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Heat and Thermodynamics

 

1. Heat given to a body which raises its temperature by 1 C is

 

(d)

eliminate friction.

(a)

water equivalent

   

(b)

(c)

thermal capacity

specific heat

6.

1

1

(d)

temperature gradient.

(2002)

(a)

7/5

(b) 2/5

2. Which statement is incorrect?

 

(a)

all reversible cycles have same efficiency

7.

(b)

reversible cycle has more efficiency than an irreversible one

(c)

Carnot cycle is a reversible one

   

(a)

(d)

Carnot cycle has the maximum efficiency in all cycles.

(2002)

(b)

(c)

(d)

3. Cooking gas containers are kept in a lorry moving with uniform speed. The temperature of the gas molecules inside will

8.

(a)

increase

(b)

decrease

 

(a)

4/3

(b) 2

(c)

remain same

 

(d)

decrease for some, while increase for others.

 

(2002)

4. At what temperature is the r.m.s. velocity of a hydrogen molecule equal to that of an oxygen molecule at 47 C?

9.

 

(a)

temperature

(c)

work

(a)

80 K

(b) –73 K (c) 3 K

(d) 20 K.

 
 

(2002)

10.

5. Even Carnot engine cannot give 100% efficiency because we cannot

(a)

prevent radiation

   

(a)

(c)

4.2 × 10 6 J

16.8 × 10 6 J

(b)

find ideal sources

(c)

reach absolute zero temperature

 

(- 9*7

11

(2002)

mole of a gas with = 7/5 is mixed with

mole of a gas with = 5/3, then the value of for the resulting mixture is

(c) 24/16 (d) 12/7.

(2002)

"Heat cannot by itself flow from a body at lower temperature to a body at higher temperature" is a statement or consequence of

second law of thermodynamics conservation of momentum conservation of mass first law of thermodynamics.

(2003)

During an adiabatic process, the pressure of a gas is found to be proportional to the cube of its absolute temperature. The ratio C P /C V for the gas is

(c) 5/3

(d) 3/2.

(2003)

Which of the following parameters does not characterize the thermodynamic state of matter?

(b) pressure

(d) volume.

(2003)

A Carnot engine takes 3 × 10 6 cal of heat from a

reservoir at 627 C, and gives it to a sink at 27 C. The work done by the engine is

(b)

8.4 × 10 6 J

(d)

zero.

(2003)

JEE MAIN

46

11. One mole of ideal monoatomic gas (g = 5/3) is mixed with one mole of diatomic gas (g = 7/5). What is g for the mixture? g denotes the ratio of

specific heat at constant pressure, to that at constant volume.

(a) 3/2 (b) 23/15 (c) 35/23 (d) 4/3.

(2004)

12. Which of the following statements is correct for

any thermodynamic system?

(a)

The internal energy changes in all processes.

(b)

Internal energy and entropy are state functions.

(c)

The change in entropy can never be zero.

(d)

The work done in an adiabatic process is always zero.

(2004)

13. Two thermally insulated vessels 1 and 2 are filled

with air at temperatures (T 1 ,T 2 ), volume (V 1 ,V 2 ) and pressure (P 1 , P 2 ) respectively. If the valve joining the two vessels is opened, the temperature inside the vessel at equilibrium will be

(a) T 1 +T 2

(c)

T T (PV P V )

1

2

1

1

2 2

PV T

1

1

2

P V T

2

2 1

(b) (T 1 +T 2 )/2

(d)

T T (PV P V )

1

2

1

1

2 2

PV T P V T

1 11

2

2 2

.

(2004)

14. Which of the following is incorrect regarding the first law of thermodynamics?

(a)

It introduces the concept of the internal energy

(b)

It introduces the concept of entropy

(c)

It is not applicable to any cyclic process

(d)

It is a restatement of the principle of conservation of energy

15. The temperature­ entropy diagram of a reversible engine cycle is given in the

Its

figure.

efficiency is

(a)

(b)

(d)

1/3

2/3

1/4

(2005)

T

T  
 

2T 0

2 T 0    
 
2 T 0    
 

T

0

T 0
     
      S
      S
      S

S

S 0

(c) 1/2

2S 0

(2005)

16. A system goes from A to B via two processes I and

JEE MAIN

II as shown in

figure. If DU 1 and DU 2 are the changes in internal energies

in the processes I and II respectively, then

P

II A B I
II
A
B
I

V

(a)

DU 2 > DU 1

(b) DU 2 < DU 2

(c)

DU 1 = DU 2

(d)

relation between DU 1 and DU 2 can not be determined

(2005)

17. A gaseous mixture consists of 16 g of helium and 16 g of oxygen. The ratio C P /C V of the mixture is

(a) 1.4

(b) 1.54

(c) 1.59

(d) 1.62

(2005)

18. The work of 146 kJ is performed in order to compress

one

kilo mole of gas adiabatically and in this process

the

temperature of the gas increases by 7ºC. The gas

is (R = 8.3 J mol 1 K 1 )

(a)

monoatomic

(b)

diatomic

(c) triatomic

(d)

a mixture of monoatomic and diatomic.

(2006)

19. Two rigid boxes containing different ideal gases are placed on a table. Box A contains one mole of nitrogen at temperature T 0 , while Box B contains

one mole of helium at temperature (7/3) T 0 . The

boxes are then put into thermal contact with each other and heat flows between them until the gases reach a common final temperature. (Ignore the heat capacity of boxes). Then, the final temperature of the

gases, T f , in terms of T 0 is

5 3 (a) T T (b) T T f 0 f 0 2 7 7
5
3
(a)
T
T
(b)
T
T
f
0
f
0
2
7
7
3
(c)
T
T
(d)
T
T
.
f
0
f
0
3
2
(2006)
20. When a system is taken
a
f
from state i to state f
along the path iaf, it is
found that Q = 50 cal
and W = 20 cal. Along
i
b

the path ibf Q = 36 cal. W along the path ibf is

(a)

14 cal

(b) 6 cal

47