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# http://zenithtutorials12.blogspot.com/2013/0 4/second-law-of-thermodynamics.html Second !

aw of "hermodynamics
#ultiple \$hoice %uestions 1. &n a power plant' "urbine wor( ) 10'000 (*' pump wor( ) 10 (*' heat supplied by boiler ) 30'000 (*. "hermal efficiency of the plant will be +a, 2-. +b, 33.333. +c, 33.33. +d, 33.30. 2. / refrigerator and heat pump operate between the same temperature limits. &f \$01 of the refrigerator is 4' the \$01 of the pump would be +a, 3 +b, 2 +c, 4 +d, cannot predict 3. 3nergy re4uirement to heat an enclosure fully insulated will be less +a, if heat pump is used for heating +b, if electric strip heater is used for heating +c, if steam is used for heating +d, if hot water is used for heating 4. &t is impossible to construct an engine which while operating in a cycle produces no other effect to e5tract heat from a single reser6oir and do e4ui6alent amount of wor(. +a, this refers to \$lausius statement +b, this refers to 7el6in-1lanc( statement +c, this refers to \$arnot theorem +d, this does not refer to any of the abo6e 2. \$arnot cycle operates between temperature of 1000 7 and 200 7. "he \$arnot efficiency will be 20. of wor(ing substance is +a, air +b, nitrogen +c, ammonia +d, any substance 8. \$arnot cycle comprises +a, two isothermal processes and two isentropic processes +b, two constant 6olume processes and two isentropic processes +c, one constant 6olume' one constant pressure and two isentropic processes +d, two constant pressure and two isentropic processes -. / heat engine is supplied with 900 (*/sec of heat at 800 7 and re:ection ta(e place at

300 7. ;hich of the following results report a re6ersible cycle. +a, 200 (*/sec are re:ected +b, 400 (*/sec are re:ected +c, 100 (*/sec are re:ected +d, 200 (*/sec are re:ected 9. / heat engine is supplied with 900 (*/sec of heat at 800 7 and re:ects 100 (*/sec at 300 7. "he data refers to +a, re6ersible cycle +b, irre6ersible cycle +c, impossible cycle +d, none of the abo6e <. 34uation "dS ) d= > pd can be applied to processes which are +a, only re6ersible +b, only irre6ersible +c, re6ersible or irre6ersible +d, none of the abo6e %.10 ? 11 0mitted 12. "he polytropic inde5 of e5pansion n in the e4uation p6n ) c for constant 6olume process is +a, 1 +b, 1.4 +c, @ +d, 0 +zero, 13. "he change of entropy of a closed system +a, is same for e6ery process between two specified states +b, is not the same for e6ery process between two specified states +c, is same only for isothermal process between two specified states +d, is the same only for re6ersible adiabatic process between two specified states. 14. "he entropy of fi5ed amount of an ideal gas +a, decreases in e6ery isothermal compression +b, increase in e6ery isothermal compression +c, remains same in e6ery isothermal compression +d, may increase or decrease in e6ery isothermal compression. 12. "he specific internal energy' enthalpy amd entropy of an ideal gas are +a, each function of temperature alone +b, each function of pressure alone +c, each function of 6olume alone +d, each of the abo6e statements +a,' +b, and +c, are false. 18. 0ne of the "ds e4uation has the form +a, "ds ) dh > 6dp +b, "ds ) dh A 6dp +c, "ds ) du A pd6 +d, "ds ) dh > pd6 1-. "he entropy of a fi5ed amount incompressible substance +a, decreases in e6ery process in which temperature increases +b, remains same in e6ery process in which temperature increases +c, increases in e6ery process in which temperature increases +d, is not affected in the process by increase or decrease of temperature. Second !aw of "hermodynamics 142

19. / closed system undergoes a process in which the wor( done on the system in 2 (* and heat transfer % occurs only at temperature "b' the change in entropy for % ) 2 (* and internally re6ersible process is: +a, positi6e +b, negati6e +c, zero +d, indeterminate. 1<. Same as 19. Bor % ) 0 and internally re6ersible process. "he change in entropy is +a, positi6e +b, negati6e +c, zero +d, indeterminate 20. Same as 19. Bor % ) A2 (* and internally re6ersible the change in entropy is +a, positi6e +b, negati6e +c, zero +d, indeterminate 21. Same as 19. Bor % ) > 2 (* and internal irre6ersibilities present the entropy chnage is +a, positi6e +b, negati6e +c, zero +d, indeterminate 22. Same as 19. Bor % ) 0 and internal irre6ersibilities present the entropy chnage is +a, positi6e +b, negati6e +c, zero +d, indeterminate 23. Same as 19. Bor % ) A2 (* and internal irre6ersibilities present the entropy change is +a, positi6e +b, negati6e +c, zero +d, indeterminate 24. ;hich of the following statement is true +a, no process is allowed in which the entropies of both the system and surroundings increase +b, during a process' the entropy the system might decrease' while the entropy of surroundings increases and con6ersely. +c, no process is allowed in which the entropies of both the system and the surroundings remain unchanged. +d, a process can occur in which the entropies of both the system and the surrounding decrease. /nswers 1. +d, 2. +b, 3. +a, 4. +b, 2. +d, 8. +a, -. +b, 9. +c, <. +c, 10. +c, 11. +a, 12. +c, 13. +a, 14. +a, 12. +d, 18. +c, 1-. +c, 19. +a, 1<. +c, 20. +b, 21. +a, 22. +a, 23. +d, 24. +b,

3C3D\$&S3 1. State the limitations of first law of thermodynamics. 2. ;hat is the difference between a heat engine and a re6ersed heat engineE 3. 3numerate the conditions that must be fulfilled by a re6ersible process. Fi6e some e5amples of ideal re6ersible processes. 4. ;hat is an irre6ersible processE Fi6e some e5amples of irre6ersible processes. 2. Garrate the propositions of \$lausius statement and 7el6in-1lanc( statement. 8. Hefine heat engine' refrigerator and heat pump. -. ;hat is the perpetual motion machine of the second (indE 9. ;hat is the efficiency of heat engineE <. ;hat is \$01 of the re6ersible heat engineE 10. Heri6e the e5pression for \$01 of heat pump and refrigerator. 3stablish the relation between \$01 of pump and \$01 of refrigerator. 11. / heat engine is supplied with 2-9 (*/s of heat at a constant fi5ed temperature of 293I\$ and the heat re:ection ta(es places at 2I\$. "hen results reported as: +i, 209 (*/s re:ected +ii, 13< (*/s re:ected +iii, -0 (*/s re:ected. \$lassify which of the results report a re6ersible cycle or irre6ersible cycle or impossible cycle. 12. Source / can supply energy J11 #*/min at 320I\$. / second source K can supply energy J110 #*/min at 89I\$. ;hich source would you choose to supply energy to an ideal re6ersible engine that is to produce large amount of power if the temperature of the surroundings is 40I\$. 13. / domestic food freezer maintains a temperature of A12I\$. "he ambient air temperature is 30I\$. &f heat lea(s into the freezer continuously J1.-2 (*/s' what will be the least power necessary to pump this heat out continuously. 14. / heat engine supplied heat J1-00 (*/min and gi6es an output of < (;. Hetermine the thermal efficiency and rate of heat re:ection. 12. / fish freezing plant re4uires 20 tons of refrigerant. "he freezing temperature is A 40I\$ while the ambient temperature is 32I\$. &f the performance of the plant is 12. of the theoretical re6ersed \$arnot cycle wor(ing within the same temperature limits' calculate the power re4uired.