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BOOKER T

WASHINGTON
THE MAN OF INTEGRITY, STANDING FOR JUSTICE, LIBERTY AND EDUCATION
By Keith B. Tooley
CITATION
www.history.com/blackhistory
www.teachingamericanhistory.org
www.legacyofhistory.com
www.Wikipedia.com
www.tuskegeeuniversity.com
www.yahoovoices.com
THE MESSENGER OF EARLY
BLACK AMERICA
Booker T. Washington
BACKGROUND:
Educator
Born: April 5, 1856, Hales Ford, VA
Died: November 15, 1915, Tuskegee, AL
Nationality: American
Parents: Jane Ferguson
Education: Wayland Seminary (1878-1879)
Hampton University (1875)


THE BEGINNING
Booker T. Washington was born during a time when The United
States of America was trying to work towards a solution dealing
with slavery. His mother Jane was a worker on a plantation
owned by James and Elizabeth Burroughs. Jane, Booker T.
Washingtons mother was brought along by the Burroughs to be
a worker on the plantation. This plantation would be the birth
place of the future Dr. Booker T. Washington.




























































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THE YOUNG YEARS OF BOOKER T.
Jane was faithful and raised her family on the plantation of The
Burroughs. The Burroughs seemed to like and care for Jane and
her children. Booker T. Washington would learn many things
here on this plantation. Here would be begin his quest for the
yearning to be educated and not just the regular ole slave. A
quest to make it better for his people and their future.
EDUCATION WILL BE MY
FREEDOM
Booker T. Washington was the foremost black educator of the late 19
th
and
early 20
th
centuries. He had a major influence on southern race relations and
was the dominant figure in black public affairs from 1895 until his death in
1915. After a secondary education at Hampton Institute, he taught an
upgraded school and experimented briefly with the study of law and the
ministry. A teaching position at Hampton decided his future career. In 1881
he founded Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute on the Hampton model
in the black belt of Alabama.
HIS CONTRIBUTION TO
EDUCATION
Dr. Booker T. Washington became a major in education, and an
advocate to ensure his people would not remain unlearned or on a
plantation without options. Seeing the things that happened during
the Civil War and how blacks were being treated and sold as slaves
he was a determined young man. His goal being to educate all
unlearned slaves and upon being freed he wanted to make sure
they knew their options to obtain this education.
SPEAKER AND PHILANTHROPIST
Upon his starting Tuskegee in 1881 it afforded Dr. Washington many
opportunities for a black man to be declared a great spokesman for
his race. His most early notables would be The Atlanta Compromise
Address, delivered before the Cotton States Exposition in 1895. This
great speech caused Washington to be noticed about race relations
and black leadership. This speech also caused the white race to
push for progress for blacks in economics and educational
opportunities.
THE MAN AND HIS JOURNEY
CONTINUES
Dr. Washington further consolidated his influence by his widely
read autobiography, Up From Slavery (1901), the founding of
the National Negro Business League in 1900, his celebrated
dinner at the White House in 1901, and control of patronage
politics as chief black advisor to Presidents Theodore Roosevelt
and William Howard Taft.
DR. BOOKER T. WASHINGTON
MARCHES ON.
Dr. Washington was celebrated by both white and black for his work
in pushing for education and improving conditions for blacks. All
though it seemed Dr. Washington was doing a great work there
would be those that didnt always agree with him. The Niagara
Movement (1905-09) and The NAACP (1909-) were demanding civil
rights and encouraging protest in response to white aggressions
such as lynchings, disfranchisement, and segregation laws.
TUSKEGEE INSTITUTE
Tuskegee Normal and Industrial School had its humble start in
the year of 1881, July 4 as Tuskegee Institute. Washington
would be the teacher for the 30 students. And later would take
on the role of principle.
TUSKEGEE INSTITUTE
The Goal was to start a school for blacks in Macon County, In
1880 a bill that included a yearly appropriation of 2,000 was
passed by the Alabama State Legislation to establish this school.
TUSKEGEE INSTITUTE
The curriculum that would be taught would be industrialization,
Booker T, had seen the perils of slavery and what it had done to
the slaves. His goal was to teach them trades that would help
them to survive in life. He wanted their knowledge to help them
take what they learned and make it productive to life.
TUSKEGEE NORMAL &
INDUSTRIAL
His Statement: Our Schools teach everybody a little of almost everything, but, in my
opinion, they teach very few children just what they ought to know in order to make
their way successfully in life. They do not put into their hands the tools they are best
fitted to use, and hence so many failures. Many a mother and sister have worked and
slaved, living upon scanty food, in order to give a son and brother a liberal
education, and in doing this have built up a barrier between the boy and the work
he is fitted to do. Let me say to you that all honest work is honorable work. If the
labor is manual, and seems common, you will have all the more chance to be
thinking of other things, or work that is higher and brings better pay, and to work out
in your minds better and higher duties and responsibilities for yourselves, and for
thinking of ways by which you can help others as well as yourselves, and bring them
up to a higher level.
LEARNING AND TEACHINGS
Moving towards the Adult Learning, Dr. Washington wanted his
race to not hold to slavery and that we were being kept back.
He wanted to motivate them to know if I give you a start, take it
and move forward gaining all the necessary skills that you can
obtain to be successful. Dont have pity parties but celebrate
yourselves, wanting, a better life for your kids and your futures.
TUSKEGEE MOVING FORWARD
Today known as The Tuskegee University, A well known thriving
school offering many different types of educational degrees. It
has strived and become one of the well known secondary
educational institutions of the world. Dr. Booker T. Washington
Sr. started a legacy that continues today educating some of the
most prominent people in our society today.
TUSKEGEE UNIVERSITY
Starting as a slave, going to school and rushing home to work on the
plantation. Seeing his surroundings and deciding I want allow this situation to
make me bitter, Ill become better. He was one of the most influential men of
the late 1800s and early 1900s. Educating himself and taking a stand in what
he believed proved to be very successful. Taking shots from his own race and
having to stand alone he proved that his goal was to make one stand up and
take accountability for your life. It is up to you to make life better and create
your own destiny.
DR. BOOKER T. WASHINGTON
A Great Educator, Author, Family Man and Spokesman known
throughout America for his stance on education, economics and
social status for his people. After 3 wives and 4 children, On
November 14, 1915 he ended his journey and was buried on the
campus of Tuskegee University.
TUSKEGEE UNIVERSITY TODAY
DR. BOOKER T. WASHINGTON SR.
http://youtu.be/07cispyOhWQ