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TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING

PROJECT SITE SELECTION



Uhde India Limited
DOC No. : 29040-PI-UFR-0016
Rev. : R0
Page : 1
CONTENTS
Page
0.0 Cover Sheet 1
1.0 Introduction 2
2.0 Location factor 2 - 3
3.0 Site Size and Nature 3 - 4
4.0 Ecology and Pollution 4
5.0 Quantitative Analysis 4
6.0 Case Study 5 6
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TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING
PROJECT SITE SELECTION

Uhde India Limited
DOC No. : 29040-PI-UFR-0016
Rev. : R0
Page : 2
1.0 INTRODUCTION:
Site selection for a plant, keeping in view the various Corporate objectives of the Company
requires careful considerations of the numerous factors that would go into making the plant
contribute towards its working environment and make it into a technologically and
economically viable unit. Decisions are strategic, long-term and non repetitive in nature. A
certain amount of imaginative planning for the future is also called for at the time of final
decision about the site to be selected.
Generally sites for a new plant will be allocated according to the general industrial
development policies of Govt. of India. The various factors which need to be considered for
site selection are briefly touched upon in the foregoing paragraphs.
2.0 LOCATION FACTOR:
The location factor deserves careful attention simply because of its long term consequences.
Any mistake in selection of a proper location could prove to be costly. Improper location could
be a constant source of higher cost, higher investment, difficult marketing and transportation,
dissatisfied and frustrated employees and consumers, low availability of high caliber
professionals, frequent interruptions of production and abnormal wastage. Once a plant is set
up at a particular location, it is very difficult to shift later to a better location because of
numerous economic, political and sociological reasons. Social reasons could include
employee welfare, employment opportunities. Political reasons could be due to pursuance of
a policy of regional development and planning especially in a developing country like India.
The location factor also requires that the following facilities are taken into consideration.
District Classification
To ensure that the license is obtained for locating the plant in a no-industry district.
Transportation Facilities
The raw materials and end products require to have uninterrupted receipt and dispatch
facilities through good road connections, proper linking with ports and railheads. Possibility of
an in-plant rail siding has to be looked into depending on the amount of raw materials and
products to be handled.
Connection with Airports is important mainly from the point of view of easy movement of
professionals. This is all the more important if foreign collaborations are involved in the plant.
Manpower Availability
Local availability of skilled and semi skilled manpower will add to the efficient running of the
plant.
Industrial Infrastructure:
This is important in view of the fact that all supporting services required for the successful
operation of the plant like maintenance and repair of various machines and other items,
availability of workshops, plant services, etc. may not be feasible to be generated within
factory complex. Availability of communication facilities is also an important part of the
infrastructure. An existing vibrant infrastructure in the vicinity is much preferred than the need
based infrastructure getting developed after the plant commissioning.
TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING
PROJECT SITE SELECTION

Uhde India Limited
DOC No. : 29040-PI-UFR-0016
Rev. : R0
Page : 3
Community Infrastructure:
Now-a-days, generally, as the plant would be operating on a sophisticated technology, it
would be essential to attract qualified professionals. This would involve ensuring a good
quality living which in turn would depend on availability of good schools and colleges, medical
services, good communication facilities, cultural and recreational opportunities, etc. Unless a
good community infrastructure is available, it is found that attracting qualified professionals in
rather difficult.
Availability of Raw Water:
It is recommended that the plant be located in close proximity to a perennial source of water
of adequate quantity which will meet the plant requirements and the other non plant
requirements. Drawing the water by boring deep tube wells without the provision of a
perennial source is not preferable because the ground water may be depleted at a future date.
In summary, the Natural Water Table and flooding history should be duly considered.
Effluent Disposal:
The natural drainage facility for disposal of Effluent should be duly examined.
It would be economically advantageous if an effluent disposal facility after treatment, which
can handle the produced quantity of effluent is readily available. Otherwise, transporting the
effluent by a drainage, to a safe disposal area which is far away has to tackle the legal and
ecological problems.
Availability of Power:
Stable and uninterrupted power of required magnitude, without fluctuations in voltage and
frequency is important for the successful operation of the plant.
Nearness to the available power facility will reduce the plant cost.
Wind and Seismic Factor:
Prevailing wind direction, Maximum Wind Speed and seismic history of the site should be duly
considered.
Availability of Industrial Gas:
Industrial gas is now available at various places in our country from the Gas pipeline network.
Industrial gas is the preferred source of energy as it is more efficient and contributes very little
towards industrial pollution. Now-a-days, for almost all plants, uninterrupted power supply is of
great importance and a gas based captive steam power generation unit will be very
advantageous.
Accordingly, nearness of the site to a gas distribution network will be of great advantage in
view of long term planning and future expansions.
TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING
PROJECT SITE SELECTION

Uhde India Limited
DOC No. : 29040-PI-UFR-0016
Rev. : R0
Page : 4
3.0 SITE SIZE AND NATURE:
The plot area and the topography should suit the plant requirements along with required
township facilities and future expansions. The grade level of the entire area should be
preferably almost same. If the plot area is not flat, it has to be levelled in the most economic
way to suit the plant. The degree of required levelling and filling should be looked into.
Load bearing characteristics and acidity of the soil plays an important role in site selection.
Natural soil has got more load-bearing capacity as compared to filled soil. Consequently, the
cost of the civil foundation will be less in natural soil because piling to support heavy loads
may not be required whereas in case of filled soil piling may be required.
4.0 ECOLOGY AND POLLUTION:
Now-a-days, there is a great deal of awareness towards maintenance of natural ecological
balance. Regarding the effect of pollution from specific type of plants, social obligations are to
be met. The nature of the site selected should preferably have some advantages to meet
these requirements.
5.0 QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS:
The above factors are considered at the time of site selection and the data collected are
analyzed, generally by the weight-cum-rating method, in order to finalize recommendation of
the potential site.
In the weight cum rating method, variable weights are assigned to each factor. Then each site
is evaluated on a 0-5 sliding scale for each of these factors. The assignment of points for
each site for each factor is obtained by multiplying the rating of the site by the weight of each
factor.
The overall site rating is then obtained as the sum of the assigned points for each site.
The recommendation will be for the site having maximum overall rating.
TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING
PROJECT SITE SELECTION

Uhde India Limited
DOC No. : 29040-PI-UFR-0016
Rev. : R0
Page : 5
6.0 CASE STUDY
QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF SITE SELECTION
Sl. No. Factor Factor
Weights
Site Rating 0-5 Sliding scale
FATEHPUR KHED SEHUR
1. Location 5
2. Industrial
Infrastructure
4
3. Community
Infrastructure
4
4. Availability of water 4
5. Effluent disposal 4
6. Availability of Power 4
7. Availability of Gas 2
8. Site size and Nature 3
9. Ecology and
Pollution
2
FATEHPUR
1. No Industry District.
2. Adjacent to N.H.2
3. 2 to 3 km from Delhi Howrah Broad guage line
4. 52 km from Kanpur
5. Population of 1 lakh
6. Semi skilled and skilled labour available
7. Industrial area is under development
8. Medium sized industrial units are at the border of Kanpur
9. Bus services are frequent
10. Some express Trains also stop at FATEHPUR
11. A Govt. hospital with 200 beds and several private nursing homes are available
12. Schooling facilities are available, No colleges - One ITI is available
13. One small bank is available
14. Communication facilities are meager
15. One housing complex is under construction so also a shopping complex.
16. Ganga river is 12 km away
17. Potable water is available at 150 ft. depth
18. No natural drain for discharge of effluent, also a safe disposal area could not be located
nearby.
19. 132 K V Sub station is near to site and requisite quantity of power is available
20. Industrial gas is not available
TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING
PROJECT SITE SELECTION

Uhde India Limited
DOC No. : 29040-PI-UFR-0016
Rev. : R0
Page : 6
21. Adequate area of plot is available for the plant. Rail siding is not possible without
additional land acquisition.
22. Min. & Max. temp. are 5C and 43 C respectively with an average rainfall of about 800
mm.
23. No record of seismic activity.
24. Resistance from ecology and pollution control group is expected.
KHED
1. On Bombay Goa N.H. in an existing industrial belt.
2. Water supply already existing from Vashishti river and the capacitywill be increased.
3. Electrical Sub station to supply power is 5.5 km.away.
4. Nearest town is 15 km away.
5. Airport at Ratnagiri is at 95 km.distance.
6. Effluent disposal - Can be discharged to existing facility.
7. Agricultural, non irrigated land. Some places are hilly and rocky.
8. Min & Max.temp.12 C and 45 C respectively.
9. Annual rain fall 3750 mm.
10. Semi skilled labour available from town.
11. Plot area is adequate.
12. Govt. and Private hospitals are available.
13. Educational facilities, such as Schools, Arts and Science Colleges, Diploma Institutes
are available.
14. One Cinema hall is existing.
15. There is a local market at Town.
SEHUR
1. On state highway NH 23 from Bhopal to Hoshangabad - Water source is Narmada river
2 km away from site. Pipe line has to be laid and so also a pumping station.
2. Effluent disposal can be made into a natural nala which goes to Narmada river after 8-
10 km.
3. No power feeder at site. Power has to be brought from Hoshangabad 7 km.away from
site.
4. Nearest railway station is 10 km.away from site - Nearest town is 1 km away from site.
5. Nearest airport Bhopal is 70 km.away.,
6. Population at the nearest village is 10,000.
7. Land is partly agricultural and flat.
8. Min. & Max.temp 0 C and 46 C respectively.
9. Annual rain fall 1245 mm.
10. Seismic zone.
11. Type of soil is Black Cotton soil.
12. Semi skilled labour is available from Hoshangabad.
13. Adequate area of land is available.
14. Two industrtial small units are existing in the neighborhood.
15. A District Hospital and Primary Health Centre are existing at nearby town.
16. Schools and Colleges at Hoshangabad.
17. cinema halls are existing at nearby town.
18. Market available at the nearby village.
19. Nearest port is at Bombay.