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1/23/2014

Projectile Motion Formula | Formula for Projectile Motion | Formulas@TutorVista.com

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Formulas ▶ Physics Formulas ▶ Gravity Formula ▶ Projectile Motion Formula
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Projectile Motion Formula
2
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We often experience many kinds of motions in our daily life. Projectile motion is one among them. A projectile is
some object thrown in air or space. The Curved path along which the projectile travels is what is known as
trajectory.
Projectile Motion is the free fall motion of any body in a horizontal path with constant velocity.
formula for motion with constant
acceleration
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uniform circular motion formula
uniform motion formula
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Projectile Motion Formula (trajectory formula) is given by
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Where V x is the velocity along x-axis,
V
xo is the initial velocity along x-axis,
V
y is the velocity along y-axis,
V
yo is the initial velocity along y-axis.
g
is the acceleration due to gravity and
t
is the time taken.
Equations related to trajectory motion (projectile motion) are given by

1/23/2014

Projectile Motion Formula | Formula for Projectile Motion | Formulas@TutorVista.com

Where V o is the initial Velocity, sin

θ

is the component along y-axis,

cos

θ is the component along x-axis.

Projectile Motion formula is used to find the distance, velocity and time taken in the projectile motion.

Projectile Motion Problems

Solved Examples

Question 1: A body is projected with a velocity of 20 ms -1 at 50 o to the horizontal. Find (i) Maximum height reached (ii) Time of flight and (iii) Range of the projectile. Solution:

Initial Velocity V o = 20 ms -1 ,

θ = 50 o

Time of flight, t =

2 V sinθ 0 g

2×20×sin50 0

= 9.8

= 3.126 s.

Maximum Height reached, H =

2

V

o

si

n

2

θ

2g

1/23/2014

Projectile Motion Formula | Formula for Projectile Motion | Formulas@TutorVista.com

*AP and SAT are registered trademarks of the College Board.

2

v sin2θ

0

Horizontal Range R =

20

2

g

sin 100 o

=

= 40.196 m.

9.8

2

( 20) s i n 2 50 2

=

= 11.97 m.

2×9.8

Question 2: John is on top of the building and jack is down. If john throws a ball at an angle of 60 o and

with initial velocity 20 m/s. At what height will the ball reach after 2 s?

Solution:

Given: V yo = 20 m/s,

Δ t = 2s,

The Vertical velocity in y direction is given by V y = V yo sin 60 o

1

2

×

Vertical distance, y = V yo t -

gt 2

2 - 0.5

= 20

= 20.4 m.

×

9.8

×

4

√3

=

= 17.32 m/s.

20

×

2

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