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# CIRCUIT SOLVER

## RECIRCULATING PUMP SELECTION GUIDELINE

RAND Associates, Inc. June 5, 2011
PROJECT ANALYST DATE
REQUIRED INPUT
CALCULATED VALUE,
FORMULA, OR CONSTANT
NO DATA REQUIRED
ENERGY AND FLOW REQUIREMENTS
1. Loop Design Conditions
Design Water Temp, F
Ambient
Temp, F
Temperature
Difference, F
A B C
= A - B
120 75 45
D)
INPUT NOTES:
1. For basic use, enter values only in cells designated for required inputs
2. Do not enter any value in a cell under F if a Standard Dimension tubing not included in a system
3. All indicated Constant values are taken from the Copper Tube Handbook, Copper Development Association, 2006
4. insulation levels are based on requirements in the International Energy Conservation Code for DHW systems
operating in the temperature range of 120 to 200 F.
5. Tabulated values were calculated using 3EPlus v4. The nominal insulation value is R-3.7 per inch. Heat Loss Factors
for different insulation types may be estimated by multiplying the tabulated values by (3.7 / New R Value).
THERM-OMEGA-TECH, INC.
353 IVYLAND ROAD, WARMINSTER, PA 18974
www.CircuitSolver.com
1-877-379-8258
2. Tube in Proposed Recirculation System 6. Fluid Velocity At Minimum Flow Rate. Feet per Minute
Standard Dimension Length, Feet
Heat Loss Factor,
BTU/Hr-Ft-F
Heat Loss BTU/Hr-F
Unit Volume,
Gallons/Foot
Flow Rate, GPM Seconds Per Minute
Velocity @ GPM Flow,
Ft/Second
E F G H V1 V2 V3 V4
= F * G 2.9 60 = V2/(V1*60)
1/2" 0.15 0.0162
3/4" 945 0.17 160.65 0.0269 1.79
1" 0.2 0.0454
1-1/4" 0.17 0.0681
1-1/2" 0.18 0.0951
2" 0.16 0.165
2-1/2" 0.17 0.254
3" 0.21 0.363
4" 0.26 0.634
Total Length, ft 945
Total Heat Loss,
BTU/Hr-F
160.65
= D * J
Design Heat Loss,
BTU/Hr
7,229
I) J)
K)
for different insulation types may be estimated by multiplying the tabulated values by (3.7 / New R Value).
THERM-OMEGA-TECH, INC.
353 IVYLAND ROAD, WARMINSTER, PA 18974
www.CircuitSolver.com
1-877-379-8258
3. Design Change in HW Loop Temp
Supply Water
Temperature, F
Return Water
Temperature, F
dT
M = A - M
120 115 5
4. Minimum Required Flow , GPM 5. Potential Flow Reduction
Gallons/Hour Minutes/Hour
Minimum Flow Rate,
GPM
Design Flow Rate,
GPM
Percent Reduction
O P Q R S
= K / (N *8.33) 60 =O / P 12 = ((Q - R) / R) * 100
173.6 2.9 -76%
N)
THERM-OMEGA-TECH, INC.
353 IVYLAND ROAD, WARMINSTER, PA 18974
www.CircuitSolver.com
1-877-379-8258
FRICTION LOSS
Table A - Type M Copper Tube - Pressure Loss, Psi Per Linear Foot
Flow Rate, Gallons per Minute
Standard Dimension
1 2 3 4 5 10 20 25
1/2" 0.007 0.024 0.051 0.086 0.130
3/4" 0.001 0.004 0.009 0.015 0.023 0.074
Not Recommended
1" 0.000 0.003 0.001 0.004 0.006 0.023 0.084
1-1/4" 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.009 0.031 0.047
1-1/2" 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.004 0.014 0.021
2" 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.004 0.005
2-1/2" 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.002
3" 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.001
4" 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Values taken from the Copper Tube Handbook , Copper Development Association, 2006
Psi losses derived using the Hazen-Williams formula Psi * 2.31 = Equivalent feet of head per linear foot
Values in italics indicate velocities in excess of the recommended 5 feet per second
Pressure loss per linear foot for other flow rates may be interpolated from values provided above
Minimum Flow Rate,
GPM
Q 2.9
Design Flow Rate, GPM R 12
THERM-OMEGA-TECH, INC.
353 IVYLAND ROAD, WARMINSTER, PA 18974
www.CircuitSolver.com
1-877-379-8258
7. Tube in Proposed Recirculation System - Friction Loss, Feet
Standard Dimension Length, Feet
psi/Foot at Minimum
Flow
Minimum Friction
Loss, Feet
psi/Foot at Design Flow
Design Friction Loss,
Feet
FL 1 FL 2
FL 3
From Table A @
Minimum GPM
FL 4
FL 6
From Table A @
Design GPM
FL 7 GPM PSI/Foot
= FL 2 * FL 3 = FL 2 * FL 6 Low 10 0.009
High 20 0.031
945 0.03 28.35 0.08 75.6 Target 12 0.022
1 0.007 0.035 Delta 0.20 0.0044
1-1/4 0.0023 0.013 Interpolated Value 0.013
1-1/2 0.0012 0.006
2 0 0.002
2-1/2
3 0 0
4
Total Length, Feet 945 28.35 75.6
Vertical Head, Feet FL 10 30 30
Subtotal FL 11 = FL 8 + FL 10 58.35 = FL 9 + FL 10 105.6
Allowance for
Fittings, %
FL 12 120.0% 120.0%
Total Head, Feet FL 13 = FL 11 * FL 12 70.02 = FL 11 * FL 12 126.72
FL 8) FL 9)
FL 10) FL 11)
THERM-OMEGA-TECH, INC.
353 IVYLAND ROAD, WARMINSTER, PA 18974
www.CircuitSolver.com
1-877-379-8258