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NRMCA

PERVIOUS CONCRETE

CONSTRUCTON

CHECKLISTS

Appendix A: Checklists

Pervious Concrete

This publication provides forms and checklists that can be useful to the pervious concrete contractors and concrete suppliers on projects. Some of these checklists are extensive and users are encouraged to shorten these suggested checklists to suit their project needs. Some shorter form checklists are suggested here. The important point is such project planning tools should be used. Certified pervious concrete contractors or other individuals should use these forms and checklists and modify them as appropriate to local practice and to specific projects. In some cases space is provided to identify responsibilities of persons on a project. It is important to establish these responsibilities prior to the project.

NRMCA PERVIOUS CONCRETE CONTRACTOR CERTIFICATION TEXT REFERENCE

Project Information and Responsible Parties


Project name Location/Address Project start date Project completion date

Project participants
Owner Email Designer/Architect Email Construction Manager General Contractor Email Pervious Concrete Contractor Email Concrete Producer Email Inspection/Testing Agency Email Other Email Phone Phone Contact Cell: Phone Contact Cell: Phone Contact Cell: Phone Contact Cell: Phone Contact Cell: Phone Contact Cell: Contact Cell:

Background information and unique features about the project: Include area and volume of concrete

Appendix A: Checklists

Suggested Schedule for Pervious Concrete Projects


Submittals and Action Items Bid Documents Specifications and Shop Drawings Pavement sections and layout Joint Layout Testing requirements and frequency Contractor qualifications Training program beyond that used for certification Requirement for certified personnel level and numbers needed and verification List previous projects Pervious Concrete Mixtures Aggregate type and size Mixture density and calculated voids List previous projects where mixtures have been used Testing/Inspection Agency Requirements confirm experience with pervious concrete and awareness of tests specific to pervious concrete Test panel placement and test results Density of fresh concrete (5 lb/cu.ft. [80 kg/m3] of specified value) Cores for thickness and density (per test panel per project specification) Average thickness (+1.5-inch and -1/4-inch) [+38 mm and -6 mm] Core density recorded for project acceptance Visually inspected: written approval Finished surface and jointing appearance Permeability adequate draining Tests during construction (if required): Sampling in accordance with ASTM C172 Density of fresh concrete (5 lb/cu.ft. [80 kg/m3] of specified value) Cores for thickness and density (3 per 5000 sq.ft. [470 m2]) Average thickness (+1.5-inch and -1/4-inch) [+38 mm and -6 mm] Core density (5% of test panel density) Pre-placement Notification Architect/Engineer Pre-construction jobsite visit and approval Final subgrade/base preparation inspection Base material meets specification Base moisture and temperature control Pervious equipment checklist Joint detail physically marked on forms Curing plastic sheets and anchors onsite and ready Due 3 months prior 6 weeks prior As directed by engineer At contract signing Submitted with bid

4 weeks prior

2 weeks prior Placement: 3 weeks prior Results: at least 1 week prior

48 hours prior to placement 24 hours prior 12 hours and just prior to pour

NRMCA PERVIOUS CONCRETE CONTRACTOR CERTIFICATION TEXT REFERENCE

Considerations by Designer
Goal: Design and specification to consider structural, hydrological and appearance Item Pre-design site visit Responsibility Notes Soil characteristics - native permeability, preconstruction rainfall characteristics Base storage thickness matched with permeability of soil and design storm storage Sloping terrain considered Cut and fill requirements; requirements for fill Sediment run-on isolated or redirected away from pavement Check dams/cutoff walls to contained volume and velocity if slopes are steep or long Run-on from adjacent pavement, sidewalks and roofs Landscaping - schedule and sequencing Earth mounds replaced with swales Bark dust replaced with less damaging ground cover Native soil infiltration Soil moisture sensitivity swelling or frost heave - water table level Surrounding conditions and drainage potential Rainfall intensity, anticipated volume and storm event for design of system Freeze-thaw conditions - review base thickness design requirements Traffic loading Pedestrian use and ADA compliance Reviewed in accordance with ACI 522.1 Approved pervious concrete mixture requirements Review qualifications of contractors and on site supervision Select testing/inspection agency and establish responsibility Establish schedule and tests for test panel Approve test and appearance of test panel Verify grades and layout of pavement and surroundings Verify elevations (thickness) and materials as per specification. Verify permeability of subgrade and base prior to pavement installation

Design parameters

Drawings and Specification

Sub Base and Sub Grade Control

Appendix A: Checklists

Item

Responsibility

Placement Detail

Testing/Inspection

Notes Verify location of embedded items, vents and drains Ensure responsibility for moisture and temperature management of subgrade and base presoak subgrade 2 18 hours before pour; moisten base prior to pour Pour layout joint spacing marked 15 feet [4.6 m], 20 feet [6.1 m] max; square panels Jointing methods and timing. Confirm compaction of edges Box-out detail for vents/manholes Jointing curves - do not joint to a point Verify certifications Define tests and frequency Responsibility of testing/inspection Addressing weather conditions temperature, humidity, wind, precipitation Compliance with method and duration of curing Post installation testing and acceptance

NRMCA PERVIOUS CONCRETE CONTRACTOR CERTIFICATION TEXT REFERENCE

Considerations for Site-work Contractor


Goal: Prepare site-work on schedule to ensure proper application of pervious pavement Item Vegetation Responsibility Notes Vegetation and related debris removed from project area Trees and shrubs pruned to reduce debris on pavement Protect identified trees and related root system Slopes and grades to ensure minimizing water flow onto pavement Removal and replacement of soft or bad spots Cut and fill to achieve required elevations and slopes Subgrade material complies with specifications Subgrade at proper elevation and at uniform compaction Permeability of subgrade not impacted by compaction Base material as per specification Base installed to specified thickness followed by proof rolling Approval by engineer of record Installed as per specification - required on clay soils and sloped grade Overlap of 16 inches [400 mm] each pass Installed with check dams as per specification Choker course alternative to filter fabric Compaction of base complete before final grade check Verify finished base elevation and slope before installing pavement Installation of impermeable liner as required by specification Installation of isolation material between pavement and adjoining elements Alternatives as appropriate.

Site grade work

Subgrade and base preparation

Filter fabric

Grade check Isolation

Appendix A: Checklists

Considerations for Ready Mixed Concrete Producer


(Detailed Form) Goal: to develop mixture and produce and deliver to meet contractors needs Item Specification and contractor needs Responsibility Notes Obtain and review copy of project specification Establish delivery schedule relative with contractor Confirm contractor experience Tools and method of installation used by contractor Truck spacing: Haul distance and route consider traffic delays, project access and staging Monitor weather conditions Identify jobsite contact and phone number/radio Dry-rodded unit weight and voids of aggregate Check aggregate grading and cleanliness Void content of aggregate should ideally be between 38 and 42% Consider use of sand with voids exceeding 42% With voids under 38% steps to reduce paste to achieve at least 18% voids in pervious mixture Consider isolating stockpile of aggregate for pervious mixtures Ensure adequate supply for job, build stockpile uniformly Control stockpile segregation, moisture and contamination Measure and control aggregate moisture avoid pools around stockpiles, consider covering stockpiles until used Ensure proper stockpile extraction and loading Work the whole face of stockpile to ensure uniform grading is placed in bins or belts Minimize contamination when building and working stockpiles Do not mix aggregates with different moisture conditions Load stockpiles in bins verified to be empty and free of contamination Review specification requirements Develop and test pervious concrete mixture and establish optimum cement, water and admixture ranges Measure density of fresh pervious mix and calculate voids
report to design professional of record and parties as required

Verify Aggregate Characteristics Use of sand

Aggregate storage and handling

Loading aggregates

Pervious Concrete Mixture

NRMCA PERVIOUS CONCRETE CONTRACTOR CERTIFICATION TEXT REFERENCE

Item Batching

Responsibility

Dispatch

Test Panel

Notes If specification does not address density or void content, target voids for fresh pervious concrete is generally 203% Ensure designated mixture is in batch computer Verify required aggregate in storage/batching bins Ensure adequate capacity of bins and weigh batchers Ensure adjustments for aggregate moisture are addressed Ensure only cold water is used as mixing water Schedule trucks typically used for curb mixes Ensure trucks are empty and clean Ensure truck saddle tanks store cold water Batch first load in halves. Inspect 1st half and make water adjustments for second half Verify correct product identification Monitor headwater or batching rate to minimize balling. Batch with as much water as possible after first load is adjusted properly DO NOT hold back water for jobsite retempering Make pro-rated adjustments to batches if ingredients are out of tolerance Verify batch capacity and yield Verify truck scheduling on day of pour Schedule trucks that can better discharge low slump loads for pervious project Maintain constant communication with identified individual at jobsite to maintain delivery schedule consistent with placement - never stack trucks at jobsite Adjust truck schedules to manage delays Communicate with responsible contractor party on discharge and set characteristics and adjust hydration stabilizer as necessary Identify test panel placement date and location Include company representative at test panel placement Obtain written approval for mixture appearance Ensure that percolation of placed test panel is verified Obtain copy of results of fresh concrete density and other tests from test panel placement

Appendix A: Checklists

Additional Tips for Drivers:


Product Consistency Start with empty truck every load Dump all wash water before loading Never batch on top of leftover concrete (standard or pervious) Failure to remove all contents CAN cause flash set, poor finish, low strengths Ensure that hot water is not used and side tanks store cold water If possible, avoid using truck mixers that have difficulty with low slump concrete Notify dispatch if truck mixer used is having difficulty discharging pervious concrete Inspect blade condition, do not use trucks with build up Avoid truck with known mechanical problems that may delay unloading Mix at least 60-75 revolutions (8 Minutes) at 70% charging speed (minimum) at wash rack Pervious concrete does not sound like regular concrete Slump meters do not apply for pervious concrete Never add water unless instructed to Report dry or wet loads to batch operator before leaving plant and from jobsite Shiny metallic sheen is used as an initial indicator of designed moisture content Surface paste should be shiny and coated aggregate particles should stick to hand when squeezed and released If mix has dull or matte finish - the load is too dry. Do not place unless adjusted with authorization Paste runs freely from the aggregate - it's too wet- do not pour If the bottom of the mix seals up coming out of the chute it is likely too wet Ensure mixer is in agitation mode during transport to jobsite If mix contains hydration stabilizing admixture agitate at low speed during transport excessive mixing will wear out admixture faster Verify mix code and quantity on delivery ticket Batch recorded quantities may be requested Only Authorized Personnel may add water at jobsite Ensure that request for water addition is made after mix is evaluated If instructed to add water, mix for a full three (3) minutes or 50 revolutions after each water addition Record all jobsite added water on delivery ticket Hose hopper and fins off quickly. Do not use excessive water If possible check truck weight prior to loading each time you load pervious concrete Rinse and empty drum between every load Report any build up

Loading, Mixing and Reading the Load

Tips for Recognizing Correct Moisture Content

To the jobsite Paperwork Requirements Jobsite addition of water or admixtures

Prevent build up in drum

NRMCA PERVIOUS CONCRETE CONTRACTOR CERTIFICATION TEXT REFERENCE

KEEP CAREFUL EYE ON YOUR LOAD! Tips for unloading

If possible rotate trucks off the placement if buildup occurs or after the delivery of 3-4 trips pending placement conditions Keep track of total time on load. Inform contractor at 1 hour Certified installers with authority may add more water or stabilizers Position truck to unload downhill if possible Use minimum number of chutes to increase discharge rate If delays at the jobsite, revolve drum at agitating speed. Do not sit idle for long and do not over mix Put drum in full discharge and use throttle to vary the rate of discharge Do not discharge continuously into previously deposited concrete Coordinate with contractors chute man to control discharge Unload any returned concrete or water in drum before loading next batch Water in the drum will result in a wet load Returned concrete in drum will set up and accelerate set of next load Do not reuse returned pervious

Return to plant

Appendix A: Checklists

Considerations for Ready Mixed Concrete Producer


(Short Form) Aggregate Pervious Mixture Loader Operator Density (Unit weight), Void content, Relative Density (Sp. Gr.) Density and calculated voids at design void content within tolerance Sample panel pour scheduled, placed and approved by owner Load from correct stockpile Work stockpile to manage uniform moisture Avoid contamination use clean bucket Avoid intermingling rock from stockpiles at different moisture Keep bucket raised to avoid stockpile base or standing water Ensure clean and empty bins before loading into plant Trucks should be empty and clean Do not use hot water in plant and in truck tanks Follow proper batching sequence to avoid cement balls Ensure batcher capacity is adequate Schedule trucks that handle low slump loads Verify mixture consistency on first load before batching second Verify truck scheduling communicate with jobsite do not stack trucks Ensure empty and clean truck before batching Verify mix code and quantity mix recordation may be requested Pervious mixture sounds different Slump meters should not be used Add water at jobsite only at request of the contractor Mix for 3 minutes or 50 revs after adding water Unload downhill if possible Put drum in full discharge and use throttle to vary speed Slow discharge when requested by contractor Maintain agitation if delays at jobsite

Batching

Dispatch

Drivers

NRMCA PERVIOUS CONCRETE CONTRACTOR CERTIFICATION TEXT REFERENCE

Checklist for Pervious Concrete Installer


(Detailed Form) Goal: to install a durable, permeable and long lasting pervious concrete pavement that meets the owners needs Checklist Mix design Specifications & shop drawing Site work Responsibility Notes Approved and test panel poured and approved Jointing and pour schedule; drawings on site Forms clearly marked with joint placement Meets specifications for grade and drainage Insure base or rock layer materials are at suitable moisture content - adjust based on ambient temperatures in summer months Dampen subgrade prior to placement Subgrade/base soaked 2 to 18 hours before pour and again just before pour Grade to be re-checked and ruts removed throughout the placement Meet specifications with riser strips (if applicable) cut and on site and ready before placement Sufficient to adequate to place pervious and on hand to handle all placing, finishing and curing operations First truck will be inspected and approved before loading other loads Complicated placements like corners and hard to reach areas are placed separately using appropriate tools for proper compaction Work with plant to get mixture right and on schedule Lead person on crew to work with batch plant and approve water on first and subsequent loads Communicate with batch plant on adjustments needed Do not place pervious concrete that is out of specification or of improper consistency. Stop and correct problem Do not place pervious when freezing temperatures are anticipated at least 7 days after pour Sub-grade watered 2 to 12 hours prior and just before pour Pending method of placement and equipment, finishing operations should begin immediately upon discharge
Edging, compaction and jointing to begin immediately after screeding

Forms Crew Size Scheduling

Placement

Appendix A: Checklists

Checklist

Responsibility Notes Surface stabilizers (not water) available as needed during any delay or in dry/windy air Check permeability often if appearance for drainability is questionable. Use a small shot glass size container to pour water on the pavement surface and ensure it passes through quickly Wait longer if the paste washes off Plastic sheeting should be applied within 20 minutes, or less, after placement. Hot windy and dry conditions require earlier initiation of curing If delays in placing concrete, place plastic sheeting over equipment, cover placement in the event of any delay Plastic sheeting should overlap pavement edges and be continuous Plastic sheeting and anchors cut and laid out along the placement before starting Evaluate weather conditions temperature, wind, humidity to schedule curing timing Be prepared to suspend paving if weather conditions dictate Joint plan (as approved by the engineer) physically marked on forms Install joints as soon as possible without causing raveling Re-hydrate the pervious concrete when plastic sheet has been removed for joint cutting in hot weather or when removed to facilitate adjacent lane placements within the 7 day curing period- replace plastic in a timely manner Use a straight edge when installing sawed joints Jointing tools for wet cutting are clean and ready to go, apply a release agent prior to cutting each joint Do not roll joints with dry equipment; avoid use of water to lubricate the joint roller Edging must be done immediately after screeding Edging must leave a completely closed well rounded and compact radius. Open aggregate will ravel

Curing

Joints

NRMCA PERVIOUS CONCRETE CONTRACTOR CERTIFICATION TEXT REFERENCE

Checklist for Pervious Concrete Installer


(Short Form) Pervious Mixture Specification and Shop drawings Site work Mixture approved Test panel poured and approved Reviewed Joint plan established joint layout marked on forms Pour schedule established Meets specifications for grade, compaction and drainage Subgrade/Base soaked 2-18 hours before pour Base wetted just prior to pour Grade rechecked to remove ruts Meet specification with riser strips (if applicable) cut and on site Staging placements planned to avoid delays during pour Adequate numbers and qualifications to handle all operations Inspect first truck notify plant of acceptance Complicated placements to be accomplished separately Work with plant to get mixture right and on schedule Lead person on crew to work with batch plant and approve water on first and subsequent loads Subgrade/base water prior to pour Edging, compaction and jointing to begin immediately after screeding Surface stabilizers (not water) available as needed Plastic sheeting ready to be applied in 20 minutes or less Plastic sheeting cut and anchors ready Evaluate weather conditions temperature, wind, humidity to schedule curing timing Joint plan approved and physically marked on forms If saw cut, scheduled for installation to prevent joint raveling Jointing tools cleaned and ready to use tools to tighten joints after scouring Edge tamping and edging ready to be performed after screeding Edging to ensure tight closed radius

Forms Crew Scheduling

Placement

Curing

Joints

Appendix A: Checklists

Jobsite Pre-Construction Checklist


Submittals Qualifications of installer Pervious Concrete Mixture Test panel placement and approval Shop drawing for joints marked, depth, timing, types Concrete plant and drivers informed on pervious placement Testing lab tests, test methods, test samples Subgrade and base thickness, grade and compaction check drainage Soak base 2 12 hours before and just prior to placement Weather forecast Temperature Wind and humidity considered Surface stabilizers available Curing materials and anchors Curing procedures and timing Authority to cancel and reschedule based on temperature Pervious concrete mix approved Joints marked Joint layout approved Saw cut timing Block out of drainage or other structures in pavement

Site work Weather

Pre-placement confirmation

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