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International Freshman Applicants

Yale is proud of the rich diversity of its student body and seeks to attract the best high school scholars from
around the world.
International enrollment has doubled during the tenure of Yale President Richard C. Levin
International students comprise 1 percent of Yale College enrollment
Yale College students come from seventy countries around the world
International students follow essentially the same procedure and use the same application forms as all other
students applying to Yale. !e understand that some of the forms may be unfamiliar to international applicants.
If you find that you need additional e"planations about any of the forms# please review the following pages#
including# $pplying to Yale as a %reshman International $pplicant. You may also find the information you need
on the $pplication Instructions & Re'uired $pplication Component page for all freshman applicants.
Please note that if your application materials include any documents that are not in (nglish# you must provide
us with an official (nglish translation in addition to the original documents.
Yale is proud of its strong commitment to e'uality of opportunity. !e e"tend our need)blind admissions policy
to international students so the College will be accessible to all candidates from any part of the world who
show great academic and personal promise# regardless of their financial situation. Yale*s financial aid policies
for foreign citi+ens are e"actly the same as those for ,.-. citi+ens. Your application for financial aid will not
affect the admissions committee.s decisions and# if you are admitted# Yale will meet 1 percent of your
demonstrated financial need with a combination of tuition grants and term)time employment. $ll students*
families are e"pected to contribute funds to the e"tent they can. You must make sure that these funds can be
withdrawn from your family*s country. International financial aid forms are available on the %inancial $id
website.
Application Instructions & Required Application Component
$pplicants for freshman admission must submit the following/
Common $pplication and Yale -upplement
012 $pplication %ee or Re'uest for %ee !aiver
3wo 3eacher Recommendations
-chool Report 4includes 3ranscript and Counselor Recommendation5
-tandardi+ed test results# including either
o the -$3 and 3wo -$3 -ub6ect 3ests or
o the $C3 Plus !riting 3est
7id)Year Report 4due when first semester or trimester senior grades become available at your school5
$dditional Information
$pplication $cknowledgement and -tatus
Important 8otes on Legal 8ame
7ailing Instructions
$pplications for %inancial $id
Common Application and Yale Supplement
!e strongly encourage you to apply online. 3he online versions of the Common $pplication and the Yale
-upplement are easy to use and ensure 'uick and accurate transfer of your personal information to our
database. In the most recent application cycle# over 91 percent of our applicants filed their applications online.
3he Common $pplication and Yale -upplement give you the opportunity to tell us more about your
background# activities# interests# and motivation for applying to Yale. You are asked to write two essays on
topics of your choice and to write about your e"tracurricular activities in the spaces provided. !rite openly and
honestly about activities# interests# or e"periences that have been meaningful to you. 7ost importantly# write in
your own voice about topics that you are passionate about. If an essay doesn.t sound like the person who
writes it# it will not work well as a personal statement. !e read essays very carefully and try to get a full sense
of the human being behind them. Concise writing is often the best writing# so please try to limit each essay to
appro"imately 2 words.
Note: If you have trouble submitting your Common Application or Yale Supplement, please go to Common
Application Help. If you do not find an anser to your !uestion, you may contact the Common Application
Support Center for assistance. """ #lease do not contact the Yale Admissions $ffice if you have technical
difficulties ith the Common Application or Yale Supplement% e do not have control over the Common
Application ebsite.
$75 Application Fee or Fee Waiver Request
:nline applicants may pay the 012 application fee by credit card or electronic check via the Payments link on
the Common $pplication website. $pplicants who apply on paper must submit a personal check or money
order payable to Yale ,niversity and stapled to page 2 of the Common $pplication.
If you wish to re'uest a fee waiver# please provide the following information when you fill out the Yale
-upplement/ the combined annual income of your family in ,.-. dollars# the number of dependents listed for
ta" purposes by your parents# and a brief statement of additional circumstances that should be considered in a
review of your re'uest.
To Teacher Recommendations!
;igh school teachers can provide e"tremely helpful information in their evaluations. 8ot only do they discuss
your performance in their particular class or classes# but they may also write about your motivation# intellectual
curiosity# energy# relationships with classmates# and impact on the classroom environment. It is important that
you solicit recommendations from teachers who have taught you in academic sub6ects# who know you well#
and who have seen you at your best. It is also preferable that letters come from teachers who have taught you
during your 6unior or senior year of high school. Please ask your teachers for letters of recommendation well in
advance of application deadlines to give them ample time to write a strong letter for you. 3eachers may submit
letters of recommendation online# using a link you can provide them through the Common $pplication.
$lternately# they may mail or fa" letters of recommendation. !e do not encourage supplemental letters of
recommendation.
School Report!
<ust as teacher recommendations give the admissions committee a glimpse of what you are like in the
classroom# the counselor recommendation and transcript give us a sense of your place in your high school
class and in the larger school community. Your counselor can help us assess the degree of difficulty of your
program# tell us what a particular leadership position means at your school# provide information on your
background# and# in general# provide the sort of te"tured comments about you that can help your application
come to life. If your college counselor does not know you well# he or she can still provide helpful conte"tual
information about your school and its programs for your application.
!A Word on the Su"mission o# School $ocuments
Recommendations# transcripts# and other school materials may be submitted electronically through the
Common $pplication# by mail# or by fa". !e strongly encourage online submission whenever possible. You will
have the opportunity on the Common $pplication website to .invite. your teachers and counselor to file their
forms electronically. If they prefer to submit these materials by mail# they should use the appropriate address
at the bottom of this page. =ocuments sent by fa" should be sent to >?.111.@1>.
3eacher recommendations and your -chool Report may be sent before or after you submit your Common
$pplication and Yale -upplement. 7aterials that arrive before your application will be kept on file until your
application is received. !e understand that it may not be possible in some cases for teachers and counselors
to meet our deadlines# and we will make reasonable allowances for late school documents.
Standardi%ed Test Results
$ll applicants for freshman admission should submit either the -$3 and two -$3 -ub6ect tests# or the $C3
with !riting. %or more information on Yale*s test policy# including our policy on -core)Choice# please visit our
-tandardi+ed 3esting page. -tandardi+ed tests are 6ust one component of a student*s application to Yale and
are viewed within the conte"t of the student*s entire file. 3here is no minimum score re'uired for admission#
nor is there a score that will guarantee admission. !e receive applications from many highly 'ualified students
and standardi+ed testing is one of many important factors considered in our holistic review. 3he middle 2A of
test scores 4meaning the >2th to the 12th percentiles5 for enrolled freshman are as follows/
-$3)Berbal/ 1)C
-$3)7ath/ 11)19
-$3)!riting/ 11)C
$C3/ ?>)?2
&id'Year Report
3he mid)year report should be submitted as soon as first trimester or first semester senior grades are
available. It is important to maintain a high level of achievement throughout your senior year because we
consider senior grades as we evaluate applicants. $dmitted students and students who have already
completed high school will be asked to submit a %inal Report including a final transcript.
Application Ac(noled)ment and Status
!ithin three weeks of receipt of your application# we will send an email to the email address you listed
on your application. It will include a username# PI8# and instructions for setting up your D(li $ccount.D If
you do not receive your (li $ccount information within three weeks# please check your .6unk mail.
folder in case our email has been filtered by mistake. 3o prevent this# you may want to add
.apply.'uestionsEyale.edu. to your address book or contact list.
You should use your (li $ccount in the coming months to check online for receipt of re'uired
application materials.
Please use one email address throughout the application cycle. If your email address changes# please
send that information to apply.'uestionsEyale.edu as soon as possible in case we need to contact
you via email.
Important *ote a"out +e)al *ames
Please use your full legal name on all admissions documents# including teacher recommendations# the
school report# standardi+ed test results# supplementary materials# etc. !e will file your application
under the full legal name listed on your Common $pplication. If we receive documents under any other
name# they might not be filed with your application.
Remember to use your full legal name when you take the standardi+ed tests as well.
&ailin) Instructions
!e strongly encourage you to apply and submit your documents online. If you do mail any paper documents
to us# please write D(arly $ctionD or DRegular =ecisionD on the envelope so that we can process your materials
more 'uickly. $ny materials that need to be sent via the ,.-. Postal -ervice should be sent to our post office
bo"/
:ffice of ,ndergraduate $dmissions
Yale ,niversity
P.:. Fo" >C>?G
8ew ;aven# Connecticut @2>)C>?G
If you or your school send material by %ederal ("press# ,P-# 383# =;L# or other private delivery services#
please use our street address/
:ffice of ,ndergraduate $dmissions
Yale ,niversity
?C ;illhouse $venue
8ew ;aven# Connecticut @211
Applications #or Financial Aid
If you wish to apply for financial aid# please refer to the Yale %inancial $id :ffice website for instructions. $ll
financial forms and documentation should be sent directly to the %inancial $id :ffice.
Appl,in) to Yale as an International Student
International students follow essentially the same procedure and use the same application forms as all other
students applying to Yale. %or a list of these forms# and instructions for applying to Yale# please visit
$pplication Instructions and Re'uired $pplication Components. -ince some of these forms may be unfamiliar
to you# we will provide additional information about them here. Click on an item in the list below to read more
about that topic.
Common $pplication and Yale -upplement
-econdary -chool Report including 3ranscript and Counselor Recommendation
HP$ and -chool Rank
International -upplement to the -econdary -chool Report
7id)Year Report
%inal Report
3eacher (valuations
-tandardi+ed 3esting Re'uirements
Interviews
-upplementary 7aterials
-upplementary Recommendations
$ -pecial 8ote to International -tudents Intending to -tudy 7edicine
Please note that if your application materials include any documents that are not in (nglish# you must provide
us with an official (nglish translation in addition to the original documents.
Common Application and Yale Supplement
3he Common $pplication and Yale -upplement include space for you to tell us more about your background#
activities# interests# and motivation in your own voice. You should tell us about your e"tracurricular activities in
the space provided and write two essays on topics of your choice.
!e encourage you to write openly and candidly about activities# interests# or e"periences that have been
meaningful to you. !hat is most important is that you write in your own voice about topics that you are
passionate about. If an essay does not sound like the person who writes it# it will not work well as a personal
statement. !e read essays very carefully and try to get a full sense of the human being behind them. Concise
writing is often the best writing# so please try to limit each essay to appro"imately 2 words. !e will accept
but do not encourage additional resumes or essays.
Note: If you have trouble submitting your Common Application or Yale Supplement, please go to Common
Application Help. You ill find a &'ost Common (uestions) list, maintained by the Common Application. If you
do not find an anser to your !uestion, you may clic* on &Submit a +ic*et) and send a !uestion to the
Common Application tech support. You can e,pect a prompt response. #lease do not contact the Yale
Admissions $ffice for help if you have technical difficulties ith the Common Application. -e do not have
control over the Common Application ebsite.
Secondar, School Report includin) Transcript and Counselor Recommendation
$ll international applicants must submit a complete -econdary -chool Report. 3hat form gives Yale vital
information about your studies and academic performance over the past four years. 3he form should include
all grades you have received as well as predicted grades if applicable. Part of the form must be filled out by
your secondary school counselor. If you do not have a counselor# you may ask a tutor# house master#
principal# academic advisor# or other comparable school official to complete the form and recommendation.
-.A and School Ran(
3he Common $pplication -econdary -chool Report form has designated spaces for your HP$ 4Hrade Point
$verage5 and class rank. If you do not have a HP$ or a rank# leave that space blank. You may report your
HP$ on any scale 4G.# 2.# 1>.# 1C.# 1# etc.5
International Supplement to the Secondar, School Report
In addition to the -econdary -chool Report# students who attend school outside the ,.-. must submit the
IInternational -tudent -upplementJ 4available on the Common $pplication website5 with grades and e"am
results. Please have your school counselor or administrator complete this form. $lternatively# your school may
include the information re'uested by this form in the -econdary -chool Report. If you attend an international
school that follows a ,.-.)based curriculum 4not the International Faccalaureate5 or attend school in the ,.-.#
you do not need this form.
&id'Year Report
Yale only re'uires applicants to submit this form if they receive new grades in the middle of the school year 4by
%ebruary 15. If you have already finished high school# you do not need to submit this form. If you do not receive
new grades by %ebruary 1# you do not need to submit this form. 7any international students do not need to
send us this form.
Final Report
Yale only re'uires this form from students it admits. 3he form provides us with your final school grades and
e"amination marks when you finish high school.
Teacher /valuations
Your application must include recommendations from two of your teachers. Your recommendations should
come from recent teachers in academic sub6ects. $s with all documents# if the teacher evaluations are not
written in (nglish# you must provide us with an official (nglish translation.
Standardi%ed Testin) Requirements0 SAT1 ACT1 T2/F+1 I/+TS1 .T/
$ll applicants for freshman admission should submit either the -$3 Reasoning 3est and two -$3 -ub6ect
3ests# or the $C3 Plus !riting. %or more information on Yale*s standardi+ed test policy and our policy on
-core Choice# please visit our -tandardi+ed 3esting page. Yale understands that standardi+ed tests are 6ust
one component of an application to Yale. !e will look at your test scores within the conte"t of your entire file.
3here is no minimum score re'uired for admission# nor is there a score that will guarantee admission. $verage
test score ranges 4twenty)fifth to seventy)fifth percentiles5 for enrolled freshman are as follows/
-$3)Berbal/ 1)C
-$3)7ath/ 1)1C
-$3)!riting/ 1)19
$C3/ ?)?G
You have two ways to complete Yale*s standardi+ed testing re'uirement. !e have no preference between
these options. You may choose to take either/
3he -$3 Reasoning 3est and any combination of two -$3 -ub6ect 3ests
:R
3he $C3 Plus !riting
3here are two e"ceptions/
1. -tudents whose home countries 4for e"ample# mainland China5 do not have an -$3 or $C3 testing
center are e"empt from these testing re'uirements# but must take either the 3:(%L# I(L3-# or P3(
instead.
>. -tudents enrolled in $)level programs may use two completed $)level results as a substitute for the
two -$3 -ub6ect 3ests# provided official test results arrive at Yale by %ebruary. You must still take
either the -$3 Reasoning 3est or the $C3 Plus !riting. Predicted $)level results may not be used in
place of the -$3 -ub6ect 3ests.
8o other substitutions are acceptable.
%or more information on how to take the tests and to find testing centers# you may find the following websites
helpful/
College Foard / %or information on the -$3 and -$3 -ub6ect 3ests.
$C3 / %or information on the $C3 test.
It is important for all students K and particularly important for international students K to register for tests with
the same name and same format that you use on your application. :ur system will not link your record to your
test scores if the names do not match. !hen reporting scores to Yale# please use Yale*s C((F code/ ?9C1 for
College Foard tests 4-$3 Reasoning 3est and -$3 -ub6ect 3ests5 or Yale*s $C3 code/ @1C 4for the $C3
Plus !riting5.
Testing for Non-Native English Speakers:
-tudents at Yale must be able to e"press themselves fluently in spoken and written $merican (nglish. If you
are not a native (nglish speaker and you haven*t received at least two years of secondary education in an
(nglish)medium curriculum# Yale strongly recommends that you take any one of the following tests for non)
native (nglish speakers.
T2/F+
3he following minimum scores are re'uired/
1 on the internet)based 3:(%L
@ on the paper)based 3:(%L
>2 on the computer)based 3:(%L
Please note that testing done in 8ovember 4for -ingle)Choice (arly $ction5 and <anuary 4for Regular =ecision5
may not arrive in time for the committee*s consideration. Fe sure to include Yale*s C((F code 48o. ?9C15 on
all test registrations.
I/+TS
You may submit the I(L3- 4International (nglish Language 3esting -ystem5 test in lieu of the 3:(%L. 3he
minimum acceptable score is 1.
.earson Test o# /n)lish 3.T/4
You may submit the Pearson 3est of (nglish 4P3(5 $cademic in lieu of the 3:(%L or I(L3-. 3he minimum
acceptable score is 1.
Intervies
$lumni interviews are conducted by the Yale $lumni -chools Committee 4$-C5 wherever there is a local
association. Interviews are an optional part of the application process at Yale.
If you live in a country with an active $-C# you may be contacted by a member of the committee for an
interview once we have received and processed your application. 3hough we will offer alumni interviews when
possible# we cannot offer interviews to every applicant. 3here are some countries without an active $-C and
in a few countries the volume of applications is such that our active $-Cs are unable to interview the ma6ority
of applicants.
If you do not receive an interview offer# do not worry. It will not hurt your chances for admission and you should
not take it as a signal regarding the status of your application. If you are contacted for an interview# we
encourage applicants to accept the opportunity to meet. 7ore
Supplementar, &aterials
Please do not feel any pressure to submit supplementary materials. In fact# you should think carefully before
submitting supplementary materials with your Yale College application. 7ost successful applicants submit only
the items that we re'uire. 3here are cases in which too many submissions# or submissions that do not reflect a
high level of talent# can actually work against a candidate. Fecause the admissions committee gives greatest
weight to the documents re'uired of all applicants# we recommend that you focus your energy on those
elements of the application.
-upplementary submissions may make sense for students with substantial and well)developed talent that
cannot ade'uately be conveyed in the rest of the application. =ue to the large number of applications that Yale
College receives# we cannot evaluate all supplementary materials. $dmissions officers and faculty members
will be selective in choosing which submissions to review. !e have considered# in past# audio recordings#
musical scores# art samples# writing samples# scientific research papers# and links to personal websites. !e
encourage you not to submit additional letters of recommendation# resumes# or personal essaysL these are
less likely to shed a helpful light on your application. 7ore
Supplementar, Recommendations
If you feel the need to submit e"tra information# you may ask one additional recommender to write on your
behalf. Please do not solicit this additional letter unless you feel it will add substantially to your application. 3he
writer should know you well personally or have mentored you closely in some capacity. Please ask that
person to include the following at the top of their letter/ your full# legal name as it appears in your application#
the name and location of your high school# and your date of birth. 3he letter should be labeled
D-upplementaryD to avoid confusion.
Special *ote to International Students Intendin) to Stud, &edicine
It is e"tremely difficult for international applicants who are not citi+ens or permanent residents of the ,nited
-tates to gain admission to ,.-. medical schools. -tate)supported medical schools rarely consider
international applicants for admission# and those private schools that do accept applications generally re'uire
that international students place in escrow an amount ranging from one to four years* tuition and fees 4,-=
G#M>#5. 3here are very few scholarships available for medical schools in the ,.-.# and to 'ualify for
,.-. government)sponsored loans# the applicant must be a citi+en or permanent resident. International
applicants who are considering a career as a medical doctor and hope to receive their education at an
$merican medical school should think carefully before applying for admission to an undergraduate program in
the ,nited -tates.
International Students5 Application Timeta"le
!e know how much work it takes to put together applications for ,.-. colleges. If you are considering applying
to Yale 4or other colleges and universities in the ,nited -tates5# you may find this timeline a useful guide for
your application process.
Please remember Yale*s $pplication =eadlines/ 8ovember 1 for (arly $ction -ingle Choice and =ecember ?1
for Regular =ecision.
Junior Year (Penultimate Year) of Secondar School
Autumn and Winter 3Septem"er throu)h Fe"ruar,4
Fegin researching colleges in the ,nited -tates. 7ake use of the multiple online resources that are
available and visit your local (ducation,-$ office.
Fegin preparing for standardi+ed tests.
Sprin) 3&arch throu)h &a,4
Consider taking your first standardi+ed test and register for future test sittings.
Summer 36une throu)h Au)ust4
Fegin working on your college essays.
Senior Year (!inal Year) of Secondar School
Autumn 3Septem"er throu)h 2cto"er4
$sk your teachers and counselor to complete the re'uired forms.
3ake the -$3 or $C3 for a second time if you feel that you might significantly improve your score.
(arly $ction applicants/ :ctober is the last month during which you can take the $C3 Plus !riting
3est for Yale to consider your results. 8ovember 1 is the deadline for an (arly $ction application.
*ovem"er
(arly $ction applicants/ 3his is the last month during which you can take the -$3 Reasoning 3est and
the -$3 -ub6ect 3ests for Yale to consider your results. 8ovember 1 is the deadline for an (arly
$ction application.
$ecem"er
7iddle of =ecember/ (arly $ction admissions decisions are available online.
=ecember ?1 is the deadline for Regular =ecision applications.
6anuar,
Regular =ecision applicants/ 3his is the last month during which you can take the -$3 Reasoning
3est# the -$3 -ub6ect 3ests# and the 3:(%L for Yale to consider your results.
Fe"ruar,
Regular =ecision applicants/ 3his is the last month during which you can take the $C3 Plus !riting
e"am for Yale to consider your results.
/nd o# &arch7/arl, April
Regular =ecision admissions decisions are available online.
International Student FA8s
$re there admissions re'uirements specifically for students applying from abroadN
Yes. $ll students apply to Yale College using the same application/ the Common $pplication and the Yale
-upplement. International students must also submit one additional form/ the International -upplement to the
-econdary -chool Report 4available from the Common $pplication5 or have the information re'uested by this
form included in the -econdary -chool Report.
=oes Yale admit a fi"ed number of students from each countryN
8o. !e seek to admit a diverse group of international students each year. 3he 'uantity and 'uality of
applications from different countries will vary from year to year# and so will the admissions. !e do not
predetermine the number of candidates that we will admit from any particular country.
$re admissions officers familiar with the educational system in my countryN
Yes. :ur international team of officers is familiar with educational systems and credentials around the world. If
you like# you are welcome to send additional information about the particularities of your country*s educational
system.
!here can I learn about international student life at YaleN
!e hope that you will view our video for international students# IYale*s Community of Individuals#J which
features current international students talking about Yale. You are also welcome to visit the website of our
:ffice of International -tudents and -cholars# the center for support services to the Yale international
community. %or more information about the Yale e"perience in general# please e"plore the rest of our
admissions site. %eel free to send any specific 'uestions to our email address# student.'uestionsEyale.edu.
If I am admitted to Yale# can I defer enrolling if I want to take a gap year or need to satisfy my military
obligationsN
Yes# you may defer your admission for up to two years 4or for the length of your military obligation5.
$m I allowed to apply as a freshman if I have already started at another universityN
You may apply as a freshman if you have completed no more than one term or semester at another university.
If you have completed more than one term or semester at another university 4but no more than two years5# you
may apply as a transfer student.
=oes Yale admit international transfer studentsN
Yes. Yale will consider transfer applications from international students who have not completed more than
two years of a university degree program. International transfer students are eligible for financial aid on the
same basis as any other student. Please see our %inancial $id website for more information.
-hould I send photocopies of my certificates and awardsN
8o. -imply list your awards and honors in the Common $pplication*s additional information pages. !e do not
need to see the certificates.
!hat kind of e"tra or supplemental documents may I submit as part of my applicationN
If you have e"ceptional talent and a record of accomplishment in the areas of visual art# music# or science# you
might consider submitting an appropriate sample of your work. If you are thinking about doing so# please read
and closely follow the directions listed on our -upplementary 7aterials page. Please do 8:3 send certificates#
?= submissions# multiple e"tra recommendations# newspaper clippings# and other such additional documents.
;ow will I know if my application has arrivedN
You will receive email notification once Yale receives and processes your application.
;ow will I be able to check on the status of my application and receive my admissions decisionN
$fter we receive and process your application# we will send you information about activating your online (li
$ccount. 3hrough this account you will be able to check the status of your application. If any of your re'uired
application documents are missing# we will notify you. You will also learn Yale*s final decision about your
admission on this site. Please read all notices on the (li $ccount site carefully and check it periodically
throughout the admissions season.
If I do not have a school counselor# who should complete my -econdary -chool ReportN
$ tutor# house master# principal# academic advisor# or another comparable school official can complete the
form and recommendation.
=o I need to submit the 7idyear Report and %inal ReportN
:nly submit the 7idyear Report if you receive new grades or term reports in the middle of the school year.
7ost international students do not need to send us this form. $ll admitted students must submit the %inal
Report# which provides us with final schools gradesOe"am marksOdiploma when you finish secondary school.
3here is no need to complete the %inal Report until after you gain admission to Yale.
!hat if my school does not use HP$s or class rankN
3here are designated spaces on the Common $pplication -econdary -chool Report form for your class rank
and HP$. If you do not have a HP$ or a rank# leave those spaces blank.
If I attend an international or $merican school abroad# do I still need to submit an International -upplementN
Yes# unless your school has an $P or standard $merican curriculum. If you are in an IF curriculum at your
international or $merican school abroad# you must submit the International -upplement with your IF
predictions along with the -econdary -chool Report with your internal grades. If your school has an $P or
standard $merican curriculum# there is no need to submit the International -upplement.
;ow does the visa process workN
If you are admitted and decide to enroll at Yale College# the visa process is very straightforward. :nce you
receive the I)> form from us# you can apply for a visa appointment at your local ,.-. embassy.
$re international students allowed to apply in the (arly $ction processN
Yes. $ny student can apply (arly $ction -ingle Choice.
$re international students eligible for financial aidN If so# how do I applyN
Yes# international students are eligible. Yale*s financial aid policies for foreign citi+ens are similar to those for
,.-. citi+ens/ need)blind admissions and need)based aid. I8eed)blindJ means that Yale College admits
students on the basis of academic and personal promise# without regard to their ability to pay. I8eed)basedJ
means that financial aid packages are based on individual needs assessments# not based on merit awards.
International students are evaluated using a needs analysis that takes into account the relative differences
between the ,- economy and the economy of students* home countries.
You can find international financial aid forms on the %inancial $id website. If you have any 'uestions or if your
family has special circumstances or e"penses# we encourage you to send -tudent %inancial -ervices an email
or letter with details to help them understand your financial situation more completely.
I hold permanent residence or ,.-. citi+enship but live and attend school abroad. Is it better to apply as a ,.-.
student or as an international studentN
3his is actually not a decision you can make. You will report your citi+enship4s5 on the Common $pplication.
!e will consider your citi+enship4s5 along with your e"perience abroad in our holistic# conte"t)based
application review. Rest assured that it isn*t IbetterJ or IworseJ one way or the other. $t Yale# because we offer
need)blind need)based aid regardless of citi+enship# the admissions process for all applicants is the same.
=o I need to take any standardi+ed testsN
Yes. $ll international applicants must submit official results of standardi+ed tests. You have two testing
options# and we have no preference which you choose. You may take either/
:ption 1/ 3he -$3 Reasoning 3est and two -$3 -ub6ect 3ests of your choice
:R
:ption >/ 3he $C3 Plus !riting. 48ote that because the $C3 is less available outside of the ,.-.# the
ma6ority of international students submit -$3 results.5
3here are two e"ceptions to this testing re'uirement/
-tudents whose home countries do not allow their citi+ens access to standardi+ed testing centers M
$fghanistan and China# for e"amples M are e"empt from these testing re'uirements. 3hese students
must take either the 3:(%L# I(L3-# or P3( instead.
-tudents who have completed $)level programs may use their results as a substitute for the -$3
-ub6ect 3ests on a one)for)one basis# provided that the official test results arrive at Yale no later than
%ebruary >11. (ligible students must still take either the -$3 Reasoning 3est or the $C3 Plus
!riting. You cannot use predicted $)level results as substitutions for the -$3 -ub6ect 3ests.
Yale does not accept IF results# national e"am results# or any other substitution for the re'uired standardi+ed
tests.
%or more information on how to take the tests and to find testing centers# you may find the following websites
helpful/
www.collegeboard.com / %or information on the -$3 Reasoning 3est and the -$3 -ub6ect 3ests.
www.act.org / %or information on the $C3 Plus !riting.
It is important for all students K but particularly important for international students K to register for tests with
the same name that you use on your application. :ur system will not link your record to your test scores if the
names do not match.
Please keep in mind that there are no cut)off scores for any of these e"ams. Yale*s admission process is
highly selective# but it is not primarily based on standardi+ed test results. -cores are merely one part of the
application.
=o I need to take an (nglish proficiency testN
Possibly# but it is not re'uired. 8ot all international applicants need to take an (nglish proficiency test such as
3:(%L# I(L3-# and P3(. Fut like all Yale students# international students must be able to understand rapid#
idiomatic (nglish and to e"press themselves easily in both spoken and written (nglish. If (nglish is not your
first language# please see our -tandardi+ed 3esting page for information about language proficiency
re'uirements at Yale.
8ote/ -tudents in countries where it is not possible to take the -$3 or $C3 e"ams 4e.g. China and
$fghanistan5 must take an (nglish proficiency test.
Fy when should I have taken these e"amsN
Please view our standardi+ed testing deadlines page.
Can I substitute two $)Level scores for the -$3 -ub6ect 3est scores if I.ve already taken the -$3 Reasoning
3estN
Yes. -tudents enrolled in $)level programs may use two completed $)level results as a substitute for the two
-$3 -ub6ect 3ests# provided official test results arrive at Yale by %ebruary. You must still take either the -$3
Reasoning 3est or the $C3 Plus !riting. Predicted $)level results may not be used in place of the -$3
-ub6ect 3ests.
!ill I have an interview as part of the application processN
8ot necessarily. !e are not able to offer an interview to every applicant. $n interview offer is not a signal
regarding the status of your application. %or more information about interviews for international applicants#
please see the section on interviewing in $pplying to Yale as an International -tudent.
!ill I need to have my school documents translated if they are completed in my native languageN
Yes. :fficial translations must accompany any documents that are not written in (nglish.
Can I receive credit for my secondary school workN
Yale does award some advanced standing andOor acceleration credit for students who achieve high scores on
$dvanced Placement or -$3 -ub6ect 3ests# as well as on International Faccalaureate# $)level# or other
international e"ams. 3hese decisions are made on a case)by)case basis# and we cannot predict the amount of
credit or acceleration you might receive before you gain admission to Yale. 7ore information can be found on
the Yale College website. !e strongly encourage students to take advantage of the full four)year
undergraduate e"perience at Yale. Please note that Yale generally does not award credit to entering freshmen
for university coursework completed before matriculation.
7y essay is more than 2 words. Is that :PN
!e ask that you respect the word limit we have set. !ill we read the words beyond 2N Yes. Fut if your
essay is much longer than 2 words# you will not have helped yourself by ignoring our re'uest. Remember#
concise and simple writing is often the best writing.
If an applicant has this or that set of grades and accomplishments# will he or she be admitted to YaleN
3he honest answer is there is no answer to that 'uestion. -o many factors come into play through the
selection process that outcomes for most candidates in the applicant pool are impossible to predict. !hat we
can do is tell you what we will look for in your application. -ee I!hat Yale Looks %orJ for an overview.
!hat do you look for in the Yale -upplement essayN
3he best essays are thoughtful and reflective# conveying a specific idea related to your personal or intellectual
life. !e understand that in a mere 2 words you cannot possibly tell us everything about yourself. Please
don*t tryQ 3he essay is not meant to be a comprehensive autobiography. It*s an opportunity for you to share
with us something meaningful about yourself and your e"periences. 3ake some time to think about what you
want us to know about you. Consider the essay*s brevity to be a challenge/ it*s often more difficult to say what
you mean with economy.
3he essay 'uestion is open)ended# and some students say the hardest part is knowing where to start. !e
suggest that you focus on specifics K don*t waste words on generalities. Choose a topic that e"presses who
you are and allows you to share with us something important to you. =on*t feel the need to come up with a
IgimmickJ or an original topic. Himmicks usually fail# and many successful candidates write about fairly
common topics# such as music# sports# community service pro6ects# and family relationships.
3ake the time to carefully review your essays before submitting them. !e e"pect that your grammar and
spelling will be correct.
7ay I apply to Yale more than onceN
Yale has a longstanding policy that a student may apply to the College no more than three times. 3his includes
application to the freshman class andOor transfer admissions program.
=oes it matter whether I apply online or on paperN
8o. 3he way you apply will not affect your chances of being admitted to Yale. !e treat online and paper
applications e'ually in the admissions process. If you have internet access# however# we strongly encourage
you to apply online# using the Common $pplication and Yale -upplement. It generally takes far longer to
process a paper application than an online application# especially close to the deadline dates. %or the same
reason# we encourage you to have your teachers and counselor submit their forms online if they can.
I am not an artist or musician# and I have not engaged in any original research. $m I at a disadvantage for not
submitting supplementary materialN -hould I submit something elseN
3here is no need to submit supplementary material. 3he vast ma6ority of our students are admitted on the
basis of re'uired documents alone. %or a very small number of e"ceptionally talented artists# musicians# and
researchers# supplementary material may be useful to communicate information that cannot be conveyed
ade'uately in the rest of the application. -ee the guidelines about -upplementary 7aterials for more
information.
I have visited campus three times and attended an evening information session. =oes that count in favor of my
being admittedN
8ot at all. ,nlike some schools# we do not track your communications with us or your visits to Yale. It is not
necessary to be in regular contact with the admissions office. $dmissions officers are happy to answer your
'uestions# but e"cessive emails or phone calls can be very distracting.
;ow can I let Yale know about special circumstances that may have affected my performance in high schoolN
$sk your guidance counselor to address any special circumstances in his or her letter. You may write about
particular challenges in your personal statement# but it is always a good idea to have your counselor e"plain
the situation.
I have dual citi+enship. $m I better off applying as an $merican citi+en or as an international studentN
3he same application is used for all candidates# and it asks you to list your country or countries of citi+enship.
!e are interested in your citi+enship chiefly for reporting purposes# but it has no bearing on your chances of
admission.
!ill applying for financial aid hurt my chances of admissionN
$bsolutely not. $n applicant*s ability to pay for a Yale education is not considered during the admissions
process. 3his policy is called Ineed)blind admission.J Yale is strongly committed to e'uality of opportunity# and
need)blind admission ensures that the College will be open to students of personal and academic promise
from all segments of society and all parts of the world. $n application for financial aid has no effect on the
admissions committee*s decision. 3his policy applies to all candidates# regardless of their citi+enship.
7ay I apply to enter Yale in the spring semesterN
8o. -tudents may only begin a course of study at Yale in the fall semester.
7ay I submit an additional page for the -hort $nswer 'uestion of the Common $pplicationN
Yes# but as the 'uestion suggests# you should keep your answer short. You will have an opportunity to e"pand
this 'uestion into a full essay as part of the Yale -upplement# if you choose to do so. !e believe that you can
successfully respond to the -hort $nswer in several well constructed sentences.
7ay I submit supplementary letters of recommendationN
If you feel the need to submit e"tra information# you may ask one additional recommender to write on your
behalf. Please do not solicit this additional letter unless you feel it will add substantially to your application. 3he
writer should know you well personally or have mentored you closely in some capacity. Please ask that
person to include the following at the top of their letter/ your full# legal name as it appears in your application#
the name and location of your high school# and your date of birth. 3he letter should be labeled
D-upplementaryD to avoid confusion.
!ho should write my teacher recommendationsN
Your recommenders must be able to write about your recent work in rigorous academic sub6ects. !e strongly
encourage you to submit recommendations from 11th and 1>th grade teachers. Yale has an e"tremely
competitive applicant pool# so it*s probably unwise to submit a recommendation from a favorite 9th grade
teacher or from a coach or chorus director unless he or she has also taught you recently in an academic
course.
Yale doesn*t re'uire that these recommendations come from teachers of particular sub6ects. It*s a good idea#
however# to have the two letters come from teachers of two different sub6ects. Choose teachers who know you
well and can give us a sense of your academic and personal strengths.
;ow do I make sure that Yale has received all my re'uired application documentsN
3he $pplication -tatus page# which you should check fre'uently# will let you review the documents that we*ve
received and determine which we still need. $dmissions officers won*t be able to review your application fully
unless we have all the re'uired documents# so it*s absolutely crucial to send these items in by the deadline.
3he application asks me to supply an email address. ;ow important is thisN
Very! Email is the main way we communicate with you throughout the admissions season. This
includes, among other things, the initial acknowledgment that we received your application,
information about our Application Status page, whether you need to supply us with missing
documents to complete your application, and online admissions decisions. lease be sure that the
email address you supply is functional and check it often.