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CECOS UNIVERSITY OF IT AND EMERGING SCIENCES

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING



Hydrology, water resource and drainage Engineering (CE-2011)
FINAL PAPER, MAY, 2014
6
TH
SEMESTER.

ROLL .NO.. SEC
Note: - Use of mobile phones and programmable calculator is not allowed. Attempt all questions,
all questions carry equal marks, solve PART 1 on the question paper and return to the
invigilator within the allocated time.
PART 1
Time allowed = 25 min (MAX MARKS = 20)

Q .NO. 1) MULTIPLE choice questions, encircle the correct option.

I. In a cold front
a) cold air mass drives out a warm air mass
b) warm air mass replaces the retreating cold air mass
c) cold air and warm air masses are drawn simultaneously towards a low pressure area
d) the cold and warm air masses are stationary
II. The activity of planning, developing, distributing and managing the optimum use of water resources
is
a) Drainage basin management
b) Surface water hydrology
c) Water resource management
d) Hydro informatics
III. Colorado pan is a type of
a) Floating evaporation pan
b) On ground evaporation pan
c) Sunken evaporation pan
d) None of these
IV. The ice coating formed on drizzle or rain drops as it comes in contact with the cold surfaces on the
ground.
a) Sleet
b) Snow flake
c) Glaze
d) hail
V. The main cause of Convectional precipitation is
a) Striking of moisture laden air with mountains
b) Flow of moisture laden air from a high to low pressure area
c) Flow of moist air from lower to higher elevation
d) rising of warmer, lighter air in colder, denser surroundings
VI. Arithmetic mean method cannot be applied if
a) The normal annual precipitation of the index stations lies within 10% of normal annual
precipitation of interpolation station.
b) Rainfall data is missing for the index station.
CECOS UNIVERSITY OF IT AND EMERGING SCIENCES
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

c) The normal annual precipitation of the index stations is greater than 10% of normal annual
precipitation of interpolation station.
d) All of the above
VII. A rain gauge recorded 145 mm of precipitation. It was found later that the gauge was inclined at an
angle of 60 degrees with the horizontal the actual precipitation is
a) 167.4mm
b) 290mm
c) 125.6mm
d) 72.5mm
VIII. The correction factor in case of consistency of precipitation data is obtained as
a) Sa / So
b) Sa*So
c) So /Sa
d) (Sa / So)* Po *where Sa = slope prior to break, So = slope after break & Po = observed
precipitation
IX. If interception and depression storage is neglected then
a) Index = W index
b) Index > W index
c) Index < W index
d) Not relevant
X. Interception loss is.
a) More towards the end of a storm
b) More at the beginning of a storm
c) Uniform throughout the storm
d) High in the beginning of storm and gradually decreases
XI. The main cause of Convectional precipitation is
e) Striking of moisture laden air with mountains
f) Flow of moisture laden air from a high to low pressure area
g) Flow of moist air from lower to higher elevation
h) rising of warmer, lighter air in colder, denser surroundings
XII. A weighing type rain gauge
a) Can measure rain event but cannot measure snow event
b) Can only measure rain event
c) Can only measure snow event
d) Can measure both rain and snow event.
XIII. Arithmetic mean method cannot be applied if
e) The normal annual precipitation of the index stations lies within 10% of normal annual
precipitation of interpolation station.
f) Rainfall data is missing for the index station.
g) The normal annual precipitation of the index stations is greater than 10% of normal annual
precipitation of interpolation station.
h) All of the above
XIV. A rain gauge recorded 145 mm of precipitation. It was found later that the gauge was inclined at
an angle of 60 degrees with the horizontal the actual precipitation is
e) 167.4mm
CECOS UNIVERSITY OF IT AND EMERGING SCIENCES
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

f) 290mm
g) 125.6mm
h) 72.5mm
XV. Time interval from the center of mass of the rainfall-excess to the peak of the resultant
hydrograph is called
a) Lag time b) time of concentration c) time to peak d) rainfall duration
XVI. All of the following are graphical methods of hydrograph analysis except
a) Fixed base length method b) variable slope method
c) Recession curve equation d) straight line method.
XVII. The minimum, acceptable recurrence interval of a hazardous event such as flood or storm
is called
a) Frequency of the event b) lag time
c) Return period d) design flood
XVIII. Optimal structure size according to economic risk analysis is
a) Having minimum structural cost b) having maximum life
c) Having minimum total cost d) having maximum structural cost and risk cost
XIX. Time required for runoff to travel from the hydraulically most distant point on the
watershed to the point of interest is called
a) The basin lag time b) concentration time
c) Time to peak d) both b and c
XX. If rainfall of the same intensity occurs for duration less than the time of concentration, the
hydrograph will rise to
a) A higher peak b) A smaller peak
c) Peak will not be affected d) only infiltration will occur.
XXI. The ordinate of unit hydrograph is obtained by
a) Ordinate of DRO*P
eff
b) (Ordinate of DRO+P
eff
)/A
c) Peak will not be affected d) Ordinate of DRO*P
eff

XXII. For a total runoff of 480 cusecs, if the base flow is 30 cusecs and the effective rainfall
depth is 1.5in then the ordinate of unit hydrograph is
a) 320 cusecs b) 300 cusecs
c) 720 cusecs d) insufficient information
XXIII. In two points method the average velocity is
a) V
0.6d
b) (V
0.2d
+V
0.8d
)/2
CECOS UNIVERSITY OF IT AND EMERGING SCIENCES
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

c) (V
0.3d
+V
0.6d
)/2 d) (V
0.2d
+V
0.8d
)/3
XXIV. For the same intensity of rainfall, the flood discharge from a relatively small catchment is
.. That from a relatively large catchment.
a) Lower than b) same as
c) Higher than d) flood discharge is not related to basin area
XXV. The maximum amount and duration of precipitation that can be expected to occur on a
drainage basin
a) Maximum intensity precipitation b) probable maximum precipitation
c) Design storm d) spatially uniform precipitation
XXVI. The stage-discharge is the relation between the
a) Velocity of flow and discharge b) staff gauge reading and velocity of flow
c) Staff gauge reading and discharge d) staff gauge reading and volume
XXVII. In major dams with high threat to life loss, failure
a) Can never occur b) is accepted within 25% of the design life
c) Is to be decided by the critical event d) can be tolerated.