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Trees

Case

Inherency
Wetlands Reserve Program solving now.
Commercial Appeal 11/17 (Memphis Commercial Appeal, 11/17/2012, Tom Charlier, projects editor since 2008, Program Lets Land Along Mississippi Return To Nature, http://www.commercialappeal.com/news/2012/nov/17/programlets-land-along-mississippi-river-return/) BEW
On land where he grew soybeans as recently as 15 years ago, Brad Keiser walks through a dense thicket of 20-foot-tall cottonwood and willow trees, recalling how this acreage within sight of the Mississippi River never was much good for raising crops. "Really and truly, it shouldn't have been cleared to start with," said Keiser, a 62-year-old farmer and attorney in this community 90 miles north of Memphis. Up and down the river, farmers spent much of the last 150 years felling and draining great swaths of the primeval bottomland hardwood forest that once spread across 20 million acres of the Lower Mississippi Valley. Prompted

by lucrative commodity prices, generous government farm programs and the advent of heavy machinery, they converted more than 80 percent of the forested swamp into crop land. But that trend is reversing. Farmers like Keiser have taken advantage of farm programs such as the Wetlands Reserve Program to place marginal and low-lying land under conservation easements so they can be restored to forested wetlands.

Status Quo is solving. Their advantages are non-unique.


Commercial Appeal 11/17 (Memphis Commercial Appeal, 11/17/2012, Tom Charlier, projects editor since 2008, Program Lets Land Along Mississippi Return To Nature, http://www.commercialappeal.com/news/2012/nov/17/programlets-land-along-mississippi-river-return/) BEW Funded mostly with $138 million from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Resource Conservation Service, the plan targets 40,000 acres of batture land between the Missouri Bootheel and Baton Rouge, La. Under a variation of the long-standing Wetland Reserve Program, farmers can agree to sell 30-year or perpetual easements, with most of them choosing the later. The program has many benefits, proponents say. It should improve water quality in the river by reducing the amount of fertilizer compounds and other nutrients from farms contributing to an oxygen-depleted "dead zone" in the Gulf of Mexico. Also, the habitats for fish and wildlife creatures will be enhanced, as will recreational hunting and fishing opportunities.

Trees will be planted by 2014 in status quo.


Commercial Appeal 11/17 (Memphis Commercial Appeal, 11/17/2012, Tom Charlier, projects editor since 2008, Program Lets Land Along Mississippi Return To Nature, http://www.commercialappeal.com/news/2012/nov/17/programlets-land-along-mississippi-river-return/) BEW After the land is placed in an easement, officials develop a site plan for it. By early 2014, the planting of trees native species such as oaks and cypress is scheduled to begin. More than 300 trees will be planted on each acre, funded through the NRCS program. Cummins said the program has met with an "extremely positive" response from farmers, more of whom are expected to sign up. "Let's keep the best land
in production and try to restore some of the land that probably shouldn't have been cleared to begin with," he said.

Status Quo SolvesArmy Corps of Enginers planting trees now.


Army Corps of Engineers No Date (River Planting on the Upper Mississippi River,http://www.mvr.usace.army.mil/Missions/Recreation/MississippiRiverProj ect/NaturalResourceManagement/ForestryManagement/TreePlanting.aspx) bew The main objective of the Corps' tree planting program on the Mississippi River is to restore the hard-mast species (Oak and Hickory species) to the Rivers' forest ecosystem. The hard-mast species of Bur Oak, Swamp White Oak, Pin Oak, Northern Pecan, Shellbark Hickory, and to a limited extent Walnut and Northern Red Oak was once a more prevalent forest component than it is today. Reasons for the decline in the hard-mast component include vast over-cutting in the 1800's for
agriculture and steamboat use, increased water tables from the Nine-foot Navigation Project, and highgrading from past management programs.

After many years of planting trees in the bottomlands, the forest management program has focused on planting larger stock trees to enhance survivability. The annual flood pulse of the River often will kill up to seventy-five percent or more of

seedling plantings, and a much higher percentage in direct seed plantings. Larger floods will kill even higher percentages of these categories. Also, weed competition will overtop and block sunlight and rob nutrients from all but the large stock plantings. Mowing and herbicide can be applied to seed and seedling plantings, but equipment access on the River is often limited, or nearly non-existent. With large stock plantings one can plant the trees and "walk away" from them with assurance of good survivability. Since

the program is geared at restoring a hard mast "component", fewer trees can be planted per acre than seed and seedling plantings with the same projected survival results. Cost is comparable too. The large stock trees initially cost more money, but there is no costly follow-up maintenance. Many former agricultural leases have been converted to trees with a hard-mast component. Some of the forest management patch cut areas have also been planted with mast producing trees.

Weve been doing the aff since 1996. The status quo is already solving. Non uniques their advantages.
Army Corps of Engineers No Date (River Planting on the Upper Mississippi River,http://www.mvr.usace.army.mil/Missions/Recreation/MississippiRiverProj ect/NaturalResourceManagement/ForestryManagement/TreePlanting.aspx) bew

The 1993 Flood significantly impacted much of the forest resource, but also increased opportunites for restoring the hardmast resource that is in decline on the river. Hackberry is an indicator species for where hard-mast trees can grow. The 1993 flood killed up to 100% of the hackberry in some of the pools south of the Quad Cities. In areas where these hackberry used to exist, we can plant hard-mast species with confidence that the area is high enough in elevation. Where hackberry existed in solid stands, there is now an open canopy for sunlight to reach the forest floor. Querying our GIS database gets us locations of

We have been planting trees in these sites with sucess since 1996. Another program that has also benefited the hard mast tree resource of the Mississippi River is the Section 1135 Program of the 1986 Water Resources Development Act as amended. This program calls for cost sharing by a non-federal sponsor and has been successful in planting many areas to mast producing trees. Several of the sponsors have been Trees Forever, and American Forests.
these potential hard-mast planting sites.

The Upper Mississippi River Forest Partnership solves now. USDA Forest Service 2011 (Northeastern Area, The Upper Mississippi River Forest Partnership, Accomplishments, June 2011,) BEW Since its beginning, the Partnership has been active in conserving the forest resources of the Upper Mississippi. Among its accomplishments, the Partnership: Used a grant

from the Northeastern Area to hire a program coordinator, 2004-2007. The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources managed the grant. Funding for the position ended in 2007. The NA St. Paul Field Office currently provides a coordinator. Held a stakeholders meeting in 2006, which brought 75 partners together to solidify the direction of the Partnership. The first Action Plan covered from 2004-2008 and the second plan covers from 2009-2013. Promoted cooperation with the U.S. Geological Surveys Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center to complete a geographic information system analysis prioritizing work in the watershed. Provided

technical expertise and project funding to two significant smaller partnerships: the Driftless Area Initiativeand the Middle Mississippi River Partnership Planted almost 500,000 acres of trees in the uplands and bottomlands within the five Upper Mississippi states, through the Conservation Reserve Program. Stimulated landowners interest in improving forest habitat for birds. Four demonstration forests have been established for landowners to learn how to manage their woodlands for bird habitat
and two publications have been produced that provide this information to them: Managing from a Landscape Perspective: A Guide for Integrating Forest Interior Bird Habitat Considerations and Forest Management Planning in the Driftless Area of the Upper Mississippi River Basin. A Birds Eye ViewA Guide to Managing and Protecting your Land for Neotropical Migratory Birds in the Upper Mississippi River Blufflands Has combated Dutch elm disease (DED), one of the most destructive shade tree diseases in North America. Despite DED, elm remains as a component of natural stands. Trees often survive to seed producing age, but later succumb to the disease. The U.S. Forest Services Northern Research Station has been working on developing strains of elms with enhanced tolerance to DED. About

100 elms with enhanced DED tolerance have been planted in four Upper Mississippi sites. These trees will be monitored for survival and seed production. Partnered with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation to establish the Upper Mississippi Watershed Fund. As of spring 2009, 18 habitat restoration projects have been funded totaling $1,029,799 with a partner match of $2,084,390.

Environment Advantage
1. Alt causes to environment. Wetland deterioration along the Mississippi. A.Construction and agricultural draining cause wetlands loss along the delta.
NWF 2012 (National Wildlife Federation, Mississippi River Delta, last updated 2012, http://www.nwf.org/Wildlife/Wild-Places/Mississippi-River-Delta.aspx)BEW Today, Coastal Louisiana is losing 24 square miles of wetlands each year roughly
equivalent to a football field every 30 minutes. Louisiana has already lost an area of coastal land equal to the size of the state of

by the year 2040 the coastal shoreline will advance inland as much as 33 miles in some areas. Wetland loss occurs because of natural causes subsidence and wave erosion and human causes. How Do People Cause Wetland Loss? Construction of river levees, channels, canals and dams that regulate water flows or make it easier for ships to pass through an area. Draining wetlands for agriculture or urban development Human activities disrupt the natural balance of the wetlands in the Mississippi River Delta. Prior to human
Delaware! If this rate of wetland loss is not slowed, development, natural wetland loss was replenished by Mississippi River sediments and nutrients creating new wetlands.

Human activities have the unfortunate side-effect of causing Mississippi River sediments to go straight down the river's channel and into the Gulf of Mexico. Not only are we destroying wetlands, but we are disrupting the natural cycle that rebuilds them. In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, one of the lessons learned is that a healthy system of
wetlands between New Orleans and the Gulf almost certainly would have slowed down the storm and dampened the storm surge. Without natural storm buffers, breaches in levees such as those after Hurricane Katrina could become an even bigger threat. Wetlands

serve as nature's first line of defense--by absorbing much of damage caused by hurricanes.

B. Wetland loss triggers the impactkey to biodiversity. Terminally nonuniques the advantage.
Fennessy 2010 (M. Siobhan Fennessy, Associate professor of Biology at Kenyon U, Executive Director Brown Family Environmental Center, Widespread Effects of Wetland Loss, 2010) bew Wetland loss has been associated with the direct loss of species diversity due to destruction and lowered recruitment of infringing vegetation communities and displacement of fauna (Davis and Froend 1999). Biodiversity is important in an ecosystem in that it is the multitude of organisms in a system, each having their own role, that drive the ecological processes (Tilman 1999). The loss of wetlands may end with a loss of flora and fauna, which not only support human interests, but also contribute to the health of other ecosystems, such as streams and rivers (Mitsch and Gosselink 2000). The loss of flora is especially devastating in an ecosystem because primary producers, such as wetland plants, are the basis of any ecosystem. The effects of the loss or lowered recruitment of these plants ripples throughout the trophic ladder: fauna
that depend on wetland plants as a source of food or shelter perish or migrate, resulting in the loss of fauna that are predaceous, and so on (David and Froend 1999).

2. Alt cause to environment. Nutrient pollution. A. Landscape runoff is causing nutrient pollution.
CWPPRA 01 (Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act, Task Force, LACoast.gov, Mississippi River Water Quality: Implications for Coastal Restoration, originally published December of 2001,) BEW
Since the mid 1980s, large hypoxic areas have been identified in the near-shore areas of the Gulf of Mexico off the Louisiana and Texas coasts. It should be noted that both algal blooms and resulting low oxygen conditions are natural phenomena that can periodically occur in marine environments unrelated to human-caused nutrient enrichment. Nevertheless, scientists

are increasingly concerned about the size and frequency of the hypoxic zone in the Gulf of Mexico. Sources of Mississippi River nutrients include stormwater runoff from farms and cities, sewage plant discharges, atmospheric deposition from automobiles and fossil fueled plants, and natural organic matter runoff from the landscape. Nutrient concentrations in the Mississippi River are believed to be primarily derived from non-point pollution sources (NPS) - runoff from the landscape - and not attributed to point-source, or end of the pipe discharges.

B. Nutrient pollution causes a variety of environmental harms. This nonuniques the advantage.
CWPPRA 01 (Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act, Task Force, LACoast.gov, Mississippi River Water Quality: Implications for Coastal Restoration, originally published December of 2001,) BEW
located in the north-central Gulf of Mexico. Public

Nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus are essential to marine and freshwater environments. Some nutrient load from the Mississippi River is vital to maintaining the productivity of the extremely valuable Gulf of Mexico fisheries. Approximately 40% of the U.S. fisheries landings come from this productive zone influenced by nutrient-rich Mississippi River outflow

concern exists over the potential for nutrient pollution (eutrophication) where river water is used in coastal restoration projects. Yet, recent research
Louisianas coastal fisheries. Yet the

suggests that under current flow regimes these inputs are rapidly assimilated.4 Atrazine use (kg/km2 /year) no data < 0.4 0.4 - 2.4 2.5 - 9.2 9.3 - 28.7 >28.83 Median fecal coliform bacteria concentrations in the Mississippi River have dropped significantly since the mid 1970s due to improved sewage treatment. Diversions help sustain the essential habitat of

influx of freshwater can alter salinity and cause displacement of fishery harvests. When the Caernarvon Diversion became operational in 1992, production
on interior, privately held oyster lease declined; however, the net effect has been an overall increase in oyster production.

Overabundance of nutrients, however, can cause adverse impacts such as (1) excessive algal growth, (2) reduced sunlight penetration, (3) bottom-dwelling animal habitat degradation, and (4) decreased oxygen in the water. As oxygen concentrations fall below critical levels (hypoxia), organisms begin to die, and their decomposition can lead to a complete lack of oxygen (anoxia).

Econ Turns
1. Reforesting trades off with agriculture. Industrial Economics, Incorporated 2004 (Economic Profile of the Lower Mississippi River Region, The research was directed by James Caudill of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services Division of Economics, Robert Delaney of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Wetlands Research Center, and Ron Nassar, Coordinator of the Lower Mississippi River Conservation Committee, 1/2004) BEW The majority of the land in the LMR corridor is used for agriculture. The Delta region is a major producer of soybeans, cotton, grains, sugarcane, and catfish. Much of the present-day agricultural land was created by clearing forests and draining wetlands throughout the Delta. As we discuss later in this report, conservation and reforestation efforts introduced in recent years seek to return less productive agricultural land to its original ecological condition. Most of the remainder of the corridor is forested,
while portions, particularly in southern Louisiana, are urbanized (e.g., Baton Rouge, New Orleans). Urbanized areas reflect the increasing diversification and modernization of the corridor, where oil and gas extraction and associated manufacturing industries have grown in the post-war era.

2. This has major economic impacts. a. Agriculture is key to jobs. Industrial Economics, Incorporated 2004 (Economic Profile of the Lower Mississippi River Region, The research was directed by James Caudill of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services Division of Economics, Robert Delaney of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Wetlands Research Center, and Ron Nassar, Coordinator of the Lower Mississippi River Conservation Committee, 1/2004) BEW Agriculture and Aquaculture: Agriculture dominates land use in the corridor, with soybeans, cotton, rice, sugar cane, catfish, and livestock representing major products. In total, agriculture produces revenues of over $6.8 billion each year, employing over 100,000 individuals. Jobs are key to the economy b. LMR agriculture key to national economy. Industrial Economics, Incorporated 2004 (Economic Profile of the Lower Mississippi River Region, The research was directed by James Caudill of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services Division of Economics, Robert Delaney of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Wetlands Research Center, and Ron Nassar, Coordinator of the Lower Mississippi River Conservation Committee, 1/2004) BEW While LMR agriculture clearly makes a substantial contribution to the local economy, it is also important to the national economy. The counties in the LMR region produce 25 percent of total U.S. ginned cotton and eight percent of the national soybean harvest. The Mississippi River has been instrumental in making this area an important
agricultural region since the birth of the nation. Farmers along the LMR and in the seven-state LMR region depend on the river to ship farm products throughout the Mississippi River system and outside of it. Farm

products accounted

for close to 35 percent of all goods shipped on the LMR in 2001, or about 164 million tons. With agricultural inputs also arriving via the River, it is clearly a critical component of the agricultural supply chain. Access to the River as a means of transportation
improves the efficiency of regional agricultural activity

Soybean DA

1NC
A. Soy production is stable now.

B. Link: Reforestation trades off with agriculture. Cross apply from the economy debate. 2. LMR agriculture key to US soybean production.
Industrial Economics, Incorporated 2004 (Economic Profile of the Lower Mississippi River Region, The research was directed by James Caudill of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services Division of Economics, Robert Delaney of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Wetlands Research Center, and Ron Nassar, Coordinator of the Lower Mississippi River Conservation Committee, 1/2004) BEW Soybean growers in the LMR counties harvested over 243 million bushels of soybeans in 1997, representing more than nine percent of all U.S. production. While
soybean production exists throughout the corridor, it is especially concentrated in Arkansas, Cross, Mississippi, and Philips Counties in Arkansas and Bolivar and Washington Counties in Mississippi. 4

Innovative processing efforts have identified a wide range of uses for soybeans. During processing, soybean oil is extracted

from the bean. Soybean oil and the lecithin it contains act as both an emulsifier and a lubricant, making this oil appropriate for use by cooks, pharmaceutical companies, and manufacturers alike. The oil extraction process leaves a flaky substance, which can be manufactured into soy protein and soybean meal. These soy products are an important source of protein for humans and livestock. Soy protein contains eight amino acids essential for humans, and according to the American Soybean Association, approximately one million bushels of soybeans are used in animal feed annually.5 More recently, soybeans are being marketed as the answer to U.S. fuel supply and pollution issues, providing an alternative to diesel fuel. Biodiesel is being test-marketed in several LMR states.6 The

soybean supply chain has a resounding effect on the LMR corridor. Starting with agricultural inputs for soybean production and finishing with products like soybean oil, this crop fuels a diverse array of agricultural and industrial sectors. As a result, its contribution to the LMR economy is larger than the $1.6 billion directly generated from its harvest. For
example, soybean meal feeds chickens that support the $750 million poultry market in Missouri. Indeed, poultry consume more than half of the soybean meal produced in the U.S.

c. US soybean competitiveness is key to prevent Brazil from dominating the soy

market AM 11 (11/11/11, agrimoney.com, US soy exports have 'narrow window' for recovery, http://www.agrimoney.com/news/us-soy-exports-have-narrowwindow-for-recovery--3836.html)
US soybean exporters have only a "narrow window" when they will have the run of the world market before rival Brazilian supplies reappear, Washington officials said, dampening hopes of a rebound in trade gathering momentum. The US Department of Agriculture said there was scope for the pace of US export sales of soybeans to improve, after a 36% slump in the first two months of 2011-12. But an uptick was unlikely "without more competitive prices" which, even after a fall of more than $1 a bushel below $12 a bushel in US cash markets last month, were struggling to regain market share from Brazil. Indeed, Brazil's "more competitive" exports, having been sustained far further into the year than normal by a strong 2010-11 harvest, looked set for a rapid comeback given an emphasis on faster-growing varieties in the ongoing planting season. By enabling an earlier harvest, these varieties improve

prospects for Brazilian farmers to gain strong yields of follow-on crops of corn, whose high prices are signalling to growers "to expand corn area wherever possible". 'Rapid return' "With a better chance for additional early new-crop harvesting in January, Brazil's soybean trade could be quickly put back on a higher path," USDA officials said. "That implies a potentially narrow window for a revival in US exports." The comments follow a forecast from Oil World, the influential analysis group, that "world demand for US soybeans will recover in November and continue to rise in December and January, when most of the South American soybean stocks will have been disposed of and South American exports are seasonally small".

2. Growth of Brazilian soybean exports triggers deforestation of the Amazon rainforest that is key for biodiversity Brown, 9 President of the Earth Policy Institute (Lester R. Brown, the recipient of many prizes and awards, including 25 honorary degrees, a MacArthur Fellowship, the 1987 United Nations' Environment Prize, In 2012, he was inducted into the Earth Hall of Fame Kyoto, Growing Demand for Soybeans Threatens Amazon Rainforest, December 30, 2009, http://www.earthpolicy.org/plan_b_updates/2009/update86)
The Amazon rainforest sustains one of the richest concentrations of plant and animal biological diversity in the world. It also recycles rainfall from the coastal regions to the continental interior, ensuring an adequate water supply for Brazils inland agriculture. And it is an enormous storehouse of carbon. Each of these three contributions is obviously of great importance. But it is the release of carbon, as deforestation progresses, that most directly affects the entire world. Continuing destruction of the Brazilian rainforest will release massive quantities of carbon into the atmosphere, helping to drive climate change. Brazil has discussed reducing deforestation 80 percent by 2020 as part of its contribution to lowering global carbon emissions. Unfortunately, if soybean consumption continues to climb, the economic pressures to clear more land could make this difficult. Although the deforestation is occurring within Brazil, it is the worldwide growth in demand for meat, milk, and eggs that is driving it. Put simply, saving the Amazon rainforest now depends on curbing the growth in demand for soybeans by stabilizing population worldwide as soon as possible. And for the worlds affluent population, it means moving down the food chain, eating less meat and thus lessening the growth in demand for soybeans. With food, as with energy, achieving an acceptable balance between supply and demand now means curbing growth in demand rather than just expanding supply.

3. Amazon deforestation causes extinction Takacs 96 (Instructor in Department of Earth Systems Science and Policy at California State-Monterey Bay [David, 1996 Philosophies of Paradise, pg. http://www.dhushara.com/book/diversit/restor/takacs.htm]
"Habitat destruction and conversion are eliminating species at such a frightening pace that extinction of many contemporary species and the systems they live in and support ... may lead to ecological disaster and severe alteration of the evolutionary process," Terry Erwin writes." And E. 0. Wilson notes: "The question I am asked most frequently about the diversity of life: if enough species are extinguished, will the ecosystem collapse, and will the extinction of most other species follow soon afterward? The only answer anyone can give is: possibly. By the time we find out, however, it might be too late. One planet, one experiment."" So biodiversity keeps the world running. It has value in and for itself, as well as for us. Raven, Erwin, and Wilson oblige us to think about the value of biodiversity for our own lives. The Ehrlichs' rivet-popper trope makes this same point; by eliminating rivets, we play

Russian roulette with global ecology and human futures: "It is likely that destruction of the rich complex of species in the Amazon basin could trigger rapid changes in global climate patterns. Agriculture remains heavily dependent on stable climate, and human beings remain heavily dependent on food. By the end of the century the extinction of perhaps a million species in the Amazon basin could have entrained famines in which a billion human beings perished. And if our species is very unlucky, the famines could lead to a thermonuclear war, which could extinguish civilization."" Elsewhere, Ehrlich uses different particulars with no less drama: What then will happen if the current decimation of organic diversity continues? Crop yields will be more difficult to maintain in the face of climatic change, soil erosion, loss of dependable water supplies, decline of pollinators, and ever more serious assaults by pests. Conversion of productive land to wasteland will accelerate; deserts will continue their seemingly inexorable expansion. Air pollution will increase, and local climates will become harsher. Humanity will have to forgo many of the direct economic benefits it might have withdrawn from Earth's well stocked genetic library. It might, for example, miss out on a cure for cancer; but that will make little difference. As ecosystem services falter, mortality from respiratory and epidemic disease, natural disasters, and especially famine will lower life expectancies to the point where can cer (largely a disease of the elderly) will be unimportant. Humanity will bring upon itself consequences depressingly similar to those expected from a nuclear winter. Barring a nuclear conflict, it appears that civilization will disappear some time before the end of the next century not with a bang but a whimper. 14

LMR Ag Key to Soybeans


Key to soybeans
Industrial Economics, Incorporated 2004 (Economic Profile of the Lower Mississippi River Region, The research was directed by James Caudill of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services Division of Economics, Robert Delaney of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Wetlands Research Center, and Ron Nassar, Coordinator of the Lower Mississippi River Conservation Committee, 1/2004) BEW Agriculture plays a major role in the economy of the Lower Mississippi River corridor. The agricultural sector in the LMR corridor employed more than 103,000 people and generated more than $6.8 billion in total revenue in 1997 84 percent or $5.7 billion from the production of crops and over $1.1 billion from livestock and livestock products.1 Soybeans and cotton are the dominant crops in this region, representing 28 percent and 27 percent respectively of the dollar value of total crops cultivated in the LMR area. Approximately 22 million acres in the corridor are used for agricultural purposes, with an estimated 53,000 farms. Although these 53,000 farms represent only 11 percent of farms operating in the seven-state region, they are large and produce 21 percent of total agricultural output in dollar terms.

1. The harsh summer has put Soybean supplies and prices on the brink Des Moines Register 12[Supply fears send soybean prices soaring Sales in May were the second-largest on record, spiking worries about tight stocks. Jun 29, 2012 , http://www.desmoinesregister.com/article/20120630/BUSINESS01/306300031/0/news/?odyssey =nav%7Chead]

Sal Gilbertie, president of Teucruim, a publicly-traded grain investment fund, said soybeans are going to be the story of the summer. Everybody has worried about corn, with the dry and hot weather. But soybean stocks are extremely tight right now.
2. US soybeans are key-to Chinese food security Bloomberg, 12 [Alan Bjerga and Whitney McFerron - Feb 17, 2012, U.S. Exporters Make Record Single-Day Soybean Sale to China http://www.bloomberg.com/news/print/2012-02-17/china-soybean-import-tops-one-day-record-asties-with-u-s-growers-expand.html] Soybean exporters in the the need for the oilseed to make livestock feed.

3. China is critical to world food security- leads to Econ collapse Webb 08 Anthea Webb, [Director of the World Food Program in China, China Daily, WHY CHINA IS CRUCIAL TO WORLD FOOD SECURITYMay 15, 2008, Lexis] For us, it is very hard to predict now how . countries which are still struggling with poverty and hunger.

4. Chinese economic collapse ensures World war Three

Plate 2003 (Tom, Professor at UCLA, The Straights Times, Neo-cons a bigger risk to Bush than Chin, 6-28-2003) But imaginea China disintegrating- on its economic growth the very direction the White House now seems to prefer. 5. Famine causes extinction Plumb 08 George Plumb, Environmental Activist, Was Malthus just off a few decades? 5/18/2008,http://www.timesargus.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AI D=/20080518/FEATURES05/8051 80310/1014/FEATURES05 Once again the world's food situation is bleak the number of failing states will likely increase dramatically, threatening the very stability of civilization itself."

Here are some more cites for you to cut if you want
China is increasingly dependent on the United States for soybean imports Wilson, reporter for Bloomberg News in Chicago, 2/15/12 (China to Buy $4.3 Billion of Soybeans in Deals With U.S. Exporters in Iowa,http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-0215/china-to-buy-4-3-billion-of-soybeans-in-deals-with-u-s-exporters-in-iowa.html China, the worlds biggest ................... than government to government.

Without a constant stream of soybean imports china food security initiatives fail Wong and Huang Professorial Fellow and Research Assistant at the East Asian Institute, National University of Singapore, 12
( January 1, China: An international Journal, Volume 10, number 1, Chinas Food Security and Its Global implications, Project Muse)

Since China has basically ....................served to buttress China's food security.


Food insecurity causes internal political instability and collapse of the CCP Smith 98 (Paul J. Smith is a research fellow with the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies in Hawaii. He specializes in transnational security issues and has published numerous articles on these subjects.], FOOD SECURITY AND POLITICAL STABILITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION, ASIA-PACIFIC CENTER FOR SECURITY STUDIES, SEPTEMBER 11, 1998http://www.apcss.org/Publications/Report_Food_Security_98.html, BC) Food security and political stability.............. an issue of regime survival. Income inequality in China means political stability is on the brink food shocks tip it over the edge Qiang 10 (Guo, Journalist, Income Gap Rings Alarm Global Times, http://china.globaltimes.cn/society/2010-05/535803.html)
Cong Yaping and Li Changjiu, e...................

once reached 0.69.

CCP collapse causes WMD use-kills millions

Rexing, staff writer, 05


[San, Staff Epoch Times, The CCPs Last Ditch Gamble: Biological and Nuclear War, 8 -5] These speeches describe in a ...................the main theme of the speeches.

Brazilian soy crop down in SQ Reuters June 5th (UPDATE 2-Brazil gov't cuts soy estimate, raises corn
view, http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/06/05/grains-brazil-idUSL1E8H529F20120605, P. online)

Decreased Soy from the US would also increase Brazilian soy STRI in 8
Smithsonian Tropial Research Institute - Thursday, 10 January 2008, http://enviro.org.au/enews-description.asp?id=852,

Soybean farming is devastating the rainforests in Brazil and displacing indigenous peoplesThis threatens planetary survival

Barry in 3
Glen, PhD, Forest and Rainforest Conservation Blog, http://forests.org/blog/archives/000357.htm