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Ir

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Fighting Fit
Learning Link
In this unit you will learn
.
words and phrases to help you talk about health and keeping fit.
.
to ask and answer questions about being fit and healthy and about dangerous activities.
.
to write a transactional letter making suggestions and recommendations.
.
to use conditionals, as long as, even if, in case, and provided.
'ear.
ln
EI
Work with a partner. Match the food groups to the categories in the food pyramid. Then check your
answers with the rest of the class.
Carbohydrates
Sugars, fats and oils
Fruit and vegetables
Dairy products
Proteins
Eat a little
Eat lots
107 UNIT 13 Fighting trit
I
ffieadimg L*rxk
re
Read the diary entries quickly
and find out when the writer spoke to someone about her problem.
Claire's Diary
8pm, Sun 18th March
I-feel really ill. I know I shouldn't have made myself sick, but I've eaten so much this week. Mum has
been complaining that she doesn't know where theiood s going, but I think she knows it was me who
ate everything. If she says anything else, I,ll screamj
Next week,
!'*
Sorrr9
to be good. I don't want Dad to think there's something wrong when we go to
see him at his new house next weekend.
what a disaster! Dad ha!
gya.nggd
this- big lunch
for
me, and my step-mum got annoyed when she saw
me picking at
Y!
food.
I didn't think she'd notice
-
she was paying sb much attention to Dad
-
but she
got offended. Then Dad said that I had to make an effon to'bi niie to her, and I lost iylripri.
,tyyou
hadn't left, none of this would have happened,' I sai[, He clidn't like that,'so he brought me ioi,
"rirty.
I've been so good this week. I hardly ate anythtng at school ancl Mum was too busy to notice what I
ate at home. well, I don't care. As long as Mum is oK, Dad can do what he wanis.
10pm, Sun 8th April
After the disaster with Dad, Mum said that I would-feel better if I had somewhere ro let off steam, so
I joiryed.the_local
gtm. I went every day after school"last week.7h, irrt*rtor told me noiio clo too
much, but I paid no attention.
I'm still o! *y diet. I've lost 5 kilos, but it's not enough. If I have a bad day, I do more exercises at
tle
qm.
Yy*
it really wonied about me. She says it;s nit normal to thint'about
footd
ani iergfu a1
the time. I know she's ight, but what can I sav to her?
*.$
',ll . .
.'r.*.
'ic
',$
$
-lls
...,s
Sun 25th March
Sun l5th A
A kdy came to our school
from
the EatingDisorderSupport
Group this week. I thought it would
be a wqste of time, but it was very interesing.
lhe
told
"i
iUo"t atyii"nt eating disordeis, and what
the symptoms are. From what she said., I think I've got something'Lalled bulimia nen)osa.
I'm thinking about phoning her after school tomorrow. I'll d.o it when Mum's at worlg in case she
overhears the phone call.
11pm, Sun 22nd April
Well I phoned Mrs Thomsgn.la*.Tuesday.
She said she would like to see me, providecl I talked to
Mum.first. I was dreading it, but it tumed out to be easier than I had thought.'
'Mum
ii"* ii*rtnrrg
was wrong, and she was pleased I'd worked it out
for
myself.
53
the
c.ame-t9 the
first.meeting,
b-ut yesterday l^ygryt on my own. Mrs Thomson told me some really
fu.s!rcrynq
thiw, but she thinEs thqi t will te oK becausi Ltortrd treatment early. I met some other
girls who have bulimia, and thel were really nice, too. It was good to hear other piopu ini-yna *n
same as I do. From now on, I'll go every week. Even if it tuk;s a long time, it wtfu ni worth it.
PS I won't be writing
for
a while
-
Mrs Thomson says it's better if I talk about my
feelings.
lam, Sun 8th July
I
iust
have to wite about what happened tgnight! I had a parfl
for
my l6th binhday. Everything was
Pj.rfect!
I invited. everyone
from
sciool, ancl some oY tne g;rls
from
thi group. Even'Dad cime! Mrs
Thomson was there too.
I'm still going to the meetings, but I don't have to go every week. I just go when I want to talk to
somebody. I think everything is going to be all right!
lr
$i
fii
iroeJ ur,rrr 13 Fief.:r!ns Fit
Read the diary entries again and answer the questions.
1 Why had Claire's mum been complaining in the first week?
2 Who does Claire have lunch with in the second week?
3 What change does Claire make in the third week?
4 Why will Claire call Mrs Thomson when her mum's at work?
5 Who went with Claire to the first meeting with Mrs Thomson?
6 How often does Claire go to her meetings?
The words and phrases below have been taken from the reports. Circle the word or phrase closest
in meaning to each one.
1 ill (part 1)
2 disaster (partZ)
payrng ... attention (part 2)
offended (partZ)
lost my temper (part2)
let offsteam (part 3)
disorders (part 4)
overhears (part 4)
dreading (part 5)
treatment (Irart 5)
a not well
b not happy
a catastrophe
b celebration
a talking;shouting
b listening; taking notice
a angry
b upset
a got angry
b started to cry
a get rid of anger
b get fit
a illnesses
b untidiness
a hears something secret
b hears something funny
a avoiding
b afraid of
a therapy
b behaviour
)
?s
I
V
Y,
.
;l
9
10
UNlr 13 Fishtins rit
GOg)
Gl
Marcn rne pnrasal verbs to their meanings.
1 clear up
a realise; understand
2 give tp
b knock down (on the road)
3 hold onto
c happen in the end
4 pick at
d stop (a bad habit)
5 put off
e not let go of
A
'
- ---- --- D'
"...
s;
O run down
f tidy; make neat again
*
$
I turn out g play about with (food)
n
fr
8 work out h delay; postpone
I&@lr+wgsllww
f,|
Comptete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs from task E.
1 Don't cry. I
2 Please stop
3 You must
'm sure everything will
all right in the end.
your food! Just eat it.
this rope and swing across the river without getting
wet. It,s
excellent exercise!
4 I finally
that I must be allergic to eggs. Every time I eat one, I get an
upset tummy.
I'm going to
starting my diet until after my holiday.
You really should think about
smoking; it would do your cough some
That poor girl
in the street last week, but luckily she wasn,t badly hurt.
If you use the equipment in the sports hall, please
afterwards.
5
6
7
8
sl
Circle the correct words.
I
,
3
4
5
6
7
8
I saw your sister last week at the doctor's@.ffi#$.
Is she feeling better now?
I'm going to have an aspirin because my head pgins_.1h1gtq.
Be caretul with that sharp knife; you might&(i!&,,$fiityourself.
I have to take this$&$,%
$!!.&lfor
ten days and then go to see Doctor Brown again.
I got this&i!!ffffitwhile
I was ironing.
Doctor Thompson gave James a thoroughE$$*"
${W{1ggand
said he was fit and healthy.
He is going to the Amazon, so he's had a lot of
ffi
The nurse asked the child her name while she was taking her*!,&gg&7,,t+-E#,
.
L-
@
ururr 13 Fisht.ns Fit
Link
['s
Look at these examples from the diary entries.
I If she says anything else, I will scream.
2 If I have a bad day, I do more exercises at the gtm'
Do these sentences refer to present/future time or past time?
In which sentence can we replace if with when?
Which one talks about a possible situation?
This is an example of the first conditional.
Which one talks about a habitual fact?
This is an example of the zero conditonal.
Look at this example from the diary entries.
... I would
feel
better if I had somewhere to let off steam
"'
Does it refer to present/future time or past time?
Does Claire have somewhere to let off steam?
Does this sentence talk about something which could happen easily or something that is
less likely to happen?
This is an example of the second conditional.
Look at this example from the diary entries.
If you hadn't le{t, none of this would have happened'
Who is Claire talking to?
Does this sentence refer to present/future time or past time?
Did Claire's dad leave?
Does this sentence talk about something that can be changed or about something that
can't be changed?
This is an example of the third conditional.
e good.
rt.
Complete the answers to the questions with the correct form of the verbs
More than one answer may be possible.
1 Let's go jogging in the rain, shall we?
No. if we
-
(do) that, we
2 I'vegot such a headache! what do you do when you've got a headache?
When I
--
(have) a headache,I
3 Can you tell Bill and Tom about the team practice?
Yes, if I _
(see) them, I
I really feel out of shape. What could I do to feel better?
If vou
(take) more exercise,
You
Have you heard that there's a new gym near the university?
Yes, and if it
--
(be) anY good, I
Did you enjoy the Beijing Ol5.'rnpics?
Yes, but we
--
(enjoy) them more if our country
more medals.
in brackets.
(get) wet.
(take) an aspirin.
(tell) them.
(feel) better.
(join) it.
(win)
Study 13.1 of the Grammar Reference on page 185 before you do the task'
althv.
UNIT 13 Fighting trrt
l1
1 1
-
E*istemirxg 8-*rxk
W
you
will hear people speaking in eight different situations. For questions 1-8, choose the correct answer,
bor*.
Listen to this woman speaking. What's her job?
a a ski instructor b a lifeguard on a beach c a swimming teacher
2 Listen to this conversation between two people. Where does the conversation take place?
n
1
a inacafd b inagym
3 Listen to a man talking. Where did he trip over?
a on a bus b outside his home
You hear a conversation between a father and a son. What
a giving a final warning b giving advice
Listen to a doctor talking to a group of people.
a pafents
6 Listen to these two friends talking. Where does their conversation take place?
a inagym b in a park c at school
Listen to this conversation between a husband and wife. The woman is
a criticising the man. b encouraging the man. c making fun of the man.
Who are they?
c medical students
c in a doctor's surgery
c at the cinema
is the father doing?
c paying his son a compliment
is a lawyer for the
construction business.
h nurses
I Here is part of a radio interview. The man
a is an accident victim. b works for a health
insurance company.
{iv'.':l-rilflf L;iln
Look at these examples from the diary entries.
As long as Mum is OK Dad can do what he wants.
I'll do it when Mum's at work, in case she overhears the phone call.
She said she would like to see me, provi.ded I talked to Mum
first.
Even if it takes a long time, it will be worth it.
Which word or phrase in bold explains that somebody does sornething because it is possible that
something else might happen?
Which word or phrase means it doesn't matter if.)
Which words or phrases mean only if? and
We use and when we want to say that one thing can
happen or be true only if another thing happens first. We use when we want
to explain that something happens because of the possibility of something else also happening.
means that something will happen whether another thing happens or not.
Study 13.2 ofthe Grammar Reference on page 186 before you do the tasks.
t t Z
'
Uf,f ff 13 Fi3lrting F;t
2 Having a healthy lifestyle is not so hard
exercise.
3 Jonathan says he'll take windsurfing lessons
4 You should always take warm clothes to the
5 Jenny will be completely safe
mountains
Tim won't join
that health
If that health club wasn't
,
I would have gone skiing.
club because it's so expensive. would
it.
thing that will make me
my team wins the game.
happy. long
Actually, ... is quite
important to me.
To be honest, ...
To tell you truth, ...
If I were a parent, I
think I'd ...
UNIT 13 ri*fitir'rg Plt I 1 13
l
is still good fun. even
bad.
cold.
t
,"rl
:l
El
Complete the second sentence using the grammar you learnt in this unit so that it has a similar
meaning to the first sentence. Use the given word and write between two and five words.
1 Duncan eats a lot of sweets and that is why he is so fat. be
If Duncan didn't eat so many sweets, so fat.
My team might win the game. That's the only
I will be
fl
Complete the sentences with a* !*ng a!, ev3r if, rn cas* and pr*vided. More than one answer
may be possible.
I I've made some vegetarian dishes
lt doesn't matter if the weather is bad; camping
Camping is still good fun
He likes to play tennis but not when it's cold. if
He likes to play tennis
Speaking; L,;;-k
Gm
Work with a paftner. Ask and answer the questions.
Student A
Do you care about beine tit and healthy?
Do you take exercise or plar sport on a regular basis?
There is an expression lbrr are x'hat you eat. Do you agree
with this?
Do you think that some pe(rple are too worried about what they
eat?
Student n
Should you avoid plar ini
-r
ipt'rrr or doing an activity just
because other people itt:lk it i: dangerous?
Do you have anr
'dange:c,u.'
htrbbies?
If you were a parenl. \r r'L.J r tru le t
your
child ride a motorbike?
We should take a first aid kit because someone might get hurt. case
We should take a first aid kit hurt.
4 Travelling by boat always makes me sick. if
I am alwavs by boat.
I wasn't able to go
If
skiing because I was ill. not
anyone at the party doesn't eat meat.
you eat sensibly and take some
they're expensive.
_
it gets really cold.
she follows the instructor's advice.
iiirlii:r*;x ! i*-:t-
ln this unit, you are going to learn to write a letter making suggestions and recommendations.
ffiX
Read the question. Then read the extract from the letter and the notes you have made.
Ihis is part of a letter from a friend of yours who is going to a big social event in a few weeks.
Usrng the extract from your friend's letter, and your own notes below, write a letter to your friend
making suggesfions and recommendations about what helshe could do.
.".
and
t'rrt
really
loori
Y\q to{wtl.t,'{
to,it'
Sut
what
can
I do
\a lasen
u't
'i
wetqk\
ar'd
srharten
nnyseli
r,ty?
Let
*'
ono'
it you've
rlot
any
idaasl"
healthy
diet
-
fruit
and vegetables?
exercise?
gym?
new clothes?
new haircut?
stop
eating
chocolate
and cakes?
fiy
\he
w*f
'
when
&Yo
1,,o\
""
ry*ffi
Using the helpful expressions given to start your sentences, change the points in your notes into
suggestions /
recommendations.
I It might be a good idea if
2 Have you thought of
3 What about
4 You should
5 Why don't you
c
6 I think you ought to
.gW
Now write your letter making suggestions and recommendations. Use the letter outline and the
sentences from Task N to help you. (160-180 words)
Greeting
Paragraph 1
Paragraph 2
Paragraph 3
Closing Paragraph
Dear (name of your friend),
Thank your friend for his/her letter and say that you will try to help.
Give him/her advice about how to lose a little weight.
Give him/her suggestions about how to look smarter.
Say that you hope your letter will help and wish your friend good luck.
Say that you hope he/she enjoys himself/herself at the social event
(wedding, party, etc).
With love,/Best wishes,
(your name)
Signing off
114 UNIT 13 F;.;h+i{*--
trmwd, &Xmr*mexs KwmC
8-earning Llnk
In this unit you will learn
.
words and phrases to help you talk about different kinds of food and
places to eat in.
.
to compare and contrast photographs showing different settings to
eat in and to give your opinion about which you prefer.
o
to write a formal report making suggestions and recommendations.
o
to use articles and determiners.
a
b
c
d
?
,
kind of fast food?
d przza
e jacket potato
f sandwich
fl
E
t_-i
E
never
once a week
once a month
more often
.*itq'
($\-
^(
-P"
EI
Ask your classmates these questions and then complete the pie chart and the bar chart to show
your results.
How often do you eat fast food?
never
once a month
once a week
more often
number
of
people
2 What is your favourite
a burgers
b chicken
c fish and chips
Pie Chart
.(\
. -\L"
c!*
UNIT 14 Foeid, Glorious Foorl
i115
. ...._,- )
Reading Link
re
Read the report quickly and find out what reason most people over fifty gave for being at a fast
food restaurant.
Britain's high consumption of fast food has been attributed to the
fact that people are often too busy to eat a proper
balanced diet.
Nutritionists saythe figures are worrying and warn that while occasionally
eating fast food is not harmful, a high fat diet can increase the Iikelihood-of heart disease.
The Survey
This report is based on the findings of a survey
which was carried out at six well-known fast
food chains. 1,000 people aged 13-65 were
asked a number of questions concerning their
eating habits, and the restaurant managers
were asked about healthy eating choices
available at their restaurants.
Facts and Figures
On average, people buy food around twice a
week from fast food outlets. However, teenagers
eat out more often. The majority of teenagers
eat at fast food outlets approximately three
times each week. The survey also showed
that teenagers made up almost two thirds of
the customers oI pizzaand burger restaurants,
over half of the customers of chicken
restaurants, and around 4 in every 10 of the
customers of fish and chip shops. None of the
teenagers interviewed said that they didn't
like a particular kind of fast food.
A small number of customers at the fast food
outlets visited were over the age of fifty
-
approximately 5 per cent. The majority of these
interviewees claimed to be eating at the
restaurant in question because they were with
younger people, mainly grandchildren.
Unfoftunately, neither the teenagers nor the
older people
seemed to be aware of the
dangers of eating fast food on a regular basis.
Healthy eating choices
The managers were more than willing to supply
healthy options from their menus. They all
agreed that it is important to offer people some
help in identifying them. The main advantage of
all the healthy dishes suggested below is that
they have less fat.
Burgers
at other fish and chip shops
The amount of fat contained in a burger
partly depends on how it is cooked.
Grilled burgers are reasonably lean,
as opposed to burgers fried on a
griddle. The manager also
suggested that customers
interested in eating a healthy meal
should choose a burger with
plenty of salad.
Chicken
The manager of the chicken food chain stated
that both grilled and oven-cooked chicken.
especially skinless chicken, are healthier
choices than coated, deep-fried chicken
because they absorb less fat.
Fish & Chips
Although fish can be healthy, when it is fried
in batter it can contain a lot of fat. However.
the manager claims that their fish is fried in
unsaturated oil at the right temperature, so
it contains less fat than the fish sold
Pizza
Thick crust pizzas
are a
healthier choice than thin crust
ones. They're more filling, as
more base and less topping is
eaten. The manager also
mentioned that pizzas with lots
of vegetables on top are also
healthier than ones with meats
and cheeses.
Jacket Potatoes
The potato is an excellent source
of starch and, if eaten with the
skin, is a good source of fibre.
According to the manager, fatty
baked potato fillings tike
cheese or sour cream should
be avoided.
Sandwiches
According to the manager of the sandwich
shop, all bread, especially wholemeal, is
healthy. lt is worth noting that a lot of the fat in
sandwiches can come from either butter or
mayonnaise. Flavour can be improved with
lemon juice
or black pepper instead.
Conclusion
ln conclusion. although the figures are
worrying, it is reassuring to know that there
are healthier options for people who eat
fast food.
Vor
EI
t,
Fast Food is Here to $ta
fii?)
ur'rrr 14 trood, &rorlclus tr*od
Gl
Read the report again and choose the best answer a, b, e or d for each question.
What is the opinion of nutritionists?
a Eating any fast food is bad for your health.
b Eating some fast food is good for your health.
c Eating too much fast food can cause health problems.
d Eating fast food while on a diet is not healthy.
According to the survey, how many teenagers eat fast food three times a week?
a most of them
b less than half
c all of them
d none ofthem
The restaurant managers are keen to
a show customers their menus.
b offer customers only healthy food.
c show customers healthy alternatives.
d serve customers food without any fat.
Which burgers have the least fat?
a ones with salad
b cooked ones
c fried ones
d grilled ones
According to the manager of the chicken food chain, what is the least healthy?
a grilled chicken
b deep-fried chicken
c oven-cooked chicken
d skinless chicken
Cheese fillings for baked potatoes are said to be high in
a fibre.
b starch.
c ffeam.
d fat.
The manager of the sandwich shop states that
a all kinds of bread are good for you.
b some kinds of bread are good for you.
c no kind of bread is good for you.
d onlv wholemeal bread is good for you.
The conclusion of the report is
a s'orning.
b balanced.
c optimistic.
d pessimistic.
stated
ricken.
althier
ricken
s fried
ivever.
ied in
;o
dwich
,al,
is
r fat in
ter or
I with
&8
Find words and phrases in ttre report that have the following meanings.
Vocabulary Link
1 people sho sru,| and sive advice about what we should eat (para 1)
2 possibiliq tpara I r
3 set of questirrns ttr frnd out rvhat people do or think (para 2)
4 about. not eraoh r para 3 )
5 people \\ hLr u ere a-<ked questions on a particular subject (para 4)
6 choices
(para
-<
|
7 has in it: is made rrf tpara 8)
8 where somethrng L< ftrund or comes from (para 10)
9 taste (para 1 i r
10 comfortins r :,r:i l' r
UNIT 14 Food, Glorious PooO
i'117l
&K
Match the phrases to the percentages they represent,
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
none
the vast majority of
all
two thirds of
a small number of
four out of ten
just
over half
a 100Vo
b0%
c l0%
d 40%
e 53%
t 66%
g 94%
3ra
A
g
..tq
I
' fotl
'- t
*ilt
A meaX out
'Shall I (1) a table to eat out or shall we have a (2)
at home?'Thomas asked. I was in the mood to get
dressed up, so we went to try the new (3)
in town.
and then We had a drink while we looked at the (4)
our meal. We both had prawn cocktail for
,
beef for the main (7) and
chocolate mousse for (8)
After coffee, Thomas paid the (9)
(s)
(6)
,
left a
(10) for the waitress and then we took a taxi home.
She thinks about nothing but her weight; it's become an . oBsEss
of people enjoy eating out, don't you? MAJOR
,
David won't be able to join us on Friday night for dinner. FORTUNE
Could vou eat more ? Read this article to find out more. HEALTH
Eating at the hotel is
;
you can choose to go to one of the many
*
fi
E
{
I
We're having a
year. MEET
8 Mv mother
iia, ururr 14 Fo*d. Gtorious Food
\-/
OPTION
way to spend a summer's day. ENJOY
at work to decide where to have our New Year's party this
ffi
Complete the text with these words.
biil
book
course
dessert
menu
ordered
restaurant
starters
takeaway
tip
W
Use the words in capitals at the end of each sentence to make words which fit in the spaces.
1
2
3
4
5
I think the
restaurants in town if you prefer.
A picnic in the country is an
of me eating between meals. APPROVAL
rammar Link
t
t\
I
Look at these examples from the report.
Thick crust pizzas are a healthier choice than thin crust ones.
The potato is an excellent source of starch ...
Flavour can be improved with lemon
iuice
...
Paying special attention to the nouns in bold, answer these questions.
a Which noun has an article?
b Is the noun plural or singular?
c Which noun is uncountable?
d Does it have an article?
e Which noun is plural?
f Does it have an article?
When we talk in general, we do not use an
talk in general about countable nouns, we can either use the
article or the noun with rfte.
with uncountable nouns. When we
noun without an
Look at these examples from the report.
I This report is based on the
findings
of a survey ...
2 The surye! also showed that teenagers made up almost two thirds of the customers .-.
3 The mlrnagers were more than willing to supply healthy options ...
4 ... it contains less
fat
than the
fish
sold at other
fish
and chip shops-
Paying special attention to the nouns in bold, answel these questions.
Which examples shorv us specific singular nouns? and
Which article is used
a for the first time the noun is mentioned?
b when the noun has already been talked about?
Which examples 5[1rs'uS specific plural nouns?
-
and
Which one
a talks about nLluns ri hich have already been mentioned in the report?
b gives us intbrmaritrn in the sentence that makes it clear which nouns we are talking about?
Which article is u:ed in both these cases?
Study l4.1of the Grammar Reference on pages 186-187 before you do the task.
UNIT 14 Food. Glorious rooa i 19-
I
re
Complete the paragraph with alar:, the or -. More than one answer may be possible.
Xiast FooeX Sads
(1)
-
fast food is probably (2)
most popular food with (3)
young people all
over (4)
world. There is plenty of choice about what to eat although (5)
burgers
are usually (6)
first choice. (7)
-
burgers which are served with (8)
sauce,
(9)
cheese and (10)
salad on top are favourites. In (11)
most fast food
restaurants, along with (12)
burger, you can get (13)
enormous
ice-cold drink and (14)
French fries. too.
Listen&ng Link
m
You will hear part of a weekly radio interview with Emily Jackson, a food critic for the local area.
For questions 1-10, complete the sentences.
The first restaurant visited was called
m
Overall, Emily thought the food here was overpriced and
The most impressive part of the meal was the
The bill came to
Emily would only go back if there was a different
The second restaurant has been open
Emily thought her chicken was
The fish that her daughter ordered had been
Her son had
for dessert.
Emily thought the cost of the meal here was very
Grammar Link
Spr
EI
Look at these examples from the report.
None of the teenagers interuiewed said that they didn't like a panicular kind of
fast food.
..- neither the teenagers nor the older people seemed to be aware of the dangers of eating
fast food
...
They all agreed that it is impoftant to offer people some help in identifying them.
The manager ... stated that both grilled and oven-cooked chicken ... are healthier choices than ...
... the
fat
in sandwiches can come
from
either butter or mayonnaise.
Which of the words or phrases in bold
a means not one and not the other?
b means one and the other?
c means every one of them?
d means not one?
e means one or the other?
study 14.2 of the Grammar Reference on page 187 before you do the task.
iizo,l
ur.rrr 14 trsod, &lorious Ferod
g Circle the correct words.
1 We thanked all them i them all for a wonderful anniversary party.
2 Both /
None of the things on the menu appealed to me. They were all horrible.
3 Neither my mother or /
nor my grandmother can make a good souffld.
4 Each / All table in the restaurant had different flowers on it.
5 The children had all / all had a good time at the picnic.
6 Neither / Either meat nor fish is suitable because she's a vegetarian.
7 We can either / neither have an Indian meal or a Chinese one.
8 Both / Either of his brothers have become famous chefs on television.
9 The whole / All the restaurant was full of people when we arrived.
10 Both
/
Either day would be fine for a lunch party.
Speaking Limk
EI
Work with a partner. One of you should look at photographs A and B and the other at C and D.
Compare and contrast them and say which setting you would prefer to eat in. Use the expressions
to help you. Then discuss the question below.
I think I'd rather ...
To be honest, I (don't) think I'd
enjoy eating here. It looks a bit/quite .....
The people in this photograph look as though ...
The surroundings are ...
Have you ever eaten in one or more of these settings?
UNIT 14 Fe>crdn {}!6ri&us P*oei
1121 l
! J'
Writing
Llmk
lnthisunit,youaregoingtolearntowriteaformalreport'
Read the
question. Then read the report and put the correct
headings in the gaps.
You have been asked to write a report recommending
a
suitabtedietforstudentswhoareatuniversityandjust
starting to live on their own.
a
b
c
d
e
f
Conclusion
Give up fizz
Introduction
Monel'' isn't everything
Eat your greens
Home cooking is bert
The purpose of this rePort is to
diet for universitY students who
started living indePendentlY.
None of the carbonated
drinks available is very
good for us. It's much healthier to drink water
and, of course, it's cheaper too' Milk is also
healthy and good for our teeth and bones'
recommend
a
have recentlY
University students don't often have a lot of
money, but that doesn't mean they can't eat
well. They can still buy nutritious food and
enjoy a balanced diet on a limited budget' It
just needs some careful thought.
C
One of the most important things is to make
sure they eat enough fruit and vegetables'
We need several
portions of fruit and
vegetables every day to keep our bodies in
good condition. It's best to buy them fresh and
they're usually cheaper if they are bought from
a local market.
Instead of going out to fast food restaurants,
it's better for students to prepare their meals
at home. Even a simple meal, like eggs on
toast with a sliced tomato and a drink of milk,
is fine.
If university students
follow this advice,
they'lI soon get into
the habit of eating
good food at very
good prices.
Say what the rePort is about.
write about your recommendations
and suggestions. Use a different
paragraphforeachpointanddon'tforgettousesuitableheadings.
Give your final thoughts on the subject'
W
Now write
your report. Use the hints and the outline to help you' (160'180 words)
HINTS
Try to think of 3 or 4 moin
points before
you slort writing -
lhese willmoke lhe fromework of
your
report.lncludeyou]ownideos,opinionsondsuggestionsinoreporllikethis.
Introduction
Paragraphs
1-4
Conclusion
f@
ur.rlr 14 Ferod, &lorious Foerd
=
EI
..
t1
wfxii,i'iatlaia:
K*eww&ms &m Lemrm
tr-earning &-imk
In this unit you will learn
.
words and phrases to help you talk about different kinds of learning.
.
to discuss pictures that may be included in a language school brochure
and to put them in order of usefulness.
o
to write a story which begins with given words.
.
to talk about possibility using may andmight (have), and to talk about
certainty tsing must and can't (have).
Et
How do you think these dogs can help people? Can you think of any other things that dogs do for people?
Reading Link
I
t
W
Read through the article quickly and find out how young dogs can be taught not to bite.
I
Today, Mike Falrner takes a losk at dog tnalming methCIds.
One of the quesfions I am often asked by friends who are thinking of getting a dog concerns
training. This would seem to be quite an easy question to answer, but it is far more
complicated than it appears. lt all depends on the breed of dog,lfs she and its character.
Of these three factors, the way in which
a dog behaves is the most significant. An
article written about a large breed of dog,
the Great Dane, suggests the following
test when choosing a puppy.tf,-] lf, on
the other hand, it continues to struggle, it
will be harder to control.
Because of its great size this breed is
particularly difficult to train if training has
not begun properly when they are small.
It is also very important for the owner
of such a dog (or any other breed for
that matter) to be seltconfident during
training periods. Without this quality
in the owner, the dog is unlikely to
respond correctly. This is because dogs
always look to a leader for attention and
protection.
@[]
At the other end of the size scale, there
is a small breed which may be difficult to
control: the Jack Russell. A schoolfriend
of mine had one that used to object
violently when I tried to leave his house
after a visit. lt would try to bite everyone
in sight until I managed to get through
the front door. Then it would run to
the window,
jump
on the couch and
bark furiously as I walked towards the
garden gate.
$[ l
when a dog is attowed to
behave in this way without appropriate
response, it actually learns that this
kind of behaviour is acceptable.
So, it is a good idea to teach the puppy that
if it can't play properly, it can't play at all. lf
a puppy bites, experts do not recommend
hitting it or holding its mouth closed. lnstead
they suggest that the dog's lips should be
-
gently pushed towards its teeth. Then, if
the dog tries to bite, it only bites itself.
This action will correct its behaviour and
remind it that you are the boss.
This is particularly effective with Jack
Russels.
m
For example, Dalmatians
react very wellto motivation training. This
involves rewarding a dog for doing the
right thing at the right time. ln order to
get the dog to sit, for example, motivation
in the form of a toy or a biscuit can be
used to make him do it. This type of
training comes from the experiments of
B F Skinner, an American psychologist,
and it is a simple idea: dog does
something, so dog gets food.
$f-]
Apparently, these dogs like to
please themselves rather than their owners.
ln other words, their idea of motivation
training goes as follows: owner likes what
dog does, so owner gives dog food. The
trick, therefore, in training this idiosyncratic
animal successfully is to convince it that
doing what it is told is its own idea and
not its trainer's. Once this dog believes
that its owner is being tricked into giving it
rewards, it will learn quickly and etfectively,
especially if the rewards are in the form of
a treat.
Apart from food and toys being used in
dog training, there are also special collars
which are worn by a dog and can be used to
control its behaviour.
GD
Experienced
trainers disagree with me on this point
so I decided to do a simple experiment,
which proved I was right. I wrapped one
of these collars around my arm and got
someone to pull gently on it. lt hud. Then
I asked the same person to pull hard. lt
hurt a lot.
I really feel that the best advice I can
give about dog faining is that you should
always be kind to your dog and never scold
it unnecessarily during training as it might
not have understood exactly what you
wanted it to do.
Voci
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reX
There are six sentences missing from the anicle. Read through it again and choose from sentences A-G
the one which fits each gap. There is one extra sentence that you db not need to use.
A So, if these needs can be met successfully, the dog will feel secure, which will make building trust
much easier.
However, other breeds need a different approach.
Although I have been assured that there is nothing wrong with them, I'm sure dogs must feel pain
when they are pulled.
Obviously this particular dog can't have been trained properly as it did not realise that its behaviour
was undesirable.
They are also good with children, but there must be supervision at all times because they can get
quite rough.
Put the puppy on its back and hold it down and, if the puppy struggles for a few seconds and then
stops, it will be easy to train
The vast majoriqr of owners like this painless method and so does one particular breed of dog -
Basset Hounds.
Vocabulary Llnk
B
C
oncerns
'ar more
nracter.
th Jack
matians
ng. This
ring the
order to
rtivation
can be
type of
rents of
rologist,
g does
Iike to
owners.
otivation
res what
rcd. The
iyncratic
e it that
dea and
believes
giving it
fectively,
: form of
used in
alcollars
: used to
grienced
ris point
eriment,
ped one
and got
rrt. Then
hard. lt
;e I can
u should
ver scold
iit might
rhat you
D
G
m
Match the words from the article to their meanings.
1 complicated (para 1)
2 breed (para 1)
3 significant (paru2)
4 struggle (para2)
5 respond (para 3)
6 object (para 4)
7 furiously (para 4)
8 rewarding (para 7)
9 motivation (para 7)
10 convince (para 8)
11 approach (ertract B)
12 undesirable
lertract D)
a m an angry way
b not wanted
c not simple or easy
d react; behave
e a reason for doing something
f particular type of animal
g important
h method
i twist and move violentlv
j
giving something nice because of good behaviour, hard work etc
k disagree; oppose
I persuade
UNIT 15 Lessons to tearn i125
G
m
Complete the sentences with the correct form of these verbs'
do
Marian
get into learn pass resit
It's my job to you all I know about first aid.
Graham should do very well in his finals; he's spent long enough for them.
My son a school project on dogs at the moment.
her exams and wait for the results before she decides what to do next.
Kate will
I'm not sure he'll
revtse take teach
the university she wanted and will be starting next October.
I
lr
1l
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
That adult education class was really good. I so much more than I expected.
his exams because he found the questions difficult.
I failed in English and had to study all summer to the exam in September.
Ian was rewarded all his hard work by coming top in his end-of-year exams.
Lucy is doing a course French at the Adult Education Centre this year.
The school children did such a good job of cleaning up the playground that there wasn't a piece of
rubbish sight.
Most children go to school the age of five.
Apart being good at maths, he is also good at languages.
this way, students learn to be responsible for their own possessions.
I don't want to train dogs, or any other animals, that matter!
Help in doing her project arrived the form of a brand new computer.
ln
I
T
ii
ffip
Circle the correct words.
1 I really need some piece lpeace and quiet so that I can study.
2 My careers teacher suggested / advised me to do a computer course to improve mv chances of finding a
job-
3 David works at a big circus, training / teaching the lions.
4 Susan didn't study; she passed the test by mistake / chance.
5 The university lecturer refused / denied to speak to the reporter about the recent scandal.
6 Unfortunately, the lady I asked about the training courses was very helpless / unhelpful.
7 When will the exam results / marks be out?
8 According to my timetable /
programme, we've got maths three times a week.
m
Complete the sentences with these prepositions. You need to use some of them more than once.
for from
1
)
3
4
5
6
7
8
@
ururr 1s Lessons to Learn
Grammar
Link
Look at these examples from the article.
1 ... a small breed which may be dfficult to control: ...
Z ... never scold it unnecessaily duing training as it might not have understood ...
3 ... I'm sure dogs must
feel
pain when they are pulled.
4 ... this particular dog can't have been trained properly ...
Which of the words in bold talk about
possibility?
certainty?
Which of the examples talk about
present/future time? and
past time?
and
-
Look at examples 1 and 3. which form of the verb follows may and must?
Look at examples 2 and 4. Which form of the verb follows might have and can't have?
and
and
Study the Grammar Reference for Unit 15 on page 188 before you do the tasks.
Gt
Gomplete the following sentences with the verbs in brackets in the correct form.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
(know) how badly you are doing at school.
(be) the one who is going on the trip. He's doing a seminar that
It may (be) difficult to get used to living on your own when you go to university.
(be) the vocabulary which caused you the problem in the exercise
It can't
because you know a lot of words.
John might
(pass) his test if he's lucky!
Can't you find your books? You must
(leave) them in the library yesterday.
The girl may _
(not understand) the instructions and that was why she found the
test difficult.
Your dad must
Mr Black can't
week.
You might
used to it.
(not find) the training programme easy at first, but you'Il soon get
uNlT 15 Lesscns te Learn
r12J
Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Use the given word
and write between two and five words.
1- I'm sure that studying abroad is a very rewarding experience. must
Studying abroad
a very rewarding experience.
2 I can't believe he got such
He
a high score in his test without cheating. must
in his test to have got such a high score.
lt must have been hard to teach yourself a foreign language. easy
It to teach yourself a foreign language.
4 Perhaps the shop sold all those new dictionaries. sold
all those new dictionaries.
The shop
5 She's thinking of doing an evening class in dressmaking. do
She says she
an evening class in dressmaking.
I don't think that becoming a teacher is the best thing for Marion. be
Becoming a teacher
the best thing for Marion.
She probably decided to continue her education at another university. might
She to continue her education at another university.
Everyone knows the answer to this question! know
You the answer to this question!
I don't believe he revised for his exam so quickly. have
He for his exam so quicklY.
10 It's possible that she got advice from his tutor. might
She from her tutor.
t-s
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:
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3
7
,a
Dialogue 1
Dialogue 2
Dialogue 3
Dialogue 4
i Dialogue 5
\,
_____'_
I
I
I
ffiffi
You will hear five dialogues about education. Choose from the list (a-{) to identify who the main speaker
in each dialogue is. There is one extra letter that you do not need to use.
N * F{'.;.
As you reod through lhe queslions, hy io lhink of words or phroses lhot could be ossocioted with
eoch item or slolement.ln this woy, you should find it eosier to disiinguish belween speokers.
a a primary school teacher
b a summer camp leader
c a school principal
d a university student
e a university lecturer
f a high school teacher
fDd; ururr 15 L*rss*n* i,* i-earn
S peekirxg Liaxk
Work with a partner. lmagine that you are helping to design a brochure to advertise a new language school.
Here are some pictures that you could include in the brochure. Discuss them and put them in order according
to which would be most useful. Use the hints and the expressions in the box to help you.
This tosk oflen involves moking choices,
problem-solving or priorilising.
Try to discuss ollpossibilities before moking o find decision.
I think that this picture is quite ...
Wouldn't you agree?
Well, I'm not too keen on that one.
I think it's a bit ...
I don't actually like this one much.
I don't think it shows how ...
Yes, I suppose you're right. How about
using ..., but leaving ... out?
/b
/--\
UNIT 15 t*ss$r1$ t* L*arrr i. 129.j
Writing l-ink
ln this unit, you are going to learn to write a story which begins with given words.
on
li
told him somebody
noney and that they
rr something. I explained that he
hat in the future.
in the library. As we were leaving, John discovered he'd lost his
ave left it on the desk, but we looked and (8) mustn't
/
couldn't
t have gone far, but we didn't know what had happened to it.
Jy (10) needed to find / must have found his wallet and kept it.
e not long before.
s wallet was honest. Even though he (11) couldn't / didn't need
She phoned John the next day and he went and collected his
'e all (L2) have to I canbe honest!
m
Now write your story which must begin with the given words. Use the hints and the outline to help you.
(150-180 words)
HINTS
Be cleor oboul whol the given words suggesl to you before you
begin lo moke noles on whot lo include in eoch porogroph.
Don't give lhe slory owoy loo soon.
Moke sure you show how youl story links in with the given words.
Paragraph 1
Paragraphs 2 and 3
Paragraph 4
W
Practise the modal verbs taught in this unit and those taught in Unit 5. Read the question. Then circle
the correct verb forms.
Your local newspaper wants people to send in short stories. Ihe stories must begin with the
tollowing words:
Sne dayr, n:y &rothcr, .,lo&m, was wafkfng &s;vle w&en dre four:d sorne ,,?smey on flre pawermenf.
ing home when he found some money
,
John decided that he
,dy about the money. He decided he
le to / had to buy himself some sweets
Begin with the given words. Set the scene for your story. Make it
interesting, so the reader will want to continue reading.
Develop your story, using a variety of tenses.
Say what happened in the end.
One day, my brother, John, was walking hr
the pavement. Because it wasn't a lot, Johi
(1) mustn't / didn't have to tell anybody at
(2) could / can keep it. He (3) was able to
and magazines.
I didn't agree with what John did. I told I
(4) might lose / must have lost that mone
(5) might / have to have needed it for sor
(6) needn't / mustn't do things like that ir
Not long afterwards, I was with John in th
wallet. I thought he (7) can't f may have le
find it anywhere. It (9) can't /
needn't havr
John was upset and thought somebody
(1(
I reminded him about what he'd done not
Luckily, the person who found John's wall
to, he'd handed it in to the librarian. She
1
wallet. Now John understands why we all
,130 r UNIT 15 Lessons io i-earn
t'
Xrx &Exw $Wmm& mff ffir*Wr&s&
!-earr:ing X-irek
In this unit you will learn
.
words and phrases to help you talk about new technology.
o
to exchange and express opinions about technology.
o
to write an informal e-mail apologising to a friend.
o
to use the causative.
EI
Discuss these questions with a partner.
How are computers used
nowadays? What other uses
do you think scientists might
find for computers?
Do you think sending e-mails
and text messages is better than
writing letters or making phone
calls? Why/IVhy not?
Think of three advantages
of using the Internet to find
information, and three
advantages of using an
encyclopedia.
, r,.
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UNIT 16 ln the hJarne
q:f
Fr*gress I tSt l
\_,
'*:.r={::-=
:-:=:.
ffi
Read the reviews of different websites quickly and find out which one is the writer's favourite.
A alwayslookfab.com
Star Rating
O@@@
lf you enjoy having your hair cut or styled, having your face made up or simply trying out a new look, this
is the site for you. At alwayslookfab.com beauty experts give advice online on how to look your best and
make the best of your looks. You get valuable tips and hints delivered to your computer screen, and it's all
for free. There are no registration fees, no hidden extras. lt's a well-designed website which is packed full
of useful suggestions. lt's well worth a visit.
B bestrevision.corn
Star Ratins
@@@@
At last, a website where you will get exactly the information you need. This is a comprehensive and carefully
thought out site and, if you feed in your details (age, school year, subjects, etc), bestrevision.com will have
revision notes prepared for you and sent to you in an e-mail.
There's also the opportunity for students to have their individual questions answered by a panel of
teachers.
This site is attractive to look at and
quite slow.
c
maparoute.com
easy to navigate. The only drawback is that the search results are
G
Going somewhere? Have your route planned and your map printed and ready to use in a matter of minutes.
Log in to maparoute.com, feed in all your journey
details and in less than a minute you'll get your map.
maparoute.com offers you different types of
journeys
-
the quickest route, the most scenic and so on, And
they make useful suggestions about where to stop along the way for food and driving breaks.
The maoaroute.com maps are colourful, easy to follow and free.
D infotheft.com
Star Ratins
@@@
A worthwhile site for anybody who's had their car stolen or their house burgled. There are plenty of ideas
on how to protect your property and you can buy whatever you need online. infotheft.com guarantees you'll
have your order delivered to your door within 48 hours.
Follow the advice available on this site and you might never get anything stolen again.
E enioyfoodstuffs.com Star Ratins
@@@@
Absolutely the number one website for everything connected with food. People thinking of having a
dinner party can have menus planned or, even bettet find out where to get the food cooked by someone
else. The site comes up with some unusual meal ideas and plenty of exciting, easyto-follow recipes. At
enjoyfoodstuffs.com you can also buy speciality foods such as Chinese herbs, lndian spices and so on.
The owners of this website, one of the most colourful and interesting on the lnternet, must have had the
site designed by some talented information technology experts because it's one of the best websites you're
ever likely to visit.
G
Star Ratins
@@@
t
f.
tgZ Urutf 16 l:i rn !r,i:rii.I:e. i!f Fr;:--r::ss
o
lhis
rnd
; all
full
o
ully
ave
lof
@
tes.
).
And
@
@
Q|
Read the reviews again and answer the questions. Choose from paragraphs A-G.
@
promises you'lIreceive your order in under two days?
isn't as good as people might expect?
is useful for travellers?
don't bring information to your computer screen quickly enough?
have been uell desi,med?
sell something.)
give adrice trom esperts?
could help to improve
!'our
appearance?
GI-]
C
q_l
(D
6t
ga
one
r. At
rn.
the
u're
G
staywell.com
A well-organised site with a terrific team
issues.
F outerspacefacts.com Star Rating
@
This website sounds great. lt uses upto-date computer technology and it's full of interesting facts and
figures about space and the solar system. There are excellent graphics showing what life on all the planets
might be like.
The FAQs section (that's Frequently Asked Questions) is lively and informative.
BUT
-
the site isn't well planned. Finding information is difficult and time-consuming as links are extremely
slow. People surfing the lnternet have to spend such a long time getting to the really good parts of the site
that it hardly seems worth the effort. Overall, outerspacefacts.com is a big disappointment.
Star Ratins
@@@@
available to give you quick professional advice on all health
You can have your questions answered and your problems solved by Dr William Muston and his team of
physicians. All queries are replied to within 24 hours.
The site doesn't guarantee that you can get your illness diagnosed online, but the panel will always tell you
when to see a doctor urgently.
This is also a brilliant site for advice on giving up smoking, eating healthily to stay in shape, losing weight
or dealing with some psychological problems.
C)
C
C)
C)
tt-)
q_i
C
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UNIT 16 !n the Nlilmle af Frognes" {:iO
voQg,h,*lle._ry Link
EI
Find the words in the reviews and then circle the correct meaning according to the context in which
they have been used.
,
1 experts (review A)
2 comprehensive (review B)
'
3 revision notes (review B)
.,
t,.
4 navigate (review B)
:
$ route (review C)
t
6 worthwhile (review D)
7 recipes (review E)
8 up-to-date (review F)
9 overall (review F)
f0 queries (review G)
a people with special knowledge
b people who are learning
a limited
b complete
a things you read and study to prepare for examS
b things you read and study to follow a course
a find your way around
b lose your way
a means of transport
b way from one place to another
a sympathetic; fun
b interesting;useful
a instructions to make food
b places to buy food
a the latest
b the last
a in general
b in particular
a letters
b questions
f,|
Complete the sentences with the correct form of these verbs.
carryout design
Peter's website
diagnose follow prit in plan solve try out
by a very talented computer programmer last year.
All research which is here is funded by the government.
You can contact doctors by e-mail, but they probably won't be able to
illness without seeing you.
I can't wait to the new computer software.
We're having a brand new computer system next Thursday.
The only way to our problem is to invest in new technology.
Ifvou my advice, you wouldn't have got that virus on your computer.
My car has a computer that can
1
.,
3
4
5
6
7
8
GI
Circle the correct words.
1 A lot of the machines that make our lives easier were discovered /
invented in the 20th century.
2 This hi-tech equipment is very valuable / worthy, so please be careful when using it.
3 Students will carry out simple science experiments / examinations during their chemistry course.
4 A lot of companies spend a fortune on investigation / research to come up with new products.
5 Information
/ Details of all company employees are kept on computer.
6 The invention / discovery of electricity has made an enormous difference to our everyday lives.
GD
UNIT 16ln the Name of Progress
the best route from one place to another.
G
Labelthe picture with the words
cable
mouse
below.
keyboard
mouse
memory stick
printer
monitor
scanner pad
\ ou:
Gramrmar Link
Study the Grammar Reference for Unit 16 on page 188 before you do the tasks.
Look at this example from review E.
People ... can have menus plnnned ...
Does the phrase in bold mean that people plan their own menus or that they arrange for somebody
else to plan them?
I-ook at this example from review E.
People ... can ...frnd out where to get the
food
cooked ...
Does the phrase in bold mean that somebody can affange for something to be done?
Look at review A and underline other examples of the causative.
Look at this example from review C.
...
for
anybody who's had their car stolen ...
This is also an example of the causative form.
Is the action in this example pleasant or unpleasant?
Did the person want the action done?
Look at review D and underline other examples of the causative.
We use the causative to talk about things which are done for us by another person. It can also be used
to talk about an
-,-.
experience that happens to somebody.
We use the verbs or and a
-
participle.
UNIT 16 tn thc $lerme of trr*gres"
frii)
re
Match the sentences to their responses.
1 Your computer needs upgrading.
2 That's a really good picture on your TV.
3 Poor Bill! He looks really upset.
4 My printer is broken.
5 Did you install that new program?
(iCii] urvr 16
"")
rhe &tarne of trrosress
The gardener
is digging the garden up tomorrow.
I'M
a Yes. I had it serviced last rveek.
b Why don't you get it'fixed?
c I know. I'll have it done soon.
d No. I had it done last week.
e He had his mobile phone stolen last week.
having
Li
T
&X
Complete the second sentence using the causative so that it has a similar meaning to ihe first sentence.
Use the given word and write between two and five words.
r A technician is mending David's computer tomorrow. having
David
tomorrow.
2 My Internet connection was set up last week.
I
up last week.
Someone burgled
Martin
Martin's house last year. his
last year.
4 r'm thinking of asking John to install this computer program for me. getting
I'm thinking of
by John.
5 Mary's decided that she wants a burglar alarm. put
Mary's decided to
6 A science laboratory has been built for the school. had
The school has
for them.
had
m.
by the gardener
tomorrow.
next week.
Sp
GI
8 Becky's car will be repaired next week. have
Becky
Tom's office was repainted last week. got
Tom
Does the hairdresser do your hair once a week? done
Do you
11 Has the pizzabeendelivered
already? had
Have you
She wants a famous artist to paint her portrait.
have
She wants to
last week.
once a week by the hairdresser?
10
12
already?
I
by a famous artist.
Listening
Link
g;
you
will hear three
people talking about a scientific
process called cloning' For questions 1'8' choose
the correct answer, a, b or c'
1 What has the government done?
a approved a law against cloning
b researched some aspects of cloning
c designed a new law for cloning
Scott thinks that cloning human beings is
a stupid.
b right.
c wrong.
Danny doesn't agree with
a human cloning.
b
preventing research from happening'
c either Kate or Scott.
According to Kate,
a the research into cloning is irresponsible'
b we'll never cure diseases through cloning'
c politicians sometimes aren't well informed'
.
In what ways have our lives been made better because of
technology?
Are there any problems which have come
about because of technological
advances?
.
Over the last hundred
years, transport
has changed
enormously.
Do you think faster means better?
Why/WhY
not?
.
Some people really dislike the Internet. why do you think
theY might feel this waY?
o
Dt-r lou think computers
could ever replace teachers?
\ow report back to the class.
Scott believes that scientists don't care
a about ethical research methods'
b what politicians think.
c about becoming famous.
Who thinks that the research isn't good
use of money?
a Kate
h Scott
c Danny
Danny saYs that
a cloning human beings is
just as horrific
as it sounds.
b there are definitely things we must learn
about cloning.
c when people are open-minded,
it encourages
scientific
Progress.
Which opinion is expressed near the end
of the discussion?
a Society has to experiment with human lives
in order to change things.
b Society will regret the decision to ban human
cloning in the future.
c Society will have to focus on different
subjects in the future'
Speaking
Link
El
Work with a partner. Ask and answer the
questions'
UNIT 16ln the Name of Prosres=
.tll]
ln this unit, you are going to learn to write an e-mail apologising to a friend.
Read the question. Then read the Ietter and circle the word in each line of the letter that should not be there.
lmagine your friend has lent you something for the summer while helshe is away. Untortunately, yo0
have damaged it. Write a letter to your friend explaining what has happened and apologising.
8Ctf)
[H *u. ii* *.,,,y ili[ oo*u"o
,E:ryil
ffi
or,n.
@
,u,u,.
@
senc*receive
1
1
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1l
12
13
t4
15
Hi Harry,
I hope you are to having a great time on holiday.
I've have been meaning to write to you
for
days, but
you know how lazy I am at sometimes!
Anyway, I'm afraid I've got some bad news to tell to you.
I'm sony to say there is and a problem with your phone.
It was working perfectly well
for
the
first
week but since ever
last Saturday, it hasn't be worked at all. I think I might have
done pushed the wrong buttons and accidentally locked it.
I'm am really sotry about this, Hany. It was so good of you
to lend me with the phone in the
first
place, and now I might have
broken it. I
feel
such teruible.
Shall I take the phone to a shop and have to it looked at before
you come home? Maybe the man in the shop will be know what
to do. If not, I think I should have buy you a new phone.
Write and tell me what you could want me to do. Sony once again.
See you soon,
Simon
ffi
Now write your e-mail apologising to a friend. Use the outline to help you. (160-180 words)
Greeting
Paragraph 1
Paragraph 2
Closing paragraph
Signing off
Hi (Harry),
Start by asking your friend how he/she is and what he/she has been doing.
Say why you are writing to apologise. Explain what happened.
Make any suggestions you might have about what to do.
Bye for now,/See you soon,
(Simon)
tSil Uf.f ff 16 Ir: rhc nianre of Frogress
=J7
_+
*ffiqe#
qw
vCIembulary
For questions 1-1 6, choose the correct answer, a, b, e, or d.
I I'm sorry, I didn't hear what you said. 9
I wasn't
a paylng much attention
b letting off steam
c losing my temper
d making an effort
I I have to for my exam tonight.
a respond
b reward
c revise
d take
I The for the cake was very easY to
follow and the cake was great.
a route
b experiment
c option
d recipe
1 Vicky
-
the food on her
Plate.
a worked out
b putoff
c held onto
d picked at
5 I don't want to cook. Let's
get
a
a flavour
b takeawal,'
c course
d starter
6 I am going to the rirrat-r:'s tbr a check-up.
a pharmao
b surgery
c treatment
d disorder
I
-
them ::-Lt-
=:';:
Jlrnn. and it reallY
was horrible.
a ordered
b overheard
c convinced
d ubjected
It is ttr k::.ts
.-..'-
=
::j:ionlst can help
you eat prope:l
a complicatec
b ill
c comprehen>,.:
d reassuring
Mary got when Pete told her she was
too fat.
a significant
b bruised
c offended
d undesirable
Our teacher to admit he was wrong.
a denied
b refused
c suggested
d advised
Mr Brown shouted
cheating in the exam.
a successfully
b furiously
c particularly
d approximately
Dogs react positively to
a breed
b approach
c motivation
d survey
It took them hours to
at a boy he caught
the problem.
a solve
b navigate
c contain
d struggle
We should all try to eat a balanced
a diet
b source
c menu
d cooking
The company keeps all the employees'
personal on record.
a details
b queries
c investigations
d disasters
16 Our beauty will make you look and feel
years younger.
a nutritionists
b interviewees
c experts
d physicians
10
l1
t2
13
t4
15
REVIEW4 Llnits 13-16
Gd)
&&
& Grammar
For questions 1-1 6, choose the correct answer, a, b, c, or d.
fast food popular with young people? The dog can't all the sausages by himself!
a have eaten
b has eaten
c ate
d eat
Dad to help you with your homework.
a may be
b may have been able
c might be
d must be
It's 12 o'clock. We must the dogs for
awalk.
a take
b have taken
c took
d to take
L2 If the temperature
turns to ice.
a drops
b dropped
c will drop
d is dropping
below freezing, water
that you eat healthily, you will lose weight. 13 John his computer fixed tomomow.
a had
b hashad
c is having
d hadbeenhaving
I Whyis
aa
b the
can
d
I
_
drama at university, but I'm not sure yet.
a can't study
b must study
c might study
d can study
If she to lose weight, she would do more
exercise and eat more healthily.
a had wanted
b wanted
c wants
d has been wanting
If he to the doctor's, he wouldn't have
found out about the problem.
a goes
b hadgone
c went
d hadn't gone
Even if
As long as
Provided
In case
of the restaurant heard the waiters arguing.
a The whole
b Either
c Both
d Neither
7 Don't order fast food it makes you feel ill.
a provided
b as long as
c even
d in case
8 We can buy it online today or go to the
shops tomorrow.
a both
b neither
cor
d either
10
11
a
b
c
d
15
L4 I had my teeth
a examining
b examined
c examine
last week.
d have examined
I
_
my tests done by then.
a will have had
b will be having
c had alreadyhad
d hadbeenhaving
Stan is going to have a website
new company.
a make
b making
c made
d is made
t6 for his
@
REVIEW 4 Units 13-16