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i-Tutor: Math Academy

My Math Booka General Core Components Study Guide

Common Knowledge | My Math Book | 2013Bobby Ozuna | i-Tutor: Math Academy

The information compiled within this study guide was taken from the
book, i-Tutor: A Guide for Improving Your Childs Mathematical Skills
from Homeby Bobby Ozuna, 2013.
This material is protected by US Copyright law. This booklet will be
available to the public, J une 2014.

Separate the Emotion!You are not here to hurt them; you are here to help them.
They dont know, thats why they go to school and thats why they need your help
not your answersbut your HELP in determining, solving, discovering, learning,
comprehending and understanding the answer. Set the emotion aside and just help
You dont have to know the mathRemember, you dont have to know any math
to be able to help them. Youre key role is asking questions using words like, How,
Why, Show me, Teach me, Explain, Prove it.
How?did you get that answer?
Why?did you do/ perform that math or why did you determine that
particular answer?
Show mehow you got the answer so I can learn; show me how to do it.
Teach mehow to do one myself. Can we make our own problem? See if I
can get it right!
Explain to mewhat is going on with the problem, why you know its right,
Prove itas in, can you prove or disprove that you are right?
They go to school to learnyes, but they come home to practicecalled (at) home
ShowDont Tell: Never tell your child the answer. Your job is to help lead
them into discovery, not quickly find the solution. If they dont know the answer,
reference the IDK Card. Use that as a tool to help them determine what the answer
may be. Show them, but dont tell them.
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My Math Booka General Core Components Study Guide

Common Knowledge | My Math Book | 2013Bobby Ozuna | i-Tutor: Math Academy
The IDK Card: Every time your child says, I dont know, dont get upset with
them (separate the emotion), but instead, refer to the IDK Card (below), which will
help them (and you) process the math, apply an investigative approach, discover the
answer and prove or disprove your work.
What do they want to know? about the problem? Whats the real question
being asked?
In a typical math word problem, there is only one real question which needs to
be answered. You need to determine the real question being asked.
What do I know about the problem?It takes 2 numbers to be make a
math problem. Three numbers implies its likely a ratio/ scale/ proportion
problem. What do you already know about the problem? Can you identify key
words (Reference Math Expressions Worksheet) that tell you what type of
problem it may be? Are there symbols, like the percent sign (%) that tell you
what to do?
What type of math do you need to perform? to get the problem right. Is it
addition? Is it subtraction? Is it multiplication? Is it division? How do you
know? Look for fraction symbols (
oc somcthng
), percent symbols (%), does
it require a formula, for example, in geometry? All the information you need, to
determine the answer is written within the problem.
Prove it Can you prove or disprove your answer? In other words, can you
show your work and also, go backwards to prove the answer? If its an addition
problem, you can prove it with subtraction. If its a multiplication problem, you
can prove it with division? This step requires you to show your workthis
proves that you KNOW how to recreate your answer.

The PracticeAthletes and musicians become great athletes and great musicians
because they practice! They should have a weekly regiment of math practice, which
can include math apps, math games on the Internet, worksheets from the Internet and
released EOC & STAAR tests (or previous homework, quizzes, and tests).
The HabitThey should practice at least 4 nights per week, Monday through
Thursday, for 20-30 minutes per night. Mix up the work, so you can approach all
learning styles.
VisualWatching videos or tutorials on the Internet
AuditoryGive them oral quizzes, where they have to think, process,
picture, compile, prepare and respond to the information
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My Math Booka General Core Components Study Guide

Common Knowledge | My Math Book | 2013Bobby Ozuna | i-Tutor: Math Academy
Read/ WriteGive them instructions, notes, something they can read over
that they can decipher, process and implement with what they have seen,
heard and will try
KinestheticLet them try! Hands on experience is the best way to learn!
They need to do it, again, and again, and again, and again, and again
Dare them to get them wrong!Thats right! In school they HAVE to be right, all
the time, or at least 70% of the time. Make it fun by removing a grade and allowing
them to make mistakes. Its in mistakes that we learn best. They will naturally NOT
want to keep being wrong. Its innatehard wiredin us to find answer. Let them.
Remove the emotion. Its practice after all, not the real game!
The World Around Youis a great place to talk about math. Expand on these real-
world (at home) examples.
Basic MathA deck of cards can be a multiplication, subtraction or
addition game.
DecimalsAdding and subtracting money amounts using decimals.
Multiplying .27 cents per day, for the next 5 days, etc.
PercentsAn ad/ newspaper/ TV commercial has a sale, how much can we
save? Is it really a discount? Lets see how much we save before we buy.
Adding the grocery amount with a calculator, and then calculating the sales
tax to see if we guess the right dollar amount at the register. Easy!
AreaI need to measure some space to put new carpet or a rug, how do I
determine area? What is the area of the window? The living room? The top
of a table?
PerimeterHow big is our house, the shed, the bathroom from the
VolumeHow much water, juice, milk, will this glass, coffee cup, bottle,
jug, etc., hold?
Ratio/ ScaleIts 2 parts water to one part rice, what does that mean?
What if I need to make MORE rice for a larger crowd?
TimeIf the chicken is going to cook for one hour and 13 minutes, how
many total minutes is that? How many total seconds is that?
Elapsed TimeMy favorite show comes on at 7:30, its 4:42 now, how
much time is that?
Distance/ Rate/ TimeWe are driving to grandmas house and the
odometer says 20,952 miles. When we stop it says, 20,994 miles. How far
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My Math Booka General Core Components Study Guide

Common Knowledge | My Math Book | 2013Bobby Ozuna | i-Tutor: Math Academy
did we go? We have to travel to Houston on vacation, its 288 miles and we
plan on going 65 miles per hour, how long should it take us?
Moneycounting dollars, counting change, paying a simulated bill,
building their own imaginary checking accountone day add a paycheck,
next few days deduct fake bills, payments, etc.
And many, many other real world scenarios!
The Environment of LearningThis is the overall objective. Create an
environment of learning in your homewith games, activities, questions, discussions,
worksheets, apps, real-world scenarios, etc., that engages them at home. In time, with
the right approach, continual practice, they will improve, confidence will rise, grades
will go up and your home will be transformed from the place where they have to do
homework to the place where real learning happens. Anything you do enough times
becomes a habitanything you do for an extended period, where you are allowed the
freedom to make mistakes, will allow for comprehension, and with those mistakes will
come learning and ultimatelyUNDERSTANDING!
Confidence is KeyBrag about them. Why not? We brag when they recite a poem
in the play, hit the game winning homerun, make the select team, get first chair in
band, etc. Why not brag about how awesome they are becoming in math? Confidence
is key. When they feel good about something they are doingand their number one
fans are tooting their hornthey will only want more!
Reward ThemImplement a reward system. They keep up the practice, they keep
doing the work, their grades are starting to climb, and they are becoming more
involved in school, in class, with homework, etc.reward them. They deserve it.
After all, we send them to school, hoping they will attend college, so they can and will
be REWARDED with a better quality of life.