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SAP Note

Header Data
Symptom
You want t o i nst al l sever al SAP syst ems or at l east sever al SAP syst emcomponent s on a host .
Apar t f r omSAP sof t war e, you want t o use sof t war e f r omanot her manuf act ur er on a host .

What must I bear i n mi nd?

Other Terms

Consol i dat i on, appl i cat i on st acki ng, l i veCache, APO opt i mi zer , dat abase, wor kl oad manager , l ogi cal
par t i t i oni ng, WLM, l par

Reason and Prerequisites

I t i s t echni cal l y possi bl e t o i nst al l and oper at e sever al SAP syst ems as wel l as t hi r d- par t y
sof t war e on a si ngl e host . SAP pr ovi des guar ant eed suppor t f or a conf i gur at i on cont ai ni ng sever al
SAP syst ems on t he same syst emunder t he usual pr er equi si t es. The f ol l owi ng cases ar e t ypi cal :
1. Sever al i nst ances of t he same syst emon one ser ver
You shoul d be abl e t o r un sever al i nst ances of a syst emon a si ngl e power f ul host i f you want ,
f or exampl e, t o f ul l y expl oi t t he mai n memor y. Wher e possi bl e, you shoul d use a 64- bi t syst emt o
enabl e use of t he avai l abl e r esour ces. I n some cases i t makes sense t o i nst al l sever al SAP
i nst ances ( f or exampl e, separ at i on of appl i cat i ons on t he i nst ance l evel , set up of dedi cat ed RFC
i nst ances, pr ovi si on of addi t i onal spool wor k pr ocesses bef or e Rel ease 4) . Sever al i nst ances
al ways pl ace hi gher demands on r esour ces t han a si ngl e i nst ance because, f or exampl e, t he shar ed
memor y ( PXA, Ext ended Pool ) i s cr eat ed sever al t i mes ( possi bl y i n di f f er ent si zes each t i me) .
2. Sever al cent r al syst ems on a ser ver
On l ar ge host s, sever al smal l cent r al SAP syst ems ( i n ot her wor ds, dat abase and cent r al i nst ance
t oget her ) ar e t o be oper at ed.
3. l i veCache, APO opt i mi zer , I TS spl i t t he ser ver wi t h one or mor e component s.
4. Thi r d- par t y sof t war e i s oper at ed t oget her wi t h SAP sof t war e on one
ser ver .
I nst al l i ng di f f er ent R/ 3 syst ems separ at el y or even i nst al l i ng di f f er ent syst emcomponent s on
separ at e comput er s has t he f ol l owi ng advant ages:
l si mpl e admi ni st r at i on of t he i ndi vi dual ser ver s
l hi gh f ai l - saf e
l hi gh f l exi bi l i t y dur i ng t he upgr ade
l uni que assi gnment of r esour ce consumpt i on and per f or mance
I n gener al , t he f ol l owi ng appl i es:
l A combi nat i on of t est , consol i dat i on and pr oduct i ve syst ems on t he same host i s not r ecommended
because t hen you can no l onger t est OS pat ches or OS ker nel par amet er changes.
l Avoi d a combi nat i on of 32- bi t and 64- bi t dat abases on t he same host . Thi s t ype of ' mi xed'
conf i gur at i on i s not pr ovi ded f or i n t he st andar d syst em. For f ur t her enqui r i es about t hi s
cont act your dat abase par t ner . Your dat abase par t ner can t el l you whi ch dat abase syst ems and
ver si ons can be i nst al l ed t oget her on one host .
l Rel ease dependenci es and pat ches: I n gener al , t he syst ems or i nst ances can have di f f er ent
r el ease l evel s. A r est r i ct i on ar i ses f r omt he f act t hat t he oper at i ng syst emver si on has t o be
21960 - Several instances/systems on one UNIX computer
Version 88 Validity: 21.01.2013 - active Language English
Released On 21.01.2013 09:28:13
Release Status Released for Customer
Component BC-INS Installation Tools


BC-CST-MM Memory Management
Priority Recommendations / Additional Info
Category Consulting
Other Components
compat i bl e wi t h t he r el eases of al l SAP syst ems or t he t hi r d- par t y sof t war e. We cannot guar ant ee
t hat di f f er ent r el eases of t he same or di f f er ent SAP sol ut i ons ar e r el eased on t he same
oper at i ng syst emver si on. Fur t her mor e, we cannot excl ude t hat di f f er ent SAP sol ut i ons may
r equi r e di f f er ent , i ncompat i bl e OS pat ches. The cust omer bear s t he f ul l r i sk i f syst ems have t o
r un on di f f er ent oper at i ng syst emver si ons or pat ch l evel s because t he r equi r ement s f or a
component have changed.
l I f sever al SAP syst ems ar e i nst al l ed on a host syst em, t hey af f ect each ot her i n t er ms of
st abi l i t y and per f or mance. However , i t i s di f f i cul t t o det er mi ne exact l y how and when t he
di f f er ent syst ems i nt er act .
l As f ar as t he t echni cal i mpl ement at i on i s concer ned, si mul t aneous oper at i on of sever al syst ems
or i nst ances on a si ngl e host i s mai nl y a mat t er of si zi ng. Thi s means t hat t he har dwar e
r esour ces r equi r ed must be pl anned accur at el y and adapt ed t o t he oper at i ng syst em, dat abase and
SAP par amet er s. These r esul t f r omt he i ndi vi dual demands of t he i ndi vi dual user and hi s or her
i ni t i al si t uat i on.
l The r equi r ed har dwar e r esour ces and syst empar amet er s must be accur at el y det er mi ned by t he
i mpl ement at i on par t ner ( f or exampl e, t he oper at i ng syst empar t ner , dat abase par t ner or t he SAP
Basi s advi ser ) t oget her wi t h t he cust omer .
l Make sur e you al so r ead t he i nst al l at i on gui de f or your par t i cul ar r el ease/ oper at i ng
syst em/ dat abase combi nat i on.
l Thi s not e does not cl ai mt o be compl et e.

Solution
1. Mul t i pl e SAP syst ems on one host
Usi ng sever al SAP syst ems on one comput er i s par t i cul ar l y chal l engi ng i n t er ms of t he
admi ni st r at i on of such conf i gur at i ons. Above al l , t her e wi l l be si de ef f ect s i n t er ms of r el ease
dependenci es and pat ches whi ch ar e di f f i cul t t o r ecogni ze. The anal ysi s t ool s pr ovi ded by SAP
can no l onger be used wi t hout modi f i cat i ons wi t h t he conf i gur at i on of sever al syst ems on one
host . Ther ef or e, i f you want t o use pr oact i ve SAP ser vi ces such as " Ear l y Wat ch' " and " Goi ng
Li ve" f or conf i gur at i ons of sever al SAP syst ems on one host , you shoul d f i r st i nf or mSAP ser vi ce
about t hi s combi nat i on.
I f i t t ur ns out t hat per f or mance pr obl ems ar e mai nl y caused by i ncor r ect si zi ng dur i ng
i mpl ement at i on ( i n ot her wor ds, by i nadequat el y assi gni ng t he i ndi vi dual ser ver r esour ces) , SAP
cannot be consi der ed t o be r esponsi bl e.
2. I nst ance number s
SAP i nst ances ar e i dent i f i ed uni quel y by t he host name and t he t wo- di gi t SAP syst emnumber
( i nst ance number ) . The i nst ance number s must t her ef or e ( al so i n t he f i r st case) be di f f er ent .
I nst ance number s 98 and 99 ar e not al l owed. Wi t h HP- UX 11. 0, t he por t bel ongi ng t o i nst ance
number 75 i s al r eady used by t he oper at i ng syst em. See al so Not es 29972 and 94783 ( ERROR =>
DpShMCr eat e DpI PCI ni t ) .
3. CPU
The r equi r ed t ot al CPU power f or sever al syst ems on one host can exceed t he sumof t he CPU power
f or t he same syst ems on separ at e host s. Ask your har dwar e par t ner or oper at i ng syst empar t ner
about mechani sms i n t he oper at i ng syst emt hat l i mi t t he compet i ng consumpt i on of avai l abl e CPU
power among t he i ndi vi dual SAP syst ems and t he t hi r d- par t y sof t war e.
4. Mai n memor y
The amount of r equi r ed mai n memor y ( RAM) must be hi gher t han t he sumof t he same syst ems on
separ at e host s.
5. . sapconf f i l e f or R3I NST
Unt i l Rel ease 3. 1, t he i nst al l at i on i s car r i ed out wi t h R3I NST. The avai l abl e RAM i s gi ven i n
f i l e / usr / sap/ t r ans/ . sapconf ( and t he l ocal copy / et c/ sapconf ) . The sapconf f i l e consi st s of
t hr ee par t s wi t h t he header s " SYSTEM" , " I NSTANCE" and " PROTOCOL" . The st or age space avai l abl e
f or each SAP syst emi s under " SYSTEM" . Si mi l ar l y, t he st or age space f or each SAP i nst ance i s
under " I NSTANCE" ( wi t hout dat abase syst em) . The ent r i es ar e t her e f or document at i on pur poses
onl y. You do not have t o mai nt ai n t he val ues f or syst emoper at i on. I f you st i l l want t o modi f y
t hem, you shoul d use t he R3I NST i n EDI T mode.
As of Rel ease 4. 0, SAP syst ems ar e i nst al l ed wi t h t he R3SETUP. The / usr / sap/ t r ans/ . sapconf f i l e
i s no l onger used.
6. Swap Space
You can det er mi ne t he Swap Space r equi r ement f or ever y SAP syst emusi ng t he pr ogr amSAPPFPAR.
The sumof t hese val ues, t he Swap space of t he oper at i ng syst emand ot her pr ogr ams gi ves you t he
r equi r ed Swap space on t he comput er . Make sur e you def i ne suf f i ci ent Swap space. See Not es
38052, 97179, and 153641.
7. I nst ance pr of i l e
I f a syst emwhi ch i s al r eady i nst al l ed shoul d use mor e or l ess mai n memor y ( RAM) t han i t does,
t hen you must change t he i nst ance pr of i l e subsequent l y. For t hi s, r ef er t o Not e 21636. As of
Rel ease 4. 0, Not e 107209 i s avai l abl e f or t hi s pr obl em.
Ref er t o Not e 88416 f or i nf or mat i on about t he PHYS_MEMSI ZE par amet er .
8. Bat ch oper at i on
Up t o Rel ease 3. 1, one host was ent er ed f or bat ch pr ocessi ng. Two i nst ances on one comput er
caused ment i oned t he sympt oms descr i bed i n Not es 110878 and 116082. As of Rel ease 4. 0, t he
appl i cat i on ser ver t he bat ch j ob i s r unni ng on i s def i ned f or j ob pl anni ng.
9. Oper at i ng syst emdependenci es:
a) Memor y management
Al l r el evant SAP r el eases ar e ( at l east on Uni x oper at i ng syst ems and Li nux oper at i ng
syst ems) avai l abl e i n a 64- bi t ver si on and shoul d be oper at ed as 64- bi t . I f you oper at e t he
SAP sof t war e as 32- bi t , r ef er t o t he f ol l owi ng not es f or t he oper at i on syst em- dependent
aspect s dur i ng memor y management :

HP- UX:33576, 37537, 43427,106819, 100410, 113189
TRU- 64:32915, 30606
Wi ndows NT: 28392
AIX:37537, 78498, 95454
Linux:386605
b) The SAP har dwar e par t ner s have t est ed wor kl oad or r esour ce management t ool s f or use i n
SAP pr oduct i on envi r onment s.
c) The opt i on of st at i cal l y or dynami cal l y par t i t i oni ng sof t war e i s al so an al t er nat i ve f or
t he consol i dat ed use of SAP sof t war e. Cont act your har dwar e par t ner t o r equest addi t i onal
i nf or mat i on about pr oduct s and r ecommendat i ons. SAP vi ews t hese ser ver par t i t i ons, whi ch ar e
r unni ng on one ser ver and upon whi ch sever al oper at i ng syst ems ar e r unni ng si mul t aneousl y
usi ng par t i t i oni ng t echnol ogy, as a st andal one ser ver s. Make sur e t hat suf f i ci ent r esour ces
ar e avai l abl e t o t he SAP sof t war e ( see above) . I f you ar e dynami cal l y adj ust i ng t he CPU and
memor y r esour ces avai l abl e t o t he SAP syst em, t ake t he caut i onar y measur es ment i oned i n
sect i on 1 of t he sol ut i on, si nce cer t ai n SAP moni t or i ng t ool s ar e not set up f or t hi s
adj ust ment .
d) For al l usage t ypes, t he pl at f or mpar t ner or t he i mpl ement at i on par t ner i s r esponsi bl e
f or t he si zi ng of t he i nt egr at ed sol ut i on.
SAP advi ses agai nst i nst al l i ng t est , devel opment and pr oduct i on syst ems on t he same
oper at i ng syst em.
10. Dat abases
a) I nf or mi x
Ref er t o Not e 12825 f or i nf or mat i on about I nf or mi x under UNI X.
b) Or acl e
I f usi ng SQL*NET V1, r ef er t o Not es 37182 and 98252.
c) SAP DB
See Not e 327578.
d) SAP Sybase ASE
See SAP Not e 1811976.
11. l i veCache
See Not e 392852.
12. APO Opt i mi zer
The APO syst emuses opt i mi zer s i n var i ous modul es ( f or exampl e, PP/ DS, SNP, ND) . These ar e
dedi cat ed pr ogr ams t hat have di f f er ent har dwar e r equi r ement s dependi ng on t he r el ease.
Opt i mi zer s shoul d be i nst al l ed on dedi cat ed ser ver s.
13. I TS
I TS shoul d be i nst al l ed on a dedi cat ed ser ver .


Validity
This document is not restricted to a software component or software component version
References
This document refers to:
SAP Notes
1457063 SAP on HP-UX: Consolidating SAP Systems
1246022 Support for SAP applications in Solaris Zones
1112627 SAP on HP-UX: Recommendations for swap and pseudo swap
1002461 Support of IBM Dynamic LPAR and Micropartitioning
927406 ACC: Parallel operation of ABAP application servers
901732 SAP on HP Integrity Virtual Machines (HPVM)
800926 ACC: Parallel operation on the ABAP application server
570375 SAP on Oracle Solaris: Swap Space and Paging
392852 Additional applications on the liveCache server
386605 SAP Memory Management for Linux (32-bit)
333895 DB2/390: Several R/3 instances per application server
327578 New software structure as of SAP DB version 7.2.4
322653 DB6: Two or several systems on a host
308375 64-bit SAP software
158709 Installation SAP R/3 64 bit kernel ReliantUNIX
146528 Configuration of R/3 on hosts with much RAM
107209 Creating a new instance profile with R3SETUP

This document is referenced by:
SAP Notes (23)

98252 Installing two Oracle databases on a host
97179 Digital Unix, swap allocation with huge systems
89305 Resource requirements for release 4.0 A / 4.0 B
78498 High paging rate on AIX servers, in particular DB servers
37182 Two Oracle databases on one host: orasrv
30606 Entries in /etc/sysconfigtab under Digital UNIX
29972 Instance numbers in a distributed system
28392 Two R/3 Systems on one Windows NT Server
12825 Installation of two R/3 Systems on one host
392852 Additional applications on the liveCache server
98252 Installing two Oracle databases on a host
386605 SAP Memory Management for Linux (32-bit)
333895 DB2/390: Several R/3 instances per application server
78498 High paging rate on AIX servers, in particular DB servers
89305 Resource requirements for release 4.0 A / 4.0 B
97179 Digital Unix, swap allocation with huge systems
327578 New software structure as of SAP DB version 7.2.4
322653 DB6: Two or several systems on a host
1457063 SAP on HP-UX: Consolidating SAP Systems
1246022 Support for SAP applications in Solaris Zones
1002461 Support of IBM Dynamic LPAR and Micropartitioning
901732 SAP on HP Integrity Virtual Machines (HPVM)
1112627 SAP on HP-UX: Recommendations for swap and pseudo swap
37182 Two Oracle databases on one host: orasrv
308375 64-bit SAP software
146528 Configuration of R/3 on hosts with much RAM
30606 Entries in /etc/sysconfigtab under Digital UNIX
29972 Instance numbers in a distributed system
28392 Two R/3 Systems on one Windows NT Server
12825 Installation of two R/3 Systems on one host
158709 Installation SAP R/3 64 bit kernel ReliantUNIX
107209 Creating a new instance profile with R3SETUP