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Abstract

Case presentation

Discussion

Consent

Competing

interests

Authors'

contributions

References

Fibroepithelioma case report of pinkus in a 9-year-old boy: a

case report of pinkus in a 9-year-old boy: a Zenggang Pan Department of Pathology, Creighton University

Zenggang Pan

Department of Pathology, Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68131, USA

corresponding author email Cases Journal 2008, 1:21

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Received: 30 May 2008 Accepted: 27 June 2008 Published: 27 June 2008

© 2008 Pan et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract , Nhi Huynh and Deba P Sarma author

, Nhi Huynh

the original work is properly cited. Abstract , Nhi Huynh and Deba P Sarma author email
the original work is properly cited. Abstract , Nhi Huynh and Deba P Sarma author email

and Deba P Sarma

the original work is properly cited. Abstract , Nhi Huynh and Deba P Sarma author email
the original work is properly cited. Abstract , Nhi Huynh and Deba P Sarma author email

author email

doi:10.1186/1757-1626-1-21

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Fibroepithelioma of Pinkus (FEP) is a rare indolent variety of basal cell carcinoma that is typically polypoid and located on the trunk of adult males aged 4060 years. Basal cell carcinoma (including FEP) is very rare in the pediatric population. We are reporting such a case occurring in a 9-year-old boy.

Case presentation

A 9-year-old boy presented with a 6.0-mm polypoid erythematous nodule with ulceration on his left chest. An excisional biopsy was done. Histologically, the tumor revealed several foci of superficial basal cell carcinoma along the epidermis. In the dermis, the tumor was composed of basaloid epithelial anastomosing cords that

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to: Citeulike Connotea Del.icio.us Facebook Twitter were separated by fibrovascular stroma connected to the

were separated by fibrovascular stroma connected to the overlying epidermis (Figure 1). The histopathological features were that of a fibroepithelioma of Pinkus. The lesion was completely removed with clear biopsy margin. The patient is being followed for any possible local recurrence.

patient is being followed for any possible local recurrence. Figure 1. Discussion Fibroepithelioma of Pinkus (FEP)
being followed for any possible local recurrence. Figure 1. Discussion Fibroepithelioma of Pinkus (FEP) was first

Discussion

for any possible local recurrence. Figure 1. Discussion Fibroepithelioma of Pinkus (FEP) was first described as

Fibroepithelioma of Pinkus (FEP) was first described as premalignant fibroepithelial tumor of the skin by Herman Pinkus in 1953 [1]. Although FEP is currently accepted as a variant of basal cell carcinoma (BCC), its classification still remains controversial. FEP may also be categorized as a variant of trichoblastoma, a benign counterpart of BCC [2].

of trichoblastoma, a benign counterpart of BCC [ 2 ]. Typically, the patients are male, 40

Typically, the patients are male, 4060 years of age and present with a single or multiple pedunculated or sessile nodules with broad base on the trunk or extremities [3]. The tumor may appear pink, red, brown or skin color with occasional ulceration. Histologically, the tumor is composed of long, thin, and branching strands of basal cell carcinoma anastomosing in fibrovascular stroma [3].

cell carcinoma anastomosing in fibrovascular stroma [ 3 ]. The primary differential diagnoses of FEP include

The primary differential diagnoses of FEP include BCC, trichoblastoma, and trichoepithelioma. The histologic appearance of the tumor is usually distinctive. Androgen receptor is expressed both in BCC and FEP but minimally in trichoblastomas [4]. On the other hand, Merkel cells are found in both FEP and trichoblastoma but they are absent in BCC [2].

FEP and trichoblastoma but they are absent in BCC [ 2 ]. The pathogenesis of FEP

The pathogenesis of FEP is still investigational. It is thought that a mutation in the tumor suppressor gene TP53 might predispose to the development of FEP [5]. Similarly to BCC, the suggestion has been made that mutations in the PATCHED gene, which provides inhibitory signal in the Hedgehog pathway, could also lead to the development of FEP [2,3,5]. Further studies are needed to further elucidate the genetic predisposition of FEP.

The definitive treatment for FEP is complete excision. The tumor is considered an indolent basal cell carcinoma with no metastatic potential. Other treatment options include electrodessication and curettage, cryosurgery, or Moh's micrographic surgery [2,3].

Consent

Written consent was obtained from the parents of the patient for publication of this case report. A copy of the written consent is available for review by the Editor-in-Chief of this journal.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors' contributions

ZP reviewed the literature and prepared the photomicrograph, NH drafted the manuscript, and DPS conceived, revised, and submitted the manuscript. All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

References

have read and approved the final manuscript. References 1. Pinkus H: Premalignant fibroepithelial tumors of skin.

1. Pinkus H: Premalignant fibroepithelial tumors of skin. AMA Arch Derm Syphilol 1953, 67:598-615. PubMed Abstract Return to text

2. Su WM, Fromer E, Fung AM: Fibroepithelioma of Pinkus. Dermatology Online Journal 2006, 12(5):2. PubMed Abstract Return to text

2006, 12 (5) : 2. PubMed Abstract Return to text 3. Mehregan D: Premalignant Fibroepithelial Tumor

3. Mehregan D: Premalignant Fibroepithelial Tumor (Pinkus Tumor). [http://www.emedicine.com/DERM/topic346.htm] Emedicine 2006. Return to text

webcite
webcite
] Emedicine 2006. Return to text webcite 4. Terrence MK, Ravis MS, Perkins MS, Moores BW,

4. Terrence MK, Ravis MS, Perkins MS, Moores BW, Billing DS: Expression of Androgen Receptor by Fibroepithelioma of Pinkus:

Evidence Supporting Classification as a Basal Cell Carcinoma Variant? Am J Dermatopathol 2007, 29(1):7-12. PubMed Abstract | Publisher Full Text Return to text

5. Saldanha G, Fletcher A, Slater DN: Basal cell carcinoma: a dermatopathological and molecular biological update. Br J Dermatol 2003, 148(2):195-202. PubMed Abstract | Publisher Full Text Return to text

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