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HLCP-J100, HDSP-4820, HDSP-4830 & HDSP-4832

10-Element Bar Graph Array

Data Sheet

Description
These 10-element LED arrays are designed to display information in easily recognizable bar graph form. The packages are end stackable and therefore capable of displaying long strings of information. Use of these bar graph arrays eliminates the alignment, intensity, and color matching problems associated with discrete LEDs. The HDSP-4820/4830/4840/4850 and HLCPJ100 each contain LEDs of one color. The HDSP-4832/4836 are multicolor arrays with High Eciency Red, Yellow, and High Performance Green LEDs in a single package.

Features
x Custom Multicolor Array Capability x Matched LEDs for Uniform Appearance x End Stackable x Package Interlock Ensures Correct Alignment x Low Prole Package x Rugged Construction x Large, Easily Recognizable Segments x High ON-OFF Contrast, Segment to Segment x Wide Viewing Angle x Categorized for Luminous Intensity x HDSP-4832/4836/4840/4850 Categorized for Dominant Wavelength x HLCP-J100 Operates at Low Current Typical Intensity of 1.0 mcd at 1 mA Drive Current

Applications
x Industrial Controls x Instrumentation x Oce Equipment x Computer Peripherals x Consumer Products

Package Dimensions
25.40 (1.000) MAX. 0.38 (0.015) 10.16 (0.400) MAX.

5.08 (0.200)

1. DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETERS (INCHES). 2. ALL UNTOLERANCED DIMEMSIONS FOR REFERENCE ONLY. 3. HDSP-4832/-4836/-4840/-4850 ONLY.

2.54 (0.100) LUMINOUS INTENSITY CATEGORY

1.52 (0.060) COLOR BIN (NOTE 3) 6.10 0.25 (0.240 0.010)

DATE CODE PIN ONE MARKING

hp

HDSP XXXX XYY ZW

5.08 (0.200)

0.61 (0.024)

2.54 0.25 (0.100 0.010)

4.06 (0.160) MIN.

0.38 (0.015) 7.62 0.38 (0.300 0.015)

Absolute Maximum Ratings [1]


Parameter
Average PowerDissipation per LED (TA = 25C) Peak Forward Current per LED DC Forward Current per LED Operating Temperature Range Storage Temperature Range Reverse Voltage per LED Lead Solder Dipping Temperature (1.59 mm (1/16 inch) below seating plane) [7] Wave Soldering Temperature (at 2 mm distance from the body)

Red HDSP-4820
63 mW 150 mA[2] 30 mA[5] -40C to +85C -40C to +85C 3.0 V

AlGaAs Red HLCP-J100


37 mW 45 mA[3] 15 mA[5] -20C to +100C -55C to +100C 5.0 V

HER HDSP-4830
87 mW 90 mA[4]

Yellow HDSP-4840
50 mW 60 mA[4]

Green HDSP-4850
105 mW 90 mA[4]

30 mA[6] 20 mA[6] 30 mA[6] -40C to +85C -20C to +85C -40C to +85C 3.0 V

260C for 5 seconds [8] 250C for 3 seconds

Notes: 1. Absolute maximum ratings for HER, Yellow, and Green elements of the multicolor arrays are identical to the HDSP-4830/4840/4850 maximum ratings. 2. See Figure 1 to establish pulsed operating conditions. Maximum pulse width is 1.5 ms. 3. See Figure 2 to establish pulsed operating conditions. Maximum pulse width is 1.5 ms. 4. See Figure 8 to establish pulsed operating conditions. Maximum pulse width is 2 ms. 5. Derate maximum DC current for Red above TA = 62C at 0.79 mA/C, and AlGaAs Red above TA = 91C at 0.8 mA/C. See Figure 3. 6. Derate maximum DC current for HER above TA = 48C at 0.58 mA/ C, Yellow above TA = 70C at 0.66 mA/C, and Green above TA = 37C at 0.48 mA/C. See Figure 9. 7. Clean only in water, isopropanol, ethanol, Freon TF or TE (or equivalent), or Genesolve DI-15 (or equivalent). 8. Maximum tolerable component side temperature is 134C during solder process.

Internal Circuit Diagram


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 a b c d e f g h i j 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11

Pin
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Function
Anode a Anode b Anode c Anode d Anode e Anode f Anode g Anode h Anode i Anode j

Pin
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Function
Cathode j Cathode I Cathode h Cathode g Cathode f Cathode e Cathode d Cathode c Cathode b Cathode a

Multicolor Array Segment Colors


Segment
a b c d e f g h i j

HDSP-4832 Segment Color


HER HER HER Yellow Yellow Yellow Yellow Green Green Green

HDSP-4836 Segment Color


HER HER Yellow Yellow Green Green Yellow Yellow HER HER

Electrical/Optical Characteristics at TA = 25C[4]


Red HDSP-4820
Parameter
Luminous Intensity per LED (Unit Average)[1] Peak Wavelength Dominant Wavelength[2] Forward Voltage per LED Reverse Voltage per LED[5] Temperature Coecient VF per LED Thermal Resistance LED Junction-to-Pin

Symbol
IV OPEAK Od VF VR 'VF/C RTJ-PIN

Min.
610

Typ.
1250 655 645 1.6 12 -2.0 300

Max.

Units
Pcd nm nm V V mV/C C/W/LED

Test Conditions
IF = 20 mA

2.0

IF = 20 mA IR = 100 PA

AlGaAs Red HLCP-J100


Parameter
Luminous Intensity per LED (Unit Average) [1] Peak Wavelength Dominant Wavelength[2] Forward Voltage per LED Reverse Voltage per LED[5] Temperature Coecient VF per LED Thermal Resistance LED Junction-to-Pin

Symbol
IV

Min.
600

Typ.
1000 5200 645 637 1.6 1.8

Max.

Units
Pcd

Test Conditions
IF = 1 mA IF = 20 mA Pk; 1 of 4 Duty Factor

OPEAK Od VF VR 'VF/C RTJ-PIN 5

nm nm V 2.2 V mV/C C/W/LED

IF = 1 mA IF = 20 mA IR = 100 PA

1.5 -2.0 300

High Eciency Red HDSP-4830


Parameter
Luminous Intensity per LED (Unit Average)[1,4] Peak Wavelength Dominant Wavelength[2] Forward Voltage per LED Reverse Voltage per LED[5] Temperature Coecient VF per LED Thermal Resistance LED Junction-to-Pin

Symbol
IV OPEAK Od VF VR 'VF /C RTJ-PIN

Min.
900

Typ.
3500 635 626 2.1 30 -2.0 300

Max.

Units
Pcd nm nm V V mV/C C/W/LED

Test Conditions
IF = 10 mA

2.5

IF = 20 mA IR = 100 PA

Yellow HDSP-4840
Parameter
Luminous Intensity per LED (Unit Average)[1,4] Peak Wavelength Dominant Wavelength[2,3] Forward Voltage per LED Reverse Voltage per LED[5] Temperature Coecient VF per LED Thermal Resistance LED Junction-to-Pin

Symbol
IV OPEAK Od VF VR 'VF/C RTJ-PIN

Min.
600 581 3

Typ.
1900 583 585 2.2 40 -2.0 300

Max.

Units
Pcd nm nm V V mV/C C/W/LED

Test Conditions
IF = 10 mA

592 2.5

IF = 20 mA IR = 100 PA

Green HDSP-4850
Parameter
Luminous Intensity per LED (Unit Average)[1,4] Peak Wavelength Dominant Wavelength[2,3] Forward Voltage per LED Reverse Voltage per LED[5] Temperature Coecient VF per LED Thermal Resistance LED Junction-to-Pin

Symbol
IV OPEAK Od VF VR 'VF/C RTJ-PIN

Min.
600

Typ.
1900 566 571 2.1 50 -2.0 300

Max.

Units
Pcd nm nm V V mV/C C/W/LED

Test Conditions
IF = 10 mA

577 2.5

IF = 20 mA IR = 100 PA

Notes: 1. The bar graph arrays are categorized for luminous intensity. The category is designated by a letter located on the side of the package. 2. The dominant wavelength, Od, is derived from the CIE chromaticity diagram and is that single wavelength which denes the color of the device. 3. The HDSP-4832/-4836/-4840/-4850 bar graph arrays are categorized by dominant wavelength with the category designated by a number adjacent to the intensity category letter. Only the yellow elements of the HDSP-4832/-4836 are categorized for color. 4. Electrical/optical characteristics of the High-Eciency Red elements of the HDSP-4832/-4836 are identical to the HDSP-4830 characteristics. Characteristics of Yellow elements of the HDSP-4832/-4836 are identical to the HDSP-4840. Characteristics of Green elements of the HDSP4832/-4836 are identical to the HDSP-4850. 5. Reverse voltage per LED should be limited to 3.0 V max. for the HDSP-4820/-4830/-4840/-4850/-4832/-4836 and 5.0 V max. for the HLCP-J100.

Red, AlGaAs Red


IPEAK MAX RATIO OF MAXIMUM OPERATING PEAK CURRENT TO TEMPERATURE IDC MAX DERATED MAXIMUM DC CURRENT

15 12.5 10 8 6 5 4 3 2

OPERATION IN THIS REGION REQUIRES TEMPERATURE DERATING OF IDCMAX

RATIO OF MAXIMUM OPERATING PEAK CURRENT TO TEMPERATURE DERATED MAXIMUM DC CURRENT

20

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 OPERATION IN THIS REGION REQUIRES TEMPERATURE DERATING OF IDC MAX


ES EFR f-R z H 100 Hz 300 z 1 KH
z 3KH Hz 10 K

ES EFR f-R Hz 100 Hz 300

z 3K H

z 1 KH

IPEAK MAx

1.5 1 1 10 100 1000 10000 DC OPERATION

IDC MAX

Figure 1. Maximum Tolerable Peak Current vs. Pulse Duration Red.

10 K Hz

HR AT E

HR ATE

10

100

1000

10000

DC OPERATION

tP - PULSE DURATION - SEC

tP - PULSE DURATION - s

Figure 2. Maximum Tolerable Peak Current vs. Pulse Duration AlGaAs Red.

IDC MAX - MAXIMUM DC CURRENT PER SEGMENT - mA

35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 25 35 45 55 65 AlGaAs RED RED

1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0

IF - FORWARD CURRENT PER SEGMENT - mA

R J-A= 600C/W

PEAK - RELATIVE EFFICIENCY (NORMALIZED TO 1 AT 20 mA FOR RED: AT 1mA FOR AlGaAs RED)

40

1.2 AlGaAs RED RED

160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 RED

AlGaAs RED

75

85

95

105

TA - AMBIENT TEMPERATURE - oC

20 40 60 80 100 120 140 IPEAK - PEAK SEGMENT CURRENT - mA

160

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

VF - FORWARD VOLTAGE - V

Figure 3. Maximum Allowable DC Current vs. Ambient Temperature. TJMAX = 100C for Red and TJMAX = 110C for AlGaAs Red.
1.4
RELATIVE LUMINOUS INTENSITY (NORMALIZED TO 1.0 AT 20 mA)

Figure 4. Relative Eciency (Luminous Intensity per Unit Current) vs. Peak Current.

Figure 5. Forward Current vs. Forward Voltage.

20 10 RELATIVE LUMINOUS INTENSITY (NORMALIZED TO 1 AT 1mA) 5 2 1

1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0 5 10 15 20 25

0.1 0.1

0.2

0.5

15

10

20

IF - FORWARD CURRENT PER SEGMENT - mA

IF - FORWARD CURRENT PER SEGMENT

Figure 6. Relative Luminous Intensity vs. DC Forward Current Red.

Figure 7. Relative Luminous Intensity vs. DC Forward Current AlGaAs.

For a Detailed Explanation on the Use of Data Sheet Information and Recommended Soldering Procedures, See Application Note 1005.

HER, Yellow, Green


RATIO OF MAXIMUM OPERATING PEAK CURRENT TO TEMPERATURE DERATED MAXIMUM DC CURRENT 20 15 12 10 8 6 4 3 GREEN HER
fH ES FR RE

YELLOW

OPERATION IN THIS REGION REQUIRES TEMPERATURE DERATING OF IDC MAX

H TE 100 RA

10

30

1K

Hz 3K

IPEAK MAX IDC MAX

2 1.5 1 1 10

0H

tP - PULSE DURATION - SEC

Figure 8. Maximum Tolerable Peak Current vs. Pulse Duration

z KH

Hz

100

1000

10000

DC OPERATION

HER/Yellow/Green.
IDC MAX - MAXIMUM DC CURRENT PER SEGMENT - mA
40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 15 25 35 45 55 65 75 85 95 GREEN/HER GREEN YELLOW YELLOW HER R J-A= 600C/W
PEAK - RELATIVE EFFICIENCY 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 YELLOW SERIES HER SERIES GREEN SERIES

TA - AMBIENT TEMPERATURE - C

IPEAK - PEAK SEGMENT CURRENT - mA

Figure 9. Maximum Allowable DC Current vs. Ambient Temperature. TJMAX = 100C.

Figure 10. Relative Eciency (Luminous Intensity per Unit Current) vs. Peak Current.

90 IF - FORWARD CURRENT PER SEGMENT - mA 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1.0

GREEN SERIES RELATIVE LUMINOUS INTENSITY

4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0 0 53 10 15 20 25 30 5 40

YELLOW SERIES

HER SERIES

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

VF - FORWARD VOLTAGE - V

IF - FORWARD CURRENT PER SEGMENT - mA

Figure 11. Forward Current vs. Forward Voltage.

Figure 12. Relative Luminous Intensity vs. DC Forward Current.

For a Detailed Explanation on the Use of Data Sheet Information and Recommended Soldering Procedures, See Application Note 1005.

Electrical/Optical
These versatile bar graph arrays are composed of ten light emitting diodes. The light from each LED is optically stretched to form individual elements. The Red (HDSP4820) bar graph array LEDs use a p-n junction diused into a GaAsP epitaxial layer on a GaAs substrate. The AlGaAs Red (HLCP-J100) bar graph array LEDs use double heterojunction AlGaAs on a GaAs substrate. HER (HDSP4830) and Yellow (HDSP-4840) bar graph array LEDs use a GaAsP epitaxial layer on a GaP substrate. Green (HDSP4850) bar graph array LEDs use liquid phase GaP epitaxial layer on a GaP substrate. The multicolor bar graph arrays (HDSP-4832/4836) have HER, Yellow, and Green LEDs in one package. These displays are designed for strobed operation. The typical forward voltage values can be scaled from Figures 5 and 11. These values should be used to calculate the current limiting resistor value and typical power consumption. Expected maximum VF values for driver circuit design and maximum power dissipation may be calculated using the VFMAX models: Standard Red HDSP-4820 series VFMAX = 1.8 V + IPeak (10 :) For: IPeak t 5 mA AlGaAs Red HLCP-J100 series VFMAX = 1.8 V + IPeak (20 :) For: IPeak d 20 mA VFMAX = 2.0 V + IPeak (10 :) For: IPeak t 20 mA HER (HDSP-4830) and Yellow (HDSP-4840) series VFMAX = 1.6 + IPeak (45 :) For: 5 mA d IPeak d 20 mA VFMAX = 1.75 + IPeak (38 :) For: IPeak t 20 mA Green (HDSP-4850) series VFMAX = 2.0 + IPeak (50 :) For: IPeak > 5 mA Figures 4 and 10 allow the designer to calculate the luminous intensity at dierent peak and average currents. The following equation calculates intensity at dierent peak and average currents: IVAVG = (IFAVG/IFAVG DATA SHEET)Kpeak)(IVDATA SHEET) Where: IVAVG is the calculated time averaged luminous intensity resulting from IFAVG. IFAVG is the desired time averaged LED current. IFAVG DATA SHEET is the data sheet test current for IVDATA SHEET. Kpeak is the relative eciency at the peak current, scaled from Figure 4 or 10. IV DATA SHEET is the data sheet luminous intensity, resulting from IFAVG DATA SHEET. For example, what is the luminous intensity of an HDSP4830 driven at 50 mA peak 1/5 duty factor? IFAVG = (50 mA) (0.2) = 10 mA IFAVG DATA SHEET = 10 mA Kpeak = 1.3 IV DATA SHEET = 3500 Pcd Therefore IVAVG = (10 mA/10 mA) (1.3) (3500 mcd) = 4550 mcd

For product information and a complete list of distributors, please go to our web site: www.avagotech.com Avago, Avago Technologies, and the A logo are trademarks of Avago Technologies in the United States and other countries. Data subject to change. Copyright 2005-2009 Avago Technologies. All rights reserved. Obsoletes AV01-0277EN AV02-1798EN - November 5, 2009