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Simple Present (Present Simple) - Introduction The simple present expresses an action in the present taking place once,

never or several times. It is also used for actions that take place one after another and for actions that are set by a timetable or schedule. The simple present also expresses facts in the present. be Use:

am with the personal pronoun II is with the personal pronouns he, she or it (or with the singular form of nouns are with the personal pronouns we, you or they (or with the plural form of nouns example: I am hungry. affirmative negative !uestion

I am.

I am not.

"m I#

he$she$it

%e is.

%e is not.

Is he#

you$we$they &ou are. have Use:


&ou are not.

"re you#

have with the personal pronouns I, you, we und they (or with the plural form of nouns has with the personal pronouns he, she, it (or with the singular form of nouns example: I have a dog. $ I have got a dog. 'have got' is mainly used in (ritish )nglish. &ou can also use 'have' on its own (especially in "merican )nglish . In this case, however, you must form negative sentences and !uestions with the auxiliary verb 'do' (see '"ll other verbs' .

positiv

negativ

!uestion

I$you$we$they he$she$it

I have got. $ I have. I have not got. $ I do not have. %ave I got# $ *o I have# %e has got. $ %e has. %e has not got. $ %e does not have. %as he got# $ *oes he have#

All other verbs Use:


the infinite verb (play with the personal pronouns I, you, we and they (or with the plural form of nouns the verb + s (plays with the personal pronouns he, she, it (or with the singular form of nouns affirmative I$you$we$they I play. he$she$it %e plays. negative I do not play. %e does not play. !uestion *o I play# *oes he play#

Tips on how to form negative sentences and questions ,egative sentences and !uestions are formed with the auxiliary verb 'do'. The -rd person singular of 'do' is 'does'. This means that in negative sentences and !uestions the 's' of the main verb is placed behind 'do'. The -rd person singular is usually formed by adding s. (ut there are a few exceptions to the rule The verbs can, may, might, must remain the same in all forms. So don't add s. example: he can, she may, it must Verbs ending in o or a sibilant (ch sh s !) add es instead of s. example: do . he does, wash . she washes

A final y after a consonant becomes ie before s. example: worry . he worries "ut# " final y after a vowel (a, e, i, o, u is not modified. example: play . he plays Simple Present - $se facts (something is generall% &no'n to be true) The sun never sets in the east or south or north, but always in the west.

The sun sets in the west. action in the present ta&ing place once never or several times /olin plays football regularly . every Tuesday. In )nglish, signal words are often used, e.g.: always, never, seldom, often, regularly, every Monday.

/olin always plays soccer on Tuesdays. actions in the present ta&ing place one after another 1irst one action takes place and then the other.

0he takes her bag and leaves. action set b% a time table or schedule

"lthough the action takes place in the future, it takes place regularly and is set by a time table.

The train leaves at 2 pm. verbs e!pressing states possession senses emotions and mental activit% 3hen you love someone, that's a state, a fact or emotion, but not an action (like running for example . 3henever you want to express a state, possession, sense or emotions, use the simple form (not the progressive . The following words all belong to this group:

I love her.

be (state believe (mental activity belong (possession hate (feeling and emotion hear (senses like (feeling and emotion love (feeling and emotion mean (mental activity prefer (mental activity remain (state reali4e (mental activity see (senses seem (feeling and emotion smell (senses think (mental activity understand (mental activity want (feeling and emotion wish (feeling and emotion

Simple Present - Summar% (orm be affirmative I he$she$it I am. %e is. negative I am not. %e is not. &ou are not. !uestion "m I# Is he# "re you#

you$we$they &ou are. have

affirmative I$you$we$they I have got. $ I have.

negative I have not got. $ I do not have.

!uestion %ave I got# $ *o I have#

he$she$it

%e has got. $ %e has.

%e has not got. $ %e does not %as he got# $ *oes he have. have#

other verbs affirmative I$you$we$they I play. he$she$it %e plays. negative I do not play. %e does not play. !uestion *o I play# *oes he play#

)!ceptions in Spelling )xception )xample

The verbs can, may, might, must remain the same in all forms. 0o don't add s. 5erbs ending in o or a sibilant (ch, sh, s, x add es instead of s. " final y after a consonant becomes ie before s. (but: don't modify y after a vowel Short (orms affirmative I am )nglish. 6 I'm )nglish. 3e are )nglish.6 3e're )nglish. %e is )nglish. 6 %e's )nglish. I have got a dog. 6 I've got a dog.

he can, she may, it must

do . he does, wash . she washes worry . he worries (but: play . he plays

negative I am not )nglish. 6 I'm not )nglish. 3e are not )nglish. 6 3e're not $ 3e aren't )nglish. %e is not )nglish. 6 %e's not $ %e isn't )nglish. I have not got a dog. 6 I've not got a dog. $ I haven't got a dog. %e has not got a dog. 6 %e's not got a dog. $ %e hasn't got a dog. I do not play tennis. 6 I don't play tennis %e does not play tennis 6 %e doesn't play tennis.

%e has got a dog. 6 %e's got a dog.

$se Use )xample

action in the present taking place once, never or several times /olin always plays soccer on

Tuesdays. actions in the present taking place one after another facts (something is generally known to be true action set by a timetable or schedule verbs of possession, senses, emotions and mental activity T%pical Signal *ords

0he takes her bag and leaves. The sun sets in the west. The train leaves at 2 pm. I love her.

always every ... often normally usually sometimes seldom never