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Topic 1 Introduction to Communication

The pitfalls to avoid in written communication are using confusing language , verbosity , poor
sentence structure and information overload.
Peopla sometimes fail to respond to written forms of communication for various reasons , for
instance , the message is not clear , the language is weak or there is too much information.
The receiver of any written report should be able to understand the contents of the report , know
precisely what action needs to be taken , how to do it and in what manner it should be done.
Topic 2 Communication Models ! Theoretical "erspective
A sign can represent ideas , experiences , images , objects , feelings and concepts.
#ymbolshv complex meanings in addition to the literal ones.
$motions and abbreviations are increasingly making an impact in written communication.
Topic % &hat are $ssays '
Essays ! short literary composition on a single sub(ect , usually presenting the personal view of the
!." #tages of Essay $riting
%.2 Types )f $ssays
!.% $riting Paragraphs
&ntroduction introduces the topic , followed supporting sentences
'ody paragraph supporting evidence for the essay , provide e*amples
(onclusion summarise the whole essay , making clear to readers understanding of the essay topic.
Topic + Types of $ssays
$*plaination essay can be defined as an essay that explains things or processes in se)uential order.
!rguementation essaytries to win the audience over so that they agree with what we say , accept our facts ,
embrace our velues and adopt our arguments and way od thinking.
,iscussion essay we present both sides of the issue * let the audience decide for themselves which side of
the fence they want to be on.
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Topic - Tackling $ssays
". -ead the )uestion twice to understand correctly.
5. Try interpret 6 7 the )uestion by underlining key words.
!. #tart writing down the facts 8 researching the topic * read more about it
%. +sing the classic 2 paragraph essay 6 introduction 9 body 8 point " 9 body 8 point 5 9 body 8 point ! 9
conclusion 7
2. Creative writing .does not hv specific rules , can be fiction , poetry or non:fiction.
$*ample . poetry , novels , short stories
/ead more to write better 0 more original 0 own style
2.% 'iliographies* Plagiarism
1ibliographies a list of writings with time and place of publication in preparing a document.
Two popular ways of bibliographies .
;3A used in fields like humanities , history , literature , rhetoric 2 communication.
APA is widely used in social science.
"lagiarism .#tealing someone else<s ideas or words * claiming them to be your own.
2.2 #creening for useful resourses
". -ead the abstract 6 a summary of points usually presented in skeletal form 7 or prcis 6 a concise
summary of essential points , statements or facts 7
5. -eading the introduction 6 contains the topic sentence , supporting details , preview or scope 7 of
the book or an essay.
2.= 1escribing 0isual 1ata
0isual data such as charts and graphs are often used in essays , especially in scientific research papers.
Common types of graphic . table , line graph , bar charts , pictographs 2 pie charts.
Topic 3 "ersuasive &riting
A type of writing to influence 8 change reader<s thoughts or actions to agree with those of the writer.
The persuasive essay is constructed using a title, thesis statement, supporting paragraphs and a
-easons * Purposes of Persuasive $riting
". To change reader<s thoughts and actions.
5. ;ake ppl believe what we say
!. Take appropriate action on written work
Types of -easoning Process
1eductive reasoning introduces a general principle or premise * draw a specific conclusion from it.
&nductive reasoning supports a general conclusion by looking at specific facts or evidence.
Topic 4 /eport &riting
>." Process preparing a report