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Quality Formulae

Process Proficiency based Lea CSP



Process Proficiency = (Actual CSP / Expexted CSP) x 100

10 : Good; 95 : Average; 90 : Poor.

Expected Yarn unevenness (U%) :

U = Q NeC [ d -1 / d ] + a (d - 1) + Ur

U = Yarn unevenness

Q = 29.4 [ f / mL ]

NeC = Cotton count

d = Draft in ring frame

Ur = Roving U%

a = 3.5

a = Assured fector = 3.5 under good working conditions.

Process proficiency based on U%

Process Proficiency = ( Actual U% / Expected U% ) x 100

100 : Good; 105 : Average; 110 : Poor.

Hank = 8.33 / wt. (grains per yard)
= 0.5398 / wt. (grams per yard)

= 0.5902 / wt. (grams per meter)

NeC count = 64.78 / Lea Weight in gram

Relation between twist Multiplier for

Maximum Strength :

Tmax = [50 - L + f] / 9

Where, Tmax = TM for Max.strength

L = 50% Span length

f = fibre fineness Microgram per inch

Number of tests and precision for various yarn quality characteristics
Test No. of tests CV% 95% Control
Count test 25 5.0 2.0
imperfection 10 25.0 15.8
U% 5 5.0 4.5
Single yarn strength 100 10.0 3.0
Lea test 25 7.0 4.0
Ply twist 25 5.0 3.2
Single twist 25 8.0 4.2

STATISTICAL FORMULAE :

1. Mean X = [ x1 + x2 +...+ xn ] / n = [ n( - 1) x ] / n

2. Varience S = [ (x - x) ] / (n - 1)

Lea Strength corrected to nominal count:
S
2
= C
1
S
1
18.3(C
1
C
2
) / C
2

Where, C
1
= Tested Count( Actual )
S
1
= Tested Strength ( Actual )
C
2
= Nominal Count
S
2
= Corrected Strength

RKM value = Single yarn Strength (s) / Tex
= (5.5 + kN
e
C) CSP / 1000
K = 0.0275 for carded count
K = 0.02 for combed count

Yarn Realisation
YR% = ( 92 t ) for carded count
= ( 95 t ) ( 1 C/100 ) 3 for combed count
t = Percentage trash in cotton
c = Percentage comber noil extracted

Tolerance limit for pinion changes :
C + = { C / 2A + 35/n }
C = Sliver hank or Yarn count
A = No. of teeth on the change pinion
n = No. of reading s in wrapping
8 = S.d of testing

SHOERE A HARDNESS OF TOP ROLLER COTS :
Draw box top roller 70
0
80
0
shore
Detaching roller 60
0
- 65
0
shore
Draw frame top roller 80
0
- 90
0
shore
Fly frame top roller 70
0
- 80
0
shore

Number of fibres in Yarns cross section :
Yarn count (tex) / fibre fineness (tex)
n = [590.54 / N
e
C] / [g / inch / 25.4]






Relative Humidity

Relative humidity for different departments :
Departments Relative humidity Temperature
Cotton Viscose Polyster In

o
C In
o
F
Mixing 60 65 45 55 27 35 80 - 95
Blow room 50 55 50 60 27 35 80 - 95
Carding 50 55 50 60 50 60 27 35 80 - 95
Preparatory 50 55 50 60 50 60 27 35 80 - 95
Ring Spinning 50 60 50 60 55 - 60 27 35 80 - 95
Winding 60 - 65 50 60 55 - 60 27 32 80 90
Weaving Preparatory 60 65 50 60 55 60 27 32 80 90
Weaving 60 65 50 60 55 60 24 30 75 - 85

Slightly higher RH% (about 5%) to be maintained while processing synthetics.


Rotor Spinning

ROTOR Spinning :
Twist T / m = t / Tex = n / L
Where
T/M = TPM
L = Delivery speed meter / minute
n = rotor rpm
Production :
( (Tex * L * 60) / 1000) * efficiency ) kg/hr/rotor
= ( ( Tex * n * 60 ) / T * 1000 ) * efficiency )
L = Delivery in meter / minute
T = TPM
N = rpm of rotor
Efficiency (0.92 0.99 )