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Materials System Specification

Materials System Specification

01-SAMSS-024

Pipe Handling and Nesting

21 June 2011

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards

Table of Contents

1

Scope

2

2

Conflicts and Deviations

2

3

References

2

4

General

3

5

Pipe Handling

3

6

Bearing Surfaces

4

7

Stacking

4

8

Nesting

6

9

De-Nesting

7

10

Shipping Space

7

Previous Issue: 17 November 2008

Next Planned Update: 17 November 2013

Primary contact: Nasri, Nadhir Ibrahim on 966-3-8760162

Copyright©Saudi Aramco 2011. All rights reserved.

Page 1 of 7

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-024

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 17 November 2013

21 June 2011

Pipe Handling and Nesting

1 Scope

This Specification defines minimum mandatory requirements governing the handling, loading, nesting and denesting of steel line pipe in sizes 60 mm OD and larger and in lengths longer than single random.

2 Conflicts and Deviations

2.1 Any conflicts between this specification and other applicable Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs), Engineering Standards (SAESs), Standard Drawings (SASDs), or industry standards, codes, and forms shall be resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.2 Direct all requests to deviate from this specification in writing to the Company or Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302 and forward such requests to the Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

3 References

The selection of material and equipment, and the design, construction, maintenance, and repair of equipment and facilities covered by this specification shall comply with the latest edition of the references listed below, unless otherwise noted.

3.1 Saudi Aramco References

Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure

Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standard

Storage, Handling, and Installation of Externally Coated Pipe

3.2 Industry Codes and Standards

American Petroleum Institute

Recommended Practice for Railroad Transportation of Line Pipe

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-024

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 17 November 2013

21 June 2011

Pipe Handling and Nesting

4 General

4.1 This Specification shall be considered supplementary to government rules or regulations that are or will become effective with respect to the transportation of line pipe by truck, railroad or ship. If any conflict arises between such mandatory rules or regulations and the requirements of this Specification, the former shall prevail and the Vendor shall notify the Buyer of all exceptions to this Specification before shipment.

4.2 After inspection by Buyer's inspectors the pipe shall be handled and transported in such a manner that under normal, foreseeable conditions the pipe will arrive at destination undamaged. The Vendor shall establish suitable practices for all phases of the shipping operation and provide for adequate supervision to insure that the practices are properly followed.

4.3 Discovery of any transit fatigue cracking is grounds for rejection of the entire load, until absence of cracking on the load is proven to Buyer's satisfaction.

Commentary Notes:

Improper practices or careless handling are likely to result in pipe damage of the following types:

Dents or ovalness of the pipe due to improper supports or too widely spaced supports and excessive stacking height.

End damage due to use of improper end hooks for lifting or due to improper nesting or denesting techniques, or due to longitudinal shifting of the pipe and striking the end of the pipe, which would cause cutting of the bevel.

Fatigue cracks due to excessive static and cyclic loads as a result of vertical vibrations during transportation.

Abrasion or peening due to rubbing or striking of the pipewall against other objects.

4.4 API RP 5L1, American Petroleum Institute Recommended Practice for Railroad Transportation of Line Pipe shall be followed and shall be considered part of this Specification. The same recommendations shall apply to transportation other than by rail, except as modified in this Specification.

5 Pipe Handling

5.1 Pipe joints and pipe nests may be lifted in horizontal or slanted position by one of the following methods:

5.1.1 By fork lift truck near the center of the joint if done with proper care.

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-024

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 17 November 2013

21 June 2011

Pipe Handling and Nesting

5.1.2 By means of suitable slings applied at some distance from each end of the joint. Wire sling shall not be used.

5.1.3 By means of a hook at the lower end of a joint and a suitable sling at some distance from the upper end.

5.1.4 By means of two hooks applied at the ends of the joint.

5.1.5 Storage and handling of coated pipes shall be in accordance with

5.1.6 Internally coated pipes shall be handled from the outside diameter (OD) only.

5.2 Hooks used to lift pipe shall have curved contact faces to fit the inside diameter of the pipe to be lifted. The hooks shall be of sufficient width and shall be lined with soft metal or other soft material to prevent damage to the pipe bevel.

6 Bearing Surfaces

Surfaces on which the pipe is laid or stacked shall be flat and free of protrusions, assuring full uniform bearing for the pipe length or shall be provided with suitable bearing strips as required by API RP 5L1.

7 Stacking

7.1 The maximum number of rows in a stack of pipe shall be limited by the maximum allowable static load stress in the wall of the most heavily loaded pipe in the bottom row of the stack.

7.2 The static load stress, calculated as specified below, shall not exceed the following:

a. For railroad transportation: 0.4 times the specified minimum yield strength or 0.3 times the specified minimum tensile strength of the pipe material, whichever is less.

b. For ocean transportation: 0.5 times the specified minimum yield strength of the pipe material.

c. For stacks in the pipe yard: 0.6 times the specified minimum yield strength of the pipe material.

7.3 The stacking load factor nshall be taken as the total mass of the pipe stack divided by the mass of the bottom layer for which the static load stress is calculated. In the case of stacking nested pipes, the mass of the pipe inside the

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-024

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 17 November 2013

21 June 2011

Pipe Handling and Nesting

bottom pipe may be excluded from the mass of the stack. In the case of stacking pipe of equal diameter and wall thickness the factor nequals the number of rows in the stack.

7.4 If the bottom pipe is supported by a number (B) of flat bearing strips of not less than 100 mm wide, the static load stress shall be calculated using equation (1):

Where:

 nL     D   Ln   D  Stress
nL     D   Ln   D 
Stress
=
f
(D) 
B   t   2t 
Ln is natural logarithm.

(1)

f

= 9.05 x 10 -4 for metric units

= 0.2 for Customary Units

n

= stacking load factor defined in paragraph 7.3

L

= length of pipe, m

B

= effective number of bearing strips.

D

= nominal OD of pipe, mm

t

= nominal wall thickness of pipe, mm

The maximum number of effective bearing strips used in the calculation shall be that which corresponds to a center to center distance of 3 pipe diameters. Although the actual bearing strips may be spaced closer than 3D, the static load stress will not be reduced proportionally.

If equation (1) is used, the pipe may be stacked in a square pattern with separator strips between rows. The number of separator strips shall be equal to the number of bearing strips under the bottom row.

7.5 If the bottom pipe is placed directly on a flat continuous surface, the static load stress shall be calculated (for pipe stacked in a square pattern) by equation (2):

Stress =

3WD

0.239 0.318 (n 1)

(2)

Where:

W

=

force caused by the mass of pipe in bottom layer per unit length, N/m

D

=

nominal OD of pipe, mm

t

=

nominal wall thickness of pipe, mm

n

=

stacking load factor defined in paragraph 7.3

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-024

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 17 November 2013

21 June 2011

Pipe Handling and Nesting

7.6 If the bottom pipe is placed on continuous longitudinal supports which are contoured to contact the pipe at the 5 and 7 o'clock positions, or on transverse bearing strips, which are contoured to contact the pipe for a minimum include angle of 60°, and are at least 100 mm wide and spaced no more than 3D/4t apart, the static load stress shall be calculated by equation (3):

Stress =

3WD

0.066 0.132(n 1)

(3)

The pipe must be stacked in a staggered pattern so that each pipe in the stack is continuously supported by two pipes in the row below. Pipe at the sides of stack shall be laterally supported by contoured blocks, spaced no more than 3D/4t apart.

7.7 If transverse bearing strips are used, whether flat or contoured, they shall be leveled to provide uniform load distribution.

7.8 Pipe and pipe nests shall be laid down carefully to avoid excessive shock loads.

8

Nesting

8.1 Nesting pipe shall be done in accordance with a procedure designed to avoid scratching and/or other damage to the ends and outside and inside surfaces of the pipes. The interior of the pipe shall be free from cuttings and foreign objects.

8.2 The smaller pipe shall be inserted into the large pipe so that the former is supported at not less than two points at all times and true alignment is maintained during the operation.

8.3 The front end of the inside pipe shall be kept free from the inside surface of the larger pipe by means of a wheel carriage, by suitable fibrous material wrapped around the end of the inside pipe, or by equally suitable means. In the case of spiral welded pipe a wheel carriage shall be used.

8.4 The end of the outside pipe shall be kept free of the outside surface of the smaller pipe by proper alignment of the latter or by means of a roller supporting the inside pipe.

8.5 The inside pipe may be pushed through or pulled with hook and wire. In either case the contact face shall be lined with brass, rubber, wood or other suitable material to prevent end damage.

8.6 The inside pipe shall be left to rest free inside the larger pipe unless there is a mandatory requirement to increase the friction between the pipes in the nest. In

Document Responsibility: Piping Standards Committee

01-SAMSS-024

Issue Date:

Next Planned Update: 17 November 2013

21 June 2011

Pipe Handling and Nesting

the latter case suitable strands of straw braid or sisal rope shall be wrapped around the smaller pipe covering a length not less than 150 mm from the end. In no case shall wooden wedges be inserted in the space between the pipes of a nest. Such wooden wedges are likely to cause deformation of the pipe wall when nests are rotated or lifted by means of end hooks.

8.7 The pipes in a nest shall be aligned at one end to allow safe handling in a slanted position when necessary.

9 De-Nesting

9.1 Denesting of pipe shall be done according to a procedure designed to avoid deformation or other damages to the pipe ends. Any straw braid or other material stuffed into the space between the pipes of a nest shall be removed prior to denesting.

9.2 The inside pipe shall be pulled out by a suitably lined hook in such a manner that the pipe will be received on rollers or supports set to maintain proper alignment during the entire operation until the inside pipe is completely free.

10 Shipping Space

10.1 The shipping space selected shall allow loading and unloading of line pipe with minimum risk of damage to the pipe. The risk of damage depends to a large extent on the size of the hatches, the space between decks of the vessel, and the stowing method. The hatches shall be large enough to allow the pipe to pass in a horizontal position with not less than 600 mm clearance at each end.

10.2 In the event that the use of less suitable shipping space cannot be avoided, additional care during loading and unloading must be enforced by continuous supervision in order to avoid damage to the pipe.

Commentary Note:

For resolution of questions on ship storage and inland transportation consult with Material Distribution Department, Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

17 November 2008

Revision Summary Revised the "Next Planned Update". Reaffirmed the contents of the document, and

21 June 2011

reissued with no other changes. Editorial revision to remove the committee members list.