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Ball Valve Class 150,300 & 600

Product description:
1) Operating Extended lever, gearing actuator
2) Body & Cap Split
3) Bore Full bore
4) End Connections Rise face
5) Packing Graphite
6) BPS Yes
7) AS Yes
8) DBB Yes

API 6D
6.1.3 Ball valves
Typical configurations for ball valves with flanged or welding ends are shown, for illustration purposes
only, in Figures 4, 5 and 6. Ball valves shall have a spherical obturator that rotates on an axis
perpendicular to the direction of flow.

1) Operating
7.13 Hand-wheels and wrenches Levers (API 6D)

Wrenches either be an integral design or consist of a head which fits on the stem and is
designed to take an extended handle.
The head design shall allow permanent attachment (if specified).
Max. force required at the hand-wheel or wrench to apply breakaway torque not exceed 360 N.
Integral wrenches not to be longer twice the face to face or end to end dim. (Unless agreed).
Hand-wheel diameter must not exceed face-to-face or end to end length or 1000 mm.(unless
agreed),(except DN 40,NPS 1 and smaller).
Spokes not extend beyond perimeter of the hand-wheel (unless otherwise agreed).
Torque limiting device (if specified)
Closing-clockwise (unless otherwise specified)

7.5 Valve operation (API 6D)
Specify the method of operation
Specify max. pressure differential (MPD) at which the valve is required to be opened. If not,
pressure determined with 7.2 for material at 38 shall be MPD.
If requested item: Cv or Kv, breakaway torque, max allowable stem thrust, max allowable input
torque to the gearbox and no. of urns for manually operated valves.

7.16 Position indicators (API 6D)
Valves fitted with manual or powered actuators shall be furnished with a visible indicator to
show open and closed position of the obturator.

5.8 Operation (API 608)
Handwheels on manual gear operators shall be marked to indicate the direction of open/close.
5.8.6
Lever handles shall be parallel with the ball bore 5.8.7.
If specified by purchaser, a lockable device that allow the valve to be locked in both fully
open/closed position. The lockable device shall be designed such that a lock with an 8mm
diameter shank, not more than 102 long can be inserted directly through hole. 5.8.11



2) Bore

6.2.1 Full-opening valves (API 6D)
Full-opening flanged-end valves shall be unobstructed in the fully opened position and shall have
an internal bore as specified in Table 1. There is no restriction on the upper limit of valve bore
sizes.



3) End Connection

7.7.1 Flanged ends (API 6D)
Dimensions, tolerances and finishes must be according with ASME B16.5
















4) Blow out proof stem

7.21 Stem retention (API 6D)
The stem must not eject under any internal pressure condition or if the packing gland components
and/or valve operator mounting components are removed.


5) Anti-Static

7.23 Anti-static device (API 6D)
Soft seated valve shall have an anti-static device

B.5 Anti-static testing (API 6D)
Measure electrical resistance of:
o Obturator and valve body
o Stem and valve body
DC power source not exceed 12V.
Resistance shall be tested before pressure testing and not exceed 10 .

5.4 Anti-static Design (electrical continuity between ball-stem-body) (API 608)
Antistatic must insures electrical continuity:
o Between stem and body DN 50 (NPS 2)
o Between ball, stem and body >DN 50 (>NPS 2)


6) Steel Ball Valve (Spherical Obturator)

6.1.3 Ball valves (API 6D)
Ball valves shall have spherical obturator that rotates on an axis perpendicular to the direction of
flow.

5.6 Ball Construction (API 608)
Ball shall have a cylindrical bore and shall be of solid, one-piece construction. Other
constructions, such as hollow-type, cored cavity, or sealed cavity may be furnished only if
agreed to by the purchaser.

6.2.1 Full-opening valves (API 6D)
Shall have a circular bore in the obturator that allows a sphere to pass with a nominal size not
less than specified in table 1.

7.15 Position of the obturator (API 6D)
The position of the obturator shall not be altered by dynamic forces of the passing flow.


7) Face-to-face and End-to-end dimensions

7.4 Face-to-face and end-to-end dimensions (API 6D)
Must accordance with tables 2 to 6










8) Stem

5.5 Ball-stem Design and Construction (API 608)
No portion of the stem is ejected by internal pressure -5.5.1
Torsional strength of stem to ball connection and the portion of the stem within the pressure
boundary shall exceed the torsional strength of the stem portion above the pressure boundary
(above the top of packing) by at least 10%.-5.5.2
No permanent deformation shall be occurs when a force is applied to the lever or gear operator
produces torques
o 20 N-m
o Twice manufacturers max published torque

7.20.2 Allowable stresses (API 6D)
Tensile stresses in stem extensions shall not exceed 67% SMYS when delivering the thrust.
Shear and torsion shall not exceed the limits specified in ASME Code VII, Division 2, Part AD-
132, except that the design stress intensity values, S
m
, shall be 67% of SMYS.

AD-132.2 Pure Shear.
The average primary shear stress across a section loaded under design conditions in pure shear
(for example, keys, shear rings, screw threads) shall be limited to 0.6Sm. The maximum primary
shear under design conditions, exclusive of stress concentration at the periphery of a solid
circular section in torsion, shall be limited to 0.8Sm.


9) Steel Valves (Body)

6.1.1 Wall Thickness. (ASME B16.34)
Not less than the minimum values t
m
in table 3 or calculated using eqn. shown in Mandatory
Appendix VI.(Both yield same values)



The minimum wall thickness is measured from internal wetted surfaces.
6.1.2 Inside Diameter (ASME B16.34)
d: minimum diameter of the flow passage not less than 90% of the basic inside diameter at the
valve end.
6.1.3 Valve Body Necks (ASME B16.34)
Shall maintain the minimum wall thickness as describe previous within a region of 1.1


measured from the outside of the body run along the neck direction.
For beyond 1.1

region, the inside diameter d, shall be provided at least equal to t from


table 3.
o For 150 Class 2500
d =


6.5.2 Position Indication (ASME B16.34)
Valves of the quarter turn shall have a means to indicate the ball position.
The design shall be such that the components of the indicating means cannot be assembled
falsely indicate the valve open or closed position.
6.1.6 Local Areas (ASME B16.34)
Local areas having less than minimum wall thickness are acceptable provided that all of the
following limitation are satisfied.
o Measured thickness is no less than 0.75 t
o

o Area of subminimum thickness can be enclosed by a circle whose diameter is no greater
than 0.35

. for valve body necks, use d


o
= d and t
o
= t, for local areas use d
o
= d and
t
o
= t
m

o Enclosure circles are separated from each other by edge to edge distance not less than
1.75



10) Packing Gland
5.7 Packing Glands and Gland Bolting (API 608)
Adjustable packing gland shall be accessible for re-sealing stem packing without disassembly of
valve parts or operator parts. 5.7.1
Vertically split gland shall not be used. 5.7.3
When used, gland bolts shall pass through holes in the packing gland. No open slots is permitted
on the gland. 5.7.4
Bolt stress shall not exceed 1/3 of the ultimate tensile strength of the bolting material when
compressing stress of 38 Mpa at 38.

11) Valve Shell Joints
5.10 Valve Shell joints (API 608)
Nut and bolt head bearing surfaces of shell parts assembled by bolting shall be
perpendicular to the centerline of tapped or clearance holes for the fasteners within 1.
(5.10.1)
Bolting used for assembly of shell joints shall be studs with nuts or cap screws. Nut shall be
semi-finished hexagons conforming to ASME B18.2.2. Bolts and studs shall be threaded in
conformance to ASME B1.1. Bolting 1 or smaller shall have coarse UNC threads, larger than
1 shall have 8 thread series. Bolt and stud thread shall be in Class 2A, and nut threads shall
be in Class 2B per ASME B1.1. (5.10.3)
Each bolted or threaded shell joint calculation shall be accordance with ASME B16.34,
Section 6.4. (5.10.3)

6.3 Valve Joints (ASME B16.34)
Valves with bolted or threaded bonnet or cover joints or body joints shall meet the tensile
or shear area requirements.
6.4.1 Bonnet or Cover Joints (ASME B16.34)
Valve bonnet or cover joints must be not subjected to direct piping loads.
6.4.1.1 Bolted Bonnet or Cover Joints (ASME B16.34)
Bolting shall be threaded in accordance with ASME B1.1 for inch dimensioned or ASME
B1.13 for metric bolting.
As minimum, shall satisfy the following bolt cross-sectional area requirements:
P
c
=

K
1
S
a


9000
6.4.2.1 Bolted Body Joints (ASME B16.34)
Shall satisfy the following bolt cross sectional area requirement
P
c
=

K
2
S
a


7000