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ENERGY EFFICIENCY INFORMATION SHARING SERIES

ENERGY AUDIT :

APPROACH & METHODOLOGY (PART 1)

By

ZAINI ABDUL WAHAB

Outline & Content

PART 1

Introduction to energy audit

PART 2

Energy Audit Approach

Steps In Energy Audit Process

PART 3

Energy Audit Report & Presentation

PART 1:

Introduction To Energy Audit

Basic Energy Management Cycle

ENERGY MANAGEMENT POLICY •Commitment from the top management •SMART policy •Setting and sharing common goals
ENERGY
MANAGEMENT
POLICY
•Commitment from the top management
•SMART policy
•Setting and sharing common goals
•Commitment to
take action
PLAN
•Organization and
responsibilities
ORGANIZING
•Energy Manager
DO
•Allocation of
resources
ACTION
PLANNING AND
IMPLEMENTATION
REVIEW FOR
CONTINUAL
IMPROVEMENT
•Management Implementation
plan and time frame
CHECK
•Energy auditing
•Management Review to confirm
Suitability, Adequacy
& Effectiveness
•Review targets
•Communicate the progress
•Actions to be taken
•Reporting and presenting
EVALUATION
•Set baselines for measuring
results
•Designation of responsibilities
•Procedures and standards
•Measurement and verification
•Monitoring
•Trainings
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•Implement Energy Saving Measures(ESMs)

Definition

“A systematic approach to obtain the actual

energy supply and energy consumption data and to identify measures to improve

energy efficiency level”

A very effective for energy management and improvement

To define and pursue comprehensive energy management program in the implementation of Energ Management System

Pre Requirements For Energy Audit

A commitment from the top management to implement energy saving measures

Allocation of resources (auditor, budget)

Availability of information and data (records)

Energy audit equipment

Allocation of time

Hardware and software for data analysis

Previous and existing energy saving initiatives

information and results

Regulatory compliance

What To Be Audited?

Energy Management

Overall energy management system/practice

Efficiency of the facilities

Supply and consumption

Energy loss

Facts Finding On Item To Be Improved

General management items

Energy using equipment

Types Of Energy Audit

Detailed /Investment Grade Energy Audit Thorough data and site analysis

Complete measurements

More reliable energy saving potential estimation

ESMs with high capital investment Detail financial analysis Conceptual design of proposed measure Involving financing and contractual documents

Preliminary/Walk-through Audit Walk-through Simple measurements

No/low cost

Simple financial analysis

HIGHER SAVING POTENTIALS
HIGHER SAVING
POTENTIALS

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Preliminary Energy Audit

A relatively quick exercise to:

Establish energy consumption in the organization

Estimate the scope for saving

Identify the most likely (and the easiest areas for attention

Identify immediate (especially no-/low-cost) improvements/ saving measures

Set a 'reference point'

Identify areas for more detailed study/measurement

Uses existing, or easily obtained data

Detailed/Investment Grade Energy Audit

Provides a detailed energy project implementation plan and evaluates all major energy using systems

Offers the most accurate estimate of energy savings and cost

It considers the interactive effects of all projects, accounts for the energy use of all major equipment, and includes detailed energy cost saving

calculations and project costs

One of the key elements is the energy balance

This is based on an inventory of energy using systems, assumptions of current operating conditions and calculations of energy use.

Estimated use is then compared to utility bill charges.

Can be carried out in three phases

Phase I - Pre Audit Phase

Phase II - Audit Phase

Phase III - Post Audit Phase

Types Of Energy Audit : MAESCO

LEVEL I

LEVEL II

LEVEL III

WALK-THROUGH AUDIT

STANDARD

INVESTMENT GRADE

 

Follow up from Level I audit where

 

available; a comprehensive audit

Inclusive of all scope of works of Level I & II with the exception where only EA on specific systems are requested

A minimum of 7 days logging and

A minimum 7 days logging & metering on major energy consuming equipment of building services or industrial equipment/systems

Walk through

 

familiarization

Desk top analysis

Review system design, installation,

operations and maintenance

metering on major energy consuming equipment of Building services or

industrial equipment/systems

Detailed review of processes

IAQ audit, if required

Generate Energy Intensity

Recommend "no- cost" ESM

Written Report with broad conclusion

Detailing system energy inputs and energy use

Identify sources of inefficiency

Compute BEI or Specific Energy Consumption Index

Generate load apportioning

Provide Energy Performance Indicators

Recommend "no-cost", "medium cost" and "high cost" ESM

Written report and presentation

Comfort study, if relevant

Detailed recommendation on comprehensive ESMs

Detailed investment plan using NPV

methodology against life cycle

Include Indoor Air Quality report to ensure system is not affected (if chiller audit)

Written report and presentation

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Who Can Perform Energy Audit?

Internal Personnel

Energy Manager with the Energy Management Team

Employees working in the energy using process/equipment

Advantages

Minimize time to familiar and understand the plant operational

conditions

Minimize costs

Easy access to information and data

• Familiar with energy related issues, processes, equipment and company’s level of expectations (targets, performance indicators, reporting and etc)

Disadvantages

Limited allocation of time other than main duties

Limited expertise and knowledge in specific energy saving methods, analysis and technologies

Who Can Perform Energy Audit?

External parties

External experts/consultants (if needed)

Advantages

Can facilitate the Energy Management Team/EMWG

Energy management team can learn about new knowledge and technologies in

saving energy

Minimum time to be spent by employees (focus to main duties)

Timeliness of the completion, reporting, preparation and presentation of findings in the energy audit report.

Disadvantages

Generally very costly

Various level of supervisory and reporting (energy manager-auditor, management-auditor)

Difficult to predict the quality of audit ( no local accreditation for energy auditor)

Tendency to push for certain products instead of solutions to save energy

ACTIVITY#1

ACTIVITY#1 14

Your understanding on energy

audit

Please describe basic steps in conducting

energy audit and major output expected from energy audit based on your experiences/exposure/knowledge

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Basic questions to ask before deciding to

conduct energy audit…

1.Am I implementing energy

management in my organization?

2.Do it need energy audit? If yes, why?

3.Would energy audit improve my energy management?

4.What type of energy audit that I may require?

5.What would I expect from

energy audit at my facilities

6.Would I implement findings from energy audit?

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THANK YOU!

THANK YOU! zainiabdulwahab@yahoo.com 019 2152700 www.goingee.blogspot.com.my www.facebook/zaini.abdulwahab1 1 7

zainiabdulwahab@yahoo.com

019 2152700 www.goingee.blogspot.com.my

www.facebook/zaini.abdulwahab1

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