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Avesta Welding AB, P O Box 501, SE-774 27 Avesta, Sweden. Tel: +46-226-81500. Fax: +46-226-81575. www.avestawelding.com
2205 basic
Covered electrodes
Forweldingsteelsuchas:
Outokumpu EN ASTM SS* BS* NF*
2205 1.4462 S32205 2377 318S13 Z3CND2205Az
*Obsoletenationalstandards,replacedbyEN10088.

Characteristics
AVESTA2205basicisanelectrodeofthebasictype.Despiteits
basiccoating,theelectrodeisveryeasytoweldandoffersbetter
mechanicalpropertiesthantheAC/DCtype.
AVESTA2205basicisprimarilydesignedforweldingthe
duplexgradeOutokumpu2205andsimilarsteelgrades,but
itcanalsobeusedforweldingSAF2304typeofsteels.
AVESTA2205basicprovidesaferrititicaustenitic
weldmentthatcombinesmanyofthegoodpropertiesof
bothferriticandausteniticstainlesssteels.Duetothehigh
contentofbothCrandMoaverygoodresistancetogeneral
andpittingcorrosionisobtained.Theduplexmicrostructure
givesahightensilestrengthandherebyalsoanexcellent
resistancetostresscorrosioncracking.
AVESTA2205basicisoveralloyedwithrespecttonickel,
toensuretherightferritebalanceintheweldmetal.
Welding directions
Outokumpu2205shouldbeweldedinthesamemanneras
ordinarystainlessausteniticsteel,i.e.highcurrentsshouldbe
avoidedandthematerialshouldbeallowedtocooltobelow
150Cbetweensuccessivepasses.
However,duplexsteelsaresomewhatmoredifficulttoweld
comparedtoausteniticsteelssuchas316L,mainlywith
respecttofluidityandpenetrationintotheparentmetals.
Toutilisethegoodpropertiesofaduplexsteelitisofthe
utmostimportancetoobtainagoodferritecontentinthe
weld.Thisisbestachievedbyweldingwithsufficientroot
gap(22.5mm),whichalsoensuresgoodpenetration,by
usingtherightamountoffillermetalandbyweldingwitha
controlledheatinput(0.52.5kJ/mm).
Duplexsteelshaveremarkablylowerthermalexpansion
thanforexample304and316typesteels.Thedeformation
andextensionduringweldingisthereforesomewhatlower
Weld deposit data
Metalrecoveryapprox.110%.
Packaging data
Diam.
mm
Length
mm
Weight/
capsule,
kg
Approx.No.
ofelectrodes/
capsule
Weight/carton,
kg
2.5 300 3.63 210 10.89
3.25 350 4.10 123 12.30
4.0 350 4.54 92 13.62

Standard designations
EN1600 E2293NLB
AWSA5.4 E220915
Typical analysis % (Allweldmetal)
C Si Mn Cr Ni Mo N
0.02 0.5 0.8 23.0 9.5 3.0 0.16

Ferrite30FNWRC92

Mechanical
properties
Typical
values(IIW)
Min.values
EN1600
Yieldstrength,Rp0,2 635 N/mm
2
450 N/mm
2
Tensilestrength,Rm 820 N/mm
2
550 N/mm
2
Elongation,A5 26 % 20 %
Impactstrength,KV
+20C 80 J
40C 55 J
Hardnessapprox. 240 Brinell
Welding data
DC+orAC Diam.,mm Current,A
2.5 5070
3.25 70110
4.0 100140
Interpass temperature: Max.150
o
C.
Heat input: 0.52.5kJ/mm.
Heat treatment: Generallynone.Inspecialcasesquench
annealingat11001150C.
Structure: Austenitewithapprox.30%ferrite.
Scaling temperature: Approx.850C(air)
Corrosion resistance: Verygoodresistancetopitting
andstresscorrosioncrackinginchloridecontaining
environments.
Approvals:
Welding positions
2.54.0