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AITS-CRT-II-PCM (Sol )-JEE (Main)/14

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1





ANSWERS, HINTS & SOLUTIONS
CRTII
(Main)




Q. No. PHYSICS CHEMISTRY MATHEMATICS
1.
B C C
2.
A B A
3.
A C C
4.
A C B
5.
B B B
6.
C B C
7.
C D A
8.
C B D
9.
A B D
10.
C A A
11.
D B B
12.
A C A
13.
B D A
14.
C A B
15.
A C C
16.
D C D
17.
D B D
18.
A C C
19.
B C B
20.
A B C
21.
B D C
22.
B C D
23.
D A A
24.
B C D
25.
A B B
26.
A D C
27.
D A D
28.
B A D
29.
D C A
30.
C B A
A
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L

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P P h hy ys si i c cs s PART I


SECTION A

1. Net force on the system is
F =3 mg sin u
k
3 mg cos u
a
cm
=
k
3mgsin 3 mgcos
3m
u u
=4 m/s
2

2. Consider an arbitrary moment when the wedge has travelled a distance x
into region II.
The area of the top surface inside the region II =ax sec u
Force on it =ax sec u AP =ax sec u [AP =1]
Component of the force opposite velocity =ax sec u. sin u =ax tan u.
If it further moves by dx then the work done =ax tanu dx

b
2
0
0
1
mv atan xdx
2
= u
}

v
0
=
abh
M



h
x


3. S
A
=v
0
t
2
A
1
gt
2

S
B
=v
0
t
2
B
1
gt
2

S
A
S
B
=L t =
( )
( )
B A
2 L
g



4. N/N
0
=e
t


5. First law of motion.

6. For vertical oscillation time period
T
1
=2t
m
k
. . . (1)
For the transverse oscillation period of simple pendulum T
2
=2t
g


But 2T
1
=T
2
k =
4mg



8.
2
3GMm 1
mv 0
2R 2
+ =
v = 3gR

9. Tension in the string T =mg F
B
=3vg vg =2vg
Balancing torque
kxR/2 =TR
x =2T/k =4vg/k

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10. II and IV quadrant field will be added.

11.
6
P 4
1600 x 10
v
4 x 10

= =4 m/s

6
Q 4
1600 x 10
v
2 x 10

= =8 m/s

( )
2 2
A B A Q P
1
v v gh
2
= =
h =3.6 mm

12. mg T ma = ----- (1)

2
r
mr a
T x
2 r
= ----- (2)
From (1) and (2),
2g mg
a & T mg
3 3
= = =

1
3
=

13. J
1
x 0.1 =5 x I
J
1
=50 mA
I =50 +5 =55 mA


S
1
0.5
B
C
D
0.1 0.2 0.3
5 mA
I I
J1
5 mA


16. Let V
x
and V
y
be components of velocity. At contact point A
and B,
the velocity along normal should be same.

o o o
y x
ucos60 V cos30 V cos60 = . (1)

x
2 2
x y
v 2u
v V V
=
= +


2u
u
60
o

60
o

30
o

Vy
Vx

19.
2
1
qEy mv
2
=
Magnetic force will not do any work.

20. Conceptual.

21. Now downward force on the right
block is more.


mg
T T
mg


22. I
C
=I
0
+M(OC)
2
=I
0
+M(OB
2
+BC
2
) =I
B
+M(BC)
2

23. Coulombic force between them remains same.

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24. Circuit is forming a wheatstone bridge R
eq
=2R
For maximum power transfer 2R =r.


R R
R
R
R 4R
r

25. | =
3
4

2
B
c =
2
d 3 dB
dt 4 dt
|
=
i =
2
3
R 4R
c
=



26. C =
0 0
RT 5RT
M 3M

=
dx =C. dt =
L 0
0
0
T T 5R
T x dt
3M L
( | |
+
( |
\ .


L 0
2L 3M
t
5R
( T T )
=
+


A B
TL T0
L
x
dx


27. Equivalent circuit is

T T
90 V 20
2R R

= V =50
0
C


P
R
RT V
2RT
RT
(90
0
C) (30
0
C)

28. Leftward Force =
2I P
C t
A
=
A


29. Conceptual, torque of pseudo force.

30. Effective length =(r
2
+r
1
)





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C Ch he em mi i s st tr r y y PART II


SECTION A

1.
1 1 2 2
P V P V

=
( )
7
1 2 1
5
2 1 2
P V
32
P V

| | | |
= = =
| |

\ . \ .


( )
7
5 7
5
2 2 128 = = = .

2.
( )
( )
4 3
NH Cl NH g HCl
t 0 0.20 0 0
At eqm. 0.2 x x x
+
=



3
2
P NH HCl P
K P P P P K = = =
= 0.36 0.6 atm = .
NH
3
formed
PV 0.6 10
RT 0.0821 600

= =


=0.122 mole =moles of NH
4
Cl decomposed.
Moles of NH
4
Cl left =0.2 0.122 =0.078.

7.
( )
2 4 7 2 4 2 4 2 4 7
X
Na B O H SO Na SO H B O + +

2 4 7 2 3 3
H B O 5H O 4H BO +

3 3 2 3 2
2H BO B O 3H O
A
+

( )
2 3 2
X
B O 6Na 2B 3Na O + +

8.
o o o
G H T S A = A A

o
2
H O H OH H 13.7 kcal
+
+ A =



o o
o
H G 13.7 19.14
S
T 298
A A +
A = =
= 0.1102 kcal mol
-1
=110.2 cal k
-1
mol
-1

9. In bcc,
3 a
r
4
=
Edge length =a
Edge length not covered by atom =a 2r

3 2 3
a a a
2 3
| |

= = |
|
\ .

percentage fraction not covered =
2 3
a
2
100 0.134 100
a
(

(

= =13.4%


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6
10.
3
3
1
Al 3e Al K
Al
+
+
+ =
(


( )
3
3
Al OH Al 3OH
+
+


pH =14, [H
+
] =1 10
-14

(OH

) =1 M
K
sp
=[Al
3+
][1]
3


( )
3 33
Al 1 10 M
+
=

o
3
0.0591 1
E E log
3 Al
+
=
(



33
0.0591 0.0591
1.66 log10 1.66 33
3 3
= =
=- 2.31 V

11.
2
Cl
4 h
CH
v

MgCl H
3
C
2
Br /hv

Br
KCN
C N
3
H O
+
COOH
CH
3
Cl
CH
3
CH
2
CH
3


13.
( ) ( )
2 1 1 2 2
3
1 2
MV M V
CO H
n n
+
=

1
1
M 50 4 49.35
M 1.974
1 2

= =

B
x d 10 x 1.25 10
M 1.974
m 106

= =
x 16.7 =

15. H
2
O is weak field ligand while CN

is a strong field ligand. In complex (i), the distribution is


3 2
2g g
t e ,
i.e. all electrons are unpaired while in (ii) complex, the distribution is
5 0
2g g
t e , i.e. two t
2g
orbitals are
paired while one is unpaired.

16.
C
O
Cl
C
C
O
Cl
O
Cl
4
LiAlH

O H
O H
OH
2 4
Conc. H SO
A



17.
3
H O
+

O
OH
+ O H
O
H
(A)
+
O
(B)

Aldehyde and ketone can be differentiated by Fehlings solution.


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18.
H
+

OH
O
OH
2
+
O

O O H


19. The rate can be compared by stability of carbocation.

C
C
O C H
3
(I)
(II)
C
NH
(III)

N has more tendency to donate electron than O.

21. H =E +PV H =E +nRT
H
2
=E
2
+nRT
2

H
1
=E
1
+nRT
1

(H
2
H
1
) =(E
2
E
1
) +nR(T
2
T
1
)
H E nR T 4 8.314 50 A A = A =
=1660 J

22.
2
2
H S 2H S
+
+



2 2
CdS Cd S
+
+



CdS
2 2
sp
K Cd S
+
( (



27 14 2
8 10 1 10 S

( =



2 13
S 8 10 M

( =



2
2
2
H S
K H S
+
( ( =



2
13 22
H 8 10 1 10
+
( =



2
10
H 1.25 10
+
( =


[H
+
] =1.11 10
-5

pH 5 ~ .

23.
( ) ( )
( )
2 4 2
N O g 2NO g
1 0
1 x 2x


Total moles =1 x +2x =1 +x
Since PV =nRT, V n
% of
( )
2
2x
NO 100 50
1 x
= =
+


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1
x
3
=
( )
D Theoretical VD
1 x
d Experimental VD
+ = =

4 46 46 3
d 34.5
3 d 4

= = =

28. Species
NO

NO
+
CN

CN
+

Bond order 2 3 3 2
Bond order
1
Bondlength

Bondlength of NO

>CN
+
due to greater number of antibonding electrons.

29.
f f
T i K m 86 0.001 A =
0.0054 i 1.86 0.001 =

0.0054
i 2.9 3
1.86 0.001
= = ~


i.e. there are 3 ions in the solution of complex.
So, [Pt(NH
3
)
4
Cl
2
]Cl
2
is the correct choice.

M Ma at th he em ma at ti i c cs s PART III


SECTION A

1.
( ) ( )
2 2
2 3a 4b c 3 4a 3b c
10
a b
+ + + + +
=
+


2 2
18a 17b 5c
10
a b
+ +
=
+


2 2
18 17
a b c
5 5
2
a b
+ +
=
+


2. b
2
=4 2 =8, 2ae 40 =
a
2
e
2
=10 =b
2
+a
2

a
2
=2
Centre =(1, 5)
Equation of transverse axis x 3y +14 =0
Equation of conjugate axis 3x +y 8 =0
Equation of hyperbola =
( ) ( )
2 2
3x y 8 x 3y 14
20
1 4
+ +
=

3.
( )
4 2
x 14x 25
f x
5
x 2
x
+
=
+
=
2 2
2
25
x x 14
x
5
x 2
x
| |
+
|
\ .
+


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9
=
2
2
5
x x 4
x
5
x 2
x
| |
| |
|
|
\ . \ .
+
=
2
5
x x 2
x
| |

|
\ .

x
2
2x 5 =0

2 4 20
x
2
+
= =
2 2 6
2

=1 6

4. 6 places can be selected in
9
C
6
ways and 6 can be placed only at 5 places, except the right most
of other 6 selected. Remaining numbers i.e. 7, 8, 9 in 3! ways
Hence number of ways =
9
6
C 5 3!

5. z =18 +26i, r 10 10 = ,
13
tan
9
u = , 0,
2
t | (
ue
(
\
0,
3 6
u t | (
e
(
\


( ) ( )
1/ 3
1/ 3
z 10 10 cos isin 10 cos isin
3 3
u u | |
= u + u = +
|
\ .


3
2
3t t
tan
1 3t

u =

, t tan
3
u | |
=
|
\ .


1
tan
3 3
u
=

1/ 3
z =3 +i, a =3, b =1

6. Let parabola is y
2
=4ax
o =at
1
t
2
, | =a(t
1
+t
2
), Q =(at
1
t
3
, a(t
1
+t
3
)), R (at
2
t
3
, a(t
2
+t
3
))
Let T =(h, k) then h = ( )
3 3
1 2
at t
t t
2 2
|
+ =
2k =a(t
1
+t
2
) +2at
3
=
4ah
| +
|

The locus id 4ax 2|y +|
2
=0

7. We observe that u =|
because of perpendicularity of two secant
Now ZSOR +ZSOQ ZSOP =t (u =|)
(arg(z
3
) arg(z) +(arg(z
2
) arg(z)) (arg(z
1
) arg(z)) =
t
arg(z
3
) +arg(z
2
) =t +arg(z
1
) +arg(z)
=arg(z
2
z
3
) =t +arg(zz
1
)
z
2
z
3
=zz
1

zz
1
+z
2
z
3
=0

R(z
3
)
Q(z
2
)
P(z
1
)
S(z)
O(0)
u
|


8.
( )
( )
1
1
n
1
n
n 1
1 tan t
C dt
n sin t

+
=
}

L =
1
1
2
n
1
n n
n
n 1
tan t
limn C limn dt
sin t


+
=
}
( 0)

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10
L =
( )
1
1
1
n
n 1
n
tan t
dt
sin t
lim
1
n

}
(Applying Leibniz rule)

9. We have to find non negative integral solution of equation 2x +y +z =21
Note that x can take a maximum value of 10 and a minimum value of 0.
We rearrange equation so that we get an integer equation with y and z as variables, x as a
constant
y +z =21 2x
The number of non negative integer solution is
21 2x +2 1
C
1
=
22 2x
C
1
=22 2x
We now add the number of solutions so obtained for all the possible values of x.
The total number of solution is therefore
( )
10
x 0
22 2x 132
=
=



10. As a >0 R.H.S. >0 hence x >0
Applying AM > GM we get,

2
1
x
1
x
x
x
1
a
2
a
x
1
a x
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
>
+

L.H.S. > 2
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
x
1
x
2
1
a
But
x
1
x+ > 2 x >0
2
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
x
1
x
2
1
a > 2 a a > 1 L.H.S. > 2 a and equality holds if x =1.

11. The required probability is
12
2
51
2
12 13
2 2
51 51
2 2
C 1
4
C 11
p
50 C C 1
4 C C

= =
+


12.
( )
2 13
x 2 3 y
3
| |
+ = +
|
\ .
=latus rectum =3
Other conic is
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
y 2 x 3
1
7
7
2
+
+ =
| |
|
\ .
which an ellipse is
Latus rectum =
2
2b 2 49 7
a 4 7 2

= =


Positive difference
7 1
3
2 2
=

13. B =adj (2A) |B| =|2A|
n 1

1024 =4
n 1
2
n(n 1)


2
10 n n 2
2 2
+
=
n =3


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11
14. 2f(x) and
( )
f x
2
have the same domain as f(x), f(2x) and f(x +2),
x
f
2
| |
|
\ .
have the range as f(x)
m =2, n =3
Verify by f(x) =sin
1
x, d : |x| s 1, R : ,
2 2
t t |

|
.


15.
1 2 1 2
2
a a a a sin
n
t
=



1 2 1 2
2
a a a a cos
n
t
=



2 2
nsin ncos
n n
t t
=

2
a


2t/n
1
a


2t/n


2 2
tan 1 m
n n 4
t t t | |
= = t +
|
\ .


8
n
1 4m
=
+

Smallest possible value of n corresponds to m =0 n =8

17.
( ) | | { }
1
f x x x

= +

| | { }
5
1/ 2
A x x dx = +
}

=
| | { } { }
5 1 2
1/ 2 1/ 2 0
x dx x dx 4 x dx + +
} } }
=
( )
1
40 2 1 sq. unit
3 2


18. tan
2
o a, tan
2
B b

( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
a 1 b 1 a 1 b 1 a b
2
b a b b a a b a
(
+ + | |
+ = + + + + +
( |
\ .

1/ 4
1/ 2
2 2
a 1 b 1 a b
4 2 2 8
b b a a b a
(
(
> + =
(
(



19.
2
0 0 1
1 c 1 c
A 0 1 0
2 b 2 ab
c
0 1
a
(
= =
(


If A is independent of a, b, c then C
2
=ab a, c, b are G.P.

20. Using cosine rule b
2
2bc cos A +(c
2
a
2
) =0
b
1
+b
2
=2c cos A b
1
b
2
=c
2
a
2

Using b
2
=2b
1

b
1
=
2c
cosA
3
and
2 2
2
1
c a
b
2

=

2 2 2
2
4c c a
cos A
9 2

= 9(c
2
a
2
) =8c
2
cos
2
A

2
c
1 8sin A 3
a
+ =

22. x
3
x
2
x 2 =0 (x 2) (x
2
+x +1) =0 x =2 (1)

AITS-CRT-II-PCM (Sol )-JEE (Main)/14
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12
x y
2
+2 x y +4 x 2 y
2
4 y 8 =0 (x 2) (y
2
+2 y +4) =0 x =2 (2)
Both the equation represent same line. So number of triangle formed are zero.

23. f (x) =sin
3
x + sin
2
x
f' (x) =3 sin
2
x cos x +2 sin x cos x
for exactly one minimum and one maximum
f' (x) =0 at two points in
2
t
<x <
2
t

therefore f' (x) =0 cos x =0 or, sin x (3 sin x +2 ) =0 sin x =
3
2
or sin x =0, cos x =
0
1 <
3
2
<1
<
2
3
but >0 0 < <
2
3


24. P(x) =ax
2
+bx +c
P(x) =Q
1
(x) +4 =Q
2
(x +1) +3 =Q
3
(x 1) +1
P(0) =c =4
P(1) =a b +4 =3 (b a =1)
P(1) =a +b +4 =1 (b +a =3)
b =1, a =2
P(x) =2x
2
x +4
P(2) =8 2 +4 =6

25. Center (3, 5)
Radius 2
For L
1
to be a chord its distance from center must be less than radius
Since P is an integer p can take value S
1
={17, 18, 31}
L
2
to be chord of a circle, P can take value from the set S
2
={11, 12, .. 25}
S
1
S
2
has 21 elements while
S
1
S
2
has 9 elements
Required probability
9
21
or
3
7


26.
( )
n
n
n
1
lim
x 2 1
3
n
3


+
divided N and D by 3
n
n

n
lim

to equal to
1
3

n
1
lim
n
0

n
n
x 2
lim
3
| |
|
\ .
0 1 <x <5

27. Let the equations of circle be
x
2
+(y )
2
=16
= 2 6
y
x


AITS-CRT-II-PCM (Sol )-JEE (Main)/14
FI I TJEE Ltd., FI ITJ EE House, 29-A, Kal u Sarai , Sarvapri ya Vi har, New Del hi -110016, Ph 46106000, 26569493, Fax 26513942
websi te: www.fi i tjee.com
13

28. |x +y +z| =|x| +|y| +|z|
x
2
2 <0, sin x <0
( ) x 2, 0 e

29. The normal to the plane will have direction cosine
1 1 1
, ,
3 3 3
| |
|
\ .
and the distance of this plane
from the origin will be OP = 3

x y z
3 x y z 3
3 3 3
+ + = = + + =
Intercepts lengths (3, 3, 3)
(3)
2
+(3)
2
+(3)
2
=k
2


k
3
=

30.
( )
( |
2 2
2 2
x e x e
(1, e], f x ln 0, 1
x 1 x 1
| |
+ +
e = e |
+ \ + .


( )
g sin cos u = u + u where u e (0, 1]

( )
cos sin
g' 0
2 sin 2 cos
u u
u = =
u u

4
t
u =
g(u) has an extremum point
4
t
u =
g(0) =1
( )
g 1 sin1 cos1 = +
While
3/ 4
g 2
4
t | |
=
|
\ .
g(1) >g(0) =1
Since
( )
g g 0 1
2
t | |
= =
|
\ .


( )
(
3/4
g x 1, 2
(
=