Sei sulla pagina 1di 2

Describe Social Learning Theory with reference to ONE relevant study The social learning theory, according to Albert

Bandura, states that childrens learning is heavily reliant on observation. He highlighted the effect observing aggressive models would have on children, through a lab experiment. Bandura, Ross and Ross (1961) Aim: To study whether young children will imitate behaviour they have seen. Method: Using a lab experiment that uses observational technique, the researchers used 72 children aged 3-5 years and in a matched pairs design matched them according to their aggression before the study started. There were 8 experimental groups in 4 conditions. The children were first made to watch either a physically/verbally aggressive model or nonaggressive model of either the same sex or the opposite sex. Then they were taken into a room where they were given toys but not permitted to play with them, to anger them. The child was given a bobo doll and observed for 20 minutes through a one-way mirror. Results: 3 types of imitation such as physical aggression: sitting on, punching, kicking the bobo doll. Verbal aggression: throw him in the air, kick him, hit him down. Non aggressive verbal responses. Children watching the non aggressive model showed almost no aggression. Those watching aggressive models showed physical and verbal aggression. Boys showed nearly twice as much more imitative aggression than girls. Girls showed similar levels of physical and verbal aggression. Boys showed more physical than verbal aggression. Similar amount of verbal by boys and girls. Male model imitated more than female model by both boys and girls. Female model was more influential when looking at girls verbal aggression and non-imitative aggression. Boys were more influenced by their same sex model than girls were influenced by their same-sex model. Boys were either 2 to 3 times more influenced by male than female model. Conclusion: Children watching adults behaving aggressively are more likely to imitate aggression. Therefore observational learning does take place. Children also imitated nonaggressive behavior. Male adult showing aggressive behavior is copied more than a female adult aggressive model, linked to the appropriateness factor of SLT which influences imitation. Girls are more verbally aggressive. Outline ONE compliance technique with reference to a relevant study Compliance is when one adapts their response or answer to anothers request or wish. One does not necessarily change their belief. One compliance technique is the Foot-in-the-door technique. This involves making a small request followed by a larger request to increase compliance. This is related to the commitment/consistency technique which states that one is more likely to comply to something if they have already made a commitment. Freedman and Fraser (1966) Aim: To investigate the foot-in-the-door technique. Method: Through a field study, homeowners on an estate were asked if they would display a very large sign in their front garden which read DRIVE CAREFULLY. There was an experimental condition and a control group. The control group was simply asked to display the large sign. The experimental group were first asked to display a small sign and if they complied then the large sign.

Results: In the control group only 17% complied with the very large sign request. In comparison 75% of the experimental group complied with the larger request. Conclusion: The experiment shows how this technique is successful. The explanation here may be that people like to be helpful and will usually agree to small requests, especially where they agree with the message to drive carefully.