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QUEST TUTORIALS

Head Office : E-16/289, Sector-8, Rohini, New Delhi, Ph. 65395439


Q1. A wheel with 10 metals spokes each 0.50 m long is rotated with a speed of 120 rpm in a plane normal to the earths
magnetic field of 0.04 mT. The induced e.m.f. between the axle and the rim of the wheel will be
(a) 6.28 10
4
V (b) 6.28 10
5
V (c) 6.28 10
6
V (d) 6.28 10
3
V
Q2. A toroidal solenoid with an air core has an average radius of 15 cm, area of cross section 12 cm
2
, and 1200 turns.
Ignoring the field variation across the cross section of the toriod, the self inductance of the toriod will be
(a) 2.3 10
2
mH (b) 2.3 10
1
mH (c) 2.3 mH (d) 23 mH
Q3. The energy stored in an inductor of self inductance L, in which a current of I amps flows is given by
(a) 1/2 LT
2
(b) 1/2 IL
2
(c) 1/2 LI (d) 1/2 L
2
I
2

Q4. A jet plane is traveling west at the speed of 1800 kmph. The induced e.m.f. developed between the ends of its wings 25
m long at a place where the earths magnetic field has a magnitude of
(a) 5 10
4
T (b) 3.1 10
2
V (c) 0.31 V (d) 3.1 V
Q5. A small resistor usually put in parallel to the current carrying coil of an electromagnet to
(a) increase the current through the coil of electromagnet
(b) decrease the current through the coil of electromagnet
(c) increase the induced voltage across the coil of the electromagnet
(d) decrease the induced voltage across the coil of electromagnet
Q6. An electron moves in a circle with uniform speed in a stationary magnetic field normal to the plane of the circle. If the
magnitude of the field is made to increase with time, the electron will
(a) speed up in the same orbit (b) speed down in the same orbit
(c) speed up in an orbit of higher radius (d) speed down in an orbit of lower radius
Q7. The Lorentz force acting on a charge q coulombs, moving with a velocity V

in an electric ( ) E

and magnetic ( ) B

field
mutually perpendicular to each other, is given by
(a) ( ) [ ] V B E q F

+ = (b) ( ) [ ] B V E q F

+ = (c) ( ) [ ] E V B q F

+ = (d) ( ) [ ] V E B q F

+ =
Q8. The mutual inductance between two coils of wire each of length , and turns per unit length n, area of cross section of
windings a is given by
(a)
0
n
2
a (b)
0
n a (c)
0
n a
2
(d)
0
n
2
a

Q9. The SI unit of self (mutual) inductance is
(a) Tesla (b) Weber/m
2
(c) Henry (d) Weber/Amp
2

Q10. Formula for the self inductance of a solenoid of length , area of cross sectiona, and the number turns per unit length
n, is
(a)
0
n a
2
(b)
0
n
2
a (c)
0
n
2
a (d)
0
n
2

2
a
2

Q11. Formula for the self inductance of a solenoid of length , area of crosssection a, and the number turns per unit
length n, is
(a)
0
n a
2
(b)
0
n
2
a (c)
0
n
2

a (d)
0
n
2

2
a
2

Q12. In a step down transformer the turns ratio
(a) has to be less than 1 (b) has to be equal to 1 (c) has to be greater than 1 (d) can be any value
Q13. A bar falling vertically through the hollow region of a thick cylindrical copper shell, experiences a strong retarding
force. The bar is made of a
(a) magnetic material (b) nonmagnetic material (c) weak permanent magnet (d) strong permanent magnet
Q14. A coil of wire is would on an iron core looped back on itself so that the core has two sets of closely wound identical
coaxial coils in series carrying currents in opposite direction, the self inductance of such a system is
(a) zero (b) very large (c) very small (d) difficult to determine
Q15. An ideal capacitor has
(a) a large resistance (b) a small resistance (c) zero resistance (d) infinite resistance
Q16. An ideal inductor has
(a) a large resistance (b) zero resistance (c) a small resistance (d) an infinite resistance
Q17. AC currents or voltages normally measured in the domestic mains correspond to
(a) peak values (b) average values (c) effective (r.ms.) values (d) instantaneous values
Q18. The time constant of a RCcircuit is
(a) RC (b) 1/RC (c) R/C (d) C/R
Q19. The time constant of LRcircuit is
QUEST TUTORIALS
Head Office : E-16/289, Sector-8, Rohini, New Delhi, Ph. 65395439
(a) RL (b) 1/RL (c) R/L (d) L/R
Q19. The time constant of LRcircuit is
(a) RL (b) 1/RL (c) R/L (d) L/R
Q20. After one time constant, the charge on a discharging capacitor would be
(a) 63% of its initial value (b) 37% of its initial value
(c) 50% of its initial value (d) 75% of its initial value
Q21. The frequency of the domestically used a.c. mains is
(a) 60 Hz (b) 50 Hz (c) 40 Hz (d) 110 Hz
Q22. The reactance of a pure inductive a.c. circuit, with inductance L connected to an a.c. of angular frequency W is
(a) W/L (b) L/W (c) LW (d) 1/LW
Q23. The reactance of a pure capacitive a.c. circuit with a capacitance C connected to an a.c. of angular frequency W is
(a) W/C (b) C/W (c) CW (d) 1/CW
Q24. Which one fo the following statements is incorrect ?
(a) In a LCR series circuit the current leads the voltage when 1/WC >> LW
(b) In a LCR series circuit the current lags behind the voltage when LW >>
WC
1

(c) In a LCR series circuit the current is in phase with the voltage when LW =
WC
1

(d) In a LCR series circuit the current lags the voltage when 1/WC >> LW
Q25. The impedence of a LRC series a.c. circuit is given by
(a)
2 / 1
2
2
WC
1
WL R / 1
(
(

\
|
+ (b)
2 / 1
2
2
WC
1
WL R
(
(

\
|
+
(c)
2 / 1
2
2
WL
1
WC R
(
(

\
|
+ (d)
2 / 1
2
2
WL
1
WC R
1
(
(

\
|
+

Q26. The effect phase in the case of a LCR series a.c. circuit is normally given by
(a)
(

\
|

R /
WC
1
WL tan
1
(b)
(

\
|

R /
WL
1
WC tan
1

(c)
(

\
|

R / WL
WC
1
tan
1
(d)
(

\
|

R / WC
WL
1
tan
1

Q27. The resonance frequency of an LCR series a.c. circuit is given by
(a) 1/LC (b) LC / 1 (c) LC 2 / 1 (d) LC
Q28. If Q is the quality factor of a LCR series a.c. circuit, the sharpness of resonance is given by
(a)
L
WR
Q = (b)
0
W
LR
Q = (c)
LR
W
Q
0
= (d)
R
L W
Q
0
=
Q29. The natural angular frequency of free angular oscillations of a pure LC tank circuit is given by
(a) C / L (b) LC / 1 (c) L / C (d) LC
Q30. The ratio of the r.m.s. value of a.c. quantity to its peak value is
(a) 1/2 (b) 2 (c) 1/2 (d) 2
Q31. A ratio can tune over the frequency range of a portion of medium wave broadcast band from 800 k Hz to 1200 k Hz. If
its LC circuit has a effective inductance of 200 H, the range of its tunable condenser should be about
(a) 100 pF to 200 pF (b) 100 nF to 200 nF (c) 100 F to 200 F (d) 100 mF to 200 mF
Q32. If V
rms
and I
rms
are the r.m.s. values of voltage and current in an a.c. circuit, with the impedence Z, the average power
transferred to the a.c. circuit is given by
(a) V
rms
I
rms
(b) V
rms
I
rms
(R/Z) (c) V
rms
I
rms
(Z/R) (d) 1/2 V
rms
I
rms
(R/Z)
Q33. A choke in series with a lamp is connected to an a.c. line. The lamp is seen to glow brightly. An iron core inserted into
the choke, will
QUEST TUTORIALS
Head Office : E-16/289, Sector-8, Rohini, New Delhi, Ph. 65395439
(a) increase the glow (b) decrease the glow (c) not effect the glow (d) make the glow disappear
Q34. A power transmission line feeds input power at 2300 V to a stepdown transformer with its primary windings having
4000 turns. The number of turns in the secondary in order to get a power output at 230 V, should be
(a) 40,000 (b) 400 (c) 40 (d) 4
Q35. A circular VHF TV antenna has a diameter of 20 cm and a resistance of 10. The magnetic field of a TV signal is
normal to the plane of the loop, and is changing at the uniform rate of 100 mT/s, the induced current in the antenna will
be
(a) 314 A (b) 31.4 A (c) 3.14 A (d) 3.14 mA
Q36. The magnetic flux normal to the plane of a loop of wire changes according to
3
= 6t
2
+ 7t where
B
is in milli Weber
and t is in seconds. The absolute value of the induced e.m.f. in the loop at the end of 2s is
(a) 12 mV (b) 24 mV (c) 38 mV (d) 31 mV
Q37. An automobile having a radio antenna 110 cm long travels at 90 km/h cutting across an earths magnetic field of 55 T,
the maximum possible value of induced e.m.f. in the antenna is about
(a) 1.51 10
5
V (b) 1.51 10
4
V (c) 1.51 10
3
V (d) 1.51 10
2
V
Q38. A generator consists of 100 turns of wire formed into a rectangular loop 50 cm by 30 cm placed entirely in a uniform
magnetic field with magnitude B = 3.5 T. The loop is spun perpendicular to the field with a speed of 1000 rpm, the
maximum value of the e.m.f. produced in the loop will be
(a) 5.5 10
6
V (b) 5.5 10
5
V (c) 5.5 10
4
V (d) 5.5 10
3
V
Q39. At very low frequency ( 0) a LCRseries circuit acts as a
(a) pure inductive circuit (b) pure capacitive circuit (c) pure resistive circuit (d) RC circuit
Q40. A LCR series a.c. circuit has a resistance of 100 , and an impedance of 1 K, the power factor of the a.c. circuit in
percent is about
(a) 10% (b) 1% (c) 90% (d) 50%
Q41. The power factor of an a.c. series resonance circuit at resonance is
(a) > 1 (b) < 1 (c) = 1 (d) = 0
Q42. In a phases diagram for an a.c. circuit, the projection of a phases on the vertical axis gives the
(a) maximum value of the alternating quantity
(b) instantaneous value of the alternating quantity
(c) average value of the alternating quantity
(d) v.m.s. value of the alternating quantity
Q43. At resonance a LCR series a.c. circuit functions as a
(a) pure inductive circuit (b) pure capacitive circuit
(c) pure resistive circuit (d) normal LCR series circuit
Q44. Two inductors of value L, and L
2
(L
2
> L
1
) are connected in parallel and separated by a large distance. Their equivalent
inductance (L
eq
) is given by
(a) L
eq
= L
1
+ L
2
(b) L
eq
= L
2
L
1
(c)
2 1 eq
L
1
L
1
L
1
+ = (d)
1 2 eq
L
1
L
1
L
1
=
Q45. Two inductors of value L
1
and L
2
(L
2
> L
1
) are connected in series, and are separated by a large distance, their
equivalent inductance (L
eq
) is given by
(a) L
eq
= L
1
+ L
2
(b) L
eq
= L
2
L
1
(c)
2 1 eq
L
1
L
1
L
1
+ = (d)
2 1 eq
L
1
L
1
L
1
=
Q46. A coil of wire forming an inductor of inductance L is shetched to double its length, the inductance of the coil will
(a) change to L/4 (b) not change at all (c) change to L/2 (d) change to L/8
Q47. A coil of copper wire forming an inductor of inductance L is stretched to triple its length, the change in the inductance
of the coil will be
(a) zero (b) L/3 (c) L/9 (d) 2L/3
Q48. The energy stored in a pure capacitor of capacitance C Fds with a potential difference of V volts across its plates, is
given by
(a) CV
2
(b) 1/2 C
2
V
2
(c) 1/2 CV
2
(d) 1/2 VC
2

Q49. A 1.5 F capacitor is charged to 100 V. The charging battery is then disconnected and a 15 mH inductor is connected
across the capacitor so that LC oscillations occur. The maximum current in the coil will be
(a) 10 A (b) 1 A (c) 0.1 A (d) 0.01 A
QUEST TUTORIALS
Head Office : E-16/289, Sector-8, Rohini, New Delhi, Ph. 65395439
Q50. In the mechanical analogy of the oscillating LC circuit, the mechanical quantity corresponding to the magnetic field is
(a) total mechanical energy (b) potential energy
(c) total energy (d) kinetic energy
Q51. The current in a LCR series resonance circuit, at resonance when R = 0, is
(a) infinite (b) zero (c) very large but finite (d) very small but infinte
Q52. The inductance of closelypacked coil of 400 turns is 8 mH. The magnetic flux through the coil when the current is 5
mA is
(a) 10
9
Wb (b) 10
8
Wb (c) 10
7
Wb (d) 10
6
Wb
Q53. In an LCcircuit the maximum charge on the capacitor is 2.84 C, and the total energy is 142 J, the value of the
capacitance is about
(a) 28.4 f (b) 284 f (c) 28.4 nf (d) 284 nf
Q54. If a 1.48 mH inductor in an LC circuit stores a maximum energy of 11.2 J the peak current is given by
(a) 123 A (b) 123 mA (c) 12.3 mA (d) 1.72 mA
Q55. A ac circuit has L = 12.6 mH and C = 1.15 F, the amount of resistance that should be inserted into the circuit in
series to reduce the resonant frequency by 0.01 is
(a) 2.96 (b) 8.76 (c) 29.6 (d) 87.6
Q56. If q is the instantaneous charge flowing through a LRC series a.c. circuit, then the differential equation describing the
damped harmonic oscillations of the charge is
(a) 0
LC
q
dt
dq
L
R
dt
q d
2
2
= + + (b) 0
LC
q
dt
dq
R
L
dt
q d
2
2
= + +
(c) 0
L
qc
dt
dq
L
R
dt
q d
2
2
= + + (d) 0
C
qL
dt
dq
R
L
dt
q d
2
2
= + +
Q57. If the frequency () of an a.c. LRC series circuit is doubled.
(a) both the inductive and capacitance reactance increase
(b) both the inductance and capacitive reactances decrease
(c) the capacitive reactance decreases and the inductive reactance increases
(d) the capacitive reactance increases and the inductive reactance decreases
Q58. At very high frequencies ( ) a LCR series a.c. circuit acts as a
(a) Capacitive circuit (b) Resistive circuit (c) Pure inductive circuit (d) LR circuit
Q59. A step up transformer has a turns ratio of 10 and a load in the form of a 500 resistance in the secondary, the
equivalent resistance of the load in the secondary is
(a) 50 K (b) 5 K (c) 50 (d) 5
Q60. If you want to reduce your monthly electric bill, you will try
(a) for a small power factor (b) for a large power factor
(c) for a zero power factor (d) not to brother about the power factor
Q61. In which one of the following cases the eddy currents produced strong electromagnetic induction are desirable
(a) a stepup transformer (b) a stepdown transformer
(c) an electric generator (d) a table galvanometer
Q62. A step down transformer has a turns ratio of 50 and resistive load of 12 in the secondary. When the primary is
connected to an a.c. supply of 120 V (rms), the current in the secondary will be
(a) 0.5 A (b) 0.2 A (c) 2 A (d) 10 A
QUEST TUTORIALS
Head Office : E-16/289, Sector-8, Rohini, New Delhi, Ph. 65395439
Answers

1. (b): use |e| = ,
2
BR
2

the number of spokes does not matter


2. (c): use L =
0
AN
2
/2r for a toriod.
3. (a)
4. (d): use |e| = B V with B = B
E
sin 30
5. (d): the resistor provides the conducting path to the high induced voltage in the coil.
6. (c) BeV = mv
2
/R and R = mv/Be
7. (b)
8. (a): M
12
=
0
n
1
n
2 a
in the present case n
1
= n
2

9. (c)
10. (c)
11. (d)
12. (a): E
2
/E
1
= N
2
/N
1
for a transformer.
13. (d): According to Lenzs law an opposing induced magnetic field is established
14. (a): L
eq
= L
1
+ L
2
2M = L + L 2L = 0
15. (d): An ideal capacitor completely blocks d.c.
16. (b): An ideal inductor is a short circuit for d.c.
17. (c): F
eff
or Q
rms
=
2
Q
0

18. (a): Time constant on RC circuit = RC dimensionally true; other options are not correct
19. (d): dimensionally the other options are incorrect
20. (b): for a discharging capacitor Qcti = Q
0
e
t/RC

21. (b)
22. (c): reactance of an inductance = X
2
= LW in ohms
23. (d): reactance of a capacitor = X
C
=
CW
1
in hms
24. (d): the circuit is capacitive
25. (b): other options dimensionally not valid
26. (a): Standard definition of phase
27. (c): W = LC / 1
28. (d): Sharpness of resonance depends on Q factor
29. (b): W = LC / 1
30. (c): Q
rms
/Q
0
= 1/2 by definition
31. (a): C =
32. (b): cos = R/Z is the power factor
33. (b): glows dim because of additional impedance of choke
34. (b): E
1
/E
2
= N
1
/N
2
= I
2
/I
1
for a transformer
35. (a): |

\
|
= |

\
|
= =
dt
dB
R
r
dt
dB
R
A
R
E
I
2

36. (d):
dt
d
E

=
37. (c): |E| = B V
38. (b): |E| = BAN
39. (b): At low frequencies the L has no effect.
40. (a): cos = R/Z = Power factor
41. (c): at resonance X
L
= X
C
Hence Z = R; cos = 1
42. (b)
43. (c): For X
L
= X
C
; Z = R pure resistor
QUEST TUTORIALS
Head Office : E-16/289, Sector-8, Rohini, New Delhi, Ph. 65395439
44. (c): Parallel combination of inductors
2 1 eq
L
1
L
1
L
1
+ =
45. (a): Series combination of inductors L
eq
= L
1
+ L
2
46. (c): L =
0
n
2
A; n n/2 and 2
47. (c): L =
0
n
2
A ; n n/3 and 3 find (L L)
48. (c)
49. (b): 1/2 CV
2
= 1/2 LI
2
; I = L / C V find I
50. (d)
51. (a) I = V/Z and at resonance X
L
= X
C
if R 0; Z 0
52. (c): = LI/N
53. E =
2
max
Q /2C
54. (b): E = 1/2
2
max
LI ; I
max
= L / E 2
55. (a) W
2
= W
0
2
(R/2L)
2
and W
0
=
LC
1
find 100
W
W
0


56. (a): standard equation for damped S.H.O. of charge
57. (c): W 2W X
L
= LW & X
C
=
WC
1
find X
L
& X
C

58. (c): if X
L
>> X
C
; X
L
dominates, so inductive circuit.
59. (d):
1
2
2
1
2
1
I
I
N
N
V
V
= = and R
eq
= (N
1
/N
2
)
2
R
load
.
60. (a): As it reduces losses
61. (d): to damp the oscillations of the needle electromagnetically.
62. (b): I
S
=

|
|

\
|
R
N
N
V
S
P
P
find I
S
for a transformer.