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AN INTRODUCTION
TO
GREEK EPIGRAPHY
CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS WAREHOUSE,
C. F. CLAY, Manager.
Hontron: FETTER LANE, E.C.
lasgofo : 50, WELLINGTON STREET.

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ILnpjtg: F. A. BROCKHAUS.
#efo gorfc: THE MACMILLAN COMPANY.
Bombag anti Calcutta: MACMILLAN AND CO., Ltd.
[All Rights reserved.]
AN INTRODUCTION
TO
GREEK EPIGRAPHY
PART II
THE INSCRIPTIONS OF ATTICA
EDITED BY
E. S. ROBERTS, M.A.
MASTER OF GONVILLE AND CAIUS COLLEGE
AND
E. A. GARDNER, M.A.
YATES PROFESSOR OF ARCHAEOLOGY AT UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, LONDON
;
LATE FELLOW OF GONVILLE AND CAIUS COLLEGE,
AND FORMERLY DIRECTOR OF THE BRITISH SCHOOL OF ARCHAEOLOGY AT ATHENS
(ambrifcjge
:
AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS,
1905
rox or ,,
t
(Eambrfoge
:
PRINTED BY JOHN CLAY, M.A.
AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS.
PEEFACE.
The present volume, for which the two persons whose names are
undersigned are jointly responsible, is in continuation of the plan
outlined in the Preface to Part I of the Introduction to Greek
Epigraphy edited by E. S. Roberts in 1887. The design of this
work was that of a Handbook to a complete Corpus Inscriptionum
Graecarum. Part I dealt mainly with the history of the Greek
alphabets in the period ending with the closing years of the fifth
century B.C. and was illustrated by inscriptions from all localities of
the Greek world. The volume now edited contains a representative
selection of Attic inscriptions and follows closely the arrangement
of the Corpus Inscriptionum Atticarum. For this purpose the work
of collecting the material both for text and for commentary was to a
great extent completed by the editor of Part I before the collabora-
tion began. In so far as the work may be justified by its usefulness,
the editors have hopes that others may be induced to extend the
plan so as to cover the whole range of the volumes henceforward to
be known as Inscriptiones Graecae, about which a few words are
said below.
The study of Greek Inscriptions at this day needs no defence.
Though we may be warned by those who would minimise the
importance of this branch of letters that its evil tendency is
"
to
encourage the habit of conjecture" and that it induces a "temptation
to convert the uncertain and indefinite into the definite and certain,"
yet these are faults of which we are less and less likely to be guilty,
as the monuments are multiplied and the ground of inference becomes
safer and the basis of proof is extended. And if we concede that in
such an inscription as that of the Tai< <j>6pov (no.
17) and the long
series of Quota Lists, of which nos. 106

108 are types, we have a


singularly incomplete record of the Athenian system of tribute, yet it
is no slight compensation that these Quota Lists parade before us the
greatness of the Athenian Empire more vividly than the continuous
narrative even of a Thucydides. If inscriptions bring nearer home
viii
PREFACE.
Vol.
Fasc. ii. Inscriptiones Lesbi Nesi Tenedi.
W. Paton. 1899.
Fasc. in. Inscriptiones Symes Teudussae
Teli Nisyri Astypalaeae Anaphes Therae et
Therasiae Pholegandri Meli Cimoli. F.
Hiller de Gaertringen. 1898.
Fasc. iv. Inscriptiones Coi et Calymni.
Fasc. v. Inscriptiones Cycladum.
Pars prior. Inscriptiones Cycladum prae-
ter Tenum. F. Hiller de Gaertringen.
1903.
Pars altera. Inscriptiones Teni insulae.
Indices.
Fasc. vi. Inscriptiones Chii et Sami.
Fasc. vn. Inscriptiones Amorgi.
Fasc. viii. Inscriptiones insularum maris
Thracici et Hellesponti.
Fasc. ix. Inscriptiones Euboeae.
IG xiii xiii Inscriptiones Cretae.
IG xiv xiv Inscriptiones Siciliae et Italiae additis graecis IGSI
Galliae Hispaniae Britanniae Germaniae
inscriptionibus. G. Kaibel. 1890.
Even this long list does not include the inscriptions of Asia Minor
and of Egypt
1
. And as in 1877 it was decided to furnish with
Indices and to abandon any idea of completing on the existing plan
the original Corpus Inscrip>tionum Graecarum of August Boeckh
and, instead, to undertake the enterprise of re-editing the whole
store of ever-multiplying texts; so again we learn that in 1903 it
was determined to bring to a premature completion the Corpus
Inscriptionum Atticarum and to issue no further Supplemented If
an apology were needed for fresh editions of Selections on a reasoned
plan and intended for purposes of orientation, it would be found in
the confessed inability of the great scholars to grapple with the
overwhelming mass of their material.
In the printing of the texts restored portions appear in Clarendon
type as in Part I, and these portions have been enclosed in square
brackets. Occasionally within the square brackets a letter or letters
are given in ordinary type when so much of the letter survives on
the stone as to leave no possible doubt of the form originally en-
graved. Letters in curved brackets are substituted for forms which
are on the stone, but obviously due to the engraver's error. Angular
1
Of these we have a foretaste in the recently published Orientis Graeci
Inscriptiones Selectae of W. Dittenberger, To students of later Greek history
Dittenberger's work is little short of indispensable.
PREFACE. ix
brackets denote letters found on the original, but clearly superfluous.
In the case of inscriptions written in the Attic alphabet a complete
list of alphabetic forms is given at the head of each. In later or
'
post-Euclidean
'
inscriptions the alphabetic forms are either referred
to one of several types illustrated on Plate iv at the end, or
individual letters are explained by reference (a
1}
a
2
etc.,
ft, ft)
to
varieties of forms given on Plate in. A few facsimile reproductions
are given either in the text or on Plates I, II. Some of these
reproductions, as well as some of the inscriptions, are repeated from
the Attic Section of Part I, as representing certain categories of
subject-matter; while in Part I they were intended to illustrate
only the successive phases of the Attic alphabet.
Where the spiritus asper is expressed by an alphabetic symbol
in the original it appears in the text spaced off from the word :
thus
HOP05
pre-Euclidean, is given as
c
6pos,
OPOZ,
post-Euclidean,
as 6po<s.
The original lines as they appear on the stone are printed
separately and not continuously, as in Dittenberger's Sylloge or
Michel's Recueil, where the separation between lines is marked by
a vertical stroke. The object has been to show as far as possible
the general local relations of the various parts of an inscription, and
with this view sometimes an inscription with unusually long lines is
printed on two facing pages (cf. nos. 70, 106, 109).
In the Commentary following each text the editors have
endeavoured where it was possible to treat the particular text as
typical and as illustrative of others of the same class. In many
instances, with the view of avoiding repetition in the notes, a
prefatory
'
Remark ' introduces a special category of inscriptions,
such as no. vi
(p.
127) on the formulae of decrees after 307/6 B.C.,
or no. viii
(p.
145) on the Ephebic inscriptions. It happens not
unfrequently that an inscription may be classed under more than one
head. Thus a document which may be technically a decree or a
pendant to a decree falls more naturally under another head, such as
that of finance ; the so-called
'
Hecatompedon ' inscription (no.
132)
is a case in point.
As regards the enumeration of authorities, when, as for instance
in the case of inscriptions discovered half a century ago or earlier,
the list of previous editors and commentators is very long, it has
been deemed sufficient to refer to the original list in the Corpus or
other collection. Those students to whom the use of this work may
possibly prove an incentive to further research, will as a matter of
course and as the next necessary step turn to the longer works
R. II.
b
vi rREFACE.
to us the Greek political institutions, the great struggle for freedom,
the writings of Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon, and if they realise
to us the innumerable details of private life about which history is
silent ; if in the search for new matter or the investigation of old
they take our younger scholars to the scenes in which these documents
once played a living part and stimulate them to a yet more determined
attempt to unravel the tangle of the past ; then we may persuade
ourselves that the humble task of introducing the classical student
to this branch of archaeology, which in its serious aspect is hardly
half a century old, may reasonably claim a measure of indulgence
for inevitable shortcomings in its execution.
In the selection of inscriptional texts no attempt has been made
to give an exhaustive series under any one category. The aim has
been to represent each class of subject or type. The work is in no
sense intended to take the place of the Corpus
;
it will indeed have
partially failed in its object, unless the genuine student of Greek
Epigraphy is encouraged by it to make use of the larger works and
the literature of which even those larger works do but contain a
summary. Of those larger works the most important for the present
purpose is naturally the Corpus Inseriptionum Atticarum. Such at
least till recently was its title
;
but a footnote on
p.
322 draws
attention to a change in the mode of reference to that and to the
parallel volumes containing the inscriptions of other parts of the
Greek world. After our 20th sheet had been printed off, there was
issued to all known possessors of the Corpus, which is still in
process of completion, a notice to the effect that the nomenclature
was henceforth to be changed. It will be convenient here to give
the full list of titles by which the volumes of the Inscriptiones
Graecae are now to be known. In the right-hand column is given
the abbreviation hitherto in use, in the left-hand column the new
abbreviation :
Inscriptiones Graecae.
Vol.
IG i i Inscriptiones Atticae anno Euclidis vetus- CIA i
tiores, A. Kircbhoff. 1873.
IG i Suppl. Supplementa and Indices 1877, 1887, 1891. CIA iv 1
(Hitherto called Corpus Inseriptionum Atti-
carum. Vols, i and iv.)
IG ii ii Inscriptiones Atticae aetatis quae est inter CIA n
Euclidis annum et Augusti tempora.
U. Koehler.
IGv V
IG vi VI
IGvn VII
PREFACE. vii
Vol.
IG ii 1 Part I. Decrees. 1877. CIA n 1
IG ii 2 Part II. Public Accounts etc. 1883. CIA n 2
IG ii 3 Part III. Dedications etc. 1888. CIA n 3
IG ii 4 Part IV. Indices. J. Kirchner. 1893. CIA ii 4
IG ii 5 Part V. Supplementa (hitherto entitled Corp. CIA iv 2
Inscr. Att. Vol. iv, Part II). 1895.
IG in in Inscriptiones Atticae aetatis Romanae. W. CIA in
Dittenberger.
IG in 1 Part I. Decrees, Dedications etc. 1878. CIA in 1
IG in 2 Part II. Sepulchral Inscriptions etc. Indices. CIA in 2
1882.
IG in 3 Part III. Appendix. Defixionum tabellae CIA in 3
in Attica regione repertae. R. Wuensch.
1897.
IG iv iv Inscriptiones Argolidis. M. Fraenkel. 1902. IG Pel.
(Hitherto Corp. Inscr. Graec. Peloponnesi et
insularum vicinarum. Vol. i. Inscriptiones
Graecae Aeginae Pityonesi Cecryphaliae
Argolidis.)
Inscriptiones Arcadiae Laconicae Messeniae.
Inscriptiones Elidis et Achaiae.
Inscriptiones Meguridis et Boeotiae. W. IG Sept. i
Dittenberger. 1892.
(Hitherto Corp. Inscr. Graec. Graeciae Sep-
tentrionalis. Vol. i. Inscriptiones Graecae
Megaridis Oropiae Boeotiae.)
IG vin vin Inscriptiones Delphoram : edentur consilio
et auctoritate Academiae Franco-Gallicae.
IG ix ix Inscriptiones regionum Graeciae septentrio-
nalis voluminibus vii et viii non compre-
hensae.
IG ix 1 ix Part I. Inscriptiones Phocidis, Locridis, IG Sept. in 1
Aetoliae, Acarnaniae, insularum maris
Ionii. W. Dittenberger. 1897.
(Hitherto Corp. Inscr. Graec. Graeciae Sep-
tentrionalis in. Part I.)
IG ix 2 Part II. Inscriptiones Thessaliae.
IG x x Inscriptiones Epiri Macedoniae Thraciae
Scythiae.
IG xi xi Inscriptiones Deli
;
edentur consilio et auc-
toritate Academiae Franco-Gallicae.
IGxnl,2etc. xn Inscriptiones insularum maris Aegaei praeter IG Ins.
Delum.
(Hitherto Inscr. Graec. insularum maris
Aegaei.)
Fasc. i. Inscriptiones Rhodi Chalces Carpathi
cum Saro Casi. F. Hiller de Gaertringen.
1895.
cri
350
viii
PREFACE.
Vol.
Fasc. ii. Inscriptiones Lesbi Nesi Tenedi.
W. Paton. 1899.
Fasc. in. Inscriptiones Symes Teudussae
Teli Nisyri Astypalaeae Anaphes Therae et
Therasiae Pholegandri Meli Cimoli. F.
Hiller de Gaertringen. 1898.
Fasc. iv. Inscriptiones Coi et Calymni.
Fasc. v. Inscriptiones Cycladum.
Pars prior. Inscriptiones" Cycladum prae-
ter Tenum. F. Hiller de Gaertringen.
1903.
Pars altera. Inscriptiones Teni insulae.
Indices.
Fasc. vi. Inscriptiones Chii et Sami.
Fasc. vii. Inscriptiones Amorgi.
Fasc. viii. Inscriptiones insularum maris
Thracici et Hellesponti.
Fasc. ix. Inscriptiones Euboeae.
IG xiii xni Inscriptiones Cretae.
IG xiv xiv Inscriptiones Siciliae et Italiae additis graecis IGSI
Galliae Hispaniae Britanniae Germaniae
inscriptionibus. G. Kaibel. 1890.
Even this long list does not include the inscriptions of Asia Minor
and of Egypt
1
. And as in 1877 it was decided to furnish with
Indices and to abandon any idea of completing on the existing plan
the original Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum of August Boeckh
and, instead, to undertake the enterprise of re-editing the whole
store of ever-multiplying texts; so again we learn that in 1903 it
was determined to bring to a premature completion the Corpus
Inscriptionum Atticarum and to issue no further Supplementa. If
an apology were needed for fresh editions of Selections on a reasoned
plan and intended for purposes of orientation, it would be found in
the confessed inability of the great scholars to grapple with the
overwhelming mass of their material.
In the printing of the texts restored portions appear in Clarendon
type as in Part I, and these portions have been enclosed in square
brackets. Occasionally within the square brackets a letter or letters
are given in ordinary type when so much of the letter survives on
the stone as to leave no possible doubt of the form originally en-
graved. Letters in curved brackets are substituted for forms which
are on the stone, but obviously due to the engraver's error. Angular
1
Of these we have a foretaste in the recently published Orientis Graeci
Inscriptiones Selectae of W. Dittenberger. To students of later Greek history
Dittenberger's work is little short of indispensable.
PREFACE. ix
brackets denote letters found on the original, but clearly superfluous.
In the case of inscriptions written in the Attic alphabet a complete
list of alphabetic forms is given at the head of each. In later or
1
post-Euclidean
'
inscriptions the alphabetic forms are either referred
to one of several types illustrated on Plate IV at the end, or
individual letters are explained by reference (a
lt
a
2
etc.,
/?
1? /?2)
to
varieties of forms given on Plate ill. A few facsimile reproductions
are siven either in the text or on Plates I, II. Some of these
reproductions, as well as some of the inscriptions, are repeated from
the Attic Section of Part I, as representing certain categories of
subject-matter; while in Part I they were intended to illustrate
only the successive phases of the Attic alphabet.
Where the spiritus asper is expressed by an alphabetic symbol
in the original it appears in the text spaced off from the word :
thus
HOP05,
pre-Euclidean, is given as 'opos,
OPOZ,
post-Euclidean,
as o/oo?.
The original lines as they appear on the stone are printed
separately and not continuously, as in Dittenberger's Sylloge or
Michel's Recueil, where the separation between lines is marked by
a vertical stroke. The object has been to show as far as possible
the general local relations of the various parts of an inscription, and
with this view sometimes an inscription with unusually long lines is
printed on two facing pages (cf. nos. 70, 106, 109).
In the Commentary following each text the editors have
endeavoured where it was possible to treat the particular text as
typical and as illustrative of others of the same class. In many
instances, with the view of avoiding repetition in the notes, a
prefatory
'
Remark ' introduces a special category of inscriptions,
such as no. vi
(p.
127) on the formulae of decrees after 307/6 B.C.,
or no. viii
(p.
145) on the Ephebic inscriptions. It happens not
unfrequently that an inscription may be classed under more than one
head. Thus a document which may be technically a decree or a
pendant to a decree falls more naturally under another head, such as
that of finance ; the so-called
'
Hecatompedon ' inscription (no.
132)
is a case in point.
As regards the enumeration of authorities, when, as for instance
in the case of inscriptions discovered half a century ago or earlier,
the list of previous editors and commentators is very long, it has
been deemed sufficient to refer to the original list in the Corpus or
other collection. Those students to whom the use of this work may
possibly prove an incentive to further research, will as a matter of
course and as the next necessary step turn to the longer works
R. II.
b
x PREFACE.
themselves. On the other hand every effort has been made to note
the latest serviceable contributions to the elucidation of the texts.
As a rule the reference to published collections of Inscriptions has
been confined to those which are accompanied by Commentaries;
thus in the headings there appears no mention of C. Michel's valuable
Recueil des Inscriptions Grecques, though this work is included
among those which are noticed in the Comparative Tables,
pp.
527 sqq.
In the Commentary much has been omitted which is clearly
accessible to the student by reference to the various Lexicons and
the Dictionaries of Classical Antiquities
;
and admirable as is the
desire of Dittenberger to attain thoroughness, it has not been thought
desirable in every case to imitate him, e.g., in tracing through a
tedious variety of references the pedigree of some person or official
historically unimportant. Sufficient examples however will be found
in the notes to illustrate the method which may be followed by
students whose object is historical research.
The Index follows the plan adopted in Part I. It is not
classified, but the entries are alphabetic throughout, whether the
words are Greek or English. For speed in usage this arrangement
seems to the editors unquestionably the most convenient. No
attempt has been made as, e.g., in Dittenberger's Sylloge (in which
the Index occupies 462 pages, or about a quarter of the bulk of the
whole work) to include every proper name, personal or geographical,
but only, as a rule, those which find mention in the notes. The
student is recommended in any case where an explanation already
given is not repeated in the Commentary to refer to the Index.
A study of the Index will reveal the great variety of subjects treated
of in the inscriptions or the commentary and will, the editors believe,
fully justify the ample scale on which it has been compiled.
In the Preface to Part I the editor tendered his thanks to the
Syndics of the University Press for the trust they had placed in his
hands and pleaded in explanation of the tardy appearance of the
volume the pressure of onerous official duties. He also expressed
his sense of grateful acknowledgement to the authorities of the
University Press for their invaluable assistance in lessening the
difficulties incidental to the printing of a work of this kind. The
joint editors of the present volume desire in no way to fall short of
the acknowledgements freely made by the single editor in his former
Preface.
E. S. ROBERTS.
E. A. GARDNER.
INTRODUCTION.
The Attic Alphabet.
A brief history of the Attic alphabet from the earliest times to
the archonship of Euclides, 403 B.C., was given in Part I of the
Introduction to Greek .Epigraphy,
pp.
74107. Its evolution was
traced through thirteen successive periods, each illustrated, where
it was possible, by inscriptional monuments. Though in the history
of the Greek alphabets as a whole the lapse of seventeen years since
the publication of Part I renders it necessary that much should be
re-written or re-stated in the light of later discoveries, there is
nevertheless singularly little to alter in what has been said of the
Attic alphabet. A complete and detailed description of the Attic
alphabet does not come within the scope of the present volume.
But it will conduce to the usefulness of the following pages if we
repeat in the barest outline the substance of what was said under
the head of Attica in Part I. And for this purpose we may condense
the thirteen periods there suggested into a smaller number, while we
add the caution that as in the case of the larger number the border
line between period and period is necessarily more or less arbitrary.
The distribution then into the following periods will be found
convenient.
I. Before 625 B.C. Retrograde (and /^ovo-rpoc^SoV) writing.
Letters resembling the Phoenician, e.g.,
^>
= a,
Q
=
h, crooked iota
;
[Koppa,
Q]
; the form of A is
1
not i .
II. 625575 B.C. (approximately).
Q
= h
}
iota is straight,
U
= A,
Q
is in use. There is no example of doubling of consonants.
The direction of writing varies between R. to L., f3ov<TTpo<f>r)$6v and
L. to R. A solitary example of
Q
for in a retrograde inscription,
IG i Suppl. 373
2
p. 79, indicates a very early struggle between the
old and the new form.
III. 575525 B.C. (approximately).
H
takes the place of
g
O
frequently appears for
0,
M towards the end of the period yields
62
xii INTRODUCTION.
t
M) ^
once, and strangely in a retrograde inscription no.
336,
supplants
^,
indicating a very early acquaintance with Ionic forms.
Besides this,
X.
is on
h
T
once found IG I 485. By the middle of the
period the retrograde and f^ovarpo^^ov styles appear to have gone
completely out of use and the practice had been begun of doubling
consonant signs. The slanting forms


had almost disappeared
before 560 B.C. The cttoiy^Sov arrangement had begun by 560 B.C.
IV. 525480 B.C. (approximately). <g) or before the end of
this period finally gave way to
Q
; the form
/v\
is firmly established
;
X.
appears once (IG I Suppl. 373
7
)
and -|- finally yields to
X-
V. From about 480 to 445 B.C. By the end of this period the
letters had become established in the forms which, with the characters
adopted from the Ionic alphabet, they maintained unaltered, except as
regards
/\
=
y
and
[,
= A, long after the Archonship of Euclides. These
forms were
ABA[r]AElHlK
or
KU[A]M
(not
AA) NOPP^TY^
(no longer
) X-
Of
A
the only form after 460 B.C. is
A;
after
447
g
and
21
appear only instead of

and
$.
The period is
characterised further by great uncertainty in the use of (-j
= h, which
is frequently omitted or wrongly added. Sporadic examples indeed
of this misuse appear in very early times, e.g.,
gfcXfl
IG" I Suppl.
373 a (about 600 B.C.),
^OHO^IAH
(Sigean monument, circ.
470 B.C.), IGA 492. In this period the Ionic symbols for double
consonants begin to show themselves, e.g.
J/
in a decree IG I 13
belonging probably to the period 464 457 B.C. (cf. no.
5, p. 11, note).
YI. 445403 B.C. The principal characteristics of this period
are
(1)
the increasing fluctuation in the use of the sign for spiritus
asper,
(2)
the encroachment even in public documents of Ionic forms.
The inscriptions in the Attic alphabet given in this volume fall
under the several periods as follows :
I. No. 390 only.
II. Nos. 173, 174, 189, 332334, 363, 391.
III. Nos. 1, 175, 176, 187, 364-368.
IV. Nos. 3, 132, 177, 178, 188, 191, 193, 336, 392394.
V. Nos. 2,
48, 181, 192, 194, 196, 197, 335, 337345, 359.
VI. Nos. 927, 9799, 107110, 114118, 179, 180, 182,
183, 185, 186, 195.
INTRODUCTION. xiii
The post-Euclidean aljihabet.
1
The decree which makes the archonship of Euclides indissolubly
associated with the history of the alphabet marks the end rather
than the beginning of an era of transition. During the closing
years of the fifth century the characteristic letters of the Ionic
alphabet, [~,
f-|
= rj,
/\
= h-,
^, % fl
are frequently found even in
official inscriptions, and the full system of Ionic writing was not un-
common in private documents (cf. Ro. I
p. 1,
103 sq.). Amongst the
administrative reforms which mark the archonship of Euclides was
a decree proposed by Archinus, a well-known statesman who was
also famous for his grammatical studies ; this decree ordered that in
future all official state documents should be written in the Ionic
script ; and, probably, also that the same Ionic alphabet should be
used for instruction in writing in all schools. How general the
demand for such a change must have been, and how universal its
acceptance when once made, is sufficiently attested by the fact that,
while Ionic letters are common in pre- Euclidean inscriptions, early
Attic letters in post-Euclidean inscriptions are unknown. The only
apparent exception is offered by such conventional formulae as
HOPOS
on a boundary stone.
The regular Ionic alphabet of 24 characters may be taken as the
starting point for the history of the post-Euclidean alphabet, and
the influence of the older Attic script need not be considered. The
normal forms are those given as alphabet type 1 on PL iv.
ABrAElHOIKAMNOPPTY4>xy.fl
But for some slight modifications, to be noted later, these
remain the forms in regular use throughout the fourth and the
third centuries, the only real alteration being the occasional appear-
ance of ["] (with equal limbs) after the middle of the fourth century.
As to signification, the only change that calls for notice is the
gradual discarding of the use of
O
anc^
E
fr the spurious diphthongs
ov and 64, After about 376 B.C. the use of

for ei became unusual,
though it continues to occur sporadically in inscriptions down to the
close of the fourth century. The similar use of O
for ov lasted a
little longer; but it almost disappears about 353 B.C., though also
occasionally found in inscriptions of the latter part of the fourth
century, especially in proper names, in the article, and in the case
terminations.
1
For a fuller treatment, see Larfeld, Gr. Ep. n.
pp.
450-564.
xiv INTRODUCTION.
Deviations from the normal forms of the letters, other than
that already mentioned, are to be regarded as belonging to the
style and technique of the cutting rather than to any essential
change in the form intended. The commonest of these is the
omission, either from carelessness or for the sake of simplicity
and rapidity of cutting, of unessential parts or sometimes even
of essential parts of letters. Thus
A E H N =E P
have the cross
bar omitted and become
A C I I I I H I
'
;
similarly the dot of
the
O
occasionally disappears, leaving only
O >

is simplified
to
0>
and' in the latter part of the fourth century, to
+
or + . In
some cases there was no harm in this; in others it leads to great
ambiguity, as in
AOHNAIRN^'A^aiW,
POAAATAOA
= va\X
ayaOa. It is hardly worth while however to chronicle all such
forms
;
they really represent a tendency which always invades any
system of writing that is extensively used, and which is only
checked by the fear of complete illegibility. This tendency appears
as early as the beginning of the fourth century, though it naturally
increases in later periods as the style of cutting grows more careless,
and is common down to Roman times, when it disappears.
In the fourth century, as in the fifth, the strokes of the letters
are usually of even breadth throughout their length. It is true that
when the chisel is held obliquely, as it is in rapid cutting, the
strokes tend to become thicker and deeper at one end than the
other ; but this tendency remains incidental, and is not in any way
conventional or recognised during the fourth century in Athens,
though a few marked instances occur
1
. We also find, occasionally,
an inclination to curve some of the strokes
;
but this tendency is
commoner elsewhere than in Athens, and never had any strong
development
2
,
but for an occasional
T".
The style of cutting in the earlier part of the fourth century
does not differ essentially from that of the fifth ; in the best examples
it is wonderfully even and perfect in form ; and the o-toiy^SoV
arrangement is almost universally observed. The official inscriptions
belonging to the time of Lycurgus (338326 B.C.) have a character
of their own, which consists chiefly in the neatness and minuteness
of the characters. The forms of the letters are not essentially
different from those of the earlier part of the century ; but the
tendency to simplify characters by the omission of minor strokes is
1
e.g. Loewy IGB 64, 65, 69, 83.
2
cf. IGB 69 with 89 (Sicyon). The wedge-shaped strokes also occur at
Sicyon IGB 86, 400380 b.c.
INTRODUCTION. xv
prevalent. Towards the end of the century the tendency to wedge-
shaped strokes receives a check. Prof. Loewy notes that about this
time a conservative influence seems to come in, which prevents the
style of cutting from further degradation or development for a
century or more; and he attributes this arrest with much probability
to Demetrius Phalereus, whose influence upon such things at Athens
cannot easily be exaggerated. It follows that there is but little
change to chronicle in the Attic alphabet during the third century;
it is indeed very difficult, if not impossible, to distinguish by its
appearance an inscription of the close of the fourth century from an
inscription of the beginning of the second. The only facts worth
mentioning are that (~| is occasionally found and
~JE
becomes fairly
common, though
p
remains the usual form, and = is by no means
unusual.
The second century, on the other hand, is an age of changes
both in the forms of letters and in the style of cutting. The greatest
of these changes is a formal and conscious adoption of an ornamented
system of cutting, in which the open ends of strokes and the angles
where two strokes join are adorned with what are called apices

that is to say, minute cuts set at an angle of


45
to the main stroke,
usually one on each side, thus
J
;
where two strokes meet, the
apices sometimes take the form of a prolongation of each of the
strokes. The origin of this system of apices, or, as they are
sometimes more correctly called, swallow-tails, is not difficult to
trace. We have noticed that there existed already in the fourth
century, in Athens and more still outside it, a tendency towards
wedge-shaped strokes. When these were cut deep at one end, the
form naturally produced was
<^^7
;
and in this we have the
essential form of the apex-writing clearly indicated. The desire for
such a decorated and florid system of writing is of course in accord-
ance with the taste of the period. The earliest example of systematic
apex-letters that can be dated belongs to about 210 B.C.
1
;
in IG n
1,
307 however, which is probably to be dated shortly after 290
2
B.C., it
is noted that minute apices are used as part of an affected elegance
in cutting.
The system does not however become usual until about the
middle of the second century B.C.; from this time forwards we find
the apex forms, side by side with the simple forms which they never
1
IGn 5, 1161b.
2
Larfeld,
p. 476, says 240 (possibly a misprint).
xvi INTRODUCTION.
entirely supersede, down to the end of the second century a.d. The
apices vary somewhat in shape; sometimes they consist merely of a
short stroke at right angles to the main one, and so are not unlike our
printed capitals, except that in
^
and
y^,
for example, they are not
parallel to the line of the writing. The extent to which apices are
used varies in the different letters of the same inscription
;
some,
B for example, rarely have any apices except in a few late and very
florid examples
;
but, the general principle of ornamentation being
given, the stone-cutter probably exercised a certain amount of
discretion as to how far he should apply it to individual letters.
The following are the changes in the actual shape of the letters
that accompany the introduction of apex-strokes. Some, such as
P
or V
(about 220 B.C.), are merely decorative
;
others, such as II or TT,
show an essential change in form. \^\
and
,
with parallel end
strokes, come to replace those which have all the strokes sloped
equally. The earliest recorded instance of
[^
dates from 284 B.C.
;
but it did not become common until about a century later
;
nor does

seem to be used before the end of the third century,
though the lunated or cursive form
C
is found on boundary stones
and like documents as early as the fourth century.
A
or
/\
with the cross-bar bent or curved, comes in about the same time as
the apex writing, with which it harmonises.
~J_
also, for
x>
makes its
first appearance about 180 B.C. The later forms soon met with
general acceptance, and were recognised as normal by the end of the
second century B.C., though the earlier forms were never entirely
superseded ; as soon as they became unusual, they were for that
very reason preferred in inscriptions of an affected archaism. The
only letters which show any independent development are
<,
which
appears about the middle of the century as 4, and towards the end
of it as <, extending above and below the line, and
0,
which now
occasionally appears as
0,
a form which in the next period becomes
prevalent. In the first century, beside the continuation of the pre-
ceding tendencies, a new one comes in, which from this time forward
has a very considerable vogue
;
this is the prolongation upwards of the
right-hand stroke of
}\ )\,
of
\
and sometimes of
A>
thus opening
the way for the development of the now familiar cursive forms.
We also find about the beginning of the century the first appearance
of

=

; and e occasionally has the middle stroke separated from
the stem, especially in apex writing,
^
. ^ is now universal.
In inscriptions of the Imperial age we find a variety and
inconsistency of writing which makes it often impossible to date
INTRODUCTION.
xvii
them approximately by the forms of the letters, and sometimes
causes confusion with inscriptions of an earlier date, owing to
conscious imitation. In monumental inscriptions large and florid
examples of apex writing are found
;
in others we find the system of
prolonging the strokes above or below the line in
)\ A,
(fee, to
which
}\
was now added, cb and
y,
and even, occasionally,
|\^.
For
6 we find in addition to earlier forms, and
Yx(
for rj, on the
analogy of
J^
. There are also fanciful variations such as 2 for w,
g
for
J3,
and
j
or
^
for . Cursive forms,
C
and occasionally
Q),
which had existed in script as early, probably, as the fourth
century B.C., now come to appear sometimes also on stone. By the
end of the first century A.D., the system of apex writing disappears,
though cross strokes at the end of the main ones are still found ; and
cursive forms intrude still more into inscriptions ; in addition to
those already mentioned we find L
= A.,
1L= fi
f
and
^
=
.
The Hadrianic age is a time of revival and imitation, in epigraphy
as in everything else. Consequently we find not only imitation,
usually inconsistent and eclectic in character, of all sorts of earlier
forms of letters, but even an attempt to revive, in a few instances,
the obsolete alphabet of pre-Euclidean times ; this occurs, for
example, in some inscriptions set up by Herodes Atticus. On the
other hand, we also find in this same period many new and fanciful
forms. The apex strokes are sometimes revived, with the addition
of such exaggerated forms as
]>?;
we find square or diamond shaped
letters, such as $
=
0, Q
or

=
a, <t> or A =
<f>, [^
= w, not to speak of
other variations too numerous to mention, in which individual fancy
ran riot. For the latest period of ancient Attic epigraphy there is
little to chronicle, except a continual and chaotic use of all sorts of
forms, earlier and later. Apex writing disappears entirely soon
after the Hadrianic age. On the other hand, forms belonging to MS
cursive intrude more and more, including
^
= a,
{^
rj, b
=
p
and
JL
= <o. The development into Christian and Byzantine epigraphy
lies outside the scope of the present volume.
LIST OF FREQUENTLY OCCURRING ABBREVIATIONS
USED IN THE WORK.
Abh. Abhandlungen.
Ah. Akademie.
'A#.
y
Adrjvaiov.
AJA. American Journal of Archaeology.
Anecd. Anecdota.
Ar. Aristophanes or Aristotle.
A.Z. Archaeologische Zeitung.
BCH. Bulletin de Correspondance Hellenique.
Blass Ausspr. F. Blass, Aussprache des Griechischen (English Translation
by W. Purton).
B.M.I. Greek Inscriptions in the British Museum.
Boeckh >S^.
3
A. Boeckh, Staatshaushaltung der Athener. Ed. 3 by M.
Frankel.
Bull. d. Inst. Annali (Bullettino ed Annali) dell' Instituto di Corre-
spondenza archeologica di Roma.
Ca. P. Cauer, Delectus inscriptionum graecarum propter dialectum
memorabilium. Ed. 2.
CIA. Corpus Inscriptionum Atticarum. (See Preface
p.
vi.)
CIG. Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum.
CI. Classical.
Corn. St. Cornell Studies in Classical Philology.
C. R. Classical Review, or Comptes rendus.
D. W. Dittenberger, Sylloge inscriptionum graecarum. Ed. 2.
D.A. Dictionary of Antiquities.
Bar. and Sagl. Daremberg and Saglio, Dictionnaire des Antiquites
grecques et romaines.
AeAr. AeXriov dpx<uo\oyiKov.
D. L. Deutsche Litteratur-Zeitung.
Droysen Hell. Droysen Geschichte des Hellenismus.
Ecp.
dpx-
y
E(prjfxep\s apxaioXoywr).
Frazer Paus. J. G. Frazer, Pausanias's Description of Greece. Vols. I

VI.
Froehner Inscrr. Musee National du Louvre
;
Les inscriptions grecques,
interpreters par W. Froehner.
G. and H. Grenfell and Hunt, The Oxyrhynchus Papyri.
G. and J. P. Gardner and F. B. Jevons, Manual of Greek Antiquities.
Gesch. Geschichte.
GGA. Gottingische gelehrte Anzeigen.
Gilb. C. A. Gilbert, Greek Antiquities (Tr.).
Gott. Nachr. Nachrichten v. d. kgl. Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu
Gottingen.
xx LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS.
Gr. Grammar, Grammatik, Graechisch, Grecque.
H. and V. Harrison and Verrall, Mythology and Monuments of
Ancient Athens.
Head H. N. B. V. Head, Historia nummorum.
Hdb. Handbook or Handbuch.
Herm. Hermes : Zeitschrift fur classische Philologie.
H. G. History of Greece.
IG. Inscriptiones Graecae. (See Preface
p.
vi.)
Inscrr. jur. Dareste, Haussoullier and Eeinach, Recueil des In-
scriptions juridiques grecques.
Jalirbb. Jahrbiicher fiir classische Philologie.
JUS. Journal of Hellenic Studies.
Kirchhoff Stud. A. Kirchhoff, Studien zur Geschichte des griechischen
Alphabets. Ed. 4.
Larfeld Gr. Ep. W. Larfeld, Handbuch der griechischen Epigraphik :
II die attischen Inschriften.
Lb., Leb. P. Lebas, Voyage archeologique en Grece et en Asie Mineure,
with continuation by MM. Waddington and Foucart.
L. S. Leipziger Studien.
Loewy. E. Loewy, Inschriften griechischen Bildhauer.
M. and S. Meier und Schoemann, Der attische Process (J. H. Lipsius'.
Meisterhans Gr. K. Meisterhans, Grammatik der attischen Inschriften.
Ed. 3.
Mich. C. Michel, Recueil descriptions grecques.
Mitth. Mittheilungen des deutschen archaeologischen Instituts in Athens.
jSIommsen. Heort. or Feste. A. Mommsen, Heortologie or Feste der Stadt
Athen.
Monatsb. Monatsberichte.
Mtiller Hdb. J. Muller, Handbuch der classischen Altertumswissen-
schaft.
Newton Essays. Charles Newton, Essays in Art and Archaeology.
ITaX. Hakiyyeveaia.
P. and B. Pape u. Benseler, Worterbuch der griech. Eigennamen.
P. and H. Paton and Hicks, Inscriptions of Cos.
Parth. Parthenon.
Philol. Philologus, Zeitschrift fiir das classische Alterthum.
Reinach Ep. Gr. S. Reinach, Traite d'Epigraphie grecque.
Rev. Arch. Revue Archeologique.
Rev. Ph. Revue de Philologie.
Rh. Mus. Rheinisches Museum.
Sb. Sitzungsberichte.
Schaefer Bern. Schaefer, Demosthenes und seine Zeit. Ed. 3.
Schmidt Chron. Adolf Schmidt, Handbuch der griechischen Chronologic
St. or Stud. Studies or Studien.
Swoboda Volksb. H. Swoboda, Die griechischen Volksbeschlusse.
Szanto Biirgerr. E. Szanto, Ueber attisches Burgerrecht.
Yerh. Verhandlungen.
CONTENTS.
(The figures in black type here and throughout the book refer
to the inscriptions.)
PAGE
Preface v
Introduction :
The Attic Alphabet xi
The post-Euclidean Alphabet ...... xiii
List of abbreviations xix
Errata xxiii
Inscriptional texts and commentary :
Section I. Decrees of the Senate and People
1
69 . . . 1-190
Remark i. Formulae of decrees ...... 2
Remark ii. Formulae of Honorary Decrees, Proxenia-decrees
and Euergesia-decrees 33
Remark iii. On Attic numeral signs 44
Remark iv. Post-Euclidean formulae of decrees . . 85
Remark v. On the public Secretaries (ypapparels) . 89
Remark vi. Formulae of decrees after 306/5 B.C. and re-
arrangement of the prytanies ...... 127
Remark vii. The Ephebic Inscriptions .... 145
Remark viii. Decrees of the Imperial period . . . 183
Section II. Decrees and letters of Foreign States and of the
Amphictyonic Council 7073 191-204
Section III. Decrees of Tribes, Demes, Cleruchs, Clans, Phra-
triae, Guilds and other Associations 74 91 .... 205-243
Remark ix. Formulae of Decrees of Tribes, Demes etc. . 205
Note on (pparpiai, yevj], O'kmtol etc. ..... 227
Section IV. Imperial Ordinances, Laws, Edicts and other
documents
92
96 244-255
Section V. Finance 97131 256-376
Treasure lists
(97,
101
105); Disbursements for state-
purposes
(98, 99) ; Accounts of Sep\ixiti <d
(100)
; Accounts
of the Logistae (106
109)
; Accounts of the Poletae
(110
112); Accounts of the eKaroaral (113); Accounts
of the Curators of Public Works (114
118)
; Accounts of
XX11 CONTENTS.
PAGE
the Curators of Dockyards (119, 120) ; Accounts of the
Delian Ainphictyony
(121, 122) ; Accounts of other
public officers (123
125) ; Contracts and leases (126

131).
Remark x. i. The Treasure Lists ; ii. Public Accounts
Remark xi. The Tribute Lists ......
Note on contracts for buildings at Eleusis ....
Section VI. Administration of temples, regulations for ritual,
oracles, edicts of priests, foundation of a sanctuary, erection
of a taurobolic altar 132143 ......
Section VII. Official lists of various kinds ; magistrates,
prytanes, ephebi, arbitrators, ships' crews, mercenaries,
agonistic lists, didascaliae 144172
Remark xii. Lists of Prytanes ......
Section VIIL Dedications, public and private, including
Agonistic and Choragic Dedications, and inscriptions on
statue-bases etc. 173245
Remark xiii. Choragic dedications ....
Section IX. Inscriptions on the seats of the Theatre of Dionysus
246307
Remark xiv. The later numeral alphabet .
Section X. Artists' signatures, Inscriptions on Statue-bases
and other Honorary Inscriptions 308331
Section XI. Boundary Stones and Mortgage Stones 332358
Remark xv. Mortgage Stones .....
Section XII. Sepulchral Monuments 359389 .
Section XIII. Miscellaneous : inscription on Dipylon vase, on
a ahrrjp, on ostraka, tesserae judicum, list of demes, list of
books, memorial inscriptions, defixiones, tachygraphy 390

409
List of Demes, with Demotics
Comparative tables
Addenda
Plates
Index
256
288
369
377-390
391-430
396
431-466
434
467-475
475
477-489
490-497
494
498-513
514-524
525
527
535
537
545
ERRATA.
PAGE
7 no. 5 1.
4, for
'Apre/xi'5i read 'Apre^uSt.
12 1. 33, for irb\iv read ttoKlv.
42 1.
30, for
38 read 37.
44 1.
2,
/or setting read settling.
47 col. 2, frg. t

v, 1.
4, for
a|xa read
dfj.a.
47 col. 3, frg. z, 1.
15, for
['
A\(a]7r[i]KouvrjaLo read -<tiol.
54 no. 21, in list of alphabetic forms,
for also
X
read also y.
57 1.
5,
/or 'A0. tto\. read Ar. and Ath.
58 1. 3 from bottom, for ftiov read
filov.
60 no. 23 1. 4, for Aeovrls read Aeuvrls.
61
,,
1. 31, for Nea7ro\?Tai read Neo7r-.
62 1.
22, for
Aeovris read Aecovris, and for CIA 188 read CIA i 188.
68 1. 26, for
Fraser read Frazer.
69 no. 26 1. 3, before 8e dele the point.
80 no. 32 A 1. 19, for ovs read os.
94 1. 10, for
Isontas read Tsountas.
122 1.
14, for 10 read 9.
124 no. 47, in the preliminary note, after Koehler add ^tolxv^ou.
134 1. 19, for aplastre read aplustre.
135 1.
5, for 98 read 99.
137 1. 3 from bottom, for P
read
p.
155 no. 59 1. 5, after e/^PoXufAO) insert a comma.
161 1. 29, dele the sentence See...Epidaurus.
168 no. 62 1.
10, for 'Apre/mldi. read 'Apre/Mdc.
181 1.
12, for 1887 read 1877.
182 1.
25, for
Schaeffer read Schoeffer.
188 1. 21, for 91 read 92.
193 1.
6, for
auTwi read avTu.
223 no. 84 1. 71, after Tpeii insert a comma.
226 1.
17, for
92 read 91.
235 no. 90 1. 6, for Ai/[tcovivov read 'Av\TU)veivov.
236 no. 91 1. 14, for avaKTrjaai read avaKTwcai.
1. 15, after doy/xara insert dash.
241 dele the note on 1. 14.
243 1. 4 from bottom, after 633 insert
(
=
141).
251 1. 5, before 5 insert comma.
xxiv ERRATA.
PAGE
258 The letters a, b in the margin should have headed the left-hand
and right-hand fragments of the inscription respectively.
279 1. 10, for xitwWotcos read x^uvlcwos.
294 1. 8 from bottom, for by read to.
330 no. 118 col. 2, 1. 48, for
^w/xdv rbv read ^oj/jlov tov.
336 no. 119 col. 2, 1. 3, for w^eiXov read uHpetXev.
337 no. 119 col. 2, 1. 69 for Kaiva[<s' read Kaiva[<$
366 1.
21, for 66, 167 read 167, 66.
368 1.
21, for the arddiou eiri tov dedrpov read to diarpov to iirl tov aradiov.
377 1. 6, for 'Ad. read
'
'Ad-nva.
382 1. 4 from bottom, after doubting insert whether.
388 1. 24, after 1061 insert E; after dyadwv, dele E.
400 1. 4 from bottom, for IG i read IG n 1,
401 no. 150, in the note on the alphabet, for eKT-rjs read cktvs ; after
irpeo-fix/Tepos, add iv 8.
407 1. 22, after c. Polycl. insert 1208.
432 no. 175. In the facsimile,
for $ OA$
read
50CDIA5.
447 no. 212. In the note for Phlyae read Phlya.
448 1. 19, for Antigonius read Antigonus.
454 1. 3, after ItidovLcov add full stop.
463 1. 15 from bottom,
for Antonius read Antoninus.
ATTICA.
Section I. Decrees of the Senate and People.
1. Six fragments of Pentelic marble found in the Acropolis, forming
probably only the left half of the original and the right end of 11. The
dimensions of what remains are : H. 0.215 m.
;
Th. 0.13 m. The letters
retain traces of red and blue colouring in alternate lines. Koehler Mitth. ix
(1884) p. 117 sqq.; Ko. i 45
;
CIA iv 1 a p. 57 (cf. p. 131 n 373
229
and p. 164)
;
Lolling AeX-r.
'Apx- 1888, p. 118; Wilhelm Mitth. xxm 1898, p. 466 sqq.; Judeich
ibid, xxiv
(1899), p. 321 sqq.
A..
AS (=e, ei, t?) .
H
(=h)
01 . UM/V [+5
=
?]
O
(=o, ov
y
to)
PI^TV..+
:
;
The first six lines are o-toixtjSoj/, presenting the oldest Attic example of this
style, in which the letters when scanned upwards or downwards appear to be
arranged in a series of vertical columns.
"~E]Soj;v Ttp Stj/jLO) t[ovs l(s) 2]a\a/x[iva
or r[ois 2]aXayLt[iva or -ivi . . .
oiicelv ia(s) ^aXafuvc
[
. . . .
J\.ev
or ^a\afjLivi[ov<s
an t[(\]lv teal arpar[iva-Q]ai
[p,-
r) /jLl[o-Q]ovv, ea(fi) firj oZ/c[fj
]
o
[
ea-
5
v oe [pijcrdoi, a7TOTi\vnv tov (jLur8ot>p.vov Kal tov p.-
utOovvtcl 'eKare[p
e? S[ii]/AOcrto[v
a-
PX\y\
Ta
^
v
[ t-
a $e [']o7rXa 7r[ap4xtT]0a[i t-
io pid[K]ovTa : Bp[a\\i. . . . .
]
f
o[
V hk \r\hv ap^o[vra
6V
:
[cirjt T?}? /3[ov\i]s
'x\
{or 'ore) 'o 8iva irpwTos CYpa|x(iaTVv.
R. II.
1
2 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[1
This ancient decree has been thought to contain provisions for placing the
Attic cleruchs in Salamis on the same footing as Athenian citizens with reference
to financial and military requirements. But, as Wilhelm remarks, the
enactments in 11. 2 and 3 are fitter for subject allies than citizens, and so may
refer to the original inhabitants of Salamis. The leasing of lands appears to be
prohibited. The uncertainty as to the length of the stone on the right makes
any restorations very doubtful. Several complete restorations have been
attempted, but all are very uncertain and some have been disproved by new
fragments as they were found.
To judge from the alphabet the inscription should not be older, or much
older, than 535 b.c (see Ro. i 45 and notes) ; but historical considerations
incline us to push the date back as near as possible to the period of the final
establishment of the Athenian claims to the possession of Salamis, according to
Duncker (Gesch. des Altert. vi
3
p.
244 sqq.) between 575 and 559 b.c. Thus
the decree will be earlier by a century than any hitherto known
; but cf. a frag-
ment CIA iv 1 b, where in any case the form
X
for
x
bespeaks a later date than
that of our inscription.
It is remarkable that the formula in the opening lines is in the name of the
People only. It may be assumed that the Senate in the sixth century had not
yet taken the leading part which it assumed after the reforms of Clisthenes.
2. ea(s)
= eai> (v assimilated to a following) is suggested independently by
Lolling and Wilhelm
;
for oUeiv iav cf. Thuc. in 48, Arist. 'A0. iro\. 22. 4, D
1
.
158, 49 {Ilium ;
letter of Antiochus I Soter) : avvereraxo-^v
'
ApL<jTo5u<i5ri eav
avrovs oineiv.
3. The later (4th century) formula is (XTpareveaOai rds arparias /ecu rds
elacpopas elacpepeiv fxera 'Adyva'uov : cf. CIA n 176, 29 sqq.
4. 5. The cleruchs sent out to Lesbos after its subjugation in 427 b.c
appear to have been compelled to reside: see 16
7;
cf. Foucart, Mem. s. les col.
Atheniennes, p. 347. For documents concerning cleruchies see Index s.v.
9. r& 8e oir\a Trapex^a-daL. W. compares Thuc. vin 97. 1, Arist. 'A0. 7roX.
4. 2; also CIA iv 1 p. 6, 22 a 1. 11.
12. W. notes that the punctuation implies the beginning of a fresh clause,
which can hardly be anything but the date ; for the formula cf. CIA iv 1
p. 125,
557 : ftovXi)
VPX

\.V
8e7va 7rpcDr]os iypap.fxa.Teve 'Pa[puovaLOs]
;
also 3 1. The
date clause is at the end also in the Hecatompedon inscription CIA i 18, 19
(iv 1 p. 57, 58, 128, 138).
Remark i. Formulae
of
decrees. From the middle of the fifth
century B.C. at Athens a more and more regular documentary style
began to prevail, which to a large extent formed the pattern for the
other states of Greece. A normal Attic decree before 375 B.C.
would contain a heading or prescript comprised of the following
elements
;
(<x) decretory formula : c$oev
rfj f3ov\f}
kcu t<2 Sy/xtp, or
cSo^ev
rfj fiovXfj
or &oev ro> SrfjU-o) ;
then the names (b) of the
1
prytanising ' tribe, (c) of the Secretary of the tribe, (d) of the
2]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 3
President of the Ecclesia, (e) of the eponymous Archon (frequently
absent) and
{/)
of the proposer of the decree. For the purpose of
marking the date sometimes the name of the Secretary or of the
Archon or of both appears in a superscription in larger letters, or
is separated by a space from the remaining parts of the prescript.
After the prescript follows the substance of the decree. For more
or less complete examples of formulae see nos 4 B,
7, 9, 10, 18 etc.
;
and see for further developments, Rem. iv, below. The mention of
the Archon's name did not indeed become usual till after 421 B.C.;
but it is also found occasionally on earlier documents, e.g. 12, 13,
also probably 14.
2. On three sides of a stele of white marble, found near the Theseum.
H. 2 ft. 10 in.; Br. 13 in.; Th. 8 in. A fourth side probably contained the
beginning of the inscription. The top is lost. Side A is incomplete on the left
margin ;
side B is nearly complete
;
side C very imperfect. CIG 71 and Add. i
p. 890 ; CIA i 1; iv
p. 3, 4 and
p. 133 where a new fragment is given of side C,
first recognised by A. Stscbukarev and edited by Novossadsky Mitth. xiv
(1889)
p.
410 sqq.
;
B. M. i 2; D. 646. Cf. L. Ziehen Leges Graecorum sacrae, diss.
Bonn. 1896, p. 10 n. 3.
AA&AAE
(= e, L,
v) IH (= h)
OI^UMN
(%o- =
f)
o (= o, ov, co)
PPSTYCDX ($
=
ir)
:
2rotx^56f : except at the end of C, where the crowding of the letters and the
omission of the spiritus asper seem to indicate the end of the inscription.
Side A
(5)
(io)
. . . .
P
6
8p*[x]f*y<r-
. . . . Ka0d]7re[p] rovs . . .
fxe[v]os . 5i . .
tQjv 7r6\ea;[v
OK KO.va.ep
kav tls rcD[v
o^ 17 '6[<r]a
. . 'A0T]VT]](T[t] ifx. [ir]6[\]e
as HiVa .
avr ivc
Side B
[ t-
d] /uev
'
a.Kovai{a.
'^CLTrXr} to, 5e
"
dJKouaia 5(7tX[t]-
i . (T^-rrovdas elv-
CU] TOtCTl jXVCTT-
T]<riv] Kai ro[ts
(tr]6TTTr]cni> [k-
-al tJois dtfoX[o-
vQ]oiaiv Kai [d-
\\<n]crii> t)[v ir-
Side C.
6]/3oX[6v irapd
tov |av<ttov eKao-rJoi; 'iep[oKT]pvx-
S \ap.(3avTaj
r\]/uuuf3[\iov Ka-
0'
i]p.]epaj> [irapd t]o0 fxvarov ftKOio--
rov "\ev. 'ie[po$&]vT7)v 5t /j.i[<rQ6v
\~]a(i[fia]i>eiv fx[varr]r]piois r[ois |x-
]io<riv 7rap[d too) p]i/a-rou '[Ka<r-
t~]ov 6f3o\bi> Kai [tois 6X]ei^[o<riv
\iv]<TT7]p[ois [6poX6v irapd tou
p-
vor]rou 'eKaarov. a
. . . tolv 6eo\lv
.... oxiovi . .
... o 5^ TOV
.
'.
. lov
5pax[p
12
GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
12
(15)
rQi\v irb\\eb)v ir .
XP
e . /3o
<?X
deo
x

v5
(20)
a[ T]ct[s 8i]/cas
. ad .
av ml .
l . . ire
aa[v] tt)v .
(n)
.... aeia a/a[
ep. ir]6Xei . a . a . V6
. . . otol 01 . ea^ 5e
(30)
lit)
[xP
T
i
<^
]
a,
'
^LI' ^ l
"
K]ara raura raura, ecu*
'
ko\otov [ica/rd] rr\v bvva-
(xiv 6<j)Xiv] irpa^ai
5'
^/C7rpa|-
iv, lav 8e jxtj] eyb& rbv bcpXbvra ll-
(35)
t]u) tepcp' eav 8[l . .
]i, 6. XrjdrjvaL ifx Tro[\e-
.... t]^ eXdovaav [/ca]i
'varepov
'
ea
1 rbv
'
Kdrjvalou fir]
(40)
toJ^to;*' tcD^ 7r6\ea>j/ /a-
aadai, eav lit]
iirixwpiav e to
dtvTOL. 't)tls av [t-
div iroXewv] lctj ed^Xrj b[(Kas 8]t
Sovai Kal] dexevda-i [p.T] etj^afi \-
pT)<r0ai. tw t
PV
To
x]
(r
^[v]^0I/
o]^[ir^]a;z//fat ['A0-
T]]i>[a]i'oicrii/ ['d-
iracnv.
dpx^i\y
8-
6 TO**
X^O^ofv
T
"
WI' 0"7TOJ'5ci;j' [tov
Mera7etrj't[a)-
vos /j.Tjvbs d.7r[o
bixoLLrjvias [k-
ai ro^ Botj5/)[o-
fjuuva Kal rod [II
vavoxf/cQvos
fiexpt- beKarri
-
s \o~raixevov . r-
ds be arrovbas
elvai ev rr/cr-
1 irbXecnv 'o[l
av xpcD^rat t<D-
1 'tepy /cat 'A-
drjvaloiaiv e-
K? iv rfjaiv
avrrjai. irbXecr-
iv. roiai be bX-
el^ocri /j-varrj-
pioiaiv rds [o~-
Trovbas elva[i
rod TaicqXiQvo-
s /iirivbs dirb b[i-
\]o/JL7]vLas /ca[l
rbv 'Avdecrrr)[p-
i]cDi>a Kal rod 'EX-
a<prj[3o\iu)vos
LiexPL beKarrj-
s
'
iffrafievov.
av]aXw/xara . . .
veboroL .
s Xap.fiav
. . . . as to . .
. . . evov deXei
re. /XT] e
\ev rb d<^>'
. . . 0. KrfpvKas be yUi/[oue'vovs T-
ovs |x]i;o"Tas '[eK]ao"Toi'
as /cara rdfSje" ae
. TrXijdos evd\y~\veo-8a[i (Jtvpia<r-
l Spa\]fxrjai. p.lv^v b' eT[Vai tois
odai [J.T]]puKU)v [Kal] Ei}[(io\in.8ci)v
t]o0 5e \epov apyvpi[ov to (tev K Ttov
0]77cr[civpa)v yv6u]ev[ov Tap.iii-
cjcr^at [ev 7TpiP]6Xw[i Tta voto-
Q]ev rod rrjs ' Xd-qvaia^s dpx.aov v-
i](b ep. TrbXer t[o] 5e dp[)(CUOV toi-
s 'iepo7roto[i(ri] to[iv 0<hv fc-
u] irbXei raLiievea6[ai
. .] 5 . . . . xev ^ r<2 [icpw
.]
ft
. . . ev rov\s 6]p0[avovs
.] rovs bpcpavovs . 1
\i\varas eKaarov 11
tou]s fujaras rovs 'EXe[v<rivt (ivo-
\i4]vovs ev rrj avXrj
[
tov
ijfpou, rovs be ev darec [p.vouvov-
s]
ev rep HX[i]vaLviu}. [UpOTrototls
r]bv iirl r<3 [3iolic3 iepta Kal t[ovs
t]o(i)j' deolv Kal rbv lepea ro[lv 0Otv
(xio-06v [Pe'Xiov irapd
\]av(3aveiv ^Kaarov rovroj[v tjjjllw-
tov (i]uo*[tou CK^aarov v . . . .
The document appears to be a decree of the People regulating details
connected with the celebration of the Eleusinian Mystery-festival, and in
particular the Mystery-truce, its duration and sanctity, the custody of money
accruing from fines etc., and the payments to be made to priestly officers. It is
evident that a decree like this was not necessary every year; all that had to be
done for the Mystery-truce (Muo-T^ptarrtoes airovbai Poll. 1 36) was to send out
heralds to proclaim it to the neighbouring states.
There is little beyond the forms of the letters to indicate the date. The
combined use of
A, B, P, $, CD
makes improbable a later date than about
450 b.c. and it may well be several years earlier. See the table Part I p.
106
7.
Side A seems to deal with offences against the Holy Truce and consequent
penalties. If D.'s restoration of the last lines may be accepted, any city which
in case of dispute declines arbitration is excluded from participation in the
2]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 5
festival. The first words of side B continue the subject of fines or penalties
;
the remainder (8
47)
specifies to whom the truce both at the Greater and at
the Lesser Mysteries shall apply.
A. 33
HPAXI5
:
the
15
occupying the space of one letter. Lines A 30

33 are restored by Ziehen I.e.


B.
4
8. aKovena : sc. ftXafir).
This was a common maxim of Athenian law.
Cf. Dem. Meid. 527 : dV \ikv eK<hv (3Xa\{/r), dtTrXodv av
5'
clkuv, airXovv to (3\&l3os
KeXevovaiv (sc. oi vo/jlol) eKrlveiv. On d/cotfcria and the unaspirated resolved form
aixwv 25 34 see Meisterhans Gr. p. 57 and 66, and the remarks in Part I
p. 104 sq., on the fluctuation in the use of the splritus asper during the latter
half of the fifth century B.C.
8 sqq. specify the persons for whom the truce secures safe-conduct. In
1315 dXXotatv tCjv irovTrcwv (for the v cf. C 45 Xavfiavetv) complies with the
conditions of space and fits the extant letters. B.'s dov\ot<xtv tCov 'Adrjvaioov
is a letter too long, even if, which is doubtful, the diphthongal ov could be
written
O-
For the sense of 7ro/x7re?s 'participants in a procession
'
cf. 42 14
and Thuc. vi 58. Usener (apud Ziehen I.e.
)
reads /ecu
[x\pV/
xa
]
<7L1/ t&{v
)
[6|0]i'[e]iwj'. Note two grades of the initiated :
(1)
nivarat those who after the
preliminary attendance at the Lesser Mysteries in Anthesterion (February)
had been admitted to the first stage of initiation at the Greater in Boedromion
(September) ; these became
(2)
{ttotttcu
'
beholders' only after a further interval
of at least a year. See Dar. and S., art. Eleusinia, G. and J. 274 sqq. On the
fluctuation between -ots and -otat in the oldest prose inscriptions see Meisterhans
Gr. 98. With the exception of
'
Adr)va'tot<jt in accounts of eVio-rdTcu CIA i 301,
a, 7 (434 b.c.) and oaotcrtv in a deme-decree CIA n 570, 34 (c. 403 B.C.), -otat
appears not to be found after 444 b.c
17 sqq. apxetv 5i kt\. For the formula cf. Thuc. iv 118. 9, v 19. 1, Decree
ap. Andoc. de Myst. 96, Dem. c. Tim. 713 and in inscriptions, e.g. Ko i 291 3:
(Elis) apxoi di kcl rot
(
= r68e, sc. Zeros). The truce begins with
'
the day of full
moon in Metageitnion and (continues) over Boedromion up to etc' The full
moon preceding the festival was fixed as a signal to foreigners that they might
journey in safety to Athens for the Mysteries (Mommsen Heart,
pp.
223 sq.).
The full moon,
8t,xoix.Tivia, would be the 14th or 15th according as the month
was a
'
hollow
'
or a
'
full ' month (Miiller Hdb. i 726). Cf. Hesych. dtxofiyvia'
rb ijfii(rv tov fx-qvbs [tjtol] rrjs aeXrjvrjs, ore TrXrjpoo-eXrjvds 4<TTi.
25. Hvauo\pLU)vos. Meisterhans Gr.
p. 9 cites 22 instances of this form
against one (Ilotavexf/iwva) of the form with e from a late inscription, CIA in
1197, col. ii 17 (238244 a.d.); add ILvavexpi&vos CIA in 77, 9 (not later than
Hadrian).
28 sqq. The local limits of the truce are extended. It is to hold good in
the various cities which join the festival. D. refers ol 1. 30 to an antecedent
'
inhabitants
'
implied in iroXeis. H. explains
'
(for those) who etc'
36 sqq. The duration of the truce for the Lesser Mysteries is specified.
dXdfafft was recovered from the stone by H. and independently conjectured by K.
Meisterhans Gr.
p. 67 quotes three more instances of the form from Old Attic.
This appears to be the only place in which the name rd oXet^u /xvar^pia is given
to rd fiiKpa fx. (Plut. Demetr.
26) or rd iv"Aypats or"Aypas.
Side C. Lines 22 sqq. are given according to the text which K., with the
B. M. edition before him, ventures upon
"
si divinationum lusibus detur venia."
6 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[2
yevbp.evov 1. 29 and roiv deoiv 1. 33 are due to D. Ziehen is responsible for
1

3
and 44-46.
1 sqq. The words \av[/3a]veiv, 6(3o\6v, [av]a\wfxa.Ta, 8pax[/J. . show that
these lines contained directions for payments of various kinds. On the functions
of the iepo(pdvT7]s see G. and J. 275.
11. toIv deoiv. i.e. Demeter and Kore. So far as the evidence of inscriptions
goes, the forms -a, -aiv of the feminine dual were altogether foreign to the
article both in Old and Later Attic: see Meisterhans Gr. p. 50.
13. The
T
is written as a correction over a
A-
22 sqq.: apparently provisions for initiation into the mysteries, an office
which was the privilege (/xveiv
5'
elvai 1. 26) of the K-rjpvKes and the Evp.o\Trl8cu.
From the family of the K'qpvnes came the iepoKrjpv^ and the dadovxos. D. refers
to Andoc. de Myst. 132, where the speaker, evidently belonging to this family,
states that several persons had been initiated by him.
28 sqq. These lines seem to contain directions for the administration of the
sums of money, distinguished as to yevop.evov or interest and to dpxaiov or
principal.
30. By the
'
ancient temple of Athene in the Acropolis ' is probably
meant the old Erechtheum : see Frazer J. H. S. xni 153 sqq. The building in the
precinct to the S. of it was probably a temporary treasury erected before the
present Parthenon or Erechtheum existed. Dorpfeld (Mitth. xn p. 39) would
restore oTriadev, not vorodev, and understand the
'
ancient temple ' to be the one
recently found S. of the Erechtheum ; he then quotes the passage to prove the
existence of its opisthodomus as a treasury at this time. But the mention of
the peribolus seems to exclude such an interpretation. Cf. Frazer I.e.
31. For 7r6Xts = d/cp67roXts cf. the express statement of Thucydides n 15.
The usage is common in inscriptions.
33. On iepoiroioi see G. and J. 276. They helped to maintain the police
at the Mysteries under the supreme control of the Archon Basileus. For other
kinds of iepoiroioi see Index s.v. and Gilb. 262 sq.
37. tovs opepavovs. In the mutilated state of the text the reference to
orphans is wholly unexplained.
3942. These lines refer to some ceremony, probably of preliminary
purification, which the mystae at Eieusis are to perform in the
'
court of the
temple,' and those in the city in the Eleusinium. This last Eleusinium is
doubtless the one below the Acropolis, of which the exact position is still
uncertain. The expression ij av\r]...Tov iepov is peculiar, and it is possible that
the words are not to be immediately connected ; we might restore e'/cros (or
ivTos) tov iepov. For the regulation cf. Lysias c. Andoc. 4: inrep rjfxwv ko.1
dvaidaei ko.l euxds eiercu /card tcl iraTpia rd p.ev ev ry evdade 'EXeucrt^iy rd 5e ev
Tip 'EXevaivi iepi2.
43. This is an enactment as to the payment or perquisites of certain
priests. The iepevs 6 iiri ry /Sw/x.y, who is frequently mentioned in inscriptions
of the Roman period, e.g. CIA in 10, 1031 sqq., 1278, 1279, D. 411, probably also
belonged to the family of the K-qpvKes, as D. has shown. The iepevs toIv deoiv
(tQv must be a mistake of the engraver; cf. 1. 11) may have been the priest of
the Eleusinium at Athens : the title is too vague for an Eleusinian priest.
3]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 7
3. Three fragments of a base of Pentelic marble (evidently forming the
support for an altar-table), broken on the right and on the left; found at
Eleusis. On the upper surface are two round holes with a square hole between.
H. 0.23 m.; L. 0.88 m.; Th. 0.49 m. Pittakis 'E0.
'Apx- 3798; Lenormant
Rech. arch, a Eleusis, 1862, p. 70, no. 25 ; A. Mommsen Heort. p. 257
;
CIA i 5; Eo. i 65. Cf. Michaelis A. Z. 1867, p. 9; H. von Prott Mitth. xxiv
(1899)
241 sqq., who in his restorations has utilised the two fragments unknown
to the previous editors.
AfcAAE
(=e[ei\
97). H
(=/>) OlkUM/V.O {= 0,
ov, co)
"ESofjcJv
[
:
tt)
PovXfj]

zeal [r]co Stj/jlo)

o|V]e Tlapai(3aTr)[$ eypajxyua-reve
irpoT']A,em
j
[0ueiv] rov9 tepcnroiovs
\
EXevatvicov

teal
[

. . . .

k\v
t<S 'EX]eucrt[via)
I T]fj \ Qppbf)
'Evaycovlay

Xdptcnv alya
[

]ov
Hoo-eihjwvl
:
[Kpiojy
;
'Apre/xlSc alya TeXecriSpofMq) \ Tp[nrro\4\i.<a
[
olv ?
5
H\ovT<a\vi
:
A[. .
.]% : eotz^
j rpcrroav
]
ftoapyov \ ev
rfj

eop[Tfj.
This is a decree regulating Eleusinian ritual. In Part I p. 101 it has been
referred to a date somewhere near 475 B.C.; the forms of a and v are old and
the writing is not aroixv^ov, a method which seems to have been firmly
established in the period 468461 b.c. Of the deities named, all but those in
1. 5 were deol TrpoTnj\at.oi, i.e. were deities of the second rank in the Mystery-
rites and had no place in the sanctuary proper. Cf. Rubensohn Mysterienheilig-
thiimer in Eleusis p. 33. For Triptolemus and Artemis this is expressly
attested by Pausanias (1 38. 6). For the whole list of Gods cf. Ar. Thesm. 295.
2. Prott joins irpoTeXeia with 'EXevcxivlw. For the use of the word he quotes
Bekker Anecd. p. 293, 5: 7rpore\etd eari ra du/xara ra irpb (ot)ov drjTrore irpa-yiAaros
dvbfxeva. Aeschylus Ag. 226 calls Iphigeneia 7rporeXeta vaCov.
3. On the epithet evaywvtos applied to Hermes see Pind. PytJi. 11. 10 Schol.
For the gap at the end of the line Prott suggests 'iTrirodowvTi Kpi\6v. Hippothoon
had a heroon outside the precinct at Eleusis in front of the temple of Trip-
tolemus (Paus. 1 38.
4)
;
5. Prott proposes AoXLxy as an epithet of Pluto. There was a hero AoXlxos
at Eleusis, Homer Hymn. Dem. 155. GeoIV : Demeter and Persephone. See
2 11.
rpLTToau fibapxov.
Cf. 9 37, where the form is TpLrrota (so probably in CIA
i 534). The form with -ot- may explain the corruption by the lexicographers
into TpiTTva in times when ot and v were confused in pronunciation. The
grammarian Theognostus (Anecd. Ox. n p. 103) writes the word proparoxytone
;
so also Foucart B. C. H. iv 248. The Tpirroia
fioapxos
was an offering of three
victims of which the chief was an ox. Cf. the expression eKard/m^T) ^ovirp^pos
(Plut. 2. 668 c), i.e. an offering of 100 (or 99?) sheep and one ox. On the
possibly allied rptKreva nrjiia see Index s.v.
8 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[4
4. A block of marble inscribed on two sides; found on the north side of
the Acropolis. Cavvadias 'E<p.
'Apx- 1897, p. 177 (with photograph); S. Keinach
C. R. Ac. Inscr.,
1897, p. 549 sqq. ; D. 911. Cf. Haussoullier Rev. Ph. 1898,
p. 61; v. Wilamowitz D. L. 1898 n. 10
p. 383 sqq.; A. Furtwangler Sb. Ah.
Miinch., philos.-philol. CI. 1898 i p. 380 sqq. ; E. Meyer Forschungen n p.
136.
ABAAE (=e, ei,7f). H(=/) OIKUMN [X*
=
]
O (= o, ov, to)
rP*TY4>X [<P$
=
f]
Side A is trroixydou, but side B only partly so. On side B <r is
^
and in the
last four lines
[~
=7, H
=
??, A
= A-
Side A.
/co? elire [ttj
'AGTrvcua tt} NiK-pJt
'
tepeiav *r) a[v da-
-ttj l doTTtov ij] e 'A07)vaia)v ' aird\yT-
a)v KaTao-rrjo-Jat al to
'
tepov Ovpcvaa-
5
/caOoTt av KaWLKparrjs ^vyypdyjr-
tj, air [jug dco crat Be roi/? TrcoXrjTas enrl t-
?}? Aeo^rtOo? Trpvraveias,
(fcepeiv
Be r-
7)V
'
tepeiav irevrrjKovra Bpa^fia^ /cau
ra crKeXrj ical ra Bep/xara (pepetv rcov Brj-
10 /jLoctlcov, vecov Be olfcoBofirjcraL kclOotl
av KaX\,iKpdr7)<; vyypdyjry /cal /3co-
fxov \l6lvov.
f
Eo-rtato? elire' rpels dvBpas ' eXecrO-
ac ey /3oiA?)?, tovtovs Be /xera KaXXt/cpa-
15 tov]? ^uyypd-^ravTas e7r[i8icu ttj-
1 pov\]^ KCLUOTl airo/x [i<r8a><rai avrolcr-
iv 86jt, tovs [8 irpv-rdvcis h
tov Stjji-
ov ^ve-yKtiv
(?)
Side B.
"EBoj^ev
rfj fiovXf}
kcu tc5 Brj-
ixw. Alyrji? 7rpvrdpev6' Neo/c-
XeiBrjs eypap,pareve'
(
AyvoBr)-
lAos eireardrei. KaAAia? eare' T-
5
fj
' cepela tt}?
'
Adrjvdas T77? Nt-
/a;? irevTrjKOVTa Bpa-%/jLa<; r[d-
4]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 9
9 <y6<ypafx[p\evas ev
rfj
arijX[r\
diroStSovat toi/9 K(o\a/cp[iTas
oi] av KCdkatcpercoat rod
[.
. . .
10 . .]i>09 /jltjvos,
rfj
lep\_d<x. ttjs 'A-
0T]va]/a9 T779 Nt/C7;[s
These two decrees relate to the temple and priestess of Athena Nike, whose
name, occurring on side B, makes the restoration certain on side A. The
earlier decree on side A orders that a priestess of Athena Nike shall be
appointed, that the iepdv shall have a door put to it, and that an altar and a
temple shall be erected. The form ^ on side A indicates a date not later than
446 b.c. while the type of the remaining letters, e.g.
Y
and
|\J>
precludes an
earlier date than 460 b.c. Cf. introd. note on 2. Thus we learn
(1)
that the
hieron existed already, though apparently it was not in good condition,
(2)
that
this famous little temple (rebuilt from the original fragments in 1835) was
designed by the architect Callicrates, who was associated with Ictinus in the
construction of the Parthenon, and also built the Long Walls (cf.
6), (3)
that
the temple was one of the earlier works of the administration of Pericles, being
earlier than the Parthenon, and considerably earlier than the Propylaea; for
the decree is earlier than 6, which is dated for good reasons about the time
when work was beginning upon the Parthenon (447 b.c). Furtw. would place
the actual building of the Nike temple about 425 b.c. after the death of Pericles.
The decree on side B arranges for the payment of the sum assigned to the
priestess on side A
;
it is evidently some years later, as is shown by the
X!",
and
the symbols in the last five lines for
7,
rj, X, w seem to imply a date later than
404 b.c The change occurs after N/c?7s 1. 6, where a letter has been erased
;
and Cavvadias suggests that a decree passed soon after that on side A was
transcribed on to side B after 404 by two different hands.
Side A. 3. chtttj it- olgtQv. The restoration is taken from D. 601, 7
(
Halicarnassus).
4. to lepbv dvpQaai. This may imply either that the entry of the hieron
had never properly been closed, or that the door needed repair; cf. CIA 11 489 b
Add.
p. 420, 16 (putting door to Asclepieum, dupQaai to o\px<xiov Kpbirxfhov). The
hieron was clearly the bastion projecting on the S. of the entrance of the
Acropolis, and surrounded on three sides by the Cimonian wall, on the fourth by
the Pelasgic wall of the precinct of Brauronian Artemis; the entrance must
have been, as now, on the N. side. There are traces of an earlier projection of
the Pelasgic wall on the same site, which may also have been sacred to Athena
Nike.
5
6. ^vyypdxf/ac is the verb corresponding to vyypcupri, the technical term
for the specification in a building contract ; cf 6 6, 19 16, 215, CIA 11 1054, 1.
airo/Mo- 6uxxcu: the regular word for letting out a contract; cf. 6 6, 21 6; the
TrwXrjTal were officers whose business it was to arrange such contracts for the
state.
7, 10. For the perquisites of the priestess cf. D. 601 {Halicarnassus)
; the
same inscription
(1. 22)
gives us the interpretation of t&v 5r)ixo<riui> = TQv dvo/xevcov
d-nnoffiq. ; cf. also D. 627 {Miletus), 632 {Athens), etc.
13. Three commissioners are appointed by a supplementary decree ; the
10 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[4
construction of the temple is considered too great a matter to leave to the
architect and the TruXrjTai.
15. Wilam. compares Arist. 'A0. iroX. 49 : tKpivev 8i irore kolI to. irapaSei-
yfj.a.Ta Kal rbv iriirXov rj ftovXrj.
16. The restoration given fills the space. The Kadon air ofxiad'wcrat av
avToh 86^7} of Caw. assigns an improbable position to the av, unless the
restored ol 8i p.77 <pQ>a[tv av of CIA iv 2, 135 e, A i 6 affords sufficient support.
For avToiatv see 2 B 8 sqq. note.
Side B. 4. This is probably the same Callias who proposed the decree
no. lO, in 435 b.c. ForWd-rjvdas 1. 5 see Index s.v.
8. KcoXaKpercu. These officials appear to have had the control of the public
treasury in the fifth century ; ol KCoXaKperai. ot av /cwXa/cperwcrt means the
/coAa/cperat for the time being; cf. CIA I 51 tovs re o~[tpartlyov\s ot av eKaarore
dlpxovres Tvyxdvcocriv] /cat rot's apx[ovT~\as tovs 'Adrjvalcov ol av K[d<JT0T
apxwcri. The verb KooXaKperw is found also in CIG 3660 (Cyzicus). The ten
dwodeKrat appointed by Clisthenes gradually ousted the /cwXa/cperat from their
functions, and in the fourth century entirely superseded them. Cf. Arist. 'A0.
7roX. 7 with 48.
10. Uo<rec8Lui]vos : the payment would naturally be made at the end of a
semester: D.
5.
"
Athenis olim prope Erechtheum. Marmor, quum traiiscriberetur, fuit
maxime oblitteratum ; hoclie ne superesse quidem videtur. Nos habemus ex schedis
vetustis Koehlerianis, hand dubie Fauvelii" Boeckh CIG 73
b
(Add.
p. 890 sqq.).
CIA i 9; D. 8; H. 23. Cf. Busolt Gr. Gesch. in 1 p. 225 sqq.
ABA
(and [")
AE (= e, ec,
v) [\ H (= h)
OIKAMN [X*
=
fl
O
(=o,ov,co)
P
(and
n) RSTY
[>] [<M
=
f]
[The forms
[~
and
f~|
are obviously errors of Fauvel's copy, which has also
H
for
I
in 11. 10, 18.]
eweo-rarec, A[. . .] t [. . ctirc
-
'Epv0pai]ofj d7rd[7]ei|>] cr to' [is] Tlavadrjvaia to. p[e7]d[Xa d][ia fit]
\clttov]os 7) TpiQv p.vdv Kal v[i]p\_eC]v ~E,pvdpaiu)v [t]o[i]s Trapovo-[c Ttov
Kpewv T]oi)<t>s 'te[p]o7ro[t]ot)s [8paxfJ-v1v
['eK]d[ffT]u)' [i]dv 8[e] d[7r]d,77?[rai |iV
5 [py]
ata [8]e r[pt]tD[i/] fiv[Q]v /ca[r]d rd<s> el[pr)/j.]ev <r)> a, 7rpi[aa]6aL [rovs'ie-
poiroiovjs '[iep]e[l]a, tov [8e hr\]p.ov [r]cD[v] ['Ep]i>[0pa]tw[i/] 6[<pctXet]i> a[v]a[y]pa[(pe<rQa.i
twv 8c K]pzCov oa oao~ . . . \ov ru[i f3]ovXofj.evcf.
'T&pudpaL&v [a]ir-
6 K]vdfxcov (3ov\ri[v] [el]va[i] e[t]/co[cr]t Kai [']eKaTov tiv[8]pas' tov Si [kv<x-
p.e]v[6]iv[T]a [8oKLiJ.d'<;eC\v iv [t]t? [(3]ovXrj Kal [pl]t] [6e/xtT]6v elvat /3ouXe[viv p/r|86
lO ?va] 6\([tf]ov rj Tp[t]dKovTa e[rrj y]eyovoTa' Sloo^iv
8'
elvai [Kara
t]u>[v i\X]e[y]xo[^C\ivu{y]. ftovXeveiv 5e fir] ivr[o]s TeTrdpuv i<L>Tu>v. [d-
Tro]KvafAevo-a[i] [8]e /cat /caTao-jV^crat [vv]v p.iv [tt]]v fiovXrjv [t]ovs [eVt-
cr/c67r]ous /cat tov [<p]p[ovp]apxoi', to 8e Xotirbv Trj[v~\ fiovXrjv
Kal tov [<ppovp~
apxov [TtDJp, (3ov\ev<r6v[TUJv e/c]a[o-r]ov ['E]p[i^p]dcrt Trfpiji' [ejcrtei'at [Is fr\v
15
dp\]7ji' opvvvai [fiev A]ta /ca[l] 'AttoXXw /cat A7?u?7[Tpa, i~\irapCo[p.z\vo\y k%-
5]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 11
(ak]etav e[cfUT<3 eiriopKovvn k]cu 7rat[o~]ti> e[ai/T]ou' 6[jxvvvat] 5e \t]6v o[p-
ko]u /ca[r]d [']if[p]wv [/ca]to[yae]fw[f]* [r^]*/ 5e (3ov\r]v [ttj]v (3ov\[euovaav] ra[5-
ra [ai>
ay
]Kd[ei]u' [ia]v 8e /ultj, elvai [f]?7//,ttD<rat
[x
t
]^[
t
'
a
]
<r
[
t
]
I/
[^P
a
XK
,i
n
<rt
rj] 6 av [']o dijjmo[s] 6 ['Eipudpai^wv [avr]ov[s] /cara[j3]a[X]eti> [i//]?7[0tcr]^r[at.
-2o 6yt'[(.']va[i] <5[e Ta]5e [tt]V /3]ou\t7I'* [BJoiAetfcrw ws av [5i>]//w[p.at d/)]t<ra"7-[a Ka-
i] 5[i]/ca[t6ra]ra 'Epu#pattof tu TrXrjdei /cat
'
Adrjvaiojv /cat twi/ [-
v]pyud[)(Juw, []at ou/c [dtroo"]r77(ro
/
aat
'
AdrjvaLwv tov Tr\X\f)dovs ovde [tco-
v] ^vvjLL&xtev twv ' Adrjvaiojv ovt' avros eyih o[i']r' d[XX]a> [7r]e[t]croyu[at,
otj8'] av[T^ofJLo[\rjaco^ ovt' avros iyw o6t' dXXw[t ir]et[(ro[Jiat ovSe
c
evi'
25
ou8] Twv [0V"y6]z'[t]wi/ [Kar]a5^o,uat ou5[] '^a o#r' [ai)r]6[s 700 ovt'
aX.\to]i 7ria[o/x]a[\., twv Is] Mrjdovs [(pvy~\6[vTU>]v
,
dfeu tt^s
[y]H~
4
^
u,
?
s ttjs
>
A0T]]^atajj' /cat roO [St^uoi/ [o]u5 tow fxevovTuiv <?eXw [d']^[eu] r[^]s [7Vwjjl-
T]s t]?5s
'
Ady]vaicjv /cat [rou SJ^/xoi;
-
eav 8e r[t]s d7ro/cr[et]//??[t 'Epv-
0pat]oj erepov 'Ep[v0pcu]oi>, Te#[v]dra;. edz> [de tov~\ [d]et[0i7ta
30
Ka.Tcvy]/' <e> wcr^^t, <p~\evye"TOj [/cat]
'
A[9rjv]as /cat tt)[v~\
'
Adrjvaiwv w/xax[t8a,
Kal T]d
xPW
aTa Sr]/j.6o-[ia ^<tt]w 'JZpvdpaiuv. eav 8[4 r]t? [dX]u)[i irpo-
8i8]oi)s ro[t]s rupdi'j'ots rr;^t [ttoXij' ttjv] 'Epi/#pat[w]i> /cat . . os . .
, Tedvaroo [/cat] 7rat5e[s ]ot e e[/c]e[t]i>[of], ea\y p.~\rj 0. .
. . . .ov[s]
^x
o
[
VT^
'
OL
]
7r[ct]toes [']ot e [i]/ce[t]vou [es tov 8t}|xov
35
tov] 'Epvdpaiw[v] /cat [to]v 'Adrjvaiwv d7ro[0]ai'[^]tu[crt]j'. rd oe xpfv^uara
[
Tov 'aX-
ovto]s /cara[^]eVr[e]s a7r[a]/'T[a
'01
Tr]atoes r[6 'T^ata]); [a7roX]a[pdvTa>v
(?)
to
8 8T]fji-u]f(T^a; (?). /ca[rd] ravra /cat [edv tis 'aXw tov
8]?7[i
a]oj' tov 'Adrjvaiwv [irp-
o8]t[5oi)]s
7}
[tt|v <j>poupdv ti^v] 'EpvOpacri. t
eo tov [7"]6|[apxov(?) t]6[^]
'
Adrjvaicov ....
40 VTa oe . 01; eye[a] a7re[p tois k"nC\r)ix< t > oDcrt [r]u;!> ^i'/u.[
i
a]dxw[i'
j^a fxtveiv to \_<fip]ovp[C\ov [r]o^[6r]as 5e/ca
oveas . . . LoaaooGifxaGTOseivevKTavo
irap/x . ovTovyj- ovKadevavec 'opoiraoKiyy
aipeicrGai ti^v (3ovX-qv tt)v] /3ou\e[vovcr]a^ ai>[8p]as [']f[7rr]d e[/c] t[?}]s (pvXrjs 'eKacrTrjs .
x
45
4
>
P^P
a
]PX[
I/
]
7
,
Adr}vai<T><j}v tov OKOptv tovs i/m. . oeox
The corrupt state of this most interesting inscription is sufficiently indicated
by the type. Our only authority appears to have been a very inaccurate copy
by Fauvel. The text is that of Dittenberger, who has to some extent improved
upon the text of the CIG and CIA (Kirchhoff)
;
but the restorations must in
very many cases be accepted with great reserve.
The inscription is a decree, probably belonging to the age of Cimon (circ.
464457 B.C.), concerning the establishment of a democratic constitution for
Erythrae, which had it seems become subject to Athens. It was just about this
period that several allied states, which had been up to that time autonomous,
were reduced to the condition of vtttjkool. That the date was previous to 446 b.c.
is shown by the use of
$
(Table Pt I,
pp.
1067).
1. Kemains of the prescript. See Rem. i, p. 2.
2 sqq. Text of decree: 11.
2
7 contain instructions for contributions to be
made by the Erythraeans for the Panathenaic festival, just as we learn (Schol.
on Aristoph. Nub. 385 ev tois YiavaOrjvaioL^ iraaai at awb tlov 'AdtjvQv airouaadelaai.
irbXeis
fiovv Tvdrjaofxevov eirepurov) that the Attic colonists used to send oxen
;
11. 728 deal with the constitution of the Senate of Erythrae including
12 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[5
(11.
20
28) the oath to be sworn by the individual senators
; 11. 28 sqq. contain
the sanction ; nothing can be made out of the utterly corrupt lines 38end.
2
7. The contribution of the Erythraeans is to be worth at least three
minae ; the sacrificial priests are to distribute to each Erythraean present a
drachma of the flesh of victims. If the contribution is worth less than three
minae, the priests are to buy victims and the Erythraean demos is to be
registered as indebted for the amount spent.
7 sqq. The Erythraeans must elect their Senate in democratic fashion dirb
Kvduwv (cf. Kva/meva), airoKvafjievui). Each person so selected by lot must undergo
SoKL/uaaia
;
he must be at least thirty years of age (a regulation also of Attic
law). Unqualified persons may be prosecuted and if convicted are debarred from
acting as senators for four years.
11 sq. On the ewiaKOTroi. sent out by Athens to the subject states see
Boeckh, St.
:i
i 480 sq. Frankel (ib. n
3
note 643) holds that their office was only
temporary and that they were despatched only on special emergencies; cf. 16 7.
"EattIukoitol and cppovpapxos are mentioned together on CIA i 10 (also a decree
concerning Erythrae). The words vvv p.h ttjp (3ovXr)v are the correction of D.
(based upon the frequent substitution by Fauvel of
O
for
E
and
^
for
f\|)
for
Boeckh's and Kirchhoff's tt)v p.ev rews fiovX-qv.
The meaning of the passage is
apparently as follows : the iirio-Koirot and the <ppovpapxos are in the first instance
to select by lot and appoint the (BovXr), but in future the j3ovXr) for the time being
and the (ppovpapxos are to undertake that duty.
14, 38. 'Epvdpacn. (cf. 1. 18). This form (and -rjac) of the dative plural of
a-stems survived in Attic inscriptions down to about 420 b.c
;
see Meisterhans
Gr. p. 94.
15. For the practice of swearing an oath by three deities cf. CIA i 2 b, 12 sqq.
and for the general formula of the oath cf. 7 21 sqq.
17. /card hpGiv Kcu.op.tvuv. Cf. the Andaman mystery-inscription DI. 4689.
2, where however the genitive absolute is used without the preposition.
20. apiavTo.. Meisterhans Gr. p. 68 notes that before k,
x,
t, 6 a sigma,
medial or final, may be found doubled in the most diverse periods.
21, 22. w/xdxw. On the frequent non-assimilation of v in composition
(in the words e*i>, avv, wav, itoXlv, eKarov) in early times, see Meisterhans Gr.
p. 87 sq.
24. ovde kvl : 25 oudt eva. These resolved forms are common in the sixth
and fifth centuries B.C.; cf. 7 12 and fiyd' 'evt CIA I 77, 6 (before 403 b.c)
; 30 11
(394387 b.c).
25. Karade^ofxaL'. i.e. receive back from exile. See reff. in L. and S.
27, 28. tov drjfiov: i.e. of the Erythraeans.
29, 33. redvaTU}. For a collection of examples in Attic and other dialects
of perfect and pluperfect forms of dvriaKw without k and tense-vowel, see Kuhner
Gr. i
2, p. 443.
32. rots Tvpavvois. By this expression may be meant the oligarchs alluded
to by Aristotle, Pol. vill (v) 6. 5 (kclI iv 'Epvdpals de iirl rijs r(bv Baai\{.5Qv
6\(."yapxi-as iv ro?s dp%cuois xpo^cus, Kaiirep /caAcDs eTLp.iKofiivwv tCjv ev rrj
7ro\treig, ojjlojs 5td to U7r' oXLywv apxecrdai. ayav
a
ktwv 6 8tj/j.os /nere^aXe ttjv tto\l-
Teiav) and others. See Grote H. G. Pt n ch. xiii.
6]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 13
6. A slab of Pentelic marble, broken above, found in the Acropolis.
Foucart B. C.H. xiv
(1890) p. 177
;
Lolling Ae\r. d
Px
. 1889, p.
254
;
CIA iv 1,
26 a p. 140. Cf. K. Wernicke Harm, xxvi p. 51 sqq. ; Wilamowitz Aristoteles
u. Athen n p.
202 note 5 ;
D. 16.
A.. AE
(=e, 6L
)V)
. H(=/0 OlkUM^ [X
=
f]
O (= o, ov,
g>)
ire
r\rjv iroXtv . \_cl\o ....
OLKo[S]o/jL7]aaL
I
o\ir<a-
9 av \
hpairerT]^ par] e[<r-
5
C\r) : firjSe \o)7roBvr[r]-
s]
;
ravra 8e %vyyp[a-
-v/ra[i] fjuev Ka\\L/<p[d-
t]t/
\
f
07ra)9 aptara /c[a-
l evreXearaTa ovc[e-
io vacrai [drr^opiLaOcoaa-
i] Se rov[s] 7rcoX?;T[d]?
c
o-
a)? av
:
evros e^r]-
vl\ovtcl rjfjbep6)v eiTLcnc-
i\vda6rj.

(fivXafcas 8e
15 &\vcll rpels fiev Tofo-
r]a9 Ik tt}?
<frv\f)s
rfjs
T^pvTavevovar}^.
This is the concluding part of a decree ordering the erection of a building in
connexion with the police-protection of the Acropolis. This building may have
been either
(1)
a wall barring access to the Acropolis or
(2)
a temporary or
permanent guard-house at its entrance. D. observes that the word i-maKevd^eLVy
1. 13, indicates a repair (perhaps of the wall) rather than a new structure, and
the time-limit of 60 days, 1. 12, precludes the idea of a large undertaking. For
the architect Callicrates see 4. The character of the letters
/VV
beside
^
(see Pt I, p. 107) well accords with a date not far from 447 B.C., in which year
the building of the Parthenon was begun. Probably the police precautions of
our decree were designed to protect from depredations the building material and
other stores, not enclosed in special treasure-houses, accumulated for the
construction of the Parthenon; and the exclusion of SpaireraL also from their
natural asylum in the temple-precincts may have been a (perhaps temporary)
measure rendered necessary by the difficulty of distinguishing them, especially
at night, from XunroStrrcu.
2. F. [iv ry iaodu) ttj is t~]t}v ttoKlv [(pp]o[vpiov] olKodo/jirjaai. L. [nad* ciTTa^]
oiKodo/uLrjaat.
6. vyyp&ij/cu: see 4 5.
14 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[6
14 sqq. The fact that the ro^oraL are to be taken from the prytanising tribe
shows clearly that they could not have been Zicvdai; in fact, as Wilamowitz I.e.
points out, in the fifth century the To^brat might be taken from the roll of Attic
citizens. Cf. Andoc. in 7, CIA i 54, 17 : [/card] <pv\as Toxicrorai 5e/c]a; 79, 2 rovs
ro^oras toijs re d(rr[t/coi)s /cat rots ....]). For the /xh not answered by a 5e in
1. 15 see Index.
7. Found in the Acropolis in 1876; a companion stele was originally
attached on the left. Kumanudes "ftpa 19 June 1876; 'A0. v p. 76 sqq. ; Foucart
Rev. Arch. 1877, i p. 242; Koehler Mitth. i 184 sqq.; CIA iv 1, 27a; H. 28;
D. 17. Cf. Wilamowitz Phil. Unters. i 87 sqq.
ABAAE (= e, L, rj)
ZEH
(=h, once 1. 11
= r/)
OIKU
(slightly
leaning)
MN [X
=
f]
O (= O, ov, a)
PPPTY*X [<PZ=^]
1tolxt)56i>. The form
P
in Attic seems to be confined to inscriptions
belonging to about the middle of the 5th century. See Table in Pt I, p. 106
;
and for the early encroachment of Ionic forms, as
H^^,
see ib. p. 103.
'
Ej8o^6p
rfj [fijovXfj
Kal too hrjjxcp. 'Ai/rto^t? e[irpvT-
dveve, Apa/c[ov]Tt5^? iireardreL. AioyvrjTOS elire'
Kara ra8e [r]6v op/cov Ofjuocrai \\6rjvaiayv t-
r)v /3ov\r)i> Kal tovs SiKacrrci^' ovk ie\(o Xa-
5
\fci8eas %
XaX/c/So? ovSe rrjv ttoXlv dvd-
crrarov ttotjcfco, ovBe 18lcot7)v ovheva drc/Jb-
ooaco ov8e
(f>vyfj
^ficcoaa) ovSe ^vWTJyjro-
ixat ovhe diroKTeva) ov8e %pr)p,ara dtyaiprj-
aofiai dfc[p]iTov ovBevbs dvev rov StJ/ulov tov A0-
io 7]vcll(ov, ovS* iirf^rrj^LOi Kara dirpoaKXyrov
ovre Kara rod kolvov ovre /card ISlwtov ovB-
e evos, Kal Trpeafteiav eXOovaav Trpocrd^co
7Tj0O9 /3ovXtjv Kal hrjfjiov heKa rj/juepcov, orav
7rpvTavevco, Kara to hvvarov ravra Se i/nir-
15 i\Swo~(o XaXKiSevaiv ireiOopbevoi^ tQ>
Stf-
p.]a> rw 'Adrjvaleov. 'opKcocrao [8]e irpeo-fieia-
v] iXdovaav e^ XaA,/aSo? fxera
rcov
(
opxa)T00-
v
'
AOrjvaiovs Kal diroypd-yfraL toi><? 6p,6aavr-
a<$.
f
07r&)9
3'
dv [6]fi6o-(oo-Lv diravres, iirifJieX-
20 6ct0(dv 01 cn[p]aTr)>yoL
Kara rdSe Xa.A./aSea? ofiocrar ovk d7ro\cr]rt]-
7]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 15
GOfxai dirb tov []t]/jlov tov AOrjvalbiv ovre Te[x]^-
y
ovre piiyavf] ovhepaa ovh' eirec ovhe
epycp, ovhe rw a^icrrafxevw iretcropat, k-
25 al idv d(f)iary T9, Karepco WOr/valoicrL, k-
al tov <popov 'vTToreXco WOrjvaloLcriv ov
av ireiOco
"
AOiivaiovs, Kal ^v\x\xayo<s eao/na-
L 'ot09 CIV hvVWpai apLCFTOS KCU hiKatOT-
<zto9, teal ro5 hrjpbcp rep
'
AOnqvaicav /3o7]$ija-
30 ft) tcai dpLvvdo, iav T9 dhiKrj rov hrjpuov rov
'AOrjvaiayv, Kal ireio-ofjuau tco hr)pb(p tg5 'A#-
rjvaicov. bpbaat he XaXxihecov tovs 't]I3covt-
a9
'
airavras. b<> o' a/n p,r/ ofioarj, cltl/jlov avr-
bv elvai /cal ra
XPVf
jL
{.
a
1
Ta uvtov hiipuoaia, teal
35
TOV A/09 TOV 'OXvpUITLOV TO TTL&KaTOV C6pO~
v] ecrTCt) twv Xpi]p,aT(Dv. 'opicaoaai he irpea/3e-
iav 'AOrjvaLcov iXOovaav 69 Xa\/aS[a] peTa t-
cov 'opKcoTojv tcov iv Xa\/acH Kal diroypdcf)-
crai roi/9 opLocravTas XaXKihecov.
40 'AvtikXt/s elire' dyaOf) Tvyr) tj}
'
AQrivai-
oyv, iroeladat tov optcov ^AOrivatovs Kal Xa\-
Kiheas KaOdirep QpeTpcevo-c iyjr7](f)Lo~aT-
o
r
o hijpos 'o AOrjvalcov.
?
07ra)9 S' av Ta^iaT-
a yiyvrjTac, iirupieXoaOwv
'
ol aTpaTrjyoL
45
oiTives he eI;op/cGoo-ovcrL dfyucopuevot i-
9 XaXxiha eXeadac tov hrjpov irevTe avhp-
a9 avTLtca pdXa. irepi he toov 'opbrjpwv dirofc-
pivacrQai ^LaXKihevcruv, otl vvpu fiev ^AOrj-
vaiois ho/cel iav Kara tcl e^jriic^LapLeva,
50
or[a]i> he hotcr), fiovXevcrupLevoi irorjaovat ttj-
v htaXXa[y]r]v icaOoTi av hoKrj eiriT7][s]e(,o-
v elvai
'
AOrjvaiois real XaXtcchevcrLv. tovs o-
e %evovs tou9 ev XaX/aSt, 'oaoi oltcovvTes
pur) TeXovcrcv
'
A6i]va^e teal el tco hehoTac
55
virb tov hrjpbov tov
'
A6rjvai(ov aTeXeta, tol'9 he a-
\Xou? TeXelv e'9 XaXtciha KaOairep 01 aXXo-
l aXicihe7)<;. to he yjnjipca^a Tohe Kal tov
opKOv avaypatyai Adjjvrjcrt fiev tov ypa-
ppb[a\rea t^9 /3ovXtj<; iaTqXr) XiOivri Kal k-
60 aTaOelvat 9 iroXtv TeXeai to?9 Xa\/aSe-
16 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[7
0)1 w iv 8e XaX/aSt iv roj
'
tepoj rod Ato9 rou
OXv/jlttlov
'
t) /3ovXr) XaXfuSecov dvaypd-^raa-
a KaraOerw. ravra piiv yjr7](pLaaa0ac XaAvc-
bhevGLV.

rd Be
'
tepd rd e/c rwv ^pijapi-
65
wv vrrep Ei)/3o/a9 Ovaav co? rd^iara /jl6t[&
iepo/cXeovs rpeis avSpas '01)9
a^ eXrjrai
7]
j3ov\r)
a<f)o)v avrcov.
'
07r&>9
8'
dv rd^iara rvO-
fj,
01 crrparrjyol crvveTU/ueXocrOwv ical r-
apyvptov e? ravra [Tr\ape)^6vrcov.
70
Wp^eorparo[s] elrre' r[d]
fiev aXXa KaOdrrep ['A-
vri/cXr)$' ras [8]e evOvvas XaXfci&v[<r]t tcar-
a G(f)oi)v avrcuv eivac iv XaX/aSt KaOdrrep A6-
7]VY]glv
'
AOtjvcllois, rrXr/v
(fivyfjs /cat Oavdr-
ov teal drip, las. rrepl 8e rovrcov e(f)eaiv elva-
75
1
'
'Adrjva^e 9 t^ rjXiaiav rrjv rwv deapLod-
erwv Kara ro y}rij(f)icrpLa rod 8r)p,ov. irept Be
<f>v-
Xafcrjs Ei)/3ota-9 rovs crrparrjyovs irnpbeXea-
6ac 'cos dv hvvcovrai aptara, oircos dv eyr\-
1 'cos fleXncrra W6r)valocs.
p
k o 9.
"0
This decree has a special interest as describing the conditions imposed by
Athens on her tributaries in the most powerful period of her empire. It
gives the terms of a convention between the Athenians and the Chalcidians of
Euboea shortly after Pericles had reduced the island, of which Chalcis was the
key, to submission 446/5 b.c. Kumanudes ('A0. I.e.) notes that it is not part of
the 6/xo\oyia mentioned Thuc. 1 114. 2 but gives rather certain modifications of
that bfxoXoyia conceded by the Athenians upon the petition of the Chalcidians.
1, 2. The absence of the name of the ypa/mfiare^s is remarkable at the period
to which this inscription belongs. See Rem. i, p. 2. Possibly it was inscribed
on a lost pediment or other head-piece.
339. Kesolution of Diognetus formulating the oaths to be sworn by the
contracting parties. 4069. Kesolution of Anticles concerning time of taking
the oath, appointment of extra commissioners, hostages, exemptions from
06pos, inscription of decree, and sacrifices. 7079. Amendment or supplement
to the resolutions of Anticles, carried by Archestratus. The amendment provides
for the accountability of the Chalcidian magistrates to their own courts, with
certain exceptions, in which there must be an appeal to Athens. The arpaT^yoi
are responsible for the safety of Euboea with due regard to Athenian interests.
Note that the two resolutions and the amendment must have been passed in
one day by both Boule and Ecclesia; for only one i-maraTr)? is mentioned, i.e.
the wprjTavis who presided for 24 hours over both those bodies.
3. rbv opKov. The article seems to show that the oath had formed the
subject of some provision in the lost decree. The form of the oath (cf. Foucart
7]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 17
I. c.) differs widely from that of oaths interchanged between autonomous states.
Cf. 20 and CIA 11 19, 49, 52, 66, 333, CIA iv 2, 59 6.
4. ovk e'eXw. The Boule had recently dealt otherwise with Hestiaea
(Thuc. 1 114 : 'Ecrrtcuas de e^oiKiaavTes avrol tt]v yrjv elxov) and otherwise with
Chalcis itself in 5094 b.c. (cf. the notes on CIA 1 334). In the terms of the
oath the /3ov\r) and the diKaaTaL pledge themselves for the whole of the people.
9. The words aKpirov oudevos must be understood with all the verbs, though
depending grammatically only on
xpvi
J' a- ra- a<paiprj(ro[jLai, which is used in the
judicial sense of
'
condemning to confiscation ' as diroKTevQ is of
'
condemning
to death,' cf. [Xen.] Resp. Ath. 1 14. The restrictive clause avev tov drj/xov tov
'
Adrjvaiuv applies to all the preceding.
10. Compare the action of Socrates (Plat. Apol. 32 b) in refusing to put to
the vote an unfair \prj(pL<jp,a. With ov8' eiri\pri<piG) begins the oath of the Senators,
who according to Arist. 'A0. iro\. 45, 1 {ij de j3ov\ij irpdrepov p.ev f,v Kvpla ko1
Xpv^o'-o'
1- $t)[uG)0(u /cat drjaaL /cai airoKTeivai) anciently had the power of inflicting
extreme penalties. This power they now swear they will not exercise in the
case of tbe Chalcidians. Cf. Stahl de sociorum Ath. iudiciis
p. 18; Wilamowitz
Phil. Unt. 1 p. 56.
11. ovde evos. See the note on 5 25.
1214. A provision not without value; irpvTaveis were not always above
suspicion of abusing their power by taking bribes or by repelling unpopular
applicants. Cf. Arist. Pax 905, Thesm. 936;
[Xen.] Resp. Ath. in 3. There is
a saving clause /card to 8vvo.t6v.
16 sqq. The oath had to be taken by the fHovh-q and the 6000 dicasts as well
as by all the adult male population of Chalcis (1. 32). For dp/cQcrai 8e kt\. cf.
D 122 (Treaty between Erythrae and Hermias, Tyrant of Atarneus, circ. 350 b.c),
1. 19 : opKuicraL o[e dyyeXovs e]\66vTas 7rap"Ep
/
iuou.
19. eirLfAeXbcrduv. According to Meisterhans Gr. 168 the proportion which
the usage of this form of the 3rd plur. imperative bears to the ordinary ms
form in -taduv is 7 : in the period 450424 b.c and 3 : 4 from 424 to 403 B.C.
In the fourth century only one instance of the 3rd plur. imperative is quoted,
and that is in -dadcov, CIA 11 92, 5 (378 b.c, but perhaps before 402).
25. 26. ' AdrjvaioL<n. Elsewhere in the inscription only the shorter form in
-ols occurs
; see 2 B 8.
26. 8u av Treidu). Thus the right of appeal was recognised. The
Methonaeans and others did actually obtain a diminution of their tribute quota:
cf. 15 2932. And in fact the Chalcidians, who paid 10 talents before the
revolt, did not pay more than 7 or 8 from 439 to 426; the number of 10 talents
reappears in 425 (CIA 1 Indices p. 233). The speeches of Antiphon concerning
the tribute of the Lindians and Samothracians deal with cases of this kind.
27. ^6/mp.axos. A contingent from Chalcis formed part of the Athenian
army in Sicily (Thuc. vn 57, 3).
32. Cf. the similar provision in a treaty between the Rhodians and the
Cretans of Hierapytna, DI. 3749, 86 sqq.: Kvpwdeiaas 8e rds avvdrjKas eX[^0-]|0a>
6 8ap.os TrapaxpTJP-o. dvdpas irivre' rol Se aipedeures fiera tQu Trapayeyevrjp.e'vwt' e
'IepaTruTv[as]
|
TrpeaftevTav bpKiai>T(dv tov v6p.ip.ov bpicov 'Fodiovs diravTas tovs 6Was
iv dXi/cta.
35. tov Aids kt\.: sc. at Chalcis; cf. 1. 61.
40. Anticles may be the strategus who, with Tlepolemus, commanded
R. II. 2
18 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[7
20 vessels sent to the siege of Samos 440 b.c. (Thuc. i 117, 2). Portions of
this second decree (as regards the oath) would have seemed more in place in
the first decree ; but as each orator was liable to the charge of illegality and
was responsible for his own measures, it was usual at Athens to inscribe each
of the propositions separately with the name of the mover, even when they
related to the same object.
41. The i in iroieiv, -rroieiadai etc., may be omitted even in the earliest times
before e and 77,
not before a following o-sound. In the Imperial period 71-01- is
almost always found in both cases. Meisterhans Gr. 57.
4547. The inversion of the clauses (the relative clause preceding) is
unusual in the simple style of inscriptions.
47. The hostages had probably been dealt with in a lost decree
;
cf. 1. 49
Arard rd e\j/T)(pLafxeva.
54. re\ov<nv : cf. Soph. O. T. 222 : iiarepos yap darbs els darovs reXcD. To
complete the construction we may understand dreXeis elvai after dreXeia. Cf.
D 123 (Ilion) 1. 44 sqq. : rods be dyiovoderas, oh p.ev av avrol xp^crwircu, rd be
dXXa
xpyf
xaTa QewaL els to iepov (Wilhelm G. G. A. 1898 p. 220). The 6V01 ktX.
must mean the Athenian cleruchs settled at Chalcis, who as citizens of Athens
paid no tribute; cf. Aelian Var. H. vi 1 (H).
57. XaXKiderjs : so D for the XaX/adVes or XaXKiberjs of others. Cf. CIA 11 1673
otbe iinre'-qs diredavov, on which Dittenberger refers to his article in Herm. xvn
34 sqq., where he ranks iTnrerjs (whence the contraction 'nnri)s) as an Old Attic
form parallel to iinreus, lirired, iirireds. The monosyllabic nominatives in -77s
prevail down to 350 b.c. and appear occasionally down to 325 b.c.
;
those
in -eh are found from 378 b.c, are frequent from 350 b.c, and after 324 b.c
are exclusively found. (Meisterhans Gr. 140.) The accusative plural has -eas
down to the Macedonian time; cf. 25 12.
58. On the various ypa/xfxareh see Rem. v, p. 89.
59. io-rrjXr}. For other examples of* this assimilation of ev, or loss of v
before otc, <tt, see Meisterhans Gr. Ill, and Index.
60. 7r6Ais = the Acropolis. For WAe<n rots XaA/aSeW cf. 30 27.
62. H. inserts r) before XaA/a<5ea' ; but there is no gap on the stone.
66. 'IepoK\eovs. Cf. Eupolis fr. 212 Kock 1 p. 316 : 'Iepo/cAees ^eXTiare
Xpr)<T[xuu)v dva. From the description of him in Ar. Pax 1047 as 6 xpve/J-oXoyos
ov 'flpeoD K conjectures that he had received a grant of land at Oreos as a
reward for his successful predictions in the Euboean expedition ; cf. Thuc. vin
1 (on false prophets), and the remarks of Foucart I. c.
70. Archestratus may be the strategus mentioned Thuc. 1 57, 6 as in joint
command of a force sent out against Perdiccas 432 b.c The formula rd /iev
d\Aa naddirep 6 beiva was the usual introduction to an amendment proposed in
the Ecclesia to a probouleuma
;
if adopted, the amendment was appended to the
probouleuma (which in our inscription ended with 1. 69) when written out as a
psephism. See further instances in 28 31, 316, 40 33. Or a new resolution
might be based on the probouleuma : see 45 46
50 and cf. Swoboda Volksb.
13 sq., Gilb. 295.
74. tyetjLv. The meaning is made clear by Arist. 'A0. 7roX. 9 : 77 eis rb
bcKaffTTipcov tye&is ; 45, 2 : tyeo-is be ical toijtois ecrlv eh to biKaar-qpiov, idv olvtwv
i] fiovXr)
Karaypy; cf. 42, 1 ; 53, 2
; 55, 2
; and CIA 11 841 b Add. 1. 30.
80. Kirchhoff remarks that in the vacant space after 6'0/cos, which is
8]
DECREES OE THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 19
inscribed in larger letters, there ought to have followed the oath, but as it has
already occurred in Diognetus' motion the engraver has omitted to repeat it,
though enjoined to do so in 1. 57 sq. above.
8. Two fragments of Pentelic marble, found at Athens in 1833, 1847 in the
Erechtheion ; Boeckh Opp. vi
p. 167 sqq.; Sauppe Ber. d. k. sdchs. Ges. d. Wiss.
1853 p. 33 sqq.; Boehnecke Dem. Hyp. Lyk. u. ihr Zeitalter p. 334 sqq.
;
CIA i 31; H 29; D 19. Cf. G. Busolt Gr. Gesch. in 1 p. 417 note 1.
ABAAE
(=e,
1,7}) lH(=/&) OIKUMN [X
=
f]
O (= o, ov, co)
PPTY0X [4>
=
^]
Utoixv^ov. Fragm. A had 35 letters in a line, frag'm. B had 17. Once (A 26)
.: : occurs as a mark of punctuation or division.
e/co?
(
rfv av
<f>a\_
....
eo-]ayerco. edv he eadyy, eVe^[vpa-
to> avrov] o
cf)7]va<;
rj
r
o ypayfrdfjuevos, 7ro[iuvia
8e al7c5]^ avrols irapaa^ovrfov ot a7r[otKto-T-
5
al KaXkjtepfjaat virep rr/s airoiKta^, ['oirocra
av avTojt? ooktj. yecovofiovs 8e
r
e\ecr6[ai SeKa
avSpas], eva i% cj)v\f}<;. ovtol he veL/judvT[u>v rr\v
yfjv. Ar]\}.]oK\ei$7]v he Karaarrjaai rrjv a[iroiKi-
av avroj/cparopa, kclOoti av hvvrjrai a[pio-Ta. r-
io d 8 Ta]e^7; rd e^rjpr]fxeva edv Ka6d\-Kip &tt-
i Kal aX]Xa
fir) refievi^eiv. /3ovv Be kclI [7rp6para
8vo dTr&]yeii> e? YiavaQijvaia rd /neydX[a. Kal Is A-
lovvo-tja (paWov. eav he Tt9 eiriarpa [tcvtj eir-
X tt|v yr\]v rrjv rcov aTroifcodv,
fior\6eiv t[s -n-oXas
15 ws o%v\tcitcl Kara ra? %vyypafyds,
(
a\\ lirl . .
]rov ypafjLfjLarevovTos eyevov\ro ircpl t-
wv Troki\(jL)V twv eiTL %paKrj^. ypdyfrac h\s ravTa
4v o-t^XJt; Kal KaraOelvai e'/x TroXec, 7ra[pao-xov-
Twv 8e rjrjv (TTT)\r]v ot diroiKOi acf)(t)v a[vT<av ri-
20 Xeo-iv. k\dv he tl$ e7Tiylrr](f)L^rj irapd rr)[y a-rrX-
t\v rj pi^jrfop ayopevrj r) irpoaKa\ela6a[y
YX
6tp-
Tj a.<xC\pela6ai rj \veiv n rcov ' e^r)(^L\ary.iv(av,
arip.ov] elvai avrov Kal iralhas rovs e' [ckcivov
xal tcI
\]pr)fjLara hrj/jLocria elvai Kal rrjs [Ocov to k-
22
20 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[8
25 iriSeKajro^, eap, [xrj tl avrot 01 airoiK\o\. ircpl
<r<j>wv hi\(ovrai : : ocroi K av ypayjrcjvra^i cuoik-
TJo-eiv t(o]v crrparccoroov, ewetBav * r)K.wa\y 'AG^va-
c, Tpia.]/covra rjfiepwv i/j, ftpeq elvai e[iroiKii<r-
ovTas. kj^dyecv Be rrjv airouciav rpia^Kovra r\-
30
[icpcov. A\la^ivr}v Be aKo\ov6ovvra a7ro[8i86va-
t to. xpr^j/nara.
B.
$]avTOfc\r}<; elire' rrepl
\i]ev 7*179 e? l&peav clitol-
K]ta? KaOairep At]fio/cX
i\t8r]^ elire' QavTo/cXe-
5
a] Be irpoaayayelv rr)v E-
p]

X^V^
a Trpvraveia-
v] TTpO^ TY)V f30V\r)V iv Tjj
irpajTT)
r
eBpa. e? Be
B]peav
%
6r)T(ov kol e-
lovjycrcov levai T01/9 cltto-
The decree (A) with its supplement (B) contains provisions for sending out
a colony (dtroLKia) to Brea in Thrace, and curiously confirms the brief statements
of Steph. Byz. (Bpea irokis [QpaKrjs] els -qv airoiKiav iareCKavTo 'Adrjvcuoi) and
Hesych. (Bpea. Kpar?pos
fie
fxvyrai rrjs els Bpe"av airoLKlas). The document itself
then is one of a kind to which the Athenians gave the specific name airoada
(Harpocr. s.v. diroiKia : diroLKia Idiws ra ypdfifxara Kad' a diroLKovai Ttves ovtus
(hvbixaaav 'Tirepeidrjs Arj\iaKc3). The limits of date are fixed by the fact
(1) that
^
is not older than the middle of the fifth century
(2)
that Cratinus died in
423 b.c. And if we may accept Preller's conjecture that the mention of Brea by
Cratinus occurred in the Qparrai, the date of the colony cannot be far from the
assigned date of that play, 444 or 443 b.c. Further if Brea is the colony
alluded to in Plut. Per. 11 (wpos 8e to6tois X'Xious fiev ^crreCkev els Xeppovqaov
KXrjpovxovs, els 5e Ndcw> irevTaKocriovs, els de "Avdpov rjfiiaeLS to6t(i)i>, els de Qp^Krjv
^tXt'ous BtcdXrats avvoLKr}<rovTas' dWovs
5'
els 'IraXLav olKiofJ.evr)s 2u/3dpea>s, y\v
Qovpiovs Trpoarjyopevaav), the order there observed being clearly chronological,
the date of our decree cannot be before 446 nor after 444 b.c And the language
of 1. 26 sqq. may well have reference to the events which took place in Euboea
446 b.c.
2. eaayeru) appears to be part of some prohibition with regard to the
introduction or importation of something into the colony. The word can
hardly refer here to the elaaywyrj of an action.

idv de eadyrj kt\.


*
if a person
(or the person specified in the lost lines) nevertheless introduces (the forbidden
8}
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 21
articles), then the person informing or prosecuting may seize them.' The
offender is here proceeded against by a (pdats or a ypacprj. So in CIA n 546, 18
(Treaty between Athens and Ceos) a person who unlawfully exports vermilion is
prosecuted by means of <pdacs or ^5etts (6 (prjvas rj evbei^as).
3. Troi/xvia Se aiywv ktX. The text is that of CIA but the restorations are at
best uncertain. By avroh may be meant the officers appointed to perform the
sacrifice, or more precisely, to make a favourable sacrifice. diroiKLOTai perhaps
are the leaders of the dwoiKio~iAbs. The word is elsewhere found only in Menand.
Rhet. 85 (Heeren) : oi diroLKio-Tal fvbo^oi.
6. yewvbfxovs. The meaning here is plainly that which is given to yewvbfxrjs
by Phrynichus (App. Soph. Bekk. anecd. 32, 14): yeo}vbp.r]s p.ev 6 biaKpivwv ev rats
aTToiKicus eKdaTCf) rbv KXrjpov; cf. Hesych. s.v. yewvo/j.01. Sauppe remarks that the
ten commissioners who founded Thurii (Schol. Ar. Nub. 331) were probably
yeojvofiOL.
7. The abbreviation e\ (pvXrjs for
ex <f>vXiis eKdaT-rjs is noteworthy. On
ex
for eK in Attic inscriptions of the 5th and 4th centuries b.c. see Meisterhans
Gr. 116. There appears to be no positive rule for this occasional aspiration of
eK (it;) to
ex
before
6, <p, x-
No example is found after 292 b.c.
9. At Brea, the inhabitants as it seems having been ejected, certain portions
in the distribution of the land were to be left as reserved (e^rjp-qp.lv a) for
sanctuaries, according to a custom noted by Thuc. iv 98, 2 : rbv be vbfiov rots
"EXXrjaLv elvai, cbv dv
y
to apdros rrjs yrjs e/cdcrr^s

tovtwv kclI rd iepd del yiyvecrdai,


rpdwocs depa.irev6p.eva oh dv irpbs ro?s eiwdbai /cat dvvoovTai. Where the land was
assigned to cleruchs, as Sauppe points out, while the inhabitants remained, the
procedure was different, cf. Thuc. in 50. 2 (the occupation of Lesbos).
11. Boeckh read 8vo irpbfiara, but the remains of a
P
are clear on the
stone. The practice here prescribed is well illustrated by Schol. Ar. Nub. 386 :
ev rots Hauadrjuaiois wdaat al virb t&v 'Adr/vaicof diroLKLadetaai irbXeis
fiovv
TvOrjabp-evov ^ire/j.Trou. For the use of dirdyeiv B compares Ar. Vesp. 707
:
dirdyeiv <pbpov, Xen. Gyr. n 4. 12, in 1. 10: tt)v dirapxw
dirrjyayov, CIA n 12:
dewplav dirdyeiv els AtjXov, Plat. Phaed. 58 b, Hdt. v 82. See also 5 4.
13. A (paWayuyia is mentioned CIA n 321.
14 sqq. rds irbXeis : i.e. the states of the symmachiaa current expression,
cf. 15 44. For /caret rds vyypa(pds see the note on 9 3. The ypa/xfiarevs (1. 16)
was probably the ypap.p.aTevs not of the League but of the Prytanes, by whose
name in the earlier inscriptions the date was given, without mention of the
archon. See Rem. i, p. 2.
19. So D for K's 7rapa (adv.) 5 iju dv aWrjv o-TrjXrjv oi dirotKoi o-<pdv avrdv
dvadCocri.
20. edv M tls ktX. For the formula cf. 32 51 sqq. The expression
d(paipela
6
'at \f/r)<pLo-/j.a occurs Andoc. De red. 24.
21. From the space K conjectures that the stone had
PHETO P.
25. ed^t firj tl ktX. An exception to the general prohibition contained in the
preceding lines is made in favour of the colonists themselves, who may make
application on their own behalf for alteration in the law: cf. for a similar
exception 15 56: idp. p,rj tl oi arpar^yol de'tovTai.
26 sqq. All soldiers who shall have given in their names as
'
e'lroixoi
'
shall
within 30 days after their arrival at Athens, present themselves at Brea for the
purpose of taking up residence. For the order of the words eireibdv ktX. cf. a
22 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[8
Cretan inscription, Comparetti 152 iv 9 : 1j /c' d7reA#77, tQ iviavrG), i.e. 'within a
year after he has gone away.'
30 sq. Aeschines must have been a rafiias (perhaps a Hellenotamias) ; and
by
xpVf
xaTa we must understand the expense incidental to the founding of the
colony. Libanius (Introd. Dem. Cher*.
88)
gives it the name <p65iov, though
there it concerns a KXypovxta-
B. 1 sqq. On the formula of this supplement see 7 70. D observes that the
prytany of the Erechtheis could not have been in office at the time, otherwise
tovs TrpvT&veis would have been used. For the practice of drawing colonists
from the lower classes of citizens see Thuc. in 16, 1: ivX-qpcoaav vavs eKarbv
ecrj3dPTs avrol re rr'\r]i> iinreaiv kclI irevTaKoaLop-ebiixvoyv /cat ol /xerot/cot, and Libanius
(Introd. Dem. Chers. 88) : Zdos 8e -qv tovto 7ra\cu6j> rots 'AdrjuaioLs, 6<j<h irevvjes
Tjcrav avrCov /cat anT-qiAOves o'ikoi, tovtovs ire/JLTreiv iiroiKOvs et's rds e^w 7r6Aets rds
eavrQu.
9. A slab of Pentelic marble found at Eleusis in 1880; now at Athens.
H. 1.33 m., L. 0.49 m., Th. 0.085 m. Eustratiades IlaX. 1880 Febr. 18 and 28
;
id. ' A0. vin p. 405 sqq. ; Foucart B. C. H. iv 225 sqq. ; CIA iv 1 27 6 p. 59 (L. Ziehen
Leges Gr. Sacrae, diss. Bonn. 1896 p. 16 n.
4);
D 20. Cf. I. H. Lipsius L.S.
in 207 sqq.; H. Sauppe Ind. led. Mb. ac. Gbtt. 1880/81 (Ausgew. Schr.
729 sqq.); O. Rubensohn Mysterienheiligthiimer 36 sqq.; J. W. White 'E0.
'Apx-
1894 p. 35; L. Ziehen Rh. Mus. li 219 sqq.; A. Korte Mitth. xxi
(1896) 320 sqq.
ABAAE
{=e,i,
v)
iH
(=h)
Ol KUM H [X>| O
(=o
>
ov
>
ay)
rPTY<t>X
[>
=
^]
liToix^ov. In some places, e.g. 1. 42
OIN
{deoiv) and 54
TON
three
letters occupy the space of two. In 53 and 58 a letter has been effaced and
replaced by

There is great fluctuation in the use or omission of the sign
for spiritus asper (see Pt I p. 105).
T i ji o] t e \ [i|] 9 'A
^
a
p
e [v s] eypafifidreve
"E8o]e^
rfj
/3ov\rj real to3 BrjfMp, Kefcpo7rl<; eirpwrdveve, Tt/nore-
\t\<$ kjypa/jLfidreve, K.v/cvea<> eTreardrei. rdBe ol ^vyypachas
%VV-
ypjatyav' airapyeo-Qai rolv Oeolv rov Kapirov Kara rd irdrpca
KCLI TTj-
5
v fiavrelav rr/v ey AeXcfxSv
'
'A6r)vai,ov<; diro rcov ' eKarov fieBl/jL-
vcov [k-
ptOwv
fir) eXarrov r) 'e/crea, 7rvpcov Be diro rwv 'eKarov ixeBl/x-
VWV
JjL-
r] eXarrov (i/) 'rffxiefcrecov. edv Be tls 7rXetco Kapirov ttoltj
* r
tj
tLoo-ovto-
9]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 23
v, rj oXei^o), Kara rbv avrbv Xoyov dirdpyeo-Qai. eyXeyetv
he [tovs 8]?7/u.-
dpyovs Kardrovs hr^fxovs Kal rrapahihbvat rols ' tepoTroiols rots
io 'KXevcrcvbOev 'EiXevaivdSe. olKohofirjaat he cnpovs rpels
'YLXevcrlv-
l Kara rd irdrpia oitov dv hoKj) rols lepoirotols Kal rco
dp[
x
]cr-
ktovi eirtrrjheLov elvai drrb rov dpyvpLov rov roiv Beolv.
to[v 8 Ka-
prrbv evOavOol e/ji/3dWeiv 'bv dv irapaXafiwcri irapd rwv 8tj-
p,dp[
X
u>v.
airdpyeo-Qai he Kal rovs ^v/jb/md^ovs Kara ravrd. rds Be
iroXeis [ky]\[o-
15
yeas ' eXeaOai rov Kapirov, KaOori dv hoKj} avrrjai dptara
r
o Kapirb-
s]
tc\eyrjaeo~6aL. erreihdv he eyXej(6f), diroirepi^dvrcov *A0r)-
vat,e.
rovs he dyayovras irapahihbvai rol<;
'
lepoiroiols rols ^QXevcri-
vodev 'EXevaivdhe. e[aJ\v he
fir)
irapahe^covrai rrevre
rjfjbe-
pwv ....
eireihav eirayyeXfj, irapahihbvrcov rwv i/c 7-779 7rbXecos, '66ev dv
20
1]
6 /ca[pTr]o?, evOvvoaOcov 01 leporroiol yCXiaiaiv hpa^/jbrjai ['
Ka(r]ro9. Kal rrapd ro3v hrj/jbdp^cov Kara ravrd rrapaheyeaQai.
[icijpju-
Ka]9 he 'eXo/ievrj 'rj fSovXrj rrefx^drto els rds 7roXeis d[y]y&X-
\ov\r]as [to,
vvv] e^Tjcpio-fjLeva rco hrj/JLco, to
fiev vvv elvai cos rd^icrra, ro
he [X-
olitov orav hoicf) avrfj. KeXeverco he /cal 6
'
iepo<j)dvrr}s Kal
[0
25
hahov^os /nvcrrr]piois airdpyecrQai rovs
f/
EAA??i>a9 rov Kaprrov
Kara
ra irdrpia Kal rr]v puavrelav rrjv ey AeXcfrcov. dvaypd^ravres
he e[y
mvaKico rb fierpov rov Kapirov rov re irapd rcov hrjfjbdp^cov
Kara rb[v
8-
r\\fxov
r
eKaarov Kal rov rrapd rcov iroXecov Kara rrjv itoXiv
eK(ia\ry\v
24 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[9
K}ara0i>rcov ev re too 'TLXeuo-tvioj 'EXevaivL Kal ev too {3ovX-
30
pjtqo. eirayyeXXeLV Be ttjv /3ovXr)v Kal rrjac dXXrjcrL iroXeauv
[]
'
E-
^
\]krjvLKrjcnv
'
airdarjai,
(
ottol av Bokyj
avrfj BvvaTov elvat,
\\iyo\v-
tcls fiev Kara 'a
'
AOrfvaloL airdpyovTat Kal 01 ^v/x/jba^OL,
e'/cet[voi-
s] Be fjurj e7rtTaTT0VTa<;, KeXevovTas Be dirdpyeo-QaL edv
flovX-
covrai
KJara ra irarpia teal ttjv fxavrelav ttjv ey AeX(f>oov. irapaBe^'
eadav B-
35
e Kal irapa tovtoov toov TroXeoov, edv Tt9 awayy, tovs ' tepo-
itoiovs Ka-
ra ravra. dveiv Be diro fiev tov ireXavov tcadori av JLv/jloX-
TTLoai [co"t]"y^-
o-wji/Ttti, rpcrroiav Be Boap^ov ^pvaoKepoov tolv Oeolv
(
eKa[rip-
0. d]7T0 TOOV fCpidoOV Kal TOOV TTVpOdV Kal TOp TpL7TT
oXe
fJLW Kal
TOO [0-
o3 Kal ttj Sea Kal tg> Qv/3ovX<p
'
tepelov etcaaTop TeXeov Kal
40 Tjj
^
AOr\vaia
ftovv
^pvaoKepoov. Ta? Be aXXas Kpt6d<; Kal
7rvpov<; air-
oBofxevovs tou?
'
uepOTTOiovs fierd ttjs /3ovXr)<; dvaOrj/juaTa dva-
TiOev-
ai tolv Oeolv iroirjaapbevov^ drT av tw Br)/jL(p too
'
AOrjvaLcov
BoKTJ-
1,
Kal e7nypd(j>eiv rots avaOrjLuaaLV, otl diro tov Kapirov tt}?
awap'xfj-
9 dveOeOrj, Kal JLXXrjvoov tov dirapyoLievov. [toi]? Be TavTa
TTOLOVCTL
45
TroXXd dyaOd elvat Kal evKapiriav Kal 7roXvKap7ria[v, oiJTLves
av
p.]?)
dBtKoocn 'AOrjvatovs Li7]Be ttjv ttoXlv ttjv
''
' AOrjvaioov firjBe
too Oeoo.
A]dfjL7roov elire' t p,ev aXXa KaOdirep al vyypa<pal T779
airapyr]^ tov
Kapirov tolv Oeolv Ta$ Be vvypa(f>d<;
Kal to
ifryjcf) tafia ToBe
avay-
9]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 25
payjrdrQ) 'o ypa/jL/xarevs 'o tt}? ftovXrjs ev arr)\atv hvolv Xi-
Oivai-
50 v teal Karaderco tt)v fxev EXevcrivt ev T(p
r
iepa>, ttjv he ^erepav
[*
fi
iroXei. ol he irwXrjTal aTrofMiaOcoaavTcov to> arrjXa. oi he
/CftjX[aKp-
erat hovTCOv to dpyvpeov. ravra
fiev 7re[p]i ttjs dirapyr]^ tov
Kap[ir^ov [t-
oiv deoiv avaypd^ai e\ rco aT7]X[a]' \xr]va he ::: efJb(3dXXeiv
*J^kcltov(3-
aiwva tov veov dp^ovra, tov he /3aa[i]kea ' opicrai rd ' tepd rd
ev t[w-
55
1 UeXapytKO). teal to Xoittov
fxr) ev chp veer Oat fiw/AOvs ev ra>
YieXa-
pyiiccp dvev tt}? /3ov\tjs koi rov hrjfjbov fxr/he toi/? XlOovs
refjuveuv k tov [II-
eXapytKov /jLrjhe yrjv e^ayeiv /j,7]he \160vs. edv he Tt? irapa-
{3alvr)
t:::ovtcov to, dironveTW irevTaicoo-ia^ hpa^fid^' ecrayyeXXeTQ)
he
(
o] ftacriXevs eh ttjv /3ovXr}v. irepl he tov eXaiov Trjs dirap-
60 era? Adp,7rcov eirihei^dToa tj)
ftovXj} eVf tt}? evdTT}<; irpvTaveias,
r) he fiovXrj 69 tov hrjfiov e^evevtceTco eirdvayKes.
The decree prescribes the consecration of firstfruits (dirapxal) to the goddesses
of Eleusis. The alphabet points to a date not earlier than 446 b.c. (see Table
Pt I
p. 106) ; the -rjert of the dative plural forbids a date later than about 420 b.c.
(see Meisterhans Gr. 120). With regard to the exact date the most probable
view seems to be that of Foucart who, comparing what is said of the HeXapyiKdv,
Thuc. 11 17, assigns the document to the years immediately preceding the
beginning of the Peloponnesian War. For a summary of other views see D.
3. According to Schmidt (Jahrb. 1885 p. 681 sqq.) the vyypa<peis,
before the time of Pericles, were a
'
codification-committee,' the tjvyypacpal
systematic compilations of existing statutes. Lysias (c. Nicom. 17
XPV
dvetv rds
dvaias rds k tG>v Kvpfiewv kclI tlov (tttjXQi* /card rds <rvyypa<pds) expressly recognises
in the <rvyypa<j>ai a third form of legal enactment beside the Soloniau K6p/3ei$ and
the post-Solonian stelae, and on the other hand distinguishes them from the
stelae of the period after Pericles, or at least the end of the fifth century (ib. 21
orav fiiv Kara rds i;vyypa<f>as iroiG)ixev iireiddv 5 Kara rds arr}Xas ds oSros
dv^ypaxj/e). The title of our inscription was doubtless, as 11. 44 sq. , 52 show,
(rvyypa0al ttjs or irepl rrjs dirapxv* Tv Kapirov toiv 6eolv. So in 8 15 the
phrase /card rds ^vyypa<pds expressly refers to the vyypacpal irepl tQv irSXeutv tQv
26 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[9
eVt GpaK7)s. Compare also CIA i 96 ( = 16), 8 and 533. In CIA i 283 (434/3 B.C.)
the words /card ras ^vyypacpas are used in a different sense. See further Foucart,
I. c, D. A. s.v. Nomothetae.
4. roiv deolv. See the note on 2 C 11.
ttjv /xavreiav. Cf. Isocrates Panep. 31 at p.ev yap irXelaraL tQsv iroXewv
VTrd/xvrj/xa rrjs iraXatas evepyeaias airapxas rod ahov /ca#' enacFTOV rbv iviavrbv ws
i]fxas airOTre/xiroven, rats eKXenrovaais ttoXX&kis r\ Ilf^ta tt povera^ev airocpe'peiv
ra ptepv t<2v KapirCov /cat iroielv irpbs rr\v ttoXlv ttjv r\p.erepav rd irarpia. Two
passages of Aristides the Ehetorician (Aristid. Eleus. ed. Dind.
p. 417, Panath.
p. 167 and Schol. p. 55),
cited by Foucart, attest that at the time of Hadrian the
practice was still in vogue. Cf. also CIA in 85 (temp. Hadr.) Ot llap^Wrjves
\
apiarav (Lat. aristam), napirov airapxvs (but see Dittenberger ad loc).
5. The proportions are a e/creus

th of a pLebip-vos to 100 fj.e8Lp.voL of barley,


and of wheat not less than a 7]/j,iktwv or r\p.leKrov ^th of a p.kQ~Lp.vosto 100
fi5ip.i>oi. Ace. to the table in I. Miiller's Hdb. i 843 the p,ebLixvos = 51*84 litres,
the KTetis 8*64, the rjp.leK.Tov 4-32. For rj/xieKTecov see Meisterhans Gr. p. 128.
7}p.uKTeiov also occurs CIA n add. 834 b 1, 15 (329 B.C.) and in Imperial times
t)Pllktov (cf. CIA in 98 note). The syntax requires that E (rj) should be supplied
in the text after ZXarrov.
8. oXet^w. See 2 B 36. On iyX^yeiv etc. Meisterhans Gr. 107 sq. shows
that k becomes <ry regularly in pre-Euclidean Attic, but remains e/c from the
first century B.C., before
/3, y, 5, X, p. (except in ey MvppLvoijTTr/s etc.), v.
9. (Cf. 17) rots iepoiroLois tols 'EXevaLvbdev. The IepoiroLoi or Sacrificers
(not a priesthood but an administrative board) at Athens were of several
kinds;
(1)
annually appointed, iepo-rroiol /car' iviavrbv (Arist. 'A0. iro\. 54, 7),
ten
in number,
(2)
appointed for special festivals or particular deities, as here, or
temples, as in lO 13. See Boeckh St.
3
i p.
273 sq. and n note 398. Besides
these Dittenberger on CIA n 872
(
= D 496) distinguishes
(3)
lepoiroioi appointed
by lot for the performance of sacrifices enjoined by oracles (Arist. 'A0. iroX.
54,
6), (4)
iepoiroLoi ey (3ovXr}s, appointed by the
fiovXr)
for performing sacrifices at
public festivals
; cf. CIA iv 2, 834 b (=D 587, 285 sqq.). Dittenberger observes
that the adverb 'EXevaLvbdev merely denotes the locality where the officers
exercised their functions, and not that they were of the Eleusinian deme.
Thus 'EXevaLvbdev (not 'EXeixru't) is used as in r]
fiovXr] r) i% 'Apeiov irayov,
lepevs Trvpcpbpos e'| aKpoirbXecos CIA in 264, 721a, 774 6, (paibvvTys Acbs e/c Hearts
in 283, lepevs Ni/ctjs e aKporrbXecos in 659, 6 rrjs Bpavpcovodev iepelas irarrjp Dem. c.
Con. 1264.
10. atpovs.
"
Quidam granaria habent sub terris, speluncas, quas vocant
aetpous, ut in Cappadocia et Thracia," Varro R. B. 1 57, cf. 1 63. Cf. also
Dem. Chers. 101.
13. ivdavdoi. The termination -01, which some disclaimed for Attic (cf.
Shilleto on Dem. F. L. 441, where he defends the reading evravdol), is fully
vindicated to the dialect by the evidence of inscriptions. See Meisterhans
Gr. 103. For the aspirate in consecutive syllables cf. avededr) 1. 44. Meister-
hans Gr. 102 gives several examples from inscriptions before 403 b.c
18. For the last four letters at the end of the line A. Schmidt Jahrbb. 1885,
681 sqq. proposes 6Xcov (for oXcov)
'
within four complete days from the time when
its arrival shall have been announced. ' For the construction see 8 27 sqq.
20. evdvvbadw. See 7 19. 22. ra I vvv. So Usener.
9]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 27
26. e/x wiva/dip. Cf. 10 11 where similarly iri.ua.Kia or tablets, deposited in
temples, are used for keeping accounts.
29. ev rip "EXevo-ivlip 'EXevalvi. Foucart seeks to prove from Aristid.
p.
421 Dind. that the temple at Eleusis was also called 'EXevalviov, but D,
maintaining that ev rip 'EXevaivlip 'EXevcrtW (for rip 'EXevcrivi) is an improbable
expression, would transpose the words 'EXevcrtvi /cat; i.e. 'in the Eleusinium,
(sc. rip virb T7J
irbXei : see CIA in 5, 11 sq.) and at Eleusis in the Council-
hall.' Of. 38 27 and CIA n 176, 16 sq., where for tov aradlov /cat tov dedrpov
tov lIava9wvai'Kov of the stone-cutter the original was probably rod aradiov tov II.
nai rod dedrpov. Cf. however Rubensohn op. cit. 77 sqq.
36. dirb rov ireXavov: 'from the produce of the TreXavos.' The ireXavos was
the best part of the grain, which was set apart for the use of the gods. See
P. Stengel Herm. xxrx 281 sqq. Ziehen I. c. has shown that it was a mixture of
barley and wheat. D quotes from the accounts of 329/8 B.C., D 587
(
= CIA n 2,
834
6),
1. 280, cf. 285, where els tov ireXavov iepoiroioh ey povXrjs e/c/cai'5e/ca p.e5ip.voi
Tpt[(b]v
x
OLV ^ KWV diroXeiirovres shows what considerable amounts under this
head were at the disposal of the temple authorities. The comic poet Sannyrio
ap. Harpocr., s.v. ireXavbs, says: weXavbv KaXov/mev Pixels oi deol
|
a /caXetr' acre"fivers
#X0t0' v/meis oi ftporol.
The accent is given on the authority of the text of Herodas
Mim. iv 91 (where the ms has xeXavos).
EvfioXiridai. To this gens as a whole, to the exclusion of the KripvKes,
belonged the right of e^-qy-qais. Sometimes they appointed a special officer to
perform the functions (^777777-775 e| EvpioXwiddiv CIA in 720, 2). Cf. the retort
Andoc. de Myst. 116: wp&rov p.ev e^rjyn, KwpvKiav div,
oi>x baiov (6v) o~oi e^v-
yeiadai.
37. rpiTToiav ktX. See 3 5. The epithet xpu<r6/cepw// shows that the
animals were horned (ox, ram, kid) and that the sacrifice must not be confounded
with the Roman suovetaurilia.
38. rep Qecp /cat 7-77 0e$. D quotes CIA 11 add. 1620 c. AaKpareibns
liwarpdrov 'I/captei)s lepehs Qeov /cat Qeds /cat EvfiovXe'us. The deities are probably
Pluto and Proserpine. For Eubuleus see Frazer Paus. 11
p.
118.
39. iepelov. i.e. a sheep. Cf. D 629, 14 (Olbia).
44. dvedtdrj. See 1. 13; and cf. for the sense the inscription quoted 1. 4.
47. For Lampon cf. Ar. Av. 521, 988, Schol. Nub. 331, Pax 1084, Eupolis n
p. 545, Mein. i p. 338 Kock. Eupolis calls him ov^yrfr-qs ;
hence Sauppe with
probability conjectures that his title was irvd6xpr)o-ros e^rjyrjrrjs, a title found on
one of the seats of the Dionysiac theatre (Index s.v.). It is natural then to find
him advising the Athenians in obedience to the Delphian oracle. On rd p.ev
dXXa see 7 70.
51. d7rop.Ladio(xdvTCJv. The more usual word for these transactions of the
poletae was TrcoXew : see Index s.v. For too 0-7-77X0 (the normal usage) see
Meisterhans Gr. 123.
53. pirjva de ktX. Whatever may be the precise explanation of these words,
the general meaning seems to be that the new archon was to extend the period
within which the dirapxo.1 had to be brought in, or according to Schmidt I. c.
1
to grant a month of grace, to wit the month Hecatombaeon.' e/j.ftdXXeiv, he
says,
if
unqualified, never means 'to intercalate.' The expressions for this
sense are, in the 5th century B.C., only e'irep.pdXXeiv and eirdyeiv, and later also
dyeiv, ride'vai, irpoaypdcpeiv, trpocrridivai, ep,(3oXdeiv, e/j.f3oXieiv, Trapep./3dXXeiv and
28 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[9
iinfiaXhuv, Tidhai and e/n(3o\i/uLeveiv. That however (as against Schmidt's view
Chron. 403 sq.) an intercalary Hecatombaeon was not an impossibility seems to
be shown, as D points out, by CIA iv 2
p. 181 no. 733, 5, where Gamelion, and
CIA iv 2 p.
101 no. 385 c (D 242,
1),
where Anthesterion, is duplicated instead of
Posideon. On the function of the Archon Eponymus in intercalation see Index.
54. eV t UeXapyixu). So it is spelt in Ar. Av. 832, where the spelling has
generally been put down to a freak of the poet, and in Cod. Laur. Thuc. n 17.
F supposes (against Schmidt and Ziehen 11. cc.) that the aKporeXevTiov quoted by
Thucydides (to JJeXapyitcbv apybv afieivov) was in the oracle which gave occasion
to this decree. For pajde robs Xidovs ktX. with reference to the HeXapyiKdv cf.
Poll, vin 101, Luc. Pise. 47. J. W. White I. c. points out that if the Pelargicum
had been enclosed by a wall at this period there would have been no need for
these regulations and the threat of a fine.
lO. A slab of white marble inscribed on both sides, which had been used
as an altar-slab in a church of the Attic village Charvati ; now in the Louvre.
CIG 76; CIA i 32 and iv 1
p. 63; D 21; H 37. Cf. E. Cavaignac Rev. Ph. xxiv
135 sqq., who argues for the later date for the decrees
(p.
31 below).
ABAAE (=,
ei,
v) j:H (= h)
OIkUMN [X
=
f]
O
(= o, ov, to)
P P ^T Y ^ X
. 2rotx^56j'. Spiritus asper often omitted.
A.
"E8]ofei>
rfi
(3ov\fj
koX toj Brj/jua)' KeKpojrls eirpvrdveve,
M.vr]crl0eo<; i-
y]pa/j,fjLaTve, ^vireiOr)^ eireo-raTei. KaWta? elire* dirohov-
vai rots 6eol<;
t]cl xprjfiaTa
rd otyeiXofJbeva, eTrecSrj rrj ASrjvala ra rpecr-
^tXta rdXavr-
a] dviyveyfCTCU e? ttoXlv, ' a eylrt](f)caTO, vofjulafxaro^ rj/JbeB[a]-
irov. airoht-
5
h\6vai he diro rcov ^prj/jbdrcov, a et? dirohoaiv ecmv tols
6eol<> iyjrr)<f)L(7/jb-
i]va, rd re irapd tols EiXXr}vora/nLac<; ovra vvv /cat rdXXa,
a eari rovrcov
t<3v] xprj/jLaroov, teal rd eic tt}? hetcdrrjs, e-neihav irpaOfj.
XoytadcrOcov he
ol XJoyccrral * oi Tpcd/covra 'olirep vvv rd 6<petXo/uiva tols
deols d/cp-
ipw]?. o-vvayo)ryrj<; he rwX Xoyco-rcov rj ftovXr} avroKpdrcop
ecrray. dirohovrodv
10]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 29
10 h\ r\a %pr}{Mara 'oi irpvrdvei^ fiera ttjs /3ov\r]<; Kal eaXei-
<f)0VTC0V,
7Ti-
8dv] airoScocnv, t,r\Tr]aavTe^ rd re Trivd/cia Kal rd ypa/x-
/jbarela Kal edfi
ir-
ov ak]Xo0i
y
yeypa/jLfieva. diroc^aivovTCOv Se rd yeypa/i-
fxeva oi re iep-
x\s k]clI
*
oi
r
tepoTTOLol Kal el tls aXXo<; oiSev. ra/JLias he
a7ro/cvafjLeveL-
v to]vt(dv tcov ^prj/jidrcDv, 'ordfi irep to.? aXXas dpyds,
KaOdirep tov<? tcov c-
15 cpcSjz/ tcov tt}? AOrjvaias. ovtol he TayaevbvTcov i/x iroXei
iv TCO OTTLCrd-
o%6]/jL(o rd tcov Oecov ^prjfJLara, ocra hvvarov Kal ocrtov,
Kal avvavoiyov-
tcov Kal avyKXrjovTcov Ta? Ovpas rod OTnaOohofJuov Kal
o-vaarj/xaivoadco-
v Tois tcov rr}?
'
AOrjvaias rafxtat^. irapd he tcov vvv
\ 5
Tayacov Kai tcov eiricr-
rareov Kal tcov ' iepoiroicov tcov ev toIs tepois, ol vvv Sca-
^eipi^<w[a-i-
20 v, airaptQ(AT) ada6gov Kal aTroarrjadcrdcov rd ^prjfxaTa evav-
tlov tt}? /3ovX[r-
9 i/JL TroXei Kal irapahe^daOcov
'
01 rafjuiat 'oi \a\6vTes
irapa rcov vv\y
dpyovTcov Kal ev o-TrjXr) dvaypayjrdvTCOv [p]ia diravra Ka0
y
'eKacrrov re
rhv Oebv rd ^pijfiara oirocra earlv 'eKaaray Kal <tv/ul-
irdvTcov Ke<pdXato-
v, %ce)/9t? to re dpyvpiov Kal rb y^pvalov Kal to Xolttov
dvaypa(f>6vrcov
25 ol aet ra/jLiat e<? arrjXrjv Kal Xoyov hihovTCOv tcov re ovrcov
%pr)fiaT(DV
Kai tcov irpocnovTcov toIs 0eol<$ Kal edv tl d\Tr\avaXicrKr)Tai
Kara tov e-
viavTov 7rpo9 tou9 XoyiaTas Kal evOvvas hihovTcov, Kal ck
UavaOrjvai-
(ov eh Tlavadrjvaia toX Xoyov hihovTcov, KaOdirep 'oi Ta
t?79 A6r)vala<; t-
30 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[10
o]/j,ivovt<$. ras Be arrjXas, ev at? av dvaypd-^rwau ra
-^pij/utara ra cep-
30 d, Qi]vT(ov e/Jb iroXei
*
01 Tafxiai. eireiBdv Be airoBeBofxeva
77 Tot? 6eols
to, xp]r}/jLara, et? to veoopcov /ecu ra rei^rj rocs irepiovcri
-XprfcrOcu xprjfjbaa-
ml
B.

;
- [...
ra XC0]tz/a /c[a]i ras Nt[K<xs Tas
xp]^
"^?
^^ ra
7r[o|rrria . . .
eirel 7ravre\(os i . pea . a ra 7r[opima dvi]ve\Q-
r\ tt) 0u KJara rd e"^^^>t[<rji.eva eir]t r^ a/cpo7roXt[v
5
. . . . KoAicn]dfieva /ecu eirl .... 7r[l n]ept/<;\[eov]?
e/cacrr^a] EW[-r]voTap.i] at /cat eTrtcr/eefa^ovTCDv avTa
(JLT(X TttV ^TTLO-TCLTWV t\jo\v at'[l OVTWV, 'o]t [Se] TCV/JLLCU [t](2
LXP
T
H
LaTa
P-

P
l
~
^ovtwv |iTci] tcG^ dp^LT^KT6v<av .... 'to]a*7re/3 tol>[s] 7rp
.... A.e .... yLteTa tc5[v eirio-r] arcov 'ottcos dpcar[a teal tcaXXur-
10 Ta Koo-|AT]0]?7creTat '77 a/e/)[oiroXis] /cat e7rto
_
K:eL'acr#^[a-Tai tcI
irop-ir-
ia rots 8]e aWots
^prj
fxacr\\.v irapja t?;? A07)vaia<;, ro[is tc
vvv ovoriv -
p,
iroXci Kajt aTT ai^ to Xo[iirov dv]ct(f)epr)TCU, /uurj ^prja[Qai
[XT] 8s dirava-
Xio-Kiv d]7r avroov et? dWo
[
p.T]8] et? ravra
'
virep /xu[pias
Spaxp-ds
Sovvai KeXJefetz/ eap Tt Se?7[i. els dXXJo Be /xr/Bev ^pfja6a[i,
tois
xP
r
V
a(r
"
15 tv, idv \ir\ r]rjv ClBeiav ^7]<^[i<ry\rQ.\. o] Bfjfios edvirep
'
7}
[x|/f<pos
8i8(ot-
at 7rcpl lar<|>]o/)a?. eav Be Tt? [citttj rj] e7rf\jrr](f)La7], /xtj e[\|/r]-
<pl<rpVT]S
irw tt)s dSciJa?, 'Xpr/crOat, to[is
xP^K-]
acriz; Tot[s] T17? 'AOr)-
[vaias,
VX(T-
0 tois av]Tot? olairep ea[v . . .
.] (j)epetv eiirr) f)
e7rt[\J/Tj<p(TT].
K 8-
10]
DEGREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 31
Ttav <|>6pcov] KararuOevai k\o.to. t6\v evtavrov ra /cd[a-roTe
irepio-
20 vra irapd t](H9 TCLfJblacU TGOV
[ttJs
'AOj^ata? TOl/9 EXA.77Z/0-
[rap.ias. iri-
8dv 8 Ik tw]^ Sia/cocTLcov ra\\6.vT(a\v, a et'9 airohocnv e<p-
[o"T<JH<TTai
*0 8-
Tjfjtos tois] clWols Oeols, a[Tro8o8]
(
v
t<z ocpeoXo/uLeva, Ta[p.iVa-8 tci
piv ttjs
,
A0T]]zva/,a9 ^prj/xara [lv
tJ
eVt Seized rov oirua [0o86p.ov,
to. 8e t-
v d\Xwv 0]e&Si/ eV tco eV >[urTp]a .
25*Oir6o-a S tw]^ ^prujbdrwv rcov ['tepwjz/ darard eanv r] av-
[dpiGfia, Tavr-
a dpiGp/fjo-aJt vvv /juerd Tft)/- r[trTdp]coi' dp^wv al eS[So[<rav
ai TOV A.0-
-yov Ik ~n.av]a6r)vaLG)v e'9 ria[va0T|v]<xia,
'
oiroaa
fiey
%pv[<r&
<TTLV X\ 'OTTO-
<ra dp-yvpd] 7] i>\Tr\dp\y\vpa crr^Jo-avTas
The inscription contains two decrees, one on each side of the block. The
first (A) orders the repayment of moneys due to the treasurers of certain gods,
after repaying to Athena 3000 Attic talents borrowed by the State; and arranges
for the future custody of these moneys. The second decree (B) contains
further regulations as to their disposal and administration.
The datives in -cus (except ra/xiao-i B 20) make it improbable that the decrees
were inscribed on the stone before 420/19 b.c (Meisterhans Gr. 121) ; but it has
been shown by Kirchhoff (Abh. Ah. Berl. 1864 and 1876) that the decrees them-
selves must have been passed in 435/4 and 434/3 b.c. respectively, for
(1)
the
first decree must, from the changes it enacts, have been passed at the beginning
of a Panathenaic pentaeteris, and therefore in the second year of some Olympiad,
(2)
it must have been passed shortly before the end of the year, for 1. 14 shows
that the date was just anterior to the dpxcupecrtcu,
(3)
the second decree is shown
to belong to the beginning of the following or third year of the Olympiad, because
the new raniou are already in office (B
26), (4)
the character of the provisions in
the second decree relating to the weighing and numeration of sacred properties
implies that it is not later than the beginning of the series of Treasure-lists (see
below, the section on Finance), i.e. 434/3 b.c.
A 2. KaMicts. Busolt (Philol. l p. 86 sqq.) seeks to prove that both here
and in 12 8, 13 15 Callias is the person who in Thuc. 1 61, 1; 63, 3 (cf. Plat.
Ale. 1 119 a) is said to have commanded the Athenian army at Potidaea and to
have fallen in battle there in 432 b.c By tois deois is of course meant 'the other
gods
'
; see Index s.v. ra/ucu and below 13 sqq.
3.
rfi
'Adrji/alq.. The form
'
kd-nva did not come into regular use till after
362 b.c (Meisterhans Gr. 32). On the state of the Treasury at the period of
this decree see Thuc. 11 13, 3.
32 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[10
4 sqq. The sources from which the moneys are to be repaid are three
;
(1)
the funds in the hands of the Hellenotamiae brought in by the <pbpos,
(2)
future sums falling under this head,
(3)
the produce of the
'
tithe,' when it
has been sold, i.e. farmed. The tithe in question appears to have been the rent
from public lands let to individuals.
8. On the duties of the XoyLaral see Boeckh St.
3
i 239 sqq.; J). A. s. v.
Euthyna (and Appendix) ; Sandys on Arist. 'A0. iroX. 54. It is clear from this
inscription that there existed before Euclid a special board of 30 Xoyia-rai,
though at a later period the number was diminished. The same board is meant
by 7/
dpxv
in the initial formulae of the Tribute-lists, e.g. CIA i 240. The words
otirep vvv indicate that the existing board was required to complete the transaction
within its term of office.
9. The
ftovX-f)
had the right to summon a meeting of the Xoyiarai. Cf.
Andoc. de myst. 15 (xf/rj^Laainevrjs 5e rijs ^ovXrjs^ r\v yap avTOKpdrwp, $x<>vto k"K
avrbv Meyapdde) for another instance in which the
fiovXr) acted independently of
the eKKX-qaia. The aw- (in avvaywyrjs) is much less common than %vu- at this
period (Meisterhans Gr. 220). For the assimilation of v to X in twX XoyiarCov
see 9 8.
13 sqq. For iepoiroioL see 9 9. The rafiiai who are to be appointed (annually)
dirb Kvdp-ov are the rafiiai ru>v tiXXuv deQv. The ra/xt'at rrjs 'Adrjvaias were
ten in number appointed annually by lot, one from each tribe, the penta-
cosiomedimni alone being eligible. Boeckh thinks the same limitation is
indicated by the words naddirep ktX. If the words also imply that the number
of the Tct/ucu tQv aXXup deQv was originally ten, it is strange, as Kirchhoff
observes, that in a Treasure-list of 429/8 b.c. (CIA i 194) the number of names
is certainly less than 10.
17. For the opisthodomus see below. With baa bvvarbv /ecu baiov cf. CIA n
1059 : oaa olbv re /ecu de/jurou iari. On avaarjfjLatvoaduu see 7 19.
18. Kai tQiv eTricTaTQi>. The kiriardrai here meant must be the etnaTarai of
temples. Besides its well-known use to denote the chairman of the irpuTaveis
the word is found in several other connexions. See Index s. v.
20. dirapLdix-qadadoov Kai aTToarr\adaQb3v . 'They are to cause to be counted
and weighed.' /u in 1. 22 is due to K.
25 sqq. Xoyov diddvTwv must be joined with -n-pos roi/s Xoytards.
27. evdvvas bibbvTwv, 'they are to submit their proceedings to examination.'
Xbyos refers to pecuniary accounts, eiidwai to the discharge of official duties.
This audit and examination is to take place annually for the period i< Hava-
Qr\va'uav is YLavadfyaia. Every year there was a Panathenaic festival, for three
successive years the Lesser, in the fourth year the Greater.
B 2. tol Xid]iva. So D, who remarks that S.Va (final) is alien to the language
of inscriptions of this period; see 17 30, 35.
2, 3. r& 7r[ojU7rea /crX.]; restored by D ; so also 6
8. For ixepi^bvrwv see
37 42, 39 44.
11.
x/
3
W
tao'[ 11' to?]s B, but Froehner (Inscr.) reads a on the stone ; thus 7rap]a
tt)s 'AdTjvaias is a pregnant construction.
12. avacpipo) (cf. the restored dvrjvex^V 1. 3 above) is the regular word to
denote the introduction of treasure to the Acropolis.
15 sq. idvirep ktX. Kestored by Keil Herm. xxix
p. 56 note 1.
17. ivex^doj ktX. The penalty for making the proposition or putting it to
10]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 33
the vote without having secured the &8eia or indemnity-bill (as e.g. for imposing
a special contribution, elcr<popd, upon the people) was to be the same as in other
cases of illegally proposing or putting the question to the vote.
18 sqq. Up to this point the decree has been concerned with the sacred
treasure of Athena; it now passes on to the public funds of the Athenians,
more especially the annual proceeds of the tribute, which are here directed to be
deposited in the Opisthodomus, and entrusted to the protection of the goddess.
They are in fact a -rrapaKaTaO^K-r) and do not become the property of the temple.
They are administered not by the Ta/niai rrjs
'
' Adnvaias but by the Hellenotamiae
and the Boule, the chairman of the prytanes having an official key to the
treasure. As compensation for the use of the Opisthodomus the Hellenotamiae,
from 454 B.C., paid to the goddess an dirapxv of
^V*
n (/-"^ L7r ToC tclX&vtov) on
the amount of tribute money annually deposited. See Index s.v.
dwapxv-
19. TrepLovra. So J. Christ de publ. rep. Ath. rationibus
p. 14 for the
yevdfxeva of others. It was not the whole, but the net, proceeds of the tribute,
after disbursements by the Hellenotamiae for public purposes, which were
deposited with the goddess. Cf. Busolt Gr. Gesch. in 1 p. 214 note 2.
20 sqq. exprjcpicrrcu 6 drjfAOS. So K.
22 sqq. This passage is quoted by Dorpfeld (Mitth. xn p. 39) to show that
the Opisthodomus in question is the back chamber of the old temple of Athena,
S. of the Erechtheum, which has two separate smaller chambers opening out of
it. But if so, one would expect these ot'/c^/xara to be expressly mentioned, as in
the Hekatompedon inscription, CIA iv 1, 19, 1. 17 p. 137. The arguments that
6iu<t068o{ios always means the Opisthodomus of the Parthenon are :
(1)
that the
word first appears in this inscription, which is dated just after the completion
of the Parthenon, and after it in a succession of inventories which mention
the compartments of the Parthenon
; (2)
that the four compartments mentioned
in these inventories are the Pronaos, Hecatompedos Naos, Parthenon and
Opisthodomus ; of these the first three are universally admitted to be parts of
the Parthenon, and unless the Opisthodomus is also that of the Parthenon, the
back portico of the Parthenon is unaccountably omitted. The back portico
of the Parthenon is adapted to hold treasures by being provided with gratings
from top to bottom between the columns. Cf. also 2 C 30.
26. The treasurers are to act in conjunction /xerd twv TeTrdpoov
dpx&v kt\.,
i.e. with all former ra/xtat who are living and present in Athens, del is due to
K. at rirrapes dpx<*-L are the four successive boards of each pentaeteris; see
Index s.v. dpxai. For virdpyvpa see CIA i 170, 8.
Remark ii. Formulae
of
Honorary Decrees, Proxenia-decrees
and Euergesia-decrees. A discussion on the duties and position of
the 7rp6$voL, or political patrons, would pass the limits allowable for a
note. It must suffice to define the 7rpo$vta as an honour which
imposed on the recipient the duty of taking care of the citizens of
the state which appointed him, when they came to his city. The
R. II.
3
34 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I
[R. ii
7rpo^vos was not a political agent as such. He was entitled to no
material privileges unless these were expressly specified in the decree
conferring the irpo^via. Works to be consulted on the subject are
Schubert, de Proxenia Att., Leipzig, 1881; Monceaux, les Proxenies
grecques, Paris, 1886.
Proxenia-decrees and Euergesia-decrees (by which the title of
UpyeT^9 is conferred) fall under the general head of Honorary
Decrees. And in no other department of epigraphy has the
influence of Athens made itself more widely felt than in the
elaboration of the formulae of these Honorary Decrees. We begin
at Athens in the fifth century with a very simple form (cf. no. 18).
After the introductory formula follows immediately the substance
of the decree : kira.ivk(Ta.i rbv Selva, sometimes with a brief statement
of reason, and then the enumeration of the honours conferred. An
exhaustive statement of grounds introduced by lirzihri (on) belongs to
a later development, and at first, as being an expansion, followed
the list of honours. The earliest example of a decree in which the
statement of grounds precedes the substance of the decreean
arrangement
characteristic of the later styleis, possibly, the frag-
ment CIA iv 1,
22c (about 450 b.c). From this older formula was
gradually developed a later, in which the name of the proposer
was followed
(1)
by a detailed statement of grounds with oreiS??
(e7rei8^ avSpe? ayaOoi etcrtv ircpi tov $rjp,ov ktA..),
(2)
a hortative section
the earliest example is no. 39, shortly after 350 B.C. (cf. 1. 11 sqq.
[o7r(os a\v etStocriv a7rav[Te]s
^\j\
l $r}p.o<; [o 'A^Orjvatuiv aTroSiSojcrLv
vapiras ja[ey]aA.a? rot? evtpytTovcnv ctavro[v] ktA..),
(3)
(after a transition
formula, e.g.
rvxfl
aya0# SeSo^cu tw Stj/xio) the commendation (e7rcu-
via-at) and the specification of distinctions or privileges. This later
formula asserted itself not only in Athens, but gradually also from
the fourth century onwards throughout the other Greek cities, though
in Northern Greece and the Peloponnesus a simpler form held its
ground (see Index). As time went on the language of these decrees
became more and more tedious, fulsome and discursive, till in the
Imperial period it reached its most degenerate stage. (Swoboda,
Gr. Volksbeschl. 50 sq.) For examples of the various material privi-
leges conferred see the references in the Index s. v. irpo&via.
11]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 35
11. The lower part of a stele of white marble, found in the Acropolis.
Lolling Sb. Ah. Wiss. Berl. 1888 p. 241; Mylonas BCH xn (1888) 129 sqq.; CIA
iv 1, 27c, p.
164.
ABAAE
(=e, ei,7j).H
(=h)
OIKUMN [X
=
f]
O {=
o, ov, a>)
pp^yy^X [4* *L
=
^]
Stoix^^v
' after d5t/cwPTcu 1. 9.
These decrees appear to be the
earliest extant Attic examples of
the class of honorary decrees, if
we except the fragment CIA iv
1,
22c. See Rem. ii, above. The
services rendered by Leonidas
of Halicarnassus may well have
been anterior to the Peloponnesian
War. The datives rrjac dW-qai 1. 5
(cf. no.
9)
preclude a date as late
as the time of the Sicilian Ex-
pedition assumed by Mylonas
BCH xn p. 129.
8. ada2i>Ta.i. Here ends the
fragment of the first decree on
the stone. The plural seems to
show that, if Leonidas was the
subject also of this decree, others
were associated with him in the
honour conferred. With the con-
cluding words cf. CIA iv 1,
62 6 p. 166, 1. 16 sqq. : oirus dv
/j.7] adiKrjTai cTTLixtXeadou. ttjv re
(5ov\r\v ttjv del (3ov\euovaav Kal
tovs cTTparrj-yovs Kal rov apxovTa
rov iv 2/ad0oj 6s dv
f/
eKdaTore.
For the title
apx^v applied to
Athenian governors of allied
states cf. 35 19 tw [dpxovri tw iv]
"Avdpip
;
D 112 (Amorgos) : 'Av8po-
Ti(j3v...dpt,as rrjs TroXews
;
Aesch.
c. Tim. 107 : r,p^e
5'
iv "Avdpw
irpt.dp.evos TpidxovTa pvwv ttjv apx^v.
These are examples of the fourth
century, but the words of 32 21 sq.
(378/7 b.c.) imply that the practice
dated from the preceding century.
14. ev tCov iroXewv. With this
strange expression, which, as Mylonas I.e. points out, appears to recur CIA n
33, 8, we can only compare the familiar iv "Aidov, ev
,
Ap(p)i(ppovos (Plat. Prot.
320 a). D adds the bold iv -rj/neripov of Herodotus (i 35, vn 8, 4)
for iv -qaQv or
iv rip.ere'puj.
32
eav ahlKelv /JL7][Ti AOrjvqo-i
piT-
e
'00-779 WOrjvaloi Kparovau e[ir-
ijjbe\ea6at he avrov Aurjvrjcri fi-
k]v tovs irpvrdveis Kara rrjfi
{3ov\rj-
5
v, iv he rrjac aWijcri iroXeat o-
irives
'
A6r)vai(DV apyovai ev r-
y
'v-rrepopia, 'o rt av eicaa-
roi hvvarol coaiv, co? dp, pr) dh-
iKwvrat

"Eoofej> rfj
{3ov\y
io Kal t<w Srjpio).
'
AvTioyls eirpv-
rdveve,
Xapocdhr}? eypafipaT-
eve,
'
Ylyrjo-avhpos eTreardreL. X-
acpearparos elrre' Aecovlhrjv
idv Tt9 diroKreivr) ev twv iro\-
15
(ov, gov 'Adrjvalot Kparovai rrj-
v
rtpcopiav elvai KaOdirep eav
Tt?
^AOrjvaicov aTroOavrj. eirai-
vecrai he dyaOd oaa iroiel 7r[-
pl
'
A6r]vaiov<; Aecovlhrj^. irepl [8-
20 e Aecovihov rd eyfrricfrKT/jLeva
a[v-
aypaylrdro) 'o ypap,fiaTev<; rrj-
9
/3ov\fj<z reXeao Tot9 Aeayvihov
ev OTr\Kaiv hvolv. Kal rrjv puev
r
erepav errrjerat e'/x nroXei, rrjv
25 hk 'erepav ev
'
AkiKapvaaaw-
i ev tm
'
tepaj rov 'A7roA,Xft)z/o9.
avbpa 8e TrpocreXeaOco AecovlS-
779,
t
oo"Tt9 d^ei Trjo-rrfkrjv Kal
(TTrjo-eL.
36 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[11
15 sqq. rrjv Tip.uplav kt\. Cf. 40 37 sqq. and Dem. c. Aristocr. 650: tarco,
(prjaiv, inrep avrov 77 0.1/7-77 rifMupia, nadairep av tov 'Adrjvalou d-rroKTeiur}.
22. reXeai rots Aeuvidov. Foreigners in whose favour a decree was passed
had to bear the cost of the inscription themselves; so also states on concluding
an alliance with Athens ; cf. 7 60.
25. It appears also from Ro. 1 145 45 that the temple of Apollo at Halicar-
nassus was used as a depository of state documents.
12. One of the Elgin Marbles in the British Museum. The upper and
right-hand portions only are entire. CIG 74 ; CIA 1 33 (cf. iv 1
p. 13) ; BM
5;
H 39; D 25. Cf. Foucart Rev. Arch, xxxvn
(1877) 384.
ABAAE
(=e, ei,
y). H
{=h)
OIKUMN [X
=
f]
O (= o, ov,
g>)
PPTY4>X [<&Z
=
ir]
Xtoc
XV
56v.
QioC. ripeo-pets ck 'Ptvyiov *]ol rrjv %v/jL/uLa%iav
eiroi/jjo-avTo Kal tov 'dpKjov KAeaz/o/po? dev-
]tlvov, ZtXrjvbs <>ookov,
B c
'Eir' 'A$]crv8ovs apyovros k-
5
al ttjs Pov\t[s
'
fj
KptTiaJS^? irpooTos eypa/JL/J,-
aTV, 4'8o|V TT) Pov]Xl7 fCCU T(p $7]/H(p 'A-
KajxavTis errpvTaveve XJapta? iypafi/jLarev-
e, Tip.6^vos 7To-TaT]et, KaXXi- (vacant space)
as etirc' vp.p.axav ctvjat A07)VCLiOtS KCtX
10 'PtyvCvois. tov 8e
c
6pKo](V) Ofioaaprcov 'AOrjva-
toi KaTa Ta8* &ttch Trijcrra /cat aoo\a kcli
airXd 'diravTa to. aV
>
A0t]v](a)t^ r)<yivoLS KCL-
l Kal vp.]/za^ot eao/xeOa itig-
toI Kal 8iKaioi Kal
\<r\xypo\
Kal a/3Xa/3et?
15
Kal] oo(f>e\r](TO{ii>
This is a fragment of a treaty between the Bhegines and the Athenians.
Some of the restorations in the text depend upon a comparison with a similar
fragment of a treaty with the Leontines, no. 13, concluded in the same prytany.
The treaty with Bhegium was probably the
'
old-standing treaty ' referred to by
Thucydides in 86, where, speaking of the first interference of Athens in Sicilian
affairs 427 B.C., he says: ol yap ~ZvpaKocnoL Kal Aeovrluot es irokefxov aW-ffhovs
KadidTaaav. ^v/uL/maxoL 8e (rjcrav) .... reus Aeovrlvois . . . 'VrjylvoL Kara to ^vyyeves
AeovTivwv. es ovv rets 'Adyvas Tre/xipavTes ol t&v Aeovrlvojv ^vju-fxaxoi Kara re
TraXaiav u
/
u.
y
a<xxiai' /cat on "Iawes rjaav ireldovo'L tovs 'Adrjuaiovs ir(iypai a<plai
vavs kt\. On the formula 1. 4 and 13 8 see Rem. iv, p. 85.
13]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 37
6. 'AKafiaurU eirpvTaveve. This was not the first prytany of the year 4332:
see CIA i 179, 10. It is probable that the alliances with the Ehegines and
Leontines
(13)
were concluded shortly after the despatch of the two fleets in
aid of Corcyra as described in Thuc. i 45 and 50 ; and in fact the alliances may
have had a causal connexion with the success of those expeditions, as clearing
the way for access to Italy and Sicily; cf. Thuc. i 36 and 44 and the notes to
CIA i 179.
8. KaWLas. See lO 2.
10. The letter on the stone before 6/j.oadpTwv is
H
; which may indeed
be meant for that word. Cf. note on 21 9.
15. After ci0eA?7<ro/xez> there are remains of a
P ;
qu. Travri adfrei? Cf. 32
51.
13. A slab of Pentelic marble found at Athens. CIA iv 1, 33a p. 13; H 40;
D 24. The letters as in 12; but twice /V.
0]ot. Ilpeafiets ey Aeov[r- This is the fragment of a
ivcov
(
ol rrjy
f*V(AfJLax-
treaty between Athens and the
it \ \ t Leontines alluded to in the notes
av eiroiTjaavTO /cat top
r ,
on no. 12. In 1. 10 after Kpt-
op/cov 1 ifirjveop Ayadofc-
^
TLd8r]S the word rptSros is omitted
,
5 \eovs, X&)(79 TXavfciov, Ye- doubtless accidentally, on the
\o)v 'EgrjfceaTOV. ypap^xa-
stone. In 1. 22 perhaps we should
v /r\ ' rri i continue : ttmttoI kclI 51k<xloi /ecu
reu? lyeoTt/xo? lavpta-
400,0
,-c,
, , . , ,*
ta
X
vpol /ecu a/3Xa/3ets. Cf.
12
<ooj4
K0V y^^ Ayjrevoovs apyovT-
13 sq
B. C.
""
09 kcll T779 /3ov\r}<;
fj
Kp-
10 LTid&rjs iypa/jb/bbdreve,
eBo^ev
rfj /3ov\fj
tcai
irpvrdveve, Kaplan eyp-
afifidreve, Tifji6i;evo<;
15 67r6<Trdrec, KaXXia? e-
17T6' rrjfjb fiev ^vpupbayla-
v elvai A6r)vaioL<; koX
KeoVTIVOlS KCLI rbv o[p-
ko[v 8]ovvat kcu
Sefafcr-
20 8ai. 6|x6cr]at he
^
A6r)va\l-
ovs rdSe' |v|^|xa)^]ot 60"[o[i-
0a
38 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[14
14. A fragment of Pentelic marble ; the right margin only entire, H.
0.24 m.; L. 0.15 m.; Th. 0.09 m. Found at Athens CIA iv 1, 35c p. 65; D 27.
A . AAE
(=e, e^rj)
iH(=/0 Ol KUMN . O
(=o, ov, co)
PP
F Y 4^ X . ^Toixvdb"-
"E8oev tt} PovXtj Kal T]t
8r}fjL(p 'A/ca[(ia-
vrls eirpvrdveve, . . . .]Xef? [eYp]a/i[p.]aT[ei>-
428
)
'Eirajieivtov
-qpx
6
? 2ip]upTto[s kjireard [ti*
el-ire* els rjrjV 7ro[iT)]crt^ tgov [ve-
5
a>v 8avi<ra<r0ai <TTpa]T7)<yov<; t[ov]? /uLera Tl [d-
\t]tos dp7vpiov irapja TWV [vv]f OVTtoV 8-
T]p.apxcav tois o-Kevovp-yJot?* o o az> oavet-
(rwo-iv, diroSovTiov avrojt? 7Ta[\]ti> Ot Tpt-
TjpoiroKH* tovs 8e TeTa-yJ/xez/Of? ir\elv iirl t-
io t)v ttjs Aeo-pov ^vXaK-^v ']a)9 TayjLGTCL airo-
crmXdvTwv 'ot o-TpaTTj-yJor el oe /nrj, iaayo-
vtwv avTovs GavaTov els &]lKaaTi]piOV o[i
irpvTaveis, a><nrep dv el
p.]??
rjueXov TOVS aiTl-
ovTas e|e\0iv. tt]s 8e] KO/.Lt8r}s twv ^e[<3-
15 v i]y ^AaKehovLas a . .
irip.]e/V[T]]#^i>a 07r(w?
Kop.io-0<5o-iv 'ws Ta^io-jTa Aurjva^e Kal ir-
apacrKvacr8wo-L, 'oirws] OV KO/jLL^r)Tac 7]
o-TpaTid 't] els Ae'o-pov $v]\a/cr}V Tr/v aptcrT-
20 tjv. edv 8e tis [ir\ ttoitJo-t)] Kara ravTa,
o(f)t\-
eiv \tXias 8paxp.ds avToJjv lpa<>
rfj
A.6-
ijvaia. Tip 8e irptoTU) k\ti\oVTl Kal KOfx\l-
<ravTi \a O o[T]p.os
The restorations are mainly Kirchhoff 's {Sb. Ak. Berl. 1886, 303 sqq.). He
has shown that the document is probably a decree ordering the equipment and
despatch of a naval force to watch and suppress the outbreak at Mitylene in
428 b.c. The Archon's name, if the restoration is correct, comes before that of
the President, and therefore the inscription is probably earlier than the
establishment of the formula in 421 b.c, cf. Rem. i, p. 3. The almost certain
restoration of 1. 1 gives the number of letters as 31; and so the Archon's name
must have 9 letters
;
this indication would suit many archons in the period to
which the characters of the letters must belong; but in only two years, that of
Epameinon 428 b.c. and that of Antigonus 406 b.c, were affairs in Athens and
Lesbos in the state implied by the inscription ; and the words seem to imply a
threatened danger like that of 428 b.c rather than the defeat and blockade of
the town by Callicratides in 406 b.c, before Athenian efforts resulted in the
15]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 39
battle of Arginusae. Busolt (Philol. l
p. 583 sqq.), who from Thuc. in 18, 2
supplies the name Tldxns in 1. 5, argues, against K, that an examination of
Thuc. in 3, 2
; 5,1; 15, 1 ; 18, 3 makes it clear that the expedition with which
our decree is concerned is the one alluded to in the last-quoted passage, and
must have taken place as late as the September of 428, and not earlier in the
year, as K held.
7. daveiaojcriv: sc. oi 8rj/j.apxoc.
9. rpiripoTroioL. Cf. Arist. 'Ad. tto\. 46, 1 : Troielrai 5 {tj (3ov\r)) tols Tpirjpets,
deKa ai>8pas e' [airavTWv~] eXo/xevw TpLrjpowoiofa, and Dem. c. Androt. 598 : 6 tQv
Tpi7]poTrouKu>v Tafias. The same officer is mentioned, CIA n 799 d 20, and in a
similar naval document given below (see Index s.v. TpL-qpoiroiol).
9 sq. eiri ttju rrjs Aeaftov (pvXaicqv. The restoration naturally stands or falls
with the correctness of the inferences made in the notes on the subject of the
inscription.
12 sq. For the functions of the prytanes in such matters see M. and Sch.
Att. Pr. Bk i, ch. 3.
15. A slab of Pentelic marble found in the Theatre of Dionysus. H. 1.00 m.;
Br. 0.51 m. At the top is a relief. Boeckh St.* n 499 sqq. ; Kirchhoff, Abh. Ah.
Bed. 1861
p. 555 sq.; CIA i 40 ; H 44
;
D 33. Cf. A. Schmidt, N. J. 1885 i
p.
728.
ABAAE (=, i,
v) iH
(=h)
OIKUMN (X
=
?)
0(=o, ov, co)
ZroixySov, except lines 1, 2. In 1. 51
T =7, 1. 2.1, 41, 52 \-\ =
y.
MeOcovaiojv i k II iep[i'as.
<t>]a/iU7T7ro9
<
$>pvvL'%ov
y p
a /jl /jl dr[eve.
:
'E8]oe7;
rfj
/3ovXrj ical rS hrjfxcp. ^Epe^OrjU eirp\yr6.v-
V,] Xkottcls iypa/x/jbdreve, Ti/jLcovlSjjs iireardreL. [Aiott-
5
ei]6r)s elire' 8t[a])LpoTovfi<Ta[, top Stj/jlov avTL/c[a. irpo-
s M]e6a)vaiov<; etVe
<fiopov
So/cel rdrreiv rbv 8t}/jio[y avr-
ik]<x fjudXa rj i^[<r]apKtv clvtoZs reXelv ocrov tj) #e[u> dir-
6 r]ov (popov eyiy[y\eTO, *6v rots TTporepois Ila^[a0rivaio-
ts] irerd-^aro
(fiepeLv,
rod 8e dXXov dreXeis elva[i. t*Jv 8e d(j>-
io a]\r)/jL'tTa)v, a yeypdtyarai rep Stj/uloctlo) t[<3 tv 'AQr\-
vai](o/jL ^leOcovacot, ocpeiXovres, edv wctl eVrrjjrjScioi 'A-
Qr\]vcuois coairep re vvv /cat en dfielvovs, eTr^rpiTx-tiv t-
r]aiv irepl rf/s Trpd^ecos AOrjvaiov^' kcli ea[v koivo-
v] yjrr}(j}t,<rfJLa ri irepl icov o^etXruxdrayv rcov ev t/}[o-i o-ttj-
15 \t\\<jl ycyvrjTai, ixrjhev irpoayKeroy Me0(ovaio[is, edp. p.-
r\ \](opl<; ylvjjTat yln}(j)oo-/jLa irepl M.e6o)valcop. 7r[p<rpci-
40 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[15
s 8]e Tpels Trepu^rat vrrep irevTrjKOVTa errj <ye7o^[oTas
'w]? IIe/oSi/c/ea[v]. eiirelv Se TlepSlfCfca, on Soice\l 86<a-
iov] elvai idv M.e0(ovalovs
rfj
OaXdrrr)
/
%prjcr0a[i,
p.rfik
20 e~]eivai ' opiaaadac, /cal iav elcrepiiropevea0\oii ko.0-
dtre]p Tea)? e[s] r\rf\v yjapav, ical purjTe dSacelv ^[r\]re [d]8[iKio--
0cu], p,r)Se aTpa\r]idv Sid rrj<; yj>pa<$ rrj^ Me0[(o]vaia)v [8id-
7iv d]fcovTco/jL [Me]0(ovaLcov. /cal edpu p,ev 6/jLo\[o]yaJ<Ttv [*k-
aTep]oi, v[[Lfii]f3acrdvTQ)v 01 7rpecr/3eLS' idv Se firj, [irpco-
25 Pci]az^ e;aT[p]o[i] 7re/ui7r6vTa)v e? Acovvcrta, TeXos [%\ov-
Tas] Trepl
c
co[v] hv
OLCufi^tjpwvraL, 7rpo? ttjv
ftovXrjv tca\\ tov
8T|p.]oz/. 6[l]7re^ Se [Ti.]epSi/c/ca otl, idv 01 <JTpar[i(aTai
'ou] ifjb
TVoaeiSicp eiraiVGoai, yvcopas dyaOd?
f
e[ovo-i
irpl] avrov A07][y]alot. ^K^ecpoTOv^aev 6 &7/X09 [M0a>v-
30
aiovjs" TeXelv [o<ro^v rrj 6eca airo tov (popov iyiyve^ro, ov
toi]> 7r[p]oTepo[is] YlavaOrjvaLots irerd^aro (^[e'peiv, tov
hi &]XXov aTe[\ls &\vai. "JLSo^ev
rfj fiovXrj /cal [tu> Stjjx-
.]
c
l7r7ro[0]&)[vTis k\irpvTdveve, MeyafcXeiSrjS [c^pafjipd-
T6t)]e, N/[k]o[ kjireo-rdreo. KXeoovvpos elire' MfcOuvai-
35
ots] e[t]^[at t kd]yecv ey JSv^avrlov alrov p,e^[pi . . . . a-
kutx]l\,l<j)v p,6$l/llvcov tov iviavTov eicdcrTOV,
(
oi [tc 'EXXt]-
<nr\oi>TO($)v\aice<; puJTe avTol kcoXvovtcdv e^dyeiv p\y\T-
c aX]Xov ioovTCOV KCoXvecv rj ev0vveo~0o)V pvpiatai
3/o[ax-
y.oX<r\tv 6KaaTos. ypayjrapuevovs Se irpos tovs
(
JLXXrja7r[ov-
+o To](f)vXa/ca<; i$;dyei\y\ pe^pt tov TeTaypuevov.
dtypuos \Z\
?<rjT&) /cat r) vavs r) e^ayovaa. 'otl S' dv koivov
yjrij(f)[ia-[L-
a irjept tcov ^vp,pud^co[v] ijrricfiL^covTai W0r)vaiOL 7re[pl p-
or\~\0 ela$ rj a[X]A,o tc 7r/9o[o-]raTTo[v]Te? Tr/at iroXeat rj [irep-
l o-<j>]c5i/ [rj] nrepl twv 7r6[\o>]7^,
'
otl dv ovopuaaTi Trepl t[tjs tt-
45
6X]a>9 t^[s]
Me0(Dvala)v yjrrjipL^oovTaL, tovto irpoa"rj[yKw
avTol]?, T[d] Se aXXa p,r)
}
dXXa (fivXaTTovTes ttjv cr(^eT[epa-
v avTcav k\v tm TeTaypevco ovtgov. a Se vtto Y\epS\j.KK-
ov rfi\.KT\<r\0ai (fcacri,
/3ovXevo~acr0ai
'
A0[7)]valov<;
*
otl d\y 80-
k\y) \0JcC\0v elvat Trepl Me0covaia)v
}
iireuSdv aTrav\rra-
50 oijat e[s r6]v Sfj/mov ot Trpecr(3eLS [']ot irapd UepSi/c/cov, [of t-

] A
66T[a- TlkjeiarTiov ot\\\6pbevoi /cal 01 /zera Aecoyo^pov. tt]-
o-]t Se [a\\]r]o-L 7roXe[o-t \]pr)/xaTLaai, eTretSdv ecre\[0T)
^
ir]/)L'[Tav]eta ?; SefT[c'pa] pueTa Ta<; ev tw vecopla) e[v0iis
^Spas]
iKfcXrjcriav [trojjcravTe^' crvv\i\^iti<; Se nroelv r[ds Ik-
55
KXtio-ta]?,
e&)? az/ Si[airp]a^^i7, a\Xo Se 7Tpo^pr}pba[Tia-ai
15]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 41
tovtco]^ fjLrjSev, id/jL
fir) re ol arparr}[y]ol Secovra[i. "E8o-
cv ttj]
/3ov\fj
koli ra> hrjjjbw. Ke/tpo7rl9 eTrpv^rdvivi, .
]?;?
iypa/xf^dre^v^e, '[i]epo/c\eiB7j^ e[iro-Ta,Ti . . .
]
eiire' eireihr) e . .
60 even,
The marble contains two decrees and a fragment of a third granting certain
privileges to the Methonaeans and befriending them in their relations with
Perdiccas. A fourth decree must have followed ordering that all four should be
inscribed on the stone. The dates and chronological order of the decrees are
determined by the following considerations.
(1)
Qaiviiriros 1. 2 is probably the
same as the person of that name who was ypafi/naTevs in Elaphebolion of
01. 89. 1 = 424 b.c, Thuc. iv 118, 8. He was ypa^fiarevs Kara irpvTavelav. This
officer changed with each prytany and in the pre-Euclidean period was re-
sponsible for the engraving of the decrees ; cf. Rem. v, p. 89.
(2)
The prytany
1. 3, in which the first decree was passed, was the first of 01. 88. 1, i.e. in July
or August 428 b.c; for (a) the decree cannot, be older than 01. 87. 2, =431/0 b.c.
when peace was made with Perdiccas, nor later than the end of 01. 88. 2 =
427/6 b.c, the date of the following decree, (b) the re-assessment of the allies,
1. 8, at the Panathenaea of the year preceding that of the decree, could only
have taken place, according to Koehler Urk. p. 138, in 01. 87. 4 =
429/8 b.c, i.e.
in the fourth year of the Olympiad.
(3)
The date of the second decree was
probably 01. 88. 3 = 426/5 b.c. for it was passed in the first prytany, as is clear
from 1. 52, 53, and the secretary Megacleides is almost certainly the same as
the person of that name in CIA 1 273, who was in office in the first prytany
(irpQiTos eypafx/xdreve : cf. Rem. v) of the same year.
7. The question is raised whether the Methonaeans are to be required to
pay tribute, or only the quota of
^
n
(
see Index s.v. /uu>d dirb toKclvtov) paid as
dirapxh to Athena according to the assessment of the preceding year.
9 sqq. Their arrears of tribute are remitted (with the condition that they
are to remain friendly to Athens) ; and a special arrangement (rdis) is to be
made in their case with reference to the collection (irpd&s). For ererdxaTo,
yeypdcparai see Meisterhans Gr. 166, who notes that after 410 b.c the peri-
phrastic forms only were in use.
11. The three letters before Meduvaloi on the stone are
HO
AA.
14. iv TTJai <TTr)\r](ri. So K for ei> ttjcti irbXecn of previous editors. The
<TT7)\ai are those on which the names of debtors to the treasmy are registered.
On the form of the datives see 9.
19. Perdiccas may not cause limits (opoi) to be set on the coast, N. or S. of
Methone, to restrict the navigation of the Methonaeans.
24. ^vfx0Lj3aadvTO3v. The usage is quite classical; cf. Hdt. 1 74, Thuc. 11 29,
5 (^we/Si/Sacre 5e K<xi rbv HepdiKKav to?s 'Adrfvaiots).
25. es Aiovuaia. The next Dionysia would be in March (Elaphebolion)
427 b.c tAos
?x
0VTa-s : so K
; Zxovaav is too short, taxovtrav (Sauppe) is against
usage. The expression reXos
^x
ovT^
"
plenipotentiary" occurs Thuc. iv 118.
28. ifj.
no<rei5i<j. An examination of the var. lectt. in CIA leaves no doubt
that this is the right reading. (yrpanQrai ol for o-TpaTevSfxevoi is due to K. The
place indicated may be either the promontory of the Pallenian peninsula
42 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[15
(II oaeib&viov Thuc. iv 129, Liv. xliv 11) or the promontory between Argilus and
Stagirus (Hdt. vn 115).
29 sqq. The decree, or rather probouleuma, has up to this point dealt with
two questions;
(1)
concerning the tribute,
(2)
concerning the sending of am-
bassadors. As the first was put in the form of two alternatives
(6, 7 eiVe...^) it
was necessary that the actual voting should be recorded. Hence the addition of
these lines 2932
;
but no express statement was required in the case of the
second proposition (concerning the ambassadors), the mere record of which
implied it had been adopted. In keeping with this resolution we find in a
Quota-list CIA i 257 (427/6
or 426/5 b.c.) the Methonaeans numbered among the
7r6Aets at avrrjv tt\v airapxh
v air-qyayov (1. 50 sqq.).
32. edo^ev kt\. Here begins the second decree. During the time of
Athenian maritime power, as during the Peloponnesian War, the Hellespont
was watched by the Athenians, and the 'EWrjcriroi'TocpuXaKes seem to have con-
stituted a special board charged with the duty of regulating the export of corn.
Without the consent of the Athenians no corn could be carried to any place
from the Euxine or Byzantium. Where consent was given the amount of corn
which might be imported annually to the privileged state was defined, and a
declaration of the amount (within the prescribed limit, /nexpi- rod Teraynevov) had
to be made to the "EWrjairouTocp^XaKes.
38. evdvveadojv : see 7 19. fivplaiat. dpaxp-a?cn : these forms (as well as those
in
-flcri)
are very rare as compared with the forms in -aai, -rjcri 9 15 etc. The
ordinary form in -ais prevails after 420 b.c. Meisterhans Gr. 121.
39. ypa\pap.evovs :
"
having declared." In CIA m 38 and CIG 1569 (Orcho-
meniisi) the word is airoypacpeadat.
43. TroXetn. See 8 14.
46. dXXa (pvX&TTovres kt\. "but they shall be held to have performed their
duty if they protect their own land." Cf. Xen. Cyr. vi 2, 37 a
5'
eirio-ravTai, T<p
ftovXo/j.eixp p.ia6ov virriperovvTes ev rip Terayp-evcp ZcrovTai. The same phrase ev rtp
reray/xevip ehai occurs 35 48, 38 63. The right explanation is due to Koehler,
Mitth. ii p. 209.
48. 'Adlrivalovs. AOINAIOC
51. T77[cr]i de [&\\r)]<n 7r6[\][<ri
x\P
7
lf
JLaT
'
l<7aL - The restoration is D's (Herm.
XVI p. 192 sq.). K had proposed Trepi 5e 'H7?7cri7r6Aea>s (or TifXTjcrnroXeus, 'Hyrjai-
iroXe'jUoi'). The Athenians will give audience to the other states, summoning
an assembly of the e/c/cXT/ata in the second prytany (cf. the note above on the
chronology) immediately after the session (of the pov\-i)) at the dockyards.
For another instance of the /3ov\r) holding its meetings at the Peiraeeus, on
business connected with the fleet, cf. CIA n 809 Col. b 11 sqq. (325/4 b.c).
K points out that the expedition which was being prepared in the second
prytany of 01. 88. 3 (426 b.c.) was that which in the winter following cruised
round the Peloponnesian shore under the command of Aristoteles and Hierophon
(Thuc. in 105).
56. ibo^ev kt\. Here begins the third decree. From CIA i 273, 6 we learn
that the tribe Ke/cpo7rts had the second prytany of the year 426/5 b.c.
16. Five fragments of dark-coloured marble, a, b (after other editors)
CIA i 96; c, d, e, Kumanudes, 'A0. v p. 168, 169. a

e CIA iv 1, p. 22;
16]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 43
D 29. Cf. J. M. Stahl Mus. Rh. xxxviii 145 sqq.; H. Swoboda Serta Harteliana
28 sqq.
ABAAE(=e, ei,v).
H
(=-'&)
OIKUMN [XC
=
f]
O
(= o, ov, to)
c
7pajjL|xaT]ei/e.
"E8ofjv tt| povX-rj Kal t<o 8rjfj.w 'AKa|ia]^Tt? 7Tp-
VT(1VV, Ypa}X(xdTV, ]u09 67T6-
<TT(XTl, tlT
J
^L
a d
5
VTCLS 6
at
"*
K6r)v\<aXo\t, Ke\evova\i
.... 8i]ac<X9 SiSoz^ras] 7T/30?
'
A6r)v[ai<av tovs errurKO'Trov-
s
Kajia Ta? ^f[jipo]Xr/9 al r)<ra\y irpos MvTiXTjvaiov-
s k]ol Tol<$ /cXrj^ovtyois, ocra 7rco[\r\QT) 6Vra eirl tov
io ay^pwv irplv a[Tro]8odrjvaL avrols [t^ yr|v viro twv
<rr\paT7]'ywv [Kal] rdov arparuoTCOv [diroSovvai MvtiX-
r\v\ai(ov tovs e^ovra^. Kal avaypd<f)[crai TavTa t6v
-y-
po.fJLix]area tt}? (3ov\rj<$ iarrjXr) \[t#ivT) Kal KaraG-
i]vat
if!
iroXet rekecrL Tot9<?> [MvTtXrjvaiwv. rav-
15
ra
fiev dvaypdtyai Kal tf[aX<rai tt\v -irpco-peCav t-
(ov M.VTl\r}vaL(OV 7rl ^[o-e'via is to irpvTavctov ds
avpiov rots Be K[\r\pov\ois
7779
dvrairoBo
eBo
20 TO
k\av 8o-
t] 'AQr\v]aloc<; or-
MvtiXtiv]^/^^ Kal diro
fJLOS
Bo 1
25
avro
. . .
I I
[.
. . . 'o Z]rj/jLO<Z 'o
'
Adr)v[al<av.
.]v Kal avro
I [
v<
f>]
44 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[16
The fragments contain portions of a decree which appears to relate to the
setting of cleruchs in the island of Lesbos, in 427 b.c. as described by Thuc. in
50. 2, 3. D adds Diod. xn 55, 10 : ttjv Ae<r(3ov oX-qv wXrjv rrjs Mrjdu/jLvaicou %wpa?
KareK\ripovxWav-
7. iTTKXKdirovs. See 5 11. 5i'/cas didovras kt\.
'
submitting their causes
to be tried before the eiricTKoiroL of the Athenians according to the international
compacts made with the Mytilenaeans (sc. before their revolt from Athens).' As
Swoboda I.e. points out, the text shows that those commentators are wrong who
assume that the cleruchs all remained at Athens and did not settle in Lesbos
(k\vpovxovs aireirefx\pav says Thucydides). In Lesbos they had doubtless, for
military purposes, to remain in the towns and this fact would account for the
cultivation of the lands by the Lesbians themselves.
810. D's text.
14. rtXeai kt\. See 11 22. ravra [xkv kt\. For a similar repetition see
32 72.
Remark iii. On Attic numeral signs. The six ground-forms of
the decimal system in Attica were as follows:
1
=
1, P
= irevrc,
A
= $Ka,
H
= exa-roV, X
=
x^ol, M
= pvpioi. The numerals
1

4
were
denoted by the required number of vertical strokes. Compendia
formed of
P
and the next four ground-forms denote multiples
:
pi
or
P
=
50, P
-
500, P
=
5000, p
=
50,000. All values not
represented by the above 10 signs are denoted by way of addition, the
higher stages preceding the lower:
p|
=
6, ANN
=
14, HP
= 105,
XXXXPHHHHPAAAAPIIII
=4999. This method of numeration
is attested by Attic inscriptions from 454 (e.g. CIA I 226) to about
95 B.C. (e.g. CIA ii 985). (Miiller, Hdbch. i 542;
Meisterhans,
Gr. 9. For other authorities see Ro. I
p. 96.)
Similarly unities
of money and weight are expressed by compendia :
T
= rdXavTov,
M
-
fxva,
C
or
5
= crraryp, \- =
Spa^fxyj,
I
=
ofioXos, C
and 3
= rjp.ua-
fiekiov
(in CIA II 834 c 8. 54
D seems to
=
rerapTr/piopLov =
\
obol).
T
= TeTapTY)p.6pLov,
X
=
x
a^K^- ^n the Roman period
X
denotes the
denarius. The sign of money value precedes the numeral signs
;
thus hPAl
= Dr. 61
;
where the former is absent drachmae are to
be understood. Frequently however the sign for drachma
(h)
is
substituted for the unit, e.g.
APhhhll I
= 18 Dr., 3 obols. Attic
compendia of money and numeral signs are
p
?
P
= 5 talents,
Q
= 10 talents,
P
= 50 talents,
H
= 100 talents,
p
= 500 talents,
X
= 1000 talents. Other compendia will be explained separately
as they occur.
17]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 45
17. Put together out of more than thirty fragments found at various times
on the Acropolis. CIG 143 ; CIA i 37 (of. iv 1 p. 13, 54, 66, 140 sq.) where is a
long list of authorities, of which the most important is Kohler Urkunden u.
Untersuchuiigen z. Gesch. des delisch-attischen Bundes, Abh. Ak. Berl. 1869
p. 63 sqq.; H 47. A new fragment Herm. xxxi 146 n. 3. For a concise
summary of the history of the League see Busolt in I. Muller's Hdb. iv 1, 210 sqq.
ABAAE
(=, l, rj)
XH
(=h, sometimes omitted)
OlKUMN
[X
=
f]
O (=
O, ov, a>)
PPTY4>X [>
=
>M-
ZrwftMn
frg. a

c. (Both the position and the meaning of frg. d, e are uncertain.)


[c] O L
T a [xl cr i 9
<&
6
p
ov
"Ebo^ev Tr)[i PovXtj Kal tw 8t](1,o). Al-ytjls] e7rp[vTa,vev, ~]cov
e7pafp.fi.d-
TU, TT-
ordret, 9o^5t[iriros tint] Xkto[ ~\av
x
L
P[
TOV *7rt TQ--
5 s 7r6Xets, btio [p.v liri rds cirl 0paKi]s] bvo be e[irl 'Iwviav, 8vo 8]e eVi
p[ij<rous, 8vo 8e irl 'EXXtjo-tt
-
-
cwto[v]. oOr[oi 8e
]
kolvol
'
eos 7ra .... [Mai-
/j.a.KT7)piQv
[
i](ra7W7ea[s t]ous be
Tea Kal %v[v ]ov (uv).
'?j be /3[ovXi] ado
pas. outoi [8c ~\ov (cov), d<p' r)s d[v
10 77s rj/xepas 'e/cacr
01 'op/cwra[l
] Tvyx[&v Ti]-
v avTT)v f?7ju.[iav %|/t|-
(piariTat [Srjpos T-
rj 7/Xtata 15 7r6Aeo"[i] /car- 16 tov]tojv.
'01
5 . . . . 17 17 oXet^ov e . . /.
18 aias
dpx^7
s 19 [d]7r6 vov/jL7]VL[as] 20
xPVI
J- aTi[<rai-
21 5e 06po 22 ed/x ti^r (/xer) 23 vovfx-qv[i
24
'0
7p[afJLjxaTvs] 25, 26 . . oire K]|AaKper
27 aXov iff 28 vaia 29 irepi 30 .... ... .
frg.
fm, 0, p.
2 crrpaTTj^yot /ca[i ']o iro\ep.ap[\os ... 3 . . Xas rtD[v r\]Xt.ao~Tu)v
4 evQv~\v(rd(x) p.\y]placn. bpa[\\ir\ari ... 5 . . . vewv Ka[Q]io-TavTwv
6 . . ]uv 7-77
[Po-u]\^
(0?' [iro]\ei) ^vvra ... 7 . . on 5e . i>os /jlt/vos
x

8 . . . 'o (po[p]os eV r<p 7ro[X(Jia ... 9 . . . es (eis) 7[]*'c<;j'Tai edtt . .
10 . . ov (ojv) pL[r\]defxia rj b 11 . . . es t[t]]s
x^P
as o.8v[yar . . .
12 . <|>]6po[s], '6s dv
rax^til
13 ev <TT]?7Xa[is ?]
\(.dlvai[s
?] . . .
14
'0
. . 7r6Xet ai'r[i .... 15 . . Ttjcrt ir]6\[]cri irepi rod 0[6pov ....
16 . . Tv[y~\x<*' v
V
i"/)UT[avvovaa 17 . . . i^viyK(a]ai e[s] rbv br)p.ov k . . . ov
18 .... to ... . ]7rt (r[<j)]wj' ai/Tiiv, 60[tXeiv \tXias
8paxp.ds 'tcpdjs r-
rji 'AQ]r/va[ia,
] p[.
. . K<x]t rcD[u] brmoaiix)
'[. . v8vveo-8a> p.vpt]ao-t
46 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[17
20 Spa\]firj[cri 'c'KacrTOS twv irpjurafvcwv Ka]t edv tls dXXws 5i[. . . .\i]t] elvat r-
as] rd[is . . .] a . . . tata . . eVi r^s ^pin-a^e^as
'"^
av] . - . ot[i irpvTaJi'etf??, ar-
i]/xos <x[t<o Kal] rd
x[p
T
lF
l,aTa
]
avrov 5[t][Jt6o"t]a &t[t] /cat tt)s deov [to ciri-
8KaTo[i/. ex]cr[ivf\yKT(x) de r-
aura ei's [tov] 5t}/j.ou ['tj Alyr]]is 7r[p]i>ra[vC]a iwdvayKes e7rei[8dv Jcrrpa
. . .] els TplTTjU 7j-
jxtpav [Trpu>r]ov ^er[d rd 'i]pd. e[dv] de [(xrj 8]ia7r[p]ax#7/ er rau[Ti],
XPT"
p.aTiJfeij' 7r[p]t tovtov TrpQ>\r-
25 ov 7-77 ['vo-]repcua[i vv]x&s ['c']ws Tdv 8]ia,7r[p]ax#77 e7rt tt7[s lpT]p.vr][s
irpvTavelas' edv d{k \i-
7] ee[vy]/cwo"i els [t6v 8t]jxo]i'
77
[|AT]] 5t[aTrpd]cri eVt o-<<2>i> a[vTwv, tvQvv[e<rdu>
fivpiaat 8p[a\\i.r\-
cnv 'e'[Ka<TT]os tQ[x [irpvTdv]ea>i' . . . po . . . . aKO}\voi> e7rid[ii% ....]. arpa-
[. . .]as. roi)s 5[ Ktjpv-
Kas 7rp[oa-K]/cX77p,e[vovs . . .] em[i ']u7r[6 r<av dr)]fjLoaL(t)v /cX^r^pwv Sck' ijp.]-
epw[v . .
.]
<re . . [4-
dp, 1X7] 6[p0c3s] do/aDo~[i . . . .]
ve . . . s 8 . . . as rots K7]pvx\_o'i
30 ov op[K . . . .]
ran . . . or . . pe . . t, 'tva /xrj ai)[r
rds Ta[]eis r^crt 7r[6X<rt . .] /ca[. .
.
'6]7rou dp Sokt^1
irt]pl tuv \y\d^eu>v /ca . . . to . . . .
XPV
X^7[civ X
|
/T
l]^
)
"
leo~6[a]i. Kal edv t .
.'0
. . pi tov 8 . . . . aird-
\]wcnv [']cu 7r6Xets s '6t[ t
]t/
1' Tai-
35 v tov 0op]oi', 'tVa et tto\
xPV
(T ^aL 7r
"
pl tov <j>]6pou Kara ddXarrau irp-
... a 5aee
[ ttjJs (3ov\r}s rrj 7rpc6-
ttJ ] r[o]uro
[
t]Qv aWwv 8iKao~Tr)plujp, edp. jx-
r\ . . . .] irpo 8t)p\o.~\ tois 8e Krjpv^c tois lovcn t-
40 ov p.urOoji'
(?)
a7ro5[ovvai tovs or diroSovTtov 01 ]
[6 8iva lir]e. rd
yu,e[v] d\Xa naddirep tt} j3ov\r}' rds
8c ToUjeis], oaac [. . . . tovs irp]uTdj'et[s], 'ot di' Tore rvyxdvojcn Trpvr-
avcvovTJes, Kal to
[
t]6 SiKao-Trjpiov, 'oTav irepi tQ>v Ta-
(ov
fl,
'Jottws dV d . . . . "E5o^[cv] ttj (3ov\rj Kal ry drj/xa). A-
Iytjis ejTrpurdj'cvfc,
YP
a
H
L
K
,0'T6V6
'
8]w/?os e'7recr[TdTt]. 0oi'5t7T7roj
et7re 'oiroc-
45 o-r]o-i iroJXecrt <f>6pos [lT<i\Qy] lirl t]t}s
[PovXtJs,
-p IIXcurTiJas vpuiTOS [f.ypa]/xp:d-
Teve, irrl 2rparo/c-
Xe'ovs] dpxovTOS, /3o[vv Kal
]
X
[
aird-yet-v els IlavaOj^cua rd
/xe["ydXa] airdaas' rre/xTrovTcov
8[k cv] T7] Trofiiry k . . . . [KaTa Ta8c '4ra~\^eu Top. cpo[pov Trj]<rt irokecFLv
'rj [p]oi/X[ij,
t) [IIXjetcrTias 7r[pc3Tos 7pajX|x]d[TV
, J7rt 2rparo/cX[OVS
d]px
oi/ro
5,
ewi \t(J]u [clo*-
a7W7[0)]j/, ots Ka[ "ypap.}idTU.
17]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 47
frg. n

8. frg. t

v. Part of frg.
p
i
N^ciwrt/cos <p6po[s]
['
OiroarTjcri twv iro]- [2]rpei^a?o[i]
$$$
nd
P
i[o]L [\ibiV MvK)(aj-] [IU]epes i[v]
4F
Nd[io]i
[pTJTO <(>]p[lV p.1]
']-
[Hep]ydp.u)[i]
4F
"Av5p[ioi] [ajxa ]i//x7r[avTas] frg. *.
4F
Mtj\lo[i] [aXXa ir]apd /^[e'pos] Neo7roXtrat
ITTT*mM
[tovs <j>6]pou?, e[irl tw] 7rapd Xeppoi/?7[<rov
]
$pi
'Eperp[w]s] [iri<j>]opd^ [tcXciv,] Ai/mvaloL
P
Qr)pal[oi] [aveu] rai/Trjs [%]i>P-tt- Tvpodifa X
4
Ket[oi] [as 'o] (pbpos irajyQf)- 5 Aapeiov irapa
A
P
Kapi/[<rTioi] Ati'Stot TT]fjL Mvffiav
A
) 4 Xa\/c[iSrjs] MtX^trtot Aep[ioi] .... peta 7rapd A
FT K\j6v[\.oi] Teixiovaaa [Bpv]XXetoi>
T
4 TiJv[t]o[i] KapLiprjs . . . . ta
X
TT ^T[v]prjs KvfJLCUOl 10 ['ApTaiou?] re?xos T
. .
M[v~]kovl[oi] 'E0eVioi [tirl tw P]iV<5a/a. XX
> . .
[Z]epi<pto[i] "EpvdpaToL frg.
g'.
XXX
. .
'Itjtcu Tyioi Muer[o
?]
. . Airjs *g 'I^Xi/crtot Z[eX]eia[T<xi] z'"
T
'
AdrjviTai
o
60
[Tlapi]apo[C]
XXX 2
T
2i/pn
2
s [T]eXe/A^<r<rio[t] [Aap8]a^?)s
) XX I>i>7x??s
g
[KX]aw5?ys * 5 [XeppJoj/Tja-ifTai] T
27r[apT<oXioi]
X Pt/i/cu^s
1
[K]ioi ~ [air* 'A.y]opas 'A0[vTaioi]
XX Aia/cp?)s a7r[6]
^
[TT]Xd]i>5pioi s
. . . uXt? (vac.)
XXX
IIe7r[apTJeioi]
.
XaX/a5cu;i> K>i'[8io]i - .... aviTai
T
\A/cdv[0ioi]
X 'Ai>a0atot KoXo[<j>(vi]ot S> [BpvXjXetaPOt Ai'[viot or Ai[veaTat
5 Kepia
Alll
'Aip[aiot]
^
10 [' EXcujot;crtoi Ko(T(r[aiot ?]
XX 4>o\e7ai/5pos Xepp[ovTJ<riot] [tv XeJppoi'T^cp IloXt . . . [o-Tjpa
HHH BAjSipa Ae/3e[8ioi] [Bl)<rPt]K'OS : L0 7rapd 2 . . . or irap
"
A<j-
X Ktp.a;Xos 4>w/ca[iT]s] [NcavJSpei??? [Q]ucr<n[oi]
X "ZtlKlPTJTai 'I5ufi[TJs]
.... K7)P0l [At]^s
)
H Hoaldeiop TiJ/w[ioi] 15
[' A.\(ti]Tr[i]Kovi>r](no [K TOV "A0tt]
ev Ei)/3oi'a KuXX[av8ioi] [MaSvJrtoi
TX X
Atd[Kp]iot 'AcrTi'[TraXaiTJ$] Aa/xTrwi/ei^s
ej> E[v|3]oia[i] 'AXi[Kapva<r<riot]
. 60 . . . rToX[ixvaioi (-T])] . . . vrjs
TTT
. o . . . 'Epu[0paa>v] 20 [Ilp]/ccocrto[t]
KXa[op.vioi] [Kiav]ot
KaX[v8vOi]
[
""l]" ^]
Ilp[lT]VTJs] .... lo[i]
IIXa5 .... . . . . L . . .
48
GREEK
EPIGRAPHY.
ATTICA:
SECT. I. [17
nirye[\TJs]
25 [Si-yet]^?
A77/ncr[cuoi]
[Stjctti]oi
Mvrj(ra[ttot]
[A . . . . ]oTe[t]xirai
Tep/i[pris]
[K.aXXi]7roX?rai
T
Ki^[8vtjs]
[IIpaTr]os
Ap...
30 ... . dpio[t]
TTT
xxx'
X
XX
[KcPpijJfioi
[IIaXai]7rep:[w(rs.ot]
frg. z"
'Apraio[v ? irl tu]
'PtfySaxt
'OrX-^oi
5 H
T
nu^oTroXiTati]
~Mr)Tp0TT0\lS
rrapa
Hpiairou
[T]T
B[i\<rav9y
'E]XX77[0-]7TOVTIOU
06p[ov]
1 *
:rg. z""
10
K]e<pdXa[i]oj>
XX
MM]F4444FF
?,
HHH 5
'Ak]tcucu
iroXeis H
KX[vai]
frg. to
. . TT
"
AvTai>[h]po[s X
'O06[pioi]
A . . .
....
'Potre[iov]
5
pi
Icracro[s]
Mi ... 15
Nt70-o[s
IIopSoo-eXTJvii] P
AioXira[i]
X
Kapua[v8TJs]
'
A\ia\]aLr6s P
Zepeia
F
fSpVKOVVTLOl
Adpi]<ra P
<>ap/3?7Xioi
5 X
Tap(3avr]$
'AxiKJkelov P
2ep/U.T7
X
MwSioi
10
h
'Hpd/cXeioj'
7rapa Tep/xepa 20
A
2177101
PT
'Eo>7)s
'T/xTjo-o-Tys
A
A
~M-7iKv(3epvaioi
TaXaioi
io TT
TijXos
T
Tpdi'Xos
TT
Ke\ev5epLS
15
X
Bop/xi(TKOS
XXXX
'Irtfpa
TT
TiUivq irapa
XXX
Sup.77
Seppeio^
XXX
IliSacr^s
T
ApCs 7rapd
15 XX
'TSaiiJs
Seppeiop
H
'EXcuoucioi
'Epu#pcuu>
20 XXX
X
SdX[t,l
IIo[Ti8aidTat]
17]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 49
. epa irapa
P44-
.... vfieas
W$
(vac.
)
20 . . . s
44T
[IIvpivJSos
p
(vac.
)
.... v\iat
4F
(vac.)
(vac.
)
A P
25
5TOKap]7ro,6lol
frg. x and y.
. . . a . . .
TTTT .
TTT
TT

;. w', CIA iv
1, p. 66,
>ms to belong to the
lie and Carian states. 5 TT
I a
rj[s] r X X X
'o .... l0,
. . . 01 X
K[i0as ?]
. . rjs r
II[o]cri5eio'
ivaijot
'AKp60yot
'lKa]pu}
10 ot e, " kd(g
. . . CFrjS
TLXevfAT]
... LOL
Qearaipos
j.vpivjcuoi
. i'wpos (m rasura)
ipa 1Lv]fxit)v
ZtVos (in rasura)
15
i.
[Tpiir]oai (in rasura)
.... 77
.... 5os
26 . . . yi . . .
In frg. z"" Koehler conj.
1. 2 Nufticpaiov] ; in z"'"
1. 13 Kt4p.pi . . ., 1. 14 Nt-
/c[a)vta], 1. 15 Ilarfpcunjs],
1. 16 Kep[curovs]; i.e. names
of Pontic states.
Another very small frg.
CIA 1 p. 23 possibly belongs
to the inscription.
Note

The spaces between the columns are diminished to suit the exigencies
of
the page, and
columns
2
4 the vertical arrangement
of
the numeral signs has not been strictly adhered to.
The document is one of the Tribute-lists (to be distinguished from the lists
of the quota paid to Athena, as e.g. CIA 1 226) and appears to be unique, in
that it contains not merely a list of the quota but a new assessment (rdts (popov)
which largely increased previous payments. The tribute from the Hellespont is
nearly tripled; that of the Islands (50 sqq. ) is doubled, cf. e.g. CIA 1 244
where the tribute of the
Tpvyxv*
is 16 dr. 4 ob. x 60 = 1000 dr.; while here
(1. 70)
it is 2000 dr. At the date of the inscription (the archonship of Stratocles, 1. 45,
425 b.c.) according to the orators, Aeschin. F. L. 337, Andoc. de Pace
9,
Pseudo-Andoc. c. Alcib. 11 (cf. Plut. Aristid. 24), the tribute was doubled (Grote
11 xlvii doubted the statement), possibly as was said through the influence of
Alcibiades.
K. II. 4
50 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[17
After the heading come two decrees of the Senate and People concerning the
assessment of the tribute. Beneath these and probably in four columns
followed a list of the tributary states, the amount of the tribute being given
in talents and drachmas on the left of each column. Col. i contained the
tribute from the Islands, Col. iv the tribute from the Thracian allies. Between
these, but in what order is doubtful, came the Ionian, Carian and Hellespontine
tribute, 'Iam/ros <p6pos, KapiKos, '~E\\7](nr6vTios. For the general mode of procedure
in the assessment see Index, s.v. rdts.
3
30. First decree a
c
3
30, d, e and /

m, o,
p
1
43.
3. Alyrjis. Bestored from frg. /
p 23, 43. As the prytanes of the tribe
Aegeis are ordered (cf. 21 sqq.) under severe penalties to bring this Trpo(3ov\ev/xa
before the e/r/r^crta within the limits of the prytany it seems probable that both
decrees were passed in the same prytany.
5. 8vo ixev kt\. The persons here directed to be appointed, whom Koehler
supposes to be the Ta/rrat or assessors (CIA i 266 : [IIoAeis as gT~\aav oi ra/rrat)
were probably, according to Kirchhoff, eight in number (not ten, as Koehler
thinks), i.e. two to each tributary province.
7. elaaywyels. These were officers entrusted with the conduct of actions to
enforce payment of the tribute ; eTri/meXrjTai acted in concert with them for the
same purpose in CIA i 38, a decree which lays down systematically the measures
for dealing with defaulting states, op/cwrat 1. 11 were commissioners appointed
to visit the allies and accept their oath of allegiance to the assessment. Cf. 7 17
and Xen. Hell, vi
5, 3. On 8\eiov 1. 17 see 2 b 36.
/

in, o,
p.
4. [xvpLavi
5paxfJ-V
cn- See 9.
18. e7rt acpQiv avrCjv : so below 1. 25 eirl tt)[s eipr)ixvri\s irpv rave las.
27 sqq. These lines seem to contain provisions for the summoning {irpbcrKk-qais)
of defaulting states by means of drjfxdaioL KXrjTrjpes and KTjpvKes. The kXtjttjp
vr)<jLWTt.K6s of Ar. Av. 1422 will readily occur to us.
30, 35. IW : see lO b 2. Meisterhans Gr. 253 quotes as certain only these
two instances from the classical period. The conjunction did not become
common in inscriptions till the 3rd century B.C.
4043 : a supplementary motion which seems to contain a provision for
hearing ajDpeals against assessments.
43 sqq. This second decree gives instructions to the states assessed to take
part in the Greater Panathenaea.
47 sqq. : an introductory heading to the list of states assessed.
Col. i 84. Boeckh conjectures 'H(pai<rTt.r)s (Lemnos).
i, u, v
1
46, w
1
25, x. The Ionian-Carian tribute. To this is prefixed a
special heading which Boeckh perceived to belong to an e7rt0opd or extraordinary
contribution. The restoration of lines
1
8,
naturally only tentative, is
Kirchhoff's.
z, z', z". The Hellespontine tribute. The total is given z" 11 as 295 talents
5300 drachmas. As an appendix (z" 12
20)
are added the names of certain
cities of the Trojan shore, which had formerly belonged to the Mitylenaeans,
but in 427 b.c. had become tributary to Athens. Cf. Thuc. in 50, 3; iv 52,
2.
p
5053, z"" and (perhaps in a different column) z'"
, y. The Thracian
tribute. In
p
51 we read [Ilijepes
[y |
Hep]ya/j,w[t.]
;
cf. Hdt. vn 112 reject r&
HXUpwv, rCov evl Qaypys iarl ovvo/xa /rat irepcp Hepya/j-os.
18]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 51
In z"" 5 "laraaos may be the same as nt<rra<Tos CIA i 243, and Tpd'CXos 1. 14
may be TpdyiXos. Tidovv 1. 16 and SdXr; 1. 20 are mentioned Hdt. vn 59.
18. A slab of Pentelic marble found in the Acropolis. CIA i 45; Koehler,
Mitth. i
(1876) p. 171 sq.; D 34.
ABAAE
(=,i,
v).
H(=/0OII<UMN [X
=
f]
O (=, ov, to)
PPCTY^X [>
=
f]
ZTot
XV
56v.
B.C
Upo/c\er)s
y
Aropl3ov JLvcov-
L/x[e]L>9 [e^ypafji/uudreve.
"EiSo^ev
rfj fiovXjj
Kal rw
Srj/ncp.
f
\iT7ro6covT\<; eirpvT-
5
aveve, Upo/c\r)<; eypafxpuaTe-
ve, Tt/ua? eTreararei, 'Apiar-
iwv
tjpx
6- paavic\er)s elire'
421/0
eTraiveaai 'Aareav tov 'A\e-
ov,
(
6tl V iroel A07)valov<; k-
io al ISta kcll S7]/moala tov d-
(pCKvov/nevov, Kal vvv Kal iv
tc5 irpoaOev ^povcp. Kal av-
aypayjrdrco nrpo^evov Kal
evepyeT7)v
'
AOr/vatcov Ka6a-
15 Trep TioXvarparov tov <l>Xei-
aaiov icmjXr) \i6lvr) y-
pafifiarevs *o rrj? /3ov\r}<; Ka-
l KaraOeTGO iv iroXei. to Se d-
pyvpiov Sovtcov (o)l KcoXaKp-
20 6Tai.
This appears to be the earliest
complete extant example of an
Athenian proxenia-decree. For
a general notice of such decrees
see Rem. ii, p. 33 sq.
If Thrasycles 1. 7 is the envoy
of that name sent to Sparta and
mentioned Thuc. v 19 and 24,
the decree must have been
passed either in the spring or
in the early summer after one or
other of the journeys, in which
it would seem that the envoys
had been entertained by Asteas
(the person honoured in the
decree) at Alea in the N. E. of
Arcadia (see Index) and Poly-
stratus at Phlius, N.E. of Alea.
1. ILpoKXerjs. Below 1. 5 I7po-
kXtjs; but again 1. 7 QpaavKX^rjs.
Ace. to Meisterhans, Gr. p. 132,
the contracted -kXtjs is found
even in the oldest inscriptions
(e.g. 'Hpaq\r)s on a vase KV 39,
7th or 6th century B.C.), and
is the later prevailing form.
The uncontracted form (per-
haps a new formation from the genitive and accusative) occurs sporadically
from the 6th to the 3rd century.
8. iwaive'aa.i. It is perhaps best to regard the infinitive in these decrees as
imperatival, and not dependent upon et7re or a similar verb. So frequently the
perfect e\pri(piadai, 5er56x#cu. The usage fluctuates considerably between the
infinitive and the imperative; in CIA n 614, 12 sqq. (282 B.C.) a sentence actually
begins with the subject rbv iepea (as if an infinitive should follow) and ends
(TTecpavovTU) 6 iepetis. It is noteworthy that the aorist generally marks a single
and immediately following action: thus in CIA 11 311, 36 (286? b.c.) we have
dveiirelv tov oT<:[<pavov] but CIA n 611, 37 (300 B.C.) dvayopeijeiv 5e rdvde tov
o~Tt(pa.vov tovs lepoTroLovs tovs del Xayxdvovras lepoiroelv. Meisterhans, Gr. 244 sq.
42
52 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[18
9. iroei. See 7 41.
15. Probably there was a second decree for Polystratus, which may also
have contained more details of the services rendered by him and Asteas. The
et in <&\eid<Tiov is the normal spelling in inscriptions; Meisterhans Gr. 36, 53.
16. ear-qX-r}. See 7 59.
19. A stele of Pentelic marble surmounted by a relief and broken below;
found at Eleusis in 1887. H. 83 m. ; Br. 53 m. ; Th. 1012 m. Philios Mitth.
xix
(1894) 163 sqq., Taf. vn.
ABAAE (= 6,
ec,
v) IHOIKUMN [XZ
=
f]
O (= o
:
ov, to)
PPTY4>X [4>Z
=
ir]
ZtolxvSov.
Il\pe7rLS Qvcf)?jpov eypa\xfxdreve.
'ESo^ez^
rfj fiovXrj /cat too St^co*
Alyrjl's iirpvrdveve' Tiperns eypa-
\l\iacitV' YlarpoK\r}$ eireardret' %ei-
5
a]to? e27re. Tbv Veurov rov rrapd rov ["A
<TTft)9 ye<fivpcoo~ai \i6ois ^pa)/xe[v-
ovs '\L\vctlv[6]0v rwv /ca0r)pr){ie[v-
cov e/c rov vea) rov dpyaiov, 'ovs e\nro[y
eis ro rel^o^ avaXiafcovres, &)9 a-
io v ra lepa <f)epo)aiv au tepeiai a-
<r\<ba\earara. Il/Varo? he rrotovvrtov
Tr~\evreiroha, iva pJr\ ' dfia^at 8ie-
XavvGovrcu, aXXd rol<? lovaiv
f)
/3a-
hji^etv e7rl rd 'tepd. Aidois Se rcar-
15 aKJaXvyjrai, t? Stappods rod
<p>
f
Pe|Y-
ov] kclO* ore dv
[i\i><yy
p(d)yjrr) /\rj
fjuofjueX-
T]s 'o dpxiTKTtov. k]dv he
fjur) coatv e-
The decree orders that the stones from the ancient temple at Eleusis, so far
as not used up for repairs to the wall, shall be employed in making a causeway
across one of the 'Peircu or lagoons that are crossed by the Sacred Way just on
the Eleusinian side of the pass of Daphne. This causeway is probably to be
recognised in some remains still to be seen parallel to the line of the Sacred
Way across the 'Peiros and about 6080 paces from it. The date is given by
the name of the ypaju./j.aTevs, shown by CIA iv 1, 225 k p. 174, to have held
office in the archonship of Aristion, 421/420 b.c.
5. rov wapa rod "Acrrewsthe expression is unusual, but can hardly mean
anything but the first 'Peirds reached on coming from Athens.
20]
DEGREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 53
8. tov veio tov dpx^ov : the old temple of the Mysteries at Eleusis, built
by Pisistratus, and destroyed by the Persians, and rebuilt, perhaps by Cimon.
9. to reixos is probably the wall of the peribolus of this same early temple,
of which a portion, according to M. Philios, is actually repaired with stones
from an earlier building.
10. Possibly the crowd of carts may have jostled the priestesses bearing the
sacred emblems on the Sacred Way ; or the sea and the rain-swollen lagoon may
sometimes have made the road unsafe.
14. ra lepd is here used in a more general sense for the whole of the
ceremonies.
15. ras dtappods. These may have been either the culverts in the causeway
or those in the Sacred Way. The water from the 'Peiros now turns a mill.Is
the
p
after tov really a mistake? or is it a case like g-ppeov, dta-pporj? Cf.
A. Wilhelm, GGA 1898 p. 207, who adds the Homeric dud ppQyas, /card ppbov and
rd ppicpeuTa in a papyrus (Wessely Wien. St. 1886 p. 206, Ber. il. gr. Pap. in
Paris und London
p. 31), ppvfioi CIA iv 1, 225 c B 21
p. 171, 225/ A 9 sq. p. 173.
So also probably /card ppvaiov in an inscription found at Mitylene, Mich. 25 1. 19.
16.
^vyypd\f/y,
'
specify
'
; see 4 5.
17. 6 dpx<-TeKT0jvthe state architect ; see Index s.v.
20. A fragment of Pentelic marble discovered in 1877 near the Dionysiac
theatre. CIA iv
1,
46
6, p. 14 ; H 52. Cf. H. N. Fowler (Cambridge, Mass.),
Thucydides, Book v App.
p. 188 sqq. The fragment contains the right-hand
ends of lines 1
26 of the treaty between the Athenians and the Argives,
Mantineans and Eleans, 420 B.C., Thuc. v 47.
ABAAE(=e, 0,
v
),H(=h)O\\<lMU [X<r
=
f
L 5.6] O (=
o,
OU,
&) PPCTY . X . 2tolxv$6i>.
Discrepancies between the text of
Thucydides and the stone.
1. 2. Thuc. om. irpbs dWrjXovs
1. 7. Thuc. 'HXdovs /cat MavTive'a.s : so in
S,
9 ; cf. 13, 14
1. 13. Thuc. iirl t+jv yrjv tt]v "RXduv -q
'H.\]e[l](ov
. 7T/909 aWrjXov^ -
Kara >yy)v kcli kcl-
. 9 fcal yiavroveas
vaiovs teal tovs %-
5
. . vyuayovs Te^vr)
vriveas /ecu HX-
. . Ma^T^ea? /cal
. ordrco /card to
. Koi WlavTiveva- 10
. akvetv Se
fir] i-
So/cfrjjt. /3o7j6elu Be
. . v rrjv 'ApyeLcov r)
54 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[20
i av hvvcovra-
rr)v iroXiv 'A#-
15
VTCOV TOiV 7T-
1. 17. Thuc. 0121. [|M|Scji.i$ twv ir6\t<a]v V, iav
fir)
air-
vrcov teal t-
'
airaacov r-
7roX[ts] rj ir- 20
yetXaa-
rj ttoXis
ou? Alycv-
1. 24. i.e. [L(.Tarrt[L^a\ii]ur} t^ (r\Tparia
XPV~
vr
\
T
fj
~~
adoj ijyefjLovevovcra, where Thuc. has ttjv
vye- #0
rat? 2^
, e
rm.
r
' 1
0(7a[l
8J-
1. 25. Thuc. om. [airaa-ajis
L J
In 1. 1 the heading was probably ['Ap-yeicov, MavriveW, 'HXjefijwj/. In the
complete text as restored by Kirchhoff on the assumption that the lines contain
76 or 77 letters each there are, including those indicated above, some 31 variations
between the inscription and our text of Thucydides, none of them however
affecting the sense. Either then
(1)
the variations are due to the writer or
writers of the archetypal ms and the copy of the inscription inserted by
Thucydides into his history tallied exactly with the original document; or
(2)
the copy made by Thucydides himself (or transmitted to him during his absence
from Athens) was not accurate in all particulars. The latter is the more
probable explanation.
21. A slab of Pentelic marble (H. 1.49 m.; Br. 0.64 m.; Th. 0.20 m.)
surmounted by a pediment on which was a relief, now much damaged. Found
S.E. of the Acropolis in 1884. CIA iv 1, 53 a, p. 66. See also E. Curtius, Sb.
Arch. Ges. Berl. 5 May 1885 and Sb. Ah. Berl. 1885 p. 437 sqq.; J. K. Wheeler,
AJA in 1887 p. 3849, Tab. 3,4;
D 550. Cf. Wilamowitz Lectt. epigr., Gott.
1885, p. 5, id. Arist. u. Athen. i 240, n 240, note 32.
ABAE (= e, ei,
v) IH
(=
K v) OIKUMN [X
=
?]
O
(=
o, ov, o>)
PPTY4>X [4>
=
^;
but also
X
in i^aXei^drod 1. 22]
Non-diphthongal ei is also written
El (1- 3 iirevTaTei, 1. 9 elvcu, 1. 10 elpyfieva,
1. 31 elffioforis) (for other instances in this period and even very much earlier,
see Meisterhans Gr. 20). In ^oXet^drw 1. 22, oXeifov 1. 33 the diphthongal ei is
written
E-
The spiritus asper is in general not indicated; cf. Eo. i

43
p. 104 sq. With some unimportant irregularities, the writing is aroixv^ov.
e
o i.
"E8]o^e^ rjj {3ovXf}
Kal rap SrjfMp'
Tlavhuovls eTTpVTaveve'
'ApiO-TO%-
B.C
21]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 55
418/7
o-e]vo<; eypap^xdreve' ^Avtlo^lSt]^ erreardrei' 'Avricjxov
ypx

'
'A8ovcri[o-
s
e]i7r' elp^ac rb \epbv rov Ko&pov teal rov N^Xew?
(NEU5
so throughout) teal rrj$ Bao-LXrjs /c[o-
5
I fxicrScjoaai rb refxevos Kara ras o-uwypacfrds.
ol Be ircoXrf-
ral rrjv elp%[}>-
v] d7ro/juia0a)crdvT(ov rb Be refxevos 6 /3aac\ev<; aTroLitaOo)-
adra) fcara [t-
<2? %vv<ypa(f)ds, teal rovs opicrrds eTTLire^xy^rat opicrai rd lepa
ravra
07TO)? dv eyr) a>? /SeXriara koX evcre0eara(ra)' rb Se dpyv-
piov e\ T7/z; elpyj
ctlv dirb rov re/xevovs elvar irpd^au Be ravra rrplv
'
e^ievac
rrjvBe
o rrjv ftovXrjv,
rj evOvveadac yCXiaicri Spa^/jur/ai e/cacrrov Kara
rd elprj-
fjueva' 'ABovctlos scire' rd
fxev
dXXa /caOairep
rfj
/3ovXfj, o
Be ftaatXevs \x-
ijcrdcocrdrci) /cal ol ircoXrfral rb re/aevo^ rov N^Xeo)? teal tt)?
Bao"tX^9 Ka-
r]a ras vvypa(f)ds eltcocri err}, rov Be fxcaOcoad/ixevov elp^ac
ro te-
p\ov toO KoSpof /cal rov N?7A,e&)9 teal ri}s BaaLXrjs rocs
eavrov reXecrcv ott-
15 6]arjv
8'
dv
aX(f)rj /x[i<rQ]a)ai,v rb re/xevos tcard rbv eviavrbv
etcaarov tc-
ara/3aXXerco rb dpyvpiov eirl rfjs ivdr[r\s] ir[p]vravela<; rol<;
(iTToBetc-
rai[s]. ol Be diroBeKrai Tot? rafxlacac rebv aXXcov decov
irapaBiBbvrwv
K\ard rbv vollov 6 Be {3acn,Xev<z edv /xrj 7roL7]o-rj rd e^\rrj-
<pta/xeva
1} aXX-
0J9
Tt9 0I9 irpoareratcjai irepl rovrwv eirl rr)<; AiyrjiBos
irpvraveu-
20 a?, evdvveaOco /xvpirjo-i Bpa^fxTJacv. rbv Be eoyvrjfxevov rrjv
iXvv etctco-
[LjcaaaOai etc rrjs rd(ppov eirl rrjaBe ri)<s /3ovXrj<; diroBovra
rb dpyvpiov
56 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[21
tw NrjXeo ocrov eirplaTo. o Be fiaaiXevs i^aXecyJrdra) top
7rpL(lfjLV0V T-
r]v iXvp eireiBdp diroBut ttj/jl putcrOcocnp, top Be pucrOcdo-dpLepop
to re/ji-
epos /cal ottoctov dp /M(T0c0(Tr)TaL dpTepypayjrdrci) 6 f3ao~tXev<;
69 TOP T-
25 olyop /cal tovs iyyvrjras /card top pojulop oairep iceiTcu twp
TflP(OP.
to Be yjr7](f)LO-/jLa ToBe, oVa)? dp
fj
elBepau toj[i] fiovXopiep(p,
apaypayjra-
9 ypafxparev<s o Trjs j3ovXr)s ip crTijXr) XiOipr] /caTaOirco ip
TO) N^Xet-
w irapd Ta l/cpta, ol Be KcoXa/cpeTac Boptcop to dpyvptop e?
Tavra.
/JuaOovp Be top ftacnXea to Tepuepos tov NrjXecos /cal t?)?
Bacr/A?7? /caTa
30 TaSe' top puaOayadpuevop elp^ai peep to uepov tov YLoBpov
/cal tov N^Xe-
eo? /cal ttj's BacrLXrjs icaTa Ta?
I;vpypa<f)d<; eirl t?}? ftovXrjs
t?}? eio~iovo~-
77?,
to Be t[(x]6^[os] tov NtjXG)<; /cal ttjs TiacrlXr)*; /caTa
TaSe epyd^eaOar
(f)VTevaat (fivTevTrjpca eXacop pur) oXei^op
?) BuaKoata nrXeopa
Be idp /3-
ovXrjTau, /cal t?}? Ta(f)pov /cal tov vBaTOS /cpaTelp tov ey
Ato? top pu[(r\6(0O-d-
35
puepop, oTroaop ePTOS pel tov Aiopvctiov /cal twp ttvXoop, rj
dXaBe e[x]creXa-
vpovctip ol pbVGTai /cal ottoctop eWo? ttjs ol/clas tt}? Bypuoaias
ical t-
dop ttvXgop at eVl to
"\gQ
p,opi/cov (3aXapelop e/c(f>epovcrr
puaOovp Be /caTa
ei/coai eWcop.
K X 7TT
7] [?]
The decree provides for the enclosing of the sanctuary (lepdu) of Codrus,
Neleus and Basile, and for the letting of the precinct (rtfieuos) attached to it,
called the precinct of Neleus and Basile. The Neleion is also mentioned in
1. 27, either as a separate sanctuary or as a short title for the whole, and in 1. 7
it is ordained that the boundaries of the various iepd concerned shall be defined.
21]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 57
The sanctuary, of which the exact position may be inferred from 34 sqq., was
not far from the place on the Ilissus, where Codrus was said to have been killed.
See Paus. i 19, 5. Neleus was evidently the most important person in the
cult. The name belongs probably to Hades (N^Xe^s). (Cf. Wilamowitz Led.
epigr. p. 5; Arist. 'Ad. ttoX. i
p. 240, n p. 240 n. 32.) The sanctuary as well as
the precinct must have belonged originally to Neleus and his consort Basile. The
intrusion of Codrus was probably due to confusion of this Neleus with Neleus or
Neileus the son of Codrus and mythical founder of Miletus, Erythrae, and
other Ionian cities ; and Basile may also have been confused later with Basileia,
the personification of Koyalty (cf. Ar. Av. 1536 sqq. and Dio Chrys. i p. 16 Dind.).
The rape of Basile by Echelos on a relief ('E0. 'Apx>
1893 p. 129) suggests an
analogy with Persephone (Meyer and Kobert, Herm. xxx
p. 286). Miss Harrison
suggests (H. and V. 229) that she was "the great mother (Megale Meter), the
earth, to whom by his death Kodros had in special fashion devoted himself."
The reading in Plat. Charm. 153 a tou rijs BaaiXijs iepov is confirmed by this
inscription. The tomb of Codrus was probably here; cf. the epigram (Kaibel
1083) set up (2nd century a.d. Kaib.) where he fell
:
Kddpov tovto irearjixa MeXavOeidao [avaKTOs]
%eive, to kclI /xeydX^v
'
Aaiba rei^to-afro],
ctD/xa
5'
bir'
'
AkpottoXtjl (pepwv rapxvcrev ['AStJvtjs]
Aads is adavarovs 56[1\av deipafxe[vov].
The connexion of Codrus' death with fortifications in Asia can only be
through his son Neleus as oecist.
The document furnishes a fresh illustration of the well-known right of the
state among the Greeks to let the land belonging to temples. See Boeckh St.
3
i
p.
372377, Reinach Ep. Gr. p. 94 sqq. and Newton Essays p. 147 sqq., where
an account is given of the most notable example of this kind, the Tabulae
Heraclienses.
In our decree lines
1
11 contain the irpofioi'iXeviia ; lines 11end the amend-
ment which was doubtless added in the eiacXrivLa. The TrpofiovXevfia belongs to
that class of such instruments in which the
fiovXri
did not content itself with
merely introducing a given question to the e/c/cX^cria, but also made definite
proposals on its own account (Gilbert 293 sqq.). This TrpopovXev/j.0. is complete
in itself and all that the ypa/xfiarevs had to do was to insert the words nal ry
8-qp.ij} in the opening formula and to append the amendment (Gilbert Jahrbb. 119,
p. 228). See further on irpoj3ovXv/j.aTa 15 29 sqq.
3. 'ASotfcrios. Or 'A56<nos ? Both adoixnos and addaios occur in Hesychius,
and the name 'ASovo-los in Xen. Cyr. vn
4, 1; cf. also CIA iv 2, 252 e: Kai (pvXijs
ktXeluai avrip adovcriaaaadai
;
cf. 24 15.
4. Steph. Lex. s.v. pronounces for NetX^ws rather than NryXewj. For
the accent in Bcto-tX^
(
= BaalXeia) cf. Lobeck Path. p. 43 sqq., Paral.
p. 321,
Steph. Byz. s.v. 'Ayaixeia {' Ayd/xr}) ; Curtius writes BcktiXt} after Boeckh CIG n
p. 108.
6. /caret rds owypachas (1. 13 ^vvyp.): 'in accordance with the specification of
the commissioners.' Cf. 6 6.
7. opLffrai play a prominent part in the settlement of the temple-lands in
the Tabulae Heraclienses (above). They were probably not a regular magistracy
but a state-commission
appointed ad hoc. See D.A. s.v. The use of the
58 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[21
infinitive of purpose (here bplaai) is common after verbs and substantives in
documents dealing with accounts ; see Meisterhans Gr. 249. Cf. 39 20.
8. evae^eara. Obviously a slip for eu<re/3e<rrara.
9. dirb rod refitvovs : 'from the treasury of the sanctuary.' 'e^ievaiso D,
who objects to irpiv rj as not Attic
;
cf. note on 12 10.
10. ZKaaTov : i.e. the Poletae and the Basileus. xtXiaitrt,
8paxpv
aL
(
cf- 17>
20) appear to be the latest examples of the long ending hitherto found. Probably
the draft before the engraver had x^'-o-o'l. p-vplrjcri 1. 20 for /j.vpia<ri is evidently a
mistake due to
dpaxp-v
ffLV - The short dative in -cus occurs in airodeKrcus 1. 16.
See Meisterhans Gr. 121.
15. d\(pr]. The word has been hitherto found only in poets (Plutarch 2.
668 c is merely using a poetical phrase). For /ii'cr0wcns =
/
ui(x06s or fxlcrdufxa see
L. and S.
16. The airodeKTou are not elsewhere mentioned in inscriptions of the fifth
century. The occurrence of the word here confirms, so far as it goes, the state-
ment of Harpocration that they were first introduced by Cleisthenes to succeed
the KuXaKperai. See Boeckh St.
3
i 193, whose view is thus shown to have been
almost certaiuly correct. Otherwise M. and S. Att. Pr. (ed. Lips.) i 110. On the
functions of these officers, ten in number, as receivers of public moneys, see
Boeckh St.
3
i 193 sqq.
17. On the ra/xiat tQu aXXwj> deCov see lO 13.
20. iXtiv. Hesych. ei'Xtfs elXvos' to irrjXuides rod rrorafxov. The present
appears to be the only inscriptional evidence for the spelling IXvs. See
Stephanus Lex. s.v. The mud was doubtless used for manure.
21. rdcppov. See below 1. 34. The existence of the ditch and the mention
of mud confirm the usual identification of this quarter as Limnae, the Marshes,
which however is disputed by Dorpfeld (on Dionysion in Limnae, Mitth. ,xx
(1895)
161 sqq.).
22. e^aXeLxj/droj:
'
shall erase (the name of).' So below tov /ilo-6u)o-&ijlpov :
'
(the name of) the lessee.'
28. 7rapa rd iKpia: 'beside the balustrade.' Apart from its nautical usage,
the word occurs in CIG 2139 (Aegina) in an inventoiw of temple-fittings, where
Boeckh renders it cancelli. D suggests the partition separating the lepbv from
the refxevos.
33. (pvrevaai kt\. Similar stipulations are made in the Tabl. Her. (above),
which in fact describe the terms of an emphyteutic tenure.
34. Four points are given within which the lessee of the temenos is to have
control of the rainfall for purposes of irrigation. The Dionysion is evidently
the famous one below the theatre. The oinia. 5rn.ioo~ia is not otherwise known.
The mention of two gates shows that this district must be contained in the
angle of the wall which may be seen on plans of Athens south of the Dionysiac
theatre; the temenos itself according to Dorpfeld (H. and V. p. 232)
"
must have
lain to the south, outside the city wall," for the water from this area to flow to it.
35.
77
d\a8e kt\. : dXade /xvarai was the name of the second day of the
mysteries (G. and J. Man. p. 279). This passage seems to prove that the mystae
at Athens went down to the sea in the Phaleric Bay.
37. /card eiKoai erQv. Cf. Tabl. Her. /caret fiiov:
'on a life-tenure.' The
letters
fcAEPTHG
at the end are obviously the later addition, as Kumanudes
suggests, of some /xaraioo-xoXos.
22]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 59
22. Two fragments of Pentelic marble found in the Acropolis. Fragm. a
mutilated on the right ; fragm. b on three sides. CIA i 56.
ABAAE (=6, et,
v)
X. OlkUMN [X =
f|
O (=
o, ou,
) pp
CTY4>X
(4
3
^
=ss
^
r
)"
Srotx^Soi'. The \-\ = h is omitted throughout.
a.
e [o t
"E8oe^
rfj fiovXfj
/cal T(o Brj/xw. Afca/jLavrls eirpv[ra.vtvt, ....
Ypa[X|J.dTV6. Tr(TTaTl, ctlTC* T<5j-
i
fiev &rjfjL(p
to) %a/Jblcov eiraLvecrai, ore a<a? avrovs [r\\evQ(p<a<r*v ?
2-
a/jLL(ov tovs iirdyovTas JJ eXoiropvrjaiov^ irrl 'Ed/juop k
[|Xl(T0OVV-
tco/jL
fjuhv top aypop top KXeo^Seo? top ey KXa/jiaSo
7to8i86pt(ov %ci/jllol to, yiypofiepa e avTod dirdy^ovTes ?
6
8-
r)/bLO<; 6 ^a/jLicop Oclpcltop rj
<f>vyrjp
rj Brj/uuevacp %prj\y.a.T<av
T<o 8-rjp.to
t] Tft5 ^AOrjpaicop
(fivyrjp
clvtwp ical OdpdTov /cal [8-rj|iv<riv
XPT
(jtaTtov
HiolJ/jLiol caroTrey^dpT(jup AOrjva^e /cal 7rapa[&6vT<av
.... f\/Jb TToXet TpUlKOPTCL f)/jLpQ)P
i avTol teal 2 ['A(h]vafo]t9 teal Zcl/jlIols, nrepl Be ... .
3
.... c, iirecSr/ dprjp icrTC dyaOos
i /3\d7TTo(co)pTai, 'AOrjvaiot //,....
. ho/CT] TCO b\v\\fJL(p TCO ^a/jLLCQP ....
y&\vr)Tai irepi t?)? (Baadpov /ca . . . .
. at, oiTOGOi h\k\ elau i% Zafilcop
. t?, tcaOdirep [av] \djjuoi S6l>[vt<u]
ii Kal e^Op .... i2 2a[|xi . . .
.] avTOvs
13
ypa]/j,{iaT
This decree in honour of the Samians almost certainly has reference to the
events recorded Thuc. vin 21 as taking place in 412 B.C., when the popular party
in Samos rose and declared for the Athenians. For a similar rising at a later
period, 405 b.c, and a similar honorary decree, see 28.
3. For lirawtaai with the dative see 23 6, 28 7.
60 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[22
5. K\eofj.rj8eos. Note the Ionic form of the word as that in use at Samos.
Probably the same Cleomedes is meant who was honoured with a statue by the
Lacedaemonians at Delphi, as having fought with Lysander at Aegospotamos,
Paus. x 9, 10.
23. Seven fragments of Pentelic marble, found partly in the Acropolis,
partly between the Odeum of Herodes and the theatre of Dionysus. CIA i 51
and iv 1
p. 15 sqq.; D 49 ; H 57.
ABAAE (=
e, ei,
n) m H(r K v)
. I KUM N [X
=
f
] O (= o, ov, *>)
PP^TY^X
[$>+] |:
E=v
1. 38, ^TPATEAOI ; O
=ov 11. 8, 20, 22, 36 and often after 1. 39;
A
= M-35,
POAHI; T=7l. 30, EYEPrETAl2l;H
= ^is frequently omitted.
Lines 39end and the words written over an erasure in 1. 7 are by a different
hand from the rest and the writing is more compressed. Not <jtolx71^ov .
] [<
N]

H
A L T CO
[
']
(O j 7T a
P
a a <j
[-
"~E]$oev
rfj
/3[o]f[\Tj] Kal rat Stj/jLO), Aeozm? eVpvr[a.veve,
5
^,L/3vpTid(}[i]s iypa\/j,/jLdTViJ, l^aipijjbevr]^ i7rear[d.Ti, T\-
aVKLTTTTOS
VPX\-*
V ' ' ]^
60<? e^7re*
r
\_err~\aivecrai TOt? N<Z7r[oX.l-
Tais TOis
irapd %daov [irpwrov \l\]v o<v>tl o-vv$ie7ro[\4[i.r\o-]av rov iroXe-
/jlov fxerd
'
k6rfvaico\y Kal on iroXio-
p]/cov/jbevoo [wo 0ao-t<av
?]
Kal II e\o[-irovv]]cr{,&)y ovk ?;^[vjj.tj-
o-av (?)....
. .]? T7)v A .... ov avh\pi% d,7a0ol] iyevo[vTo
10 &s
T ttjv cr]r[paTiav Kal t6v SrjJyLtO^ t[wv 'AGrjvauov Kal] 7*o[t>s
onu|xdx]o[vs
]
6
[
Xp]^[t(?)
^prj/xara
]j>
y
A0r)vato[
15
yjpr\\i^\ao- lv elvat Neo7ro[\.iTais
]ov Kal
xPV
crai
TTTTXX
Joz^ eoeovro ottcos a^ e^^Lo-t
]ecr#at avTOLS k rcoy ^pTj/j^driav ....
irjoXeo)? e'/c toO Xifjuevos rov o~e[
20 kjviavrov co?
d(f)ei\7](f)6Ta<;
irapa
23]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 61
?] d7roSo0fj,
iTOielv Se ravra [e
%aaiov^ o Se StSoaacv
9 Kal fi[ov\]6{ievoL Kal iOekovr
o-TpaTKOTJou?
(?) PXXXXP'HHH
teal TrpoOvfJLOi ela[i iroietv on
Svvav-
25 Tai dy]a6bv avrol iirayyetXafievoi Kal X
. . . av ttjv 'AOr/vauwv Kal [vt]1 tt}? evepy^ea-Las Tavrr\s
&v]aL Kal iv tw Xolttco -%p6vw\C\ Trap'
'
A07]va[C(av av-
To]t9 ft)? avSpdacv ovaiv dya6o\yi\ Kal t[tjv 7rp6o-o8ov ctvai avT-
Ot9 7T/30? TTjfJL (BovXrjV KOL TOV Sr}\y^\6[y irpwTOlS UTa Ta Upd cos
30 evepyerais ovaiv AOrjvaicov ro[y Sijpov Kal to. tnrop.vrjp.a-
ra tovtcov d 01 Nea7ro\tTat eSo[o-av . . . . t<5 -yp-
a/jL/jbarec tt)? /3ovXr}<;, %copls fiev [...., x<op\<$
8e tcI dX-
Xa. Kal to yfnj(pca/jia ro&e avayp^d^iavTa tov -ypaupaTea
rrjs ftovXrjs
iarrjXr) XlOlvt) KaTa6[iivai lp iroXci re'Xeo-i toi-
35
? Neo7ro\tTwz/ iv 8e Nea TroXrj avrol [NeoiroXiTai KaraG-
evrwv iv toj ipo3 t?}? Uap6evov iarr)\[r\ Xi0ivt| Kal KaXeo-ai
iirl tjei'LarrjfjL irpea^eiav et? to irpvra\y^.ov els avpiov, 8ovvai 8
(?)
Olvofiia) AeKeXeel errpar^yo3
TTTPH [H]

'A^to^o? elire : iiratveaai rots Neo7roXtratS' rots airo [paKTjs,
'on dv8ps ctyaOol t"y'vovTO
40 1$ re rr)v arpandv Kal rrjfji iroXtv ttjv AOrjvatwv Kai o[ti
is @d<rov rjX0ov TravSTjpel o-vpiroXiop-
KTjGovre^ /juera
'
AOrfvaicov
\
Kal
(
6n ^vvvav/na^ovv^Tts] Kai
[(rvvTroXcpovvTCs SiereXccrav t6v ird-
vra %povov, Kal rd aXXa 'on ev iroiovatv A0r]vaio[ys Kal
dvrl TOJVTCDV [twv vep-yTT]pdTwv 'diravTa Trap' *A-
6r)vaLO)v elvau avroU Ka6' 'direp i^^^Lo-rac [SppvXi]e[vo-]t.
07T&)? CL/jL /a[t) dSlKWVTat pTjSt 'v<j>* *v6$ p-^T-
6 V7TO ISlCOTOV
fl7]T
V7T0 KOIVOV TToXeoOS, TOVS T Cr[TpaTT|'yov]$
t \ A t
j
/ /r
, , ,
Ot a^ KaO70T6
a[pX0VT6S Tv*yxavwo-iv irip.-
45
XeaOai avrcov 'ore av Secovrac
\
Kal tovs
<Vx[ovr]a<>
rou? 'A#-
rjvaicov OL av k^clo-tots ap\to<ri ev rats iroAco-i Tais twv <ruppa)(-
&)^, T?7yL6 ttoXlv N607roXtTa9 <^fX,aTTo^Ta[s] :ai irpoOvfJiovs
bvras TTOielv ore av [Svvwvrai d-ya06v. ctvai 8e
Kal vvv evpicTKeaOai avrovs irapd t[ov S]rjfiov rod 'AdrjvaLcov
on av $OKr} aya6\ov dXXo 'otov dv ScwvTai. ircpl
Be t^?
uTrap'xfis rfj
TVapOevco, [tjirep njat Teco? iyiyvero rrj
[GcJgG, eV to) Sr;yLtco[i av-
62 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[23
tovs. els Se to i(r^tcr/ia to 7rpo[Ttpov kjiravopOcoaai, toj
ypa/n/jbarea ttjs
fiovXrjs
[
50 . . . .]aac dvrl ttj^ <T7rot/a[as ttjs 'AQr\vai]a)v
"
'on avvhte-
TroXe/jLrjcrav to/jl iroXefjuov /x[tcl 'AGtjvcuwv
"
at : /cat
[
Kal Ai\ocf)dpT(p : eiraiveaai 'a re vvv
\yov(TLV /e[al
]
irpoOvpuoi elai iroielv
e
6rt Svvavrai a[-ya66v
Ka0]a7re/3 ro irporepov. /caXeaac Se Kal iiri ^[o-via
els to irpm-avciov
. . . etire* to, jacv aXXa KaGdirep ttj] povXfj.
TJ]
06 TlapOevb}
%atpe[
55
6 8]%to<> e[vx]aTaL.
The inscription contains two decrees, the second beginning with 1. 39, passed
in honour of the people of Neapolis, a town on the Thracian coast opposite
Thasos, and conferring certain privileges upon them in return for services
rendered to Athens. In 1. 54 begins an amendment.
2, 3. Neo7ro\iTcDj/ 7rapd Qdaov. Other appellations of the town occurring in
the Tribute-lists were Ne&woXis eu Opaicy, CIA 1 226, N. Trap'
'
kvTurapav, 1 230.
Cf. 1 242, 243, 244, 256, 257. It was here that St Paul landed in his second
missionary journey (Acts 16, 12). By the Byzantines the place was called
Christopolis; its modern name is Cavalla. Cf. Smith, Diet. Geogr.
4. AeovTLs: the sixth prytany ; cf. CIA 188, 14, also of 410/9 b.c.
6. eiraiveaai roh ktX. Cf. 1. 39 and 22 3. This (Homeric) use of eiraiueiu
with the dative appears to be limited in Attic inscriptions to the period between
421 and 350 b.c. Meisterhans Gr. 211. The usage survived in Delphian
inscriptions to the second century B.C.; cf. DI 2652, 11.
7. avudLeiroXe/nrjaav ktX. The precise events alluded to are not known. As
regards Thasos we learn that in 412/11 b.c the Thasians revolted from Athens
and sided with Lacedaemon (Thuc. viii
64);
in 408/7 b.c they were by
Thrasybulus brought back into allegiance with the Athenians (Xen. Hell, i 4, 9,
Diod. xill 72, 1),
^x
0UTes kclkQs, says Xenophon, viro re rG>v iroXi^wv Kal crdaewv
Kal Xl/hov. Perhaps among these calamities was the levying of a contribution
(TjpyvpoXoyrjKibs Xen. Hell, i 1, 12) from them by Thrasybulus in 411/10 b.c and
in the same year the expulsion of the Lacedaemonian harmost Eteonicus and
the Lacedaemonian party (Xen. Hell, i 1, 32). All we hear of 410/9 b.c is that
Thrasybulus was sent with a fleet to the Macedonian and Thracian coast and
recalled thence to proceed to the Hellespont (Diod. xm 49). Ki., CIA I.e. See
below 1. 50.
11 sqq. From the fragmentary lines which follow little more can be
gathered than that the Neopolitae had benefited the Athenians by substantial
donations or loans. 10, 11 are restored by D from 40, 41.
20. a<pei\7](p6Tas. Cf. KadeiX-rjcpdros 55 10 (271/265 B.C.), KadeiXyjcpdruv 56 14
(268 b.c). Meisterhans, Gr. 102 sq., attributes the additional aspirate merely
to mispronunciation.
28. T7]v irpoaodov ktX. On this privilege and the initial lustration see D.A.
s.v. Ecclesia. See Index, s.v. wpdaodos.
24] DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 63
30. kclI to. viro^vqixara kt\. For the technical phraseology cf. Dem.
C. Timoth. 1186 ol yap Tpcnre^iTcu eiwdaaiv viroixv-fifxara ypdcpeadai <Jov re Sidoaat.
Xpyp*OLT(i:v kt\.
34. reXeai kt\. See Index, s.v. Costs of engraving.
35. iroXri. See Meisterhans Gr. p. 137, who quotes ten instances of this
orthography on Attic inscriptions between 410 and 335 B.C., and contests the
view of Dittenberger (Herm. xvn 37) and Biemann (Rev. phil. ix 54) that the
forms exhibit a merely orthographical, and not inflexional, interchange of 77 and
et. Cf. D 96, 3 (Iasos): Trj'Iaaiiov ttoXtjl.
36. rrjs Hapdevov. Cf. D 11, 1 (Halicarnassus), where the words /cat rrjs
'Adrjuai-rjs /cat Ilapdevov show that Hapdivos is not identical with Athena.
38. OlvoftLip : perhaps the OtV6/3tos who (Paus. i 23, 9)
carried the decree
for the recall of Thucydides from exile (B. Schoell, Herm. xin
p. 441).
39. 'At'oxos et7re. That the decree was not passed at the same assembly as
the last, in spite of the absence of a separate introductory formula, seems clear,
as K points out, from the words to
\J/'/]<pLa
/ma to irpoTtpov in 1. 49. The
restorations in this and the next line are mainly by D, who observes that
Axiochus is probably the uncle of Alcibiades, son of Clinias; cf. D 39, l^CIA i
275 (a list of br/ixioirpaTa).
43. HepfxvkuvGL. The decree in question does not appear to be extant.
The name HepfxnXia (Zep/uLvXrjs) occurs in the Tribute-lists; it was a town of
Macedonia.
45. Restored tentatively by D. For ol ai> kt\. see 115 sqq.
48. irepl 5e tt)s airapxvs r
V
^-o-pdevop. K suggests that at some time or other
a portion of the tribute had been remitted on the understanding that it was to
be paid into the treasury of IlapOevos at Neapolis, and that what the Neapolitae
were now asking for was that they might be allowed to pay a further sum into
the treasury of Ilap^e^os, i.e., that the amount of the tribute might be still
further reduced.
49. The Neapolitae had apparently begged that a correction might be made
in the former decree, and their request was in fact granted. Cf. 1. 7 where
there was an erasure with 1. 50. But it is not easy to determine the actual
words which were erased. In 1. 50 K reads avTi tt)s airoii<L[as tQv Qao-l~\ui>,
supposing that the Neapolitae from hatred of the Thasians did not wish to be
designated as airoiKoi t&v Qaaioov. D however thinks that the proposer of the
first decree had confused this Neapolis with another Neapolis, also in Thrace, a
colony of the Athenians (NectTroXts aw 'Adrjvuv CIA i 230, 240, Boeckh St.
2
n 367)
and that it was desired to correct this error.
24. Six fragments of Hymettian marble. CIA i 59 ;
D 50 ; H 56. Cf.
Bohl Herm. xi
p. 379 ;
Gilbert Beitrage zur inneren Gesch. Athens im Zeitalter
des pelop. Krieges, 346 sqq.; A. Wilhelm, Areh.-ep. Mitth. aus Oesterr. xvn
(1894) 37 sq.
ABAAE (= , 1, 7)) HUH
(=h, frequently omitted)
I K U M N . O
(= O, ov, ft))
PPTY4>X [ct>^
=
^]
\: Srotx^oj/, except lines 1, 2
which are in larger letters.
64 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[24
410/9
>Eiri T\avKi]7rirov
a[p]%o^[r]o9.
Ao
p
v * K
]
K rj o go v eypa/jL/jLareve.
"E8otv ttj]
fiovXf]
ical ra> StJ/jlw. 'XttttoOgovtI-
s
kirpvTa.vi\ve, Aoj3(t)v eypafifidreve, ^lXlo-tlSt}-
5 s iro-TciTi], TXavKiTTTTos
vpx
6' QpcL<TLVihr)s; eiir-

eiTcuve'o-aJt %oao~v(3ov\ov a;? ovtcl avBpa dyaOo-


V 7Tpl TOV Bryj/jiOV TOV
'
AuTJVaLCQV Kal 7Tp66u/jLOV 7T~
oietv 'on Sivajrai aya66v
y
Kal avri gov ev ireiro-
it]Kv tt]'v re povX-rjv] tea i tov 8r}[\).o]v rep
'
A0r)vai(jd-
io v o-T<j>avw<rai avTov \pv<r<S
<rTj(f)dvG0. Trotrjaa-
i 8e tov o-T'4>avov d-n-6 ^iXigov Spjavyiiwzv oi [8e
'EXXrjvoTapiai Sovtwv to dpyvpijov. KCLl [dvciir-
iv Aiovvo-iwv
to)J
aiyoovc, gov ev-
Ka avTov 6 8rjp.os lo-T<|)dvwo-Je Ato/cX^? eliT'
15 to, p-ev dXXa Ka6a.TTp ttj PovXt}'] eivai 0 %paav-
PovXov 'AG-qvaiov, <j>vXtjs Kal 8rjpov k]cll typaTpias,
'
go-
v dv povXt]Tat diro'Ypa\|;dp.VoJ^ KCLl T(OCKa Ta -
\|/T]<(>io-p.va tw 8-qp.a) Kvpia etjz^at vypao~v/3ou\co-
i" elvai 8e Kal evpeVdai atiT<S Tr\apd AOrjvaicov K-
20 al dXXo d"ya06v idv tov Serial irjepi gov evepye-
tt]o-v t6v Srjfxov tov 'AGrjvaicov], /cat dvaypdyjra-
1 cv o-ttjXt] XiOivt) to, SeSo-ypJe^a. eXeauau o-
\ . . . dvSpas avTij/ca fxd\a, otTive-
s]
St[Kao-ovo-iv pao-vPovXw
pe'J/90?
TO ytyvo/juev-
25 oza toi)? [8e dXXovs,
'60-01
t6t cu l]7roi77crai/ to> Srj-
jxov tov 'A^[va(wv, ]iv Kal AyopaTO-
v Kal Kgo/jLgovcl [Kal
]
Kal ^Ifiov Ka-
l <1>i\lvov Ka\\ ]<z, evepye[r<x\$
[dv]aypd<f>-
aat /jL 7roXe[t cv o-ttJXtj \\161v1j tov ypap\y.a\re-
30
a t[t]]? j3ov\r)<;. [Kal ^KTT|o-t]^ eivai avTols GOfjuirep
'
AOrjvaiois [Kal "yT|ir'8ci)]^ /cat oiKias, Kal oiktjo--
iv AOrjvrjai, [Kal eiripe'X] eaOai avTGOv tyjv /3ov\r)v
T7)v alel /3[ovXvovo-av Ka]t tol9 7TpVTdvis, 07ra)9 a-
v pb\rj a8[iKc3vTai. tt]v 8^ o-^TrjXrjv d7ro/JLLO~0GOo-avTGO-
35
v 'ot 7rcaXT|Tal ev ttj povjX^* tou? Be ^WrjvoTafJb-
Cas Sovvai to dp-yvpiov.] idv 8e hoKrj aVTOVS Kal
dXXov Tvxciv d-yaGov, tt^v] {3ov\rjv irpo^ovXevaaaav
|V"yKtv els t6v 8tjp]o^ : Ei/St/co? elire' Ta /xev
dXXa KaBdrrep AiokXtjs' ircpl] Se TOj[z^] SoopoSoKTjCT-
24]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 65
40 dvTwv lirl tw \J/i]<|>i<r|xaTt] iyjrr)(f)[i](T6r) AiroW-
oSwptp, tt]v povX-qv povXev<r]at iv
rfj
rrpcorr) eS-
pa v T povXevTT]p]ft), tfal KoXa^eiV T&v [8]a)/90-
SoKi^o-avTwv KaTaxJ/J^c^t^Oyaez/'/;//, /cat et? ^[tcjacr-
Ti]piov avTovs lo-d"yi]z/, KdOoTl av SokjJ avTrj\i. T-
45
v 8c StKao-Twv tovs] TTapovras cnrofyaiveiv a\rr-
a IStKacrGr] xal lav] Tt? Tt aUo elSfj 7Tpl t[ov-
to)v. c^ivat 8e Kal] ISlcottj, eav t/9 /3of\?7Ta[L
The decree consists of
(1)
a probouleuma, lines
1
14, honours conferred
upon Thrasybulus,
(2)
a supplement granting citizenship to Thrasybulus,
(3)
a
further supplement enjoining that persons guilty of corrupt practices in connexion
with a former decree should be punished. The honours paid to Thrasybulus are
evidently based upon his alleged services in assassinating Phrynichus in 411 B.C.
Cf. Lysias c. Agorat. 71, where the psephism alluded to may be the actual
document before us.
3. 'iTrirodoovTLs. This was the eighth prytany of the year, as we learn from
the Treasure-list, CIA. 1 188, 27. The decree was passed, as we see from 1. 13
f
before the Dionysia, and therefore at the very beginning of the prytany, which
lasted from the 11th of Elaphebolion to the 16th of Munychion ; the Dionysia
began about the 12th of Elaphebolion. As Phrynichus was assassinated in
411 b.c, it is not clear why the rewards here decreed to Thrasybulus and his
associates should have been delayed nineteen months (D).
5. 'Epao-ivldrjs. Doubtless the condemned general of that name who was
victorious at Arginusae 406/5 b.c. (Xen. Hell. 1 5, 16; 6, 29; 7, 2).
11. dwo
x^'
l03V
^p\^X^
v - This formula for indicating value was very
common; sometimes we find e'/c instead of airb, e.g. CIA iv 2, 834 b, 11 1. 71
(329 B.C.) : K(f>a\aiov ti/jltjs KptdGiv . . . irpadeia&v e/c rpiQv dpaxfJ-Qv rbv fxtdi/xvov
Ka<xTov. Meisterhans Gr. 212.
12. 'E\\r)voTap.lai. On the functions of these officers other than duties
connected with the Tribute see Boeckh, St.
9
Bk 11, oh. 7. For the restoration
cf. 25 9.
15 sqq. The restorations are Wilhelm's, I. c, with the approval of D. The
formula (pvXijs kt\ . . . airoypdrj/aadai or ypaxj/aadou is a very common one
;
cf. 39 22. The remarkable variant ddovaidaaadai has been noticed above 213.
17 sq. It would seem (cf. Lys. c. Agorat.
70) that after the murder of
Phrynichus, rewards had been voted by the people for all who might have
assisted in the deed, and these rewards are now confirmed for Thrasybulus by
name (D).
23. ogives kt\. The text is Roehl's {I.e.) who gives elaborate arguments in
support of it, as against the 'A7roXAo5a>py of K, formerly read by D. The
commissioners are to determine
'
the share (of the confiscated property of
Phrynichus) which falls to Thrasybulus
'.
26. 'Aydparov. Cf. Lysias c. Agorat. 72 who argues that he did not receive
the citizenship, and his statement is borne out by the negative evidence of this
inscription.
30. ZyKTTjviv. Cf. 32 25 sqq. and see D.A. s.v. eyKryais.
R. II.
5
66 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[24
31. yrjiredoju. y-^iredov according to Eustath. p. 430 is : t6 iv ttoXcl irpo-
Kei/xevov oWias olov kt]tt18iov. Cf. Phrynich. Bekk. p.
32. 1 dicHpepec y-qirebov
olkott48oV oUowedov yap oiidas KaTppt/j.fjievr)s Zdacpos, yqireba be to, iv rats wdXecn
irpoKelfxeva olov KrjirLa.
40. 'A-TroWodwpcp: i.e. of Megara, whom Lysias c. Agorat. 71 alleges to have
been an accomplice of Thrasybulus, without having actually laid hands on
Phrynichus. The same rewards were proposed for him as for Thrasybulus, but
action had been suspended by a ypacpij irapavofxwv, and the dicasts in that case,
as having been guilty of corruption, are by the terms of this supplement of
Eudicus to be prosecuted. According to Lysias irepl too o-tjkov 4 Apollodorus
.subsequently received as his reward the confiscated property of Pisander.
45. arret. So always in Attic inscriptions ; never driva. Meisterhans Gr. 156.
25. A slab of Pentelic marble found near the Metropolitan Church of
Athens. The surface is very much worn. CIA i 61 (cf. iv 1 p. 18);
D 52.
Cf. Kohler Herm. n 27 sqq. ; A. Philippi Jahrbb. cv 577 sqq. and Der Areopag
u. die Epheten 333 sqq.; Th. Bergk Philol. xxxn 669 sqq.; N. Wecklein Sb.
Ak. Munch. 1873, 1 sqq.; R. Scholl Comm. Momms. 460 sqq.; Dareste Inscr.
jur. Ser. 2 xxi.
ABAAE
(

}
l,
7]) IH
(= h, sometimes omitted)
OIKUMN
[X
=
f]
O
(=0, ov, co- but
BOYUE) PPTY4>X [4>
= ^r].
2toix?756j',
except the first two lines which are in larger characters.
A i 6 <y v [r\] t o
s
Qpedppios i
y
p
a
/& fju
a r e [v c
].
A i o k X rj
9
V
P X
e-
"E]8oe^
rfj (3ov\fj
icai rco 8rj/j,(D[i\. 'A/ca[p\avT[\& tirpvTdvJefe,
vrjros
iypa/jL/jL(iTV
}
lLv0v8iKo[s l-KitrJTarec. [S]e[vo4>d] vr)<;
e[l]7T6' [t]o[v
5
Apd/covros vofjbov to/jl irept rod [(/>6v]oi> [d]^[a]7pa[<|>]cra[v]T[a>v
oi d]v[a.ypa](f)rj-
9 tcqv voficov
7rapa\a/3ovr<; irapa \t\ov [pao-iXe'ws juTa tov
ypap.p.aJTeeo-
9 T179
/3ov\r}<; iarrjXjj \t6lvr) /c[al K]a[T]a[06v]T[ft>v irpoo-Ocv
t]^[s] o-to-
a9 7*779 fSacriXeicis. 01 oe ircoXrjTai [dir]o/x[iar8to<rdvT<ov KaTa t6v
vo]fio-
v. ol Be 'FtWrfVora/jLLCii, Bovtcov to a[pyvptov].
10 UpCOTOS d^cov.
icai id/JL
[p.]?)
k 7rpo^o[ia]? [k]t[ivtj tis nva,
(j>V'yiv. 8jfc-
25]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 67
icd^eiv he rovs /3aai\eas atT(w[v] (o[vov] r) [lav tis aiTiaTai
'(OS PovjX-
evaavra' rovs [8]e e</>eta9 Stayv[<avai. al8l<rao-0ai 8'
lap pcv
iraTi^p] 7j-
c 7) aSe\(o[s] 17 fet?, a7ra[vras,] r) ro[v K]&)[XvovTa KpaTeiv' Idv
8e |xt| 'ojf-
15
TOi 0)a[i,
p]e[x]/9
a[v]e^)[o-i]oT[i]]TO? tf[al dv\|nov, edv 'diravTCs
al8e<raj(7-
uai i6e\(Oa\y\, TOV o[pk]o^ [opoo-avras] ' kdv 8c tovtojv prjSels
fl,
KTt~
z^?7 Se atfa>[v], 7[v]wcr[i 8]e
f
[oi irevjT^KovTa Kal 'cis 'ot ccperat
aKOVTa
KTeZvat, eaea6\ja\v Se[Ka 'oi 4>pdTps lav IGlXwaV tovtovs 8]e ['o
i 7T6VT7]/c[o]pr[_a Kal]
?
et? ap[i]cr[Ttv8T]v 'aipi<r8wv. Kal 01 7rpo]re[p-
20 0^ /CTet[v]a[vTS Iv t]&)[i8 t<3 0<rpa> lvX.<r6<*)V. irpociimv 8 tw
K<f>"
Tt[vavTi Iv
dJ^yoLpdi Ivt]o[s dvi|/ioTT]TOS Kal dv\|/iov' o-vv8u6ki]i>
oe [Kal dv]\|r[tovs Kal dvexj/ta-v iratSas Kal -yapPpovs
Kal irv0pov]s [k-
gu </>[pa]T"[<:]p[as
]
t-
09 . . .
(f)0
. . .
0[
TOVS TTCVTTJKOVTa Ka]t
25
'
kva
[
'6v dv <j>]o^of
6[\]ajcr[i lav 8c' tis] t-
o[v dv8po<povov ktc^vt) tj airtos "p <J>6vov, dircxop-cvov d-yopds
<f>jO-
/3(/[a]? [Kal ddXcav Kal 'itpwv 'ApcpiKTvovtKwv, 'totrircp tov 'A0T]vai]oz/ [k-
Tcivavra, Iv tois avTois lvlx.O"0ai. Sia-yiYVwo-Keiv 8e tovs l<pJeTa[s.
30 tovs 8e dvSpocpovovs Ifjcivai diroKTcivciv Kal dird'yeiv Iv] T^[i] ?7yU/e[8-
airrj, Xx>paivo-0ai 8e pi], pi]8 diroivdv, rj SiirXovv ocpciXetv 'oo-]o[v
n
av K-
aTapXdv|/T]
l[ lav 81 tls dpfjavT]as %6t[p-
0)[v dSlKCOV KTLVT] Idv] (16/CCDV K~
35
Tl[vT|, 8iKaiv 8 tovs Pao-iXlas alnwv <povov, Sta-yvwvai 8]e TOf9
6-
<|>6Tas. Kal Kara raviTa <{>dvou SiKas elvai SovXov KTtCvavTi] rj e\evd~
e[p]o[v. Idv 81 tis (pIpovTa rj d-yovTa pa dSiKws evGvs d\ivv]o/XVO-
9 /c[tivt), vryiroivel TeOvdvai
]
%OVTO<;.
39
av . . . . fiocrr. 40 . . . fcvo .... e/car. 41 . to . . . . Xe . . . .
42 kv . . .
43 fxv . . .
44
....
$
45
V . . . 7] . . .
46, 47
Oi 7T|[VTtJKOVTa Kal
f
et9
f
ot
i<f)Tai(J) 48, 49
pT]a7r[o]*7|[o-i
52
68 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[25
The occasion of the decree was a revision of the laws after the downfall of
the Four Hundred and the restoration of the democracy. It is enjoined that the
law of Draco concerning homicide should be engraved afresh and the law as
written on the irp&Tos &uv is actually quoted in the decree. Such restorations
as have been possible are due mainly to Kohler, after a careful comparison of
the text of Demosthenes. Lines 15, 35, 36 represent the reconstructions of
Dareste.
1. <$>pedppios : sometimes spelt Qpedpios. The deme Qpeapoi belonged to the
tribe Aeovrls.
5. dvaypa(prjs. Cf. Lysias /caret Nt/co/xdxou

2, 17, 25. They were not a
magistracy but an exceptional commission appointed along with the i-vyypacprjs
(see 9 3)
after the downfall of the Four Hundred and again in 403 b.c.
Xenophanes, the proposer of the decree, was doubtless a ^vyypacpeijs like
Demophantus in the law given in Andoc. de Myst. 96.
6. irapa\a(36vTes kt\. The restoration is due to Schaefer (de scribis senatus
populique Atheniensium) and Kiessling : cf. 26 29 dvaypdxpavTas ixerd
tov ypafx/JLareoJS t[t)s j3ov\rjs]. Kohler's irapd tov /caret irpvraveiau ypa/JL/xarecos tt)s
(3ov\t}s is doubtful, because the ypafM/xarevs /card irpvTavelav is not elsewhere
mentioned in pre-Euclidean inscriptions. See 38 14.
7. irpoadev rrjs arods rrjs /3a<rtXetas. Philippi I.e. remarks that the decree of
Tisamenus (403 b.c.) in Andoc. de myst. 84 has the words : tovs 8 Kvpov/xivovs
tGov voij.wv dvaypd<peiv els tov to?x
ov
i
'^
va 7re
P
irporepov dveypdcpTjcrav, crKoireiv r<
fiovkoixevw,
which the orator himself

82 interprets as follows : i\pr)(piaaade
5oKi/j.d<xavTes irdvTas tovs vdfiovs etr dvaypdipat ev ttj ctoo. tovtovs tu>v vbfxwv ot
dV doKi/xacrdQcn. In Aristoph. Eccl. 684 the adjective is of two terminations
:
tt]v ctoiclv tt)v [3ao-i\eiov. For the topography see Fraser Pans, i 3, 1 and
cf. 32 65.
9. 'EXX-^ora/uat. Cf. 24 12 and see Index.
10. wpCoTos atjuv. On the amoves and /ctfo/Sets see J). A. It would seem that
Solon in adopting the laws of Draco concerning homicide caused them all to be
engraved on the first axon, though the opening words /cat ect^u fir) show that here
only a part of them is quoted, cpevyeiv: 'he must leave the country.' In the
following, contrary to later usage, dixdfeiv is used of the presiding magistrate,
diayvwvcu of the jurors.
'
The archon basileus for the time being is to decide on
the motives of the homicide or in the case where any one charges the slayer as
having committed the murder with intent.' Dareste however insists that the
plural tovs (3a<Ti\eas cannot bear this meaning. He prefers to understand the
expression as including the dpx^v (3acri\evs and the 0uXo/3a<rtXets. These latter
we find at a later time sitting with the fiaaiXevs ;
cf. Arist. 'A#. wo\. 57, 4 :
5t/cd"et
5'
6 ftacnXevs /cat ot 0uXo/3a<xiXets /cat rds tQ>v dxpvx^v * T&v dAAav a>au'
(i.e. cases in which death was caused by an animal or inanimate being). The
text is D's, who altered Sauppe's tov fiovKevaavTa (CIA iv 1
p. 18),
which could
hardly be used pendente lite, to <hs (3ov\evaavTa : cf. Dem. c. Aristocr. 630 : ov ydp
o~t ov8eis virb TavTrj ttj Trpoarjyopia (sc. dvdpo<povov), wplv dv e!;e\eyx6cls dAw. The
crime indicated is that which was known later under the name fiovXevais; cf.
Arist. 'Ad. 7roA. 57, 3. A (3ov\evu)v could be at'rtos <povov without being ai)ro%etp
;
cf. Andoc. de myst. 94.
13 23. Restored by Koehler from the law quoted in Dem. c. Macart. 1069 sq.
In Demosthenes the order of the words is changed and portions (11.
1416) of
26]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 69
the law are omitted, perhaps because they were not relevant, the object of the
orator being to quote the clauses which had reference to the degrees of agnation.
The reading ol Trevr-qxovra /cat eh r\ ol ecpercu in Demosthenes is due to mis-
understanding of the spiritus asper in the original
(HOI
)
13. aldeaaadcu ktX.
'
If there be a father or brother or sons (of the deceased)
they may admit to reconciliation the slayer, provided that they are unanimous
;
but if one of them objects, his veto shall hold good.' On aldecraadai see the
Lexx.
17. yv&oi 8e ktX.:
'
and if the fifty-one, to wit, the ephetae decide that the
homicide was involuntary, ten members of the (pparpia (sc. of the deceased) may
if they choose allow the accused to re-enter (iaeaduv, altered to aibeadcdiav
Dem. I.e.) the country
;
these ten are to be chosen by the fifty-one, regard being
had to nobility of birth.' On Draco's law concerning involuntary homicide see
M. and S. Att. Pr. p. 16 sqq. and on the functions, origin, and the peculiar
number of the ephetae, 51, see D. A. and Gilbert, C. A. 378 sqq.

(ppdrepes, not
(pparopes, is the invariable spelling on inscriptions : see Meisterhans, Gr. p. 131.
20. TrpoeLireiv kt\.
'
Any one of a nearer relationship than that of first
cousin may denounce the guilty man in the market-place ; and besides this,
first cousins and their sons, sons in law, fathers in law and members of the
(pparpia may join in the prosecution.'
26
29,
3032. The restorations in these lines depend upon a comparison
of Dem. c. Aristocr. 629, 631 sq. The dyopd i<popla was a border-market on the
confines of two neighbouring states, where the borderers met for the purpose of
traffic. The words h rrj Tjixedairrj, 1. 30 (which appear in the vbfios Dem.
629),
are not quoted in the subsequent remarks of Demosthenes himself.
33end. If any complete restoration were possible, the key to it would
probably be found in the following: Dem. c. Aristocr. 637 N6/aos. 'Eai> rts
diroKTeivy 4v adXocs a/cow, r) kv bdip KadeXcov rj ev iroXe/uap dyvorjaas, rj ewi dd/xapri rj
ewi firjrpl rj e?r' ddeX<pfj rj erri dvyarpi, rj erri rraXXaicfj r)v dv err' eXevdipois xaicriv
^XV)
Toirwv eveKa jjo] (pevyeiv Kreivavra
;
ibid. 639 /cat iav (pepovra rj ayovra
fiia
ddiKCos evdus d/xvubfxeuos Kreivy, vrirroivel reQvdvai
;
ibid. 640 6s dv apx^v r) ihnhrys
atTtos rj rbv decfxbv crvyxvdrjvai. rbvde, r) /xeraTrotrjarj avrbv, drLfiov elvai /cat 7ra?5as
/cat rd ineivov. Cf. also 2 B
4
8.
26. Three fragments of Pentelic marble: H. 0.85 m.; Br. 0.39 m.;
Th. 0.19 m. CIA iv
1, 61a, p. 18 and 126; D 53. Cf. Dittenberger Herm. xvi
p.
188.
AB A AE
(= , (>,
v)
. H (=
h, but generally omitted; six times =
7])
OlkUAMN [X
=
f]
O
(=o, ov,
) nPTY4>X [4>=^]
_Q (3 times). The
U
sometimes slopes to the right. Not accurately aroixv^ov.
civ ira-y]yeXX[to<r]t
'
A6r)v[a.io-
t KJaraXoyop rear
'o\fi7]pov^' Be [']ol/? e^[ovo--
iv *A0T]vaioi diroSovvai, to 8 XJoltto/jL firj \ajx(3av-
5
iv* ctvai 8 KaTaorTTO-at '%T\\v\ip]piavov<> T7)[/jl] 7To\t-
70 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[26
TcCav avTov6|xovs Tpoirw 'Jotw av iiri<JT()VT-
ai ocra 8e u<|>]eA,e to kolvov to 2?;-
Xv|xPptavc3v
TJ
ISicoTuv n]? 2,rjXvv(3[p\iavoov too
koivw, d<}>io-0ai. Kai] el tov ^prjfxara eSeSr]fxe-
IO VTO T) e'l TtS TO) 8t]|XOO"1({)] d)(f)ei\,V
rj
L T? TJTLfKOT-
o, ^vTifiov etvai. tois 8e] (f>evyovai liTjXv/jL^piavcov
o? iroXe/bLLovs Se Kai <\>i\iov<$
oo-](a) Se dirooXeTO ev too iroXe/jbop
Xpiip.aTa 'AQt]vai]cov rj tgov ^vpbfxd^odv, r) el tl
6(f)el\-
15 ovtos tj TrapaK~]aTa07]fcr}v e^ovTO^ tov eirpa^a-
fjbrj elvai irpa^iv irXrjy yrjs Kai ol-
Kias. 00-a
8'
djAAa i;vp,{36[\~\aia irpo tov r)v tois l-
Suorais irpjo? tovs iSiQ)Ta[s] rj ISiooTr) irpos to k-
oivov rj tu koi]^c5 irpos i8icoTr)[y] r) edv tl a[x]\o yiy-
20 vt]Tat, 8ta]XuetyLt 7r[p]o? dWrjXovs' otl S' az/ d/jLtfcccrfir}-
Twa-i, SiKas] elvai otto v/ul{3oXo)v. t<? Se ^uvOtJk-
as dva7pd<j>]<ra^Ta? eh aTrjXrjv 6elvai eU to
(
iepo-
v tov 'AiroXXwvo]?
(?).
Ct)[|xo]cr<2^
'
AOrjvaioov ol CTTpaTTjyol
Kai
'01
TpiTJpapxoJi
Kai ol OTrXiTai Kai el tl-
25 s aXXos 'AGrjvauov Tr]apr)v, Kai ZrjXv/uL^pjiavol
77"-
av8r|(xi. 'AX]/ci[pid8T]]9 eiire' KaOd %vve6evTO S77-
Xv^PpiavJol 7rp[6s
y
AQ]rjva(ov<;, KaTa TavTa iroielv,
Kai K(xr<x&\elvai e'[u iroXjet dvaypd^av(r)a<$ tovs t-
opKovs Kai r]a? <rvvQr)\K\a<; fieTa tov ypapb/JuaTews r-
30 T]S PovXrjS
]
eV GTT]\7) XlOl-
vr\ Tc'XccrJt tol<; avToo[v ko]1 to
yfrr}<fiLo-/jia
ToSe.
'AttoXXoSw]poi> Se tov 'EjfiTreSov eiraiveaai, Kai
dcfrei-
vat aiirov ttj]? 6/jL7]pe(i)as, Kai [kj^aXeiyjrai tcl
ovofia-
ra T<3v 6\Lr\p]a)v todv %r)XvfJL\$]piav(ov Kai tgov eyyvrj-
35
t<3v elvai KJvpiov tov ypap\^.o.\rea Trjs /3ovXr/s, [o]7r[6-
0-01 elo-l yey^pa/JL/jLevoi, evavTiov too/jl irpvTave-
<av' \i]a^ov Se tov 1<r)\vfij3[pia\vdv avayp-
d\}/ai Iv tt)] avTrj crTijXr) irp6^e\yov 'A]0r)valcov
etvai 8 Ka]l
'
A7ro\\oSct)p(p Trj/ui 7rpo[eviav Ka-
40 Qdircp to] iraTpl avTOV. tou? Se 7rpecr/3[eis Kai] 'AttoX-
X68<opov KJaXecrat e'? irpvTavelov eV[l |v]^a e'-
s avpiovj.
This document prescribes the conditions upon which Selymbria, after its
capture in 409/8 b.c. by Alcibiades, was restored to the Athenian alliance. To
27]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 71
this event Plutarch, Ale. 30, devotes a chapter ; cf. Diod. xm 66, 4, Xen. Hell, i
3, 10. Lines
126 contain the agreement made with the Selymbrians through
the Athenian generals after the capture of the city ; in 2641 we have a decree
of the Athenians passed on the motion of Alcibiades, confirming the terms of
the agreement. The date of the decree (cf. Curtius Gr. Gesch. n
680)
probably
falls in 408 b.c. between the day of the Plynteria, the 25th of Thargelion (June),
on which Alcibiades returned, and the end of Boedromion (September), when he
left Athens after the Eleusinia were over.
1, 2. The Selymbrians are required to undertake military service for the
Athenians.
3, 4. Conditions relating to hostages. In 1. 3 for the
H
of oOs the stone has
a mutilated
[\|.
5, 6. The Selymbrians are permitted to establish their own form of
government.
7
9. Remission of existing debts to the Selymbrians.
912. Restitution of confiscated property, restoration to their privileges of
disfranchised persons, return of exiles.
1317. Land and house property which had been lost during the war
might be recovered ; but not money belonging to the Athenians and their allies
which had been taken by the magistrates (perhaps for the purposes of the war),
whether as due from a debtor or in the form of a deposit.
1721. All other compacts which existed between individuals or between
individuals and the state were to be mutually carried out (5ta\i/et/w 7rp6s aXXrjXovs)
or in case of dispute to be settled by international arbitration. On the 5i'/ccu dirb
t-v/j.j36\u)v see D. A. and the remarks in Ro. i
p. 355 (on the inscription of Ozolian
Locris dealing with crvXai) and cf. 30. Here the ajj/m^oXa or international
contracts provide not only that individuals of the contracting states might sue
one another, but also that one state (perhaps through a ttoXls ?kkXt)tos ; see note
on 58 12) might sue an individual citizen of the other state or vice versa. In
1. 17 the reading is D's for rd 5e &]XXa %v/u{3oXa [r]d irpb rod iv tols t'[5twrais of K,
in which both i//x/3o\a for vp.p6Xcua and the preposition ev are impossible.
27. iroieiv. The subject is probably Hr)Xv/ui^pi.avovs kcli 'Adrjvaiovs.
29. yuerd rod ypap-fiarecos rrjs ^ovXrjs. Cf. 25 6.
33. The stone has
OMEITA^.
Perhaps dfirjpea for ofxr/peia may be
classed with examples like Scoped, ttoXlt^o. collected by Meisterhans Gr. 40 sqq.
Cf. 28 37, 37 20 irpvTau^ov = irpvTave7ov.
34. For the iyyvyrai in this and other connexions see Index s.v.
27. A fragment of Pentelic marble found between the theatres of Dionysus
and Herodes. CIA iv 1, 116 h p. 24.
A.. AE (=6,
[>4 v) IH
(=A).
IKU. N.O (= o, ov
[]) PPZ
FY . . 2toix?756i'.
i v Tr)[i
8v
This fragment reminds very closely
o
r
vSpl\ as vl/
-
of the probouleuma of Callixenus recorded
, fL, ,- by Xenophon Hell, i 7, 9 : detvai 8e els ttjv
0^ecrl9ai .
x
, . ,
x
, ,
x
, ,.,. ,
s
'
r L
(pvXrjv eKaoTrjv duo vopias' <p eKaarr) oe rrj
A-7^9 air
<pvXrj KTjpvKa KrjpiiTTeiv, 6tco boxovciv adiKew
72 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[27
aXXo (OT -0L>) 8e irp
'
1 0"rpa.T7)yol ovk aveXop.e'voi rovs viK7}<TavTas
\ iv tti vavfiaxlg- (sc. off the Arginusae,
406 B.C.) els tt]v irporkpav xf/rjftaaadou, orip
t 6v[p
5e jultj, els TTjv varepav.
28. A slab of Pentelic marble, with a relief representing the tutelar deities
of Athens and Samos with their right hands joined. The upper fragment
contains a decree of 405/4 b.c. and a few remains of the first of two decrees of the
lower fragment belonging to 403/2 b.c, the year of the archonship of Euclid.
The decree on the upper fragment only is given here 11.
1
41. CIA iv. 2, 1 b;
D 56 (cf. CIA ii Add.
p. 393, 1 b = T>
57); J. H. Lipsius Leipz. St. xm 411.
Cf. W. Judeich Kleinasiat. Stud. p. 26 note 2.
ABTAE (= e, ev)
xH
(=v)
OIKAMNSO (=
o, ov) PR^TY^XyA
Ztoixv^w 5
Dut the lines vary in length from 58 to 61 letters.
A
and
E
frequently appear as
A
and
C,
and there are other slips, as
A
for
A
and
O
for
O.
eypafjbfjbdreve.
la/jLLOL<; oaoi fxerd rod Sij/xov rov
'
AOrjvai-
G)v eyevovro.
$
v
E>8oi;v
rfj (3ovXfj ical ra> hrjfxfp' KeKpoirls enrpvraveve,
Tiokvfjbvis Euco^uyLtev?
'
iypafjbfjbdreve, 'AXef/a?
VPX
e
> Nifccxfioov 'AOfiovevs eVe-
GTCLT6L, yVCOfjLT) K\ta6(f>OV
/ecu avvTrpvrdvecov iircuveaai ro9 irpeaj^eat tols Xcl/jllols
toI
1
^ re irporepo-
9 yfcovcri koX rots vvv teal
rfj fiovXfj
zeal rots o-Tparr)yoi<;
Kal Tot9 aXXocs
%a/jLLOL<;, otl elcriv avSpes dyadol Kal irpoOvpLOL irotelv 6
rt Svvavrac ayaOov,
io zeal rd nreTrpayfjueva avrols otl 8okovo~lv bpOws TTOLrjaat
AOrjvaiois Kal Za/jU-
ow Kal dvrl wv ev 7re7TGL7]Kao~LV 'AOrjvatovs Kal vvv irepl
iroXXov TToiovvrai Kal
iarjyovvraL dyaOd, SeBo^Oat
rfj fiovXfj
Kal tw
hrffjuw,
Xa/jbiow; 'AOrjvaiovq elvac,
7ro\cTvofjLvov<> 07T&)9 dv avrol (3ovXwvraL, Kal 07T&)9 ravra
earac 009 eirLT^heLO-
28]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 73
rara dfMfzorepois, KaOdrrep avrol Xeyovcriv, eirethdv eiprjvr)
yevrjrao, rore irepl
i^roov aXXcov
Koivfi ftovXeveaOai. tols he vo/jloc<; y^pr\<jQai
TCH? <T(f)TpOL<; CLVTCOV
avrovofiovs 6Wa? Kal rdXXa iroielv Kara rov<; opicov; teal
ra? avvOrjKas KaOdirep
^vvKeorai
'
AOrjvaiocs teal SafAiow Kal rrepl rcov evKXrf-
/jbarcov, a ay yiyvrjrat,
Trpbs aXXtfXovs, hthovat teal he^eaOac rd<; Sitcas Kara ra?
o~v/jL/3oXd<; t9 ovaas.
edv he rt dvay/caloy ylyvr)rai Sod rbv TrbXejAov teal rrporepov
rrepl tt}? itoXl-
20
rjelas, wairep avrol Xeyovcrcv ol Trpear(3eLs rrpbs rd rrap-
ovra fiovXevofievovs irotelv
r]c dv hoKjj /3e\TtcrTov elvar irepl he r^? elpTJvrjs edy
yiyvrjTat elvai Kara ravrd
KJaOdirep A.drjvaloi$ teal rot<; vvv oIkovctlv Za/xov edv Be
TToXefietv herj, rrapao~K-
v]d^ea6ac avrovs &)? dv hvvcovrao dpcara rrpdrrovra^
fierd rcov arparyyouv
ka]v he irpeafieiav rroi rrefxircoaiv AOrjvaloi, av/JLireparetv
Kal rovs etzdfjLov rrapbvra;
25 4dv] riva fiovXcovrao, teal avvftovXeveuv ore dv eywtriv
ayadov. ral? he rpir\peo~i
Tats] overate e\ Xayu-eo \py)a6ai avrol<; hovvat emaKevaaa-
fjuevois tcaO* on dv av-
tois %\otcr\' ra he ovofiara rcov rpirjpap^cov, oov i)aav
avrai at vrjes, airoypd-^rat
tovs irpe'o-p]ei9 roo
ypa/jifiarel rrj<; fiovXrjs teal roi<? arparr)-
yot<;
m
Kal rovrcov el irov
ti tti 6'<|>XT)p.a] yeypa/jL/xevov ev ra) hrjfjLoalw go? TrapeiXrj-
(f>orcov rd<? rpirjpeis,
30 airavTa 4a\ei\|/dv]TGoz/ ol vecopol arravrayoOev, rd he atcevrj
tgo hr)/jLocrL(p ea-
irpa|dvT<ov ws to-xio-to, Ka]t irravaytcao-dvrcov arrohovvai rovs
k^ovTas rovrcov
ti !vt\t]. rvwp.t] K\io-6<|>ov Kal <r\vv7rpvrdvecov ra fjbev aXXa
KaOdirep rrj
(3ovXfj,
ctvai Se T-qv 8a>pidv 2ap.ia>v tois r[\fcovcriv KaOairep avrol al-
rovvrai Kal vel/j,ai
74 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[28
avTovs avriKa udXa
h tovs Si^uovs Kal Td]?
(f>v\a<;
oeKaya'
/cat tyjv Tropeiav irapa-
35
<rKvd<rai tois Trpeo-pWi tovs o-TpaTTj-yovs
]s
rd^Lara' KCLL El-
/xa^co Kal rots
dXXois Sauwus irdo-i tois ueTd Evp,dxov t]'kovo-] 7r(LLV6(TaL ft)?
ovcriv dvhpdauv
d-yaOois ircpl tovs 'AGrpvaiovs' Ka\rai 8'
Evua]^07y e[irl 8]et7T^OZ/
6? to irpvraveov
is avpiov. dvavpdif/ai k rd e\|/T)<fnorp.eva rjoy <ypapb(JL\a.Tia ttjs
PovXJt}? fxerd twv
(TTpaTT^Yoiv eo-TrXr] XlGivt] Kal Ka.Ttx\6eivcu ? 7ToX,i[v, tovs &
'EXXiivJora/x/a?
40 Sovvai to dp-yvpiov* dva-ypdxf/ai, 8 eSdjyLtft) Kara ravra Te[Xo-i
TOIS iKii]vO)V.
"E8ov tt| povXfj Kal tw Br\\ua' IIav]8tovh eirpyrdvevev, 'Ayvp-
pios K[oXXvTei><?
ktX.
The decrees were passed in honour of the Samians, the only allies who had
remained loyal after the battle of Aegos Potamos. Lysander when he captured
their city in 404/5 b.c. expelled the democratical party (the
"
oaot fxera tov drjfxov
Tov'Adrjvaiuv e-ytvovro" of 1. 3, 4) and restored the oligarchical.
1. KrjcpicrocpQiv : cf. 32 2.
3. Sa/u'ots : a dativus commodi without verbal construction, something like
the familiar formula in Elean inscriptions, e.g. d fp&Tpa Toip faXelois Kal roils
'HppacfioLS Eo. 1 291.
5. The decree is evidently later than the battle of Aegos Potamos, and we
now know from Arist. 'A0. tto\. 34, 2 that the battle was fought in the archonship
of Alexias, i.e. after the month of June 405 b.c, but yet not long after, for the
person for whom Lysias wrote the speech xxi
( 3)
returned from the scene of
operations to Athens and was gymnasiarch at the Promethea, i.e. in Boedromion
or Pyanepsion. Lipsius therefore (I.e.) infers that the prytany to which our
decree belongs was the second or at latest the third in the year 405/4 b.c.
6. yvib/j.7] kt\. The formula as applied to the prytanes appears to be
unexampled. We find yvdbfxr] arpar-qyOiv (CIA iv 2, 11 e) and [71/440)77 tQ>v avy-
ypcupeuv (CIA 1 58, 8). If, as is highly probable, K\elcro<pos Evuvv/jlcvs is the
same as the person of that name who was Secretary to the Treasurers of Athena
403/2 or 402/1 b.c (CIA 11 642, 4) the fact that Keicpoiris here is the prytanising
tribe occasions a difficulty, because the Evwvv/j.eis belong to
'EpexQv'h-
D con-
jectures that possibly the motion (yvibixyj) of Kleisophos and his colleagues may
have been one passed on from the preceding prytany, and that this may be the
explanation of the unusual formula.
7. iircuveacu toZs kt\. See 23 6.
8. Kal tois vvv. Thus there would seem to have been two embassies sent
between the battle of Aegos Potamos and the besieging of the Athenians.
29]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 75
Diodorus xm 106, 8 appears to be wrong in saying that Lysander immediately
after the battle proceeded to lay siege to the town of Samos.
18. /caret tcls (rv/JL(3o\as t&s o&ras. On the cv/ApoXaL, avfji^oXa, SUai dirb
<rvfji.p6\coi> see D. A. It was necessary that the <rv/u,(3o\aL existing when the states
were separate republics should be confirmed now that the Samians were to
become Athenian citizens; else the matter would have been left in doubt. Cf.
the same provision in the case of laws 1. 15, 16.
22. tois vvv oIkovgiv ^dfxov. This would exclude from the benefits of the
compact anti-Athenian exiles who might be restored to Samos by Lysander.
24. iSdfiov
(3=
not
X):
Meisterhans Gr. 106. 26. es 2d,uy: 7 59.
25 sq. This permission given to the Samians to use the Athenian ships
(against Lysander) is mentioned by Diodorus xiii 104, 2.
30. veupol. Cf. Hesych. vewpds' vecopio(f>v\at;. Elsewhere in Attic inscriptions
(e.g. CIA ii 809 a, 184) the title is eirL/jLeXrjTal tuv veupiuv.
32. yuw/j.r) kt\. Cf. 1. 6. 33. dupeidv. See 26 33.
34. 5^/caxa. So Wilamowitz ; edd. Se/ca^a.
37. irrl deTirvov : not tirl 1~via, because the Samians were now Athenian
citizens (D). On irpyraviov see 26 33; but perhaps the E stands for et.
41. After this line on the stone begins the second decree (see above).
29. A slab of Pentelic marble, found in the Acropolis, broken into three
parts. CIA n
3 ; H 62
; D 59. Cf. C. Curtius Herm. iv 404.
ABTAE
(=e,
eO.HOIKAMN^O (= o, ou)
PPCTY.. y_Q.
A
appears four times written as
A. 2toix
,
>?56j', except 1. 1 which is in larger
characters.
@ O L
'A(XVVTo]/0O<?, \LvpV7Tv\0V,
'ApyeQov, Ao/cpov, AXtcifjiov.
"E8o]i; rrj
/3ov\fj- OlvtjU
5
iTrpvjrdveve, Aet#eo9 ij-
pa^j/jLareve, A^/xo/cXt}? eVe-
(rjrdret, MovL7T7rL$r}s elire' 'A-
/JLVVTOpt KCU EjVpV7Tv\(i) K~
ai ApyL(p /ecu Ao/cpco /ca-
IO t AX/CLfjLO) TOt9
\\7TrJIJi(lVT0V
iratai, iweiSr) KaOypeOrj
Tj
<JT7j\ri \i\irl TOdV TpiCLKOVT-
a iv
fj
r)[v a]uTot? rj irpo^ev-
la,
ava<ypdylr[ai] rrjv arrjXrjv
15 T07
ypafjLfjLa[T{a t]t}? /3ov\r/s
The decree (possibly on the re-
quest of Eurypylos, 1. 16) orders
the restoration of a stele, containing
a grant of proxenia, which had been
destroyed by the Thirty. The date
(cf. the alphabet) must be shortly
after the archonship of Euclides,
perhaps in 403 b.c The names
were probably those of Thasians
;
the name 'Afivvriop
'
XiryixavTov oc-
curs in CIA 11 4, a fragment con-
taining names apparently, to judge
from their peculiarities (cf. passim
the names of Thasians in the Tha-
sian inscriptions, Bechtel 72 sqq.,
with those of CIA 11
4),
of Thasians,
who had been exiled for their
Athenian sympathies. This may
have taken place in 411 b.c; cf. 23.
76 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[29
reXeac roU EvpVTrvXov Ka-
(The long inscription CIG 2448, the
x /

v
\ \ *'
i?
> so-called 'Will of Epicteta,' is
Xeaac oe kcli eiri Eevia cjv-
. ._ , ,
r
__
/ ? v m
similarly assigned to Thera on
pvirvXov e? to irpyravelo-
arguments derived from names.)
v e? avpiov. 1 sq. For the genitives in this
heading cf. 15. In 1. 4 note the absence from the formula of the words koX ry
drifjuf.
Cf. 38 6.
7 sqq. 'AfxvvTopi kt\. The dative is a kind of dativus commodi depending
upon avaypaipai ttjv arrjXrjv below. Cf. 30 5 sqq.
30. A slab of Pentelic marble, unbroken, but much worn ; now at Athens.
CIG 86, from the MS of Fourmont ; Koehler, Herm. vn
p. 159 ; CIA n 11
;
D 72. Cf. E. Sonne De arbitris externis p. 112 note 109; W. Judeich Klein-
asiatische Studien p. 98 note 1. A. Wilhelm, GGA 1898, 204 sq.
ABTAE (=, 6t, but eVeo-TflTEl).
HOIKAMN3EO (= o, ov)
PPCTY^Xtn.
Xtolxv^ov. The
N
is said to be inclined to the right, so that in the present
condition of the surface it is liable to be confused with
AAA
and even
M.
Sometimes
A
and
A
appear as
A.
"E8o]^6^
rfj
[p]oiA,?7 Kai rw
S[rf-
(jto)* 'AJKa/jLavrls \k\irpvrdvev,
y
O\vaaLiriro^ iypapp^aTevev, .
S?7? iirecrTarei, Aea)[v c]t-
5
tt* to]<? <>a<TT)\LTai$ to
V
r
[
T
l4
> ]^~
o-jia dv^aypdyjrat, otl dp, /u.e[v] 'A#-
rvT]<ri i-v\i.p6]\ai,ov ykvrjTai
Trpos $]acr(r))\LT[<ti\v Tiva, 'A6r)\vr\-
a-i tcIs 8]//C(X9 ylyveaOai 7r[ap-
iod tw Tro\]ep,dp%(p KaOdirep X-
iols Kal] dXXoOl p,rjhe d/xov. tgo-
v hi aXXwv] dirb %vp(36\(ov kclt-
d rds Xiiov
f]
uft/3oX,a<?
7rpo? <I>a-
o-T]XiTas] Ta<; Si/cas elv[a]c, t9
15 8* kk\tjt]ou[s] dfaXelv.
i[dv] Be t-
v dXXa
X
o]z} [ap]x[v]v 5[flf[ii]Ta[i]
B-
ikt]V Kara] t&acrrjXlTOOV t[i]^09,
tovto
8*
6<$>d\]Lv KCLTaBiicaar-
6f,
r \l\v 8ik?7 aKvpo]? ecrTCt). e-
20 dv h\ kPt)v<2i] 5[ok]?? ra
iyfrr}-
30]
DEGREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 11
<j>i<rp.va, 6<j>6t]X[T]ft) [fjL]f/3[a<>] 8[p-
axi^as
Up]9
\j\f)
" K6r)vaia. T-
o h\
\|/TJ4>urn]<z
[t]o[8] dva[yp\a\^r]d-
to) 6
Ypap.p.]
cltvs o ttj<;
ftovXfjs
25 Io-ttJXt] \iQC]vr) KCLL KCLTaO-
Tto lv iroXet r]e\ac T0LS TW-
v ^acTTjXtTtov]
.
Koehler argues both from the subject matter and from the character of the
writing that the decree must be later than the battle of Cnidus, 394 B.C., and in
any case earlier than the Peace of Antalcidas, 387 b.c. Judeich suggests 388 B.C.,
because we know that the ships and troops of the Chians were with the Athenian
fleet, which then for the first time after a long interval was visiting the southern
coast of Asia Minor (Diod. xiv 94, 4). Wilhelm in spite of the Ionic character
refers the inscription to the middle of the fifth century b.c
The decree creates a commercial treaty between Athens and Phaselis on the
same conditions as had been granted to the Chians (Kara ras Xioov u//,/3oAds
1. 12; on the ^v/j.j3o\ai or v/j,j3o\a see the note to 26 17 sqq.). The latter after
the battle of Cnidus had expelled the Lacedaemonian garrison and rejoined the
Athenian alliance (Diod. xiv 84, 3),
along with Mitylene, Ephesus and Erythrae.
Chios had been instrumental in introducing Phaselis into the Delian confederacy
in the days of Cimon (Plut. Cim. 12). Phaselis, though a Dorian colony,
remained one of the most faithful of the allies of Athens. Its assessment at ten
talents (Plut. I.e., cf. Thuc. 11
69) shows that it must have enjoyed a prosperous
trade. Probably at the next assessment (see Index) the amount fixed was six
talents, for we find that this was the sum paid by Phaselis when the
Delian Treasury was removed to Athens 454 b.c; in 450 b.c the amount was
reduced to three talents, but in 439 b.c was raised to the original amount, as
was the case with the other towns. In the tribute-list of 424 the statement of
the amount is lost and in the fragments of later lists the name has not survived.
Phaselis naturally disappears from the list of allies after the Peace of Antalcidas
;
for by the conditions of that peace the Asiatic towns were made over to the
Persian King.
4. The letter before .... 577s on the stone seems to be cp, which is certainly
wrong : the remains of the letter at the end of 1. 3, the first letter of the name,
show that it must have been
[
or
f
or
p.
6. 6'rt aft kt\.
'
In the case of any business-contract made at Athens with
any Phaselite, the law-suits (duxl dirb vfx[3o\u>i') shall take place at Athens
before the archon polemarch.'
11. t&v 8e &\\a)i> kt\. The 5i/ccu dirb ^vfx(3o\Qiu about other subjects are to
be made in accordance with the compacts already made with the Chians, but an
exception is to be made in the case of suits brought to Athens : cf. 7 74. The
restoration in 1. 15 is by D, who cites Hesych. : ^kkX-^tol SUaL- at eirl ^vtjs
Xeyofievai, /cai ovk h rrj wdXei. Cf. Pollux vin 54, 63. On ^5^ dfiov see 5 24.
15. t[Qv
d\\axo]u. Sc. yevontvuv av^oXaioju. The upper part of the
Y
is clear on the stone, else we should have expected the ov to be expressed by
O
as in
TBjOAHl
1- 1- By
apxw
we must understand
'
any Athenian magistrate.'
78 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA ; SECT. I.
[30
18. tovto 5e 6<pei\ii> kt\. :
'
and if the Phaselite should be condemned in
this matter to pay, the suit shall not be valid.' The text is D's in place of
Koe.'s, $aar}\iTU)t> t[i]vos, \\tovtov /at) T]L(v)eiv KaradiKas; for
(1)
in 1. 18
A
and not
[\J
is on the stone and
(2)
/caraSiKcts in the plural and without the article is
improbable.
19. The offending magistrate shall be fined 10,000 drachmae,
etcfirivou, as
restored by Koe., appears to be used in the sense of irapaprjvai. The expression
eK(3i)vai rbv opKov occurs Plato Symp. 183 b.
26. Cf. 7 60.
31. A marble brought from Athens to Paris by Fauvel (' Choiseul marble ')
;
now in the Louvre. CIG 84 and Add. p. 897; CIA n 38; Foucart Rev.
Arch, xvm
(1877) p. 399 sqq. ; D 74. Cf. W. Judeich Kleinasiat. St. p. 104
note 1.
ABTAE
(=e,
et).HOII<AMNEEO (=,
ov)
PPCTY^XtA
1iTOlXV^v-
a? eve/ca [irapaSovJz;at, eav kcl-
\ t<o\l hr)fx\io\ $o/c[r Kal] TT)V Vp<y[i<riav
dv]a<y>a[\|/ai 4v o-ttjXtj] \i6lvei ev [d]-
p]o7roXei. K\o.\i\aai Se avrov errl %ev\y-
5
a] els to irpyravelov els avpiov.
KecaAo9 eiire' rd /nev dWa Kadairep [t-
fj
/3ov\el' dvaypdyjrac Be ^avoKpiro\y
rov TLapiavbv rrpo^evov Kal evep\yi-
T7)v avrov Kal rovs eKyovovs ev <xt?7[\t|
io XtOivet Kal arrjcrai ev aKpoiro\[z\.
r\by ypajuL/jLarea rrjs fiovXrjs, i7rei{h]r) 7r[a-
p]ijyyeoXe rots arparrjyols rrep\\ twv
v\ewv rod irapdifkov, Kal el ol <TTp[a]T[Tvyo-
l] eTTidovro, edXcoaav dv a[t] T^[t]7?pe[i]9
15 al TToXefjucai' dvrl rovrcov elvai []at r-
rjv rrpo^eviav Kal rr/v evepyeo~i[av k-
al KaXeaao avrov eirl %evia els t[o ir-
pyravelov els avpiov, /jLe[p]icraL Be [t-
dpyvpuov to elp7]fjuevov rovs airoBe-
20 Kras Ik rdjv KarafiaWo/jLevcov y^prip,d-
t]&)z/, erreiBdv rd e/c roov voficov fjiep\lo-<a-
<rij.
Honours are granted to Phanocritus of Parium, a town on the Hellespont
not far from Abydos (Steph. Byz. s. v.), for having indicated to the Athenian
32]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 79
generals the movements of the enemy's fleet. In 11.
1

5,
which form the
conclusion of a probouleuma (cf. the words iav /ecu tc S-qfjup 8oktj), it would seem
that a money reward (cf. 1. 18 to dpyvptov to elpr^jxivou) and the title of evepyeTrjs
(1. 2) had been granted to him. Lines 6 sqq. form a supplementary resolution
conferring in addition the proxenia and including a censure upon the conduct of
the admirals (13, 14). Foucart (I. c.) has shown with great probability that the
incident for which Phanocritus was rewarded must have occurred in the naval
operations in the neighbourhood of Hellespont a little before the beginning of
387/6 B.C. described by Xen. Hell, v 1, 25, 26, when Antalcidas by causing a
false rumour to be circulated eluded the Athenian fleet and reached Abydos.
2. Froehner, Inscr. No. 100, restores [evpyeai]as, Foucart [ayye\l]as.
[7rapadov]i>ai is Foucart's reading (i.e. with
OY
=ov) but elsewhere in the
inscription
O
= ov.
3. Xidiuet, 7 @ov\ei, cf. 10. From 380 b.c. (or earlier, as this inscription
shows) frequently, and from 300 b.c in the majority of cases the dative termi-
nation of the first declension is written
El-
The change embraces subjunctives
like 8oKei = 8oKrj and augments as in eipedr) =
ripedr). Meisterhans, Gr. p. 38. Cf.
no. 38.
6. KtyaXos : probably the well-known orator and demagogue of the deme
Collytus (cf. Dinarch. i
76),
who according to Suidas lived at the time of the
Thirty {yiyove 5e iirl tt)$ avapxlas). He appears as author of a (fragmentary)
decree concerning an alliance with Mitylene, CIA n 18, which Koehler
attributes to 378/7 b.c After
fiovKel understand doKel.
18 sqq. fiepio-at 5e kt\. For the apodectae see 21 16. The reward is to be
paid from the dues paid in (to the (3ov\evTripioi>), after they have made the
payments required by law. For the sense of KaTa^dWeiv here Hartel (Stud.
p. 134)
quotes Dem. c. Timocr. 730 : ^<xtiv iipuv Kvptos vo/xos . . . tovs
e'x
ovTas T<*
0'
lepa Kal tol 6o~ia
xPVf
JLaTa KaTafiaWeiv els to (3ou\evTrjpioi> . Cf. Boeckh,
St.
3
i 413. For fj.epi<rcu see 39 44.
32. A stele of Pentelic marble put together out of twenty fragments;
discovered in 1851 in excavations N. W. of the Acropolis. Front surface about
0.32 m. x 0.15. CIA n 17 ; D 80. Cf. A. Schaefer, De sociis Atheniensium
Ghabriae et Timothei aetate &c. Lips. 1856, Dem. i
2
p. 27 sqq. ; Busolt, Jahrb.
Suppl. B. vii 739 sq. ; Grote, H. G. Pt n ch. 77; E. Fabricius Eh. M. xlvi
589 sqq.; J. Zingerle Eranos Vindobonensis 359 sqq.; H. Swoboda Rh. M. xlix
321 sqq. ; W. Judeich Kleinasiat. St. 266, 308 ; Egger Traites publics p. 85.
ABTAE (1. 45
in a correction
) IHOIKAMNEEO (=0, ov)
npTY*xtn :
twice.
1
3 are in larger characters than the following ;
4
77 (except
69) are
written aToixy56v ;
1
77 contain a decree, 78
90 contain the names of various
states, in some cases in a different hand from those of
4
77 ;
91
96 contain
a portion of a second decree. On the left side of the stone the list of names has
been continued, but gradually, as the varying forms of the letters show. To
some extent the strata of additions have been represented by the type.
80 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[32
378/7
B.C.
B.
KepKvJpauov
'ApSfjJptrat
0d<r]ioi
5
Xa\Ki]S?7s
a7ro [0paKt]s
iS
A'lvlol
Hol/jlo 6pauses
AiKaio7roA.tTai
io AKapvave?
TlpwvvoL
'AA.KTas
Nc07TToAejUOS
15
['Ido-wv]
*AvS/3lOt
'Eo-Jrtai^s
Mv[k]6Vioi
25
E it ! Navcrti/tfcov ap^o^Tos
K<zAA,//3to9
I
}^7](f)Lcro(f)a)VTO<i
TLatavcevs

eypa/jb/judrevev.
'RtTI Tt}? 'iTTTTO^ftJ^TtSofs ipSjoyU,??? TTpVTCL-
veias eSo^ev
rfj
/3oiA[tj k<xi t]&> Stj/jLco-
1, Xaplvos 'A#yu,oz/[vs ]7recrTaTet,
'ApicrTOTeXrjs et[ir*
x]?7
dyaOfj
rfj
'A-
Orjvaiwv teal \t\(jov \_<r\)\L\i\d
r
)(wv twv
'
AOrjvaiw-
v, 07ra>9 *> Aa[K]S[ai}i6]^tot e'a;(jt toi)? "EWt/-
i/a? eXeu^efpJof? /ecu avrovopiovs r)GvyLav
ayeiv tt][v
X"P
av
]
e^ovra^ i/u, /3e/3aL(p rr)-
v lavTwv ]i/C 0<7
7)1 ab
a
30
35
0.7T . . T . . e . a cocr . V
eipr\$(\a6ai tc5 hrjfKp' edv Tt? /3ov\-
T]Tai t<ov ''EXJXrjvcov rj rcov j3apj3dpwv rcov iv
rTreipw kv\oLKOvvT(ov r) rcov vtjglwtgov, oa-
ot p,f paa-t]Xea)9 elcTLv,
'
Adr/vaucov avfi/jba^-
ovs tvcu k]cu tv av/jUfxci-^cov, i^elvai a[vr*
&)[t cXevGe'pJct) 6Wt /cat avTovofxcp, iroXt-
(3ov\r)TCLL,
fxrj'
/jbrjre apyovra
(f)povTi, iirl
Xtot kclI %7](3al-
rot? Se iTOirjcr-
'
KOrjvaiovs teal
20 Avnacatoi
T[vop.v]w TroXtretav rjv
re [<j>povp]af el^Se^o/jieva)
V7ro[ex\ofu,ev(p,
/uLrjre
cf>6pov
8e t[ols] avTols, e'0' olsirep
01 kcl\\\ 01 dWoi (TV/jL/jLa%oi.
a/jLev[oi]<; av/jL/jia^lav 77-/909
toi)? (ji;[p.|x]a^0L'? d(f)tvai rbv hrjfiov ra iytc-
rrjfjbaTa 6[ir]oo-' dv Tvy^dvrj 6v[ra rj %hi\a [rj
8-
rjfjLOGLa
' A6[r\\vaiwv iv
rfj
%[P;
twv iroiov-
fievoiv TTJV
av/JL/JLa^LaV /c[a\ irepl tovtwv it-
i<JTiv Sovvac ['A0i]vaiovs. Idv 8c TV
y]x
av
[T
t twv iroXewv [twv iroiovp.vwv t]?;^ av/jbfxa^-
iav 7rpb<; 'A^7;7^[atovs aTr)\a\i ovaac 'Adr/vija-
t dv7TLTr]Sio[i,
^Ivf
1 fiovXrjv rrjv del /3ov\e-
vovaav /cvplav e[tv]cu KaOaupelv. [a]7ro
avaivLtcov ap^ofvrjo? /u.77 i^elvac firjre
la fjLrjre
Sr)/jioa[i]a 'AOrjvaioov /jirjOevl
Se N-
IB-
iy.
32]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 81
'EpeVioi
'AcrTpouovcrioi
KciW
lovXirJTCLL
JLapOairjs
KoprjCTLOL
EA.cuoucrioi
A/xopytoi
^rjXvfx^ptavo^i
4
o
45
50
KTrjcracrOat
9 fjbrjre
vco /Jbrjre
i /uL7]0eVL
07) rat
fievco
ev T[a]t9
oIk lav /jLrjre
V7ro0e[[i]eu(p
eav Be [t]',9
TpOTTCp OTCOOVV,
TCOV aVfl/JLOL^COV
1 Hl(j)VLOL
HlKLVTjTai
55
a7ro paKTjs 60
Nco7roXtrat
65
70
75
Tft)^ avixfxaywv ^copac-
^coplov /Jbrjre Trpiaixe-
/jlt]T dWco rpoTTO)-
oovrjrat rj Krarai rj tl-
e^elvai rco /3ov\o-
<f)rjvCLL 7Tj0O9 TOU9 CTVV-
eBpovs roov GVjApiaywv' 01 Be crvveBpoc airo-
S6]uevot diroBovrcov [to piv r\]/nvav ru
[1]
(prjvavrc, to Be a-
Wo Kotjyo^
"
[^<tt]<w tc5z/ cri/[|x|x]a^(y^. eaz^ Be n-
9 t'[T|] eVt iro\efJb(p eirl t[ov]9 Troirjcrapievovs
T7]v <Tv/A/jba%iav rj Kara [yf]v rj Kara ddXarr-
ai>, ftorjOelv \\drjvalovs teal rot/9 avfjbiid'^ov^
tovtols teal Kara yrjv teal Kara Oakarra-
v iravrl aOevei Kara to Bvvarov. eav Be r-
rj e7riylrr)(f)LO'r] rj apywv r) IBccorr)-
roBe to yj/rjcpocrfia, 009 \veiv rt Bel r-
rcoBe rco '^rrjc^iafxaTi elprj/uLev[<av, v-
yLt[v] avrco dri/jLO) elvat teal [to.
av-rJoO Brjfxoaia karoo kol tt}<; [Qeov
eiriBetcaTOv teal KptveaOco ev *A6r)v[al-
tcal t[ois] av\x\xdyoi^ &>9 BiaXvcov Tr/[v
t9 earrf
9 napa
gov ev
irap^erco
XphWra
t]o
o]t9
o-v/uLfjua^ialy' l\r)/MovvTcov Be avrbv davdrco-
1 rj
<$>vyf)
ov[ttc.p\ AdrjvaloL teal 01 avfifxa^o-
Kparovcri[y' <iv] Be Oavdrov ripirjOf), ixy) ra-
cprjrco ev tt}[i 'Arrijfcfj [pJ^Se ^v T
f)
T(*>v av/x-
/jbd^cov' to B[t \|/TJ<J>t]cr^a roBe 6 ypapipiarev^
6 T579 /3ovXrj[s] [va7p]a-v|raTW ev aryXr/ Xidi-
vj] teal Kara6e[r(a] irapd tqv Ala rbv E\ei>-
av- ap\yi>\ptov Bovvac et'9 Trjv
o-t[i]Xii]9 efy'iKovra Bpa-^/jid^
to\[<xv\t(dv toi/9 ra/jilas rfj<; 6e-
rrjv err tj X[tj]^ ravrrjv avaypd-
ova[oi]v TroXecov avfi/jba^LBcov r-
[?;]rt9 civ dWrj avfJLiia^o^ <yi-
{<y)vrjTai. ravra
[p-]^
avaypdyjrac, eXeorOai B-
e rbv Brjfjbov 7rpeo-{3eL<$ Toet9 avritca /xaX,-
a] et9 rj{3a<;, [o]iTive<; irelaovcTi %r}(3aiovs 6-
Oepiov, to Be
aypacfyrjv rrjs
etc toov Betca
ov. et9 Be
(f)etv
rcov re
d oiofiara, Kal
t\l av [8vva)v]Tat dyadov.
'A]picTTOTe\ri<; Mapatfcovco?,
o'lBi
R. 11.
r)pe6r)aav
UvppavBpo-
6
82 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT /.
35
Z a K V V
[0]
L CO V
6 hfj/JLOS 8o
6 e v t a) Nr; AA-
85
90
95
9
'
Avacf)\va[T]io<i
,
\\6rjvai(DV 7roAet9 atSe
Mvri\r)[v]aioi,
MrjOvpvjaloi
f
Po3tot, IIofc^tTcrfcot
YiepivOtoi
Tieirap^BiOi
ddpaav/3ov\o<;
%7)
ft
a I o 1
XaX k tS rj
9
'EpeTp^9
'Apedovo-coL
KapvariOL
"T
II <z\[<zi(rKid6ioi
[32
KoXX,fTev9
Mapcovlrat,
Afc??9
IIap[i]ot, 'O .
'A^i/ftJTat, TI
'
ApLaroT^Xrjs et7re*
[ im-
8av irpG)To\y
endures 7r[po]sxa>pu)<7i [ \|/T]-
(picTfitva t&l Svj/xy /cat r
vqauiv els rr\v <rv/ii[[i.a\ioLV
tols rCov e'i//7;0t[<r|JLV()v
The document,
'
monumentum in paucis insigne,' provides for the formation
of a new league with Thebes, Chios, Mytilene and other states against Sparta.
It is instructive to contrast this convention with that concluded between Athens
and Chalcis more than half a century before (446/5 B.C.; no. 7). It shows how
entirely the old relations between Athens and her tributaries had been changed;
the obnoxious word <popos disappears and the contributions of the states, which
may choose their own form of government, are now styled avvrd^eis. Compare
too the large powers given to the deputies (avvebpoi) of the allies even against an
Athenian citizen, 51 sqq.
A. Front face.
1 sqq. The formula is a combination of pre-Euclidean with post-Euclidean
usage; cf. Rem. i and iv, p.
2 and 85.
2. Kri<piaocpQpTos. Cf. 28 1, 38 23.
4. (356fjL7)s. February or March 377 b.c; this refers only to the composition
of the document, which (cf. 1. 24) did not take place till after the alliance had
been concluded with several states. The decree itself was passed in 378.
Diodorus places it, as he does the events of the period generally, a year too
late. Peter.
7. 'AptaroreX-qs: Mapadwvios 1. 76. Meier Comm. Ep. 11 57 would identify
him with the person mentioned Diog. Laert. v 35 : devrepos
('
ApiaroreXrjs) 6
TToXiTevad/JLevos 'Adrjvrjai, ov kclI diKavcKoi (pepovrai Xoyoi
x
a
P^
evTes-
32]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 83
1214. Perhaps anciently erased.
16.
fiapfidpuv
kt\. : such as Alketas, King of the Molossi, and his son
Neoptolemos (B 13, 14): Neoptolemos succeeded his father, dividing the kingdom
with Arybbas (No. 40),
and his daughter Olympias was mother of Alexander
the Great.
17. 6<tol fir) kt\. Similarly CIA iv
2, 15 c (alliance with Chios) the Athe-
nians appear to be careful not to violate the provisions of the Peace of Ant-
alcidas.
22. <ppovpdv. Cf. the provision irepi <pv\a.Krjs in the treaty between Athens
and Chalcis, No. 7 76 sqq.
24. The Chians had been the first to enter the Athenian alliance ; cf. 1. 79.
D agrees with Schaefer {Be Soc.
p. 9)
in thinking that the Thebans had joined
the alliance in the summer of 378 b.c. but argues that they had not yet become
members of the awedpiou (ativedpoi 43 sqq.) and that in fact the object of the
mission alluded to in 1. 72
74 was to persuade them to do so.
2531. These lines are directed (cf. Schaefer Bern, i 31, Grote, H. G. Pt n
ch.
97)
against a return to the system of K\rjpovxia.i
;
in fact it stands to reason
that there could be no Athenian KXrjpovxlcu in the countries of their allies in
377 B.C. Cf. Isocr. Plat. 44 : tCov ixev KTTjpLaTcav tuiv vfierepiov avi&v a7r4oT7]T,
ftov\6-
/xevoi tt)v <rvfx/AaxLw ws p-eyiar-qv Troirjcrcu; Diod. xv 29, 7: eipwcplcravTo 52 Kai ras
yevopcivas /fA^pouxias diroKaraaTrjcraL rots irpdrepov Kvplois yeyovbcnv. But the pro-
vision in the text that iyKTrj/naTa were to be given up does not by any means
imply that future honorary grants of '&ynT-q<ns (see D. A. s.v.) might not be made
to irpb^voi and others. Cf. D ad loc. and 43 33.
31 sqq. idv 5 rvyxdvy kt\. The singular may be a slip of engraving which
would not have occurred if the verb had followed instead of preceding its
nominative. dveirLT-qbeLoi : unfriendly (to the Athenians).
36. /XT] 4^etvai kt\. Cf. further Diod. I. c. : Kai vbp\ov Zdevro pnjdfra tCjv
'AdrjvaLojv yewpyeiv ^/ctos t^s 'Attlktjs. The provision yu^re virodepifru) is sufficiently
stringent: Athenians may not even acquire property (eyKrrjcraadai) in the
territory of an ally as security for money lent.
43. The (rvvedpoL therefore existed before the date of this decree ; cf
.
Diodorus, xv 28, 29, who also states that they were to meet at Athens, one from
each city.
4446. d7ro56ji.voi d
<
iro56fTwj/. The letters
MGNOI APO
are written
as a correction above the line. The form of

would seem to show that the
mistake was noticed and the letters added at a much later period. Whether
Tjfivav for ijpucrv is a similar mark of carelessness or, as Meisterhans Gr. 28 thinks,
a case of vowel-assimilation, it is difficult to say. Other instances are CIA n
1055, 37 (345 b.c.
),
803, b 33 (342 b.c) &c. ;
and it is to be noticed that where
no u follows, as in r/^uVeiaz/, the t is unchanged.
4651. The alliance was defensive only.
51. iravTl odevei. Ace. to L. and S. this is the only phrase in which prose
authors use the word adtvos (in Plat. Phaedr. 267 c the word is used ironically)
;
cf. Thuc. v 23, 3 (also a treaty) and CIA iv 2, 49 b, 4, 16.
51 sqq. ea/ 5<? tis kt\. For the formula cf. 8 20.
65. top Ata tov 'EXevdepLov: near the crroa (3aaL\eios. Cf. CIA in 9, 4 and
see 25 7.
67. The usual cost of inscribing a decree was 30 drachmae; but this is a
62
84 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[
32
long one, and names were to be added from time to time. Larfeld Gr. Ep.
p. 438 gives the following examples (taken from Hartel's table, St. p. 143),
CIA ii 183 (332 b.c.) 17 lines of 33 letters each =
561 + 3 letters
69(355,,
)
27

(abt) 30
,,
=720 + 57 ,,
124(337
)25 ,,
27
,,
=648 + 4
17 = 32(378
,, ) 77 of 31
,,
=2387
20 drachmas
20
30
60 ..
and infers that the cost of engraving must have depended on other factors than
the mere length of the text, perhaps, as Hartel thinks, on the quality of the
work required.
68. Cf. CIA ii 270, 13 sqq., where two fxeroiKoi are commended as elvcpepovres
tcls elacpopas kol& eKaarou rbv evtavrbv ras els to, 5e/ca raXavra, whence Hartel St.
p. 132 infers that these ten talents (which would seem to have been some
special reserve fund for occasional expenses ; cf. Kohler Herm. v 12) were a part
of the revenue collected from certain taxes on fieroiKoi. Cf. CIA iv 2, 48 b.
rods rafxias ttjs deov. Probably the same ra/xiai are meant in CIA n 86,
17, where also they disburse to the ypa/u/naTei/s ttjs fiovXrjs 30 drachmae for the
cost of engraving from the 10 talents. The money was therefore not public
(6'cna), but sacred (lepd), and here too it was probably borrowed from the treasury
of Athena.
72. Tavra fih kt\. Cf. 16 14.
76. Hvppavdpos : CIA n 19, b 9. Qpaav(3ov\os : namesake and comrade of
the liberator, Xen. Hell, v 1, 26, Dem. de Cor. 301 ; Ar. Rhet. n 23, 25, Dem.
c. Timocr. 742, Aeschin. c. Ctes. 138.
79 sqq. and Side B. The names of this list of confederates, printed in
various type, are, Kohler says, written in different hands according to the order
in which they were admitted to the league. For oi Xn &c. cf. Diod. xv 28, 3 :
irp&Toi be irpbs ttjv drroaTacnv virrjuovaav Xtot /ecu Bv&vtiol, fiera tovtovs 'Pbbioi
Kai Mvtl\t)i>cuoi, /ecu tQiv aXKwv rives vtjcuwtwv. To these four should be added
the ~Mr]dvfAi>aioL 1. 81. The five names are written in the same hand as the decree
itself. The five states are ai vvv ovaai iroXecs av/x/xaxlSes of 1. 70. Abdera
B 3 joined after the battle of Naxos (Diod. xv. 36, 5). Hestiaea B 18 comes late
in the list (Diod. xv 30, 5). H draws attention to the absence of cities of Asia
Minor from the list : the Peace of Antalcidas had left them in the hands of the
Great King, until Alexander freed them; else we might have looked for Phaselis
in the list ; cf. 80. There are several names wanting which might have been
expected: e.g. Naxos. It is clear from this document that the estimate of
Diodorus is substantially true (xv 30, 2) : tols
'
AdrjvaioLs els avixp-axloLV awe'firjaav
e^bofX7]Kovra iroKeiS.
On individual names note further : 82 'Apedovaioi. This is the only mention
of a town of Chalcis of this name, though the spring 'Apedovaa is frequently
named. 85, 86 : Peparethus and Sciathus and other cities were brought over to
the alliance by Chabrias, 377 b.c. (Diod. xv 30, 5). 88 Atrjs : i.e. A. dirb Kvvaiov,
a town of Euboea situated near the promontory Cenaeum CIA i 244, 81 where
also 1. 80 occurs the name
'
Adrjvlrai i.e. of 'Adrjvai Aiabes. 85 Ila\[aicnaadt.oi
:
restored by D from CIA iv 1
p. 166 no. 62 b
(
= D 54, where a passage quoted
from Scylax per. 58 shows that the town was still in existence at this
time). B 13, 14 : see 40. B 15 : a name has been erased. The order shows
that the person bearing it must have joined the alliance in 375 b.c Fabricius, I.e.,
32]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 85
referring to Xen. Hell, vi 1, 7 : on koX vTrrjKooi rjdr) avrui ('laaovi tuj Qepaioj) eleu
MapctKol /ecu A6Xo7T6S /ecu 'AX/e^ras 6 h rr\ "Hirdpu) vwapxos, supplies 'Icterus.
B 16. "AvdptoL kt\. : brought over by Timotheus between April and November
373 b.c. (Schaefer De soc. p. 16, 17 comparing Diod. xv 47 and Xen. Hell, vi
2,
12). B 22. 'Aarpaioijcrioi: an unknown state. B 27.
'
EXcuoi/ericu :
in the
Chersonese. B 32. Atijs airb 6.: A. airb (Ac) rod "Adco, CIA i 240, 56; 243, 24;
244, 53 ; 257, 21. B 34: Neapolis in Thrace, opposite to Thasos ; not Nect7roXis air''
'
Kd-quCbv in the Chersonese CIA i 240, 29 which seems no longer to have existed,
or Ned7roXts in Pallene, a colony of Mende CIA i 243, 3 which could not have
come into the possession of the Athenians before the Olynthian war of
Timotheus (365 b.c). B 37. N77XX0S : probably a hill outside Zacynthus, on
which was established a fortress called 'ApKadia Diod. xv 45, 3. D.
Remark iv. Post-Euclidean formulae of
decrees. In the early
part of the fourth century B.C. and notably after 375 B.C. we can
trace a gradual alteration and expansion of the formulae described in
Rem. i,
p.
2.
(1)
There is a more exact specification of personal names by
the addition of the fathers' and the demotic names. This is observ-
able latest in the case of the Archons
;
the first example is found
in CIA ii 316 (281 b.c.)
=
53.
(2)
Besides certain changes in the phrasing there is greater
exactness in the notation of date, (a) The formula (Rem. i) : 6
Seiva
rjpx*v
gives way to : 'E7rt tov Seuos apxovros, first found even as
early as 433 B.C. (Nos. 12, 13),
and general after 375 (cf. CIA n 49
;
33). (b) The order of the prytanising tribe is marked : instead of
the simple YIolvSlovIs 7rpvT<xvev we have 'E7rt rrjs TlavSiovtSos ckt^s
Trpvravevova-rjs or TrpvTavetas, found as early as 394 B.C. (CIA II
8),
becoming more frequent after 375 B.C. (cf. CIA n 49). Then comes
the addition (c) : 17
6 8etva ipya/mfxarevev, found even in 433 B.C.
(Nos. 12, 13). (d) 'O Selva 7reo-raTet (Rem. i) is succeeded by: twv
-jrpoe&pwv 7reif/y]<j>Lt,v 6 Sctva (in CIA 11 17 6, 378 B.C. and more
frequently from 369 B.C.; cf. CIA 11 51 and no.
35) ;
much later these
words are followed by the mention of the colleagues, /ecu crvjj.Trpoz&poL
the first example occurs CIA 11 187 (circ. 322 B.C.). In fact the
iirnf/rjcf)i(TL^ which before Euclid was the function of the president of
the prytanes afterwards fell to the president of the non-tribal (" non-
prytanising") proedri, whose colleagues, o-v/jL-n-poeSpoi, are in some cases
noted by name, cf. CIA iv 2, 245 6, c
;
11 336. (e) The day of the
prytany is specified, occasionally from 368 B.C. (CIA 11
52),
regularly
after 332 B.C. (CIA 11 173; cf.
176),
preceded by the day of the month
on which the assembly is held (first found 342/1 B.C., CIA iv
2,
115
6;
cf. 11
121),
regularly after 333 b.c, CIA 11 169; cf. 176
86 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[32
(3)
The nature of the assembly, whether (SovXrj or iKKk-qa-ta, is
specified, and sometimes the place of assembly is added
;
e.g. ck-
kXtjo-icl [e]i/ [Ilcipcuct], CIA II 173 (332/1 B.C.), f3ov\r] iv /3ovkevTrjpLw,
CIA ii 179 (325/4 B.C.)
;
or the iKKXrjaia is more precisely defined as
Kvpta, CIA ii 177 (330/29 B.C.). Cf. 38, a 22 note.
(4)
The nature of the decree may be described : Stjfxov \prj<j>icrp.a
or if/r)<fiicrfxaTa (iv 2, 385 b, 3rd century B.C.), fiovXrjs \j/rjcf>L<Tfxa or
i/o7<icr/zaTa (iv 2, 373c, 3rd century B.C.). For a good example of a
fully developed formula see 49, 50, with Rem. vi,
p.
127.
33. Two fragments of Pentelic marble found in the Acropolis. CIA n 54;
D 100. Cf. Kirchhoff, Monatsb. Berl. Ah. 1866 p. 196 sqq., A. Wilhelm, GGA
1898 n. 3 p. 221.
ABTAE. HOIKAMN^O
(occasionally = ov)
PPZTY^XYfl
liToixydbv.
B.C.
363/2
'Eirl Xap]tK\etBov ap^o^Tofs iv\ t-
t]s
'AKa]/jLavrlSo<; Bevrepa[s -rrpv-r-
avcia]?,
f}
N iKoarparo[s * . . . .
. .]
TlaWrjvevs eypa^pdrevev,
5
Tpi\aKoary T17? irpv T[avias.
"~ES]o^ev ry
/3ov\f)
Kal to5 S[tjp.o> . . .
. .
.J?;?
Ylaiavievs e7reo"raTe[i, Kpa/rivos ?
ifiirev
irepl J)P Xeyet A<TTVKp[drr]s 6 A\<|>-
o]? fcal 01 fier
avrou hjrr)<f)i(r0[ai ttj povX.-
10
fj],
tovs Trpoe&povs, o't av \d^(o[<ri irpoeSpc-
vi\tv iv too SijfMO),
irpocrayay\ilv 'Ao-ruKp-
dr^r]v fcal rovs /jL6t avrov et? [t6v 8t]^ov
-
Is r]r)V 7rpa)T7)V iKK\j]aiav kcl\\ \pi]\iarCa-
ai, y]vo)/JLT]v 8e ^v/jL/3aX\.e<r0ai, [ttjs PovXtjs
15 ts] TOV SrjflOV, OTL SoKL TTj
[PovXfj,
7T-
i8t]] Wv&pOVlKOS @TTaXo[s iepop.VTlp.0-
vwv] irapd tou? vo/JLOV<i twv A[p.]<[iKTv6va>v
Kal] tovs Ae\(f)(t)v el(TT]yaye[v aufyvyiav ?
kut'] 'AaTV/cpc'iTOVS Kal To3v (jlT a[vrov, wo-rt
20 $vy]a8evaac A<JTVKpaTr\v /cat [tovs pt' a-
vtov], Kal Tfl? ovena? acpeuXeTO, [a-yaGrj tv-
XT|]
heho^Oai TCp Sr]/jL(p, Trt? puev [SUas rd-
S KJaTfl
'
Ao~TVKp('lTOVS KOI T(t)V /JL6T [avTOV 76-
yt]vrjfxevas iv 'A/jl^iktvchtlv [dreXeis tl-
33]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 87
25 vai]. el Be Tt? tl alridrai AarlyKpari] Ka-
l tov]? fier
avrov dSacelv AeA,[<f>a>v nva rj t-
o koivo]^ Trjs 7roXea)? 7-77? Ae[X<f>c3v . .
ov a? Kai av
v avr
30 a ira'
ayei
[liore-
7TTG)/Co[t
rai irapa
ov . KCbkeacu [Se
'
Ao-TVKpaVrjv kou tovs
h
lt
'
a
~
35
VTOV 67Tt ^eVLCL [Vis to irpvTaviov els av-
piov.
KpaTt^O? elirev [to. \ikv aXXa KaOdirep ttJ
j3ov\f)
irepL (6v Acr[TVKpdTi]s 6 AcX<|>os X-
eyer eivai Se
*
AarvKp\ixTr\v 'AO^vaiov Ka-
40 I ifcyovovs avrov, Kai eiva\y civtov <|>vXt]s
fjcrrivos \&\v diroypd'^rrjrai, [kol]l [S-quov Kal
cfaparpias.
eiri/jieXeicrOai [oY] avro\y Kal t-
tj/jl ftovXrjv
rrjv alel &o[v\\e[v]ova-av edv [tov
Serjrai. eivai he avra) kcl\\ o.r\e\eiav oi-
45
kovvti
''
'AO^vijai. TrfV Se yjrr)(f>ov
Bovvai irep\l
avrov rovs irpvrdveis rovs [|xTd] rrjv A/ca//.-
avriSa irpvrav\i\)\ovTas ev rrj[i Tr]pc6rr) e-
/cfcXrjo-la. eivai Be Kal rol[s] yLt[er]a Acrrvtc-
pdrovs eKireTTTCoKoai [l]o~ore\eiav KaOdir-
50 ep 'AOrjvaiois, ['Ajo^eSa/AGt), ['A]pi[o-T]oi;evq),
A[a]/xoTt^ot), Nt/ca[v8]/ow[i], UaTpo[K.]\el,
'
Ap^e-
\a, Mevcovi, 'E^e[. . KJpdrei,
f
H[/yTio-]ap^&>, 'EX-
ttlvlko). [t]o Be yjrrjc^cafia r6S[e] a[y]a<ypd[y\/a]i
rov rypa/jL/jLarea tt;? /3ov\rj[s] ev [<r]Tr)\r)[i \]i-
55
6lvrj [k]cu arfjaai [\v dicpo7ro\[6i]. t? [&k] t
tjv dvaypacf)r}v t^9 ctt?;X[t]s SJoOz^at toz/ Ta[p.-
iai> rov Brjfiov AA Spa(x)/uLa<s eV [t]cT^ [Ka]i ajr^c^t-
afiara dva\io~/co/jLV(ov
T[a>] Srjfjup.
tcaXea-
ai Be ^ Aar\y\KpdTrj k\oX tovs] //-[cJTa
Acrrv/cpdr-
60 ou? eVt evia et<? to irpvraveiov els avpiov.
The decree is in honour of Astycrates and others, who according to Ki.'s
suggestion were citizens of Delphi, friendly to Athens, and were the leaders of
the anti-Theban opposition in the period preceding the battle of Mantinea.
88 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[33
From Xen. Hell, vn 5. 4 we learn that there was strong opposition in Phocis to
the Theban supremacy, and the Phocians declined to follow Epaminondas in
his last expedition.
3. ^LKoarpaTos kt\. This is the earliest year, so far as we learn from
inscriptions, in which the same Secretary of the Council continued in office
through all the prytanies. For Nicostratus appears as ypap-p-arevs in this year
in the prytany of the Hippothontid tribe D 88, 29, of the Aeantid tribe CIA iv
2, 54 b and of the Oene'id tribe CIA n 55. Cf. Rem. v, p. 89.
5. rpiaKoarrj: at the beginning of Boedromion (Sept. 363 B.C.). Worked out
accurately by A. Schmidt's tables (Chronol.
p. 765, 785), on the assumption
(1)
that the year 363/2 b.c. was an intercalary year of 384 days,
(2)
that the 1st of
Hecatombaeon coincided with July 2 and that it was a full month,
(3)
that the
first six prytanies had 38 days each and the last four 39 each, the result is as
follows
:
1 Hecatombaeon = 1st day of 1st prytany = 2 July
30

= 30th

=31
1 Metageitnion = 31st ,,
,,
=1 Aug.
8
,,
=38th ,,
,,
=8
,,
9
,,
= 1st day of 2nd prytany = 9 ,,
29 ,, = 21st
,, ,,
=29
,,
1 Boedromion = 22nd
,,
,,
=30
2

=23rd

=31
3

=24th

= 1 Sep.
9 =30th = 7
10. tovs Trpoedpovs kt\. See Rem. iv, p. 85. The wpoedpoi were selected by
lot (by the iTriaTdrrjs tCov Trpvrdveuv before every sitting of the j3ov\r] and every
meeting of the ^KKXrjaia), one from each of the nine tribes not represented in the
Prytany. For the later formula, tovs Xaxovras -rrpoedpovs, see 59 13.
14. yvdofxrjv Se %vp.j3d\\eo-dai kt\. :
'
they shall communicate to the iKKX-rjaia
the resolution of the /SouX?).' This is a very common formula of post-Euclidean
TrpofiovXtTJixaTa. Cf. Gilb. C.A. 293.
16.
'
AvdpoviKos 6 BeTraXos. In the autumn of 364 b.c. the Thebans had
freed the Thessalian states from the tyranny of Alexander of Pherae. We may
assume that 'Avdpoviicos as iepop.vqp.wv owed his election to the pro-Theban party
and, according to the statement of the inscription, he violated the Amphictyonic
and Delphic laws to secure the perpetual banishment {d[et(pvyiav'] Koe., for the
k\Tnrlpv(]<jiv\ of Ki.) of Astycrates. (pvyadevaai (1. 20) may be either transitive or
intransitive.
41. rjcTivos av diroypdxprjTaL. For this formula, which varied slightly from
period to period, see Index D.A. s.v. <pv\r}, and D.A. s.v. Civitas. Cf. 24 15 sqq.
46. tovs yuerd rrjv 'AKap-avTida. Ki. notes hereon that the whole order of the
prytanies could not have been determined by lot at the beginning of the year
;
for on the 30th day of the second prytany it was not known what tribe was to be
in office for the next prytany.
49. iKvewTicKdo-i. They would appear to have been afterwards restored from
exile. It can hardly be accidental that between 351 and 346 b.c. no fewer than
six of the names appear on inscriptions as those of prominent Delphian
magistrates. D.
34]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 89
56. rbv raixlav tov Stj/aov ktA. The name of this officer occurs frequently.
Boeckh St.
s
i 209 sq. has shown that he is not identical with 6 eiri rrjs 5i(u/o7<reu>s.
He is often mentioned in connexion with t<x Kara \}/r)(pLo-jxara avaXiaKofieva r<
drjfia}. The earliest mention of which the date is certain is 368 b.c. (CIA n
50)
;
the latest shortly after 327 b.c. (CIA n 252). In 299 b.c. the office had probably
disappeared, Koe. Herm. v 12 ; Mitth. iv 325.
57. K tQv Kara kt\. Both the
fiovK-f}
and the eKKX-qaia had certain sums of
money assigned to them by law to defray necessary expenses (Heydeman De
Senatu &c. p.
12
[158]).
A not uncommon variant of the formula is k t&v els
Kara ra
yf/.
kt\. (Boeckh St.
3
i 209 sq.). Cf. 38 8.
Remark v. On the public Secretaries (ypafx^aTeU). The following
is a brief resume of the history of the various ypa/x/xareis.
(1)
ypa/x/xareix; rrjs (SovXtJs, or simply ypa/x/xareus. In the 5th
and first third of the 4th century there was only one ypapfiaTevs of
the
fiovXr},
who changed with each prytany and was chosen from the
fiovXzvraL who did not belong to the prytanes. He had to give the
authority of his name to the engraving of decrees of the Srjfxos and to
cause them to be published, and he was responsible for preparing
drafts of decrees of the ftovXrj
and inventories of public property.
He had the superintendence of the State-archives in the Metroon.
(2)
Between 368/7 and 363/2 his office became an annual one;
compare the formula in 30, 32, 34 with that of 33.
(3)
During the same period we begin to find in inscriptions a
second ypa/x/AaTcvs appointed by lot from the prytanes. Under the
title of 6 ypa/jifxaTtvs 6 Kara -rrpvrav etavat first alternating with the
ypa/uLfjLaTtvs Trjs fiovXrjs, and from the second third of 3rd century
exclusivelythis officer had to superintend the engraving of decrees
of the
fiovXij and Srjp:os and to prepare inventories. Cf. 33 3 sqq.
and 53 sqq.
(4)
After 322/1 we see no more of the ypa/x/xarc^g 7-779 /3ov\r)s in
inscriptions and his place is taken by an annual Secretary under the
title of
dvaypafcvs (no. 47 and CIA n 190192, 226229, 299
6);
who appears to have taken over. his duties and after 319/8 changed
his title to that of ypafjLp.aTv<; rrjs j3ov\r}<; kou tov Srjfj.ov or ypayu/xarc^s
tov Sy/xov. Busolt, Hdb iv
1, p.
167 sq.; cf. Boeckh St.
3
n 54*.
The avaypa<f>cv<s of no. 47 is to be distinguished from the functionaries
so named in 25.
34. Two fragments of Pentelic marble : a. (11.
1

19)
found between the
Theatre of Dionysus and the Odeum of Herodes. Kumanudes 'A0. v p. 101
;
CIA n 57 & (add
p. 403): b. CIA n 112. The two combined by Koehler
90 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I. [34
Mitth. i
(1876) p. 197 sqq.; D 105. Cf. CIA iv 2 p. 20; J. Beloch, Die att. Pol.
seit Perikl. 318; G. F. Unger PHI. xlix 121 sqq.
ABrAE.HOII<AMNOrPTY4>X. A
Utolxv^ov . O
ov in' AyaddpxO 1.
4, ['AxcuOs] 1. 27, irpOfiovXevcev 1. 16.
362/1
'E 7r t M 6 X o) v o
s
apyovTos
B.C. '
/v
^Ev/i/jLa^la W07]vat(op Kal 'Ap/ca&cov tcai W%aia)v Kal 'HA,-
eiuiv Kal (pXeiaaicov eSo^ev
rfj ftovkfj
kcli tw Btj/ju-
(p' Oivrj'l's eirpvrdvevev, Kya0apyos \Aya0dp%ov OrjOe-
5
v iypafA/jL('fTev[w], ^dv0nriros
'
Ep//,eto? iTreardrer Tle-
piavhpos eZ7re[v]' ev^aaOat fiev roy /cr/pv/ca avrifca p,-
d\a Tft) Au Tft> 'OXv/jlttio) Kal
rfj
AOrjid
rfj
YloXi/t-
Bi Kal
rfj
AijfjLTjTpL Kai
rfj
Kopy Kal rois Sd)BeK[a
0-
eot? Kal rais crejivais 0eai<;, idv avveveiyKj) ['A0t|-
io vjaiojv tw Sr)/jLa) rd So^avra irepl tt}? crv/jifMayi[a<s, 0v-
o-Lol\v Kal irpoaohov 7roir)cro~0a[i] reXovpievcov [toutw-
v ko]66tc dv ra> 8r'//j.(p
So/cfj' ra[v]ra
fiev ev\6[o.\.
y
eim-
8rj 8]e ol avfiixa-^oi Boyfia elar^veiyKav els [tt]v povX-
r\v Z]eyea0ai rrjv avfi/nayiav Ka0d e7ra/yYeA.[\ovTai o-
15 l 'Apj/cdSes Kal 'Amatol Kal 'HAeuu Kal ^Aefido-ioi Ka-
1 i] poJfA?) Trpov(3ov\evcrev Kara ravrd, SeS[6x,0ai t<3
8-
T)ua> d]vai crv/jL/jLa^ovs rvyp aya[Q^ tov Stjuov els
tov del] y^povov A6\r\vaHdv tov Stjuov Kal tovs o-vufia\-
ovs Kal 'A\pK[aoa<$ Kal 'A^cuovs Kal ^Xciao-iovs
20 . . . 8] 'A^fai
. . a]v rrjv
Tro]\ecov /jL7}
. . epav fjLrjSe
. . V
TJ]
aTrfX\r\ ravTT). idv 8e tis tr\ lirl ttjv 'Atti-
25 kt]]^, i] TOV OTJ/jLOV [KaTaXvT) t6v 'A0r|vaittv rj Tvpavvov
Ka]0LO~rfj ?) oA,t[-yapxiav, PotjGciv 'ApKaSas Kal
'Axau-
ovs] Kai HXetOU? /c[al ^Xeiao-iovs 'A0r|vaiois iravTl o
Oe'J^et Ka0OTL dv [lirayye'XXtoo-iv 'A0T|vaioi KaTa to
8-
vvJaTOV Kai eav [tis itj ctti tt)v lleXoirovvqo-ov, tj tov
30
orj/jiov KaTaXv7][i tov ^Xeiao-iwv, rj cdv tt)v iroXiTcia-
v tt)V Ayaioov i] t[i]v 'ApKaSwv rj T-qv 'HXciwv KaTaXv-rj tj
pb0i<Trfj,
i]
rf)vya\hivrn Tivas, Pot|0iv 'A0T|vaiovs t-
OVTOlS iravTl <T0\kvs.\. Ka0d eirayyeXXovo-i, del Tots a-
34]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 91
$tfCOVfJLVOtS, tfafrd to SvvaTov. ij-ycudvas 8 etvai k-
35
v
rfj
avTWV e/ca[o-Tovs
TJat?
woXecn irp ....
at. Ofioaac o\k tovs opKovs tois irpeo-peo-i tois Il\o-
ir0VV7](TLWV \rr\v PovXijv Kal tovs o-TpaTi^'yovs Kal to-
f? Ta^iap\yjovs Kal tovs linrdpxovs Kal tovs <pv\dp-
40 YOf? tcai t[ovs lirrrcas virep 8e 'ApKaScov Kal
'
Ayjcu<av k-
CLJL
[
H\ia)v Kal ^Xeiao-itov op.6crai tovs irpeVpeis tovs
tiriSrjuovvTas 'A8t]vt]o-ivJ
This is the alliance between Athens, the Arcadians, the Achaeans, the Eleans
and the Phliasians which was concluded just before the battle of Mantinea ; see
Xen. Hell. vn5,
1
3, where however the Phliasians are not mentioned, perhaps
because, as Koe. suggests, they were not present at the battle. A historical
difficulty arises from the fact that elsewhere the battle is assigned not to the
archonship of Molon but to a date prior to that of the decree, viz., the last
month of the archonship of Charicleides. Koe. passing in review the various
statements (Plut. x Orr. p. 845 e; Diod. xv 82; Xen. Hell, vii 5, 14; Plut. De
glor. Ath. p. 350 a) comes to the conclusion that the historians are wrong, and
that the battle took place in August of Molon's archonship.
3. $\eLa.<Tiiov. This is the normal orthography in the older inscriptions.
Cf. ^Aeacrtois in an inscription found at Magnesia ad Menandrum, D 258 (about
207 b.c).
4. The prytany was obviously the first in the year ; see above.
5. "E/^etos: of the deme "Ep/m.os, tribe Acamantis. Uepiav5pos was son of
Polyaratus, of the deme Cholargeis (Dem. c. Boeot. de dot. 1009 and CIA 1 188,
20) ; cf. Schaefer Dem. 1 128 note 2. In 358/7 b.c. he brought forward a law
concerning trierarchic symmoriae (Dem. c. Euerg. et Mixes. 1145, Boeckh, St.*
1 649).
6. evtjaadai fip rby KrjpvKa kt\. The same duty is assigned to the KrjpvSj
apparently in the fragment CIA iv 2, 510 i.
8. On the 5w8eKa 6eoi, i.e. at Athens, Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Apollo,
Artemis, Hephaestus, Athena, Ares, Aphrodite, Hermes, Hestia : see G. and J.
Man. 107. They and the Heaved deal have similarly a vow made to them with
other deities in CIA n 57 = D 104 (as restored by Foucart), a decree concerning
the despatch of cleruchs to Potidaea also belonging to the archonship of Molon.
9. avveveiyKr]. This spelling was in fashion for about fifty years from
370 b.c. Cf. 412. Possibly it was due to confusion between Attic iveyK- and
Ionic iveiK-. Cf. Meisterhans Gr. p. 183, Meyer Gr.
603, Lautensach
p. 13 and
20.
'
If the resolutions passed concerning the alliance turn out favourably for
the Athenian people, the herald is to vow that he will cause to be made a
sacrifice and a procession, if the resolutions are carried out (re\ovp.iv wv toutuv)
in such way as may seem good to the people.'
12. tclvto. (xei> e^x^ctt kt\. This repetition (cf. 16 14 sq.) assumes the
adoption of the proposal expressed in ev^aadai fxh kt\. Periandros goes on to
propose that
'
whereas the allies brought their resolution
(567^0)
before the
92 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[34
Council, that they should accept the alliance offered by the Arcadians and the
rest, and whereas the Council framed a probouleuma accordingly, be it resolved
by the People that etc' By the expression ol o~vp.p.axoi is meant the synedrion
of the naval alliance (see 32 43) holding its sittings at Athens. The official
term for the decrees of this synedrion was bbyixara. In Xen. Hell, vi 5, 2 ret
\pr/(piafiaTa tQ>v 'Adrjvalwv /cat rdv avp-jxax^v denote the common decrees of the
Athenian People and this synedrion. (Busolt, Her zweite ath. Bund
p. 792 sq.)
The procedure appears to have been as follows: the proposals of the Pelopon-
nesians were made to the synedrion ; the synedrion was favourable to them and
communicated their 86y/j.a to the Council, which then framed a probouleuma
for the Ecclesia; the latter accepted the alliance in its own name and in the
name of the naval alliance. Possibly as a preliminary stage to all this the
Ecclesia had decreed that the matter should be referred to the Synedrion (cf.
E. Lenz, Das Synedrion der Bundesgenossen, p. 33).
20. Here begins fragment b : the restorations are due partly to Koe., partly
toD.
25. i7 Tvpavvov kt\. Cf. CIA iv 2, 59 b (a decree entitled 2f^uax'<x 'Adrj-
vaiojv Kai GerraXwi' els tov del
XP
0V0V (361/0
B.C.), 11. 1619: Borjdrjau} Tr[d]vTi
cdevet /card to dvvaTov, edv Tt[s] t'77 kt\ rj Tvpavvov Kad[l]o~Tr] ev GerraXta.
For irdvri adhei see 32 a 51.
29. Kai edv [tls kt\. Cf. Xen. Hell, vn 5, 3 : irapaKaKovvTes Aa/ceSat/xoftovs
el fiovXoivTO KOivrj dictKcoXveiv, dv Tives iwo~l KaradovXwaofxevoL ttjv UeXoirowTjaov.
30. tov 3?\eiao-iuv. So D
;
the drjpios in question can only be that of Phlius,
for at the time both Elis and Achaia had oligarchical governments (Xen. Hell.
vii 1, 43 ; 4, 15), and the same is probably true of Mantinea.
34. ijye/xovas 5e ktX. Cf. Xen. Hell, vii 5, 3: irepi \xevTOi rjye/uLovlas avrodev
bieirpaTTovTo ottojs ev tt\ eavruiv e/caaToi ijyrjcraivTO.
39. For this enumeration of the parties to the oath cf. CIA iv 2, 59 b, 14
:
dfjioaai 8e
'
'
A[drf\uaiu)v fiev tovs o~Tp\[a.Trf\yovs Kai T[rf\v (SovXtjv Kai tovs linrdpxovs /cat
tovs t7T7re'![a]s r6v8e tov opKov ; and for ^irib-qiiovvTas below ib. 30: o/xoaai 5e [/c]at
tovs irpea(3et.s tovs tQv QeTTaXwv ev
| rf^Jt ftovXrj tovs [eTri\dri/j.ov[v]Ta[s'] 'Adrjvrjo-iv
tov o.v[t]o[v] o^/clo^].
35. A slab of Pentelic marble found in the Acropolis. CIA 11 62 ;
D 111.
ABrAE.HOIKAMN3EOPPTY4>xtn:
Ztolxv^ov, except in 1. 6 (see the note below).
E
= ei in -rrpvTavelas 1. 5 (and
2?)
; but perhaps the omission of
|
is accidental.
Q
= ov in 'AyadoK\eov[s] 1. 1, elsewhere
OY
= ov.
B.C.
357/6
'E7Tt
'
Aya6oK.\eov\i\ ap^ofvTos iirl Ttj-
9 AiyrjtSos ivdrr)^ 7rpvra[ydas,
fj
AiO&OTOS [A]lok\OVS A[-yy\f0-
ev eypa/jL/jLarevev oyhorj rrj[s irpv-
5
t[*\v6icl$' twv irpoiSpcov eVfeJ-v/r^f^t^
35]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 93
AioJTiffjiJo?
Olvcu:. eSofe
rfj
/3of[\fj]
Kal to>
S^fixw-
'H7Tj]cr[av]8p[o]? elirev 07r&>? [d]y "A^8[po-
s]
r) [i] cr[d] too
S[if]ftft)
tg3 'A^[va]tco^ [k<x-
l] too &r)fJL(p to) 'AvhpltoV fcal e[\ioo-
10 tz^ o[i] (ppovpol ol ev "A[v8p] Mtcr[06-
v] /C TWV awra^eoiV /efard roJ\ So["yp.a-
r\a t\u>\v avfxjjbd^wv kcu /jltj KaraX^vryr-
ai rj fyvXatcrj, ekeaOai crT^ajT^-yov k-
k rwy tceyeipoTovri^evwv' [t]o[v 8e a-
15 iJ/ofYj^e^TO, TTi[Jie\ela6ai [avroSv*
elcrirpa^ai he tcaX ra e<y v[r\<r(av
XPV
fxara
'Ap^eBrj/jLOv ra 0([i\op.va r-
Ot? GTpCLTLfjOTCLlS To[lS V "Av8pa>
Ka]i irapahovvat T<2\y dpxovn t<3
20 Iv]
'
Avopw, 07Tft)9 [civ 01 o-TpaTto)Tai
'^x]
(o~L /jllo[Q6v . . .
The decree provides for the maintenance of a garrison in the island of Andros,
towards the end of the Social War (358356 B.C.).
1 sqq. For the formula see Rem. iv, p. 85.
6. OiVcu : This abbreviation for Olvalos (Hartel, St. lib. att. Staatsr. p. 40, 93)
may be due to the fact that the engraver first intended to write to; S^y only
and then added in the limited space the words rrj
ftovXfj
/cat. Abbreviations are
rarely found in the text of Attic decrees till a comparatively late period. The
few exceptions possibly in each case admit of an explanation. See Larfeld
Epigr.
140 sqq. (Muller Hdb. 1 538 sqq.) and cf. 45 3.
7. "Hyrja-avdpos. So D, who identifies this person with Hegesander of
Sunium, a friend of the Leodamas of Acharna? (Aeschin. c. Tim. Ill) who was
a prominent person in the state at the date of this decree (Dem. Lept. 501).
Hegesander was brother of the Hegesippus to whom the speech Trepl
'
AXovvrja-ov
has been attributed. Cf. Schaefer, Dem. 11 330 note 1. In the following the
text is D's, who compares for the language Xen. Hell, vn
4, 4: rots fxevroi
<TTpaT7)yois irpoard^aL '4cpr] xpijvcu, owcos Kal 77 K6pivdos Cipa 17 r drjfup rwc 'Adrjvaiivv.
For aa cf. Aristoph. ap. Eustath. : i) fxa^a yap ad Kal ret Kpea
xw K&pafios
(Meineke,
F. C. 11 p. 1194; Kock, C. A. F. 1 p. 549). The word exactly corresponds as
regards space with the remains of the letters as given by Koe. The danger
which threatened Andros and the Athenian garrison was from the allies who
had revolted.
11. e'/c tu)v avvT&^euv . The name avvratjeis was invented by Callistratus to
take the place of the more invidious
(f>6pos
under the altered conditions of the
New Athenian League formed in 378/7 B.C. Cf. CIA iv 2, 54 b and Boeckh,
St.
z
1 494 sqq. On doy/xara and ol avp.fji.axot. see 34 12. For the duty of seeing
that the garrison is paid out of the avurd^eis of the islands Archedemus is
selected from the ten generals already elected (twc Kexa-poTowqixev wv)
.
94 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[35
19. np (LpxovTi kt\. See 118 note. In spite of the conditions of the New
League
(32 21 sqq.) the Athenian Timarchus, apparently through bribery, is in
office in Andros. Cf. Schaefer Bern, i 165, note
1, who quotes the severe
censure passed by Isocrates (Be pace 295. 165) upon Attic encroachments : r/^ets
yap (pbjxeda ixiv, 7]v rr)v ddXarrau irXioo/xev iroXkah Tpirjpea-t Kal ^La^ixeda ras vdXets
auvrd^eLS 5i86i>cu Kal avvedpovs evdade Trp.ireiv, 5ia7rpdacr#cu tl tQ>v bebvTWv.
36. A slab of Pentelic marble found at Eleusis in 1888. It is broken at
the top, and on the upper and lower part of the left side
;
also where the two
chief fragments join. Blank space below. CIA iv 2, 104a; Philios, 'E0.
apx>
1888 p. 25, 11. 1526, Isontas ibid. p. 113; Foucart, B. C. H. 1889, p. 433.
ABrAE(T)HOIKAMNZOnP^TY*xyA:
Cross bar of
A
and dot of
O
sometimes omitted ; omission of vertical stroke
of
3E
perhaps similarly accidental.
aroLxn^cv to 1. 53.
1. 1 ... e 1. 2 . . . i ew 1. 3 . . . ovres ir 1. 4 . . Xewv twv /ca
5
... eXe'o-Oat tov 8t)|x]oi> Se/ca dvhpa-
S {j
'A0T]vatfa)v dirdvTwv av-riKa pdXa, 7r'vT
8eJ
K Tr}<> j3ouXr}<i'
tovs 8e alp0vras 8iKaiv ev tw 'EXcvcriJi'tG) TW 6V ao~T-
6i ircpl twv opcov twv d[JL<j>io-pT]TOvp.6va)v] Tfjs lepas opyaoos 0-
(xoo-avTas tov vouiuov opKov
if
p^v] fJb7]T %apLTO<; eve/ca fir/r e-
io \8pas \|/i]<|>iio-9ai, dXXd ws SiKJaiorara icai v<re(3eo~TaTa' ra-
s
8*
<(8pas uowiv o-wexws d]7ro t^9 /CT7}<; eirl Bi/ca tov TlocriSew-
BC
vos 'dws dv 8ia8iKao-9^] iirl
'
ApiaTo8r)(J,ov dpyovTo^. Uapeiv-
at 8e Kal t6v pao-iXc'a] Kal tov iepocf)dvTr)V Kal tov SaSov^o-
v Kal KrjpvKas Kal] Euyu,oX7r/8a? Kal twv aXXwv Adrjvatwv tov /3-
15 ovX6uvov, oirws] dv [w]? evaeftkoTaTa Kal hiKaioraTa tov$ op-
ovs 0<So-tv. kt?C\iMe\elo-6ai [8]e 7-779 ipa<; opyaoos Kal tcov aWco-
v Upwv Tt\Ltv]a)V twv W.0rjvr)o~LV dirb TrjcrSe T179 r/fJiepas et9 tov
dd xpovov ov]9 T6 6 vo/JLO$ KeXevei irepl eKaaTov avTwv Kal t-
f|v povXi]v tx\v] e[]
'
' Apeiov irdyou Kal tov crTpaTrj'ybv rbv eiri rrj-
20 v <|>vX]<z/a}[v rr\s xjoupas Ke^eipoTOvrjfjievov Kal tovs irepnroXd-
pxJou9
Kal to[v]9 \-r\\fJbdp'%ov<; Kal tyjv (3ovXt)v ttjv ael f3ov\vov-
o-av] Kal twv [d]XX[(ov 'AQr\]vaiO)v to/jl fBovkofxevov Tpbrrw otw dv
eir]tcTT&)[v]Tat. 7p[di|/ai 8e t6v] ypa/JLfjuaTea Trjs ftovXrjs
6t9 $vo Ka-
TTJiTepco law Kal [opotw, is pev t\ov Tepov el Xwov Kai a/xe[i-
25 v6\v eo-Tt tw hr)p\(ji tu 'Ae-rjvaiwv pur^Oovv to/j, (SacnXea T[d] vv-
v
p](>?)
eipyacrp\k\va [ttjs Upas dp^dSos rd lv]ro9 twv bpwv 6t9
01-
KJoSofiiav to[v] 7rpo[o-Ttoov Kal lirio-Kvr|v tov ijepov tolv 6eo-
IV et9 [8]e TOV 6Tpov [Ka]TT/[Tepov* el Xwov Kal apeijvov eaTL
tw Btj/jLW tw AOrjvatwv Ta v\yv Ivtos tw]^ b[p<ov \ir\] elp[ya<r]/bLV-
36]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 95
30 a rf)<s iepds 6pydBo<; eav oVerfa toiv Q^eoiv eirecBdv Be ypa(/j,)-
/jLarevs ypdyjrr], \afiwv 6 e[ir]tcrTa[TTi]s 6 etc twv irpoeBpaiv crvveiX-
l[o.t](o [t]ov K[a]rTt[ri]pov e[Ka.r]epov Kal KareiXi^a^ epious el-
9 vBp[ia]v [eji.]/8[aX']T&)
[x^J^f^v]
evavriov rov Br}/j,ov irapa-
(TKevacr-
dvTGOv [8]e [ia]0[Ta] oi 7r[pv}rdvL<i, 01 Be ra/jblac T79 deov
/carevev-
35
k6v]to)v v[&]pla[s]
%[p]^[^?]^
zeal dpyvpdv avT[i]/ca fidX[a] eh
rov Orj/ji-
ov, 6
8'
7t[i]o'[t]<';[tii]9 [ava<r]etera9 t[i]]i/ vBpiav rrjv %a\tcr}v
eXKeray r-
ov KaTT\l\r\i\pov etcdrepov e/jb fiepeu Kal to/jl /jL/jl irporepov eh
rrjv {v8ptav ttjv] ypv<rfjv efx^aXera), ro{y Sk] varepov eh rr)v
dpy-
vpav Kal [Ka]Ta[8t]]cr[a]TW, he eTnardrr]^ [ratj/uu Trpvrdvecov
Karacrr)-
40 fxrj[y6^\a6o) [ttj 8r]po]o"/a a(f>paylBc, 7rapaa7]/jL7}vda0(o Be Kal rcov
a]XX[o>]v [' A]6[i\vai](o[v] 6 /3ov[\]6/jlvo<;' eVet[8dv] Be Karaar)-
fjbavdwaiv,
oWi>[v]/c[6vt]g)[v] oi \ro.\L\iai t9 u[8p]ta9 eh aKpoTroXiv eXeaOco
Be 6 B[r\[i]o(; [rp]eh [djvBpas, ev[a pf\v eV T179
ftovXijs, Bvo Be
e
'
AOrjv-
aico[y djiravTcov, oir[iv]e<; el[s A]eX(pov<; d^LKOfxevoi rov 6e6v
67T-
45
6p[rj(r]o[v]T[a]t, [ko]0' 6[Tc]6repa r[d] 7/)[dp.]^aTa 7roio\cr\iv
y
A07]valoi 7Tp-
l t[VJs l]^[d]9 6p\y<LS]os, [1:]t[c] r[a] K rrjs [xjpvafjs vBplas
6tT Ta K
rrj[s a.]p[y]vp[a.s' limSd]^ [8]e [iJKJ&Hrtz/ irapd rov Oeov Ka6e-
XovTwcra-
v rd[s] v[Spi]a[s K]a[l]
a[v]a[-yv]ft)cr0[iiT](y tw Bij/ulw r/ re
fxav-
Teia Kal rd
1]k tu>[v Ka]TT[\.]Tpco[v]
yp[d]/nfj,aTa' Kad" oirorepa B" dv rd
ypdfifiara 6
50 8]eo[s] rtfveXt]] Xgjov [Kal duiv]o[v] elvai rqj BtJ/jlo) toj
'
Adrjvai-
co[v, K]a[rd Tcun-a irjo^fciv, oir]a)[s] [v] C09
evaeffearara e^et
Ta 7T/0O9 T-
(o ueco [Kal |i.T]86iroT els tov Xonr]o[v] y^pdvov p\y$\ev Ve/3e9 yiyv-
7}T[ai irepl rr\s Upas] o[p"yd8os Kal] 7Tpl TWV aXXcov lepcov TWV 'A-
96 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[36
6\r\vyyr\.v. vvv 8*(?)
dv]a[-y]pa^a[i]
To8[J
to
tyr)(f)i(TfJLa
Kal to
TTpOTepOV TO
55
<J>t[X]o[K]/}aTo[vs to ircpl t<3v] /[cpwv] tov ypa/xfjiarea Trj<$
ftovXfjs e-
V 0"T[TJXaiv XiGivaiv Kal ctttjo-cu ri]v] \xev EtXevalvc 7rpo? tc5 7T-
po[7rv\a) tov Upov, tt)v 8c v T(i 'EXeJ^cTt^ft) tc3 eV (iaTer Ov-
<rai 8e Kal dpeo-njpiov] To[iv Geotv] Tew /[cJooc^oVt^z/ /cat Trjv l-
pciav ttjs Atjp.T]Tpos, Sovvcu
8'
avTots] toz^ Ta\xiav tov otj/jUOV to
6o dp-yvpiov , 8]oi)[v]at [s]e /cat et? t^v dvaypa-
(p[f\v raiv o-ttj'Xcuv ....
8paxp.ds els ]tf[a]T/9a^ K tcdv kclto. yjrr)-
^)[to-p.aTa dvaXio-Kop.vwv tw StjJ/xgl)* [s]oi)[v]at oe Kat t{^w)v aipeS-
e[vT&)v els AcXcpovs Kdo-TU) . .
.]
8o[a]^cta? et? ec^oSta' Sovvat Se
fea[l]
t]o[is aipeOeio-iv cirl ttiv Up]c/^ opydha : P : hpa^fjuci^ : e/caaT-
6$ to Ik twv els to, KaTa \j/t]<picrpaT]a avaXtakofievcov tc5 orjfjLO)' ir-
apaa-yilv 8e o-TT]Xas XiGivas], OTroaoov dv irpoaSerj, T0U9 7ro)\rj-
Tas iroiTJo-avTas p.rd ttjs] /3ov\rj[<$ \i]la0(i)/jLa, tovs re irpoeSpovs
ttjs povXrjs \i.t& twv TT&)XT]Tti>v a-v-yj'y/oa'v^at KdOoTL e^epyacrurjcr-
ovtcu, eirip.Xio-8ai
8*
o-n-ws cm] CTTaOr/aovrai, tt}<; lepas opy-
70 dSos oi opoi, KaGd hd^ovjaiv oi aipeOevTes' to Se apyvpcov
00 .. A,[t]#ot? tovs opovs hovvai to-
v Tap.iav tov 8-rjp.ov] etc twv KaTa [\|/]^(^)t[o-]/>taTa avaXicrKO/jLevcov [t-
<3
Sr'fjKoJ.
Ol'Se -gpe'Giia-av eirl ttjv Updv] 6pyd\s]a dvTL twv /C7r7rTG)fc6[r-
75
v veovs opovs Geivai* ck
ttJs
p]o[vXrj]? : ApK6(pa)v : Aafiir(rp)ev
?,
?
__^
?: %pidaios,
?
'
Ayvovcrio?'

l8ia>T(5v' - - - - -]to9,
r
\7T7roKpaTr)<; : etc Kep[a-
p.wv, ]o?, [Xaip]e[<p]a)[v] etc [KJrjSoov, : 'EyLt/xe^t'S?;?: c'[k .
80
- -, 2]ou^[ivs, 'A]otcTTet^9 OlrjOev, :
__
t0<?? : rXai;/<:ft)^ : Uepi0oi8r}<;, : <$>al8pos
- -
-'
4-jrl t6 jxavJTeto^ et'9 AeX^oi;?' : e' IhtwTwv -
-
-
eu?, : EuSt8a/cT0? : Aap,7TTpev^'
4k ti]s povX^s'
- -]o?: AafjLTTTpevs.: [T]a[8]e eVaz;[o]0#oOTar
85 idv tov irpoo-8T| roSJe to ylrr)(j)ia/jLa, tt\v $ov\r\v tcvpiav elva-
1 \|/T]4>to-9(u o ti dv avTfj 8]o:77 dpiGTOV elvai.
This is a decree of the year 352 b.c. (1. 12), concerning the land, sacred to
the Eleusinian goddesses, and known as the lepa opyds. It was on the borders
of Attica and Megara, and its desecration by the Megarians was one of the
pretexts for the famous Megarian decree that brought on the Peloponnesian
36]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 97
war (cf. Plut. Per. 30; Paus. in 4, 2. A Midprjs dpyds in Gallia Lugdunensis is
found CIG 6798). It was evidently violated again during the 4th century, and
this decree appoints a commission, with powers of summary jurisdiction, to
establish ita boundaries. The second part of the decree, from line
22, prescribes
with detail the manner of consulting the Delphic oracle as to whether the land
within the sacred area that has been cultivated shall pay rent, to be devoted to
buildings at Eleusis, or shall be kept free from cultivation in future. These
are probably the events referred to in the pseudo-Demosthenic irepl tjwrdtieus
175, and go to show that work to be a contemporary speech, not the work of a
late rhetorician. The text has been admirably reconstituted by Foucart, and
must be correct in the main, though many details are of course uncertain.
5. The total number of the commissioners cannot be determined; from the
list in 11. 7480 they would appear to be at least 20. But Foucart thinks that
list includes others mentioned in the earlier part of the stele; cf. note on 1. 74.
7. For the Eleusinion in Athens cf. 2 c 42.
9. The oath is restored from Dem. c. Eubul. 1318 : to \f/r]<pi.eta-dac yvibfxrj tt)
SiKaioTOLTr) Kai ovre
x&P
Lrs %ve.K oiir
^x^P
ay
1011. For the formula cf. crvvex&s 5e woecv t[<xs eKK,\r)(rla]s ecos dv 5t[ct-
Trp]ax6rj, 15 545.
12. The Archon Basileus represented the Athenian state in Eleusinian
rites; it was also his special function to fix the boundaries of sacred precincts,
cf. 9 54. The hierophant or president of the Mysteries belonged to the sacred
family of the Eumolpidae, the Daduchus to the KrjpvKes; cf. 2 c 27, where also
the KrjpvKes are placed first in order.
17. 'Adr]i>7]<7iv, probably in Attica, as opposed to abroad; not, as F, in
Athens.
19. o-TpaTTjybp kt\. This is the earliest example of a special assignment of
duties, at his election, to one of the Strategi : later this office is known as
GTpa.T7)ybs iirl tt\v
x^P
av
X
eL
P
OTOvr
l^
eL ^ ^5 24. Cf.
6 eiri rrjs
x^P
a^ (TTpaTwybs
Plut. Phoc. 32. In 325 B.C. we find mentioned the arpaTvybs iirl ras <rv/x/xopias
(CIA n 809 a 210) ;
circ. 270 B.C. the aTparrjybs 6 eiri rb vo.vtik.6v
(55 5), the
iTTpaTrjybs 6 eiri rd 6ir\a (ib. 31) and various others.

irepnroXapxoi were officers


of the police patrols of foreign mercenaries ; cf. BCH xm
p.
265.

d-q/xapxoi :
one of their functions was to protect sacred precincts, cf. CIA n 841, 15.
23. The second part of this inscription gives a most interesting
account of
the manner of consulting the oracle. Two questions are to be inscribed on tin
plates, which are rolled up and covered with wool so as to be indistinguishable.
The two are then to be put in a bronze urn, and afterwards transferred, with the
greatest precautions against foul play, to a gold and silver urn respectively.
Then commissioners are to be sent to Delphi to ask the god whether the one in
the gold urn or that in the silver urn is to be taken ; on receipt of his response,
the urns are to be publicly opened and both plates read, with the response.
ypa.fxfjLa.Tea tt/s [$ov\r)s. See Rem. v, p. 89.
KaTTiTtpu) : leaden plates were generally used for consulting
oracles, as
at Dodona; cf. JHS i 228. It was doubted how the answer was given; we
have here one method, but it is not universally applicable.
24. el \ov Kai dfieivov. This formula, usual in consulting oracles, shows a
pleonasm common in religious and legal documents. Cf. DI 1561 b, 1564, &c.
(Dodona) and 41, c 25.
R. II.
7
98 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[36
26. fJLT) eipyaap.e'va. F eveipyacr/neva.
27. tov irpo[<TT($ov : doubtless the great portico in front of the Hall of the
Mysteries, which was built by Philo under Demetrius Phalereus, 317307 b.c.
(Vitruv. vn, praef. 17). We see that its erection was contemplated some forty
years earlier; CIA n 834 c appears to be concerned with the actual building
operations.
31. 6 iTTKTT&Trjs 6 K tQv irpotdpwv, who presided at the ecclesia, so described
to distinguish him from the other eiriGT&Trjs tu>v ra/xtwj/ 1. 36, who kept the seal
of the city. It has been much disputed how long the two offices were kept
distinct; this inscription is an important piece of evidence.
33. The bronze urn would be among the apparatus at the disposal of the
prytanes ; the gold and silver urns were to be provided by the treasurers of
Athena, and to be kept in their charge on the Acropolis.
49. "And whichever decision be chosen by the god, that urn shall be
regarded as &c." ; but the construction and restoration of this fragmentary
portion is of course doubtful. 51.
%x
L - 313.
56
7. Trpo]jrv\ip. Both the extant Propylaea at Eleusis are much later
than this inscription ; but another inscription (CIA iv 2, 574 c), of the same
period as this, was to be set up near the Propylaea. This early portal seems to
have disappeared entirely. 63. els <po8ia. Cf. 45 44.
74. avrl rcav 4kttttu}k6tojv. F refers this to the Commissioners; more
probably, with K, it must be referred to the boundary-stones (opoi) that require
to be replaced. Perhaps this forms part of the formula of the lost earliest
section of the decree, and there may have been a separate set of commissioners
for this purpose ;
there may well be the names of two different sets, of ten each,
in 11. 7581. In 75 the stone has Aa/jarevs.
84. For the emendatory formula cf. CIA n 66 b, frg. c 10 sqq., 809, b 32 sqq.
Foucart infers that the response was in favour of leaving the iepa opyas
uncultivated, because
(1)
all ancient writers refer to it as remaining so;
(2)
the
irpbuTUiov was not built until the end of the fourth century
; (3)
the accounts of
Eleusis for 329/8 (CIA iv 2, 834 b) record the rents of the Eharian plain, but
not of the Orgas.
Compare also, for the details of procedure in consulting the oracle, an inscrip-
tion of Magnesia (Eur.) Mitth. vn (1882). The oracle is that of Apollo at
KopOTTT).
37. A stele of Pentelic marble with a relief, broken into two pieces, found
in the Piraeeus. Kumanudes 'A0. vi
(1877) p. 152 sqq.; A. Schaefer Rh. M.
xxxiii
p. 418 sqq. ; xxxviii p. 310 ; D 129 ; CIA iv 2, 109 b. Cf. A. Dittmar
L. S. xin 174 sq.; Hartel Alt. Staatsr. 96 sq. ; BCH v
(1881)
pi. 5 (cf.
p. 194).
Alphabet, type 1 ; a trace only of
X
occurs 1. 42. Utolxv^ov.
Lines 1, 2 are in larger characters, and are separated from what follows by
a space of eight lines. Lines
3
7 of the prescript are more widely spaced than
those containing the substance of the decree.
37]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 99
^irapTOKco, II a t
p
i (r a 8
||,
'A it o \\ w v i w, AevKOJvos it a i cr L
B.C
347/6
'E7rt S e /jl L<T t o tc\e o v s
dp[\]ovro[s
e ire r rj 9 A lyr) t8 o s 6
y
B o[t)]? 7r
p
u [t-
jajveta?,
$
Av a l pa
[\]
o? a> cr t S
?;
[p.-
o v 'A
x
a]
^
[v] e l> 9 eypa/x/judrevev, () e [6-
<p
i X O S
'AXi]yltOi;<Tfc09 7T <r t a T [f
1
AvBporlcov "AvBpcovos Tapyrjrr^io]? eiirev 7r\e-
pl wv eTrearetXe ^irdproKos k\oX\ T\aip\i<ra.h-v\-
io ? teal ol irpeafieLS ol tikovt\s\<s 7J"[a]/3 avrcov a7r[a-
yyeXXoucnp, diroKpi\y\aa6ai av\r\ol\s\ ore o [8f-
/X09 6 'AOtjvcllcov eiratvel %7rdpr[o]/cov Kal TLai-
piadBrjv on elalv dvhpes \&\ya\<f\ol Kal
eVfa-y-
yeXXovrai tc3 BrjjjLcp
[
T
]$
'A[8]i7i/[a]t-G>i/ eV^e[X-
15 rjcreaOoA rrjs K[ir]ofjL7rrj<; roO [o-jf/rfoju, Kaddirep 6
irarrjp avrcov e7refieXel[r]o Aral L^TrJ^peTr/o-ew 7r-
podvfMDS otov dv 6 8r)fji[os] B[ir\]ra[i], Kal dirayy[i-
XXecv avTo\i\s t[o]l>9 7r[po-p]e*,9, o[n] ravra iroi-
ovvres ovBevo[%\ drw)(r}o~\o\vo-iv rod Brjfiov ro-
20 v Wdyvatcov 67r]e[i8]?} Be [rd]9 Sa)[pidJ9 BiB6ao~i-
v ' AOrjvaloils o.<r\rrep 2[oit]ly?o9 Kal AevKcav eBo-
crav, elvai [2irapT]o[K]&) [k\oI YlaipiadBr} ra9 B-
<opeid<; 9 [6
8f|x]o9 eScofce ^arvpco Kal AevK(o-
vi Kal crT6(/)[avovv] ^pvacp aT(f)dvG) UavaOrj-
25 vacof; to[is p."ya]\ot9 <x7ro %lXlcov Bpa-^ficov
eKdrep[o]v [iroic ?]cr#at Be row erreepdvovs ro-
t>9 dO\o6e[Tas] rco TTporepa) erec HavaOrjva-
Icov toov p.ey\6\\cov Kara to yjrr}(f)Lcr/uLa rod Brjfiov
to irporepov i\lri](f)ta/jLvov AevKayvc Kal dva-
30 yopevecv, bri arecpavoc o Bfj/juos 6 'A6r]vai(ov
ZTrdproKov kol UaiptadSrjv rovs AevKOivos
iralBas dperrjs Kal evvolas eveKa T179 els T-
ov Brj/xov tov
'
AOrjvaLCOv eiretBr] Be rovs crrecf)-
dvovs dvarcOeaaL
rfj
'
AOrjvd
rfj
TLoXidBi,
35
tou9 dOXodeTas eU tov vea) dvaridevac ro-
f9 o~Te(f)dvov<;, eTriypdtyavras' ItirdproKos
Kal YlaipiadBris AevKcovos TraiBes dveOeaa-
100 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[37
v
rfj
'
'
AOrjvaia, aretyavwSevTes viro tov Srjfi-
ov tov ^A6r)va[c]a)v. to Se dpyvptov hihovau ro-
40 i? aOXoOerais et? tovs crTecfrdvovs
tov tov
hrjiJiov rafxiav e/c tcov t? ra Kara yjrTjcpicrfJLaTa
TO)
&7]/j,(p
/Jbepi^ofievcov to Se vv\y\ elvac irap-
ahovvai rot>9 airoheKTas to et? [t]ou9
o~Te<fi[a-
vovs itc twv aT[pa]TL(OTLfcoi)v
xp[i)]fAdTQ)v
dvay[p-
45 dtyai
Be to ^^lapua ToBe Toy ypafifxaTea tt}[s
/3ovXr}<; iv aTrfXy Xidtvei /cat aTrjaac 7rXr)[o-
Lov Trjs XaTvpov Kal Aev/coovos, e'9 Be ttjv dv[a-
ypacfrrjv
Bovvat rov Ta/jutav tov Btj/jlov Tpid^K-
ovtcl Spax/jids' eiraivecrat Be tol>9 7rpeo-/3ei[$
50 ^.wcriv real QeoBoacov, otl eirL/jLeXovvTai [-
v d(f>ifc[v]ovfjLeva)v
A0?]vr}0ev et9 J$oo~7ropov [k<x-
l KaXiaat clvtovs iirl %evua et9 to 7rpvTa[ve-
lov et'9 avpiov' irepl Be tcov ^pr}/jLaT(ov tcov [d<j>-
ei\\[o]/jL6v(ov T0Z9 iratal TOt9 Aev/ccovos 07r[s
55
a]z/ aTroXdfitoaiv, Xprj/uuaTLcrai rot>9 7rpoeB[povs
01 a]v Xdyodai, irpoeBpeveuv iv tco Br/p^co
[rfj
6y]S6rj iirl Be/c[a] irpcoTov fieTa Ta lepa, o[ira>s a-
v] a7ToX[ap]oz/T69 Ta ^p^/xaTa
fxrj
iyfcaXcoo~[i t<*>
SJtJ/jlco
tco 'Adrjvaicov Bovvai B\k to.]? vTrr)[pfo-la.-
60 9 9 airova1 ^irdpTOicos Kal TIaipio-[d7)s, t-
oti]9 Be 7r/D[e']a-/3et? diroypd-tyai Ta 6vo/xa[ra r<av
vTr]r}p[e<ri]cov cbv dv Xdftcocnv tco ypa[X[xa\rA ttj-
9
/3ouXt}?' ol>9
8'
az^ diroypd^cocnv, elva[\. kv tu
T[Ta]'y/ze^ft) iroiovvTas dyaOov otl [av 8vvw-
65 i>tcu tol9 TralBas rou9 AeuV&j^09. nfoXvnmT-
09 TifjboicpdTovs Kptcoevs eiire' Ta [p.ev aXXa k-
aO^direp 'AvBpoTicov, aTe<\>avcocra[y 8e Kal 'AiroX-
Xoovlov tov Aevfccovos vov e'/c to)[v
The decree is in honour of Spartocus and Paerisades, who were joint kings of
Bosporus 347342 b.c. (Paerisades being sole kiug 342309 b.c. after his
brother's death). The decree is followed by a supplement in honour of their
brother Apollonius, who is not elsewhere mentioned. They were sons of the
Leucon who figures prominently in Dem. Lept. 466 (Schaefer I.e.). The
document is one of those which illustrate the importance to the Greeks of the
corn-supplies from the Crimea (cf. Grote H. G. Pt 11, ch. 98; Boeckh CIG 11
p.
80sqq.).
37]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 101
The kingdom called by the Greeks Bosporus had its capital at Panticapaeum
(Kertch) and extended westward to Theodosia, which had been annexed by
Leucon I. (Dem. Lept. 467), his father Satyrus I. having died while besieging it.
(Harpocr. s. v. Qev8oaia). Eastward of the strait the Bosporus possessed towns
like Phanagoria and Hermanassa and held sway as far as the neighbourhood of
Caucasus. Schaefer, I.e., shows that Diodorus (xvi 31 and 52, xx 22) is five
years out in his calculations, as not having before him the information which
this inscription supplies, that Spartocus reigned not before but jointly with his
brother.
4. 675677s Trpuraveias. This brings the date to the early summer of
346 b.c.
6. 0e60iXos. The same epistates appears in CIA 11 109, whence Schaefer
inferred that both decrees were passed at the same meeting of the ecclesia. Cf.
Poll, viii 96, 5ts
5'
ovk ^ecrri yevecrdat tov clvtov eiriGTdTiqv , though Pollux is
speaking of the epistates of the prytanes, not of the proedri.
8. Androtion is the person against whom the well-known speech of
Demosthenes was delivered, 355 b.c. Probably he was the person who wrote
an
'
Atthis.' Cf. Schaefer Dem. i
2
351 note 1. His father was doubtless the
"
Avhpwv 6 'Avdporiuvos of Plat. Prot. 315 c, Gorg. 487 c.
15. Kadairep 6 irarrip kt\. By this is meant the Swpetat mentioned in 1. 20.
See Dem. Lept. 466. We learn further from Dem. c. Phorm. 917 that Paerisades
continued the immunity granted by Leucon.
20. dwpei&s. See Meisterhans Gr. 40 and cf. 26 33. The shorter form
Suped appears for the first time CIA n add. 1 b, 32 (403 b.c.)
;
after 268 b.c it is
the prevailing form. Hence Meisterhans infers that the form with ei is the
older and must not be classed with cases like that of <.i>a\v for idv
(39).
23. 2ari7/)oj /cat Ae^/cam. Of the grant made to Satyrus we know nothing,
but that irokiTeia and dreAeta were granted to Leucon and his son we learn from
Dem. Lept. 466.
24 sqq. The presents {<rre(f>avodv 24, voteTadaL 26, dvayopeveiv 29, didovac 39)
instead of the aorist infinitive indicate that the crown was conferred not on one
occasion only but in every fourth year at the Great Panathenaea (Dittmar I.e.,
who observes that avandtao-t 1. 34 = consecrare solent). In D 342 (coast of Euxine
Sea, not before 48 b.c), 46 sq. we have an instance of a decree by which crowns
were to be annually conferred on the benefactor. Cf. 18 8, note.
35. veu. Cf. 57 44. This form of the accusative is recognised by Herodian
Philet. p. 439 : tov ijpoj, tov Miva), t6v 'AttoWw, tov IlocretSuj dvev tov v ol 'AttikoL
t6v Xayiov /cat tov vewv, tov veto /cat tov \ayCo avev tov v rj avv raJ v. The statement
is borne out by inscriptions from 363 b.c In imperial times the old ending
re-appears. Meisterhans Gr. 128 sq.
38. 'Adrjvaiq.. The older form is probably due to its use in the dedicatory
formula. In the text of the decree 1. 34 we have 'Adrjvq.. According to
Meisterhans Gr. 31 the latest example of ' Adrjvala in decrees is 378 b.c, in
treasurers' accounts 367 b.c; 'Adrjvda appears less than ten times (6th to 4th
century b.c)
; 'Adrjvd, found only once in the 6th and 5th centuries, is the
prevailing form in decrees and treasurers' accounts from 362 b.c
40. Tbv tov drj/jLov Ta.fj.lav kt\. See 33 56. 42. pLtp^oixhuv 39 44.
43. toi>s dKodtnTas. See 21 16. The dirod^KTai here perform the functions
of the Tafias twv crrpartwrt/cuij', an office instituted later by Lycurgus. Kecourse
102 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[37
was had to the trrpartwri/cct apparently because the rafiias rod d-q/xov had not
funds enough in hand.
50. Qeodoaov. This envoy was possibly of the royal kin and may have
given his name to the town Theodosia, though the Schol. on Demosth.
(p. 477,
24 Dind.) notes that it was named from the sister or wife of Leucon.
53. tixiv 6<pi\ofxiuu}v : due probably for corn bought by the Athenians from
Leucon. Schaefer I.e.
56. rrj 6yd6r] iirl 56ca : the 18th of Elaphebolion. The ordinary formula
would be iv
rfj
trpwT-t) eKKKrjala, but here it would not suit. The decree had been
passed before the Dionysia (9th to 13th of Elaphebolion) ; for the first ordinary
assembly of the 8th prytany in this year (see Schmidt, Chron. p. 364, 785), an
intercalary year, was on the 11th of Elaphebolion, the second on the 20th. The
next assembly would therefore be 17 iv Aiovvaov eKKk-qaia, on the first day after
the festival, on which only business concerning the rites of the god could be
taken. (Cf. 38 22.) But in this very year, as we learn from Aeschin. F.L. 61,
c. Gtes. 68 there were, on the motion of Demosthenes, two extraordinary
assemblies, one on the 18th and the other on the 19th of Elaphebolion for
deliberating on the terms of peace with Philip ; and on the first of these days
was taken also, as it appears, the question of the debt due to Leucon's sons.
59. ras inrrjpeatas. The envoys had come to enlist sailors for the king's
ships.
63. elvai ev r< Teray/ieva). See 15 47.
66. ILo\6evKT]os. So K. Fuhr Rh. M. xxxm 607 from [Dem.] c. Phaen.
1042. The father Timocrates was an associate of the Androtion who was
prosecuted by Demosthenes. Schaefer.
68. vbv. On the various Attic forms and inflexions of vlds see Meisterhans
Gr. 59 sq. v and not vi in the first syllable is the prevalent spelling. The
inflexions as from vos are frequently met with from the 6th to the 2nd century.
38. A square base of Eleusinian marble, inscribed on three sides (a, b, c).
CIA ii 114; D 495. Cf. Riedenauer, Verh. d. phil. Ges. in Wilrzburg 1862
p. 77 sqq.
Alphabet, type 1
;
does not occur. Not croLxn^ov. Lines very long.
Marks of punctuation
(:)
on each side of numeral signs.
On the orthography ret, dond (subj.), avrei &c. see 313.
a.
*H
fiovXrj 7) 771 UvOoSoTOV
[ap\ovTOS avi6r\Ktv
c
H(f)ai(TTcp cr r e (\> avoj 6 elcr[p-
viro
t]ov t]{jlov
dperrj^ eVe/ca /cat SiKaLoavvrjs
Aetv6(TTparo<; AeivodSov ^AypvXrjdev elwev eTretBr) rj /3ov\rj
343/2
^
^tj-1 YLvOoSotov ap^ovros, ->Yi]^>i(ja\xkv7) /cpiatv Trotf}-
<rat twv Xeyovrcov iv rel jBovXel iirl T179 ivdrrj^ irpv[ra-
38]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 103
5
veias Kal rofjbf/aat, o? av BoKel avrel aptara Xeycov Kal irpdr-
tojv zeal dBcopoBoKyTco^ virep Trjs fiovXrjs
Kal tov Srjfiov
tov 'AOrjvalow BoaTeTeXeKevac tov eviavTov, eKpcvev Bia-
^6tporo[vtj-
o~ao~a irepl tovtcov rj ftovXr)
<$>av6Br)fjLov AlvXXov Svfiai-
TaBrjv, BeBo^Oai
rfj
{3ovXfj,
dyaOrj
TVXV
tv Br/puov
tov
y
A6r)vai<ov Kal T179 ftovXr)?
eiratveaai QavoBtipbov
AlvWov vpairo:\ht\v
d]peTr}<; evfca Kal BcKaioavvrj<; T779 eh tt)v fiovXrjv Kal tov
Brj/xov tov 'A6rjval(Dv, Kal o-Tefyavwaai avTov ^pvaa)
o~T(f)av(p dirb : F : Bpa^/jiojv, to Be dpyvpoov elvai to
6t9 TOV [vri-
cfaavov 6K Tu>v 6t<? to. kclto), yjrr](f)la
fiaTa avaXcaKOfjuevoyv Tel
ftovXel. dvay[p]dyfrac Be Kal eirl to dvaOrj/jua 7-179 ftovXfjs
ToBe to tyrjcjuo-fia T01/9 aipeOevTas irorjcraaOai, to avd-
ur)p,a. 07TO)? o av Kai
BfjfjLOS elBo)<; tcl eyjrr](f)Lafieva
tt}
fiovXr) irepl <t>avoBr)fxov
Tipjr\o~ei /cat avTos \k\cl\ aTe<pavd)o-et, eav Botcel toj
BrjiMp
Kaddirep Tjj
fiovXf),
tovs irpoeBpovs ot av
Xd^coaiv irpoeBpeveiv ev
10 toj Br]/Ji(p et? tt)V irpwTrjv ikkXtja[av xprj/jbaTiaai irepl
^avoBr)jjiov, Kal ava[yv(a]vac ToBe to
yjrrjifiicrfia Toy
ypafifiaTea toj Bt//jlg), yvco/uirjv Be ^vvfBdXXeaOai tt}<;
/3ovXf}<; 669 TOV B[r\-
fjuov, otl Bo/cec Trj
ftovXr), eireiBr) QavoBrj/xos AtvXXov
QvpLaiTaBri's fcaX[&s k]oI (/>[i]A,OTt/z&>9 nal dBcopoBofcr)T(os
fiefiovXevfcev, Xeycov Kal irpaTTcnv Ta dpiGTa virep T779
{3ovXf}s Kal
tov Btj/jLov tov Adrjvaicov Kal tcov avfifxa^cov, eizatveaai
avTov apeTTjs eveKa Kal BiKatocrvvrjs T179 et9 tt)v /3ovXrjv
Kal tov Brjfiov tov Adrjvaioov [Kal tovs <rvfiji]a^ou9, Kal
GTetf>av\<a-
o~ac xpvaa)
aTecjjdvco diro :
X
*
Bpa^/xSv eTreiBdv ra9 ev-
6vva<s Bu>' to Be dpyvpiov elvai to et'9 tov
o~T(f)avov
oirodev av tg3 Brjfia) BoK[ec. 07ra)9 dv ovv Kal ot aXXoi
aTrav]T69 eiBdoai o[ti
o Bfj/jLos Kal
7) fiovXr) eirlcrTaTai ydpiTas diroBiBovai TO69
del Xeyovacv Kal 7rpdTTov[<riv rd p^Xno-Tja virep TJ79
104 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[38
/3ouA,^9 KCLl TOV Sr'/fjLOV, [dvo/ypd\|/ai t68 to tyr\$io-]/jLa TOV
<ypafjL[/jLa-
15
Wa] rbv /cara irpviaveiav iv artjXrj Xl[QCvi]]l teal arrjaac iv
a/cpoTToXet, et9 Se rrjv dva[ypa$riv ri\s o-tJ^Xt;? Sovvai
tov rafiiav tov Srj/jbov A[- -
Spaxp-ds k t<3v icard \|/rj<j>t]cr-
[iara
dvaXicrKO\i\eV(i)V [tw 8^pu>.
b.
4>a]^o[8i](Aos AijvXXov %vjjuaLrdhri^ eiirev
. ava ov eXecrOai Tr\v /3ov\t}v avTLK,[o. p.dXa
] a(X
?)
a(\ ?)
. . . a(\
?)
. . .
T0V icaOoTL av avrols So/cf} dpLa[r ]
avaOeivcu to re dya-
20 Xpa t<3 T 'H<j>aio-TU) ti^v
poJfXf^v
k\oX ttj Adrjva
rfj
H<at-
o~Tia, iiriyp\_atyai 8 to ^{/T)<pia-p.a t68c ko.1 tovs povXjefTa?
irarpoOev teal rov Brj[fi-
ov ov 'cKao-Tos o-Tt to 6'vop.a, ot $Qv<rav]
(f>'
vyi[ei]a Kal acorrjpia
TJ79
flovXfjs Kal TOV hrjfXOV [tov 'AGTjvafov* iriYpdv|/cu 8* Kal
to \|/i]<J>io-]yu,a kclO eo~T(f)av(o6r}
7)
/3ovX[r)
viro tov Si^fxov 4v t]t? iv Aoovvaov iKKXrjata, $6ao~a KaX&s
e7rtyu.e[|XXTJcr0ai ti]s evKoo-pias ttjs irepl] tt)V eoprrjv rov Aio-
vvaov ro[y
Kt]4>i]<xo(/)ft)[v] K.aXXi/3iov YlaiavLevs eiirev iirecSr} r\ /3ov\r)
7] e[iri UvQoZ]6to[v dpxjo^ro? tca\a)<; Kal hacaiws iire-
\i.s\r\]0r} [ttj]? evtcoafiias rov Oedrpov, iiracveaat avrrjv Kal
aTe<f>a[y(a]o~ai, ^pvaco \a-Ttfy\dvw diro :
[H
: hpax/Jbwv
8ovvai &e avr[.
2
-
8]/Da^yu.a.9 rov? rafiLas ou? elprjrai K rov vo/nov
rot9 b\6^\ao-iv dpLcrra twv flovXevToov iiri/jLe/jLeXrjaOai
T779 evKOo-[pia$.
<o]v
y
AvriKpdrovs UafjLJ3(i)Td8r)s eiirev
ti>XV ^y
a
^V>
eTJrr)(f)Lo-0ai
ry
fiovXfj,
iireiSr} Ei/80^09 eay[yi\ov
EvTraX]^TTto9 KaX&s Kal hiKaiods eirefJieXrjOr] T579 SiocKycrecos
virb tt/s ftovXrjs
eft
r)v elpedr), Kal rfjq dXXr)[s cv-
Koo-p.]a9 T179 y3ofX,^9 fxerd twv irpvrdvewv rwv ael irpvravev-
6vt(dv, eiraivecrai avrbv Kal arecf)av(oaac
XP
V
~
38]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 105
<ru> o-Tt](f)dv(i)
diro :
[h
: Bpa^/jLtov, eireiBdv t9 evOvvas Bo*'
07r[ws] B av 7ro7]6fj
6 aretyavos teal r)
cfyavepd
r) Bcoped
rj 7ra[pd
30 ttjs PovXt}]?, eXeadai irevre dvBpas rrjv ftovXrjv avrtKa /nd\a,
o'lrives TTorjaovrcu rov ariipavov tovs Be rafjui-
as Sovvai r]6 dpyvpiov etc T<uv Kara ^rj^io-jJiaTa ava[\urKo]-
fxevwv
rfj /3ov\fj.
dvaypdtyat Be roBe to yjr7]^>ia/j,a
lirl to dv6i]0r]/Jia T779 /3ov\rj<; T//9 ttI Uv$oB6ro[v dp\]ovro^.
C.
ypa|AfjLaT]e[v]? /card 7r[pvTa] ve lav
KAeo<7TpaT09 TtfjuoaOevov; AlycXievs'
35
eirl rd '^rijcpto' fxara
Ar)/jb6(f)i\os Uavra\eovro<; ^AypvXrjOev
7rl to OewpiKov
Kr)<f)io-o(f)(t)i> Le(f)a\la)vos 'AcfriBvalos'
fiovXrjs rafiiat
4
o 'Avri/cXrjs 'ApLGTO/cpdrovs K.v8a07)vaiev<;
ApofiofcXeL&Tjs
%
pacrvfJLrjhovs Ayvova409*
Bpa^iAA,09 ^aOvWov 'Ep^teu? elirev e7reiBr/ E#So[]o?
/caXws teal Bc/caio)? eire
fjLe\r)6r) wv avrco r\ /3ov\r)
Trpo^ira^iv
rr}<; re Stot/c^crea)9 rrj
fiovXfj
Kal T/79 evKoa/juas fierd rcov
TTpvrdvecov raov del Trpvravevovrwv, Kal Bier\i\m-t to.
/3e\ricrTa avfjLJ3ov\ei>(ov, [S]eB6^6ai
rfj
/3ov\j}, eiraivecrai
EivSo^ov eayye\ov XvttciXtjttiov dperrjs e[vKa Kal
Sucai-
45
oo~vvr)^ T779 et9 TT\v fiovXrjv, /cat arecpavwcraL avrbv ^pverep
ore<$)dv<p airo :
p
1
: Bpa^/xcov, eiretBdv rd<; 6i)[6vvas 8a>*
to 8^ ap-
yvpiov elvai eh tov arefyavov 7r[a]p' [k]<2cttol' tcov /3ov-
Xevrojv elvai \h\\ avrw Kal irapd rod [ij|M>]is [cvpeo-Oai
ctyaGov oTi av
S\vv7]raL. dvaypdyjraL Be roBe to i^r/[<|>io-ua irl to] dvdOr\^ia
T779 j3ov\r}[s to lirl ILvQo$]6tov dp-^ovro^' [l]9
8 Tqv ava*ypa<|>^v Kal tv\v &va&i\o~LV T
-
-
The Council having earned distinction in connexion with the celebration of
the Great Dionysia in 343/2 b.c. (the archonship of Pythodotus), the People in
106 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[38
the assembly held according to custom after the festival in the theatre of
Dionysus (cf. 37 56) had decreed first, that the Council should be rewarded
with a golden crown, secondly that the councillors who had rendered greatest
service should receive donations. Then the Council itself decreed an offering
to Hephaestus and Athena Hephaestia, and upon this offering ordered to be
engraved the names of certain councillors and the decree of the People, as well
as the decree of the Council. Afterwards were ordered to be added decrees of
the Council passed in the latter part of the year in honour of some of their
number.
2. 'H<pai<TTu). The offering thus dedicated to Hephaestus is specified in
the decree engraved on side b, 1. 1722, where 'A^va "H<paicrTLa is joined with
Hephaestus. Perhaps, as Koe. conjectures, Athena's name was omitted here
because a statue of Hephaestus alone was set up on the base.
4. eTreidr) r/ j3ov\i] ktX. The verb is cxpivev 1. 5, and the words
77
(3ovXrj are
superfluously repeated 1. 6. The Kpiais described in 1. 4 appears to be unique, so
far as our records extend. Aeschines, c. Timarch. 109 sqq., cited by Riedenauer
I.e., is not a case in point (D).
6. dedox^at TTJ fiovXr}. This was not a probouleuma, but a resolution passed
by the Council for its own purposes; a right belonging to every civic corporation.
See Heydemann, Be Senatu &c. p.
11
(157).
Cf. 29 4. Phanodemus may be
the person who (like Androtion 37 8) was author of an
'
Atthis.' He is
mentioned in connexion with the worship of Amphiaraus I. G. Sept., 1 4252,
4253, 4254 (Koehler Herm. xxvi 45, v. Wilamowitz Ar. u. Ath. 1 280 sq.).
7. dirb :
f
: dpaxfi-uv. See 24 11.
8. -ipy}(f)l<jiJ.aTa: sc. ttjs povXijs. See 33 57. In the following the persons
denoted by rods alpedeuras were those whose election had been ordered in the
decree b 1722, which is certainly the oldest of those engraved on the same
stone.
oVcos
5'
av ktX. Here begins the probouleuma, the object of which is the
donation of a crown to Phanodemus by a decree of the People as well as by the
Council. But it is the probouleuma, and not the decree of the People, which is
inscribed on the stone, because the duddrj/xa itself is dedicated by the Council
and not by the People. But there is no reason to suppose (with Hartel, St. ub.
att. Staatsr. &c. p. 191 sq.) that the probouleuma was not formally adopted by
the People. D.
12. twc (xvfxfxdx^v. See 32 A 26 etc.
13. 6'7rws av kt\. : a very common formula in honorary decrees,
14. tov ypafx/jLCLTea tov Kara irpvTaveiav. See Rem. V, p. 89.
15. iv dxpoiroXei. A copy of the decree of the People was ordered to be
placed in the Acropolis, in addition to the original engraved on the dvad-qp-a
itself.
b.
20. 7-77 'Adrjvq, rrj "H.<parTLa. Cf. Hesych. 'H<pai<jTla' ' kd-qvd /cat 7r6Xis ttjs
Arj/jLvov. The next gloss, 'H0aKrrtd5af 'Adyvaioi, applies rather to the Attic deme
of that name.
tovs fiovXevrds: not the whole Council, but only those members (probably
those mentioned below c 33
41)
who had performed the sacrifices. Koe.
38]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 107
21. \pr)(pi(Tiia : i.e. that contained in 1. 23 sqq.
22. iv rrj iv Aiovuaov iKKXrjaia. In the fifth and fourth centuries the
Popular Assembly was ordinarily held in the Pnyx; but in the time of
Demosthenes the first assembly after the Dionysia took place in the Dionysiac
theatre, which at a later period was the usual place of assembly, the Pnyx being
used only for elections. Cf. the law inserted in Dem. c. Mid. 517 : tovs
wpvTaveis woietv iia<Xr)o~Lav iv Aiovvaov t~q varepaiq. tCov Uavdluv (the 17th of
Elaphebolion). h> 8i ravrri
xP
r
ll
Jt- aTl

eLV irp&Tov p.iv wept lepQv, 'iweiTa. t&s


wpoftoXds
wapahiSbTwcav t&s yeyevqfxivas evena tt)s wofiwrjs 77 tCov dywvwv twv iv
rots AiovvaLois, 6'crcu dv /ultj iKreTicixevai waiv, and Aeschin. F.L. 61: tovs wpvTaveLS
fiera to, Aiovvaia to, iv dcret /ecu ttjv ev Alovijgov eKKKricriav Trpoypa\{/ai dvo KK\rjaias,
ttjis fiev rrj dyddrj iirl 5e/ca, tt\v hk rrj hdrrj iwi 5ea. It is noteworthy, that even
at the later period, when all the meetings of the Assembly were in the Dionysiac
theatre, yet the place was mentioned in decrees, just as when the practice was
exceptional (CIA 11 307, 420 eKKX-qo-La ev Aiovvoov). D. Cf. 37 56.
23. KaXXijSiou: doubtless the KaXXt^tos of 32 2.
25. oOs is the subject to an unexpressed bovvou.
26. E#5oos. That he was a member of the j3ov\r) is clear (as D shows,
against Schaefer, De scribis &c. p. 30) from 1. 43, 44 below, where of him it is
said that he ditrtXeae av/jL^ovXevcov (sc.
rfj (3ov\fi).
Any citizen might av/n^ovXeijeLv
no drj/jop, only a ffovXevrris could avfifiovXeveu' rfj
j3ovXr/.
27. Note the careless inversion (probably due to the engraver), v-rrb rijs
(3ovXrjs
i(f>
rjv eipedt) for e^>' rjv elpedrj virb rrjs fiovXrjs. For other instances see
9 29.
29, 30. Trorjdrj, iro7)<rovTai. See 7 41. Tro-qaovrai is, of course,
'
shall cause to
be made.'
c.
33. See Rem. v, p.
89.
34. Ti/uLoadivovs : almost certainly Timosthenes of the Aegilian deme,
mentioned [Dem.] c. Timoth. 1193 (372/1 B.C.).
35. iiri ret xj/rjcpia-fxaTa. Schaefer, op. cit. p. 38, is inclined to identify this
officer with the ypafifiarevs rrjs [lovXfjs, who is otherwise not mentioned in the
decree, though he admits it to be strange that he should have this title here
only. In any case the ypafx/xarevi iwi rd \pr)(plap.aTa would seem to have been an
officer who preserved the copies of decrees in the state registry. But see v. Wila-
mowitz, Ar. u. Ath. 1 227 and note 84.
37. ewl to dewpiicdv. As from Arist. 'A0. ttoX. 43. 1, 47, 2 it is now clear that
there were more than one, perhaps 10, officers ewl to deupLKov, the official here
named can only have been a Council official with unknown functions. See D.A.
App. s.v. Theoricon, and Gilb. C. A. 246.
38. Krj(f)Lao(pQiu : probably the person who is cited as a witness Dem. adv.
Steph. 1 1107, where we may correct the ms reading Ke<pdXiovos to KecpaXLajvos.
He appears as a arpaT-qyos in CIA 11 804 a, 36 ; cf. iv 2, 1054/, 32.
39. (3ovXr)s rct/a'cu. A Treasurer of the Council is mentioned in an inscription
CIA iv 2, 11 b, frg b, c 9 (first half of the fourth century b.c), where he has to
pay for the engraving of a decree on stone. In CIA 11 61 (about the middle of
the fourth century) the stele containing the inventory of the Arsenal is
assigned (1. 20) to the Tafxiai (i.e. at least two) ttjs ^ovX-fjs: and again in the
108 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[38
present inscription two ra/xiai are enumerated. In CIA n 375, assigned by Koebler
to the end of the third century B.C., there appears again to have been only one
Treasurer of the Council. In the Eoraan period also mention is made of one
Treasurer only: see CIA m 646, 650, 1297. Cf. Boeckh, St.* n 46,* note 286.
42. iTreidrj E#5oos kt\. A difficulty is caused by the fact that we have
already (above b 26 sqq.) had a decree, substantially the same as this (42 sqq.) in
honour of Eudoxus, but in the first case proposed by (the son of) Anticrates.
Wilamowitz Ar. u. Ath. i
p.
214 (D agreeing) explains that the second decree is
supplementary ; the cost of the crown in 1. 31 is defrayed from public money
(the largest sum allowable), by 1. 46 is added the same amount from the pockets
of the (3ov\evrai.
39. A slab of Pentelic marble found in the Acropolis. CIA n 115 b; D 137.
Alphabet, type 1. Twice tt = tt
2
.
AO
frequently appear as
AO.
^tolxv^ou.
. . . . l\
'AQl]VCL]l(OV KCL
. $<o]pl0i)V
. ro[v BrjfjLOV t[ov
5
Ka]l toi>? aw
a tJovtcov fxer
i] 7Tpo? TOP 8?}[|jlov rr\-
i av^TOV VVOl[a d-y-
a0]o? irepl 'A#?7[vaiovs k-
IO a]lpOV TTpCLTTeL
. n]eTa rod hrjfxov [tov 'A8T]v]a/[a>v, oirw-
S
a]z^ elhodCTLV aTTav[rt\; \or\l 6 SijfjLOS [o
'AQ^rjvaicov a7roBiScoo~tv yapiTas /x[e-
-y]aA.<x? Tot? evepyerovatv eiavro-
15 v Kal] Sia/ievovcriv iirl rrj<; evvol[a-
s
to]0 Srj/jiov, elvai YleuTiOeihriv T[\z-
\.a~\t6e\C\hov ArjXiov ' K6r\vaiov avr[6-
v] Kal i/cyovovs avrov ifKr/v rod 7r[-
ji<|>0e]^To? vtto ro)v eyjdpwv tcov tt)<; 7r[o-
20 Xcw]? Kal TieiaiOeihov dveXelv a[v-
t6]v ypdyjraadai Se avrov hrjpuov Ka\\
4>v]Ai}9 Kat
(frparplas ?/9 av l3ov\r)r[a-
1]
wv 01 vofioL Xeyovcnv, tovs Se irp[v-
T]aj/et[s] Sovvai irepl avrov rrjv [*|/tj<j>-
39]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 109
25 o]v ray [s]rj/jiq) eh tifV
irp(*>Trjv eKK\[y\-
<r]iav dvarypd-tyai Be ToBe to -^rrj(f)ia[iL-
a] eh o-Tr)\7]v \iQLvr\v rb(y) <ypafjLfjbar[{-
a r]bv Kara irpvTaveiav kcl\ arrjaa\i
v] afcpoTToXj], eh Be ttjv dvaypacf)[r\-
30 v TT]]? ctt[tj]X779 Botco 6 rafiias tov Br)[\i-
ou T]pta[Kovr]a Spaxfjids.
eldv Be ri[s
a.iro]fCT[e(]v[ei] YAeicriOe'ihr^v, 7roXe/x[i-
os &t]t&> to) BrjfJLW rco 'AOtjvcllcov tf[a-
\ -q iroXis] r) vTroSe^afievr) tov chtok\t-
35
cCvavra], 07rct>9 av he
fxrj
airoprjTcu r[p-
o<j>TJs
ILei](ri6eL8r)<;, ea>? dv Kare\6\r\-
1 is Ar\\]ov, tov Ta/jilav tov Btj/jLov [t-
6v cUl T\afjb[i\evovTa BtBovai ITeio-[i-
0C8ei] Bpa^firjv t^<? rj/xepas etc tw[v
40 KaTd y\rr\$C\o-/jLCLTa dvaXcaKo/xevcov [t-
tp 8-rjp.w]' eV 8e Tot9 vo{io0eTcu[s\ t[o-
$s
irpo'8p]oL9 ot ai> irpoeSpevcocrLV
Kal tov e] 7r[ 10-] TCLTrjv TrpocrvofioOeTrj-
o-ai t6 apYJfOiOi'
t[o]uto fiept^etv t-
45
ovs diro8]e/cTa? tco Tafxia tov Btj/jl-
ov Kara, to]^ eviavTov e/caaTov,
[0]
Se t-
ap.as dirJoSoTto IIe[o-i]#etSe tf<ZTa
tijv irpvT]a[v]taz/ i/cdo-Tr/v eldv Be {p.-
t] 6iri\J/T|<}>]i(Tft)crti/ 0/ [irpJoeSpot /cat [o
50
emo-TaT]?;? TCOZ^ VO/AO0eTWV, 6<j)tX[i-
tw ^Ka<rr]o9 avTGOV
X
Bpa^fid<; lepds
tt| *A0T]v]a.
f
O Btj/jLOS 'O BrjfjLOS.
Koe. infers that the inscription was engraved shortly after the middle of
the fourth century b.c.
;
note the second form of tt and the orthography
[5w]peiuv 1. 3, elavrbv 1. 14, eidj/ 1. 31, 48, which, according to Meisterhans Gr.
45, was especially common during the years 350300; eldv occurs as early
as 387 b.c. (CIA n add, nov. lib, 11). Cf. dei$ = dey CIG 2119 (N. coast
of
Euxine); the orthography ei for e with vowel following in the second half of the
fourth century b.c. was common in other places besides Attica. The inscription
may very well belong to the date 344 or 343 b.c, when the suit took place before
the Delphian Amphictyons between the Athenians and Delians for the manage-
ment of the temple in Delos (H. Sauppe, Or. Att. n p. 285 sqq.). Pisithides,
110 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[39
the person here honoured, appears to have belonged to the party which
favoured Athenian interests, like Pythodorus D 88 (Delos), and to have been
banished when the Delians attempted to deprive the Athenians of the manage-
ment of the temple; as they had done in 376 b.c.
;
cf. CIA u 814, a A 30, a B 31.
20. dveXetv. For the infinitive see 217.
21. ypd\paadai 5 kt\. Cf. 24 15. There are numerous local variations
of the formula, depending upon the divisions of the <pv\rj in the several Greek
states
;
e.g. Samos D 162, 31 : e-mKXripGocraL avrovs eiri (pvXrjv /cat
x
t ^LaaT^v Kai
eKaToaTvv Kai yevo?. See further Szanto Burgerr. 54 sqq.
27. On the ypap.p.arevs Kara -rrpvravdav see Rem. v, p. 89.
29. axpoTroXri. See 23 35. 30. rap-ias rod drj/xov. See 33 56.
35. diroprjTaL. There appears to be no example of the present middle in the
sense of the active diropio) in the classical authors, rpocpijs is D's restoration.
43. Trpoavo/uLoderijaaL. D explains as follows: the kind of expenditure which
might be made e'/c rue Kara to. <py)<pi<jp.aTa dvaXiaKOfxevuiu to; 5r)p.u) (33 57) was
strictly denned by law. As the maintenance decreed to Pisithides did not fall
under this head, a special law had to be passed, and this duty belonged to the
nomothetae (Hartel, St. p. 135 gives a different explanation). There is a
mention of irpoedpot. of nomothetae in a law inserted in Dem. c. Timocr. 710.
For the phrase iv rots vop-oderais 1. 41, cf. the same law: rdv hk vdfxwv tCiv
Keifxevwv p.7) t^etvai Xvcrai fArjdtva, eav pa\ kv vop-oderats. Cf. D.A. s.v. Nomothetae.
44. nepifaiv
(p.epL<rai) is used of payment made by one financial officer to
another, douvai (dirodovvai) is more general in sense. The formula which
appears in 1. 39 above is varied in 37 42 by the substitution of p-epifopLeviov for
dp ctAicr kopLevuv.
40. A slab of Pentelic marble found in the Acropolis. CIA n 115
;
D 138. Cf. A. Schaefer Dem. u. seine Zeit n
2
424 sqq.; F. Keuss Rh. Mus.
xxxvi
p.
161 sqq.; Egger, Tr. publ. p. 90.
Alphabet, type 1. ZroixySbu.
.... [en'ei'ST] . . .
^
iroXtT-
eia 7] Bou[ti]o~a [tw irciTpl tca-
l too iraTTTray Kail at aXXai
8-
copetal V7rdp'x[o]vo-[i ko.1 a-
5
vTCti /cal Tot? 6K<yovo[i]<; [kci-
i elac Kv(p)iac e7ri/ie[x]e[i<r6ai
Be *Apvj3ftov oVa)? a/JL /jlt]B[Iv d-
StKrjrac rrjv /3ov\r)v rrjv de~
i fiovXevovaav teal rov? o~r-
io pa,T7)<yov$ tovs del arparr]-
yovvras /cal idv Tt? aXXo-
9 7T0V
'
A07jv
a
lcov irapaTwyd-
ver eivai Be avrco irpoaoBo-
v teal irpos ftovXrjv teal irpo<;
15 BrjfjLOv b'rav BerjTai, teal rov-
9 irpvTavei^ ol dv irpvrave-
VCOOriV 7TLfjLe\lG0at 07Tft)9
dv wpocroBov Tvyydvei' dva-
ypdyjraL Be roBe to ^njcpiafia
20 roy ypafjufxaTea T779 ^ovXtj-
9 ev aTrjXr} XtdLvr) ical Ka-
TaOelvai ev d/cpoiroXec, e/9
Be T7)v dvaypacf>rjv tt}<; o~ttjX-
779 Botq) 6 Ta/Aias tov Btjixov
2
5 AAA
Bpaxfjidse/c tcov fcaTa-tyr)-
<j)Lo-/jLaTa /juepc^o/jLevcov rc3
40]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE.
Ill
Sr/fMi)'
/caXeaai &e 'Apvfifiav
eirl helTTVOv et? to irpvrav-
elov e? avptov /caXeaai oe
30
fCCll TOVS /JL6T 'ApvftftoV
TjKOV-
to-9 eirl %evia eh to irpvTa-
velov e'9 avptov %prip>aTi-
crai 8e teal Trepl TOiv aXXcov [w-
v 'Apt'/3/3a9 Xeyet. tcl fiev
aAA-
35
a Kaddirep ttj {3ov\t}' e[dv 8]e
T]i9 *Apvft$a\y\
/3["u]ft> [#ava-
t]o) airofcrelvrj [r}~\ t&v 7r[cu8-
(ov Ttva Toov
'Apvfiftov,
eZ[vai
The following genealogical table will simplify the explanation of the
inscription, a decree according protection to Arybbas, king of the Molossi,
expelled by Philip of Macedon.
Tharypas
(irdTnros 1. 3; a boy [Qdpv\p] in 429/8 b.c, educated at Athens, Plut. Pyrrh. 1,
Justin xvii 3 ; cf. Reuss op. c. 161)
I
Alcetas
(cf. 32 B 13, 14)
t9 avTas tlfjLCo[p]ia<;
cu[irp
40 KJal
virep twv aWcov ela[\v
'
A6rjvai(t)V eVt/AeAeto-feai
8-
e teal tovs crTpaTT]<yovl<$ 6l a-
V CTTpaT7)*l\u>\o-l 0770)9 'Aflfvppa-
9 teal ol 7rat8e9 avTov [kojjlC-
45
awvTao tt\v
apXV
v Tr
)
v
[
iraT
P"
coav.
L
(in corona) (in corona)
'OXv/jLTTLa il[v0]ta -
-
Te\(p. T[e]\(p. -
-
Neoptolemus
(died before 357 b.c.)
Arybbas
(succeeded his brother)
Troas Olympias Alexander Alcetas Aeacidas
m. Arybbas ra. Philip (made puppet-king by Philip
on the expulsion of Arybbas. Pyrrhus
Justin viii 6, Dem. 01. 1, 13 and Schol.)
The expulsion of Arybbas took place in or about 342/1 b.c, when Diodorus
xvi 72, 1 says that he died (while Justin vn 6 more correctly says
'
in exilio
consenuit
').
Cf. Schaefer Dem. n
2
425, Reuss op. c. 166. It was on his expul-
sion that Arybbas and his two sons took refuge at Athens.
1
34. Part of a TrpofiovXev/xa of which the beginning is lost.
3. dupeial. See 37 20. 13. irpbaobov. See D.A. s.v.
fiovXr).
15. For this duty of the wpvrdveis see 7 12.
24. On the cost of engraving see 32 67. 26. fiepi^o^vcov. See 39 44.
34 sqq. Decree of the S^uos, with a supplement, approving the irpopovXevfxa.
35. Cf. the words of a similar decree in favour of Charidemus of Oreos,
Arg. to Dem. c. Aristocr. : iai> tls diroKTeiur] Xapi57]/j.ov, dywyifj-os tarco e aird<n]s
rrjs ' A6r)vaLu)u crvfi/xaxiSos' idi> 5e tis tov dydfieuov dcpeXrirai rj tt6\ls t) idiwTTjS,
^Kcrirovdos ^tw, and the comment of the orator, 650. Cf. also 11 13 sqq.
41. itnixeXe'tadai 8e ktX. That he was not restored immediately seems
clear. D thinks it most probable that he died in exile; or at any rate that (as
Reuss op. c. 172 conjectured, reading
'kptififiav
for
'
Apv-rrrcuQi' in Diod. xvm 11, 1)
his restoration did not take place till after the death of Alexander the Great.
112 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[40
47. The exiled king takes the opportunity of recording his victories in the
games. With reXicp supply d'p/xan, i.e. a chariot with t-rnrois reX^ois, not ttwXols.
The third crown may have celebrated a Nemean victory.
41. Five fragments of Hymettian marble found in the Acropolis. CIA n
162 and add. Cf. Burnouf, Rev. arch, xxvm
(1874) p. 316.
Alphabet, type 1. : : occurs once (c 15). 2t<hxt?56j>.
Frgm. a etb. i . . X.779, tov Be, 2 [irouirca
?]
/jbrj&e fcarevety .
.,
3
[to]0 Srjfioo-lov oVcd? dv
877^09 .
., 4
. . eveyKacrojv Kal Xafiov-
GO)V /JL7J .
., 5
[lav 8c . . . ira]pd TOvSe TOV VOflOV, 0(j)l\T(O
[.
. 8paxp.ds,
6 . .
7JV6L7J
01 Bij/jLoatoc ol iv
tjj d/cp[oir6\e]i S[ia . .,
7
[irapd] rovhe tov vo/jLOV, /jLaaTcyovada) /c<x[(tto]? avTo3v, 8 . . tov
dvcLTiOevai tcl dva6r)fjLaTa %/9f[o"d] rj dpy[y]pa iro .
.,
9
[tovs
8^uo]crtou9 \xlapu fiev
Scopedv cuv XafAJ3dv[r\(?) irajyoa tov Srj/jLov
dv . ., 10 [dva]TL0evciL ^pvcrd 77 dpyvpd, Kal idv [tivj]? dXXoi
Xdficocri [irapd tov Stjuov ? n seq. [dpyv\p0VV TOV & VOflOV TOV$
Kal t[6v ire]pl T179 e^eracrea)? t[<3v . . . dvaYpd\|/ai . . . 4v o-TijXci Xi0v]e
Kal aTTjaai iv aKpoiroXr], e[ls] Se ttjv dvaypacfirjv
yu-e^>t[o-at . .
.,
14 [.
. d]T?79* ^<Kipo(f)op[itiivos <-k]t*7 laTafievov vo/jlo . ., 15
[Av-
K0vp]'V09 AvXO(f)p[ovo5 Bov]t<xSt79 etTTefv]* 07TO)9 a . ., 16 [du]^>op^9
ol a[p7vpoi Ka]t Ta Ka\y\d Kal TX[\a], 17 elal 81a . . vel e/9 tSca,
mox
[.
. a]T09 fjL7)$e
kcl6 . ., 18 6e(opi[a. . . . K]e\ei)oucr[i].
Frgm. c et e.
5
iTreiSrj
'
k tov, 6 [rd ircpioJz^Ta. tovtcov tojv
^p7][y.6.T(av\
7
[irpJoSeSa^etcryLte^a e%a ... 8 IlavaO-qvajta Ta
/xeydXa yae^eo"#[ai],
9
. . Xclktikov et'9 Ta 7rpoSeS[avao-uva],
IO [koctuo]^ TOV KaV7](j)0pLK0V. 07TO)9 [v], II . . at TTeVTTjKOVTa
alyih . 9 tea . .,
12 [-rrjezrre tov ivcavTov eKdaTo\y\
13 [.
. <a]v
TOV Ai09 TOU ^MTTIpOS TTO . ., 14 . . <Zt T0U9 a\)TOV$ fjLTa TQOV
eVi[o-TaTc3v], 15 . . 1 tQ> Au to) OXv/ulttlu):: Ko<ryu, . ., 16 [irapja
tov Ta/jLiov tov Stj/ulov 6K twv l . ., if [.
. o]v ivcavTov iv TT)
TeTpaeTiq e/c . .,
i8 . . yu,ou9 k
t?J9
dirap^rj^ tyj<=; i/c twv t . .,
19
[irorijo-aadac Be Kal tj} ' Aya0r} Tv^y, 20 [p,Ta twv lin](7TaTft)z/
toO lepov T7y9 Ayadrjs Tu[xt]s], 21 ... ot9 /cal to5 AfKpcapaa)
Kal To>[i 'A]cr/cX?;7rt(Jt)[t K]e/c .... 22 [kJoct/ao^ exacrTOV otov av
f]
t . . .
23
[tovs rap-ias t]o[v]9 tcSz^ ^6&)^ to apyvpiov [t]o e/c toO
hepixariKov [ir] .... 24 tcoi^ [ijeyowz/ t^9 'A/0Te/^t8o[s t]^9 B/Qai;-
pwvla<z Kal Tco\y\ .... 25 [tov 8]eoV 6 Xwov Kal afieivov [t]o;
42]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 113
Stj/jlco tcov 'AOrjvcLLcov .... 26 ... ? teal koWlovs vewvrt wairep
vvv {e)yei
%
iTTepecrda\y\ .... 27 t[ci] puicpd [ijarafieva koX 6aa
fir)
iv
rfj
irapahoaei ear\\\ 28 . . . 9
[t]oi><? iepovs
rfj
AijfjLrjrpL zeal
rfj
Koprj fjuei^o 29 [ir]ept twv ev toi? aX\oo<;
iepofc rwv Kara //-[ucpov irapa8i8op.va>v ?]
. . . 30 o. roc . . . ov . . .
. . . [raj Kara ravra rbv .... 31 ... e tow? Kai k . . . 32 . . .
aioav . . .
Frgm. d.
3
. . %#et9 dnro,
5
. . ayec teal rr) . ., 6
[.
. o]i/
fcocr/iiov crre(f)a[v .
., 7
. . t virapyovToav r . ., 8 . . z/ e^hopbr)-
/coi^T[a],
9
ypdyjrai rov, ir . . a]t Se tw.
We have here fragments of a decree or decrees proposed hy the well-known
Athenian orator and legislator of the fourth century B.C., Lycurgus, as ra/uas
TTjs Kotvrjs -jrpoaodov, with a view to the collection, repair, or restoration to the
Acropolis, of vessels connected with the sacred ritual. Cf. the decree of
Stratocles Plut. X orr. p. 852, and the fragments of the speech of Lycurgus him-
self wept 5loik7i<tCi)s passim. Our inscription cannot be older than 338/7 B.C.,
when Lycurgus became Ta/mias rrjs kolvtjs trpoabbov. The most probable date is
the last month (Scirophorion ; cf. a, b 1. 14) in the last year of the pentaeteris
during which Lycurgus was in office, i. e. 335/4 ; for CIA 11 741 containing accounts
of the proceeds of the dep/xarLKdv and other sacred properties for the pentaeteris
334/3330/9 b.c. appears to be the immediate outcome of these decrees. And
the expression to dpyvptov [t]6 e/c rod bepfxariKov (frg. c, e 1. 23)
is perhaps part of
an injunction that the depfiariKdv, as accounted for in CIA 11 741, was to supply
the funds for carrying out the provisions of the decrees. The proceedings
here described probably took place before the voixodcTai, for whose functions
see D.A. s.v.
Frg. a and b. 2. Kareveiylic ?]. See 34 9.
6, 7. dr)/j.6(noi. Public slaves (on whose functions see Boeckh -St.
3
1 263) are
to be flogged if they break the law. Cf. 64 58.
13. &KpoTr6\r}. See 23 35
;
39 29 and for iipl[aai] 39 44.
Frg. c, e. 7. irpo$e8avei<xiJ,va. Lycurgus, as we learn from the decree of
Stratocles above quoted, on several occasions borrowed from private individuals
for state purposes, without security and probably without interest.
17. TeTpacTiq,: apparently the only inscriptional example of the word for
TrevT<xTr)pis.
24. -7-77S Bpavpwvias. On the treasures of the temple of Brauronian Artemis,
see Michaelis, Parth. 307 sqq. and CIA 11 754.
25. el \Qov /cat dfieivov. See 36 24. The reference is probably to some
consultation of the Delphic oracle concerning the matter.
42. A slab of Pentelic marble found in the Acropolis. CIA 11 163;
D 634. Cf. Michaelis Parth. 332 ; L. Ziehen, Rh. M. li 211 sqq.
Alphabet, type
1; e=e
x
;
v = v
1 ,
v
2
,
j/
3
; o = o
1
, o
2
; i/ = u
2
. Numeral signs have
on each side the sign
(:). Xtolxv^ov.
R. II.
8
114 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[42
07TCDS CIV v]0"[p]ft)<? KCL-
l ]fcar evtavTov ze-
al tcXco-Gt) t iro|X7TT| ir\apeo-Ke[ya.o-y.i\vTj ojs aptara
rfj
A-
0t|vd kolQ' ^Kaa-To]^ tov evtavTov virep tov Brjpbov tov *A-
, 5
8T]vaiu)v Kal Td\]A,a baa Bel BtOLKTjTat irepl ttjv eopTrj-
v ttjv dyo\i.tvr\v r\rj Oe(p KaXcos viro t&v iepoiroiwv els
tov del
xp
vov
5 k\tyrj<f>icrdai tgj Brjpioj' rd puev dWa Kadd-
irep tt) povXfj, djvecv Be tovs lepoiroiovs rd<$ puev Bvo
0v<rias ttjv t tt)]
'
ABrjva
rfj
rr
Tyteia teal ttjv ev toj Ap-
io pcCu) Trd^w Qvo]/jLevr)v KaOdirep irpoTepov, Kal veipuavT-
as tois Trpvrdv]eaiv irevre pueptBas Kal tols evvea dp-
Xovo-tv irevTc] Kal Tapaaus ttjs Oeov plav Kal tois lep-
ottoiois uiav] Kal tols ar[par^Tjyo ? Kal tols ra^tdp^-
ois Kal Trd<riv t](H9 iropir[iva-i]v toIs ' AOrjvaiois Kal ra-
15 is KavT)<J>6p<n] 9 Ka(rd) rd elco[Q6ra\' rd Be aXXa Kpea AOrjvaio-
ts fip^tv'
'Ajiro Be T(jov re[rTap]aKOvra puvoov koI ttjs pu-
ds tv Ik ttjs \i\icr0ojaecos ttjs veas (BoajvijaavTes ol lep-
ottoioI p.Td t]gov ftocovajv irepLyjravTes t>)v iropLiTTjv
rfj
6e-
0v6vtwv ra]vras tus /3ovs dirdcras eirl toj
ftcopLw ttjs
20 *A0T|vds tu \ii]yd\(p, puiav Be eirl toj ttjs Nlktjs, irpoKpl-
vavres K twv] KaXXtaTevovaoov /3oqji>, Kal OvaavTes ttj-
1 *A0Tjvd ttj] UoXidBt Kai tt)
'
AOrjva ttj Nlktj diracroj-
v tc3v
Pov
t]z/ dirb twv TeTTapaKOVTa puvo3v Kal puds eco-
vT|p.V(ov vi\i]6vTcov Ta Kpea tgj Brjpioj too AOrjvaiwv ev
25 KepajieiKciJt KaOdirep ev toZs aWais Kpeavopulais. A[tt-
oSovvcu 8e] t9 puepiBas els tov Brjpov KaaTov KaTa [t-
ovs Trep.Trov]Ta9 oiroaovs av Tcapeyr} Br/puos eKaaTos. [E-
ls 8 Ta \ki\o~0ojpaTa Trjs iropurrjs Kal to pbayeipiKov Ka[\
k6(T|at|o-iv] tov ftojpov
tov pbeydXov Kal TaWa ocra iTpoa\r\-
30
Kt Trpovo]eicr6ai irepl ttjv eopTTjv Kal els iravvvyLBa
8i86vai] :
P
: Bpa^pbds. Tovs Be lepoiroiovs tovs Biol[k-
ovvTas r]d YiavaOrjvata Ta KaT evtavTov iroelv ttjv ira\y-
wxtSa] 009 KaWtaTTjv Trj Sew Kal ttjv iropmTjv 7repb7re[i-
v djxa t|]Xtft) dviovTC, ^TjpiovvTas tov purj irei6ap'%o\yvT-
35
a Tats Ik] twv vopicov %rjpLiai\s]. ^EtXeaOat Be tov BfjpL[ov . . .
d]^[8]pa?
ef
A0Tjvaicov a7r[dvTv
The decree ordains the annual celebration of the Lesser Panathenaea.
From the subject, the appearance of the letters on the: stone, and the general
43]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 115
style of the engraving, Koe. refers the inscription to the administration of
Lycurgus. Cf. 41.
2. nar' iviaurov. These words, as well as to. Wa.vaQ-qva.ia to, kcit' iviavrov
1. 32, make it clear (against Michaelis Parth. 332) that the fxiKpd are meant.
In Lysias 'AwoX. dupod. 2, 4 they are called Havad. ra fiiKpd, but oftener simply
TLavadrjvaia. Both the punpd and the jueydXa took place in Hecatombaeon.
6. ieporroiQv. The lepoTroioi iy ^ovXijs (9 9,
note) are meant, not the
iepoiroLol nar' iviavrov, ace. to Ziehen I.e., who infers from Arist. 'Ad. iroX. 54, 7
that the former had charge of the p.iKpd Ylavadqvaia as well as the fieydXa.
Similarly special iepcnroioL were appointed for the Mysteries CIA n 872, 39, and
for the Dionysia CIA iv 2, 184 b, 3.
9. 'Adrjvqi 'Tyida. See CIA i 335. The restoration in 1. 10 is doubtfully
adopted by D, partly from Kangabe (A. H. 814). Cf. Paus. i 28, 5 : ical
/3w/x6s e<TTLv (sc. iv
'
Ape'uo irayu>) ' Adrjv as 'Apetas, 6v dvidrjKev ('Opiarvs) aTcxpvywv
ttjv SIktjv.
11. vel/xavr[as : so D and others. Qu. veL/xdvTCjv? For the variation between
recta and obliqua cf. Meisterhans Gr. 248 and below 19 dvovruv, 24 vefMovruv.
16. airb 8i tG>v ktX. Cf. Isocr. vii 29 : iv 5e ro?s ayiur&Tots tQv iep&v airb
/juadu)/j.dTU}v edvov, i.e., ace. to Didymus ap. Harpocr. , dvrl rod i< twv Te/xeviKuv
irpoaodwv ; also 78 22 and D 615, 39 (Myconus) : 6 ipya6p.ev[os rb
x
w
p\<-
ov to
iv 2a ....
|
too
'
Ax^Xipov p-Ladco/Aa d7ro5i5[6]ra; [avrov rw] 'Ax[eXi^]w['
|
,
xai]
tovto Karadviado}. From the sum named, 41 minae, for the hecatomb and from
the form of expression (dirb tQv) we learn that the oxen (kine) cost somewhat
less than 41 drachmae per head (Boeckh St.'* n note 127). D however suggests
that possibly at this period in Athens a less number of victims than a hundred
was counted as a hecatomb.
26. tovs TrifxirovTas : restored by F. Blass.
28. els 8e rd piaddipara ktX. : i.e.
'
towards the contracts for the procession
and the cook's fee.'
30. [irpovo]e?adai. So D. All that the stone offers is -weiadat, but a verb
of the form -aelv (as in e.g. Delphian fafiiweiv) in Attic is impossible.
31. The form
P,
for the more common
P,
is the usual one in the
inscriptions connected with the administration of Lycurgus. Koe.
43. A slab of Pentelic marble, said to have been found in the Piraeus.
CIA ii 168; D 551. Cf. Koehler, Herm. v 351 sqq.; Foucart, Ass. rel. 187.
Alphabet, type 1. 1,Toixy<>bv.
O
= ou in AvKovpyos 1. 31, unless
Y
has
been accidentally omitted.
]
e o L
333/2
y
pj7rl NiKOfcpdrovs apypvr- 9 ^rjjovaio<;' eho^ev ry /3-
o? tVl 7-79 AlyeiSos irpcor- ovXer 'A^rt[8]oTo? AttoAAo-
779 irpvraveia's, rcou wpoeS- Scopov ^.VTrcukrjTTLOs et-Tre-
5
pcov 7r6-\jr7](j)i^v e6(j)i\o- v irepl wv Xeyovaiv ol K^t-
82
116 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[43
10 lets irepl tt)s ISpvcreccos
rfj
WcfypoSirrj tov lepov,
iyjrrjcpiaOat ret ftovXei, ro-
vs Trpoehpovs ol av Xa^w[<r-
i irpoeSpevecv els ttjv irp-
15 cottjv K/c\r)(Tiav Trpocraya-
yelv avrovs /cal ^prjfjbari-
crai, yvco/jbrjv Se %vv(3aK\ea-
Oai rrjs fiovXfjs eh tov Sr}-
/jlov, on Bo/cet
rfj
/3ov\ei
20 cLKOvcravra tov Stj/ulov twv
KtTieLcov irepl rrjs ISpva-
etcos tov Lepov ical aWov
"Adrjvalcov tov (BovKofxevo-
v /3ov\evcraa6at otl av av-
^5
T(2> Sotcel apiGTOV elvai.
'Kirl Nifco/cpaTovs ap^ovT-
O? 7rl TTjS UavStOViSoS 8-
K-
evTepas TrpvTaveias, twv
irpoeSpcov eireyjrTJc^L^ev <$>a-
30 voaTpaTos <>ikatBr)<;' eSo-
%ev tc5 hrj/jbw' Avxovpyos A
v/co(j)povo<; JSovTciSrjs eiir-
ev irepi wv ol eviropoL ol
iTLeis eSo^av evvo/xa Ik-
35
eTeveiv aWovvTes tov S-
TJ/jLOV %G)pLOV eVK,T7]GlV i[y
oj ISpvaovTac lepov
\\<f>p-
oSlttjs, SeSo^Oac tg3 hrjp,-
(p,
Sovvat tols efJLiropois
40 twv KiTtecov ev/cTrjcTLv %[w-
piov ev a) ISpvaovTaL to
lepbv rr)<? 'AcfipoSiTT]^, Ka6-
direp teal ol AlyvirTLOL to
ttjs lcr009 Lepov ibpvvT-
45
Tat.
Certain merchants of Citium in Cyprus ask leave to set up a temple to
Aphrodite at Athens and to acquire land for the purpose. The /3ov\ri merely
decreed to introduce the petitioners to the Assembly, that the latter might
decide as they thought best. Thus the decree of the
fiovXr),
1
25, is not a
probouleuma in the ordinary sense. It is followed, 26 sqq. , by an independent
decree of the People (1. 30 '^do^ev tu drj/uicp) granting the permission applied for.
But the decree of the povk-q, as well as that of the drj/nos, was engraved on the
marble, because it was of importance to the petitioners, that the grant made
to them should appear formal and should be shown to have been deliberated
upon previously by the (3ov\r). (D I.e. refers to E. Lenz Das Synedrion d.
Bundesgenossen im zweiten Ath. Bunde, Elbing, 1880, p. 46 sqq., who refutes
Hartel St. 277.)
The omission of the name of the ypafifxarevs both here and in the next
decree, 1. 26 sqq., as well as the absence of any directions for engraving the
document, may be accounted for by supposing that the Citieans themselves
caused the marble to be engraved.
9. ol Ktrtets. Cf. ol AlytiTrrioi below 43. Koe. Herm. I.e. thinks that by
these expressions may be meant close corporations to be compared with the
Italici or cives Romani qui Argeis qui Mitylenis negotiantur of late Latin
inscriptions. The formula irepl <Z>v kt\. is a very common one : see Index and
below 1. 33.
10. 22. idptiaeitas. Cf. below 21 Kineicov ; but 1. 40 KitUuv. See 39.
11. rrj 'Acppodlrr]. Cf. CIA II 1588 :
'
' ApiGTOKKe'a Kinds 'Acppodlrr} Ovpavia
ev^afiivn avedrjKev.
14 sqq. See note on 52 54.
44]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 117
31. AvKovpyos. Cf. 41. Koe. Herm. I.e. quotes in illustration of the
frequent appearance of Lycurgus as proposer of decrees relating to religious
matters Plut. X orr. 843 d : dire iced vepl iepGiv iroWaias.
33. irepl uv kt\. :
'
with regard to the request which the merchants of
Citium were held to have lawfully made, in begging of the People the right to
possess a plot of land etc' On the meaning of i>KT7)at.s (^y/cT^cris), with its
dialectic forms gyKTaais (Hyperdoric) , ^fiiraais (Doric), g-mraaLS, ^iraais (Boeotian),
see D. A. and cf. 32 25 sqq. The present case, in which land is granted to
foreigners for the erection of a sanctuary, is a special one.
44. ttjs "I<ri5os. Before the discovery of this inscription it was commonly
thought that the worship of Isis was not introduced into Greece till after the
foundation of Alexandria.
44. A slab of Pentelic marble found in the Acropolis. On a relief sur-
mounting the slab is written, probably by a later hand, the word
FYTA
~
' I
A
(Le Bas Mon.
Jig.
tab. xxxvu.
2
; Schoene Gr. Reliefs n. 63, cf. p. 34).
CIA ii 172.
Alphabet, type 1;
does not occur. : before or after numeral signs.
The first three lines aroixv^ov.
(tlv iijelvai ypdyjra .... o . e ... .
ov Kal
: |- : Kara rov avhpa et9 Se ....
tw Brj/ubo)
So/cfj.
Ql&e i\j]<p>rov[py]rj<Tav eVt [tou Scivos apxovros.
ISipe^rjtBo^'
Kr/(j6tcro8ft)^o9 MetStou \\[va]yvpdaios
(:
pi)
'Ap^e/3io? 'Apxe/StdSov [Aa]^7r[Y]p[i5]9
(: p
1
)
AlyrjtBos*
[O (H)e07TOyL67ro9 Yluppl^OV r[apyrj]TT0?
(: p)
Nwo/cX?)? Kf[8a]zrrl$r)<;
(:
pi)
TlavhtovlSos'
Al6(j)aVTOS AlO7TL0OV [Mvp]f)LVOV . . .
IldfjicfuXos [X]atp<f)L\ov n[aia]weiy? :
H
15 AeoouriSos'
Aevfctos eo/fXeof? [2,]ovviev<$
:
pi
Tli;^&)[v] Uv6o[K]\eov<; X[ov]vlvs :
P
AKafJiavrLhos'
A77[p]o/c\)?
HetVtSo? 2[<|>tjt]t0?
: j-|
118 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[44
20 X[iira)]^ [opi]/a09
:
H
- - -
0]lvr)t'So<;'
Xfilrcpos ['Axjap^eu?
(: P)
- - -
Me'[v]*/7r7ro? At]/xoKpdrov[<s ' Ax]apvev<;
(: P)
- - -
Ke*:p073-/809*
25 XapiBrj/jbos Ala-^vXov 'A[6fiov]ei;?
(: P)
- -
-
Xa[p>79 ['A ]ov Atfa>i/[>5s] :
AAAAPhhl-l
'17777000)im'So?*
Xatpe3[T]|jLo]? ['EX]6u[<rivi]o[s]
(: p)
- - -
A lavriSos
30 SOfjL[v7]]aro<; ['Pajxvjoucrto?
(: P)
- - -
. . /jLOcr6evr}<; ['Fa\LJvovaiO<; (:
P)
- - -
'AvTioJ^tSos*
The opening lines probably are the remains of a decree sanctioning the
erection and engraving of the marble containing the list or lists below of those
who have served the liturgy called evra^ia. The liturgy of the evavdpia, i.e. the
obligation to provide the expense of the contest for evavdpia in the Pana-
thenaea, is known from other sources
;
see CIA 11 965, 26.
The liturgy in the case of evra^ia was, at the date of the inscription,
apparently performed by a a-wreXeia, two men from each of the ten tribes,
contrary to the usage prevailing in ordinary liturgies (Dem. Lept. 462, 463),
though an exception was made by a decree of the People for a
xPVy^
in 412/1 b.c. after the exhaustion consequent upon the Sicilian Expedition.
(Boeckh, St.
s
1 538 and note c.)
As regards the date of the inscription, Koe. notes that several of the names,
e.g. 'Apxe'^tos 1. 8, Ai6<pavTos 1. 13, Tlvdw 1. 17, appear in the marine inscriptions
of the Demosthenic age as those of trierarchs ; and further that the style
of the letters points to 340 sqq. B.C.
A column of letters on the right appears to be what remains of a second
list of names.
2. The words seem to refer to some payment of a drachma per man.
At the end of 1. 2 we may supply eav or icad' on av.
4. e\rj<p>Tou[py]7)aai>. The spelling Xeir- for the older A777-- did not
begin on inscriptions till about 300 b.c Meisterhans, Gr. 37. Cf. 23 35.
On the superfluous
p
see Meisterhans, Gr. 81, who treats it as a case of
metathesis ; it is more probably a simple error of the engraver (Baunack,
St. 1 37).
6. 'Epe%0?7'i5os. Observe that the ten tribes appear here in their usual
official order of precedence. Cf. Rem. vi, p. 127. The order was of course
subject to alteration in the annual settlement by lot of the order of prytanies.
Thus when two new tribes were added (Rem. vi) the Demetrias, second in the
new order of precedence, appears as seventh in the order of prytanies in
306/5 B.c. (49 1 sq.).
45]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 119
7. In this and the following lines where
F
1
is enclosed in brackets the
stone has
P.
The symbols specify the number of drachmas furnished respec-
tively by the persons named.
45. A stele of Pentelic marble found in the Acropolis. Koehler Mitth. vm
(1883) 211 sqq. ; CIA iv 2 179 b
;
D 152. Cf. Wilamowitz Comment, gramm.
iv 24
;
Drerup Jahrb. 1896, 242 sq.
Alphabet, type 1. Itolx^ov, with some exceptions, to 1. 65. The mark I :\
generally before and after numeral symbols.
e o
[[].
325/4
'Ett-J, \\vTifc\(e)ov<> dp^ovros, iirl rfjs AlyelBos ireparr-
779 irpvraveias,
fj
Avncpwv Kopolftov KXevcri. iypa-
fx/jbdrevev' ivBe/cdrrj, rerdprrj Kal rpiaKoarfj -7-779 rrpvrav-
5 etas" rwv TrpoeSpcov i7refrr)<biv <>LXvXXo<; EXeuerjf.
Ar)p. oa6evr]<; Arfpofckeows Aaparrpevs eiirev iireih-
rj 'Hpa/cXclSr]? SaXa/xtVto? SmTeXet (piXoripbovpi-
evos 7rpo? to^ Brjfiov rov ' A0r)valcov Kal ttoloov 6 re o-
vvarai dyaOov, [/c]al rrpbrepbv re irrehooKev iv rrj or-
10 iravoairia :
XXX
: /leBifivovs rrvpwv :
P
: Bpd^fiov-
9 TrpooTos tcdv KarairXevaavrcov iviropcov, Kal irdXcv,
ore at iinSoaei^ r/aav, eTreSco/ce
: XXX
: opaj(jj,a$ el-
9 atrcovlav, /cal rd aXXa ScareXel evvovs gov kcli
(f>t-
\0TL/jLOV/jLVOS 7T/0O9 TOV hrj
fJLOV heho^Odi TOO StJ/jLO)-
15 1, erraiveoai 'HpaKXei&rjv HapiKXelBov XaXapLivi-
ov fcal are^avwaai ^pvcnp
arecfidvat evvocas eveK-
a teal (frtXoripLias t?)9 77-/009 rov hrjpbov rov 'AOrjvalcov
eivau S avrbv irpo^evov Kal evepyerrjv rov Stj/jlov
rov ' AOrjvaicov avrov Kal eyyovovs, elvai h avrols
20 Kai
7779
fcal ol/cias ey/crrjaiv Kara rov vopuov, Kal o-
rpareveadat avrovs rds arpareia^ Kal ela(f>epe-
iv Ta9 elacfoopds fierd AOrjvaLwv. dvaypdxjrat Be roB-
e ro yjr7](f)iapLa rov ypa/mpuarea rov Kara rrpvraveiav
Kai rou? aXXovs eiraivovs roi>9 yeyevijfiivovs av-
is, ro3 iv arrfKy XtOivei Kal arijaat iv aKpoiroXei, e-
i9 Be rrjv dvaypa<\>r\v T779 arrfXrjs Bovvai rov rapiia-
v : AAA : Bpa^puds iK rdov et9 rd Kara ^rj^iapuar dvaXia-
Kopuevcov r<Z Brjpiw.
120 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[45
T7]Xefia^o(; SeavyeXov
'
A^apvev<=; elirev e7retBr)
(
Hp-
30
a/cXeLSrjs ZaXa/JiivLos eirehw/cev tov ctltov toj
Stf-
/ji(p TrevreSpa^/jLov irpwros twv /caTairXevcrdvTGJv i-
fjbiropcov 7r AptarocfxtiVTos dpyovTos, e^TjcjjiaOac rc5-
l hr)fx(p iircuveaai Upa/cXecSyv HapacXeihov SaX-
afxivLov /cal arecfyavcocrac avrov ^pucrco aTecfjdva)
35
(fjcXoTt/juias eve/ca rrj<; et? tov Si]/jiov tov
'
'
Adrjvaioj-
v eTrecSr) 8e icaTayQels viro
(
Hpa/cXecDTa>v irXeajv
'
Kdrj-
va^e TrapetpeOr) tcl igticl vtt avTwv, eXecrOat
TTpecrfi-
evTTjv eva avSpa e 'AOrjvalcov airdvTcov, octtis dcfji/cofxevos e-
t9 Jipa/cXeiav 009 Aiovvcriov d^iojcrei diro^ovvau t-
40 a io~TLa Ta H-pcucXeloov /cal to Xotirbv
fxrihev dhace-
Iv t<mv AOrjva^e TrXeovTOJV /cal TavTa 7rocGov Ta tc 8l-
Kaia Troirjcrei /cal ov&evbs aTvyjqcrei tov Srjfiov [to]0 [A-
0Tjvaiwv] tojv hi/caiojv Sovvai Se toj alpeOevTt irpecrjBev-
Ti eZ? ecfjoSoa tov Ta/JLiav tov Stj/jlov
P
h
pampas eic tcw-
45
v KaTa ^7](picriJLaT dvaXiaKo/xevojv toj cjrjfiw. Rlped-
7] 7rpea/3evTj)<; %r)(3ayevr)s 'EXeucru/to?.
T^Xifia^o^ %eayyeXov 'A^ap. elirev eifrrjcfjicrOai, toj
r)fjb<p
ttjv j3ovX?)v irpo/3ovXevo-aaav etjevey/ceiv e-
l<; tt)v 7rpoJTT)v eK/cX^crlav irepl
(
Hpa/cXel$ov, icad 6 T-
50 1 evprjcreTai dv to SvvrjTai dyaObv irapd tov BtJ/jlov
tov ' AOrjvaiojv.
Kr/cfjicroSoTos JLvap^lSov A^apvevs elirev irepl ojv 6
Sfjfios irpoaeTa^ev tjj ftovXr} TrpofiovXevcrai nrep-
l 'Hpa/cXetSov tov ^aXafitvlov, heho^Oat Trj /3ovX-
55
fj>
iireiSr) 'Hpa/cXeiSr]? /caTairXevcras Adrjva^e ctlt-
ov aycov errehoj/cev toj ^/jlm Tpicr^cXtov^ fjuehtfjuv-
ovs irevTe hpa^fjbojv e/cacrTov, tovs irpoeSpovs o\ dv Xd^ojcri-
v TrpoeBpeveov et? tt)v irpcoTTjv eK(/c)Xr]aLav irpoaaya-
yelv
r
Jipa/cXel&7]v Trpbs tov hrjixov /cal xprj/jLaTicrai,,
60 yvoj/jLrjv Se ^vixf3dXXecr6ai tt)?
ftovXris eh tov Stj/xo-
v otl So/cei rrj
fiovXei, eiraiveaai 'Hpa/cXelSrjv Xa-
pucXelSou XaXa/jLLVtov ical aT(f)avo)aat
%p-
vaoo aTecf)dv(p dirb
p
1
Spa^/jLcov elvai h avTw ical ev-
pecrdat irapd tov Stj/iov o ti dv SvvrjTai dya66v, 07T&)? d-
65 v [/cal 01 aX^Xoc c^iXoTLfjLOJVTaL elSoTes, otl TL/j,a /cal o~Te-
cf)avo2
7)
fiovXrj TOf? <^>[t-
XOTtfAOV/JLeVOVS.
45]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 121
<>vXev<; Tiavcraviov Olvatos elirev iireiSr) 'HpafcXelSrjs
ZaXafiiinos KarairXev-
330/29
0.^
'
' KOrjva^e alrov aycov iir 'Aptcrrocfxtivros dpyovro^
iireSco/cev rco Sr/ficp : XXX :
/*-
&i/ulvov<z
P
Spdyfjiovs teal Sea ravra o SrjfjLOS eyjrrjcfrio-aro
avrco rr\v fiovXrjv 7rpo/3ov-
70 Xevcracrav e^evey/celv et? rbv Stj/llov tcaO' 6 ri evprjaerai av
ri Svvrjrao dyaObv irapa
328/7
T0{)
Srffjiov
rod
'
KOrjvaicov, /ecu irdXiv err EivOvtcplrov
apyovros eirehcotcev rco (SrjfjLco) et? aurcoviav :
XXX
: S-
payfjid^
y
SeSo^Oac
rfj ftovXf)
rovs irpoeSpovs ol av Xa^cocn
7TpO$pVlV et? T7)V KVpiCLV
e/c/cXrjaiav irpoaayayelv 'WpatcXeihrjv 7rpo<; rbv Srjfiov real
Xprj/bLaTLcrai, yvcofjur/v 8e %v-
fjb^dXXeaOai rrjs fiovXrjs et? rbv Bfjfiov ore So/cei
rfj fiovXf}
iiraiveaai
r
UpafcXelSrjv
75
XapifcXelSov %aXa/jblvtov zeal arefyavwcrai ypvacv erre^dveo
dirb :
f
71
: Spay/jbcov
eivau
8'
avrcp teal evpeaOav <x<y[a06v ira]pd rov hrjfxov brov
av Sorcel a^to? elvao, oVa)?
av real ol aXXoi eOeXcocrc
[.
. . . ]&)[
r-qv fiovjkrjv
Kal rbv
S??[h0
o
[
v
]
opoovres
rovs (f)iXorifxovfie[vovs
------------
T6v] hrjpuov
_____________________
7Trtcr[a]9
80 a
[-----------------].
corona corona corona corona
o 8f}/jLO<;
Sfffjbos rj /3ovXt]
y
j3ovX?].
The stone contains five decrees conferring honours upon the corn-factor
Heraclides of Salamis in Cyprus. The decrees are instructive in many respects
and illustrate the order of engraving upon the stone usual in such cases.
The latest of the decrees (1
28),
conferring the proxenia, is the first engraved,
as furnishing the occasion for the rest. The chronological order is the
following : (i) 4751, a decree of the ecclesia directing the boule to prepare
a probouleuma in honour of Heraclides
;
(ii) 52
66,
proposal of the boule to
confer a crown; (iii) 29

-46, decree in honour of Heraclides


(329/8 B.C., for
services rendered in 330/29 b.c.) and instructions to ambassadors to request
Dionysius of Heraclea (Pontus) to supply him with sails in place of some
stolen by the Heracleotae
;
(iv) 6780, fresh probouleuma in honour of
Heraclides for services rendered in 328
7 b.c
;
(v) 1 28, proxenia- and
122 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[45
euergesia-decree for the services rendered in both of the years mentioned,
together with a resolution that all the distinctions should be recorded on stone
(325/4 b.c).
3. 'EXeixn(pios). For the abbreviation see 35 6.
4. evdeK&Trj. Koe. thinks that the words Ilooeibewvos devrepov may have
fallen out. He shows that the equation, 11th of the month = 34th of the
5th prytany, could not occur in an ordinary year (cf. the tables, Schmidt,
Chr. 765 sqq.). The day in question will then be the 188th of the civil year,
if we assume that of the first four prytanies two were of 38, two of 39 days
each. This is a clear instance (to which may be added CIA n 121, iv 2, 231 b) in
which there is a violation of the rule laid down by Arist. 'A6. iro\. 43, 2 (for
410/9 b.c.) that the four surplus days w
T
ere assigned by lot to the first four
prytanies (making the ordinary year 4 x 36 + 6 x 35). Cf. Sandys ad loc.
10. o-rravoaiTia. This famine is mentioned Dem. c. Phorm. 918, c. Phaenipp.
1045, 1048 (Schaefer, Dem. in
2
29n sqq.). We learn from the inscription that
the scarcity did not begin till after 330 b.c, prevailed in 328 b.c, but was over
by the beginning of 324 b.c CIA n 808, a 40 sqq. , a marine document, shows
that in 326 b.c there was scarcit}' of corn at Athens : [Terprjpets r]do-5e eSop.ev
[Kara \p-q<pia~\ixa 8r]p,ov, 6 Uo[\vevKros K]v8avTlSris elire, eVt tt\v [Trapa.Trop.7rr)]v
t[oO] <tLtov. Koe.
10. :
P
: 8pdxp-ovs : i.e., irevrebpaxp-ovs. In 1. 31 the word is written in full
and in 1. 69 there is no
(:)
before and after the -w. For the amount cf. Dem.
c. Phorm. 918.
12. at eVtSocrets. Cf. 1. 71. D quotes also CIA n 808, c 1 sqq. ot[5e tQu
TpLrf\papxwv, lov 8[iir\coa(v
17]
j3ov\r) 7/ ewi Xpef/xTjros dpx\ovros (326/5
B.C.) ttjv
TpL7j[pr] 7}v eZJxev eKaaros avrQiv, [apyvpi]ov KareftaXov dir[o8eKTa]is ro?s eVt X/ae/xT^ros
ap]x
ouTs Kai t"reXo7[itrai']ro e <s>v eire 80a av els [to. ct]lti>jv lk&.
20. /cara tov v6p.ov. It appears that in the fourth century b.c and later
the value of the property held under this privilege of gyKTyais was limited by
law: cf. CIA 11 380, 27 sq. VTapxeiv
5'
aiVcp /cat ^yK[T7]<nv ot/aas pt.ev euros to\6.v]tov,
777s [8]e 8veiv Ta\dvT[oLu
;
iv 2, 407 e, 27 sq. eyKTT)[(riv ot/aas Tip.rjp:a]\Tos XXX,
777s
8e
TT,
and iv 2, 451 b, 3. For /cat o-TpaTetieadai kt\. cf. CIA 11 176, 29 ; 1 3.
24. iwalvovs: i.e. the decrees in 4751, 5266, 2946, 67end. The
word Ziraivoi is perhaps chosen to include xf/rjcpla/xaTa and irpo^ovKevixara. Koe.
29. TrjXepLaxos : ridiculed by the comic poet Timocles in the plays Lethe,
Dionysus, Icarii, ap. Athen. ix 407 d sqq.
37. Trapeipe'dr]. Cf. irapeiTr)<raTo 53 26. The et of the augment from a
present at- is frequently found after 378 b.c as a consequence of the transition
of 7) to et ; cf. 31 3. After 100 b.c this orthography ceases. Meisterhans, Gr.
171.
39. Alovvcrioi>. See Diet. Biogr. A coin of his is figured in Head, H. N.
442.
44. et's e065ta. Cf. 36 63.
67. $v\eus. He is the subject of an honorary decree in 336/5 b.c (CIA iv
2,
128 b).
72. Kvpiav. The usual expression is ets ttjv TrpwTrjv eKKkrjo-Lav. But we have
Aristotle's authority ('A0. iro\. 43, 4) for the statement that at the most
important {KvpLa) of the four assemblies of each prytany the question of corn-
supply was one of those especially discussed. D. Cf. Grilb. C. A. 285 sqq.
46]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 123
46. A slab of Pentelic marble found in the Acropolis. CIA n 203.
Alphabet, type 1. Ztoix??56j>. There appear to have been 31 letters in each
line. There is no
\f/
in the fragment remaining.
icre . vye . . rat
elayyetrai cr
7r[o]t?7cre[o-9]a[i] r
Ka6[6\n dv.cr.8rj... Tvyrj
5
(ryct
] 6^17 [t] ? 8e8oy6ai
[.
to> 8-rjfJLa)
/nev Eco/cX^ija tu
v b6ev <f)7]crlv ttj/jl [it
.... StJ/jlo), iirei8dv 8e e[l]?
$a.v\epav Karaarrjar] rr)[v ctva-
10 t rrii]v KapiruxTiv ^w/cXel cr
ts irevrje KdL eiKOGl hrr), Kap7r[ov<rQai 8e to
piv 'tjrepov 6T09 ttj/jl 7roXi[i' to 8e rep-
ov] 2,(jL>K\ea vaXXd eco<; [d]y
. . c]t9 ra 7T6[vt]6 teal et/co[<ri 'iTt\
15 avT]c5 tj 7roX[i]9 KOfjbi^ea6a[i
.... Tot? avTMv TdXecn . e
.... tt\v auXXoyrjv S<w/c[\]ei
ira] VTayoQev oiroOev d[y
cl]vvt(i)
(?)
8e Xa)/cXr}<; rr)v avXX\oyr\v ttjs p7~
20 ao-J/a? iirl tov dpyovTO*; ro[y
6 av]ro? 8e Tpoiros earco t[t]]9 cr^Moyfjs Kal
t]^9 7rpd(T6CO<i Kal ttjs t[i]/x^[s Kal ttjs io
irp]afea)9 T&y ^pr)/jidT(i)[v iv aS dv r\ Kapira>o
is]
rfi
iroXeu yiyv[r\\Tai e[ru
25 . . X(*)/cXr)<; T7)v ipy[a]criav
. . . e^earco [/jL]r/8ev[\ pj^re e[iireCv ptjt 4m-
tyt\\tyicraL ft)9 8el
d(f>[e]\ea 6[ai SwKXe'a ttjv t-
pyjaaiav i] 8ta/c(oXvcrai ip[ydleo-Qai &os
dv] KapirwariTat rb[v \J/T)<pio-pvov
(?)
xpovo-
30 v 4a]^ 8e TIS elm)\l tj eiriy\ir)<\>i<rr\ <os Sti d-
$ik\6cr6aL,
6(f>
iX[tiv avTov
x^as
8p-X~
pds]
rfj
A6r)va' . a . . 8 [t-
tj iro]X6t TT)S /3Xd/37][s] T . . . (? V7r68ltCOV elvdl)
. > . . t ev rat? i/jLiro [piKais Sikcus
124 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[46
35
... . KkeiTTwv rj vtto
KaKoi-Je^ixw*/ a\tcr[K
. . . k]pyao/jLVO
. . . real 2ft>/cA.e
. . . [%]a)/c\L ira
40
iro\
Koehler affirms that the style of the letters, which are small and carefully
engraved, is similar to that of inscriptions belonging to the administration of
Lycurgus
; and he would assign the inscription to about 330 b.c. It contains a
decree settling the terms of a lease of some public land by the state to one
Socles. Koehler compares an Eretrian inscription (Eustratiades 'E0.
apx-
n> s.
1869 no. 404) on a similar subject.
8, 9. It is arranged that Socles, after having fulfilled certain conditions
(eTretS&j' kt\.), shall in alternate years have the usufruct of the land for 25 years,
the produce reverting to the state every other year during the same period.
1525. Stipulations are laid down as to the times and manner of gathering
in the produce (0-1AAO77? tt)s ipyaaias) and selling it.
2632. A fine is threatened against any one who proposes or puts to the
vote any motion for depriving Socles of his privileges. For the language cf.
8 20.
31. ocpeiXetv olvtov. This exactly fills the space. CIA has 60et\e'ra>.
34. Disputes arising from the lease were to be settled iv reus eixwopLKah
dixcus i.e. in suits between merchants, which had to be finished within a month.
Cf. Dem. Halonn, 79.
47. A slab of Hymettian marble found in the Piraeus. D 500; CIA iv 2,
192 c. Cf. Hartel, Att. Staatsr. 37 s ; A. Wilhelm GGA 1898, 221 sq.
Alphabet, type 1.
A O
frequently appears as
A O.
The text is a combi-
nation of the readings of Kumanudes and Koehler.
'AvaypcKpevs 'Ap%e[i]f<os Nav/cptrov Aa/jL7TT[pev]s.
320/19
'E7n ^eai^fJiov ap^ovros, eVt Tr)s Kpe^Or)-
i'8o$ Sefre[p]a? Trpvraveias, el 7]pa[\i\ev-
779
Kr)(j)i(Ttev<; iypa/jL/jbdreve' Bo^Spo/itw-
5
1/09 ivSe/cdrei, fiia ical rpia/cocrTec ttj-
9 TrpVTaveLas' t&v nrpoehpwv irre^rj^i^e
Ato8oT09 'Itcaptevs' eho^ev r<p SrjfMp'
A-
TjfjLaSrjs Arj^eov UaLavoevs eirrev 07T&)9 cl-
v rj dyopd rj
ifjb
Yleipael K^ajraiTKevaaOel k-
10 al 6fid\Lcr06L c9 KaXXiara /cai ra iv tg5
47]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 125
ayopavofiLG) emcricevaaQel ocrcov irpoa-
Becrai diravra, dyaOfj rv^rj, BeBo^Oat
to3 Br/fxcp, tov^ dyopavo/uLOVs tol>9 e/uu Yle-
ipael i7rc/jL\r]0f}vcu dirdvr(ov rovrcov, r-
15 o Be avd\(o/jLa elvai et? ravra etc rov dpy-
vpiov ov 01 dyopavofJboi Bia^eLpi^ovcr-
iv erreiBr) Be teal 7]
T&v darvvopifov eTTifxe-
\eia irpocrreraKTac rois dyopavopLois,
7rL/jLe\r)6r}vai rovs dyopavofiovs roov
0-
20 Bwv rcov irXareiwv,
fj
rj rroyurr) iropeverat
TO) Alt TCp %0)T7/pt fCCU TO) AiOVVaO), 017-
0)9 dv o/JLaX.tcr6(i)(TLP /cat fcaracr/cevaadwo'-
iv GJ9 j3e\ricrra, rd Be dvaXco/jiara elvai e-
9 ravra eic rod dpyvptov ov 01 dyopavo-
25
jjboo Bta^eup troverlv eiravay/ca^ovrcov
Be /cat tou9 rbv yovv fcaraftefiXrj/coras e-
h
Tas 0801*9 ravras dvau[p]eiv rpoircp o-
to) dv eiriarayvrai. eireiBdv Be erncnceva-
c
o~6el rod dyopavopnov d evBelrat teal r-
30 779 dyopds /cai rcov oBoov [s]c oj[v] r\ rrofxirr] rep
re At[t] to) Xcorrjpc /cat ra> A[\.o]vvo~(p irefji-
irerat, rd Xourd ^prjfjbara /cara[$d]Weiv a-
vrovs 77/009 T0U9 [a9]A,o#[Tas] /card rov vo-
/jlov. o7Tft)9 B" dv teal et9 rov Xolttov y^pbvov
35
0)9 (3e\rLa[T<i tj Ka]Te[o-Kvao-p.v]a rd r ev
rrj dyopa
rfj ifjb Heipael Kal rd ev ral-
9 oBols,
fj,rj
e^elvat
[prfievl [aiJtc] yovv /ca-
rapajAAe^ fir}re dX\[o \ii\S\v pjtc] Korrpco-
va
?x
tv i\ v T
V
ar
ypd ^[t] e[v] Ta.49 oBols
40 [ATiSaixov* edv 84 tis rojvrcov re iroel,
eafj,
pu-
ev S0OA09
y
\a/j,f3avera)
F
1
tt\-
Tj-yds
*
iv] B [eXcju 6ep-
os avrco e .
L
- - - - T69 av . . . ..
45
OV . . .
The decree contained in the text prescribes various duties to be carried'out
by the agoranomi of the Piraeus.
1. For the ai>aypa<pevs see Rem. v. p. 89.
126 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[47
4. Note that the secretary belongs to the Cephisian deme, i.e. to the
Erechtheid or presiding tribe : so in CIA n 191 the secretary belongs to the
Anaphlystian deme, i.e. to the Antiochid or presiding tribe, and this appears to
have been the rule during the short period for which the office of &vaypa<pevs
existed. Afterwards the rule which had been in force from 363/2 b.c. was
reverted to and the secretary whose name appears on decrees of the dij/xos was an
annual officer. Cf. 33 3.
7. Demades is the well-known orator of that name.
9. Ileipaet. This form first appears on inscriptions about 350 b.c. Meister-
hans, Gr. p. 32.
17. tQiv daTwSfxcov. There were ten astynomi, as there were ten agoranomi,
five in the city and five in the Piraeus, who among other duties had the care
of the public streets (Arist. 'Ad. iro\. 50, 2). We see that after the Lamian war,
perhaps in consequence of the paucity of qualified citizens, the office was dis-
continued and its duties handed on to the agoranomi. It seems however that
the office was soon revived (see CIA iv 2, 314 c). The office then continued,
perhaps with diminished numbers, to the second or third century a.d.
;
for in
the imperial period the ephebi, whose constitution was that of the Athenian
republic in miniature, had two annual astynomi (CIA in 1114, 1119, 1147,
1199). D.
21. ti2 Ad tc5 SwT?7pi. On to. AuaojTTjpta, which are mentioned in the ephebic
inscription CIA n 471, 30 and similar inscriptions, Dittenberger, De ephebis Att.
p. 70, remarks that we must understand it to be the sacrifice which was
performed at Athens in the month Scirophorion (cf. Mommsen Feste 528 sqq.).
But as in the ephebic inscriptions the Auawrripia are connected with naval
contests of the ephebi, Koehler thinks that some other festival must be meant
connected with the temple of Zeus Hoottjp in the Piraeus.
r Aiovfoy. Cf. 65 16 and CIA n 468, 11; 469, 13; 470, 12.
29. ivdeiTai : apparently = evdet Cf. CIA n 176, 14: i7rtd<l)ae[ip et]s [top
7r]6\e/xop ei tl 5e[ot]TO
[X X X X 8]paxfJ.ds (330/29 B.C.).
35 sqq. The restorations are mainly Dittenberger's ; cf. Wilhelm I.e.
48. A slab of Pentelic marble, found in the Acropolis. CIA n 235;
D 167. Cf. Th. Homolle Rev. Arch. Ser. 3 x (1887), 47 sqq.; J. Hoskyns-
Abrahall CI. Rev. v (1891), 242; C. T(orr) ibid. 278; Homolle, BCH xv
(1891),
136.
Alphabet, type 1.
f
does not occur, j once 1. 3. SToixySbv-
tv, fcaXecrat
Se Kcd tovs irp]ecr/3ei? ei? to 7rpvra[v-
eiov errl] %evia et? avpuov
\
%vv[a]\ov
Kal B]o8fii(X)/cav avaypd-tyai be roBe r-
5
o] ylr7]<j>icrfjLa top ypa/jLfjLarea rov Kara tt-
pvraveiav iv arijXrj XiOivrj Kal a-
48]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 127
rrjcrai iv atcpoiroXer et? 8e ttjv avcuy-
pa(pr]P t^? arrfkris
Sovvac rov ra/jLia-
v rov Stj/xov
pi
Spaxfias
/c rwv et? ra k-
10 ara ^rrjc^icrixaTa avaXucncofxevayv ru> Srjfjuw.
From the style of the letters Koe. assigns the decree to the period 330

300 B.C. Hicks (ed. 1, 142) attempts to fix the date more precisely. Honours are
granted to two persons who from their names must have been envoys of the
Carthaginians. One of them, Bomilcar (see note below), was executed in 308b.c.
for attempting to make himself king of Carthage (cf. Diod. xx 43 sqq.), and it is
possible that he and others may have been sent by the Carthaginians to Athens
to ask for help against Agathocles, whose expedition to Carthage lasted from
August 310 B.C. to the winter of 307 (see Grote, H. G. Pt. n, ch. 97).
3. Synalus was a Carthaginian commander in charge of Minoa in Sicily in
357 B.C. (Plut. Dion. 25 : ^ru^e 5e irapuv 6 Kapxydovios apx^v ~Oi>aXo$ iv t<
Xuplu), ^evos (x>v /cat <pLXos Alojvos).
4. B]o5fii{\)Kw. So D from the
OAMIAKAN
of Velsen
( DAM^A-
KAN
'Bodp.odKav, Koe.). The Phoenician form of the word is Bodmelkartli
(Noldeke ap. CIA) ; in Greek authors it takes the forms Bo/ai'Xkcis, Boa/x/X/cas,
Boi'/AiXccas. Homolle suggests 'lodfilXicav, referring to D 588, 10 (Delos) :
'Iw/jlLXkov avadep.a.
5 sqq. ypapLfiarevs Kara irpvraveiav : See Rem. V. p. 89. ra/xias tov drj/nov :
33 56; and for the concluding words 33 57. On the cost of engraving see
32 07.
Remark vi. Formula
of
decrees after 307/6 B.C. and re-arrange-
ment
of
the prytanies. A chronological re-arrangement was ne-
cessitated by the addition of two new tribes to the ten of Clisthenes,
which was followed by a redistribution of the denies. The two new
tribes, Antigonis and Denietrias, which in tribal precedence (cf. the
note on 44
6)
stood at the head of the twelve, were added in 307/6 B.C.,
and instead of ten Strategi there were thenceforward twelve : the
Council of 500 was raised to 600 and was divided no longer into ten
but into twelve prytanies, but the duodecimal arrangement does not
appear to have come into force till
306/5 B.C., because in CIA n 238
(307/6
B.C.) the first decade of Posideon is made to fall in the fifth
prytany: with twelve prytanies it would belong to the sixth prytany.
See the careful tables drawn up by M. Schmidt Chron. 771 sqq.
According to Schmidt, 582 sqq., the view that in the duodecimal
arrangement the length of the prytanies always in an ordinary year
exactly coincided with the length of the months, day for day,
is erroneous. Thus in the decree no. 50 the 29th day of the 10th
prytany coincides with the last day of Munychion, which happened
128 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I [R. vi
to be an intercalary day, i.e. the 30th, the natural end of the month
in the year 306/5 being the 29th; thus the
first
day of the 10th
prytany would be in that year the second day of Munychion, the first
day of Munychion being the last day of the preceding prytany. Yet
another useful chronological fact may be learnt by comparing no. 50
with no. 49 of the same year, in which the 27th day of the 7th
prytany falls on the last day of Gamelion. Now between the 30th
of Gamelion and the first of Munychion inclusive are 60 days, which
cover two days (the 28th and 29th of the 7th prytany) and two
prytauies of 29 days each. Therefore the year 306/5 is an ordinary
and not an intercalary year, which would have required, under the
duodecimal arrangement, prytanies of 32 days each. The prytanies
in 306/5 B.C. would be arranged as follows :
Gamelion 30 = 27th day of 7th Prytany
Anthesterion l = 28th
,, ,, ,,
,,
2 = 23th
,, ,, ,,
3= 1st

8th

,,
29 = 27tn
,, ,, ,,
Elaphebolion l = 28th
,, ,, ,,
2 = 29th

3= 1st

9th
30 = 28th
Munychion l = 29th
,, ,, ,,
2= 1st

10th

The Antigonis and Demetrias survived to nearly the end of the
third century B.C. and thus for a time with the Ptolemais, established
about 215 B.C. in honour of* Ptolemy Philopator (see Koehler CIA
iv 385 c and cf. Polyb. v 106,
6),
there were thirteen tribes. Cf. CIA
iv 2,
385 c?, 1,
2: 'E77-1 Aio/cAeous apxovros
(after 215 B.C.), ri rrjs
'l7T7ro^a>vTt|Sos Tptrrjs kolI SeKctT^s 7rpvTavLa<;. In 201 B.C. the
ArraAis was added in honour of Attalus I (cf. Polyb. xvi 25, 9;
Liv.
xxxi 15) and the Antigonis and Demetrias were probably then
abolished and the number twelve restored. In imperial times again
we find a tribe Hadrianis ; see Index s.v.
The following table of names, with alternatives, for each day of
the month, taken from G. F. Unger, Muller's Hdb. iv
1,
728
(Griechische Zeitrechnung), will be useful for purposes of reference.
1. vovix-quia.
2
10. devrepa larajxevov, rpirr), rerdprr) (Attic rerpas),

denary lara^ivov. 11. evdeKarr). 12. dcodeKarrj.


1319. rpirrj irrl deica

evdrr\ eirl dena. 20. eUds, Att. denary Trportpa. 21. denary (pdlvovros, Att.
Senary) varepa. 22. evdrr} (pdivovros, devrepa ^ter' ei'/cctSas. 23. 675677
(pdlvovros,
rplrt] fxer eUadas. 24. e^ddfirj pdlvovros, rerpds \xer eUadas. 25. eKTt)
50]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 129
(pdivovros, Tri/JLTTTT) fxer eUddas. 26. irefxirr-q (pdivovros, Zktt) fier eUddas.
27. rerdprt] (Att. rerpds) (pdivovros,
efiddnrj
/uer' eUddas. 28. rpirr) (pdivovros,
oyddrj per' eUddas. 29. in a "full" month, Sevrtpa (pdivovros, ivdr-q fier eUddas.
29. in a
"
hollow
"
and 30. in a "full " month, rpiaxas, Att. '4vtj /ecu vka.
49. A fragment of Pentelic marble found in the Acropolis. CIA n 246.
Alphabet, type 1. Iiroixyb'ov.
306/5
'Ej77-i KoTpoiPov apxovTos eirl tts At]p.Tj-
b.c.
( f
TpJmOo[s ip86(XT]S Trpvravcfas, tj Ilap.-
cpjiA-O? [ccycCTovos 'Pap-vovcrios 4*yp-
aj{i/jLaTv[tv' rap.T]Xiwvos vtj Kal vea-
l], epOO/X[T] Kal IK0CTTTJ TT)S TTpVTClVC-
as*] Kfc\\r\<ria
See Rem. vi. p.
127.
50. A fragment of marble found in the Acropolis. CIA n 247.
Alphabet, type 1. 'Lroixn^ov except in 1. 2.
e e o l
306/5
'EttI Kopoifiov apyovTos eirl r-
?7? Olvl8o<; Sefcdrrjs irpvrave-
Kz?, el IT cifupikos eo<yeLTOvo-
5
9 'Va/JLVovertop e^pa/juixarevev
M.ovvwxL(t)vo<z evei Kal vea i-
IA(3o\lfJL(p, 6VCLT6L Kal 6LK0CTT-
L rfjs TTpvTaveias' KK\r]o-i[a,
tcdv irpoehpcov
iTreyfrrjcfu^ev Hv-
io 6c7T7ro<; WvOicovos Mapa[d](ovio-
s] Kal crv/nTrpoeBpof eSo^ev rco-
i hrjfKp' ^TparoKXrjS ILvdv&rj-
fjiov Alo/j,v<; elirev eireiBr) [o-
l] OiKeloi 01 AVKICTKOV [SictTp-
15 IfiovTes rrapa to[i]? [pacriXcvo-
R. II.
130 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[51
iv 'AvTiyovay [ko,1 At]fAi]Tpa>
KCLl 0~VVCL[
r
yo)ViX
>
6\Levoi vir^p
TOV &tJ/jl[ov ktX.
VT
20 . c
See Rem. v. and vi. p. 89 and p. 127. The decree apparently confers honours
upon the family of one Lyciscus who in sojourning at the court of Antigonus and
his son Demetrius (Poliorcetes) had interested themselves on behalf of the
Athenians. For a summary of the history of this period see Holm H. G. iv
chaps 2, 3, where also an estimate is given of the characters of the two kings.
51. A slab of Pentelic marble, surmounted by a pediment, found near the
Ilissus. CIA 11 297 ;
D 188.
Alphabet, type 1 ; but in 1. 21 ir is tt
2
,
and throughout <p is
+
, a form which
appears occasionally in Attic inscriptions as early as 341 B.C. (CIA 11 703,
4)
and as late as 160 b.c. (CIA 11 447, 25). 'Ltolx^ov.
299/8 'Eir]t E[vktt]|jlov]o? dpyovros iirl
tt}]? 'AvTi<yo[vfoo<s Sjevrepas irp-
vr]av6ia<;,
fj
(*)eo$t\o? [Hv]o[<f>-
v]to<?(?) Ke[<|>]aA,?7#e^
iypafifidrelyt-
5
v, M.rayLTVi,oi)vos Be/caret va-
repa, fica ical eiKoarel rrjs ir-
pvraveias, eKKkrjGia' roov irpoe-
Spcov 7r6^7]<j)i^ Aval/jua^cx; Na-
vatarpaTov YlpovrrdXTios icai
10 (TwirpoeSpor eSo^ev tc3 Stj/jlcq-
r t&cXLTTTTL&rjs [<>]l\o/jL7]\ov Tiaia-
vievs elirev iirechr] ol Trpecrfte-
*9 ol diroaraXevre^ 7rpo? tov /3-
acrcXea KdaaavSpov dirotyaivo-
15 vai Tioael^iTTiTOv avvairoBrnjir)-
cravTa fied' eavroov ypijaijuov el-
vat, eavroLS diroSei/cvv/jLevov
TTjv evvoiav rjv eZ^e 7rpo? tov
8-
tj/jlov rov 'AOrjvalcov, SeSoy[6]ai r-
20 o3 Srj/jLG), eiratvecraL Ylocreihnr-
52]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 131
ttov [B]a/c[^]/of KoOgoklStjv fcal o~r-
<pava)crai avrov OaWov
o~T(f)d-
vw, 07r&)9 av &)? TrXelarot
(J)l\ot-
ifjLuwrai xpeiav irape^eaOai i-
25 ir]l ra avv<pepovra ra> Stj/jlo). av~
aypdijrcu Se roSe to yjr^ia/jia r
ov ypafjbfjbarea rbv /card irpyrave-
lav ev arrfkei Xiutvei kcli arr)-
aai ev d/cpoiroXer eh Se rrjv dv-
30 aypacf)7}v rrjs arrfXri^ Sovvac rb-
V <i;TCLGTr)V ICdl TOVS TpiTTvd-
pX<>vs AA
^pa^fid^.
Honours are conferred upon Posidippus, an ambassador sent to Cassander
from Athens. The embassy was despatched during the period following the
battle of Ipsus (303 B.C.), when Demetrius for a while lost his ascendency in
Greece and Cassander regained his influence.
1. For this archon see Dion. Hal. Dinarch. 9, Droysen Hell. 11 2
p. 247,
note 2.
2. 'AvTiyo[vLdos. See Rem. vi, p. 127 sq.
5. Se/cdrei varepa, i.e. Se/cdret (pdivovros, the 21st. See Rem. vi, p. 127 sq.,
where also it is noted that the coincidence of the day of the month with the day
of the prytany at this period, though frequent, is not necessary.
10. avvirpbebpoL, 25 crvvcpepovra. For non-assimilation of the v cf. the note
on 5 21 (where the reference in Meisterhans should be to ed. 3 p.
112 and for
ito\lv should be read 7rdXti').
11. $i\LTnrldr}s. Koehler Herm. v 347 sq. traces the genealogy of this
person.
26. tov ypa/m/JLarea top /card irpvTaveLav. Rem. V, p. 89.
30 sqq. The expense of engraving is to be defrayed from the funds of the
tribe by the i^eraar-qs or
'
accountant ' and the trittyarchs. For the t/httj/s see
Index, s.v. The ^era<rr^s appears to be mentioned only a few times in this
connexion, and at the beginning of the third century. In CIA n 298 he is
assigned with the trittyarchs the same duty as here, and in CIA n 300 and
iv 2, 300 b the same officers have to provide the cost of a statue.
52. A slab of Hymettian marble, the upper part found in the theatre of
Dionysus, the lower (11. 4874) at Eleusis. CIA n 314 and iv
2, p. 85 ; D 197.
See also Zink Eos i p.
24 sqq. ; Dittenberger Herm. n 286 sqq. ; Philios 'E0.
apx- 1890, p. 69 sq. ; Kirchner Herm. xxxi 260 ; Ferguson Corn. St. x 10 sqq.
;
Drerup Jahrb. 1896, 249 sq.
92
132 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[52
Alphabet, type 1; but

is
H,
once 1. 35 ir is tt
3
, d is only three times written
O,
in all other cases
O,
and </> with few exceptions appears as
^
(a variety
found in Attic inscriptions from about 318 b.c. to about 270 B.C.).
A
oc-
casionally and
A
once appear as
A-
284/3?
'E]7 Ev^[o]u apyovros iirl rrjs [' AKajuivTiSo]
9 (Vpn^s
B- c
-
Tr^pvravelas, el Navcrifievr)? NavcrcKvBov XoXap[yev-
s]
eypafjufidrevev' BoL7]8po/jLuoi>o<; oySoet iirl 8e[Ka, I-
v\aTi Kal be/carec rrjs irpvjaveias' eKKXrjala Kvp[i-
5
a* tgov 7rpo&[p]cov eire^-qcpt^ev 'lepo/jLvrj/xcov Tecai/jid'y-
ov K Ko/Xt;? Kal crv/jLTrpoeSpoc eho^ev
rfj ftovXei ze-
al raj Srj/jia)' Nt/crjparos <t>i\eov KecpaXrjOev elirev e-
ireihr) ^ikLirinhr]^ SiarereXeKev ev iravrl Kaipw\y
aTToSeircvv/jLevos rrjv irpbs rov hrjfjiov evvoiav Kal a-
io ttoBt)fir) eras rrpbs (r)bv fiaatXea Avo-'ipuayov irpbrepov
re hcaXey^dels too fiaaiXel eKOfiicrev t&> Stj/jlo) Sco-
peav irvpwv /neSi/juvovs
'
Attikovs p,vpiov<$ rovs Sca-
hoOevTas iracriv AOrjvalois eV ^vKTijfjbovos dpyovT-
09,
SieXe^drj he Kal virep Kepaias Kal larov oirws dv
15 SoOel
rfj
0ea) els ra YiavaOr^vata tc3 ireirX(p a ko-
fAicrOr] eV JLvKTr/fiovos dpyovros, Kal vLKr']cravTos Av-
diybayov rov [BacnXews \jf\\v \xdy7)v rr)v 'I
^6) yevofxev-
7)V Trpos Avrlyov[ov ko]1 Atjjxy) rptov rovs fiev
reXevr-
rjaavras ev tgo /c[iv8vvw] roov iroXiT\ja\v edatyev rols
20 eavrov avaXa)/jLa[<riv, oo-oi 8]e aly/jidXcoToi eyevovro
ifi(f)avL(Ta$ tco /3a[o-i\ei Kal] Xafiwv avrots a<pe[<r]tv r-
oi><; [lev 8ovXo/jbev[ovs a-Tpar^eveadai SLaiKrjcrev oit-
0)9 av Kara^copoaOcoacv [ev] rjyefxovLais, rovs Be irpoa-
tpov/jLevovs dirievac aficpieaas Kal icf)oBia Sovs ira-
25 p
eavrov aTreo-reiXev ov eKaaroi 7jj3[o]vXovro irXelo-
l9 ovraq rj rpiaKOcriovs, Trapetrijo-aro 8e Kal 07r&>9 a-
v acfzedwcTLv Kal ocroi roov iroXtrcov Kare\rj<^>Qr\aav ev
rfj
'
AaLq elpyfievoo virb Arj/jbTjrpiov Kal 'Avr[i]y6vo-
v, Kal to t9 ael jrepiTvvyavovaiv WOrjvaioov ypTjat/jL-
30 09 coz/ ScareXel Kadori av eKaaros avrov irapaKaXe-
(T) Kal KOfitcrafievov rov Stj/jlov rrjv eXevOeplav Scar-
ereXeKe Xeycov Kal Trparrwv ra o-v/xepepovra ret rrjs
TroXeoos acorrjpLa Kal irapaKaXoov rov (3acnXea /3o7]0-
elv Kal ypr/fiaaiv Kal crrreo ottcos av htafxevet Btj/ju-
35
09 eXevOepos oov Kal rov Uecpaca KOfjLLo-rjraL Kal ra
52]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 133
(f>povpta
ttjv Ta^iaT7]v, fcal virep tovtcov Tr\_6^\vT(ov ttoX-
XdicLS fjLe/jLapTvprjfcev avru> o (BaatXevs irpos toln tt-
p]eo-/3evovTa<? KOrjvaiwv irpos eavrov, kcli ^etpoTOV-
T]0l]? aycovodeTT)? eirl 'laatov dpyovTO^ inrrjKovae-
40 v to) ]r}/n(p 0eXovTr}s Ikk tojv thiwv Ta? T irarpio- .
vs Qva-Ca]^ eOvcrev Toh Oeoh virkp tov ZyjfAov Kal rrj-
v ]v eSco/cev iraatv
'
KOrjvatot^ iravras tovs
s, kcu iTrijOerov dywva KaTeaKevacrev rel Ar)/n-
iyrpi Kal ttj Koprj]*, [irp] WTO? viz
6
fxvr]jAd Tr}<; TOV Sr]/uiOV
45
I\v0ptas, Tr|xeXTj]^?; Be Kal tojv aXXojv dycovcov ica-
l Oiktiwv vir^p Tijs iroXew]?, KOt eh TCLVTCL TTaVTCL K TOJ-
v I8iwv dvaXwo-as ttoXXci \p]ijfiaTa ra? evOvvas oehoj-
K,ev Kara to\\j\s v6(xov^ kcl\\ ovti\ev vnrevavTtov Trpb\s
8-
rjfiofcpariav ovSeTrore [iiroC^o-w ovn \6yto ovr
50 6/370)* 07ra)? av ovv (fravepov el [irdcriv on 6 SrjfAos en-C-
ararai ydptTas dirohuhovat t[<hs cvep-ycrats di-
9 cwy dv evepyenjacocnv, dyaOel [nix" SeSoxOcu tc-
l f3ovXet, rovs irpoeSpovs, 01 av \a[xo-iv irpo8pV-
iv eh tov hrjjjbov, orav e^eXOojatv at [4k tov v6p.ov ^ji-
55
epai tt}? atrrjo-ecos, ^prjfxartaat irept [toutwv els r^-
v 7rpcoT7]v efc/cXrjcrLav Kara tov vojjlov, yvoj[^.r\v 8e v^p-
aXXeaOat T779 /3ovXrj<; 6*9 tov Sij/jtov on So/cel t[ci p-
ovXel, eiraivecrat ^tXtirirtBrjV t&tXotcXeovs Ke<aA,[Tj-
0ei> dpeTijs eve/ca Kal evvo'tas, 77? e^cov StareXet 7r[e-
60 pi tov Srj/jtov tov
'
AOrjvatcov, Kal o~Te(f)av6jo~at avT\_6~\v
[x,-
pvo~o3 aTecj)dv(p KaTa tov vojjlov, Kal dvetirelv tov a-
Te<fravov
Atovvatcov twv /JteydXcov Tpaya>8o3v tw dy-
ciovt' aTrjaat 8e avTov Kal etKova ycCXKr\v ev toj 6ed[r-
p<p
Kal elvat avTw aiTrjatv ev wpvTaveiw Kal eV-
65
yovcov del toj irpea^VTaTw Kal 7rpueSpta[v] ev iracrt
t]o6<> aywat, <T>oh r\ ttoXi^ Ttdrjatv' t?}? 8e 7ro[i]^cre&)9 T-
ov o~T(f)avov Kal T779 dvayopevcrecos eiri/jteXijOrjvat
tou? eirl Ttj SiotKijaer dvaypdyjrat Se ToSe to
yjnjcfit-
crfxa to;^
ypafifxaTea tov KaTa irpvTaveiav ev aTTjXrj
70
XtOtvet Kal cTTrjcrat irapd tov veco tov Atovi aov, eh
Se Tt]V
dvaypa<frr)V
tt}? o-TrjXrjq fiepiaat toxjs eirl Trj
8to[i\Kijaet
A A
^>P
a
XI
Ji
^ [*^ K
]
T(*> v t? T^
KaTct ^^](pto-/naT-
a dvaXtaKOfievoov tg3 Sijfjtw.
(in corona)
'O
7j[|AOs]
134 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[52
Honours are decreed to Philippides, a comic poet, for using his interest with
Lysimachus and for other services to Athens. Euthios (not Euthias, as
CIA ii 314 b shows) appears to have succeeded Isaeus as archon (cf. 1. 39), and
from CIA n 567 we learn that Isaeus (285/4 b.c.) succeeded Diotimus. Hence
if the archonship of Diotimus is rightly referred to 286/5 b.c, Euthios was
archon in 284/3 b.c. The actual occasion of the decree seems to have been the
aywvodeaia of Philippides (38 sqq.). His friendship with Lysimachus is
mentioned by Plutarch, Demetr. 12.
1. Evdl[o]v. The
O
is apparently written over
Y
previously engraved
by mistake.
3. Boirjdpofxiwvos. Cf., e.g., 6750177s CIA iv 2, 173, b 2 (322 b.c. ).
Meisterhans,
Gr. 58, observes that this peculiarity may be traced in inscriptions down to
30 b.c
10. irpbs (t)6u:
PPOZZOU-
13. Euctemon : see 511.
14. virkp xepaias kclI 'kxtov. For an account of the Panathenaic procession
see G. and J. 287 sq. On the last day of the festival, the 28th of Hecatombaeon,
the peplus was carried in a ship, stretched to the mast and yard-arm. CIA in
Add. 10a gives the dedication of an aKpoardXiov or aplastre for the Panathenaic
ffKd(pTj. It is possible that the Kepaia and lards here mentioned may have been
destined to replace those which, it would seem, were destroyed by the same
storm which rent the peplus on the occasion of the Magna Panathenaea
(302/1 b.c) described by Plutarch Demetr. 12. Cf. R. Schubert Herm. x 447.
15. t<x llavadrjucua : 298/7 b.c
17. 'I^ : 01. 119. 3 or
4, i.e. the summer of 301 b.c.
19. tG)v ttoXltwv. Droysen Hell, n 2, 209 thinks that these were mercenaries
rather than soldiers sent from Athens itself to aid Antigonus and Demetrius.
23. Ka.Taxupi-<rQ&vt-v
' '
that they may be posted to (in).' The word means
(1)
to be assigned to a certain station,
(2)
to be entered on a register. See
L. and S. and Index s.v. ^yefxouiai were parts of the army each of which had
its Tiytpubv. (Zink.
)
25. i)fi[o\v\ovTo. The augment rj in fiovXoixai, vvap.cu, p.eWio
>
is not found
in Attic inscriptions till after 300 b.c Meisterhans, Gr. 169. On TrapeiTrjaaro
see 45 37.
28. Demetrius, the reigning king, is mentioned first, and afterwards his
late father, Antigonus. The reference cannot be to Antigonus Gonatas, who
would not yet be twenty years old. D.
31. The first letter on the stone is |<.
36. tt]v TaxL<TTr)J>. As D remarks (against Zink), the use of the perfect
BiarereXeKe and the form of the final sentence, 6'ttws av dia/xevei (diajxhri)
Koixia-qrai, show that the garrison had not yet (September 284 b.c) been
expelled from the Peiraeus.
39. ayuitoderris. On the institution of an annual ayojvodtrrjs and the change
of practice by which the
89ip.os
itself became
xopvyos,
in the period shortly
preceding the date of this decree, see Index s. v.
xPVy
s - vTrrjKovaev : 'ministered
to the interests of
'
; cf. CIA n 317, 11.
40. kk. Other instances of this gemination are exx r[o~]v, CIA n 1060, 8
(4th or 3rd century), iKKireirT^KbTwv CIA n 224, 3 (before 300 b.c). See
Meisterhans Gr. 106 who makes the doubling depend
'
auf einem Schwanken in
53]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 135
der Silbentrennung.' D adds iKKreXiaaun (Boeotia) I. G. Sept. I 1794 = Ko. I
210 n, 'AkktIoccti Olympia v p. 343, no. 230, 3. Cf. the article by H. Stuart-
Jones C.R. xv 396 on
'
The division of syllables in Greek.'
41. Siw^eXiau. On this word, restored doubtfully by D, see 98 12.
42. iravras roi/s [ay&vas] : restored by Zink. The accusative perhaps
denotes duration of time
'
during all the contests.'
43. eirWerov ayQiva. We find no other inscriptional example of the word
iirtderos in this connexion. In Isocr. 145c eirlderoL eoprai are 'adventitious,
alien
'
festivals. The restorations in 44 sq. are by D.
54. tirav i^Xduo-iv kt\. This formula, with slight variations, gives way to
the formula els ttjv -rrpwrrju eKK\r}<Tiau found above in 43 14, 45 58. (By ttjv
irp&T-qv is probably meant the next eKKk-qala at which business of the kind
in question could be transacted. A common variant is tt)v eiriovaav.) In
37 56 the day for discussion was more precisely fixed.
66. roh for oh or ous can hardly be anything else than a slip of the engraver.
68. robs iTrl rrj dLOLKrjaei. On the office and duties of 6 eirl rrj 5ioiKr)<rei see
Gilbert C. A. 248 sqq., Busolt in Miiller's Hdb. iv 1, 160 sq. In inscriptions he
first appears in the person of Habron, son of Lycurgus, CIA n 167 (later than
307/6 b.c). This officer had the superintendence of the revenue and expenditure
of the state. With the Poletae he contracted for the public works (e.g. CIA
ii 167), directed the making of wreaths and statues (e.g. CIA n 251, 311), and
provided the money for publishing the decrees of the people (e.g. CIA n 300, 311).
From 286/5 several e7rt rrj bioLK-qaet are mentioned, as here. Before the Chre-
monidean War, however (267264 b.c), they were again replaced by one
(CIA ii 331). At the end of the third century we again meet with several iirl
rrj dtoiKrjcrei, who are once more reduced to one in the second century.
70. veib: see 37 36.
53. A slab of Pentelic marble in 14 fragments. CIA n 316; D 520. Cf.
W. S. Ferguson Corn. Stud, x 21. Cf. Girard UEduc. ath. p. 289.
Alphabet, type 1. The decree is aroixn^ov ; the list following not so.
There are alternative forms of
O
and
O,
angular, but not always exactly
square
;
in forming them the engraver appears to have made four or five blows
with the chisel, which generally resulted in straight lines. These forms there-
fore must not be confounded with later forms of
O
and
O
which were
designedly square.
*Eir]l Nlklov apyovios ['Orpwejo)? eVt tj}?
'
' AKafAavTihos rplr-
t]s] Trpvraveias,
779 Icto[kp(tt]s] 'lao/cpdrov K\coireKrj6ev iypa-
p\k]aTVV J$or)8po{jLLa)[vos '4k]ti p,T elfcciSas, eKreu real el/c-
oo-Jret tt}? 7rpvTavia[<$' IkkXtiJct (a* rwv irpoehpcov eVe^^t^e-
5
v AJeayKpdrr)^ Aea)(TTpd[rov .... t]o9 teal avfiirpoeSpor e8o-
cv] rel (BovXel teal ra> [8-q|xa> .... <r]Tparos Mvvvccrteov Hep-
yajafjOev elirev eireth\i\ ol ^poi ol k\^r)l3ev(TavT^ eirl M.ev-
tKJ/cXeovs apyovros 7ro[\i\iov Karfj^o^TO? [ttjv tto\l\v Bl6/jLl-
136 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[53
vav] irdvres evra/cr^ovvTts Kal
(?)
tre]c06fievoi rots re v6jJLo\y$
10 Ka]t T(p Koa/Jb7]Te\l Kal 8iTc'Xe<ra]^ tov eviavTOV Ta? re [<j>v\-
aK]ri?(?) \CTov[p]yovvT<; k[o\ airavrja rd irapavyeXXofxeva vtto
tov o-^rparrjiyov els ttjv r(o)v M[ovo-]etoL> (f)v\a/cr)V KaOdirep ird-
x8t]o-av v]7ro toO Sijfjuov 07ra)? [civ o]ui/ 7Ti,Br) Kal ol aXXoc ol B-
iafiiv]a[v]Te9 Te\_r\iixr]VTat /c[aTa r\rjv d^iav Ti/JL7]6ooaiv Kal ov-
15T01], dyaOy TV^rj SeBo^Oac [ttj] (3ovXr}, tovs irpoe&povs
oi av] 7rpoeb\pz\iKDGi els ttjv \kTrio\vaav iKKXrjaiav irpoaaya-
-yelv] tov Ko[cr]/jL7]T7}v fxerd rd /e[pd k]<zI ^prj/jLarto-aL irepl tovt-
wv, -yvwfjniv] Be ^v/jb^aXXeaOai [tt^s p]ouA,)79 et? toi^ Brj/xov, ore B-
oki ttj pJofX.?}, e7rat^ecra[i tov]?
e(f)7j/3ov<; tovs i(p7]{3evo-a-
10 vTas cirl Me]ve<o>K\eovs dp^ovr^os Kal] are^avcoaao avrovs
^p-
vo-ta] <tt[e<J>dva)] Kara tov v6p\ov tvr]a%ias eveKev Kal (>lXot-
4u]a? t;^
[^xovtc]? St<xT6Xo[vo-iv ir]/0O9 tw hrjjxov eivai S' ai}-
to]?9 /cat 7r[po8pia]^ eV tols [ay<acri]v ol?
?? 7ro?U9 nOrjcrov'
kti\aivecrai \h\ Kal t]w :ocr[|AT)TTJv av]r[ct)]z/ hp,eiviav
'AvTMfrdv-
25 ov] K^c^tcne'cr [iraiv]e era [8c Kal to]i/ TraiBoTpL(3riv 'YLppLoBoyp-
ov] 'Koprlov 'A[xapva Kal tov aKov]Tfc(JT77^ ^fcXo^eo^ Z^rpaT-
io\v Aapbirrpea [Kal t6v KaTairJaXfTaJc^eT?;^ MvrjcriOeov M.vr}ai-
Qi]ov KoTrpeiov [Kal tov *yp]a/<tyitaT[']a Ep[yit]o'yeV7;^ /cat tov to-
^o^ttjv ^%o3vBpov [KprJTa Kal] <TT6^)ci[v]c3crat avTovs daXXov are-
30 4>d]^ft) evTa^las e[vKa Kal] eTrifxeXelas r)v eyovres BiaTeX-
ov]criv irepl tovs e<f>r)\$ov$\. dvaypdyfrai Be ToBe t[o] ^lrrj(j)ia/iia t-
6v] ypafjbfxaTea tov Ka[ra irp]vTavLa[v k]v arrjXr) [\iQi]vr][i Kal
<n]r)aai ev dyopa, to Be [yev]6p.evov [dvaX]a)[p.a] e/9 t?)^ [o-Jt^A,?;*'
p.]/36crat tovs eVi T6t Sf.[oiKii]<jet.
35
'H fiovXrj toi>9 ['0 8tj]/xo9 tov 'O BrjfJLO? tovs
i(j)r}(3ov<; [Kotr^firjTrjv i(j)y/3ov<;
['Ap^euvLav
['Avr]i(f)dvov
[Kr\]<f)Lcnea
40
O / 6
^) 7) j3
[e] u cr [a] V T 9
KeKpoTriSos
niiihiiiiiii
n^v^
<j>x^9
AlOaXihat \M.vpp\ivovato 1 Nt/c/?paT09 NtKTjpaTOV
Xa[p]tz^o9 %paaaivihov
,
A/ot(j[TOKpd]Ti;9 'AvTL/md- 'l7r7ro#awrtS[o]s
45
EtVeatot n[aiaviis]
[x]
0l; AtyivieZs
Av[<r]cKpdTr)s <t>op{iL(ovo<; Teto-[au]e^o9 [Xd]/??;? UoXXlov
/ / / /
/
Kv$a07]vat,is ['Od]^e^ v/natTdBac
53]
DECREES
~
minimi!
50
MeXtret?
Alo-x\r/Ta&r)s Upo^evov
['E]/c K0/A.779
Tj]? jV0LOV
['EpxOtit]o5
55
~]
v
]x
ov
k]\l8ov
60 [AiyijtSos]
S]copou
l]?
K]a\XLKpd[rov]
65
-
tojfc
]tj(tlov
OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 137
'JepoficjX?}? 'Apt
'
AvyeXrjOe^v]
Xa[ip]e<TTparo9 Xai
AecovrLBo
1
;
Zovvtel?
Eevocfxtiv 6/u-tcrro/cfXeovs]
AvaavLas AvaavS[p
'
AfCa/jLCLVTL8o[s]
Ke(f)a\r]6[ev]
<Pi\ofcpdTr)<;
Eu;\e[t8i]s ]ov
[OtVTjt8osJ
o]f
['A]piaT68r)/jLO<; KXeoXeco
AlavriSo?
MapaOooviot,
[B]ovdr)po? ^ikcovihov
TLv6vvo/jLOS ' AvTijxdyov
Vapbvovatoi
K.\eofjLe8cov K^Xeapirov
TrjXea/coTOS Apiarorcpi-
(paXripels \tov
WfjLeLvlas /\r)\id$ov
'AvtioxlSos
ALO(f)dvrj<;
KXeacverov
Xapta? 'ApxeftidSov
UaX\,7)veL<; \ov
TlJjL0fCp(lT7]<Z Kr}(f)L(ToBrj/jL-
K?7</)tcri0? YLrj(piaohrjfJLOV
Tov iracBo- [To]^ KarairaX-
Tpi{3r)v [r\a(i>eT7)v
r
Rpfjb68(t)pov MvrjaiOeop
70
'JLoprlov ^AvrjGtOf.ov
'A^fapvca]
YLoirpelov
[Tov] ro^OTrfv
[Zv8p]oi> Kprjra.
This decree belongs to the category of
'
ephebic ' inscriptions
;
see Rem. vii,
p. 145. The ephebi commemorated were enrolled in the archonship of Menecles
and the decree itself passed in the archonship of his successor, Nicias. These
archonships probably belonged respectively to 282/1 and 281/0 b.c. They must
certainly have been later than 287/6 B.C., the year in which the Athenians under
Olympiodorus recovered possession of the Museion and expelled the Macedonian
garrison
;
for in 1. 12 it is stated that the ephebi garrisoned the Museion during
the year of Menecles. Further, Wilamowitz (Ant. v. Kar. 246) argues against
a later date than 282/1 and 281/0 b.c. from the fact that CIA 11 320 (containing
some peculiar signs
C, ^, P, 0,
which we find in CIA 11 317, belonging to
Nicias's year) must, as conferring citizenship on Bithys, a courtier of King
Lysimachus, be earlier than the death of the king (281/0 b.c).
138 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[54
1. 'Orpu^Jcos : restored from CIA n 317, where in turn we are enabled to
restore from our inscription the name of the archon and the deme of the
secretary. Cf. Rem. iv, p. 85.
2. 'laoKparov. For this late form of the genitive in proper names of the
s-stems see Meisterhans, Gr. 135, who notes that between 300 and 30 b.c. the
form in -ous is quite exceptional. The ending -ovs however came in again with
the general reaction in the imperial period.
10 sq. For the Koa/j.vrr)s or Director and other officers see Rem. vii, p. 146.
If the restoration rds [re 0iAa/c]as is correct, the expression probably describes
the general duties of the
tyrjfioi
as xepiiroXoL. In this capacity they must not be
confounded with the Trepi-rroKoL who in the fifth and fourth centuries were a
group of mercenaries commanded by peripolarchs (cf. Thuc.
8, 92, 6). We must
infer that the patrol duties of Trep'urohoi. were performed according to circum-
stances, sometimes by the cf)r)@oi, sometimes by the 7repi7roAot proper. (See
Girard, art. Ephebi in Dar. and Sayl. n 629.) Note further that the words rbv
iviavrbv imply that the original two years course of the ephebic training
(Arist. 'A0. 7roX. 42, 4) had been reduced to one ; Girard, UEduc. ath. 294 sq.
infers from CIAiv
2, 251 b that the change had taken place as early as 305/4 b.c.
12. See the remarks made above and for a description of the capture of the
Museum by Olympiodorus see Paus. i 25, 7 ; 26, 1
(6 5 <r<pas iwl rods Ma.Ke56vas
rjye /cat yepovras /cat juetpd/cta 6/j.oiu)s).
13. 07rws <iv ow eireidt] kt\. This parenthetical insertion of a causal
clause in a final clause is quite foreign to the simplicity of construction which
characterises inscriptions of an earlier period.
17. Mera ra lepd. The phrase has been explained in two ways, either
'
after the opening rites 'or 'at the assembly next after the one reserved for
business falling under the head of Upa /cat 6'cna,' i.e., next after the fourth
ordinary assembly in a prytany.
28. 'Epfioyturip. This is the prevailing inscriptional form of the accusative
of s-stems in proper names from very early times. A few instances in -77 are
quoted from the fifth and fourth century and a few from the imperial period.
Meisterhans Gr. 136.
29. 2,u>p8pov. i.e. *L<x>avopov. The same name occurs on an archaic inscrip-
tion of Amorgos, Ro. i 160 c.
34. tovs iiri reT dioiKTjcrei : 52 68.
35. After
77 fiovXr)
supply iwaiveZ or tljjR.
4166. Here are inscribed the names of the ephebi, ranged under their
several tribes, which follow the usual order of precedence (see Rem. vi, p. 127).
In 11. 41 and 48 the names of the
y
kvTLyovis and the AT/^rptds have been
purposely erased.
54. A slab of Hymettian marble, broken at the top, found southward of the
ffxrjwri of the Dionysiac theatre. CIA iv 2, 318 b
;
D 636. Cf. J. Martha
Sacerdoces Atheniens, 178.
Alphabet, type 1 ; 6 once and several times are square ; twice ir is ir
2
and
frequently w is 2rotx'756i', but with many deviations.
54]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 139
Ka- V
- -
-
[i
I <7L'/x7^y^6e[8pol 28ov t<*> Stjiko'
-
-J-
a? AiO"^vXov S[ direv' irpl wv aTra-y-
Ye[X.]X.6t o apyoav [ircpl tv Upwv <3v ZQve t<3-
5 i [A]covva(p, Tvyei a[-ya9t, ScSoxQat t<3 Srf-
fxw,
ra fxev dyaOd Se^ecr#[ai tov 8i]|xov, a diro-
yyeXXeL o ap^cov yeyovev[ai Iv tois Upot-
9,
ol? eOvev
i(f>
vyieia /cat <r<i)T7][p(a ttjs (Bo-
f\^9 Aral TOO 8t)fJbOV tov
'
AOrjvalcov kcl\\ tv k-
io apir&v tgov iv ret
X^PT
^
7rt
^V
^ ^/
?
X
ft)
[
v T(
*~
9 re aXXas Ovcrlas reOvtcev, ocras avTa> irpoa-
rjKev, virep 7-779
fiovXrjs Kai tov Stj/jlov kclXoos k-
al evaefiws, eTTL/jLepLeXr/TaL 8e /cat Try 9 iro/JLTrfj-
s]
tS A[i]ovva(p fxera tgov irapeBpoov kcli toov e-
15 7TLpLeX7]T(OV, 8iaT\ei 8e KOI TWV 7Tpl T7)V (ip-
yr\v TroLOV/mevos ttjv eTTL/uueXeLav Kara rovs
281/0
vopbovs, eiraivecrai tov apyovTa Nc/clav <>lX-
govos 'OTpvvea kcli tov<; irapeSpovs avTov
'AX/aV^X ^ K.Xeo/3ovXov M.vpptvovaiov, 'Av-
20 TL(f)dvr}v UoXvKpdrov ^Orpvvea evaefieias e-
V6KCL K(li (f)L\OTtfMLa<i, rjv
expvTes
&LaTe\ov-
glv irepl tov hrjfjLov tov 'AOrjvaicov inraLveo--
ai 8e KCLI TOl>9 T7;9 TTOfJLTTTj^ ilTLfieXyTCL^ "Icra-
vhpov
'
Ej^St]pLOv KvBadrjvaiea, y\.vr)o~L6eov
25 'E^eS^/xou K.v8a0rjvaLea, YLaXXiOeov BouXa-
PX
0V ^Xvea,
'
AvTL(f)(iTr}v YjvOvkpitov 'Atyyviea,
KdWaiaxpov Alotl^lov TlaXXrjvea, 'A/uetvoK-
Xtjv AvTi(j)dvov KiJttlov, lepcova (PclBvXXov
Al0aXl8rjv, KoXXlttttov
(
\iriro6epaov 'A^ap^e-
30
a, HoXv^rjXov RvrjvoplBov
'
AXaLea, %eoyevr)-
V HoO~l8ci)VLOV \\pL^>LTpOTrrj66V' eTTCLLVeO-CLL 8-
e Kai tov ircLTepa ttjs Kavrj<p6pov K.aXXL(f>d)vT-
a KaXXL<f)a)VTO<; A0/u,ovea. dvaypdtyaL Be To8e
to ylrrjcptcr/jLa tov ypafifiaTea tov kcltcl irpvTave-
35
tav iv crTrjXr) Xl6lvt) kclI aTrjaaL iv tw T/jl-
evL tov Aiovvcrov, t9 8i Trjv dvaypa(j>r}v Kai
TrjjuL TroirjaLv fxeplaaL tol>9 eVt Tel 8lolk7]ct-
t] to yevofxerov dvdXw/jia.
140 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[55
This is a decree in honour of the archon Nicias (see 53) and his assessors
for their services in performing a sacrifice to Dionysus.
6. rd ixev dyadd kt\. Readers of Theophrastus will remember that he
makes his /j.iKpo<pi\6Tifxos (Char, vii) obtain as a personal favour from the
irpvTavtLs the privilege of making the formal announcement to the assembly
"
w dvbpes ' Adrjvcuoi, edvofxev oi irpurdveis
rfj
pvqrpi tG)v deujv rd iepa d^ia Kai Ka\d'
Kai vfiels dexecde rd dyadd."
9. Kai tQu KapirQiv kt\. This addition is wanting in other decrees of the
kind
; cf. e.g. CIA n 307 where after
'
Kdrjvaioiv comes Kai walbwv kclI yvvouK&v.
14. vapedpoou kt\. Each of the first three archons was allowed to have two
assessors, chosen by himself; see D. A. Cf. 80 4 where also iirtixeK-qTai are
mentioned. Both the irdpebpoi and the e7rt/xe\?7rcu are noticed by Arist. 'Ad. tto\.
56, where it is stated that the archon has charge (tt}s Trofxirrjs) tt)s Aiovv<rlcoi/ tCov
[p.eya\Kwv [xera tCjv e7ri/j.e\r)TQii>, ous trpbrepov /j.ev 6 brjfji.os exeipororei deica
ovras, [/ecu rd] els tt)v tto/jltttju dvaAw/uLara trap avTwv dvr]\i[<T~\Kov, vvv
5'
eva ttjs
(pv\[7)S eKd~\dTf}s Kkiqpdi Kai biboxnv els tt)v KaraaKevTju eKarbv /nvds. Our inscription
shows that after Aristotle's time (cf. Dem. c. Mid. 519) they were again appointed
from the whole people, and not according to tribes (twelve at this date), for there
are several from one tribe and they are ten in number. In CIA n 420, 34
(probably early part of second century b.c.) we read oi xeiporoi^fleVres e7rt/xeX7?rat,
twenty-four in number. The function of the various sets of einp,e\T]Tal was to
assist in organising the festival for which they were appointed.
32. tov -rarepa ttjs Kavrj<p6pov. The same words occur CIA n 420, 14.
55. A stele of Hymettian marble found at S. Demetrius KaTrj<p6pr). CIA
ii 331 ; D 213. Cf. Klueber Verhandl. d. philol. Gesellsch. in Wurzburg, 1862,
97 sqq.; Wilamowitz Antigonos, 1831, p. 283; Koehler Mitth. ix
(1884), 52.
Alphabet, type 1; but

is
2E.-
The engraver has attempted a species of
punctuation from time to time by leaving blank spaces. These are indicated
in the text by an upper point.
.... eiav .... acre
. . k]7TO\l6pKr]<TV T?79 t[
. . v, baa r\v ev ret rcov evavTiwv avfjL{ia%La[i. vjxo-
xd]/3?;[s]
Be 6 vbs o tovtov, irarrjp Se QaiSpov, ^6t[poTovrj-
5 dels 0~tpaTrjybs virb tov S/jfiov eirl to vavTiK.\ov gn-Xe-
vcrev hr\ tguv vecov, a?
6
^V^
^
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1
avveirefxirev
}
els Trjv 'Aatav Kai auv8ie7roXe/jLrja[iv r-
bv TToXefjuov tov ev Kvirpa) Kai eXafiev' Ayvcova top l[r\'io-
v Kai t<2? vavs tcls p,eT avTov, Kai eirl Tlpa^L/3ovXov
CLpx
ov
\.
T
~
io o?, TXavKeTOV KaOecXrjcfioTOS }Lv6vov Kai KaTayaybvT-
09 evTevOev tcl irXola, ttjv Te itoXiv eXaftev Kai avTov
55]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 141
YXavKerrjv Kal ra irXola ra
fier
avTov, kcli irapeo~Kev-
aaev da<f)dXeiap tols rrXeoucrc rrjp daXarrav Kacr-
adphpov Se iroXtopKovpTos flpeop airocrTaXeis crr-
15
paTr/yos eirl roov vecov tgop tt)s iroXecos tovs rroXiTas
tovs irXeoPTas ev rals pavcrlp Trapetrrjcraro, cocrre r-
wv avpp>dywp pLovovs 'AOqpatovs dXeLTovpyrjTovs
eipai tojp epycop roov irpos rrjv iroXtopKtav icai av-
tos 8e <$>al8po<; ttjp avTT)P aTpeaiv eycop tols Trpoyo-
20 <yo>poLS &LaTTeXeK6v eavTop ol^lop irapaaKevd^co-
V T7)S TTpOS TOP 8?/pLOP VPOLaS' Kal Trl NlKLOV fJbkv Ctp-
Yoptos o~TpaT7]<ycs vttu tov BtjpLOv ^ecpoTOprjOels eirl
ttjp irapaaicevrjv Sis irdvrwv cupu rrpoo-fj/cev eirepLeXrjO-
rj KaXws teal (J>lXotlpcos' kcli eirl rrjv ycopap yeipoTOPt]-
25 6els irXeopd kos kcli eirl tovs ePovs yepopevos Tpls
rrjv irdaav eirorjcraTo crirovSrjp oirws dp 01 arpaTCwrac
C09 apicna KaT(t)o-KevaapuepoL irapeyajPTat Tas %pe-
Las rep BrpLLCty itpeer(3ev eras Se irpos top ftacriXea top
irpeo~/3vTepop Tf.ToXepalop eKopaaep tw Sr/pLW gItop
30
kcli ^prjiACLTCL' ^ecporopt/Oels Se vird tov Srjpov eirl tcl
oirXa o~TpaTi]<y6s top epiavrov top iirl Klpucopos apyppT-
os SieTeXecrep dycopi^opLepos virep Trjs kolptjs o~cdTr\pl-
as kcll TrepiGTaPToup Tel iroXeL Kcupcvp SvgkoXoop Siecfiv-
Xafjep Trjp elprjprjp
Tfj
yu>pcL dirotpaLPopepos del to, KpaT-
35
ICTTd, KCLI TOP gItOP K Trjs yj>pCLS KCLI TOVS dXXoVS KapiTOV?
aiTLos eyepeTo elo~KopLLo-6i)paL, avp,/3ovXevaas toj hrjpLW
TvvreX^aclJllllllllllllJlllllllllllllJlllllJllJll^
J I J J
kclI ttjp ttoXlp eXevOepap Kal SrjpLOKpaTovpLeprjp av-
Topop,op irapeScoKep Kal tovs PopLovs Kvpiovs toIs pLeO*
40
kavTovlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllJIH^
'
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 ScereXeae Kal Xeycop Kal irpaTTCop dyad-
op otl rjhvpaTo virep tov $r}p,ov
////// ////////// /
IIIHIIIIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIJIIIIIUIJimjIIH^
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 X
C
P
0T0V7
l@
i<i
'
7 T^ OlTXa TTpGOTOS vtto tov hljpLOV
45
crTpaTTjyos top epLavTOP top eirl ^epo^oopTos apyopTOS
SLeTeXeae irdpTa TrpaTTcop ukoXovOws toIs re popuots Ka-
l toIs ttjs
fiovXfjs Kal tov 8?jp,ov ^j]<pLapao~LP
/ 1 J J J J
I
llllllllllllllllllillllllllllilllllllllllllllllil
lllllllllllllllllllllllillllllllllllllllllilllllllll
viiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiii
142 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[55
////////////////////////////////////////////////
////////////////////////////////////////////////////
teal dycovo0(e)rr)s yeiporovri0el^ viro rov hrjpuov eirl Nt/ao-
v ap^ovTOS eirepeXr)0ri rcov re 0vcncov o*7r&)9 avvreXe[<r-
55
8<3o-]fc iracrai Kara ra rrdrpta teal oi dyouves ft)? tcaXXucrroL
ytv<o]vTciL teat a^iot rrjs rov hr/puov (fyiXort/xia^, teal vgt\i-
pov] rov vov v/uLO%apov dycovo0erov ye.Lporovr)0evro<$
es Th\v eviavrov rov etr l&vftovXov apyovros avveire^e-
Xr/07) teal tovtw irdvrwv, (pavepdv diroSecKvvpievo^
60 ijM iracrcv r\v
^X
6i
^P^
T v $*}v-ov
evvoiav teal rd<; aX-
\9 he rrdcras Xeirovpyla^ XeXecrovpyr\ tcev
(friXorip,-
&)9 teal baai eirihocrei^ yeyovacriv ev rw
Sr/fi(p
rra-
(twv /jlgt
ecr^V /cev teal eirl irdcrtv tovtois eo~re<^>d-
veorac viro re rrjs /3ovXt}$ teal rov hij/xov 07r&)? a-
65 v ovv (f)aivr)Tai teal o hfjpuos rificov rov? dyaOovs
avhpa<$ teal d^iovs /jlptJ/jltjs' dyaOel Tvyei heho-
X^
at Tei fiovXer roi>? wpoiSpovs oinves dv Xd-
Xayaiv rrpoehpeveiv ev ru> Sij/jlo), orav al rjfj,ipac
ai etc rov vo/xov e^ijtecoo-tv,
x,PV/
jLaTL0
"
ai/ tr^pl tov-
70
rcov, yvwfxr]v he vpif3aXXeo-0ac T17? /3ovXr}<; et? rov
hrjpuov on ho/eel rel fiovXet' eiraiveaai <>aihpo-
v %vpLoydpov ZtpijTTlov teal arefyavwaaL avrov
Xpvcrd) erreepdva) Kara rov vo/xov aperfjs eveK-
a] /cat evvoias i)v eyutv hiareXel irepl rov Stj/jlov r-
75
ov AOrjvaicov /cal avayopevcrat rov crrec^avov Ac-
ovvaioiv rwv pueyaXwv rpaywhoov tc5 dycovi ru>
/caivo)' tcai Hava07]vaicov rojv p,eydXcov ra> yv-
/jLVIko* dyo3vr t//? ^e Trorjaecos rov arefydvov
teal T?;? dvayopeucrecos iircfjL6X7]0fjvai rov eirl
80 rel Sioitcr/crer arrjerat 8e avrov rov Stj/jlov teal
eiteova xaXtcfjv ev dyopd teal elvai avra> o~ir-
rjcriv e/ui irpvraveiu) teal ifcyovcov ra> 7rpea/3vr-
dra> del kol irpoeBplav ep, rrdai, Tot? dywcnv
0I9 r) 7rdXt? ri07]o~Lv. xeiporovrjo-ai he rov Srj-
85
/jlov tjStj rpeis dv&pa<; i 'AOrjvauov o'lrtves
errifxeXriGovrai rr}<; re rrorfaea)^ rrjs elteovo<;
teal rr}<$ dva0eaeco^' dvaypdyjrai he ro
tyrjtyL-
a/xa rov ypapifiarea rov teard rrpvraveiav ev a-
t]t]Xi Xi0lvei teal arrjoai irapd rrjv eiteova'
55]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 143
90 eh Be rrjv dva<ypacf)r)u ttjs arrfKn^ fiepiaat r-
6v eirl ret Btocfcr/aei to yevofxevov avdXco/xa.
AvavBpos AvcnaBov
*
AvatyXvaTios elirev d<ya-
0]e rvyer SeSo^Oac rco Byjfjbcp' ra fxev aWa
irdjvra Trpdrretv wepi T175 Scoped? rj? elrrj/cev
95
<t>]cuS/oo? Kara to irporepov tyr/cfiicr/jLa b AvavBpo-
? elirev, tovs Be Oea/jLoOeras elaayayeiv avr-
co rr)v BoKifJuaaiav T179 Btoped<z eh to BiKaar-
r\piov Kara tov vojjlov EjTtI rr/v avaOeatv rrj-
<? elicovos oiBe KeyeipoTovr\VTai' ^Vfio^dp-
100 779
X^TTfco?' Mefw^
^
A^apvevs' ^rpdrtov
H(f)7]TTlO<;.
(in corona)
f
H fiovXrj.
f
O Brjfxos.
The person honoured in this decree is one Phaedrus. In the first and lost
portion of the stele were recounted the merits of his grandfather, who appears
also to have been named Phaedrus (cf. CIA 11 109 and Strabo x p. 446, where it
is stated that he acquitted himself well in Euboea in the Lamian War
;
indeed
the reference here may be to that circumstance), and in 1. 3 sqq. follow the
praises of his father Thymochares. For it was common at this period, in
which, as Koehler (CIA I.e.) somewhat severely remarks, Greece was more
prolific in words than in doughty deeds, to adorn the merits of ancestors with
honorary inscriptions. The verboseness of this inscription offers a good ex-
ample of the practice. By way of compensation the inscription is of more
historical value than is usual in documents of the kind.
The date probably falls between 273/2 and 266/5 b.c. ; after 273/2, if the
archonship of Eubulus (1. 51) is rightly referred to that year ; before 266/5, the
date of the Chremonidean War ; in fact before 267/6, because the words (since
erased) in which Antigonus Gonatas was spoken of must have been compli-
mentary and must have alluded to a state of things not later than 268/7 b.c.
For further arguments see D ad loc., Klueber I.e. and Ferguson Corn. Stud, x
p.
25 sq.
5. <rrparitybs... inl to uavriKdu. 36 19. Cf. below 22, 24, 30, etc.
6. About 20 letters have been designedly erased. D supplies ry tQv
Ma/<-e56i/a>j> aroXip and thinks (with Klueber) that the words have reference to the
struggles of 316/5 b.c.
, when we know that Seleucus and Ptolemy carried on a
naval warfare against Antigonus in the neighbourhood of Cyprus. For other
conjectures see D ad loc. Koehler (CIA) points out that the various erasures
must have been made in 200 b.c when, as we learn from Livy xxxi 44, 7,
the Athenians execrated
'
Macedonum genus omne nomenque.'
8. A7/wva. At this time, 316 b.c, he appears to have been one of
Antigonus's admirals. There is a coin (Mionnet vi 376) with the legend "Ayvw
144 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[55
Trftwv (Klueber). Plutarch Alex. 40 (cf. 22) alludes to him as a luxurious officer
of Alexander who wore silver nails in his boots.
9. Ilpa&jSoiJXou: 315/4 b.c.
10. VXavK^rov kt\. Diodorus xix 62, 5 makes mention of a fleet of 50 ships
sent by Antigonus against the coast of Peloponnesus and Klueber thinks that
Glaucetas ma3
r
have commanded part of this fleet. Cf. Droysen (Hell, n 2, 18).
D objects that Glaucetas must rather have been a pirate, else his ships would
have been described as jxaKpal vrjes, not TrXoia.

K<xdei\r)<f)6Tos. 23 20.
13. Kaaadvdpov 5e ttoXlopkovutos 'Clp6i> kt\. The siege of Oreos by Cassander,
its relief by the arrival of naval forces from Peloponnesus and Asia, and
Cassander's subsequent triumph by the help of reinforcements from Athens,
are described by Diodorus xix 75 (313/2 B.C.).
16. 7rapiTr]aaTo, 94 (tt]Kv : 45 37.
19. aipeaiv. This word in the sense of
'
propensus animus,'
'
kindly feeling
towards a person,' almost equivalent to etivoia, is very common in later inscrip-
tions. Cf. for later literary usage Polyb. v 56, 5 : t$ doiceiv ixt) 5<.\J/ev<r9ai rijs
aipeaews /cat StaA-^ews [r^s] rod /3acrtX^ws ; ib. II 61, 9 did ttjv irpbs tovs 'Axcuovs
aXpeaLv. A similar meaning has attached to irpoaipeacs ; cf. 57 17.
21. Nidou : 296/5 B.C.
23. ts. Wilamowitz Antig. p. 238, to account for the fact that Phaedrus
twice in one year held the office of aTparriyds, ingeniously suggests that there
were fresh elections for all the officers of that year. For from two inscriptions
(CIA ii 299 and iv 2, 299 c) we learn that Nicias was dpx^v varepos [apxovros
voTtpov), i.e. archori suff'ectus. And as according to the former inscription the
7th day of the fourth prytany fell upon the 16th of Munychion, it follows that
the order of the prytanies must have been rearranged and that Nicias entered
on office not at the beginning of the year in Hecatombaeon, but in Gamelion.
(Otherwise Unger Philol. suppl. v 686.) No certain explanation of the reason
for such a change has been offered. (See D ad loc.) Perhaps however 5is
applies not to
x
L
P
OTOt/
V^

^t
DUt. to iirefxeX-qd-n.
29. tov Trpeaj3vTepov : i.e. Ptolemaeus Lagi f., 306285 B.C. D would refer
the embassy to the period when Athens was besieged by Demetrius Poliorcetes,
2954 b.c.
31. KLiuuovos. 291/0 b.c See D and Ferguson Corn. St. x 6, and cf.
Koehler on CIA iv 2, 614 b.
33. 8vaKo\u)v. D. agrees with Niese Gesch. der griech. u. makedon. Staaten
i 372 in referring this to the war between Demetrius and the Aetolians.
43. -rrpooTos. The meaning of this word is not clear
;
possibly Phaedrus was
the first appointed after some political change. D.
45. "ZevocpQivTos : perhaps 286/5 b.c. (Ferguson Corn. St. x 17; but cf. D
ad loc. who argues for 290/89 or 289/8).
53. NlkLov : see 53 1. 57. vov : 37 68. Qvpcoxapov: 53 2.
58. EvfiovXov: see the introductory note above and cf. Ferguson Corn. St.
x 25. 68. otolv ktX. : 52 54.
76. t$ dyQvt. t kclivu : i.e., on the days on which new plays were performed
in the competition. Cf. CIA iv 2, 373 h 19 : /cat dvenreTv tou <rTi(pa]vov Aiow<rl\a)i>
[Tpayifidols /cati/ois].
97. tt)v 8oKi/j.a<riav t^s dcjpeds. On the examination of their titles to which
R.vii] DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 145
naturalised citizens were subjected before the deafioQhai, see Dar. and Sagl.
s. v. doKifxaaia and M. and S. Att. Pr. 256 sq. From the third century we hear
of the enquiry into the titles under which other honours, as here duped, were
held. In CIA iv 2, 451 b, 5 the words Kara tov vb^ov are replaced by : orav irpwrow
trXrjpQac diKaarrjpiov
;
in 513 I it is : ftrav TrXrjpuxri. 5iK~\a<TT7)piov els eva nal Tr[evTa-
Kocriovs dlKCMTTds.
Remark vii. The Ephebic Inscriptions. The institution called
'E^/Jia played an important part at Athens and, with modifications,
in several other states, in the military and intellectual training
of young men for the duties they had to perform as citizens. The
object of this note is merely to give a bare outline of the institution
sufficient to render intelligible the representative inscriptions. For
a fuller account the reader may be referred, e.g., to the article
Ephebi in Daremberg and Saglio's Dictionary and the authorities
there quoted.
The Ephebi were youths between eighteen and twenty years of
age, who were entered on the Xrj^LapxLKov ypa/x/xarciov or register of
the deme and were undergoing military training. There is nothing
1
to show that the institution of the Ephebia may not have existed
as early as the fifth century B.C., though the earliest inscriptional
evidence we have is a decree of 334/3 B.C.
(75).
Originally the
Ephebia had, in principle, nothing to do with education as generally
understood. It was simply a military noviciate. The young man
at the age of eighteen became a soldier and the state undertook to
train him for war without imposing upon him the obligation of
cultivating his intelligence. Afterwards, as the inscriptions (CIA II
466, 467
(=65), 468, 482) show, intellectual exercises were combined
with military exercises, but the combination belonged to a compara-
tively late period, when the ephebia had become sensibly modified, and
the training developed in fact into a kind of University system. The
inscriptions, which form a distinct category, range over six centuries,
from the fourth century B.C. to the third century a.d. They
exhibit varying degrees of complexity in the different periods and
may be classified as follows : I. Documents consisting of two parts,
(1)
honours paid to ephebi and one or more of their officers,
1
Except perhaps the absence of any mention by Plato and Isocrates of
ephebic discipline. Wilamowitz indeed (Arist. u. Ath. i 193) seeks to prove that
the institution cannot have existed much earlier than 334/3 b.c.
, and that this
very year may have marked its inauguration.
R. II.
10
146 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I. [R. vii
(2)
a list of ephebi (cf. 53 and CIA n 324, 330, 338341).
II. Documents consisting of three parts,
(1)
honours paid to
ephebi and their officers,
(2)
honours paid to the Koo-fx-qTys,
(3)
a
list of ephebi (cf. CIA 465471; [467
=
65]).
III. Documents
consisting of four parts,
(1)
decree concerning sacrifices performed
by the Kooyx^T^'s and the ephebi,
(2)
decree concerning honours to
the Koa-fxr]Trj<; on the report of the ephebi,
(3)
decree concerning
honours to the ephebi,
(4)
a list of ephebi and officers (cf. CIA n
478, 479, 480). IV. Honorary decrees for the Koajx-qrai and the
ephebi promulgated by the
fiovXrj
alone, not by the /3ov\tj and
Srjfjios. (CIA ii 481, 482.) The documents of Class I belong to the
third century B.C., of II to the end of the second and first half of
the first century, of III to about the middle of the first century,
while those of IV are later than 48 B.C. The ephebic inscriptions of
the first three centuries of the Christian era exhibit a variety
of composition which cannot be reduced to a common formula.
The opening formula of the decrees naturally follows the rule of the
decrees representing the several periods. No. 65 well illustrates
the tedious prolixity which tended to characterise the later decrees.
The principal officers were the following : 1. The o-co^povtarat,
elected by the demos, one from each tribe out of three nominated
by the tribe (Arist. 'A#. -n-oX.
42). They appear in the earliest
inscriptions and are coupled with the koct/x^tt;? in CIA iv 2, 251 b, a
decree of 305/4 B.C., which apparently marks a transition stage
;
for we hear nothing more of the o-wcppovicrTaL till inscriptions of the
empire, when the office would seem to have been revived. Their
role was to supervise the financial relations of the ephebi and to act
as mentors to the young men, over whom they sometimes exercised a
severe discipline. 2. The Kocrp.r)T7]s who appears first inscriptionally
in 305/4 B.C. (CIA iv 2, 251 b) and is always henceforward first in
order of precedence. He was elected for a year and was the only
officer who held an
a-pxv-
His functions were to preserve the Ephebi
in good health, to maintain discipline and harmony among them, to
accompany them daily in the gymnasia, to take them to the lectures
of the philosophers, rhetoricians and grammarians and to conduct
them to the (ppovpca, where they were to learn their military duties,
to offer the ordinary sacrifices to the gods and to follow the
processions ordered by the laws. After him came : 3. The 7rcuSo-
Tpi/3r)<;, who was at first an annual officer and afterwards appointed
for life (Slo. (3lov CIA in 1105, 1112 etc.). He was a kind of Chief
Instructor in Gymnastics. 4. The 67rA.oju.aY09, 5. The aKovTiaTTJs,
56]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 147
6. The to^ottjs, 7. The KaTo.7ra\Ta<j>eTr)s or d^eV^s whose names do not
always appear in the same order of precedence. Their instructional
duties are sufficiently indicated by their respective titles. 8. The
ypa/jL/uuiTcvs. 9. One or more v7rr)pTcu. The duties of the last two
were not instructional. Under the empire various other officers
appear, drriKoo-fnyT^s, vttokoot/x^t^s, tjyep.wv (who marched at the head
of the ephebi in certain religious ceremonies), SiScto-KoAos (a teacher
of music), KaTpo<f>v\a (Ke'o-Tpos, a bolt discharged from an engine),
and others. Besides these there was 6 kiri Aioyevciou (see 65 24).
To be distinguished from all these are the officers chosen from the
ephebi themselves, who in later times formed a miniature 7ro/Us and
had functionaries bearing such titles as o-Tpa-njyo?, Krjpv, ayopai/o'/xos,
darvvofAos, eiaaycoyevs. The varied nature of the duties performed
by the ephebi in the course of their training may be gathered from
the inscriptions given below (see Index) and the subjoined com-
mentaries.
56.
"
Athenis. Edidit Pocockius Inscr. P. I. p. 56 n. 63, ad cuius exemplum
accurate expressa inscription Boeckh CIG 115. CIA n 329.
For the alphabet reliance must not be placed upon Pocock's copy. E.g. it is
certain that the form of 6 as
2
is wrong for this period
; 2E:
appears once for
f
and several times
E, zz.
for a
;
/x
2
for /jl, w
3
for ir and a
2
for <j are doubtful.
(Text on
pp.
148151)
In the lost part of the stone was a decree passed at the end of the prytany
of the Aegeid tribe in honour of the prytanes of that tribe. LI.
1
9 are part of
another decree passed at the same time on the report of the prytanes of the
Aegeid tribe in honour of the magistrates, the prytanes and the Council ; a
third decree (10
18)
was passed at the end of the 12th prytany in honour of
the ra/iias rrjs (3ovXt/s (see below 1. 12). In 1. 19 begins the list of the prytanes
(15 out of the normal 50 survive) arranged according to demes, which are those
of the Aegeid tribe (but cf. note on 1. 39). In 43 sqq., enclosed in crowns are
mentioned <pvXerai and dtViroi, perhaps as Boeckh thinks because the tribesmen
and the atoiroi crown those whom the fiovXr/ has commended.
7. For K tCov (pvXerQu Kirchhoff would write t&v irpvTaveuv
;
but there is no
reason to doubt that the former was on the stone.
8. tov K-qpvKa kt\. This official did not belong to the <f>v\r) irpvrave^ovaa.
In this case his deme, the Trinemean, belonged to the tribe Cecropis.
11. povXeueiv \axwv. Cf. Arist. 'A0. tto\. 43, 2: (3ov\r) 5e KXypovrai <p,
v
awb <tt}s> cpvXijs eKa<TT7)s, and see Headlam, On the Lot, 4156, 86. Cf. also
the clause on the Erythraean constitution modelled on that of Athens, 5 7.
12. rjdvvaro : 52 25. ra/xias aipedels vird r^s (3ovXi]s : Arist. 'A0. ttoX. 49, 4,
however, says: kcu ra/uas early avrocs KXypurds. See 38 39 and for one of the
functions of this ra/xias (or ra/xiai) cf. ib. 1. 30 sq.
102
148 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[56
Text
<T(f)
v airo(f>ai
v coaatKa . OacpLV ev
rfj(c)
. . vovBe T(ov tcai X .... r
(dy)adf) rvyei BeBo-
5 irja^efo-ai] top ra/ntav NiKOKpdrrjv Aloovos 'A[y]/cv\f}dev
Ti[<rQ]ev7)v Ovr][<r]c<j>oi}VTo<; TeiOpdo-cov eucre/^e/a? eve/ca
<f)i\oTi/jLLa<; tt)? et? tovs (frvXeras' eiraiveaat Be Kal etc
ttjv KfoXXJuTea* eiraiveaai Be Kal top /cypv/ca rrj<i /3ovXf}<;
<>i\o/c\eov<; Tpive/jueia.
io 'E7Tfc t?}? StofScicJaT?;? TrpvTavelas, [2t]yLto?
(?)
^irucpdrov
273/2 (?) T?
7
? fiovXe\y\eLV Xa^cbv t[o]v ev[i]avrbv to[v] e[ir' E]v-
Xeya&v Kal irpdrrcov dya\%b\v on r)Bv\y\aro i/[ir][p] re tt}?
//,/a? alpeOels viro t?}? (3ovXr)<s 6*5 Te ra[s] dvaia^ to?? . .
crf.z^ fxefxeptKev Tot? lepoiroiol^, Kal avrbs o-vve7rt/jLe[\ii]X[ri]-
TpiCDV
0VJ
15
o~<z9 Ta? dvcrias kOvcrev, a[vijXo>o- 8*] /cat e[<] t^ IB'uov,
Kal VTrep iravr(Dv
}
[wv to]t/c[o]^o//.?7/ce^, diroXeXoyta-TaL
rfj
dyady) Tvyei Behb-^Qai rrj fiovXel eiratvecrai ^iKOKpdrrjp
o~e/3eta? eveKa rf)<; irpo<; tov<$ deovs Kal <pcXori/jLia<; rf)<;
'AyKv[\]eis
f
A\cwe?
20 NiKOKpdrr)<; Alcdvos Eu#<e>u/Aa%09 JLv0v[K]pdrov
TeiOpdato^ M[v]?;o'tXo^o9 M^)<7lirirov
'AvTcaOevr)?
^Ovt]o-i$[<Z\vto<; YleBioKXrj? [2\ijllkv0ov
TLoX[-C]o-Tparos Aop;ea>9 Mi^o-ap^o? Mz^crao^tSov
eo7ro/x7T09 JLv6i>4>povo<s AOrjvnnros AOrjv'nnrov
25
'A[pio-T]oTe\?7?(?) 'A^TtSw/Joi/ ^^AiriyapiBt]^ Avo~
-
-
'Ep^et< Mi/'J/tra^opafs Mv]^[<ra>v]o?
K.aXXio~Tparo<; TeXealov HoXv[lr\]\o<i KA,6t[v]t7T7roi;
Eu^ei/o? Euf[i]0eou [KoWjirret?
'JLTrtyevrjs
,
E7ra/i[]n>o[vo]?
(?)
KaXXcKparr)^ [II] vOoBrjXov
30
ITa^atTto? QiXcDvos KXelrTj^ N<e>iKcovos
^ctiKXrjs
'
'A[p]lg-to(J)lXov Alcou Aicovos
E#/3to? Eu7roA.eyLtot> 'Apiarecov UoXvKpdrov
XoXcov * A6riv[o\Bd)pov <>[il"y]a[i]efc?
'
A/jL<f>iKXr}<; Uv6oBd)pov Xat[p]ecrr/)aT09 IIoA.L'e[v]tfTOi'
35
AvacKparrj
1
; RvcfrcXijTov ^Avrufytov UoXve[v]Krov
56]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 149
of
No. 56.
eicixras
vovacv els ttjv j3o[v\r\v
7rpVTavt,a(c)
'XQai rfj ftovXei e-
(5)
real rb\y\ ypafi/jbare[a] 'A[v-
rrj[s] 7r[po]9 [to] 1)9 0o[\>s teal
TOJV <f)v\T(t)V KaAA^Kpcr-
/cal tov Stj/jlov JLufc\fj[y
(10)
AWaXu&rjs elfircv' iir^ecBrj N[i]/co[K]pa-
fiovXov ap[x\ovTo<; BoerereXeKev
ftovXr/s /ecu tov StJ/jlov, Kal ra-
Ta[t], cos ra roiyv ira-
[ird-
(15)
Kal [Tr]e<f)iXoTL/jLr)[T]aL els rrjv /3ovXijv>
fiovXfj
6p6(Z<s Kal SiKaioos,
Aicovos
*
AyKvXrjOev ev-
6t9 rr)v (SovXrjV.
IcoVLOaL 13, 14. Qu. rots [idiots ava\wp.d]cnp ?
(20) AriuocrOivr)*; ^arvpov
Boeckh thinks that after 1. 14 a whole line
TT"\ /}
* 8 missi n
g-
The attempted restoration is
/ /
^is.
Nlkcdv o8copov
22. 'kvrureivw : marked as ypawarevs
IIep/[av]Sp09 Av<T<6>tOV (sc. Kara trpvTaveiav) 1. 48; he always be-
E/c KoXft)l/oi)
longed to the (pvXyj TrpvTavevovaa at this
/ \ period. See Rem. v, p. 89.
*^ 5 '
^ f
30. ArifjLOK\4ov: cf. 32, 40. See 65
Avac[K\]rj<; AvcriKXeovs
106 sqq.
(
JLo-TLai66ev
39. Here apparently the deme Myr-
'Apvta? KpLTeovo?
rhinus belongs to the tribe Aegeis
;
else-
r
-, ^ ,r
where it is assigned to the Pandionis.
Kv \bavTi 8cu ... ,.,.
a
_ ,
L J L
41. aiaiTOL. See 63 end.
(30)
ArjfiOKXris ArjfiOKXeov
48. Tbi> ypafxfiar^a tov St^ou : the official
EptA:t9 whose fuller designation was ypafx/xarevs
'AvTiScopos AlokXcov
t9
>
s
P
ovX
^
k<* rod Bvfxov, cf. Rem. v,
p.
89.
AyadoKXrjs
'
Apiarocf)dvov
Apa<f>7]pwc
(35)
KaX.Xt7T7ro9
'
Avrdvhpov
150 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[57
Text
JLv<f>L\r)To<; AvaiKparov
y
A[vr]cKpdrr)<;
'AfvrJt^Xeou?
(?)
'Orpvvels <&
cXa[t]&at,
<pL\t<TTL<a>$7}<;
(?)
AtoBoopov Me^at^/Lto? 'Apc<TT[i]ov
Alotl/jLos yieXavOiov
40 Eva1-17? A[n]vlov
45
50
Ol ^>[vX]erat
tov ra/jLiav
NucoKpaTrjv
Oc (bvXerai
rbv ypa/jLfjLaria
'Av[ti\o-66V7}V
(in coronis)
f
O hrjfjbo^
TOU9 TrpvTaveis
Ol (f>v\erai
HLaX\,LKpaT7}V
KoX[\]vria
Ol (j>v\erac
tov Krjpvfca
JLv/cXrjv
t[o]v viroypa/jL/jLaTea
- -
gikX9)v
57. A slab of Hymettian marble, in two fragments, found in the Acropolis.
CIA 11 332, 333; D 214. Cf. Koehler Sb. Ah. Berl. 1895, xl 975 sqq.;
Wilhelm, Mitth. xvn (1892) 193 sqq.
Alphabet, type 1 ; but frequently tt is w
2
,
w is w
2
. Spaces occasionally mark
a new paragraph. Utolxv^ov, with some deviations.
frg. a (S) O [<
B.C.
267/6?
'E7Tt UeiOiSrj/jLov apyovTos eirl tt}? 'E^e^etSo? Seirre'/oa? ir-
pjvTaveLas'
MeTayeiTvtoovos ivaTet laTapbevov, ivaTei T779 irpvTavei-
5
a?" eKKXrjGLa Kvpla' twv irpoeBpcov eire^rj^i^ev SwaTpaTos K-
aXXtaTpciTov 'EjO^teu? Kal crvfiTrpoeBpov e&o];v tco 8rj-
fi(i)'
Xp/jLcovi&7)<; 'FiTeo/cXeov? AWaXiSrjs elirev eTreihr)
TrpoTepofjL pLV AOrjvaloL Kal Aa/ceSac/jiovtot Kal ol avfifxay-
01 ol 6/caTepcDv
(fiiXtav
Kal avpLfxaylav KOLvrjv Trotrjcrafievo-
10 l irpos eavTovs 7roXXovs Kal kclXovs ay&vas rjycovLaavTo
fie-
t aXXrjXwv irpos tov<$ /caTaSovXovcrdai, tcls 7roXet? eTTLyeip-
ovvtcls, (ov eavTois T Sofjav i/CTrjaavTO Kal tols aX[Xo]is
57]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 151
of
No. 56.
K.aWt<r6ev7}s Qavoybdyov
'E<y M.vppivovT[Tr\]s
A/ca&rjfjLos NeofcXeov
Ol atatr[o]L
tov ra/Jbiav
NlKOKpaTTjV
Ol <pv\erai
tov <ypa/jb[\i\area
TOV hrjfJLOV
NeowToXe/jiov
"EXXtjctlv irapecncevaoav tt)v eXevOeptav teal vvv 8e /c[ai]pQ)v
KaOeiXr)<poT(ov ofjuoiwv ttjv RXXd&a irdaav Sea to[vs KJaTaXve-
15 iv eTTiyeipovvTas tovs t vo/jlovs Kal Ta<? iraTpiovs kicao-T-
o^9 iroXiTeias re {3acrLXev$ Y[ToXefialo<; afcoXovdcos Tel t-
cov Trpoyovcov zeal Tel tt}? dSeXcfyrjs 7rpo[a]ipecrc
<f)avepo<;
icrT-
iv cnrovSd^GOv virep rr}? kolvt)s t[<ov] 'J^XXrjvcov eXevOepias' [ic]al
Srj/nos 6 'AOrjvaioov avfifjua^iav iroirjadpbevo^ irpos avTov ical
20 tovs XoLTTOv^EiWrjva^ \lrtj(f)icrTai, irapaicaXelv eirl ttjv avTrj-
v irpoaipeo-tv waavToo^ Se Kal AaKehaifJuovLot tfilXoi, icaX avfi-
payoi tov /3ao-LXea)<s ovtes YlToXe/jualov Kal 7rpo? tov hrjfjLov t-
ov AOrjvaioiv elcrlv i^rj^Lafievoi avfipba-^iav /xeTci T 'HXelcov
/cal
'
A^aioov ical TeyeaTOJv Kal MavTcvecov /cat 'Op^ofxevlcov Ka-
25 l] <X>m[\W] /cal Ka<f)V(Dv Kal KprjTaeayv oaot elcrlv iv Tel ctv/jl/j,-
ax^a r]et AatceSai/jLovLoov ical 'A^eco? ical twv aXXoov o-v/jL/xd^co-
v Kal] 7rpicr/3ei<; d-no twv crvve&pcov direcrTaXicacnv irpos tov Brj-
|iov]* Kal ol iraparyeryovoTes Trap avTcov e/ncf)aviovcnv ttjv Te A-
a/ceSat/jLOVLCDV Kal \\pecos Kal tojv aXXoov crv[Xfia^ajv c^iXoTLfii-
30
av, rjv e^ovatv irpbs tov Srj/j,ov, Kal ttjv irepl tt}?
avfifxa^ia^ o/jLoX-
ojiav iJKOvat KO/xl^ovTe^' ottcos dv ovv koivtjs op,ovoias <yevo/JL-
152 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[57
evrjs Toi$
r
'lLWr}at, 777)09 re rovs vvv r/BiKTjKoras /cat irapearrov
BrjKoras ras TroXets irpoOv/JLOt puerd rov /3aat\eo)<; TlroXepbaiov
teal fjuer dWrjXcov birapywcriv dycovtcrral Kal rb Xolttov pueO' 6/jlov-
35
oia<$ ctoj^coctlv ras 7roXet9* dyadfj rvyei BeBo^Oac tw[i
8-
rjpia), rr)v
fAv (f>i\iav Kal rr\v o-v/jb/jba^tav elvai
'
'AOrjvaloes k\oX
Aa/ceSai/jLOVioLS Kal rots (BacriXevaiv rots AaKeBaifMov[l(av
Kal 'HXe/ot? Kal 'A^atot? Kal Teyedracs Kal M.avnveva[iv Ka-
l OpxpfxevioLS
Kal QiaXevacv Kal Kacfyvevcrtv Kal K.p7]r[atvfri-
40 v ogoi iv rel avfi/jLa^la eio~lv rel AaKeBatpLOvLwv Ka[\ 'Apneas
Kal rols aXXoo<; Gvybpudyois Kvpiav els tov diravra
[xpovov, rjv
r/KOvai KO/jLi^ovres ol TrpeafteLS' Kal dvaypdyjra[i av-njv tov -yp-
afJLfJLarea tov Kara irpvraveiav iv o~rr)Xrj ^oXk]^ Kal o-TTjcrai k-
v aKpoiroXet irapd tov veo) 7-7)9
'
AOrjvds rr)s Ilo[Xia8os. djioo-ai 8*
45
rel] dpyela rols rrpeofieaiv rols 7rapayeyo[v6<riv irap' avrwv
(?)
t6-
v opKov to]i> rrepl rrjs av/x/jLa^ias Kara rd [iron-pia
,
vtto tov hrjfiov 7rp[ia-$\e
-
-
TO , ,
frg. b <rv]/Lt/ia^0L9 'A6r)[vai
50
,
A8r]va]tOL'9 fJ<ev AaKeBat-
fxoviois 6|i6<rcu tov's t dpxovTas Kal tov]9 o~rparrjyovS Kal T-
i]V PovXi^v Kal iirirdpxovs Kal lirirlas Kajfc (pvXapyovs Kai ra^L-
dp\ovs vrj t6v Aa, 'AiroXXwva, "ApTjii]i>, ' YiXiov,
'
Apr), AOrjvdv
'
Ape-
lav, IIocri8o, Ai^p.T]Tpa, cjiacvovo-t \l\v t]v rel crufjUfia^La rel yey-
55
vt]p.VL dvai avrois iroXXd Kal 6l]ja0d, imopKovai Be rdva-
vria. AaK8ai(xoviwv 8 'A9t)vol]lol<; Oixoaai Kara ravra rov-
s pao-tXcis Kal tovs 6<j>6pot)s Kal] row; yepovras' Kara ravrd B-
k op-ocrai Kal Kara <ra> ras dXXas] TToXetS rovs dpyovra^. idv B-
l 8oKt AaKcSaijxoviois Kal r]ot9 o~vp,^xa.yoi<s Kal AOrjvaiois
60 dficivov tvat irpoa-06iva ti] Kai acfreXelv 7Tpi rrjs av/jb/jLa^t-
as o dv SoKct da<J>oTpois, 'ivo\pKOV elvat. diaypdyfrai 8e rr)v av-
vG^kiiv xds iroXcis v <rTi]Xai]9 Kal arijaat iv lepw brrov dv )3ov-
XtovTai.
For the
'
Chremonidean ' War, to the beginning of which this decree refers,
see Droysen Hell, in 1, 225 sqq., Holm H. G. iv 194
7. It was a final effort
for freedom on the part of Athens. Apart from a few inscriptions, our informa-
tion depends upon a brief account by Pausanias in 6, a few lines in Justinus
26, 2 and prol. 26, and a reference to the death of Philemon in Ael. fr. 11
(Miiller
4, 415). The only certain date is that of the death in battle of Areus,
the Lacedaemonian King, in the spring of 265 b.c. The capture of Athens by
58]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 153
Antigonus Gonatas is referred by De Sanctis (Studi di storia antica 11 55 sqq.)
to 260 b.c. For the year of Pithidemus, 1. 2, D now (ed. 2), after Koehler,
inclines to 268/7 or 267/6 b.c. on the ground that some time must have elapsed
between his archonship and the death of Areus. Ferguson Corn. St. x 28,
decides for 267/6.
7. Xp/j.o]vi8fjs. It was from this person that the name 6 Xpepaovideios
irdXefios (Hegesander ap. Athen. vi
p. 250) came. For his later history see D's
note. 14. KadeiXrjcpoTuv. 23 20.
16. UtoXc/jlcuos : sc. Philadelphus, who possibly was the chief instigator of
the war. Before the date of the decree he was in alliance with Athens (1. 19).
Holm I. c. gives to Athens the credit of having led, albeit without success, the
movement for freedom. By ddeXcp^s in 1. 17 is meant Arsinoe, sister and wife
of Philadelphus. 17. irpo\a}Lp{<xei : 55 19. In 1. 19 kclI =
(
also.'
25. Qiahtuv. The form without
y
occurs DI 4645 (Mtissenia). Cf. Hoffmann
Gr. Dial, i 221, where the doubt is raised as to whether <J>ia\eia or QiyaXeia was
the original name of the Arcadian town.
Kprjra^uju 8aoi kt\. : a necessary limitation
;
the Cretan towns were not
likely to act with unanimity. Cf. e.g. the inscription of Dreros (Ca. 121) in
which the dyeXaToc or
<t>7}fiot.
are made to swear eternal enmity against Lyttos.
26. 'A/o^ws. 'Apeijs, son of Acrotatus, succeeded his grandfather Cleomenes
in 309 b.c. and reigned 44 years (Diod. xx 29, 1). He was killed in battle near
Corinth in fighting against Antigonus, 265 b.c.
27. avi>i5pio. Cf. 32 43, 34 12.
32. irapeaTroudriKdTas. For the construction cf. Polyb. i 7, 8 : irapeairbvb-qaav
('broke faith with') tous "PyyIvovs and Plut. Sull. 3. Koe. points out that the
King of Macedon and the various despots governing Greek cities under his
protection are meant. 35. ayfacriv. Meisterhans Gr. 179.
43. ei> (TTrjXrj
x
a^K
[vl-
The stone then contains a copy of the original on
bronze. 44. ww. See 37 35.
45. r& apxeia. :
'
boards of magistrates.' This use of the word though
common elsewhere is not found in Old Attic.
b 49 sqq. This fragment was acutely seen by Wilhelm I. c. to belong to
frg. a.
54. ip.fieuovai p.kv ktX. For the formula see Index s.v. 6pKos.
58. After apxovras is left the space of two letters. Wilhelm thinks the
same was the case after Ta^idpxovs 1. 53 and after rdvavria 1. 56. The superfluous
to. after Kara, if it may be supplied, makes up the necessary 24 letters.
61. tvopKov. So D, for eijopKov (sc. doxe?) of Wilhelm, regarding the words
tvopxov dvai as the apodosis. Cf., for the phrase, elvai hairovbov CIA n 14 b
p. 423, and the Cretan formula Ca. 116, 10 : Sri 5e e(y)ypd\patfiev Zvopubv re
&ttw Kal tvQivov (='4vdeov, but for another meaning see D 326, 32, Chersonesiis).
58. A slab of Hymettian marble, found on the acropolis. CIA n 308;
D 227. Cf. Unger Philol. 38, 491 sqq.; Wilamowitz Ant. v. Caryst. 244;
W. S. Ferguson Com. Stud, x p. 31; Sonne De arbitris externis
p. 35 n. lv.
Alphabet, type 1 ; but

is
2
. Xtoixv^v-
154 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[58
'E7rfc
pGL\6'X0V
apyovTo^ e'[irl ttjs . . . ti-
8]o? 8VTpa(<;) TrpvTaveias,
77
[i Ai68otos A-
Loyvrfrov Qpedppios iypafjL/n[aTtvi' Mcto.-
yLTvi(*)vos Sco&efcdrr), $co8e[K&Tr\ t^s irp-
5
vraveia^' eKKXr^aia tcvpla' r<[v irpoc'Spwv
eVei/r^tfe^ Uv0oyi>r)<; rXai^icCirirov 'AX-
ireKTjOev Kal crv\y]7rp6eBpoL'
eSo^ev ttj
f3ov\fj
Kal tw[i Sijpup
KaXatSiys KaXatoov 'B^VTreratoDV \direv' ktn-
10 i&rj tov 8t]/jlov tov ' XOrjvaiayv real [tov koivo-
V TOV RoLCDTGOV CTVf/,/3o\ov 7TOL7}(TapJ[4v<aV irpo-
9 aWjjXovs Kal eXofjuevwv kkX7)t\ov ttjv Aa-
/jLLecov 7toXlv dveSe^aTo Ka6tel\y to 8iko.o
TTjptov, Kal vvv 01 diroara\6VTe\s vir6 tv A-
15 ajweW] iiri [rds 8f]/ca9 a[ir]o[<J>aCvov<riv kt\.
Athens and the Confederation of Boeotia had referred some subject of
dispute to the arbitration of Lamia and both this decree and CIA iv 2, 308 b
(proposed by the same KaXatdrjs) are concerned with the passing of a vote of
thanks to the Lamian arbitrators (oi airo<jTa\vTe[s virb rwc Aaputup], 14 sq.).
The archonship of Thersilochus is referred by D to the second half of the third
century b.c. The latter part of CIA 11 307 belongs to the same year as our
inscription and is preceded by a decree passed in the archonship of Callimedes.
That decree was previously held to be anterior to the Chremonidean War
(267263 b.c.) because in it the name of a tribe (Antigonis or Demetrias) is
erased; but it now appears (see Rem. vi, p. 128) that these tribes survived to
about 200 b.c
The written character of CIA 11 307 better suits a later than an earlier date
in the century : is once square, ir is 7r
2
, <p is frequently
3
or
<p
4
, w is through-
out w
2
.
3 sqq. On the coincidence of the day of the month with the day of the
prytany see Rem. vi, p. 127.
9. 'Evireranhv. Note that the genitive is EvweTaiovos (not -wvos). From the
middle of the second century we frequently find an e prefixed to the initial
;
e.g. 'Eu7reraict>;> CIA in 1119, 45 (circa 150 b.c) ;
'EijvTrereuv ib. 1892, 3 (where
the e = ai shows that it is not earlier than 100 a.
d.).
Meisterhans, Gr. 131
and 93.
12. ZkkXtitop
-
cf. the note on 26 1721 and for other examples of ZkkXtjtol
7r6Xets see no. 71 and Index.
The subject of dvede^aro is ij Aa/uueajv 7r6\is :
"
undertook to establish a court
of arbitration."
15. a-Ko<t>(x.ivov<jLv kt\. For the restoration cf. 51 14 sq.
59]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 155
59. A slab of Hymettian marble, in four fragments, found at Athens.
CIA ii 334; D 232. Cf. Beloch Jahrb. cxxix
(1884), 481 sqq. ; Lolling AeXr..
'Apx- 1892, p.
48.
Alphabet, type 1 ; but

is

2
and it frequently ir
3
. The dot of 6 is frequently
omitted.
Lines 1, 2 and 3032 are in larger characters
;
lines
3
29 are o-Toixydov
except that in 1. 19 an iota, probably at first omitted, has been inserted
[jx-qdevi).
T a
fJL
L a 9 CTT pOLTLCO
[tikwv
EupUK\et8)|9 M t K l ft) ^ O
S
[K T|
4
i <r b c v
s
230-228
'E]7Tt AiOfie&ovTos apy^ovTOS eVl rrj<;
[ 80s SfiKaTTjs irp-
vravetas,
fj
<>opvo~Ki87)s
'
Apccrrofjuevov (A)[vkovovs
Ypapp.d-
5
Te]vev 'l&\a<f)r)l3o\ta)vo<; hvet Kal vea eV[PoXipu> 8VTpa t-
tjs]
Trpvravelw eKKXrjaia' twv TrpoeSpcov 6'[irt|n]<^bgv KaXXtV-
Tp]aTO? TeXeaivov 'E^te[vs *al cr upirpofSpob*
eSo^ev tco SrjfKj)'
Be]6(f)7}fAOS
Ti/jlok\OVS MapaOcovLOS e277-e[v* oirws dv \pr\\i.arbiv
10 tr\opicr6ivTwv
^X
ei Ta
P<ia<;
pbepi^etv ra [Sfopcva, IVa Kara t6-
v
K\ara\oL7rov yj)ovov rod iviavTov cri^;[ofuo-8tt<riv ot Ik -yTjs ?
K\apirol fir
da^aXeua^' dyaOel rvyei Se[86x0ab ttj povXa
t\ov$ Xa^ovTas irpoeSpovs e/9 rrjv eVtoOfo-av iKKXtjo-^av
XP^K-
-
a\rlaai irepl tovtcov, yvcofirjv Be ijv/bLJ3dXX[o-Qai -rfjs PovXtjs, on
15 So/eel rjj fiovXel, tovs ftovXo/xevovs rw\y TroXbrwv Kal t<3v dX-
XcOV TCOV OLKOVVTCOV iv
Tfj
TToXei eViStSd [vcu ls TT\V O-WTTjpba-
v t^? iroXecos Kal tt\v (pvXafcrjv r?}? ^copas e[Tro/yY^o-"0ab Tt p-
ovXei rj 7rpo? tovs arpar^yov^ d7roypdyjra[o-Qai Ivtos prjvos Mo-
vvixiodvos' (Jltj i^earco Se /jL7j6evl 7rc8ovva[i vXiov H H Spaxpwv
20 /jlt)& eXdTTOv
n
*
eivat Se tois iirihovai [<rT<J>ava>9T|vaC t ko.-
l eiraiveOrjvaL Kal Ti/jLrjOfjvai viro rod Brj^ov KaGo-n, dv rj dfjb-
09 KacrTO<; avTcov. rov he ypapLfjuarea rod [8-rjp.ov dva"ypd\|>ab to-
8]e to ^7](f)t[(r\La] Kal ra [6vo/jLa]ra tcov 7rt86vT[<av iv o-Tr\\r\ Xl8v-
i k[o]1 o-\rrj\aai iv Ty dyopdi, [oVa)?] av <pavp[6\
f
d-irao-iv ij <pbXoT-
25
tyitta tcov fiovXofievcov evepyeTelv [rov S]rj[\iov' t6 8e dvdXp,a t-
o yevofxevov 66? Te t?;^ o-T^Xrjv Kal tt\v tt[va7pa<j>Tiv r<Sv ovopaT-
cov /JiepLcrai tov eirl Trj ZuoiKifjaet, to Be -^?y[<pi<rpa ToSe, ermSri
7Tpi Tropov Xpr)/jLaTco[y] ZcttIv CTTpaTCCOTLKCo[v, dvai dirav is <j>v-
XaKrjv t?}? ^copa?.
30 O 1 e i it 4o co k av ei? r J) v cr co
[t t|
p
U v t^s it
6-
156 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA
\ (o
s
k al r rj v
\jj 7]
(f)
L O" /a a t o v
AvTl(f)(i)V E/3%t
EvpvfcXeiSrj's K.7j<j)i(7 .
35
^Aiklwv K.7]<j)io~i .
Apjo/xea? 'Ep^ie .
4
o
SECT. I.
[X

p
a s
[59
(j) v X a k rj v t
77 5
8
7]
fJL O V'
HH Apa/covTi8r)<; 'Rp%i . HH
HH 'Kpiaro^v
'Epxi.
H[H]
HH 'lepo/cXrjs 'Eovvie . HH
HH Mt/aW (dpiao-L . HH
[HH] Sttoi/Smw Teidpd. HH
- -
o]po? 7]fia/c . H H
pa? 'A<^8 . H H
Elpea . H H
K Ko>\ . H[H]
k a t a to
v
45 ]
OXov
ado .
779 Mae .
wv *A<f)iBi>al .
- -
-y]^0)TO? 'A\(i)7T .
50 Eiz/xa^o? X(OKpdrov
l&V7rvpihr)<;
<>l\l<t/co<; Tla/JL{3(0 .
'ApiaroXas Ep^t .
ov/jt,6pcos Evcov .
55
Apiarayopas etc KoX.
S]^0X^9 ^(f)7]TT .
t
Bi]dv0i'TT'TTO^
'EpX
L '
Z]ft)7Tf/909 ^VpCLK .
. i/jUtiv 'OfjOev
60 A]rj/uLO(f)i\os i$j Ol .
'EpJtcDTo? MeXrr .
NiKO/c\r)<; Q>\v .
NuKoaOevr)*; <*>Xi> .
^[X]okXtj^ Koplv .
65 AiOTreiOrjs <Pv\d .
TifJLCOV *(f>lJTTl .
AiroXkoScop09 ^.wyev-
- -
(ovlSr)<; KoXa)i> .
virep avrov /cat rov vov H H
H H ScGo-o? 'AXaievs H H
HH Tjyjvcdv
'
AXaievs HH
HH Nttcayopas 'Ep^t . HH
H H Avaias K77 (juaie . H H
H ^rpdrio^ ^(J^tjtt . H H
H nau<rtVta^09 e*; KoX . H H
IlaiWa.9 Uaiavi . H H
H H %(oo-l{3i,o<; laore .
F
3
H H fcal virep rod vov
HH Aio[v]vo~iov
H
H H HeV[w]^
'
'Ao-fcXr)7rid8ov
HH OuXacnov [.]H
HH 'Ao-fcXriTTid 8r)[s 'B^epco-
HH 1^09 <>v\[<x]o-lo<; HH
HH Eua7ta[r,s
]
QiXat. HH
H H Ki;^<7^[w 'AOfxJo^ . H H
HH "Ap^avSpos 'EXevcriv . HH
H H y^aipe^wv Klreal . H
H H
'
Apiarwv Ylaiavi . H H
H H
*
AvtLitarpos Tlaiav . H H
H H . . vok[po.t]t)<; 'AXai . H H
H H <&vp6pi[ax]o<;
2re(i)pi . H H
H H Aicr^pcov Uaiavi . H H
7
ATTo\X(0(f)dvr]<; 'AXoott . H H
f
T
At;
8e
Ka
0>tX
Al
Kt[t|(t
- - -
A[.
f
Iep
Tip,
Tifr
At
- -
-
'AX
At;/x
4>uo-[t
Kr)(j)i[(r
<S>i8
Aioy
<>i\i
UvOo
- -
-
'A/xot
'AptCTT
'ETTfcf^JafvtJS
H T\pa%LT[i\r\S
HH Et/3ecr[8T]s
HH fi)ovKp[i
- -
HH A(OpL(0V -
-
HH Aaxap[r\s
HH HifALas A
-
HH [c]yu,[t]o-TO
HH N]t/coyLta[x
-
H (vacat)
H
HH
H
H
59]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 157
ov 'Orpvvevs H H ^cocriyivrj^ Tlaiav .
KaXXt/ia%09 H H u/xo^apr;? ^I^tjttl .
70
AijKCOV <f)l\6<TO . H H 607TO/A7TO? Ad/jL7TTp
v
A\e[|]i[s $]u\dai . HH Avrlas
^
Ay^apve .
f
E/caTato? MearjfjfipL
. H H (y)eo7ro/A7ro? AlyiX .
Ni/crjrrjs Uepyaai] . H AvcnOei&rjs 'Ep^t .
NiK]oKpd[rr]]^ MeX . H H <>t\6#eo9 Qpedppt .
75
Xcfyrfr
. H H Atj/jloc^lXo^ Qpedppo
779
^cfrtfr
. H H XaxptXos KoXXvt .
- - -
'ApiCTTLOW (drj/jLa/c .
09 QXvev .
Eljoecrz,' .
The decree invites patriotic citizens to make contributions eh (rurrjplav 7-77S
irdXews. The name of the prytanising tribe

Ar]/j.r)Tpia8os or ' Avriyovidosis


erased in 1. 3. These designations were not formally abolished till 200 B.C.
(Belouh I. c, Rem vi, p. 128). But a nearer indication of date is afforded by
the name of the rafxias, 1. 2, who is clearly alluded to (though his name is lost)
as the brother of Micion in CIA 11 379, a decree in which mention is made of
the Diogenes, upon whom extraordinary honours were conferred on his with-
drawal of the Macedonian garrisons in 229 b.c. (65 24). Our decree must be
slightly anterior to 229 b.c. But cf. the note on 1. 5 below.
1. The office of
'
Treasurer of the War-funds ' (cf. Fraenkel St.* 11
note 317) was established in 347 b.c after the fall of Olynthus. The earliest
inscriptional mention of the office appears to be in CIA 11 739, probably of
334/3 b.c. (administration of Lycurgus). In inscriptions down to the first
century b.c the cost of erecting inscribed stelae is very frequently assigned
to his office ; cf. for another duty 65 50.
5. The restoration devrepa, which exactly fills the space, is defended by
Unger I. c, who calculates that the first six prytanies of this (ordinary) year
were of 29 days each and the last six of 30 each, except the tenth prytany which
had an intercalary day, making 31. Thus
(6
x
29)
+
(3 x 30)
= 264, bringing us
down to the end of the 9th prytany, and the 2nd day of the 10th prytany was
the last day of Elaphebolion duplicated. So D, who rejects Lolling's conjecture
of elKocrT-fj and his attribution of the date to the period of the 13 tribes ; cf.
Ferguson Corn. St. x 44 who assigns Diomedon to 228/7 b.c
6. KaWiarparos : supplied by Koehler on a comparison of 56 27.
13. rovs \ax<Was irpoedpovs. See Rem. iv, p. 85. Koehler points out that
this is the earliest instance of the abbreviation of the longer formula toi>s
wpoedpovs ol B.v Xdxwct irpoedpeveiv. See 33 10.
16 7r(.8i56vai, 19 ewidovvai : the present tense denotes the general proce-
dure, the aorist the act of an individual subscriber. Cf. 37 24 sqq.
17. eh <f>v\aK7)v rijs x^/scis. Cf. CIA n 809 col. b 39. A special importance
seems to have attached to decrees ending with this formula. According to
Aristotle 'A0. ttoX. 43, 4 it was customary in the tojpicu iKKXrjalat to debate about
158 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[60
the (pvKaK-q T7js x^pas. The expression recurs in a marine inscription CIA n 811
col. c 155, where it is said of a decree relating to the cancelling of a debt : to de
\f/7]<pi<T[j.a rdde avav elvat els ttjv <pv\aK7]v ttjs xwyoas, eirei-dr) earifx irepl
xP
r
ll
x^T(jiV
elcnrpd^ews.
33 sqq.
'
kvTMp&v
'Epx<-
etc. On the subject of abbreviations generally see
Larfeld Epigr.

140 sqq. (Miiller Hdb. i 538 sqq.) and cf. 35 6.
61.
LOIiTTOZ
Koehler, who prefers 'Epiwros to Botwr6s on a comparison
of CIA ii 335, 20 : -puoros.
68. 2(a<Tiye't>T)s. As Wilamowitz, Antig.
p. 252, note
7,
shows, he was archon
in a year not long after this (CIA n 82, 1 : 'E7rt 'Luaiyivovs apxovros oUe rbv
injpyov ave'drjKav, where follows a list of subscribers many of whose names
appear here).
69. QvfMoxapvs : 55 3. Elpea[idT]s] is the demotic name. Hence D restores
in the preceding line U.pa^LT[e\r]s KrjcpiaoddTov?]; for if the father's name had
not been appended, the demotic would have been in the first line in an
abbreviated form.
70. A6ko)i> (frCkbao : i.e. <pi\6<ro(f)os, Lyco Troadensis, who presided over the
Peripatetic School at Athens from about 270 to 226 b.c. (cf. Diog. L. v
65;
Zeller Phil. d. Griechen n
2, p. 922 ; Wilamowitz Antig. p. 78 sqq.). D.
60. A base of Hymettian marble in three fragments, found at Athens.
Hirschfeld Herm. vin (187S) 350 sqq. ; Sybel ib. xx (1885)
41 sq.
;
Kumanudes
'Ad. in (1874)
262 sq.; CIA n 403. Cf. Newton Essays 139 sq. ; Hartel Att. St.
79 sq. ; Girard 1/ Asclepieion d'Athenes 59 sq. ; Miller De decretis atticis 85.
Alphabet, type 1; but

=
2
'
ti
p
O) L l a T
p
O)
Ev/CAt}? E V V 6
fJL
O V
Ke<f>a\rj0v
d v e 6
7)
k e v.
5
6 o [L
'E7rl pacrv(j)toi>TO<; apyovro^' [lirl ttjs IIav8t-
ovlSos e/cT7]<; irpvTavELas,
fj
rov Ylaiavievs i<ypa/jLfjuaT[vev' Stjjxov \|/tj-
(plcr/jLaTa' M.cufjLaKT7)piwvos ,
io 6KT6L fcai Be/caret tt}? irpvT^avdas' ckkXtj-
aia Kvpta iv tco ^ear[p]&)* t[<3v irpoe'Sptov
7T'^rr)(j)l^6V KXeopuiyos Aa
aios koX crv/jLTTpoehpor
eSo^ev ret /3ov\[eV
15
'
Ej/jLTreSicov JLv/Jirfkov ^v(>v\y\i.iv% ctirev'
60]
DEGREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 159
virep cov tt)v irpocroBov 7re[iroiiTrcu 6 Upcvs
TOV TjpCOOS TOV LCLTpOV Oto[- - OITttS <XV C~
k tcov tvttcov tcov (ivaKei\y.iv<av kv T<3 Upw
zeal rod dpyvpiov tcaTacr[K.evao-Qr\ dvd-
20 ^[r)]yaa. TCp deep (o)lVOv6[r\
----,
a.ya\0L Tvyei BeB6\y$o.\. ti pouXci tovs
\a\jovTas 7rpoeo[povs els tt|v Imovo-av
CKKjA/^CTtaz; ^07]fia\rC(rai irepl tovtcov, -yvw-
p.T]v] Be f/x/3AAeo"[0ai ttjs (3ovXtjs ls tov
8-
25 TJp.ov], OTt oo[i<]e t[t| PovXtj, IXe'crGcu tov
8i]]/U-o^ [8v]o /Lte[v avSpas e 'ApcviraYiTwv,
repels Be 6% eaVTCo[y, drives p.Ta T tov
ije^eco? teal tov aTpaT7]y\ov tov lirl ttjv
irJa/oacr/ceL'?)^ /cat toO ttpvfcT#TOl/o[s] tov [4-ttI
30 t] tepa tcaOeXovTes tovs tvttovs koI el t[i
a]AAo o~tiv dpyvpovv rj yjivcrovv /cat to
a^pjvptov to dvaKelfievov cmqcravTes
KJaTacTKevdaovcn tco 6eco dvddrj/jLa cos
dv BvvcovTai koWlcttov Kal dvaOijcrov-
35
giv enriypd^avTes' r) /3ov\rj rj eirl %pacrv<$)Co\y-
t]o? dpyovTOS diro tcov avadrj/jbaTcov ?//Oft)['i
LdTpd)' dvaypayjraTcoaav Be 01 aipeOe[y-
Te? T ovofiaTa tcov dvaTeOrjKOTtov ev
tcZ tepco Kal aTaOfibv els cTTrjXrjv \16i-
40 vt)v teal aTTjaaTcoaav ev tco lepco' a Be civ
olfcovo/jLijo-cocriv, Xoyov KaTaj3a\ecr0ai av-
tovs' e\ecr#a[i] Be Kal Brj/jLocrtov tov dvTC-
ypayjro/jievov, bircos dv tovtcov yevop,evcov
e^ec KaXcos Kal evcre/3cos Tel /3ov\el teal tco\i
45
BrjfAcp Ta 7rpbs tovs Oeov^' Qvaai Be tco de-
ep apecTTiqpiov airo irevTe Kal BeKa Bpa-
Xficov. ewl tt]v KaTaaKevrjv ti)s olvo-
X
or
IS
Tc
p
rjpcoi tco laTpco e 'AOrjvaicov d-
ttcivtcov Ke^eipoTovrjVTai' TXavKeTTjs K?;-
50
cpicrcevs, JZcoyevrjs 'iKapievs, Kovcov 'AXca-
TreKrjOev
if;
'
ApeviraytTcov Seoyvcs Ku8a-
6]^[va]teu?, Xp?7? \\cj)tBvaios' Br)fi6aio[s
Ke[yju.po]TOvr)TaL Arj/jLtjTpios.
'E]v t[w] tov rjpeoos tov laTpov tcl KaOaupeOevTa
160 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[60
55
el]? to avadrjfxa' dpyvpd' rirpa^/iov o dve-
r\\tcev KaXXtcrTpaTO?* tvttov ov dvedrj/ce Aa-
fiihiov tvttov ov aveOr/Kev Zwt\o? virep tov
TTCLlhlOV' TVTTOV OV dv07)/CV Ka\\L0~Tl0V
tvttov ov dvedrjKev Aa/jLiBiov tvttov ov dveOr}-
6o Kv Aa(f>aXtcov tvttov ov dveOrj/cev NtKO/c\r)[s'
tvttov ov aveOrjKev Y^aWiaTiov tvttov ov dv\i-
Orjice <&lXlo-tl\s\' tvttov [k]gu daTTihto\y\ o dveOrj-
K6V EvOlOV' TVTTOV OV dve07]K6V Z&H'Xo?*
Al??[p]o[te
Svo ov? dveGrjicev He^o/eX?}?* tvttov ov dveOrj-
65 KV HLv/ckeiCl' TVTTOV OV dvi0r)KV 'OXv/JLTTlS'
tvttov bv dveOrjKe KaWiaTiov 6<p0a\fjLov^
OU? aV607]KV K.T7]0~(OV TVTTOV bv dv07JK6 KaXX/cr-
tiov hpa^jjual
ef
. . er . a . . . . dveTTLjpatyov
TVTTOV OV dv07]KV K[a\XlCTTlo]^* fjLTJpOVS OU? [d-
70
v]0r)KV ^TTlV07)p' TVTTOV OV dv07]K [ll]aTpOfc[\- .
.*
6<{>0]aXyu,oi>? o>? ave07)K Aa/xlStov
6(f)0a\fxov^
oOs] ave0TjKe QikoaTpaTrj* dfcpoaToXcov b d\yi-
6t|k]6 @6o'[8]oTO?* TVTTOV OV dv07]K
X6(f>ov
ctt[t]-
80s] b ave0T)fC TLvpcov tvttov bv dve0rjtc Mocr^
75
virjep KaWt,o~Tp(iT7)s teal KoWlttttov tvttov bv
aV0T]KV 'KaWtO'TLOV' TVTTOV bv aV0r)KV
KaWiaTLOv tvttov bv dv07)fC6V KaXXtcrrfiov*
TVTTOV OV dv07]K KaXXiaTlOV'
X
i
P
*1 V ai>0T)[Ke
Ni/coaTpaTr)' TVTTia Svo (d) dve0i)tcV EukXt/?.
80'Apyvplov
Spax/jbds
APhhh*
tvttcov oXtcrj
HAPh*
<f)(,d\r)
oXktj
H*
K<j)d\aiov
HHAAAhhhh*
dirb tov-
tov dp.o~T7]piov KdTa to ^rjcpia/jLa
A P
' feat o~v[y-
,
%rOVV0VTCDV TCOV TVTTLCOV fCCLL T?}? <j)t.dXr)<;
aTTOVGia
A h h
' ^a^ t? dvaypacf>7]v tt}? o~Tr}Xr)<s
85 f
-1
h h h II!
*
epyaoTpa
t/J?
olvoyor\^
Ahh'
V
oivoyo-
7]
ayei
HP A AAh hh III'
K(f)d\cuov
HHAAAhh*
^01-
ttov \-
\-
' tovto fcaTacr/cevaaa/jLevoo dvaOrjao-
fl6V
TVTTOV.
For the date see the note on 1. 9.
The inscribed stele served as the base of a votive offering made to the
'
Hero Physician,' as a certain physician who had received divine honours after
60]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 161
his death was designated. LI. 553 give the text of the decree for the melting
down of votive offerings dedicated in gratitude for cures effected in the temple,
11. 54
79 a list of offerings, with the names of the donors, 11. 8088 a
balance-sheet of accounts.
The "Hpws la.Tp6$ at Athens appears to be first mentioned in Dem. F. L. 419,
where Aeschines is said to have kept a school 7rp6s t<2 rod "Hpw tov larpov. All
other notices have reference to this passage ; e.g. the scholion ijpuos] ovtws
eKaXeiTO ijpcos iarpds ns irapa rots 'Adrjvaiois. 'E/CX77077 5 r/pus Sid to n^yedos
rod crwyttaros. to 5e xvpiov ovojxa clvtou
'
ApicTd/xaxos. Cf. Bekk. Anecd. p. 263,
Hesych. s. v.
8. The restoration in this line is based upon other examples, e.g. CIA n
407, 413, iv 2, 420 b. The plural
xfrqftfffMTa
seems to be due to carelessness, for
only one xf/rjfaa/uLa
follows.
9. MaifiaKTrjpiQvos. How comes it that the sixth prytany falls in the
fifth
month? Schmidt (Chron. p.
685 sqq.) solves the difficulty (cf. Koehler CIA)
by assuming that the inscription belongs to the period when there were two
concurrent calendars, the one kclto. debv, the other kclt apxovra. For an explana-
tion of these terms see no. 62. His calculations lead him to conclude that the
year in which Thrasyphon was archon was the 10th year of the 12th Metonic
cycle, or 214/3 B.C., and after Maip-aKT-qpiCovos he would supply evrj nal viq.. But
cf. the caution given 62.
18. The t6wol 'models,' enumerated 54
79, appear to include among other
objects the models in silver of different parts of the body in which cures had
been effected through the agency of the god. Many of these parts are specified
by name in an inventory belonging to the temple of Amphiaraus at Oropus,
IGSept. 303. Whether the representations of diseased parts were sufficiently
exact to serve for pathological study, we do not know ; but Hippocrates is said
to have derived part of his medical experience from the record of cases in the
celebrated temple of Aesculapius in the island of Kos. (Newton I. c.) See
further the notes on the inscriptions from the 'AaKXrj-me'tov at Epidaurus.
26.
'
Apevirayituv. Cf. 51: this spelling in Attic appears to be found only
in this inscription and CIA n 839, 7. Cf. Meisterhans Gr. 61. In CIA n 404,
dealing with a similar subject, a commission of three is appointed without the
Areopagites. The arpaT-qyos e-rri tt\v irapaaKevqv is mentioned 55 22 (see ib.
note 1.
5)
and in several other inscriptions. CIA n 839, where this office appears,
mentions in connexion with temple alterations the words KadaLpeais, eino-Kevri,
KaraaKevr]. The crTpaTrjybs iirl tt)i> Trapacncev-rju would seem to be concerned with
the superintendence of equipment, military or otherwise.
31.
xP
v<xvv - There is no other mention of gold in the inscription : the
formula is probably an ordinary one. The inscription of Oropus, IGSept. 303,
mentioned above, contains similar provisions ; cf. also Dem. c. Androt. 615.
32. o-T-fjo-avres :
'
after weighing them.' 35. 77 (3ov\rj : sc. dp^drjKe.
38. avaTedrjKdTcov : the usual spelling ; the form TidetKa of the grammars is
not found on inscriptions till the first century b.c Meisterhans Gr. 189.
41. KaTa.j3a\{<T0aL. Cf. for the use of the middle: Kara/3d\Aecr0cu...e(s ra
dr)fx6<na ypapLfxara, ap. Dem. Be Cor. 243,
'
to have an entry made on the public
records.' Cf. also 64 53.
42. Srj/xoaiov rbv dvTLypa\f/6p.evov : a public slave to act as controller,
8r}/x6aios avTiypaQevs ; cf. Dem. c. Androt. 615 and CIA 11 834 &, 12.
R. II. 11
162 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[60
46. apear-qpiov :
'
a propitiatory sacrifice. ' Cf. Dion. H. i 67 : dvalai
apearvpLai.
53. Arj/x^rpios : as a slave he has of course no demotic name.
55. Tirpaxp-op. The same abbreviation for rerpadpaxp-ov (cf. Ki6Kpavou =
KiovoKpavov CIA i 322 a, i 29, Meisterhans Gr. 118, where other instances are
quoted) occurs CIA n 835 c

I, 79 (320/317 B.C.). It was the large silver coin


of the period and may have been (Newton Essays
p. 140) the fee offered to the
god. Cf. Taprrj/JLopov 64 55.
56. Aapudiov, 58 KaWio-riov. These are of course female names.
72. aKpoGTokiov : a model of an aplustre; cf. 52 14.
79. Tvirla : apparently
'
small models.'
84. dirovaia : the
'
waste
'
is in melting the silver. In IGSept. 303, 15 it is
expressly directed that the tin should first be separated out : airoi;i/<yaj>Tes rbv
KaTTiTepov, perhaps the soldering is meant.
85. Zpyaorpa: the sums paid for making the oivoxbr). The following
'balance-sheet' is taken from Newton, Essays p.
141.
Membetr.
Drachmae
Silver drachmae 18
Weight of silver models 116
Weight of phiale 100
234
^HxprnUrtr.
Propitiatory sacrifice
Waste in melting silver
Engraving stele
Making oinochoe
Weight of oinochoe
Balance in hand
Drachmae.
15
12
8. 3 ob.
12
183. Sob.
232?
2
234
The balance is ordered to be made into a votive offering. The sum of the
expenditure actually amounts to only 231 drachmae : probably the mark of a
single drachma was omitted from the stone or has been effaced.
61. A slab of Hymettian marble in three fragments found at Athens.
CIA ii 444. Cf. A. Martin Rev. Phil, x (1886) 17 sqq. ; id. Cavaliers Atheniens
221 sqq.
Alphabet, type
1
; but

is
2
.
161/0
B.C.
'Avt] i &?;//, 09 KA,et7r[iri8ov clirev' limS^
NiKJoyevT]^ NIkg)vo[s ^iXdtSris
x
l
P
0T0VT
l^
6ls
viro tJov
Stj/jLOV ?7cre[ifa>v ci-ytovo0eTT]S is tov cviavr-
OV TOV eiTL
'
Kpiaro\d\ov d'pxovros *rrjv n irojiiniv
5
ir[i\|/V cvjcrfxj^/^ovja [ko.1 t]?^ 6va[iav <rvvcT\e<rev
tw 0T]<ri KJara [xd ir&JTpia kclI ttjs Xa/jLird[hos xa-
61]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 163
I tov yv\i]viKOv dyod[y]os eTroirjaaro rrjp 7r[ipAiav
irpo]f[o]77#et9 tov fXTjOeva tgov dyoovi^ofxevoov [<8ik-
1
lF
t
]
a
[
Tt
]
rrepiireo-elv eSrjKev Be Kal dOXa toIs aya>[vi-
10 o-ajj.v]ot9 awovBrj^ ovOev eXXeliTGOV Kara ra eyjr7](f>ca-
ptjva [tw] SrjfjLO)' irapeaKevacrev Be kcli tclls
(frvXais
r\al[s vi]Kw<rais dOXa T(Zv re lirirewv Kal tgov eTzCXe-
ktwv], o/jLolcds Be Kal tols Ik tgov eOvGov Tay/xaacv Kal
Ta]0[T]a dveOrjKev eBcoKev Be Kal rel ftovXec /ca6e<ri/jLov
15 8p]a^a9
XHH
/cat tois irpvrdveo-Lv els Overlay
H'
dve6r]Kv Be Kal ctttjXtjv ev tw tov 770-60)9 re/xe-
vei eus v)v dveypa^jre tovs vL/crjaavras, Kal els rav-
ra irdvra aTroXoyi^erai dvrjXGOKcbs etc tgov IBIgov
virep Tas Biay^iXlas e^aKocrias evevrjKovra
Bpay^fids'
io Kal irepl dirdvTGOv gov G0Kovo^r\Kev direvrjvoyev Xo-
yovs els to /jojrpopou Kal 77-009 toi>9 Xoyiards Kal Tas
evOvvas ehcoKev ottgos ovv Kal r\ $ovXr\ Kal 6 877/1,09
/jLvrj/xovevovTes (paivcovrat, tgov els eavTovs cf>cXoTt-
/ulov/jLV6l>v Kal eTol/iiGos BiBovtgov el<i>s t9 eTTtfjieXelas,
25 dyaOel Tvyei BeBoypai rel
ftovXel tovs Xayovras irpo-
']8oo?J9 els tt)v eirLovorav eKKXrjalav y^prnxarlaat
nr\epl tovtgov, yvGOfxrjv Be ^v/n/SaXXeadat tt?9 fiovXrjs
e]ls tov Brjixov on BoKei rel
fiovXe?,
eiraiveaat
NtK07]ez^77^ NIkgovos QtXatBrjv Kal crrecfravcocrai avrov
30 xpvo-<o]t o~T(f)av(t) Kara tov vo/ulov evvolas eve-
Ka Kal] (fiiXoTL/julas r\v eyjcov BiareXel irepi re rrjv
PovX]?7[v] Kal rov Brj/mov tov 'Adrjvaloov dvayopevcr[ai
8 t6v] aTe<pavov Alovvctlgov re tgov ev daret Kaivo\is
T
J/
>
[
tt
w8j W
?
KCLL ~H-ava6r)vaL(oif Kal 'RXevcnvlcov Kal UroXe-
35
aaC<ov To]t9 yvfiviKols aydoaiv. dvay[pdty]aL Be ToBe to yjrr]-
<|n<rua tov yjpafMfiaTea tov Kara irpvTaveiav els o-tiJXtjv
iv
$
Kal o]l veviKr\KQTes.
f
H /SovXi],
o Brjfjios,
40 NiKoyevTjv
Nikcovos
<
>iXatBr}v.
[Col. 1, see
p. 164 [Col, 11, see p. 165
EiTTi ApiaToXdov ktX.] eviKcov ktX.]
112
164 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[61
'Eirl 'Apio-roXaov
ap]vo^T09 O L O
tovs <r]aX7r[t]/CTav
45"Apio-Tos] 'ApMrrofcpdrou 'AOrjvalos.
rov[s KtjpVK]a9*
eoSeopfos n]ocrtSw[v]ou 'Adrjvaios.
rap e7r<[\K]rft)^ evavhpla,'
<J)v\r)
Vl[ko] At[t](l\1<; [to.] tap^o0i>TO?
50
Apyelov [tov] 'A<x/c\a[ir]&>j;o9 'Arrjvea)?.
ret [vo7rXCa* $v\r\ lv(]fca Ketf/0O7rt?
Ta^[tapxo]i/^T[o]? ^Av[riS](opov [t]o0
'
Apelov
co?. tco[v v] toi[s] eOvecnv
c]l)[av8pa' Ta-yJ/Lta ez^t/c[a] TO OfJLlkov.
55
T
]
6
[
J voirXa* T<ryp.a] eVttf[a] TO A.7)
flOV.
rtijv [lirireW cvavSpta'
<J>v]\?7
eV[iKa] Alye'fc
<j>vXap^ovvTos
'
AparCo)jvo<; tov 2<ifiov
s. rjel evoirXla.
$v\r\ ev^Ka Ajj/yepl's] <$>v\ap*fcOi)VTos
60 t]o0 Z . . ov ey yivppuvovTTrjs.
tt)[i Xa|Aird]St Tou? 7ratSa? e/c t?}?
Ti]yit[ov iraX]a/cr[Tpa]? iviica Xapurahap'^v
NiKo*yVT]s] NIk(ovos AlyelSos
<f>v\f}<;.
TT) Xap.ira]Sfc TOU9
ityrffioVS
Ot e
(f)7]/3ci}V
65
X]a/i7ra8ap^oi)i/T09
'AiroXX]ft)^[ov to]0 ^Lvktcliov
'
AKafJLdVTlhoS
4>vXtjs. twv vav]tcr:ci)^ ot e'7 Autfetoi;
Xap.ira8apxovvT]o? Kcupiov TOV
Te'Xwvos
- -
vt8]o? (>v\r)<;.
70
ir]a[l8as 86Xi\]o^ T179 TpiT7]<; r)\Ltcias'
- - - -
ob\<ap\ov ['AK]afiavTl8o<;
(fivXrjs.
iraiSas 4k] 7r[d]vT(OV hoXi^ov
Apo]/JbOV
'
Adrjvaios.
avSpas] S[opU^Oir
75
os 'A]p^aTpaTOV
'
Adrjvalos.
iraiSas] aTaScov TJ79 7rp(OT7]<; T]\t,/ela<;'
- -
A]r)/j,dpxov AlyelSos <f)v\r}<?.
iraiSas <rr]dSi0V Trjs hevTepa? y\iKia<;'
McX^tuv S]T[p]o[p.p]uXi63^09 AlyelSos (j>v\r)<;.
80 ir]at<t>Sa? [o-T]a8[iov ttj]9 TpLTrjs tjXiklck;'
'A]cr/c\7;[m]aS?;9 ['Apio-JTo/^ovXoi; AlclvtlSos
<f>v\r}<;.
61]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 165
e v C k o) v r 6 v a
y
co v a r co v % tj cr e i co v
iralBas BiavXov T179 Bevripas rjXucias'
(45)
MeXeTtoz> ^rpofx^vXtoovo^ AlyelBos (f>vXf}s.
iralBas BiavXov rrjs TpLTrjs r^Xi/cias'
y
AXei;(ov
'
A7roXXo(fxivov YlavBtoviBos <$>vX\r\s.
iralBas Ik 7rdv[r]a)v BiavXov Katpto?
TeXcovos *A6riva2os. avBpas BiavXov'
(50)
*AXej;av8po<; ^rjix\o]v 'AdrjvaLOS.
iralBas irdXrjv t?;[s ir^pcorr)^ r)Xitcia[s'
Nttccov Ntfcoyevov AlyelBos <uX?/9.
iralBas irdXrjv rfjs Bevrepas r)Xi/cia[s'
WleXerfov Xrpo/jbffvXc(t)vo<; AlyetBos <j)vX[r\<s.
(55)
iralhas TrdXrjv t^? rplrris r)XiKia<;'
'
A7ToX(X)covlo^
'
AttoXXcovcov AlyelBos <pvX[r\s.
iralBas i/c irdvTwv nrdXvv
'H-payopas AtovvaoBcopov A^t^cuos.
dvhpa<s TrdXrjv E#8?7/40? 2[a>]/c[paTovs *AQr\-
(60)
valos. iralBas Trvy/uLrjv ttjs TTpod\rT\s ^XiK^as"
Eu<^)/3ea? Qv<f)peov
5
A/ca/jLavTiBo[s <J>vXtjs.
iraZBas Trvyfirjv rfjs Bevrepas r)X[iKias'
Tlavcravlas Tlavaavlov OlvetSo? (l[Xtjs.
iraZBas irvyfxrw rrjs rpiT7]<; r)XoKt[as'
(65)
H/3d/C(DV Ylei0Q)VO<? \7nTod(OVTiho<s (l/[\T|$.
iraZBas itc iravrcov
irvyfitfv
Aa>po[8o$
XapfiiSov 'AdrjvaZos. avhpas 7TU7[|xrv*
ZiO)criKpdTrj<; Atj/ulovo/jlov
^
A6r)va\lo$.
TraZBas iraytcpdriov rrjs 7rpa)T7][s ijXiKias'
(70)
^tXea? <&iXeov 'A/ca//,aimSo? c^uX^s.
iraZBas Traytcpdriov
rrfi
Bevrepa[<s] ^X[iK(as*
'
Af3pa)v KaXXiov [0]tV[e]So? (fyvXfjs. TraZBas
Traytcpdriov T77? Tpirrjs rjXLicias'
'AttoXXgjvios Air<7r>oXXcovLOv ArraXiBos <f)vXf}[s.
(75)
TraZBas itc Trdvrcov Traytcpdriov Xd/xo's Xdfiov
1
Adr)valo<$. avBpas Traytcpdriov {eoB)wpiB\y\%
Tlavaaviov AdrjvaZos. ottXlttjv Nitc6Br)fjio[s
TIvOoBcopov 'AdrjvaZos. iv 07rXot? BiavXo\y
itc rcov (f>vXdp%(0v 'Aparlcov Xl/llov AlyeZ[hos
(80) (f>vXrjs. BiavXov i/c rwv (f)vXdp^cov' Aparioov ^[ip,ov
AlyelBos (f)vXf/<;. d/cdfiTTLOv i/c twv
^>uX[dpxv*
166 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[61
from
Traihas etc irdvratv (TTcihiov
K]atpio<i TeXcovos KOrjvalos. avhpas ardhiov
Aija^pucov ArjfxijrpLov 'AOrjvalos.
85
irjat&z? SlavXov rr}<; nrpwrr]^ rfkuclas'
'
AirjoWamo? j06\dvSpov QlveiSos <j)v\r}s.
This is one of the extant decrees which commemorate the services of the
ayuvodtrrjs of the Theseia and provide for the engraving of the victors' names,
as appended to the decree. For an account of the contests in the Theseia see
Martin Cav. Ath. 221 sqq.
The date of Aristolaus' archonship (1. 4) is assigned by Ferguson, Com. St.
x p. 64, to 161/0 B.C.: see his arguments ad loc.
3. Qr)<rdu)v. The Qqaeia took place on the 8th of Pyanopsion. After the
Persian Wars the oracle had enjoined that the bones of the hero should be
brought from Scyros and buried in Attica (Plut. Thes. 36). Cimon carried out
the injunction, and then the festival, although not formally established, was
raised to importance. It comprised gymnastic and naval contests and races, a
parade of Ephebi 65 20, and a great sacrifice provided at the public expense
IOO c 13, which was perhaps especially destined to benefit the poor and needy
(Arist. Plut. 628 and schol.).
6. tt)s Xafj.Tra.dos. This or 8p6(xos is the usual expression in inscriptions for
the \anira8T]<f>opla. See Grasberger Erziehung etc. in 199 sq. Cf. below 1. 64
and for the part taken by the Ephebi in this and other contests, cf. 65 5 sqq.
12. twv iiriXiKTOJu. 'E7ri\e/crot are mentioned in connexion with iiriroi in
CIA n 323, 12 ; i<f> ovs (sc. /3ap/3dpous, the Gauls who were defeated at Delphi
279/8 B.C.) Kai 6 6tji.los i^Tre/xirev rovs re tti\ktovs ko.1 toi)s lirweh avvayuvLovfiivovs
virep tt]S Koivrjs awnjpias.
13. rots K tCsv tdv&v Tdyp,aai.v. For an account of the classification of the
2<p7i(3oi see Dumont Ephebes p. 215 sqq. and Grasberger Erziehung in c. 1. In
the older period there was for gymnastic and agonistic purposes a two-fold
division into 7rcu5es and avbpes. Afterwards a triple division was adopted,
rcuSes (age 12
16),
dyeVeioi (age 16
20),
avdpes. For the purpose of contests
there was a further division into three classes according to age, r/Xt/cta veurtpa,
fj-ecrr), irpecfivrtpa, or Trpwrr), devr^pa, rpirr]. By 'tQvt) or edv&v rdyfiara are meant
companies composed of eW.
14. KadivifAof. ace. to Koehler merces senatoria
'
Sitzungsgelder,' though we
do not know why especially the aywvodeTrjs should have supplied the funds.
The sum 1200 drachmae (600 drachmae in CIA n 445, 10) appears to have
reference to the number of members of the (3ov\r), at this time 600.
19. virep rds StaxtXtas. The article is used with numerals which represent
a part of a whole: cf. CIA 11 add. 834 b, 11 47 (329 B.C.) : ir\lvdoi els rb
62]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 167
from
'Aparlcov 'El/jlov Alyel&os
(frvXrjs.
T7TG>[i iroX.-
P-
loo
' > r i
' *
r
'
.'a
fjLLGTr) ciavXo\y\ etc rcov iTnrecov Ap
rrjs
'
AvTipudyov OlvelSos
(fivXrjs.
$iavXo[y Ik tv
(85)
iTTirecov Nt:oSa)/oo? Nt/crjcrLov AecovTiS[os 4>vXtjs.
a/cd/JLTTLOV K TWV iTTTTeCOV' Nl/c68a)pO<; N[lKT]<rtov
AecovTiBos (f)v\rj<$.
lirirw Xapbirpw' Avavhp\o%
Nitcoyevov Alyei&os
(fivXrjs.
hiavXov etc itcivt^v
<>LXoKpdrr]<;
(
HSvXov OlvelSos <j)vXf}<;. aKafjariov '[k -rrdv-
(90)
twv' Ael;av8po<; QlXivov 'Avtlo^lSo<; (j)vXr}(;.
dcfi
[for-
ttov cik]o[vti<>v
-
] Ar)/jLT)Tp[(ov 'I-mro]Oo)[yrtBos <f>vXrjs.
'EXevaLviov rb iv aaret
XP^H,
(a)t eKarov=
'
100 bricks at
'
(Koe. reads
81 but cf. Col i 56 rds
X).
Meisterhans Gr. 231.
21. to fjir]Tpc3op. On this building as the depository of public documents
see H. and V. Athens 52. On the XoyLarat see lO 8.
33. Kaivo[ls r]p[aya}d]o[?]s :
'
at the exhibition of new tragedies '
'
when new
tragedians compete.' Cf. 65 48.
34. n-roXe/xcuW. The Ptolemaea, instituted in honour of Ptolemy Phila-
delphus, appear to be first mentioned in CIA n 341 (circ. 285 B.C.), one of the
earliest of the Ephebic decrees. He also founded the gymnasium, which bore
the name Ptolemaion (cf. 65 49, 100) and contained a library : cf. H. and
V. Athens 145. The Ephebi frequently presented books to this library.
64. ol e e0??/3wj' : also called %voi <prj(3oL
;
'anciens ephebes.'
72. Koehler notes it as strange that Habron is assigned to the tribe Oeneis,
for he belonged to the deme Bate, of the tribe Aegeis. Either we must assume
an error of the engraver, or Habron may have passed into the Oeneid tribe by
adoption.
81. aK&fjLinoi' : sc. 8p6/j.ov. Other forms are aKafXTrlas, a/ca/i7rros. Suidas
and Zonaras i 98 : 'A/cayujrias' 6 evdu5po/j.os. 'A/cd/i7rioj 8p6p.os, 6 /xaKpos /ecu di
evdeias irepliraTos. Grasberger Erziehung i 312.
87. limit) \aixirp$. Martin, op. cit. 207 sq., identifies this with the 'ittttos
Trop,TriK6s ; cf. Xen. De re equestri xi 1 : rjv 8i tls apa f3ov\7]9rj /ecu it o
fxir i
k
< /ecu
fieredopip Kal XapLirpu) 'iiTinp xpwcto'flcu. Note that the class of competitors
in the contest 'linrip Xa/nrpip and below 90 do/*' lttttov axovTifav is not specified.
Martin, p. 218, thinks that the contests were k irduTwv, i.e., in this case, open
to all Athenians whether i7r7reis or not. The expression e/c iravrwv would
seem also to mean elsewhere
'
from all classes of Athenians or strangers
'
or
'
from all ages ' (e.g. in 1. 48).
62. A slab of Pentelic marble broken below, with the surface in many
places rubbed or corroded, said to have been found near Cj'rrhestus. CIA n
408. Cf. Schmidt Chron. 643 sqq. ; Unger Herm. xiv 593 sq.
Alphabet, type 1 : but
+
= and w is frequently
f).
168 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[62
133/2?
'Eir]l M.r)Tpo(f)dvov apyovTos, eirl rrjs
*
AKapbavTi&os
0/caT7}<; irpura-
veias, 17 'EiTriyevrjs Mocr^teo^o? Aa/xTrrpev^ eypa/ju-
ixdrevev clvtl-
ypacfrevs
At;fioKpdrr)<; Arj/xoKparov KvSadrjvaievs' EXa-
(j)7](3o\L(t)Vo[s
ivdrei fxer ei/cdBas tear dpyovra, Kara 6eov [8]e
[M]ovviyi(a))vo<; S[(o8eKa-
5
ret, ScoSe/careo rr)<; irpvraveias' eKKXrjcrla KvpLa iv to3
Oedrpo)- roiv 7rp[o-
eSpcov erre^t^i^ev Tt[jivX\]o? Ttyu-i;[\]Xof 'EjO^tei)? fcal
avfjarpoehpoL.
Tifiapyos
['Etti...]o[v] %cf)7]TTio<; elirev virep (ov diray-
yeWovatv ol irpvra-
VC<Z TTjS 'E/o[x]^fc8o? [vir^p] TMV 6v<TlC0V (OV 60VOV t[cI]
rrpb ro)\y ckkXtj-
IO G10)V Tft)[l 'AttoXXwvi tu npo](7TaT?;|0t&) Kal ret 'AprefiiSc
ret [BovXaCa
Kal tols [aXXots 6ois] o[ls] 7rdrp[io]v rjv virep re T/79
/3ouXt}<? /cat rot) [8]t;[|x]o[v,
a/ya^ci tvxi SeSoxOai] tw S^/zeo, Ta yLte^ dyaOa Seyecrdai
ra y[y{\ovora
e[v] to?9 /e/OOt[s ots e]#foz; [l<j>'] vyuela Kal acorrjpla rrjs
re /3ov\r)s Kal rod [f>r\-
\l]ov Kai [irai8a>v Kal yvvaiKwv Kal twv <|hX<>v] Kai (TV/jL/JLayC0V
k]7r\^6iSr\ Zl 01
15 TrpvTavets 20v<rav Tas 0u<ras dird<ras Tas] /C<Z#[T]K]oi>[o-as kv
ttj Trpv-
Taveta. KaXus Kal <J>i.XoTip.9, TriuXTJ8Tj(rav 8 Kal tts (ruXXo"yTJs
tt)S PovXt]S Kal tov 8t]p.ov Kal t<3v dXXjft)^ lxeKT(x)V [<ov 7rpoo-eTaTTOV
avTois ol t vouoi Kal rd x|nj<|>(r(iaTaJ TOV orffxov, 67Taiv[io-a.\.
tovs
irpvTavis ttjs 'Epcx^iSos Kal <rT(|>ava)crai avjTOL'?
[xpj^[
<r<
?
0"T<}>dvto)
20 KaTd tov vdjjLov ti<rpias 2vKa ttjs els t]oi;[s
GeJoiyLs
Kt\.
This fragment of a decree in honour of the prytanes of the Erechtheid tribe
for the accurate performance of their duties offers in its prescript a good
example of the practice of reckoning by two concurrent calendars. Other
63]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 169
instances of this double dating will be found CIA n 433, 437, 471, and beyond
the limits of Attica we may compare, e.g., DI 951 (Tanagra) 1, 2 : /xeivbs Qovia)
vevfieiviTj,
|
Kara 5e dibv '0/j.oXojiov etr/catSe/cdr^. The peculiarity is first met with
soon after 171 (see however 60
9)
and ceases before 127 b.c. The date of the
archon in our decree was, according to Ferguson, Corn. St. x 74, 133/2 b.c.
The order of the prytany-day, it will be observed, coincides exactly with the
reckoning Kara debv, and this is implied also by the abbreviated formula in
CIA II 471, 1. 50, Uvav(oxf'LU)vos) evdeKarr] (i.e. kclt' apxovra), denary t?}s Trpvraveias
(Kara debv be denary being omitted before denary as superfluous). As the Sun-
god rules the year, while the Moon-goddess rules only the months, so in cases
where, as here, the divine or celestial year is contrasted with the Archon-
year, the former must mean the pure solar year, which at Athens began with
the summer solstice on the ideal 1st of Hecatombaeon, while the year which
was renewed by the Archon eponymus as a rule after the solstice on the ordinary
1st of Hecatombaeon corresponds to the old lunar year. The new calendar
Kara debv would seem to have been designed not merely to regulate the
frequently occurring inequality in the distribution of the prytany-periods, but
also and chiefly to pave the way for the abolition of the luni-solar year. (G. F.
Unger in I. Muller's Hdb. i
2
756 sq., where he holds that A. Schmidt's views
Chron. 643 sqq. are based on unsafe premisses.)
8 sqq. The restorations are Koehler's (except in 1. 17 /j.e\erQv, which is on
the stone, for airavriov) based mainly upon a comparison of contemporary
decrees.
12. ra fxev ayada kt\. Cf. 54 6.
63. " Olim Athenis Exstat in museo Naniano." Boeckh CIG 124.
CIA ii 475 ; iv
2, p.
122. Cf. Ferguson Corn. St. x 84.
Alphabet apparently varying between types 1 and 2
; f, fx, a- and generally tt
follow type 2. In the copy as given in CIA the iota adscriptum is occasionally
omitted.
B.C.
112/1
'E7rl ^lovvaiov ap^ovTos rod [xera
Uapd/jbovov iirl tt)? AlavriSos e-
f3S6fJL7]S
7rpVTCLVLa<s,
fj
KajJLLOS Tl/J,OV~
yov 'Va/jbvovcTLO^ iypafi/jLarevev Ya-
5
fjirfkiayvos 0780/7
lara/jLevov, oySo-
77 t/}<? irpyraveia^' j3ov\r) i/n {3ov\ev-
T7]pL(p' T(OV ITpoe^pWV
67T6yfr7](f)L(^)ev
%Tparo(f>(Jov HrparofcXeovs ^ouvt-
6U9 fcal avvTrpoehpor
10 eho^ev tl /3ov\ei'
f
Pi}o-09
'
AprefAcovos
'
AXatevs elirev
7TiBr) irpocrohov iroajad/jLevo^
777309
170 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[63
tyjv j3ov\r)v Atoyvrjrcx; i Oiov rafjti-
a? vav/cXrjpcov teal ifuropcov tcov <pe-
15
pOVTCOV TTjV CTVVoBoV TOV AiO? TOV
'Bivlov ifji(f)avl^i rel fiovXei /3ovXea-
6at tt]v crvvoBov avaOelvat eltcova ypa-
7TTT]V iv 01tX(jl) TOV CdVTCOV TTpO^i-
VOV, K6^6tpOTOV7]/jtVOV Be fCCLl 7TI/jL6-
20 \]t]tov iirl tov Xtfieva AtoBcopov rod
($eo(f)i\ov
f
AXatea>? iv rat apye'tw av-
rov, teal Buz ravra irapatcaXel ttjv (3ov-
Xrjv eiriKVpcoaat eavrcp
yjrrf(f)
tafia'
otyaOe[i] Tvyet BeBo^Oat ret fiovXet, eirt-
25
*e^ft>[p]r)<x#a[i] Atoyvijrcp tcai rrj crvv6B(o[i
Tr]o[i]7]cra[or0]a.t t[t|v] dvdOeatv rrj[s] ypa-
7TT7}? ettcovos iv 07rX(p AtoBoopov tov
eo(f)L\ov A\atQ)<; iv tqj dp%et(p av-
rov tcaOarrep irapatcaXet ttjv (BovXrjv.
This decree of the Senate sanctions the proposal of the Treasurer of the
Guild of Shipowners and Merchants, whose patron was Zeus Xenios, to erect
in the apx&ov of the Guild an dnlov "ypairry] ev oTrXcp of Diodorus, proxenos of the
Guild and eTri/j.eXT]T7)s iirl tov Ai/xez>a (Piraeus). From BCH xxi
(1897) p. 600 we
find that the archonship of Dionysius coincides with the consulship at Rome of
L. Calpurnius Piso and M. Livius Drusus and therefore belongs to 112/1 b.c.
4. Note that Rhamnus, the deme of the Secretary, does not belong to the
prytanising tribe, Aeantis. Cf. Bern, v
(1), p. 89.
7. T\pri<pi(f)i>: the text has 2, but the aorist would be very strange.
14 sq. tQi> (pepbvTwv rr\v avvodov :
'
who pay the guild-subscription of Zeus
Xenios
'
; cf. CIA iv 2, 623 e, 5 : roi>s ttjv avvodov cptpovTas ry de$. In 1. 17
atjvobos is used to denote the guild itself.
17. elicbva ypairrriu: 'a painted portrait.' Of such portraits there is frequent
mention in inscriptions ; e.g. D 681, 21 (Patmos).
20. iiri/j.e\r]Tov iirl tov Xtfxeva. This officer appears to be the same as the
officer elsewhere called eirifxeXrjTris tov iv lletpatet Xi/xevos or ITeipatews or errl tov
Ileipcuea. He is mentioned in inscriptions of the latter part of the second and
the first half of the first century b.c. Diodorus is probably the person who
appears in 64 39.
23. The use of iwiKvpovv or Kvpovv in the sense of
'
to decree ' is very
common in inscriptions. See Swoboda Volksb. 17 sqq.
64. Found at Athens. From the mss of Fourmont, CIG 123 ; CIA 11 476
;
Boeckh, Staatsh.
3
11 318 sqq. A considerable portion of the beginning is lost, a
few letters on the left, more on the right, but probably nothing at the end.
ABrAEZHOlKAMN3EZOnPTY4>X.fl
64]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 171
Fourmont, more suo, has played tricks with the original, e.g. in introducing
ligatured forms
^
1. 49, "FN
1. 61 ; and he uses the abbreviation
y
for on. The
length of his spaces or lacunas cannot be relied upon.
TO 6V TTJ
<TKlCt-
Bt 7) to i/uL [ll\etpat[i\t r) [t]o [ev 'EX]e[vo-ivt
a7r]a%#?7 6 [k]kt7)/jl6vo<; to fJterpov e
(d)fjL(j)Lcr/37]Trjo-avTo<; irepl tov fieTpov [ ol
dpyovTes eirl Trjv Brjfioatav Tpdire^av to ttjico
[
-
t6v t<5v
5
aTr]o/cr)pvi;L/jLcov Xoyov eav Be otKeTTjs, fxacrTtyovaOco 7re[vn]KovTa
irX-q-yds, to h\ [iCTpov
dcpavt^eTcoaav eav h\\\ ol dpi^ovTes
/-^(v)
crvveirtayycoat
Tol{s) IBtcoTats, [hravo/yKa^cTw
f)
fiovXr) ol e^CLKoaioi. al Be dpyat ats ol vofiot irpoaTCLT-
tovctiv irpos KaTea/ceva(cr)[[i(va
av/jt&oXa ar)KO)fjLaTa 7roi[r\]crd/jtevai irpos re Ta bypa teal tcl
i;r)pd real Ta aTad/xd [d]^[a"yK]aeT(w[o-av
tov](?) 7rcoXovv[r]ds t(c) ev tt} dyopa [rj] ev toIs epyacrTrjptots
rj Tots Ka{ir)r}Xeiots rj otvcocrtv i) eV o[lKi]|idT-
io wv \]prja0at toIs fjteTpots teal toIs cxTaOfjtols tovtols fxeTpovvTas
Tr(d)vTa \r\d L7[pd] r[]t avTco
\Urjpco, Kat fJi\r\K\eTi e^eaTO) (/jir))Be/jtia dpyrj ir{ot)^aao~6at
fir]Te fxeTpa ptrjTe crTaO/ita [|ie-
w
nJ^Se
(e)\aTTco tovtcov e(d)v Be Tt? irotrjarj tcov dpyov-
tcov r)
fjbr)
e7ravay/c[ai]^r) [tovs irtoXowTas
tov]toi? Tr\_o>]Xetv, 6[$]etXeTco lepd(s) ttj A'r)/j,r)Tp[i k]<zI tt}
Kop^ Bpayjids ytXtas Kat e()e[o-Ta>
av]ToO diroypacbr) tyjs ovatas irpos tovto to dpyvpiov
'A6r)vatcov to)
f3ov\ofjbev(p. 6[y.oL<a% \
15 civ]t[ovs k-K<x\vto~ovv [8]e[iv] Kal e^eTa^etv Ta fieTpa Kal Ta
crTaOfjia Kal els tov Xoittov
XP[
vov
>
KJat eirtfjLeXelcrOat tt)v
ftovXrjv tovs e^aKoaiovs ttjv del
ftovXevovcrav ev tco
'E/cafr-
o\i]/3atcovt /jlijvl, bircos fxrjOels tcov 7t(co)Xovvtcov Tt fj COVOV/JtevCOV
dcrv/jt/3\r)T(i) pteTpco
(it]8]e aTaOfAQ) yprjT{a)t, a\\[d 8i]/c[a]tot?. tovs Be TrcoXovvTas
HepatKas ^rjpas Kal d/jtv[y-
8]a\9 Kat HpaKXecoTtKa [Kdjpva Kal (k)ojvovs Kal KacrTavata
[*i]al Kvdfiovs AlyviTTov
20 KJat <f)otvtKo/3aXavovs Kal et Ttva ci\Xa Tpayi^fxaTa fieTa
tovtcov irtoXelTat, Kal Oep/xovs
172 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[64
Ka]l [eJXaa? Ka\ irvprjvas ircoXelv peTpw ^(opovvr[\. K]o[pv]ara
(TLTrjpa rj^^cx^ojcvifcia rpta, 7TcoXov[vt-
a<?
rfj
'yoiviKi ravrrj Kopvcrrfj e^ovarj to puev [pd]#o(?)
BaKTvXcov irevre, to Be ttXcltos ro[y\ %[eX-
0^(9)
BaKTvXov o/jlol(q))$ Be Kal tovs irwXovvTas rds re
a/jLvyBakas ras xXcopds [k]<z[i] ra? [cjXfdas
tcLs irpoo-J^aToi;? Kal ra<; (l)o"%aBas irwXelv yolvuci tc[op]vo-Tr}
B{t)7r\acriovL (t)?}? 7r(p)oyeyp[a\i\i.{vr\s
25 Ixovo-t) to] ^et\o9 \r\ptwv rj/JuBa/crvXlcov, teal ^prjaOac avrovs
ypivi^t ^vXivaw eav [8c tis
- -
iroi]Xf} [irjepqy ayyeiw dpuvyBdXas
,
%X(opa
i
s [tj] eX(d)a$
TrpoacfxiTOVS
f) lo"%d[Bas, jit) irw-
Xetv (L\cltt]ov rj p.eBip.vov aoTrjpov eav Be ev eXdrrovi 7t[<o\tj]
ayyeiw, r) dpyr\
v(f)
rjv av r

- - -
Td] re evovra irapa^prjpa [d]7roKr)pv[r]Tera) Kal ttjv
[ri\fjLr}i> elaayerco eirl ttjv [8ii|ao-
<riav Tpdire] %av teal to dyyelov /<ara/<07rTe[T](o. dyerco Be teat
r) pvd r) e{fi)iTop\_i]terj 5)Te[<|>avr)<{>-
30 6pov
SpaxJ^as"
eiearbv Tpidtcovra te[a\] oktco 7rpo(?) rd ardOp^ia
rd \k\v tu> dpyupo/eo7r[d<a tc]al
poiri]]^ [l,Ti](f)avrj(f)opov Bpa^p^d^ BeteaBvo, teal 7r<w\e[ it] cocrav
Trdvres raXXa {ir)dvra rav-
T
Tl]
T
V f
jLV
9
/
[
7r^1
l
v
]
do~a 7T/309 dpyvpiov BiapprjBrjv elpijrai
7r[<a]Xeiv, lardvre^ tov irriyyv tov i"y[oi5
ia-6p]po7rov dyovra Ta? e<L>tearbv irevrrjKovTa S[p]#^[|j.d]<? tov
S[T<j>avi]<J)]6pof to Be irevrdfjivovv [t6
iy.Tr]opLiebv e^er[ poir^rjv ep,7ropiK7]v pivd[y\ o[ir]a)9 laroppoirov
rov irrj^ew^ yevopuevov dyrj epirop[iK-
35
as a]m?
ef*
to Be TaXavTov rb e[\t]7ropitebv
[Xt]&>
poir[rv
u]^[ds] e/j.7r{o)pLfcds wevTe, oirw^ teal toO[to
i<r]oppo7rov tov irirj^eoi^ yivofjuevov dyr]
[1]
e(fi)7ro[piK]bv
ra[\avTov Kal \i\vds epLTropLKa<; irevTe
-
-
. . .
vcf)
. vairavTa toI<$ ev tco epiropltp

to ... . aw
p
. o . o
-
-
[oira>s] Be Biafievy et? To[v Xoittov
y^pbvov Ta Te fjueTpa [i<]ai Tfi aTaOpid, 7rapaBo[vvai avra r6v
K]a6eo-Tapuevov eirl \r-\v KaTao-Kc-
v\r)v to)v pueTpcov Kal twv crTaO/Acov &o68(opo[v] eo[$C\Xo[y
'A]X[ata t]o3 Te ev Trj o~tecdBi :a#[<rTau-
40 v(p BrjfjLocria) Kal to3 e/m Yleipaie[i] peTa tov [irip,\T]T]oi)(?)
[Kal tw v] EXeucrtzy[i]* ovtol Be [avTa
64]
DEGREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 173
Gv\yr\r)peiTwaav ht,h6vTes arfKcofiaTa twv [n \t,ir\p(ov [ko,1 twv
o-Ta9p.]coz/ rals T dp^ac[<s Kal] to[is d'X-
\]ocs iraa\y r\ols ho\y.i\voi<; fir)
i^ovala(v) e^ovTes firjr
O l~l O E N
firjTe ef(a>)
i[K]<pep(ei)v [|nj8*v U r-
]*/ [Ka]T(TK6vacrfjLevcov olkcov 7rXr)v tgov fioXv/3[$iv Kal
x
a^K(2v
<ni];(y[|xa]Ta)^ ye{yov]oTcov
-
-
- -
idv he \y\t\y\U' dpyvpiov 7rpdTT(0VTa[i ^rjaa
. c . cooo) . . . (ov . . . o/jLclo)
777
45
. . iv ee . . . 01 tols y^peiav eyovaiv Xa[
.... r\ov
fiev
iv Te[i] cr[iaa8i Ka0crr]a[|i.vov
Ko\a]fo^TO)[v] o[l' t del] TTpVTaveiS Kal o GTpaT\T\y\o<$ 0? [dv
fl]
eVl orrXa fiaaTiyovvTes Kal KoX[aX,-
ovr]e9 [KJara
[""iv]
a^iav tov dhtKrj[\i.a\TOS, rov
[8] i(fi) Ilefipatct]
6 KaO[i]o-Tafievos 7rLfiX[r\ni\s tov
-
-
-
9,
tov he iv 'TLXevcrivL 6 r(e) lepo^>dv\rx\\s [koX ol Ka]^[<r]Ta-
/xeVo[t] a[v8p]e? KaO* eKacrrov [t6v Iviavro-
v] iirl rr)v Trav(r))yvpiv. /AeTa[TT]a/9[a8]tSoTO>[<rav hk\ o[l
8r]]/>tocr[to]t net Tots [uc]#' [i]a[v]Toi>[s] *;a[0o-Tau^-
50 vols: hrjfioaiois [a]eT' dvaypa(f>r)s {ir)dv\ra\ rd [uTpa Kal
o-Ta0ud]
#
iav he Ti fir) 7ra[pa8w<ri]^, e[irava"yKa-
<r]6coaav vtto twv TeTayfievwv iir avTovs Kara to "tyrffpLafia,
Kai [lav Tivd tis diroX&rT), dva-yKa^-
i<r\d<D avrl twv d7roXofievwv [^[cpa 8i86vai' KaTapa]AAecr
6
'&)
aav
he Kal %etp6ypa(f)o(v) [ct]? to [p-tyr-
p<o]co(v) (vv dv 7rapaXd/3(co)ai :[al] 7ra[p]a[8o-iv lav 8e tovto ut]
K]aTa(3d\wvTat,
fir)
e^e[a-r]co av[r]o[i<s
4-
r\epav XeuTovpyiav (Orj)Tcov[tlv. dvaTi0o-0w 8e els dKJpoiroXiv
arfKWfiaTa tov t[c] ifiTropi^KJov [raXdvTo-
55
v Kal heKafivov Kal SifuvJoL' [Kal ttjs pvds Kal tov] r)fiifivaiov
Kal Ta[p]Tr)(fj,)6pou Kal ^obs
k]dv he tis aXlaKrfTai KaKovpywv eirl -ra fieTpa Kal Ta aTaOfid
Ta Ke[t]fie[va %v re ttj o-Kt-
dS]t Kal iv 'ILXevo-ivt Kal i/x II[ipai]t Kal iv aKpoiroXet, idv Te
dpywv idv Te [18itt]s
4-
dv Te [Sy]\fi6acos,
[XW[x]? [flo"[
T
]
r<
p rffifiV
T(
P
*e[iu]eVft)
irepi Trjs t(Jo)v KaKovpycov [^fxias*
eTrifieXelaOay he Kal [i] p]of[Xii rj]
e'f
'Apeiov trdyov Kal tov
KaKovpyovvTa [ti] 7re[pl Tavra ko-
60 Xa^eTco KaTa tovs e[irl] tco[v] KaKovpycov Keifievovs vofiovs-
dvaypdyjrai he T[68e] to [\|n}-
174 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[64
<f>i<rn]a
[tl]? <TTi]\a<$ \i6\iv\a\s tov KoAi\arafxevov avBpa eirl rrjv
fcaracrfcevrjv tcov [jxtTpwv
Kal Tv <n\aQ\ioiv kcu arrjaat iv tols oikois iv ot? kcli tcl
fierpa Kal ra crraO/jia Kelrai.
K TOV tov tov-
9 Se ap^ovTas ^pr}a6\ai\ tg3 clvtw fxeTpw K6^[a]pa[y\i^V(p
T<p ^apaKTi)p\C\ /LtoXf[p8ivu) - -
-
65 (p
7rpbs tov iv tt) cr/a[8i, \i]rj 7r[\\elov TrpaTTOfxevovs
TpiG){36\ov ^pTjaOai he tcl [
a]?
aplx]?
tois 7rpoii]a(j)paryicr/jLevo[is] fjLTpo[i\s, idv jxtj
TLS TO)[v] 7ra)\ovvTO)[v
cnfipayLCTTa) fxeTpco "%prjTai.
This fragment is valuable as evidence of the attention which the Athenians
paid to the revision of their weights and measures.
If we may accept Boeckh's identification of the Diodorus of 1. 39 with the
Diodorus who is iiri/j.e\rjTi)s iiri top Xi/meva in 63 20 our decree should be of
about the same date as no. 63, i.e. about 112 b.c.
The decree may be analysed thus :
1
7 Proceedings to be taken on the
discovery of false measures
;
718 Provision for securing proper measures and
due inspection
;
1829 Measures relating to the finer kinds of fruit ; 2937 The
Commercial Standard; 3743 The safe preservation of the standard measure;
4448 Punishment of public slaves who fail in the last-named duty
;
48

54 Delivery (to successors in office) of the standard weights and measures


;
54, 55 Deposit of the standard measure in the Acropolis; 55 62 Punishment
of counterfeiters and engraving of the decree ; 63 sqq. see note below.
1. Eestored by Koehler
;
cf. 1. 39. For the o-Ktds = the Tholos see D.A.
2. aTr~]axdy. Users of false measures were Kanovpyoi and therefore liable to
airayuy-q, which might be followed by confiscation of property. K.
4. 4ttI tt)v br)ixo<xlav rparrefav. Cf. 1. 28. According to Frankel (Boeckh St.
3
ii 319 note) a private bank is meant which was monopolised for public
finances.
5. a7r]oK7)pvi/j.a}i> :
'
to be sold by auction.' The clause probably related
to the case of freemen ; then follow the directions for the punishment of
offending slaves. Fifty strokes were the regular punishment awarded to slaves
at Athens; cf. 47 41, CIA n 841, 10. In Syros (D 680, 4) a slave receives
100 strokes.
6. a<pai>iTU)<ra.v :
'
destroy.' The subject is oi apxovres by which probably
oi fj.eTpovbp.oi are meant.
ovve-Kio'xvwo'i.; 'join in supporting' (in order to bring offenders to justice).
The word is similarly used Polyb. vi 6, 10 etc.
7. oi e%cu<6o-ioi. See Rem. vi, p. 127.
8. o-v/xfioXa are
'
standard
'
or
'
pattern ' weights and measures according to
which the weights and measures approved for use (0-qKup.aTa here is apparently
a generic term including both weights and measures) are fixed by comparison
(5td tov o-vp.(3dX\e<Tdcu). An uncertified measure is called dcrv/ul[3\t]top p-irpov
(1. 17). From o-qKUfxa comes the Latin sacoma (Vitruvius) and at Borne there
64]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 175
was a special guild of sacomarii, makers of weights (CIL x 1930). An example
of an inscribed arjKu/xa has been found at Gythium in Laconia (Lebas n 241 b).
Trpos re ra kt\. :
'
with reference both to liquid and dry substances and to
substances estimated by weight.'
9. olvQaiu :
'
wine-cellars
'
; cf. Pollux ix 49, vi 15 (from Xen. Hell, vi 2,
6),
Hesych. olvuver at dirodiJKaL. Many words in -<hv denote
'
receptacle,'
'
collec-
tion
'
or
'
mass
'
; cf. yaiwv
'
heap of earth,' Tocpuhv
'
tufa-quarry,'
fiowv
'
ox-shed,'
Tabl. Heracl. i 136, 137, 139 (IGrSI 645). eir' o[Uij/idT<av doubtfully restored
by Boeckh may mean tabemae or cannabae
'
booths.'
11. 7r[oL]r)aa<rdat : restored by K. arddpua seems to be only a variant
of aradfid ;
cf. 1. 30.
13. Kol ei;i<TTw kt\. Any Athenian may make an inventory of the offender's
property to secure payment of the fine.
1829. For a full discussion of the fruits enumerated see Boeckh St.
3
n
322 sqq. HepaiKal are not peaches (malum Persicum) but Persian nuts, Kdpva
UepaiKd, fid\avoL
HepaiKai, our walnut. With d/JLvyb'dXas supply tjrjpds, to which
1. 26 are opposed xXwpaL 'HpaKXeuTiKov Kdpvov is the hazel-nut (mix Avellana).
kwvol and Trvprjves would seem to be the edible fruit of some kind of pine, the
former with, the latter without the external covering. On the Kvafxoi Alyvirrov
much is said in Athen. in 72
73. According to Theophrastus and Dioscorides
they are the hazel-nut-like fruits of the Nelumbium speciosum L. dep/xot. are the
fruits of the Lupinus albus L., still in use in Italy.
21. fi4rp({} ktX. : with a measure holding a corn-choenix and a half
brimming over, i.e. not \prjKTd, struck level. Cf. Hesych. Kopv(<x)r6v (so Is. Voss)-
t6 eirifxecrTov.
24. dcirXaaiovL. On durXaGiwv a later form of dnrXdaios (Arist. Probl. 19, 50,
Mund. 6, 18) see Lobeck Phryn, 411.
29. dy^TO) 5e kt\. This difficult passage establishes a relation between the
Commercial standard and the Attic or Solonic standard in use at Athens. See
Boeckh St.
3
n 320 sqq., Miiller Hdb. i
a
877 sqq., and D.A. s.v. Pondera.
'
The Commercial mina shall weigh 138 drachmae of the Stephanephoros,
according to the weights preserved at the mint, and there shall be added
(thrown in) twelve drachms of the Stephanephoros, and all bargains shall be
regulated by this mina, except in cases where silver-weight is specially
mentioned, the scales being balanced so that the rod is level, against a weight
of 150 drachms of the Stephanephoros.'
Below it is ordered that in every Commercial irevrdp.vovv
(5 minae) one
Commercial mina shall be thrown in (pom?)), and in every Commercial talent
five minae.
The passage shows
(1)
that the Solonic mina and drachma were called rod
1,T(pau7)(f)6pov. The Stephanephoros was an Attic hero or daemon in whose
temple the mint was in early times placed
;
thus the drachmae called after him
were drachmae of money
;
on the weights the Solonic mina is called [xvd d-^/xoaia:
(2)
that the proportion between the Aeginetan or Attic Commercial mina and
that of the mint remained at 138 : 100 (just as it had been fixed by Solon)
throughout Athenian history : but that
(3)
Greek weights were sometimes
arbitrarily raised by authority, at least in democracies (D.A.). Cf. CIA i 467
(65) 30; 468, 24.
36 sq. K suggests : [eii/cu be
\
a>j]v(p[u]va iravra tols kt\.
176 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[64
39. (TKiadi. See 1. 1.
40. If the reading is right the einp:eXriTf)s will probably be 6 eiri.p.eXr)Tr)s too
Tie/.pate" ws or 6 e-rrl tov Xip,e~va
;
cf. 63. In this case Diodorus at the time of this
inscription does not hold that office. There were it seems to be standard-
weights in the Piraeus and at Eleusis as well as in the Tholos.
42. Koehler doubtfully suggests p.r)T[e p.eTa]ir[oi]e[t]v.
g()
:
E50.
43. olkuv. Perhaps buildings erected for the purpose of preserving the
standard weights. p.oXv(35u>v : from p,oXv(38ovs.
46. (rrpcLTriybs 6 eirl oirXa. See 36 19.
48. oi KadecrTap.evoL...eirl tt)v iravr)yvptv. Probably the iirip.eXr}Tal tQv
fiverTrjpLwv are meant, iravr)yvpts is used of the Eleusinian festival CIA in 649.
49. peTairapadidovai occurs CIA n 628, 39 and IGSI 759, 22 {Neapolis).
54. XeiTovpylav drjruvc'iv :
'
to perform a public service for pay.' drjTwveiv is
due to Boeckh, based on the drjTibvLov
'
wages ' of Suidas
;
cf. TeXiove?v, TeXdovtov.
els axpoiroXiv. That certain weights were kept there we learn from CIA n
652, 46.
55. dexd/xvov, 8ip.vov. We should have expected also the irevTapvow
(1. 33)
to be enumerated here. For the form rapr-q/xopov see 60 55 ; TapTf)p.opov here
evidently means
'
a quarter of a mina
'
; elsewhere TapTrjpbpiov denotes
'
a
quarter of an obol.' Boeckh conjectures at the end [/cat
x
0LVLK0^\-
63 sqq. These lines are either an appendix to the decree which ends with
1. 62, or they belong, as Boeckh thinks, to the body of the decree and have been
accidentally omitted by the engraver
;
or the fault may be Fourmont's.
64 sq. K suggests p.oXv[(38Lvip, irvppe{$kiipi4v\(# irpbs t[6 4]v.
66. TroikovvTu{y ft 7j cbvovpLevuv]: Boeckh.
65. A slab of Pentelic marble in forty fragments. Grasberger Verh. d.
philcl. Ges. in Wiirzburg 54 sqq. ; CIA n 467
;
D 521.
Alphabet, in the main, type 1
;
but

is once
3
, ir varies between 7r
3
,
t
4
, t
5
.
101/0 'A7a#77
tvxv'
^7r ' Mrjdeiov apxovros eirl tt)s AeuvTlSos TpiTijs irpvTaveias, rj <i>iXt-
or
u)v QiX'uxivos 'EXeucriVtos eypap.p.aTevev' Hor)8pop.t.Qvos evc.Tr) iarapevov, evdry
100/99
B.C.
ttjs irpvTaveias' tKKXrjaia Kvpia ev Tip dearpu)' tQ>v irpoeSpiav eire\pr)(pi.ev '^iriTiXrjS
'Aperatou Haiavievs Kal o~vp.irpbe8poc fSo^ev Tip 8f)p<p' ^iKdarparos
5
Arjp.ape'Tov Aap.irTpevs elirev iireiSr) oi e'eprjfioi oi eirl
,
]$x
eK
P
(*T0V dpxovros ddaav'
res iv rats eyypa<pais ev Tip irpvTave'ap eirl tt)s kolvtjs earias tov 8r)pov
Kal KaXXieprjaavTes p,eTa tov koo~plt)tov Kal tov ieptias tov Sr)p,ov /cat tCov Xa-
plTwv Kal tCjv e^r)yi]Tu>v eirbp-irevadv re rrj 'Aprc'pLiSi Trj 'AypOTepa iv oirXots,
eiroL-qaavTO 8e Kal tt\v virairdvTi)cnv tois iepoTs ev birXois Kal irpoe'irep.ipav
io avrd, Kal rbv "laKxov wcraurws* ijpavro 8e Kal toIs p.vaTr)plois tovs /3ous
ev 'EXevffivi Trj dvcria Kal avTol ij3ov6vrrio
,
av ev Tip irepifibXip tov iepov'
avveTeXecrav 8i
Kal tovs 8pbp.ovs tovs ev toTs yvp.vao~iots Kal rots Xot-
7rets ayQeiv airavras Kal fjpavTO rat? dvcriais tovs (3ovs evo'xVf
xovo)S Kal ras
XajUTrdSas eSpapov dirdcras Kal ra? iropirds eirbp.irevo~av' dirrjVTrjaav de
15 /cat rots avp.p.dxoi.s /cat tois evepyirais too 8f)pLov 'Pco^tatois' irapr)yayov de
/cat rots 'EXcfcrt^tots )3ovs Tpocpias dvo Kal Zdvcrav, Kal rots Ilcipaiots Tip At-
65]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. Ill
opOitu) ravpov kclI idvcrav, rots re Aiovvaiois 'irepov ((3)ovv u>s on /cdXXto"-
tov irap-qyayov rrj Tropnrfj 8v Kal 'idvaav iv Tip leptp, Kal iirl tovtols diraaiv
iKaXXiipvo-av iroLvo'dpi.evoL de /cat pLeXiryv iv rots owXois diredei^avTO
rots re G^cret'ots Kal rots eVira</>tots' iiroLTjaavTo de /cat r# irofMirrj dp,tX-
Xav iv Tip Xt^teVt, wepu-TrXevaav de /cat et's Mowtxtaj> /cat 'idvaav rrj de[a>'
i^Xdov di ko1 iirl rd (ppovpia /cat rd 6'pta r^s 'Arrt/c-^s irXeovaKis iv ottXois
Kadios iiriraTTOv avrols rd \pr)<plo~piaTa r^s re (3ovX9}s Kal tov drjfxov' 'iQv-
aav de Kal rots Ato7ei/etots ravpovs dvo' 'iwXevaav di /cat eis 2a\aptVa rots [Al-
avret'ots /cat 'idvaav Tip AtWrt /cat raXXa KadrjKovra voLrjcravTes dveo~-
Tp&(pr)<rav eurd/crws, e'0' ofs /cat iTifxrjdrjaav virb tov drjpiov tov HaXap.iviojv
TrpoavatrXevaavTes de Kal eirl Tpbiracov dual ttXolols Zdvaav rip Act rep Tpo-
iraiip, rots re IIpo?7peo"tois ijpavTo tovs /3o0s iv 'EXevalvi Kal eXeiTotipyrjaav
ev T<p iepip euT&KTW dveBvKav di Kal rots piey&Xois pLvvrvpiois (ptdXrjv
rrj re ArjfiTjTpt. Kal rrj Kbprj yapi<TTr\piov airb dpaxp-^v ^Te<pavrf<pbpov eKarov, rds
re dXXas dvcrlas rds KadrjKovcras curdaas 'idvaav pierd re tov koo~plwtov Kal tCov 5t5acr-
KaXoov rots deots Kal rots evepyirais tov drj/xov Kal eKaXXieprjo-av ip. irdcraLS' yivop.e-
vol di Kal fyXcoral tCov KaXXiarcov e/c r?ys TrpdoTys r/Xt/ctas TpXelcpovTO re ej>5[\-
X&s
ev rots yvpLvaaiois dybp.evoi virb tov Koapaqrov Kal iaxbXaaav 6Y oXov tov eV[iavrov
rots <piXoo~b<pois yaerd Trdaws euraijias" Trap-qbpevaav de Kal rats e/c/cX77o~[icus dira-
crats ev ottXols rats re ev daret /cat ea Ileipaiet' irapeTvyxavov di /cat rats [dxpocurc-
O'ti' dirdaais evraKTus' iiroiriaavTO de Kal rds /ca#oX/cds /cat rds vewX/c[ias TTi0ap-
XoOfres rots U7ro rtuj' arpaT-qyQv irapayyeXXop.ivoLS Kal dLeTeXea[fx]v o^ovoovv-
res /cat ireidapxovvTes Ttp re Kotrp.r]Trj Kal rots 5t5acr/caXots 6V oXov tov e[viav-
tov' dvidrjKav de Kal (pidXyv rrj p.7]Tpl tCov deCov dirb dpaxp-uv 2re0af7?06poi e[|38o-
p.r]KOVTa /card to ipr\<piap.a 6 AioaKovpibr/s Atoo*/coi>pt5ou <i>r)yaLevs elirev' ^7ro[i-
rjaavTO de Kal eV' e6d<p ttjs i(pri(3elas tt\v a7r65et[^iv] rrj f3ovXrj' owcos ovv
%
T] [SovXi] Kal 6 drjp.os cpaivcovTai TtpiuvTes tovs 7r[ei8a]/3Xoi}j'ras rots re vop,ois /ca[l
\pri<piap.acnv e/c r-^s TrpwTTjs -^Xt/ctas, dyadrj
tvxV [8e8]6x^at ttj (3ovXrj, tovs Xa-*
XbvTas ewaiveaai ro[vs e^T^J/ifous /cat crre0ay[wo~at] ai)ro[v]s
XP
V(T
V
VTefidvu}
ei)ra[]tas eveKev r)s
^xC
VTS SteJreXecra^ /cat [ev<r]e/3etas r^s 7rpos [toi)s 0e]ous
/cat (pi.XoTip.ias rrjs els tt)[v |3ou\t]v] /cat tov 5?}u[ov K]at evvoias ttjs irpbs tov /cocryu[T]TT]V,
/cat d^et7rer[v t]6^ o~Te<pavov t[outov Aiovvcrtwv T] tCov iv ao~Tei Kaivois Tpaycpdots Kal
Havadr]vai[o)V~\ Kal "EXevcrivioov [Kal IlToXeuaCwv r]ots yvpiviKois dyuiatv' tt\s de dvayo-
petiaews [tov] OTecpdvov eirip.eX\x\r\va.\. tovs o~]rpar?770L'S /cat tov Tap.iav tQv GTpaTLW-
tikwv iwaivicrai de Kal tovs 5t5[ao~KaXovs, t]6v re wai.boTpifi7)v TipLOKpaTtjv 'AXip.ov-
o~iov Kal tov birXopidxov 'Hp65or[ov EiT]ea[o]^ /cat tov aKOVTiffT-qv Ay)p.bo~TpaTov
HvTraXrjTTiov Kal to[v] ro[|oTT]v Ztair^vpov Aii;(oj)via Kal tov d<peTT)v KaXXiav At'^tXfiea
/cat Tbv 7pa/x/xare[a 'EirCo-TpaT]oj> IIepi^ot5?7[v] Kal tov vinjpiTriv Aibbwpov 'Ai)v[li<k,
/([at] cTTecpavuiaat. ['^Kao"TOV o]vtu>v daXXov o~Tecpdvip. dvaypd\j/aL de ro[8e
to y\f]r/(pLcrp.a tov 7pa[p.p.aTa] roi^ /card TrpvTave[iav] et's ot1)Xt)v Xidivriv Kal ar^cr[ai kv
d"y]opo:" to 5e yevbp.e[vov el]s ai/TT]v dvdXojp.a yitep[o-a]t tov Tap.iav tQv crrpar[ito]rt/ctO[v.
'H /3oi/Xrj Kal 6 5?7pos 'H j3ovXi] Kal
'0
dijpios 01 fcprjpoi
(in corona
:)
6 drjpLos
[6]
^laXapiviojv (in corona
:)
tovs i- (in corona
:)
(in corona
:)
tov ko<x-
4>r](3ovs /cat (in corona
:)
tov kog- [tjous
i<f>y-
p.7)Tr\v
(3ovs Kal tov Tlpaova
Koap.VTT]v Bourd-
Hipioova dvv.
Bofrd-
dvv.
R. II. 12
TOV Koa- 'H $ovXr\ pLyTrjv
p.y\TT)V Kal 6 dr\p.os Tip.iova
Tt(UWf[a] tovs i(pr]- Boi;rd-
Bov[Td]- /3oi/s. drjv.
[SiH
178 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[65
AyCLvf]
TVXW
^wl M^Seiou apxovros eiri tt)s Aeojz>r[i8o]s rpirTys irpvTavelas,
fj
<f>t-
Xt'o;i> QlK'iuvos "EtXevaivios eypap.p.aTevev ~Bor)bpop.iu)vos eVr?7[i i<TT<x]/xevov, evdrr/ rrjs irpvTavei-
as' eKK\r)cria Kvpia ev rep fledrpcp" tCov irpoebpoov eire\J/r]<>t.[v 'E]7rtreX77S ' Aperaiov IlatavLevs
Kal avpLirpbebpor tbo^ev rw 5rj[AU>'
70
Nt/cocrrparos A77^cap^[T]ou Kapunpevs elirev eireibr] Tlp\u>]v Tip.apx'i-bov Bovrdbvs
x
L
p['
Tov-qdels KoapLVTrjs eiri tovs ecprj^ovs et's rbv [kvi\avTbv rbv Girl 'Exe/epdrou dpxov-
ros irapa\a{5Cov tt]v e["y]xetp'0"#eto"ai' eaur[<> irCjaTiv virb rod br]p,ov Kal dvaas gv r<[i
TrpvTaveLcp e/c tQv t5toj[v] p.erd tQsv i<prj(3u}v [eiri] rrjs kolvtjs etrrtas /card ra ei/o70ta[|i6-
va tw brjpap, dticras de /c[a]t rds dXXas 0i>[o~a]s rds ev rtp eviavTw irdaas /cat /caX-
75
\ieprjO~as rjpi-&>
ttjv
dpxw
Kara tovs p[op.o]i;s kolI to. \J/7}<f>lcrfia.Ta tov br)p.ov 5te-
rrjpTjaev 8e avrQu Kal ttjv irpbs dX\[r[k]ovs bpovoiav Kal (pCKiav oV o\ov rod eVta[v-
tou' irapearrjaaTO de /cat eis to e[vt)K.6]ovs avrovs etVat irpbs tcl irapayye\\[6-
p.eva virb re tQiv o~TpaT7)y[<a]u /ca[l 4av]rou /cat tCov bibaaKaXojv Trpoevor)[Qt]
be /cat rrjs tov eXat'ou deaecos [8i* 6K]ov tov eviavrov irpOTpe\pdp,evos tovs [Sv-
80 vap.evovs tG>v ecprjfiwv trwefiriSjofityai iavTotis' i<ppbvTt.o~ev be bpiolws Kal
virep rwv yivop.evojv cV b\ov rots [i]<prjl3ois dpyvpiKu>v fypuQv dpas auras [/cat o[v-
k edaas els to kolvov o~vvdye\_<rQ]cu btd<popov /car' ovdeva tlov Tpoiriov eiroirj-
eraro be Kal irpbvoiav Kal pdX[io~]ra e'airevaev Kal tov bLaTvprjBrjvaL ttjv eixfyrj-
piav avTols 7rpoo*/caprepu;[v lirjt/xeXws /cat wpocrebpevojv eh re ra yvp.vdai[a
85
ayiov auTovs Kad' e/cdcrr[Tjv r\\p.epav Kal rats crxoXats TrapaKadi^ducov jjya-
yev be avTovs eubirXovs [eiri T]d cppoupia Kal Ta 8pta tt)s 'Attlktjs irXeovaKis, Ka-
ddirep avTtp TrpocrerfaTTOv] dl re vbp.01 Kal Ta \py](piap.aTa tt)s re (3ov\r)s Kal
tov brjp.ov' ecppovTiaev be Kal ev dXXots TrXeioaiv /xerd Trdarjs baioTrjTOS
Kal bieTr)pr]o~ev irdvTas vyiaivovTas Kal aw^op^evovs' iroL7]o~aTO be
90
/cat tt)v dwobeL^LP avr&v Kal tov a7ro\oyiap.bv ev ttj (3ov\fj [virep rw]c /card
ttjv
dpxw
Ka' 7r
P
l T^l/ *v T
V
iviavTixi yeyovoTCov irdvTOJV rots i(p[r)fio\.S,
avd' u>v Kal oi ^0r//3ot ^ov\bp.evoi Tipt,av avTov dtws r^s 7670J>et'as et's eaurou[s
evepyeaias ecrTe[^>]dvojaav avTov ev ttj (3ov\rj' oircos d[v [rat <j>a-
odv i] [3ov\r] Kal b brjp.os (paivcovTai Tiputiv[r]e$ tovs d^iovs tQiv dpxbvTWV Kal 7[ivtj
95
vepbv 6'rt 7rdcrt ro?s /caXtos /cat eucre/3c5s dvao-Tpa<pelo~iv '4cttlv Tip,i]Qr\vai /ca[ra|t-
ws tCjv ireirpaypievwv' dyadrj
tvxv bebbxdo.L ttj (3ov\rj, tovs Xa%6vras [eirai-
vo~ai tov KOcrp.f]Trjv r[w]j/ e<prj(3oov Tip-wva Tt
/
u[ap]xt'5oL' BovTabrjv Kal aTe(pavu)a[a.i
Xpvcrw aTecpdvu) /car[d tov] vbpLov dpeTrjs eveKev Kal biKatoo~vvr]s i)s ^xw[v] 5tere[\e-
crej' et's re tov br)p.ov [Kal] rous <prj(3ovs, Kal dv[tnreiv] tov \jy\re(pavov tovt[o]v Aiovva[i-
100 ojv re twv ev do~Tei /c[ai]vots Tpaycpbols Kal TI[ava0T]vaia>v Kal 'EXevJcrtj'twi/ [Ka]t IlroXe-
uv rots yvp-VLKols d["y]a;crtJ'
-
ttjs be dv[a.yopV<rt<as t]ou crre0[avov eTrJt^teX^o
1
?;- [p,at-
vac tovs crrpar?;7oi/[s] ' elvai be avTtp [Kal a\\o d^aSov] evpecrdac 7r[apd t]ou br]p.ov otov
av boKrj d^tos elvat. dvaypd^ai be robe [to i(/T]<j>i.o"aa tov yp]ap,p.aTea tov [Ka]rd irpvTa-
av et'crr77[\T]v XtGjt^i' /cat crr^ijfai V d-yopa. \yel-
105 Ot e[(j>iiP]ucra^T[6s iirl '^\]fcpdrov clp%ov\t\o<;'
{Here follows a list
of
names in three long columns: see note beloio on I. 106.)
The date of these long Ephebic decrees passed in the archonship of Medeios
is determined as follows. CIA 11 985 gives a list of archons including, in
succession, Echecrates, Medeios, Theodosius, Procles, Argeios, and shows that
Medeios was epimeletes of Delos in the first archonship of Argeios. D 321
(Delos) makes Medeios epimeletes in the consulship of Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
and P. Licinius Crassus, i.e. 97 b.c. Thus Argeios and Medeios would be in
office at Athens and Delos respectively in
98/7 or 97/6 b.c, for offices at Athens
65]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 179
began in JuneJuly, at Kome in January. Medeios then would be archon in
101/100 or 100/99 and Echecrates (1. 5)
in 102/1 or 101/100 b.c. (Koehler CIA
;
Homolle BCH iv (1880) 189 ;
Ferguson Corn. St. x 86 sq.)
On ephebic inscriptions generally see Rem. vii, p. 145 sqq.
1. Philion was one of the thesmothetae three years afterwards in the
archonship of Argeios (CIA n 985, D 24).
3. iv tw dedrpu). See Rem. iv, p. 86 and 38 22.
5. diuaavres ktX. :
'
having performed the initiatory sacrifices at the enrol-
ment of names in the Xv^tapxtKov ypa,\xix<xTtiovS In CIA n 470, 5 we have the
fuller expression dtjcravres rats iyypa<pcus ra elcnrripia. The kolvt] iaria (cf. Gras-
berger Erziehung 120) continued to be the centre of official life for the
Athenians, though in later times this official life became more and more
insignificant and was concentrated mainly on the administration of the ephebic
institution and the celebration of the traditional festivals.
7. rod iepiws kt\. One of the marble seats found in the Dionysiac theatre
[Index s. v.) is inscribed leptm drj/nov /cat XapiTuv /cat "Pw/jlvs CIA in 265. From
the shorter title of our inscription we need not infer that the addition /cat'Pu^s
had not then been made, for we find lepevs 8rjp.ov /cat Xapiruv even in Trajan's or
Hadrian's time, CIA in 661, 2. D.
8. t&v e^yqrCov. On the various classes of these officers and their functions
see D. A. or Dar. and Sagl. s.v.
eiropLirevaav ktX. On the 6th of Boedromion, i.e. soon after the beginning of
the year's training, was the festival of Artemis Agrotera, when the grown-up
youths took part in the procession to
'
A.ypal (wo[xiry) irpbs 'Aypds).
10. (baavTW. sc. irpotirep:\pav. For this duty of acting as escort cf. the text
of 69.
ijpauTo. The larger victims were struck with the axe (Horn. Od. xiv 425,
Dion. Hal. Ant. vn 72, 15, Apoll. Bhod. i 425 sqq.) and then raised and held so
that the throat might be cut (Horn. Od. in 453 sq. oi p.kv hrevf dveXovres dxb
xQovbs evpvodeirjs
k<jx
v
'
drdp acpd^ev YleicriaTpaTos)
;
and this is what is meant by
the formula aipeadai rous /3o0s. D.
12. Xot7rets. See Meisterhans Gr. 147 who (after Solmsen Rh. M. liv 350,
note
2) treats the et as due to dissimilation, as in the late Attic oiKei for olkol.
17. (j3)ovu.
KOYN.
For the superfluous particle in d>s on cf. CIA n
482, 48 (4130 B.C.) : [irapao-Trjaapres w]s 6'rt KdWiara dv/nara.
20. On the connexion of the Epitaphia with the Theseia see H. Sauppe
G'ott. Nachr. 1864, 199 sqq., A. Marten Rev.phil. x
(1886), 17 sqq., A. Mommsen
Feste etc., 298 sqq., where divergent views are held. D argues that the connexion
depended upon similarity of ceremonies and games, not upon proximity of time.
With apiWav supply veQv. Probably the contest took place at the Munychia
;
see D. A. and cf. CIA m 1160, 51 (a.d. 192): vav[xax[r)<TavTe]s Mowt'xia
crvvaT(pauiJ}dr]aav.
21. Mowixiau. The spelling with t occurs as early as the fifth century b.c,
and in fact is more prevalent than that with v. Meisterhans Gr. 29.
22. irXeovdKLs (cf.
86). Previously for the whole year, or, if we may trust
Aeschin. F. L. 167 {wepiiroXo^ rijs
x^P
as Tavrrjs iyeudfnjv
56'
^rrj), for the two
years, of ephebic service they were on garrison duty in Attica. Later their
liabilities in this matter would seem to have been more restricted (wXeovdias).
24. rots Aioyevelois. On the Aioy^eia and Aioyeveiov see Dar. and Sagl.
122
180 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I
[65
In 229 b.c. on the death of Demetrius, King of Macedon, Aratus by a bribe of
150 talents induced Diogenes the (ppovpapxos, who was then in charge of the
Macedonian garrisons in the Piraeus, Munychia, Salamis and at Sunium,
to withdraw the garrisons (Paus. n 8, 6, Plut. Arat. 34). For this service the
Athenians accorded to Diogenes almost divine honours. There was a priest of
Diogenes (cf. the inscription on the seat in the Dionysiac theatre CIA in 299 :
Aioytvovs Evepyerov)
;
a festival, the Aioyeveia, was instituted and there was
a gymnasium for the ephebi, the Aioyeveiov. An officer, 6 eiri Aioyevelov, is
frequently mentioned in later inscriptions, e.g. CIG in 1093, 1121 etc.
The Aldvreia took place on the 16th of Munychion. See G. and J. 294.
27. Tpoiraiov : doubtless the trophy erected to commemorate the battle
of Salamis.
28. reus re lipo-qpeaiois. The UporjpeaLa, elsewhere called Ylporjpbcna, was a
Demeter-festival, said to have been instituted on the direction of the oracle, at
a time when all Greece was visited with a failure of crops (Schol. Ar. Eq. 729,
Suid. s.v. llporipbaia, Isocr. Paneg. 31). In later times as we see they were
celebrated at Eleusis with great sacrifices and attended by the ephebi.
29. dveS-rjKav. The sigmatic forms (dvedeaav etc.) prevail by 13 to 1
between 385 and 300 b.c.
;
from 330 to 30 b.c K-forms only appear; during the
empire both forms are found. Meisterhans Gr. 189. For 'LTe<t>avr]<p6pov
see 64 29.
34. iaxo\aaau. This use of o~xo\d'eiv common in these inscriptions appears
only sparingly in authors; cf. Xen. Symp. iv 44: 2w/cpdTet axoXd^wv avvdir)-
jxepeveiv.
35. irapy}5pev<xav. Alternative expressions are icprjdpevaav, irpoarjdpevaav.
Philostr. Vitt. Soph, n 1,
5, p. 236, quoted by D, uses the phrase rds iKuXriaias
wepieKddrjvTo. The duty does not imply the possession of a vote.
44 sq. Between \axbvras and eira.iveaa.1 the remainder of the well-known
formula has been designedly omitted in the text (cf. below 96) : -rrpoedpovs els
T7]v einodaav eKKXrjaiau
xPV/
jLaT'- a
'
cu irepi tovtcov, yv(hp,y]v 8e v[A{3dX\ecrdaL tt}s ftovXrjs
els rbv brjfxov on doicel rrj l3ov\y.
48. Kaivois rpaydidois. Cf. 61 33. The stone here and 1. 100 has
_Q
not
_Q|.
49. [/cat IlToXefiaiojv rjols : restored from 1. 100 below.
50. For the ra/u'as rCov GTpaTiojTLKivv see 59 1.
67. ktt] : obviously a mistake for eudry
;
cf. 1. 2 above.
77. TrapearrjaaTo : adegit. Cf. Plato Legg. iv 706 a: tovs olK.ovvTas...irape-
tjTT]craro els
x
a^e7r
W
two. <popdv 8aa/j.ov.
79. He took measures for the storage (decns) of an adequate supply of oil in
the tXaiodeaiov (cf. Vitruv. v 11, 2 : ad sinistram ephebei elaeothesium).
81. frj/ucDj>. In D 522 (Ceos) we find the gymnasiarch empowered to
impose a fine of a drachma. The KOfffxrjT-rjs is commended because he cancelled
the fines and did not allow them to find their way into the public treasury
(els to kolvov b~id(popov). This, Koehler remarks, is an indication of the prevalent
poverty of the period. On the use of didcpopov see the Lexx. After 5t' oXov in
1. 81 there is clearly an omission of the words rod iviavrov.
92. yeyovelas. This Doric form of the participle, due to the influence of
the Koiv-q, is the only one found in inscriptions of the third, second, and first
centuries b.c. Under the empire the ending -via appears again. Meisterhans
Or. 168.
66]
DEGREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 181
96. See note on 1. 44.
106 sqq. The names in the list, which is similar to that of no. 53, are
arranged under the head of the several tribes (including the later additions
UroXefiats, 'ArraXts, 'AvtioxLs
(?)),
and are followed in each case by the father's
name and the demotic name. The genitive of the third declension of proper
names in the list appears to end indifferently in -oi>s or -ov, except that -kA^s
always makes -nXeovs. In the sixth and fifth centuries the genitive is always
k\{o(v)s. From 350 b.c. -k\4ov appears sporadically; cf. 56 30. From the
Roman period we find -kX^cjs or -kXcos. Meisterhans Gr. 133.
66. A slab of Pentelic marble found at Athens between the theatre of
Dionysus and the Odeum of Herodes Atticus. CIA n 489 b Add. ; D 558.
Cf. Koehler Mitth. n (1887), 174 sqq., 253.
Alphabet, type 5
;
but /x is /M
lt

is
2
, ir is 7r
5
, <p is once
<f>7
and \p is once
\f/3
.
32/1
(?)
'
AyaOf)
rv^rj rrj^
fiovXfjs Kal rov Btj/jlov rov 'AOrjvaicov
BC*
'
v
A
67TL Av-
cdv&pov rov 'AiroXij^iSos ap^ovros, eVl rr}<; YlavScovl&os
8cD$fcarr)<; irpvraveLas,
y
Taios Tatov 'AXateu? eypa(/jL)/j,d-
revev Xfccpocf>opicbvo^ byBoy fxer l/cdSas, rpirrj Kal elKoarfj
5
tt)? irpvraveias' /3ovXrj ev /3ovXvrrjpio), rwv irpoeSpcov
eire^rj^i^ev %edvyeXo<$ eavyeXov A.lda\i8r]$ Kal avv-
TrpoeSpor eBotjev
rfj ftovXfj'
MemV/co? ^iXoKXeovs KoXcd<l>-
vrjOev elrrev iireuhr] irpoaooov Troirjcrd/jLevos 7T/30? rrjv
ftovXrjv b elXTj-^cos lepevs
'
Actk\t]it tov Kal 'TyteLas et? rov /xe-
io rd AvcravSpov apyovra iviavrbv AtoKXrj<; AioKXeovs
K.r}<fit-
crievs vecorepos evfyavL^et rd Ovpcb/jtara 8te(f)6dp0ai rfj<; irpo-
repov ovar}*; et? to lepbv elcrbSov, 6/jlolcos Se Kal r(rj)v OTruao)
rov irpoirvXov crreyrjv, en he Kal tov vabv rov dp%aiov<ov>
acj)i-
Spv/jLaros rov re ' AaKX^iriov Kal ri}? 'Tyielas Kal Std rovro
7rap[a-
15
KaXel rrjv l3ovXrjv ern^coprjo-at e<xrcS KaraaKevdaavn eK roov
tSlcov 6vpcoaat rd dpyaiov irpoirvXov, areydaat Be Kal rov
TrpoTTvXov ro ornate
fiepos Kal rov vabv rov airevavrt rr\\_%
elaoSov
%[p]t^ rov rrjv dpyalav diroBodrjvai rw tepoj rd^iv'
dyaOfj
TV
XV
oe8b^0ai
rfj /3ovXfj, eiriKeywpijo-Qat AtoKXfj Alok\ov<;
Krj(f)L-
20 Gtel vewrepw irot^aacrOai rrjv dvdOeaiv rcov 0vpo)fidrcov
182 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[66
/cal areydaat tov irpoTrvXov to o7rtcr&)<t>yu,epo?, /caTacncevdo~a[i
Be /cat tov dpyalov {vaov) /caOdirep irapa/caXel /cat iroirjaaaOai
ttjv eV[t-
<ypCL(f>7}V 67TL fJteV TGOV 6vpC0V /Cal TTjS CTTy7]^ TTfvhe' AlO/cXr}[$
Ato/cXeovs Kr/cfiLcrievs veojTepos tepevs yevo/xevos ev toj e-
25 irl AvaiaSov dpyovTos evtavTw rd Ovpojfxara real tt\v OTrtcrcoKO
tov irpoirvXov areyrjv 'Ag/cXtjttloj /cat Tyteta /cat ra> &r}[A(p
dvedrj/cev eirl he tov vaov ofJLoiws' Ato^X?}? Ato/cXeovs K77-
tyicnevs veaj<L>Tepos lepev<s yevo/xevos ev tco eirl Avatdhov
dpyjovTOs ivtavro) tov vaov /caTacr/cevdcras e/c tojv Iht-
30 cov Aa/cXrjTrcoj /cal 'Tyiela, /cal tw (hr)/xa>) dveOrj/cev Xva
TOVTCDV CTVV-
TeXovfxevcov eucre/9a5?
fx(ev
r)fj
(3ovXf) ra irpbs to Oetov ev^[t,
yivoovTai he /cal eTepot r]X(D<t>Tal t&v o/xoicov.
This decree of the Senate grants permission to Diocles, priest elect of
Asclepios and Hygieia, to make certain repairs at his own expense in the
sanctuary of Asclepios. On the details of the site see Koehler I. c. and Frazer
Paus. n p.
334 sqq. It was known as
'
the sanctuary of Asclepios in the
city
'
to distinguish it from the sanctuarj' in the Piraeus (Schol. Ar. Plut. 621
;
CIA 11 159 b, p. 424 ; 477 b, p. 427). From this inscription it has been inferred
that there were two temples, an old one and a new one, within the sanctuary,
and that there were two entrances, an old and a new one.
Lysander 1. 1 seems to have been succeeded in the archonship by Lysiades
1. 25 and 28. In the list of archons CIA in 1014 the names occur in the same
order. D remarks that V. von Schaeffer ap. Pauly-Wissowa Realencycl. 11
1,
p. 592 makes the dates respectively 32/1 and 31/30 b.c. A. Schmidt Ghron.
p. 545, 683 in endeavouring to reconcile the equation Scir. 28th =23rd of the
prytany as an example of the dating ko.t dpxovra arrives at the year 73/2 b.c.
for Lysander. But see the note on no. 62. On the reckoning /ler etiddas
/the stone has
| KAAA5T)
see Rem. vi table
p.
128 sq.
6. QedvyeXos. For the non-assimilation of the v, or the substitution of it
for any nasal, see Meisterhans (Gr. 113), who considers even iypav/uLdreve on the
stone 1. 3 to be deliberate and not an error of the engraver.
7. KoXw < 1 > vTjdev. The omission of the iota mutum, as well as the occasional
misplacement of it (five times in this inscription), is noticed as early as the first
half of the second century b.c Cf. ry dey (dual, CIA 11 605, 12, beginning of
2nd century). Meisterhans Gr. 67.
9. 6 ei\r)xus iepevs. For the various modes of appointment of priests in
ancient Greece see D.A. s.v. Sacerdos. The oldest method appears to have
depended upon hereditary descent, i.e., by devolution or selection out of a gens
or family ; the next was by public election either by open voting or by the lot
(the commonest method), and finally the appointment might be obtained by
purchase.
13. d(pL5pu/xa.Tos. So called because the ritual of Aesculapius had been
67]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 183
transferred from Epidaurus to Athens (D). For a<pi5pvw in this connexion cf.
the form afpedpiareuu) common in Boeotian inscriptions.
15. earcp: so earrjs etc. and arwv, dros. These forms are found from 74 B.C.
Meisterhans Gr. 61, 145.
31. ,xh rrj (3ov\y.
MNEHBOYAHL
Remark viii. The Decrees
of
the Imperial period which have
come down to us are few in number. The examples which follow
show that the introductory formula characteristic of the earlier
decrees (see Rem. iv.
p. 85)
is gradually losing its rigidity.
67. A base of white marble, on the Acropolis W. of the Parthenon. Boss,
A. Z. 1844, p. 247 [Be demis p.
vii)
;
CIA in 2.
Alphabet, type 2 mainly
;
6 is
4
, fi
is
/j^,
is
2
, ir is 7r
4
, <x is once <r
3
and
several times has the strange form
. The mark (') appears after elxev 1. 6
and after fMeTaarcbatv and 'HXecos 1. 8.
A.D.
119/20
(?) 'Ei7rt Tltov K-cottcovlov, lepoKrjpvKos vlov, Matji/jLOu
c
Ayvov-
(TLOV dpyovros, Bo?7S[pojj.u3vos
oyBorj fjier
elrcdda, eVt ttjs 'AvTioyiBos rplrr]^ irpvraveias,
irevreKaiheKarrj ttjs
TrpvraveLCLs, rj Net/aa9 Acoplcovos <>\vev<z iypapb/jbdrevev,
(Bovkr) lepd iv 'FiXeuaetvl^ia'
twv irpoeSpcov iire^rjc^i^ev
f
Hpa/cA-etT09 Tietpiev^ teal
avvirpoehpoi' 6 iirl rd ottXcl arpa-
5
rrjyos to hevrepov real yviivacriapyos; to Sevrepov fcal /eoeu?
"Aoeco? 'EiwaXiov koX Ez^foO?
Kal Ato? YeXeovros iepofcrjpv^ Tiros K-cottcovios Ma^o?
c
Ayvovaios elirev
^Etireihr) irdrpiov iartv
rfj /3ov\f
roi)<; drro tt}? 'EXAaSo?
dyaOovs dvSpas zeal ev yeyovoras rec-
[Jbdv KCU ^WVTCLS KCLV TOV (3iOV fJL6TaCTTo!>aLV,
'
AvTOJVlO? &6
O^vXos 'H\eto?, 'Avtcovlov
%ap,iirirov vlos, fcaXbs /cdyaObs veav'ias kcli i/c nrpoybvwv
avo)6ev viro tt)? 7roA,eo)? yfjuoov
IO TTt/JLr)/jLVOS, TTpOflOLpCDS Te6v7]K6V
TV^J) dyaOf), 8eS6)(daC
rfj ffovXf} tgov .^.
real rep Srj/jL(p
eiTLTpe-^rai dvBpidvra dvaara6i]vai iv d/cpoTroXei dperrjs
V6/ca
t
07r&>9 av tovtcov irparrofxevaiv
184 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[67
rj tt}? 7roXeft)? (pcXavOpcoTrta tols ko\ol<; KdyaOols toov
avop&v vTcapyovai
(fravepa iracri yetvrjrai.
This is a decree of the Senate of the 600 for the erection of a statue in
honour of 'Avtwvios '0i/Aos an Elean, who had died prematurely. The document
cannot be later than 12G a.d., when the Senate was reduced from 600 to 500,
after the formation of the new (13th) tribe Adrianis. The regular omission of
iota mutum, the use of ei for t, and the form
^
point to a date not earlier than
Hadrian's reign. Moreover the Coponii Maximi, as noble Athenian citizens, do
not appear except in inscriptions of the time of Hadrian and the Antonines.
Schmidt, Chron. 733 sqq., by elaborate calculations tries to show that the
only year in which the equation
'
Boedr. 28 = 15th day of the 3rd prytany ' holds
good, is a 19th year of the Metonic cycle, and the only such 19th year occurring
in Hadrian's reign is the 19th of the 29th cycle = 119/20 a.d. The decree in
this case was passed on October 9th, 119 a.d. (See however the caution given
no. 62.)
1. According to the punctuation given iepoKr/pvKos takes the place of a
proper name and the full title is Titus Coponius Maximus, son of the hierokeryx.
The name Titus Coponius Maximus, as that of father and son, occurs again
CIA in 661. The duties of the iepoKrjpv^ or Kr}pv were chiefly (Poll, iv 91) to
proclaim silence at the sacrifices.
3. (3ov\t) iepa iv 'EXevo-eiviip. This appears to be the only place in Attic
inscriptions in which the meeting of the fiov\-q is described as iepa.
4. Heipievs. This abbreviated form is not noticed by Meisterhans, but he
quotes Helpers from CIA in add. 1089a, 11 (before 126 a.d.), Gr. 35.
6 eirl ra oirXa (Trpar-qyos. See 36 19. Dittenberger Herm. xn 15 sqq. has
pointed out that, in the Attic decrees, not very numerous indeed, of the Imperial
period, this ar/jarriyos is the officer who proposes the decrees (CIA in 1 being a
possible exception). Cf. Swoboda Volksb. 190.
7. reifjiav, 12. yeiurjrat. Occasional instances of et for i (or i for et) are
found as early as the fourth century b.c. After 100 b.c. they become more
frequent. Meisterhans Gr. 48 sq.
68. A slab formerly inserted in the pavement of a church, now in the
Theseum, in several fragments. Pocock Inscr. ant. T. i c. 5 n. 68 p.
60
;
Chandler Syllab. Inscr. p.
xxx ; CIG 353 (from Fourmont's ms); 1.
1
12
Pittakis Uanc. Ath. p. 513
;
CIA in 10.
Alphabet, type
9;
is
1?
<p is
<p
7
.
209/10
(?)
'Eirl d'pxvTos] <X>A, Aioyevovs MapaOcovlov, eirl tt)? TlavhtovL-
8os irpvjraveLas, ?;?
iypa/jL/jLarevev 'PoBcov KoWlcttov
lAapa-
Gwvios] tepe[v]? SeotytXos iireaTarei, twv irpoehpwv eirey\rr)-
<J>i^v] ^lovXtavds Kaaiov Kai ol av/jUTrpoeSpot
Ky(J)
ttj^ irpvra-
5
veCas,] fX7]vb<=;
II ocretSea^o? rrj<; X(?)
3
/3ov\rj
crvvyx^V 7 TW
A.D.
68]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 185
vayy]eA,tot9, avaoei^uevTOS [AvTOKpdropos KaCo-apos noir\ov
2irTi|jLiov Tira Evo-Povs Scpao-Tov'] iv rj aveyvdoaOrj
yv(a\i\r] \r](t)v avveSpicov $ia rwv ap-^ovlj^cov, avayvov-
tos tov] arparrjyov
['
A\Xfca/jLevov<; Aa/jLTrTpeoos yvcofirjv ttjv
dvayypa/jL/jLV7)[y'
10 'H l 'Apeiov] irdyov (3ov\r) /ecu rj {3ov\r) twv
(f>
Kal 6 8?}/z,o? o
'AdrjvaL-
0V p.Ta] TCOV dp^OVTCOV, TOV T ilT(OVVfJLOV Ctp^OVTOS <>X.
Atoyevovs
MapaQiov^LOv /ca[\ r\ov iirl rd 6ir\a arparityov Kal 7rt/jLe\r)TOv
yv-
\Lvaa-Cov Kal crro]a9 #e[ov] AS[p]t[a]^Ol) Kal a^r^dp^OVTOS TOV
lepCDTCLTOV d[y~
wvos tov Ii\av\i\\Kriviov [Ma]p. Avp.
'
AXKa/xevov; AaparTped)^
Kal tov Ktjp-
15 vkos TTjs e|] 'Ap[e]iov 7r[dy]ov f3ov\[r\]s Kal dyo)vo06Tov tg>v
7-779
Xefia-
o-tt]s oiKias ? d.7](W^ft)[v Tpv]0&)^o? tov eo(f)L\ov TftaSov,
yv(o/xrji> <7[ir]o-
$a.ivov]criv KaTa Ta iraTpia' 'E7retS?7 rj lepcoTUTT] Kal te-
Xea)[s Qila. ? t\oc>v \r\\fiep(jC)V Kal viro irdvTwv i\Tria6eicra Bid
T7)v aOavaTov ofiovoi-
av twv ocriwv (3aai\e(ov, Aovklov XeTTTifjclov %Ovrjpov
Ei)cre/3oi)9 TlepTivaKos
20 %e/3aaTOv 'ApafttKov 'ASiafirjvifcov YiapOiKOv p,ylo~TOv, Kal
M.dpKOV
Avpr)\lov
'
AvTWveivov Ei)<xe/3o0? ^efiacrTOV, inrb tcov fxeyaXw-
v pao-iXcW Koivw KT]]p[v7p.]a.Tt iraatv ai>\j}]poi)7roLS SeSrjXcoTai,,
iv
[$
tov OetoTaTOV AvTOKpaTopa Kcucrapa IIoTrXiov 2irri|xiov T4tclv
Evo-eprf 2pao-Tov] Tj) ovpavia yjr7j(j)(p Kal Kpicrei irpoaei-
25 Xfr^ao-i irp]o9
[
Ti)v ttjs] avTOKpaTopos dp^s Icrrjyopiav,
ihpvaavTes
,
tov KocrfjLOv to (SacriXeiov iv o\oKXy~ipw T(p yever heho^Oat
tt|] e[] A[p(ov] irdyov
{3ov\fj
Kal tj}
fiovXf}
roov
<fi'
Kal tc5
^> /
O7]/Ub0) T(p
^A6r)vai(jdv \ti]v[ti\v 7ra[v]y6vel Kal eopTa^etv ev T6 koivw
Kal Ka-
r iStav iravTl t<3 pa]crt[\]etft) yeveu. ayeaOai Be Kal ttjv t^9 Kpa-
186 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[68
30
to-tt]$
apxT]s yiviQ\]tov rjfjLepav dKo\ov6<D<$ Tat? aXkais avrcov
fcpa-
tio-[tcus
?, KaGws 8id tt)]? ocrta? prjaecos avrcov /jL/jLa0rjfca/jLev, teal
SlSo-
o-0cu TravTl t<3 8ti]^[u>
8t]a^o/xr/i/, Kada Kal 6 Kpdriaro^ irpeafiev-
T^9
aVTWV Kal dvTlO-TpaTT]*yos] /Cat \oyt(TT7]^ TT)S ITCLTpLhoS Tj/JLCOV
Taio<; Ac-
SeSrjXcoKev iv rco 7rpo/c[^e]cjuiva) Siardy/Jbari
35
cr/crjcr/uL . 1 . . . evcre(3eLav, hi 7)9 Kal rrjv rrjs rroXecos evcfypocTV-
vrjv Kal lco[o]v[l\av els rov ^OXv/jlttcov avrcov oIkov evae/3ec-
a[v] ? hrfXcoaofJuev.
AX\^ri7T7ros? Ila! KaXXtas IIat atcreiToi
IIat TeXeo-<popos 2wT7;pt5a Ilat KX. 'Iepo<pauTr)$
~)
Mapa.
os Ilat 'Fovcpos
}
lieu $a(3. Aadovxos Mapad.
TLo
IlaZ MapetVos Ilat KX. 'E7rt /3a>w<p MeXt.
5
IIo tXos Ilat ^evocpCov Ilat 'Ep/. 'lepOKrjpv^ 'Epp..
Kdutos
Ilat Zwri/cos
^
Hat Aup. Uvp<popos Adfnrrp.
Mocrxuvios ? Ilat
'
OpTrjcnos Mrjvodtopos Ilat K7)pv ftovXrjs ical 5rj-
Bdo"o"os Ilat Tdios 6 /cat 'E7ra7a0os Ilat /*ou KX. 'Attlkos Mapa.
Te[ip,]6#eos Ilat <l>a[v]0-Tos 'E7ra0poetroii Ilat avriKripv^ 'A0po5et'<xtos 4>Xu.
IO . teiXutos Plat Aioyevrjs
~)
Ilat ypa/n/xarevs (3ov\rjs /cat
KX[d8]os? Ilat KvdadrjvaLoi drj/xov ' ApiaTo^ovXos
o Ilat
'
Attlkov 'Avayvpdaios
n6rap.os "Iir[Tr]ojvos Hal Arj/jLrjTpLos KeXddov K[v8a.] 7rept to
[P]^M
a 'P6[8]aw
[KaWlarov Mapad.
K6pp.o[8]os Ilat 'ApTe/bLOjv 'HXtoSwpou Ki>. dvTLypacpevs <X. Mapet^o[s] X
.
r5 Ho[Xi]/j.(x}v Tet'rou Ilat Aiovvcnos Tpv<fiwi>os Kv. iepavXrjs 'Adrjvaios 'A(ppo5eto~tou
Ilat IIed[vi]os ? TptHpuvos Ki7. iepeiis (pojtKpbpwu 'Apt-
Et-77/z^pJoi; [Srapjets -crre[t8T)]s
AtovucroScopos 'ATroXXctwtc^v y7T07pa
/
aaarei)s
'A7roXXu>ptos 'ApreptSwpou M^otptXos Ilapayuopou
20 KaXeree[i]s
'
' Airo\\o(pdv\y\\s Z[co]7r[vpov? Tu%t/c6s) K[a.]
'Owrja-ifxos Ilo\v8evKov MM
(?)
Y]pa[p.(xa]rei)s ....
This is a decree of the Seriate of the Areopagus, the Senate of the 500 and
the Demos, in honour of Geta on his association (209/10 a.d.) in the empire
with his father Septimius Severus and his brother Caracalla. Boeckh referred
the decree to the date of Caracalla's association in the empire with his father,
198 a.d., but
(1)
the name of the person associated is twice erased 11. 6, 7 and
23, 24, and
(2)
the name of Caracalla is not erased on inscriptions and in fact
appears on this one, 1. 21 (M. Aurelius Antoninus Pius Augustus). Schmidt
68]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 187
Chron. p. 741 sqq. accepts the date 209/10 a.d. and tries to reconcile the text
with the state of the Attic calendar at this period. But the calculation is not
rendered easier by the fact that the number of the prytany is lost in the text
and that we do not even know in what month the year began at this period.
CIA in 1023 shows that in 139/40 a.d. the beginning of the year had been
transferred from Hecatombaeon to Boedromion.
2. Note that the ypafx/xareiis Kara Tpvfaveiav, being of the deme Marathon,
did not belong to the Pandionis, the
'
prytanising ' tribe. See Rem. v, p. 89.
5. The (3ov\t) was assembled
'
on receipt of the good news.'
8. tGjv (Tvvedpiojv : apparently the combination of the three bodies is meant
the (3ov\r) of the Areopagus, the (3ov\rj of the 500 and the dij/nos. By dpxbvTwv
are meant magistrates generally, i.e. those enumerated ; cf. 1. 11.
12. rod iwl 8ir\a (TTpaTwyov. See 36 19.
13. On the present condition of the Portico of Hadrian see H. and V.
Athens 195 sqq.
avrdpxovTos kt\. For M. Aur. Alcamenes cf. CIA in 1165. He was vice-
president (cf. dvTLKoafxrjTrjs, avdtiiraTos, avTLaTpaTrjyos) of the Panhellenic contest.
Possibly the apxwv or president was the emperor himself, though in CIG 3832
(Aezanis in Phrygia) a private person appears as 6 (Lpx^v rCov ILapeWrjvcov Kal
lepevs deov 'A5ptacou Kal dyuvoderTjs t&v [jLeydXwv HaveW^viwv. The HaviXkrpres
(with the collective name HaveWrjviov) find frequent mention in inscriptions
after the attempt of Hadrian to revive a national spirit among the Greeks by
instituting the festival, or perhaps panegyris, of all the Greeks under the title
t<x HaveWrjvia. See D. A.
14. rod KrjpvKos ttjs e
'
Apeiov irdyov j3ov\t]s. This is D's restoration for the
rod K-fjpvKos KA. 'Attlkov Mapadwviov of Boeckh, in which the insertion of the
proper name in the official title is awkward. The words must refer to the
following name Trypho, who cannot be the k%)u (3ov\i}s Kal drjfiov because this
office in the list of names below is assigned to Claudius Atticus of Marathon.
15. tG)v rrjs 2e/3a|[(rT?}j cu'/a'as? dy~\ibvu[y. So D doubtfully restores,
apparently on account of the space to be filled up. In CIG 3831 {Aezanis
in Phrygia) we find mention of dywvoderris r&v ttjs Se/3a(rT^s dywpwv.
19. AovkIov "ZeiTTL/jiiov kt\. Severus was greeted with the title of his
murdered predecessor Pertinax by his troops on April 13th 193 a.d. The titles
Adiabenicus, Arabicus and Parthicus he won by his successes in the East,
195 a.d., after the capture in the preceding year of his rival Pescennius Niger.
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Pius Augustus, whose name follows, was the son
of Severus by his second wife Julia Domna. His better known nickname
Caracalla or Caracallas, derived from the Gallic tunic which he wore and
introduced into the army, never appears on medals or inscriptions.
25. iarjyopiav. Here the word means little more than
'
equality
'
; it is
frequently coupled with iXevdepia and /nerovaia. See the Lexx.
idpvaaisTes kt\. Is the meaning
'
having made the whole family the seat of
royalty over the world
'
?
28. iravyevei. So D, for the iravdrifiel of Boeckh. Cf. CIA in 1423, 9
iKpLfadrjaerat. irayyevel. 32. 8iavo/j.rju. 69 35 sq.
32 sq. TrpeaftevTTis kt\. D shows (cf. his remarks Ephem. Epigr. i 247 sq.)
that the official meant is the legatus Augustorum pro praetore ad ordinandum
statum liberarum civitatum provinciae Achaiae. Cf. CIA in 631 'H 7r6Ats
|
Ti/3.
188 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA: SECT. I.
[68
KX. KaXXt7T7rtai'6i' 'IraXiKdv, virarov
\
ir pea fievTTjv Kal clvtict pdrrjyov tCjv
\
2e|3ao'Twi', \oyi(rTT)v koX eiravopdooTrju
\
tQiv iXevde'pajv iroXewv, rbv evepy^Trju.
34. 5iaT&y/uaTi : i.e. some decree of the Legatus Caesaris sent to the Senate
of Athens.
36. By 'OXv^nnos oT/cos seems to be meant the imperial palace in the Attic
Olympieum. Boeckh.
At the foot of the decree is a list of prytanes, most of them belonging to the
Paeanian deme, followed in a third column by a list of dtaeiroL (deiVirot) ; cf. 56 41.
For these see D. A. s.v. Prytaneum, where it is pointed out that (i) del in the
compound means, not
'
for life,' but
'
during office,' (ii) that the deiVirot are not
found under that name before the second century a.d.
,
(iii) that in the numerous
Prytany lists dating from the middle and latter half of the second century a.d.
we find under the heading detVtrot, first the Eleusinian priests iepo^duT-rjs etc.,
then the lay officials connected with the Prytanes, (iv) that, whereas the same
priests appear in several inscriptions in different years, in the case of the lay
deia-LToi the same name never appears in two different years. Cf. CIA in
10291032 (1032 and 1034 are for the same year 168 a.d.).
In Col. in 13 is mentioned the ypafi/xarevs irepl to j3r}/na, a later title of
6 Kara irpuraveiav ypa/n/j-arevs tt)s (3ov\rjs.
In Col. i 15 note the form Telrov in spite of the short first syllable. In
nVct[Vt]os? ii 16 we see the change in the pronunciation of at, cf. 91 13. For
iepeds iirl r<2 /Sw/Ay in 4 see 2 c 43. In Col. in 19 the ov of Ilapa/x6uov is
expressed by
O
with
Y
inscribed.
The symbol
)
after several of the names denotes that the father's name
(in the genitive case) is the same as that of the son.
69. A slab of Pentelic marble in several fragments. One, belonging to the
Elgin collection, is in the British Museum. One or more of the fragments have
been edited by Boeckh CIG 118; Hicks BMI 19; Kumanudes QiXlaTup n
p.
238
;
Dittenberger Herm. i 405 ; CIA in 5 ; D
1
387. The discovery by Lolling
of another fragment of lines
111 has enabled Dittenberger (D
2
652) to
determine more accurately the date.
Alphabet, type 4.
Circa
"E8o|v t]c3 StJ/jLW'
'
Apa{3iav[6<s
tipx^v,
Iirpv-
210 a.d.
*

*
,
TavcveJ^, CjUTI^o? 6ypa/jLl\i.anviv ir-
o-Ta.Ti' Ajpvavrtavbs apyjDV [twv EvuoXiriSwv direv'
7ri]S?7 kcu hiaTe\ovfJLe\y vo-Povvts vvv ri] Kal
5
8i]a tgov irapw^r]fxevutv [xpovwv w<tt to. ko.t& t& \iv\arr)pi-
a Kal tcl irdrpia ir/o[o<t]t cltt\ovti$ del jxerd Eiip.o]A-7rtoft)^
7re<f)povTi,/cev[ai] oVa)? d[y kv k6<t[ko ayQ^eir) rd tepa
Sevpo t 6K tt}? 'EdXevcrelvo^s Kal irdX.iv
!]
acrrecos E-
\ev(TL[v]d&e' dyaOfj ti^[y| SeSox^cu] tc5 Brj/juo) irpos-
io Td|at t]g5 Kocr/jbrjrfj rwu [e^fpwv k]<zt<2 ra apyaia vo/jll-
fJLa [d](y)etz> 'JLXevcLvdSe rov[s Icjnjpjof? ry rplrrj iirl Be-
69]
DECREES OF THE SENATE AND PEOPLE. 189
Ka] rov Rorjhpo/jLiodvos /jbe[rd to]0 eldccrjjLevov o-yjqixa-
tos] tt}? afia lepols tto/jltt^s, t\va
rfj
rerpdhi iirl heKa rra-
p*Tr\e[jL"^ro}(JLV rd lepd
A^'xtp
1
]
T0V RXevcrecviov rov viro
15
tt) ir]6Xet, ft)? CLV tc6(TfM)[s] T irXeLOOV KCLl (j)pOVpd JULlcOV
irepl] rd lepa VTrdp%o[i,] ^irecBij Kal 6 <j>cu8vvT7)$ rolv 6e-
otv] dyyeXXec ^[aJTfl rd irdrpia
rfj
tepeia rrj<; Adrjvdfi ft)?
t]kcl t] lepd k\<x\\ t) irapaire\xnTovaa arparta' Kara
ra avra
8* Kal ttj] e[v]ar77 iirl heKa rov T$or)$po{iLQ)vo<; irpos-
20 Taai] roj Kocr/xrjrfj rcov i(p7]/3cov dyeiv rovs e<p7][$ovs
irdX.iv '~E}XevaeLvdhe fjuerd rov avrov ayjuxaro^ [impair-
n.iro]^Ta? rd lepd, fieXetv he rovrov rco Kar eV[iavTov
Koafir/rfj
07Tft>? /jaiheirore rovro eKXe\i^Qdt]
fiTj-
he oXcycoprjOeli] rrore rd t?)? evaefieias [t^s upos tw 0e-
25 co, irapaire/jbTTeiv he rovs e(f)7](3ou<; 7r[dvTas
^x
ovTa
s
(?)
rrjv iravoirXtav, eo~re(f)av(Ofjiev\_ovs \i.vpp(vi\s o-T<j>d-
vo), fiahel^ovras ev rd^er e7r[l] h[k tois I-
c/)^ot? rrjv roaavrrjv ohoiiroprjaai
Kal Ovauoov Kal cnrovhwv Kal iraidvwv rco[y Kara, ttv
30
6S6v fJLeOe^eiv, ft)? av rd re lepd fierd (fipovpd[s la-xvpo-
repa<; Kal rroixTrrjs /naKporepas dyotro, oi re
e<t>[r[fioi
rrapaKoXovOovvres
rf]
rrepl ro Oelov t?}? 7roXe[ws
Otpaireia Kal avhpes evae/3ecrrepoi yelvocvro' \xe6e-
%ovo~lv h\\\ Kal oi e(f)7]/3oi,
rrdvre? rcov re dXXcov cov av
35
irapey^ -rjot? RvfjioXmhai^ dp^cov rov yevovs Kal rrj[s
c^[av]o///)}?* yevecrOat he rrjv yvco/uuTjv ravriiv c/>a[vc-
p]dv Kal
rfj
i
'
Apeiov irdyov /3ovXfj Kal
rfj
/3ou[\tj] rcov
<fi
Kal rco lepocf)dvrri Kal rco yevei rcov Ev[p.o]X7rthcov
dvaypdyjrac he ro ijrr)(f)co-p,a rovro rov [ra]fJ,La[v r]ov <ye-
40 vovs roov Rv/jloXttcSojv ev rpialv [o-Ti]X]at? Kal arrjaaL
rrjv /uiev ev ^EiXevaetvLop roj vivo [t]j7 [ir]oXet, rrjv Se ev
tg5 Aioyevela), rrjv he ev 'EdXevcrelvL ev roj lepa> irpo
rov /3ov[\]evrr)pLOV.
The object of the decree is the restoration of the Eleusinian festival to its
original splendour. D identifies
'
'Apa(3iap[6$], 1. 1,
with 'Apa^cavbs ~Slapadui>ios
named as archon in two lists of prytanes, CIA in 1054, 3 and 1060, 2, which he
shows to be not far distant in date from 210 a.d. Further ApvavTiavos, 1. 3,
may be the same as the person mentioned in CIA 111 757, 3 : 6
tyrjfios
Apvawn-
avbs KaWaiaxpou Mapadiovios and 1177, 3 : tous i(pr)(3euaavTas avv r<p KpaTiaTcp
190 GREEK EPIGRAPHY. ATTICA : SECT. I.
[69
^>Xa(/3/y) ApvavTiavu) (a list of ephebi belonging to 212 a.d. or some year not far
off it). That an ephebus of high birth
(6 K-pdrtcrros) should afterwards (in our
decree) have become apx^v f the Eumolpidae would not be strange. The
restorations in 11.
1
9 are of course by no means certain. On the duties of the
ephebi specified in this decree see Rem. vii, p. 145 sqq. Note as indications of
late syntax the use of oirws with the optative after a present tense, 1. 24, the
use of 6'7rws av or ws &v with the optative, 1. 7, 15, 30.
8. 'EXevaeiuos, 11. 'EXevaiv&de. See 67 7. 11. [&]{y)eiv:
iTElN.
14. The site of the Eleusinium beneath the Acropolis (cf. 9 29) was
probably (H. and V. Athens
p. 94) somewhere beyond the Enneakrounos, near
the Pelasgikon, due south of the Acropolis. It is to be noted that in earlier
times the ephebi did not escort the procession all the way from Eleusis, but
met it at some point on the road (CIA n 470, 8 : /xexpt t?}s 'H^ous) (D).
16. (paibwr-qs. This and not <pai8pvi>T7]s is the normal form in Attic in-
scriptions, all of them however comparatively late (CIA in 283, 291, 928,
1058, 3859). For a similar loss of
p
cf. depixavTls 102 29. Hesychius
explains (paidpvvT-qs to be 6 to e8os rod deov depairttiwv. One of the seats
of the Dionysiac Theatre is inscribed: (paiSwrov Alos e/c Yleians, and another:
(pcudwTov Alos 'OXvfnriov iv acrrei ; see Index. Cf. Meisterhans Gr. 82.
18 sqq. Here mention is made of the grand procession from Athens to
Eleusis on the 19th of Boedromion, when the statue of Iacchos was brought
forth from his temple and conducted by the Iacchagogos amid a countless
throng of worshippers, along the sacred way, to be at length deposited in the
Eleusinian temple of Demeter and Kore.
19. evdry iirl 5e/ca. Greek authors name the 20th as the festival of Iacchos
(Eur. Ion 1076, Andoc. Be mySt. 121, Plut. Phoc. 28, Cam. 19). Probably the
period after sunset on the 19th, when the procession arrived at Eleusis by
torchlight, was counted as belonging to the 20th (D).
26. [fj.vppLvrjs are(f)d]vu). The myrtle crown played a conspicuous part at
the Eleusinia in various ways : cf. Aristoph. Ran. 330, Schol. Soph. O. G. 683,
Schol. Aristoph. Ran. 330 ; and also a fragment Rang. 803, whence we learn
that persons whose services had been of value in the mystery-celebration were
presented with an honorary myrtle-crown.
35. T7js dt[av]oiu.T)s. In later times it appears that distributions of money
(diavo/xai) at festivals were not uncommon as in Tenos (CIG 2336
;
cf. 68 32).
42. Aioyeveiu). 65 24. One of the copies ordered to be deposited at
Athens is the inscription before us ; a fragment of the other is found in
CIA in 6. ev t<$ iepy ktX. : 'in front of the council-hall, in the precinct.'
Section II. Decrees and letters of Foreign States
and of the Amphictyonic Council.
70. A marble stele sent by Fauvel to Choiseul from Aegina, but doubtless
originally set up at Athens (in the Metroon) ; now in the Louvre. CIG- 1688
;
CIA ii 545 ;
Ahrens Diall. n 484 sqq.; Froehner Inscr. 32
;
J. Baunack DI 2501.
H. 0.59 m. ; Br. 0.34 m. Another block must have joined this one on the right
and have contained the completion of the lines. The surface is badly corroded
and the reading is often doubtful. The text given is that of Baunack.
[The text
of
the inscription is given on
pp.
192
3,
194
5)
Alphabet.
0~-ou 1. 1 TLvdeov, 1. 8,
12 Aarovs, 1. 25 faixiovvTuv, 1. 41 clvtov. = w in
1. 1 (perhaps merely a slip) 'I-rnrod^vTidos.
E
=eil. 10 dTroypaxf/[e2]u, 1. 23 evoiKtiv.
E
=
?7 1- 4
ZyxVP
a-
This is a decree of the Delphic Amphictyony, probably ordered to be set up
in all the states of the confederation. It is composed in the Doric dialect of
Delphi, but doubtless was engraved at Athens