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SCIENCE INSTITUTE

KERAL ENGG. 2014 PHYSICS

EXPLANATION FOR A1 VERSION


g l T2
7.

1.

v=

Impulse 2m

% error in g = % error in l + 2x % error in T 1 2 + 2 3 8%


3. Displacement of the dropped body + Displacement of the thrown body = Total height

L = rP

= 1 2 1 2 1 1
9. X component of velocity vx =

dx dt

1 2 1 gt + ut gt 2 = h 2 2

vx = 8t
Y component of velocity v y = 6t Resultant velocity

t=

h 100 t= = 4s u 25

Distance to the meeting point from top =

v=
= 10t

2 vx + v2 y

1 2 gt 2

11.

Acceleration a =

= 4.9 42 = 78.4 5. In first 3 seconds, S = ut + 12 = u 3 + 12 = 3u +

f 120 60 = = 10 m / s 2 m 6

Tension = m( g + a )

1 2 at 2

= 2 (10 + 10) = 20 N 12. 13.

1 a 32 2

TE =

7 mv 2 10

By work-energy theorem

9 a 3 = u + 1.5 a -------(1) 2

F .x =

1 2 v2 m v .........(1) 2 4
1 2 mv .........(2) 2

In first 6 seconds,

1 42 = u 6 + a 62 2
7 = u + 3a ----------(2) Solve (1) & (2) to get a 6. Impulse = change in P = 2mv

F .( x + y ) =

(2) x+ y 4 = (1) x 3
y=

4x x 3

( x = the initial thickness penetrated and y the additional thickness penetrated) 15. Applying law of conservation of angular momentum,

24.

W= W'=

1 2 kx 2 1 k (2 x)2 2 1 k 3x 2 2

I11 + I 22 = ( I1 + I 2 ) I1 2 + 103 5 = ( I1 + 103 )4

W ' W =

= 3W = 3J

I1 = 0.5 10
16.

t 0
t

= = =

t
t

25.

Vrms = =

3RT M

20 t

2 1800 = 30, t = 2 60 s) 60
mv -------(1) r
2

3RT mN A
T2 T1 T2 = 1 T1

26.

= 1

( 0 = 1800 rpm = 17.

T2 = 0.8 T1

T2 = 0.8 T1

Centripetal force =

In the second case

Angular momentum L = mvr

v=

L mr
2

T2 50 = 0.6 T1
T2 50 = 0.6 T1 0.8 T1 50 = 0.6 T1 0.2 T1 = 50 T1 = 250 K T2 = 200 K 27.

m L (1) CF = . r mr
19. Energy required =

nMgR n +1

(here n = 1) 20. 21. Total energy = KE Area of the big drop = Area of the droplets

CV =

n R 2

n = no of degrees of freedom 28. Tree translational and two rotational degrees of freedom

4 R 2 = 4 r12 + 4 r22 R = r +r
2 1 2 2

29.

Comparing with standard equation of SHM, we get = 2

23.

Pressure difference = Pressure due to 10 mm of Hg = 1 cm of Hg

h g = Pressure due to 10mm of Hg h = hHg Hg

T=
31.

A 2
2

113.6 = = 13.6 cm 1

Here, given y = 0.707 A

y=

KE =

1 m 2 ( A2 y 2 ) 2 A , 2
39.

T2 =

4 2 r 2 4 0 rm q1q2 F q

Put y =

Electric field E =

KE = =

1 A2 m 2 ( A2 ) 2 2

1000 = 500 2

TE 2
A1 A2 A3

Potential difference = E distance = 500 2 10 2 = 10 V 40. Current through 4 resistor near xy =

N1

33.

N2

N3

N4

4 = 1A 4
Current through the 4 resistor parallel to 4 =1A Total current in the circuit = 2A Total potential difference = I R( eff .) =28 = 16 V 41. PD across R = 2V IR = 2

A1, A2 & A3 = Antinodes N1, N2, N3 & N4 = Nodes 34. 35. In stretched string all harmonics are present. Electric field near the sheet E =

F q

E=
But

1.6 1012 = 107 1.6 1019

E=

2 0

10 R=2 ( 500 + R )

= 2 0 E
Total charge = Area 42.

R = 125 Is = I p

= 2 0 E Area
(The charge will be negative) 38. Centripetal force = Coulombs force

5E E = r 5r + R +R 5
r=R
43. Power loss = I2R

mv 2 1 q1q2 = . r 4 0 r 2 v2 = q1q2 4 0 rm 2 r v

I=

P V

P = R V Power loss
44.

Period T =
2

4 2 r 2 T = v2

1 v2

Charge in internal energy =I2Rt = 12 50 2 60 = 6 kJ 3

46.

T = 2
T 2 = 4 2 m = 4 2 =

I mB
I mB
61. 62.

sin =

2 d 2 5

sin =

2 5 107 2.5 106

sin =

I T2

1 h m 2mKE

4 2 9 105 = 4 Am2 9 2 5 16 10 16 q B r -----(1) 2m


2 2 2

Time for 50% decay = One half life Time for 87.5% decay = Three half lives Time interval between 50% decay and 87.5% decay = Two half lives

KE =

qB qB = 2 m 2 m

63.

R = R0 A 3 = R 2 A 3
Area R2

4 2 m 2 2 r 2 (1) KE = 2m = 2 2 m 2 2 r 2
49. 52. 53. 64.

Area (1) 125 = Area (2) 27 KE = h KE ' = h 2


= 2h

2/3

25 9

W = mB(1 cos )
V(max) = BAN

( = 1800 )

more than twice the initial value

N s Vs I p = = N p Vp I s
Ns =

67. 68.

The out put y = A + B . C Voltage gain = Current gain resistance gain = 49 = 245

Np Ip Is

330 4 = 55 24

10 2

54.

Average energy density of magnetic field = = 0E2

1 2

71.
2

LOS distance

2 Rh + 2 Rh

= 8 Rh

1 1 = 8.85 1012 2 2
= 57.

1 4.43 10 12 = 2.2 10 12 J 2

= tan
= tan 60 = 3 sin C = 1

1 C = sin 1 3
here n = 2 4

60.

d sin = n

KERAL ENGG. 2014 PHYSICS

EXPLANATION FOR A2 VERSION


g l T2
61

55.

L = rP

% error in g = % error in l + 2x % error in T 1 2 + 2 3 8%


57 Displacement of the dropped body + Displacement of the thrown body = Total height 63.

= 1 2 1 2 1 1
X component of velocity vx =

dx dt

vx = 8t
Y component of velocity v y = 6t Resultant velocity

1 2 1 gt + ut gt 2 = h 2 2

v=
= 10t

t=

h 100 t= = 4s u 25
65. Acceleration a =

2 2 vx + vy

Distance to the meeting point from top =

1 2 gt 2

f 120 60 = = 10 m / s 2 m 6

Tension = m( g + a ) = 2 (10 + 10) = 20 N 66.

= 4.9 42 = 78.4 59 In first 3 seconds, S = ut + 12 = u 3 + 12 = 3u +

1 2 at 2

TE =

7 mv 2 10

67

By work-energy theorem

1 a 32 2

F .x =

1 2 v2 m v .........(1) 2 4
1 2 mv .........(2) 2

9 a 3 = u + 1.5 a -------(1) 2 1 a 62 2

F .( x + y ) =

In first 6 seconds, 42 = u 6 +

(2) x+ y 4 = x (1) 3 y= 4x x 3

7 = u + 3a ----------(2) Solve (1) & (2) to get a 60. Impulse = change in P = 2mv 69.

( x = the initial thickness penetrated and y the additional thickness penetrated) Applying law of conservation of angular momentum,

Impulse v= 2m

I11 + I 22 = ( I1 + I 2 )
5

I1 2 + 103 5 = ( I1 + 103 )4
I1 = 0.5 103
70.

= 3W = 3J
7

t 0
t

= = =

t
t 20 t

Vrms =

3RT M

3RT mN A
T2 T1

2 1800 = 30, t = 2 60 s) 60 mv 2 -------(1) r

8.

= 1

T2 = 1 T1

( 0 = 1800 rpm = 71.

T2 = 0.8 T1

T2 = 0.8 T1

Centripetal force =

In the second case

Angular momentum L = mvr

T2 50 = 0.6 T1
T2 50 = 0.6 T1 0.8 T1 50 = 0.6 T1

v=

L mr m L . r mr
2

(1) CF =

0.2 T1 = 50 T1 = 250 K T2 = 200 K 9

1.

Energy required =

nMgR n +1

(here n = 1) 2. 3. Total energy = KE Area of the big drop = Area of the droplets

CV =

n R 2

n = no of degrees of freedom 10. Tree translational and two rotational degrees of freedom 11 Comparing with standard equation of SHM, we get = 2

4 R = 4 r + 4 r
2 2 1

2 2

R = r12 + r22
5 Pressure difference = Pressure due to 10 mm of Hg = 1 cm of Hg

T=
13.

h g = Pressure due to 10mm of Hg h =


6

A 2 1 m 2 ( A2 y 2 ) 2 A , 2

Here, given y = 0.707 A

hHg Hg

1 2 kx 2

113.6 = 13.6 cm 1

y=
KE =

W= W'=

1 k (2 x)2 2 1 k 3x 2 2

Put y =

W ' W =

KE =

1 A2 m 2 ( A2 ) 2 2
6

= 15

TE 2
22.

Potential difference = E distance = 500 2 10 2 = 10 V Current through 4 resistor near xy =

A1

A2

A3

4 = 1A 4
N4

N1

Current through the 4 resistor parallel to 4 =1A Total current in the circuit = 2A Total potential difference = I R( eff .) =28 = 16 V 23 PD across R = 2V IR = 2

N2

N3

A1, A2 & A3 = Antinodes N1, N2, N3 & N4 = Nodes 16. 17 In stretched string all harmonics are present. Electric field near the sheet E =

F q

E=
But

1.6 1012 = 107 1.6 1019

E=

2 0
24

10 R=2 ( 500 + R )

R = 125

= 2 0 E
Total charge = Area

Is = I p 5E E = 5r + R r + R 5
r=R

= 2 0 E Area
(The charge will be negative) 20. Centripetal force = Coulombs force

mv 2 1 q1q2 . = r 4 0 r 2 qq v = 1 2 4 0 rm
2

25

Power loss = I2R

I=

P V

P = R V Power loss
26.

2 r Period T = v T2 =
2

1 v2

4 r v2

2 2

Charge in internal energy =I2Rt = 12 50 2 60 = 6 kJ

4 2 r 2 4 0 rm T = q1q2
21 Electric field E =

28

T = 2
T 2 = 4 2 m = 4 2

I mB
I mB

F q

1000 = 500 2

I T2
7

4 2 9 105 = 4 Am2 9 5 2 16 10 16 q B r -----(1) 2m


2 2 2

44

Time for 50% decay = One half life Time for 87.5% decay = Three half lives Time interval between 50% decay and 87.5% decay = Two half lives

KE =

qB qB = 2 m 2 m

45

R = R0 A 3 = R 2 A 3
Area R2

4 2 m 2 2 r 2 (1) KE = 2m
= 2 2 m 2 2 r 2
31. 34 35 46

Area (1) 125 = Area (2) 27 KE = h KE ' = h 2


= 2h

2/3

25 9

W = mB(1 cos )
V(max) = BAN

( = 1800 )

more than twice the initial value

N s Vs I p = = N p Vp I s
Ns =

49. 50

The out put y = A + B . C Voltage gain = Current gain resistance gain = 49 = 245

Np Ip Is

330 4 = 55 24

10 2

36.

Average energy density of magnetic field = = 0E2

1 2

53.
2

LOS distance

2 Rh + 2 Rh

= 8 Rh

1 1 = 8.85 1012 2 2
= 39

1 4.43 10 12 = 2.2 10 12 J 2

= tan
= tan 60 = 3

sin C =
42

2 d

1 C = sin 1 3
here n = 2

d sin = n sin =

sin =

2 5 107 2.5 106

sin =
43.

2 5

h 1 m 2mKE
8

KERAL ENGG. 2014 PHYSICS

EXPLANATION FOR A3 VERSION


g l T2
38.

32.

L = rP

% error in g = % error in l + 2x % error in T 1 2 + 2 3 8%


34. Displacement of the dropped body + Displacement of the thrown body = Total height 40.

= 1 2 1 2 1 1
X component of velocity vx =

dx dt

vx = 8t
Y component of velocity v y = 6t Resultant velocity

1 2 1 gt + ut gt 2 = h 2 2

v=
= 10t

t=

h 100 t= = 4s u 25
42. Acceleration a =

2 2 vx + vy

Distance to the meeting point from top =

1 2 gt 2

f 120 60 = = 10 m / s 2 m 6

Tension = m( g + a ) = 2 (10 + 10) = 20 N 43.

= 4.9 42 = 78.4 36. In first 3 seconds, S = ut + 12 = u 3 + 12 = 3u +

1 2 at 2

TE =

7 mv 2 10

44.

By work-energy theorem

1 a 32 2

F .x =

1 2 v2 m v .........(1) 2 4
1 2 mv .........(2) 2

9 a 3 = u + 1.5 a -------(1) 2 1 a 62 2

F .( x + y ) =

In first 6 seconds, 42 = u 6 +

(2) x+ y 4 = x (1) 3 y= 4x x 3

7 = u + 3a ----------(2) Solve (1) & (2) to get a 37 Impulse = change in P = 2mv 46.

( x = the initial thickness penetrated and y the additional thickness penetrated) Applying law of conservation of angular momentum,

Impulse v= 2m

I11 + I 22 = ( I1 + I 2 )
9

I1 2 + 103 5 = ( I1 + 103 )4
I1 = 0.5 103
47.

= 3W = 3J
56.

t 0
t

= = =

t
t 20 t

Vrms =

3RT M

3RT mN A
T2 T1

2 1800 = 30, t = 2 60 s) 60 mv 2 -------(1) r

57

= 1

T2 = 1 T1

( 0 = 1800 rpm = 48.

T2 = 0.8 T1

T2 = 0.8 T1

Centripetal force =

In the second case

Angular momentum L = mvr

T2 50 = 0.6 T1
T2 50 = 0.6 T1 0.8 T1 50 = 0.6 T1

v=

L mr m L . r mr
2

(1) CF =

0.2 T1 = 50 T1 = 250 K T2 = 200 K 58.

50

Energy required =

nMgR n +1

(here n = 1) 51. 52. Total energy = KE Area of the big drop = Area of the droplets

CV =

n R 2

n = no of degrees of freedom 59. Tree translational and two rotational degrees of freedom 60. Comparing with standard equation of SHM, we get = 2

4 R = 4 r + 4 r
2 2 1

2 2

R = r12 + r22
54. Pressure difference = Pressure due to 10 mm of Hg = 1 cm of Hg

T=
62.

h g = Pressure due to 10mm of Hg h =


55.

A 2 1 m 2 ( A2 y 2 ) 2 A , 2

Here, given y = 0.707 A

hHg Hg

1 2 kx 2

113.6 = 13.6 cm 1

y=
KE =

W= W'=

1 k (2 x)2 2 1 k 3x 2 2

Put y =

W ' W =

KE =

1 A2 m 2 ( A2 ) 2 2
10

= 64

TE 2
71

Potential difference = E distance = 500 2 10 2 = 10 V Current through 4 resistor near xy =

A1

A2

A3

4 = 1A 4
N4

N1

Current through the 4 resistor parallel to 4 =1A Total current in the circuit = 2A Total potential difference = I R( eff .) =28 = 16 V 72 PD across R = 2V IR = 2

N2

N3

A1, A2 & A3 = Antinodes N1, N2, N3 & N4 = Nodes 65 66. In stretched string all harmonics are present. Electric field near the sheet E =

F q

E=
But

1.6 1012 = 107 1.6 1019

E=

2 0
31.

10 R=2 ( 500 + R )

R = 125

= 2 0 E
Total charge = Area

Is = I p 5E E = 5r + R r + R 5
r=R

= 2 0 E Area
(The charge will be negative) 69. Centripetal force = Coulombs force

mv 2 1 q1q2 . = r 4 0 r 2 qq v = 1 2 4 0 rm
2

32.

Power loss = I2R

I=

P V

P = R V Power loss
33.

2 r Period T = v T2 =
2

1 v2

4 r v2

2 2

Charge in internal energy =I2Rt = 12 50 2 60 = 6 kJ

4 2 r 2 4 0 rm T = q1q2
70. Electric field E =

35.

T = 2
T 2 = 4 2 m = 4 2

I mB
I mB

F q

1000 = 500 2

I T2
11

4 2 9 105 = 4 Am2 9 5 2 16 10 16 q B r -----(1) 2m


2 2 2

51

Time for 50% decay = One half life Time for 87.5% decay = Three half lives Time interval between 50% decay and 87.5% decay = Two half lives

KE =

qB qB = 2 m 2 m

52.

R = R0 A 3 = R 2 A 3
Area R2

4 2 m 2 2 r 2 (1) KE = 2m
= 2 2 m 2 2 r 2
38. 41. 42. 53.

Area (1) 125 = Area (2) 27 KE = h KE ' = h 2


= 2h

2/3

25 9

W = mB(1 cos )
V(max) = BAN

( = 1800 )

more than twice the initial value

N s Vs I p = = N p Vp I s
Ns =

56 57

The out put y = A + B . C Voltage gain = Current gain resistance gain = 49 = 245

Np Ip Is

330 4 = 55 24

10 2

43

Average energy density of magnetic field = = 0E2

1 2

60
2

LOS distance

2 Rh + 2 Rh

= 8 Rh

1 1 = 8.85 1012 2 2
= 46

1 4.43 10 12 = 2.2 10 12 J 2

= tan
= tan 60 = 3

sin C =
49.

2 d

1 C = sin 1 3
here n = 2

d sin = n sin =

sin =

2 5 107 2.5 106

sin =
50

2 5

h 1 m 2mKE
12

KERAL ENGG. 2014 PHYSICS

EXPLANATION FOR A4 VERSION


13.

l T2

% error in g = % error in l + 2x % error in T 1 2 + 2 3 8%


15 Displacement of the dropped body + Displacement of the thrown body = Total height 21

= 1 2 1 2 1 1
X component of velocity vx =

dx dt

vx = 8t
Y component of velocity v y = 6t Resultant velocity

1 2 1 gt + ut gt 2 = h 2 2

v=
= 10t

2 2 vx + vy

h 100 t= t= = 4s u 25 1 = gt 2 2
= 4.9 42 = 78.4

23

Acceleration a =

Distance to the meeting point from top

f 120 60 = = 10 m / s 2 m 6

Tension = m( g + a ) = 2 (10 + 10) = 20 N 24. 25.

TE =

7 mv 2 10

17.

1 In first 3 seconds, S = ut + at 2 2
12 = u 3 +

By work-energy theorem

F .x =

1 a 32 2

1 2 v2 m v .........(1) 2 4
1 2 mv .........(2) 2

9 12 = 3u + a 3 = u + 1.5 a -------(1) 2
In first 6 seconds, 42 = u 6 +

F .( x + y ) =

(2) x+ y 4 = (1) x 3 y= 4x x 3

1 a 62 2

7 = u + 3a ----------(2) Solve (1) & (2) to get a 18. Impulse = change in P = 2mv 27

( x = the initial thickness penetrated and y the additional thickness penetrated) Applying law of conservation of angular momentum,

v=
19

Impulse 2m

I11 + I 22 = ( I1 + I 2 ) I1 2 + 103 5 = ( I1 + 103 )4

L = rP

13

I1 = 0.5 103
28.

= 3J
37

t 0
t

= = =

t
t 20 t

Vrms =

3RT M

3RT mN A
T2 T1

2 1800 = 30, t = 2 60 s) 60
38

= 1

T2 = 1 T1

( 0 = 1800 rpm = 29.

mv 2 -------(1) Centripetal force = r


Angular momentum L = mvr

T2 = 0.8 T1

T2 = 0.8 T1

In the second case

v=

L mr
2

T2 50 = 0.6 T1
T2 50 = 0.6 T1 0.8 T1 50 = 0.6 T1 0.2 T1 = 50 T1 = 250 K T2 = 200 K 39

m L (1) CF = . r mr
31

nMgR Energy required = n +1


(here n = 1) Total energy = KE Area of the big drop = Area of the droplets

CV =

n R 2

32. 33.

n = no of degrees of freedom 40. Tree translational and two rotational degrees of freedom 41. Comparing with standard equation of SHM, we get = 2

4 R = 4 r + 4 r
2 2 1

2 2

R = r12 + r22
35. Pressure difference = Pressure due to 10 mm of Hg = 1 cm of Hg

h g = Pressure due to 10mm of Hg h =


36.

T=
43.

A 2 1 m 2 ( A2 y 2 ) 2 A , 2

hHg Hg

1 2 kx 2

113.6 = = 13.6 cm 1

Here, given y = 0.707 A

y=
KE =

W= W'=

1 k (2 x)2 2 1 k 3x 2 2

Put y =

W ' W =

KE =

= 3W

1 A2 m 2 ( A2 ) 2 2

14

= 45

TE 2
52

Potential difference = E distance = 500 2 10 2 = 10 V Current through 4 resistor near xy =

A1

A2

A3

4 = 1A 4
N4

N1

Current through the 4 resistor parallel to 4 =1A Total current in the circuit = 2A Total potential difference = I R( eff .) =28 = 16 V 53. PD across R = 2V IR = 2

N2

N3

A1, A2 & A3 = Antinodes N1, N2, N3 & N4 = Nodes 46. 47. In stretched string all harmonics are present. Electric field near the sheet E =

F q

1.6 1012 E= = 107 19 1.6 10


But

E=

2 0
54.

10 R=2 ( 500 + R )

R = 125

= 2 0 E
Total charge = Area

Is = I p 5E E = 5r + R r + R 5
r=R

= 2 0 E Area
(The charge will be negative) 50. Centripetal force = Coulombs force

mv 2 1 q1q2 = . r 4 0 r 2
v2 =

55.

Power loss = I2R

I=

P V

q1q2 4 0 rm

P = R V Power loss
56

2 r Period T = v T2 = 4 r v2
2 2

1 v2

Charge in internal energy =I2Rt = 12 50 2 60 = 6 kJ

4 2 r 2 4 0 rm T2 = q1q2
51. Electric field E =

58.

T = 2
T 2 = 4 2 m = 4 2

I mB
I mB

F q

1000 = 500 2

I T2
15

4 2 9 105 = 4 Am2 9 5 2 16 10 16 q B r -----(1) 2m


2 2 2

Time for 50% decay = One half life Time for 87.5% decay = Three half lives Time interval between 50% decay and 87.5% decay = Two half lives

KE =

qB qB = 2 m 2 m

3.

R = R0 A 3 = R 2 A 3
Area R2

4 2 m 2 2 r 2 (1) KE = 2m
= 2 2 m 2 2 r 2
61 64. 65. 4

Area (1) 125 = Area (2) 27 KE = h KE ' = h 2


= 2h

2/3

25 9

W = mB(1 cos )
V(max) = BAN

( = 1800 )

more than twice the initial value

N s Vs I p = = N p Vp I s
Ns =

7. 8

The out put y = A + B . C Voltage gain = Current gain resistance gain = 49 = 245

Np Ip Is

330 4 = 55 24

10 2

66.

Average energy density of magnetic field = = 0E2

1 2

11
2

LOS distance

2 Rh + 2 Rh

= 8 Rh

1 1 = 8.85 1012 2 2
= 69

1 4.43 10 12 = 2.2 10 12 J 2

= tan
= tan 60 = 3

sin C =
72

2 d

1 C = sin 1 3
here n = 2

d sin = n sin =

sin =

2 5 107 2.5 106

sin =
1.

2 5

h 1 m 2mKE
16