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Rogers RA
Inside Out
Room 10
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Room 10
Room 10:
The power of
the city
Room 9: Thesis Room 12: Thesis Ramped walkway
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Richard Rogers RA:
Inside Out
18 July 13 October 2013
Page 4
The Power of the City
Page 6
Pressure on London
Page 16
Grand Paris
Page 18
Page 21
Pudong (Shanghai)
Cities are a high point of human
The concepts of citizenship, civil society and
civil responsibility were all born in the city
"Cities are hrst and foremost for the meeting
of people and for the exchange of goods and
The role of the public realm has shrunk, so
the city is being eroded
Cities and buildings give off signals which
must be clearly read and therefore designed
to be legible
Good design humanises. Bad design
The Power of the City
For Rogers, cities represent a high point of
human achievement. They are the engine
of business and the heart of culture, the
place where people, goods and ideas come
together. Cities encourage co-operation and
the formation of social groups, which can
achieve more than individuals on their own.
Architecture plays a vital part in humanising
cities, structuring the scale of spaces and
buildings, and shaping an environment that
encourages justice, fairness and delight.
This room shows a small selection of Rogerss
urban projects, in Florence, where he was
born; Paris, where he made his mark with the
Centre Pompidou; Shanghai, which expresses
his philosophy of the compact sustainable
city; and London, where he lives with his
family today.
The Ephebic Oath
The Ephebic Oath was sworn more than
2,400 years ago by the young men of Athens,
a world city at that time, as they were
formally inducted as citizens.
I shall leave this city not less but more
beautiful than I found it
Lists of works, clockwise in order
of installation

Pressure on London
By 2033, London will have 2,000,000 more
citizens, needing:
250,000 more school places
1,000,000 more homes
1,000,000 more jobs
50% more capacity on public transport.
London: the compact city
A vision for 2033
Londons population has grown by more than
two million people over the past two decades
and all indications are that it will have another
two million by 2033.
Compact development is the only strategy for
absorbing this growth in a sustainable way.
With 600 individual localities London is
a polycentric city. This urban structure is
particularly appropriate for a compact city.
Each locality should have a focus for public
life, with reinvigorated public spaces, civic
amenities and opportunities for interaction
between people, goods and ideas.
Completing the transport network will link
the many centres, increase opportunities
for individuals, and improve connectivity
throughout the city.
Areas with the best connectivity will see the
strongest growth.
Adopting high design standards will allow
London to intensify its existing localities and
to develop vibrant mixed localities on its large
swathes of post-industrial land.
More homes, jobs and opportunities for
leisure, learning and exchange, all linked by
better transport networks, will make London
a fairer and more dynamic city.
Compact development whilst not impacting
on the countryside is the only sustainable way
forward for London.
Retrot and intensify London's 600
Londons character comes from being an
amalgam of 600 individual localities, each with
its own personality and its own potential.
This structure of localities is particularly
appropriate for compact growth. Intensifying
each locality will allow it to provide everyday
needs within easy access.
This structure also makes London unique. The
history and ever-changing character of its
populations allows each centre to have its own
identity and develop its own future.
The variety between localities refects the
diversity of its inhabitants, and allows each to
have its own identity.
No single locality dominates and each can
develop in the most appropriate way for the
people it serves.
Reclaim our High Streets: the nuclei for
Londons 600 miles of high streets should
provide the most important public space in
each locality the equivalent of piazzas in
Italian cities.
We need to reclaim the high streets for public
use, with new types of buildings for health,
leisure and learning and new opportunities for
working and shopping.
Reinvigorated high streets will be the core of
polycentres, major urban hubs which provide
strategic services and opportunities as well
as being strong employment and residential
Grow the transport network: strengthen
Connectivity creates opportunity. It allows
all its citizens to participate in the benehts of
the whole city, wherever they live and work.
Better connectivity will rebalance London
more evenly.
The emphasis should be on new networks
that incorporate the under-served east into
the systems that currently focus on the City
and the West End. Connectivity is essential to
make individual local centres the polycentres
of a large city.
This map reads like a CGI scan of
Londons connectivity. It indicates the
effect on connectivity of planned transport
improvements, in rail, bus and underground
Orange will be areas with high connectivity
(multiple bus, tube and rail connections).
Hatched orange and blue will be areas with
medium connectivity.
Dark blue will be areas with moderate
Light blue will be areas with poor connectivity.
White are areas of open space.
A revolution in personal mobility, including
new forms of micro vehicle, will increase
connectivity beyond currently planned
Build mixed-use developments on
browneld sites
London has 3600 hectares of brownheld
(derelict but previously developed) land.
Development by retrohtting of existing
This is enough for 500,000 homes at medium
The supply of brownheld land replenishes
itself as sites are developed, more become
available as industry abandons them. Many
are in the East.
We need a strategy that creates vibrant
mixed communities on these sites, with high
design standards to create new types of
homes, workplaces, civic buildings and public
When connected to the rest of the city by
new and improved transport networks, these
localities will balance access to housing,
education, work and leisure more fairly
across the city.
A revolution in personal mobility, including
new forms of micro vehicle, will further
increase connectivity beyond the planned
improvements shown in this map.
Protect the green belt
Protect the Green Belt and reinforce the
network of green and public spaces within
the city.
The Green Belt is an amazing resource
for Londoners. It must be protected from
development and access to it improved.
Greater intensihcation demands more and
better public space. Londons network of
green and public spaces should be linked to
form a green grid across the whole city.
This green grid will offer everyone a bench
near their front door, a tree within view, a
park within a few minute walk, and access to
the cycle networks across the whole city.
The future of London
We need to adopt a 10% extra planning
consent for retroht of most existing buildings
in all localities.
We want well-designed, factory-produced,
fast build, high performance new housing on
brownheld sites.
We need four new light bridges across the
upper Thames, and three new bike-friendly
cable cars in the docklands.
We must hght for many more public squares,
parks and city spaces on the green grid.
We need hve new tube lines and the Crossrail
orbital to link Londons polycentres.
London must go electric small electric city
cars, electric bikes, trikes and rickshaws.
We must plant one million more trees on
Londons streets to link the green grid and
add to the seven million trees in Greater
We need intelligent adaptable green buildings
that collect solar energy.
We need a major new road tunnel linking
north and south London.
We need a new major road tunnel linking
north and south London at Becton.
With the growth of East London, Stansted
with a high speed link can absorb City airport.
Your ideas for London
Please share your images of and ideas for
urban interventions that you think would be
great for London.
For example; good examples of housing,
public spaces, transport, public seating, art...
You can add your suggestions to our Ideas
ForLondon wall by writing a message, adding
a drawing or by sending us a picture via
Twitter using #RARogers or by emailing the
team at
Grand Paris
1 Governance Groups
2 Build on the big brownheld sites
3 Add circumferential new lines to the
transport network
4 Reinforce the suburban polycentres
5 Maximise mixity of uses
6 Connect Paris and its suburbs
7 Create a green grid of public spaces, parks
and boulevards
8 Create new eco-armatures
9 Invest in high quality design
Grand Paris
2008 (ongoing)
Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Client: Ministre de la Culture, France
(continued over)
Successive Presidents have realised they
have the power to improve the quality of
their beautiful city Pompidou with Centre
Pompidou, Mitterrand with his Grands Projets
and Sarkozy with Grand Paris.
On the initiative of President Nicolas Sarkozy,
the French state commissioned Rogers Stirk
Harbour + Partners as one of ten architects
to recommend how greater Paris could
position itself to become a sustainable city
into the future.
RSHPs proposals advocated the principles
of the compact city, with maximum use of
brownheld land, substantially greater public
transport connectivity and a network of public
open spaces. Their aim was to create a series
of polycentres from existing local nodes by
increasing density and the variety of activities.
This policy would help rebalance the city,
expand its green spaces, reduce its carbon
footprint and improve social inclusion.
Florence is in danger of atrophying as a
museum city. Our schemes are designed to
strengthen its culture and nurture new life
Arno Masterplan
19831984 (unbuilt)
Richard Rogers Partnership
Client: Commune of Florence
"Un hume per publico. Fiume pedonata.
LArno la strada piu bella dell Europa a nella
piu bella citta.
Original in Italian from Rogerss notebook
A river walk for the public. The Arno is
Europes most beautiful street in Europes
most beautiful city.
(continued over)
The Arno is the biggest open public space in
Cut off by walls, the riverbanks had become
inaccessible. Rogers proposed re-inhabiting
the riverbanks and reconnecting them to
neighbouring streets and squares, opening
up new views and adding pedestrian space in
the car-bound city centre.
One bank became a park, while lightweight
and foating structures turned the other into a
promenade through the city to the suburbs.
A new bridge was designed by Peter Rice as
a lightweight structure that would sink out of
the way when the river fooded.
20022013 (built)
Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Client: Commune of Scandicci
By extending a tram route in Florence to
Scandicci, a satellite town 10 km to the west
of the historic city and the provinces second
largest neighbourhood, Rogers wanted to
transform it from a dormitory town to a
small-scale example of his concept of a
compact city.
New commercial, residential, cultural and
educational buildings around the tram stop
in Scandicci bring a vibrant mix of activities
to its central area. Daily needs can be met
nearby, while wider opportunities are only a
short journey away.
The scheme has shifted the balance of
Florence, connecting its second largest
community to its centre.
19921994 (unbuilt)
Richard Rogers Partnership
Client: Shanghai Development Corporation
This is a manifestation of the compact
sustainable city.
Designed for one million inhabitants, Pudong
comprises a central park and two concentric
rings linked by six radial streets.
The junctions between the inner ring and the
radials are dense, multi-activity nodes with
transport links across the city.
Maximum walking times from any point are
hfteen minutes to a park and seven to a
station, increasing quality of life and reducing
the need for private transport. The buildings
are clustered into shapes that maximise
views, sunlight and natural ventilation.
(continued over)
Overall car use and energy consumption
were projected at 60% and 70% lower,
respectively, than in a conventional urban
settlement of the same size.
Richard Rogers believes that cities are hrst
and foremost for the meeting of people for
friends and strangers, and for the exchange
of ideas
Born and raised in Florence, it has always
seemed natural to him that people would
meet in squares and public spaces to sit and
talk over a coffee.
VELOPRESSO is an innovative, mobile coffee-
vending tricycle for true off-grid selling of
quality espresso on city streets and piazzas,
at exhibitions and events, in parks and
markets wherever people congregate.
Designed from the ground up around a
custom rear-steer tricycle, a unique pedal-
driven grinder and a bespoke lever espresso
machine, VELOPRESSO is a celebratory
fusion of human power, sensory pleasures
and technology, bicycles and coffee their
engineering and aesthetics.
The result is a highly efhcient, robust and
humanised machine with a low-carbon
footprint no electricity, no motorised noise
enlightened coffee on the go!
Designed by Amos Field Reid and Lasse Oiva.
Manufactured in England.
Velopresso Ltd, 2013.
VELOPRESSO will be serving coffee in
the gallery from Thursday to Sunday.
Espresso, Espresso macchiato: 1.50
Cappuccino, Caff latte, Caff americano,
Piatto bianco: 2.50
Extra shot: 50p
Please do not touch the coffee tricycle when
the barista is not present.
Our book carts are inspired by the mobile
library in Bryant Park, New York.
Here is a selection of urban design and
related material for you to browse.
Please return it to the cart when you are
hnished for others to enjoy.
Your feedback, please
As we are committed to access for all, we
would like your feedback on our large-print
provision. Feedback forms are available from
the Information Desk on the ground foor.
We also offer one-to-one audio descriptive
tours of the exhibitions with trained volunteer
audio describers.
Wheelchair users can also beneht from our
volunteers, who can assist with taking you
around the galleries so you can enjoy our
exhibitions at your leisure. With prior notice
we can arrange these at a time that hts in
with your schedule. Contact me for further
Thank you.
Molly Bretton, Access Ofhcer
Design & typography by WfS Create:
Copyright Royal Academy of Arts, London, 2013.