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Lecture 2

PHYS1171

Overview

Introduction

Force

Newton

Summary

PHYS1171 - Forces and Motion

Lecture 2 - Newton’s Laws

A/Prof Tim McIntyre

The University of Queensland

Semester 1, 2014

Lecture 2

PHYS1171

Study Expectations

Lecture 2

PHYS1171

Overview

Introduction

Force

Newton

Summary

Consult Blackboard for class details

Do the pre-reading (5 Min Phys)

Attend class

Attempt tutorial and supplementary questions (textbook)

PHYS1171

Lecture 2

 Contact Details Lecture 2 PHYS1171 A/Prof Tim McIntyre Overview 3365 3423 t.mcintyre@uq.edu.au By appointment Introduction Force Newton Summary Room 325 Building 6 Physics Annex PHYS1171 Lecture 2 Where to get help Lecture 2 Tutor PHYS1171 Overview Introduction Force Newton Me Friends Summary Facebook PHYS1171 Sem 1, 2014 Physics Learning Centre (PLC) 12.30-1.30 pm Weekdays (from Week 2) PHYS1171 Lecture 2
Exam Questions (for my part)
Lecture 2
PHYS1171
Concepts - “Explain how
the body transfers heat
to the surrounds ”
Overview
Introduction
Force
Newton
Summary
Problem solving -
“ Calculate the speed of
blood through a
constricted artery
given ”
Not a memory test -
formula sheet provided!
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
Lecture 2
Clicker registration:
PHYS1171
Overview
Regular non-assessable quiz questions
Introduction
Force
Clicker identiﬁed by 6 digit hex code - e.g. 0D8AEF (on
back)
Newton
Summary
Enter this number only through the Clicker Blackboard
quiz by end Week 3.
Progress scores will be posted on Blackboard
To change your clicker , e-mail Tim McIntyre
(t.mcintyre@uq.edu.au) with the new clicker number and
your full student number - don’t overwrite the old number
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
 Using your Keepad Clicker Lecture 2 Setting the channel: PHYS1171 Press & release GO button Overview Introduction Light ﬂashes red & green, enter channel number (41) Force Press & release the GO button Newton Light should turn green to conﬁrm Summary When answering a question: Click a number (from those available!) Can change your selection (i.e. click a di ↵ erent number) Green ﬂash - answer received Orange ﬂash - no question available or no receiver Red ﬂash - failed, probably wrong channel No ﬂash - battery dead. See the library ASAP PHYS1171 Lecture 2 Technology Test Lecture 2 My primary degree is PHYS1171 Overview Science Introduction Force Biomedical Sciences Newton Human Movement Studies Summary Biotechnology Food Technology Engineering Arts IT Other PHYS1171 Lecture 2
 Technology Test Lecture 2 PHYS1171 I’m enrolled in this course because (please select the most appropriate) Overview Introduction 1 I’m interested in Physics and would like to learn more Force Newton 2 I think it will be useful for my degree Summary 3 I’m trying to improve my GPA 4 I’m taking this course to help me get into medicine 5 didn’t take Physics at High School and need this course before continuing in Engineering I 6 It’s a compulsory course for my degree 7 Some other reason PHYS1171 Lecture 2 Technology Test Lecture 2 I’ve taken (or am taking) SCIE1000 PHYS1171 Overview Introduction 1 Yes 2 3 No - but I am enrolled in the BSc Force Newton No - I‘m not enrolled in the BSc Summary PHYS1171 Lecture 2
Technology Test
Lecture 2
I studied Physics in High School
PHYS1171
Overview
Yes
Introduction
No
Force
Newton
Summary
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
Motion - Types
Lecture 2
PHYS1171
Motion with constant acceleration (or force)
Overview
Introduction
Force
Newton
Circular motion with
acceleration/force towards a central
point
Summary
Simple harmonic motion (restoring force)
Other motion under a changing force
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
 Lecture 2 - Newton’s Laws Lecture 2 Today’s lecture covers PHYS1171 What is a force? Overview Introduction Newton’s Laws Force Free-body diagrams Newton Summary Preparation Read Five Minute Physics - Lecture 2 - Introduction to Forces Reference Biological Physics (2010), Section 2.1, 2.2 PHYS1171 Lecture 2 Force Lecture 2 The forces on the object are PHYS1171 Overview Voyager 1 (artist’s rendition). Image courtesy Introduction Force Newton Summary PHYS1171 Lecture 2
Force
Lecture 2
What is a force?
PHYS1171
Overview
Introduction
Force
Newton
Summary
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
Force
Lecture 2
The forces on the object are
PHYS1171
Overview
Introduction
Force
Newton
Summary
Space Shuttle Discovery in orbit.
Image courtesy NASA
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
 Force Lecture 2 The forces on the object are PHYS1171 Overview Apollo Command Module re-entering the atmosphere (artist’s rendition) Image courtesy NASA Introduction Force Newton Summary PHYS1171 Lecture 2 Force Lecture 2 The forces on the object are PHYS1171 Overview Introduction Force Newton Summary Tim’s forearm PHYS1171 Lecture 2
 Force Lecture 2 The forces on the object are PHYS1171 Overview Introduction Force Newton Summary Tim sliding Image courtesy of Tim PHYS1171 Lecture 2 Force Lecture 2 PHYS1171 Overview Introduction Force Newton Summary PHYS1171 Lecture 2
 Reading Quiz (assessed) Lecture 2 PHYS1171 In describing motion, which of the following statements is false ? Overview Introduction 1 2 3 4 The unit of force is N (= newton) Force Newton Gravity is one of the four fundamental forces Summary An object in motion will slow down unless acted on by an external force Newton’s Second Law says acceleration is force divided by mass PHYS1171 Lecture 2 Question Lecture 2 PHYS1171 The earth and the moon attract each other due to gravitational forces. How do the magnitude of these forces compare? Overview Introduction Force 1 The earth exerts a bigger force on the moon Newton Summary 2 The moon exerts a bigger force on the earth 3 The forces are equal 4 The forces are zero because they cancel out PHYS1171 Lecture 2
 Newton’s Laws Lecture 2 Set of laws that deﬁne force PHYS1171 Overview Introduction http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/PictDisplay/Newton.html Force Newton Summary PHYS1171 Lecture 2 Force Lecture 2 PHYS1171 Overview Introduction Force Newton Summary PHYS1171 Lecture 2
 Newton’s Third Law Lecture 2 PHYS1171 Overview Introduction Force Newton Summary PHYS1171 Lecture 2 Question Lecture 2 PHYS1171 A book is lying on a table. The book will remain there at rest because Overview Introduction 1 There is a net force but the book is too heavy to move Force Newton Summary 2 There are no forces acting on it at all 3 It does move, but too slowly to be seen 4 There is no net force on the book PHYS1171 Lecture 2
Lecture 2
Dynamic equilibrium of a body means
PHYS1171
Overview
1
Introduction
The body is falling only under the inﬂuence of
gravity
Force
2
Newton
The body is moving but has no net force
acting on it
Summary
3
The body is balanced but rocking back and
forth
4
The body satisﬁes the requirements of
Newton’s Third Law.
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
Question
Lecture 2
PHYS1171
A penguin slides on ice at a constant velocity. Which of the
following is true about the net force acting on the penguin?
Overview
Introduction
1
The net force depends on the penguin‘s weight
Force
2
The net force is zero
Newton
Summary
3
The net force depends on the penguin‘s speed
4
The net force depends on how rough the ice is
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
Newton’s First Law
Lecture 2
PHYS1171
Overview
Introduction
Force
Newton
Summary
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
Summing Up
Lecture 2
After this lecture you should
PHYS1171
Be able to identify and explain forces on an object
Overview
Understand and apply Newton‘s Laws
Introduction
Be capable of drawing free-body diagrams
Force
Newton
Summary
Supplementary Questions Biological Physics (2010)
Problems 2.1, 2.7, 2.8
Next lecture
Lecture 3 - Resolving Forces
Exam tip
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
Question
Lecture 2
PHYS1171
Overview
A force, F 1 is applied to a car with mass m 1 causing it to
accelerate at a rate a 1 . If I applied double the force to a car of
half the mass the acceleration a 2 would be
Introduction
Force
1
a
1 /
4
Newton
2
a
2
Summary
1 /
3
a
1
4
2
a
1
5
4
a
1
PHYS1171
Lecture 2
My#primary#degree#is !!
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2#I#think#it#will#be#useful# 3#I‘m#trying#to#improve# 4#I‘m#taking#this#course# 5#I#didn’t#take#Physics#
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70%#
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2#The#net#force#is#zero#
3#The#net#force#depends#on#the#penguin‘s# 4#The#net#force#depends#on#how#rough#
weight#
speed#
the#ice#is#

PHYS1171, Semester 1, 2014 Forces and Motion Lecture 2

 2.1 (a) 49 N; (b) 49.6 N; (c) 49 N; (d) 48 N 2.7 (a) 0.018 N (upwards); (b) 1.98 N (upwards); (c) Same as (b) but downwards 2.8 (a) 420 N; (b) 9.5 times larger
A#force,#F1#is#applied#to#a#car#with#mass#m1#causing#it#to#accelerate#at#a#rate#
a1.#If#I#applied#double#the#force#to#a#car#of#half#the#mass#the#acceleraQon#a2#
would#be!!
45%#
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1#a1/4##
2#a1/2##
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5#4a1#