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Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record LSMW Legacy System Migration Workbench
Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record
LSMW
Legacy System Migration Workbench
(LSMW)
Author
Satish Kumar Gunda
2007/Q3
© satish.gunda@yahoo.com

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Legacy System Migration Workbench (LSMW)

The LSM Workbench is an R/3-based tool that supports you when transferring data from non-SAP systems ("Legacy Systems") to R/3 once or periodically.

The tool supports conversion of data of the legacy system in a convenient way. The data can then be imported into the R/3 system via Batch input, Direct input, BAPIs or IDocs. LSM Workbench provides a recording function that allows to generate a "data migration object" in an entry or change transaction. Through LSMW, we can upload Master Data and Transaction Data.

The main advantages of the LSM Workbench:

Part of R/3 and thus independent of individual platforms

A variety of technical possibilities of data conversion

Data consistency due to standard import techniques

Batch input

Direct input

BAPIs (Business Application Programming Interfaces)

IDocs (Intermediate Documents)

The import technique to be used in an individual case depends on the business object.

Generation of the conversion program on the basis of defined rules

Clear interactive process guide

Interface for data in spreadsheet format

Creation of data migration objects on the basis of recorded transactions

Charge-free for SAP customers and SAP partners

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Data can be imported from Legacy Data on the PC or from the Legacy Application Server, The imported data will be converted to SAP format, to convert the data we create

Structure Relationships,

Field Assignments and

Conversion Rules,

The, converted Data can be exported in SAP through

Batch Input Processing

Direct Input Processing and

Inbound IDoc Processing

Input Processing • Direct Input Processing and • Inbound IDoc Processing 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com 3

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

LSMW to Upload Customer Master Records with Standard Object

Let’s see an example of uploading Customer Master Record with Standard Object. Go to transaction code LSMW; create an Project CUSTOMERS , Subproject Object XD01 and Object CUST_NEW as shown below, then click Execute.

and Object CUST_NEW as shown below, then click Execute. The main screen of LSMW provides wizard-like

The main screen of LSMW provides wizard-like step-by-step tasks. To complete your data conversion, you need to execute these steps in sequence. Once a step is executed, the cursor is automatically positioned to the next step.

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

On the initial screen, you can create a new project, corresponding subprojects and objects via Edit -> Create new entry.

: An ID with a maximum of 10 characters to name your data transfer project. If you want to transfer data from several legacy systems, you may create a project e.g. for every legacy system.

: An ID with a maximum of 10 characters that is used as further structuring attribute.

: An ID with a maximum of 10 characters to name the business object.

Project

Subproject

Object

In the initial screen, All objects provides a list of all projects created already. My objects displays a list of all objects you created personally. All objects of the project displays all objects of the selected project as tree structure. Project documentation displays any documentation written for the individual pop ups and processing steps. you can print the project documentation out, send it and save it in various file formats.

Select Documentation to enter your notes. After clicking, a popup is displayed in which you can write down your personal documentation. The documentation function is additionally available under Administration and Recordings in the first seven steps of data migration. Below, you find an example for a project with several subprojects and objects. This representation is displayed by pushing the button All objects of the project:

Note that these steps may look different depending upon your Personal menu settings. You could make step numbers visible by ‘Numbers on’ icon or hidden by ‘Numbers off’ icon. You can execute a step by double-clicking on the row. Toggle icon ‘Doubleclick=Display’ or ‘Doubleclick=Edit’, makes the step in ‘display’ mode or ‘change’ mode.

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

LSMW Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com 6

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Step 1: Maintain Object attributes

You will be updating the customer master records with the help of Standard Batch Input; therefore, choose radio-button Standard Batch/Direct Input as shown below. Enter Object ‘0050’ for Customer Master records and default method ‘0000’ and click on Save.

records and default method ‘0000’ and click on Save. Step 2: Maintain Source Structure The source

Step 2: Maintain Source Structure

The source structures (LS structures) are defined with the ID, name, and hierarchical relationships. Start with the highest hierarchy level since only hierarchies with the same level or a lower level can be created.

Select Create (Cont+F4) then give description as below.

level can be created. Select Create (Cont+F4) then give description as below. 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com 7

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Step 3. Maintain Source Fields

Keep the cursor on XD01 (our Source Structure) and click on “Table Maintenance” icon.

In this step, you need to list the fields are present in the source structure. The easiest way is to click on ‘Table Maintenance’ icon to enter Fieldname, Type and Length for each field. If your fields are more, I suggest type them in Excel and Paste them SAP.

are more, I suggest type them in Excel and Paste them SAP. Step 4: Maintain Structure
are more, I suggest type them in Excel and Paste them SAP. Step 4: Maintain Structure

Step 4: Maintain Structure Relations

Now paste it here

SAP. Step 4: Maintain Structure Relations Now p aste it here The Standard Object ‘0050’ we

The Standard Object ‘0050’ we maintained in the first Step requires BGR00, BKN00 and BKNA1 to be maintained irrespective of u need changes init or not. The only logic for this is, all the top Structures to be assigned to reach up to the bottom. For our scenario, we need to update BKNA1, BKNB1 and BKNVV. (If you do not maintain Structure relations for mandatory entries, you

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

might get a message such as ‘Target structure BKNA1 needs a relation to a source structure’.) Even though you don’t want to update any fields in these structures, you NEED to create a relationship with source structures. In all, you need to create relationship for four target structures. Create relationship between source structures XD01 with these target structures with icon

.

‘Create Relationship Keep Cursor on these four target structures and click on icon ‘Create Relation’ and structure relations are maintained

es and click on icon ‘Create Relation’ and structure relations are maintained 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com 9

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Step 5: Maintain field mapping and conversion rules

Here, our Transaction Code is constant throughout the process, so we maintain it as Constant to do this, keep your cursor on ‘TCODE’ field and click on ‘Insert Rule’ icon

keep your cursor on ‘TCODE’ field and click on ‘Insert Rule’ icon 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com 1
keep your cursor on ‘TCODE’ field and click on ‘Insert Rule’ icon 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com 1

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Assign rules:

Initial:

This deletes the coding assigned to the target field. In addition, source fields assigned to the target fields are removed as well. Depending on the object type, the target field is assigned the following value:

For standard batch input/standard direct input: Nodata characters (determined e.g. in session header BGR00,

BI000)

For batch input recording: '/' as nodata character

For BAPIs, IDocs: Clear field (i.e.: character field blank; numeric field '00 0')

Move:

The data is transferred using ABAP command "Move". For source fields that are not of type 'C' or 'N', this means:

Packed field

Unpack to target field

WRITE

TO

 

Popup to select

e.g. 01.10.1998

-

internal format

Date field

-

user format

-

YYYYMMDD

Amount field

Batch input/direct input: The amount value is edited according to the format settings in the user master. BAPIs, IDocs: The amount value keeps the internal calculation format.

 

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Constant: The target field is assigned a fixed value.

Fixed value (reusable): A "fixed value object" (variable) named FV_<fixedvalue> is assigned to the target field. This fixed value object is filled with an actual value in step "Maintain fixed values, translations and user-written routines".

Translation (reusable): The target field is assigned coding carrying out field contents conversion using a translation table. The values of this translation table can be entered in step "Maintain fixed values, translations and user-written routines" see Error! Reference source not found

Prefix: Specify any prefix to precede the contents of the source field.

Suffix: Specify any suffix follow the contents of the source field.

Concatenation: You can concatenate two or more source fields.

Transfer left-justified: Transfers the contents of the source field in left-justified form.

ABAP coding: Double-clicking on a target field branches off to the ABAP editor. There you can edit generated ABAP coding or write and save your own coding. A large part of the usual standard R/3 editor functions, such as Check (syntax check), Pretty Printer, etc., are available there.

Under Insert you can add the following to your coding:

source fields: all source fields available are displayed for selection

global variable: see 5.7

global functions: see Error! Reference source not found.

XFIELD: This is a special function for processing of IDocs. In some cases an ‘X-structure’ exists in addtion to the data transfer structure (where the values for the import can be found); the fields of this ‘X-structure’ have to be filled with ‘X’ or blank to decide if the corresponding field in the data transfer structure should be transfered or not.

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Choose radio button ‘Constant’ to enter value ‘XD01’ transaction code. In the same way select the fields that you want to maintain constant values and give values, like company code, currency, etc., Here I have given many constant values like Sales Organization, Distribution Channel, Division, Customer A/c Group and many other. But I have selected only 7 fields that are variable from customer to customer, for which we have created in source field. So to assign a source field, keep the cursor on the

field. So to assign a source field, keep the cursor on the filed like NAME1 and

filed like NAME1 and select Source Field and select NAME1. And in the same way for all the 7 fields we have maintained the source. Here exactly match each field with its source field.

maintained the source. Here exactly match each field with its source field. 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com 1

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Constant Values (appear in white color lines) Variable (differ from customer to customer for which
Constant Values
(appear in white color
lines)
Variable (differ from
customer to customer for
which we have maintained
sour fields) fields will
appear in yellow lines.

2007/Q3

© satish.gunda@yahoo.com

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

LSMW Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com 1 5

2007/Q3

© satish.gunda@yahoo.com

15

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record LSMW 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com
Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record
LSMW
2007/Q3
© satish.gunda@yahoo.com

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Step 6: Maintain fixed values, translations, user-defined routines You can also maintain re-usable translations and user-defined routines, which can be used across conversion tasks. In this case, that step is not required.

Before continuing to the next step we have to have the source file to upload. First we create it and then will move to next step. First create file Excel like below.

move to next ste p. First create file Excel like below. And Save as Text (Tab

And Save as Text (Tab delimited) like below

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

LSMW Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record Now our source file looks

Now our source file looks like this.

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

LSMW Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com 1 9

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Step 7: Specify files

In this step, we define how the layout of the input file is. The input file is a [Tab] delimited with the first row as field names. It is present on my PC (local drive) as C:\cust.txt.

Keep the curser on “Legacy Data on my PC (Frontend)” and select “Add entry“ (cont+F2) button. Then save.

)” and select “Add entry“ (cont+F2) button. Then save. Browse to your source file. Mine is
Browse to your source file. Mine is at C:\cust.txt
Browse to your source file.
Mine is at C:\cust.txt

Select Check box, and Radio Button

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Step 8: Assign files Execute step ‘Assign Files’ and the system automatically defaults the filename to the source structure.

defaults the f ilename to the source structure. Step 9: Import data In this step, LSMW

Step 9: Import data In this step, LSMW reads the data from the source file (from your PC’s local drive). You have the option to read only selected rows and convert data values to internal format. Double click on step 9 Read data and select Execute button.

internal format. Double click on step 9 Read data a nd select Execute button. 2007/Q3 ©

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

LSMW Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record Step 10: Display Imported data

Step 10: Display Imported data

This step is optional. If required, you can review the field contents for the rows of data read. Double click on Step 10 and select

field co ntents for the rows of data r ead. Double click on Step 10 and

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

LSMW Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record Select any line, then the

Select any line, then the screen appears like below.

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

LSMW Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record Step 11: Convert data This

Step 11: Convert data

This is the step that actually converts the source data (in source format) to a target format. Based on the conversion rules defined, source fields are mapped to target fields. These files “CUSTOMER_XD01_CUS_NEW.lsmw.read” and “CUSTOMER_XD01_CUS_NEW.lsmw.conv” are stored in your PC at D:\usr\sap\<SID>\DVEBMGS00\work folder this is the default location. Once the data is converted u can create a Batch Input Session with this files as many times as u can, to do that, go to SE38 and type RFBIDE00 and specify the file name and execute the Batch Input session will be created.

Double click on step 11 Convert Data and select Execute

Double click on step 11 Convert Data and select Execute . Again screen appears like this

. Again screen appears like this

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

LSMW Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record Step 12: Display Converted data

Step 12: Display Converted data

Again this is an optional step to view how the source data is converted to internal SAP format. Double click on Step 12 and select

data is conver ted to internal SAP format. Double click on Step 12 and sel ect

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Screen appears like this

by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record Screen appears like this 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Then select any line, and then the screen appears like below.

select any line, and then the screen appears like below. Step 13: Create batch input session

Step 13: Create batch input session

Once the source data is converted in an internal format, you can create a batch session to process updates. Double click on Step 13 Create Bath input session. And select Execute

updates. Double click on Step 13 Create Bath input session. And select Execute 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

LSMW Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record System will give the following

System will give the following message

to Upload New Customer Master Record System will give the following message 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com 2

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Step 14: Run Batch Input Session

You can execute the BDC session by Run Batch input session. Executing a batch input session is a standard SM35 transaction for managing BDC sessions. Once you have successfully executed the batch input session, the customer master records are updated in the system. You can confirm this by viewing the customer master records (XD03).

Double click on Step 14 Run Batch Input Session. And select your session and click on Process

Input Session. And select your session and click on Process Select Display errors only and select
Input Session. And select your session and click on Process Select Display errors only and select

Select Display errors only and select Process.

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

LSMW Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record Your customer Masters are created.

Your customer Masters are created.

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Exporting the Project from one system to another

The project here created can be transported from one system to another, u can select/deselect subprojects in it while exporting. Here we see how we can export it. Go to the project main screen.

we see how we can export it. Go to the project main screen. Go to Extra

Go to Extras on the Menu Bar and select Export Project (Ctrl+F8)

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

LSMW Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record Then select 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com

Then select

LSMW Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record Then select 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

LSMW Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record In my CUSTOMER project I

In my CUSTOMER project I have two Subprojects XD01 and XD02, I can export the entire subprojects, but here in our example we will not export ‘XD02 Update Name and Search term’ subproject, to deselect it, click on the long text of Subproject,

oject, to deselect it, click on the long text of Subproject, immediately this will deselected. Now

immediately this will deselected. Now go to Export Rules on Menu bar and select Export (F8). System proposes with the name LSMW_GSK_CUSTOMER.txt, save the file on your system. I have saved at C:\LSMW_GSK_CUSTOMER.txt. U will get the success message. Now your project is exported including Subproject.

get the success message. Now your project is exported including Subproject. 2007/Q3 © satish.gunda@yahoo.com 3 3

LSMW

Step by Step Guide to Upload New Customer Master Record

Importing Project

To import Project Select Extras on menu bar and select Import (Ctrl+F9)

Select Extras on menu bar and select Import (Ctrl+F9) And browse to the location where we
Select Extras on menu bar and select Import (Ctrl+F9) And browse to the location where we

And browse to the location where we have saved the file, mine is at C:\LSMW_GSK_CUSTOMER.txt. Then select

select/deselect subprojects for importing data by select/deselecting the long text, after u finish with selection press F7 or go to Extras and select Import. The Project and subproject selected will be imported.

. And