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For technical support please refer to
Issued on 09/05/2011 1 / 5
Copyright Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd. All rights reserved
Coupling: White, Green, Green Pipe Body: White, Green, Green
General description
SM13CRM is a Martensitic OCTG material often referred to as Modified 13 Chrome. Martensitic
stainless steels are suitable for sweet (CO
) environments, under which standard Carbon and low alloy
steels would suffer general and/or localized corrosion. SM13CRM has been developed with the main
objective of being able to offer a high strength material while offering improved corrosion properties and
larger application domain with regards to temperature and Chloride concentration over standard API
SM13CRM was developed in 1997 and benefits from SMIs unrivaled know-how in manufacturing
martensitic stainless steel since the 70s and best-in-class quality control.
SM13CRM-110 is manufactured based on API 5CT / ISO 11960.
Diameters: 2-3/8 16"
Weights: as per API 5CT/ISO 11960
Special application: Please contact SMI engineer, should You require specific size, weight, drift, or any
other characterization.
Reference document
Proprietary SM13CRM series.TGP-2220 (latest revision)
API 5CT / ISO11960
API RP 5C1 / ISO 10405
VAM Book
SMI Storage and handling procedure for CRA materials
Applicable environment
Corrosive well service, with temperatures up to 180 C and high Chloride content.
Its primary functions are Tubing and Liner applications, sections permanently exposed to production
fluids. SM13CRM is typically fit for deeper and HP-HT sweet applications thanks to its higher
temperature threshold (up to 180C) and increased Yield Strength compared to API L80-13CR.
SM13CRM also features excellent localized corrosion resistance in sweet environment, low pH,
and High Chloride content. SM13CRM is particularly indicated after formation water breakthrough.
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Issued on 09/05/2011 2 / 5
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SM13CRM has limited SSC (Sulfide Stress Cracking) resistance and its usage shall be limited to sweet
environment. In case SSC resistance is required, SM13CRS or higher grade material shall be
Final material application will depend upon CO
, Temperature, pH and expected Chlorides content.
In addition, compatibility with packer & completion fluids (brines and additives), matrix acidizing fluids,
and scale dissolvers need to be ascertained.
For a more detailed assessment please contact SMI engineers.
Process Description
Steel making Fine grained fully killed steel billets by the basic oxygen converter
process or electric arc furnace process
Pipe making Seamless
Heat treatment Quenched and Tempered
Chemical Composition
(mass %)
C Si Mn Ni Cr Mo
0.03 0.50 1.00 4.0 ~ 6.0 11.0 ~ 14.0 0.2 ~ 1.2
Specified mechanical properties
Yield strength
Technical Note
Min Max Min Min Max
110 125 110 API Formula 32.0 -

Physical and thermal properties
unit 25C 50C 100C 150C 200C 250C
Density Kg/m
7680 7670 7660 7650 7640 7620
Young's modulus GPa 204 204 202 199 196 192
Poisson's Ratio - 0.29 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.29
Tensile strength
100.0 95.7 91.8 87.7 85.6 83.5
Yield strength
100.0 94.7 91.1 86.7 84.5 82.6
Thermal Diffusivity x10
/s 4.78 4.83 4.99 5.05 5.06 5.07
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unit 25C 50C 100C 150C 200C 250C
Heat Capacity
3.38 3.53 3.62 3.80 3.96 4.13
Thermal Conductivity W/m deg.C 16.2 17.0 18.0 19.2 20.0 20.9
Specific Heat J/Kg deg.C 440 460 472 497 518 542
Thermal expansion x10
/ deg.C - 11.0 10.7 10.8 10.8 11.0
Technical information
One of the main limitations of conventional API L80-13CR is its capability to withstand High chloride
environments leading to pitting corrosion initiation (see Fig. 1).
Fig. 1: Corrosion rate of 13CR in different NaCl concentrations with CO
This is basically associated with the fact that conventional API L80-13CR material when exposed to
corrosive environments (CO
) tend to develop a spontaneous Cr-O (Chromium Oxide) passive film
capable to counter further corrosion. This Cr-O film is not sufficiently stable in presence of High
Chlorides and will be breached/disrupted leading to pitting corrosion initiation.
The figure 2 below indicates that in high chloride high temperature environment API L80-13CR cannot
withstand the corrosive environment. In the same conditions SM13CRM corrosion resistance
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performances surpass API L80-13CR and are as good as SM13CRS.
Figure 2: Corrosion resistance comparison of martensitic stainless steel
in high Chloride high temperature sweet environment
Wet CO
corrosion mechanism (either as metal loss or localized corrosion) on CRA (Corrosion Resistant
Alloys) materials is a temperature dependent phenomenon, increasing with higher temperatures.
Fig. 3: Pitting & General corrosion resistant of 13CR and Super 13CR in sweet environment
Figure 3 demonstrates the superior corrosion resistance of SM13CRM compared to conventional API
L80-13CR under elevated temperatures while offering an alternative solution to SM13CRS material for
usage in sweet environment.
The same figure 3 indicates that SM13CRM material due to an improved chemistry where Molybdenum
and Nickel are added, provides enhanced pitting corrosion resistance.
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Issued on 09/05/2011 5 / 5
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For additional information about material performances please contact SMI engineers.
Case history from the field
A selection of critical applications of Sumitomo Super 13CRM Martensitic stainless steel is shown below.
These Field records include SM13CRM material used as Tubing and/or Liner:
Storage and handling procedure
Health, Safety and Environment
While state-of-the-art HSE rules are applied throughout SMI manufacturing process, proprietary and
specific HSE regulations shall be applied along the life cycle of the pipe until it reaches its final position
in the well, according to each operators rules. This particularly applies to all phases of handling and
transportation, assembly on the rig floor, and rig return if applicable. OCTG are heavy and by nature
unstable. Special care shall be paid to potential risks of injury whenever handling OCTGs. Walking on
pipes shall be avoided at all times. Usage of Personal Protection Equipments (PPE) is mandatory.
Equipment and procedures will be established to capture the possible wastes generated during
maintenance (cleaning, coating, doping) and disposed according to local regulations. This applies in
particular to storage dope, running dope, or cleaning water wastes.
Best practices for transportation, handling and storage of OCTG in general are covered by ISO 10405 /
API RP5C1. VAM Book is also a good source of handling practices for VAM connections. In addition to
these general rules, specific care is recommended pertaining to SM13CRM, because improper handling
could affect the material performances and by extension the corrosion resistance:
Prevention of Spot Hardening
Prevention of Iron contamination
Adapted storage equipments and inspection practices, particularly in a wet and saline atmosphere
Adapted running equipments and practices
Prevention of corrosion on rig returns, particularly in presence of completion fluids
For more specific information please refer to SMI Storage and handling procedure for CRA
materials or contact SMI engineers.