of Obituary Notices of Revolutionary Soldiers— The

Battle of Foi't Moultrie— The Mecklenburg Ladies' Association— The Mecklenburg
"Declaration"— The Death of Francis Salvador.
3. An Address delivered before the Reformed Society of Israelites, on its Second Anni-
versary, November 1826, by Abraham Moise.
4 The First Jew in South Carolina— Notes on Simon Valentijn, Samuel Mincks, Moses
Modina, David Riz— Miscellaneous References— Early Jewish Naturalization Pa-
pers, Abraham Lyon Levi and others.
Avila, Joseph Tobias,
5. The First Confirmation Ceremony in the American Synagogue— Anent Traditions-
Early Jewish Ship Owners— The First Moise in South Carolina.
6. "Patriotic" Societies— The Petitions to Clinton— Obituary Notices of Revolutionary
Soldiers— South Carolina Loyalists— The Jews in the Revolution, &c.
7. The Synagogue of the Jews in Hasell Street— The Torbay Prisoners in 1781—Charleston
in 1774— Isaac Hayne— The Repentant Sinner— Obituary Notices of Revolutionary
Soldiers— Wedge wood China.
8. "Patriotic" Societies Once More.
9. Newspaper References to Judah P. Benjamin- Rattle Flags— John C. Calhoun— The
Burning of Columbia— Huguenots— The Mecklenburg "Declaration"— The Jews'
Lands in Abbeville -Duels and Duelling— Biographical Material— Local History—
Charleston Churches
10. Miscellaneous Confederate Material— Confederate Rosters— The Cruel Slave Owner-
Revolutionary Material — Blograpliical Material — Miscellaneous — Our Parish
Leaves from My
Historical Scrap BooI<.
By Dr Barnett A. Elzas, M. D., LL.D,

On numerous occasions and in many largely unexplored, and we have the

connections, I have called attention to material right at hand if we will only
the wonderful mass of historical ma- utilize it.

terial that we possess in South Cai'O- I will here state that the study of our
lina. This material, to our shame be ii local history has been merely an inci-
raid, has scarcely begun to be utilized. dental study with me, carried on in the
And yet it is a fact that will hardly intervals of a very busy life. But it has
brook denial, that the field of Histoi-y been a source of real delight by reason
is the most promising field, if not the of its intrinsic interest. No one can
only field that promises rich results to truly appreciate the charm of this
our own students. study until he has practically surveyea,
Success in scholarship, in its final as I have done, tiie entire field. So fas-
analysis, means nothing- moi'e than thf cinated, in fact, did I become Avith the
utilization of opportunity to the extent work, that in sp'te of myself and in
of possibility. It is the supremest part spite of the fact that my research was
of wisdom, therefore, to recognize oiir conducted with a single, definite pur-
limitations as '.veil as our uossibiliiies. pose in view, I filled my note-books
We have now nominally a Universit?/ in with many thousands of references to
South Carolina; and it should be our historical matters bearing upon the
ambition at least, to inake a beginning general history of South Carolina, quite
in that sphere of endeavor for which unconnected with the task m

the term University stands knowledge And here let me remark that the ex-
for its own sak?, rather than for the istence of these note-books, and the
use to which it is to be applied. fact that I have practically covered the
Compared with the resources of other complete files of the Newspaper Press
universities, with their munificent en- of South Carolina, have gotten me into
dowments, our own institution is in a serious trouble. There is scarcely a
condition that is in truth pitiable. Xor day that I do not receive letters asking
vvill things improv:' until a vigorous for information. I am not anxious, for
campaign is instituted, with a view of many reasons, to win repute as a Uni-
liringing home lo our wealthy citizens versal Information Bureau, for I should
the duty which lliey owe to the leading require a staff of stenographers and
ecUiCi'.tional institution of their State. typewriters to complete my equipment;
But to come back to the subject of nor do I cai'e to indulge the laziness of
my theme. In Science, in Philo.=!(.iphy, those who ought to come here and dig
in Pliilnlogy and in Literature, we arr- for themselves. 1 desire, however, to
not going to excel for a long time to call attention once more to the wonder-
come. In Hi.=tory we may excel by ful mine of historical material that is
reason of the fact that the field is to be found in tiie files of our local
newspapers, whose treasures still nw^iit —
Our City Oris^in, Early History and
the future explorer. I will limit niy Progress, August 31, 1854.
article to-day to an enumeration of Our City, Its Site Area and Popu- —
some of the good things that Ih? lation, September 7.
student can find, inter alia, in the pa-jfes Our City, Its Streets and Thorough-
of The Courier between the years 1855 fares, September 19.
and 1860.

Sonth Carolina ^VorthieH.

Onr City. same
of papers, July- De-
In the file
signed "L." are a
cember, 1855, also
Of priceless value to the student of series of biographical sketches of South
our history, ai-e a series of twenty-f>ve Carolina worthie:^. They comprise the
articles, some of which are several following:
columns in length, that appeared in Daniel Horry. September 4.
1855, under the 'neading "Our City." ''^'le Gabriel Manigault, September 7.
articles are signed "L." Taken together Christopher Gadsden, September 11.
they form the most complete story of Isaac Huger, September 14.
early South Carolina that is to be found Rawlins Loundes, September 25.
anywhere. The style of the articles 's Thomas Heyward. September 28.
charming and the marshalling of the William Bull, October 9.
facts is done in admirable fashion. Re- John Rutledge, October 11.
printed just as they are, I do not John Barnwell, October 23.
hesitate to say that they would form Benjamin Huger, October 31.
one of the most valuable volume-3 on Ralph Izard. November 9.
South Carolina that we possess. The Miles Brewton, December 25.
following comprise the series:
Primitive Sketches, July 26, 1855. Tlie I'heatre—as it Has Been and isi
Early Prospects and Anticipations. in Cliarle.ston. S. C.
July 28.
The First Half Century, August 1. On this subject, a fine series of twenty
Early Movements and Miscellanie.5 of descriptive articles appeared in th^
Trade, August 4. pages of The Courier during the years
The Indian Trail and Trade, August 1857-1859. They are to be found in th^
11. following issties:
Early Experiments and Efforts, Au- 1857,December 28, 30, 31.
gust 16. 1858,January G. 12, 19, 21, 26, 30: Feb-
The Advent of the Press, August IS. ruary 20, 25; March 2. 9; April 15; No-
Early Occupations, August 23. vtmber 25; December 14. 16, 28.
Early Business, Sites and Occupa- 1859,January 5 15.
tions, August 25. There is a seoarare arti^-le on 'The
Early Occupations (continued.) Au- Theatre," not m
connection with the
gust 29. above, in the issue of October 24, 1857.
Early Occupation, (continued,) Au-
gust :'.l. Musenni of tlie College of Cliarle.<4ton.
Legislative Provisions, September 4. We are to-day locally interested m
Our .School System. September 13. the new quarters of the Museum of the
Legislative Attempts, September 21. College of Charleston. It is worthy of
Legislative Expedients. .September 22. note that a full description of this
Experiments in Staples, September 2S. museum, its contents and sources of
The Currency. October ]3. origin, appeared in the columns of Tho
Sources of P<)oalat!on, October 24. Com-ier. in a series of fifty-eight articles
Supplies of Population, November, 8. during the years 1S56-1S5S. They occur
Classes of Population, November 21. in the following issues:
Municipal Beginnings, November 27. 1856, November S, 15.
Municipal Beginnings. November 30. 1858, March 24, 27. 31: April 7, 10, 17. 24.
Historical Hinc^ Decembe;' 5. 28; May 1, 5, 8. 12, 15, 19, 22. 26, 29; Jun?

Historical Hints Eperimental Coiisti- 2, 5, 9, 12. 16, 19, 23, 26. 30; July 3, 8. 10, 14,
tulions, December 11. August 4, 7,
17. 21, 24, 28, 31; 11, 14, IS. 21,
Evacuation Day, (topograhical.) De- 25, 28; September 1, 4, 8, 11, 15, 18, 22, 25,
cember 14. October 2. 6, 13, 23.
For the sake of completeness. I y>M11 In the issue of March 25, 1858. Prof
ad'l that three preliminary sketches ap- Francis Holmes, Curator of the Mu-
peared during the year 1S.")4. They are seum, points out an error in the I'-.sue
as follows: of March 24.
The Treaty with 1855; September 21; October 9, 23; No-
STvitaterland nncl the
Jews. vember 6, 1858; March 11, April 19, May
In 1857, there appeared a most inter- 25, June 21, July 20, September 15, 1859;
esting series of articles on the above August 7, 8, 1860.
subject. These articles are of equal Revolutionary Reminiscences, July
Interest to us to-day, by reason of the 27, 1855; October 23. 1856.
fact that the same question of the [The latter of these reminiscences
recognition of an American Passport contains a copy of a "Declaration of In-
when held by a citizen who happens to dependence," made by the Vestry of St
be of the Jewish faitii, is now pressing Paul's Church, Edenton, N. C. "It is,
for solution. Our Government has njt like the Mecklenberg Declaration an-
yet arrived at Ihat point when it pro- terior to the Declaration of Congj-ess,
tects its citizens in Russia when they preceding the latter just sixteen days."
happen to be Je-'.vs. North Carolina seems to have acquired
The articles appeared in the following the habit of declaring independence.]
issues: A, Revolutionary Anecdote, November
August 13, 19, 20, 21, 25, 29, 31; Septem- 28, 1860.
ber 3, 4, 14, 17, 1857.
Incidents of Indian Warfare, July 12,
The articles are controversial. The 1859.
fuss started with an article by Dr M. Two Revolutionary Heroines, (Eliza-
Mayer, the Rabbi of Beth Elohim, on- beth Grace and Rachel Martin,) July 7,
titled: "The First Fruit of the Treaty 1855.
between the United States and Switzer- A Revolutionary Hero, (Wilkins C.
land," in the issue of August 13, 1S57. Smith,) March 27, 1860.
This was replied to on August 19, by a
lawyer, who signs himself "A Jew." Dr General Hlntorleal Material.
Mayer replied on August 21, to be again
hammered by "A Jew" on August 'IZ. American Sympathy for Russia— The
On August 29, J. N. Cardozo, the brilli- United States Denounced, May 31, 1855.
ant editor, takes a hand, and in the suc- Mason and Dixon's Line, July 9, 18."5.
ceeding issues he engages with 'A The Palmetto Regiment, August 10,
Jew," in bitter argument. The lawyer 1S55.
makes a great parade of his supposed The Palmettos in Mexico, September
constitutional knowledge, but Canlozi. 10, October 9, 1857.
although not, as far as I know, a law- The Citadel Cadets and the Palmetto
>er, simply crushes his antagonist wit)"! Regim.ent, October 26, 1857.
his own weapons. He was certainly an List of Original Members of the Union
unrivalled controversialist. Infantry Company, 1807-1811;
In addition to such serial articles, February 21, 1857.
there are other aiticles of value, v.hicii The Right of Secession. March 28,
I shall now proceed to indicate. The 1857; and many succeeding numbers.
classification will perforce be somewhat Jackson's Birthplace, August 24, 18.53,
arbitrary. Old Letters, September 10, 15, 1858.
The French in South Carolina, .Jan-
Revolutionary Material. uary 31, 1859.
Early Times in Upper Georgia, August
Anniversary of the Battle of Fort 17, 1860.
Moultrie, June 28, 1855.
The Battle of Fort Moultrie, Juno niosraithienl Material.
30. ]856.
[A fine letter from Charles Cofes- Francis Kinloch Huger, February
worth Pinckney to his mother de- 1855.
scri!)tive of the battle. Written at Foi-tMrs Harriet Marion, April 14, 1856.
Johnson, June 29, 1776.] Langdon Chevcs, June 27, 1857.
Palmetto Day. June 28, 18.56. Gen Christopher Gadsden, July
[Many interesting data concerning 1857.
early military ifi'airs in Charles Town.J The Illness. Death and Grave of I. e-
King's MouTitain, August 10, IS'i."., gare, July 29, 30. August 1, 1S57.
SepK'inber 27, IStlO. The Pickens Family, October 15, 18 o7.
Cowperis, Apr!! 17. 1S56; February 19. The Marion Family, August 7, 185S
1857. Col Samuel Hammond, August io,
Eutaw and Cowpens. August 23, 1S60. 1 S.5S.
Eutaw, July 21, 1858: Julv 7. S. The Videau Family. September 4, 18: 8.
January 14, 1860. The Jasper Family, November 18, 18 .58.
Firesides and Facts of the Revolution, John Bellinger. M. D., September
May 15, 1858. 1860.
Revolutionary Incidents, October 15. Charles Fraser. October 6, 1860.

I^ooal History. traits and miniatures— sevral hundred

by this artist.]
Charleston in 1740, April IS, 1853.
Carolina in the Olden Time. By an Cotton.
Octogenarian Lady. Reviewed June 21,
1855. Comparative Statistics of Cotton 1843-
["It is not exactly what may be
called 1S35,by J. N. Cardozo, June 9, 1856.
a history, but It had an histovical Early Culture of Cotton, August 20,
character." StUvlcmts of South Cai-olina 1857.
history will symjDathize with the re- Early Cotton Machinery, July 30;
viewer's estimate.] August 13, 14, 1860.
The Origin of 'he Name State Street,
formerly Union Street, February 21, NnuiiMiiiatlcR.
Reminiscences of St Stephen's Parish,
The Red Cent, May 5, 1857.
[Describes a penny and a two peimy
September 3, 1838. piece struck for the Carolines in 172?.]
St James's Churcli, Goose Creek, July American Coinage and Medals, No-
23, 30; August 6, 13, 20, 27; September 3,
vember 6, 1838.
10, 1859.
Coinage of the U. S., February 9, 1839,
[A complete iiistory of this historic
A Picture of Charleston in 1860, Feb- Allseellaneons.
ruary 11, 1860.
The Last Sickness and death of Booth
Pee-Dee and its Districts. July 26, 1860.
the Tragedian, July 30, 1856.
A Hundred Years Ago, November 15,
1860. The Duty of a Freemason. Address
by Albert Pike, May 13, 1857.
The Ne'wspapep
The First Railroad in the U. S., Au-
gust 18, 1857.
The Press Autobiographical, July l-i,
Recollections of the South Carolina
1S57. Railroad, August 19, 1837.
[Contains valuable notices of early The Institution of Domestic Slavery
South Carolina interior newspapers.] and the Constitution, December 17, 1857.
Printing in South Carolina, Septem-
ber 2, 1858. The foregoing article, dry as it may
appear to some, is nothing more than
Old Gazettes, September 14. 18, 1858.
The Press of Georgia, October 28, 1S58. what its title claims for it "Leaves

from my Historn^al Scrap Book." I
trust that it is not without value. All
Tlie Legrislatiire. I intended to do by putting these notes
in order, was to indicate to some little
List of Membej-.s 1854-1858; October 22, extent the vastness of the historical
1856. material that exists in the files of onr
List of Members 1838-1860; October 21, local newspaper press. Anyone with
1858. enough patience can pursue historical
research. The work is, in my estima-
Art ill Charleston. tion, worth doing. Will my suggestion
induce some student to engage in if
The Fraser Gallery. January 9; F(;b- I do not know. Nor do I care. I have
ruary 11, 13. 14, IG, 17, 18; March 5, 1837. done my duty by throwing out the sug-
[A complete list of all known por- gestion.

[Ueprinted from the Sunday News, February 10, liKiT.J

Leaves from My
Historical Scrap Book.
By Dr Bariiett A. Elzas, M. D., LL.D.

In the Ford collection in the Lenox Subscribed an-l acknowledged at

branch of the New York Public Library Charles-Town, the 22d day of Septem-
ber, 1780, before me,
there is a very interesting voluni<s, R. W. Poweil.
whose binder's title reads: SOUTH
ALLEGIANCE. The title is a mis- I hereby and sincerely prom-
nomer. The volume, which consists of ise and swear, that I will faithfully de-
53 pages, contains merely the original mean myself as a true and loyal Sub-
oaths of allegiance of 210 men in Claarles ject of his Majesty, the
King of Great
Britain, to whose Government I will,
Town, in 1781. These men were not at all Times hereafter, be obedient;
necessarily Loyalists, and many of and, that whenever I shall be thereunto
them, we know fiom their records, were required, I will, to the utmost of my
Power, support, maintain and defend
anything but Loyalists.
the same against all Persons whatso-
In my History of the Jews of South ever; and that I will do my utmost
Carolina (pp 102-3) I have gone into a Endeavour to frustrate and prevent ail
full explanation of the attitude of those traiterous
Conspiracies and Attempts
which shall be made against his Ma-
citizens of Charles Town who took the jesty's Authority and Government, and
oath of allegiance to the British after I will faithfully disclose every Intelli-
the surrender of the town in 17S0, a list gence and Information of any such
Conspiracies, or Attempts, which shall
of whose names is to be found in the
come to my Knowledge or Belief, to
Royal South Caiolina Gazette of Sep- the persons whose particular Care and
tember 21, 1780. I will not repeat hero Duty it may be to receive the same in
what I have said, but refer those who the District in which I shall reside.
Sworn & subscribed the day of
may be interested to my book. I will 1781, before me.

only call attention to the text of the J. H. Cruger.

two oaths of allegiance exacted in 1780
and 1781, respectively. The rigor of the Lint of Sig:nerM.
latter as compared with the former In the volume in the Lenox Library
oath is well wortiiy of note: each oath is separately signed. A lew,
however, contain two signatures. Here
is the list:
Oath of AlleKiniice In 17.SO.
Adair, Robert. Bacon. William.
I do hereby acknowledge Adams, William. Balderking, George.
Alexander. James. Barlteden, John.
and declare myself to be a true and Allan, Robert. Baskin, James.
faithful Subject to His Majesty, tho Allen, Isaac. Bayle, Peter.
King of Great Britain, and that I will Ander.son, Robert. Beard, James.
r.t all Times hereafter be obedient to .\nders()n, Samuel. Bell, Robert.
Ander.son. William. Bell. William.
his Government; and that whenever I Bennet, .Vrthiir.
Armstrong. John.
shall be thereunto required, I will be .\twood. Wm. Beraud, Jn.
ready to maintain and defend the same Bacon. John. Bews, William.
against all Persons whatever. Bacon, Thoma.s. Black. Samuel.
i:!nrk, W'lUinm. Tlulton, Jn)in. Stunrt, .\dnm. Watt, Saml.
iiliUi. Tom. Hunter, Dav'id. Sutherland, Francis, Weed. Nathaniel.
lloiid, liobl. ilutton, \\ liiiam. Ta>ior, James. Weed, Reuben.
Uracil, CJoorge. Jlutcliison, Wm. Thai Cher, Barthy. Weems, James.
l{rLaK>.-al<-, iilis. W liwin, John. Thomson, James. Weems, Thos.
iJrovvii, c;on>fc-lius. Johnston, John. Toy, Dennis. Weems, William.
Brown, Malcolm. Junes. Jiii.haril. Turk, John. White, John.
Brown, Kcjberl. jLutlun. .\dam. Turnbull, Joseph. AN'hitefield. George.
Buchanan, James. Jvey, Thomas. Turpin, Matthew. Williams. Jefferson.
Cailioiin, Patrick. l^ark, John, I'rbein, John. Willson, Henry.
Cannon, William. l^aiva.v, L.ewis L. Verner, John. AVilson, Hugh.
Carithers, Math. Ivee, Andrew. Walker. William. James.
Carothers, William, J^ee, Thomas. Ware, Henr.v. ^^oods. \Vm.
(barter, Dudley. Besly, John. Watt, James. York. Richd.
Carter, John. Bittie, William, Young, Matthew.
Carter, Robert. l^ively, John.
Chalmer.s, James. Bogan, Jolin. Oljitiinry Notlcen of RevoIntioiiHry
Clicklow, John. Bousk, James, Soldiern.
Christopher, James. l^owry, Richd.
(Jlark, Alexander. Buckie, William.
Byon, James. (From the Southern Patriot.)
Clark, William.
Cochran, John. Alanson, William.
Coffey. Wm. Marberry, Thos. Capt Peter Bacot, August 17, 1S2B
Colcock, John. Martin, James. Major Thomas Butler, March 21. 1816,
Colhoun, Hugh. Martin, Robert. Col Joseph Calhoun, May 17, 1817.
Cooke, Isaac. Mathews, Philip. David Campbell, May 31. 1822.
Conrsey, James. Mayson. Jas. pjdward Conner, January 5, lS/57.
Coursey, John. Messer, Robert.
Middleton. Hugh. Elnathan Davi<5, November 1, 1836.
Coursty, ^Villiam.
Covington, Joseph. Middleton, John J. Isaac Dubose, June 1, 181o.
Covinston, Jr, Wm. Moore, John. Joseph Dulles, January 19, 1818.
Cowan, James. Moragne, E.
Morgan, Ev.'xn.
Major Gen Wm Fishburne, Nov 8, 1810.
Cowan, Jno. John Forbis. November 1829.

Crawford, Andrew. Morrow, Arthur. Gabriel Friday. June 29, 1S.30.

Crawford, Enos. Miirfe.N', John.
Crockett. Samuel. Murfey, Wm. Major wnison Glover. Dec 24, 1822.
Curry, John. Miirrch, James. (?) Major Richard Godfrey. Oct 22. 1817.
Davis. Benjamin. Mc Alaster. Aridrew. Henry Gray. July 31, 1824.
Dawson, Joseph. Mc Alister. Nathan. Capt Thos Hammond, March 17. 181S.
Dawson. Jonathan. Mc Alpin, Robert. Col Henry Hampton, Au? 11, lS2o.
Day, William. Mc Carter, Moses.
Col Andrew Heatly, May 7. 1824.
Dealwood, John. Mc Carty, William.
Dealwood, William. Mc Cleskey, Joseph. John Bee Holmes. September 8. 1827.
Develin, James. Mc Closkey, George. William Hort, Janu-.ry 24. 1826.
Devo, Francis. Mc Closkey, Wm. Matthew- Irvine, September 1, 1827.
Drennan, William. Mm Coiw*»Hy-J<»wwM. Capt John Johnson, March 14, 1821.
Klot (?) \i uiiam. Mc Connell, James.
Richard Johnson, September 5, 1815.
Kvans, Ezekiel. Mc Curdy, John.
Eymerie, John. Mc Patrick, John. William Johnson, April 17, 1818.
Finely, Samuel. Nelson, Samuel. Capt James Keimedy. July 28, 1823.
Finney, Rijbert. Noble, James. Francis Kinloi-b, February I'l, 1826.
Foster, Alexander. Norris, William. Col William Lyons, Fcbru;.ry 23, 1S18.
Foster, Robt. Odom, Abraham. Hart well Macon, May 7, 1824.
Foster, Samuel. Outten, Jesse.
J'Vister,Samuel. I'atton, Arthur. Abraham Markley. July 16. 1834.
J'^ox, James. Paxton, Samuel. Robert McFadden, July 11, 1829.
Galley, James. Pearce, John. John M'Watters. September 9, 182.8.
Garrett. John. Pettigru, James. Col Nathaniel Ramsay, Dec 3, 1817.
Garrett, Robt. Pickens. John. Bene Ravenel, February 26. 1822.
Greene, Benjamin. Pickens, John.
Pickens, Joseph. Arthur Pimpkins, November 21, 1326.
Griffin, Robert.
(luilbeaud. Andrew. Pollard, Robert. Paul Taylor, August 28. 1818.
i ami ton,
I 1 Andrew. I'orter, Alexander. Thomas, March 24, 1824.
Hamilton, Thos. Porter, Hugh. Simon Wood, May7, 1824.
Hammond. Charles. Purves, John.
Hammond, Joshua. Ramsey, Daniel.
Hammond, Roy. l-e Reed, George. (From th? City Gazette.)
TIairis, Joim. Reed, Matthew.
TTarris, Thos. Rignier. IMerre. Thomas Allan, July 18, 1827.
Harrison. Thoma.s. Ridda. Joseph.
fayes, Wm. Roberts, Absalom. Thomas Bee, Februaiy 26. 1812.
Heard. Armstrong. Russell, Timothy. Samuel Breed. November 16. 1826.
Hill. John. Saxon, (^harles. Major Pierce Butler, Feb 26, 1822.
HoRs, ^Villiam. Scott, Alexr. Col Joseph Calhoun, May 16, 1817.
Holland. Jacob. Shanklin. Thomas. Gen Robert Conway, December 8, 1823.
Hopkins. Samuel. Simpson, John. James Cox, January 28, 1812.
Horry, William. (?) Steel. Aaron.
TTow'ird. Benjamin. Stringer. George. William Daingerfield. June 2, 1826.
Hushes, Philemon. Stringer, John. Patric Dollard. March 11, ISOO.
Joseph Dulles, .Tanur.ry 19. 181S. bor of Chnrlost.-)n, S. C, by th" land
Isaac Fell, April 30, 1S18. and naval forces of (iieat Britain, un-
Major Gen WmFishbm-ne, Nov 8, 1S19. der the command of .Sir Henry Clinion
John Frampton Sen, May 1827. 2,'>. and Sir Peter Parker. After much time
Gabriel Friday, June 29, 1830. and labor in lightening the heavy :-lups.
Col Henry Hampton, August 12, 1S26. they anchored opposite Fort MoutlviB,
Major Robert M. Head, May 16, 1S27. and commenced a tremendous cannftn-
William Hort, January 2.5, 1826. ::de. Gen Clinton had landed his
Gen Jared Irwin, March 20, 181S. to the eastward of ihe iiarbor, with the
Major Joseph Jxerr, January 24, 1S22. intention of fording the channel and
Jo;~eph King-, July 27, 182(;. attacking the fort in the rear, while the
Francis Kinloch, February 4, lS2fi. ships atacked it in front, but from some
Robert Larry. August 6, 1819. mistake or want of knowledge of the
William Lee, December 5, 1803. depth of water in the channel, he was
Major Charles Lining-, July 16, 180.'). unable or unwilling to attempt any-
Lloyd .July 22, 1817. tlung. In the meantime the fort, by a
Col William Lyons, February 24, ISIS. regular and well directed fire nearly de-
Gen Hugh Means, July G, 1S25. molished the British fleet and Sir Peter
Major Gen WmMoultrie, Sept 28, ISO:. was fain to escape with the loss of half
of his men killed and wounded; among
James McCall, March 14, 1S21.
William Pigues, April 17, 1818. the latter himself, the tail of his
Capt Joseph Quinby, May 25, 1818. breeches being shot away.
Capt Henry Ravenel, March 7, 18:M. The following humorous parahrase of
Capt Edvv- Richardson, July 11, ISO^. Sir Peter's ofhcial letter to the Lords of
Josiah Smith. Feb 16, 1826. the Admiralty, Aas written by an Eng-
John Stoney, October 19, iS21. lish wit of those days:
John Wilson, February 4, 1823.
Mathias WoolCo, March 26, 1805. My lords, with j-our leave,
An account I will give.
(From the Courier.) Which deserves to be written in metre;
William Blue, April 17, 1S29. For the rebels and I,

David Burckhalter, June 25. 1846. Have been pretty nigh;

Col Zach Smith Brooks, April 24, IStS. Faith, and almost too nigh lor St Peter.
Capt Joel Callahan, April 9, 1847.
Henry Cannon, Septembei" 9, 1846. De'l take 'om. their shot,
John China Sen, September 3, 1S4V. Came so swifr and so hot.
Major Joseph Dickinson, Mch 12, 1807. And the cowardly dogs stood so stiff,
George Durham, April 17, 1829. sirs.
Samuel Franks, December 16, 1845. That put ship about.
Capt Joshua Hammond, July 16, 185o. And was glad to get out.
Florian Charl-33 Mey, April 1, 1829. Or, they would not have left me a skif)!,

Job Palmer, February 1, 1845. sir.s.

Col Joseph Picken.s, Feb 17, 1853.

William Purse, January 14. 1845. With much labor and toil,
Lieut Col Scott, June 11, 1S07. Unto .Sullivan's Isle,
Capt Samuel White. January 21, 1S4S. I came, swift as Falstaff or Pistol;
Jacob Wise, October 11, 1845. But the Yankees od rat'em,
[Note. — The above lists of obituary I could not get at 'em.
notices of RevDlutionary soldiers, are They so terribly maul'd my poor Bris-
by no means complete, not having been tol.
collected for any specific purpose. I
have not liad time to confirni the refer- Behold Clinton by land.
ences, which have been gathered fror,''. Did quietly stand,
the newspaper files in the Charleston While I made r. thundering clatter;
Library, Library of the Chamber of But the channel w:is deep.
(.'ommerce. Library of the College of So he only could peep,
Charleston and the Library of Congress. And not vent-are over the water.
Though unverified, I believe that all the
references will be found to be ac-
Xow bold as a Turk,
I proceeded to York.
The nn((lo of Fort Moultrie. Where with Clinton and Howe you may
find me;
(.From the City Gazette, Oct 26, 1812.) I've the wind in my tail.
"In the year 1776, an ottack was And am hoisting my sail.
made on Sullivan's Island, in the har- To leave Sullivaii's Inland behind inc.
But, my lords, rto not fear, in theadjacent County of Ptowan have
For before the next year, desired a similar Association to be
Although a small island should fret us, drawn up, and prepared immediately
The Continent whole. for signing."
We will take by my
The Meoklenhnrgr "Deelaratiwn."
If the cowardly Yankees will let us.
On this subject, there are two very in-
The MeeklenltnrK I<aclles* Aafioclation teresting but umonvmcing items in the
Mercury of July I. 1S2S, and in the Win-
A good many
of us have had a little yau Intelligencer of June 9, 1832.
fun with reference to the subject of the
Mecklenburg "Declaration." In the The Death of Francis Salvador.
present status of the case, the burden In the South Carolina and American
of proof certainly rests upon Nortii General Gazette of August 14, 1776,
Carolina. But be that as it may, no one there is a full description of the bat-
will deny the facr of the splendid patri- tle with the Indians, in which the pa-
otism consistently displayed through- triot Francis Salvador met his tragic
out the contest with Great Britain, of end. It is contained in a letter written
the people of "The Hornet's Nest." from camp, two miles below Keowee, in
Even the women took a hand, as the the Cherokee Country. After giving a
following item, copied from the South full description of the battle, the writer
Carolina& American General Gazette continues:
forFebruary 9, 1776, admirably testifies. "Our party soon recovering from their
"A North Carolina Correspondent, surprise, kept up a brisk fire on the
who signs himself PHILOGUNO, in- places) where the flashes of the enemy's
forms us," That the young Ladie? of guns were seen, and soon drove them
the best Families m Mecklenburg from their fences and houses. Their
County, in North Carolina, have en- loss is not known, but from the num-
tered into a voluntary Association, thaiber of blankets, shirts, tomahawks, etc,
they will not receive the Addresses of left besmeared v/ith blood, and the
any young Gentleman of that Place, ex- bloody ti-acks which marked their re-
cept the brave Volunteers who che;ir- treat, it is supposed to be considerable.
fully served in tha Expedition to South Col Williamson remained on the ground
Carolina, and assisted in subduing the till day-break, and burnt all the houses
Scholovite Insurgents: The Ladies on both sides of the river, and de-
being of Opinion, that such Persons as stroyed their corn, etc. Judging that
lazily stay basKing at home, when the that the party he had defeated would
important Calls of their Country de- immediately proceed to their camp and
mand their military Service abroad, apprize them of his approach, and
must certainly be destitute of that having imade an appointment to meet
Nobleness of Sentiment, that brave Cols Neel and Thomas at Sugar Town,
manly Spirit which qualify the Gentle- the Colonel, after leaving a party to
man to be the Defender and Guardian bury the dead and take care of the
of the Fair Sex." Our Correspondent wounded, returned to his camp." Sal-
adds: "This is the Substance of the As- vador was thus buried on the field of
sociation; and, we hear, that the Ladies battle.

[ lleprinted from the Sunday N«w9, February 17, 1907.— No. 2.]
Leaves from My
Historical Scrap Book.
By Dr Barnett A. Elzas, M. D., LL.D.

I am printing to-day a very remark- written must it be judged and not by

able document "An Address delivered that of our own age, when the veriest
before the Reformed Society of Israel- tyro for a few dollars can make him-
ites, on its Second Anniversary, No- self more familiar with Jewish history
vember, 1826, by Abraham Moise." and literature, than could the most
This document, it is needless to say, earnest and diligent student in Charles-
is not known to our writers on Jewish ton three-quarters of a century ago.
subjects who have undertaken to ex- The present generation hardly knows
press grlib opinions, based upon the even the name of Abraham Moise, and
scantiest secondary sources, on the his Address has been forgotten for sev-
first great religious reform movement eral generations. I feel it a privilege
among the Jews of America. Th-s to preserve it to posterity.
movement, I will add, until my own in-
vestigations were published, was noth-
It was the proud boast of our ances-
ing more than a mere tradition. So tors to consecrate their annual rites
little was known of it, that the late and ceremonies with songs of great joy
Nathaniel Levin, who wrote the sketch and triumph, with stringed instruments,
"with the psaltery and the harp." There
of the Congregation Beth Elohim for the was something not easily described,
Year Book City of Charleston for 1883, which almost insensibly attached them
and who devotes less than sixteen lines to the periods from whence they were
to it, dates the movement from 1835,
wont to date their origin, to which they
looked with peculiar and almost un-
(p 308,) when as a matter of fact, it speakable interest, and unto which they
originated in 1824. were always disposed to bring their
best feelings and happiest recollections.
The writer of the following address
Nor have the lively emotions of our
Abraham Moise, (1799-1869,) was a fathers, the kindred sympathies culti-
prominent figure in the Reformed So- vated in days of old, given way to the
ciety of Israelites. He it was who ment severest tests of simplicity and refine-
of the present day; they are still
drafted its Constitution, and in all common with all mankind; and al-
probability wrote a considerable por- though they are characterized by new
tion of the Prayer Book of the Society, modes of displaying a .nation's grrati-
tude, they are nevertheless attended
both of which are unknown to our with important results, both as
writers and which I shall shortly pub- their lasting impressions upon the mind,
lish. as well as their general tendency to per-
The address itself is an "Apologia" petuate those particular designs for
which societies are formed.
for the Society, and an admirable de- The instance before us furnishes a
fence it is, in truth. Be it, however, al- striking illustration of this truth. When
ways remembered that it was written the question is asked: Why have the
Reformed Society of Israelites convened
in 1826 and not in 1907. By the stand- on this day? The response will be ex-
ard of the generation in which it was hibited in every countenance; their
presence is immediately identified with have," than "fly to others that we
the proudest associations of their ear- know not of." Nor is this more appli-
liest existence; they have assembled to cable to politics than religion; from the
look back at the past year, to compare beginning of time, any human re-
their several stages of progress in the traint, of whatever character, has ever
holy work of reformation, and to in- been regarded liy mankind as the in-
cite each other to future acts of piety vasion of a natural right, and what is
and usefulness, by the mutual inter- called necessity, is nothing more than
change of sentiment and good feeling. the effect of this restraint acting
This in itself would be sufficient cause against the will. It was this nece.s-
for distinguishing this day as a day of sity which established the Christian
annual celebration, but they can add Reformation, the greatest era, perhaps,
with perfect ti-uth and sincerity that m modern times; an era not less distin-
they have congregated for the discharge guished for the obscurity of those
of duties of a higher nature; duties not with whom it originated than remark-
less pleasing in themselves, than ele- able for the singular revolution it pro-
vated in their character; not less in ac- duced in the religion of nearly all Eu-
cordance with true devotion, than per-
manently useful in their ultimate con-

rope the gradual and almost unac-
countable conversion of millions of in-
sequences. They have come here this habitants already born and educated in
day to justify themselves to the world; a particular faith. It was the imperi-
to unfold to all mankind the broad ous suggestions of conscience which
principles upon which they expect to led the Puritans across the Atlantic to
rise or fall, to invite candid investiga- such religious freedom in a nation of
tion, and to expose by all virtuous ef- savages, and to lay one of the corner-
forts the true causes which impelled stones to the political existence of a
them to a separation from their Jewish people, whose civil liberty has no par-
brethren. allel in the history of the world. It is
Experience has well attested the this freedom of con.'cience which we
fact, thatwith large bodies of men the hope has at length "broken the sceptre
liberty of conscience has seldom or of rabbinical power," and Jtiptinguishod
ever been avowed, without great neces- the nineteenth century as the proudest
sity, and in many instances, at the ex- era in the history of modern Israel, it
pense of much blood and treasure. We is this necessity which is everywhere
are daily taught by common observa- encouraging the spirit of religious in-
tion, that unless reasonable men are quiry and opening every avenue to the
urged by some powerful motive, unless discovery of trufu. In short, it was a
driven on by great emergencies, tliey moral necessity which compelled the
will not readily expose themselves to "Reformed Society of Israelites," on
persecution and hatred, by the expres- the twenty-first day of November,
sion of sentiments and opinions at va- eighteen hundred and twenty-four, to
riance with their neighbors, or in direct throw off the yoke of religious bond-
opposition to those particular sects, to age, and to declare themselves free
which they may belong. Whenever, from the influence of bigotry and
therefore, a body of men assemble to- priest-craft.
gether for this purpose, the presump- To enumerate all the causes whicli
tion must be, in the mind of every re- led to this step would occupy too much
flecting being, that they have not con- time, and afford little or no interest to
vened for "slight and transient causes," many of you. It will be sufliicieni to
but that the suggestions of necessity state generally that for agts back, and
and conscience, impel them to act. The indeed I'rom tha earliest introduction
history of the world is a full confirma- of what is termed modern Judaism,
tion of the position I have assumed. which comprehends the "opinions, tra-
There is nothing more common, and ditions, rites and ceremonies practiced
yet there is nothing more true, than before the destruction of the second
the political axiom, that necessity com- Temple, and embodied in the Cabalistic
pels mankind to give up a part of their and Talmudic writings," the Israelites
liberty. While it urges the exercise of throughout the world have uncon-
that "free born spirit." which will bear sciously suffered under various and
no control, which cannot be shackled, intolerable evils resulting from a sys-
which is as boundless as the air we tem of mental thraldom so plausible,
breathe, it notwithstanding drives men so full of Rophist'-y, that it no longer

from "partial evils" to perpetual mis- matter of surprise all Israel should at
ery and suffering. Present inconveni- one time be enveloped in darkness, or
ence, with the prospect of future that the whole nation should have
tranquillity, often render the best of experienced an intellectual shock from
us rather unfit to bear those "ills we which they have not yet recovered.
They had not only lost a just concep- "Bold arrogance! to snatch from
tion of the true God, blind
in their Heaven
acquiescence to the erroneous doc- Dominion ne'er to mortals given;
trins of the Rabbins, but living, as O'er Conscience to usurp the throne
many of them did, in countries whose Accountable to God alone."
vernacular was any other than the
Hebrew language, they were compelled Let it then be remembered to the
to join in a mode of worship and to credit of the Reformed Society of Is-
adopt a certain creed altogether in- raelites that they are the first who are
comprehensible to such as held them- willing and determined to snatch from
selves subject to Priestly power for destruction the dying embers of
the regulation of their conduct. While Israel's name. It is true we have ac-
they allowed themselves to be ruled quired little of what the world calls
by maxims of government at variance glory, either in wealth, in great names.
with the Jurisprudence of any country, In loud triumphs; yet we may boast of
they insensibly assimilated themselves that which is of inestimable value to
to the idolatrous practices of the Pa- us, and of acknowledged importance to
gans by their unqualified subjection to posterity. When our principles shall
the Priests in every particular of their have permanently settled throughout
lives. Hence their whole form of wor- the United States when the modern —
ship might have been regarded by the Jew shall be regarded as a citizen of
indifferent spectator as the idle and the —
world distinguished only from
unmeaning utterance of mere sound such as have imbibed the prejudices of
rather than those pious appeals to antiquity and considered by all man-
Heaven, that uplifting of the soul to kind as the brother of every good man
God, which bespeak a heart filled with of whatever denomination when all —
meekness and piety, and a mind deeply distinctions in Society shall be lost in
penetrated with the sacred responsibil- one general effort to be virtually con-
ities of religion. Nor can the singu- sidered a part of "God's chosen race,"
larly bad consequences be easily com- then shall we indeed boast of moral
puted to which this ultimately led; triuinphs, far above the cavils of poor

when the youth of the nation perceived mortality of intellectual conquests of —
how limited was the range of their the products of rational religion, of
duties to God, thej' necessarily became virtue and piety. And who does not
partially insensible to other considera- feel sensibly alive to these great ends?
tions connected with their duties to Who is it that will fail to bow in sub-
Society; deprived of that awful chetk mission for the privilege of an unin-
which is experienced by the worst of terrupted communion with his God?
the species when congregated with con- Who is so steeped in vice, so estranged
trite hearts and understanding minds from virtue, as not to hail that the
before the altars of the Most High, and happiest period of his life, in which he
brought, as it were, of their free will may lift his aspirations to Jehovah
in the presence of Jehovah, they were through the medium of his heart the —
careless to improve either their moral unspeakable felicity of living in the un-
condition, or to study and observe the ceasuing discharge of a debt of grati-
Divine precepts of their law-giver. To tude?
such a state of things how applicable We claim, then, to be the advocates
are the words of Isaiah: "The ox of a system of rational religion: of
knoweth his owner, and the ass his substance, not form. For this we hold
master's crib; but Israel doth not ourselves responsible to God and our
know, my people doth not consider." consciences. We
look not to the an-
(Chap I, v:2.) tiquity of rites and ceremonies as a
just criterion for their observance by
The gradual abandonment of the true us, but to their propriety, their gen-
faith exists at the present day; sub- eral utility, their peculiar applicability
stance has yielded to form, the re- to the age and country in which we
ligion of the heart to the observance live; to the feelings, sentiments and
of unmeaning forms and ceremonies. opinions of Americans. We
regard the
While we are forced to witness the free toleration of religion in this coun-
impious exchange of the honors of the try as a bond of union between Jew
Synagogue for a consideration in and Gentile; and the great privileges
pounds, shillings and pence, while Ave which have been guaranteed to us by
calmly contemplate these evils, we are the heroes of the Revolution, as strong
at a loss whom most to condemn, those evidences of national deliverance. For,
who wantonly usurp this moral if we trace the singular destiny of our
tj'ranny, or those who tamely submit nation from their passage through the
to it. Red Sea, and their miraculous deliver-
ance from the tyranny of Pharaoh; if discovery of Columbus, how shall we
we accompany them to the Desert and find language sufficiently strong, suffi-
witness their numberless sufferings, ciently animated to paint, in appropri-
their fatigues, their scanty food, the ate colors, the splendid achievement
variety of privations they endured un- of our national independence?
til the passage of the Jordan; if we If our system is sound it will stand
follow them into Canaan, and observe as the moral emblem of truth, shed-
their struggles with the Ammonites, ding lustre upon itself, and dissipating
the Moabites, the Syrians, and the the dark clouds which encircle its base.
Edomites, until the reign of King Sol- If bad, it deserves to perish; nor shall
omon; their subsequent glory for cen- we ask for it more than
merits. it
turies, and their captivity in Babylon, What is established upon
until the generous edict of Cyrus; if we must be supported by principle; what
pause in breathless amazement to con- is sustained by truth, is not likely to
template their indescribable miseries be shaken by the reproaches of either
at the siege of Jerusalem, the moral the bad or good; and that this is the
tyranny and degradation they suffered foundation of our whole system is suf-
under the scepter of Antiochus; their ficiently proved by the uniform tenor
famine, their pestilence, their thou- of our conduct from the birth of our
sands of victims t» the sword of Adri- institution to the present moment. The
an; if we look to the singular visita- eye of scrutiny itself can discover in
tion of Heaven in their repeated at- no single act of our Society, the slight-
tempts to rebuild their temple, and est variance from our original design;
pursuing their bloody track to the pres- and as we have ever regarded the
ent day, compare them hunted down "Law and the Prophets" as our immor-
like wild beasts in France, Spain, tal guide, so shall we pertinaciously
Italy, Germany and England, and con- adhere to the divine precepts of the
trast all this with the glorious desti- one, and the moral doctrines of the
nies of such as have profited by the other.

[ Reprinted from the Sunday News, February 24, 1907.— No. 3.]
Leaves from My
Historical Scrap Book.
By Dr Barnett A. Elzas, M. D., LL.D.

My article to-daj' will consist of some strange in view of the circum-

furthei- notes on the Jews of early stance that Mr Huhner had been gen-
erous enough to publish his discovery
South Carolina. These notes, while ad- in what purports to be his paper on the
ding- something to our knowledge of Jews of South Carolina, read before the
the subject, Avill not add a very great American Jewish Historical Sociei;.>'^.
(See Publication!?, No 12, p. 42.)
deal. Personally, it is a source of gniti
In my review of Mr Huhner's work,
fication to me to know that my former I stated, and gave reasons enough for
work Avas done with such thoroughness, my opinion, that this highly— accredited
that in spite of the fact that fifteen historian knew «o little of the subject
wliich he was writing, that hs did
months have elap.sed since my book on not know enough to copy even the sim-
was published, during which time T plest historical .statement intelligently
have been steadily working among tin, and without confusion. The following
archives of our Strste, I have only beeji example from Mr Huhner's article, will
further illustrate my statement and at
able to And a fev.^ meager pickings. the same time pomt the lesson of the
And here I wauld like to express a absurdity of the attempts of outsider!?
word of needful warning to the worker to write local irlstory:
"In a curious iittle volume which the
among our early records. Let not the writer found at the Lenox Library en-
student trust the index to any old titled "A Peep into the Past by an
manuscript volume if he finds one; if Ancient Lady of Charleston." it is
he does, some of his best material will stated that the name of Mordecai
Xathan is mentioned in an Assessment
escape him. I have myself recently of the Inhabitants of Charleston as
gone over the early Grant and Memo- early as 1694."
rial Books page by page, and have AV^ere this true, it would indeed bo
interesting, for we should be sure of
found a wealth of material to whicn the
the name of the earliest Jew of record
indices give ab.solutely no clue. Re- in South Carolina. But unfortunately
search means hard work, but the re- Mr Huhner is as unreliable as his
sult is worth while. With these re- authority, and oannot ev'en be trustinl
in his quotations. In the volume which
flections, I come to the subject of ni.v
he quotes, Mrs. Poyas. the "Octogena-
article. rian Lady," does not refer to Charles-
ton at all. but to .-"i. "old Assessment of
the inhabitants of. the Parish of St.
The F*fr«t Jew In South Carolina.James' Goose Ci-eok, for January, 160 1."
The headline forces me
to which she says she has seen. To Mr
When my
book was published, I le Huhner, who in his now famous article
ceived two letteis from a couple of tliought Ninety Six "near Charleston."

friends capable v.orkers in the histori- St James', Goose Creek, in Charleston,
cal field, calling my attention to the is near enough. iJut not for us. Bo-
fact that 1 had slipped up seriously in sides, who but Ml- Huhner would think
neglecting to note a discovery made by of trusting an oc;ogenarian lady's eye-
Mr Huhner in i.he course of his origin- sight in historical matters? Mr Huhner
al, brilliant and exhaustive researches as a lawyer ought to know better thari
in the libraries of New York;— especi- that. It was easy enough for him to
ascertain when the Parish of St James' in 1696. If the reader will take the
Goose Creek was established, and to trouble to writo the two names on
know that there was no such Parish paper and study them attentively for
till 1706. (See Statutes of South Caro- a moment, he cannot but be struck by
lina, Vol. 2, p. Mordicai Natlian the fact that a copyist unfamiliar with

was in New York He appears the signature, would naturally rea.l

in 1711.
in our records in 1715, and it was bom«.' "Mincks" for "Mendis." The name
time between these years that he came Mincks, apart from the individual we
to Charles Town. are discussing doe'^ not obtain in our
records. I do not care to press my sur-
Simon Valentljn. mise in face of the fact that it occurs
In my volume on the Jews of South in three separate documents, but it is
Carolina, I have given numei-ous refer- worth keeping in mind. Some day
ences to this inte'erting character whr. something may turn up that will fur-
lived in Charles Town from 1695 or 169'; nish a clue. I will therefore only give
till about 1709. Ho was certainly the the references whore the name occurs:
1. Bond from Samuell Minckes. of the
most prominent Jew in the Province (f
his day, and judging from the number County of Berkley, to Mathew Taladar,
of times his nam^ appears on adniiuis- dated Oct. 14, 1606. It is witnessed by
tratlon bonds, he must have been Simon Valentijn. (Grant Book 1C96-
of the strongest citizens financially i!i 1703, p. 7.)
Charles Town in 1700. His wife's nam':- 2. Bond from Mathew Taladar to
was Judith. Her name occurs only once Samuel Mincks, bearing the same date
in the records, in a Deed of Cou\ey- and similarly witnessed. (Ibid., p. S.)
3. Bill of Sale .if a negro from Samuel
ance registered in Columbia (Grant
book Vol. 1701-1712, page 29) dated Mincks of Charles Town, to Simon Val-
March 17, 1708. The following inter- entine, dated Oct. 27, 1G96. (Probate
esting item concerning him occurs in Court Records, Charleston, Volume 1094-
an article entitled "Municipal Begin- 1704, p. 323.)
nings," in the Courier of Nov. 27 1855:

— 1703. The following citizens naving Another addition to our Directory is

volunteered, are aj)pointed commission- Moses Medina. I tiave found his name
ers to take charge of the town gutird in only two records. He is a witness
and patrol, which then regarded ene- to a bond executed by Thomas Koliy.
mies from abroad, as well as internal of the Island Barbados, mariner,
disturbances: now sojourning Charles Town. This
NICK TROTT (chief justice and a bond is dated. March 12. 1702-3. (Pro-
proprietary deputy.) HENRY
NOBLE, bate Court Records, Charleston, Voluni3
Esq., a proprietary deputy, Col JAMRt^ 1694-1704, p. 392.) The second document
Col. is a Deed of Sale of a negro boy irom
WM RHETT, Muj. ALEX PARHIS, Moses Madina, of Charles Town, mer-
Maj. WM. SMITH, Capt. WM WEiilJxIO- chant, to Thomas Linch. It is dat^'d
LF:Y, EDWARD LOUGHTON, SIMON Feb. 24, 1707-S, and is witnessed by
VALENTINE, BEN J. LAMBOLL. David Riz. (Book Grants, Sales. &c,
PAUL LAMOUCHE, JOHN BUCK- 1703-9,pp. 149-150.)
THOS. PINKNEY. WM. GIBBONS and This name is i^tiU another addition to
LEWIS LANSAC." our Directory. David Riz mtist have
Snmiiel i>Iiii«>kN. been a man of some prominence In
Charles Town, fo:-; I find his nani^ no
This name i.s an addition to our early less than ten times on dociinienls of
Jewish Directory. I liave not met with \arious character during the years 170S
the name elsewhere, but I am sati.^lied, and 1709. He came from Jamaica. In
from the number ef times it occurs in a list of persons ))iofessing tiie .Je\'. isli
connection with tliat of Simon Valcii- religion naturalised in Jamaica in 174:',
tijn, that it is the name of a Jew. T there occurs the name of Hannah Lope/.
was somewhat in tlouljt at first as to Riz. Several of the bonds made to him
the reading of the name. It occm-rod are to be paid in "current money oi the
to me while puz-/:ling with it in the Island of Jamaica." His signatures .are
early script, that ^lincks was a copy- to be found as follows:
ist's error for Meadis. Be it reineni Grant Book 1, 1701-1712, pp. 44. 46, .50,

bered that Jacob Mendis was one of 54. 66, 86. 87.
the four Jews naturalized in Charles Book Grants, Sales, &c. D 1703-9, pp.
Town in 1697. Sanu'el Mincks was here 143, 149, 150.
Mlscellaneoiij* References. William the Third over England .Scot-
While on the subject of miscellane- land France and Ireland King &c De-
ous references, I have noted a lew fender of ye faith and hath >lone every
items that I had better print before ! other thing wch by an
act of Assembly
lose sight of them.
In the South-Carolina Gazette for made att Charles Town in ihe ninfh
April 1, 1732, Mr. Abraham Mussius Yeare of the Raigne of our Sovraign^
(sic) advertises for a runaway Slavic. Lord King William &c. Anno Dom:
The name Massiar. is a Jewish name
that obtains in South Carolina. One Thousand Six hundred ninety Six
Whether the advertiser's name is mis- and seaven entituled an Act to make
spelled I do not know. We
do not nioet aliens free of this part of this Province
him again. and for Granting Liberty of Contience
In our Mesne Conveyance Records,
Book 00. p. 356, dated 1754, we find the to all Protestants as hee is rc'iuired to
name of " Ptirmiento, sutlei'.' It do and is fully and effectually to all In-
sounds like a Jewish name, but there tents Constructions and Purposes Qual-
js no other reference to him.
lified and Capasitated to have use and
In the Diary of Mrs. Gabriel Mani-
gault (Ann Ashby. 1754-1781,) recently Enjoy all the rights privileges Powfrs
acquired by the South Carolina His- and Immunities Given or Intended to
torical Society, the diarist makes the
be Given to any alien then
following reference to Moses Lindo's
death: of South Carolina by ye aforesd .^vct to
"April 24. Moftcs Lindo died." (p. Certifie wch I have hereunto Sett my
45.) hand and Caused the Publick Seale to
In an article "Pa'metto Day," in thp
Courier of June 2S 1856, the house of bee affixed att Charles Town the
Mr. Lindo in Ansonborough is referred Twenty Sixth day of May anno Dom.
to. Near this hDuse the soldiers use'l one thousand six hundred ninc^ty and
to parade in the tariy days.
Registerd this 3rd Day of August
Barly Naturalization PaperN.
Anno Dom 1698.
Leaving ihese miscellaneous notes, I
will now call attention to some most THO: ROSE DEPTY REGR.
interesting Jewisii naturalization paper.?
that I have discovered since the com- In the Volume Miscellaneous Records?
pletion of my Volume. The ifirst, that EE 1740, pp. 110 and 111, there are two
of Abraham Avila, of whom my book —
certificates recorded of Moses de Mat-
has several notices, is to be found in tos and Joseph Tobias.
the Columbia Records, Book Grants,
1696-1703, pp. 81-2. JoNepIt Tobiax.
Abraham Avila. This is to Certify that at a Court of
CAROLINA Common Pleas held at Charles Tov, n in
The Right Honble Joseph Blake Kpfjr. the Province aforesaid on the Twenty
one of the true and absolute L )rd? and sixth day of November 1741 befive Ben-
Proprs of ye Pro\ ince of Carolina, Com- jamin Whitaker Esqr Chief .Tusric-^ .and
mander in Chief vice Admiral and Gov- his Associates appeared Joseph
ernor of South Carolina: To aH Judges a Jew between the Hours of ni»ie and
Justices Magistrates ministers and of- Twelve in the forenoon of the san^e day
ficers Ecclesiasticall and Civill and to in order to be Naturalized pursuanc to
all persons whatsoever to whome this an Act of Parliament intituled .m Act
shall come to be seen, heard or read or for Naturalizing such Fon'ign ]*i'o-
known GRi^^JETING testants and otliers therein mentioned
KNOW Yee that Abraham Avilla as are Settled or shall Settle in any of
Meicht, an alien of the Jewish Nation of his Matys Colonies in Amoii^a
borne out of the allegiance of the passed in the Thirteenth Yen* of his
Crowne of England hath taken his nath present Matys Reign and having- de-
of Allegiance to our Soveraign? Lord clared before the said Judge that he

had lived Seven years his Matys Citizen of this, he having taken and
Colonies in America and had not been Subscribed the Oath of Allegiance and
absent more than two Months at any Fidelity according to An Act of As-
one time during the said sewn i'ears sembly in that case made and provided
took the Oaths (the words upon tlie but is not entitled to vote at any Elec-
True faith of a Christian— havin?? been tions of the State or City—
omitted in administring the simf) and Given under my hand this tv/enly
made and Subscribed the Declaration fifth day of September in the Year of
appointed hy the Act (Geo:) in the Our Lord one thousand seven hundrt-d
said Act of Parliament mentioned and eighty six —and in the Eleventh
pursuant to the Directions of the said Year of the Independence. of America
Act J. F. Grimke
BENJAMIN Recorded 21st May 1788.
26 November 1741.

Recoi-ded the 11th December 1741 Other I'npers.

Fxd J. Hammerton Other certificate.-? are the following:
Jacob Cantor, Junior, late a subject
[The omission ot the words "upon the
of the United Netherlands, dated July
true faith of a Christian" in adminster- 15, 1784.
Ing- the oath is worthy of note. It %vus Isaac Benedix, Gent., late a citizen of
the United Provinces of Holland, dated
not till 1853 that the "Test Oath" was
June 1, 1787.
finally abolished in England. It look Joshua Jonas, Gent., late a subject
a hundred and fiCfy years of persistent of the King of Gi-eat Britain, dated Dec.
fighting to win this toleration for the 5, 1786.
Esaias Moses, now of Colinnbia,
Jew.] dated August 27, 1S06. The certificate
was born in Hanover
sets forth that he
The following Naturalization Papei's in the German Empire where he lived
are to be found in a volume enlil.le.l until he came to this State, and that
"Citizen's Book," that has recently he has no family.
come to light in Columbia. The first of Lewis Levy, a rative of England, 22
ti'ese is interesting— that of Lyon Levy years old, has resided in this State
who was afterwards for many years since 1819. Recorded, Nov. 7, 1825.
State Treasurer in Charleston. In the same volume, there is a most
Lyon I>evi. interesting slip in ragged condliion,
which contains the original signatures
SOUTH CAROLINA of a niunber of men who took the oalli
CHARLESTON THIS IS TO CER- of allegiance to the State of K-M)uth
Carolina on March 27, 1784. Included in
TIFY that Lyon Levi late a Subject of this list are tlie names of Joseph Sal-
the King of Great Britain is become a vador and Philip Moses.

Iteprlnted from the Sunday News, March .1, 1907.— No.*4.1
Leaves from My
Historical Scrap Book.
By Dr Barnett A. Elzas, M. D., LL.D.

My to-day will again be taken of Israelites, printed in Charleston in

up with Jewish material, which —
I trust, 1830 a volume unknown to all the
however, will not be without interest to writers. And a most beautiful Prayer
the general reader. I shall next week Book it is, with its diction almost classi-

return to the general history of South cal in which respect it is in marked
Carolina. contrast with later productions.
The F^rst Conflrmatlon Ceremony In The second document is the original
the American Syna^^oi^ue. Constitution of the Society, which em-
The complete story of the Synagogue bodies among other valuab'.e things,
in America has not yet been written. the Memorial addressed to the Vestry
We are fairly familiar with the history of the Charleston Congregation, in 1824,
of American Judaism since the advent and the rejection of which led to the in-
of the German Reformers of the forties. stitution of the first reform movement.
None of our writers, however, has This document establishes the interest-
known anything of the earlier develop- ing fact which we have not known
ment, save from secondary sources al- — hitherto, viz; that the Charleston move-
ways dangerous sources of information. ment was not, strictly speaking, a na-
The reader should be reminded that tive movement, but was directly con-
the early writers manifest a complete nected with the similiar movement
lack of the historic sense, if not of then in full swing in Germany. The

literary conscience their statements original Memorial contains a long ex-
being often contradicted by the most tract from the "Frankfort Journal" uf
positive documentary evidence. No 1824, referring to a number of reforms

matter how apparently straightforward similar to those demanded by the me-

their story is, it is always well not to morialists. These documents will be
trust their statements unless borne out published in the near future.
by confirmatory proofs. But to come back to our thesis. The
Unfortunately for the historian, many following extract from the just-men-
of the documents are no longer in ex- tioned Prayer Book shows how con-
istence. But in spite of this fact, every firmation was conducted in Charleston,
now and again the investigator is re- in 1825. This selection is only one of
warded bj' a "And" of value. Two such many beautiful "reforms" which the
documents have recently come into the volume contains.
writer's possession, and with their dis-
covery, the story of the first reform
movement can be written authentically (Any one born of Jewish parents, not
under the age of thirteen, and desirous
for the first time. of expressing his belief in the Jewish
The first document referred to is the faith, may, on any Sabbath, make dec-
Prayer Book of the Reformed Society laration of the same and be confirmed
therein as follows. He advances to the that no other being whatsoever ought
minister's desk, and says:) to be worshipped.

Youth. Here, in the presence of this V. I believe with a perfect faith, that
congregation, and in the presence of the soul of man is breathed into him b^"
that gracious God whose goodness has God, and is therefore immortal!
endowed me with reason, I desire to VI. I believe with a perfect faith, that
declare my firm and religious belief in the Creator (blessed be His name!)
the divine origin of the moral law, and knows all things, and that He will re-
in the great articles of the Jewish faith. ward those who observe His commands,
1 desire to appear in the presence of and punish those who transgress them.
heaven and earth, an Israelite accord- VII. I believe with a perfect faith,
ing to the faith and customs of the Re- that the laws of God, as delivered by
formed Society of Israelites, in whose Moses in the Ten Commandments, are
temple of worship I now stand. the only true foundations of piety to-

Minister. My son, dost thou act from ward the Almighty and of morality
thine own free will, and is this the among men.
wish of thy heart and the conviction of VHI. I believe with a perfect faith,
thy understanding? that morality Is essentially connected

Youth. It is. I have been taught to with religion, and that good faith to-
love the paths of piety and virtue; I ward all mankind is among the most
hope to follow them. Through God's acceptable offerings to the Deity.
goodness, I also hope that I compre- IX. I believe with a perfect faith, that
hend the essential points of our ex- the love of God is the highest duty of
cellent religion, and I shall strive with His creatures, and that the pure and
my best endeavors to observe and prac- upright heart is the chosen temple of
tice through life its moral and pious Jehovah.
doctrines. ' X. I believe with a perfect faith, that

Minister. Repeat, my son, the articles the Creator (blessed be His name!) is
of that I'eligious creed which thou hast the onlj' true Redeemer of all His chil-
adopted, and in which thy parents and dren, and that He will spread the wor-
guardians, assisted by thine own m- ship of His name over the whole earth.
dustry, have happily instructed thee. —
Minister. May God bless thee, my
Repeat them, in sincerity and truth; son; and mayst thou ever be mindful
for the offering thou art about to make of thy duty toward God, and thy duty
must be a free-will offering unto God. toward thy fellow creatures. Let us
If any compulsion hath been exercised praise the Lord God who created man
toward thee, the sin of hypocrisy will after the image of His angels, wh?
be thine, in declaring that which is not created him a rational, a responsible,
in thy heart, and the sin of tyranny an immortal soul.
and impiety on those who have brought From 1825 to 1907 is a far cry. Are
thee hither against thy will. Repeat to we really in advance of the early Re-
me, then, the articles of our holy faith. formers? We doubt it.

Youth. I repeat them freely, with
sincerity, and truth. Anent Traditions.
ARTICLES OF FAITH. In the introduction to my History of
the Jews of South Carolina, I stated
T. I believe with a perfect faith, that that in my work tradition would play
(God Almighty (blessed be His name!) but an insignificant part; that it was
is the Creator and Governor of all cre- as well to let traditions die; ihfit while
ation; and that He alone has made, interesting to the general reader, they
does make, and will make al! things. do not as a rule help the truth of his-
II. I believe with a perfect faith, that tory.
the Creator (blessed be His name!) is Mr Max J. Kohler, the Secretary of
only ONE IN UNITY; to which there the American Jewish Historical So-
Is no resemblance; and that He alone ciety, doesn't like my method of writing
has been, is, and will be God. history. I am glad of it. If he did like
III. I believe with a perfect faith, it, I should have reason to fear that
that the Creator (blessed be His name!) there was something wrong with it.
is not corporeal, nor to be compre- Inasmuch, however, as my knowledge
hended by any understanding capable of the subject under discussion com-
of comprehending only what is cor- bined with Mr Kohler's, represents ex-
poreal; and that there is nothing like actly, mathematically speaking, neither
Him in the universe. • more nor less, what my own knowledge
IV. I believe with a perfect faith, that represents, it would manifestly be a
the Creator (blessed be His name!) is waste of time on my part to have any
the only true object of adoration, and ai-gument with him. When I wrote as
I did, I wrote advisedly, with the full- unfortunate fact that should always be
est knowledge of the traditions of the borne in mind, that very few of our
Jews of South Carolina, and with a fair old families have saved their family
idea, born of my own reflection and —
Bibles most of these were destroyed
study, of the underlying truth that was during the War between the States.
contained in them. Ten years of in- All we know for certain is, that his
cessant investigation ought, I think, wife's name was Ann Sarah.
to entitle a man to express an opinion As to Abraham Alexander's wife
as to the value of traditions in a field being denied burial in the Jewish
of research that he has made eminently cemetery, it seems unreasonable from
his own. So that I am not convinced what we know of the customs of the
of the evil of my ways, and the re- early Synagogue in Charleston. When
ception of my volume by a critical pub- Abraham Alexander died, the Congre-
lic seems to bear me out in iny view of gation incorporated in its written C3on-
the matter. Hence, in my second vol- stitution that every Kippur night a
ume, the manuscript of which will, I special Escaba [prayer for the dead]
trust, soon be in the printer's hands, I should be offered for him, which they
propose to continue to use my own de- would hardly have done if his marriage
fective methods, in preference to Mr had given such offence that his wife

Kohler's to him more satisfactory was denied Jewish burial. But be this
ones. as it may, there is the strange fact
All this anent a bit of tradition that confronting us, that we do not know
I have been trying to straighten out for
what became of Ann Sarah. In her v/ill,
many years, but without success. proved on December 15, 1835, she says:
Abraham Alexander (1743-1816) was "My desire is that I may be biiried in
the second Reader of the Congregation the Congregational Burial Ground of
Beth Elohim, succeeding Isaac Da Kail. Kadish Beth Elohim, of this
Costa about the year 1764. A family City." But she is apparently not
tradition tells that he came to South buried alongside of her husband, nor in
Carolina a widower, and that he mar- any other part of the Jewish burial
ried a second time under very roinantic ground. There is no notice of her
circumstances. He was, namely, a sol- death, nor funeral notice, nor obituary
dier in the Revolution, and while walk- notice in any of the various flies of
ing guard one night, rendered signal newspapers that exist here of the time
service to a lady who liappened to be of her death. The "Death Returns,"
passing at the time. This lady, herself which are here right along from the

a widow, was a Christian Mrs Ann year 1821 to the present time, do not
Sarah Irby, formerly a Miss Huguenm, contain the record of her death. Where
of Charleston, whom he afterwards and when did Ann Sarah die? And
married. She was never formally made where is she buried? Did she die while
a Jewess, the tradition coniinues, but visiting away from Charleston? Does
lived a consistent Jewess all her life. she lie in some unmarked grave in a
When she died, however, she was de- non-Jewish cemetery? I do not know.
nied Jewish burial by reason cf the fact Perhaps Mr Kohler who knows so much
that she hud never been formally ad- about the investigation of traditions
mitted into the faith. So far the tra- will enlighten us. For myself— for the
dition. Now for the facts. —
present at least I give it up. I would,
however, reiterate my point, that whon
Abraham Azuby was elected Hazan, dealing with traditions, we find our-
or Reader of the Congregation in 17S4. selves, as a rule in a vast wilderness,
successor to Abraham Alexander. Had with little or no clue to help us.
the latter's marriage anything to do
with his retirement? Or did the Co;i-
gregation tire of him after twenty Knrly Jetvlsh Ship Ovruers.
years of service, as so many modern
congregations do of their ministers? Charles Town was quite a seaport in
Was the election of Abraham Azuby Provincial days and the ship arrivals
due to the fact that Beth Elohim was with the vessels' contents make good
now able to have a paid Reader? i-eading even to-day. Dry as these lists
(Abraham Alexander gave his services appear, to the student of hl.^tory and
gratuitously.) I do not know. political economy they tell as inter-
As to the marriage of Abraham Alex- esting a tale as do the stones and the
ander to Mrs Irby, we have no record flowers to the geologist and the botan-
of it. It is not to be found simong the ist. In these days of ocean greyhounds,
marriage notices in any of our news- it is hard to throw ourselves back in
papers, nor in any source of information imagination to the days when a few
at present at our disposal. It is an vessels of "forty tons burthen," were
quite a factor in the commerce of a generations have maintained the stan-
port. dards of their sires. The Moise family
A volume recently brought to light in of South Carolina is particularly nota-
Columbia gives us many details of the ble by reason of the number of dis-
vessels that traded to the Port of tinguished citizens it has given to this
Charles Town. It is entitled: "Ves- State and to this country. The family
sells Names, Masters, Where Bound, came to Charleston from St Domingo
Passenger Ship Register begun April (Cape Francois) in 1794 not 1791 as — —
1743." The volume contains a series of stated in the Jewish Encyclopaedia,
declarations of ownership of the craft Art. "Moise."
enumerated. Among these are several The following advertisement in the
of well-known Jews. They ere as fol- South Carolina State Gazette & Daily
lows, in the order in which they occur: Advertiser, for April 28, 1795, is the first
Isaac Depass, of Charles Town, de- notice of the family in this State:
clares himself the sole owner of the
Brigantine The Carolina, of Charles MR & MRS MOISE
Town. "He is at present owner thereof UNFORTUNATE sufferers from the
and no foreigner directly or indirectly Cape present their compliments to the
hath any share or part or interest ladies of this city, and take the liberty
therein." [August 16, 1744.] to inform them that they have for sale,
Solomon Isaacs, of Charles Town, at their house in Queen-street, thr^e
merchant, declares himself sole owner doors from King-street, and opposite
of the sloop. The Heron, of Charlas to Mr Nixon's school, a few pieces of
Town, a square-stern'd Vessel, of India, japan, tamboured, and plain
twenty-five tons or thereabouts. muslins; humhum threads, tapes, white
IS, 1747.] chappie needles, and fine Irish linens,
Joseph Tobias, of Charles Town, mer- &c, &c.
chant, declares himself the owner, of
the schooner The Judith, of Charles Also, just opened 1 chest of
Town, a square sterned vessel of forty HYSON TEA;
tons or thereabouts. [March 6, 17.50.]
Moses Lindo declares himself the Equal to any in this city, which they
owner of the schooner Lindo Packett, of will sell
Charles Town. [August .;i, 1757.] 7 shillings per pound.


Moise mean to sell with
they hope for the
a very small profit,
CAROLINA. encouragement of the generous public,
The tracing of the beginnings of early which will enable them to support a
families is always interesting, .and es- large family.
pecially is this the case v.'hen the later April 25.

lleprlnted from the Sunday News, March 10, 1907.— No. 5.1
Leaves from My
Historical Scrap Book.
By Dr Barnett A. Elzas, M. D., LL.D.

My article to-day will be taken vip to the vanity of hosts of silly men and
with Revolutionary material. I shall women who have been Infected with
possibly irritate some of my readers, the craze of the privilege of joining So-
but I cannot help it. I am not writing, cieties whose stars and bars, and
I assure them, for the purpose of irri- badges and buttons, distinguish their

tating my life is far too crowded for members as superior to the rank and
me to indulge in any such amusement. file of common folk.
But I want to give my readers some- Now I have nothing to say against
thing to think about; and whether they the existence of societies whose pur-
agree with me or not, I want them to pose is to foster the spirit of patriot-
think. If I succeed in setting them ism, than which there is nothing nobler.
a-thinking, my object will have been But when these Societies degenerate
attained. into mere social bodies, whose very

Now before making myself disagree- Constitutions make it clear that they
able, I vvill premise that I have made are based upon the most unintelligent
a thorough study of the story of the interpretation of the simplest histori-
Revolution from the sources. I have cal facts; and when their members
read the newspapers as they appeared everywhere assume an I-am-holier-
day by day, not only here but in the than-thou attitude to the rest of the
Library of Congress, whose files during world, I think it a reasonable duty
the period of British occupation are even if a thankless task, to submit that
much more complete than ours. Dur- their vaunted merit is a chimera.
It is really pathetic to think of the
ing my study of the period I breathed
the atmosphere of the Revolution to number of people who are constantly
such an extent that I often wondered writing letters imploring one to chase
whether I was living in the 20th cen- their Revolutionary ancestors. They
tury or in the 18th. I think, at least, will give almost anything in reason for
that I am able to judge the events of the coveted scrap of paper that will
that momentous period quite impar- enable them to "join," and wear a
tially. badge or button. Here is the Secretary
And here I will say at once, that the of our Historical Commission wasting
influence of patriotic Societies so-called, —
his valuable time our valuable time

has been anything but beneficial to the time that he could, by reason of his ex-
accurate study of history. Founded traordinary attainments, use to far
better advantage if devoted to the task
with the best of intentions, these Soci-
of exploiting tlie history of this State
eties have largely done little more than
to furnish occupation to numerous
—putting into envelopes the many thou-
more or less competent genealogists, sands of little account papers that cor-
who have found it profitable to pander respond to the "indent stubs" for niili-

tia pay or other services during the allegiance of these people are still in
Revolution. O, the rapture of it, if one existence in England. One of these
is only fortunate enough to find ail an- —
lists the well-known "Petitions to
cestor's name on one of these bits of Clinton," printed in The Royal South-
paper! He can now "join" and wear a Carolina Gazette, of September 21, 17S0,
badge or a button. I am reproducing to-day. On a pre-
But, dear reader, what do these bits vious occasion I printed a similar list
of paper prove? Of themselves, abso-
of the year 1781. We
have on this list,
lutely nothing except that Mr So-and- so it would appear, the names of 166
so had an ancestor who lived here dur- men who did militia service because
ing the Revolution and did militia duty. they had to, and who, when it looked
duty nho as if things were going the other way
For everybody did militia
lived here. He couldn't help doing mil- — as though the Revolution wag going:
itia duty. He may have been a most to be a failure after all and South Car-
ardent Loyalist and yet have done olina remain a British Province
militia service for which an "indent"
showed what their real feelings were
v/as in due course issued to him.
and took protection. The wording of
the document would seem, at least, to
These papers of themselves, in truth,
lend color to this view.
are the poorest evidence of so-called
"patriotism." Anyone ^\ho knows any- But I would not place an unqualified
thing at all of the Revolutionary his-
interpretation upon the document.
tory of the State, is aware of the fact
There may have been men on this list

that every man between the ages of IG

who swore allegiance because they

and 60 wlio lived here, was compelled had not done so, they would have been
deprived of the privilege of "exercising
to do militia duty: "to appear com-
their trades or professions," and a hun-
pletely armed once in every fortnight
gry family may have impelled them to
for muster, train and exercise, to do
do what they would not otherwise have
patrol duty, and to be drafted for a
done. I say "may" have done this, for
limited time, usually 30 or 60 days, ac-
there is no possible means of knowing
cording to the season of the year, when
the reasons that actuated these peti-
deemed necessary by the Governor or
tioners to Clinton. As the case stands,
Commander-in-chief." If he didn't do
we have only the written document to
his duty,— well, I won't tell you what
speak for Itself. I maintain, therefore,

they did with him read any of the
that the occurrence of a name on this
"Orderly Books" that are still in ex-
or any other list, or even the existence
istence and you will see how they
of an original oath of allegiance, is I'ot
"fixed" him. The regulations were How
of itself any proof of "loyalty."
such that men would not be likely to
our patriotic Societies make the dis-
take many chances. Suffice it t<> say,
then, that militia duty as proven by the
tinction, I cannot imagine. We who
know the personnel of the community
existence of an indent, is of itself, no
cannot do it; how these Societies man-
proof of patriotism whatsoever.
age to do it, is beyond me.
And now another thing. There are in To put the whole thing into a nut-
existence several lists containing hun- shell: it is a poor business any way
dreds of names of men who did militia you look at it. This "patriotic" Society
duty and many of whom did actual craze is about as rational in its raison
fighting, and who, when Charles Town d'etre as an organization would be in
fell, lost little time in coming in and the year 1^60, composed only of those
declaring that they were now and had who could trace their descent from
been right along "sincerely well af- those who did "beat duty" prior to the
fected to His Majesty's person and War, or a similar organization in the
Government." The original onth<? of year 2000, strictly limited to those
whose ancestors paid their poll tax in Charnock, Thomas. Mell, Benjamin.
Chateris, George. Mercy, John Baptist
1900. It seems to me that with our Clark, William. Mewhenny, William.
modern versatility and ingenuity some Clayton, Abraham. Middleton, David.
Cohen, Philip. Miller, Jacob.
better means could be devised than the Coker, Thomas. Mills, Wm.
privilege of a badge or a button, as Collins, Alexander. Milner, George.
Combe, John. Milner, Solomon.
an incentive to the spirit of patriotism. Darby, James. Morgan, William.
Darrell, Benjamin. Moses, Philip.
Dart, Benjamin, Myers, Joseph.
Dart, John. McCreary, Robert.
Petitions to Clinton. Dewees, William. McCreary, Thomas.
Dickenson, Jeremiah M'Hughe, Anthony.
Charles-Town, September 19th, 17S0. Dill, Joseph. M'Lauglin, James."
Donaldson. James. McMillian, Samuel.
WHEREAS several Memorials and Dulles, Joseph. McMullen, Alex.
Eliazer, Moses. M'Queir, John.
Petitions have been presented to the Ernst, Jacob. Nixon, John B.
Commandant for Charles-Town, by Farasteau. Anthonv Nugent. James.
sundry persons, severally setting forth, Fleming. William. Peacock, William.

Florin. Lucas. Poinsett, Eiisha.

that they were very desirous to shew Prazer, James. Potts, James.
Powell, George.
every mark of allegiance and attach- Freer. Charles.
Freer, Prius, Lery.
ment in their power to his Majesty's Fring, Bruncker. Quash. Robert.
Gil/nes, Thomas. Radcliffe, Thomas.
person and government, to which they Gitsinger. George. Ralif, Frederick.
were most sincerely well affected, and Godfrey. John. Ramley, Martin.
Reid, William.
therefore humbly prayed that they GrahamFrancis.
William. Rivers, Thomas.
might have an opportunity to evince Gregg, John. Roberts, John.
the sincerity their professions.
Grpenage. Abraham. Roberts, Stephen.
of Grinnings. Christian. Roberts, Thomas.
AND WHEREAS the said Memorials Gunn, William. Rogers, John.
Hampstead. John. Roper, Thomas.
and Petitions were referred to gentle- Hampton. John. Roper, William.
men of known loyalty and integrity, as Hampton. Wade. Roybould, Thomas
well as knowledge of the persons and Hampton, William. Rugge, Daniel.
Hanahan. Edward. James.
characters of the inhabitants, in order Hanscome. Thos. sen Sharp, James.
to report the manner in which the Me-
Hanscome. Thos. jun Simon, Lorenz.
Harrison. John. Simons, Saul.
morialists had heretofore conducted Harvey. William. Smith, George.
Hays, John. Smith, Peter (?)
themselves; and they having made their Hennaker, John. .

Smith, Thomas B.
report in favor of the persons under- Hillegas, Albertus. Smith, \V"m Henry.
Holmes, Daniel. Snetter, Charles.'
mentioned. Notice is hereby given, Holmes. John. sen. Stairns, John.
that if they will apply at the State- Holmes. .John, Jun. Stanyarne, John R.
Holmes, Peter. Stanyarne. William.
House on Friday the twenty-second Honour. Thomas. Stoll, Jacob.
instant, at nine o'Clock in the forenoon, Horry. Ellas. Stoll. William.
T-Towell. John. Sullivan, Cornelius.
and there, before one of the Intendants Howl. Henry. Svvmt, John.
of the Police, subscribe a declaration of Huger. Daniel. Taaf. Honor.
Hnger. Francis. Taylor, David.
their allegiance, they will receive a cer- Huston, James. Testard, Robert.
tificate which will entitle them to use Jennings, Remond. Thorne, Philip.
Johnston, Jonathan. Thorpe, John.
the free exercise of their trades or pro- Johnston, Wm. Tier. William.
fessions, and the privileges enjoyed by .Tones. John. Todd, Richard.
Kelpev, William. Trezevant. Daniel.
the other loyal inhabitants of Charles- Kirsohmar. John. Turner, Edward.
Town. Laurence. Stephen. Venning. Nicholas.
Lnzarus, Marcus. Viegra. Joseph.
7>citz. Bernard. Waight, John.
Deroux. John. Vv'aring, .Tohn.
AUxander, Abraham Bommer, Jacob. Lloyd. Joseph. Weston, Plowden.
Aiidif-y, Erasmus. Booner, Christian. Loilpe. John. Williams, Robert, jr.
Briggs, Adam.
Lowndes. Charles. W'illson. John.
Karrell, John. Lvme, Frederick. Wish, John.
Barus, John. Brodie, John. Manigault. Gabriel, Wolforston, Francis.
Hell. William. Buckie, George. Mason. William. Young, George jun.
Calwell, Henry.
Matthews, Benjamin
Besley, Abraham.
Bland, Willinm. Cardos. David. By order of the Commandant,
Bonneau, Elisha. Chapman. William. G. Benson, Major of Brigade.
Obituary Notloen of Revolationary Col Thomas Taylor, Nov 22, 1833.
SoI(1ier8. Maj John Threewits, July 16. 1842.
(From the Courier.) George Turner, March 23, 1843.
Wm Abney, Jan 19, 1832. Rev George Vandicer, July 30, 1833.
Jas Adare, sen, July 20, 1835. William Wilson, Nov 26, 1833.
Jennings Allen, Feb 3, 1835. South Carolina LroyaliHtH and tliose
John Artis, Feb 11, 1834. *%-lio Toolv Protection.
Joseph Black, Nov 18, 1843.
John Brockington, Dec 24, 1841.
List of those withdrawn from the
John Brown, June 3, 1842. State to join the enemies thereof. The —
John Burg-ess, Oct 15, 1803. Gazette of the State of South-Carolina,
Isaac Bush, Feb 12, 1835. Nov 24, 1779. There is a further list in
D. N. Cardozo, July 16. 1835. The Charlestown Gazette, Jan 11, 1780.
William Carson, Jan 9, 1850. List of Petitioners to Clinton—166
Paul Castleberry, June 29, 1841. names. —The Royal South-Carolina Ga-
Jonathan Davis, Aug 17, 1841. zette, Sept 21, 1780.
Wm Day, July 5, 1841. List of 213 Petitioners for Protection.
—The Royal Gazette, July 11. 1781.
Joel Dean, sen, March 15, 1842.
Capt Thomas Edwards, Aug 16, 1832. List of those whose estates were con-
Wm Hasell Gibbes, Feb 21, 1834. fiscated by the Jacksonborough As-
sembly.—Ibid, March
Isaac Gregory, Nov 24, 1844. 20, 1782.
Capt William Guest, Aug 10, 1841.
Aaron Guyton, July 20, 1841. WIio I>i(l tlie FiKlitini; in tlie Revo-
Andrew Hamilton, Jan 28, 1835. lation, Ma.<4NaoliiiNett»i or Sotitli Car-
olina f
Col Samuel Hammond. Sept 15, 1842.
Robert Hand, sen, Aug 10, 1841. This question is apparently a very
Hugh Hanna, Sept 6. 1842. old one. For two very vigorous letters
Drury Harrington, Jan 3, 1840. on the subject, proving what are now
Drury Hearn, Nov 2, 1840. well-established truths, see the Colum-
John Hume, April 7, 1841. bian Herald, May 19 and 20, 1796.
Robert Kilpatrick, July 15, 1840.
Joseph Koger, sen, Feb 16, 1835. The Je-n-s in the Revolntlon.
Peter Kolb, Dec 24, 183.5.
John Lamar, Oct 31, 1842. MR MILLER,
Bazile Laneau, Nov 19, 1833. He who hates another man for not be-
Benjamin Lindsey, Oct 1, 1841. ing a christian, is himself not a chris-
John P. Martin, July 18, 1832. tian.— Christianity breathes love, peace,
M;ij Henry Moore, Aug 18, 1843. and good-will to man. The Jews have
Maj Samuel Morrow, Mar 18, 1842. had a considerable share in our late
Abraham Motte, Oct 23, 1833. Revolution. They have behaved well
Thomas M'Dow, Nov 16, 1835. throughout. Let our government in-
John M'Gehee, Feb 4, 1834. vite the Jews to our State, and prom-
Archibald M'Mahon, June 29, 1841. ise them a settlement in it. It will be a
John Randal, sen, July 17, 1840. wise and a politic stroke and give a —
Henry Rea, Sept 21, 1842. place of rest at last to the tribe of
William Richardson, July 14, 1843. Israel.
Samuel Rivers, Feb 2, 1835. A WELLWISHER TO THE STATE.
Rev John Rooker, July 15, 1840.
Wm Shiver, Jan 24, 1832. The above item is taken from the
William Smith, Feb 9, 1843. South Carolina Gazette and General
Col Henry D. Stone, Feb 2, 1841. Advertiser, August 30, 1783.

Ueprintetl from the Sunday News, March IT, I'.tOT.— No. C.

Leaves from My
Historical Scrap Book.
By Dr Barnett A. Elzas, M. D., LL.D.

The Synag^ogrne of the Je^vs in Hasell

differed from those of the inhabitants
Street. of the new.
To show the salutary effects of tol-
(From Shecut's Essays, 1819.) erance in points of religious faith, I
will insert the following appropriate
This portion of citizens, associated observations, for which I am indebted
themselves as a religious society in to a learned member of their Society:
Charleston, sometime in the year 1750, "The Jews in this city, at the time of
the revolutionary war, were but few in
under the auspices of Mr Cohen. They number. These had emigrated chiefly
read their prayers in a house in Union from Germany and Great Britain. The
street, near Queen street, until the inviting temptation of an unrestricted
freedom of conscience, in concerns of
year 1757, when they removed it, or
religion,which has attracted since that
rather assembled for religious worship, event, a great many to our shores, had
in the house, now No 318 King street, not yet blessed this country. At the
then the property of Alexander Gillon, earliest date of their settlement here,
however, as soon as ten men could as-
Esq, and which then stood back in the semble, (and which the Hebrew law re-
yard. It is the same house that is now quires, for public worship,) they pro-
occupied by Mr Senet, as a Kahoo, or vided themselves with a place, as suit-
able as their then slender means could
Confectionary and ice cream house.
command. A Vestry was afterwards
Synagogue at organized, and a Minister called from
In 1764, they held their
a house in Beresford street, near King Europe, to exercise the sacred func-
tions of his office.
street. In 1780, they assembled in Ha-
"Such was the origin of the Hebrew
sell street, at the old Synagogue, late- Congregation in Charleston, at present
ly occupied by Mr Little, as a cotton the most numerous and flourishing of
gin manufactory; and in the year 1795, any in the United States. According
to information derived from the best
their pi-esent elegant Church was built
authority, the number of Jews resident
on the adjoining lot, which they pur- in the City, is between 640 to 660. The
chased for that purpose, from the heirs munificent spirit and pious zeal of some
of Nicholas Trott, former Chief Justice of their members, whom unsparing
death hath removed to the silent tomb,
of the Province. assisted by the donations of their sur-
There can be no argument that goes vivors, have contributed to the erection
more fully to illustrate the correct of that handsome
and substantial
principles of our government, than that Temple, which is worshipped the Al-
of a reference to the Jews who have mighty Father of All.
settled among us. All other classes of "When the war
of the revolution
citizens, however their peculiar tenets commenced, of this nation who were
might have differed; yet all professing ill South Carolina, able to bear arms,
the Christian religion, were as one zealously joined their country's mar-
family. Their interests, whether moral, tial ranks; for the great but dubious
civil or religious, were one and the contest. The prize to be acquired in
same. The Jews were the only settlers, the event of a successful issue, religious
among those of the inhabitants of the and political freedom. was great
old world, whose religious principles enough to induce the free offering of

ever>' patriotic exertion and even of The Torhay I'rinonerH In 17.S1.
fortune and life in the undertaking. The following most interesting list
They, with the rest of their fellow- of militia prisoners on board the Pris-
citizens, shared in the privations and on Ship Torbay, is on file in Washing-
hardships of war, also with them share ton. It is a British list and is much
the rich blessings of peace and free- fuller than the list of these prisoners as
dom, the reward of their former suffer- preserved in Garden, Ramsay, Drayton,
ing«. Gibbes. or McCrady —all
of whom have
"Hence the grateful devotedness of printed it.have not seen the orig-
the Children of Israel, has obtained its inal, but it is copied by Boogher in his
merited recompence. In this thrice fa- "Gleanings of Virginia History," pp
vored land, they enjoy at last, in com- 226-227 (Washington, D. C, 1903.) Sever-
mon with all men, that liberty of con- al of the names are misspelled owing
sciem;e, without which, man is but a to that author's unfamiliarity with our
privileged slave. local history. For a curious error in
"With an elevation of mind in har- connection with this list, seemy "Jews
mony with the dignity and sacred of South Carolina," pp 93-94.
ness of pure piety, the Jew adores the
Supreme Being, according to a foi m of TORBAY PRISON SHIP, CHARLES
faith which his heart approves and TOWN HARBOUR,
sanctions. It is his belief, it was that 18th May, 1781.
of his progenitors for ages on ages
past. What are the consequences of Roll of the Militia Prisoners on board
this freedom of worship? The peaceful said ship: William Axon, Jr, Samuel
acquisition and dissemination of knowl- Ash, George Authur, John Anthony,
edge, and the universal practice of Ralph Atmore, Maj John Barnwell.
those social duties that render us es- Maj John Baddely, Capt Edward Barn-
sentially useful to society, well, Capt Peter Bounetheau, Henry
Bembridge, Lieut John Black, William
"The benevolent offices of humanity, Branford, Joseph Ball, Robert Bran-
Hot confined merely to this or that well, Joseph Bee, Nath Blindell. James
sect, enlarging its theatre of action, be-
Bricker. Francis Bailey, William Bas-
comes at once sufficiently capacious to quin, Johnathan Clarke, Thos Cocke-
encompass the whole human race. As ran, Thos Cooke, John Calhoone (pro-
respects the Jews in particular, the tection). Capt
Jos Cray, Aug !•". '80,
verity of this axiom has been clearly ex- Norwood
empllfled. Their emancipation, with Conyers, James Cox, Richard
Cummings, Jacob Cohen, Robert De-
every other sect, by the constitutional
war, Wm Dessausure. Joseph Dunlap.
charter, from religious thraldom imder
Richard Edmonds, Thomas Eveleigh,
British rule in America, has been but
recently effected; and behold the re-
John Edwards, Jr, John Warren Ed-
wards, Thomas Elliott, Sr, Joseph El-
spectable footing on which this nation liott,
stands; they have already taken their
Jr, John Evans. John Eberly,
stations, which they occupy with be- John Egan (protection), Wm Elliott.
Benjamin Guerard, John Gibbons. Thos
coming dignity, as physicians, lawyers Grayson. Peter Guerard. Willinm
and merchants. Graves. Christian Geir, Philip Gads-
"Our State Legislature has included den. John Graves, Joseph Glover. Fran-
them among its members. We have cis Geott, Mitchell George. Lieut Wm
respectable specimens of their literary Harvey, Jacob Henry. David Hamil-
talents; they serve well in the army ton, John B. Holmes, Wm
and navy, and what severer pledge can Hughes, James Heward, Thos Harris,
Holmes. Thos
government possess for the fidelity of Wm Hornby, George Jones. Daniel
any portion of its citizens, than the Jacobs. Charles Kent, Henry Keunon,
claim it has on their gratitude, for the John Kain. Capt Sam Lockhart (Aug
protection afforded to their dearest 16, '80). Nathaniel Libby, Thos Listen.
lights and interests on earth? Lieut Stephens Lee, Thos Legare. John
"We are naturally prone to suspect Leperne. Henry Leybert. Philip Meyers.
the attachment and sincerity of those John Michael, John Minott. Sr. John
whose privileges we have retrenched Moncrief, Ch'is Magdalen. John Miiiott.
whom the laws have in any manner Jr, Samuel Miller, Col Stephen Moore
proscribed. The slave can never be (Aug IG. 'SO), William Murphy. George
trusted with safety; but the free man. Alonks. John Morgan, Dr George Moss.
free without restraint, in him may his Alfred Merriett, Lieut Samuel Miller,
country confide in her heaviest calam- John Neville, Jr, Wm Neville. John
ities. To sacrifice that country, would Owen, Samuel Prioleau, Sr, Philip Prio-
be to forge those chains, which are to leau. Chas Pinckney, Jr, James Poya.'?.
t»ow him to the very earth." Job Palmer. Jos Robinson. Thos Revin.
Daniel Rhodes, Joseph Righton, Jon The Repentant Sinner.
Scott, Sr, Wm
Snelling, John Stephen-
Jews have an innate aversion — and
son, Jr, Daniel Stephenson, Paul Sny-
der, Samuel Smith, Abraham Seavers, it Is, — to those who, hav-
quite natural
Rippely Singleton, Samuel Scotton, ftig been born within the pale of their
William Sayle (protection, 61 yrs of age, faith, have sold their birthright for a
does not want to be exchanged), Ste-
phen Shrewsbury, James Sonsiger, John mess of social pottage. That there
Tandus, Paul Tayloe, Lieut Sim White, have been many defections from Juda-
William W^igg, Jas Williams, Chas ism in South Carolina in the course of
Warham (ct dst), Thos Waring, Sr. the last two centuries is not surprising.
Richard Waring, Isaac White, George
Welch. Benj Wheeler. John Waters. Jr. What would be surprising, 'ndeed,
Wm Wilcocks. David Warham, Wm would be a detailed showing of the
Wilkie, Thos You, Richard Teadon. enormous strain of Jewish blood that
permeates the people of this State. I
leave out of account the old-time wit-
Charleston In 1774.
ticism of the spelling "Jew-genot"
A traveller's impressions are not al- which reveals probably more than a
ways to be relied on. The following grain of truth. But this is not my pur-
illustration of this truth occurs in a
pose to-day. I want to tell a little
letter written home to England by a
visitor to Charleston in 1774. and is story from my recently recovered re-
taken from the Historical Magazine, cords, that I shall call "The Repentant
vol p 341. Referring to the very
strong signs of firmness and unanim-
ity among the Americans to defend Some ten years ago, there was still
what they think their rights and lib- liring in Charleston an old lady, over
erties as long as they can. he writes:
"All these appearances of zeal for
ninety years of age, whose latter years
Liberty, most People that are born in were clouded with much physical suf-
Carolina can't help discovering in com- Many was the time when she
mon conversation a great Partiality would declare to her visitors that she
towards England, calling it their home
though they had never been there and was only suffering punishment for a
seem to wish much to have it in their grave sin which she had committed in
Power to be able to go and live com- her youth. What that grave sin was,
fortably in it: which to me appears ;)1-
I could never find out until I made
together irreconcilable with their Pro-
fessions of determining to defend what a detailed study of my records. The
they call the Rights and Liberties of story is quite romantic. Without em-
America to the last Extremity against bellishment it runs as follows:
old England, for I think People in gen-
eral can't easily prevail upon them- When a young woman, she had fal-
selves to injure or fight against what len in love with a young man not of her
they really have a regard for." own faith. That matters might run
smoothly, she had embraced his faith;
but in spite of this fact, the course of
iMiiao Hayne. true love did not run smoothly any-
how. The young man "went back o.n

The following item concerning Isaac her." Then it was that she awoke to
Hayne. is to be found in The Royal her folly and determined to return to
Gazette. August 8, 1781: the faith of her fathers. Here. then, is
her letter to the Elders of the Syna-
Charlestown. August S.
Mr Isaac Hayne, who since the capit-
To The Board of Trustees of K. K.
ulation of Charlestown. had taken pro-
B. E.
tection, and acknowledged himself a
subject of his Majesty's Government, Gentlemen: —
having notwithstanding been taken in Relying on your generous sympathy
arms, and at the head of a Reb<^l Regi- with one, who though she committed
ment of Militia, was therefore, on .Sat- a great error, appears now before you
urday morning last, executed a.<» a a penitent, I take the liberty to re-
Traitor. quest your aid in reinstating me in the
For further references, see ibid, April religion of my forefathers. You are
10 and 17. 1782. aware. Gentlemen, that some twelve

years ago, Iabandoned the religion of Oltituary KoticPH of Revolntioiiary

my forefathers andbecame a Christian.
I was then young and inexperienced, (F^'om the Courier.)
living entirely among a Christian Com-
munity, all of which overcame my un- John Barwin, sen, Aug 17, 1837.
derstanding and I took the step, of Richard Britt, Mar 30, 1831.
which I have for the last six years Richard Dawson, sen, Aug 27, 1S3G.
deeply repented. I am convinced of the Matthew Dixon, sen, July 30, 1830.
truth of our holy religion, and It is my Henry Ederington, sen, Nov 2, 1>>36.
utmost desire again to worship v>ilh Daniel Ford, May 12, 1837.
you at the same altar, at which your Timothy Ford, Dec 20, 1830.
and my ancestors worshipped, and am Pressly Gardner, Aug 16, 1837.
willing to undergo any penalty you Wm
Goodlett, sen, July 1, 1836.
may feel inclined to inflict. As the rep- Maj James Hamilton. Nov 9, 1831.
resentatives of a Congregation who are John Harth, April 25, 1836.
Israelites, and who believe in that John Howard, Mar 2, 1831.
sacred Law of Moses, which commands Horatio Jones. Sept 9, 1836.
kindness and charity to all mankind, James Lett, Dec 13, 1838.
in the name of that God who revealed Capt Hugh Milling, July 8, 1837.
himself to his chosen people, I conjure Isham Milton, April 19. 1831.
you not dismiss a penitent, but to re- Thomas M'Cance, April 21, 1830.
ceive her as one who went astray and Capt John M'Connell, Nov 15, 1830.
is jinxious to return to her flock. Hugh M'Manus, June 20, 1831.
With my best reliance on your gen- Thomas Ponder, Mar 30, 1837.
erous sympathy, Richard Smallwood, May 24, 1830.
I remain, yours, Capt Reuben Starke, June 16, 1837.
(Signed) . Edward Vandiver, sen, Aug 10, 1837.
The rest of the story is soon told. Capt James Wallace, Nov 22, 1838.
She was ordered to apear before the John Wilfong, sen, July 3, 1838.
Board of Trustees, when she again sol- Asa Wright, Oct 22, 1836.
emnly declared her firm determmation
to return to her faith, adding that "she WedgiToed China.
felt perfectly satisfied that no person
born in the Jewish faith can reconene It Is not generally known that the
himself to any other." On the follow- much sought and highly-prized Wedg-
ing Sabbath she appeared in the Syna- wood china, was
gogue, when the proceedings that had
made from kaolin
transpired were publicly proclaimed by clay exported to England from South
the Secretary; and having again de- Carolina. Prof Yates Snowden, of the
clared her penitence, she was restored University of South Carolina, ha:3 re-
to her former rights and privileges.
Tlie little story here told is not with- cently been making investigations into
out parallel, though such returns to the subject. In the Raleigh Register
the fold are for obvious reasons not and North-Carolina State Gazette for
very frequent. The picture, liowever, October Mr Wedgwot)d an-
22, 1807,
is a significant one of the days when
nounces that he intends to establish a
Religion meant much moi'e than it alas
does to-day, to so many of its nominal factory in the United States, and ashs
adherents. for information about clays, etc.

Ileprinted from the Sunday News, March 24, 1907.— No.

Leaves from My
Historical Scrap Book.
By Dr Barnett A. Elzas, M. D., LL.D.

Patriotic Societies Once More. en-haired chap who was rushing fran-
tically across the lobby of the hotel.
In my "Scrap Book" of March 17,
In his hand was a razzle-dazzle that
1907, I devoted a considerable portion made an ear-splitting noise; and as he
of my space to a consideration of tiie rushed across the floor, he shouted
subject of "Patriotic" Societies. In "Thee me! Thee me!" Mr Harvey, too,
seems to have a razzle-dazzle, and
that portion of my article I stated that wants tO' be seen and heard. Well, he
I wanted to give my readers something has been seen and he has been heard.
to thinlc about. What I there said, Now, dear Reader, but for one rash
had been the object of my own consid- remark in Mr Harvey's article, in
eration for several years; and I had which he undertakes to express himself
concerning the accuracy of my re-
hoped that with my own reputation to searches into the past, I would have let
vouch, at least, for the sincerity of him have the field to himself, and left
my purpose, that v/hat I said would him under the sweet impression that he
have been carefully considered. My had made a "ten strike;" instead of
showing, as I shall do now, that he has
article was not intended either to Irri- only succeeded in "fanning the zephyr"
tate or to bring into the field some — for I have a most positive aversion
doughty champion for the purpose of to argument with opponents who think
that they can, in ten minutes, with a
controversy. But it seems that one simple wave of their authoritative
can never tell. hands, dispose of matters that have
Major Wilson G. Harvey has risen to taken me months of patient work to
think out and to put into shape. As,
make a few remarks. Where exactly however, my declared intention is to
to place Major Wilson G. Harvey in provoke thought and thus to instruct,
matters of purely historical interest, I I will, for the benefit of my readei-s in
hardly know; nor do I feel called upon general and for Mr Harvey in particu-
lar, take some little pains to show Mr
to decide; and why Mr Harvey who Harvey that my carefully-prepared
"has no time for newspaper discus- work is neither "misleading," nor
sion," should rush into print and tell "faulty," nor full of "horrible inac-
all that he knows, or thinks he knows,
curacy;" and that when "the delver
into History in 1960, or maybe in the
or doesn't know, I cannot comprehend. year 2000" shall hunt up the files of
There is no telling why some people The Sunday News, he will not carry
rush into print and into places where away from my faulty article the
vously erroneous impression that Mr
angels who are wise have a prudent Harvey pictures.
fear to tread. Perhaps, however, a lit- Now before proceeding with my task,
tle incident that came accidentally to I will again premise that teachers of
my attention during the past week, experience do not simply fill their pu-
may throw some light upon his atti- pils with pre-digcsted food. This is
good enough for babies and for the sick
tude. who have weak stomachs. The good
Coming down to breakfast, namely, teacher— the teacher who really edu-
one morning this week, my attention cates—that is to say, brings out what
was attracted by a little, lisping, goid- is in his pupils— teaches rather by sug-

gestion; else the best education would time. Let us, therefore, now back to
be merely synonymous with the incor- the Constitution.
poration into the unfortunate student "Any male person above the age of
of the largest number of prepared twenty-one years descendant of
. . .

facts. There would be no scope for in- one who ... as a soldier under . . .

dividualism and all scholars would be the authority of any of the Thirteen
forced into the same mould. I have Colonies or States and remaining
. . .

tried to follow the example of experi- always loyal to such authority

enced teachers. In giving my lesson, I
. . .

shall be eligible to membership in the

aimed rather at being suggestive than Society."
exhaustive; for the space at my dis-
posal (while The Sunday News is very
My objections to this "Fundamental
Constitution," are both general and
tolerant) is limited, and I was not special.
writing a treatise. I see, however, that
some of my pupils are not far enough
The Society is instituted "to perpet-
advanced for my method. uate the memory of the men who
I shall to-
achieved the independence of this coun-
day, therefore, be more explicit. If I
try." Good enough. There are a lim-
should happen to draw a word-picture
ited few who can point to certain stan-
of a house, I will write underneath
"This Is A House" — lest mayhap dard works and to documents of mis-
it be
cellaneous character that have come
mistaken for a camel or an elephant;
and if I should happen to make a point, down to us, which prove the sentiments
I will likewise add: "This Is A Point."
of the aforesaid individuals. For the
Let us, then, back to the record, to rank and file of possible applicants for
which I shall strictly adhere. To bring the privileges of the Society, and these
my statements into better relief. I shall must number millions, "the men who
achieved the independence of this coun-
put them into a series of clear-cut
try," is interpreted as meaning simply
"soldiers who saw service in the Rev-
"The influence of patriotic Societies, olution." These are dubbed "patriots."
so-called, has been anything but bene- But there is the reservation made
ficial to the accurate study of history. "and remaining always loyal." Those
. . . The Constitutions of these So- who did not remain always loyal, are
cieties make it clear that they are thus branded as not "patriots." I sub-
based upon the most unintelligent in- mit that this Is a most unintelligent
terpretation of the simplest historical interpretation of history, a miserably
facts." narrow interpretation of "patriotism."
I reiterate the statement— "the head and is deserving of most vigorous pro-
and front of my offending," that seems test.
to have irritated Mr Harvey's patriot- Let me call attention to a few per-
ic soul,— for it impelled him forthwith tinent facts.
to spring his razzle-dazzle, and with (a) MILITIA SERVICE. This is
the calm declaration that there is not proven either by a muster-roll or an
a line inmy article to substantiate my indent, or a pension paper, or an obit-
statements, he proceeds to annihilate uary notice. Of themselves, what do
me by submitting for my information these things prove? Absolutely noth-
the Constitutions, etc, of the Sons and ing. For the benefit of my readers I
Daughters, both of which, by the way, took all the trouble to print the mili-
have been lying on my table for several tia regulations of Revolutionary days.
years. I have never been able to understand
That one who by reason of his ex- why people should congratulate them-
alted position in the ranks of patriot- selves because they had an ancestor
ic Societies and who might at least be who saw service in the militia. At a
supposed to possess an elementary time when every man had either to
knowledge of the history of the Revo- enroll, or to be severely punished, or
lution, should be unable to see the to get out, what special virtue was
bearing of the clear-cut facts that I there in the act. that entitles them to
have presented, is unfortunate. I would more consideration than the rrum who
like to be able to furnish my critic pays his poll-tax to-day? Many of
with the comprehensio)! lequisite for these militia men, wo can be reasona-
the grasping of my ideas, but, alas, bly certain from what we know of the
this power has not been given to me. history, may have been thoroue^hly loy-
Twenty-five years of incessant teach- al in sentiment to the Mother Country,
ing, however, have endowed me with yet had to do militia duty and fight.
the gift of patience even with the dull- These nion had indents issued to them
est pupils; and so, having failed the in due course, which papers afe now
first time. T will now try again. Per- in these days of patriotic Societies pro-
haps T shall be more successful this duced as evidence of feelings which at
the time they would have strenuous- to the Cause by an ignominious death
ly repudiated. Such acceptance of an this man's descendants, according to
indent by these patriotic Societies, the Constitution of these patriotic So-
does not show an intelligent under- cieties, must be barred from thedr priv-
standing of History. (This is a point.) ileged precincts. His patriotism is
(b) PROTECTION. History informs tainted.
us, that for various reasons, some of So that a descendant of a militia-
which gave in my former article, man who saw service because he had
many hundreds of men — some of them to, perhaps of some loyalist who did
patriots to the core, swore allegiance not have money enough to get away,
or as we call it, "took protection." a descendant of a maji who went into
These men are stigmatised and their the war as a matter of business, by
descendants are stigmatised by these reason of good pay and prospective
patriotic Societies so-called, through bounty, a descendant of some ungaoled
their unintelligent interpretation of gaol-bird "convicted of being idle,
History. Whither their stupidity leads, lewd, and disorderly, or a sturdy beg-
I shall soon show. gar," whose name happens to be
(c) MERCENARIES. I will use this found on some Continental muster-
word, for it is a good one. There were roll or pay-roll, is surrounded by these
thousands of what are to-day glori^ed patriotic Societies with a halo of tin-
into "patriots," who enlisted as a fine sel glory and invited to "join," while
stroke of business. The less we say the descendants of a Wad^i Hampton
about them the better. Let the student or of an Isaac Hayne are deemed un-
read Simms's magnificent article worthy. Yet strange to say, the Sons
"South Carolina in the Revolution," in of the Revolution of South Carolina,
The Southern Quarterly Review for who according to their Constitution
July, 1848, and if I mistake not, his must exclude the descendants of these,
enthusiasm will receive a decided have perpetuated the memory of Isaac
chill. Hayne on a bronze tablet. How in-
(d) CONTINENTAL. SERVICE. In consistent!
the Continental army there were many I submit again, therefore, that "the
patriots brave and true. But there influence of patriotic Societies, so-
were other "patriots" of whom History called, has been anything but bene-
tells. We are informed, for example, ficial to the accurate study of history;
that when the big inducements offered and that the Constitutions of these So-
did not fill the Continental Regiments, cieties make it clear that they are
"the State recruited her battalions by based upon the most unintelligent in-
forcing into their ranks, by way of pun- terpretation of the simplest historical
ishment, all men convicted of being facts." (This is a point.)
idle, lewd and disorderly, or sturdy- I have taken up so much space with
beggars." (See Statutes of South Car- what is of real historical import, that
olina, vol 4. p?.s-e 410. See also Mc- I shall be very brief on the other fea-
Crady, vol 1775-1.780. page 300.) Thus, ture of these Societies, which Mr Har-
too, we find Gen Greene bitterly de- vey states "have subordinated all so-
claring "that he fought Lord Rawdon cial lines to the furtherance of patriot-
with his deserters, while Rawdon ic effort." He ought certainly to know
fought him with his own." "Ranks It is indeed most gratifying to learn
which were filled with sturdy beggars, from such an authoritative source, that
lewd, idle, and disorderly men, and de- all the historical workers throughout
serters were not the place for patriots the country have been laboring all
and decent citizens." (See McCrady along under a grievous misapprehen-
Ibid, page 302.) This "patriotism," me- sion. It is really a pity that we have
thinks, may reasonably be taken at a not more evidence of it. I confess that
discount. Now for the point. I shall I have been cruelly deluded. I have re-
only use two illustrations. They will ceived hundreds of lettei-s, with a re-
illustrate my general position: quest to hunt for Revolutionary ances-
Wade Hampton took Protection in tors (I have nothing else to do,) and
1780. He afterwards played a very have often learned that the "D. A. R.
distinguished part in tlie struggle for gives such lovely affairs." but in all
Independence. By the Constitution of my experience I have never seen iuiy
these patriotic Societies, his descend- reference in these letters to patriotic
ants are barred his patriotism— is efforts; all of which goes to show how
tainted. mistaken we can all of us sometimes
Isaac Hayne took Protection. His be. It would be interesting to learn
tragic story is familiar, I trust, to what our societies in Charleston have
everyone. This whole-souled patriot, done "to collect and secure for preser-
who paid the penalty of his devotion vation the rolls, records and other doc-

uments of that period." —

I recently- get a seat every seat being occupied
found quite a little Revolutionary ma- by these ancestor hunters. Other work-
terial myself here, and it would be ers make the same complaint. And our
quite gratifying to me if I could get own Mr Salley joins in the chorus.
access to more of it; but if any such And now in conclusion, I would like
material has been gathered, the col- to say a word to our patriotic Daugh-
lectors have been very reticent about ters whose souls I may have perturbed

it. The South Carolina Historical So- by my former article. I am not writ-
ciety is doing good work by publishing ing for fun. "When I razzle-dazzle, I
our historical material, and could do usually razzle-dazzle for a purpose. I
much more if it had a better member- am aiming to get justice for those who
ship. How many of the Sons and took protection. Personally, of course,
Daughters belong, and thus manifest I have not the slightest interest in the
their interest in the only way that is matter, but I have several friends who
of any account? Or is $3 a year an for reasons of their own want to join
excessive price to pay for patriotism? the Societies, and whom I have advised
Mr Harvey feels assured that my that under the present Constitution,
"great work," is receiving no more un- they are not eligible though their an- —
stinted appreciation than from the cestors received pensions for their ser-
members of patriotic Societies. Alas, vices to the Cause. There is no use to
his feeling of assurance is not well run away from an issue. It should be
founded. I have worked hard for ten faced and if necessary, forced. This is
years. I have collected some quarter exactly what I am doing, If our
of a million historical references. I Daughters will have a little patience
have published quite extensively for my they will doubtless hear more about it
opportunities, and the net result of my later on. Some may doubt the wisdom
work would not pay for the price of a of calling attention to the names of
dinner. Talk is cheap. Sincere appre- those who took protection. McCrady
ciation of an author's work is best does this in part. It is better that
shown by his subscription list, but people know how they stand than that
mine shows no members of patriotic innocent people should be subjected to
societies; and others will tell the same mortification later on.
tale. And now lastly, too, a word to my
But let say again what I said in friend Major Harvey, than whom I
my former article: "I have nothing to hold none in higher esteem. I am sorry
say against the existence of societies that he got into a controversial mood.
whose purpose is to foster the spirit of He is not a controversialist, and does
patriotism, than which there is nothing not belong in controversy. It is always
nobler." But the workers all over the dangerous to swim in unknown waters.
country seem to think that these soci- If I have been rather severe on him, I
eties are wandering far afield from the hope he will forgive me and not mis-
purpose for which they were instituted. interpret my vigorous style for offence.
It is simply appalling to think of the We have both of us only been razzle-
number of good, bad and indifferent dazzling. If the result of our razzle-
genealogists who are making a hand- dazzling is to stimulate our patriotic
some living, practically doing nothing societies to those effoits for which they
else than trace Revolutionary ances- v.ere instituted while I shall still be- —
tors. From samples of their work that lieve that they are founded on an un-
I have seen you can get anything you intelligent interpretation of History
want by paying for it. I have a vivid they will at any rate have justified
recollection of last Summer's visit to their existence, and our razzle-dazzling
the Lenox Library, when I could not will not have been in vain.

Iti'iirinted from the Sundvv News. Marc;i ^l. 1!K)7.— No. 8.1
Leaves from My
Historical Scrap Bool<:.

By Dr Barnett A. £lzas, M. D., LL.D.

Jadah P. Benjamin. but, properly presented, truth is not

I herewith present the student with less pleasingthan fiction. It is often
practically complete materials for a really more remarkable than fiction.
biography of Judah P. Benjamin. No But were it even otherwise, our duty
accurate biography has hitherto ap- to truth were still paramount. There
is no use and no justification for the
I>eared, the early story of this distin-
guished lawyer and statesman being perpetuation of error and falsehood.
involved in much obscurity. One must
beware of newspaper clippings as au- Judah P. Benjamin, a pen picture of,
April 22, 1864.
thentic sources of information. If we
Judah P. Benjamin, a letter from,
do not heed this caution, we shall be January 21, 1882.
bound to get into trouble. I speak with In reference to supposed vast sums
confidence on this matter, having at deposited in the Bank of England and
my command at a few minutes notice elsewhere in Europe. "I do not believe
that one penny is to be found anywhere
some 125,000 historical references still in Europe, of the assets of the defunct
unused. It is only when one is able Confederacy."
to take a complete survey of such ma- Judah P. Benjamin in London, July
terial that one's opinion is worth any- 13, 1882.

thing at all. Then it is, that one sees

A most interesting sketch.
Judah P. Benjamin, February 25, 1883.
clearly to what confusion tradition A magnificent tribute from the Lon-
leads the would-be historian. don Telegraph. "The greatest advo-
I would here add that much of the
cate known to the English Bar since
Scarlett." Inaacurate as to the details
traditional gossip that has gone the
of his early life.
rounds of the press in various forms, Judah P. Benjamin, May 20, 188,3.
originated with the late Nathaniel Le- Reminiscences of his legal career, and
vin, whose memory went back over an account of the coming banquet up-
on his retirement from the Bar. Ab-
half a century, and whose fame as a surdly inaccurate though romantic, in
raconteur lent a fictitious weight to the details of his early life.
his reminiscences. Another man, in Judah P. Benjamin, obituary notice
recent years, who has done his little
of. May 8. 1884.
Interesting but inaccurate.
share in perpetuating traditionl mis- Judah P. Benjamin, May 11, 1884.
takes, is Mr Henry D. Capers, of Mo- Some reminiscences by
bile, Ala, who has given us the old
an "Octogenarian." The only reference
to certain Benjamin family matters In
stories of Judah P. Benjamin's early the literature. Not entirely accurate.
career in slightly different version. The Judah P. Benjamin, December 26,
present time is the day of scientific 1897.
An inaccurate sketch of his life cop-
history. We accept nothing without \e<\ from an article in The Jewish
reasonable evidence. It may seem a South.
pity to some to spoil old wives' tales; Judah P. Benjamin, January 14, 1808.
The Benjamin family In Beaufort. —Eulogy on, by Col Thomas, August

Judah never lived here only his moth- 16, 1897.
— Prize oration on, August
er, brother and sister. He himself at 1897. 22,

the time was already in New Orleans. — And Hugh Wilson, editorial and ar-
ticle, October 1897. 27,
Judah P. Benjamin, January 6. 189S.
This paper contains several most in-
— "A Stainless Statesman," February
6, 1898.
teresting items. First, an editorial on
Judah P. Benjamin. Next, a letter
from Nathaniel Lrevin to H. H. DeL.eon, The Bnrnlii;? of Columbia.
contaiiiing supposed data about his
early life. They are only the reminis-
The Burning of Columbia, May ,3,

18S4,November 3, 1S85. July 27, 29,

cences of a raconteur. Mr Levin tells August 10, 1886. January l.j, 21. Feb-
us, for example, that "Judah P. Ben- ruary 10, 1888. February 1891. Feb-
5, 18,
jamin was a student of Columbia Col- ruary 24, 190L
lege, then under the presidency of the
scholarly Cooper." This is not so. He
states further: "If Mr Benjamin went
to Yale I am ignorant of the fact; and Huguenot Memories, June 20, 1883.
while it may be correct, I doubt its The Charleston Huguenots, June 12,
authenticity!" Mr "Levin concludes: 1885.
"A half century has transpired and my Origin of the name, September 28,
recollections as to dates cannot be re- 1885.
called." In this same issue, a Mr B. The Huguenot celebration, October 22,
C. Hard gives some interesting per- 1885.
sonal recollections: "Recollections of The Carolina Huguenots, November
School-fellow." 18, 1894.
Judah P. Benjamin, January 27. 189S Some Abbeville Huguenots, December
A letter from Hon James Sprunt, of 5, 1897.
Wilmington, telling of his career in
Fayetteville, N. C. Tlif ^lecUIeiibiii'jf "necluration.*'
Judnh P. Benjamin's School Days.
July 29, 1903.
The Mecklenburg Declaration, July
A long communication from Mr J. S. 12, 1882.

Leary, containing interesting data The case argued on both sides.

about Mr Benjamin at school at Fay- —Editorial on. May 28. 1890.
etteville. "Liberty cradled in a hornet's nest."
The above ref«rences. together with Contains interesting material not
my volume on The usually quoted in discussions of the
the datn given in
Jews of South Carolina, pn lSn-lR7. will question.
furnish a mole material for an accu- —Editorial on, October 18, 1894.
rate biography of the man des'^ribed
by one as "the brains of the Confed- Tlie Je^TH' l/ands in Abbeville.
eracy," and by another as "the Me-
phistopheles of the Rebellion, the bril- There is a charm in historical re-
liant, learned, sinister Secretary of search. This is largely due to the con-
stant surprises that it offers to the in-
vestigator. One never knows where
Battle FlaKS.
is coming from, but some-
Storv of a Battle Flag, (2Gth S. C. how
coming all the time. Such an
it is
V./> January 1. 1SS4.
agreeable surprise came to me mosi
The Palmetto Flag, Januarv 1. 1RS4.
Confederate Battle Flags, June 16. 17. unexpectedly last Summer.
1S87. 1 had conducted what I conside)'ed a
First Regiment Flag. November 15. most thorough investigation into the
Tb"^ First Confederate Flag. February history of Joseph Salvador, the Eng-
17. 189r>. lish merchant prince and philanthro-
pist, who came to South Carolina when
.Toliti ('. Cnlliosin.
the failure of the Dutch East India
—Three col editorial on, June 10. 1S82. Company and the earthquake at Lis-
—The State's Tribute to, Anril 1, 1887. bon had brought him to the brink of
— Rditorial on. April 1887. 26,
ruin, to seek the wre<'kage of his for-
—Unveiling of monument, orations, nier fnttime.
etc, April 27, 1887.
Joseph Salvador was in his day one cotton, Indian com, and small grain; a
of the greatest landowners in this coun- great proportion of it may be made
try, owning- 100,000 acres of land, in meadow ground. There is not, perhaps,
what afterwards became Ninety-Six such a body of land, so circumstanced
District.I thought that I had account- for sale in any other of the U: States.
ed for every acre of his vast estate
from the records in Charleston. But Accompanying the plat, is a certifi-
one must never be too sure in histori- cate of 63 Conveyances recorded in
cal matters. A most interesting doc- Abbeville County—19,559 1-2 acres.
ument that came into my hands last Abbeville County,
Summer throws more light upon the State of South Carolina.
subject and shows that there may be I do hereby certify that the foregoing
soniething underlying the story told isa true acount of all the several Con-
by the English historian Picciotto, veyances (sixty three in number) made
which I have reproduced in my book, by Joseph Salvadore, of land contained
and which did not seem plausible in the within the two tract.s of 50,000 acres
light of our records. each, usually called Salvadore's Tracts,
I was in Washington, namely, for the upon record in this County; and that
purpose of study; as was also my no other or further conveyance of any
friend, Mr J. L. Conger, of the Uni- part of said Land is to be found upon
\'ersity of "V\''isconsin. We had spent —
the said Records Witness my hand, at
considerable time together in Charles- Abbeville Court House this Thirty first
ton, and he had taken note of some day of May 179S
things in which I was particularly in- And I hereby certify that there is no
terested. The co-operative method is Mortgage upon the whole or any part
altogether admirable in historical of the two tracts of Land usually called
work. I am constantly turning over Salvadore's tracts, to be found on the
material to others, ^\ ho in turn, are on
the lookout for things I need. Mr
Records of this County Witness my —
hand at Abbeville Court House this 31st
Conger made a real "find" for me. It day of May 1798.
^vas, namely, an original re-survey of
the Salvador lands, drawn in color,
showing all the tracts that had been What remarkable indeed, is the
disposed of, those on which squatters fact that none of the conveyances re-
had settled, and the tracts that were corded in Charleston, all of which I
still for sale. This re-survey was made have enumerated in my book, are re-
in 1791, after the death of Salvador, corded in Abbeville. Among these is
and sets forth that "the residue of these one to Rebecca Mendes Da Costa for
lands was taken in E.xecution and sold 20.000 acres: and another to several in-
by Samuel Saxon, Esq, Sheriff of said dividuals the residue of 59,900
District, on the 6th Day of June, 1791." acres. Howthe estate was finally set-
Att.ached to the plat is the following tled I do not know, but it was subse-
advei-tiseroent, which \\ould do credit quently taken into the Courts by the
to the best real estate agent of to- foreign heirs. It is said that the fa-
day mous George McDuffie laid the founda-
LANDS FOR SALE. tion of his fortune bj'' the work he did
i'.i connection with the case. The Ab-
In a well settled Country, SIXTY- beville records are no longer in exis-
FIVE THOUSAND THREE HUN- tence and I do not know that much
DRED AND SEVENTY FOUR ACRES would be gained by having them. It
OP LAND; in one body, the most is interesting, however, to know that
populous part of the State of South- the Salvador lands, which are now
Carolina, in the dirtrict of Ninety-Six. within the corporate limits of Abbe-
... It is situated in a fine healthy cli- ville County, are still known as the
mate, free from fever & ague, about "Jews' Lands," or the "Land of Prom-
sixty miles from Columbia, the seat ise." I hope some day to make a pil-
of government. The land is contigu- grimage thither.
ous to the town of Cambridge, where
are a seminary for the instruction of Diiel.s hikI r>iielHiiS5:.
youth, and a superior law court. It is
at present within about thirty-five Wise-Lewis Duel. September 20. 1881.
miles of good navigation, with a prob- Virginia Duels, October 18. 1881.
ability of having the river, called the The Modern Campaign Duel, October
Great Saluda, that flovs alomg ono 21. 1881.
side of the land, made navigable. The Duelling in Virgini.a. January 3. 1882.
land is beautifully divcsifiel into New Orleans Duel, June 8. 9, 10, 1882.
swells and vales, and is perfectly well Columbia Duel, June 22. 27. 1882.
•alculated for the culture of tobacco. Old-time Duels. October 18. 1882.
Duelling in South Carolina, October Charleston—A Century of,, January
21, 1885. 1, 1901.
Duelling: in the South, July 21, 1887. Charleston—Ante-Bellum, September
Williamson-Calhoun Duel, August 11, 13, 1885.
12, 13, 25, 1889. From the Storied Past— Some Remi-
A Famous Duel, November 9, 1897. niscences of the antient history of
Charleston, April 11, 1886.
Bloeraphical Material. Roll of the Dead in 1900, January 1,
Edwin Booth, June 8, 1893. Georgetown —Description of, Octo-
Junius Brutus Booth, September 20,
ber 4, 1882.
1883. Lancaster —a pen picture of, Novem-
John C. Calhoun's Family, May 4,
ber 23, 1897.
1885. Our Silver Mace—The Story of, Octo-
Ann Pamela Cuningham, October 31, ber 20, 1882. December 9, 1893.
1885. Marion, Gen Francis —The tomb of,
Paul H. Hayne, October 4, 1881. No- April 19, May 23, 1893.
vember 24, 1882. February 10, Septem- Relics of the Olden Time, December
ber 1883.
20, July 8. 9, 12, August 13, 6, 1885.
1886. October 30, 1887. Slave Badges, September 11. 17, 1889.
Robert Y. Hayne, November 13, 1882. The "Smiths" of South Carolina, let-
Sidney Lanier, September 12, De- ter from "The Antient Lady," August
cember 19, 1881. 9, 1862.

William Lowndes, December 6, 1885.

James L. Petigru, March 28, 1891. Charleston Chnrches.
September 26, 1897. Our Early Churches, December 28,
Gen Thomas Pinckney, March 6, 1898. 1884.
John Rutledge, February 1, 1891. The Cathedral of St Finbar, Decem-
State Legislature Biographies. No- ber 18 1885
vember 26, 1884; November 23, 1886; No- The Circular Church. March 4, 1862.
vember 25. 1890. February 19. 188S. August 24, 1890. Jan-
Henry Timrod, May 1, 2, 1901. uary 18, 1892. February 11, 1901.
The First Church in Charleston, De-
I.ot-nl Hintory.
cember 7. 1884.
The Huguenot Church, January 14,
The Ashes of the Past. [Alleys in 1898.
Charleston] November 1, 1885. St Michael's Bells, March 7. 1887.
Carolina, — The name, Januai-y 24, March 6. 1S9S.
1862. June 21. 1883. April 12, 17, 21, 26. The Unitarian Church, April 17, 1886.
May 3, 15, 1884. April 2?,, 1SS7.
Carolina — the early days of, April 29, —
Note: All the references in the fore-
1888. going article are to The Courier.

Iteprlnted from the Sunday News, April 7. 1907.— No. 9.1
Leaves from My
Historical Scrap Book.
By Dr Barnett A. Elzas, M. D., LL.D.

With my article to-day I bring this Battles:

series of "Leaves from my
Historical Drewry's Bluff, May 21, 1884.
Fredericksburg, Nov 21, 1897.
Scrap Book" to completion. I set out Gettysburg, Dec 10, 1893.
with the avowed purpose of calling at- First Manassas, April 1, 1884.
tention to the immense mass of his- New Market, July 15, 1882.
torical material that lies buried within Seven Pines, Aug 6, 10, 11, 1885.
Shiloh, April 28, May 10, 1887.
the volumes of our newspaper files,
Gen Beauregard, Feb 5, 1884; Feb 22,
which might as well be out of exis- 1893.
tence, unless someone takes the trouble The Sword of Beauregard, March 17,
to index their contents. For myself, 1893.
I have inerely skimmed the surface. Blockade of Charleston, Jan 12, 21,
All I have done is to pull out a page 1897.

here and there of my note-books, and Blockade Running, Feb 7, 21, 1897.
to list those items that I thought would The Free Market of Charleston, Feb
26. 1862.
be of interest. What I have made "The noblest charity extant." Orig-
available represents only a small por- inated with Ben Mordecai, and largely
tion of what could and should be made supported by him.
Butler's Brigade in '64, Nov 2, 1897.
available. The files of The City Ga-
Gist's Brigade at Franklin, Feb 14,
zette, The Southern Patriot and The 1887.
Mercury are likewise wonderfully rich Hagood's Brigade, Aug 11, Sept 1,

in literary and historical data. Thou- 1881.

Hagood's Regiment, May 9, 1888.
sands of references might readily be McGowan's Brigade, June 19, 1904.
compiled from their interesting pages. Who were Carpet-Baggers, Aug 24,
That my contribution to our local 1885.

history might be of real and lasting

The Siege of Charleston, July 17,
1S92; Jan 26, 1897.
value, I have verified practically every Jeff Davis's Speech at New Or-
reference. leans, Jan 28, 1882.
I willonly add in conclusion, that I Jeff Davis and his maligners, Feb 4,
trust my own work may stimulate Jeff Davis, vindication of, April 17,
others in a similar direction. 1882.
Jeff Davis, capture of. Sept 4, 10, 23,
niisoellaneonH Confederate Mhterial. 1885.
Major Anderson, Jan 23, 186L JefC Davis, a kind word for, June 15,
The Swamp Angel, May 24, 1888. 1888
De Gress's Rattery, April 11, 1897. Jeff Davis, biography of, Jan 26. 1891.
Harfs Battery, July 28, 1892. Jeff Davis, funeral of, May 17, 23, 25,
Stevens's Battery, Feb 22, 1897. 1893.
Buttery Wiigner, March 6, IS'jS. Jeff Davis, private life of. June 1. 1893.
Judah P. Benjamin's great Speech, Coins of the Confederacy, Feb 28, 1885.
Jan 9, 1861. Confederate Dead, Aug 25, 1S85.
Edwin De Leon, a fine tribute to, Our Graves at Fredericksburg, March
Mav IS, 1861. IS, 1890.
List of South Carolina Dead at Fred- That foul word "Rebellion," July 28,
ericksburg, June 16, 1890. Oct 25, 26, 30, 1897.
Our Dead in Hollywood, April 10. 1893. The Real cause of the Rebellion, Oct
The Dead of the War. Nov 9, 1897. 19. 1897.
Germans and their Dead, Nov 10, 1897. The Ordinance of Secession, July 14,
W. L. List of Dead, Mar 18, 1888.
The Confederate Capital, Mar 21, 1897. Jeff Davis on the Right of Secession,
The Confederate War Debt, June 1,
July 6, 16, 1881.

7. 1886. The Right of Secession, Mar 15, 1891;

The Confederate Generals, June 18,
June 5, July 24, Aug 18, 1893.
1889 The State Flag, Jan 28, 1861.
The Confederate Gold, Dec 18,, 1885. Slavery and Secession, Aug 21. 1883.
The first Confederate Ram, Jan 7, John C. Calhoun om States' Rights,
1884. March 8. 1883.
The Confederate Seal, Jan 15, 27. 1886. The evacuation of Fort Sumter, July
The Confederate Specie, Dec 21, 22, 7, 1881,
23, 1881.
The Siege of Sumter, March 21, 1883.
The Confederate States Navy, July 2,
Survivors 12th Regiment. Aug 22. 1881.
1887. Were the Confederates "Traitors? Feb
France and the Confederate Navy, 4, 1885.
May 24, 1888. Causes of the War, Nov 28, 1897.
The Germans In War, May 24, 1888. Not a Civil War, Nov 17, 1897; Feb 15,
William J. Grayson, Oct 1863.
Maxcy Gregrg-. March 18, 1888.
Issues of the War, May 4. 1882.
Who fired the first Gun? Jan 16,
The Object of the War, (Lee) May 5,
1861: Oct 20, 23, 1882; Jam 19. 1893.
The first and last Shot.. Aug 25, 1893. Responsibility for the War, June 6,

Hampton, March 4, 1891. 1893.

Hampton Legion, April 3, 1882. Hebrews in the War. Jan 3. 1892.
Hampton Legion at Manassas, July Southern Heroes War, Dec 18, 1892.
13. ISSo; Nov 14, 1897.
The first Martyr of the War, Sept 2,
With Hampton in Battle, Dec 5, 1897. 1897.
Hampton at Fayetteville. Dec 12, 1897. Memories of the War. Oct 28, 188.5.
Gen Huguenin. Jan 10, 1888. Reminiscences of the War, April 30,
Stonewall Jackson at Manassas, Mar South Carolina
27. 1884. in the War, Jan 7,
Stonewall Jackson at Chancellors-
ville. April 5, 1886.
Wheeler's Men, Mar 14, 1898.

Jackson's plan of War, June 20, 1889. W. L. L Vols. Appeal, June 15, ,1864.
Stonewall Jackson's way, June 22, response to this appeal,
(In Ben
1889. Mordecai contributed $1,000.)
Jackson in Battle. Oct 28. 1897.
Jackson at Winchester, Jan 6. 1901.
The Jews of Chattanooga, July 31, Confederate RonterN.
The Jews of Richmond, May 3, 1861; 1stRegt S. C. v.. April 23. 1861.
Jan 15, 1864. 1st Regt Of Rifles, Aug 23, 1861.
The Jewish Women of Charlotte, 2nd Regt S. C. V., April 26. 1861.
June 24, 1861. 7th Regt. Co F.. Aug 14. 1861.
Johnson and Grant, Nov 5, 1885. 10th Regt S. C. v., Dec 24, 1861.
The Raids of the Kuklux. Sept 13, 20th Regt S. C. V., Co A., May 20,
1892. 1862.
Robert E. Lee, Jan 5, 1890. Beauregard Light Infantry, Aug 9,
Moise. oration on Lee. Jan 20. 1S98. 1861.
Robert E. Lee. Teacher. Feb 21. 1897. Brooks Guards, May 13. 1861.
Gen James Longstreet, July 6, 1885. Carolina Light Infantry, Oct 15, 1861.
Mpsonry and Prisoners of War, Jan Charleston Mounted Guard, June 1,
L'8. 1862. 1861.
Monitor and Merrimac. May 26. 1897. Chesterfield Light Artillery, Oct 1,5.
Monitor and the Virginia, Sept 13. 1861.
189"; Feb 9. 1S98. Chestnut Light Artillery. July 28, 1862.
Benjamin Mordecai, a fine tribute to. Colleton Guards. Sept 4, 1861.
Mar 12, 1862. DeSaussure Light Artillery, Oct 15,
Nelson's Battalion, Aug 8. 1897. 1862.
Orr's Regiment, Aug 6, 1892. Drafted Companies. July 29. 1863.
James L. Petigru. Mar 10, 1863. Georgetown Rifle Guards, Aug 21,
Who are the Rebels? Aug 15. 1862. 1861.
German Artillery, Co B., April 28, He possessed liberal views on all sub-
1862. jects ... he was the principal agent
Governor's Guards, April 11, 1861. in the removal of the civil and poli-
Capt Hills Co, April 1, 1862. tical disabilities that had been im-
The Home Guard, May 2. 1861, posed on the Jews in South Carolina."
Irish Volunteers, Aug- 1, 1861. (Vol 5, p 23.) I wonder why reliable
Col Kershaw's Regt, April 30, 1861. publishing houses do not submit the
Marion Rifles, Feb 24, 1863. pix)ofs of historical works to competent
Ordnance Guard, March 20, 1862. local workers for revision? It would
Palmetto Guard. May
1, 10, 1861. certainly pay them in the long run.
Palmetto Guard Artillery, June 17,
1862. Revolutionary Material.
Pee Dee March
Rifles, 1862.27,
P'ckens Rangers. Dec 4. 1861.
The Antient Battalion of Artillery,
Pickens Rifles. Aug
10. 1861.
March 31, 1901.
Re-enlisted Soldiers. Mar
9, 1864.
Baron DeKalb, May 5, 1884.
Regiment of Reserves, Dec 11, 1861. The DeKalb Monument, Jan 1. 1883.
S. C. College Cadets, May
2, 1861.
See also City Gazette, March 31, 1827.
Trenholm Rifles, Dec 5, 1861. Battle of Beaufort. .Gazette of the
Vigilant Rifles, Jan 9, 1861. State of South Carolina, March 10, 1779.
Waccamaw Light Artillery, April 29,
Boston in 1774, June 19, 1861.
1862. A long list of subscriptions from
Washington Artillery, .March 11, 1862. Georgetown, S. C, for the relief of Bos-
Washington Light Infantry, June 1, ton.
1861. Battle of Camden, City Gazette, July
Washington Mounted Artillery, July 15, 1831. See also South Carolina &
12, 1861.
American General Gazette, Dec 13, 1780.
Wee Nee Riflemen, Nov 23. 1861. Battle of Eutaw, City Gazette, Jan 30,
Wee Nee Vols, Sept 16. 1861.
Yeadon Light Artillery, May 1.*}, 1862.
Eutaw Springs Centennial, Sept 8,
Battle of Eutaw Springs, Jan 2, 1882.
The Cruel Slave Ovrner. The Darkest Hour of the Revolution
The gruesome Letter from George
pictures of the cruelty — Washington,
of slavery which with ever and dated Dec 30. 1778, Oct 16, 1863.
we meet
nnon, are very amusing to those who King's Mountain, Feb 3, 1853.
have lived in the South. In examining Original material.
some wills recently in Camden, I came Battle of King's Mountain, Oct 7,
across a good illustration of the tender 1853.
regard which the old master and mis- The Siege of Savannah, South Caro-
tress had for their slaves. In the Will lina and American General Gazette,
of Sarah Levy, the mother of the dis- Oct 1, 1779.
tinguished Col Chapman Levy, of Cam- Journal of the Siege of Savannah,
den, probated on October 24, 1842, there Ibid, Dec 10, 1779.
occurs the following passage: Marlon's Home, Mar 25, 1897.
"It is my direction, desire and earn- Marion's Grave, June 9, 1883.
est request, that old Kennedy shall be Marion's Tomb, Feb 17, 1889.
kept with his wife and each treated Revolutionary Incident, (concerning
with kindness and all reasonable indul- Richard C. Anderson) April 6, 1861.
gence." A Relic of the Revolution, (Samuel
I have met with such directions so Venning's sword) May 31, 1861.
frequently, that the illustration may Revolutionary Relics, Dec 9, 1884.
be said to be almost typical. Gen Sumter the Gamecock of the —
Revolution, Nov 14, 1863.
Charle« Pinckney <17.%S.1824.) The Evacuation of Charleston In
1782. Dec 14. 1882.
I have often thought that a good defi- The German Fusiliers Roll of the
nition of nn encyclopaedia would be: Company at Savannah in 1779, Jan 21,

"A book where one can get inaccurate 1886.
Information." Some encyclopaedias are Col Plnckney's Order Book, of 1st S.
inexpressibly bad. I recently had oc- C. Regiment, June 28, 1887.
casion to look up a matter in connec-
tion with Charles Pinckney in Apple- BloiEirrapliieal Material.
ton's Cyclopaedia of American Biog-
raphy, and was not a little surprised Benjamin George Allston, April 20,
at the following information: "Mr 1853.
Pinckney was the founder of the old Robert Elfe, May 30, 1853.
Republican Party of South Carolina. Franklin H. Elmore, June 1, 1850.

006 152 803 9

Bishop Gadsden, June 25, 18,^2. (2) Commissary Garden, July 20, 1853. t.

Col Samuel Hammond, Sept 27, 1842. (3) Rev Dr Wm

Dood, July 21, 1853.
Robert Y. Hayne, Feb 14, 1840. (4) The Tornado of 1761—from the S.
Francis Simons Holmes, Oct 20, 1882. C. Gazette, July 22, 1853.
Col William S. King, March 20, 1852. McCrady's History, Jan 30, Mar 24,
Mary E. Lee, Feb 22, 1851. 1898
Hugh S. Legare, June 26, 27, 1843. "Millions for Defence," Aug 16„ 1853;
Thomas Lowndes, July 11, 1?43. July 3, 1854.
Col Charles John Steadman, March History of the Orphan House, July 1,
14, 1840. 28, 1854.
John A. Stuart, May 12, 1853. Osceola's Grave, Sept 7, 1883.
Puritans and Pilgrims, Dec 22, 1897.
MiscellaneonH. Carolina Silk Culture, Feb 5, 9. 10,
Address at the dedication of Mag- Speech on Slavery (Harrison), Jan
nolia Cemetery, Jan 21, 1851. 15, 1840.
Our State Arms, Aug 29, 1853. Providential Aspects of Slavery, Nov
The Southern "Bourbons," Feb 1882. 4, 11, 1888.
Buzzards of Charleston, 18, 1881. Aug Society in South Carolina, The Co-
Death of Calhoun, April 1, 1850. lumbian Herald, Oct 26, 1785.
Jeff Davis on Calhoun, Sept 12, 1887. Life in Colonial Virginia, Jan 5, 1896.
The Circular Church, July 25, 1853. The True George Washington, Feb
Old Coins, Dec 29, 1889. 22, 1897.

Cordesville List of former Residents,
&c, July 12, 1851. Our Parish Regristers.
Lost Creeks of South Carolina, May 1,
1888. St Thomas and St Denis Parish Reg-
Description of a "Gander pulling," ister, 1680-1884, (printed) Charleston Li-
City Gazette, May 31, 1793. brary and Historical Society's Collec-
The Germans of Charleston, Oct 6, tions.
1891. Christchurch Parish Register, begin-
German Day, Oct 7, 1891. ning 1694, (MSS). A copy, partly in-
German South Carolinians, Aug 8, dexed. Historical Society Collections.
Aug St Andrews' Parish Register, (MSS)—
Orangeburg's Bold Germans, 15,
3 volumes, a copy, beginning 1714. Li-
South Carolina, brary Society Collections.
Governors of 1775-
ISr.O. Aug 2, 1850. St Helena's Parish Register, (MSS)—
In Honor of Paul Hayne, Feb 17, a copy, alphabetically arranged. His-
1889. torical Society Collections.
A plea for Southern Literature, July Register of St James, Santee. 1758-
16, 1881. 1788. A copy, owned by the Colonial
Legare-Dunovant Duel, Sept 15, 1853. Dames and in custody of the Historical
The Lopez Expedition against Cuba, Society.
May 27, 1850; Sept 19, 1851. St Philip's Parish Register, 1713-1758,
Palmetto Day Addresses, June 29,
printed and edited with a full index
1853. by A. S. Salley, Jr. The Church pos-
Palmetto Regiment Roll, June 5, 1885. sesses also one MSS vol 1754-1796, as
Pirates on the Carolina Coast, Feb 15, well as later volumes.
The Beginning of the State (Re- Chronicles of St Mark's Parish, 1731-
cords), Dec 1, 1891. 1885, (printed) Charleston Library and
Colonial and Revolutionary Records, Historical Society Collections.
June 7, 1882. The Giessendanner Record, in "The
The Early Records of South Carolina, History of Orangeburg County," by A.
Oct 27, 1893. S. Salley, Jr.
Dr Joseph Johnson's Reminiscences:
— "A miscellaneous series of unpub- [Note:— All references in the forego-
lished MSS." ing article are to The Courier, except
(1) William J. Lowndes, July 18,
1853. v.'here otherwise noted.]

1 Reprinted from the Sunday News, April 14, 19Ci7. —No. 101