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The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)

http://richardstep.com/
INTRODUCTION
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
There are 4 Dichotomies that the MBTI encompasses:
1) E Extraversion or I Introversion
2) S Sensing or N Intuition
3) T Thinking or F Feeling
4) J Judgment or P Perception
Some general guidelines to the MBTI Inventory:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Sources:
1) Wikipedia: MBTI Entry (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myers-Briggs_Type_Indicator)
2) Introduction to Type by Isabel Briggs Myers published by CPP. Inc.
3) Please Understand Me by Keirsey and Bates
Importance of proper feedback: Individuals should always be given detailed feedback from a trained administrator and an
opportunity to undertake a Best Fit exercise to check against their Reported Type.
Note that the terms used for each dichotomy have specific technical meanings relating to the MBTI which differ from their everyday
usage. For example, people who prefer judgment over perception are not necessarily more judgmental or less perceptive. Nor does the
MBTI instrument measure aptitude; it simply indicates for one preference over another. Someone reporting a high score for extraversion
over introversion cannot be correctly described as more extraverted: they simply have a clear preference. Point scores on each of the
dichotomies can vary considerably from person to person, even among those with the same type. However, Isabel Myers considered the
direction of the preference (for example, E vs. I) to be more important than the degree of the preference (for example, very clear vs.
slight). The expression of a person's psychological type is more than the sum of the four individual preferences. The preferences
interact through type dynamics and type development.
Type not trait: The MBTI sorts for type; it does not indicate the strength of ability.
Own best judge: Individuals are considered the best judge of their own type.
No right or wrong: No preference or total type is considered "better" or "worse" than another.
Voluntary: It is considered unethical to compel anyone to take the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. It should always be taken
voluntarily.
Confidentiality: The result of the MBTI Reported and Best Fit type are confidential between the individual and administrator and,
ethically, not for disclosure without permission.
The purpose of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) personality inventory is to make the theory of psychological types described
by C. G. Jung understandable and useful in peoples lives. The essence of the theory is that much seemingly random variation in the
behavior is actually quite orderly and consistent, being due to basic differences in the ways individuals prefer to use their perception and
judgment.
All types are equal: The goal of knowing about personality type is to understand and appreciate differences between people. As all types
are equal, there is no best type.
The MBTI instrument sorts for preferences and does not measure trait, ability, or character. The MBTI tool is different from many other
psychological instruments and also different from other personality tests.
The indicator is frequently used in the areas of pedagogy, career counseling, team building, group dynamics, professional development,
marketing, family business, leadership training, executive coaching, life coaching, personal development, marriage counseling, and
workers' compensation claims.
Not for selection: The results of the assessment should not be used to "label, evaluate, or limit the respondent in any way".
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The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
http://richardstep.com/
QUESTIONS
1) At a party do you: 19) In judging are you more likely to be:
(a) interact with many, including strangers (a) impersonal
(b) interact with a few, known to you (b) sentimental
2) Are you more: 20) Do you usually:
(a) realistic (a) settle things
(b) philosophically inclined (b) keep options open
3) Are you more intrigued by: 21) Are you usually rather:
(a) facts (a) quick to agree to a time
(b) similes (b) reluctant to agree to a time
4) Are you usually more: 22) In phoning do you:
(a) fair minded (a) just start talking
(b) kind hearted (b) rehearse what you'll say
5) Do you tend to be more: 23) Facts:
(a) dispassionate (a) speak for themselves
(b) sympathetic (b) usually require interpretation
6) Do you prefer to work: 24) Do you prefer to work with:
(a) to deadlines (a) practical information
(b) just "whenever" (b) abstract ideas
7) Do you tend to choose: 25) Are you inclined to be more:
(a) rather carefully (a) cool headed
(b) somewhat impulsively (b) warm hearted
8) At parties do you: 26) Would you rather be:
(a) stay late, with increasing energy (a) more just than merciful
(b) leave early, with decreased energy (b) more merciful than just
9) Are you a more: 27) Are you more comfortable:
(a) sensible person (a) setting a schedule
(b) reflective person (b) putting things off
10) Are you more drawn to: 28) Are you more comfortable with:
(a) hard data (a) written agreements
(b) abstruse ideas (b) handshake agreements
11) Is it more natural for you to be: 29) In company do you:
(a) fair to others (a) start conversations
(b) nice to others (b) wait to be approached
12) In first approaching others are you more: 30) Traditional common sense is:
(a) impersonal and detached (a) usually trustworthy
(b) personal and engaging (b) often misleading
13) Are you usually more: 31) Children often do not:
(a) punctual (a) make themselves useful enough
(b) leisurely (b) daydream enough
14) Does it bother you more having things: 32) Are you usually more:
(a) incomplete (a) tough minded
(b) completed (b) tender hearted
15) In your social groups do you: 33) Are you more:
(a) keep abreast of others' happenings (a) firm than gentle
(b) get behind on the news (b) gentle than firm
16) Are you usually more interested in: 34) Are you more prone to keep things:
(a) specifics (a) well organized
(b) concepts (b) open-ended
17) Do you prefer writers who: 35) Do you put more value on the:
(a) say what they mean (a) definite
(b) use lots of analogies (b) variable
18) Are you more naturally: 36) Does new interaction with others:
(a) impartial (a) stimulate and energize you
(b) compassionate (b) tax your reserves
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The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
http://richardstep.com/
QUESTIONS
37) Are you more frequently: 55) Is it preferable mostly to:
(a) a practical sort of person (a) make sure things are arranged
(b) an abstract sort of person (b) just let things happen
38) Which are you drawn to: 56) Is it your way more to:
(a) accurate perception (a) get things settled
(b) concept formation (b) put off settlement
39) Which is more satisfying: 57) When the phone rings do you:
(a) to discuss an issue thoroughly (a) hasten to get to it first
(b) to arrive at agreement on an issue (b) hope someone else will answer
40) Which rules you more: 58) Do you prize more in yourself a:
(a) your head (a) good sense of reality
(b) your heart (b) good imagination
41) Are you more comfortable with work: 59) Are you more drawn to:
(a) contracted (a) fundamentals
(b) done on a casual basis (b) overtones
42) Do you prefer things to be: 60) In judging are you usually more:
(a) neat and orderly (a) neutral
(b) optional (b) charitable
43) Do you prefer: 61) Do you consider yourself more:
(a) many friends with brief contact (a) clear headed
(b) a few friends with longer contact (b) good willed
44) Are you more drawn to: 62) Are you more prone to:
(a) substantial information (a) schedule events
(b) credible assumptions (b) take things as they come
45) Are you more interested in: 63) Are you the person that is more:
(a) production (a) routinized
(b) research (b) whimsical
46) Are you more comfortable when you are: 64) Are you more inclined to be:
(a) objective (a) easy to approach
(b) personal (b) somewhat reserved
47) Do you value in yourself more that you are: 65) Do you have more fun with:
(a) unwavering (a) hands-on experience
(b) devoted (b) blue-sky fantasy
48) Are you more comfortable with: 66) In writings do you prefer:
(a) final statements (a) the more literal
(b) tentative statements (b) the more figurative
49) Are you more comfortable: 67) Are you usually more:
(a) after a decision (a) unbiased
(b) before a decision (b) compassionate
50) Do you: 68) Are you typically more:
(a) speak easily and at length with strangers (a) just than lenient
(b) find little to say to strangers (b) lenient than just
51) Are you usually more interested in the: 69) Is it more like you to:
(a) particular instance (a) make snap judgments
(b) general case (b) delay making judgments
52) Do you feel: 70) Do you tend to be more:
(a) more practical than ingenious (a) deliberate than spontaneous
(b) more ingenious than practical (b) spontaneous than deliberate
53) Are you typically more a person of:
(a) clear reason
(b) strong feeeling
54) Are you inclined more to be:
(a) fair-minded
(b) sympathetic
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The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
http://richardstep.com/
ANSWER SHEET
Transfer your answers from the test sheet to the answer sheet below. (put 'X' in the 'a' or 'b' box for each number)
Add the number of times 'X' occurs in each column and enter the total in the box directly below the associated column.
All totals with the same letters should be added together to form the new letter total. (ex: S1+S2 = S)
Circle the highest value for each pair of letters. (ex: E or I, S or N, T or F, J or P)
The resulting 4 letters represent your MBTI Typology.
E1 I1 S1 N1 S2 N2 T1 F1 T2 F2 J1 P1 J2 P2
a b a b a b a b a b a b a b
3 4 3 4 5 6 5 6 7 8 7 8
S1 N1 S2 N2 T1 F1 T2 F2 J1 P1 J2 P2
S1
+S2
N1
+N2
T1
+T2
F1
+F2
J1
+J2
P1
+P2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
E I S N T F J P
Your Type:
INFP INFJ
INTJ
ESTJ
ESFJ
ISTJ
ISFP ISFJ
ENTP
ENFP
ESTP
ESFP
ISTP
ENFJ
ENTJ
INTP
This gives 16 possible Typologies (see the TYPES page for more information):
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
54
61
68
6
13
20
27
34
41 42
47
39
53
60
7
14
21
28
35
70
48
55
62
69
49
56
63
67
5
12
19
26
33
40
4
11
18
25
32
46
36
51
58
65
3
10
17
24
31
38
45
52
59
66
44
Steps to determine your MBTI Typology:
43
50
57
64
2
9
16
23
30
37
1
8
15
22
29
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The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
http://richardstep.com/
TYPE DESCRIPTIONS
The 16 Types (Excerpted from Introduction to Type by Isabel Briggs Myers published by CPP. Inc.):
E N T J
E N T P
E N F J
E N F P
E S T J
E S T P
E S F J
E S F P
I N T J
I N T P
I N F J
I N F P
I S T J
I S T P
I S F J
I S F P
NOTE: Be sure to do more research on your specific type (e.g. - "Google it!") as there
are volumes of information that I could not work into this document.
Quick, ingenious, stimulating, alert, and outspoken. Resourceful in solving new and challenging problems. Adept at generating conceptual possibilities and then analyzing
them strategically. Good at reading other people. Bored by routine, will seldom do the same thing the same way, apt to turn to one new interest after another.
Frank, decisive, assume leadership readily. Quickly see illogical and inefficient procedures and policies, develop and implement comprehensive systems to solve
organizational problems. Enjoy long-term planning and goal setting. Usually well informed, well read, enjoy expanding their knowledge and passing it on to others. Forceful
in presenting their ideas.
Warmly enthusiastic and imaginative. See life as full of possibilities. Make connections between events and information very quickly, and confidently proceed based on the
patterns they see. Want a lot of affirmation from others, and readily give appreciation and support. Spontaneous and flexible, often rely on their ability to improvise and
their verbal fluency.
Warm, empathetic, responsive, and responsible. Highly attuned to the emotions, needs, and motivations of others. Find potential in everyone, want to help others fulfill
their potential. May act as catalysts for individual and group growth. Loyal, responsive to praise and criticism. Sociable, facilitate others in a group, and provide inspiring
leadership.
Quiet, friendly, sensitive, and kind. Enjoy the present moment, whats going on around them. Like to have their own space and to work within their own time frame. Loyal
and committed to their values and to people who are important to them. Dislike disagreements and conflicts, do not force their opinions or values on others.
Practical, realistic, matter-of-fact. Decisive, quickly move to implement decisions. Organize projects and people to get things done, focus on getting results in the most
efficient way possible. Take care of routine details. Have a clear set of logical standards, systematically follow them and want others to also. Forceful in implementing their
plans.
Flexible and tolerant, they take a pragmatic approach focused on immediate results. Theories and conceptual explanations bore them they want to act energetically to
solve the problem. Focus on the here-and-now, spontaneous, enjoy each moment that they can be active with others. Enjoy material comforts and style. Learn best through
doing.
Warmhearted, conscientious, and cooperative. Want harmony in their environment, work with determination to establish it. Like to work with others to complete tasks
accurately and on time. Loyal, follow through even in small matters. Notice what others need in their day-by-day lives and try to provide it. Want to be appreciated for who
they are and for what they contribute.
Outgoing, friendly, and accepting. Exuberant lovers of life, people, and material comforts. Enjoy working with others to make things happen. Bring common sense and a
realistic approach to their work, and make work fun. Flexible and spontaneous, adapt readily to new people and environments. Learn best by trying a new skill with other
people.
Have original minds and great drive for implementing their ideas and achieving their goals. Quickly see patterns in external events and develop long-range explanatory
perspectives. When committed, organize a job and carry it through. Skeptical and independent, have high standards of competence and performance for themselves and
others.
Seek to develop logical explanations for everything that interests them. Theoretical and abstract, interested more in ideas than in social interaction. Quiet, contained,
flexible, and adaptable. Have unusual ability to focus in depth to solve problems in their area of interest. Skeptical, sometimes critical, always analytical.
Seek meaning and connection in ideas, relationships, and material possessions. Want to understand what motivates people and are insightful about others. Conscientious
and committed to their firm values. Develop a clear vision about how best to serve the common good. Organized and decisive in implementing their vision.
Idealistic, loyal to their values and to people who are important to them. Want an external life that is congruent with their values. Curious, quick to see possibilities, can be
catalysts for implementing ideas. Seek to understand people and to help them fulfill their potential. Adaptable, flexible, and accepting unless a value is threatened.
Quiet, serious, earn success by thoroughness and dependability. Practical, matter-of-fact, realistic, and responsible. Decide logically what should be done and work toward
it steadily, regardless of distractions. Take pleasure in making everything orderly and organized their work, their home, their life. Value traditions and loyalty.
Tolerant and flexible, quiet observers until a problem appears, then act quickly to find workable solutions. Analyze what makes things work and readily get through large
amounts of data to isolate the core of practical problems. Interested in cause and effect, organize facts using logical principles, value efficiency.
Quiet, friendly, responsible, and conscientious. Committed and steady in meeting their obligations. Thorough, painstaking, and accurate. Loyal, considerate, notice and
remember specifics about people who are important to them, concerned with how others feel. Strive to create an orderly and harmonious environment at work and at home.
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