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Unicellular or Multicellular organisms

Unicellular or Multicellular organisms Have Have only only ONE ONE cell cell Bacteria, Bacteria, yeast, yeast,
Have Have only only ONE ONE cell cell Bacteria, Bacteria, yeast, yeast, Amoeba Amoeba sp.,
Have Have only only ONE ONE cell cell
Bacteria, Bacteria, yeast, yeast,
Amoeba Amoeba sp., sp.,
Euglena Euglena and and
Paramecium Paramecium
Made Made up up of of MANY MANY cells cells Human Human beings, beings, mammals,
Made Made up up of of MANY MANY
cells cells
Human Human beings, beings,
mammals, mammals, reptiles, reptiles,
birds, birds, fish, fish,
amphibians, amphibians, insects insects
and and plants plants

A Cell Has 3 Basic Structure Feature

NucleusNucleus CytoplasmCytoplasm Plasma Plasma Membrane Membrane
NucleusNucleus
CytoplasmCytoplasm
Plasma Plasma
Membrane Membrane

Plasma Membrane

Plasma Plasma Membrane Membrane
Plasma Plasma
Membrane Membrane

Charecteristic:

Consists of a jelly-like matrix Contains all the components of the cells

Function:

The site which activities and chemical reactions take place. Provides a medium to produce energy, manufacture and store materials.

Nucleus

NucleusNucleus
NucleusNucleus

Charecteristic:

An organelle surrounded by nuclear membrane Contains nucleolus, chromatin and nucleoplasm

Function:

Controls the activities of the cell. Contains the genetic materials.

Cytoplasm

CytoplasmCytoplasm
CytoplasmCytoplasm

Charecteristic:

Thin layer Partially permeable Flexible

Function:

Controls the chemicals that enter or leave the cell. Separates the content of the cell from its external environment.

Organelles - Mitochondrion

MitochodrionsMitochodrions
MitochodrionsMitochodrions
Function: The site where aerobic respiration takes place.
Function:
The site where aerobic respiration
takes place.
Function: The site where aerobic respiration takes place. Characteristic: A cylindrical-shaped organelle which

Characteristic:

A cylindrical-shaped organelle which surrounded by a double membrane Contains a matrix with ribosomes, a circular DNA molecule and phosphate granules

Organelles - Ribosomes

Organelles - Ribosomes Characteristic: Non-membrane-bound particles Made up of ribosomal RNA and proteins

Characteristic:

Non-membrane-bound particles Made up of ribosomal RNA and proteins

RibosomesRibosomes
RibosomesRibosomes
Function: The site where protein synthesis takes place.
Function:
The site where protein synthesis takes
place.

Organelles – Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

Organelles – Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Characteristic: A network of flattened, membrane- bounded sacs that

Characteristic:

A network of flattened, membrane- bounded sacs that continuous with the nuclear membrane

Rough Rough Endoplasmic Endoplasmic Reticulum Reticulum
Rough Rough
Endoplasmic Endoplasmic
Reticulum Reticulum
Function: Rough ER transports proteins made by the ribosomes through the network.
Function:
Rough ER transports proteins made by
the ribosomes through the network.

Organelles – Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

Smooth Smooth Endoplasmic Endoplasmic Reticulum Reticulum
Smooth Smooth
Endoplasmic Endoplasmic
Reticulum Reticulum
Function: Smooth ER is the site for synthesis of lipids and detoxification of drugs.
Function:
Smooth ER is the site for synthesis of
lipids and detoxification of drugs.
site for synthesis of lipids and detoxification of drugs. Characteristic: A network of flattened, membrane- bounded

Characteristic:

A network of flattened, membrane- bounded sacs that continuous with the nuclear membrane

Organelles – Golgi Apparatus

Organelles – Golgi Apparatus Characteristic: A stack of flattened membrane- bounded sacs being formed continuously at

Characteristic:

A stack of flattened membrane- bounded sacs being formed continuously at one end of the stack and budded of as vesicles at the other.

Golgi Golgi Apparatus Apparatus
Golgi Golgi
Apparatus Apparatus
Function: Modifies and packs the proteins which transported by rough ER. The site where enzyme
Function:
Modifies and packs the proteins which
transported by rough ER.
The site where enzyme and lysosome
productions take place.

Organelles – Lysosomes

LysosomesLysosomes
LysosomesLysosomes
Function: Break down foods, unwanted organelles and foreign materials.
Function:
Break down foods, unwanted
organelles and foreign materials.
down foods, unwanted organelles and foreign materials. Characteristic: Spherical organelles which contain
down foods, unwanted organelles and foreign materials. Characteristic: Spherical organelles which contain

Characteristic:

Spherical organelles which contain digestive enzymes

Organelles – Cell Wall

Characteristics:

A thick and tough Cellulose

Function:

Protects and supports the cell. Gives the cell a regular shape.

A thick and tough Cellulose Function : Protects and supports the cell. Gives the cell a

Organelles – Vacuole

Organelles – Vacuole Characteristics: A large sac which filled with cell sap Function : Supports the

Characteristics:

A large sac which filled with cell sap

Function:

Supports the cell when it is turgid As a storage place in a cell

Organelles – Chloroplast

Organelles – Chloroplast Characteristics: Sacs which contain chlorophyll Function : Chlorophyll absorbs sunlight

Characteristics:

Sacs which contain chlorophyll

Function:

Chlorophyll absorbs sunlight for photosynthesis to take place.