Sei sulla pagina 1di 4

Type II Sedimentation—Flocculent Settling

Expected results

Students shall obtain a design curve of TSS removal vs. time and design a basin based on the curve generated. An example of the detailed analysis follows.

1. From the measured weights determine the TSS concentration (mg/L).

TSS = (final weight – tared weight)/sample volume filtered

Table 1: Sample TSS results from each sample port for 22 L column.

 Time TSS Concentration (mg/L) A B C D 0 130.1 130.1 130.1 130.1 5 85.5 98.9 110.8 118.5 10 52.7 69.7 83.5 105 15 31.6 42.4 64.3 85.8 20 18.8 25.6 42.1 55.6 30 5.1 11.8 29.4 30.7 40 0.7 2.5 13.7 16.6

Note: A, B, C, and D are the sampling ports. A is at the top and D is at the bottom.

2. Determine the % solids removed for each port and plot.

% solids removed = (TSS 0 – TSS t )/TSS 0 × 100

Table 2: Sample % solids removal for 22 L column.

 Time % solids removed (min) A B C D 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5 34.28 23.98 14.83 8.92 10 59.49 46.43 35.82 19.29 15 75.71 67.41 50.58 34.05 20 85.55 80.32 67.64 57.26 30 96.08 90.93 77.40 76.40 40 99.46 98.08 89.47 87.24
100.00
90.00
80.00
70.00
60.00
50.00
40.00
30.00
20.00
10.00
A
B
C
D
0.00
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
% Solids Removed

Tim e (m in)

3. Correct for depth change from the water surface to the sampling ports due to

sampling. From plot determine the time and depth for each 10% solids removed. For the 22 L column, it is about a 1.3 cm loss of depth for each sampling time point. Organize % solids values as a function of depth and time in a chart and plot as follows:

Table 3: Isoconcentration table corrected for depth.

 Time Depth (cm) (min) 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.5 28 2.5 58.5 28 4 89 58.5 28 5.5 109.3 6 87.6 26.6 6.5 57.1 7.5 26.6 8.5 87.6 57.1 10.5 106.6 25.3 11 55.8 11.5 86.3 13 55.8 25.3 14 106.6 15 84.6 16 105 54.2 17 84.6 23.7 18 105 20 52.7 21 103.5 22 83.1 24 22.2 26 103.5 29 52.7 32 80.9 33 101.3
0
∆d
1
20
90%
40
∆d
2
60
80%
∆d
40%
3
80
10%
50%
60%
70%
100
20%
30%
∆d 4
120
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Depth (cm)

Time (min)

4. The overall removal at selected times is calculated from:

% overall removal at t

=

n

i = 1

d

i

R

i

+

R

i + 1

D

2

with d i as shown in the isoconcentration curve, D is the total depth of the settling column, R i and R i+1 are the lower and upper bounds of % removal for d i (use R i = 100% for d 1 ). This procedure is repeated for a range of times to obtain the design curve of overall removal vs. time.

5. The design settling velocity (D/t design ) is equal to the surface loading rate (Q/A s ) where

D is the depth of the column, Q is the flowrate and A s is the surface area of the basin. However, safety factors of 0.65-0.85 need to be applied to the design settling velocity and 1.25-1.5 to the detention time.

References

Droste, R. L. (1997) Theory and Practice of Water and Wastewater Treatment. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Metcalf and Eddy, Inc. (1991) Wastewater Engineering: Treatment, Disposal, Reuse, 3 rd Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.