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Grossmont College Chemistry 120 Fall 2010

Name _____________________________ Lab Day___________ Date ____________

Exam 2
Part I: Multiple Choice (2 points each) Directions: Please circle the best answer for each of the following questions.
Question 1. Which of the following values of the formula mass, respectively, of the compounds NO and N2O? a) 15.00 amu and 22.00 amu b) 30.01 amu and 60.02 amu c) 22.01 amu and 44.02 amu d) more than one correct response e) no correct response Question 2. Which of the following samples contains 6 moles of atoms? a) 2 moles of CO2 b) 3 moles of NaCl c) 6 moles of O2 d) a and b e) all of the above Question 3. When the equation N2 + H2 NH3 is correctly balanced, which of the following statements about equation coefficients is correct? a) The coefficient of N2 is 2 b) The coefficient of H2 is 2 c) The coefficient of NH3 is 2 d) all of the above e) none of the above Question 4. ____________ are exothermic physical changes. a) Deposition and sublimation b) Melting and evaporation c) Freezing and condensation d) all of the above e) none of the above Question 10. Question 5. How many joules are in 2,500 Calories? a) 10.46 J b) 5.975 x 105 J c) 597.5 J d) 10,460 J e) none of the above Question 6. Reactions that are characterized by the formation of a solid from two previously clear solutions. a) oxidation-reduction rxn b) precipitation reaction c) neutralization reaction d) gas evolving reaction e) none of the above Which of the following is true about y? a) independent variable b) ordinate c) pressure d) Cartesian coordinate e) hyperbola Which of the following is not a diatomic? a) sodium metal b) hydrogen gas c) mercury(I)/mercurous ion d) chlorine gas e) nitrogen gas How many cations are there in 10.0 g of sodium phosphate? a) 3.67 x 1022 cations b) 1.10 x 1023 cations c) 9.87 x 1024 cations d) 2.96 x 1025 cations e) none of the above When pouring a liquid from a reagent bottle it should be poured into a a) graduated cylinder. b) a beaker first then transferred. c) into a bottle. d) scoopula. e) all of the above

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Chemistry 120 Vance

Exam 2 Fall 2010

Part II: Short Answer Directions: Answer each of the following questions. Be sure to use complete sentences where appropriate. For full credit be sure to show all of your work. Question 1. A compound responsible for the odor of garlic has a molecular weight of 146 g/mol. A 0.650 g sample of the compound contains 0.321 g of carbon, 0.044 g of hydrogen, and 0.285 g of sulfur (18 points). a. What is the empirical formula of the compound?

Empirical formula is C3H5S b. What is the empirical mass? ( ) ( ) ( )

c. What is the molecular formula of the compound?

(C3H5S)2 =C6H10S2 d. What is the percent sulfur in garlic?

e. How many atoms of carbon are in the 0.650 g sample?

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Chemistry 120 Vance Question 2.

Exam 2 Fall 2010 Indicate to which of the following types of chemical reactions each of the statements listed applies: synthesis, decomposition, single replacement, double replacement or combustion (15 points).

a. An element may be a reactant. single replacement, synthesis, combustion b. An element may be a product. single replacement, decomposition c. A compound may be a reactant. synthesis, decomposition, single replacement, double replacement, combustion d. A compound may be a product. synthesis, decomposition, single replacement, double replacement, combustion Question 3. When a hydrocarbon burns, water and carbon dioxide are produced. The density of gasoline is 0.79 g/mL. Assume that gasoline is completely made up of octane, C8H18 (15 points). a. Write the equation for the combustion of octane: 2 C8H18 (l) + 25 O2 (g) 18 H2O (g) + 16 CO2 (g) b. Calculate the mass of water produced from the combustion of 2.0 L of gasoline.

Question 4.

Given the correct IUPAC name for the following compounds (10 points): sodium chromate dinitrogen pentoxide
iron(II) chloride hexahydrate/ferrous chloride hexahydrate

a. Na2CrO4 b. N2O5 c. FeCl26H2O d. ScN e. H3PO3 (aq)

scandium(III) nitride phosphorous acid

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Chemistry 120 Vance Question 5. a. b. c. d. e.

Exam 2 Fall 2010 Write the correct formula for the following compounds (10 points): Vanadium(III) chlorate Aresenic acid Dichlorine heptoxide Potassium hydrogen sulfate Nickel(II) fluoride tetrahydrate Nickelous fluoride tetrahydrate V(ClO3)3 H3AsO4 (aq) Cl2O7 KHSO4 NiF2 4 H2O

Question 6.

Write a balanced net ionic equation for the reaction, if any that occurs in each of the following cases. Assume that all soluble reactants are added in the form of aqueous solutions. Indicate gases and precipitates that are formed, as well as insoluble solid reactants. If no reaction occurs, then write NO RXN, and do not write a balanced equation. Be sure to balance your equations and include your phase labels (12 points). a. potassium hydroxide + calcium carbonate 2 KOH (aq) + CaCO3 (s) K2CO3 (aq) + Ca(OH) (s) 2 K+ (aq) + 2 OH- (aq) + CaCO3 (s) 2 K+ (aq) + CO32- (aq) + Ca(OH)2 (s) 2 OH- (aq) + CaCO3 (s) CO32- (aq) + Ca(OH)2 (s) b. sodium acetate + hydrochloric acid NaC2H3O2 (aq) + HCl (aq) NaCl (aq) + HC2H3O2 (aq) Na+ (aq) + C2H3O2- (aq) + H+ (aq) + Cl- (aq) Na+ (aq) + Cl- (aq) + HC2H3O2 (aq) C2H3O2- (aq) + H+ (aq) HC2H3O2 (aq) c. zinc bromide + potassium phosphate 3 ZnBr2 (aq) + 2 K3PO4 (aq) 6 KBr (aq) + Zn3(PO4)2 (s) 3 Zn2+ (aq) + 6 Br-(aq) + 6 K+(aq) + 2 PO43- (aq) 6 K+(aq) + 6 Br-(aq) + Zn3(PO4)2 (s) 3 Zn2+ (aq) + 2 PO43- (aq) Zn3(PO4)2 (s)

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