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Đào Ngọc Sắc

TING NHT CƠ BN A B C (SƯU TM TRÊN INTERNET)

LESSON 1 - Meeting the New Neighbor

This lesson will teach you how to greet and to carry out a conversation in Japanese. In this dialog, Yota Suzuki and Jason Miller meet for the first time at Jason's house in Tokyo.

meet for the first time at Jason's house in Tokyo. Yota: Kon'nichi wa.     Hello.

Yota:

Kon'nichi wa.

   

Hello.

Jason:

Kon'nichi wa.

   

Hello.

Yota:

Watashi wa Suzuki Yota desu. Hajimemashite.

 

I

am Yota Suzuki. Nice to meet you.

Jason:

Watashi wa Jeson Miraa desu. Hajimemashite. Doozo yoroshiku.

 

am Jason Miller. Nice to meet you. (May I ask you to be kind to me.)

I

Yota:

Miraa-san, anata wa Amerika-jin desu ka.

 

Mr. Miller, are you an American?

Jason:

Hai, watashi wa Amerika-jin desu. Anata wa.

 

Yes. I am American. How about you?

Yota:

Nihon-jin desu.

 

I

am Japanese.

Yota: Nihon-jin desu.   I am Japanese. Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

Jason:

Suzuki-san, anata wa daigaku-sei desu ka.

 

Mr. Suzuki, are you a college student?

Yota:

Hai, soo desu. Miraa-san wa.

 

Yes. How about you, Mr. Miller?

Jason:

Watashi wa kookoo-sei desu.

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Đào Ngọc Sắc

 

I am a high school student.

Yota:

Otomodachi mo kookoo-sei desu ka.

 

Is your friend also a high school student?

Jason:

Hai. Suzuki-san wa nan'nen-sei desu ka.

 

Yes. Mr. Suzuki, what year are you in college?

Yota:

Daigaku ninen-sei desu.

 

I am a sophomore (second year student).

desu.   I am a sophomore (second year student). Listen to Dialog up to this point.

Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

student). Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file) kon'nichi wa hello watashi I, me,

kon'nichi wa

hello

watashi

I, me, myself

desu

am, are, is

anata

You

Amerika-jin

American (person)

Nihon-jin

Japanese (person)

daigaku-sei

college student

kookoo-sei

high school student

otomo-dachi

friend

nan'nen-sei

what grade level, what year (in school, college)

ninen-sei

second level, second year (in college = sophomore)

second level, second year (in college = sophomore) 1. Watashi wa Suzuki Yota desu. Listen to

1. Watashi wa Suzuki Yota desu.

Listen to Vocabulary. (.wav file)

This sentence means "I am Yota Suzuki." It is standard for Japanese to use their family name first followed by their given name. The sentence pattern is "Noun wa noun desu" which translates as "Noun is Noun". The wa is a particle indicating a subject or a topic, while desu is an equivalent to "am", "are", and "is".

Examples:

Watashi wa Sumisu desu.

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(I am Mr. Smith.)

Watashi wa Tanaka desu.

(I am Mr. Tanaka.)

Đào Ngọc Sắc

2. Anata wa Amerika-jin desu ka.

This sentence means "Are you an American?" The word ka is a particle which makes a sentence a question.

Examples:

Anata wa Nihon-jin desu ka. (Are you Japanese?)

Anata wa Suzuki-san desu ka. (Are you Mr. Suzuki?)

3. Otomo-dachi mo kookoo-sei desu ka.

This sentence means "Is your friend also a high school student?" The word mo is a particle and means "also".

Examples:

Sumisu-san mo Amerika-jin desu ka. (Is Mr. Smith also an American?)

Watashi mo daigaku-sei desu. (I am also a college student.)

4. Nihon-jin desu.

This sentence means "I am Japanese". The word Nihon-jin is a compound of the two words, Nihon and jin. Nihon means "Japan" and jin means "person". The word jin is added to the end of a country's name to signify a person of that country.

Examples:

Gaadana-san wa Igirisu-jin desu. (Mr. Gardiner is English. [Igirisu=England])

Rozenbawa-san wa Doitsu-jin desu. (Mr. Rosenbauer is German.[Doitsu=Germany])

5. Watashi wa kookoo-sei desu.

This sentence means "I am a high school student". The word kookoo-sei is a compound of the two words, kookoo and -sei. Kookoo is a shortened form of the word kootoogakkoo which means "high school" and -sei is an ending which means "student".

Examples: Waatamanu-san wa daigakuin-sei desu. (Mr. Waterman is a graduate student.[daigakuin=graduate school])

Rassoru-san wa daigaku-sei desu. (Mr. Russell is a college student.)

wa daigaku-sei desu. (Mr. Russell is a college student.) Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes.

Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file)

Japanese Language Lessons
Japanese Language Lessons

LESSON 2 - Yota's Room

In this lesson, Yota Suzuki and Jason Miller discuss items in Yota's room. This lesson will teach you how to greet and to carry out a conversation in Japanese. In this dialog, Yota Suzuki and Jason Miller meet for the first time at Jason's house in Tokyo.

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Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

Ti ếng Nhật cơ bản Đào Ngọc Sắc Jason: Ohayoo Gozaimasu.   Good morning. Yota: Ohayoo

Jason:

Ohayoo Gozaimasu.

 

Good morning.

Yota:

Ohayoo Gozaimasu.

 

Good morning.

Jason:

Sore wa nan desu ka.

 

What is that?

Yota:

Kore desu ka. Kore wa kamera desu.

 

This? This is a camera.

Jason:

Dare no kamera desu ka.

 

Whose camera is it?

Yota:

Watashi no kamera desu.

 

It is my camera.

Jason:

Sore mo anata no desu ka.

 

Is that also yours?

Yota:

Iie, kono konpyuutaa wa tomodachi no desu.

 

No, this computer is my friend's.

Jason:

Kore wa Nihon-go de nan desu ka.

 

What is this (item) in Japanese?

Yota:

Nihon-go de sore wa "denwa" desu.

 

In Japanese, that is a telephone.

Jason:

Jaa, are wa.

 

Then, how about that over there?

Yota:

Are wa hon de, kore wa zasshi desu.

 

That over there is a book and this is a magazine.

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Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

Ti ếng Nhật cơ bản Đào Ngọc Sắc Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav
Ti ếng Nhật cơ bản Đào Ngọc Sắc Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav

Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

ohayoo gozaimasu

good morning

sore

that

kore

this

are

that over there

nan

what

kamera

camera

dareno

whose

kono

this (possessive)

konpyuutaa

computer

Nihon-go

Japanese

denwa

telephone

hon

book

zasshi

magazine

denwa telephone hon book zasshi magazine 1. Kore wa Kamera desu. Listen to Vocabulary. (.wav file)

1. Kore wa Kamera desu.

Listen to Vocabulary. (.wav file)

The sentence means literally "As for this, it is a camera". A better English translation would be "This is a camera". The sentence pattern is Kore wa noun desu, which translates as "This is Noun". Kore, sore, are and dore are a group of related words meaning "this", "that", "that over there" and "which"

kore

this

sore

that

are

that over there (further away)

dore

which

Examples: Sore wa konpyuutaa desu. (That is a computer.)

Are wa daigaku desu. (That over there is a college.)

2. Kore desu ka. Kore wa denwa desu.

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Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

This sentence means "This? This is a telephone". The pattern "Noun desu ka" in the beginning of the sentence is for emphasis.

Examples: Watashi desu ka. Watashi wa Itaria-jin desu. (Me? I am Italian [Itaria = Italy])

Are desu ka. Are wa tomodachi no konpyuutaa desu. (That over there? It is my friend's computer.)

3. Dare no kamera desu ka.

This sentence means "Whose camera is it?" Dare means "who" and dare no implies "whose". No is a particle that shows possession between two nouns. In this sentence, the subject sore wa is omitted because in Japanese, if the subject is already mentioned, it is not necessary to repeat it.

Examples: Dare no konpyuutaa desu ka. (Whose computer is it?)

4. Watashi no kamera desu.

Dare no denwa desu ka. (Whose telephone is it?)

This sentence means "This is my camera". Again, the subject is omitted for the same reason as seen in #3. Watashi no implies "my" and anata no implies "your". The sentence pattern with no has the first noun possessing the second. For instance, Miraa- san no zasshi means "Miller's magazine".

Examples: Sore wa anata no denwa desu. (That is your telephone.)

Kore wa Waatamanu-san no hon desu. (This is Mr. Waterman's book.)

5. Iie, kono konpyuutaa wa tomodachi no desu.

This sentence means "No, this computer is my friend's". The words tomodachi no mean "friend's", with konpyuutaa being understood since it was already mentioned as a topic. Kono konpyuutaa means "this computer". Kono, sono, ano and dono are a group of related words that show possession of a noun, meaning "this", "that", "that over there", and "which". Kore, sore, are and dore cannot show possession but stand alone in their meaning. Kono, sono, ano and dono can only show possession and cannot stand alone.

Examples: Sono zasshi wa Kaatan-san no desu. (That magazine is Mr. Cartin's.)

Ano denwa wa Miraa-san no desu. (That telephone over there is Mr. Miller's.)

Dono hon wa Suzuki-san no desu ka. (Which book is Mr. Suzuki's?)

Kono hon wa tomodachi no desu. (This book is my friend's.)

Kore wa tomodachi no desu. (This is my friend's.)

6. Kore wa Nihon-go de nan desu ka.

This sentence means "What is it in Japanese?" or "How do you say it in Japanese?" The

word de is a particle that signifies "in" when referring to a language.

Thus, Nihon-go de means "in Japanese". The word Nihon-go is a compound of the two words, Nihon and go. Go means "language" and when added to the end of a country

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Đào Ngọc Sắc

name, it signifies the language of that country.

Examples: Kore wa Doitsu-go de nan desu ka. (What is this in German? [What do you call this in German?])

7. Jaa, are wa.

Itaria-go de sore wa "libro" desu. (In Italian, that is "libro".)

This sentence means "Then, how about that over there?" The sentence should be Jaa, are wa nan desu ka. Again, since nan desu ka is already mentioned and understood, it can be omitted. If you do not want to omit it, it is perfectly fine to say Jaa, are wa nan desu ka.

Examples: Kore wa nan desu ka. (What is this?)

Sore wa hon desu. (That is a book.)

Jaa, kore wa. (Then, what is this?)

Sore wa denwa desu. (That is a telephone.)

8. Are wa hon de, kore wa zasshi desu.

This sentence means "That over there is a book and this is a magazine". De, in this case, is a shortened form of desu. It means "something is X, and something is Y".

Examples: Kore wa kamera de are wa konpyuutaa desu. (This is a camera and that over there is a computer.)

Waatamanu-san wa Amerika-jin de Rozenbawa-san wa Doitsu-jin desu. (Mr. Waterman is American and Mr. Rosenbauer is German.)

(Mr. Waterman is American and Mr. Rosenbauer is German.) Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes.

Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file)

A. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words.

1. kore wa ( ) desu ka.

2. ( (this) ) wa kamera desu.

3. Are ( ) watashi ( ) desu.

4. Kono konpyutaa wa ( (whose) ) desu ka.

5. Are ( ) denwa ( ), kore ( ) kamera desu.

B. Say the following in Japanese.

1. What is this?

2. Whose camera is it?

3. Is this yours?

4. This is my friend's computer.

5. This is my magazine.

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Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

Japanese Language Lessons
Japanese Language Lessons

Click here to check the answers!!

Japanese Language Lessons Click here to check the answers!! LESSON 3 - Meeting Mary In this

LESSON 3 - Meeting Mary

In this lesson, Jason introduces Yota to Mary from Australia.

this lesson, Jason introduces Yota to Mary from Australia. Yota: Miraa-san, ano kata no namae wa

Yota:

Miraa-san, ano kata no namae wa nan desu ka.

 

Mr. Miller, that person over there, what is her name?

Jason:

Ano hito wa Mearii-san desu.

 

That person over there is named Mary.

Yota:

Mearii-san mo Amerika-jin desu ka.

 

Is Mary also American?

Jason:

Iie, Mearii-san wa Oosutoraria-jin desu.

 

No, Mary is Australian.

Yota:

Oosutoraria no doko desu ka.

 

Where in Australia (is she from)?

Jason:

Saa, watashi wa shirimasen.

 

Well, I don't know.

 

Jason and Yota walk over to Mary.

Jason:

Mearii-san, kochira wa Suzuki-san desu.

 

Mary, this is Mr. Suzuki.

Mary:

Suzuki-san desu ka. Hajimemashite.

 

Mr. Suzuki? I am pleased to meet you.

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Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

Yota:

Suzuki desu. Yoroshiku.

 

I am Mr. Suzuki. Nice to meet you.

Mary:

Suzuki-san wa Tookyo-umare desu ka.

 

Mr. Suzuki, are you from Tokyo?

Yota:

Iie, Kyooto desu. Mearii-san wa.

 

No, (I'm from) Kyoto. How about you, Mary?

Mary:

Watakushi wa Oostoraria no Meruborun-umare desu.

 

I'm from Melbourne, Australia.

desu.   I'm from Melbourne, Australia. Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file) kata

Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

kata

person (formal)

hito

person (informal)

namae

name

Oosutoraria

Australia

doko

where

shirimasen

I do not know

shiru

to know

kochira

this person, this direction

Tookyoo

Tokyo

Tookyoo-umare

born (in) Tokyo

Meruborun

Melbourne

Tookyoo-umare born (in) Tokyo Meruborun Melbourne 1. Ano kata no namae wa nan desu ka. Listen

1. Ano kata no namae wa nan desu ka.

Listen to Vocabulary. (.wav file)

This sentence means literally " As for the name of that person over there, what is it?" a better English translation would be "That person over there, what is her name?" The sentence pattern is "Noun wa nan desu ka?" which translates as "What is noun"

Examples: Sore wa nan desu ka. (What is that?)

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Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

2. Oostoraria no doko desu ka.

Ano inu no namae wa nan desu ka. (What is that dogs name? [inu=dog])

Đào Ngọc Sắc

This sentence means "Where in Australia?" The construction is "Noun no doko desu ka." Doko means "where" and doko desu ka is a familiar way of asking where a place is. The particle no refers to the noun and can mean "within", so you also could say "What part of Australia?". Wa can be used in place of no to ask where a person or something is.

Examples: Itaria no doko desu ka. (Where in Italy?)

Waatamanu-san no inu wa doko desu ka. (Where is Mr. Waterman's dog?)

3. Saa, watashi wa shirimasen.

This sentence means "Well, I don't know (but can find out)." Shirimasen is the present negative form of the verb shiru which means "to know". Shirimasen can mean "I don't know", "He/She doesn't know", "We don't know", or "They don't know", depending on the context of the sentence. Since watashi wa is here as the subject, the meaning is clear.

Examples: Sumisu-san wa shirimasen. (Mr. Smith doesn't know.)

Watashi no tomodachi wa shirimasen. (My friend doesn't know.)

4. Meariisan, kochira wa suzuki-san desu.

This sentence means "Mary, this is Mr. Suzuki". Kochira literally means "this direction". But, in this case, it has a special meaning which is "this person". Kochira is used when introducing people.

Examples: Mearii-san, kochira wa Miraa-san desu. (Mary, this is Mr. Miller.)

Kimura-san, kochira wa Sumisu-san desu. (Mr. Kimura, this is Mr. Smith.)

5. Suzuki-san wa Tookyoo-umare desu ka.

This sentence literally means "Mr. Suzuki, is Tokyo the place of your origin?" A better translation into English would be "Mr. Suzuki, is your home in Tokyo?" or "Were you born in Tokyo?". Adding umare, which means "born", to the end of a place designates the place as the person's home.

Examples: Rozenbaawa-san wa Munhen-umare desu. (Mr. Rosenbauer is from Munich [Munchen].)

Gaadana-san wa Rondon-umare desu. (Mr. Gardner is from London.)

6. Iie, Kyoto desu.

This sentence means "No, it is in Kyoto", referring to where Mr. Suzuki's home is. As has been explained before, you do not have to repeat watakushi wa Kyoto-umare desu. The subject (I) is clear. You can say Kyoto desu or Kyoto-umare desu, if the previous statement explains the situation clearly.

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Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

Examples: Waatamanu-san wa Daarasu-umare desu ka. (Mr. Waterman,is your home in Dallas?)

Iie, Rondon desu. (No, it is in London.)

home in Dallas?) Iie, Rondon desu. (No, it is in London.) Listen to the sentences in

Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file)

A. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words.

1. ( (that) ) kata wa ( (who) ) desu ka.

2. ( (this) ) kata no namae wa ( (what) ) desu ka.

3. Suzuki-san wa ( (where) ) umare desu ka.

4. America no ( (where) ) desu ka.

B. Answer the question based on the dialogue.

1. Mearii-san wa Amerika-jin desu ka.

2. Mearii-san wa doko-umare dusu ka.

3. Suzuki-san wa kyoto umare desu ka.

Japanese Language Lessons
Japanese Language Lessons

Click here to check the answers!!

Japanese Language Lessons Click here to check the answers!! LESSON 4 - Discussing the Weather This

LESSON 4 - Discussing the Weather

This lesson will teach you how to greet and to carry out a conversation in Japanese. In this dialog, Yota Suzuki and Jason Miller meet for the first time at Jason's house in Tokyo.

meet for the first time at Jason's house in Tokyo. Yota: Miraa-san, Shibaraku desu ne.  

Yota:

Miraa-san, Shibaraku desu ne.

 

Mr. Miller, it's been a long time.

Jason:

Aa, Suzuki-san, kon'nichiwa.

 

Oh, Mr. Suzuki, hello.

Yota:

Ogenki desu ka.

 

Are you in good spirits? (are you healthy?)

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Đào Ngọc Sắc

Jason:

Hai, genki desu.

 

Yes, I am.

Yota:

Saikin isogashii desu ka.

 

Have you been busy lately?

Jason:

Ee, chotto isogashii desu.

 

Yes, I am a little busy.

Yota:

Kyoo wa ii tenki desu ne.

 

It's nice weather today, isn't it.

Jason:

Hai, demo chotto atsui desu ne.

 

Yes, but it is a little hot.

Yota:

Soo desu ne. Ima Amerika mo atsui desu ka.

 

So it is. Is it also hot in the United States now?

Jason:

Hai, atsui deshoo.

 

Yes. It is probably hot.

Yota:

Amerika no fuyu wa samui desu ka.

 

Is it cold in the winter in the United States?

Jason:

Ee. Watashi wa Shiatoru-umare desu ga, totemo samui desu yo.

 

Yes. My home is in Seattle, it is very cold.

yo.   Yes. My home is in Seattle, it is very cold. Listen to Dialog up

Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

shibaraku

it's been a long time

ne

(particle used when expecting agreement)

Aa

Oh!

O-genki

feeling in good spirits (formal)

genki

feeling in good spirits (informal)

saikin

recently

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Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

isogashii

 

busy

chotto

a

little

kyoo

today

tenki

weather

ii

good

demo

but

atsui

hot

Soo desu ne

so it is; yes (an expression of agreement)

ima

 

now

deshoo (form of desu)

it

is probably

fuyu

winter

samui

cold

ee

yes (more information than hai)

totemo

 

very

yo

(particle used for emphasis)

totemo   very yo (particle used for emphasis) Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav

Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

for emphasis) Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file) 1. Miraa-san, shibaraku desu ne.

1. Miraa-san, shibaraku desu ne.

The sentence means "Mr. Miller, it's been a long time". Shibaraku is used when two people who know each other meet after not seeing each other for a significant amount of time. Ne is added to the end of the sentence when expecting agreement.

Examples: Moriyama-san, shibaraku desu ne. (Mr. Moriyama, it's been a long time.)

Sumisu-san, shibaraku desu ne. (Mr. Smith, it's been a long time.)

2. Ee, chotto isogashii desu. / Ee, totemo isogashii desu.

The first sentence means "Yes, I am a little busy." The second sentence means "Yes, I am very busy." Chotto is a descriptive that means "a little". It can be added to any adjective to de-emphasize an expression. Totemo is the opposite; it means "very". It can be added to any adjective to emphasize an expression . Totemo is used to really emphasize an expression.

Examples: Ee, chotto samui des. (Yes, it is a little cold.)

Ee, totemo samui desu. (Yes, it is very cold.)

Here you learn a new sentence pattern: Noun wa Adjective desu. It is almost

the same as noun wa noun desu in the present tense.

Examples: Kyoo wa samui desu.

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(Today, it is cold.)

Anata wa isogashii desu ka. (Are you busy?)

Đào Ngọc Sắc

3. Kyoo wa ii tenki desu ne.

The sentence above means "The weather is pleasant today." Kyoo wa is the topic and is used to emphasize that the following sentence refers to this day. Ii tenki is a frequently used expression in conversation. Usually, comments about the weather immediately follow a greeting.

Examples: Kyoo wa totemo atsui desu. (It is very hot today.)

Kyoo wa chotto atsui desu. (It is a little hot today.)

4. Soo desu ne.

This expression means "So it is", "Yes, it is", or simply "yes". It is used frequently in conversation to agree. Soo desu ka is a variation meaning "Oh, really?" and is used when the speaker is hearing new information.

Examples: Tanaka-san wa Kyooto-umare desu ne. (Mr. Tanaka is from Kyoto, isn't he?)

Soo desu ne. (Yes, he is. [He refers back to the previous statement.])

5. Ima, America mo atsui desu ka.

This sentence means "Is it also hot in the United States now?" Ima means "now" and is used often to emphasize an occurrence that is happening at this point in time.

Examples: Ima, Waataman-san wa daigaku-sei desu. (Mr. Waterman is a college student now.)

Ima, Doitsu mo samui desu ka. (Is it also cold in Germany now?)

6. Hai, atsui deshoo.

This sentence means "Yes, it is probably hot". Deshoo is a variation of desu and means "it is probably". In this sentence, Jason is commenting that he thinks it is hot in the United States now because of past experience. He uses deshoo because he is not positive since he is not there at this moment.

Examples: Waarasu-san wa Rondon-umare deshoo. (Mr. Wallace is probably from London.)

Are wa Akutsu-san no kamera deshoo. (That camera over there is probably Mr. Akutsu's.)

7. Ee, Totemo samui desu yo.

This sentence means "Yes, it is very cold". The particle yo is used to emphasize a statement. This should be used with caution as sometimes, it may be considered rude or impolite. It should only be used with someone that the speaker knows well. Ee is a more informal way of saying "yes" than hai.

Examples: Ee, ano hito wa Shaafu-san desu. (Yes, that person over there is Mr. Shauf.)

Ee, totemo atsui desu, yo. (Yes, it is very hot.)

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Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

Ti ếng Nhật cơ bản Đào Ngọc Sắc Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav

Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file)

A. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words.

1. Suzuki-san, (

).

(It has been a long time.)

2. Saikin (

) desu ka.

(busy).

3. Ee, (

) desu.

(a little busy)

4. Kyoo wa (

) tenki desu ne.

(bad)

5. Amerika (

) samui desu.

(also)

B. Answer the following questions according the question given.

1. Ogenki desu ka.

2. Saikin isogashii desu ka.

3. Kyoo wa ii tenki desu ne.

4. Amerika mo atsui desu ka.

5. Nihon mo atsui desu ka.

ne. 4. Amerika mo atsui desu ka. 5. Nihon mo atsui desu ka. Click here to

Click here to check the answers!!

5. Nihon mo atsui desu ka. Click here to check the answers!! LESSON 5 - Yota's

LESSON 5 - Yota's Birthday and Mary's Parents

In this lesson, Mr. Suzuki asks Mr. Miller about his age and Mary about her parents.

asks Mr. Miller about his age and Mary about her parents. Yota: Miraa-san wa nansai desu

Yota:

Miraa-san wa nansai desu ka.

 

Mr. Miller, how old are you?

Jason:

Jyuu-nana-sai desu. Suzuki-san wa.

 

I am seventeen (years old). How about you, Mr. Suzuki?

Yota:

Jyuu-kyuu-sai desu. Kinoo wa tanjoobi deshita.

 

I am nineteen (years old). Yesterday was my birthday.

Jason:

Soo desu ka. Omedetoo gozaimasu.

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Đào Ngọc Sắc

 

Oh really? Happy birthday.

Yota:

Arigatoo. Miraa-san no otoo-san to okaa-san wa ogenki desu ka.

 

Thank you. Are your father and mother doing well (in good spirits)?

Jason:

Hai, genki desu.

 

Yes, they are fine.

Yota:

Mearii-san, otoo-san to okaa-san wa doko desu ka.

 

Mary, where are your father and mother?

Mary:

Meruborun desu.

 

They live in Melbourne.

Yota:

Oshigoto wa nan desu ka.

 

What do they do for a living?

Mary:

Chichi wa kaisha-in de, haha wa kookoo no kyooshi desu.

 

My father is a businessman and my mother is a high school instructor.

Yota:

Aa, sensei desu ka.

 

Oh, a teacher?

Mary:

Hai, rekishi no sensei desu.

 

Yes, she is a history teacher.

no sensei desu.   Yes, she is a history teacher. Listen to Dialog up to this

Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

nansai

how old

-sai

number suffix for age

ichi

one

ni

two

san

three

shi, yon

four

go

five

roku

six

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Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

shichi, nana

seven

hachi

eight

kyuu, ku

nine

jyuu

ten

kinoo

yesterday

tanjoobi

birthday

deshita

was; were (past tense of desu)

omedetoo-gozaimasu

congratulations

otoo-san

father (someone else's)

okaa-san

mother (someone else's)

shigoto

job (informal)

oshigoto

job (formal)

chichi

father (the speaker's)

haha

mother (the speaker's)

kaisha-in

businessman; white collar worker

kyooshi

instructor

sensei

teacher

rekishi

history

instructor sensei teacher rekishi history 1. Miraa-san, nan-sai desu ka. Listen to Vocabulary. (.wav

1. Miraa-san, nan-sai desu ka.

Listen to Vocabulary. (.wav file)

The first sentence means, "Mr. Miller, how old are you?" Nansai is a compound of the word nan, meaning "what" and the ending -sai, meaning "age." The second sentence means "I am seventeen (years old)." The addition of -sai to jyuu-nana changes the meaning of jyuu-nana from simply the number seventeen to seventeen years old.

Examples: A: Shaafu-san, nan-sai desu ka. (A: Mr. Shauf, how old are you?)

B: Ni-jyuu-nana-sai desu. (B: I am twenty-seven [years old].)

2. Miraa-san no otoo-san to okaa-san wa ogenki desu ka.

This sentence means, "Mr. Miller, are your father and mother well?" This sentence introduces a new pattern: Noun to noun wa. To is a particle which is the Japanese equivalent of the English "and."

Examples: Wootaaman-san to Furiimanu wa tomodachi desu. (Mr. Waterman and Mr. Freeman are friends.)

Sumisu-san to Tanaka-san wa sensei desu.

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Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

(Mr. Smith and Mr. Tanaka are teachers.)

Đào Ngọc Sắc

3. Chichi wa kaisha-in de, haha wa kookoo no kyooshi desu.

This sentence above means, "My father is a businessman and my mother is high school instructor." This introduces the pattern: noun de noun desu. De is a shortened form of desu which acts as a connector of two sentences, adding the conjunction "and" to the meaning.

Examples: Woorasu-san wa rekishi no sensei de Gaadana-san wa eigo no sensei desu. (Mr. Wallace is a history teacher and Mr. Gardner is an English teacher. [Eigo=English])

Mearii-san wa ni-jyuu-go-sai de Jyuuri-san wa ni-jyuu-roku-sai desu. (Mary is twenty-five [years old] and Julie is twenty-six [years old].)

[years old] and Julie is twenty-six [years old].) Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav

Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file)

A. Say the following numbers in Japanese.

1. 7

2. 10

3. 15

4. 20

5. 23

6. 34

7. 57

8. 68

9. 81

10. 96

11. 100

12. 121

13. 135

B. How do you say the following?

1. I am sixteen years old.

2. I am twenty-two years old.

3. Are you twenty-five years old?

4. How old are you?

C. Fill in the following blanks.

1. Sumisu-san (

), Tanaka-san (

) gakusei desu.

2. Chichi (

) kyoshi (

), haha wa kaisha-in desu.

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desu. 2. Chichi ( ) kyoshi ( ), haha wa kaisha-in desu. Japanese Language Lessons Click

18

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LESSON 6 - The Weekend / Japanese Writing (しゅうまつ / ひらがなとカタカナ)

Today, before you learn a dialogue, you are going to learn how to write Japanese

characters. There are three Japanese writing systems:

1. Kanji: Characters imported from China long ago, each conveying an idea, usually

having two readings. A set of more than 7,000 ideographic characters used to represent

concrete concepts such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs.

2. Hiragana: A phoenetic alphabet, or syllabary (a set of characters, where each

character represents a syllable) used to represent particles in sentences, verb inflexions

(this usage is called okurigana), and other words not written in kanji. Another use is to

write them above Japanese text to indicate the pronunciation of Kanji (this usage is

called furigana).

3. Katakana: Another phonetic alphabet or syllabary used primarily for foreign names

or places and words of foreign origin. Katakana are written using straight lines.

Besides these three writing systems, Japanese is sometimes written in Roman letters

called roomaji. The three systems of writing above are used together (mixed) in written

Japanese.

For those of you who would like to view the romaji for this lesson, you can click here to download or view a text file that contains the romaji. (Right click the link if you would like to save the file to your computer instead of viewing online.) If the file shows in your browser, click "Back" to return to this lesson. We recommend this only be used as a study aid, as we believe it is more beneficial when learning Japanese to learn the kana.

is more beneficial when learning Japanese to learn the kana. Get the Romaji for this lesson.

Get the Romaji for this lesson.

ようた:

メアリー さん、こんど の しゅうまつ なに を します か。

 

Mary, what will you do this weekend?

メアリー:

かいもの に いきます。

 

I'm going shopping.

ようた:

どこ へ いきます か。

 

Where will you go (shopping)?

19

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Đào Ngọc Sắc

メアリー:

 

しんじゅく へ いきます。

 

I

will go to Shinjuku.

ようた:

 

なに を かいます か。

   

What will you buy?

メアリー:

 

まだ わかりません が、たぶん ようふく を かいます。

 

I

don't know yet, but perhaps I will buy some clothes.

メアリー:

 

すずきさん は なに を しますか。

   

Mr. Suzuki, what will you do?

ようた:

 

うち で べんきょう します。

 

I

will study at home.

メアリー:

 

どう して です か。

   

Why?

ようた:

 

げつようび に しけん が あります から。

 

I

have a test on Monday.

メアリー:

 

なん の しけん です か。

   

What kind of test?

ようた:

 

けいざい です。

   

An economics test.

メアリー:

 

そう です か。がんばって ください。

   

Oh really? Good luck.

ください。     Oh really? Good luck. Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

こんど

this(the upcoming)

しゅうまつ

weekend

20

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Đào Ngọc Sắc

します

to do

かいもの

shopping

いきます

to go

to; at; on

to

しんじゅく

Shinjuku

かいます

to buy

まだ

yet

たぶん

perhaps

ようふく

Western-style clothes

うち

house (speaker's)

at

うち で

at my house

べんきょう します

to study

どうして

why

げつようび

Monday

しけん

test, exam

が あります

to have

から

because of (preceding sentence)

けいざい

economics

がんばって ください

Good Luck

economics がんばって ください Good Luck 1. メアリー さん、こんど の しゅうまつ

1. メアリー さん、こんど の しゅうまつ なに を します か。

Listen to Vocabulary. (.wav file)

This sentence means "Mary, what will you do this (coming) weekend?" こんど is the equivalent of "this" or "this coming" in English, referring to the present or something which will occur soon.

Examples: ウォーターマン さん、こんど の どうようび なに を します か。 (Mr. Waterman, what will you do this [coming] Saturday?)

します (Shimasu) is a verb meaning "to do." It is a semi-formal form and is used in everyday life. All Japanese verbs have semi-formal forms. (non-past affirmative, non- past negative, past affirmative, past negative)

 

non-past

past

affirmative

negative

affirmative

negative

to do

します

しません

しました

しませんでした

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Đào Ngọc Sắc

to go

いきます

いきません

いきました

いきませんでした

to buy

かいます

かいません

かいました

かいませんでした

to understand

わかります

わかりません

わかりました

わかりませんでした

to study

べんきょうします べんきょうしません べんきょうしました べんきょうしませんでした

to have

あります

ありません

ありました

ありませんでした

Examples: どこ へ いきます か。 (Where are you going?)

どこ へ いきました か。 (Where did you go?)

とうきょう へ いきました。 (I went to Tokyo.)

ようふく を かいました か。 (Did you but clothes?)

いいえ、かいませんでした。 (No, I did not [buy any clothes].)

(No, I did not [buy any clothes].) Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file)

Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file)

Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file) A. Fill in the blanks with the

A. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words.

1. Kondo no shuumatsu ( ) o shimasu ka.

2. ( ) e ikimasu ka

3. ( ) o benkyoo shimasu ka.

B. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words (From left to right).

Non-past

Non-past

Past

Past

positive

negative

positive

negative

します

いきません

かいました

わかりませんでした

べんきょうします

ありました

べんきょうします ありました Click here to check the answers!! Japanese Language Lessons

Click here to check the answers!!

Japanese Language Lessons
Japanese Language Lessons

LESSON 7 - Plans for Tomorrow (あしたのプラン)

22

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Đào Ngọc Sắc

Mr. Suzuki and Mr. Miller discuss what they will do tomorrow.

For those of you who would like to view the romaji for this lesson, you can click here to download or view a text file that contains the romaji. (Right click the link if you would like to save the file to your computer instead of viewing online.) If the file shows in your browser, click "Back" to return to this lesson. We recommend this only be used as a study aid, as we believe it is more beneficial when learning Japanese to learn the kana.

is more beneficial when learning Japanese to learn the kana. Get the Romaji for this lesson.

Get the Romaji for this lesson.

すずき:

あした がっこう へ いきます か。

 

Are you going to school tomorrow?

ミラー:

はい、いきます。

 

Yes, I am.

すずき:

なんじ に いきます か。

 

What time are you going?

ミラー:

8じ ごろ です。

 

About eight o'clock.

すずき:

はやい です ね。クラス は なんじ に はじまります か。

 

Wow, that's early. What time does class start?

ミラー:

8じ はん です。 でも クラス の まえ に ともだち と あいます から。

 

At eight thirty. But before class I'm going to meet a friend.

すずき:

クラス は なんじ に おわりますか。

 

What time are your classes over?

ミラー:

3じ です。

 

At three o'clock.

すずき:

じゃあ、その あと うち へ きません か。テレビ を いしょに みましょう。

 

Well, after that can you come over? Let's watch TV.

ミラー:

なに が ありますか。

 

What's on?

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Đào Ngọc Sắc

すずき:

アメリカ の えいが があります。メアリーさん も きます。

 

There's an American movie. Mary's coming, too.

ミラー:

じゃあ、 その あと れきし を べんきょうしましょう。

 

Okay, after that we can study some history.

  Okay, after that we can study some history. Listen to Dialog up to this point.

Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

がっこう

school

ごろ

about, around

はやい

early

はじまります

begin, start

o'clock

はん

half past

テレビ

television, TV

えいが

movie

れきし

history

TV えいが movie れきし history 1. あしたがっこうへいきますか。 Listen to

1. あしたがっこうへいきますか。

Listen to Vocabulary. (.wav file)

The first sentence means Are you going to school tomorrow? The "" (pronounced e) following a noun indicates direction to a place.

Examples: こんどのしゅうまつとうきょうへきます。 (I am going to Tokyo this weekend.)

2. なんじにいきますか。

きょうメアリーのいえへいきます。 (Today, I am going to Mary's house.)

This sentence means What time are you going? "なんじ" is a compound word meaning

what time. "" following time means at, referring to a moment in time. Verbatim, At what time? However, this is often deleted when translated into English.

Examples: えいがはなんじにはじまりますか。 (What time does the movie start?)

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Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

3. 8じごろです。

Đào Ngọc Sắc

This sentence means About nine o'clock. "ごろ" following time refers to around or about so and so time.

Examples: わたしは9じごろがっこうへいきます。 (I am going to school around nine o'clock.)

4. 8じはんです。

This sentence means At eight thirty. "はん" literally means half, so following a time, it means half past (time) or (time) thirty

Examples: A: えいがはなんじにはじまりますか。 (A: What time does the movie start?)

B: 6じはんです。 (B: At six thirty.)

5. でもクラスのまえにともだちとあいますから。

This sentence means But before class, I'm going to meet a friend. "" following a noun

is a particle meaning with. The particle "から" means because, indicating reason.

Examples: べんきょうしますから、いそがしいです。

6. じゃあ、そのあとうちへきませんか。

(I am busy because I am studying.)

いそがしいですから、いきません。

(I am not going because I am busy.)

This sentence means Then, won't you come over to my house? "Kimasen ka" implies won't you come, Let's come, or why don't you come, inviting someone to come.

Examples: あしたがっこうへいきませんか。 (Won't you [Let's] go to school tomorrow.)

7. テレビをいっしょにみましょう。

テレビをいっしょにみませんか。 (Why don't we [Let's] watch TV together.)

This sentence means Let's watch TV together. "" following a noun makes a noun a

direct object. In this sentence, TV is the direct object. "~しょう" following a verb stem makes a sentence into a suggestion, eqivalent to the English Let's.

Examples: こんどのしゅうまつけいざいをべんきょうします (I am going to study economics this weekend.)

テレビをいっしょにみませんか。 (Why don't we [Shall we] watch TV together.)

25

Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

カメラをかいましょう。 (Let's buy a camera.)

にほんごをべんきょうしましょう。 (Let's study Japanese.)

(Let's study Japanese.) Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file) A.

Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file)

A. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words.

1. あしたがっこう ( ) いきますか。

2. あしたどこ ( ) いきますか。

3. クラスはなんじ ( ) はじまりますか。

4. だれ ( ) あいますか。

5. ともだち ( ) あいます。

B. Answer the following questions according the question given.

1. あしたどこへいきますか。

(クラス)

2. クラスはなんじにはじまりますか。

(9

)

3. あしただれとあいますか。

(ともだち)

4. きょうなにがありますか。

(えいが)

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Japanese Language Lessons Click here to check the answers!! LESSON 8 - Kyoto Trip ( きょうと

LESSON 8 - Kyoto Trip (きょうと へ)

Mr. Suzuki and Mr. Miller discuss what they did during the weekend.

For those of you who would like to view the romaji for this lesson, you can click here to download or view a text file that contains the romaji. (Right click the link if you would like to save the file to your computer instead of viewing online.) If the file shows in your browser, click "Back" to return to this lesson. We recommend this only be used as a study aid, as we believe it is more beneficial when learning Japanese to learn the kana.

aid, as we believe it is more beneficial when learning Japanese to learn the kana. 26

26

Get the Romaji for this lesson.

Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

すずき:

しゅうまつどこかいきましたか。

 

Did you go somewhere this weekend?

ミラー:

ええ、きょうとにいきました。

 

Yes, I went to Kyoto.

すずき:

そうですか。どうでしたか。

 

Is that so? How was it?

ミラー:

たのしかったです。

 

It was fun.

すずき:

なにをみましたか。

 

What did you see?

ミラー:

ふるいてらをたくさんみました。

 

I saw a lot of old temples.

ミラー:

すずきさんはどこかへいきましたか。

 

Did you go somewhere, Mr. Suzuki?

すずき:

いいえ、どこへもいきませんでした。でも、デパートへいきました。

 

No, I did not go anywhere. But I went to the department store.

ミラー:

なにかかいましたか。

 

Did you buy something?

すずき:

CDをかいました。

 

I bought a CD.

ミラー:

おんがくがすきですか。

 

Do you like music?

すずき:

ええ、だいすきです。

 

Yes, I like it very much.

: ええ、だいすきです。   Yes, I like it very much. 27 Listen to Dialog up to this

27

Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

きょうと

Kyoto

どう

How

たのしい

fun

ふるい

old

てら

temple

たくさん

many, a lot

デパート

department store

おんがく

music

すきです

to like

だいすきです

to like very much

to like だいすきです to like very much 1. しゅうまつどこかいきましたか。 Listen to

1. しゅうまつどこかいきましたか。

Listen to Vocabulary. (.wav file)

This sentence means Did you go anywhere this weekend? The particle attached the

interrogative どこ (where) is translated as somewhere or anywhere.

2. どうでしたか。

This sentence means How was it? でした is the past tense of です (to be) . The sentence

in the present tense would be どうですか。 (How is it?).

3. たのしかったです。

The sentence is translated as It was fun. たのしかったです is the past tense of たのしい.

かった added to the stem of an i-adjective makes the adjective into the past tense as shown in the table below.

 

Present Affirmative

Past Affirmative

fun

たのしい

たのしかった

busy

いそがしい

いそがしかった

hot

あつい

あつかった

cold

さむい

さむかった

early

はやい

はやかった

4. すずきさはどこかへいきましたか。

28

Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

The sentence means Did you go somehere, Mr. Suzuki? This sentence is the same in grammar construction as grammar point # 1 (しゅうまつどこかいきました) except

follows どこか. is simply added for emphasis.

Examples: このしゅうまつどこかへいきましょう。 (Let's go somewhere this weekend.)

5. いいえ、どこへもいきませんでした。

The sentence means No, I did not go anywhere . The particle へも following どこ(where) in a negative response means anywhere.

Examples: こんどのしゅうまつべんきょうしますから、どこへもいきません。 (Because I am going to study this weekend, I am not going anywhere.)

6. なにかかいましたか。

This sentence means Did you buy something? The particle following the interrogative

なに makes the word mean something or anything.

Examples: テレビでなにかみませんか。 (Why don't we watch something on TV?)

(Why don't we watch something on TV?) Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file)

Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file)

A. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words.

1. あしたどこ ( ) いきますか。 (Are you going somewhere tomorrow?)

2. なに ( ) みましたか。 (What did you see?)

3. なに ( ) みましたか。 (Did you see something?)

4. どこ ( ) いきましたか。 (Where did you go?)

5. どこ ( ) いきましたか。 (Did you go somewhere?)

B. Rewrite the following with past tense.

1. たのしいです。

2. おんがくがすきです。

3. あのてらはふるいです。

4. きょうはあついです。

29

3. あのてらはふるいです。 4. きょうはあついです。 29 Click here to check the answers!!

Click here to check the answers!!

Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

Ti ếng Nhật cơ bản Đào Ngọc Sắc Japanese Language Lessons LESSON 9 - Going to
Japanese Language Lessons
Japanese Language Lessons

LESSON 9 - Going to a Restaurant (レストラン に いくこと)

Mr. Suzuki and Mr. Miller are going to a restaurant.

For those of you who would like to view the romaji for this lesson, you can click here to download or view a text file that contains the romaji. (Right click the link if you would like to save the file to your computer instead of viewing online.) If the file shows in your browser, click "Back" to return to this lesson. We recommend this only be used as a study aid, as we believe it is more beneficial when learning Japanese to learn the kana.

is more beneficial when learning Japanese to learn the kana. Get the Romaji for this lesson.

Get the Romaji for this lesson.

すずき:

のど が かわきました ね。

 

Aren't you thirsty?

ミラー:

そう ですね。なにか のみましょう。

 

Yes, I am. Shall we get something to drink?

すずき:

はい、あの レストランは どう です か。

 

Yes. How about that restaurant?

ミラー:

いい です ね。はいりましょう。

 

That's fine. Let's go in.

すずき:

きれいな レストラン です ね。

 

It's a beautiful restaurant, isn't it?

ミラー:

なに が いいでしょう ね。

 

I wonder what's good.

すずき:

いろいろ あります ね。

 

There are lots of things, aren't there?(There's a lot to choose from,isn't there?)

30

Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

ウェイター:

いらっしゃいませ。ごちゅうもん は。

 

Welcome. May I take your order please?

すずき:

わたし は オレンジ ジュース と ケーキ を ください。

 

I'd like an orange juice and a cake please.

ミラー:

わたし は コーラ を ください。それから おなか が すきますので、サンドイッチ も ください。

 

I'd like a cola please. Then, since I am hungry, I'll have a sandwich.

ウェイター:

はい、すぐ おもち します。

 

Yes, I'll bring them immediately.

  Yes, I'll bring them immediately. Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file) のど

Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

のど

throat

かわきます

to dry

のみます

to drink

はいります

to enter

きれい

pretty, beautiful

いろいろ

a lot, many, a variety

いらっしゃいませ

welcome

ちゅうもん

order

オレンジ ジュース

orange juice

ケーキ

cake

コーラ

cola

それから

then, afterwards, after that

おなか

stomach

すきます

to be empty

サンドイッチ

sandwich

おもちします

to bring, to carry (humble form)

sandwich おもちします to bring, to carry (humble form) Listen to Vocabulary. (.wav file) 31

Listen to Vocabulary. (.wav file)

31

Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

1. のど が かわきました ね。

Đào Ngọc Sắc

This sentence means Aren't you thirsty? Literally translated, it means Our throat has dried, is that so. is a subject particle used when introducing a new topic, especially when the subject refers to the parts of the body such as eye, nose, ear, etc.

2. きれい な レストラン です ね。

This sentence means It's a beautiful restaurant, isn't it. There are two main types of adjectives in Japanese: i-adjectives (i.e. adjectives that end in ) and na-adjectives

(adjectives that end in . With i-adjectives in the present tense, the i always remains attached to the adjective whether the adjective is standing alone or modifying a noun. With na-adjectives in the present tense, the na part is only used when modifying a noun. Up to now, the only other na-adjective we have learned is げんき (genki).

3. ごちゅうもん は。

This sentence has been translated as May I take your order please? The prefix before

certain nouns changes the noun into a formal (polite) form. is also used as a prefix

for applying the formal form to nouns. Examples of prefixes include: おなまえ

(name), おしごと (job), おてんき (weather), and おたんじょうび (birthday). Generally,

is used with words of Chinese origin and is used with words of Japanese origin.

4. わたし は オレンジ ジュース と ケーキ を ください。

The sentence means I'd like an orange juice and a cake please. を ください is a polite expression used when making requests, especially in restaurants or stores. It can also be translated as May I have or please bring me.

5. はい、すぐ おもち します。

This sentence is translated as Yes, I'll bring them immediately. おもち します is the

humble (polite) form of もちます (to bring, to carry). With some Japanese verbs, the

humble form is constructed by placing the prefix to the front of the verb, truncating

the ます, and adding します to the end of the verb. Literally, おもちします means to humbly bring.

Literally, おもちします means to humbly bring . Japanese Language Lessons Listen to the sentences in Grammar
Japanese Language Lessons
Japanese Language Lessons

Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file)

32

Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

LESSON 10 - Days of the Month (ひにち)

Mr. Miller and Mr. Suzuki are talking about the date.

For those of you who would like to view the romaji for this lesson, you can click here to download or view a text file that contains the romaji. (Right click the link if you would like to save the file to your computer instead of viewing online.) If the file shows in your browser, click "Back" to return to this lesson. We recommend this only be used as a study aid, as we believe it is more beneficial when learning Japanese to learn the kana.

is more beneficial when learning Japanese to learn the kana. Get the Romaji for this lesson.

Get the Romaji for this lesson.

ミラー:

きょう は なん にち です か。

 

What day is it today?

すずき:

きょう は しがつ ついたち です。

 

Today is April 1st.

ミラー:

こんど の どようび は いつか です ね。

 

This coming Saturday is the 5th, isn't it?

すずき:

はい、そう です。どうして です か。

 

Yes, it is. How come?

ミラー:

ともだち が アメリカ から きます。

 

A

friend is coming from America.

すずき:

そう です か。なん にち ぐらい にほん に います か。

 

Is

that so? About how long is he staying?

ミラー:

に しゅうかん です。

 

For two weeks.

すずき:

ミラーさん は もう どのぐらい にほん に いますか。

 

Mr. Miller, how much longer will you be in Japan?

ミラー:

6かげつです。

 

Six months.

すずき:

にほん は どう です か。

 

How is Japan?

33

Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

ミラー:

たのしい です。

 

It is fun.

すずき:

にほんご が じょうず に なりました ね。

 

Your Japanese has gotten really good.

ミラー:

いいえ、でも もっと れんしゅう したい です。

 

Not at all, but I still want to practice more.

  Not at all, but I still want to practice more. Listen to Dialog up to

Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

なんにち

what day

にち

day

どようび

Saturday

もう

still

どのぐらい

about how much, about how many

じょうず

skillful, good at

もっと

more

 

Days of the Week

げつようび

Monday 月曜日

かようび

Tuesday 火曜日

すいようび

Wednesday 水曜日

もくようび

Thursday 木曜日

きんようび

Friday 金曜日

どようび

Saturday 土曜日

にちようび

Sunday 日曜日

Dates of the Month Note: most dates are just the number plus にち. Following are the exceptions!

ついたち

first 一日

ふつか

second 二日

みっか

third 三日

よっか

fourth 四日

いつか

fifth 五日

むいか

sixth 六日

34

Tiếng Nhật cơ bản

Đào Ngọc Sắc

なのか

seventh 七日

ようか

eighth 八日

ここのか

ninth 九日

とうか

tenth 十日

じゅうよっか

fourteenth 十四日

はつか

twentieth 二十日

 

Months of the Year

いちがつ

January 1月

にがつ

February 2月

さんがつ

March 3月

しがつ

April 4月

ごがつ

May 5月

ろくがつ

June 6月

しちがつ

July 7月

はちがつ

August 8月

くがつ

September 9月

じゅうがつ

October 10月

じゅういちがつ

November 11月

じゅうにがつ

December 12月

11月 じゅうにがつ December 12月 Listen to Vocabulary. (.wav file) 1. There are three main

Listen to Vocabulary. (.wav file)

1. There are three main verbs of existence in Japanese:

です、います、あります. These are all forms of the verb to be. です is the all- encompassing verb to be, which can be conjugated similar to English (I am, you are, he/she/it is, we are, you are, they are) taking both animate and inamimate nouns as well as adjectives. ~います and ~あります both mean There is or There are,

however, the subjects in sentences using these verbs are restricted. います (which can also be translated as I am, They are, etc.) refers to humans or animals whereas