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Grossmont College Name _____________________________

Chemistry 141
Spring 2007 Section__________ Date ______________
Exam 4
Part I: Multiple Choice (2 points each)
Directions: Please circle the best answer for each of the following questions
Question 1. Which o the ollo!ing
represents a solution"
a# !hippe$ cream
%# &ell'o
c# gasoline
$# %utter
e# all o the a%o(e
Question 2. What ionic compoun$ !oul$ you
e)pect to %e the most solu%le"
a# potassium nitrate
%# strontium phosphate
c# so$ium %icar%onate
$# lithium car%onate
e# none o the a%o(e
Question *. Write the reaction +uotients, Qc-
N.4/N.2C02# /s# 2 N.* /g# 1 C02 /g#
a# Qc 2 3N.*43C024
%# Qc 2 3N.*4
2
3C024
c#
#4 / 3
4 3 4 3
2 2 4
2
2
*
CO NH NH
CO NH
Q
c
=
$#
4 3 4 3
#4 / 3
2
2
*
2 2 4
CO NH
CO NH NH
Q
c
=
e# none o the a%o(e
Question 4. 5he pressure nee$e$ to stop the
lo! o sol(ent through a semi'
permea%le mem%rane.
a# osmotic pressure
%# atmospheric pressure
c# (apor pressure
$# %arometric pressure
e# all o the a%o(e
Question 6. Which o the ollo!ing solutions
!ill ha(e the lo!est ree7ing
point"
a# 0.0100 m so$ium chlori$e
%# 0.0100 m lithium sulate
c# 0.0*6 m propanol,
C.*C.2C.20.
$# 0.016 m magnesium chlori$e
e# all ha(e the same ree7ing
point
Question 8. 9!, at 40:C is 2.;2 ) 10
'14
, !hat
is the 3.*0
1
4 or a neutral
solution"
a# 3.*0
1
4 21.00 ) 10
'7
<
%# 3.*0
1
4 = 1.71 ) 10
'7
<
c# 3.*0
1
4 2 1.71 ) 10
'7
<
$# 3.*0
1
4 > 1.71 ) 10
'7
<
e# None o the a%o(e
Question 7. ?s a rule, !hich o the ollo!ing
phases are not inclu$e$ in the
e+uili%rium constant"
a# pure li+ui$s
%# pure soli$s
c# a+ueous solution
$# gases
e# a @ % only
Question A. Brom the ollo!ing chemical
reactions $etermine the relati(e
CrDnste$'Eo!ry aci$ strengths
/strongest to !eaFest#.
.Cl04 /sol# 1 .20 /l# .*0
1
/a+# 1 Cl04
'
/a+#
.N02 /a+# 1 .20 /l# .*0
1
/a+# 1 N02
'
/a+#
a# .Cl04 = .*0
1
= .N02
%# .Cl04 = .N02 = .*0
1
c# .*0
1
= .Cl04 = .N02
$# .*0
1
= .N02 = .Cl04
Question ;. G an e+ual num%er o moles o
hy$rocyanic aci$ an$ potassium
hy$ro)i$e are a$$e$ at !ater, is
the resulting solution aci$ic,
%asic, or neutral"
a# aci$ic
%# %asic
c# neutral
$# not enough inormation
e# none o the a%o(e
Question 10. What is the hy$ro)i$e ion
concentration o a lye solution
that has a p. o 11.20"
a# 8.*1 ) 10
'12
<
%# 1.6A ) 10
'*
<
Hage 1 o 6
Chemistry 141 Spring 2007
Iance J)am 4
c# 2.A0 <
$# 11.20 <
e# none o the a%o(e
Part II: !hort "nswer
Directions: "nswer each of the following questions #e sure to use complete
sentences where appropriate $or full cre%it &e sure to show all of 'our wor(
Question 1. Select the one su%stance that has the correspon$ing property /A points#.
a. Strongest hy$rogen %on$ing .
2
0
/l#
.
2
S
/l#
.
*
C0.
/l#
%. Greatest surace tension as li+ui$s C.
*
0.
/l#
C
2
.
6
0.
/l#
C
*
.
7
0.
/l#
c. .ighest (apor pressure as soli$s C0
2 /s#
S0
2 /s#
Si0
2 /s#
$. Eo!est (iscosity as li+ui$s .Cl
/l#
.Cr
/l#
.G
/l#
e. Eo!est enthalpy o (apori7ation .
2
0 .
2
S .
2
5e
. .ighest %oiling point as li+ui$s ?s.
* /l#
H.
* /l#
N.
* /l#
g. Strongest $ipole orce .
2
S SCl
2
SB
2
h. Strongest Eon$on orces C.
4
SiB
4
GeB
4
Question 2. 5he ree7ing point o a 6.00K %y mass acetic aci$ solution is '1.678 :C.
Determine the e)perimental (anLt .o i actor or this solution. ?ccount
or its (alue on the %asis o your un$erstan$ing o intermolecular orces /A
points#.
;87 . 0
# M A8 . 1 #/ A78 . 0 /
## 678 . 1 / 0 /
A78 . 0
062 . 80
1
1
1000
00 . ;6
00 . 6
100
00 . 6
2 * 2
2 * 2
2
2 * 2 2 * 2
=

=

=
=
= =
m C m
C C
mk
T
i
imk T
m
O H HC g
O H HC mol
kg
g
O H g
O H HC g
solution g
O H HC g
f
f
f f


.C
2
.
*
0
2 /a+#
.
1
/a+#
1 C
2
.
*
0
2
'
/a+#

Since acetic aci$ slightly $issociates there !ill %e some ion pairing in the solution !hich
!ill lo!er the measure$ (anLt .o actor.
Hage 2 o 8
Chemistry 141 Spring 2007
Iance J)am 4
Question *. ? 10.0K suluric aci$ solution has a $ensity o 1.07 gMcm
*
/16 points#.
a. .o! many milliliters o solution contains 8.*2 g o suluric aci$"
mL
cm
mL
solution g
solution cm
SO H g
solutuion g
SO H g 1 . 6;
1
1
07 . 1
1
0 . 10
100
*2 . 8
*
*
4 2
4 2
=
%. What is the molality o suluric aci$ in the solution"
m
kg
g
SO H g
SO H mol
O H g
SO H g
1* . 1
1
1000
078 . ;A
1
0 . ;0
0 . 10
4 2
4 2
2
4 2
=
c. What mass /in grams# o suluric aci$ is in a *00 mE solution"
4 2
4 2
1 . *2
ln 100
0 . 10
ln 1
ln 07 . 1
ln *00 SO H g
so g
SO H g
so mL
so g
so mL =
Question 4. 5he photosynthesis reaction is-
8 C0
2 /g#
1 8 .
2
0
/l#
C
8
.
12
0
8 /s#
1 8 0
2 /g#
.: 2 12A02 FN
Suppose that the reaction is at e+uili%rium. State the eect that each o
the ollo!ing changes !ill ha(e on the e+uili%rium composition- ten$ to
shit to!ar$ the ormation o reactants, ten$ to shit to!ar$ the ormation
o pro$ucts, or ha(e no eect /12 points#.
a. 5he partial pressure o o)ygen gas is increase$. reactants
%. 5he system is compresse$. no eect
c. 5he amount o car%on $io)i$e is increase$. pro$ucts
$. 5he temperature is increase$. pro$ucts
e. Some o the C
8
.
12
0
8
is remo(e$. pro$ucts
. Water is a$$e$. pro$ucts
Hage * o 8
Chemistry 141 Spring 2007
Iance J)am 4
Question 6. ? mi)ture o 0.0680 mol o)ygen gas an$ 0.0200 mol $initrogen mono)i$e
is place$ in a 1.00 E reaction (essel at 26 :C. When the reaction is at
e+uili%rium 0.0200 mol nitrogen $io)i$e is present /12 points#.
2 N
2
0
/g#
1 * 0
2 /g#
4 N0
2 /g#
a. What are the e+uili%rium concentrations o o)ygen an$ $initrogen
mono)i$e gas"
2 N
2
0
/g#
1 * 0
2 /g#
4 N0
2 /g#
G 0.0200 < 0.0680 < 0 <
C '2) '*) 14)
J 0.0200 < O 2) 0.0680 < O *) 4)
B 0.0200 < O /2/0.00600 <## 2 0.0680 < O /*/0.00600 <## 2 0.0200 <
0.0100 < 0.041 <
4) 2 0.0200 <
) 2 0.00600 <
%. What is the (alue o 9
c
"
[ ]
[ ] [ ]
2 . 2*
# 041 . 0 / # 100 . 0 /
# 0200 . 0 /
* 2
4
*
2
2
2
4
2
= = =
O O N
NO
K
c
c. What is the (alue o 9
p
"
9
p
2 9
c
/P5#
n
2 /2*.2#3/0.0A21 E atm mol
'1
9
'1
#/2;A#4
/4 O * ' 2#
2 0.;4A
Question 8. Determine !hich aci$ is stronger an$ e)plain !hy /; points#.
a. hy$roluoric aci$ or hy$rochloric aci$
.y$rochloric aci$ is a strong aci$, !hile hy$roluoric aci$ is a !eaF aci$.
%. hypochlorous aci$ or chlorous aci$
Chlorous aci$ is .Cl0
2 /a+#
an$ hypochlorous aci$ is .Cl0
/a+#
. Chlorous
aci$ is the stronger aci$ %ecause it has more o)ygen atoms.
c. perchloric aci$ or phosphoric aci$

Herchloric aci$ is a strong aci$, !hile phosphoric aci$ is a !eaF aci$.
Hage 4 o 8
Chemistry 141 Spring 2007
Iance J)am 4
Question 7. .ea(y !ater, D
2
0, is use$ in some nuclear reactors. 5he 9
!
or hea(y
!ater at 26 :C is 1.*6 ) 10
'16
/18 points#.
a. Write the chemical e+uation or the autoprotolysis o D
2
0.
D
2
0 1 D
2
0 D
*
0
1
1 0D
'
%. J(aluate p9
!
or D
2
0 at 26 :C.
p9
!
2 'log 9
!
2 ' log /1.*6 ) 10
'16
# 2 14.A70
c. Calculate the molarities o D
*
0
1
an$ 0D
'
in neutral hea(y !ater at 26 :C.
9
!
2 3D
*
0
1
430D
'
4
1.*6 ) 10
'16
2 )
2
*.87 ) 10
'A
< 2 3D
*
0
1
4 2 30D
'
4
$. J(aluate the pD an$ p0D o neutral hea(y !ater at 26 :C.
pD 2 ' log3D
*
0
1
4 2 'log/*.87 ) 10
'A
# 27.4*6
p0D 2 7.4*6
e. Bin$ the relation %et!een pD, p0D, an$ p9
!
.
log 9
!
2 log 3D
*
0
1
430D
'
4
p9
!
2 pD 1 p0D
Hage 6 o 8
Chemistry 141 Spring 2007
Iance J)am 4
Question A. When 160 mg o an organic %ase containing only car%on, hy$rogen an$
nitrogen is analy7e$ %y com%ustion !ith o)ygen gas 212 mg o car%on
$io)i$e, 217 mg o !ater an$ 222 mg o nitrogen $io)i$e are reco(ere$.
When another 160 mg sample o organic %ase is $issol(e$ in 60.0 mE o
!ater, the p. is oun$ to %e 10.06. What is the percent protonation o the
%ase" Calculate the p9
%
o the %ase an$ the p9
a
o its con&ugate aci$ /10
points %onus#.
C
)
.
y
N
7
1 0
2
C0
2 /g#
1 .
2
0
/g#
1 N0
2 /g#
212 mg 217 mg 222 mg
N CH is formula empirical
N mmol
NO mol
N mol
NO g
NO mol
NO mg
H mmol
O H mol
H mol
O H g
O H mol
O H mg
C mmol
CO mol
C mol
CO g
CO mol
CO mg
6
2 2
2
2
2 2
2
2
2 2
2
2
1
A260*A*6 . 4
A260*A*6 . 4
1
1
01 . 48
1
222
6 ;;16 . 4
A260*A*6 . 4
0A4*6072 . 24
1
2
02 . 1A
1
217
1 ;;A*6 . 0
A260*A*6 . 4
A170A7028 . 4
1
1
01 . 44
1
212
= =
= =
= =
C.
6
N 1 .
2
0
/l#
C.
8
N
1
/a+#
1 0.
'
/a+#
p. 2 10.06
p0. 2 14.00 O p. 2 14.00 O 10.06 2 *.;6
30.
'
4 2 10
'*.;6
2 1.1 ) 10
'4
<
[ ][ ]
[ ]
7
2 4
6
8
4
*
10 * . 1
0;88 . 0
# 10 1 . 1 /
K 11 . 0 K 100
0;88 . 0
10 1 . 1
K
0;88 . 0
0600 . 0
1
08 . *1
1
10 160

= = =
= =
=
x
M
M x
N CH
OH N CH
K
M
M x
n protonatio
M
L g
mol
g x
b
p9
%
2 ' log/9
%
# 2 ' log/1.* ) 10
'7
# 2 8.;0
p9
a
2 14.00 O p9
%
2 14.00 O 8.;0 2 7.10
Hage 8 o 8