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African grey parrot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_grey_parrot[07/22/2014 12:55:39 PM]


African grey parrot
Neo, an African Grey Parrot,
enjoying the night
African Grey Parrot
In captivity
Conservation status
Vulnerable (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittacidae
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The African Grey Parrot, grey parrot or Congo
African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) is an
Old World parrot in the family Psittacidae.
Contents [hide]
1 Description
2 Distribution and habitat
3 Behaviour and ecology
3.1 Breeding
3.2 Food and feeding
3.3 Threats to survival
4 Relationship to humans
5 External Links
6 References
Description [edit]
The African Grey Parrot is a medium-sized,
predominantly grey, black-billed parrot which
weighs 400 g, with a length of 33 cm
[1]
and an
average wingspan of 4652 cm.
[2]
The tail and
undertail coverts are red, in comparison to the
maroon of the smaller Timneh Parrot. Both sexes
appear similar.
[1]
The colouration of juveniles similar to that of adults,
however the eye is typically dark grey to black, in
comparison to the greyish eyes of the adult birds.
The undertail coverts are also tinged with grey.
[1]
Distribution and habitat [edit]
The African Grey Parrot is endemic to the Congo,
Africa.
Behaviour and ecology [edit]
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_grey_parrot
African grey parrot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_grey_parrot[07/22/2014 12:55:39 PM]
Subfamily: Psittacinae
Genus: Psittacus
Species: P. erithacus
Binomial name
Psittacus erithacus
Linnaeus, 1758
Range in green
Breeding [edit]
African grey parrots are monogamous breeders
which nests in tree cavities. The hen lays 3-5
eggs, which she incubates for 30 days while being
fed by her mate. Young leave the nest at the age
of 12 weeks. Little is known about the courtship
behaviour of this species in the wild.
[2]
Food and feeding [edit]
The African grey parrot is primarily a herbivore,
feeding on fruit, nuts, leaves, bark and flowers.
However it will also eat insects.
[2]
Threats to survival [edit]
Humans are by far the largest threat to wild African
grey populations. Between 1994 and 2003, over
359,000 African grey parrots were traded on the
international market. Mortality amongst imported birds is high.
[3]
As a result of the extensive
harvest of wild birds, in addition to habitat loss, this species is believed to be undergoing a
rapid decline in the wild and has therefore been rated as vulnerable by the IUCN.
[4]
Relationship to humans [edit]
The species is common in captivity and is regularly kept by humans as a companion parrot,
prized for its ability to mimic human speech. However, it may be prone to behavioural problems
due to its sensitive nature.
[3]
External Links [edit]
African Grey - Lets go PooPoo
African Grey talking after 3 years
African Grey playing ball
Baby African Grey being spoon fed
References [edit]
1. ^
a

b

c
"Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus)" . World Parrot Trust. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
2. ^
a

b

c
Holman, Rachel. "Psittacus erithacus" . Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 18 March
2014.
3. ^
a

b
"Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) - Care In Captivity" . World Parrot Trust. Retrieved 10
April 2014.
4. ^ BirdLife International (2013). "Psittacus erithacus (Grey Parrot)" . The IUCN Red List of
Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
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African grey parrot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_grey_parrot[07/22/2014 12:55:39 PM]
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[hide] V T E Subfamily: Psittacinae
Genus Species
Psittacus
Congo African Grey Parrot (or Grey Parrot) (supporting pages: Alex (parrot) N'kisi)
Timneh African Grey Parrot (or Timneh Parrot)
Poicephalus
Cape Parrot P. fuscicollis Red-fronted Parrot Meyer's Parrot
Rppell's Parrot (or Rueppell's Parrot) Brown-headed Parrot Red-bellied Parrot
Senegal Parrot Yellow-fronted Parrot Niam-niam Parrot
Categories: IUCN Red List vulnerable species Parrots Psittacini
Fauna of Central Africa Animals described in 1758 Animal intelligence Birds of Africa
Talking birds Birds of Cameroon