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Name: Recitation:

Multivariable Calculus
Math 215.70 Winter 2003
Professor Anton Dzhamay

First Exam
February 10, 2003

Please do all your work in this booklet and show all the steps. Write your nal answer in the corresponding box. Calculators and note-carsd are not allowed.

Problem Possible points Score 1 15 2 10 3 10 4 5 5 10 6 15 7 15 8 10 9 10 Total 100

Problem 1. (15 pts.) Consider the points A(1, 3, 2), B (3, 1, 1), C (4, 9, 8), and D(2, 4, 4). (a 5 pts.) Find an equation of the plane containing the points A, B , and C .

(a) Answer: (b 5 pts.) Find the area of ABC .

(b) Answer: (c 5 pts.) Find the distance from the point D to the plane containing the points A, B , and C .

(c) Answer:
15

Problem 2. (10 pts.) (a 5 pts.) Find parametric equations of the line of intersection of the planes x 3y + 2z = 1 and 4x + y + 7z = 9

(a) Answer: (b 5 pts.) Find parametric equations of the line through the points A(3, 1, 2) and B (5, 1, 3). What is the interval of change of the parameter that you need to parametrize just the line segment AB ?

(b) Answer:
10

Problem 3. (10 pts.) (a 5 pts.) Find parametric equations of the tangent line to the parametric curve r(t) = 2 + t3 , 1 4t, 5 t2 at the time t = 1.

(a) Answer: (b 5 pts.) Find the point of intersection of this line with the xy -plane.

(b) Answer: Problem 4. (5 pts.) Use the level curves of the function f (x, y ) on the graph on the right to approximate fx (1, 1), fy (1, 1), fx (1, 1), fy (1, 1).
2 5 10 1 13 16 15

20 y 0

15

10

16 13 18 1 25 30 40 35 2 1 0 x 1 2 5 15

Answer:
10 5

Problem 5. (10 pts.) A particle moves so that r(t) = (3 cos t + 3t sin t)i + (3 sin t 3t cos t)j + (2t2 )k. (a 5 pts.) Find the distance travelled by the particle from t = 0 to t = 4 .

(a) Answer: (b 5 pts.) Find the distance between r(0) and r(4 ).

(b) Answer:
10

Problem 6. (15 pts.) Consider the function f (x, y ) = x2 exy and the point P (3, 0, 9). (a 5pts.) Find an equation of the tangent plane to the graph of z = f (x, y ) at the point P .

(a) Answer: (b 5pts.) Find parametric equations of the normal line to the graph of z = f (x, y ) going through the point P .

(b) Answer: (c 5pts.) Use dierentials to approximate f (2.9, 0.2).

(c) Answer:
15

Problem 7. (15 pts) The capacity, C , of a communication channel, such as a telephone line, to carry information depends on the ratio of the signal strength, S , to the noise, N in the following way S C = k ln 1 + , N where k > 0 is some constant. Suppose that the signal and noise are given as a function of time, t in seconds, by S (t) = 4 + cos(4t) N (t) = 2 + sin(2t). What is dC/dt one second after the transmission started? Is the capacity increasing or decreasing at that instant?

15

Problem 8. (10 pts) True or False? (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) The cross-product of two unit vectors is a unit vector. If u, v, and w are all non-zero vectors in space and u v = u w, then v = w. The value of u (u v) is always zero. The value of u (u v) is always zero. If two planes in space do not intersect, their normal vectors are proportional. If two lines in space do not intersect, their direction vectors are proportional. T F T F T T F F

T F T F

If a particle moves along the circle, then its acceleration vector is always perpendicT F ular to its velocity vector. If a particle moves with constant speed, the path of the particle must be a line. T F

If you know the gradient vector f (P ), then you can nd the directional derivative T F Du f (P ) for any unit vector u. If you know the directional derivative Du f (P ) for any unit vector u, then you can T F nd the gradient vector f (P ).

(10)

10

Problem 9. (10 pts.) Match the following functions, graphs, level curves (a) (I)

(A)
4 2 20

f (x, y ) = x y e

3 3 x2 y 2

10 0 10 20 2 4 2 y 0 2 4 4 4 2 0 x 2 4 2 0 x 2 4 4 y 0

(b)

(II)

(B)
4 2

f (x, y ) =

10y x2 + y 2 + 1

4 2 0 2 4 2 4 2 y 0 2 4 4 4 2 0 x 2 4 2 0 x 2 4 4 y 0

(c)

(III)
2 1.5

(C)
4 2

f (x, y ) = y sin(x)

1 0.5 0 4 2 y 0 2 4 4 2 0 x 2 4

0 x

(d)

(IV)
6 4

(D)
4 2

f (x, y ) = e

x2

+e

y 2

2 0 2 4 2 4 2 y 0 2 4 4 4 2 0 x 2 4 2 0 x 2 4 4 y 0

(e)

(V)

(E)
4 2

0.15 0.1

f (x, y ) = cos(x) + y

0.05 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 4 2 y 0 2 4 4 4 2 0 x 2 4 2 0 x 2 4 4 2 y 0

by lling up the table below: Function

Graph

Level Curves

10