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# Piping

Sample 12
B31.3 Process Piping Calculations
October 17, 2008

PVEng
Pressure Vessel Engineering
120 Randall Dr. Suite B
Waterloo, ON
N2V 1C6
PVE Sample Vessels
Jakub Luszczki
Laurence Brundrett P. Eng.
Pressure Vessel Engineering Ltd.
Sample 12

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3-Nov-08

Contents
Cover
Summary
Material Properties
0.375" Pipe
0.5" Pipe
0.75" Pipe
1" Pipe
1.5" Pipe
0.5" Flange
0.75" Flange
1" Flange

Rev
1
2
3

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Revision(s)
Description

Date

By

## Pressure Vessel Design Summary

3-Nov-08

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PVEng Customer
Piping Vessel
Part Number
Sample 12 Drawing
Sample 12 Job
Maximum Internal pressure, psi

## Maximum External Pressure, psi At Temperature, F

800
Maximum Temperature, F

0
Minimum Temperature, F

100
Test Pressure, psi

1200
Spec A-106 Gr-B
20,000
No
No
No
0
ASME B31.3
2006
None
A-1
None

-20

100
At Pressure, psi

800

68F

1/2 hr

## Maximum Allowed Working Pressure

Maximum Design Metal Temperature
Hydrostatic Test

## Primary Material of Construction

Allowable Stress
Material Normalized
Material Impact Tested (not required per para. 323.2.2)
Non-Destructive Testing required per 341.4.1(b)
Corrosion Allowance
Code
Edition
Materials
Code Cases Required

Material Properties

ver 4.01

3-Nov-08

www.pveng.com

Page 4 of 13

## Piping <- Vessel

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Design Pressure:
800.0
0.0
Water
0
1.000
Design Pressure =

## <- P, internal operating pressure at top of vessel (psig)

<- mPa, external operation pressure
<- Operating Fluid
<- h, fluid height (ft)
<- rho, fluid density (1.0 for water)
P + 0.4331*rho*h
= 800 + 0.4331 * 1 * 0

Hydro Test

## (ASME B31.3-2004 - 345.4.2)

Test Pressure = P * 1.5 * MR

## pressure measured at top of vessel, rounded up

= 800 * 1.5 * 1

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mTp = 1200

Material Properties

## (ASME B31.3 Table A-1)

100 <- mTemp, design temp F
Material
Where Used

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mDp = 800.0

## CS Spec A-106 Gr-B pipes & tubes

CS Spec A-105 forgings
CS Spec A-234 Gr-WPB forgings

Pipe
Flange
Fittings

Ambient
Design
Strength Max F
Strength
Strength
Ratio
20000
20000
1.000
1100
23300
23300
1.000
1100
20000
20000
1.000
1100

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1.000

## ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

Piping Vessel
3/8" SCH 40 pipe Description

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Dimensions:
0.675
0.091
0.000
800.00

Do

## Do [in] - Outside Diameter

t [in] - Nominal wall thickness
Corr [in] - corrosion allowance
P [psi] - design pressure

## Material and Conditions:

FerriticSteel Material? - Select Material
<=900 Temp - Temperature Range (F)
20,000 S - allowable stress level (psi)
1.00 E - Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress)
12.5% UTP - undertolerance allowance (%)
1.0 W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

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## Table 304.1.1 Values:

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

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Variables:

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25

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32

UT =
nt =
Ri =
d=

t*UTP
t-Corr-UT
Do/2-nt
Ri*2

Length

Long Seam

Page 5 of 13

0.40
0.091*0.1 =
0.091-0-0.011 =
0.675/2-0.08 =
0.258*2 =

0.011
0.080
0.258
0.516

## Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))
800*0.675/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.013
tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y)))
800*(0.675-2*0.091+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.010
Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt
MAX(0.013,0.01) <= 0.08 = Acceptable
304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)
If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required
tMin = Max( ta,tb)
CkD = tMin<(Do/6)
CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

## MAX( 0.013,0.01) = 0.013

0.013<(0.675/6) = Acceptable
800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

## ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

Piping Vessel
1/2" SCH 40 pipe Description

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Dimensions:
0.840
0.109
0.000
800.00

Do

## Do [in] - Outside Diameter

t [in] - Nominal wall thickness
Corr [in] - corrosion allowance
P [psi] - design pressure

## Material and Conditions:

FerriticSteel Material? - Select Material
<=900 Temp - Temperature Range (F)
20,000 S - allowable stress level (psi)
1.00 E - Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress)
12.5% UTP - undertolerance allowance (%)
1.0 W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

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## Table 304.1.1 Values:

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

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Variables:

17

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25

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30
31
32

UT =
nt =
Ri =
d=

t*UTP
t-Corr-UT
Do/2-nt
Ri*2

Length

Long Seam

Page 6 of 13

0.40
0.109*0.1 =
0.109-0-0.014 =
0.84/2-0.095 =
0.325*2 =

0.014
0.095
0.325
0.649

## Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))
800*0.84/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.017
tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y)))
800*(0.84-2*0.109+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.013
Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt
MAX(0.017,0.013) <= 0.095 = Acceptable
304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)
If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required
tMin = Max( ta,tb)
CkD = tMin<(Do/6)
CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

## MAX( 0.017,0.013) = 0.017

0.017<(0.84/6) = Acceptable
800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

## ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

Piping Vessel
3/4" SCH 40 pipe Description

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Dimensions:
1.050
0.113
0.000
800.00

Do

## Do [in] - Outside Diameter

t [in] - Nominal wall thickness
Corr [in] - corrosion allowance
P [psi] - design pressure

## Material and Conditions:

FerriticSteel Material? - Select Material
<=900 Temp - Temperature Range (F)
20,000 S - allowable stress level (psi)
1.00 E - Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress)
12.5% UTP - undertolerance allowance (%)
1.0 W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

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## Table 304.1.1 Values:

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

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Variables:

17

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25

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32

UT =
nt =
Ri =
d=

t*UTP
t-Corr-UT
Do/2-nt
Ri*2

Length

Long Seam

Page 7 of 13

0.40
0.113*0.1 =
0.113-0-0.014 =
1.05/2-0.099 =
0.426*2 =

0.014
0.099
0.426
0.852

## Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))
800*1.05/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.021
tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y)))
800*(1.05-2*0.113+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.017
Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt
MAX(0.021,0.017) <= 0.099 = Acceptable
304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)
If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required
tMin = Max( ta,tb)
CkD = tMin<(Do/6)
CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

## MAX( 0.021,0.017) = 0.021

0.021<(1.05/6) = Acceptable
800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

## ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

Piping Vessel
1" SCH 40 pipe Description

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Dimensions:
1.315
0.133
0.000
800.00

Do

## Do [in] - Outside Diameter

t [in] - Nominal wall thickness
Corr [in] - corrosion allowance
P [psi] - design pressure

## Material and Conditions:

FerriticSteel Material? - Select Material
<=900 Temp - Temperature Range (F)
20,000 S - allowable stress level (psi)
1.00 E - Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress)
12.5% UTP - undertolerance allowance (%)
1.0 W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

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## Table 304.1.1 Values:

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

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Variables:

17

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25

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UT =
nt =
Ri =
d=

t*UTP
t-Corr-UT
Do/2-nt
Ri*2

Length

Long Seam

Page 8 of 13

0.40
0.133*0.1 =
0.133-0-0.017 =
1.315/2-0.116 =
0.541*2 =

0.017
0.116
0.541
1.082

## Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))
800*1.315/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.026
tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y)))
800*(1.315-2*0.133+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.021
Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt
MAX(0.026,0.021) <= 0.116 = Acceptable
304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)
If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required
tMin = Max( ta,tb)
CkD = tMin<(Do/6)
CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

## MAX( 0.026,0.021) = 0.026

0.026<(1.315/6) = Acceptable
800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

## ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

Piping Vessel
1-1/2" SCH 40 pipe Description

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Dimensions:
1.900
0.145
0.000
800.00

Do

## Do [in] - Outside Diameter

t [in] - Nominal wall thickness
Corr [in] - corrosion allowance
P [psi] - design pressure

## Material and Conditions:

FerriticSteel Material? - Select Material
<=900 Temp - Temperature Range (F)
20,000 S - allowable stress level (psi)
1.00 E - Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress)
12.5% UTP - undertolerance allowance (%)
1.0 W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

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## Table 304.1.1 Values:

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

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Variables:

17

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25

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32

UT =
nt =
Ri =
d=

t*UTP
t-Corr-UT
Do/2-nt
Ri*2

Length

Long Seam

Page 9 of 13

0.40
0.145*0.1 =
0.145-0-0.018 =
1.9/2-0.127 =
0.823*2 =

0.018
0.127
0.823
1.646

## Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))
800*1.9/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.037
tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y)))
800*(1.9-2*0.145+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.033
Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt
MAX(0.037,0.033) <= 0.127 = Acceptable
304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)
If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required
tMin = Max( ta,tb)
CkD = tMin<(Do/6)
CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

## MAX( 0.037,0.033) = 0.037

0.037<(1.9/6) = Acceptable
800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

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## ASME Code B31.3 2006 edition

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3-Nov-08

Page 10 of 13

Spec A-106 Gr-B <- Material

Db

## 20,000 <- Sh, allowable stress level

800.0 <- P, pressure
0.4 <- Yh, Table 304.1.1
1.050
0.113
12.5%
0.000
1.00

## <- Dh, outside diameter

<- Tht, wall thick (total)
<- UTh, undertolerance (%)
<- Ch, Corrosion
<- Eh, efficiency of header at nozzle

Tb
Nozzle

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www.pveng.com
Piping <- Vessel
1/4" Threadolet on 3/4" pipe <- Description

t
Leg41
Leg41

Shell

Branch:
Spec A-105 <- Material
23,300 <- Sb, allowable stress level
0.4 <- Yb, Table 304.1.1
0.875
0.250
12.5%
0.000
1.00
90.0

Th

Fig328.5.4E(1)

## <- Db, outside diameter

<- Tbt, wall thick (total)
<- UTb, Undertolerance (%)
<- Cb, Corrosion
<- Eb, efficiency of shell at nozzle
<- B, angle (degrees)

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Reinforcing:
0.250 <- Leg41 [Leg41*0.707 >= tc]
Pipe Thicknesses:
Th = Tht*(1-UTh)
Tb = Tbt*(1-UTb)
ThReq = P*Dh/(2*(Sh*Eh+P*Yh))
TbReq = P*Db/(2*(Sb*Eb+P*Yb))

Acceptable

= 0.113*(1-0.125)
with UT
= 0.25*(1-0.125)
with UT
= 800*1.05/(2*(20000*1+800*0.4))
= 800*0.875/(2*(23300*1+800*0.4))

Th =
Tb =
ThReq =
TbReq =

0.099
0.219
0.021
0.015

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Variables:
Lfour =
=
done =
dtwo =
=
Tc =

Min(2.5*(Th-Ch),2.5*(Tb-Cb))
Min(2.5*(0.099-0),2.5*(0.219-0))
(Db-2*(Tb-Cb))/Sin(B)
= (0.875-2*(0.219-0))/Sin(90)
min(Dh,Max(done,(Tb-Cb)+(Th-Ch)+done/2))
min(1.05,Max(0.438,(0.219-0)+(0.099-0)+0.438/2))
min(0.7*Tbt,0.25)
= min(0.7*0.25,0.25)

Lfour = 0.247
done = 0.438
dtwo = 0.536
Tc = 0.175

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Reinforcement:
Aone = thReq*done*(2-sin(B))

= 0.021*0.438*(2-sin(90))

Atwo = (2*dtwo-done)*(Th-ThReq-Ch)
= (2*0.536-0.438)*(0.099-0.021-0)
Athree = 2*Lfour*(Tb-tbReq-Cb)/sin(B)
Leg41^2
= 0.25^2
Atwo+Athree+AfourW
= 0.05 + 0.101 + 0.063

## Aone (required) = 0.009

Atwo (in header / run) = 0.050
Athree (in branch) = 0.101
AfourW (in welds) = 0.063
Total reinforcement= 0.213

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B16.5/16.47 Flange

Ver 2.5

WeldNeck

www.pveng.com

3-Nov-08

Page 11 of 13
#VALUE!

## Piping <- Vessel

1/2" RFWNF <- Description

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Select Flange
SA
Forged
SA 105
400
0.50

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27
28
29

<- Category
<- Material Type
<- Material
<- Pressure Class
<- Nominal Size

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## Nominal Table Max Temp F Pod, pipe OD -

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34
35

C-Si
2-1.1
1000
0.840

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40
41
42
43

Operating Conditions
100 <- T, temperature F
800.0 <- P, pressure, psig
0.000 <- Corr, corrosion allowance

Acceptable
Max press @100F [p1] 990
Max press @100F [p2] 990

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49
50
51
52
68
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71
72
73
78
79
80
81
82

Flange Welds:
20000
23000
0.622
1.00
Weld Strength:
Min Sa =
Max Weld Stress =
Weld Area =
Weld Stress =

## <- Sp, allowable stress, pipe

<- Sf, allowable stress, flange
<- B, flange bore
<- E, weld efficiency
MIN(Sp,Sf)
Sa * E
POD^2*pi*P/4

= MIN(20000,23000)
= 20000 * 1
= 0.84^2*pi*800/4

Pi*(A^2-(B+2*Corr)^2)/4

= Pi*(0.84^2-(0.622+2*0)^2)/4

= 443.342/0.25

Min Sa =
Max Weld Stress =
Area =
Stress =

20,000
20,000
443
0.250
1,771
Acceptable

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B16.5/16.47 Flange

Ver 2.5

WeldNeck

www.pveng.com

3-Nov-08

Page 12 of 13
#VALUE!

## Piping <- Vessel

3/4" RFWNF <- Description

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Select Flange
SA
Forged
SA 105
400
0.75

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27
28
29

<- Category
<- Material Type
<- Material
<- Pressure Class
<- Nominal Size

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## Nominal Table Max Temp F Pod, pipe OD -

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34
35

C-Si
2-1.1
1000
1.050

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40
41
42
43

Operating Conditions
100 <- T, temperature F
800.0 <- P, pressure, psig
0.000 <- Corr, corrosion allowance

Acceptable
Max press @100F [p1] 990
Max press @100F [p2] 990

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49
50
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68
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71
72
73
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Flange Welds:
20000
23000
0.824
1.00
Weld Strength:
Min Sa =
Max Weld Stress =
Weld Area =
Weld Stress =

## <- Sp, allowable stress, pipe

<- Sf, allowable stress, flange
<- B, flange bore
<- E, weld efficiency
MIN(Sp,Sf)
Sa * E
POD^2*pi*P/4

= MIN(20000,23000)
= 20000 * 1
= 1.05^2*pi*800/4

Pi*(A^2-(B+2*Corr)^2)/4

= Pi*(1.05^2-(0.824+2*0)^2)/4

= 692.721/0.333

Min Sa =
Max Weld Stress =
Area =
Stress =

20,000
20,000
693
0.333
2,083
Acceptable

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B16.5/16.47 Flange

Ver 2.5

WeldNeck

www.pveng.com

3-Nov-08

Page 13 of 13
#VALUE!

## Piping <- Vessel

1" RFWNF <- Description

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22
23
24

Select Flange
SA
Forged
SA 105
400
1.00

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26
27
28
29

<- Category
<- Material Type
<- Material
<- Pressure Class
<- Nominal Size

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## Nominal Table Max Temp F Pod, pipe OD -

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34
35

C-Si
2-1.1
1000
1.315

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41
42
43

Operating Conditions
100 <- T, temperature F
800.0 <- P, pressure, psig
0.000 <- Corr, corrosion allowance

Acceptable
Max press @100F [p1] 990
Max press @100F [p2] 990

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49
50
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71
72
73
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81
82

Flange Welds:
20000
23000
1.049
1.00
Weld Strength:
Min Sa =
Max Weld Stress =
Weld Area =
Weld Stress =

## <- Sp, allowable stress, pipe

<- Sf, allowable stress, flange
<- B, flange bore
<- E, weld efficiency
MIN(Sp,Sf)
Sa * E
POD^2*pi*P/4

= MIN(20000,23000)
= 20000 * 1
= 1.315^2*pi*800/4

Pi*(A^2-(B+2*Corr)^2)/4

= Pi*(1.315^2-(1.049+2*0)^2)/4

= 1086.504/0.494

Min Sa =
Max Weld Stress =