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WEATHERTOP

Towerof the Wind

CREDITS

Àuthor/Design€r:PeterC.Fenlon.Jr. Cover À.t: DavidMâfiin,EllisaMartin-Schob Cov€rGrâphics:RichùdH.Britbn

Irterio r Àrt & Graphics:DâvidMarrin,EllisaMartinschob

Developn nI : RickBrinon,S.ColematChtlton,DavidManin,

EllisaMartinSchob Ediio.ial Coûtribulions: KunH.Fischer.JobnD.Rùemmler, JessicâNey, Terry K. Anthor SeriesEditor: PeleFenlon ProductionMâûâg€r:JohnDavldRuenmler Typesetting:FASAiOLK P.oduction: Su4nneYou.g.KunFische JessicaNey,RobBell,

Special Coûtribut ionsI Oliviâ"theWdde.ess 'Johnston, Bill ''Cârolinâ" Covert,DeaneMightySeCBegiebinS,Rob"well.

aboutDâve" Bell, Jesica

alam" Ney. Rick Nip Cun Bntton.S.Colemd"The

Dçanslayei Charlton.Èestor (Biff) MaxwellBennett"clone"Eis- erhoçerIV, John lhePole Ruemmler.Bill DownqJohnBieck enridge,Bruce the SanDieSoKid 'Rubo" Neidlinger,HeikeKubasch.

Michael Dwânbo" Allen, Kurt

chbo Fischer,Kaûleen"I m in BostonwiththeLightbùlbs" 'blonde

Conno.,md the Swedes:Lârs chi chi Thor. Kârl

Bor8.Swink.Fred,Frednck,Klæ.Ande6,Nils,Monica,dd

'injuies areno sùbstitutefot a good

Râmussen,Kurt Fis

Junge

CONTENTS

1.0 INTRODUCTION

L I THE FORTRESSESSERIES

-

t.2 TERMINOLOGY

-

-

-

-

1.3ADA?TINGTHISMODULE

 
 

1.3lHiÎsând8onuses

-

1.32CoûveBionChan

2

-

2.0

84CKGROUND

3.0

THE FORTRESS

 

3.ITHEDESIGN

 

-

3.2THELAYOUT

 

-

-

- -.-

 

3.3THEOUTERDEFENSES

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3.4THETowERoF AMoN sûL -

- -

4.0 THE GARRTSON

4.1ARNOR'SGARRISON

4.2 ARTHEDATNS GARRISON -

4.3 CARDOLANS GARRISON -

4.4 THE MEN FROMRHUDAUR

4.5 TItE OTHEROCCUPANTS-

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30

-

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5.0 aDvENTURES

5.1EARLYAD\tsi'{TLRËS

5.2ADVENTURESAMIDSTWAR

5.3JOURNEYSTOTHERUINS

5.4FOURTHAGEADVBNTURES

6.0 MASTER

GARRISON

TÂ8LE

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-

-

-

-

All Righ$ Resered. Created.produced,anddistribùtedby IRON

ISBN 0-915795-E9.2

CROWN

ENTERPRISESJnC P.O.Box 1605,Chùlottesville, VA

Stock# E20l

22902.

copyfiSht @TOLKIEN ENTERPRTSES.a divisior of ELAN MERCHANDISING,Inc., Berkeley,CA.

H.;;bi;

Weaîhetîop,1'ôeer of the Wind,'rhe ENTERPRISES.Firsl U S. Edition,

ûd rhe Lard of ùe,Rirsr, ândàtl chùacreEand llaces rherein.ùe trademdk prop€niesofToLKIEN

1987.

1.0 INTRODUCTION

ThecitadelthatcrownedWeathenop(S. "AmonSû1")wasthe greatesiiower-fortressin Amor and the focus of much of the struggiebelweenAmor'sthreesuccessorkingdoms:Anhedain. Cadolan. andRhudaur.Built by theFaithfulNûmendrcanexiles ledbyElendiltheTall in thelateSecondAge,it rosefrom rhehean olthe DÉnedain'sNorthemKingdom.Theroyaltowerhousedthe chief Palaniir (Seeing-stone)of rhe Nolth and served as rhe pdncipalhomeof Amot's High Seer-Fewfortessesanywherein Endor held suchsignificance. Even theWitch-king of Angmar lookedto theTower of Amon Stl asa greatpize, a preeminent symbolof Dlnâdan spirit.

Pârâp€t -

abaù of earthor awau overwhich âdefendermayfire.

Portcullis -

a vertical.slidinggill withspikedtipstharsenesasa

Splay -

âslopingbâseof awâtl or tower.whicbfruslratesrârnmingby

deflectingsEikesupwûds.

Talus -

aslopingwall,thicker (splayed) at jts bâse.

1.3 ADAPTINGTHISMODULE

This nodule is adaptableto mostmajorFR? games.Starisrics areexpressedonaclosedoropen-endedscâle,usinga I - 100base andpercentiledice(D100).No otherdicearerequired.

1,1

THEFORTRESSESSERIES

The Foûesses oi Miàdle ea.ti seriesis intendedto provide Gamemasters(GMs) with extremelydetailedoverviewsof indi, vidualtowers,casdes,citâdels,ândotherfortificationsof parricu- lar note. Eachmodulein theline documentsth€history,design. layoul andgarrisonassociaredwith làe givensite. A lisr of suggestedadventurethemesfollows thetext. Beforereadingthematerialon this forûess.rakea look ât the iwo-pageview locâtedat thecenterof rhebooklet. It givesyou a clearpictureof what$e textisall abour.Thenrumto SectionL2. Like ttterest of theMiddle-earthSeries.this modulecontains gameGrminologyandrcferencesbasedorICEsMiddle-earth

Role Plaring (M ERP ) aûRole mastet (RM

(FRP)systems.If you needto adaptthematerialro anorherFRP

game,reâdSection1.3.

)fantasyrcbplay.,J:,9

1.2 TERMINOLOGY

1.31 HITSANDBONUSES

Whenconvertingpercentilevaiuesto a 1-20system,â siûple

ruleis:forevery+5onaD100scaleyougeta+1onâone,twenqj

(D20)or tkee toeighteen(Dl8) scâle. Theconcussionhitnumberslistedinthismoduieoniyrepres generalpatuandsystemshock.Theycoverbruisesândsmâllcuts ratherthanwounds.Citical strikeâttacksanddamageâreusedto

describeseriousblowsandwounds(respectively).Shouldyoùuse

â FRPsysÈmthatemploysno

Ir.c.'sAùa

numberof hitsthePCstâkeor halvethehitvaluesfotmdin this

module.

criticalsûikeresulls(e.9., TSR

cedDungeons&,r'dgorr@game),simplydoublethe

1.32 CONVERSIONCHAFT

Ifyou playanFRPgameothetthanM ERP otRolemasle I znd you do-notusea percentilesystem,usethefollowingchartto conv€n1-100nùmbersto figuressuitedtoyoûgame.

Becauseof spaceconsiderations,we cânnotreasonablydiscuss

all the peculiar terms found in this module.

We cÂl, howevet

provide a sampling of the most commonly used terdnology.

l-100

Bâil€y - ânenclosedcourtydd.

Stat.

Bâ.bican -

h otrtworkcontainingâcastlegateway.

BarlizaD -

a smâll tower susp€ndedfrom a wâll or lower ro Êovide

lO2+

flanling fire.

101

Battlem€nt - theprotecteddefensiveposition locatedaropâwallor

100

98-99

Cren elâtion -

anotchedbatdemenr (pamtet)reselibling spacedrEerh'

95,91

90-94

wilh altematingop€nings (embrasùres câlled qenels) and sections providins cover (merlons).

 

a straighrsectionof d€fensivewall.

85-89

'75-84

Curtain - Di k e -

ânanificial embânkrnentsuchasamm madeeùthenwall: âlso

60:74

Drâwb.idge -

ab.id8ethatcarberaisedândlowered.

40-59

Elnb.rsu.€

-

aspeciallydesignedopeninghon whicbadefenderfires

25-39

missiles,suchasa crenelor ê Wâce holtowedin a thickwallwhich

15-24

providesaccess10â loop.

l0-14

Ilourd - ù oftentemporary.overhângingùnb€rgalleyprojælingftom

5-9

34

Keep -

âlsocalledaDonjon.it istheindependent.selfdefeûsible.iûner

2

strongholdof a casdeor mamr.

I

Loop - ânârrowopeningin awall for thedischùg€of nissiles.

Mâchi ocolâtion -

âprojæringgallery artheropofawaltorrowerwith

slots (mùder holes)in ûe noor hom which nissiles canbedropped or fired down âgainstm eneny.

Moal - adef€nsivediLh- Motle - aldEedefensivenound.

Bonus

Bonus

3-18

2-12

onD100

onD20

Stâ!.

Stât.

+35

+7

20+

t7+

+30

+6

19

t5r6

+25

18

l3-14

+20

+4

1',l

t2

+15

+3

16

+10

+2

15

t1

+l

t4

10

+1

t3

0

12

8

0

0

10-11 1

0

0

96

-5

-5

-l

-1

85

'74

-10

-2

63

-15

-3

5-

-2{)

-4

42

-4

42

2.0 BACKGROUND

AmonSû1,theg]eat "Hill ofWinds,"wasreveredbyMenfrom thetimeof itsdiscovery.Considereda holyplaceby rheeâriy Edain.it servedasâsiteforBereg'sWarchduringthetatterdays of theFirstAge. Then.Adanhiestsobservedrhemotionsofthe sky and reâd the cêpriciousand ever-presentwinds, hoping ro predictthefuturefor therefugeesof theFirsrHouseof ùe mighry Edain. L€gendsspokeof mysticalwatersthatroiledbenearh \Yeathertopsrockysudâce,andof ahiddendoorwayrorheDeeps.

Soon after settling in cenrral Eriador, the peopie of

'High

Bereg

èncounteredanorherÉceofMen:thetribesofsoulhemArhûnerim

(S.

Easterlings")calledMebionBron.TheMebionBron.or

''Hill People,"enteredlhe regionin waves,firsr throughthe mountainpassesandlâterthoughtheGapof Rohan.Theywere rh€ancesrorsof theHillmenof RhudaurêndEresion.andof rhe Beffmen of southemand cenlral Eriador. ThevictoriousEdainofBeleri, andsettledin Harlindonafter the GreatBaitle that endedthe Firsr Age,butsomemovedintowestem Eriador.TradeberweenBereg's peopleandrheirblerhrento the westflourishedfor thenexrrhrce

decades.In S.A.32,however,the Edainmig.aredtoNûmenor.Mosr of the Beregrim sailed 10 Westemesse,leavingthelr sul wzrtor stubbomcompâriotsbe- hindin Endor.

After the depârtureof rheHosr

ofrheEdâin,Bereg'sAdanKing-

domquicklydissolved.Theunion of the remaining Edain and rhe more numerousMebion Bron gâvebirthto theEriedain,or ân- cienl Norlhmen. This disrinctly Eriadoranculturearosein thewide

,

lands south and west of the WeatherHills.Bereg'sWalchfeil into disrepair and Wearherrop, like the Bêrrow-downs,became knownasa placeto befeared.

THEDEvÂsrÂTroNoI ERlADolr For thenextsixteencenturies,Eriadorwasat peâceandrhe variouslribesof rheMebionBron developedtheir own sub- cultures- SomegroupsbecamesunderedandfoundedtheAown ruderealms. Otheff weresubjugatedby, or unitedwith, the Eriedâin,spawningmyriad Edâdorânsocieties.Thosealongihe coaslsandin thelower river vaileysencounteredAdan explorerc hom Nrimenor(lhe DLinedain)afterS.A. 600,andduriûg rhesix hundredyeârstheDÉûedainservedasieâchers. Theoutbreâkof warbetweenSauronandrheElvesinS.A.1693 shaneredthepeace.Two yearslarertheDarkLord's armiesswept jnto southemEriâdorândoverranrheElvenKingdomin Eregion. By S.A.1699,âlloftheEmpryLandwestoftheriverLhûnwasin thehandsof theLordol theRings.TbeancientAdanburialsiles in theBanow{owns werelootedanddesecraredandtheruinson thesummitof Weathertopwereurrerlydesaoyed.Only lhearrival of ê grealfleetftom Nrimenorin S.A. 1700prevenredfùrther

AltboughSâuronwaseventuallyvanquishedduringthebattles

ofS.A.1700-01,theoldlegacyofBereg'sfolkpassedinrohisrory.

No physicalsignsremainedof rheAdan Watchthâr oncecom- mandedAmon Stl. Talesof Weathenopspokeonly of irs eerie

THE DowNFÂLL oF NûMENoR aNDTsECoMrNc oF THtt DÛNEDAIN

In S.A.3319,fifty-sevenyearsafterSauron'simpdsonmenron theisleof Westemesse.Ar,PhamzôntheGoldensersailwestwârd in hopeof wrestingtheUndyingLandsfiorn theElvesandrheir Ainuâllies.HisinvâsionofAmanresultedintbedesrrucrionofhis mightyhostandthetumultuousDownfallof Nûmenor-Theonly Djnedain to survivethe catâclysmwerethoseliving abroâd,or thoseFaithful to theVâlar whoaccompani€dElendil theTall and his two sonson their voyageto sâfety. TnEFolNDrNcoFTHEFoRTREssor AMoNSûL Allhoughhis sonsdroppedân- chor in Gondor,Eiendil's ship landed in Lindon. His Dinadan followersretumedto thespotwhere their Adan ancesiorshâd departed

from Middle-efflh. Passingeast-

wârdftom HarlondalongtheDwar- venroâd,theycrossedtheLhûnând foundedthe Kingdom of Amor on the lands their forefathers had settledin the First Age. Amor's capitâ],Anniminas, rose above Nenuiâl(Lâïe Evendim)atthepoint the wate6 spill out and form the riverBaranduin.FomostEminand Bree grcw along main route be- lweenAnnûminasandthehighway to Gondor. The WeâtherHills initially ran along the easrem frontier of Elendil'skingdom. They werea banier to expansion towârd ihe Misry Mountains,chânnelingseÈ tlersto themosthospitableareasto the south. Eventually,rhough,the Dûnedainpressedeastwardalong

A Kright of Arnor

,.^

-:-'

the Grcat East Roêd ând srarred cleâringtheforestsin theriver vâles of RhudaurrS."EastWood'1. Elendilpossessedthreeof thesevenPalanliri(Seeing-stones) rescuedduring lhe Downfali- The otherfour, includingthehùge Master-stone(whichwasplâcedin Osgiliarh),wentto condor

with histwo sons.ThechiefPalantiriof theNorthwasthesecond

greatesloftheStones.soKingElendiltookgreâtcare1oiocateir

ataspecialsite.Choosingthehallowedhill ofWeathenopêsits residence.heestablishedtheStoneatthecenrerofrheancientAdân home. Therc,hebuill theTower of theWind. rhegreaiestwalch in Amor. This Feat spireservedasthepriûcipalêbodeof Amor's RoyalSeerandmarkedlhe heafiofElendil's burgeoningrealm.

THE SUNDERTNGorARNoR ÂNDGoNDoR

Sâuron'sreappearêncein Mo.dor in S.A. 3320servedasa preludetohissecondcampaignâgainsttheFreePeoplesof wesrem Middle-earth. He reassembledhishostandlaunchedar invasion

ofGondorinS.4.3429.UnitingagainsrtheLordofrheRings,rhe

Kingsoflindon andtheRealmsin ExileformedtheLastAlliance of ElvesandMen.

In S.A. 3434,âfter four yearsof prepâration,thearmyof Last Ailiance crossedthe Misty Moûltains and forced the Wlaith- kiûg's hosi to retire toward Morannon. There, cil-galad ând Elendil theTali crushedtheDârk Lord's mainhordein thefields of Dâgo ad.beforethegatesof Mordor. The victorschasedthe shaateredrermantsof Sauron'sarmy1oBsrad-dtr. Sevenyears lâter the Da* Tower fell. ln the eîsuing strugglefor survival, SauronslewbothGil-gâladandElendil; however,King Isildur of GondorcuttheRulingRingfromtheEvil One'shand,endingrhe SecondAge. Sauronand his nine Nazgûl $en passedinto the Shadows. Sâuroû'sabsenceduring thefirst thousândyearsof theThird AgeenabledtheRealns in Exile torebuildandprosper.With the deathof Isildur, however,thetwo kingdomsgrewalongdivergent courses.No High-king servedto urite themasElendil hadin the SecondAge. Amor nolongerservedastheseniordomain-wïile Gondorforgedaburgeoningempirc,Amor remainedastableând somewhatfeudal kingdom. The Men of thenorthemrealmhâd ser,'edin the fore of the armiesof th€Last Alliance. and thei{ homelandneverrecoveredfrom the lossesinflicted by ùe Dark l-ord. Nonetheless.Amor establisheddominionovermostof Eriâdor ândsucceededin rctainingarelativelypule andvibrântDlnâdan culture.DespitetheirreluctancetomarryotherEriadonns(which led,of course,to theireventualdecline).theDûredainofthe North foundedfine manoÉ,construct€dcilâdels,andbuilt roâdswhich enabledthem to maintain their hold over their more numerous subjectpeoples.CitieslikeAnntminasândThaibaderjoyedtrade with all of northwestemEndorandembracedtheElvesof Lindon andllnladris (Rivendell)asfâstfriendsandallies. Onceâgain,the dec€asedmembelsof theroyâl line of theHigh Men werelaid to æstin theTym Gorthad(S. "Barow-downs") and,like theElder Days,a light twinkled atopAmon Sû1âfter eâchsunset.

THESUNDERTNGoF ARNoR

Amor's declinewashardlynoticeableto somebut,by thetime of King Eiirendur'sreign(T.4. 777-861),it waspronounced enoughto weakentheroyalhold overthescatteredDûnadanaris- toclacy. UponEltendur's death,therealn split into tkee pâIts, eachruled by oneof his quarrelingsons. The brcâÏup left three ostensiblyallied su€cessorstates: Arthedain in the rofhwest, Cardolanin thesouth,andRhudaurin thenortheâst.Arthedain,ûe coreoi Elendil's originâldomai&enjoyedavery largeproportion of DÉnadanresidentsandse edâsthehomeof Annriminas(âl- thoughthe 'I-and câpitâl was movedto FornostErâin). Cârdolan(S. of RedHills") contarnedTharbadandthe otherpd:rcipâl port towns,âswell astheprincely settlementof Andrathandthe sùrroundingdownlands. Although heavily endowedwith small castles,Rhudaurcontainedrelâtivelyfew Dinedain andonlyfour towns. Its fons functionedasmuchasÂmeansof conFollingits oftendisgruntledpopulâtionastheydid to proiecttherealmfiom invâders. Duringthefollowing years,Arthedainperiodicallyattemptedto reuniteAmor, but both CardolanandRhudâurfought to æmain independent.Thebordenof thethreerealmsfluctuated,âlthough Cardolaneventuallybuilt a greatdikeandhedgewallthatdefined

its frontier. Weatheriop,whichroseat thestrâtgicpoint thâtthe three statescoincided,becamethe focus of the suuggle. This conJlictwasexâcerbatedby thefact thâtArthedainpossessedthe Palanririof Amûminas alld theTower HiIs. aûdboth its rivals soughtto wrest the chief Seeing-stonefiom Arthadancontrol.

Eventually, lhough, Cardolanand Alhedain

citâdelin conmon, anagrcementfosteredby thegrowingrhreat fiom Ansmar,

ageed to use the

TEE RISEoTANGMARANDRHUDÂUR'sFÀLL

ByT.A.1300,theLordoftheRingwmilhshadflownnorthtothe

plâteauthat dsesbetweenthe two northemwestemspursof the Msty Mountains(Hithaeglir). There,he foundedAngmar (Q. "kon Home"),thetandoftheWitch-king.Neverrevealinghistrue identity, the Nazgtl-lord deployedhis minionsalongthe ridges north of thethreeqùarrelingDlnâdan kingdons. The relâiively vulnerablerealmof Rhudaurwasespeciallythæâlened. In thefhstfive decadesafrerAngmar'srise,theWitch-kingused Rhualaur'sconflict with theothertwo Dûnadânstâtesasapretext for influencingitsdissatisfiedpopulace.His armyopenlyinvaded theEastWood,supposedlyaidingRhudaur'ssubjeciDunlending andHillman tribesto ovethrcwtheirDûnâdanmasten. Whenias

lastKingdiedinT.A.1349,Rhudaurbecameapuppetkirydomof

Angmarandpassedinto theShadow. THrFaLLor CaRDoLÀN AngmarandRhudaurdeclaredwar on Cardolândound T.À. 1350.FightingragedalongtheMitheithelandnearAmonStl for the ûext fifty-nine yea$. After building their supply routes through Rhudaur, bowever, the furgnarin oudla*€d ûe Weather Hills and directly assaultedCardolân's northeastem bounds.In T.A. 1409,theinvâderscrossedtheopenLoneLands and sweptthroughthe Drlnadar defensessouthof Weathertop. The Witch-king's hostcut thedefendingforces;n half anddrcve thePrinceofCardolanândhisretainersthough iheBarrow-downs andinto theeavesofrhe Old Foresi.As Thârbadfell in theSouth. thelâstruler of Cardolan'sroyal houseperished.

;+

Arnor

I Anhedâi.,2an8nâi,I NoMânt Land(Rhudaur),4Câidolân,5Con- dor,6Harondor,TUmbar.Cardolanis noloruera viablekirudoû,and Harondoris contestedbv Oondorandthe Co6âi 6 of Umbar.

and its Sùccessor KiDgdoms

THEDEsrRUcrroNor rHEFoRTREss The armiesof AngmarandRhudaurthenconcenûatedon the fortess of AmonStl. Nocitadelbettersymbolizedthespirii ofthe Dtnadân of the North and. when Arthedâin's batteredforces withdrcwinto thesunoundinghills with thetower'sSe€ing-stone, the doomof Amor seemedcompleie. The Angmarimslew fte ArthadanKing, Arveleg I, anddrovetowardFomost. Only the alrival of Ctdan's Elvesoreventedtheconouestof Arthedain.

TheFortrcislThe DesiRn

After câpturingWeathertopfrom the valorouswarriors who soughi10covertheretreatof their brelhren,theAtgmarim razed rheproudciladel. Theyleft litde butchanedtimbersandscattered stoûes!o remind future visitors of the gleat tower thât once cornmandedthesile. Elendil's finest fortresspassedinlo history after a valiânt struggle.

THf, FALL OFARTHEDÂIN

Arthedainsurvivedfive hundredand sixty_sixyeâtsafter the collapseofCardolan,buttheWârofT.A. 197375spelledtheend of theDiinâdânrealm. After nearly a decadeof massingon the frontier. the Witch-king unleâshedhis arrnies and oveûân Afihedah in 1.A. 1974,sendingKing Afledui inlo hiding. Ar- vedui andthePalantfiiof AmonSûl andAtnûminasperishedin theIce Bây of Forochelthefollowing winter. TheWitcb-king's victoryprovedbitt€rsweet.As$e Lordofthe Nazgûl crushedAfihedain, Condor sent a relief army The southemDrlnedainlandedasArveduifled northward. Engaging theWitch-kingneartheruinsoi of Annûminas,E:irnurof Gondor andhisEriadonr alliesdefeatedûe Angrnarim.TheWitch king êbandonedAngmariater the sameyear.endingthe sagaof the

WEATHERToPDURTNGTHf,LÀTETITIRDACE

Weathertopremaineda ruin after T.A. 1409. A few of the tower's largerfoundâtionstonesstâyedin place,peekingthiough thegrassyearrhthât graduallyfilled theinnermoat,but all other signswerebu ed or sweptaway. Artbedain'swarriorsconlnb- utedto thecleansing.for unitswereoftenstadonedonwatchatop tunon Stl du.ingthelulls in wârfârebetweenT.A. 1410alld 1974. Thesesoldiersclearedmanyof the stonestha! litteredthehilltop (in whathadbeentheinnerbâiley),shovingthemdownthehillside in orderto denycoverto stalkingenemies. After thefall of Angmarin T.A. 1975,theRangersof theNorth usedAmon Sûl as a rcndezvouspoint. I! becametheir chief gatheringpoint and servedasâ m€ssagedrop. Of course,these stealthy frontiersmentook great care to leave the ruins undis turbed,sincethey$'antedto preventtheagenlsof Darknessfrom discoYeringtheirroutines.

3.0THEFORTRESS

TbeFortressof AmorlSû1surroundslhe surnmitofweathertop, the sourbemmostand themosi strategicof theWeÂtherHills of cental Eiâdor (S. "Empty Land"). Locatedat thejunction of Anhedain.Rhudâur.ândCardolân,it commandstbeeâsiestinva- sionrouteberweenthethreeAûorian successorstates.Here,the GreatEastRoadpassesbercath Weatherlop'ssouthemslopes, ihrough the gap between the Weather Hills and ùe rugged downiandto thesouth. No citâdelin Amor wasmoie sigltificanl or morerevered,for it rosefrom thehear of theNorthKingdom, andits sizeandstrengthwasunsurpâssedbyânyotberworkof the northemDinedain.

3.1

THEDESIGN

The fotrcss on Weathertopwâs erc€tedover the courseof

centuries,althoughthegreatlowerandmostofthe innerwallsdate

from S.A.3320tlnoughS.A.3333.Duringûis

Amor's history, Etendil's Ndmen6reâncraftsmenleveled the hilltop ard buihwhaiisnowthecoreofthecitadel.Theiradvanced conssuctiontechniques,whichareexhjbitedin themassiveTower of Amon Stl ând in the foundationsof the surroundingcurtâin wall. ouilived the work of later craftsmen. All of ùe other

structuresinthefortresspalebycomparison.Amoriân,Cardolani, andAnhadânKingsaddedbuildingswiahlittle regardtoacommon architecturaltheme.and someof the newes!towersreflecl the relativescarcityof rcsourcesavailâbleio thelaterbuilders Originally, the forEesswas envisonedas a single iowet, a monumentâlspiredesignedio holdtheMasterSeeing-stoneof the

North. ln deferenceto theoccuPartsof thesite,however,Elendil

adda greatyÂrdândâ singlecunainwâll 1o Fotect the

agreedto

gardensandlawnsintendedtomatethefortressrnorelivableThis planwascârriedouadunngthelastyearsof Elendil's reign,âslhe

cloudsol wâr loomedoverEndor. Followirg ihe war of the Last Alliance that concludedthe

SecondAgeandthedeâthofhis fatherlsildursoonthereafter,King

Vâlandil of Amor

wall. Valandil realizedtheprecâriousnaaùeof peacealthough,

earlyperiodof

(r.

T.A. 2-249)orderedtheâddiiionof another

WeathertoprcenteredthemainstreâmofEndoreanhistorydur- straigely, henevercontemplal€ddefensesaloÙndthe capitalof

Annûminas. This outerwall wasbuilî below most of the i

cunâin,butpartof itmergedintoandreplacedsouthwestem poltion

of theùpperwall. Vâlândil's modificâtions gavetheforress its

finâl plan.

ingtheRingwraiths'SearchfortheOnetunginT.A.3018.Like

theRangers.theWitch-king underctoodtheimPortanceof Amon Sûl'slocation.Hechosethehill âsthepointwheretheiwogroups of Nâzgtl seârchersre$ouped. The site becameeven ûore impo(ânt when Frodo escapedcaprurein the Shire. Using the

summitof Weâthertop,wheretheview of themêinroadandthe surroundingcountrysidewasunobsrructed,iheNazgûl lord hoped to interceptthefleeingRingbearer. FiveNazgûl,includingthewitch-king. encount€redtheresting

CompanyonAmonSûlbeforetherrival

Duriûg thebrief, abortivemelee,thewitch-kiûg stâbb€dFrodoin theleft shoutderwithhisMorgul-knife.butStriderinterceded.The

HobbitssurvivedandtheCompânyfled towardtheBruinenFord thefollowingmoming.

THf, Rf,BUTLDINCoF TIiEFoRTREss

rer

During thereignsof King Amlâith of Atthedêin(r. T.A. 861-

T.A. 861-

946) ândhis bnther, King Thorondurof Cârdolan (r.

950),thecitadelreceivedanumberofcosmeticchanges.Muchof

the outer walls, damâgedby the eanhquâTeof T.A. 861, were finally placed. This workcontinuedinto earlypartof thereigns of King Belegof Arthedaiû(r. T. A. 946-1029)ândof Thoroûdil of Cardolan (r.T.A. 950-1025);thusthenoticeableYâ âtionsin constrLrctionandarchiæctwalfeatures.Throughoutthis era.the fortressostensiblyrcmaiûedthe joint Fopny of Amor's drce

ofthe otherRingwmiths

ThTower of Amon Sû1is constructedof grey blue granite, althoughits submergedfoundationis composedof solid, black basalt. Volcanic puûice and shellsimportedfrom Lindon lenl

incrediblestrengthând resilianceto the ûortar usedto join rhe

carefully-€ut.notchedblocks

ûat form the tower wâlls. The

rower'sbeauryândlongevitycontrâstsharplywith therestof the

Numerousvarietiesofgnnite andlimestonewereusedto form thefortress'surroundingwalls andtowers. Whitewâshedmortar coveredsomebut, overâll, thesestructulespreselt â deepgrey facade.Blue slateslill coversâll theroofs,providingsomeunity to theotherwisesprawlingcitadel.

Aft€rtheWarof theRing,King Elessâ!(AragomII) reso]vedto rebuild ùe greatlower of Amon Sû1. Work begânin $e early springof the seventhyearof itie FourthAge. Using theoriginal design and materiais resembling tboseenployed by Elendil' Dûnadancraftsmensoughlto recreatethe greatestspire in the Amor. In ihis,lheytruly ser.',ednoiiceof lheretumof theKing to theNorft.

The Fo

ress|Oveùead VieN

Th?FonrcsslTheLaroul

3,2 THELAYOUT

Thereareûæe partstothedefensesoftheFortressofAmon Sûl:

A) Lower Wâll -

wall seems10grow out therocky outcroppingsthat surroundthe summit.It is â winding.crenelated,stonewall with a covered parapet.Thehigh,peakedroof thatâdomsthetopis mâdeoul of slate,while therestof thewall isformedoutof graniteblocks. On thenoth sideof lheciiadel,thesettrywÂlki s6'to 8'abovelhelevel of theouterbailey,while onihe southsidethiscoveredwalkway is l0'to 16'abovetheadjacentenclosedârea. No signiJicant variation occurson theoutside.however.wherethecren€lations purctuatethewail some20'ùpthestonefâce.Theaverageheight

ofthewallisabout25'.

B) Upper Wall -

insidethe lower wâll. Togetherwith thehighestportion of the lower wall (a90' section),this rampartenclosesthefortressyard.

For180",theaccessroadrunsalongthecliffat itsbase.Likethe lower wal1,the upper wall is crownedby a coveredparapet; however,mostoftheupperbastionmergesintothereârwâllsof the buildings that surroundand face the fortess yatd. The iDner

curtain'ssentrywalkisonly7'ro8'abovetheinnerbailey.although

rheoùtsideheightof thewallvanesfiom 25'to,l0.

C) The Tower -

fortress.Perch€duponarise in ûe otherwiseflat fortressyard,it

is locâtedât thevery surnmitof Weathertop.A 20'deepditch or

dry moatcirclesthestlucture.Tb€toweritself is 280'tâll and70'

in diameGr.Itsbâsespreadsconsiderably,for thestructurejutsout

of arnassivemasonarytalus(slopingskirt)thatis 105'in diameter

ârtbegroundlevel insidetheditch.

ENTERTNGTHEFoRTRÉss

The citadelaropAmon Stl sitson thesummitof a very high, almosicircularhilltop. A roadascendstheupperhill by following

a clockwisespiralcoùse (a). Nearthepeak,it wrapsaroùndthe

fortress'ouier(dry)moât(b ) which.in tum, suroundsthe34'tâll embarikmentthat foms $e foundâtionof thelower (outet)wall. After circling vinually theentireouGrwall, theroadcrossesthe outermoatandpâssesthroughtheoutergate(c) andconlinuesto wind up thehillside. Therc,however,therouteis actuallyinside thecitâdel. The roâdwaysweepsinsidethelower wall and just below the upp€rwall urtil it makesa 180" swingâroundthesulrllnit. At this point, the road reachesthe inner gate (d), a l0' wide aperture flankedby asmalltowersandtwo turrets.Theinnergateprovides accessro rheforrressyârd (or bailey). The greatTower of Amon Stl (e) is essentiallyâ gianl ftee-

standingkeepthatsitsinsideits ownnoat (f) andrisesourof the centerof rheforEessyard. 70' in diameterand280' râll, il is the largestDinadan spirenorthof Angrenost (Isengard).Irs beacon canbeseendozensofmilesaway. Thereâreo. y four waysintothismagnificentbastion.Two â.e sallypotu, doorswhichopenoutof thenorthem(g) andsouthem

S noundedbyaditch,thelowerorouter

Theupperorinnerwallformsa270""U"

TheTowerof AmonSûldominatesthe

(h )

5,5'tatl. rheycânaccommodâtebut onemanarâtime, Defenders usethemascounlerattackpoints,or asemergencyescâperoutes. Thethird,andmostcornnon,wâyitto theTowerisviâ thegate (i). This4'wide.8'tallopeningsits28'âbovethebaseoftherower ând about 8' âbovethe level of the fortsessyard. A 40 long, sloping,woodenbndgeconnectsthisdoorwaytotheyffd. The 10' sectionof the spanadjoiningthetowei is actuallya drawùridge. Onceacrossthis gangway,you passthe threeportculli andtwo

gatesthat guardthehallwây though rhe20' thick wall.

sidesof thebwer about5' âbovethebase.Only 2.5'wideand

Virtually no one

sâvetheKing. theCrownhnce, theHigh

Seer.and the CâstleWarden - know the fourth route inio the

Tower. Ir is asecretstairway

of the Palanttr and winds inside the wall oppositethe main chimney.Thesrairexitsin asubterrâneanchamber(k ) some140' beneathûe surfaceofweathertop,andthereitjoins atunnel.From there,the unde.groundpassagespiralsdownwardin a counter- clockwisediretionihrcugh a water-cuttub€. The tunnel then levelsoff ând runs in a north-nonhwesGrlydirecrionfor 4.900 yaids,exitingâi a€avecontâiningthespringknownastheCoblet Well (l). (s€eSection3.4ât#31.)

3.3 THEOUTERDEFENSES

Û)

thatdescendsfron theCharnber

The buildings denotÊdby an * are illusûated with a floorplân. Others ale simply des€ribedin the text b€low.

1,

gâtecom?lexgudds a 10'wide openingin the outer wall. Se! at the nonhwe$emcomerofthe citadel, jt islocatedattheleastvulnerâbleloint

of auack.The Sateway is 10'high atthehiShestpoint of its pointedaich. Two projæting bâstionsflanl the enûf,: ùe shon, squât Whistler's Bdtion (#2) on ûe westemsidq ùd the taller,narower Wlite Basiiot (#3) ontheeastemside. Guardsonthe s€ntrywalkthâtcomæts thetwo towerswarh ùom d overhûgirg. machiocolated Pdapel,

insteadof l0', thick. thusâccommodalingthe

ndow.

fist levlfiring iooms (tl'at pemit archersto shoorâmws at

enmies anenûing to forcetheirwaythroûghthepâssageway).The Eate mæhdislns âreoperâtedAom the tust level of th€adjoiningbastioN. leavingthesecondfloor of thewâll 4 d opendef€ns€chanter abovethe Baie. Duringtimesof wd, the 8uârds k€ephot oil andrcks in thisroom.

2. Wù lstler's Bastiotr t - 4ldels:3above,I ukleryrcuh.l.TIE

celle of the Whistlels Bastion contâinstwo rooms. The tust is a

Lowe. Gate* -.'.- 4 kveh:3 oborè,IMdelgrourd. Thelower

Here,ihe oulerwall b 18

,

stordoni the sôcondhoùsesth@

the foùndation wâll in the latter chamberand, unbektownsi 1o the

Bdison. âctually lrovides æces to ân unde4roùnd

dæpbeneaththeearth. Thestonethâtformsth€bottomof thefrellâce

andobscùestneshaftweighs250lbs-Puleys andwindlassesoccùpythe

chamberthat comlnses ùe. while the sond

bafilementâreâ.More sloresfill th€tower'slhitd Ievel.which is locÂted beneathùe steply paked slateroof md open on lo thesentrywâlksin

guar&. A small fiteplae is setinlo

Pàsage

thal runs

level is devoled to a

3. The\ryhite BtstioD * -

rhWhis er's Bastiotr.thewhite Bârdoncontainsa cellârbanâcksând âfirst levelfilled siih gâtemechmisms.Unlike lheothe.tower,however.

this smâll bastionhoùs€sbattlementson its sond containsro stolerooms.

4. Mf dgeWatch -

onthenoithweslcomerof lheiower*all, MidgeWatchlookr out towdd iheroâdthatruN AomAmm Sû1tolheswmpofMidgewater. Thetower

is fully enclosedmd hd a celtarwhich is usedæ a kennel O.e of the

citadel's gldd

i€vel

conlainsrhebâtrlementaM. ed alsohousesthe two dog-ke€I€rs.

J kr ek: 2 above,I unlleqrouad. L'J{eil{idge

5,

Watch,this low towerintempts thecourseof theoute.wall- Its sæond

level.wherethesenûtqÀlk runsthmùghlhered of thetoçer, is open. A gudd roomoccupiesthe tust level and$oresùe hoùsedin the celtar.

4ldeh:3 above,Iunderstuufl.l-L'J.e

ùd tlird ieveh ùd

-?lae ls:2above,I andelSturndA loe towej

captâinsresideson tbe fust level. Tlte sond

Ridge Wâtch -

6. ÀrÀncif's Towr* -

dmi atti.- T\e ûofilieffiost

Towercontêinsâ wâmingbell beneathits slateroot Thecelld md firsl

levelhoùs€stores.wlile lhe s€condlevelservesasâbattlementùea ùd

a residescefor two guâds.

7. Valandil's Haîg -

ing lonior of thenorth€astemsectionof theouterwal, Vâlandil's Hang

overlooksâsharpcliff- Its nùneisderivedftom thefactthât,ftornùe road

beloç, rheprcjectionseenstc'hangout overtheoutermoât.

3 b.ls:2

above,Iuadetsrôutu1,ûda

s

tower in the fortressconplex. Atrcil

2tewh:bothobovStuund.Alow.lfqe.ç

I lads: 3 abow, I un.lzrqrcutul. 'Ittis

8. Y ÀfâDdi f's Toi,er * -

Tow6 co âinsâ guardlomge andawàmingbell beneathits slatercot

9. Elendil's Watch* -

edtemmost tower in lle foftresscomplex.Elendil's Wâtch looks our

towardthe western IIâin of Rhùdaur,$e mosl likely placefor m attack

on ùe Weath€rHills. Like

6leyels:5abow.I underyround.The

Arancil\ Tower.i! containsa wming bell,

whichis locatedonthefoutl level. Sroresfill rh€celld andaknchenand messæa æcupythetust andsecoDd]€vels.A gùûd roomis locâtedon the thûd level. while the flât roof or fifth level seres asâ battlernenr.

- LongCùûeisthesoulheastemmostandmost

vuherablesætionof the oùteÎwall. âlthoughits ext emeheighrandrhe

sharpdeclhe ofth€adjoiningcliffmale

sen!]vâlk âlonetông Cuûe is 19'abovetheouÈr bail€yand23'above thegræsysiopethàtdescendsto theouterdoat.

ll.

proje€tingportionof thesoutheâstemsction ofthe ourerwâlt.LoneLand View looksout towrd En-E edoriâtlt(S. LoneLand"), theenpty plain of soùtùwesteûRhudaù thèt foms lhe t'order mârch berweenrhal kingdon ândthe realrnsof Anhedainmd Cddoid- The slayedtowe! foundationof thisprcjecting bâslionblônatsinroashrp clifi Its nane is derivedfron thefactthât,ftom theroâdbelow,rheprcjætion seeinslo be su$endedout overtheoute.moar.

10. LoDg Curye

assaultshereqùitedaùnting.The

LoDe LaDd yiev

-

2 kæls: bothaboreqrcund.LlN.

12. Ohta.'s Tower -

.{ ldek:3 abore,lMde.Btuund.l,egendeys

thatOhtù. hildù's

(T.4. 2). died here. Whateverthe cas€.Ohtd did residehereâs rh citâdel'sThird Captainâfre.hjsretm roAmor. TheThird Calrain,who commandsthe gârisoû of the oùts wâll. mateslis homeiDthe second lelel of lhis seven+idedtower. A kitchm md nessareâocculiesthefirst lelel, while six guards live in th€cellar- Thethird and Wf'emost level seNesasa banlenenrwhich helpsprotect the innergâr€(#14).

Squi.eandâ survivorofthe Battleof GladdenFields

TheSouthCw€runsalongthesourlemsideof

ùe innergat€.At thepoint of irsL-shâpedrm, rheouierwall is thicker andhigherthu ar Dy orherpoinr.

Theuppergâreissetin ason

14. U pp€r Gâte+ -

of cùl-de-raccomprisedby the sùf.oundingbuildings.andir is angled awayftom thedir€ctionof theentryroâd,rnâkingâssaulrsmoredifficult. All thegatemechanisDsælcatedin ûe finrlvel.Twosmall.one-mû tùrels flark ùe 10'wid€,l0 gate onlhesecod ievel.while lhethird level isdevotedto abattlement.Machi@olationsir rhefloo. ofrhesecondlevel pernit defendeBto min missilesândhot oil onâttackeBmovingùrough

13. Soùth Curye-

J l?r.l

8are4).

15. Prince'sTower+-

5ldets:4aboyeanda.eltu.Thekin .'s

Tower guardsthe ronhem sideofthe imer gate. Ttree wa.nios side herc,in whât wereoncesumptùoùsqùùters.

16. Th€Depend€ncies -

4ld els:2abov,2utulzretuund.Mostof

the indùstriesthât rnâte the Fortre$ of Amon Stl seltuufficient æ Iocâtedâlongthiswindinsrow. A tùnery (16a). snokehoùse (l6b), joinery ( l6c). ândweaverf (lft) comprisethe foftress' ?nncipal work-

l7. Armorer's Tower+ - 5leftls:4aboye,Iurnerprcund.The smooth-fæedAmorer's Towerconnectsto theDependenciesby wâyof â ?âssâge througl the adjoining wall- The rnerâtworkingshop thâr occùpiesthetowerisfi.st levelisanotberofthe citadel\ mainworkshoDs. Srore\.mo\rlym$ m refinedore,ùe hou.edin rhecellù. The:erond levelaccommodâtestheârmor-makineshop.whileùe ùird levelholdsù mory. The armorcrùd his thræ âssistùts tive on rhe founh ûd

18. Short Cù.ye -

se.tionof theinnerwà11.Its imposingheightdd ihesharpdeclineof the

adjacent{troplendi!a th@tering air. Thewâll's cwing 14'atove the innerbailey ùd 26' abovethe outerbâiley.

19. Eâst Watch -

senrfwâlk is

ShonCurveisrhetalleslandsoutheasremmosr

6levels:5abok,I ukdqgrouful.ltteefdrêffisl

lower in lhe upperwâ11.the Edt Watchstandsvigil oler rhdangerous westemplainofRlu.taùr. LocaEdâboveElendih Watch,âtthenanow- estpart of the lower bâiley,it is the focusof the strongst poim in the citadel.Theadjoiningsertrywâlkspas throùghitsthethird level. Stores nll the cellù anda kilclen andness areaoccùpythe tust ûd sæond levels.TheSeond Captaùresidesonthethirdlevei.while rhefounhând fifth lev€lsaccomnodatea smàllbanacksândth€battlement.

TheFoûrcsslTheOuterDefenses

20. TheOddSpi.e-

of the outerwall. Ii is the WatchSquires sÎâtion,andit is heretharthe

Squireblows rhehomsthatsignâlchùges in ùe gmrd panems.

21. Prison Tower* -

bastionthaiwaslaterconvertedinto atower,thePrisonTower is oneof thestrongestfortificationsalongûe innerwall. This is importart,for tie

ciiadel is lrole ædby only onewall alongits southeastemfldk. The tower'slowertwocellarshouseisones.andtheùpp€rceliârisdevore to âkitchenandgathering hali fof theninegùeds thatresideherc. They live ot the fi61 level. Thesecondlevel of thetower is a colnmonroon wheretrialsareoftenconducted,âlthoughthefomal judgement châmber is locâtedin theTower ofAmoû Sû1.

TheOddSpirerisesoutof theSourhCune

6tqeh:3 dbov,3utulerEround.Auihâped

22. Smith's BastioD* -

!rdel8rr!d. The Smith s Bastior helts guârdûe lower gâte. ft is m unùsualstructure,for ils rhreeaboleeroundlevelsareall opnin thet@,

pemitting veriilation for the tlù€e forges ihai compris the forFss sûithy. Storesêrekep! in the loft or in thecelld- A sentrywaU(winds

alongthe oùrerwâll of ùe secondlevel,thereby lemittir8 oterateftom the ùpperportior of the oùudd-facing wâll.

21. Cook's Tower* -

and

housesthe cooks's and qumermast€r'soffices. other kitchens ard fbodstoresùe locatedmùnd thecitadel,bùtali thefoodbroughrroAmon Sûl o. gro}n on the ûemises is initially storedod procesedheæ,even if it is to simply repaclage,mdk, dd ship tne food to a shoplike the slnokeholse-Foodstores@cupytheællm andtheatlic,ândamill cover fte wholeof ùe first level. Kilchensfill theseconddd third leveh. ard the officesandbâttlenentsoccu?ythe fourth level of this twelveiided

TÏe Cook's Tower providesfood for the entiE fortressgrison

4 terets:3abov (in.tuAins the|oh,I

defendersro

Tldels:1dboee,2annetptuund.ondanaiti

24. KDights'Stabfes* -

The Knights StâblesseNe as the hone for tle Knights (S.

'Requâin drric.

) dd theirho6es.Thestablesihemselvesoccùpythefint level ândth€asscialed shopsfill the secondlevel. Both ûe ttrird andfounh leveishousetheKnights. Foodfor thebûses is keptin theupplcellâr. wliie a stôrero. exEâiding equipmentùd a smauamory occùpyrhe

7lqels:4aboye,2uadersround,andah

25-31. Tow€rofAnon

Sûl*-

SæSætion3.4beloç.

fheFo t?sslTheOukr Defenses

Lover Gâre (Cellar)

----Æ

0

5

Loser Cate (Le!el one)

t0

15

20

2530'

Lower Gate (Level Two)

I

.4â

nq'

l*t fsËÊ

Lower Gat (Level Th.ee)

10

M,

æ

YJ/

| ln

rJl

rl

I

l

I

u

u

tt"

r-l

TheForlrcsslTheOuterDefenses

!

% '

\

\sù)

O^ooo

ffi,

,/>

>":'- nO

valandil's Tower (Level One)

.=q

Vâlândil'sTow€. (Lev€l Tflo)

Yal'ndil's Tow€r (LeYel Three)

-E--1

s

@

10

ls

20'

Elendil'sWatch (C€llâr)

Elendil'sWârch (Levet One,

t-

[leDdil's Watch (L€vel Two)

TheFortresslTheOuter

[lendil's Wâtch (LeYel Th.€e)

TheFonrcsslTheOutetDefekses

Elendil'swâtch (L€\el Fivel

UpperGât€ (LeYel one)

llpper Cate (L€velTeo,

r Gâte (L€v€l Three)

Pnnce s Towe. (Level One)

ô

o

----

0'

5'

Prlnc€rslow€r (Level Two)

l0'

15'

2u1

TheFoltesrlThe Outer

Prince'sTos€r (Lev€l Three)

Prince'sTower(LevelFo'r.)

TheFoftrcsslTheOuterDeknses

Armorer'sToaer (Lev€l One)

0

,1^

i4

B.

-t

0

5'

-t_

l0'

t5'

*#

!T

Arnore.'s Torver {Level Two)

20,

Arnorer's ToÎ/€r(LevelTh.ee)

/-l

-

-- f-*

f-.1

ll

l

Ll

ll

I

E

lF--r r:r

Ll

lçrl

l-----------'ll-r

I

lU

t-

lrl

u;

t]

Armorer's Towêr (LeYel Four)

18

Thê F ortesst Overhead Viet^)

the Fo resstTheOuterDeJenses

l 9

:-:-:

0510t52025,

PrisonToner (cellar)

P.isor Tower (C€llâr)

20

PrtsonTow€r

I[]

!!

(Cellâr)

I

tf-l

ftn

P.ison Tower (Level Two)

TheFortresslTheOuterDefense

Prison Tower (Level Three)

[\\

I

I

tâ"

"

$ffiq

\{

TheFoûresslTheOuterDefenses

Snith's Bâstion (Level Two)

2 l

tffiffi

Vrtô-û.%&

nJ

I

oi^o

:

rI

-oo^

lnf-l

EftE

22

TheFo

resslThe Outet Defens.s

Cook'sTow€r(LevelOn€)

:i: 1

-----

0

510

15

20

25'

Cook'sTower (Level Two)

Q8w"t

TheFortretstl hc Ourc! Delenses

-lR

lt!

lë,

Knights' Stabl€s (Level

-=r *l

Four)

Knights stables (Level Two)

Knights'Stables (Level Onê)

lt-l

ill

-i

;llF

|

'l!-

flï--

:!L !

!€eo-\a

rt-

l-r"

El

Ljl

rl

rl

3.4 THETOWEROFAMONSÛL

Asnoted,theTower of Amon

Sûlis ahugekeepincorponting

70' in di;neær;d

2810'ra , ii

fourteenfloors andsvence ar6.

dominâtesthe surroundingfortress. Attackerswho sùccessirlly seizetheouterwallsstil] ftce anearlyimpossiblerâskif rheyhop;

Gmcefulyet formidable,rheTower of Amon Stl loomslike â

shadowy spectreùuough

Weaûerrcps windysummil.Whenviewedfromafaronahary

orminydây,thesmoorhandsubdyomâre$ey-btuegraniIÊspirè lookslikeanexlensronofrhetree-covered-mo'unL.dtvùeelinr off irs|all.copperyroofbermysirspresence. smdt wôndeirhar

lhe moming misLs lhar ctoud

',4en whoviedfor

EmptyLand.

Eriadorpri,,ed ÀmonSûlasùe heanot ùe

ThE OUTER FEÀTURB

25. Tower Bridge -

Towercâteto tle Fo.ûessYaid ontrer Bâiley).The10'sectionofrhespân adjoiningthetoweris actualy adrawbridge.Onæâcrossùis gangway, yoùpa-ss thethreeportculli andtwogâtes that guard thehallwaythJough rhe20' tiick wall.

26. Tower Gate -

of thetower ândâbour8' abovethelevel of the forûessyad.

27. Northe.n Sally Port -

ports. Theyâresmallapenuresguardedby I'thick, stet{tâd,rwo-section

doorsthâtopenâtthecenter.By tumingapai. ofwinche. rhedefendeN se!êratethetwohalvesofthecounte$p.ungdoor. Moving alongârrâck

in ùe splayedwâll, onesection:isesinrorheceilingofrhe openinS,while

lhe otherdhappm

izing themovementof thedoof,or pemirred to spinfiely, enablingthe doorsto closesuddenty.A pâir of sreelpo.tculli âresrinrorheexihrây

5'and 10'insidethedoor. SinceoDlyonernancânnegotiatethe pa$âge âtaûme.rheporLaJeeâlylodelend.wlrenrhetowerSùisons anrsro ùsethem as counterattâck loints or âs energency€scap€roures,rhey unfùrl a wire or ropelâdderûd descend10 to the isnermoar.

28. Southern SallyPort -

29. Se€r'sStâir -

CrownPrince,ùe High Ser, md ùe Câsil€Wardenknew of this roure intotheTower. A særei,spirâlsrâiNày, it dscendsfrom theHall of rhe Stone (#106) ândwindsinsiderhewall opposiieùe mâinchimey. The

bollom of the stair opensonto â subterdqn

A40'long.sloping,woodentridge@mecrsthe

This4'wide,8'tâll opringsirs28 aboverhebase

IÏetowerhâs rwo2.5wide,5.5,iallsally

Thewhchascar be join€d, syncron-

into theflool

Se€#2?âbove.

Formosrofrherows'shistory,ontyrheKing,ihe

chamber(#29), Elendil.s

30. EIeDdil's Dome -

l40 beneaththesurfâceofweatlertop. ûis cncùlar,domedchanùerwas

cùved by d

ay

descendsinto apassaSe on iis

de€pwel. tiesÀtthe cef,te.of rhecâve.

31. Escâpe T un nel -

in acountercl@kwisedirertion rhroùBhawateÈcurtùb€.thechannelrhar broughttheçater thatcut Elerdil's Dome.Theunnet rhe! levelsoffând ntns in a nonh-northwesterlydirecrionfor 4,900yârds. Ir exitj at ùe

Chalice Câve, a b€âutifully carvedAdân delving (ca. S.A. 2l) that conrainstheholy spnngknoM asrheGoblerW€lt.

LocatedaithebaleoftheSeer'sStù. sone

A

!hon. basalt stai

ancientspring-fedwhirlpool.

nonhemside (#30). Elendil's CuD.a700,

Thisùdereroundpæsagespi.âhdo\mwdd

THElrRsrLrv&

32. Entry Cùanb€r -

berwell tit. A gEd is alwayspostedhere. A 7'i7'floor

ûe doorcoversapit tnp (#pt). Ir is nedim

aleverlocdredonLhewàllbeNeenùermpùdrhesur.irwitlopenwhe;

unlockedùd a weightof 100or morepoundsis p1âced on it. The slab

moeuver to âvoidbeing

castinto thepit. Victims .eceiveâ+50Falvcnsh anâckandæ left 70' below in a drâinagechmb€r (rhât carchescislem rlnover) whrethe

spmson acenhalâxle.andit is avryhârd

lnsetwall làmpskeepûe uncarptedchâin-

C0)

C20)

stab jusr irside

to detecr.Contottedby

33. Guârd Hâll -

robothsâllytorrs (#s 33aûd 33b).

34,

chùnber. Runningspdngwâteris availablehere.

A guard occupiesrhehall,whichtrovidsacces

Guestsawaitûeir hosr\ callin thisplush

Wâiting HaU -

the Fo resstTheTower

35. Tower Stâir -

cutstbroughrhecentràlsuptort

36. StoneRsnp -

opensontothe sto.lift.

37. Privy -

BrâzieBwarm thechdber arnighr

Thespiralstonesrairisconsùucl€dofbâsalrùd

Tlerâmpdescends1l)theFirsrcetlaJ,whereit

Tùeshaflsarecopperlined;rheseâtsârepotishedwood.

TrE SEcoMLEVEL

3E.

Gr€etingChanber-

Th€Seermeetsguesbh€re.

19.

Guârd Châmber -

Quiners forlheFi^r Deeir.

40.

Conmon Hâll -

Charnb€rseûesasaminsnetâld qring hâll,

âswell asûe tower as*nbly ârea.

41. TowerSlair -

42. P.ivy- As#37.

Op€nsonrorheConmonHa

TuTsrRDLrv[L

SpeÀsiinerhewâlls.Twenryoreuprighr

43. Lower ArDo.J -

cedarchestsholdbowsandhândams. EachislockedùdhddCl0)lo

44. Cuârd Hell- A guùdisalwaysposEdhere.

45. Cuesl Châmbers- Accommodâfionstorcommongùess.

46. Tol{e. Stair- As#35.

47. P.ivy- As#37.

The lirst

Level

fhe FoûrcsdThe Toh,et

25

Th€S€condLevel

\_rt"

.ol,<r

Ll

fl

l_l L-

1

"p_!l

I

I

Lll

,tlrlË

The Third Level

THrFoùRrsLEIE!

{8.

hardl€mealsfor 280men.

49. Al€ HaU -

thewàll behind.thesening b{.

50. Cook'sQuârters- Cookândhiswiferesidehere.

51.

52. P.ivy-

53. Pantry

Foodstoresarekepthere,somein colper-lined. stoneicÈchesls.

Loser Kltcù€n -

Ovensseththethickwailscânconfonably

A@seflsasâminstrelûdeatinghall.Kegsline

As#35.

Tower Stâir-

As#37.

- This riled clanber slâyscool throrghoutthe year.

TEEFrm! LEvrL

54. Upper Stores -

Hall eMblesæNântsto bring in cratesat)dbanels.

55, Se.yantsChambe.s - Quarts for20servets.

56. A Sudd is alwayspostedhere.

A wiochhungoutoflhe windowotrthecùùd

Guard Eall -

57. A\#15.

5E.

59. Ciste.n -

whichprovidesnnning waterfor chMbers below-It is filled by lumped

springwateror filt€redruûoff ftom the rain ând drahs into the cistm

below tbeEnry Hall.

Tose. Slâir-

Prlvy-

As#37.

A hûd pmp providesamqns ofnling thecistem,

TE Sûrs LEveL

60. Middl€A.nory-Unst

cedârchestsholdhâld ârms. Fâchis lockedmd veryhdd ( 20) 1oop€n.

61. GuardChalnb€rs-

62. Common Room -

dea for the SecondDegir.

63. Tow€rSlai.-

64. Privy-

unSbowslinethewatls.Sevenùprighl

Quartes fortle SecondDeû.

Chambersen€sâslheeatingdd asembly

As#35.

As#37.

Tsr SEVEMTLEVEL

65. Conmon Lib.a.y

gùison ândanyguests.Il contâinsno lomesoû magic,but is erdowed with works on science,Iângmge, history ând philosophy (plâ.ed in coEespondiq se€tions).

66. CâptaiD'sChambe.s -

quanss for a Knighi (lattr Tower Wdden).

67. Guest Quârters - Comnof, 8ùests residehere.

68. Tower StÂir-

69. Privy- As#37.

70. Gua.d Hall -

-

TheConmonLibraryisopentothewhole

Doorishard C l0)b unlo.k Senesas

As#35.

AguârdisâlwaysposÈdhere.

TE ErcBE LEveL

71. Alchemical Hrll -

chanbrconbins âfine library. Onesætio devotedto "Power. is sel

inrothebâsaltcennalcolumned gùùdedby steelaDdglass-faceddoors.

eâchsheerfolly C50) toulæk.

eâchEssencÈbasedslell list (two for eæh Alchenist Bâselisr.

book hâsa silv€r-inlâidlebeûron cove. andweiSbs7 lbs. Written in

Quenya, thepâgescontainsymbolswhicn,if pd

to castthe splls (regardless of level). Therestof theIibrdy coveBthe

long.curving,paneledwall. its sectionsdevotedlo eachof theelemenls:

Air Mûwé's domah, WaÈr - Ulmo\ dornain,EaJth Aulè\ dmâitr' Light Yarda's domain, atd Fire - Of Atien aûd orhen (Melkor is umention€d). tÆg€work tâblesliil ûe carpeÉdroom.ùd readinSbenchessit in €achcomer.

72. Alchênist's Chanb€rs -

TowerAlchemist (nomally a 14thlevelMâge/Alchemist,whoischarge

of theFortress'smithyandmories.

73. Sages'HaU -

Theseshelvescontâinonebookcovering

Doorisextrmelyhard(3o)tounock.The

Each

aloud,enabletle readd

Doorisverybâ'dC20)toùnl@LThe

resideshere.

S€resasameeting.g@ting.and@tiûgùeafor

rheAlchenist. rh€High seer,ândânyvisiting compabtots.

74.

Tower Stâir-

As#35.

75,

Privy-

As#3?.

76.

Gulrd Hâll-

A guardisalwayssÎâtionedlere.

Th€rourthLev€l

TheFonrcsslTheToh,er

ThSixth Level

The SevenrhLevel

TheFortresslTheTower

The EighthLe!el

The Ninth Level

27

TùENMELEVIL

77. Philosophy Li brâry -

containssectionsor Warcraft,Diplonacy, Culture,andLgends.

7E.

quaitersrt'r a Knight ard his spoùse.

79. Cuest Qùàrters - Imloiant gùestsresidehere.

E0.

Doorishâfd ( 10)roùnlock.Libnry

Doo.ishârd(lo)roùnlæL Senesas

Captâin's Châûbe.s -

TowerStâir-

As#35.

81.

Privy - As#37.

82.

Guard Hsll - Aguardisaiwaysondùryhe.e. Tm TENTtsLEVEL

E3.

ScienceLiDrârJ -

D@lishdd (-l0)ro ùrock.Libmrycmtains

sctions on Olvâr. K€lvù, Elements,andùe Shapeof ù Things.

E4.

Guard Chanbers- Quafters for th€Third Degir.

E5.

GuestQuârters- Veryimportùtguesrs relideherc.

86.

Tower Stâir- As#35.

E7.

P.iyy-

As#37.

88. Gùârd EâU- A guffdisalwâyspositioned hre.

Î!EErEvrMsL.!EL A sentryis alwaysonwarchhere.Iaven setin compasspoint! enablehimrorinS theSeel g

Unstrungbowslinerhewalh. Fouaæn

very hard C20) ro opn.

Quarters for theeliteSrone-wârden.

E9.

thewall at thefour

Bell (# I1I ) ândsoundthe wming of ânarrâck.

90,

uprightcedtr chesishold handarms. Eâchis

91. Wârders' Qua.te.s -

92. TowerStâir-As#35.

93. Privy - As#37.

Guard Hâll -

Upper A.no.y

lrimary

-

Tu TrELm

LNE!

Equippedwnhasnallic€hoùse,awellând

pùmp, andnùmerousovens,theUpperKirlens âreasfine asey outside

94. U pper Kitc h€ns -

95. HiS h H al I -

dd entenâhmentâr€â.Tapestri€sadomthefinety cNed, mùblÈinlaid wa1h. Thefloor is coveredwnh a nosâic ûâp of tlE heaveN(Menel).

96. TowerStair-

97. Privy-

TheHighHall seflesastheHighSeer\ eatinShall

As#35.

As#37.

TùETmrErrmLE!Er-

98. Wârdens' Châmb€rs -

doorislery hard C20i tounlock.Heke€ps201-3009pina smll chest

TheCardeWârdenresid€shere-His

99,

7 daysayeâr. Only theCastleWardenandrheHigh Særhavekeysto rhe

room.Theste€ldoorisextremelyhârd

Ki ng's Châmbe.s -

TheKingresid€shereonû averaseof3-

C30) to ùnlock.Inside,ùe olulent

chanber is equippedwith runningwâterdd all the accoutremenrsof a royâlretr€at.A setof +25hâlf-plalearnor is storedin awddrode, which

is lockedândveryhdd C20) to open.A +30broadsworddd a+35spear aie k€ptin ùe adjoiniûg closet,âlong wirh rwo +25 rhiow-andren]m dâggersând a small chesrconlâiningfifry 50gp gems. The closeris

exûemelyhârd

Failùretounlockthedoorwhile tumblingwitn rhemechdism sehofflhe trap.which is conprisedof threeshâDnedswûdlike barssetinrothe doofs facing.Thebarslooklike steltrim, bùtùe actuâllyhingedspikes_ Victims standingarihedoorreceiveoneto two + 150swo.dattacks,The

trapisextrem€lyhùd (-30) to derecr,ândisconrrolledby tming thetrÂp key counterclockwis.

C30)

toopendd isprotectedby aspring-drivenspike6ep.

100.

Tower Stâir-

As#35.

l0l.

Privy -

As#37.

102,

Seer'sLib râry -

Doorisexhemelyhârd ( 30)toùnlock-Tïe

clmber cortainsshelveswhichcoDrâinonebookoneâchMenralismand Charneling-basedsf'ell tist (two for ch Seerard AsnologerBâselisr).

Eachbookhasa silver intaid gold coverùd weighs14lt6. Writrenin Quenya, thepâgercontahsyDbolswhich,ifverbally expressedbyrcâder. enablehinl to castthe sFlls (regardless of level). Other tomsin rhe library covermapsof theheavens.worls on star,guirg, etc.

28

TheForlrcsslTheTo, er

The Tenlh Lev€l

The Elevenih

Lêvel

r;fà;1

srilil

The Twelfth Level

fheFo rcsstTh?Toner

The Iourt€enth L€vel

Tùr FouRrrEMsL'!EL (RooF)

103. Ser'sChanbe.s- TheHighSeerresideshere.Thedooris

iockedand very lard C20)

tunbling wirh ùe mechdism ætsoff êtrapin theâdjoiningce'ling ùea

(onthelandingof#104). Thelrap,whichis hùd

s!ârpenedst€elponcùllis setlwo feetâwayfrom thed@r. It hâssliked rils rd bladesprotrudlngfrom tbegrill thatfacethedoor. If il descends,

i! givesvictimsonetotwo+50spearâttacks plus onetofive+100short swordattacks.Thebapis extrenely hald (-30)to avoid. Only rhelever locatedinsideandto ùe left of the door ino tle chamb€rscânrâiseor lowerthe Frtcullis, andonly theleverânddool slock cat seror ùnlease

to open. Fâjlùie to ùlock the door while

Clo)

to det€ct,is a

104, TowerStâir- As#35.

105. Privy-

106. Hâ ll of i he Stone -

rhisrcom is devotedto the Mæt€I-stoneof the North, The Sd

(+t29) comectsthe chmber

(#31).

107. Window walk -

inthewail â!thefoùrprinary compas poinlsenâblehim1oring theSe€is

Beil (# I I 1)ed soundthewming of ânaliack. TqrT!RRErs

108. West Turret

levelsof the tuæt, while staiNels fll the turefs ùppertwo levels.

109. North Tunet -

rhetùrer, while *atch positionsfill theturet s uPpertwo levels.

u0.

Ievelsof rheuret, while bis conrol chamberis locâtedabove. Above rhat,or theÎùrefs fourth md uppeûnostlevel.is awatcharea A ladder connectsthe lev€ls,Fromthelatterroom.hecû controlthe SeeCsBeI using a seriesof bell-lulh. eachof which is attachedto a steelclble

As#37.

Aho knownasthectamberofliePalânttr.

s Stair

with the se.ret tumel beneaùWeâthertop

A senûyisalwaysonwâtchherc.Lev€Éser

-

Watch lositions de læatedin the lower two

Stâirwelkarelocatedinûe lowertwolevelsof

TheBell-masteislodgingsarcinthelowertwo

EastTurret -

29

1ll,

lowermostleveisof thelunet, while

South Tùrrt -

WatchpositioNde læâtedin theuPpeFûd

stairwelhfill lhetuneCstwocetFÀl

TtsrBrD ÀNDBE^coN

112. Sr'sBeu -

stældolne.Locateditraroomt€low Iheb€âcon,it is covercdby movable

coppe.sheâtling,whichisp€rmeatedbycaPpedvents Thebelliscovered

h afriezedepictingthestoryofNûmenor.theDolvnfall,ed thefounding

ofAmor. Sevendiffercntclâmerseuble theBell-masterto vay thetone

of thedevice. One,ihe wamingciapPer,canùe controlledby ihe levers

on ùe Window Walk (#89). in ihe CaslleWarden'schambers (it9E). ând

theSær'sCltùnbers (#103), aswell

mâsler'srcomisin theEastTureq #110.)

ll3.

sevenstN of Amor, comprisetheb€acof,.Its glow cân besænæ fâr as 200miles awây. Setin a roiatingsteeled glæshousing,the b€æonis

locatedbeneâththeu?per parlof ûe coppeFcoverrool A winchcontrols

the suûoùndingroof

belowùheneverthebeacon js

it ùs. Theconûolsæ locâtedaiongthe

se.tiots, which dide down andover lhe roof âreâ

TheSeefsBellisâiuge,stationùy,silver-inlaid

âstheBell master\ lull

(Tle Bell-

GreatBeacon-

Sevenlmps. anayedinm æ depicdngthe

Beacon-masier'swalt, which sunoundsthelamp.

4.0 THEGARRISON

Weathertopwasalwaysâ

royal properryof theKing ofAmor'

Natulally, the lords of Arthedain.Cardolan,and Rhudaurâlso

envisioneditasâcrownpossession. Eveniûhisheyday(T A.861_

I 100),however,dÉ LordofRhudaurneversupplieclmorethanone seven-manunitfor thedefenseofthecitadel.RhudÂuroftenshared thefo ressin nameonly. No forceindependentof theKing(s)whoheldswayoverrhehill ever servedasthe garrisonof the forlress. Therefore,the units assignedto Weathertopfollowed a relatively constzntpârterî.

Their nurnbersandorganizationrarelyvaried.

30

4,1 ARNOR'SGARRISON

FronT.A.49untilT.A.861thefoûesswasguardedbyaninety-

manNaudeg(pl."Naudig"),oneof twenty-onesuchunitsin the DagarimAran(S."Royal Army"). TheNaudegwâsdividedinto nine ten-manDigfr (sing."Degù"). An essentiallyindependent force. it wâsa flexible combinâtionof foot- andhorse-soldieff. includingthreecavalryandsix infanûy Digir. EachDegir consistedof âRoyalKnight (S."Aroquen")andlen lineWaniors(S."Ohiad").AnElderKnight(S."Aroquenlaur") servedas the commanderof the entire Naudegard the First Capminof thefortress.Only theHigh SeerandtheCastleWarden outnnl€dhim.TheotherKnightscomprisedthelesserCaptâins. TheWardenof rheCastiecommândedtheelircDegirknownas theStone-warders.TheyformedtheHigh Seer'sguard,butno more threeever left the Tower at a give time. Few Amorian Wariors malchedtheir exp€rience,tenaclry,or sûengthof anns. Fourinfanry Digir, includingtheSbne wârders,residedin the Tower. Tbeir Knighls supervisedthreegroupsofrhreeWadors. eachof whichworkedfour hourshifts.Thus.â soldierwason stationfor four hoursandtbenoff for eight. Thispattemkeptthe Men fresh. The fint Tower Degir wasresponsiblefor guardingthelower tkee levelsof thespire,sotheir sleepingquarrerswerelocatedin theCuardChamberontheSecondLevel (#39). Onelnanfromthis unit wasalwaysondutyir theEntryChamber(#32)andthelower GuârdHalls (#s33and44). A secondDegir residedin theGuard Charnberon theSixthLevel (#6I â) andirsthree-mânshiftswere

deployedintheGuârdHallsoûiheFifrh,Sixth,andSeven!hLevels

(#s56.61b,and70).ThethirdTowerDegirlivedintbechambers

on theTenthLevel (#84) anda guardftom this unir wasalways slalionedin theGuardHallsonkvels Eight,Nine,ândTen(#s76,

82. and 88).

Quarters of theEleventhlÆvel(i9 I ). Theypatroledtheturets and

upp€rlevels.althoughtheirmosiimportânltâskwassâfeguarding thePalanair.Oneoftheir numberwâsâlwaysontheWindowWâlk (#89i of the EleventhLevel andarother wasalwaysposirioned insidetheHalioftheSrone(#i 06).ThethirdStone-warderinâny givenshift wasresponsiblefor the Seer'sBe]l andthe Great Beacon(#sl1l and112). Thetwo cavalryDegirlodgedin lhe Knights'Stables(#24). E4r provideda three-mande|âchmenlfor mountedpalrolsout- sidethefortress-Off-dutyWarriorsspentpartof theirtimecdring for theirhorses.of whichtheirweæsixty (twofor eachhorseman), aswell astheawosteedsrcseûedfor ùe High Seer,theWârden, andeachof thetwo infaniry Captains. Amon Stl's ouler defenseshousedlbreeinfântry Diglr. One unir. commandedby the Knight who actedasSecondCaptain, stayedin thePrisonTower (#21)- AnoiherDegir, which wêsled by theThirdCaptain,residedin rheEastWâtch(#19). Ohtrr's Tower (*12) andthePrince'sTower(#l5 ) accommodatediheùird

Degir-

Sincetheywerepartof theRoyaiArmy, thegarrisonworethe King's Livery: blâckarmorânda blacksurcoâr.Amoriaû horse- msn wore hâlf-plâte ârmor, while the footsoldierswore mail. Seveûsix-pointed.whilestarsândawhilecrownâdomedtheches! of their su.coat.lheir cloâks.andtheir black-facedshields. Two blackplumessproutedIiom thesidesof $eir blâcksteelhelms.and theirswo.ds,speârs,andbowswereaccentedin white,silver,or black trim. dependingon their Degir.

Stone-wardersmâde their homesin the Guard

4,2

ARTHEDAIN'SGARRISON

As lhe mostdirectheirsto Amor's Eâditions.thegarrison naintainedby Anhedainb€tweenT.A. 861andT.A. 1409re-

sembledlhe original Amorian Naudeg. During brief periodsof manial strife betweenArthedâir and irs sisterslates(e.g.,T.A. 950,1029,l100-1110,and 1349-50).Anhedainheldcomplete controlofthe |owerândâssignedtwoNaudigto thefbrtress.

ThenineadditionalDigtr!ha1comprisedthesecondNaudeg

livedoutsidetheTower.FourunitsbârrâckedinArancil'sTower

(#6),rheMidgewarch(#.1).whisrler'sBâstion(#2),andElendil's

Walch (#9).

Knights'Stâbles (#24).Bothof theoiherinfantryunitsreplâced

rheDigirassignedtothePrisonTower(#21)andtheEastWalch