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ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL VOLUME 21 ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION PDVSA N ° D–211 TITLE PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN

ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL

VOLUME 21

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA N°

D–211

TITLE

PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AND FABRICATION SPECIFICATION

5

DEC.98

GENERAL REVISION

 

17

Y. K.

A. A.

J. E. R.

4

SEP.95

MODIFICATION PAR 1.2.1;3.3;3.5;3.7 & 9.2

19

L.T.

E.J.

A.N

3

MAR.94

MODIFICATION PAR 1.2.1 & SECTION 2.2.

19

L.T.

E.J.

A.N

REV.

DATE

 

DESCRIPTION

 

PAG.

REV.

APPD.

APPD.

APPD.BY

Alexis Arévalo

DATE

DEC.98

APPD.BY

Jesús E. Rojas

 

DATE

DEC.98

PDVSA, 1983

 

SPECIALISTS

  ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL PDVSA D – 211
 

ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL

PDVSA D211

PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AND FABRICATION SPECIFICATION

REVISION

FECHA

5

DEC.98

   

Página

1

Index

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1 GENERAL

 

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2 SCOPE

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3 REFERENCES

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3.1 COVENIN

 

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3.2 Petróleos de Venezuela S.A.

(PDVSA)

 

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3.4 ASME/ANSI (American National Standards Institute)

 

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3.5 Process Industry Practices (PIP)

 

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4 DESIGN

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4.1 General

 

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4.2 Combinations

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4.3 Wind Load Requirements

 

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4.4 Seismic Loads Requirements

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4.5 Supports

 

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4.6 Vessel Drawings

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4.7 Wind Induced Vibration

of Vertical Vessels

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4.8 Confined Joints and Gasket

Centralizer

 

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4.9 Connections

 

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4.10 Inspection

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5 MATERIALS

 

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5.1 General

 

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5.2 Bolting and Gaskets

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5.3 Skirt for Stainless Steel

or High–Alloy Vessel

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6 FABRICACION

 

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6.1 General

 

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6.2 Welding

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6.3 Internals

 

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7 INSPECTION

 

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8 POSTWELD HEAT TREATMENT (PWHT)

 

12

9 HYDROSTATIC TEST

PRESSURE

 

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10 PNEUMATIC TEST

 

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11 NAMEPLATE

 

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12 PAINTING AND MARKING

 

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13 SHIPMENT

 

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14 REPORTS

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15 GUARANTEE

 

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  ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL PDVSA D – 211
 

ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL

PDVSA D211

PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AND FABRICATION SPECIFICATION

REVISION

FECHA

5

DEC.98

   

Página

2

1 GENERAL

Indice norma

This specification partly references to the selected alternatives permitted by the ASME Code Section VIII and describes design and construction practices not covered by the Code, which are preferences of PDVSA. The regulations of the Code are not quoted in this Specification.

2 SCOPE

2.1

This specification together with the vessel drawings, requisitions and purchase order / inquiry, indicates the requirements to be met by the Seller in the design, fabrication, inspection, testing and supply of unfired pressure vessels.

2.1.1

In case of conflicts, the purchase order and drawings take precedence over this specification.

2.1.2

All unfired pressure vessels shall be designed, fabricated, inspected and stamped in accordance with the requirements of the latest edition of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Division I or Division II and the respective Addenda, with the conditions expressively indicated in this specification.

2.1.3

All deviations from this Specification, the purchase order, or the drawings shall have the written approval of the PDVSAs representative.

3 REFERENCES

The latest edition of following standards and PDVSA specifications shall form part of this specification. Should there be any conflict between Venezuelan laws, regulations and codes, and other codes and standards, the order of prevalence shall be as follows:

Venezuelan laws, regulations and codes

This specification

Other codes and standards

3.1 COVENIN

2003 (Provisional)

Acciones del Viento sobre las Construcciones.

3.2 Petróleos de Venezuela S.A. (PDVSA)

A261

Criterios y Acciones Mínimas para el Diseño de Estructuras

JA221

Diseño Sismorresistente de Instalaciones Industriales

JA222

Diseño Sismorresistente de Recipientes y Estructuras

90615.1.013

Guía de Diseño. Cargas Sísmicas en Recipientes y

Estructuras

  ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL PDVSA D – 211
 

ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL

PDVSA D211

PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AND FABRICATION SPECIFICATION

REVISION

FECHA

5

DEC.98

   

Página

3

Indice norma

O201

Painting Material and Application Requirements

0603.1.301

Saddles for Horizontal Vessels

0603.1.306

Anchor Bolts

90615.1.007

Vertical Vessel Foundations

90615.1.008

Horizontal Vessel Foundations

10603.2.306

Wire Mesh Separators and Supports

10603.2.404

Insulation Supports for Vertical Vessels Hot Service

A2.224

Insulation Supports for Horizontal Vessels Hot Service

A2.701

Tolerances for Pressure Vessels

4.1.1 The requirements of the ASME Pressure Vessel Code referred to in the point 2.3 shall be considered as the minimum requirements.

  ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL PDVSA D – 211
 

ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL

PDVSA D211

PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AND FABRICATION SPECIFICATION

REVISION

FECHA

5

DEC.98

   

Página

4

Indice norma

and temperature. Manufacturer shall verify external loads on shell or heads (piping, platforms, etc.)

4.1.3

The Maximum Allowable Working Pressure shall be limited by the shell or head, not by minor parts.

4.1.4

All vessels shall be designed to be freestanding.

4.1.5

All vessels shall be designed for either wind or earthquake loading, whichever is greater: It is assumed that wind and earthquake loads do not occur simultaneously.

4.1.6

The deflection of vertical vessels under normal operating conditions shall not exceed 0,15 m per 30,5 m of length (6 inches per 100 ft).

4.1.7

Localized shell stresses at all supporttoshell locations shall be evaluated and shall include considerations, as applicable, of windload, earthquake and all other loadings described in UG22 of ASME Code.

4.1.8

Manufacturer shall run stress analysis for all pipe supports and platforms clips to be welded to shell and heads. If needed, reinforcing pads shall be welded.

4.1.9

When reinforcing pads are used under supports, consideration should be given to stresses due to possible temperature differentials between the vessels, pads and supports.

4.1.10

PDVSA reserves the right to inquiry Manufacturer Finite Element Analysis (FEM) for stress concentration points.

4.2 Combinations of Loads

Design loads definitions and load combinations shall be in accordance with PIP VECV1001, Vessel Design Criteria ASME Code Section VIII, Division 1, subtitles 5.10 (Design Load and Load Combinations) and 5.10.9 (Load Combinations), except for seismic and wind loads.

4.3 Wind Load Requirements

Wind loads requirements shall be per COVENIN 2003, Acciones del Viento sobre las Construcciones.

4.4 Seismic Loads Requirements

Seismic and earthquake loading shall be calculated in accordance with PDVSA Specifications JA221 and JA222. The maximum displacements shall not exceed stated limits of Section 3.7 herein.

4.5 Supports

  ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL PDVSA D – 211
 

ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL

PDVSA D211

PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AND FABRICATION SPECIFICATION

REVISION

FECHA

5

DEC.98

   

Página

5

Indice norma

Small slightly loaded vessels may be supported on structural steel legs.

4.5.2

Skirts shall be designed to be attached to both bottom head and base ring by continuous welds.

4.5.3

Welded joints in the skirt shall be double welded butt joints

4.5.4

Skirts shall be provided with openings for ventilation.

a.

Skirts larger than 900 mm in diameter shall be provided with an access opening of at least 450 mm in diameter, except when the interior of the skirt is accessible from below.

b.

Openings for piping connections to the bottom of the vessel shall be provided as required.

c.

When skirt is to be provided with insulation or fireproofing, all opening shall be provided with ring or collars projected to equal the insulation or fireproofing thickness. Sleeves shall be of sufficient size to provide clearance for painting, insulation and expansion. Sleeve material shall be the same material composition as that portion skirt and shall be continuously fillet weld inside and outside.

4.5.5

Horizontal vessels supported by saddles shall be designed according to the method of L. P. Zick.

4.5.6

Horizontal vessels shall be provided with welded steel saddles, one of them anchored and the other free to move in the axial direction on the foundation.

4.5.7

When temperature expansion will cause more than 3/8inch change in the distance between the saddles, a slide bearing plate shall be used.

4.6 Vessel Drawings

4.6.1 PDVSAs representative shall furnish seller with vessel design drawings, which can not be approved as workshop drawings Seller shall provide complete ASME code design calculations (including wind and earthquake), mechanical details, shop fabrication working drawings, material list, and has the responsibility for ASME code stamping.

The Seller shall also furnish:

Welding details.

Details of insulation clips and rings.

Details of nozzles including reinforcements.

Details of tray supporting rings.

List of materials with specifications.

  ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL PDVSA D – 211
 

ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL

PDVSA D211

PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AND FABRICATION SPECIFICATION

REVISION

FECHA

5

DEC.98

   

Página

6

Indice norma

4.6.3 The location of all vessel components openings, seams, internals, etc., of the vessel shall be indicated on the shop drawings by the distance to a common reference line. The reference line shall be permanently marked on the shell.

4.6.4 Copies of the Sellers drawings shall be submitted to the PDVSAs representatives for approval before any work shown on the drawings is commenced. One copy shall be returned bearing the PDVSAs representatives stamp and notations of any required changes. Number of copies required of required documents shall be included in purchase order. All drawings shall be on reproducible and electronics format once approved by the PDVSAs representative.

4.7 Wind Induced Vibration of Vertical Vessels

Per subtitle 5.11 of PIP VECV1001, Vessel Design Criteria ASME Code Section VIII, Division 1.

4.8 Confined Joints and Gasket Centralizer

Per subtitle 5.13.8.3 of PIP VECV1001, Vessel Design Criteria ASME Code Section VIII, Division 1.

4.9 Connections

4.9.1 Flanges shall be per ASME Standards B16.4 and B16.47, or per ASME Code Section VIII, Division 1, Allowable stresses shall be determined by ASME Code Section II. ASME B16.47 Series (A or B) shall be indicated by the PDVSAs representative on the Data Sheet.

4.9.2 Unless otherwise specified the minimum size connections shall be 2, flanged and shall have the same Pnumber as the vessel shell. Corrosion protection equivalent to that of the vessel shall be provided.

4.9.3 Drain connections or other connections which may be used as drains shall be trimmed flush with the inside of the vessel.

4.9.4 All other connections may project internally up to the extent required for welding and be contoured to shell but the projection of nozzles within tray areas shall not interfere with tray installation or removal.

4.9.5 All inside edges of connection, whether flush or projecting shall be ground to a minimum radius of 3 mm.

  ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL PDVSA D – 211
 

ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL

PDVSA D211

PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AND FABRICATION SPECIFICATION

REVISION

FECHA

5

DEC.98

   

Página

7

Indice norma

4.9.7 Manholes for design pressures equal or less than 3,5 kg/cm 2 abs. (50 psia) and design temperatures equal or less than 232 C (450 °F) may be of special built up plate design.

4.9.8 Flange rating, facing and finish, material and bolting will be specified on PDVSAs representative drawing or Data Sheet.

a. Wherever possible, the flange rating and facing shall be consistent with the specification of the connecting piping.

b. Manhole and handhole flange facing shall be similar to nozzles in the same section of the vessel.

c. Where adjacent nozzles are ring type joint, manhole facing shall be small tongue and groove with the groove on the manhole flange.

d. Flange finish if not specified on PDVSAs representative drawings or Data Sheet shall meet the requirements of ASME B16.5.

e. Bolt holes of bolted connections shall straddle the natural horizontal and vertical centerlines for horizontal vessels and the vertical and northsouth centerlines for vertical vessels.

f. Vent and drain nozzles shall be sized as specified on PDVSAs representative drawing and Vessel connections may not be less than 2(see paragraph 5.11.1).

4.10 Inspection and Access Openings

4.10.1 The location, quantity, and size of manholes shall be specified to ensure that all interior areas are accessible as required. Additional manholes over and above the minimum requirements of the respective division of Section VIII of the ASME Code, shall be provided in vessels for installation and removal of vessel internals such as fractionating trays, moisture separators, etc.

4.10.2 Manholes shall be usable from a ladder, platform or grade

4.10.3 Manholes shall normally be 24nominal pipe size and shall be provided with bolted cover and davit or hinges for handling, except where larger manholes are required for installation of internals or similar purposes.

4.10.4 Manholes shall be equipped with either a davit or hinge to facilitate handling of the blind flange

  ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL PDVSA D – 211
 

ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL

PDVSA D211

PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AND FABRICATION SPECIFICATION

REVISION

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5

MATERIALS

5.1 General

Indice norma

5.1.1 Materials shall be specified by PDVSA and their designation indicated on the Data Sheets and shop drawings. Materials shall not be substituted for those specified without prior written approval of PDVSA.

5.1.2 Materials of construction for vessel parts subject to internal or external pressure shall conform to the specifications given in the specified Division of Section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code limited to the extent indicated in the following paragraphs of this section.

5.1.3 Equivalent substitutes may be specified for materials of construction for pressure vessels with the approval of PDVSAs representative, however, to assure code stamping, all materials for pressure parts must comply with the respective Division of Section VIII of the ASME.

5.1.4 Pressure holding components constructed of rolled plate for carbon steel vessels shall generally be of the same or comparable material as that used for the shell and heads.

5.1.5 The plate used for reinforcing pad shall be the same composition steel as that used for the shell or head to which it is connected.

5.2 Bolting and Gaskets

5.2.1 Bolting and gaskets for service operation shall be supplied with the vessel by the Seller in accordance with the material specifications shown on the PDVSAs representative drawings for all flanged connections for which cover plates are being furnished

Following is a list of minimum requirements for bolting and gaskets:

Bolting:

5.2.2 When the design temperature is less than 450 C (850 F) all external bolts such as those used on manholes and pipe connections shall conform to A193 Gr. B7 material and nuts conforming to A194 Gr. 2H.

5.2.3 For temperatures between 450 C (850 F) and 590 C (1100 F), all external bolts shall conform to ASTM A193 Gr. 16 and the nuts conforming to ASTM A194 Gr. 7.

5.2.4 For carbon steel vessels all internal bolts shall be conforming to A193 Gr. B6 (AISI 416) material.

  ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL PDVSA D – 211
 

ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL

PDVSA D211

PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AND FABRICATION SPECIFICATION

REVISION

FECHA

5

DEC.98

   

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Indice norma

steel corrosive elements. On such case, Manufacturer shall obtain PDVSAs representative approval.

Gaskets:

5.2.6 Gasket specified shall be supplied by the manufacturer unless otherwise specifically noted.

between 30

5.2.7 For pressures less than 30 kg/cm 2 (400 psi) and temperatures

C (20 F) and 340 C (650 F) the use of compressed gaskets 1/16thick in accordance with ASME B16.21 is recommended.

5.2.8 Over 340 C (650 F) and/or 30 kg/cm 2 (400 psi) spiral wound gaskets, in accordance with ASME B16.20, shall be used.

5.2.9 Use Teflon impregnated gaskets for temperatures below 30 C (20 F).

5.3 Skirt for Stainless Steel or HighAlloy Vessel

5.3.1 Per subtitle 5.18.2.5 of PIP VECV1001, Vessel Design Criteria ASME Code Section VIII, Division 1.

6

FABRICACION

6.1 General

6.1.1 The thickness of plate used for shell and heads shall be minimum.

6.1.2 Shell plates shall be laid out so there will be a minimum of welded seams. For vessels having more than one course, longitudinal joints shall be staggered.

6.1.3 Longitudinal and circumferential seams of shells, all seams in spherical shells and builtup heads shall be located to clear openings, theirs reinforcing pads, saddle wear plate, tray and insulation support rings. When any case mentioned above is unavoidable, the seam shall be ground flush and examined prior to welding.

6.1.4 External shell attachments such as platform clips, pads, pipe support and guide clips shall be provided as required.

6.1.5 Reinforcing pads shall be provided with a tapped telltale hole located at 90 off the longitudinal axis of vessel.

6.1.6 When required, opening shall be reinforced for new and cold, as well as for corroded condition.