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SECTION 16210

SWITCHES, PANELBOARDS, LOADCENTERS, MODULAR METERING EQUIPMENT AND TRANSFORMERS

PART 1.00 – GENERAL:

1.01 WORK INCLUDED:

A. Main Distribution Panelboards

B. Switches and Fuses

C. Panelboards and Loadcenters

D. Modular Metering

E. Transformers

1.02 RELATED DOCUMENTS:

A. Drawings and general provisions of Contract, including General and Supplementary Conditions and Division 1 Specifications, apply to this and the other Sections of Division 16.

PART 2.00 – PRODUCTS:

2.01 MAIN DISTRIBUTION PANELBOARDS:

A. Furnish and install distribution panelboards as indicated in the panelboard schedule and where shown on the plans. Panelboard shall be equipped with thermal magnetic, molded case circuit breakers of frame and trip ratings as shown on the schedule.

B. Panelboard bus structure and main breaker shall have current ratings as shown on the panelboard schedule (all bus shall be manufacturer’s standard). Such ratings shall be established by heat rise tests with maximum hot spot temperature on any connector or bus bar not to exceed 50°C. rise above ambient. Heat rise tests shall be conducted in accordance with Underwriters Laboratories Standard UL 67. The use of conductor dimensions will not be accepted in lieu of actual heat tests.

C. Circuit breakers shall be equipped with individually insulated, braced and protected connectors. The front faces of all circuit breakers shall be flush with each other. Large permanent, individual circuit numbers shall be affixed to each breaker in a uniform position. Tripped indication shall be clearly shown by the breaker handle taking a position between "ON" and "OFF". Provisions for additional breakers shall be such that no additional connectors will be required to add breakers. Circuit breakers used shall provide proper series rating when used with standard 10K breakers on downstream panelboards.

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D.

Panelboards shall be marked with their maximum short-circuit current rating at the supply voltage and shall be UL listed.

E. Panelboard assembly shall be enclosed in a steel cabinet. The rigidity and gauge of steel to be as specified in UL Standard 50 for cabinets. The size of wiring gutters shall be in accordance with UL Standard 67. Cabinets to be equipped with latch and tumbler-lock on door of trim. Doors over 48" long shall be equipped with three-point latch and vault lock. All locks shall be keyed alike. Endwalls shall be removable.

F. The panelboard interior assembly shall be dead front with panelboard front removed. Main breaker shall be barriered on five sides. The barrier in front of the main lugs shall be hinged to a fixed part of the interior. The end of the bus structure opposite the mains shall be barriered.

G. Panelboard shall be listed by Underwriters Laboratories shall bear the UL label.

Panelboards

shall be Square D I-Line Panelboard or similar by Cutler Hammer, ITE Siemens or General Electric.

2.02 SWITCHES AND FUSES – MATERIALS:

A. Furnish and install safety switches as indicated on the plans and specifications. All safety switches shall be NEMA General Duty Type GD, 600V and 240V Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. listed.

B. All switches shall have switchblades, which are fully visible in the OFF position when the door is open. Switches shall have removable arc suppressors, where necessary to permit easy access to line-side lugs. Lugs shall be UL listed for aluminum and/or copper cables and front removable.

C. Switches shall have a quick-make and quick-break operating handle and mechanism, which shall be an integral part of the box, not the cover. Switches shall have a dual cover interlock to prevent unauthorized opening of the switch door in the ON position or closing of the switch mechanism with the door open. Handle position shall indicate if switch is ON or OFF.

D. Switches shall be furnished in NEMA 1 general-purpose enclosures unless otherwise specified as NEMA 3R (rainproof) on the plans. Covers on NEMA 1 enclosures shall be attached with pin type hinges. Rainproof covers shall be securable in the changeable bolt-on hubs and these hubs shall be provided with closing caps and have provisions for interchangeable bolt-on hubs and these hubs shall be provided as indicated on plans.

E. Switches shall be horsepower rated for AC as specified. All switches shall meet I 2 t requirements. All fusible switches rated 100 thru 600 amperes at 240 volts shall have the capability of field conversion from standard Class H fuse spacing to Class J fuse spacing, without affecting the UL listing. The switch also must accept Class R fuses and have a field installable UL listed rejection feature to reject all fuses except Class R. UL listed short circuit ratings, when equipped with Class J or Class R fuses, shall be 200,000 amperes RMS symmetrical. Switches shall be Square D General Duty type in NEMA 1 enclosures or similar by Cutler Hammer/Westinghouse, Siemens or General Electric.

F. Fuses shall be as manufactured by Bussman or Chase-Shawmut or equal. Fuses shall be listed and meet UL and/or NEMA Standards for Class K5, J and L fuses.

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1.

Dual element cartridge fuse shall be Class K5, high interrupting capacity with current limiting effect, 200,000 ampere rms symmetrical at rated voltage minimum time delay of 10 seconds at 500 percent load. Unless otherwise indicated on drawings, Class K5 fuses shall be used for individual motor circuit protection, and motor starter panels protection.

2. Class J and L fuses shall be provided as indicated on drawings for protection of nonmotor loads. Switches shall be provided with proper mounting for Class J or L fuses.

3. Fuses voltage rating shall be 250 volts for 120/208 volt system, and 600 volts for 480/277 volt system.

4. Provide one complete set of different spare fuses for all switches requiring fuses for the main service. Other set shall be stored in the original boxes in a cabinet in the main electrical room. Cabinet shall be furnished and installed by Contractor.

5. Install fuses in all required devices requiring fuses as required by the drawings and the National Electric Code. Where fuse gaps are larger than the size required for proper rating of fuse, install proper type fuse reducers.

2.03 PANELBOARDS:

A. Furnish and install circuit breaker lighting panelboards as indicated in the panelboard schedule and where shown on the plans. Panelboards shall be equipped with thermal-magnetic molded case circuit breakers with frame and trip ratings as shown on the schedule.

1. Circuit breakers shall be bolt-on, type for 120/208 volt and 277/480 volt systems and Type I- Line, shall be quick-make, quick-break, thermal-magnetic, trip indicating, and have common trip on all multi-pole breakers. Trip indication shall be clearly shown by the breaker handle taking position between ON and OFF when the breaker is tripped. Branch circuit breakers feeding convenience outlets shall have sensitive instantaneous trip settings of not more than 10 times the trip rating of the breaker to prevent repeated arcing shorts resulting from frayed appliance cords. Single pole 15 and 20 ampere circuit breakers shall be UL listed as "Switching Breakers" at 120V ac and carry the SWD marking. Connections to the bus shall be bolt-on.

2. Bus bar connections to the branch circuit breakers shall be "distributed phase" or "phase sequence" type. Single-phase, three-wire panelboard bussing shall be such that any two adjacent single-pole breakers are connected to opposite polarities in such a manner that two-pole breakers can be installed in any location. Three-phase, four-wire bussing shall be such that any three adjacent single-pole breakers are individually connected to each of the three different phases in such a manner that two to three-pole breakers can be installed at any location. All current-carrying parts of the bus assembly shall be plated copper. Mains ratings shall be as shown in the panelboard schedule or on the plans.

3. Terminals for feeder conductors to the panelboard mains and neutral shall be UL listed as suitable for the type of conductor specified. Terminals for branch circuit wiring, both breaker and neutral, shall be UL listed as suitable for the type of conductor specified.

4. Panelboard circuit numbering shall be such that starting at the top, odd numbers shall be used in sequence down the left-hand side and even numbers shall be used in sequence down the right-hand side.

5. The panelboard bus assembly shall be enclosed in a steel cabinet. The size of the wiring gutters and gauge of steel shall be in accordance with NEMA Standard Publication No. PB1-1977 and UL Standards No. 67 for panelboards. The box shall be fabricated from galvanized steel or equivalent rust-resistant steel. Front shall include doors and have flush, stainless steel, cylinder tumbler-type locks with catches and spring-loaded door pulls. The flush lock shall not protrude beyond the front of the door. All panelboard locks shall be keyed alike. Fronts shall have adjustable indicating trim clamps which shall be completely

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concealed when the doors are closed. Doors shall be mounted by completely concealed steel hinges. Fronts shall not be removable with door in the locked position. A circuit directory frame and card with a clear plastic covering shall be provided on the inside of the door. The directory card shall provide a space at least 1/4" high x 3" long or equivalent for each circuit. The directory shall be typed to identify the load fed by each circuit. Fronts shall be of code gauge steel.

6. Each panelboard, as a complete unit, shall have a short circuit current rating equal to or greater than the integrated equipment rating shown on the panelboard schedule or on the plans. This rating shall be established by testing with the overcurrent devices mounted in the panelboard. The short circuit tests on the overcurrent devices and on the panelboard structure shall be made simultaneously by connecting the fault to each overcurrent device with the panelboard connected to its rated voltage source. Method of testing shall be per Underwriters Laboratories Standard UL 67. The source shall be capable of supplying the specified panelboard short circuit current or greater. Testing of panelboard overcurrent devices for short circuit rating only while individually mounted is not acceptable. Also, testing of the bus structure alone is not acceptable. Panelboards shall be marked with their maximum short circuit current rating at the supply voltage and shall be UL listed.

7. Panelboards shall be listed by Underwriters Laboratories and bear the UL label. Panelboards shall be Square D Types NF and NQOD bolt-on or similar by Cutler Hammer, Siemens or General Electric.

2.04 LOADCENTER:

A. Furnish and install circuit breaker lighting loadcenters as indicated in the loadcenter schedules and where shown on the plans. Loadcenters shall be equipped with copper bus and thermal- magnetic molded case circuit breakers with frame and trip ratings as shown on the schedule.

1. Loadcenters shall be Square D Type QO or similar by Cutler Hammer/Westinghouse, Siemens or General Electric. Mains ratings and branch circuit breaker ratings shall be of size and number as indicated on drawings. Load centers shall be plug-on type construction. All current carrying parts of the bus assembly shall be plated. Terminals for feeder conductors to mains and branch neutrals shall be UL listed as suitable for the type conductor specified. The load center bus assembly shall be enclosed in a steel cabinet. The size of the wiring gutters and gauge steel shall be in accordance with UL Standards No. 67 and No. 50. Fronts shall include door and flush tumbler-type lock with all panels keyed alike and be provided with a directory for circuit identification. Load center boxes and fronts shall have corrosion resisting phosphate treatment and baked-enamel finish. Loadcenters shall be UL listed and meet Federal Specification WP-115a as Type 1 Class 2.

2. Branch Circuit Breakers up to 150 Amperes shall be Square D Type QO, Q1 or approved equal. All breakers shall be plug-on type, toggle action with quick-make, quick-break mechanism. Trip indication shall be clearly shown by the breaker handle taking a position between ON and OFF when the breaker is tripped. All multi-pole breakers shall be single- operating handle, common-trip variety. Branch circuit breakers feeding convenience outlets shall have sensitive, instantaneous trip in order to give "flash protection" for frayed, stranded wire cords. Qwik-Gard circuit breakers with ground fault circuit interrupters shall be used in accordance with the National Electrical Code. Circuit breakers shall be UL listed and meet the requirements of Federal Spec. WC-375B Class 1.

2.05 MODULAR METERING EQUIPMENT – MATERIALS:

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A. Furnish and install modular metering equipment where shown on the plans. Multi metering equipment shall be Square D wall mounted EZ Meter-Pak or similar by Cutler Hammer/Westinghouse, Siemens or General Electric. All components shall have been tested and Underwriters Laboratories listed for use as an integral part of the multi-metering system. Installation shall be made as herein specified and shown on the drawings.

B. Enclosures shall be constructed of formed and welded code gauge steel. No device disassembly is to be required before mounting. Mounting shall be accomplished by using a separate mounting channel in conjunction with enclosed embossments for vertical support. Final mounting shall be by the use of external mounting feet for attaching to walls. All devices must be bonded together with bolted connections. Meter units shall be provided with individual, removable covers for each meter position. All compartments containing unmetered circuits shall be provided with a sealing means.

C. All components shall be factory assembled and all current-carrying parts shall be plated bus bars. Individual units shall be constructed with an integral sliding one bolt joint assembly for a completely bussed meter center.

D. Meter sockets shall be 4-jaw type with 5-jaw provisions or 5-jaw type with lever bypass and jaw release for use on 3 phase network systems as required by PEPCO. Sockets shall be rated 125 or 200 ampere continuous duty as called for on the drawings. Meter socket jaws are spring reinforced and front removable. Socket shall be rated duty.

E. Branch Circuit Breakers - Two pole branch circuit breakers for 125 ampere devices shall be Square D, two pole, plug-on type QO or Q1, circuit breakers for 150 ampere devices shall be type Q2.

F. Main device and meter/breaker components must be of such design to permit arrangement to allow wiring at the top or bottom in the same assembly. Equipment shall be so arranged as to permit the installation of units with different branch ratings in the same meter center.

G. The meter center shall be UL listed with a minimum series connected rating of 65,000 amperes when used in conjunction with standard 10K circuit breakers in Apartment panels. Upon proper written notification of available fault current from the utility, the minimum series connected rating may be reduced to match the utility's available fault current.

2.06 TRANSFORMERS:

A. General Lighting and Distribution Transformers

1. Furnish and install, as indicated on the electrical plans, dry-type transformers as manufactured by Square D Type EE energy efficient or similar by General Electric, Siemens or Cutler Hammer/Westinghouse.

2. Dry-type transformers shall be indoor, dry, ventilated, quiet type and shall be constructed and tested in accordance with NEMA Standards ST-1 and TR-1 for transformers, regulators, and reactors. Transformer windings shall be copper.

3. Dry-type transformers shall have a temperature rise of not more than 150 degrees C.,

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with Class I insulation when operating at forty (40) degrees C. ambient temperature. Furnish two (2) 2-1/2 percent (2-1/2%) taps below and (2) two 2-1/2 percent (2-1/2%) taps above for 30 KVA and larger, and two (2) 2-1/2 percent (2-1/2%) taps above normal for 15 KVA and smaller. Sound level at full load shall not exceed NEMA decibel level when tested in accordance with NEMA Standard Test. Demonstration of this test may be required after transformer is installed if, in the opinion of the Owner’s Representative the transformer is excessively noisy.

4. Transformer coils shall be of the continuous wound construction and shall be impregnated with nonhygroscopic, thermosetting varnish.

5. The transformer's core shall be physically isolated from the frame and casing with spring vibration isolators. All live parts of the transformer shall be completely enclosed with a heavy gauge steel enclosure. Openings for ventilation shall be designed to protect against falling dirt and to shield against touching live parts. The enclosure shall have one (1) prime coat of zinc-chromate and two (2) coats of the manufacturer's standard enamel.

B. Ratings

1. The transformer(s) shall be rated as indicated on the drawings.

C. Construction

1. Transformer Construction

a. All cores to be constructed of high grade, non-aging silicon steel with high magnetic permeability and low hysteresis and eddy current losses. Magnetic flux densities are to be kept well below the saturation point. The core laminations above 112.5kVA shall be miter cut at the core corners to reduce hot spots, core loss, excitation current and sound level. The completed core and coil shall then be bolted to the base of the enclosure but isolated therefore by means of rubber, vibration-absorbing mounts. There shall be no metal-to-metal contact between the core and coil and the enclosure. Sound isolation systems requiring the complete removal of all fastening devices will not be acceptable.

b. The core of the transformer shall be visibly grounded to the enclosure by means of a flexible grounding conductor sized in accordance with applicable UL and NEC standards.

c. The transformer enclosures shall be ventilated and be fabricated of heavy gauge, sheet steel construction. The entire enclosure shall be finished utilizing a continuous process consisting of degreasing, cleaning and phosphatizing, followed by electrostatic deposition of a polymer polyester powder coating and baking cycle to provide uniform coating of all edges and surfaces. The coating shall be UL recognized for outdoor use. The coating color shall be ANSI 49.

d. The maximum temperature of the top of the enclosure shall not exceed 50°C rise above a 40°C ambient.

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e. Sound levels shall be warranted by the manufacturer not to exceed the following:

1. 15 to 50kVA Ä 45db

2. 51 to 150kVA Ä 50db

3. 151 to 300kVA Ä 55db

D. Accessories

1. Optional Accessories

a. Provide wall mounting brackets units and associated hardware as required for wall- mounted units.

E. Standards

1. All insulating materials are to be in accordance with NEMA ST20 Standards for 220°C UL component recognized insulation system. Transformers are to be manufactured and tested in accordance with ANSI Standards C57.12.01 and C57.12.91.

2. Transformers of 500kVA or smaller shall be listed by Underwriters Laboratory.

F. K Rated Transformers

1. Where indicated on the drawings, the Contractor shall provide dry type transformers with a K-rated of K-13 per UL Standard 1561. The transformer shall have a temperature rise of 115 degrees C with a UL recommend 220 degrees C insulation

system.

2. The transformer shall include an electro static shield with common mode rejection of 120 dB for 1.5 kHz, 90 dB for 10 kHz, and 65 dB for 100 kHz. Secondary neutral connections shall be sized 200% of full load phase current.

PART 3.00 - EXECUTION (NOT APPLICABLE):

END OF SECTION

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