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Lab 10 Cardiovascular Response to Static and Dynamic Exercise Lab

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Blood Pressure through Different Exercises
Static Exercise Steady State Exercise Maximal Exercise
Static Exercise Steady State Exercise Maximal Exercise
Darrin Lowe
KH 3650
Lab Section: 1 pm
7/25/2014
Cardiovascular Response to Static and Dynamic Exercise Lab Purpose

Purpose
The purpose of this lab is to quantify the response of the cardiovascular system during three
types of exercise: static, dynamic steady state, and dynamic, incremental exercise to maximum.
Results
Heart Rate vs Time

Systolic Blood Pressure and Diastolic Blood Pressure vs Time










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Heart Rate in Different Exercises
Static Exercise Steady-State Maximal Exercise
Lab 10 Cardiovascular Response to Static and Dynamic Exercise Lab
Discussion
1. Were the heart rate responses to the different types of exercise different? Why? What
is the purpose/function of the increasing heart rate during exercise?
2. What were the blood pressure responses to the three types of exercise? Discuss both
systolic and diastolic pressure responses. Is that what you would have expected to see?
Explain. What is the purpose of the increasing systolic blood pressure during exercise?
3. What do you think was happening to stroke volume and cardiac output during EACH of
the different types of exercise?
The heart rate did change through the different exercises. The static exercise heart rate
does not need as much blood flow to maintain the same amount of work than the dynamic
exercises do. The heart only pumps out as much blood that is demanded by the body do continue
to work at the same intensity. During the exercises, your body needs more oxygen, so your heart
pumps faster to provide the oxygen to the parts of your body that needs it.
The systolic blood pressure for the dynamic exercises increased because your heart has to
contract harder to force blood to the rest of the body. Because the dynamic exercise causes
vasodilation, the resistance is very low and the diastolic blood pressure remains the same or even
drops a little bit.
The systolic blood pressure for the static exercise is still elevated but on the lower side
because the body does not have to work as hard or need as much oxygen to maintain the effort of
the exercise. As for the diastolic blood pressure in static exercise, the contraction of the muscle is
continued over a given period of time which means that pressure builds up. When the heart is
relaxing, the pressure in the arteries builds up which results in a higher diastolic blood pressure.
During the static exercise, cardiac output would be lower because the requirement to
maintain the effort are lower than the requirements for the dynamic exercises. Because of this the
stroke volume would increase, but not as much as the other dynamic exercises.
During the steady-state dynamic exercise, the body needs an increased amount of blood
flow to maintain the amount of effort. The body needs an increased amount of blood flow to a
certain point. At that point the body no longer needs to provide an increased amount of oxygen
when the amount of oxygen needed equals a certain intensity. The stroke volume increases and
then plateaus because the amount of blood per beat does not need to increase.
During the maximal effort dynamic exercise, cardiac output would reach a maximum
because the body needs to continue supplying oxygenated blood to the parts of the body that
need it. Stroke volume would increase along with the heart rate to give you your increased
amount of cardiac output.
Participation
In this lab, I participated as the subject in the maximal exercise part of the lab.