Sei sulla pagina 1di 11
Lecture 2 PHYS1171 Overview Introduction Force Newton Summary PHYS1171 - Forces and Motion Lecture 2

Lecture 2

PHYS1171

Overview

Introduction

Force

Newton

Summary

PHYS1171 - Forces and Motion

Lecture 2 - Newton’s Laws

PHYS1171 - Forces and Motion Lecture 2 - Newton’s Laws A/Prof Tim McIntyre The University of

A/Prof Tim McIntyre

The University of Queensland

Semester 1, 2014

Motion Lecture 2 - Newton’s Laws A/Prof Tim McIntyre The University of Queensland Semester 1, 2014

Lecture 2

PHYS1171

Study Expectations

Study Expectations

Lecture 2

PHYS1171

Overview

Introduction

Force

Newton

Summary

Consult Blackboard for class details

Newton Summary Consult Blackboard for class details Do the pre-reading (5 Min Phys) Attend class Attempt
Newton Summary Consult Blackboard for class details Do the pre-reading (5 Min Phys) Attend class Attempt
Newton Summary Consult Blackboard for class details Do the pre-reading (5 Min Phys) Attend class Attempt

Do the pre-reading (5 Min Phys)

Attend class

class details Do the pre-reading (5 Min Phys) Attend class Attempt tutorial and supplementary questions (textbook)
class details Do the pre-reading (5 Min Phys) Attend class Attempt tutorial and supplementary questions (textbook)

Attempt tutorial and supplementary questions (textbook)

Do the pre-reading (5 Min Phys) Attend class Attempt tutorial and supplementary questions (textbook) PHYS1171 Lecture

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Contact Details

 

Lecture 2

Lecture 2  
 

PHYS1171

A/Prof Tim McIntyre

Overview

3365 3423 t.mcintyre@uq.edu.au t.mcintyre@uq.edu.au 3365 3423

By appointment

Introduction

Force

Newton

Summary

Room 325

Room 325

Building 6

Physics Annex

Force Newton Summary Room 325 Building 6 Physics Annex   PHYS1171 Lecture 2   Where to
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Where to get help

 

Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Tutor
Tutor

Tutor

Tutor

PHYS1171

Overview

Introduction

Force

Newton

Me

Friends

Summary

 
Facebook PHYS1171 Sem 1, 2014
Facebook PHYS1171 Sem 1, 2014

Facebook

PHYS1171

Sem 1, 2014

Physics Learning Centre (PLC) 12.30-1.30 pm Weekdays (from Week 2)

 
 
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

Exam Questions (for my part) Lecture 2 PHYS1171 Concepts - “Explain how the body transfers
Exam Questions (for my part)
Lecture 2
PHYS1171
Concepts - “Explain how
the body transfers heat
to the surrounds ”
Overview
Introduction
Force
Newton
Summary
Problem solving -
“ Calculate the speed of
blood through a
constricted artery
given ”
Not a memory test -
formula sheet provided!
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
Using your Keepad Clicker
Lecture 2
Clicker registration:
PHYS1171
Assessable ‘Reading Quiz’ questions
Overview
Regular non-assessable quiz questions
Introduction
Force
Clicker identified by 6 digit hex code - e.g. 0D8AEF (on
back)
Newton
Summary
Enter this number only through the Clicker Blackboard
quiz by end Week 3.
Progress scores will be posted on Blackboard
To change your clicker , e-mail Tim McIntyre
(t.mcintyre@uq.edu.au) with the new clicker number and
your full student number - don’t overwrite the old number
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
 

Using your Keepad Clicker

Lecture 2

 

Setting the channel:

PHYS1171

Press & release GO buttonClicker Lecture 2   Setting the channel: PHYS1171 Overview Introduction Light flashes red & green,

Overview

Introduction

Light flashes red & green, enter channel number (41)Introduction

Force

Press & release the GO buttonForce

Newton

Light should turn green to confirmNewton

Summary

When answering a question:

Click a number (from those available!)turn green to confirm Summary When answering a question: Can change your selection (i.e. click a

Can change your selection (i.e. click a di↵ erent number) erent number)

Green flash - answer receivedchange your selection (i.e. click a di ↵ erent number) Orange flash - no question available

Orange flash - no question available or no receiverclick a di ↵ erent number) Green flash - answer received Red flash - failed, probably

Red flash - failed, probably wrong channelOrange flash - no question available or no receiver No flash - battery dead. See the

No flash - battery dead. See the library ASAPor no receiver Red flash - failed, probably wrong channel     PHYS1171 Lecture 2  

 
 
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Technology Test

Lecture 2

 

My primary degree is

PHYS1171

Overview

ScienceOverview

Introduction

Force

Biomedical SciencesForce

Newton

Human Movement StudiesNewton

Summary

BiotechnologySummary

Food TechnologyNewton Human Movement Studies Summary Biotechnology Engineering Arts IT Other     PHYS1171 Lecture 2

EngineeringHuman Movement Studies Summary Biotechnology Food Technology Arts IT Other     PHYS1171 Lecture 2

ArtsHuman Movement Studies Summary Biotechnology Food Technology Engineering IT Other     PHYS1171 Lecture 2

ITMovement Studies Summary Biotechnology Food Technology Engineering Arts Other     PHYS1171 Lecture 2

OtherHuman Movement Studies Summary Biotechnology Food Technology Engineering Arts IT     PHYS1171 Lecture 2

 
 
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Technology Test

Lecture 2

 

PHYS1171

I’m enrolled in this course because (please select the most appropriate)

Overview

Introduction

1
1

I’m interested in Physics and would like to learn more

Force

Newton

2
2

I

think it will be useful for my degree

Summary

3
3

I’m trying to improve my GPA

4
4

I’m taking this course to help me get into medicine

5
5

didn’t take Physics at High School and need this course before continuing in Engineering

I

6
6

It’s a compulsory course for my degree

7
7

Some other reason

 
 
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Technology Test

Lecture 2

I’ve taken (or am taking) SCIE1000

I’ve taken (or am taking) SCIE1000

PHYS1171

Overview

Introduction

1 Yes 2 3
1
Yes
2
3

No - but I am enrolled in the BSc

Force

Newton

No - I‘m not enrolled in the BSc

Summary

 
 
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

Technology Test Lecture 2 I studied Physics in High School PHYS1171 Overview Yes Introduction No
Technology Test
Lecture 2
I studied Physics in High School
PHYS1171
Overview
Yes
Introduction
No
Force
Newton
Summary
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
Motion - Types
Lecture 2
PHYS1171
Motion with constant acceleration (or force)
Overview
Introduction
Force
Newton
Circular motion with
acceleration/force towards a central
point
Summary
Simple harmonic motion (restoring force)
Other motion under a changing force
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
 

Lecture 2 - Newton’s Laws

Lecture 2

Today’s lecture covers

PHYS1171

What is a force?Laws Lecture 2 Today’s lecture covers PHYS1171 Overview Introduction Newton’s Laws Force

Overview

Introduction

Newton’s LawsIntroduction

Force

Free-body diagramsForce

Newton

Summary

Preparation

Read Five Minute Physics - Lecture 2 - Introduction to Forces

Read Five Minute Physics - Lecture 2 - Introduction to Forces

Reference

Biological Physics (2010), Section 2.1, 2.2

Biological Physics (2010), Section 2.1, 2.2

 
 
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Force

Lecture 2

 

The forces on the object are

PHYS1171

Overview

 
Voyager 1 (artist’s rendition). Image courtesy

Voyager 1 (artist’s rendition). Image courtesy

Introduction

Introduction

Force

Newton

Summary

 
Voyager 1 (artist’s rendition). Image courtesy Introduction Force Newton Summary     PHYS1171 Lecture 2
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

Force Lecture 2 What is a force? PHYS1171 Overview Introduction Force Newton Summary PHYS1171 Lecture
Force
Lecture 2
What is a force?
PHYS1171
Overview
Introduction
Force
Newton
Summary
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
Force
Lecture 2
The forces on the object are
PHYS1171
Overview
Introduction
Force
Newton
Summary
Space Shuttle Discovery in orbit.
Image courtesy NASA
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
 

Force

Lecture 2

 

The forces on the object are

PHYS1171

Overview

Overview Apollo Command Module re-entering the atmosphere (artist’s rendition) Image courtesy NASA
Apollo Command Module re-entering the atmosphere (artist’s rendition) Image courtesy NASA

Apollo Command Module re-entering the atmosphere (artist’s rendition) Image courtesy NASA

Introduction

Force

Newton

Summary

 
Image courtesy NASA Introduction Force Newton Summary     PHYS1171 Lecture 2   Force Lecture 2
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Force

Lecture 2

 

The forces on the object are

PHYS1171

Overview

Overview
Overview

Introduction

Force

Newton

Summary

forces on the object are PHYS1171 Overview Introduction Force Newton Summary Tim’s forearm   PHYS1171 Lecture

Tim’s forearm

forces on the object are PHYS1171 Overview Introduction Force Newton Summary Tim’s forearm   PHYS1171 Lecture
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Force

Lecture 2

 

The forces on the object are

PHYS1171

Overview

Overview
Overview

Introduction

Force

Newton

Summary

are PHYS1171 Overview Introduction Force Newton Summary Tim sliding Image courtesy of Tim   PHYS1171
Tim sliding Image courtesy of Tim

Tim sliding Image courtesy of Tim

Force Newton Summary Tim sliding Image courtesy of Tim   PHYS1171 Lecture 2   Force Lecture
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Force

Lecture 2

 

PHYS1171

PHYS1171
PHYS1171

Overview

Introduction

Force

Newton

Summary

 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Reading Quiz (assessed)

 

Lecture 2

 

PHYS1171

In describing motion, which of the following statements is false ?

Overview

Introduction

1 2 3 4
1
2
3
4

The unit of force is N (= newton)

 

Force

 

Newton

Gravity is one of the four fundamental forces

Summary

An object in motion will slow down unless acted on by an external force

Newton’s Second Law says acceleration is force divided by mass

 
 
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Question

 

Lecture 2

 

PHYS1171

The earth and the moon attract each other due to gravitational forces. How do the magnitude of these forces compare?

Overview

Introduction

Force

1
1

The earth exerts a bigger force on the moon

 

Newton

Newton

Summary

2
2

The moon exerts a bigger force on the earth

3
3

The forces are equal

4
4

The forces are zero because they cancel out

 
 
 
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Newton’s Laws

Lecture 2

 

Set of laws that define force

 

PHYS1171

 

Overview

Introduction

http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/PictDisplay/Newton.html

http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/PictDisplay/Newton.html

Force

Newton

Summary

 
 
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Force

Lecture 2

 

PHYS1171

PHYS1171
PHYS1171

Overview

 

Introduction

Introduction

Force

Newton

Summary

 
 
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Newton’s Third Law

 

Lecture 2

 

PHYS1171

 
PHYS1171  

Overview

Introduction

Force

Newton

Summary

  Overview Introduction Force Newton Summary     PHYS1171 Lecture 2   Question
  Overview Introduction Force Newton Summary     PHYS1171 Lecture 2   Question
  Overview Introduction Force Newton Summary     PHYS1171 Lecture 2   Question
 
 
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 

Question

 

Lecture 2

 

PHYS1171

A book is lying on a table. The book will remain there at rest because

Overview

Introduction

1
1

There is a net force but the book is too heavy to move

Force

Newton

Summary

2
2

There are no forces acting on it at all

3
3

It does move, but too slowly to be seen

4
4

There is no net force on the book

 
 
 

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

Reading Quiz (assessed) Lecture 2 Dynamic equilibrium of a body means PHYS1171 Overview 1 Introduction
Reading Quiz (assessed)
Lecture 2
Dynamic equilibrium of a body means
PHYS1171
Overview
1
Introduction
The body is falling only under the influence of
gravity
Force
2
Newton
The body is moving but has no net force
acting on it
Summary
3
The body is balanced but rocking back and
forth
4
The body satisfies the requirements of
Newton’s Third Law.
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
Question
Lecture 2
PHYS1171
A penguin slides on ice at a constant velocity. Which of the
following is true about the net force acting on the penguin?
Overview
Introduction
1
The net force depends on the penguin‘s weight
Force
2
The net force is zero
Newton
Summary
3
The net force depends on the penguin‘s speed
4
The net force depends on how rough the ice is
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
Newton’s First Law Lecture 2 PHYS1171 Overview Introduction Force Newton Summary PHYS1171 Lecture 2 Summing
Newton’s First Law
Lecture 2
PHYS1171
Overview
Introduction
Force
Newton
Summary
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
Summing Up
Lecture 2
After this lecture you should
PHYS1171
Be able to identify and explain forces on an object
Overview
Understand and apply Newton‘s Laws
Introduction
Be capable of drawing free-body diagrams
Force
Newton
Summary
Supplementary Questions Biological Physics (2010)
Problems 2.1, 2.7, 2.8
Next lecture
Read Five Minute Physics -
Lecture 3 - Resolving Forces
Exam tip
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
Question Lecture 2 PHYS1171 Overview A force, F 1 is applied to a car with
Question
Lecture 2
PHYS1171
Overview
A force, F 1 is applied to a car with mass m 1 causing it to
accelerate at a rate a 1 . If I applied double the force to a car of
half the mass the acceleration a 2 would be
Introduction
Force
1
a
1 /
4
Newton
2
a
2
Summary
1 /
3
a
1
4
2
a
1
5
4
a
1
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
My#primary#degree#is !! 45%# 40%# 35%# 30%# 25%# 20%# 15%# 10%# 5%# 0%# 1#Science# 2#Biomedical# 3#Human#
My#primary#degree#is !!
45%#
40%#
35%#
30%#
25%#
20%#
15%#
10%#
5%#
0%#
1#Science#
2#Biomedical#
3#Human#
4#Biotechnology#
5#Food#
6#Engineering#
7#Arts#
8#IT#
9#Other#
Sciences#
Movement#
Technology#
Studies#
I‘m#enrolled#in#this#course#because#(please#select#the#most#appropriate)#!! I#studied#Physics#in#High#School#!! 45%#
I‘m#enrolled#in#this#course#because#(please#select#the#most#appropriate)#!!
I#studied#Physics#in#High#School#!!
45%#
80%#
40%#
70%#
35%#
60%#
30%#
50%#
25%#
20%#
40%#
15%#
30%#
10%#
20%#
5%#
0%#
10%#
1#I‘m#interested#in#
2#I#think#it#will#be#useful# 3#I‘m#trying#to#improve# 4#I‘m#taking#this#course# 5#I#didn’t#take#Physics#
6#It‘s#a#compulsory#
7#Some#other#reason#
Physics#and#would#like#
for#my#degree#
my#GPA#
to#help#me#get#into#
at#High#School#and#
course#for#my#degree#
to#learn#more#
medicine#
need#this#course#before#
conQnuing#in#
0%#
Engineering#
1#Yes##
2#No#
I‘ve#taken#(or#am#taking)#SCIE1000#!!
Which#of#the#following#statements#is#false?#!!
50%#
90%#
45%#
80%#
40%#
70%#
35%#
60%#
30%#
50%#
25%#
40%#
20%#
30%#
15%#
20%#
10%#
10%#
5%#
0%#
0%#
1#The#unit#of#force#is#N#(=#newton)#
2#Gravity#is#one#of#the#four#fundamental#
3#An#object#in#moQon#will#slow#down#
4#Newton’s#Second#Law#says#acceleraQon#
1#Yes#
2#No#V#but#I#am#enrolled#in#the#BSc##
3#No#V#I‘m#not#enrolled#in#the#BSc#
forces#
unless#acted#on#by#an#external#force#
is#force#divided#by#mass#
 

The#earth#and#the#moon#a`ract#each#other#due#to#gravitaQonal#forces.#How#

 

do#the#magnitude#of#these#forces#compare?!

 

60%#

50%#

50%#

40%#

30%#

20%#

10%#

0%#

1#The#earth#exerts#a#bigger#force#on#the# 2#The#moon#exerts#a#bigger#force#on#the#

3#The#forces#are#equal#

4#The#forces#are#zero#because#they#cancel#

moon#

earth#

out#

 

Dynamic#equilibrium#of#a#body#means##!

 

80%#

70%#

√

60%#

50%#

40%#

30%#

20%#

10%#

0%#

1#The#body#is#falling#only#under#the#

2#The#body#is#moving#but#has#no#net#force# 3#The#body#is#balanced#but#rocking#back# 4#The#body#saQsfies#the#requirements#of#

influence#of#gravity#

acQng#on#it#

and#forth#

Newton’s#Third#Law.#

The#earth#and#the#moon#a`ract#each#other#due#to#gravitaQonal#forces.#How#
The#earth#and#the#moon#a`ract#each#other#due#to#gravitaQonal#forces.#How#
do#the#magnitude#of#these#forces#compare?#(repeat)!
90%#
80%#
70%#
60%#
50%#
40%#
30%#
20%#
10%#
0%#
1#The#earth#exerts#a#bigger#force#on#the# 2#The#moon#exerts#a#bigger#force#on#the#
3#The#forces#are#equal#
4#The#forces#are#zero#because#they#cancel#
moon#
earth#
out#
A!book!is!lying!on!a!table.!The!book!will!remain!there!at!rest!because!
90%#
80%#
70%#
60%#
50%#
40%#
30%#
20%#
10%#
0%#
1#There#is#a#net#force#but#the#book#is#too# 2#There#are#no#forces#acQng#on#it#at#all# 3#It#does#move,#but#too#slowly#to#be#seen# 4#There#is#no#net#force#on#the#book#
heavy#to#move#
A#penguin#slides#on#ice#at#a#constant#velocity.#Which#of#the#following#is#true#
A#penguin#slides#on#ice#at#a#constant#velocity.#Which#of#the#following#is#true#
about#the#net#force#acQng#on#the#penguin?!!
70%#
60%#
50%#
40%#
30%#
20%#
10%#
0%#
1#The#net#force#depends#on#the#penguin‘s#
2#The#net#force#is#zero#
3#The#net#force#depends#on#the#penguin‘s# 4#The#net#force#depends#on#how#rough#
weight#
speed#
the#ice#is#

PHYS1171, Semester 1, 2014 Forces and Motion Lecture 2

Answers to recommended textbook questions

2.1

(a) 49 N; (b) 49.6 N; (c) 49 N; (d) 48 N

2.7

(a) 0.018 N (upwards); (b) 1.98 N (upwards); (c) Same as (b) but downwards

2.8

(a) 420 N; (b) 9.5 times larger

A#force,#F1#is#applied#to#a#car#with#mass#m1#causing#it#to#accelerate#at#a#rate#
A#force,#F1#is#applied#to#a#car#with#mass#m1#causing#it#to#accelerate#at#a#rate#
a1.#If#I#applied#double#the#force#to#a#car#of#half#the#mass#the#acceleraQon#a2#
would#be!!
45%#
40%#
35%#
30%#
25%#
20%#
15%#
10%#
5%#
0%#
1#a1/4##
2#a1/2##
3#a1#
4#2a1##
5#4a1#