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CHEMICAL BONDING CONCEPT TEST

PART A
This part consists of the questions that examine your knowledge ofchemical bonding. Each
question has two parts: a response section in which you are asked to mark only one of two
possible answers; a reason section in which you are asked to select the reason which
explains the answer in the previous part of the question. On the answer sheet, please circle
one answer from both the response and reason sections of each question.

1. At room temperature, sodium chloride, NaCl, exits as a molecule
(1) True (2) False
because
A) The sodium atom shares a pair of electrons with the chlorine atom to form a simple molecule.
B) After donating its valance electron to the chlorine atom, the sodium ion forms a molecule with
the chloride ion.
C) Sodium chloride exists as a lattice consisting of sodium ions and chloride ions.
D) Sodium chloride exists as a lattice consisting of covalently bonded sodium and chlorine atoms.
2. Water (H2O) and hydrogen sulphide (H2S) have similar chemical formulas and
structures. At room temperature, water is a liquid and hydrogen sulphide is a gas. This
difference in state is due to
(1) forces between molecules (2) forces within molecules
because
A) The difference in the forces attracting water molecules and those attracting hydrogen sulphide
molecules is due to the difference in strength of the O-H and the S-H covalent bonds.
B) The bonds in hydrogen sulphide are easily broken whereas those in water are not.
C) The hydrogen sulphide molecules are closer to each other, leading to greater attraction
between molecules.
D) The forces between water molecules are stronger than those between hydrogen sulphide
molecules.
4. In hydrogen chloride, HCl, the bond between hydrogen and chloride is a/an
(1) covalent (2) ionic
because
A) Electrons are shared between atoms.
B) Electrons are transferred.
C) It contains different atoms.
D) It contains Cl atom.
7. When NaCl dissolves in water, there is still ionic bonds between sodium and chlorine
atoms in solution
(1) True (2) False
because
A) NaCl exists as discrete pairs of Na+ and Cl-.
B) Ionic bond is broken during the dissolving process.
C) Positive charge on sodium ions must be neutralized by gaining of electrons
from chloride ions in the solution.
D) NaCl is still molecular in water.
8. NaCl in water conducts electricity
(1) True (2) False
because
A) It contains ions that carry an electric current.
B) It contains molecules that do not conduct a current.
C) It contains covalent bonds between molecules.
D) Covalent bonds are broken in solution.
12. Element X (electronic configuration 2, 8, 18, 8, 2) and element Y (electronic
configuration 2,7) react to form an ionic compound, XY2.
(1) True (2) False
because
A) An atom of X will share one pair of electrons with each atom of Y to form a covalent
molecule, XY2.
B) Covalently bonded atoms of X and Y form a network covalent compound.
C) X will transfer two electrons to Y to form an ionic compound XY2.
D) X will transfer one electron to Y to form an ionic compound XY.
10. The boiling point of N2 is very low (-147 0C), on the other hand, at high temperatures, it
does not decompose due to
(1) intermolecular bonds (2) intramolecular bonds
because
A) Intermolecular forces between N2 molecules are very strong.
B) Nitrogen atoms can not achieve stable octet.
C) Intramolecular forces are weaker than intermolecular forces.
D) Triple bond is very strong compared to intermolecular (Van der Waals) forces.
6. The bonds in H2O are
(1) polar (2) nonpolar
because
A) Shared electrons are attracted equally.
B) Shared electrons concentrate around one atom.
C) Nonbonding electrons affect the position of shared electrons.
D) Valance electrons in each atom determine polarity.
9. Solid Cu conducts electricity
(1) True (2) False
because
A) It contains metallic bond which provides electron moving.
B) It contains covalent bond.
C) It contains ionic bonds.
D) It exists as a molecule.
11. The compound formed between magnesium and oxygen can be used as
a heat resistant material to line of furnaces
(1) True (2) False
because
A) The covalent bonds between magnesium and oxygen atoms are strong.
B) The intermolecular forces between the magnesium oxide molecules are
weak.
C) There are strong ionic forces between magnesium and oxide ions in the
lattice.
D) The intramolecular forces within the magnesium oxide molecules are
strong.