Sei sulla pagina 1di 106

136 口语俱乐部内部教材

口语功能表达

顾 问:鲍平美

主 编:曹秀华 凌媛媛

136 编辑部

目录

1. Greeting Strangers 问候陌生人

5

2. Greeting Friends 问候朋友

9

3. Greeting after a Long Time 久别重逢

10

4. Greeting

Family 问候家人

11

5. Business Greeting 问候事业

12

6. Routine Greeting 日常寒暄

12

7. Introducing Oneself 自我介绍

16

8. Introducing Someone 介绍他人

17

9. Saying Goodbye for the Day 短暂分别

20

10. Seeing

Someone off 送别

21

11. Saying Goodbye after a Visit 拜访告别

22

12. General Good W ishes 一般祝福

24

13. Special Occasions 特定场合的祝福

24

14. Extending Congratulations 表达祝贺

26

15. Expressing Gratitude

表示感谢

27

16. Giving a Compliment 赞美

33

17. Encouraging Someone 鼓励

36

18. Making an Apology 道歉

37

19. Likes 喜欢

39

20. Dislikes 不喜欢

40

21. Agreeing 同意

41

22. Disagreeing 不同意

42

23. Asking for Opinion 询问观点

45

24. Giving Opinion 表明观点

46

25. Asking for Advice 听取劝告

47

26. Giving Advice 提出劝告

48

27. Suggestion 提出建议

49

28. Intention 表达意向

51

29. Inviting and Accepting 邀请与接受

52

30. Inviting and Declining 邀请与拒绝

52

31. Giving Permission 允许

55

32. Refusing Permission 不允许

55

33. Making a Request 提出请求

57

34. Certainty 肯定

58

35. Uncertainty 不肯定

58

36. Complaining 抱怨

59

37. Arguing 争吵

60

38. Asking for Help 寻求帮助

61

39. Offering and Accepting Help 提供和接受帮助

62

40. Declining Help 谢绝帮助

62

41. Offering Things and Accepting 主动提供与接受

65

42. Offering Things and Declining 主动提供与拒绝

65

43. Requesting an Appointment 请求预约

66

44. Agreeing or Disagreeing with an Appointment 同意或不同意赴约

66

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 46. Agreeing on Time 商定时间 67 47. Showing Interest 感兴趣 67

46. Agreeing on Time 商定时间

67

47. Showing Interest 感兴趣

67

48. Not Being Interested 表示不感兴趣

68

49. Preferring 偏爱

 

68

50. Expressing

W illingness 愿意

69

51. Expressing Unwillingness 不愿意

69

52. Approval 赞成

 

69

53. Disapproval 不赞成

70

54. Satisfaction 满意

 

70

55. Believing 相信

70

56. Disbelieving 不相信

71

57. Determination 决心

71

58Decision 决定

 

72

59. Must 必须

72

60. Hesitation 犹豫

73

61. Hoping 表达希望

74

62. Indifference 冷漠

74

63. Delight 高兴

75

64. Being excited 激动

75

65. Desire 渴望

 

75

66Disappointment 失望

76

67. Curiosity 好奇

 

76

68. Surprise 惊奇

77

69. Optimism 乐观

78

70. Pessimism 悲观

78

71. Fear 害怕和恐惧

79

72. W orry

担心

79

73. Relief 宽慰

 

79

74. Regret 遗憾

80

75. Sympathy 同情

80

76. Being tired of 厌烦

81

77. Displeasure and Anger 生气和恼怒

81

78. Resignation 无可奈何

82

79. Fatigue 疲劳

 

82

80. W arning 警告

82

81. Condemning 谴责

83

82.Threatening 威胁

 

84

83. Comforting 安慰

84

84. Promising 许诺

85

85. Persuading 劝说

86

86. Urging 催促

87

87. Reminding 提醒

87

88. Judging 推断

88

89. Gossiping 流言蜚语

88

90. Ability 能力

 

90

91. Possibility & Impossibility 可能和不可能

91

92. Asking

for Information 询问信息

91

93. Asking for Reasons

92

94. Checking Understanding 核实理解是否正确

92

95. Asking to Repeat 要求重复

93

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 96. Saying It Again in Another W ay 换方式重复 93 97. Describing

96. Saying It Again in Another W ay 换方式重复

93

97. Describing 描述

94

98. Comparing 做比较

95

99. Explaining 解释

95

100. Giving examples 举例

96

101. Sweari ng and Yelling 骂人和吵架

96

【综合操练一】

97

【综合操练二】

98

【综合操练三】

98

【综合操练四】

98

【综合操练五】

99

【综合操练六】

99

【综合操练七】

100

【综合操练八】

100

【综合操练九】

100

【综合操练十】

101

【综合操练十一】

102

【综合操练十二】

102

【综合操练十三】

102

【综合操练十四】

103

【综合操练十五】

104

感谢 136 俱乐部全体会员的积极参与和分享 书中素材大部分来自网络,对共享网络资源的大侠们也表示由衷的感谢

希望此书能在您攻克英语口语的奋斗路途上,给您带来些许帮助 欢迎各位来电交流学习心得,获得更多私房资料 Email: ed218ing@163.com 或访问偶的博客

http://blog.vsharing.com/ed218ing/

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

1. Greeting Strangers 问候陌生人

【疯狂实战一】

A: Hi, there. My name‟s Paul Brown. I‟m from the United States. (你好。我叫保罗·布朗。我来自美国。) B: Nice to meet you, Paul. My name‟s Kelly Cook. You can call me Kelly. I‟m from Canada. (很高兴认识你, 保罗。我叫凯利·库克。你可以叫我凯利 。我来自加拿大。) A: Nice to meet you, too, Kelly. Canada is a beautiful country! (认识你我也很高兴, 凯利。加拿大是一个美丽的国家。)

【疯狂评论】

千万不要小看上面这段简短的对话,不同的流利程度和不同的信心,说出来的感觉是完

全不一样的!就连美国本国人在和陌生人见面、求职面试或演讲之前都要反复操练!

【使用背景】

在酒吧,在沙滩,在聚会上结识新朋友,都可以使用上面的对话。如果去掉“there”,

就可以用在比较正规的场合。

初次问候常用短句

1Hi, there. 你好。 Kim‟s NoteThis is a very casual and common way to greet someone. However, guys use this greeting to girls much more frequently than girls use it to guys. It is a little bit flirtatious because it sounds as though someone has just caught your eye for attention. But if you want to get a guy‟s attention, I highly recommen d this greeting! 这是非常随意且十分常见的问候他人的方式。然而小伙子用这句话来问候姑娘远多于姑 娘问候小伙子。因为这句话听起来好似某个人吸引了你的眼光,引起你的注意,所以有点调 情的味道。但是如果你想吸引一个小伙子的注意力,我强烈推荐你使用这个问候语。

2Nice to meet you. 很高兴认识你。 还可以说:I‟m glad/pleased to meet you. Nice meeting you. 通常回答:Nice to meet you, too. (正式) 或 Same here. 我也是。(非正式)

【疯狂实战二】

A: I don’t think we’ve met before. My name‟s Sam. (我们大概没见过吧。我叫山姆) B: No, I don‟t think so either. Nice to meet you. I‟m Ann. (我想我们没见过。很高兴认识你。我叫安。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: Hello! Are you a friend of Bill’s? (你好!你是比尔的朋友吗?) B: Yes. My name‟s Sal ly. And you are… (是的。我叫莎利,你是„„) A: I‟m his roommate, David. I’ve heard so much about you from Bill. (我是他的室友,大卫。我经常听比尔提起你。)

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 【疯狂实战四】 A: Excuse me, but aren’t you the President of the United

【疯狂实战四】

【疯狂实战四】

A: Excuse me, but aren’t you the President of the United States? (对不起,你一定是美国总统吧?) B: As a matter of fact I am. (是啊,我正是。)

【疯狂实战五】

A: Hi, beautiful day, isn’t it? (嗨,天气很好,不是吗?) B: It sure is. (的确如此。) 【Kim‟s NoteThis is probably the most common greeting among strangers. Don‟t let an opportunity to speak English pass you by because you don‟t know what to say in respon se to this common greeting! 这句话可能是陌生人之间最常用的问候语。千万不要因为不知道怎样回答这个普通的问 候语而错失和外国朋友说英语的良机。

【疯狂小故事】 由于我们以前的中学课本上关于问候的用语只有“How are you?”“Fine, thank you, and you?”“I‟m fine, too.”这个死板、老套、过时的范例,不少中国的英语学习者将这个 对话背得滚瓜烂熟之后,以为就可以顺利地与外国朋友开始谈话,结果难免发生一些笑话。 有一个中国学生在车站看到有一个外国朋友,心想这是一个难得的机会可以卖弄一下自己的 英语,于是在心里反复操练“How are you?”“Fine, thank you, and you?”“I‟m fine, too.” 之后,做了个深呼吸,向外国朋友走去。“Beautiful day, isn‟t?”外国朋友先下“口”为 强。这下坏了,这个学生一下子傻了,他怎么不是问“How are you?”呢,他应该问“ How are you?”才对啊,于是就在那里傻呆呆地不知如何回答了。殊不知谈论天气是一种常见 的问候方式,特别是在陌生人之间。学习了这本书之后,你绝对不会再闹出这种低级笑话。 无论外国朋友用哪种方式向你问好,你都可以应付自如了。

初次问候常用句型

1My name‟s… 我叫„„(名字)。 (2I‟m from… 我来自„„(国家/城市)。 (3Are you a friend of…? 你是„„的朋友吧? (4Excuse me, but aren‟t you…? 对不起,你一定是„„吧? (5I‟ve heard so much about you from… 我经常听„„提到你。

初次问候套话

1I don't think we’ve met before. 我们大概没见过吧。〖初次见面常用套话〗 【Stones Note】 我可是十年前就学过“I don't think we‟ve ever met before.”,但令人遗憾的是,以 前见到外国人,我最多只能冒出非常尴尬的一个单词“Hi”或是“Hello”;直到最近,我才 有勇气用这个句子。原因很简单!第一,这个句子是现在完成时,相对比较难,我没有信心 在遇到外国朋友那紧张的时刻还能脱口而出!第二,中国人的传统向来是比较含蓄和“慢热”, 根本不习惯和陌生人交往!但是一旦下定决心将这个句子操练一百篇、一千篇,直到脱口而 出,其实也不过只是一句常用的问候语罢了,并没有想象中那么难,你同样可以自由地运用。

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

2I’ve heard so much about you. 我经常听到很多有关你的事 。 Kim‟s NoteEven if this isn‟t exactly true, it will make the person you meet feel very special. Everyone likes to think they are well known, or popular. Just be careful, in case the person quickly asks you what you‟ve heard. You can always respond with a safe, but vague answer. For example:

就算这句话不太真实,也会让别人感觉很特别。每个人都喜欢认为自己很出名或是很受 欢迎。但是要小心,以防对方冷不丁地问你听到的是什么。你依然可以用一个安全而又含糊 的回答来应付。比如: A: I‟ve heard so much about you. (我经常听到很多有关你的事。) B: Really? What have you heard? (真的吗?你听说了什么?) A: Oh, a lot of good things. (哦,很多好事。)

3Hi, beautiful day, isn’t it? 嗨,天气很好,不是吗? 【Culture NoteIt is common to comment on the weather as a means of greeting people, for example, „Beautiful day, isn‟t it?‟ But it is rare to simply make a plain descriptive statement, such as „It‟s raining today, isn‟t it?‟ It is much more normal to add some kind of opinion or evaluation and say, for example, „It‟s raining incredibly hard today, isn‟t it?‟ 把评论天气作为问候他人的方式是十分普遍的,例如“Beautiful day, isn‟t it?”。但 是人们一般不会只简单地做出平白无味的描述,例如“It‟s raining today, isn‟t it?”。而是 通常加上一些观点或评价,例如“It‟s raining incredibly hard today, isn‟t it?”。

【超级挑战一】

A: I hope you don‟t mind my asking, but haven‟t we met somewhere before? (希望你别在意,我问一下,我们是否在哪里见过?) B: Oh, we attended Crazy English Camp together three months ago. (噢,三个月前,我们一起参加了疯狂英语集训营。) A: Oh.Right! That‟s it. How is everything with you? (哦,对了,就是。你一切都好吗?)

【超级挑战二】

A: Hi, great party, isn‟t it? (嗨,舞会不错,是吧?) B: Yeah. We‟re having a great time. How about your friends? (是啊,我们玩得很开心。你的朋友玩得怎么样?) A: Oh, they are having fun, too. (噢,他们也玩得很开心。)

【财富大统计】 (1I hope you don‟t mind my asking, but haven‟t we met somewhere before? 希望你别在意,我问一下,我们是否在哪里见过? 【Kim‟s Note This is a polite and clever way to meet someone! If you think a person looks interesting, you can try this sentence to break the ice and strike up a conversation.

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

这是一种礼貌而又聪明的问候方式!如果你觉得某个人看上去很能引起你的兴趣,你可

以试着用这句话来打破沉默,展开谈话。

2How is everything with you? 你一切都好吗?

3We‟re having a great time/having fun. 我们玩得很开心。

【额外成就感】

1as a matter of fact 事实上

* I was just going to call you, as a matter of fact, I just dialed your number. (我正准备打电话给你,事实上,我刚才还在拨你的号码。)

* As a matter of fact, I do study English at Beijing Uni versity. (事实上,我的确是在北京大学学习英语。)

* As a matter of fact, everything in the store is fifty percent off today. (事实上,今天店里的东西全部五折。)

* As a matter of fact, we welcome foreign investment. (事实上,我们欢迎外商投资。)

2break the ice 打破沉默;打开话题 * Don‟t be shy. Just go over and say hello to her. She is probably just waiting for you to break the ice. (别害羞,走过去和她打个招呼。可能她正等着你打破僵局呢。)

* I hate going to parties. I never know how to break the ice and start conversations with people. (我讨厌参加聚会。我从来就不善于打破沉默与别人展开谈话。) 【Kim‟s NoteThis is a very important phrase and skill in American life. Every time you go to a meeting or a conference in America you will need this ability. 这是一个非常重要的短语,也是美国社会生活中非常重要的技能。在美国无论是参加会 议或是会谈,你都需要这个技能。

学习指南

这个部分值得学习一个星期

各位学习英语的朋友,上面这些简简单单的对话竟然包含了这么多“学问”!这 100 个 功能的第一个功能就值得学习、模仿和操练一个星期,因为现代社会,和陌生人交往的能力 是极其重要的!这个能力将帮助你迅速地建立广阔的人际关系网。说不定,你未来的另一半 就是这样认识的! 请大家记住:看懂是一回事,听懂是一回事,背下来是一回事,脱口而出又是一回事, 能自如地、恰到好处地运用则是最高境界! 千万不要走马观花,这本书是我们查阅了大量的资料,请教了很多美国专家编写出来 的。一定要一个词一个词、一句话一句话地消化掉!要知道:学了不一定会说!说了不一定 会用!会用不一定能自然脱口而出!要想达到母语的境界,必须用“一、三、五”方法操练 一千遍!

小测验 (汉译英)

请大家看着中文,立刻脱口而出英文,这样你就算是掌握了!如果连这一关都过不了,就请 不要往下学了!现在就开始吧!

1.很高兴认识你。

2.对不起,你是玛丽的朋友吗?

3.我想我们没见过面吧。

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 4 .你一定是比尔·盖茨吧? 5

4.你一定是比尔·盖茨吧?

5.希望你别在意,我问一下,我们是否在哪里见过?

请记录:你口译的时间为

秒。

2. Greeting Friends 问候朋友

【疯狂实战一】

A: Good morning, Jack. How are you doing? (早上好,杰克。你还好吗?) B: I‟m doing great, and you? (好得很,你呢?) A: I‟m fine, thanks. (我也很好,谢谢。)

【最地道的问候语】

How are you doing? 你过得好吗? 【疯狂讲解】主要是询问对方是否安康、幸福或过得好。 最常用的回答:I‟m doing great. 我好得很。 I‟m not feeling well today. 我今天不太舒服。 【Kim‟s noteThis is a classic Crazy English sentence! Only native speakers and Crazy English learners know this greeting! 这是一个典型的疯狂英语句子!只有母语是英语的人和疯狂英语学员会使用这种问候!

Stones Note】我专门在美国的超市、餐厅、酒吧“偷听”,果然发现,美国人最常用的 问候语就是“How are you doing?

【疯狂实战二】

A: Hi, Jim. How’s everything? (嗨,吉姆。一切还好吗?) B: Not bad. How about you? (还好。你呢?) A: So-so, thanks. (马马虎虎,谢谢。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: Hi, how are you getting along? (嗨,你过得好吗?) B: Pretty good, thank you. And you? (很好,谢谢,你呢?) A: Just fine. (我也很好。)

【常用的朋友间非正式问候语】

1What‟s up? 近来有什么事?

2What‟s going on? 一切怎么样?

3Hey, man.

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 嗨,兄弟。 ( 4 ) Yo, dude. 嗨,老兄。 3. Greeting after a Long

嗨,兄弟。

4Yo, dude.

嗨,老兄。

3. Greeting after a Long Time 久别重逢

【疯狂实战一】

A: Hi, Tom, long time no see. How have you been? (嗨,汤姆,好久不见。近来还好吗?) B: Just fine, thanks. How about you? (很好,谢谢。你呢?) A: The same as ever. (老样子。)

【额外成就感】

The same as ever. 老样子。/和以前一样。 【Kim‟s NoteThis is a good, short and authentic way to tell someone you‟re doing just fine. You can impress people by blurting out such an American response. 这是告诉别人你过得很好的一种适当、简洁、地道的方式。你可以脱口而出这个极具美 国味的回答,给别人留下深刻的印象。

【疯狂实战二】

A: Hello, Nancy. Nice to see you again. It’s been a long time . (你好,南希。很高兴又见到你。好久没见了。) B: It sure has, Sam. I haven’t seen you in ages! (就是啊,山姆,好久没见到你了。) A: You haven‟t changed at all – as pretty as ever! (你根本没怎么变,还是和以前一样漂亮!) B: Oh, thank you for saying so. (噢,谢谢你这么说。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: Hi, stranger! Where have you been hiding? (嗨,久违了!你藏到哪里去了?) B: I was in America for 2 months. I just got back yesterday. (我在美国呆了两个月,昨天刚刚回来。) A: Well, it‟s good to see y ou again. (真高兴又见到你。) B: Same here. (我也是。)

【久别重逢常用语】

1Long time no see. 好久不见。 〖中国人倍感亲切的句子。〗 【Kim‟s NoteI know that there are some books in China that discourage the use of this greeting. They claim it is too “Chinglish” and it is Chinese in origin, not American or British. I completely disagree! I have heard people use this greeting my whole life all over the United States. So, I consider it one of China‟s great contributions to international communication. Use it and be proud of your English and your Chinese culture at the same time!

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

据我所知,中国的一些英文学习书籍劝诫大家不要使用这个问候语。书上说这句话是“中

国式英语”,它起源于中国,而不是美国或英国。对此我完全反对!我从小到大在美国各个

角落都听到人们使用这句问候语。因此我认为这是中国对国际语言交流的一个重大贡献。使

用这句问候语吧!为你的流利英语而骄傲!为你的中国文化而骄傲!

2How have you been? 你近来怎么样?

3Nice to see you again. 很高兴又见到你。

4It’s been a long time. 好久不见了。 典型回应:It sure has. (的确是。)

5I haven’t seen you in ages/for a long time. 好久没见到你了。

6Where have you been hiding? 你藏到哪里去了?/你这阵子去哪里了?

4. Greeting Family 问候家人

Kim‟s NoteThis function is particularly useful when you want to show your friendship to someone. Everyone appreciates a person who takes the time and consideration to ask about his family. 当你想向别人表示你的友好时,这个功能特别有用。因为每个人都对那些时刻关心问候 他家人的人心存感激。

【疯狂实战一】

A: Hello, James. How’s the family? (你好啊,占姆士。家人都好吗?) B: Everyone‟s fine, thank you. How about yours? (大家都很好,谢谢。你的家人呢?) A: They‟re great, too. Thanks for asking. (他们也很好,谢谢你的问候。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: Hi, Ellen. How are the kids doing? (嗨,艾伦。孩子们还好吧?) B: They‟re pretty good, thanks. (孩子们很好,谢谢。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: How’s your mother doing? I heard she had a heart attack. (你母亲怎么样了?我听说她心脏病发了。) B: She is much better now. Thanks for asking. (她现在好多了。谢谢关心。)

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

5. Business Greeting 问候事业

【疯狂实战一】

A: How’s your work going? (工作进行得怎么样?) B: Just great, thanks for asking. (很顺利,谢谢。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: Hi, Chris. How’s business? (嗨,克利斯。最近生意如何啊?) B: Great! Business is booming. How is your business going? (好得很!生意很红火。你呢?) A: Not bad. (还过得去。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: How are things in the electronic business? (电子业最近如何?) B: Couldn‟t be better. I just signed a big con tract. I made a lot of money. (棒极了。我刚签了一笔大合同,赚了不少。) A: Congratulations! Good for you. (恭喜你!干得好。)

6. Routine Greeting 日常寒暄

【疯狂实战一】

A: Good morning. (早上好!) B: Good morning. You look great today. (早上好!你今天看上去很精神。) A: Thanks. (谢谢。) 【Kim‟s NoteThis simple greeting can really make someone‟s day. Think what a great place the world would be if everyone made an effort to greet each other with a smile and a compliment! 这个简单的问候真的能让人整天都心情愉快。想一想如果每一个人都尽力面带微笑,相 互赞美问候,这个世界会有多么美好!

【疯狂实战二】

A: It‟s great to see you again! So how’s life? (真高兴又见到你!哎,日子过得怎么样?) B: Pretty good, I can‟t really complain. Thank you. And you? (很好,真是没得抱怨。谢谢,你呢?)

【疯狂实战三】

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 A: Hi! Peter, what’s new ? (嗨!彼特,最近怎样?) B: Nothing

A: Hi! Peter, what’s new? (嗨!彼特,最近怎样?) B: Nothing special. (没什么特别的。)

问候常用句型

How’s… „„如何/怎么样? 【疯狂讲解】用于询问对方的情况,通常都接在 Hello/Hi 之后使用。 How‟s everything? 一切都好吗?〖最懒惰、最全面的问候方式〗 How‟s the family? 家人都好吗? How‟s your wife? 你夫人好吗? How‟s business? 生意如何? How‟s life? 日子过得怎么样? How‟s it going? 一切顺利吗? 【Kim‟s NoteThis is an essential greeting sentence pattern! You can put the question words “how‟s” in front of almost anything and form a good greeting. For example, if you know where someone is from, you can even say, “How‟s everything in Beijing?” or “How‟s life in your country these days?” This is a powerful little word combination. Learn it and use it every day! 这是一个必须掌握的问候句型!你几乎可以将疑问词“How‟s”放在任何东西前面组成 一个很棒的问候语。例如你知道别人来自哪里的话,你可以说:“How‟s everything in Beijing?”或者“How‟s life in your country these days?”这是一个强有力的简单组合。 记得每天学习它、使用它!

【综合操练一】

A: Morning, Bill! (早,比尔!) B: Hi, Mary! How‟s everything? (嗨,玛丽!一切都好吗?) A: Oh, fine. How are you doing? (噢,很好。你过得好吗?) B: I‟m OK. Lovely weather, isn‟t it? (我很好。今天天气不错,是吧?) A: Yes, it is. (的确。)

【综合操练二】

A: Hi, Laura. Long time no see. How‟s the family? (嗨,劳拉。好久不见,家里人都好吗?) B: Everyone‟s fine. Thank you, Nick. How are things at college? (大家都很好。谢谢你,尼克。大学学习生活怎么样?) A: Oh, a little busy right now. We‟re about to have the College English Test next week. (噢,目前有点忙。我们下周要进行大学英语考试。) B: Which band? (哪一级的考试?) A: Band Four. (四级。) B: Good luck to you! (祝你好运!) A: Thank you! (谢谢!)

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

语感练习

请大声朗读出来,凭你的语感在正确项打勾。

Kim‟s noteOnce you select the correct answer, practice blurting it out until the appropriate response is automatic when someone greets you in English. 一旦选择了正确答案,就疯狂地操练,直到别人用英语问候你时,你能够条件反射般地 做出相应的回答。

1A: I don‟t think we‟ve met. B: a. How about you?

b.

I don‟t think so either.

c.

What about you?

2A: My name‟s Jane. B: a. And you?

b.

Hello. My name is David.

c.

I‟m glad.

3A: I‟m from Beijing. What about you? B: a. I‟m a doctor.

b. I‟m from New York.

c. I‟m happy to meet you.

4A: I‟m pleased to meet you. B: a. Nice meeting you, too.

b. How about you?

c. What about you?

5A: I haven‟t seen you in so long. How have you been? B: a. I‟m glad to meet you.

b. Excuse me.

c. Not bad.

6A: a. How‟s it going?

b. Don‟t I know you from somewhere?

c. Did she have anything to say? B: All right.

【参考答案】

1b

2b

3b

4a

5c 6a

Culture Note

The most common conversation you will probably have in English is a greeting conversation. Most opportunities to speak English will begin with a greeting! Be sure you know many different ways of greeting people and the cultural differences behind them! These are a few differences that are worth noting. 你用英语进行的最普遍的交谈恐怕就是问候了。大多数说英语的机会都是由问候开始 的!要确保自己了解问候的众多不同方式,以及背后的文化差异!以下是一些值得留意的差 别。 (1If someone asks their colleague or friend whether they have had lunch or not, the person wants to know yesorno. If the reply isno, the person will probably go on to suggest that they go and have lunch together. In other words, this kind of question is often a lead -in to a suggestion or invitation. It cannot be

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 used simply to greet a person, as is normal in Chinese. ( 1

used simply to greet a person, as is normal in Chinese.

1)如果一个人问他的同事或者朋友是否吃过了午餐,他想明确地知道“是”或“否”。

如果回答是“否”,他接着也许会建议他们一起去吃午饭。换言之,这种问题通常是建议或 邀请的开场白。因此它不能像在中国那样普遍地用来作为简单的问候用语。 (2Another common way of greeting in Chinese is to ask „Where are you going?‟ Foreigners living in China, who are not yet familiar with the Chinese culture, often complain about being asked such a question. Some even complain that their room attendants are SPIES because the attendants regularly greet them with „Where are you going?‟. They do not recognize it as a Chinese greeting!

2)中国人常用的另一种问候方式就是问对方:“你去哪儿呀?”有一些住在中国,但对

中国文化还不熟悉的外国人,经常抱怨被别人问这个问题。有些甚至抱怨酒店服务员是“间 谍”,因为服务员常常用“你要去哪儿?”来跟他们打招呼。他们没有意识到这是中国的一 种问候方式! (3Another common way of greeting in Chinese is to state what somebody is doing. For example, if you meet someone who is obviously going to the dining hall, you may make a comment like „Going to dinner!‟ Often in English this sounds a little strange because the comment seems to state the obvious. In such situations, it is possible to simply greet the person with a common greeting like „Hello‟. Bu t if you wish to add something extra, you could say, „Hello. Have a nice dinner!‟ This is much more usual than simply describing what the person is doing. Now for example: At 12:00, two colleagues passing each other on the way out to lunch, but seeing each other the first time that day.

3)另一种中国人常用的问候方式,就是说出某人在做什么。举个例子说,如果你遇到一

个人,显然他正要去食堂。你可能就会对他说:“去吃饭啊!”通常在英语中,这听起来有点 奇怪,因为这句话似乎就是在陈述显而易见的事情。在这种情况下,你也许只要说一句平常 的问候语:“你好”就行了。但如果你想说点什么特别的,你可以说:“你好,祝你用餐愉快!” 这比起简单地描述那个人在做什么要常见多了。这里有个例子:12 点整,两个同事在出去 吃午饭的路上彼此遇上了,这是那天他们第一次见面。 A: Hi, Kim. How‟s it going? (嗨,Kim,你好吗?) B: Not bad. Have a nice lunch! (还不错。祝你用餐愉快!)

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

7. Introducing Oneself 自我介绍

Kim‟s NoteIt takes a lot of confidence to introduce yourself to someone you don‟t know! Self-introduction is even a challenge for native speakers. Take a deep breath, put on a happy, smiling face and just do it. Most people are relieved that someone else has broken the ice and taken the first step. You will undoubtedly be greeted with an enthusiastic response. 向不认识的人介绍自己的确需要很大的自信!自我介绍对于那些英语为母语的人也是一 种挑战。做个深呼吸,展开一个愉快的笑容,开始进行自我介绍吧。大多数人在别人率先打 破沉默、迈出第一步后会感到轻松自如,因此你无疑将会得到热情的回应。

【疯狂实战一】

A: Hello! My name’s Carol, I’m a new student here. (你好!我叫卡罗,我是这里的新生。) B: Nice to meet you, Carol. (很高兴认识你,卡罗。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: May I introduce myself? I‟m Andy Lee, a new student in the Foreign Languages Department. (我可以自我介绍一下吗?我是安迪·李,外语系的新生。)

Trade

B: Nice

to

meet you. I‟m

Susan. I‟m a

junior in

the International

Department.

(很高兴认识你,我叫苏珊,我是国际贸易系三年级学生。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: Allow me to introduce myself. My name is James Hart. (请允许我做一下自我介绍。我叫占姆士·哈特。) B: Pleased to meet you, Mr. Hart. I‟m Janet White. (很高兴认识你,哈特先生。我叫珍妮特·怀特。) A: Nice to meet you, too. Here‟s my card. (我也很高兴认识你。这是我的名片。) B: Thank you. Let me give you mine. (谢谢你,这是我的名片。)

自我介绍的各种方式

1If you don‟t mind, I‟d like to introduce myself. I‟m Bill.〖用于正式场合〗 如果你不介意,我想介绍一下我自己。我叫比尔。

2May I introduce myself? I‟m Sally. 我可以介绍一下我自己吗?我是莎莉。

3Allow me to introduce myself. My name‟s Jack. 请允许我介绍一下自我介绍。我叫杰克。

4Excuse me, I don‟t think we‟ve met before. My name‟s Frank. 对不起,我想我们以前没见过吧。我叫弗朗克。

5Nice to meet you. My name‟s Sue. 你好,我叫苏。

6Hello/Hi! I‟m Peter. 〖用于非正式场合〗

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 你好!我是彼特。 【 Stone ‟ s Note 】

你好!我是彼特。

Stones Note】 很多中国的英语学习者喜欢赶时髦,学一些俚语和非正式的说法,觉得自己了不起!其 实,那是层次很低的东西!我的意见是:既要能说时髦的简略语,又要能脱口而出正式场合 的、有教养的高级英语!或是说,既能出入酒吧,又能步入五星级的宴会! 这才是国际化的中国人!

8. Introducing Someone 介绍他人

【疯狂实战一】

A: Carl, I’d like you to meet Ann. (卡尔,我希望你能认识一下安。) B: Nice to meet you, Ann. (很高兴认识你,安。) C: Same here. (我也很高兴。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: Do you know each other? David Paul. (你们认识吗?这位是大卫,这位是保罗。) B: Oh, Nice to meet you, Paul. (噢,很高兴认识你,保罗。) C: The pleasure is mine. (我也很高兴。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: Bill, I’d like to introduce George to you. (比尔,我想把乔治介绍给你认识。) B: I‟ve been looking forward to meeting you. (我一直想见你。) C: Good to meet you, Bill! (很高兴认识你,比尔!)

介绍他人的各种方式

1It is with great pleasure that I introduce to you Mr. Bill Gates, President of Microsoft Company. 请允许我荣幸地向各位介绍微软公司总裁比尔·盖茨先生。 【使用背景】用于正式会议上或其他正式场合介绍重要知名人物。

2Good evening, ladies and gentlemen, I‟d like to introduce our honorable guest, Mr. Bill Clinton. 女士们,先生们,晚上好。我很高兴向大家介绍我们尊贵的来宾比尔·克林顿先生。 【使用背景】用于正式的晚会或电视节目上介绍重要知名人物。

3It‟s a great honor to have Dr. Smith here today. 今天有幸请到了史密斯博士。 【使用背景】用于正式的学术讲座或演讲场合。 【 Kim‟s Note If your English is good, you will probabl y be asked to do an introduction whenever your company or school hosts a foreign guest. As a matter

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 of fact, I notice that the best English speakers are often chosen to introduce

of fact, I notice that the best English speakers are often chosen to introduce Teacher Li. 如果你的英语说得不错,你公司或学校要接待外国朋友的时侯就有可能找你去做介绍。 事实上,我发现每次都是挑选英语说得最棒的人来介绍李老师。 【疯狂小故事】 李阳老师在各地举办演讲时,都需要一个英语说得特别棒的主持人在他上台前向听众进 行一个简单的介绍。有一次,事前选好的一个当地英语主持人,在上台前突然怯场,非常紧 张,无法进行主持。然而一时间又找不到合适的替换者,在情急之下,来了一个“一人分饰 两角”,李阳老师拿着话筒在幕后用地道的英语说:“It‟s a great honor to have teacher Li here today.”一片热烈的掌声响起之后,李老师自信地从幕后走了出来。听众的注意力马 上集中到李阳老师身上,没有人再去回想那个英语纯正的幕后英雄是谁了。

4Allow me to introduce you to Mark. 请允许我把马克介绍给你认识。

5May I introduce you to Peter? 我可以把彼特介绍给你认识吗?

6Hello! Fred, Let me introduce my roommate Jenny. 你好,弗瑞德,我给你介绍一下我的室友珍妮。

7Jane, I‟d like you to meet Jim. 简,我想让你认识一下吉姆。

8Oh, Sam, I want you to meet my sister Ann. 噢,山姆,我想让你见见我妹妹安。

9Do you know each other? David Paul. 你们认识吗?这位是大卫,这位是保罗。

10Mary, this is Jim‟s brother Jerry. 〖用于非正式场合〗 玛丽,这位是吉姆的弟弟杰瑞。

11Look, here‟s Ben. Ben, meet Jenny. 哎,这是本。本,认识一下珍妮。 【使用背景】用于介绍同辈人或同等地位的人。

经典介绍应答

1It is a great honor/pleasure to meet you. 〖用于正式场合〗 很荣幸/高兴认识您。

2I‟m very glad to have the opportunity to meet you.〖用于正式场合〗 很高兴有机会认识您。

3Nice/Glad/Good to meet you. 〖最常见的应答〗 很高兴认识你。

4The pleasure is mine.〖高级应答〗 认识你是我的荣幸。

5I‟ve been looking forward to meeting you.〖马屁应答〗 我一直想见你。

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

6I‟ve heard so much about you!〖马屁应答〗 久仰大名!

【综合操练一】

A: Hi, Jack. How are you doing? (嗨,杰克。你还好吗?) B: Great, thank you. I‟d like you to meet my girlfriend Rose. (我很好,谢谢。我想让你认识一下我的女朋友露丝。) A: Wow! You‟re beautiful! Nice to meet you, Rose. My name‟s Harry. (哇!你真漂亮!很高兴认识你,露丝。我叫哈里。) B: Oh, I‟m flattered. Nice to meet you, too. Harry. (噢,你过奖了。我也很高兴认识你,哈里。)

【综合操练二】

A: Mary, this is my brother Joe. This i s his first time to visit China. (玛丽,这位是我弟弟乔,这是他第一次来中国。) B: Glad to meet you, Joe. (很高兴认识你,乔。) C: The pleasure is mine. (我也很高兴认识你。) B: How do you like China so far? (这几天来,你觉得中国怎么样?) C: I like it a lot. It‟s tons of fun. It‟s really different from what I expected. (我很喜欢中国,真是太有意思了,和我想象中大不一样。) B: I‟m glad you like it and I hope you enjoy your stay here. (我很高兴你喜欢中国,希望你在这里玩得愉快。) C: Thank you! (谢谢。)

【额外成就感】

tons of fun 非常有意思

* Our party last night was tons of fun. (我们昨晚的聚会非常好玩。)

* I heard the Crazy English Camp you went to was tons of fun. (我听说你参加的疯狂英语集训营非常有意思。) 【Kim‟s NoteLittle expressions like these can have a big impact on your English. They really can add to your ability to express yourself accurately and authentically. 像这样的短小表达能够对你的英语产生很大的影响。它们确实有助于加强你准确、地道 表达自己的能力。

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

9. Saying Goodbye for the Day 短暂分别

【疯狂实战一】

A: Well, Take it easy. See you later. (好了,保重啊。再见。) B: You too. Bye. (你也是,再见。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: Well, Jack, I’ve got to go now. (好了,杰克,我得走了。) B: Have a nice weekend. See you Monday. (周末愉快。下周一见。) A: Goodbye and good luck. (再见,祝你好运。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: It‟s time I met my girlfriend. I really have to go now. (我该去见我女朋友了,我现在真的得走了。) B: Have fun. Goodbye. (玩得愉快,再见。) A: Bye-bye. (拜拜。) 【Kim‟s Note“Bye-bye” is baby talk for “goodbye,” and there is a cliche using it as a noun: to go bye-bye is baby talk for “to go for a walk, to leave, to go away.” Today “bye-bye” is casual for saying goodbye. I never said “bye -bye” until I came to China! Now I say it all the time and my American friends tease me about my “baby talk!” Bye-bye”是小孩子说“再见”的用语,有一种陈旧的说法,就是把它用作名词,“to go bye-bye”是小孩子说“去散步,离开,走开”的意思。如今,“bye-bye”是告别的非 正式说法。来中国以前我从来没有说过“bye-bye”!而现在我随时都在说,我的美国朋友 常常拿我的“小孩用语”开涮!

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

10. Seeing Someone off 送别

Kim‟s NoteDon‟t let this situation intimidate you. It really is a great chance to

show off not only your English, but also your international qualifications. Teacher

Li and I have traveled to several countries and the problem of how to see someone

off seems to be international. I always feel awkward as I watch Korean and

Japanese people bowing and just saying “OK, you go now.” 不要让送别的场面给吓住了,其实这不但是卖弄你英语水平的好机会,也是展现你国际 风采的好机会。我和李老师去过好几个国家,如何送别好像是个国际性的难题。每当我看见 韩国人和日本人一边鞠躬一边说:“好了,你现在走吧。”难免感到万分尴尬。

【疯狂实战一】

A:

Goodbye, Mr. Smith. I hope you’ll have a pleasant trip home. [hug] (再见,史密斯先生。祝你一路顺风。)[拥抱]

B:

Thanks. I had a wonderful time here . (谢谢。在这里我过得很愉快。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: Well, Daniel, I’m afraid I have to say good-bye now. The train leaves in fifteen minutes. (嗯,丹尼尔,我想我该说再见了,火车 15 分钟以后就开车了。)

B: I wish you didn‟t have to leave so soon. Have a nice trip ! (真希望你别这么快就走。旅途愉快!) A: Thanks. I‟m looking forward to seeing you again soon. (谢谢,盼望很快再见到你!)

B: Me, too. Take care. [Hug] (我也是,保重。)[拥抱]

【疯狂实战三】

A: Oh, they are calling the passengers to board the plane now. Thank you so much for seeing me off. Goodbye . [Hug] (噢,该登机了,谢谢你来送我。再见。)[拥抱]

B:

Goodbye. Have a good flight! Say hello to your wife for me. (再见,一路顺风!代我向你夫人问好。)

A:

Thank you. Let’s keep in touch.

(谢谢你,让我们保持联系。) 【Kim‟s noteIt is very common for western people to exchange hugs when saying goodbye. Especially before traveling! All of these dialogues would be said with a hug! 西方人在告别时互相拥抱是十分平常的,特别是在出门旅行前!上面这几个对话进行的

时候都会伴有拥抱。

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

11. Saying Goodbye after a Visit 拜访告别

【疯狂实战一】

A: Thank you very much for a wonderful evening. (谢谢你安排这么美好的夜晚。) B: It was a pleasure having you. Please come ag ain. (很高兴你的光临。请再来玩。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: Excuse me, I’ve got to go now. Thank you for inviting me. I had a really good time. (对不起,我现在得走了。谢谢你请我来,我玩得很愉快。) B: Thank you for coming. Please come to visit us again soon. (谢谢你的光临。请再来看我们。) A: I‟d like that. Thanks again. Goodbye. (好啊。再次感谢,再见。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: Well, I‟m afraid I really have to be going. Thank you for everything . (哦,恐怕我真的得走了。谢谢你的款待。) B: Already? I had wanted to talk to you a little more. (要走了?我还想和你多聊一会儿呢。) A: I‟d like to, but I have an early meeting tomorrow. (我也很想,不过明天我一早就要开会。) B: Too bad. Maybe we can make it another time. Good night. (太可惜了,或许下次吧。晚安。) A: Good night. (晚安。)

告别常用客套话

1I think it‟s time for us to leave now. 我想我们该走了。 (2Well, I really have to be going now. 嗯,我真的要走了。 (3I‟m afraid I must say goodbye now. 恐怕我得告辞了。 (4I guess I should get going. 我想我该走了。 (5Sorry, I‟ve got to go. 对不起,我得走了。 (6Let‟s keep in touch. 让我们保持联系。 (7Have a nice day! 祝你今天愉快! (8Have a nice trip! 旅途愉快! (9Have a good flight! 一路顺风! (10Have fun! 玩得愉快!

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 【 Kim‟s note 】 “Have fun!” is a common way to say goodbye in

Kim‟s note“Have fun!” is a common way to say goodbye in American English. It means enjoy yourself wherever you are going. Don‟t let this simple two word goodbye confuse you. Use it and sound like a native speaker. Sometimes I say this to Teacher Li when he leaves and he sharply responds “I‟m not going to have fun, I‟m going to a meeting!” I have to remind him it‟s just an expression, likemanzou. It doesn‟t really mean anything! You see how much you can learn from cultural differences. “Have fun!”是美国英语中一种常见的告别方式。意思是祝愿对方无论去哪里都玩得开 心。千万不要被这简单的两个字的告别词给弄糊涂了。学会用它,你说英语就会像一个以英 语为母语的人。李老师外出前我有时会对他说这句话,他一本正经地回答说:“我不是去玩, 我是去开会!”我不得不提醒他这只不过是一个告别常用表达,就像中国人说“慢走”一样, 它并没有什么真正含义!现在你明白从文化差异中你可以学到很多东西了吧。

11Have a good lunch! 好好享受午餐! (12Have a nice night/evening! 晚上玩得开心! (13Enjoy yourself! 玩得开心! (14Good luck! 祝你好运! (15See you later. 再见。 (16See you soon. 呆会见。 (17See you around. 回头见。 (18Take it easy. 多保重。 (19Take care. 保重。 (20Thank you for everything. 谢谢你的款待。 (21Thank you for coming. 谢谢你的光临。 (22Drop in again sometime. 有空再来。 (23Hope to see you again soon. 希望很快又能见到你。 (24Please say hello to your parents for me. 代我向你父母问好。 (25Remember me to your family. 代我问候你的家人。

Culture Note

Saying “goodbye” is usually a longer process in English than saying “hello”. There are usually several exchanges and wishes before the two parties actually part! If you say “Bye-bye” abruptly and walk away quickly, the person you were speaking to will feel very strange and wonder if they offended you in some way. That‟s why we give you so many different options for saying goodbye. 在英语中说“再见”通常比说“你好”的过程要长。在双方真的分别之前通常都会有好

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

几个回合的道别和祝福。如果你突然说句:“拜拜”,然后扭头就走,对方一定会感到非常奇

怪,纳闷自己是不是哪里得罪你了。所以我们奉献给大家这么多不同的告别用语以供选用。

12. General Good Wishes 一般祝福

【疯狂实战一】

A: I wish you all the best with your new career. (祝你在新的事业上取得成功。) B: Thank you very much. (非常感谢。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: Good luck with your job interview! (祝你面试好运!) B: Thank you. I‟ll try my best. (谢谢,我会尽力的。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: Hope things go well with your law office. (希望你的法律事务所一切顺利。) B: Thank you. We are dealing with a tough case now. (谢谢你。不过我们正在处理一件棘手的案子。) A: W ish you success. (祝你成功。)

13. Special Occasions 特定场合的祝福

【疯狂实战一】

A: Have a happy Easter, Jim. (复活节快乐,吉姆。) B: Thank you! The same to you , Mary. (谢谢你!玛丽,也祝你快乐。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: Happy birthday , Jenny! This is for you. (生日快乐,珍妮!这是送给你的。) B: Thank you. Oh, it's lovely! (谢谢你。噢,太可爱了。) A: I‟m so glad you like it. (我很高兴你喜欢这件礼物。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: Hello, Nick. Merry Christmas and Happy New Year! (你好,尼克。祝你圣诞快乐,新年愉快!) B: The same to you . (也祝你快乐。) A: W e wish you every success in the coming year! (愿你在新的一年取得成功!) B: Thank you. May the New Year bring your family happiness and good health! (谢谢,愿新年给你们全家带来快乐与健康!) A: Thanks for your best wishes.

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 (谢谢你的祝福。) 祝愿常用短句 ( 1 ) Good luck and success to

(谢谢你的祝福。)

祝愿常用短句

1Good luck and success to you! 祝你好运!祝你成功! (2Have a good time! 祝你愉快! (3Best wishes to you! 衷心祝福你! (4I wish you the best! 万事如意! (5Happy New Year! 新年快乐! (6Merry Christmas! 圣诞快乐! (7Happy Spring Festival! 春节快乐! (8The same to you. 我也祝福你。 (9Happy birthday! 生日快乐! (10Happy anniversary! 周年快乐!

祝愿常用句型

1I wish you all the very best in/with… 祝你„„一切都好。 (2Good luck with… 祝你„„成功。 (3I‟d like to wish you every success in/with… 祝你„„好运。 (4I hope everything goes well with/in… 希望„„一切顺利。 (5Please give my best regards/wishes to… 请给„„我最真诚的祝福。 (6Please remember me to… 代我问候„„。 (7Say hello to… for me. 替我向„„问好。

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

14. Extending Congratulations 表达祝贺

Kim‟s Note In business, you will often be expected to offer congratulations. These sentences can advance your career! 在商场上,你经常会遇到需要祝贺他人的情况。下面这些句子对你的事业发展会有很大 帮助。

【疯狂实战一】

A: I‟m going to get married. (我准备结婚了。) B: Congratulations! (恭喜!)

【疯狂实战二】

A: I heard you won the first place in the Speech Contest. Congratulations! (听说你在演讲比赛中获得了第一名,祝贺你!) B: Thank you, It was very unexpected. (谢谢你,我根本没想到。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: I must congratulate you on your promotion! (祝贺你高升!) B: Thank you very much. (非常感谢。) A: You‟ve done excellent work. (你干得太出色了。) B: Thank you for saying that. (谢谢你这么说。)

祝贺常用句型

1Allow me to congratulate you on…!〖较正式〗 请允许我为„„向你表示祝贺! (2Please accept my congratulations on your…! 请接受我对你的„„表示祝贺! (3I must congratulate you on…! 我要为„„向你表示祝贺! (4I‟d like to congratulate you on…! 我想为„„向你表示祝贺! (5Congratulations on…! 祝贺你„„!

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

15. Expressing Gratitude 表示感谢

【疯狂实战一】

A: Thank you for everything. (感谢你所做的一切。) B: You‟ re welcome. (不用客气。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: I really appreciate your help. I couldn‟t have done it without you. You’re so kind. (非常感谢你的帮助,要不是有你,我肯定完不成任务。你真是太好了。) B: Don‟t mention it. I‟m glad to do it. (不用谢,我非常乐意。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: You know, I keep forgetting to thank you for lending me your car . (你知道吗?我总是忘了感谢你把车借给我。) B: Oh, it was nothing. (哦,没什么。) A: No, I mean it! It was very nice of you to lend it to me. I‟m very grateful to you . (不,我是说真的。你真是太好了,肯把车借给我。我真的很感激你。) B: I‟m glad I could do it. (我很乐意帮上忙。)

感谢常用句型

1I‟d like to express my gratitude/appreciation for….〖正式用语〗 我想为„„向你表示感谢。

2I‟m really /very grateful to you for…. 太感谢你了„„。 【使用背景】用于表达对别人帮忙表示感激或对别人所给的礼物表示感谢。

3I‟d like to thank… 我想感谢„„。

4That‟s very kind /good of you… 你„„真是太好了。 【使用背景】用于对某人主动提出帮助表示感谢。

5I really appreciate it. 太感激了。 【使用背景】用于感谢某人给你很大帮助。

6Thank you!/Thanks!〖最简单、最常用的感谢用语〗 (谢谢!)

7Thank you so much. /Thanks a lot. /Thanks a million! (非常感谢!)

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 【 Kim‟s Note 】“ Thanks a million ” is a big way to say

Kim‟s Note】“Thanks a millionis a big way to say thank you. It is very popular in America. “Thanks a million”是表示感谢的一种重要方式,在美国非常流行。

* Thanks a million for watching my daughter for me last night. (非常感谢你昨晚帮我照看女儿。)

* Thanks a million for finishing that project on time. (非常感谢你准时完成了那个项目。)

* Thanks a million for all your kind wishes. (非常感谢你的美好祝福。)

8Thank you for… 〖感谢用语经典句型〗 感谢你„„。

9You‟re so helpful/thoughtful/considerate. 你真是乐意助人/太周到了/太体贴了。

10Thank you anyway./Thank you all the same. 还是要谢谢你。 【使用背景】用于感谢某人主动提供帮助,但这些帮助并没有带来成功的结果或者你 拒绝了别人。

Stones Note】 关于感谢,不同的时期、不同的心情,会有不同的选择。累的时候,就是两个单词 “Thank you.” 心情特别好的时候,就用“I really appreciate your help!”或者“I‟m really grateful to you for your kind help!”最近,我比较喜欢用“Thanks a million.

感谢应答常用短句

1You‟re welcome.〖最常用的感谢应答〗 不用谢。

2It was nothing. 没什么。

3My pleasure. 愿意效劳。

4Don‟t mention it. 不必客气。

5Any time. 〖非正式用语〗 随时效劳。 【使用背景】用于当你表示随时能为对方提供帮助时。

6Sure/Sure thing.〖最典型的美国应答方式〗 应该的。 【Kim‟s notesThe most common response for everyday acts like opening a door for someone or picking up an item someone was dropped is “sure.” Do n‟t agonize over which response to use. If a stranger or acquaintance blurt out thank you, just blurt out “sure” in return. 对于帮别人开门或是帮别人拾起掉落的东西之类的日常行为,最普通的应答就是 “sure”。无须为该选哪个回答而烦恼。无论是朋友还是陌生人脱口而出“谢谢”时,你都可 以脱口而出 “sure” 来回应。

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

7That‟s OK. 没什么。 (8No problem. 没什么。 (9Forget it. 别客气。 (10It‟s a piece of cake. 小菜一碟。 (11No trouble at all. 一点也不麻烦。 (12I‟m glad to be of some help. 我很高兴可以帮点忙。

Stones Note】 我最喜欢的方式是连用三个不用谢:You‟re welcome. It‟s my pleasure. It‟s nothing.

语感练习

请大声朗读出来,凭你的语感在正确项打勾。

1A: Thank you so much for lending me your portable TV. B: a. Oh. It wasn‟t mentioned.

b. Oh. It was nothing.

c. Oh. No mention.

2A: Really! It was nice of you to help me. B: a. It was my doing.

b.

I‟m glad I could do it.

c.

Any pleasure.

3A: You can borrow my tape recorder whenever you wish. B: a. I‟m very appreciate.

b.

Thank you. I‟m really very much.

c.

I really appreciate it.

4A: Thank you so much for your hospitality. I really enjoyed myself. B: a. Any time.

b.

My help.

c.

I‟m helpful.

5A: a. Thanks so much for offering to help me wallpaper the bathroom.

b. Remember, don‟t wallpaper the bathroom.

c. It‟s no trouble wallpapering the bathroom.

B: I‟m glad to do it.

6A: a. Would you mind working my shift for me this Saturday?

b. Could you possibly work my shift for me this Saturday?

c. Thank you for working my shift for me this Saturday.

B: Don‟t mention it.

【参考答案】

1b

2b

3c

4a

5a

6c

大家千万不可小看“感谢”这个功能。“感谢”不但常常出现在人们每天的

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

工作和生活中,而且还频频出现在非常正式的场合,比如:接受新闻采访、获奖

现场致辞等。下面我们就来看一下两个典型的实例:

【现场演绎一】

Wang Ling has just received the First prize in the 21 st Century National English Speech Contest held in Beijing. Now she is being interviewed by a news reporter from China Daily. 王玲刚刚在北京举行的 21 世纪全国英语演讲比赛中获得了一等奖。现在一个《中国日 报》的新闻记者正在采访她。

A: Congratulations, Wang Ling. This is really an achievement to be proud of. (恭喜你,王玲。这真的是一个很值得骄傲的成绩。) B: Thank you. (谢谢。) A: I‟m from China Daily. My name‟s Jim. (我是《中国日报》的记者。我叫吉姆。) B: Glad to meet you. (很高兴认识你。) A: Your spoken English is excellent. All the judges were amazed. Would you like to tell us how you have achieved this? (你的英语口语非常棒,所有的评委都感到震惊,能跟我们谈谈你是如何做到的吗?) B: Well, I don‟t know what to say. I‟m very grateful to receive this prize. I appreciate this honor very much. I love English and I speak every chance I get. I really never expected to win such an important contest though. (唔,我不知道该说些什么。得到这个奖我很感激,获得这个荣誉我深表感谢。我热爱英 语,一有机会我就说英语,但是我真的从来都没有想到过能在这么重要的竞赛中获胜。) A: When did you start learning English? (你什么时候开始学英语的?) B: My parents are both college English teachers. They encouraged me to speak English when I was very young. I‟d like to thank them for introducing me to the international language. (我的父母都是大学英语教师,我很小的时候他们就鼓励我说英语。我要感谢他们引导我 学习这门国际语言。) A: Did you have English in your primary school? (你读小学的时候有没有学英语?) B: No. My primary school didn‟t teach English. My parents speak English to me at home and I learned grammar at middle school. I want to express my gratitude to my middle school English teachers who taught me grammar over the years. (没有,我读的小学没有教授英语,我父母在家里和我说英语,在读中学的时候我学习了 语法。我想感谢这些年来教我语法的中学英语老师。) A: Did you learn spoken Engli sh at college? (你在大学里学英语口语吗?) B: No. I have to say that I really learned spoken English by practicing Crazy English. Li Yang inspired me a lot and I just followed him as an example. He‟s really been a wonderful teacher to me although we have never met. (没有。我得说我是运用疯狂英语方法来学习口语的。李阳给了我很多启示,我只是以他 为榜样来学习英语。虽然我和他从未谋面,但是对我来说,他真的是一位出色的老师。) A: I see you owe a lot of your success to your parents and teachers. (依我看你把你的成功很大部分都归功于你的父母和老师们。) B: Yes, really. I also want to thank my classmates. I practiced speaking wi th them at college. This prize means a lot to me. I‟m really grateful to them and to everyone who helped me throughout the years. I appreciate the honor but feel I really have to share the credit for my success with all those who helped me so much. Thanks

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 again.

again.

(是啊,真的。我还想谢谢我的同学们,在大学里我跟他们一起练习说英语,获得这个奖

对我来说意义重大,我很感谢他们,也很感谢这些年来帮助过我的每一个人。我很荣幸得到

这个奖,但我觉得我真的应该把这个成功的荣誉与那些帮助过我的人一起分享。谢谢。)

【现场演绎二】

Academy Awards Speech 奥斯卡颁奖典礼致辞

Good evening! Ladies and gentlemen, Thank you! Thank you so much! Oh, My God. I just can‟t believe it. Is it real or am I just dreaming? Please forgive me. I am, I am just so shocked and so thankful. I never expected this award tonight. I’m very grateful to receive this award for “Best Actress.” I can’t begin to tell you how much I appreciate this great honor. There are so many people I’d like to thank. First of all, I want to thank my parents for bringing me into this world. I also want to express my gratitude to all of my teachers over the years, but especially to my acting teacher Clark Johnson who taught me everything I know. I want to thank my husband, for his understanding and kindness. And finally, I want to express my appreciation to all of my friends for their support, especially to Martin Miller, for being there when I needed him. There are just too many people I should thank and I know I am probably forgetting someone. So again, I just want to say thank you to everyone who helped me, supported me, or just listened to me when I needed a shoulder to cry on. This award means a great deal to me. Words can‟t express how honored I feel at this moment. I will remember this night for the rest my life! Thank you very much.

【参考译文】 晚上好!女士们,先生们: 谢谢你们!非常感谢!噢,天啊!我简直不敢相信。这是真的还是我在做梦呢?请大家 原谅, 此时此刻我是惊喜万分、感激万分。我从来没料到自己能在今晚获奖。获此“最佳女 主角”奖的荣誉,我深表感谢。这种感激之情实在是无法用语言来表达。我想感谢很多人。 首先,我想感谢我的父母把我带到这个世界上。另外,我还想对这么多年来教过我的老师们 说声谢谢,尤其是感谢我的表演老师克拉克·约翰逊,他教会了我所知道的每一件事。我要 感谢我的丈夫对我的理解和支持。最后我想感谢所有支持过我的朋友,特别感谢马丁·米勒, 每当我需要他时,他总在我身边。我还要感谢很多人,我想我可能一时想不起来。我想再一 次对每一个关心我、支持我、在我需要依靠的时候倾听我的述说的人说一声“谢谢你们!” 这个奖对我来说意义重大。任何话语也表达不了此时我所感到的万分荣幸。我今生将永远记 住今晚的美好时刻!非常感谢。

让我们一起来数一数这段致辞中有多少表达感谢的句型: 1Thank you! 2Thank you so much! 3I‟m very grateful to… 4I can‟t begin to tell you how much I appreciate… 5I‟d like to thank… 6I want to thank… for… 7I want to express my gratitude to… 8I want to express my appreciation to… for… 9I just want to say thank you to… 10Thank you very much.

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 【 Stone ‟ s Note 】

Stones Note】 上面这段感谢致辞是用来卖弄你英语水平的极佳材料,只需简单地换一下文章中的名 字,就可以据为己有了。不妨用“一、三、五”方法操练一百遍、一千遍,直至滚瓜烂熟、 脱口而出,你就不会再面临领奖致辞时的尴尬了。

Culture Note

The phrase „thank you‟ is commonly used in both English and Chinese. It expresses gratefulness for a number of things, such as for a present, an invitation, for help, or for an offer of help or other kinds of offers. However, there are some differences between the two languages in the exact way in which this phrase is used. “谢谢”这个短语在英语和汉语中都很常用,它可以用来对很多事情表达感激,例如谢 谢别人的礼物、邀请、帮助或主动提供帮助,或者主动提供其他东西。但是,在这个短语的 具体用法中,汉语和英语还是存在一些差别的。 Typically in Chinese, this phrase is not used very often between very close friends or family members. If it is used in such cases it may sound strange or imply a distance in the relationship. However, in English, „thank you‟ is used in almost every circumstance, no matter whether the people are strangers or intimate friends. Not to use it would often seem rude and might indicate that the person is taking the other for granted. 举个具有代表性的例子,在汉语中,这句话在很亲近的朋友或者家庭成员中并不常用。 如果在这些人当中用了这句话,听起来就会很别扭,或是暗示着他们关系的生疏。然而,在 英语中,几乎在任何一种环境下都能用上“谢谢”,不管那些人是陌生人还是亲密的朋友。 如果不说“谢谢”,通常就会让人感觉粗鲁无礼,同时也可能会暗示着这个人把别人为他所 做的事当成是理所当然的。

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

16. Giving a Compliment 赞美

【疯狂实战一】

A: You look great in your new coat. (你穿这件新大衣真是帅呆了。) B: Really? Thanks. I just bought it yesterday. (真的吗?谢谢。我昨天刚买的。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: Jim, your knowledge of Chinese is really surprising. (吉姆,你的中文知识很令人惊讶。) B: Oh, You are flattering me. I think my Chinese is terrible. (哦!你过奖了。我认为我的中文还很差劲。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: You know, you really did a good job on this project. (你知道吗,你在这个项目中干得非常出色。) B: Thanks a lot. A compliment from you really means something because I really respect your experience. (非常感谢。能从你那里得到表扬对我来说真是意义重大,因为我真的很敬佩你的阅历。)

常见赞美用语

1Oh, what a nice sweater! (哦,你的毛衣真不错!) (2I love your hair. It looks great. (我喜欢你的发型,棒极了。) (3You always know the right thing to do! (你办事总是很得体!) (4You really have an eye for beauty. (你真有审美观。) (5You look great in your new dress. (你穿这件新裙子真漂亮。) (6I admire your courage. (我真佩服你的勇气。) (7You are a wonderful teacher! (你是个了不起的老师。) (8That‟s wonderful! /great/fantastic/amazing/terrific/super/outstanding/awesome! (棒极了!) 【Kim‟s NoteAwesome: This word has enjoyed a long period of popularity in American English. At first only students used this word, but now a whole generation has grown up using it and it has become an essential part of everyone‟s everyday vocabulary. Awesome 这个单词在美国英语中一直很风靡。起初只有学生使用这个单词,但是现在 这一代人都开始使用这个单词了,这个词已成为每个人日常使用词汇中不可或缺的一部分。

常用应答短句

1Oh, Thank you. (哦,谢谢。) (2Thank you for saying so. (谢谢你这么说。)

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 ( 3 ) It‟s very nice/sweet of you to say so.

3It‟s very nice/sweet of you to say so. (你这么说我很高兴。) (4Really? Thanks. (真的吗?谢谢。) (5Oh, you are flattering me. (哦,你过奖了。)

【超级挑战】

A: Jane, your English is improving every day. I‟m really pleased with your work. (简,你的英语每天都在提高。我对你的学习感到很满意。) B: Thank you, Miss Lee. I have learned a lot in this course. I‟m trying my best. (谢谢你,李老师。我在这门课中学到了很多。我在尽最大的努力。) A: You are doing very well and I can really see progress. (你学得很好,我能看到你的进步。) B: You are a wonderful teacher! I really enjoy the lessons you teach. You‟ve helped me a lot. (你是个了不起的老师!我真的很喜欢你上的课。你给了我很大的帮助。) A: Thank you for saying so. Students like you are pleasure to teach. (谢谢你这么说,教你这样的学生真是荣幸。)

语感练习

请大声朗读出来,凭你的语感在正确项打勾。

1A: I really like your necklace. It‟s very attractive! B: a. I‟m not really serious.

b.

I‟m being nice to you.

c.

Thanks for saying so.

2A: That suit is one of the nicest suits I‟ve ever seen! B: a. Thanks for being honest.

b.

Oh, really? Thanks.

c.

I‟m really honest.

3A: Your new hairstyle is really wonderful! B: a. Absolutely.

b. Fabulous.

c. Thanks.

4A: You‟ve written the most interesting and unusual poems! B: a. Well, it's nice.

b. Well, I‟m flattered. Thanks.

c. Well, I‟m glad you‟re honest.

5A: I really love your glasses. They‟re so stylish! B: a. I‟ve never seen them.

b. I‟m glad you like them.

c. It‟s nice of you to say so.

6A: a. It was nice meeting you.

b. I hope you‟ll forgive me.

c. I don‟t think I‟ve ever seen a better performance.

B: Thank you for the compliment.

【参考答案】

1c

2b

3c

4b 5c 6c

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

Culture Note

In Chinese when people pay compliments, it is common to refuse them; for example, if somebody says, “You speak English very well”, the response may be “No, no, my English is very poor.” And people may say this, even if they feel that their English is good. To accept a compliment might seem too arrogant in Chinese. However, in English people can reply in a variety of ways. In the majority of circumstances, it is perfectly normal to accept a compliment, unless the compliment is very obviously untrue. So people frequently respond by simply saying “Thank you”. Another more modest and useful way is to say, “Far from it.” I think this is better than refusing the compliment altogether and more modest than just saying “thank you”. A: Your English/Chinese is really amazing. B: Far from it. 在中国,当人们受到赞美时,通常都会拒绝。例如,如果有人说:“你的英语说得很好。” 回答可能是:“不好,不好,我的英语很差劲。”即使他们觉得自己的英语很好,也会这样说。 对中国人来说,接受赞美会让人觉得太自负了。但是在说英语的人群中得到的回答就多种多 样了。在大多数情况下,接受赞美是十分正常的事,除非那个赞美很明显是假的。所以人们 经常只是简单地说声“谢谢”来回答。还有一个更加谦虚更加实用的方法是说“还差得远呢!” 我认为这句话比完全拒绝赞美要好得多,同时比起仅仅说声“谢谢”要来得谦虚。

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

17. Encouraging Someone 鼓励

【疯狂实战一】

A: No, I can‟t climb the rest of this mountain. It‟s too steep. (不行,我爬不完这座山了,太陡了。) B: Come on! You can do it. (来吧!你能行。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: I just can‟t make my pronunciation perfect. (我的发音始终不纯正。) B: Don’t give up! You’re doing fine. (别放弃!你做得不错。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: I think English grammar is the most difficult thing for me. (我觉得英语语法对我来说太难了。) B: Don’t let it get you down. You’ll make progress if you keep working on it. (不要灰心,只要你坚持学习,你一定会进步的。)

【超级挑战】

A: I don‟t know what‟s wrong with me. I can‟t seem to do anything right these days. (我不知道我怎么了,这些天我总是做错事。) B: Come on! There’s no reason to feel discouraged . Everyone has a rough day from time to time. (没事,你不用泄气!每个人时不时都会有不顺的日子。)

鼓励常用短句

1You can make it. (你一定行。) (2There‟s no reason to feel discouraged. (别气馁。) (3Don‟t worry, I‟m sure you‟ll do better this time. (没担心,这次你肯定能行。) 【使用背景】当某人失败了,你可以用这句话鼓励他再试一次。 (4Don‟t give up! (别放弃!) (5You are doing fine/very well. (你干得不错。) (6Well done!/Good job! (干得好!) (7Come on! You can do it!〖这句话同样可以用来怂恿别人干坏事〗 (来吧!你能行!) (8Go for it! (干吧!) (9Try it again! (再试试!) (10Stick to it! (坚持下去!) (11Don‟t let it get you down!

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 (不要灰心!) 【 Culture Note 】 The habit of encouraging people, even

(不要灰心!)

Culture Note

The habit of encouraging people, even strangers, is deeply engrained in American culture. All the cheering you hear at sporting events is really just a form of encouragement. 鼓励他人,即使是陌生人,这种习惯已经在美国文化中根深蒂固了。你在运动场上所听 到的所有的喝彩其实正是鼓励的一种形式。

18. M aking an Apology 道歉

【疯狂实战一】

A: I’m sorry I got angry at you at the party. (我很抱歉在晚会上对你生气。) B: That‟s OK. I know you‟ve been upset lately. (没关系。我知道你近来一直很烦躁。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: I’m extremely sorry for breaking your plate. (我打碎了你的盘子,太对不起了。) B: Oh, don‟t worry about it. It‟s not important. (哦,别担心。那算不了什么。) 【疯狂调侃】心里面却想:Oh, my god! That‟s a very ancient and precious plate. I inherited it from my grandmother!(哦!天哪!那可是珍贵的古董盘啊! 是我奶奶传给我的!) 【Kim‟s Note Remember that accepting an apology graciously is also an important function. Sometimes it‟s hard to do, but it really will make the situation better. 我得提醒大家亲切地接受道歉也是一种重要的功能。有时做起来很难,但是真的能缓和 尴尬的局面。

【疯狂实战三】

A: Oh, excuse me. I just spilled my coffee on your carpet. (噢,对不起,我刚才不小心把咖啡洒在你的地毯上了。) B: That‟s all right. (没关系。) A: Anyway, I want to pay for the cleaning. (无论如何我要付干洗费。) B: It‟s no big deal. Really, don‟t think anything more about it. (这不是什么大不了的事,真的,别再去想这事了。)

【超级挑战一】

A: I must apologize for having kept you waiting so long, but I was in a traffic jam. (让你等这么长的时间,我向你道歉。可是路上塞车了。) B: No problem. I can understand. (没关系,我能理解。)

【超级挑战二】

A: I’d like to apologize for behaving rudely at your party last night. (我想对我昨晚在晚会的失礼向你道歉。) B: It‟s all right.

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 (没关系。) A: I’m really sorry about it. I hope you’ll forgive me.

(没关系。) A: I’m really sorry about it. I hope you’ll forgive me. (我真的很抱歉,希望你能原谅我。) B: Don‟t worry about it. These things happen. (别担心,这是常有的事。)

常见道歉用语

1I must/do apologize for…〖正式道歉用语〗 (我必须为„„向你道歉。)

2Please forgive me for… (请原谅我„„。)

3I‟m extremely/really/terribly sorry for… (我非常抱歉„„。)

4I‟m sorry, I didn‟t mean to hurt you.〖恋人之间道歉用语〗 (对不起,我不是有意要伤害你的。)

5It was my fault. (都是我的错。)

6I really feel bad about it. (我真的为这件事感到过意不去。)

7Sorry for/about… („„对不起。)

8Excuse me for being late. (对不起我迟到了。)

9I‟m sorry to keep you waiting. (对不起让你久等了。)

10I‟m sorry!/Sorry!〖最常用的道歉用语〗 (对不起!) 【Kim‟s NoteIt really isn‟t good manners to just say „sorry‟ without using „I am‟. It‟s just a personal pet peeve of mine but it is worth mentioning. As a teacher I often have to insist that my students apologize to one another. I never let them just blurt out a one word apology. 道歉时仅仅只说 “sorry” 前面不加上 “I am” 其实是不太礼貌的。这也许只是我个人 的“偏见”,但还是值得一提。作为一位老师,我常常教导我的学生要为自己做错的事向他 人道歉,我从来都不会教他们仅仅脱口而出一个 “sorry” 来表示歉意。

常用应答短句

1That‟s no problem. (没关系。) (2Don‟t worry about it. (不用担心。) (4Forget about it. (忘了吧。)

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 ( 5 ) It doesn‟t matter at all. (没关系。) ( 6 ) Not at

5It doesn‟t matter at all. (没关系。) (6Not at all. (没什么。) (7It‟s nothing. (没事。) (8Never mind. (没关系。) (9That‟s OK. (没什么。) (10It‟s really not necessary. (真的没有必要道歉。)

19. Likes 喜欢

【疯狂实战一】

A: Do you like Chinese food? (你喜欢中国菜吗?) B: Yes, I love it. (是的,非常喜欢。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: I’m crazy about beef noodles. (我非常喜欢吃牛肉面。) B: Really? Me, too. (真的?我也是。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: What‟s your favorite sport? (你最喜欢什么运动?) B: I enjoy swimming . How about you? (我喜欢游泳。你呢?) A: Playing soccer is my favorite . (我最喜欢踢足球。) 【Kim‟s NoteThis is an example of how discussing likes and dislikes can create a conversation in a group. 这个例子表明谈论喜好和憎恶如何能够在群体中展开交谈。

表达喜欢的常用句型

1I really like … 2I love… 3I‟m crazy about… 4I enjoy… 5I‟m fond of… 6I‟m keen on…〖美国人曾经这么说,但已经过时了!〗 【Kim‟s NoteThis expression is really more for senior citizens in America although it is popular in British English. 尽管这个表达在英国英语中很流行,但在美国只有老年人才这么说。 (7I‟m interested in…

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

20. Dislikes 不喜欢

【疯狂实战一】

A: I don’t like your talking to me like that. (我不喜欢你这样和我说话。) B: I‟m sorry. I can‟t help it! (对不起,我习惯了。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: Do you like this painting? (你喜欢这幅画吗?) B: Well, it’s really not to my taste . (嗯,实在不合我的胃口。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: Do you like rainy days? (你喜欢雨天吗?) B: No, I hate them. I‟m always in a bad mood when i t rains. (不,我讨厌雨天。一下雨我就心情不好。)

【超级挑战一】

A: What do you usually do in your spare time? (你在业余时间通常做些什么?) B: I‟m fond of reading. Mark Twain is my favorite writer. What about you? (我喜欢看书。马克·吐温是我最喜欢的作家。你呢?)

A: I’m really not too fond of reading. I prefer to take part in some sports, especially football. Sports are good for your health. That’s why I go for sports. Do you like to play football?

(我真的不怎么喜欢看书。我宁愿参加一些运动,特别是足球。运动对健康有好处,这就 是我喜欢运动的原因。你喜欢踢足球吗?) B: Yes, but I‟m not very good at it. I play just for the fun of it. (我喜欢,但是我踢得不好。我只是踢着玩。)

【超级挑战二】

A: Fatty meat is awful, isn‟t it? (肥肉很恶心,不是吗?) B: Yes. It‟s bad for people. (是啊。对人体不好。) A: Would you like some chicken? (你来点鸡肉吗?) B: No, thanks. I‟d prefer some beef. There‟s always chicken for sale these days in the dinning hall of our school. I really dislike it. What about you? (不了,谢谢。我更喜欢吃牛肉。这几天我们学校的食堂里老是卖鸡肉。我很讨厌鸡肉, 你呢?) A: Chicken is one of my favorite foods. My mother cooks it once a week. I really love it. (鸡肉是我最喜欢的食物之一。我妈妈每周都要做一次给我吃。我确实很喜欢鸡肉。)

Kim‟s Note Don‟t be shocked when someone describes something they dislike with strong words, such as hate, awful, or terrible. It‟s just the American way of making a point. 当听到别人用一些过激的言辞来形容他们不喜欢的东西时,比如:厌恶、恶心、可怕等,

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 不必感到震惊,这只不过是美国人表达个人观点的方式。 21.

不必感到震惊,这只不过是美国人表达个人观点的方式。

21. Agreeing 同意

【疯狂实战一】

A: Don‟t you think that young man has bad manners? (你不认为那个小伙子很没礼貌吗?) B: Oh, I agree with you absolutely. (噢,我完全同意你的观点。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: I wonder if you would agree that our department‟s salaries are too low? (我想知道你是否也觉得我们部门员工的工资太低了?) B: I couldn’t agree more. Everyone here has been working extremely hard. They definitely deserve a raise.

(我完全同意。这个部门的员工个个工作都很努力,他们应当加薪。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: Can you believe it‟s Sunday night already? Vacations are always too short! (你相信现在已经是星期天晚上了吗?假日总是太短暂。) B: You took the words right out of my mouth. (你说出了我心里话。)

【超级挑战】

A: That was a terrible movie! (那部电影太糟糕了。) B: It was. (的确。) A: The acting was awful! (演技太差劲了。) B: I agree. (我同意。) A: And the story line was impossible to follow! (情节也让人看不明白。) B: That’s just what I was thinking. (我也这么觉得。)

表示同意的短句总结

1I absolutely agree with you. (我完全同意你的观点。)

2I couldn‟t agree more. (我完全同意。)

3That‟s exactly my own view. (那正是我的意思。)

4You took the words right out of my mouth. (你说出了我心里话。) 【Kim‟s NoteThis is a popular expression that is worth the time to learn. It comes in handy when someone else says the exact thing that you wanted to say.

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

这是一个值得花时间去学习的流行表达。当别人说出你正想说的东西时,你就可以用到 这句话。 (5That‟s right/true/for sure/for certain. (是的,完全同意。) (6Yes. We see eye to eye on this. (是的,我们看法一致。) (7That‟s just what I was thinking. (正是我在想的。) (8You can say that again. (说得一点没错。) (9I‟ll say. (深表同感。) (10You got it. (同意。) (11I‟d say so. (我也这么看。) (12Well said. (说得好。) (13I agree one hundred pe rcent. (我百分之百同意。)

22. Disagreeing 不同意

【疯狂实战一】

A: Children should watch TV every night. They can learn a lot. (孩子们应该每天看电视,他们可以学到很多东西。) B: I’m afraid I have a different opinion. (我想我有不同的意见。)

【疯狂实战二】

A: Young people shouldn‟t always change their jobs. (年轻人不应该老是换工作。) B: That’s not the way I see it. Young people should seek for more challenges and opportunities. (我的看法和你不一样,年轻人应该寻求更多的挑战和机会。)

【疯狂实战三】

A: Wouldn‟t you say that Tom‟s house needs a paint job? (难道你不认为汤姆的房子需要粉刷了吗?) B: Really? I don’t think so. I think it looks great the way it is now.

(真的吗?我可不这么想。我认为那房子目前看上去很好啊。)

【超级挑战】

A: Don‟t you think that somebody should do something about all the violence on children‟s cartoon programs? (你不认为应该有人对儿童卡通节目里的暴力做点什么吗?) B: Well… I’m not so sure about that. (嗯„„,我不太同意。) A: Oh? (噢?)

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力 B: Yes. I wish I could agree with you, but if you ask me,

B: Yes. I wish I could agree with you, but if you ask me, kids aren‟t very affected by what they see on TV because they know it isn‟t real. (是的。我希望我能同意,但是如果你问我的意见,我认为孩子们不会被他们在电视上看 到的所影响,因为他们知道那不是真的。) A: Well… I disagree. (嗯,我可不同意。)

表示不同意的句型总结

1I‟m afraid I have a different opinion. (我想我有不同的意见。)

2That‟s not the way I see it. (我的看法和你不一样。) (3I‟m not sure I can agree. (我不太同意。)

4Really? But I think… (真的吗?但是我认为„„。)

5I‟m afraid I disagree with… (恐怕我不同意„„。)

6Actually/In fact, I think… (事实上,我认为„„。)

7I can‟t say that I share your view of… (我不能说我同意你的意见„„。)

8I may be wrong, but… (也许我错了,但是„„。)

9I can‟t agree with… (我不同意„„。)

10Well, I don‟t think… (嗯,我不认为„„。)

语感练习

请大声朗读出来,凭你的语感在正确项打勾。

1A: Somehow I thought he was going to arrive later than you. B: a. Okay.

b. I don‟t think so.

c. I forgot all about it.

2A: How foolish we were when we were young! B: a. I‟ll say!

b. That‟s exactly!

c. I know what I think.

3A: This stereo has good sound, but wouldn‟t you agree that it‟s too expensive? B: a. I suppose I know.

b. I guess that‟s true.

c. I guess that‟s a point.

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

4A: Martin has a terrible singing voice, doesn‟t he?

B:

a. Yes, but he sings. b. That might be true, but he plays the guitar beautifully. c. Wouldn‟t you say that?

5A: Our hockey team is the best one in the state. B: a. However, don‟t you think that my team is better? b. I don‟t suppose my team is better. c. That may be true, but my team beat yours in the state championship.

6A: I hate to admit it, but I don‟t think we‟re going to raise enough money for the new playground. B: a. Positively! b. Wouldn‟t you agree?

c. I‟m afraid you‟re right.

【参考答案】 (1b 2a 3b 4b 5c 6c

Culture Note

Asian people have a more difficult time saying nodirectly than western people do. Many times Asian people will just remain silent or offer an explanation such as, “It‟s not convenient right now” instead of just saying a blunt “no” as a western person would. Knowing this culture difference can give you a big advantage when communicating. 和西方人比起来,亚洲人很难直接说出“不”。大多数时侯亚洲人只会保持沉默或是解 释说“现在不太方便”,而不会像西方人那样直截了当地说“不”。懂得这个文化差异对你的 沟通和交流有很大的帮助。

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

分享创造知识 练习成就能力

23. Asking for Opinion 询问观点

【疯狂实战一】

A: Do you think these shoes are all right? (你认为这双鞋好吗?) B: Yes, they look great! (很好,很好看。) 【Kim‟s NoteThis dialogue is a great source of bonding among women. Women like to shop together because they like to ask for each other‟s opinions before they buy anything. 这个对话是女人们结伴结友的原因所在。女人喜欢一起去购物,因为他们喜欢在询问对 方意见之后才花钱买东西。

【疯狂实战二】